May 15, 2008
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1. Gates: U.S. Should Engage Iran With Incentives, Pressure
(Washington Post)....Karen DeYoung
The United States should construct a combination of incentives and pressure to engage Iran, and may have missed
earlier opportunities to begin a useful dialogue with Tehran, Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates said yesterday.
2. Gates Urges More Nongovernmental Contacts With Iran
(Reuters.com)....Arshad Mohammed, Reuters
Defense Secretary Robert Gates called on Wednesday for more unofficial contacts with Iran, saying this might
eventually open a pathway to more substantive dialogue between the governments.
3. US Defense Secretary Urges More Private US Contacts With Iran
..."We need to figure out a way to develop some leverage with the Iranians and then sit down and talk with them," he
said in a talk at the American Academy of Diplomacy, referring to general US relations with Tehran.
4. Al-Maliki Directs Assault On Al-Qaeda In Mosul
(USA Today)....Sinan Salaheddin, Associated Press
Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki took personal charge Wednesday of a military operation to rout al-Qaeda in Iraq in
what the United States has described as the terror group's last major stronghold.
5. 2 Baghdad Attacks Attributed To Teenagers Kill 11 Others
(New York Times)....Alissa J. Rubin
Two suicide bombers described as teenagers carried out attacks Wednesday in suburban Baghdad as the prime
minister went to the northern city of Mosul to encourage Iraqi soldiers fighting in a new offensive to rid that area of
Sunni Islamic extremists.
6. Child Bomber Kills 23 In Iraq
(Washington Post)....Ernesto Londono and Uthman al-Mokhtar
A youthful suicide bomber killed at least 23 people Wednesday in an attack against relatives of Col. Faisal Ismail
al-Zobaie, a U.S.-backed police chief and former insurgent who has turned against his onetime comrades.
7. A War Over A Wall Defies Truce In Sadr City
(New York Times)....Michael R. Gordon
...This is the war over the wall. It is a daily battle of attrition waged over the large concrete barrier that the
Americans have been building across Sadr City in the hope of establishing a safe zone in the southern tier of the
8. NATO Eyes Security On Afghan Border
NATO urged Pakistan yesterday to improve security on its border with Afghanistan after a rise in cross-border
attacks by Taliban fighters and al Qaeda militants.
9. Kabul Asks For $50 Billion To Rebuild
(Financial Times)....Jon Boone
Afghanistan is set to ask the international community at a conference in Paris next month for $50.1 billion to finance
its reconstruction over the next five years.
10. Marines Stay In Afghan Town After Taliban Influx
(Washingtonpost.com)....Jason Straziuso, Associated Press
U.S. Marines who once planned to be in this southern Afghan town for just a few days are extending their mission by
several weeks after facing an influx of Taliban fighters.
11. Burma To Allow 160 Asian Aid Workers
(Washington Post)....Amy Kazmin
...The news came as five more U.S. military C-130 transport planes, carrying such desperately needed supplies as
water, mosquito nets, plastic sheets, blankets and hygiene kits, flew into Burma's largest city, Rangoon, in an
acceleration of U.S. assistance following Tropical Cyclone Nargis.
12. Interviews With Admiral Timothy Keating
(CNN; NPR)....Kyra Phillips; Steve Inskeep
Two Wednesday interviews with Admiral Timothy Keating, Commander of the U.S. Pacific Command, on U.S.
military relief operations to the victims of Cyclone Nargis.
13. Enemies Getting Sensitive U.S. Gear
(USA Today)....Peter Eisler
Thefts and illegal exports of advanced military night-vision gear are rising sharply, and U.S. officials say some of the
devices have reached enemies in Afghanistan and Iraq, where it can erode the advantage U.S. troops have in
14. U.S. Foes Seek Edge In The Dark
(USA Today)....Peter Eisler
...Prosecutions for theft and smuggling of night-vision equipment have climbed steadily in recent years, and the
Justice Department says the equipment leads all other categories of military technology for illegal purchases and
15. Giving Back, Getting Around
(Washington Post)....Mark Berman
...Adams was one of 29 wounded veterans who received Segways last week in a ceremony at Army Navy Country
Club in Arlington. The transporters were donated by a group called Segs4Vets, which gives Segways to members of
the military or veterans who were injured in Iraq or Afghanistan and who have a permanent disability and difficulty
16. Medals For Psychological Injuries?
...Now an Army administrator treating PTSD at Ft. Bliss in Texas has started a debate inside the Pentagon and
among veterans about just what kind of wounds deserve a Purple Heart.
17. Democrats' War Funding Bill Adds Surtax On The Wealthy
(Washington Post)....Jonathan Weisman
House Democratic leaders yesterday embraced a surtax on the wealthy to pay for expanded education benefits for
veterans of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, clearing the way for votes today on the last war funding bill of George
W. Bush's presidency.
18. McCain's GI Bill 'Political Games'
(Washington Times)....Associated Press
Senate Democrats blocked a bill by Sen. John McCain that would have increased college aid for military veterans
because they said it didn't go far enough and would serve only as political cover for the Republican presidential
19. Kerry Wins Reprieve For Iraqi Translator's Wife
(Boston Globe)....Globe Staff
US Senator John F. Kerry said he has been able to stave off the deportation of the wife of an Iraqi translator who has
been decorated for his work during four tours in Iraq with the United States military.
20. Panel Calls For Building Two Attack Subs Every Year
(Norfolk Virginian-Pilot)....Dale Eisman
A House committee endorsed major changes in the Navy's shipbuilding plan Wednesday, including a $422 million
cash infusion that would push the service to build two attack submarines per year beginning in 2010.
21. House Armed Services Cuts Missile Programs, Adds Submarines In Markup
(CQ Today)....John M. Donnelly and Josh Rogin
Democrats brushed aside GOP attempts to restore money to President Bush’s missile defense program Wednesday as
a House panel headed toward approval of a $601.4 billion defense authorization bill.
22. Air Force Prodded To Probe Subsidies In Tanker Contract
(The Hill)....Roxana Tiron
House defense authorizers are directing the Air Force to review whether illegal government subsidies played any role
in a contentious refueling tanker contract.
23. Khalid Sheik Mohammed Gets June 5 Court Date
(Miami Herald)....Carol Rosenberg
The chief judge of the Guantánamo Bay war court has set June 5 for the first court appearances of reputed 9/11
mastermind Khalid Sheik Mohammed and four alleged co-conspirators.
24. Guantanamo Official Says He's Not Resigning
(MiamiHerald.com)....Michael Melia, Associated Press
A Pentagon official said Wednesday he will not resign as legal adviser to war-crimes tribunals at Guantanamo,
despite his removal from the trial of Osama bin Laden's driver because of a lack of impartiality.
25. Army's Next Crop Of Generals Forged In Counterinsurgency
(Washington Post)....Ann Scott Tyson
An Army board headed by Gen. David H. Petraeus has selected several combat-tested counterinsurgency experts for
promotion to the rank of brigadier general, sifting through more than 1,000 colonels to identify a handful of
innovative leaders who will shape the future Army, according to current and former senior Army officers.
26. U.S. Calls For International Cooperation To Combat Sea Piracy
...Maritime forces should unite with insurance and shipping companies to make it "so hard, so difficult, and high risk
for pirates to undertake their business that they stop doing it," Admiral Gary Roughead, the chief of US navy
operations, told AFP.
27. Online Warfare Research Outlined
(Washington Times)....Shaun Waterman, United Press International
Procurement documents released by the U.S. Air Force give a rare glimpse into Pentagon plans for developing an
offensive cyber-war capacity that can infiltrate, steal data from and, if necessary, take down enemy
28. Marine Charged In Iraq Shooting
(New York Times)....Associated Press
Camp Pendleton’s commanding general has ordered a marine to be tried for murder in the killing of an unarmed
detainee in Falluja, Iraq.
29. Single Marines Get New Digs
(San Diego Union-Tribune)....Rick Rogers
Camp Pendleton officials yesterday unveiled a new barracks building, the first of 24 to be constructed on the base in
the next two years for single Marines.
30. Gates Signs Planning Documents To Guide Investments, Operations
(Inside The Pentagon)....Jason Sherman
Defense Secretary Robert Gates this week approved two key strategic planning documents designed to guide the
development of war and contingency plans as well as the Pentagon’s weapon system investment blueprint, according
to a senior defense official.
31. U.S. Has Detained 2,500 Juveniles as Enemy Combatants
(Washington Post)....Walter Pincus
The United States has detained approximately 2,500 people younger than 18 as illegal enemy combatants in Iraq,
Afghanistan and Guantanamo Bay since 2002, according to a report filed by the Bush administration with the United
Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child.
32. Venezuela Offered Aid To Colombian Rebels
(Washington Post)....Juan Forero
High-ranking officials in Venezuela offered to help Colombian guerrillas obtain surface-to-air missiles meant to
change the balance of power in their war with the Colombian government, according to internal rebel documents.
33. Chavez Tells Colombia Not To Build Base For US
(MiamiHerald.com)....Christopher Toothaker, Associated Press
President Hugo Chavez on Wednesday warned Colombia not to allow a U.S. military base on its border with
Venezuela, saying he would consider such an act an "aggression."
34. U.S.-Trained Forces Reportedly Helping Mexican Cartels
(Houston Chronicle)....Stewart M. Powell
As many as 200 U.S.-trained Mexican security personnel have defected to drug cartels to carry out killings on both
sides of the border and as far north as Dallas, Rep. Ted Poe, R-Humble, told Congress on Wednesday.
35. U.S.-India Nuclear Deal Faces Uncertain Future
(Wall Street Journal)....Jay Solomon and Peter Wonacott
A nuclear-cooperation pact between the U.S. and India is unlikely to get completed before the Bush administration
leaves office early next year, U.S. officials now believe.
36. Pakistan: Taliban Prisoner Exchange
(New York Times)....Jane Perlez
The Pakistan Army released 40 Taliban militants in exchange for 12 members of the army and the paramilitary
Frontier Corps before the expected completion of a peace accord with Islamic extremists in the tribal area of South
Waziristan, government spokesmen said.
37. French Court Convicts 7 For Helping To Send Youths To Join Jihadist Fight In Iraq
(New York Times)....Katrin Bennhold
A Paris court sentenced seven men to prison terms of up to seven years on Wednesday for helping to send French
youths to fight alongside insurgents in Iraq, ending a four-year investigation into a jihadist recruitment ring.
38. Libya, Pentagon On Verge Of Signing Military Cooperation Pact
(Inside The Pentagon)....Fawzia Sheikh
The United States is close to signing a memorandum of understanding with the Libyan government that will open the
doors to formal military engagement following years of strained relations, according to a senior military official in
the Joint Staff.
39. Chelsea Clinton Can't Campaign On Base
The Navy denied Chelsea Clinton permission to campaign for her mother on a former bombing range on the small
Puerto Rican island of Vieques.
40. Foul Play Suspected At Boeing Plant
(Philadelphia Inquirer)....Maria Panaritis and Linda Loyd
Work remained halted at the Boeing Co. plant in Ridley Township yesterday as suspicions of foul play dominated an
unfolding investigation into how two military helicopters were damaged as they were nearing completion for an
41. Insurance Fraud By Contractors In Iraq Suspected
(Seattle Post-Intelligencer)....Richard Lardner, Associated Press
Companies working on Iraqi reconstruction have been accused of padding their profits through an insurance scam,
leading to a criminal investigation and hurried changes in the way many contracts are handled by the U.S. Army,
according to internal military documents obtained by The Associated Press.
42. New Blackwater Project Draws Fire
(Los Angeles Times)....Tony Perry
Blackwater Worldwide, the global security firm whose conduct in Iraq has drawn criticism, is again trying to open a
training facility in the face of local opposition.
43. Air Force's GPS III Contract Looms
(St. Louis Post-Dispatch)....Joelle Tessler, Associated Press
The Air Force is expected this week to award either Boeing Co. or Lockheed Martin Corp. a contract worth about
$1.8 billion to build eight next-generation global positioning satellites.
44. Political Clashes Underline Limits To Intelligence Reform
(Los Angeles Times)....Greg Miller
Analysts are forced to defend their controversial Iran report, which was intended as a symbol of change.
45. Nuclear Lab Fails Terrorist Exercise
(Washington Times)....Bill Gertz
Armed security agents posing as terrorists broke into a secure area at a nuclear weapons laboratory during a recent
test, exposing flaws in the protection of stockpiles of plutonium and uranium coveted by terrorist groups and rogue
nations seeking to become nuclear powers.
(Washington Post)....The Washington Post
A May 12 A-section article incorrectly identified Brig. Gen. Mike Milano as the top commander of U.S. forces in
Baghdad. He is the deputy commander.
Washington Post running for president, have where the Bush team has been Iran denies both
May 15, 2008 said that talks with Iran on a so incompetent vis-à-vis Iran." accusations, saying
Pg. 4 range of issues might be useful. A number of senior U.S. Washington is ultimately
1. Gates: U.S. Should Gates publicly favored military officials have responsible for the violence in
Engage Iran With engagement with Iran before emphasized the need for robust Iraq following the U.S.-led
taking his current job in late diplomacy toward Iran, while March 2003 invasion and that
Incentives, Pressure 2006. In 2004, he co-authored not ruling out the use of force. its nuclear program is solely to
By Karen DeYoung,
a Council on Foreign Relations "I'm a big believer in resolving generate electricity.
Washington Post Staff Writer
report titled "Iran: Time for a this diplomatically, While the two countries
The United States should
New Approach." At the time, economically and politically," have had talks on defined
construct a combination of
he explained yesterday, "we Adm. Michael Mullen, subjects in recent years,
incentives and pressure to
were looking at a different Iran chairman of the Joint Chiefs of including Afghanistan and
engage Iran, and may have
in many respects" under Staff, said in a recent interview Iraq, this has not blossomed
missed earlier opportunities to
then-President Mohammad with The Washington Post. into the broad engagement
begin a useful dialogue with
Khatami. Tehran's role in Iraq "The military aspect of this, recommended by the
Tehran, Defense Secretary
was "fairly ambivalent," he which I think is a very blue-ribbon Iraq Study Group
Robert M. Gates said
said. "They were doing some important part of the equation report issued in December
things that were not helpful, and must stay on the table," 2006.
"We need to figure out a
but they were also doing some Mullen said, is an option of Gates, who has previously
way to develop some leverage
things that were helpful." "last resort." argued for engagement with
... and then sit down and talk
"One of the things that I Gates said yesterday that Iran, suggested this was less
with them," Gates said. "If
think historians will have to the U.S. military remained likely now because of a more
there is going to be a
take a look at is whether there "stretched" by deployments in hard-line stance by its
discussion, then they need
was a missed opportunity at Iraq and Afghanistan, although President Mahmoud
something, too. We can't go to
that time," Gates said. Khatami he said that all service Ahmadinejad and what he
a discussion and be completely
was replaced in 2005 by branches had met their described as the "very
the demander, with them not
hard-line President Mahmoud recruitment and retention goals unambiguous ... negative" role
feeling that they need anything
Ahmadinejad. last month. "There is no doubt in Iraq.
