An Introduction to COLOR THEORY - ClassNet.ppt

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					An Introduction to COLOR THEORY
Color is one of the most expressive elements because
 its quality affects our emotions directly and immediately.

     Janet Fish                 Orange Bowl and Yellow Apples
                                     1980, Oil on canvas
    is an element of art that is derived from reflected light

When light passes through a wedge-shaped class, called a prism, the
beam of white light is bent and separated into bands of colour called
the colour spectrum.

The colours of the spectrum always appear in the same order:
Neutral Colours :
Black, white, gray, and brown.

The Properties of Colour:
Hue – the names of the colours
Value – the lightness or darkness
of a colour
Shade – is a colour with black
added to it
Tint – is a colour with white
added to it
Intensity – the brightness or
dullness of a colour
Red, Yellow & Blue
Roy LICHTENSTEIN (1923-1997)
1974                                Primary color scheme
Silkscreen 82/100
113 cm x 90 cm
Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art
When you mix a primary color with a primary color next
to it on the color wheel you get a secondary color.       Blue+Red=Violet
                                                    Andy Warhol
  Complementary Color scheme                        Elvis I and II 1964
                                                    silkscreen on acrylic, on aluminum
                                                    208.3 x 208.3 cm
Complementary colors: colors opposite each
other on the color wheel:      Red/Green   Orange/Blue Yellow/Violet
To achieve Tertiary Colors you mix the primary & secondary colors
next to each other on the color wheel.
               Warm color scheme

               The Wolf River, Kansas
               Albert Bierstadt
Atmospheric    Oil on canvas
               48 1/8 x 38 1/8 inches
conditioning   (122.5 x 97.1 cm)
               The Detroit Institute of Arts,
               Detroit, USA
                         Cool color scheme

Pablo Picasso,
The Tragedy, 1903, oil
on wood, 1.053 x .690
m (41 7/16 x 27 3/16
in.), National Gallery
of Art, Washington,

                         Color evokes mood
                                Henri Fantin-Latour
Local color (objective color)   French, 1836 - 1904
                                Still Life, 1866
                                oil on canvas, 62 x 74.8 cm (24 3/8 x 29 1/2 in.)
                                National Gallery of Art, Washington
                                                          Marie Laurencin, 1925
                                                          Mother and child
                                                          Oil on canvas
Subjective color

Subjective colors are when the colors do not represent the actual local color.
                                                      Liubov Popova
                                                      Sitzender weiblicher Akt, 1914,
                                                      Oil on canvas
                                                      106 x 87 cm
Analogous                                             Museum Ludwig

      Analogous Colours – colours that have ‘neighboring’ hues,
       contain one common color from the color wheel.
                         Warm or cool colour scheme?

                         Analogous or
                         complementary colour

Paul Cezanne 1839-1906
Landscape, 1900
Oil on canvas
h62.2 cm , w 51.5 cm
                                                         Georges Seurat
                                                         French, 1859-1891
                                                         A Sunday on La Grande Jatte—1884
                                                         Oil on canvas
                                                         207.5 x 308 cm

Optical color mixtures are when the artist depends on the eye to mix the colors.
                                                Henri Matisse:
                                                Portrait of Madame Matisse.
                                                The Green Line,1905.
                                                40,50 x 32,5 cm
                                                Oil on canvas

What are the color relationships in Matisse’s
painting of Madame Matisse?
                     Now you will create your
                        own color wheel.

Here are some
great examples
by other students.

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