Armour AG South Jan 1945 - wehrmacht-armour.com by liwenting

VIEWS: 9 PAGES: 14

									Hungary

First Operation in the new year – the Budapest Pocket. In response to the siege 4 SS Pz Corps sent from south of Warsaw to Hung
4 SS Pz Corps to strike to break the siege with 3 SS and 5 SS Pz Divs tasked with having to break through between the Tata and Da
On new years day these divs attacked. The attack widened to include 8 and 6 Pz Divs and 96 Inf Div but after 3 days were still som
Then 3 Pz Div and 20 Pz Div committed to the fight
6 SS Pz Army from the West sent to Hungary but would take some 5 weeks to arrive
In southern Hungary on 18 Jan 4 SS Pz Corps and 1 Cav Corps (1,3,23 Pz Divs and 4 Cav Div) attack between the Lake region and t
AG South expanded the offensive with elements of 2 Pz Army (from positions in Croatia) and 4 SS Pz Corps wheeled north towards
5 SS div just 10 miles from Budapest and then ground to an halt and then forced back to their start lines. Budapest falls to Soviets
10 th Feb Soviets attack 1 Pz Army and just to the south 6 SS Pz Army detraining in western Hungary. 1 SS Pz Corps sent to attack
1 SS Pz Corps then returns to 6 SS Pz Army

Siege of Budapest 29 Dec 44 to Feb 13 45
The Siege of Budapest was a siege of the Hungarian capital city of Budapest, fought towards the end of World War II in Europe, d
The siege started when Budapest, defended by Hungarian and German troops, was first encircled on 29 December 1944 by the Red
The siege ended when the city was unconditionally surrendered on 13 February 1945.

Operation Konrad was the German-Hungarian effort to relieve the encircled garrison of Budapest during the Battle of Budapest in
The operation was divided into three parts:
Operation Konrad I - 1 Jan, 1945 - Attack by IV SS-Panzerkorps from Tata. Halted near Bicske.
Operation Konrad II - 7 Jan, 1945 - Attack by IV.SS-Panzerkorps from Esztergom. Halted near Budaörs airfield.
Operation Konrad III - 17 Jan, 1945 - Attack by IV.SS-Panzerkorps and III. Panzerkorps from south of Budapest. Attempt to encircl

To save the Budapest garrison Hitler gave AG South (the 6th Army) IV SS Pz Corps (with 250 AFV's)
On 1 January, Operation Konrad I was launched. The German IV.SS-Panzerkorps attacked from Tata through hilly terrain north of B
Simultaneously, Waffen-SS forces struck from the west of Budapest in an effort to gain tactical advantage. On 3 January, the Sovi
to meet the threat. This Soviet action stopped the offensive near Bicske less than 20 kilometers west of Budapest.

On 7 January, the Germans launched Operation Konrad II. The German IV.SS-Panzerkorps attacked from Esztergom towards the Bu
They tried to capture the airport in order to improve air supply of the city. This offensive was halted near the airport.

On 17 January, the last part of Operation Konrad was launched - Operation Konrad III. The German IV.SS-Panzerkorps and the III.
from the south of Budapest and attempted to encircle ten Soviet divisions. This encirclement attempt failed.

On 28 January 1945, German troops could no longer hold their ground and were forced to withdraw. The fate of the defenders of B
Hitler still forbade the German commander, Pfeffer-Wildenbruch, to abandon Budapest or to attempt a breakout of the encirclemen
bringing in supplies had ended a few days earlier and the parachute drops had also been discontinued.
In desperation, Pfeffer-Wildenbruch decided to lead the remnants of his troops out of Budapest. The German commander did not t
the Hungarian commander of the city. However, Pfeffer-Wildenbruch now uncharacteristically included the Hungarian commander
in this last desperate breakout attempt.

On 13 February 1945, the remaining defenders finally surrendered. Budapest lay in ruins, with more than 80 percent of its buildings
and historical buildings like the Hungarian Parliament Building and the Castle in ruins. All five bridges spanning the Danube were
 ent from south of Warsaw to Hungary. Black the new commander of 6 Army to use
k through between the Tata and Danube and then role downhill into Budapest.
 Div but after 3 days were still some 15 miles from Budapest.


tack between the Lake region and the Croatian border advancing 50 miles eastwards.
SS Pz Corps wheeled north towards Budapest up the Danube valley. On 24 Jan
art lines. Budapest falls to Soviets on 12 Feb
ngary. 1 SS Pz Corps sent to attack the Hron bridgehead and eliminate it.



e end of World War II in Europe, during the Soviet Budapest Offensive.
d on 29 December 1944 by the Red Army and the Romanian Army.


st during the Battle of Budapest in January 1945.


 daörs airfield.
th of Budapest. Attempt to encircle ten Soviet divisions.