Gates was also a member that ... we would be very "My own view, just my
In the meantime, Gates
of the bipartisan 2006 Iraq hard-pressed to fight another personal view, would be we
told a meeting of the Academy
Study Group, which advocated major conventional war right ought to look for ways outside
of American Diplomacy, a
reaching out to Iran. He now," he said. "But where of government to open up the
group of retired diplomats, "my
resigned from the group when would we sensibly do that, channels and get more of a
personal view would be we
President Bush nominated him anyway?" flow of people back and forth,"
ought to look for ways outside
as defense secretary in Future conflicts, Gates he said in a speech to the
of government to open up the
November that year; the report said, will be asymmetric. Academy of American
channels and get more of a
was published on Dec. 6, the "Other countries are not going Diplomacy, a group of retired
flow of people back and forth."
day of his confirmation. to come at us in a conventional U.S. diplomats.
Noting that "a fair number" of
The administration charges war." "There are actually a fair
Iranians regularly visit the
that Iran is now deeply number of Iranians that come
United States, he said, "We
engaged in training and arming to the United States to visit.
ought to increase the flow the Reuters.com
Shiite militias fighting U.S. We ought to increase the flow
other way ... of Americans" May 14, 2008
troops in Iraq. In his remarks going the other way," he said.
visiting Iran. 2. Gates Urges More
yesterday, Gates said evidence "I think that may be one
"I think that may be the
one opening that creates some
to that effect is "very Nongovernmental opening that creates space,
unambiguous." Contacts With Iran perhaps, over some period of
space," Gates said.
But, he said, "I sort of sign By Arshad Mohammed, time."
The Bush administration
up" with New York Times Reuters He also said the United
has said it will talk with Iran,
columnist Thomas L. WASHINGTON -- States needs to find more
and consider lifting economic
Friedman, who wrote yesterday Defense Secretary Robert leverage over Iran, saying a
and other sanctions, only if
that the "right question" for the Gates called on Wednesday for negotiation would only be
Iran ends a uranium
United States is not whether to more unofficial contacts with possible if Washington had
enrichment program the
talk with Iran but "whether we Iran, saying this might something to offer Tehran.
administration maintains is
have leverage or don't have eventually open a pathway to The United States has
intended to produce nuclear
leverage." more substantive dialogue offered to talk to Iran about
weapons, a charge Iran denies.
"When you have leverage, between the governments. any subject if it first suspends
Although the U.S. and Iranian
talk," Friedman advised. The United States, which its uranium enrichment work,
ambassadors to Baghdad met
"When you don't have cut diplomatic ties with Iran which could provide fuel for
three times last year for
leverage, get some -- by after its 1979 Islamic power plants or nuclear
discussions on Iraq, Iran has
creating economic, diplomatic revolution, accuses Iran of weapons. Iran has refused to do
refused to continue that
or military incentives and fomenting violence against this and has not taken up U.S.
pressures that the other side U.S. troops in Iraq and of overtures, including one by
Others, including Sen.
finds too tempting or pursuing nuclear weapons. U.S. Secretary of State
Barack Obama (D-Ill.), who is
frightening to ignore. That is Condoleezza Rice.
"We need to figure out a Washington that Tehran is spokesman, said the U.S. Mosul is the last urban
way to develop some leverage funding, training and arming military was investigating. stronghold of Al Qaeda in
with respect to the Iranians and Shiite groups to attack US and Al-Maliki's flight to Mesopotamia, which American
then sit down and talk with coalition forces in Iraq. Mosul, 225 miles northwest of intelligence says is a
them," Gates said. "If there's Iran rebuffed a US the capital, mirrors a trip he homegrown militant group led
going to be a discussion, then overture to hold a fourth round took almost two months ago to by foreigners.
they need something too." of talks with Iranians on the the southern city of Basra, The Iraqi Army began the
situation in Iraq. where government troops offensive over the weekend
fought radical Shiite militias. and is being aided by
Yahoo.com That fighting spread to Sadr American troops. There has
May 14, 2008 USA Today City, a Shiite enclave in long been support in Mosul for
3. US Defense Secretary May 15, 2008 Baghdad, where a cease-fire to the Sunni insurgency because
Urges More Private US Pg. 5 end fighting was reached this many former members of
Contacts With Iran 4. Al-Maliki Directs week. Saddam Hussein’s security
By Agence France-Presse Assault On Al-Qaeda In "The Iraqi prime minister forces live there.
US Defense Secretary Mosul has arrived in Mosul to “The goal of this operation
Robert Gates said he thought Suicide bomber kills 22 in supervise the military is to clean Mosul of the
more visits to Iran by private attack on funeral tent operations, and its second terrorist and criminal groups,”
American citizens might help By Sinan Salaheddin, phase is due to start today," said Prime Minister Nuri
bridge differences between the Associated Press Defense Ministry spokesman Kamal al-Maliki, who was
two countries. BAGHDAD — Prime Mohammed al-Askari said accompanied by the ministers
But Gates, who in 2004 Minister Nouri al-Maliki took Wednesday. "The main aim of of interior and defense. “The
advocated greater diplomatic personal charge Wednesday of this operation is to purge and operation will open a new page
engagement with Iran, said a military operation to rout clean Ninevah province of all for civilians in Mosul, and the
Wednesday he believed it al-Qaeda in Iraq in what the militants and their weapons security forces should do
would not be useful now to United States has described as and declare it a safe area." everything to make this
negotiate with the government the terror group's last major Mosul is considered the operation successful just as
headed by President Mahmoud stronghold. last important urban staging they are doing in Baghdad and
Ahmedinejad. The campaign in the ground for al-Qaeda in Iraq. Basra.”
"We need to figure out a northern city of Mosul was the Al-Maliki has been promising Basra has recently settled
way to develop some leverage third by al-Maliki in two a crackdown since January, but into relative calm, although it
with the Iranians and then sit months as he attempts to stamp no major offensives have been remains unclear if the Shiite
down and talk with them," he out Shiite militants and Sunni mounted even as al-Qaeda in militias are finished fighting or
said in a talk at the American extremists across the country. Iraq tried to exert its influence. simply planning to resume the
Academy of Diplomacy, Also Wednesday, a battle later. Clashes are still
referring to general US tenuous cease-fire took hold going on in Sadr City, although
New York Times the past few days have been
relations with Tehran. over Baghdad's Sadr City slum,
May 15, 2008 quieter since a cease-fire
"If there is going to be a but a suicide bomber killed at
discussion then they need least 22 people and wounded 5. 2 Baghdad Attacks agreement was reached.
something, too," he said. "We 40 in an attack on a funeral tent Attributed To The more damaging of the
can't go to a discussion and be in a village west of Baghdad, Teenagers Kill 11 suicide bomb attacks on
completely the 'demandeur' Fallujah police director Col. Others Wednesday occurred west of
with them not feeling they do Faisal al-Zubaie said. By Alissa J. Rubin Baghdad about 5 p.m. in Abu
not need anything from us." Many Sunni Arabs BAGHDAD — Two Ghraib. It killed at least 10
But he said the United opposed to al-Qaeda were at suicide bombers described as people and wounded 50, some
States should look for ways the funeral in Abu Minasir, in teenagers carried out attacks of them seriously, according to
outside of government "to open Anbar province, for Taha Wednesday in suburban spokesmen for the Falluja and
up the channels and get more Obaid. The elementary school Baghdad as the prime minister Jordanian hospitals, both in
of a flow of people back and principal was shot dead went to the northern city of Falluja. By nightfall mosques
forth." Tuesday. Mosul to encourage Iraqi in Falluja were calling people
"There are actually a fair South of the capital, a soldiers fighting in a new to donate blood, and police
number of Iranians that come young girl strapped with offensive to rid that area of cars were ferrying donors to
to the United States to visit," explosives killed an Iraqi Sunni Islamic extremists. the hospitals.
he said. captain and wounded four The Mosul operation The bomber’s victims had
"We ought to increase the soldiers Wednesday. Iraqi follows two other offensives, been mourning the death of
flow going the other way, not army Lt. Ahmed Ali said the in Basra and the Sadr City Taha al-Zobaie, who was killed
of Iranians but of Americans, explosives were detonated by district of Baghdad, that the two days ago, said Abu
and that may be one way of remote control as the girl government has carried out in Mustapha, a relative who had
creating some space perhaps approached the Iraqi recent months; the other two shrapnel wounds and who
over some period of time." commander in Youssifiyah, in offensives focused on Shiite would give only his nickname.
US tensions with Iran have the area once known as the militias. The Zobaie tribe has opposed
risen sharply in recent weeks Triangle of Death. Iraqi and American Al Qaeda in Mesopotamia.
amid accusations by Maj. John Hall, a coalition security forces believe that “He was a child about 15
years old, and he was crying,”
Abu Mustapha said, describing youthful suicide bomber killed they wanted to kill all my BAGHDAD — An Iraqi
the bomber. “I don’t think he at least 23 people Wednesday relatives," he said. soldier was watching over the
exploded himself because I did in an attack against relatives of Iraqi officials said 25 concrete wall on Monday when
not see him move his hands. I Col. Faisal Ismail al-Zobaie, a people were wounded in the a .50-caliber round ripped into
think someone exploded him U.S.-backed police chief and bombing in addition to a death his head.
by remote control.” former insurgent who has toll of at least 23. The U.S. Soon after the attack was
The suicide bomb attack turned against his onetime military said in a statement that reported on the tactical radio,
south of Baghdad occurred comrades. "preliminary reports indicate" two American military advisers
near Yusufiya, a town that was Zobaie, the police chief of 14 people were killed and eight were on their way to the scene,
once heavily dominated by Fallujah in Anbar province, were wounded. laser range finder in hand, to
extremists connected to Al said a bomber of about 12 Another bombing call in a Hellfire missile strike
Qaeda in Mesopotamia. The years of age attacked the Wednesday was carried out by on a sniper position on the far
bomber, who was female, funeral of Zobaie's uncle. He a teenage girl who targeted side of a desolate no man’s
killed an Iraqi Army captain said insurgents had seized his Iraqi soldiers south of land.
and wounded seven Iraqi uncle, a school principal, on Baghdad, according to the U.S. This is the war over the
soldiers, the American military Tuesday, demanding to know military. Lt. Col. Randy Martin wall. It is a daily battle of
said. whether the police chief was said at least one Iraqi soldier attrition waged over the large
Iraqis in the area described his nephew. was killed and seven were concrete barrier that the
the bomber as being 8 to 12 "When he said yes, they wounded. Americans have been building
years old, but an American killed him in front of his The bombings happened across Sadr City in the hope of
military spokesman said the students," said Zobaie, the on a day when Prime Minister establishing a safe zone in the
bomber appeared to be 16 to 18 subject of a Washington Post Nouri al-Maliki traveled to the southern tier of the Shiite
years old. The bomber waited profile in March that northern city of Mosul to enclave.
four hours for the captain to chronicled the stern methods assess the progress of a The formal truce that was
return to the company’s he employs against members of military campaign launched announced in the Green Zone
headquarters, telling soldiers al-Qaeda in Iraq, a Sunni over the weekend aimed at with great fanfare on Monday
there that she needed to talk to insurgent group responsible for cracking down on Sunni has meant nothing here. Shiite
him, according to an Iraqi sectarian violence and attacks insurgents. militias have been trying to
officer who was in the same against U.S. targets. The operation, dubbed blast gaps in the wall, firing at
brigade as the captain. He said Abu al-Laith al-Jubori, a Lion's Roar, has been the American troops who are
Al Qaeda in Mesopotamia had leader of al-Qaeda in Iraq, described by U.S. and Iraqi completing it and maneuvering
put a price on the captain’s asserted responsibility for the officials as an effort to detain to pick off the Iraqi soldiers
head. attack at the funeral. He said in hundreds of insurgents who who have been charged with
In Baghdad, the convoy of a telephone interview that the sought haven in Nineveh keeping an eye on the partition.
one of the leaders of the Iraqi group was "proud that we province in recent months as American forces have
Islamic Party was attacked by a carried out this operation by they were driven out of answered with tank rounds,
car bomb in the predominantly one of our youngest soldiers" Baghdad and other provinces. helicopter rocket strikes and
Sunni neighborhood of and said it targeted leaders of Since the operation's launch on even satellite-guided bombs to
Yarmouk. The leader, Ayad the Awakening or Sawha Saturday, more than 500 try to silence the militia fire.
al-Sammaraie, was not in the movement -- predominantly people have been detained in On some stretches, the urban
convoy, but three of his Sunni groups that have joined Nineveh, Maj. Gen. Kevin landscape has been
bodyguards were killed and 23 with U.S. forces. Bergner, a U.S. military transformed as the Americans
people were wounded, "Today's operation is a spokesman, told reporters. have leveled buildings militia
according to the Ministry of message to the Sawha Maliki likened the effort to fighters have used as perches
Interior. members ... who were recent military operations in to mount their attacks.
Iraqi employees of The gathering at the funeral of the the southern city of Basra and “The enemy kept coming
New York Times contributed uncle of the infidel" Zobaie, in Baghdad. But unlike those, back to some of the same
reporting from Falluja, Jubori said. which began in March, the buildings,” Col. John Hort, the
Mahmudiya and Baghdad. The bomber entered a operation in Mosul has not led commander of the Third
funeral tent in the Zobaa area to sustained clashes. Brigade Combat Team, Fourth
west of Baghdad at Mokhtar reported from Infantry Division, said during a
Washington Post approximately 6 p.m., Iraqi Fallujah. Special recent visit at Thawra II, a joint
May 15, 2008 police officials said. "When he correspondents Zaid Sabah American and Iraqi outpost
Pg. 11 got to the funeral everyone and K.I. Ibrahim in Baghdad that abuts a section of the wall
6. Child Bomber Kills expected that he had sneaked contributed to this report. that has been a hotbed of
23 In Iraq in for dinner," said Col. Issa militia resistance. “We ended
Suicide Attack Targets Family al-Marawi, the deputy police up having to use some larger
Members of Fallujah Police chief of Fallujah. The bomber New York Times ordnance out of our Air Force
Chief wore jeans, a red T-shirt and May 15, 2008 to reduce some of the buildings
By Ernesto Londono and running shoes. 7. A War Over A Wall around here.”
Uthman al-Mokhtar, Zobaie said he didn't Defies Truce In Sadr Even while American
Washington Post Foreign attend the funeral because he City forces deploy reconnaissance
Service feared insurgents would attack By Michael R. Gordon drones and satellite-guided
BAGHDAD, May 14 -- A him there. "I was their target; rockets, the American strategy
in Sadr City is a throwback to a was finally passing through his The floor was covered of Colonel Pemrick’s security
more primitive form of otherwise unprotected with broken concrete, empty detail, told the Iraqis his
warfare. It depends on concrete neighborhood, volunteered that cigarette packages and a dusty soldiers would unleash a volley
— lots of it, which comes in militia fighters had hidden a brown teddy bear, a fleeting of fire toward the ruined
large slabs that are being bomb near a local power reminder that the fighting building and tossed smoke
assembled into an imposing generator. position had once been grenades as the Americans left.
barrier three miles long. An Iraqi soldier entered someone’s home. A splotch of “I am going to throw
The Americans began the compound and emerged red blood was in a corner room everything we got,” he said. “I
building the wall a month ago, triumphantly with a bag full of where the Iraqi soldier had am going to lay down
working east to west. The work explosives. But the patrol also been hit. His fellow soldiers suppressive fire and pop
started at night but soon identified a problem: the said that he had been sitting in smoke.”
extended into the day as militias had destroyed one of a plastic chair and looking over There was a deafening
American commanders sought the slabs in the wall. Though it the wall when a round hit the burst of .50-caliber
to speed up the construction. was just a few blocks from the side of his face, ripping across machine-gun fire as the
Supporters of Moktada Iraqi soldiers’ position, the his eyes. Americans scampered back to
al-Sadr, the anti-American opening was undefended. Peering over the bottom the armored vehicles and
cleric, denounced the wall as a The explosives were edge of window frame, Captain climbed inside.
nefarious effort to divide the loaded into an Iraqi truck, Cleland determined that the On Tuesday, Colonel
city. Militia fighters with which the Americans led to an shot had probably come from a Pemrick went forward again to
rocket-propelled grenades, Iraqi battalion headquarters in hole for an air-conditioning visit an Iraqi outpost near the
machine guns and small arms the rear so it could be picked unit in the top floor of a wall that was commanded by
have been trying to halt its up by an American explosive three-story structure on the First Lt. Adel Ali.
construction. ordnance detachment that day. northwest side of the barrier. A small fleet of American
Those efforts have failed, No sooner had the The captain used the range armored vehicles was
and the barrier is now 80 Americans arrived at the finder to determine the precise positioned nearby. They were
percent complete. But the headquarters than there was a coordinates, 150 yards to the working to extend the wall
fighters have blown a few gaps radio report that an Iraqi north. Before he became an under the protection of two M1
in the wall and, in one instance, soldier at another combat adviser to the Iraqi forces, tanks. The troops came under
appear to have hitched a truck outpost near the wall had been Captain Cleland was a field fire, and an M1 tank answered
to a damaged slab to yank it grievously wounded. Capt. artilleryman. by firing three rounds into a
down. To make it hard for the Beau Cleland and Master Sgt. “So we are good at this,” building just north of the
Americans to fix the holes, the Fernando Alicea, who were on he explained matter-of-factly. barrier, setting it alight.
fighters have continued to seed the American team advising Sergeant Alicea radioed As the colonel and his
the strip south of the barrier the Iraqi battalion, were the coordinates and described soldiers returned to their base
with explosively formed anxious to get to the scene to the target to a team of Apache the tactical radio crackled with
penetrators, a particularly call in a helicopter strike. A attack helicopters. It seemed reports of roadside bombs
lethal type of roadside bomb. sniper with a .50-caliber rifle possible that the sniper had found, tips about hidden arms
Some have been hidden in the had already shot several moved with the arrival of the caches and enemy fire
cracks or depressions in the soldiers in the battalion and it Americans, but another rifle received.
wall itself. looked as if he had struck shot rang out. The Iraqi troops where the
Lt. Col. Michael Pemrick, again. Sergeant Alicea said it was soldier had been struck in the
the deputy commander of the Colonel Pemrick had his important to strike nonetheless. head on Monday were holding
Third Brigade Combat Team, security team take the advisers Often, a sniper will leave his their ground, but they were
and his security detail headed to the front, which was just weapon so he can blend in with under attack again. It was Day
to Sadr City in armored several blocks away. As the civilians on the street, he said. 2 of the formal cease-fire, and
MRAP, or mine-resistant vehicles moved north, the If nothing else, he said, the the fighting was still on.
ambush-protected, vehicles on number of civilians on the Apaches would eliminate
Monday, when the cease-fire street dwindled. another hiding place.
was announced. Iraqi soldiers With a sniper on the prowl “We keep cutting down Washington Times
have a tendency to defend with a large-caliber rifle, the positions they can use,” he May 15, 2008
static positions, and the colonel Americans were taking no said. Pg. 16
wanted to see what the Iraqi chances. Climbing out of the After a long wait, a 8. NATO Eyes Security
soldiers were doing to monitor armored vehicles, they darted Hellfire missile soared over the On Afghan Border
the wall. up the street to the charred soldiers’ position and slammed BRUSSELS — NATO
Driving to an Iraqi Army building that served as an Iraqi into the building, demolishing urged Pakistan yesterday to
position near the barrier, Army outpost and raced a wall on the top floor and improve security on its border
Colonel Pemrick pressed First upstairs. setting it aflame. with Afghanistan after a rise in
Lt. Salwan Abd al-Amer to An Iraqi soldier taking No one could exclude the cross-border attacks by Taliban
take some of his soldiers and cover in a hall on the second possibility that the sniper had fighters and al Qaeda militants.
join the Americans on a patrol floor urged the Americans to moved to a lower floor or was "The number of attacks is
through the alleys and streets. stay away from the windows hiding in a nearby building to up significantly from the same
A man in a robe known as and to keep low. fire at the Americans as they period last year," said the
a dishdasha, who seemed “Sniper,” he said in left the Iraqi outpost. So Staff alliance's chief spokesman,
pleased that a security force English. Sgt. Jason Condreay, the head James Appathurai. "There is
not enough effectiveness in was once famous for its dried where to deploy them. government can move in and
border control on Pakistan's fruits. Manpower problems are tackle the drug problem.
side." He said a private acute in Helmand, the largest The prospects of that
"The concerns have been sector-led revival of the and probably the most happening appear remote.
communicated to Pakistan," he agricultural sector could help dangerous province in Although thousands of acres of
told reporters. to address Afghanistan’s Afghanistan, where the U.S. poppy fields are eradicated
He said the level of attacks chronic trade deficit – the 24th Marine Expeditionary annually in Afghanistan, it is
from across the border — country exports $500m of Unit arrived late last month to only a small fraction of the
where Taliban fighters and al goods for every $2.5bn open a route to move troops to total area sown. Year after
Qaeda militants control some imported. its southern reaches near the year, production has soared
of their operations — climbed Prof Nadiri conceded that border with Pakistan. and security has deteriorated.
to a high in April close to he might not receive Britain has about 7,500 In recognition of the
figures recorded during peak everything he asks for. soldiers in the province, but growing threat posed by
fighting last summer. “We hope to get it all, but does not have enough troops to Taliban militants, there are
we may not,” he said. “You move south of Garmser, a now almost 70,000
know pledges are one thing district still largely held by the international soldiers in
Financial Times and donations are another.” Taliban and bursting with Afghanistan. The U.S. has
May 15, 2008 A successful meeting in opium poppy fields. 33,000, the most since the
9. Kabul Asks For $50 Paris is seen as crucial to the The 2,400-strong Marine U.S.-led invasion in late 2001
Billion To Rebuild country’s future and the unit met stiff resistance as they ousted the Taliban for giving
By Jon Boone, Kabul political aspirations of Hamid moved in. Between 100 and haven to al-Qaida leader
Afghanistan is set to ask Karzai, the president, who is 400 Taliban fighters moved Osama bin Laden.
the international community at likely to put himself forward into the Garmser area as the U.S. forces have mostly
a conference in Paris next for re-election next year. poppy harvest got under way, operated in the east of the
month for $50.1 billion to “He wants to be able to apparently to defend their country, rather than the south,
finance its reconstruction over come back from Paris with lots interests in the lucrative drug where NATO has struggled to
the next five years. of cash and a plan, as proof to trade. find nations willing to fight the
The hefty price tag of the his people that he can get the Maj. Tom Clinton Jr. said increasingly bloody
Afghanistan National resources Afghanistan needs,” the Marines would be in insurgency.
Development Strategy – more a western diplomat in Kabul Garmser for several more U.S. Gen. Dan McNeill,
than double the per year said. weeks. It means the Marines the top NATO commander in
funding demands of a similar Donors have expressed might not take part in an Afghanistan, has said he needs
2004 masterplan – has raised amazement that the proposed operation that was planned in three more brigades -- two for
eyebrows among diplomats budget has been raised by another southern province this combat and one to train
and development experts who almost 20 per cent in the past month. Afghan soldiers, roughly 7,500
have questioned whether the few weeks. "The number of fighters to 10,000 additional soldiers.
Afghan government has the The ANDS added an extra that stood and fought is kind of When the Marines
ability to oversee such a large $9bn to the plan after Mr surprising to me, but obviously eventually leave Garmser, any
spending spree. Karzai demanded that more they're fighting for something," gains the 24th has made could
The largest portion of cash projects were added. Clinton said, alluding to be quickly erased unless other
– $14bn – is earmarked to poppies. "They're flowing in, forces from NATO or the
revamp decrepit infrastructure, guys are going south and Afghan government move in.
including airports, an urban Washingtonpost.com picking up arms. We have an "We can't be a permanent
development project on the May 14, 2008 opportunity to really clear them 24/7 presence. We don't have
fringe of Kabul and 10. Marines Stay In out, cripple them, so I think enough men to stay here," said
construction of a functioning Afghan Town After we're exploiting the success Staff Sgt. Darrell Penyak, 29,
railway. Taliban Influx we're finding." of Grove City, Ohio. "We
Another $14.2bn is By Jason Straziuso, Associated Helmand is the hub of would need the ANA (Afghan
planned for building up Press opium production in army) to move in, and right
Afghanistan’s security services GARMSER, Afghanistan Afghanistan, which accounts now the way we're fighting,
to combat the Taliban -- U.S. Marines who once for more than 90 percent of the there's no way the ANA can
insurgency, which is currently planned to be in this southern global supply of this raw come in. They couldn't handle
tackled with international Afghan town for just a few material of heroin. The Taliban it."
military assistance. days are extending their are believed to derive tens of Afghanistan's army and
Large amounts of cash are mission by several weeks after millions of dollars from the police forces are steadily
also to be spent on agriculture facing an influx of Taliban trade. growing, but are still not big --
and rural development, which fighters. Still, the Marines have or skilled -- enough to protect
could receive $4.5bn under the The change in plans shows been careful not to alienate much of the country.
plan. that despite a record number of residents by destroying the Spokesmen for both forces said
Ishaq Nadiri, an international troops in the poppy fields that poor farmers they were not aware of plans to
Afghan-US economist who country, forces are still spread rely on for income. send forces to Garmser.
heads the ANDS, said it would thin and U.S. commanders Commanders say their goal is Col. Nick Borton,
be crucial to rebuild the must make tough choices about to rid the region of Taliban commander of British forces in
farming base of a country that fighters so the Afghan the southern part of Helmand,
recently visited U.S. positions with medical supplies, on risks to hope that we can get friends in Burma who are
in Garmser, where he told the Wednesday to work in Burma the assistance through to the involved in impromptu
Americans he'd be happy if for two weeks. U.N. officials ones who are most in need." volunteer relief efforts.
they stayed on. said India, China and The advocacy group "It's beyond stress, and
"If they're here for only a Bangladesh have also been Human Rights Watch reported beyond sadness, seeing all your
short time, we can't build very asked to send experienced that supplies delivered by a fellow citizens suffering like
much off that," he said. "Their disaster relief teams. U.S. C-130 aircraft Monday this," Win Min said. "It's very,
presence for a few days doesn't The news came as five were offloaded by men very terrible -- beyond
really help us." more U.S. military C-130 wearing the shirts of the Union comprehension. At least this is
A representative of the transport planes, carrying such Solidarity and Development something I can do."
U.S. Agency for International desperately needed supplies as Association, a paramilitary Some Burmese university
Development, the U.S. water, mosquito nets, plastic organization that was students are rushing home with
government aid arm, told sheets, blankets and hygiene implicated in the attempted cash and supplies, and
Marine battalion commander kits, flew into Burma's largest murder of opposition leader volunteering in the disaster
Lt. Col. Anthony Henderson city, Rangoon, in an and Nobel Peace Prize laureate zone. Others, unable to return
that "people lose faith if you acceleration of U.S. assistance Aung San Suu Kyi. for financial, political or other
pull out." following Tropical Cyclone In recent days, survivors reasons, are donating cash,
The next day, at a meeting Nargis. have endured new rains. A supplies or advice from abroad.
of Marines and Afghan elders, The United Nations noted storm was forming in the seas Htoo Chit, director of
the bearded, turban-wearing other "progress" as it tried to off Burma on Wednesday, but Human Rights Education and
men told Marine Capt. Charles get aid to the worst-hit areas in the U.N. weather agency Development, which educates
O'Neill that the two sides could the Irrawaddy Delta. discounted the likelihood that it the children of Burmese
"join together" to fight the Long-awaited visas for some could evolve into a new workers, said some migrants
Taliban. "When you protect us, U.N. disaster relief and cyclone, the Reuters news from the worst affected areas
we will be able to protect you," logistics experts have come agency reported. have returned from the beach
the leader of the elders said. through. U.N. agencies continue to resorts of southern Thailand to
Despite uncertainties over "We are seeing more press Burma for clearance to search for family members.
how secure Garmser, O'Neill flights into the country, more use helicopters, more boats and "Migrants are really angry
liked what he heard. supplies getting into the delta," trucks to ferry supplies piling that foreigners want to help the
"We have something here said Amanda Pitt, a up at Rangoon airport. Many disaster victims but the
we can really exploit, if we can spokeswoman for the U.N. remote areas in the Irrawaddy government is not allowing
get some Afghan national Office for the Coordination of Delta have yet to receive relief. them to go there," said Ko Ko
police here," he said. "The Humanitarian Affairs. "But the "We're working around the Aung, a Burmese volunteer
Marines can definitely do the levels of aid getting in are not clock to get permission to use with Thailand's Labor Rights
job, but we're not a permanent adequate... . They are not at a materials we believe would be Promotion Network. "Even
presence. With their own level and speed commensurate helpful," said Marcus Prior, a though the migrants' own
people providing their own with what is needed." spokesman for the U.N. World situation is not so good, they
security they can really get Burma's military junta is Food Program. are trying to collect clothes, or
something done." highly wary of foreigners, Among the people trying medicine, or money or
especially Westerners. It is to get aid into the cyclone zone whatever they can offer."
under intense pressure to open are Burmese living abroad. For the most part, support
Washington Post the doors to a full-scale Thailand alone has an from Burmese living overseas
May 15, 2008 international relief operation. estimated 1.5 million migrant is being sent though informal
Pg. 9 The United Nations has said workers and political dissidents channels, including a complex,
11. Burma To Allow 160 that as many as 2.5 million from the country. preexisting underground
Asian Aid Workers people have been severely For six days after Nargis financial network. The aid goes
As Visas Come Through, Flow affected by Nargis. destroyed his home town of to trusted local institutions and
of Aid Picks Up With 5 U.S. In a briefing Wednesday in Bogalay, Win Min, an exiled groups, including Buddhist
Planes Delivering Supplies Washington, the administrator Burmese political science monasteries, which are trying
By Amy Kazmin, Washington of the U.S. Agency for lecturer in Thailand, was to shelter and assist homeless
Post Foreign Service International Development, distraught over the fate of victims.