 AFV's)
Tata through hilly terrain north of Budapest in an effort to break the Soviet siege.
advantage. On 3 January, the Soviet command sent four more divisions
west of Budapest.

ked from Esztergom towards the Budapest Airport.
alted near the airport.

man IV.SS-Panzerkorps and the III. Panzerkorps attacked
empt failed.

aw. The fate of the defenders of Budapest was sealed.
mpt a breakout of the encirclement. But the glider flights
tinued.
. The German commander did not typically consult much with
ncluded the Hungarian commander, General Iván Hindy,


ore than 80 percent of its buildings destroyed or damaged,
ridges spanning the Danube were destroyed.
Operation Sudwind from 17th to 24th February 1945
Slovakia (Southern Slovakia)
The main task of Axis forces within Operation Südwind was to eliminate the bridgehead in the west bank of Hron River near the to
The attack began on 17th February 1945, at 4.00 a.m. after two hours´ long artillery bombardment. RGD HuD attacked the positions
held by 6th Airborne Division. RGD HuD suffered heavy casualties but Soviets were defeated in this sector and the Division adva
hands of German units. 46th Infantry Division in the centre of the attack surprised the Soviet units and reached the Paris Channel.
part of operational area Soviets carried out a counterattack and the advance of one part of the Division was stopped. 1st SS Tank C
(Pz V Panther, Pz VI Tiger B and Jg Pz IV). 1st SS Tank Division “LAH” was divided into two parts. The Infantry Group under the c
command of Ober.st.für J. Peiper deployed in the southeast from the village of Farná supported by 501st Heavy Tank Abteilung of
morning. In a short time the Waffen SS units captured the wilderness called Seres and in the middle of day linked combat units of 4
without avail. In front of the village of Nemecký Sedlín the tanks of 1st SS Tank Division were surprised by Soviet anti-tank ambus
all Soviet anti-tank guns. For the time being the Infantry Group of 1st SS Tank Division “LAH” supported the attack of 46th Infant
Soviets damaged all bridges across the channel and the advance of German units in this sector was slowed. Nevertheless the Germ
deploying its forces in the west from 1st SS Tank Division. The attack was successful because the unit captured area near the Pari
controlled two smaller bridgeheads in the south part of the Paris Channel´s bank and in the northeast their also found a ford which

8th German Army (1st SS Tank Corps (the cover name: SS Abschnittsstab Süd) and Tank Corps “Feldherrnhalle”): 44th Reichs G
SS Tank Division “LAH” (the cover name: SS Ersatzstaffel Totenkopf); 12th SS Tank Division “Hitlerjugend” (the cover name: SS
Army Commander: H. Kreysing

Equipment of these division was imposing: almost 60 PzKpfw IV (probably Ausf. H a J), 70 Panthers, 13 tank destroyers Jagdpanze
Leibstandarte`s command also disposed during the operation several tanks as a special assault group under command of a controv
offensive is still a subject of discussions.
west bank of Hron River near the town of Štúrovo.
 t. RGD HuD attacked the positions of Soviet forces in the sector around villages of Fyr and Kerť. This part of Soviet defence position was stron
n this sector and the Division advanced toward the village of Maďarský Sedlín and the village of Nemecký Sedlín which were in a short time in t
 its and reached the Paris Channel. 211th Volks Grenadier Division attacked from the area near the village of Keť toward the village of Bruty. At
Division was stopped. 1st SS Tank Corps followed the first line units of 46th Infantry Division with its medium and heavy tanks and tank destroy
 rts. The Infantry Group under the command of Obr.st.für. M. Hansen deployed northerly from the village of Kuralany. The Tank Group under th
 by 501st Heavy Tank Abteilung of Obr.st.für. Von Westernhagen (19 tanks Pz VI Tiger B). Units of Waffen SS began their attack early in the
ddle of day linked combat units of 46th Infantry Division. Soviets bombarded the advance of the Division and Waffen SS units by mortars but
 urprised by Soviet anti-tank ambush. The German heavy tanks used the cover of terrain and seized the hill over the village and one by one dest
 supported the attack of 46th Infantry Division and together forced the Soviet units to retreat. The road toward the Paris Channel was opened. T
 was slowed. Nevertheless the German units were able to across the Channel till the nightfall. 12th SS Tank Division began its attack in the aftern
  he unit captured area near the Paris Channel and built up the small bridgehead in the south part of the Channel´s bank. At 11 p.m. German units
 heast their also found a ford which was used by German Tanks to cross the Channel.