BANGKOK, May 14 -- Henrietta Fore, acknowledged family and friends. After But initiatives are under
Burmese military authorities that U.S. officials have no idea repeated efforts to call, he pressure from military
have agreed to let 160 aid whether the limited aid that the finally reached a family friend, authorities, who are determined
workers from four Asian United States has been able to who found his relatives sitting to control the relief effort and
countries assist its struggling fly into Burma has actually in the rain, their home uneasy about the potential for
cyclone relief effort, aid been delivered to victims of the destroyed. They were unrest. Some monasteries have
officials said Wednesday, the cyclone or whether it has been otherwise unscathed. been ordered to stop taking
government's first diverted by the military. He and other academics large donations and to send all
acknowledgment that it needs "We will try to do have been translating relevant refugees to makeshift
foreign expertise. on-the-ground assessments," information from U.N. Web government shelters in schools.
Thailand's Ministry of Fore said. "But at this time the sites -- on such topics as how "This is a very
Public Health confirmed that it needs are so immense, they are to dispose of bodies -- into paternalistic regime," Win Min
is sending 30 doctors, along so large, that we're taking some Burmese and sending it to said. "They want people to rely
on them, depend on them. That aid in? to "invade Burmese air space." to a cyclone. It also carried an
is why they don't want other ADMIRAL TIMOTHY We will only do this with the important passenger, the man
people to distribute food -- it KEATING [U.S. Pacific approval of Burmese officials, we’ll talk with next. Admiral
will undermine their Command]: Kyra, you have it and as I say, it appears that Timothy Keating is the head of
legitimacy." just right. We were in they are allowing limited the U.S. Pacific Command,
Still, the determination to discussions with Burmese numbers but increasing which makes him the leading
help is strong. Ko Taw, a officials or Myanmar officials numbers. American official in a vast
Burmese engineer in as you say on Monday. They We flew five sorties today, region. He wanted to persuade
Singapore, donated $300, as have begun to allow a very two on Tuesday, five today Myanmar’s military rules to
well as some used clothes for limited number, but a number Wednesday our time. So we're allow in more outside aid.
men, women and children that of transport flights in, C-130 very, very guardedly optimistic Now, that he’s left
his family washed and flights staging out of U-Tapao, that we will see enough Myanmar, Admiral Keating is
carefully ironed before taking Thailand. approval for more flights. on the radio with us.
them to an impromptu We have delivered thus far PHILLIPS: And that is the Good morning, sir.
collection center in a mall 170,000 pounds of relief good news. Final question, ADMIRAL TIMOTHY
popular among the city-state's supplies, water, food, shelter, admiral, the fact that you're not KEATING [U.S. Pacific
Burmese residents. and interestingly some going to go against what the Command]: Steve, good
"We feel so sad for the mosquito netting. So the spigot military is doing here, is that morning. How are you?
victims -- we are doing isn't wide open, but it is open because you are concerned that INSKEEP: And we’ll
everything in our capacity to gradually there a little bit. things could get worse, that mention that you’re in Manila.
help," Ko Taw said. "But it is PHILLIPS: Is it -- OK. So possibly the military could turn What was it like when you
no substitute for international you're saying a little bit. You're against its people there in an arrived in Yangon and started
aid." saying it's getting in there even worse way than it already meeting Myanmar’s leaders?
Staff writer Glenn Kessler gradually. Is this even close to has? KEATING: We flew in on
in Washington contributed to being enough aid to help save I mean, I have seen the an Air Force C-130 transport
this report. the thousands of people that reports, the allegations that plane, Steve, launched out of
are on the verge of dying? they're hoarding the good food U-Tapao, Thailand and a
They're already dying. I mean, and giving these victims the couple of other State
CNN; NPR we're getting the reports of the rotten food. Department officials were with
May 14, 2008 bodies floating down the KEATING: Kyra, it's our us in the delegation. The
12. Interviews With riverbanks. longstanding assessment that reception we were afforded
Admiral Timothy KEATING: It's not this may not be the most was warm and cordial and
Keating enough, Kyra. We are capable enlightened leadership in the friendly. We then proceeded to
American Morning of doing more, and it's not just world. So we want to be as a conference room and had a
(CNN), 6:00 AM us and Pacific Command. I met non- confrontational as is discussion that lasted about an
KYRA PHILLIPS: This in Bangkok with humanly possible, but at the hour.
just coming into CNN right representatives of the World same time we are -- have INSKEEP: Some people
now. We're getting word that Food Programme and another expressed our willingness, the will be baffled by the notion
the government of Myanmar, meeting with United Nations willingness of Pacific that you would have to
that military junta that has been representatives. Everyone is Command to bring any and all persuade someone to accept aid
holding back military aid to very anxious to provide relief supplies. We don't care what after a cyclone.
come in to help those cyclone that is desperately needed. We flag or sticker is on the KEATING: It is not –
victims, apparently the can move a lot more than we package of water, we just want you’re right, it isn’t necessarily
government has decided to have moved, but at least we're to get it to the folks that needed logical, but some might say
authorize five more U.S. flights seeing some gradual opening. and we need the cooperation of that’s Burma or Myanmar. All
to land there in Myanmar to PHILLIPS: Have you the Burmese government to decisions are made at the very,
help aid the survivors of that thought about air drops? In a provide that assistance. very highest level, all
horrible devastation where situation like this where the PHILLIPS: Well, I know important decisions in the
thousands of people are on the people are so desperate, you that you will not stand in. You government by the prime
brink of starvation and disease know what you want to do. will continue to get that aid in minister himself, a senior
right now. Have you considered just going there and do everything general, the leader of military
The head of those military for it with air assets and possible. Admiral Timothy junta and the same was true for
operations, U.S. Admiral making the drops versus trying Keating, commander of Pacific our offer of aid. They
Timothy Keating, commander to get things in by foot? Command there in the region acknowledged our offer, but
of Pacific Command. He's the KEATING: We talked to getting continual aid to those they said that it would have to
one that has been leading that our Burmese host about that cyclone victims in that hard hit made at a higher level.
aid into the area. Just calling option, Kyra, of slinging area of Myanmar. INSKEEP: Made at a
into us right now. We got him supplies underneath helicopters Admiral, thanks so much. higher level than anybody that
on the phone. and bringing them from the Morning Edition (NPR), you were in the room with?
Admiral, can you bring me USS Essex Group, which is off 7:10 AM KEATING: Yeah. The
up to date on the operations as the southwest coast of Burma. STEVE INSKEEP: When head of the Burmese navy with
we get word that the military is They're in position now with a the first American relief plane us, Vice Admiral Se Ken. His
actually going to allow more dozen plus heavy lift capable landed in Myanmar this week, English was quite good. He led
helicopters, but we're not going it contained supplies to respond the Burmese delegation of
about eight or ten folks. He Keating, some people reading devices have reached enemies night operations to kill our
listened to us and was Time magazine here will hear a in Afghanistan and Iraq, where troops," Pelak says.
courteous and receptive, but suggestion that maybe the it can erode the advantage U.S. Lower-grade night-vision
could not give us a decision. United States should go in troops have in after-dark devices are sold commercially,
INSKEEP: Is there without permission, in effect, combat. but military versions are far
concern that you are somehow invade Myanmar to aid. Is that The government has more sensitive and can include
going to use U.S. aid to even a remote possibility? prosecuted more than two features that identify U.S.
undermine their regime? KEATING: I would say it dozen businesses and troops by infrared tabs on their
KEATING: Exactly. And is not, Steve. We have no individuals over the past 18 uniforms. Sales and exports of
our assurances were quite to intention of proceeding without months for stealing that equipment are restricted by
the contrary. We promised Burmese permission. That was night-vision gear or skirting law.
prompt aid. We were ready the the reason I and the State prohibitions on foreign sales, Since 2001, the
day before we got there, Steve, Department, our colleagues, according to a USA TODAY government has charged more
that was Monday during which went to Burma, and again, they review of federal documents than 40 individuals or
we held these discussions. We didn’t say no. So I think that and public records. businesses with theft or illegal
said we’d come in and we the spigot will gradually open, In at least five cases, exports of night-vision
wouldn’t need any water, we but we have absolutely no prosecutors linked shipments technology, based on a USA
wouldn’t need any fuel. We intention of forcefully to terrorist groups, such as TODAY review of public
would just need some space providing relief supplies. al-Qaeda and Hezbollah. A few records and reports from
and permission to land and INSKEEP: And I’m just others were headed to Iran and Justice, Commerce and the
take off. curious. Since we’ve gone Taliban forces in Afghanistan, Pentagon. Besides the two
INSKEEP: And they back and forth in this court records show; several dozen cases prosecuted since
haven’t said no, but they didn’t conversation. When you spoke were destined for China and late 2006, the newspaper also
tell you yes. with those officials, did you Japan. identified at least eight more
KEATING: They had said refer to the country as "It's extremely serious — under investigation.
yes in an interesting way. We Myanmar, which is what they you're talking about In one case, Syed Hashmi,
flew a couple of C-130 sorties call it or refer to it as Burma, adversaries of the United States a U.S. citizen, awaits trial on
out of Udapal and we flew, we which is what the United States getting equipment that we charges that he obtained
believe the number is five has said that they want to call it make to give our soldiers an night-vision goggles and other
today. The operation is still since that had been the name advantage in the field," says military devices for associates
ongoing. So in approving our before the military regime took Charles Beardall, the who moved the equipment to
flight plans, they are giving us over? Pentagon's deputy inspector al-Qaeda affiliates for use
permission. It is kind of KEATING: Yeah. We general for investigations. against U.S. forces in
implicit permission, Steve, but chose to use the term Myanmar The Pentagon joined the Afghanistan.
we’ve now flown 170,000 in discussions with our hosts departments of Justice, In another case, Shahrazad
pounds of relief supplies into inside the borders of the Homeland Security, Commerce Mir Gholikhan, an Iranian, was
Burma and we have reason to country. Outside, I revert to my and State last year in a sentenced this month to 29
believe that we will be able to old ways of calling it Burma, crackdown on illegal exports of months in prison for her role in
fly five more C-130s tomorrow Steve, but we wanted to get a combat-use military items and a plot to send 3,000
and perhaps some rotary yes out of them, so we chose to sensitive civilian goods with night-vision systems to Iran,
wings, helicopter sorties as use the term they favor. military uses. Night-vision which the United States
well. INSKEEP: Admiral devices used by U.S. troops accuses of supplying Iraqi
INSKEEP: So they have Keating, thanks very much for account for more cases than insurgents.
given you blanket permission, your time. other technology, says Steven After-dark advantage
but they’re approving things KEATING: Thank you, Pelak, Justice's export Military night-vision
plane by plane, which raises Steve. enforcement coordinator. equipment:
the question of whether you’re INSKEEP: Timothy Pelak and Beardall say Goggles: Worn by combat
able to do enough this way to Keating is the head of the U.S. some night-vision gear has troops and pilots
make a difference for two Pacific Command. reached enemies in Iraq and Scopes and sights: Used
million people. Afghanistan but won't discuss for aiming weapons
KEATING: We think it’s how much. "Night-vision Cameras: Used to track
making a difference. We met USA Today goggles of some generation enemy
Monday following our session May 15, 2008 have been found" on foes and Source: Defense
in Burma with the World Food Pg. 1 in weapons caches, Beardall Department
Programme and then separately 13. Enemies Getting says, but details are "very
with United Nations officials Sensitive U.S. Gear sensitive." The implications are
and so the non-governmental Night-vision thefts, illegal serious because U.S. troops USA Today
organizations are exerting exports rising often launch riskier missions May 15, 2008
every effort that they can. By Peter Eisler, USA Today after dark to exploit their Pg. 5
Other nations are contributing WASHINGTON — Thefts night-vision advantage. 14. U.S. Foes Seek Edge
as well. So it’s a multilateral, and illegal exports of advanced "If you look at cases where In The Dark
multinational approach and we military night-vision gear are groups like the Taliban are Night-vision devices in demand
think it is having some effect. rising sharply, and U.S. trying to get this stuff, that's by Taliban
INSKEEP: Admiral officials say some of the how they want to use it, for By Peter Eisler, USA Today
WASHINGTON — The purchases and exports. equipment and other military outsourcing production. ITT
e-mails, found on computer A handful of those cases supplies to the Fuerzas paid a $100 million fine, which
equipment seized from an have involved U.S. military Armadas Revolucionarias de had a catch — the company
accused terrorist supporter, personnel or civilian defense Colombia (Revolutionary must invest $50 million of the
detail items the Taliban wanted workers stealing night-vision Armed Forces of Colombia), a penalty in developing a new
to use against U.S. troops in equipment from storage U.S.-designated terrorist group. generation of night-vision
Afghanistan. facilities and trying to pawn or The indictment alleges that the technology.
"What equipment do they sell it through eBay, Justice equipment was to be used In essence, U.S. Attorney
need?" asks one message, Department records show. In against U.S. forces fighting John Brownlee said, "ITT will
described in a Justice one of the biggest cases of theft drug traffickers in Colombia. pay $50 million in restitution
Department affidavit filed as from a military installation, In several other instances, to the victims of their crimes
part of an ongoing effort to Pentagon investigators recently U.S. authorities have thwarted — the American soldier."
have Babar Ahmad extradited announced a $10,000 reward illegal efforts to ship
from Britain on charges of for information on the night-vision equipment to
funneling money and supplies disappearance of 34 sets of China and Taiwan Washington Post
to the fighters. "Is there a night-vision goggles and two Foreign companies or May 15, 2008
(smuggling) route for night-vision scopes from a U.S. governments may be seeking Pg. V1
equipment such as tents, base in Bamberg, Germany. equipment they can "reverse 15. Giving Back, Getting
torches, night vision?" Most cases involving "a engineer" and copy, says Around
The response, according to Marine or soldier trying to take Charles Beardall, the Segways Presented to Veterans
the affidavit, uses the code supplies or equipment Pentagon's deputy inspector Injured in Iraq, Afghanistan
words "Students" for Taliban (involve) … just one or two general for investigations. The By Mark Berman, Washington
members and "Arabs" for individuals trying to take resulting products could be Post Staff Writer
foreign fighters in Afghanistan. advantage of the system," says used militarily or sold Jeffrey Adams, a first
But there's nothing cryptic Sharon Woods, head of the commercially in an effort to lieutenant with the Louisiana
about its thrust: "Night visions Defense Criminal Investigative grab market share from U.S. National Guard, was on patrol
are VERY important, as Service. manufacturers. in Baghdad on Nov. 7, 2004,
Students and Arabs, both are The bigger concern, The equipment being when a makeshift bomb
concentrating on the special according to Woods and other stolen and smuggled tends to detonated 10 feet away.
covert operations." officials at the Pentagon and be far more advanced than "I looked down, and my
The e-mail exchange, Justice Department, are cases what's generally available on leg was gone," said Adams, 28.
which includes other references in which agents for terrorist the open market. Rules His left leg was later
to smuggling night-vision groups or criminal business restricting the sale and export amputated above the knee,
goggles via Pakistan, occurred enterprises have attempted to of night-vision technology vary replaced with a prosthetic that
at the end of 2001, soon after ship night-vision technology depending on its capabilities, now bears an Army sticker.
U.S. troops invaded illegally to terrorist outfits or according to the Commerce After spending 6 1/2
Afghanistan. Since then, U.S. countries of concern, such as Department. One set of months at Walter Reed Army
adversaries have been trying to Iran and China. In some recent high-tech night-vision goggles Medical Center, Adams
get the equipment, which could cases, foreigners have set up used by the military can cost returned home on crutches to
erase a major tactical edge for shell companies or shipped the up to $4,500, Pentagon records finish a degree in chemical
U.S. troops in Afghanistan and equipment through multiple show. engineering.
Iraq. countries or third parties to The most sensitive Three years later, Adams
"It's considered an mask its final destination. technology includes is all smiles -- and he is much
extremely sensitive technology "The real threat are these commercially unavailable more mobile, thanks to his new
because the highest generations covert attempts to purchase it," features and often relies on Segway.
of night vision are thought to says Steven Pelak, the Justice special image enhancement Adams was one of 29
give our troops a considerable Department's export tubes that amplify even the wounded veterans who
advantage, to the point where enforcement coordinator. "You smallest light sources, received Segways last week in
we fight a significant portion see from these cases who's Pentagon records show. In a ceremony at Army Navy
of our battles at night," says trying to get this stuff — other cases, the devices detect Country Club in Arlington.
Clif Burns, a Washington Taliban, Hezbollah, al-Qaeda, heat, providing thermal images The transporters were donated
lawyer who specializes in the Tamil Tigers (in Sri Lanka) that help users see in a variety by a group called Segs4Vets,
export control issues. That, — the list goes on, not to of conditions. which gives Segways to
Burns says, makes the mention other nation states, the Protecting the night-vision members of the military or
technology valuable to current Chinese, the Iranian advantage is becoming more veterans who were injured in
and potential enemies. government, who want to difficult as more of the Iraq or Afghanistan and who
Prosecutions for theft and obtain this equipment to gain technology leaks out. have a permanent disability
smuggling of night-vision an understanding of the Last year, ITT, a top and difficulty walking.
equipment have climbed technology" and copy it. night-vision contractor for the "It's amazing," Adams
steadily in recent years, and the In a federal indictment Defense Department, admitted said. "It's a lot more freedom.
Justice Department says the unsealed this month, to sending restricted product For a young male, you have
equipment leads all other international arms dealer data illegally to China, your friends who want to do
categories of military Viktor Bout was charged with Singapore and the United things you can't do feasibly.
technology for illegal trying to sell night-vision Kingdom with the intent of You feel like you're holding
them back. This helps." who have served in Iraq and prosthetics below both knees. from Iraq and Afghanistan with
Segs4Vets is run by Afghanistan, easing an early At one point during the severe psychological damage
Disability Rights Advocates challenge for the charity. And ceremony, he stepped off his receive the same kinds of
for Technology, a charity that officials at the charity said they Segway to help another veteran military honors as those
champions barrier-free design hope that health insurance into a wheelchair. who’ve suffered physical
and emerging technologies. companies will eventually see Beatty said the Segway losses? Defense Secretary
Founded in 2004 by Jerry Kerr, the value of a Segway, even will allow him to do things that Gates says it’s an issue worth
Leonard Timm and Fred though it isn't a medical device. require a lot of walking, like looking into. National security
Kaplan, the organization is The program has donated going to an amusement park correspondent Jennifer Griffin
all-volunteer, with overhead Segways to four military with his children. "It'll extend reports.
paid by board members. medical centers, including the my stamina," he said. JENNIFER GRIFFIN:
There's no formal fundraising National Naval Medical Center Army Cpl. Joel These wounded troops are
mechanism, but the in Bethesda and Walter Reed Dulashanti, 21, was looking some of the 1.7 million
organization raises money in the District, to introduce the forward to the freedom his veterans who have received
through word of mouth, technology to the injured. Segway would give him. Purple Heart medals for
officials said. Donations can be Those locations and others in He has had 26 surgeries wounds sustained in combat
made through the San Antonio and San Diego since he was shot three times since 1932. The medal itself
organization's Web site, allow medical personnel to along the Afghanistan-Pakistan was introduced by George
http:www.draft.org. assess and train candidates for border May 4, 2007. He was Washington. These war
Although the Segway was the Segs4Vets program. serving as a sniper. His right wounds are visible. The
not designed for disabled Disabled soldiers and leg was amputated above the wounds of a service member
people, "we found ... it was a veterans apply online and are knee, and he suffered severe returning with post-traumatic
wonderful opportunity to have turned down only if they are abdominal damage and an stress disorder, or PTSD, are
mobility [while] standing," said unable to use the Segway. injury to his left knee. not. Now an Army
Kerr, who shattered his C4 Some people have hesitated to Dulashanti faces more administrator treating PTSD at
vertebrae in a diving accident apply for the program, surgery, and he wants to use Ft. Bliss in Texas has started a
10 years ago. Kerr, who was a doubting that they would his Segway to save the energy debate inside the Pentagon and
real estate developer before the receive such an expensive he has been using walking among veterans about just what
accident, preordered a Segway device, Kerr said. around Walter Reed, where he kind of wounds deserve a
before they became available The charity also hopes to has four hours of physical Purple Heart. Defense
and first got on the device in establish additional training therapy a day, followed by Secretary Robert Gates was
2003. and assessment programs in hours of meetings and other asked to consider a Purple
Kerr, who lives in St. other parts of the country. commitments. Heart for post-traumatic stress
Louis, said that when children After the Segways were "I don't get to get things as a way to de-stigmatize the
see him in a wheelchair, they presented at the May 7 done because I waste all my condition, making it a, quote,
feel sorry for him. But when ceremony in Arlington, Adams energy walking three miles at “worthy wound,” a way to
they see him on a Segway, they took his for a spin outside the the hospital," Dulashanti said. encourage troops to get help
want one. "This doesn't draw country club. The Segway can But thanks to the transporter, and discourage their
attention to my disability," he travel at up to 12.5 mph, which that should change. "I can even commanders from mocking
said. "When I'm in this, your "if you've been in a wheelchair, take my dogs on a walk now." them.
first thought isn't of my it's really fast," Kerr said. "If Dulashanti, who lives in SECRETARY OF
disabilities." you've had the ability to run Silver Spring with his wife, DEFENSE ROBERT GATES:
"This," Kerr said, "doesn't and you lost the ability to run, Lindsey, wants to attend Johns It’s an interesting idea. I think
define us as a disabled person. to feel the wind in your hair... . Hopkins University to study it’s clearly something that
This is such a perfect solution." It's exhilarating." molecular and cellular biology. needs to be looked at.
So far, Segs4Vets has Adams, who lives in After the presentation, a GRIFFIN: Carla Lois’s
given away 150 Segways, Alabama and works for group picture of the recipients (ph) son, Noah, has a Purple
including 35 at a presentation Boeing, said the ceremony felt was taken outside the country Heart. He was wounded by
in San Antonio in April. The like a reunion. Illustrating his club. Watching them line up, shrapnel in his head in August,
charity expects to donate a point, Army Staff Sgt. Dale Kerr beamed. 2005, while serving with the
total of 250 this year. Segway Beatty approached on his own "They got big smiles on Third Infantry Division in Iraq.
has no affiliation with new Segway moments later, their faces," he said. "I love it. He grew up wanting to be in
Segs4Vets, because the calling Adams "Alabama," and It doesn't get any better than the Army. He also returned
transporters are not a federally the two bumped Segways like this for us." from Iraq with severe PTSD.
approved medical device. The a couple of moose butting He didn’t smile for 18 months
charity buys Segways from antlers. after returning from combat.
dealerships; models sold at Beatty, of North Carolina, FNC CARLA LOIS: We
TriState Segway in Ashburn served a decade and was May 14, 2008 thought that we would never
cost $5,145 and $5,660. injured eight days after Adams. 16. Medals For see our son smile again or ever
The military issued He was west of Bayji, Iraq, and Psychological Injuries? hear him laugh again.
Segs4Vets a blanket waiver riding in a truck that hit an Special Report With Brit GRIFFIN: But Noah and
last year to allow a gift in antitank mine. He was treated Hume (FNC), 6:00 PM his friends who served say they
excess of $1,000 to severely at Walter Reed at the same BRIT HUME: Should don’t want Purple Hearts for
injured active-duty members time as Adams and now has service members who return PTSD.
LOIS: His initial reaction way for votes today on the last spend less when you can tax 'Political Games'
– immediate reaction and very war funding bill of George W. more?" By Associated Press
forceful was absolutely not. Bush's presidency. Patty Murray (D-Wash.), Senate Democrats blocked
GRIFFIN: Some veterans The surtax -- dubbed the who is shepherding the war a bill by Sen. John McCain that
groups want PTSD recognized "patriots' premium" by House funding bill through the would have increased college
with a Purple Heart. Majority Leader Steny H. Senate, said expanded aid for military veterans
LOUIS CELLI Hoyer (D-Md.) -- would raise education assistance is a cost because they said it didn't go
[Committee for Vets Business the tax rate by half a of war. If President Bush does far enough and would serve
Affairs]: To try to distinguish percentage point on incomes of not want to pay for the war only as political cover for the
that from other wounds with about $500,000 for individuals through tax increases or Republican presidential
regard to being awarded the and $1 million for couples. spending cuts, he should not candidate.
Purple Heart really is Democratic leaders hope to protest veterans' benefits, she Republicans offered Mr.
unconscionable. They are just pass an enhanced G.I. Bill as said. McCain's bill as an amendment
as injured as other soldiers are part of a $184 billion measure House Democratic to legislation that would give
and they need to be recognized to fund the wars in Iraq and leadership aides acknowledged police officers, firefighters and
in the same way. Afghanistan into next year and that the tax will probably be other first responders the right
GRIFFIN: Scott Golden to finance domestic programs stripped from the package in to unionize. The Senate voted
served in Vietnam. that include flood protection the Senate and then sent back 55-42 to kill the amendment.
SCOTT GOLDEN around New Orleans and to the House, where the G.I. Arizona's Mr. McCain was
[Vietnam War Veteran]: I extended unemployment Bill either will pass without on the campaign circuit and not
don’t see where it devalues. benefits, among other funding or be whittled down present for the vote.
Wounded is wounded. provisions. and approved with less "This vote is a message to
GRIFFIN: This former But the veterans benefits controversial offsets. Bush-McCain Republicans that
Marine, also a Vietnam ran into united opposition from Bush has promised to veto the U.S. Senate will not stand
veteran, still suffers from conservative Democrats. They any spending bill exceeding his for political games at the
PTSD, but he doesn’t want a complained that its $52 billion war funding request of $108 expense of our nation's first
Purple Heart. cost over 10 years would not billion for the fiscal year that responders and veterans," said
LUPE SALDANA be funded according to ends Sept. 30. He is likely to Senate Majority Leader Harry
[Vietnam War Veteran]: It’s Congress's renewed accept Democrats' additional Reid of Nevada.
not an injury. It’s not a wound. pay-as-you-go deficit-control spending to finance the war Mr. McCain proposed his
It’s not a blood kind of a thing, rules. into next year. GI bill after Democrats pitched
you know. And then I think it By fully paying for the But the G.I. Bill presents a more ambitious plan that
would lose its spirit of the initiative, House Speaker the GOP with a quandary. It would essentially guarantee a
Purple Heart. Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.) has the support of dozens of full scholarship to any public,
GRIFFIN: According to virtually ensured passage today Republicans, including some in-state university after serving
military regulation, the wound of three separate measures: one House conservatives and in the military for three years.
must have occurred in combat to fund the wars; another to senators such as John W. Democrats are pushing their
and must have required finance domestic needs, such Warner (Va.). But it is opposed proposal, introduced by Sen.
treatment at the time by a as extended unemployment by Bush, the Pentagon and the Jim Webb of Virginia as part
medic. But signs of PTSD benefits and expanded presumptive Republican of this year's war-spending bill.
often show up three to six education aid for veterans; and nominee, Sen. John McCain The Pentagon opposes Mr.
months after the vet returns a third that will once again (Ariz.), who worry that its Webb's bill because it says in
home. Some are suggesting a seek to set a timeline for troop benefits might entice service part that providing such a large
compromise, a medal for withdrawals from Iraq. members to leave the strained benefit after only three years of
PTSD but not the Purple Heart. Pelosi said the tax is the military rather than re-enlist. service would hurt retention.
At the Pentagon, Jennifer least the affluent can do to Senate Democrats Accordingly, Republican
Griffin, Fox News. provide benefits that would pay yesterday blocked an effort by Sens. McCain, Lindsey
tuition for veterans at even the McCain's allies to bring a more Graham of South Carolina and
most expensive state modest version of the proposal Richard M. Burr of North
Washington Post universities. House Democratic -- written by McCain and Sens. Carolina drafted an alternative
May 15, 2008 leadership aides practically Lindsey O. Graham (R-S.C.) that would increase to $1,500
Pg. 7 dared Republicans to oppose and Richard Burr (R-N.C.) -- from $1,100 the monthly
17. Democrats' War the measure. to the Senate floor for a vote. benefit available to most
Funding Bill Adds "We'll see what the Instead, they promise a vote as veterans. The stipend would
Surtax On The Wealthy response is going to be," she early as next week on the increase to $2,000 a month
By Jonathan Weisman, said. original version, drafted by after 12 years of service.