 s “Feldherrnhalle”): 44th Reichs Grenadier Divison “Hoch und Deutschmeister” (RGD HuD); 46th Infantry Division; 211. Volks Grenadier Divis
 Hitlerjugend” (the cover name: SS Ersatzstaffel Wiking); Tank Group “Feldherrnhalle”; Battle Group Hupe; Battle Group Staubwasser and 711th


 hers, 13 tank destroyers Jagdpanzer IV and almost 20 Königstigers in the 501th heavy tank batallion (Obresturmbannführer H. von Westernhage
 group under command of a controversial hero Obersturmbannführer J. Peiper, whose part at so-called Malmédy massacre during the Ardennes
 f Soviet defence position was strongly
  dlín which were in a short time in the
Keť toward the village of Bruty. At this
m and heavy tanks and tank destroyers
Kuralany. The Tank Group under the
  S began their attack early in the
d Waffen SS units by mortars but
  er the village and one by one destroyed
 d the Paris Channel was opened. The
 vision began its attack in the afternoon
  el´s bank. At 11 p.m. German units


 ivision; 211. Volks Grenadier Division; 1st
 attle Group Staubwasser and 711th Infantry Division.


 rmbannführer H. von Westernhagen).
 dy massacre during the Ardennes
Konrad Operations Jan 1945                                                                    Figures in Italics are Estim
(1 to 6 Jan) Konrad 1
(6 to 25 Jan) Konrad II and III                                      Armour:
OB and SP Fully Tracked Armour             Commanders                 Pz IV  Pz V   Tiger I    Tiger II

Units Involved:
                         211 VG Div       Heinrich Eckhardt
                          96 Inf Div     Herman Harrendorf
II SS Pz Corps
                       3 SS Pz Div         Helmuth Becker              30     25      11
                     5 SS Wiking            Karl Ullrich               10     22
Group Pape
                           6 Pz Div     Rudolf von Waldenfelds
                           8 Pz Div       Gottfried Froelich
I Cav Corps
                    3 Cav Brigade
                    4 Cav Brigade
III Pz Corps
                       46 Inf Div           Erich Reuter
                      711 VG Div           Josef Reichert
                        23 Pz Div       Josef von Radowitz
                         1 Pz Div        Eberhard Thunert
                        20 Pz Div Hermann von Oppeln-Bronikowski
                         3 Pz Div         Wilhelm Soeth
                   503 Hy Pz Abt        von Diest-Koerher                                         39
                   509 Hy Pz Abt      Hans-Juergen Burmester                                      45
             303 Ass Gun Brigade              Kokott
               1335 Ass Gun Brig
                      208 Pz Abt
       219.Sturmpanzer-Abteilung
                                                             Total     40     47      11          84
Note: Marders involved
Figures in Italics are Estimates


             FlakPz     Ass Guns A/T Guns Tank Dest   Artillery   Totals


                                              6                     6
                                              6                     6

                            27                13                   106
                            4                                       36

                                                                    0
                                                                    0

                                                                    0
                                                                    0

                                              6                     6
                                              6                     6
                                                                    0
                                                                    0
                                                                    0
                                                                    0
                8                                                  47
                8                                                  53
                            10                                     10
                            10                                     10

                            10                                      10
                16          61      0        37          0         296
Operation Sudwind - 17-24 Feb 1945                                              Figures in Italics are Estimates
OB and SP Fully Tracked Armour
                                                               Armour:
                                        Commanders              Pz IV    Pz V    Tiger II Ass Guns A/T Guns

8 Army                                    H. Kreysing
                         44 Inf Div Hans-Gunther von Rost
            46th Infantry Division       Erich Reuter
   211th Volks Grenadier Division     Heinrich Eckhardt
                    1st SS “LAH”         Otto Kumm               30      35
     501st Heavy Tank Abteilung H. von Westernhagen                                20
                 12th SS Division        Hugo Kraas              30      35
          711th Infantry Division.      Josef Reichert
                                                       Total     60      70        20          0         0
Tank Dest   Artillery   Totals


   6                       6
   6                       6
   6                       6
   7                      72
                          20
    6                     71
    6                      6
   37          0         187

								
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