Washington Post Staff Writer But the fate of the tax is Warner and Sen. James Webb Senate Democratic Whip
House Democratic leaders very much in doubt. House (D-Va.). Dick Durbin said the
yesterday embraced a surtax on Minority Whip Roy Blunt Republican maneuvering was
the wealthy to pay for (R-Mo.) mocked the proposal intended to protect Mr.
as more evidence of Washington Times McCain from any political
expanded education benefits
Democrats' "single-minded May 15, 2008 fallout for opposing the bill.
for veterans of the wars in Iraq
determination" to pursue a Pg. 4
and Afghanistan, clearing the
political philosophy of "Why 18. McCain's GI Bill
Boston Globe WASHINGTON -- A The ship programs are part budget for billions of dollars in
May 15, 2008 House committee endorsed of a $606 billion defense earmarks for ship and airplane
19. Kerry Wins major changes in the Navy's spending plan for 2009 programs that create jobs in
Reprieve For Iraqi shipbuilding plan Wednesday, submitted in February by the members’ districts.
including a $422 million cash Bush administration. Each “This bill continues the
Translator's Wife infusion that would push the house of Congress is committee’s commitment to
By Globe Staff
service to build two attack developing its own restoring the readiness of our
US Senator John F. Kerry
submarines per year beginning amendments to that proposal. military as its first priority,”
said he has been able to stave
in 2010. Action is not expected to be said Skelton, “Our military is
off the deportation of the wife
The stepped-up schedule - complete until the fall. under strain after six years of
of an Iraqi translator who has
the Navy is now building subs combat and five years of
been decorated for his work
at the rate of one per year - fighting on two fronts.”
during four tours in Iraq with CQ Today
would be a major boost for The House may take up
the United States military. May 15, 2008
Northrop Grumman's Newport the defense policy measure the
The difficulties faced by 21. House Armed
News shipyard, which shares week of May 19, though
Raad Al-Hilfy, an Iraqi native,
and his wife, Norma, who
submarine contracts with a Services Cuts Missile partisan wrangling over
yard in Connecticut. It is far Programs, Adds unrelated bills could delay it.
immigrated to the United
from ensured, however. Submarines In Markup The Senate Armed Services
States from Guatemala, were
While expressing a clear By John M. Donnelly and Josh Committee approved its own
described last week in a
preference for two subs per Rogin, CQ Staff $612.5 billion defense
column by the Globe's Adrian
year, every year, the House Democrats brushed aside authorization bill (S 3001) on
Walker. Norma Hilfy applied
Armed Services Committee GOP attempts to restore money April 30, and the Senate does
for asylum while she was
proposal would give Navy to President Bush’s missile not plan to take it up until June.
living in Nevada. She later
officials the option of funding defense program Wednesday as Missile Defense Stirs
moved to Virginia and then to
two boats in 2010 and just one a House panel headed toward Passions
in 2011 before shifting to the approval of a $601.4 billion Missile defense is always a
When the couple checked
two-per-year schedule in 2012 defense authorization bill. controversial issue in the
last year on the status of her
and subsequent years. During a defense authorization debate,
asylum application, they
Even if the money added sometimes-heated markup and this year’s House Armed
learned that a Nevada judge
by the committee is approved Wednesday, the House Armed Services markup was no
had issued an order of removal
on the House floor and in the Services Committee rejected exception.
in 2005. The pair are now
Senate, the Navy would amendments to restore several The committee considered
hoping the government will
have to shift funds in other hundred million dollars left out a draft bill that would authorize
overturn that ruling.
accounts into the submarine of the bill, but requested by the $10.2 billion for missile
Late last month, Kerry
program to fully pay for a president, for an anti-missile defense programs in the
contacted the Office of
second sub in 2011, said Rep. shield in Europe and for the coming fiscal year, including
Immigration and Customs
Duncan Hunter, R-Calif. Each Army’s next generation of $8.6 billion dollars for the
Enforcement, as well as
of the Virginia-class subs costs weapons, the Future Combat Missile Defense Agency. That
Secretary of Homeland
more than $2.5 billion. Systems. would fall about $719 million
Security Michael Chertoff.
Hunter called the added The committee was also below Bush’s request.
Within days, the immigration
money "a critical item of poised to consider amendments Within that total, the most
agency postponed Norma
leverage" and warned that the that would block the Air hotly contested change was a
Hilfy's removal for one year so
Navy's attack-submarine force Force’s $35 billion contract to $372 million reduction in the
that her petitions for legal
could fall below 40 in future build a fleet of refueling administration’s $954 million
residency can be considered,
years unless the pace of tankers based on a modified request for anti-missile sites in
Kerry's office said.
shipbuilding is stepped up. The Airbus jet. Poland and the Czech Republic
"A woman whose husband
Navy currently has more than The bill (HR 5658), as — $232 million taken from
has been wounded in action
50 attack subs. drafted by Chairman Ike weapons investments and $140
and awarded a Medal of
Other portions of the Skelton, D-Mo., would million from construction
Freedom should not have to
shipbuilding plan that the authorize defense programs at accounts. The panel also
fear being deported," Kerry
committee endorsed would the Pentagon and Energy conditioned most spending on
said in a statement. "... It is fair
slow and perhaps stop the Department in fiscal 2009, the project on the
and just that his family should
development of a futuristic including $70 billion for administration’s submission to
be allowed to stay here with
destroyer, the DDG-1000, that several months of fighting in Congress of a certification of
him in his adopted country."
is a major component of the Iraq and Afghanistan. the system’s effectiveness and
Navy's modernization plan. It would shift approval of the plan in the
Norfolk Virginian-Pilot Two of the DDG-1000 authorization for billions of Polish and Czech parliaments.
May 15, 2008 ships already have been dollars requested by Bush for “We don’t believe the
20. Panel Calls For funded. But the committee plan futuristic weapons systems to American people should be
would shift $2.5 billion sought today’s battlefield priorities digging holes in Poland for a
Building Two Attack by the Bush administration for system that will eventually cost
Subs Every Year and the pay and health care
a third ship in the series to needs of military families. And over $4 billion when we don’t
By Dale Eisman, The build an additional amphibious have ratified and signed
Virginian-Pilot it would make room in the
transport and two supply ships. agreements with their
government,” said Ellen O. billion request for FCS. Committee’s bill would The decision, included in
Tauscher, D-Calif., The committee rejected, authorize. legislation sponsored by the
chairwoman of the Strategic 23-33, an amendment by H. The House panel’s House Armed Services
Forces Subcommittee. James Saxton of New Jersey, generosity did not stop there. Committee chairman, could set
Duncan Hunter of the ranking Republican on the Its bill would authorize $800 up a clash with Senate
California, the full committee’s Air and Land Subcommittee, to million more than Bush counterparts who are trying to
ranking Republican, bring the authorization up to requested for National Guard steer clear of the tanker dispute
complained: “This reduction the president’s request for and reserve equipment, $932 in their version of the 2009
sends a terrible signal to our FCS. million more for operations defense authorization bill.
foreign friends ... who have “At some point Congress and maintenance funds, and However, Rep. Ike Skelton
supported us in this endeavor. must give the Army the billions more to fund unmet (D-Mo.) offered a caveat in his
... I also wonder about the opportunity to demonstrate readiness needs. chairman’s mark: Any inquiry
message this reduction sends to whether the system can The measure would also would be done after the World
Russia and Iran.” perform,” Saxton said. “Let’s authorize funds for C-17 Trade Organization (WTO)
Republicans tried but give the Army one year of transport planes, up-armored delivered its rulings on trade
failed repeatedly to reverse the stable funding in order to let Humvees, parts of F-22 fighter disputes between the United
missile defense cuts. Terry the secretary of Defense and jets and other initiatives the States and the European Union
Everett of Alabama, the top the Army decide the fate of the administration did not request. over illegal subsidies to Airbus
Republican on the Strategic FCS program in 2009.” The bill that the committee and tax breaks for Boeing . The
Forces Subcommittee, Neil Abercrombie, was poised to approve two bitter rivals on the world’s
proposed an amendment that D-Hawaii, chairman of the Air Wednesday night contains no commercial aircraft market are
would fully authorize the and Land Subcommittee, language ordering a also at the center of the tanker
president’s request and allow defended what he called withdrawal of troops from Iraq controversy.
procurement to go forward. It “modest” proposed reductions or other hot-button war-related On Feb. 29, the Air Force
was defeated by a vote of to the FCS program. policy provisions. However, picked the Airbus 330 as its
24-34. “These adjustments are those issues will play out new tanker, selecting the team
Everett also offered an based on the need to shift prominently in the debate over of Northrop Grumman and
amendment to restore half of funding to higher-priority a supplemental war spending EADS, the European
the $10 million that the Army readiness needs and the bill. conglomerate that owns
committee recommended fact that the FCS program, in For U.S. military Airbus, for the contract. Since
eliminating from the request addition to a history of delays personnel, the House Armed then, Boeing has launched an
for the study of a Space Test and cost overruns, continues to Services measure would intense lobbying and public
Bed, which would pursue operate in violation of many authorize a 3.9 percent pay relations campaign to overturn
space-based interceptor major Department of Defense raise, 0.5 percentage points the contract.
weapons. That amendment also acquisition policies,” more than the administration’s Boeing, aided by
failed, 26-33. Abercrombie said. request. The bill does not congressional supporters, has
The committee rejected, Submarine Funds contain the administration’s argued that the
25-34, an amendment from Approved proposed increases in fees and Northrop-EADS team had an
Trent Franks, R-Ariz., that Bush requested co-payments under the unfair advantage because
would have added $100 million procurement of one new military’s Tricare health care Airbus received government
for the Multiple Kill Vehicle Virginia-class submarine in his program and adds $1.2 billion launch money for the A330,
program, which aims to launch fiscal 2009 budget request. to cancel out Bush’s assumed thus reducing the price of its
several interceptor warheads at The House committee bill savings in the program. The bid.
once to defeat multiple endorsed that request, but it Senate Armed Services The U.S. defense giant
incoming missiles or decoys. also outlined another $300 Committee’s bill echoes the also filed an official protest
Franks vowed to try on the million to start building a House measure on the pay with the Government
House floor to restore the second one in fiscal 2010. The raise and Tricare rates. Accountability Office,
funds. committee approved by voice Lydia Gensheimer Congress’s watchdog arm. The
Reductions for Future vote an amendment offered by contributed to this story. GAO is expected to rule on the
Combat Systems Hunter that would add $422 protest by June 19.
Another flap occurred over million for the Navy to start Based on what the WTO
a proposed $200 million preparing for a second sub in The Hill finds in either case, the Air
reduction to Bush’s $3.6 fiscal 2011. May 15, 2008 Force Secretary would have 90
billion request for the Future In comparison, the Senate 22. Air Force Prodded days from the rulings to
Combat Systems, or FCS, an panel’s bill would add $79 To Probe Subsidies In conduct a review, allowing
integrated group of vehicles, million to Bush’s request for Tanker Contract time for public comment on the
aircraft and computer advance procurement of a By Roxana Tiron effect of illegal subsidies on
technology designed to second sub. House defense authorizers the program, for consultation
enhance Army capabilities. All told, the House are directing the Air Force to with federal government
The program has faced measure would authorize the review whether illegal experts, and to speak with
technical challenges and Navy to start building up to 13 government subsidies played officials at both the Northrop
ballooning cost estimates. The ships. The administration had any role in a contentious Grumman-EADS team and
Senate Armed Services bill requested eight, the number refueling tanker contract. Boeing.
would authorize the full $3.6 that the Senate Armed Services If the Air Force determines
the illegal subsidy had a reimbursable launch loans are modernization endeavor. and at least one of the five
“material impact” that calls carried on EADS’s balance Boeing and SAIC are the lead accused in the Sept. 11
into question the “fairness” of sheet as liabilities and are contractors for that program — conspiracy has not yet seen an
the contract award, the service listed in the company’s annual headquartering their operations attorney, said Army Col. Steve
leaders have the right to take report. in St. Louis, Akin’s district. David, chief defense counsel.
“appropriate measures” to Pricing on both the Airbus Meanwhile, the committee "He's set them for
remove the impact of the and Boeing planes is approved on a bipartisan basis arraignment," said David, who
illegal subsidy and make the determined through a an additional $722 million to in civilian life is an an Indiana
process “fair to all,” according complicated process that allow the Navy to start judge. "So absent a motion for
to the legislative language in includes several market-driven building two submarines a year continuance and a favorable
the chairman’s mark. factors. in 2010, 2011 and 2012 — ruling, there will be an
But the provision leaves At press time, the panel accelerating the Navy’s current arraignment then. Whether or
that to the discretion of the had not yet voted on the final schedule. not everyone has had access to
Secretary of the Air Force. It is passage of the $601.4 billion Additionally, the House their client or had enough
unclear when the WTO would 2009 defense authorization bill, Armed Services Committee is access to their client -- I don't
rule on either of the cases, but but provisions in the requesting that the Pentagon know."
it could be several more chairman’s mark largely clearly delineate its request for Also complicating the
months until that happens. The remain untouched during the the wars in Afghanistan and date, the Navy lawyer for
discussion could spill into the bill consideration process. Iraq and separate the requests Mohammed's nephew, Ammar
next presidency and a new However, the provision for the two wars. The provision Baluchi, who is also charged in
Secretary of the Air Force with may face a hard time in in Skelton’s mark expresses the conspiracy, has a court
a different approach than the conference negotiations with concern that the Pentagon’s conflict that day. He is Navy
current secretary, Michael the Senate. The Senate Armed requests for Afghanistan have Lt. Cmdr. Brian Mizer, who is
Wynne. Services Committee did not not been transparent because doing double duty as military
Skelton has urged include any provisions they have been lumped in with defense lawyer for Osama bin
lawmakers not to take any regarding the tanker those for Iraq. Laden's driver, Salim Hamdan
legislative action to undo the controversy and senators on the of Yemen. Hamdan'strial is
Air Force’s tanker contract and committee have opted to wait now scheduled to open June 2
to let the GAO do its work. for the results of the GAO Miami Herald and is expected to last at least a
Nonetheless, if the WTO review before deciding whether May 15, 2008 week.
rules against the European to weigh in on the tanker 23. Khalid Sheik Arraignment is the formal
Union, the provision will likely program, according to Mohammed Gets June 5 reading of charges, with the
open up the floodgates for congressional sources. Court Date accused and their attorneys in
criticism and renew lobbying Additionally, House By Carol Rosenberg court -- in this instance
from Boeing and its supporters. Armed Services Committee The chief judge of the accusing the five men of the
Sen. John McCain members agreed to authorize Guantánamo Bay war court has worst terror attack on U.S. soil.
(R-Ariz.), the ranking member $100 million within the Navy’s set June 5 for the first court It is the first capital case to go
of the Senate Armed Services F-18 E/F Super Hornet appearances of reputed 9/11 before a commission.
panel, urged the Air Force last program that would allow the mastermind Khalid Sheik By military commissions
year not to let the WTO cases plane’s builder, Boeing, to take Mohammed and four alleged rules, an accused must go
determine its decision for the steps to reduce the cost of the co-conspirators. before a war court judge within
tanker. McCain, the GOP fighter jet either for a The judge, Marine Col. 30 days of approval and
presidential candidate, was year-to-year buy of the plane, Ralph Kohlmann, notified service of charges -- unless the
instrumental almost five years or for a new multiyear buy military defense attorneys by defense seeks and gets a delay.
ago in thwarting a corrupt should the Navy decide to email Wednesday afternoon Navy Lt. Richard
leasing deal for new tankers enter a third such contract with that he would preside over the Federico, who is co-defense
between the Air Force and Boeing. Boeing has been case himself. He scheduled counsel for defendant Ramzi
Boeing. pressing the defense arraignment of the five men at bin al Shibh, said defense
The revelation of the committees to approve the the U.S. Navy base in attorneys were considering
corrupt deal ultimately led to money that would ultimately southeast Cuba. applying to Kohlmann for a
the competition for the new position the company to enter That date is likely to delay.
refueling tanker contract. another multiyear contract with precede a U.S. Supreme Court "It's under discussion," he
As part of the tanker the Navy. ruling on whether Guantánamo said.
competition, Air Force officials Another Boeing program, detainees are entitled to A senior Pentagon official
extracted a commitment from the Future Combat Systems, challenge their detention in approved the Sept. 11, 2001,
both bidders that they would took a hit during Wednesday’s civilian courts, expected in late conspiracy case on Friday. It
not be affected by the WTO markup. The panel agreed to June before the high court ends was not known on Wednesday
case, even if it resulted in hefty slash $200 million from the this year's term. whether the charges had been
penalties against either the U.S. $3.6 billion Pentagon request. It was unclear whether the translated and officially
or EU. Several GOP members on the date would hold. Kohlmann presented to the five alleged
EADS has repaid all committee, including Todd instructed the lawyers to let terrorists, who are now held at
reimbursable government loans Akin (Mo.) and Jim Saxton him know if they sought delay. a secluded site at Guantánamo,
related to the A330, including (N.J.), attempted to restore full It's just three weeks away, called Camp 7.
principal and interest. All funding for the Army’s largest Kohlmann, a veteran of
the first commissions, has the who disappeared for years into tribunals forward, pointing to former senior Army officers.
power to assign judges from a secret CIA custody. formal charges announced this The choices suggest that
pool of military judges whose While all their military week against confessed Sept. the unusual decision to put the
services have loaned them to defense lawyers may yet meet 11 mastermind Khalid Sheikh top U.S. officer in Iraq in
run trials at the first U.S. war them, none of the civilian Mohammed and four alleged charge of the promotions board
crimes tribunals since World defense lawyers -- whom the co-conspirators. Their has generated new thinking on
War II. American Civil Liberties arraignment has been the qualities of a successful
In the case of Mohammed, Union was paying to help scheduled for June 5 at the Army officer -- and also
known as KSM, and the other defend them -- had by U.S. naval base in southeast deepened Petraeus's imprint on
alleged al Qaeda financiers and Wednesday overcome Defense Cuba. the Army. Petraeus, who spent
operators, he assigned himself. Department security hurdles to "The focus should not go nearly four of the past five
He had likewise presided over travel to Guantánamo and see away from the fact that these years in Iraq and has seen
the March 2007 trial of David their clients. five cases are going ahead many of the colonels in action
Hicks of Australia, who jointly," he said. there, faces confirmation
ultimately pleaded guilty to Hartmann supervises the hearings next week to take
providing material support for MiamiHerald.com chief prosecutor at charge of Central Command,
terrorism. May 15, 2008 Guantanamo and has extensive which oversees U.S. forces in
Hicks admitted to serving 24. Guantanamo powers over the tribunal the Middle East and Central
as an al Qaeda foot soldier in Official Says He's Not system in his role as adviser. Asia.
Afghanistan in the 2001 U.S. Resigning At an April 28 hearing at Army Secretary Pete
invasion. In exchange he got a By Michael Melia, Associated Guantanamo, former chief Geren asked Petraeus to head
nine-month sentence, mostly Press prosecutor Air Force Col. the board, which convened in
served in Australia, and is now A Pentagon official said Morris Davis testified that late 2007, and instructed it to
free in his homeland. Wednesday he will not resign Hartmann meddled in his stress innovation in selecting a
Kohlmann's current as legal adviser to war-crimes office and pushed for certain new generation of one-star
timetable for KSM's first-ever tribunals at Guantanamo, cases to be pursued over others generals, the officers said.
court appearance gives the despite his removal from the based on political Several of the colonels widely
Pentagon three weeks to fix a trial of Osama bin Laden's considerations. Davis resigned expected to appear on the
series of glitches that, just last driver because of a lack of in October. resulting promotion list, which
week, bedeviled the new $12 impartiality. But Hartmann said in the has not yet been released, are
million Expeditionary Legal But Air Force Brig. Gen. interview that he operated considered unconventional
Complex at Guantánamo. Thomas Hartmann left open within his mandate by ensuring thinkers who were effective in
During its first official the possibility that he could that prosecutors were properly the Iraq campaign, in many
court use, the audio broke, the step aside if questions about trained and motivated in an cases because they embraced a
video froze and the power cut his neutrality bog down other office "that was not functioning counterinsurgency doctrine that
in succession -- sending guards cases. at its peak." Petraeus helped craft, the
scurrying to surround an "I am the legal adviser The U.S. says it plans to officials said.
alleged al Qaeda member at his today. We take it one day at a prosecute about 80 of the They include Special
arraignment. time," Hartmann said in an roughly 270 men held at Forces Col. Ken Tovo, a
The Defense Department interview with The Associated Guantanamo on suspicion of veteran of multiple Iraq tours
specifically designed the Press. links to terrorism, al-Qaida or who recently led a Special
state-of-the-art, Last week, a military the Taliban. Operations task force there;
eavesdrop-proof courtroom for judge barred Hartmann from Col. H.R. McMaster, a senior
the trials of the former participating in the case against Petraeus adviser known for
CIA-held captives accused of Washington Post leading a successful
Salim Hamdan - the
orchestrating the suicide May 15, 2008 counterinsurgency effort in the
Guantanamo inmate expected
hijackings that killed 2,973 Pg. 4 Iraqi city of Tall Afar, and Col.
to be the first to go to trial -
people from the World Trade because he aligned himself too 25. Army's Next Crop Sean MacFarland, who created
Center to the Pentagon to a closely with prosecutors. Of Generals Forged In a network of patrol bases in
Pennsylvania field. Hartmann said he will abide by Counterinsurgency Ramadi that helped control
The courtroom has a mute the judge's ruling and noted By Ann Scott Tyson, violence in the capital of Anbar
button so spectators in an that he did not testify in the Washington Post Staff Writer Province, according to the
adjacent gallery cannot hear if Hamdan case. An Army board headed by officers.
any of the accused try to spill Defense lawyers have Gen. David H. Petraeus has In an article published this
state secrets, such as where and signaled they will allege selected several combat-tested year on the lessons of Iraq and
how they were interrogated in improper influence in other counterinsurgency experts for Afghanistan, McMaster
years of secret, overseas CIA cases as well, meaning there promotion to the rank of challenged what he called the
custody. could be a spate of setbacks for brigadier general, sifting military's preoccupation in the
The Pentagon is inviting the already delayed war crimes through more than 1,000 1990s with technology, to the
some 60 journalists to the tribunals. colonels to identify a handful neglect of the political and
KSM court date. It may well be Nonetheless, Hartmann of innovative leaders who will cultural dimensions of war.
the first time that anyone but said he remains focused on shape the future Army, Military leaders must end the
the U.S. military or intelligence making progress in moving the according to current and "self-delusion" that high-tech
agents will see the five men weapons and a "minimalist"
commitment of forces can has headed the Joint Special Cooperation To Combat dangerous in the world.
solve conflicts, he wrote. Operations Command for Sea Piracy Ships from Denmark,
The promotion list has Central Command. The Senate COPENHAGEN (AFP) -- France, Spain and Japan have
attracted keen attention from is expected to act this month on The United States called been hijacked by pirates in the
younger Army officers who are McChrystal's nomination to Wednesday for increased region in the past six months
weary from multiple tours in become director of the Joint civilian and military and released after ransom
Iraq and Afghanistan. "This Staff. Another member was Lt. cooperation worldwide to money was paid.
sends a signal to the junior Gen. Peter Chiarelli, the senior combat sea piracy, off the
officers who are laboring in the military aide to Defense perilous coasts of Africa in
trenches, literally, that the Secretary Robert M. Gates who Washington Times
particular. May 15, 2008
Army is trying to cast itself in served twice as a senior U.S. Maritime forces should
a new mold," said retired Army commander in Iraq and was Pg. 15
unite with insurance and
Maj. Gen. Robert H. Scales Jr., nominated last month to shipping companies to make it
27. Online Warfare
a defense consultant and become the Army vice chief of "so hard, so difficult, and high Research Outlined
former head of the Army War staff, the officials said. Also on risk for pirates to undertake Air Force eyes taking lead role
College. "The quickest way to the board was Maj. Gen. their business that they stop By Shaun Waterman, United
change the Army is at the Anthony Cucolo, who has doing it," Admiral Gary Press International
brigadier general level. That is experience in Afghanistan, Roughead, the chief of US Procurement documents
the surest way to turn the ship, they said. navy operations, told AFP. released by the U.S. Air Force
because those names are how Currently, the Army has He was speaking on the give a rare glimpse into
those young officers intuit 4,000 colonels and 154 sidelines of a conference in Pentagon plans for developing
where the Army is going," he one-star generals. The board Copenhagen on maritime an offensive cyber-war
said. first conducts a yes or no vote security which grouped more capacity that can infiltrate,
The one-star-general list, on about 1,000 to 2,000 than 200 representatives from steal data from and, if
which requires congressional colonels, who are each ranked. 60 countries, including navies, necessary, take down enemy
approval, was expected to be Then the presiding officer non-governmental information-technology
released months ago but has determines where to draw the organisations and NATO. networks.
been delayed, partly due to a cutoff for a pool of a few The two-day meeting was The Broad Area
requirement that to qualify for hundred whose files will be organised by Denmark and the Announcement, posted
promotion Army colonels must discussed individually. Several United States to discuss ways Monday by the Air Force
attend a course designed to colonels who worked under of combatting a disturbing rise Research Laboratory's
improve their understanding of Petraeus have already been in incidents of sea piracy. Information Directorate in
other military services. Several selected for promotion, "Cooperation is the key. Rome, N.Y., outlines a
colonels who served under including all three brigade One country can't do it alone," two-year, $11 million effort to
Petraeus -- including some said commanders who served under Roughead said, citing the develop capabilities to "access
to be on the list -- are currently him when he commanded the example of efforts made by to any remotely located open
attending or are scheduled to 101st Airborne Division in countries bordering the strait of or closed computer information
attend the 10-week course, Iraq, as well as one who Malacca. systems," lurk on them
called Joint Professional recently headed his command Faced with "significant" "completely undetected,"
Military Education Phase II in initiatives group. piracy problems, "Singapore, "stealthily exfiltrate
Norfolk. According to Scales, the Malaysia and Indonesia came information" from them and
In the past, a number of word in Army circles is that together, put together ways of ultimately "be able to affect
colonels received waivers and McMaster will be given a key sharing information (and) computer information systems
were promoted without taking role shaping future Army began in an effective way through Deceive, Deny,
the class. But Army officials doctrine. "We are in a very patrolling the area," he said. Disrupt, Degrade, Destroy
said the Pentagon has pushed similar place now to the period "They have essentially (D5) effects."
to minimize that practice. Rep. after Vietnam in the 1970s, reduced piracy for the last five "Of interest," the
Ike Skelton (D-Mo.), chairman when a lot of officers returned years from an excessive 50 announcement says, "are any
of the House Armed Services and everyone was asking 'What events a year to one this year," and all techniques to enable
Committee, is a proponent of is next?' " said Scales. "It's he added. user and/or root-level access to
the joint education, said time now for the Army to think But acts of piracy have both fixed [and] mobile
committee spokeswoman Lara about the future and continued to increase computing platforms ... [and]
Battles. institutionally anticipate the elsewhere around the world. In methodologies to enable access
Promotion boards are changing nature of war." 2007, there were 263, up from to any and all operating
sworn to secrecy, and none of Staff writer Thomas E. 239 in 2006, according to the systems, patch levels,
the known board members or Ricks contributed to this International Maritime applications and hardware."
officers said to be selected report. Organisation. The announcement is the
would discuss the issue. Waters off the coast of latest stage in the Air Force"s
The Petraeus board Somalia -- which has not had effort to develop a cyber-war
included several prominent Yahoo.com capability and establish itself
May 14, 2008 an effective central government
veterans of the Iraq and for more than 17 years and is as the service that delivers U.S.
Afghanistan wars, the officials 26. U.S. Calls For plagued by insecurity -- are military power in cyberspace.
said. These include Lt. Gen. International considered among the most Last year, the Air Force
Stanley A. McChrystal, who announced it was setting up a
Cyberspace Command, America from defending itself 29. Single Marines Get the Marine Corps' mission to
alongside its Space and Air if the harm is sufficiently New Digs expand by 22,000 service
commands, and was grave," wrote Col. Williamson By Rick Rogers, Staff Writer members within roughly the
developing military doctrine in the article, which officials CAMP PENDLETON – same time period.
for the prosecution of were keen to stress does not Camp Pendleton officials The barracks building that
cyber-war operations. represent U.S. policy. yesterday unveiled a new opened yesterday in the Horno
The United States is not More important, because barracks building, the first of section of the base cost $21.4
alone in thinking along these of the difficulties in identifying 24 to be constructed on the million to complete. Its design,
lines, and NATO announced attackers and immediately base in the next two years for based on recommendations
yesterday that seven European quantifying damage from a single Marines. from focus groups of young
nations had signed up to cyber-attack, it can be hard to The four-story, 170-room Marines, likely will serve as
participate in a cyber-defense determine when such attacks structure represents nothing the blueprint for future
Center of Excellence, in constitute an act of war as less than an about-face by the barracks at Marine installations
Tallinn, Estonia, which opposed to crime or even Marine Corps on the issue of nationwide.
suffered a cyber-attack last vandalism. housing for unmarried troops, With its brick facade and
year that many officials think "No one"s come out and who make up about half of the activity center, the building
was orchestrated by Russia. defined that yet," Air Force service and spend more time resembles a college dormitory
The center will conduct Cyberspace Command fighting overseas than their more than military barracks.
research and training on spokeswoman Karen Pepitt married counterparts. Out are metal bunks,
cyber-warfare and include a told United Press International, “We just fundamentally standing lockers and open bays
staff of 30 people, half of them adding that the Air Force saw had to change the way we were where 50 or more Marines
specialists from the sponsoring its role as developing treating them,” said Maj. Gen. sleep. Also out are basketball
countries — Estonia, Germany, capabilities for cyber-war, but Mike Lehnert, commander of courts without lights, and
Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, that the decision about when Marine Corps Installations washers and dryers that
Slovakia and Spain, according and how to use those West. “We didn't want Marines dominate small, closed rooms.
to a statement from NATO. capabilities would be one for getting married just to get out In are two-person rooms
The developments the national leadership. of the barracks. When Marines with walk-in closets and
highlight the murky legal say they were living better in matching wooden beds and
territory on which the Fallujah (Iraq), it hurts.” desks. Also in are banks of
cyber-wars of the future will be New York Times gleaming washers and dryers
May 15, 2008 Camp Pendleton's
fought: terrain on which emphasis on family housing in where troops can do laundry
attackers can cloak their 28. Marine Charged In the past decade might have while watching TV, areas with
identity and use as weapons the Iraq Shooting come at the expense of single wireless Internet access,
home computers of CAMP PENDLETON, Marines, who live in barracks surround-sound chairs for the
unsuspecting Web surfers that Calif. (AP) — Camp that are about three decades video-game room, pool tables
have been recruited to Pendleton’s commanding old. and lighted volleyball and
so-called "botnets" networks of general has ordered a marine to Three years ago, Lehnert basketball courts.
PCs that unbeknownst to their be tried for murder in the convinced Marine commandant “This not not your
owners have been killing of an unarmed detainee Gen. Michael Hagee that mother's (bachelor enlisted
compromised by hackers. in Falluja, Iraq. money – a lot of it – was quarters),” Lehnert said. “If
In a recent article for the Sgt. Jermaine Nelson, of needed for bachelor barracks at you think about what the
Armed Forces Journal, Col. New York, is among three Camp Pendleton. The current Marines are being asked to do
Charles Williamson, a staff marines accused of shooting commandant, Gen. James in war, they deserve this.”
judge advocate for U.S. Air unarmed captives in November Conway, worked with He and other commanders
Force Intelligence, 2004. congressional leaders to line up insisted that new barracks
Surveillance and Sergeant Nelsa, 26, is the funding. feature public spaces for
Reconnaissance Agency, wrote charged with unpremeditated The result: Camp communal interaction so
that computer users whose murder and dereliction of duty. Pendleton's $1.1 billion Marines don't feel isolated
equipment was recruited to He told investigators in March facilities renovation package sitting in their rooms. They
botnets because they failed to 2007 that his squad leader had for fiscal years 2008 and 2009 said camaraderie on a base
patch their systems could not demanded help shooting four is larger than that of any other translates to camaraderie on the
properly be considered detainees after guns were Marine base. Nearly $800 battlefield.
bystanders. found in the house where the million will go toward erecting Most Marines at Camp
"If the United States is Iraqis were held. barracks. The rest will be used Pendleton have served at least
defending itself against an Sergeant Nelson’s for repairing and maintaining one combat deployment. Base
attack that originates from a attorney, Joseph Low, has said training sites, gyms and other officials said it's important that
computer which was co-opted he obeyed what he perceived as infrastructure. troops talk about their wartime
by an attacker, then there are an order. Camp Pendleton's leaders experiences instead of shutting
real questions about whether Sergeant Nelson faces life plan to spend more money themselves away.
the owner of that computer is in prison if convicted. from 2010 to 2013 on projects Enlisted Marines will start
truly innocent. At the least, the to help the base accommodate living in the freshly minted
owner may be culpably 4,000 more troops. The building later this week.
negligent, and that does not, in San Diego Union-Tribune “They are anxious to move
anticipated growth is part of
fairness or law, prevent May 15, 2008 in there, that's for sure,” said
Pfc. James Stein, 23, of his Technology Strategic Guidance juveniles were still being held held in detention facilities in
fellow Marines from the 2nd and several others. in Bagram, Afghanistan, out of Iraq. In February, according to
Battalion, 1st Marine By consolidating guidance 90 that had been captured in the U.S. report, a plan was
Regiment. They will be the into one volume, Pentagon that country since 2002, approved to improve education
first service members to call officials hope to provide to according to the report. programs available to juvenile
the barracks home. service planners -- those Eight juveniles were detainees.
“If you are in the field for responsible for making brought to Guantanamo Bay
week or a month, this place strategic resource allocations -- since 2002, having been
will welcome you home,” said a single, authoritative text. captured at ages ranging from Washington Post
Pfc. Herbert Hartfield, 20. “For The Guidance for the 13 to 17. Although there are no May 15, 2008
those who have experienced Employment of the Force juveniles at the prison in Cuba Pg. 1
combat, it is certainly (GEF), developed in now, two people being held -- 32. Venezuela Offered
deserved.” coordination with the National 21-year-old Omar Khadr and Aid To Colombian
Security Council and recently 23-year-old Mohammed Jawad Rebels
reviewed by President Bush, -- were under 18 when they Officials Served as Middlemen
Inside The Pentagon sets forth priorities for crafting arrived. Both are facing trial by With Arms Dealers, Files Show
May 15, 2008 contingency plans over the a military commission on By Juan Forero, Washington
Pg. 1 next two years, the senior charges of attempted murder. Post Foreign Service
30. Gates Signs Planning Pentagon official said. Three of the other six CARACAS, Venezuela,
Documents To Guide The GEF also consolidates juveniles once held at May 14 -- High-ranking
Investments, Operations in one place what was Guantanamo were sent back to officials in Venezuela offered
Defense Secretary Robert previously issued in a number Afghanistan in 2004, where to help Colombian guerrillas
Gates this week approved two of documents, including the they were put into a UNICEF obtain surface-to-air missiles
key strategic planning Contingency Planning rehabilitation program for child meant to change the balance of
documents designed to guide Guidance, policy guidance for soldiers, according to the power in their war with the
the development of war and the employment of nuclear report. The last three juveniles Colombian government,
contingency plans as well as weapons, and the Security were transferred back to their according to internal rebel
the Pentagon’s weapon system Cooperation Guidance. home countries. documents.
investment blueprint, -- Jason Sherman The ACLU decried what is Venezuelan officials
according to a senior defense described as a "lack of served as middlemen with
official. safeguards" for youths Australian arms dealers and
Washington Post captured by the U.S. military
On May 12, Gates signed agreed to help the rebel
May 15, 2008 and "no comprehensive policy
the “Guidance for the commanders travel to the
Pg. 11 in place" for dealing with
Development of the Force” and Middle East to receive missile
the “Guidance for the 31. U.S. Has Detained juveniles. training, according to files on
Employment of the Force,” 2,500 Juveniles as "Juveniles and former computer hard drives seized by
both classified, biennial Enemy Combatants child soldiers should be treated Colombian authorities and
documents that Pentagon By Walter Pincus, Washington first and foremost as candidates shown to The Washington
officials had originally hoped Post Staff Writer for rehabilitation and Post. In interviews, Colombian
to have in place in early The United States has reintegration into society, not officials said they have no
February. detained approximately 2,500 subjected to further evidence that the guerrillas
“Those are the Defense people younger than 18 as victimization," Jamil Dakwar, obtained the antiaircraft
Department’s two primary illegal enemy combatants in director of the ACLU's human missiles, but added that
strategic planning documents,” Iraq, Afghanistan and rights program, said in a Venezuelan authorities appear
said a senior Pentagon official. Guantanamo Bay since 2002, statement. to have provided light arms,
Previously called Strategic according to a report filed by In Iraq, where the U.S. thousands of rounds of
Planning Guidance, the the Bush administration with military holds more than ammunition and
Guidance for the Development the United Nations Committee 20,000 Iraqis in detention rocket-propelled grenade
of the Force (GDF) considers a on the Rights of the Child. centers, the United States launchers.
20-year view of the security Although 2,400 of the reported the average stay of a The disclosures have
environment to inform the juveniles were captured in Iraq juvenile as less than a year and already started to reverberate in
construction of the Pentagon’s after the U.S.-led invasion in said a "majority of juvenile the Bush administration and
fiscal year 2010 to 2015 March 2003, only 500 are still detainees are released within among Latin America
spending plan, now being put held in detention facilities in six months." policymakers on Capitol Hill,
together by the military that country. The A "very small percentage," where a small group of
services and defense agencies. administration's report, which however, have been kept for Republicans has proposed
The GDF also replaces a was made public yesterday by more than a year because the classifying Venezuela, a major
handful of guidance documents the American Civil Liberties juveniles were "assessed to be oil exporter to the United
previously issued on a Union, says that most of the of a high enough threat level," States, as a state sponsor of
two-year cycle, including the detained Iraqi youths were the report said. terrorism. The United States
Transformation Planning "engaging in anti-coalition In August 2007, the U.S. and Europe long ago
Guidance, the Posture activity." military established a juvenile blacklisted the rebel
Guidance, the Science and As of last month, 10 education center in Iraq. At organization, the
that time, 820 juveniles were
Revolutionary Armed Forces and hard drives in a rebel camp presence of narco-trafficking in for its assault rifles, as well as
of Colombia, or FARC, as a just inside Ecuador's northern Venezuela, of camps in explosives. The guerrilla, who
terrorist group. border. The documents Venezuela, and they have operated inside Venezuela's
At Colombia's request, belonged to Luis Edgar Devia, never responded," he said. border, said Venezuelan
Interpol, the international alias Raúl Reyes, a top In Washington, officials authorities also provided
police agency, has completed commander killed in an are worried that Venezuela's sanctuary to guerrilla units
an extensive forensic analysis airstrike on the camp. aid to the FARC, if proved, escaping Colombian attacks.
on the hard drives, which were But documents released could threaten the progress "It's a state policy. What
confiscated in an army raid on more recently to the Wall Colombia has made against the we were told was that Chávez
a rebel camp on March 1. On Street Journal, El Pais of FARC. "I think the obvious liked to see us expand in
Thursday, Interpol is expected Madrid and The Post reveal problem is that a serious threat Venezuela and in Colombia,"
to announce that there is no that ties between Venezuela's to both Colombia and a said the guerrilla, who spoke
evidence that anyone tampered government and the FARC terrorist threat in the region has on the condition his name not
with the hard drives after they included plans to procure a apparently had pretty direct be used.
were seized, though the agency range of arms to help the support from Chávez and his In FARC correspondence,
cannot vouch for the veracity guerrillas turn back Colombian government," John P. Walters, the guerrillas talk about
of the rebels' claims, according government offensives. the White House drug policy obtaining weapons either
to an American official "What they show is that chief, said by phone from directly from the Venezuelans,
knowledgeable about the study. the level of cooperation was Washington. or with their help. On March 1,
The documents are the much more than what we had Still, a high-ranking 2007, a commander named
latest to be released among earlier estimated," Colombian official in the Bush Rodrigo Londoño Echeverry
16,000 files and photographs Defense Minister Juan Manuel administration and senior aides says Venezuelan intelligence
being reviewed by Colombian Santos said in an interview this in Congress said the United operatives offer "parts to build"
and U.S. officials that describe week. "We knew there was a States must remain cautious antiaircraft missiles.
meetings between FARC level of cooperation, but not as about drawing conclusions Another letter, from a
commanders and Venezuelan intense, not as close and not as from the documents and commander named Marin
officials, including Interior effective as we're now seeing." prudent about the adoption of Arango on Jan. 20, 2007, talks
Minister Ramón Rodríguez Former FARC guerrillas policy initiatives. of how two Venezuelan
Chacín; the military who operated in southern After a recent fact-finding officials, identified in an earlier
intelligence chief, Gen. Hugo Colombia and along the trip to the region, Carl e-mail as Gens. Carvajal and
Carvajal; other top generals Venezuelan border said in Meacham, a senior aide to Sen. Alcalá, provided "85mm
such as Clíver Alcalá; and interviews that their units Richard G. Lugar (Ind.), the antitank rockets." Colombian
Amilkar Figueroa, who received Venezuelan arms and ranking Republican on the officials believe the "rockets"
organizes Venezuela's civilian munitions. Colombian Senate Foreign Relations are grenade launchers, often
militias. intelligence officials also Committee, noted in a report used to attack police outposts.
President Hugo Chávez, described the funneling of that a hard line against In another message dated
who has publicly lauded the weaponry, with one official Venezuela could damage trade Sept. 6, 2007, Arango tells
FARC and characterized providing documents showing with the United States and other FARC leaders that he
Colombia's government as how Colombia's military has inadvertently strengthen met with two Australian arms
illegitimate, on Sunday confiscated more than 210,000 Chávez's position. dealers with the help of
ridiculed the latest batch of rounds of Venezuelan-made Colombian officials have Figueroa. The items for sale
correspondence as "imbecilic munitions in FARC camps also debated the ramifications included "Chinese missiles"
documents." He cast since 2003. of a tough stance, since it could that are "very easy to operate
Colombian President Álvaro "We believe they act in endanger $6.5 billion in annual and they guarantee the
Uribe as a "manipulator" Venezuela, fully protected, and trade with Venezuela. Santos, instruction," he wrote,
linked to drug trafficking and that from there they prepare the defense minister, said, "I speaking of antiaircraft
charged that the Bush terrorist acts," one intelligence want to normalize relations missiles.
administration is using the operative in Colombia said of with Venezuela because it In exchange, FARC
documents as a pretext to the FARC. "There is fluid would be convenient for all of documents show, the
invade Venezuela from communication between the us." He added: "But to do that, Venezuelans have asked the
Colombia. two." they cannot help the FARC." FARC to train the Venezuelan
Communications Minister Santos, in some of his Colombian officials and army, in order to repel the U.S.
Andrés Izarra, speaking to a strongest comments to date, former FARC guerrillas said invasion Chávez frequently
group of American newspaper said Colombia has frequently the close ties between the warns is about to come.
editors on Tuesday in Caracas, provided the Caracas group and Venezuela are not
called the findings "laughable." government with information new, though officials in
"It's part of the lies that are about the activities of the Chávez's government and rebel MiamiHerald.com
spread around every day FARC inside Venezuela. That commanders have drawn closer May 15, 2008
against what we are doing," he information has included the since 2005. 33. Chavez Tells
said. locations of senior members of One mid-level guerrilla Colombia Not To Build
Colombian officials made the group's leadership. "We who recently deserted Base For US
dozens of documents available have in various opportunities described how Venezuelan By Christopher Toothaker,
to reporters shortly after told them about guerrilla chiefs forces provided the Associated Press
commandos recovered laptops in Venezuela, about the ammunition the FARC needs
President Hugo Chavez on allegedly showing that Chavez R-Humble, told Congress on only $400 million of Bush's
Wednesday warned Colombia sought to arm and finance Wednesday. request in the $161 billion war
not to allow a U.S. military Colombian rebels. Chavez The renegade members of spending measure.
base on its border with denies the claim. Mexico's elite Poe tried to require the
Venezuela, saying he would Colombian officials say counter-narcotics teams trained Bush administration to evenly
consider such an act an they found the documents in at Fort Benning, Ga., have split spending between the
"aggression." laptops recovered after a switched sides, contributing to United States and Mexico
Chavez said he would not March 1 cross-border raid in a wave of violence that has rather than sending the entire
permit Colombia's U.S.-backed Ecuador that killed rebel leader claimed some 6,000 victims amount south of the border.
government to establish an Raul Reyes and 24 other over the past 30 months, "It seems as though the
American military base in La people. including prominent law United States has a history in
Guajira, a region spanning International police agency enforcement leaders, the some cases of giving support
northeastern Colombia and Interpol is analyzing the Houston-area Republican told (to Mexico) and that support
northwestern Venezuela. documents and plans to present the House Foreign Affairs turns around and is used
The Venezuelan leader its findings on Thursday in Committee. against the very people we're
said if Colombia allows the Bogota. The slaughter has gained trying to protect, in this case,
base, his government will "The Colombian urgency amid high-profile us," Poe said. "We have no
revive a decades-old territorial government will surely assassinations of law officers assurance that the equipment
conflict and stake a claim to announce tomorrow that the in Mexico since May 1, we're sending to Mexico won't
the entire region. documents retrieved from Raul claiming six senior officers, be turned over to the drug
"We will not allow the Reyes' computer are authentic five of them with the federal cartels and used against us."
Colombian government to give and, therefore, Chavez police. Rep. Michael McCaul,
La Guajira to the empire," supports terrorism," Chavez Poe held aloft a dramatic, R-Austin, also tried to
Chavez said, referring to the said. poster-board-size photograph persuade the
U.S. during a speech to a Chavez - an outspoken that he said showed Democratic-controlled panel to
packed auditorium of critic of U.S. foreign policy in guerrilla-style commandos shift part of the Mexico-bound
uniformed soldiers. "Colombia Latin America - said crossing into the United States. spending to the United States
is launching a threat of war at Washington is using Uribe as He said the Department of to bolster law enforcement
us." pawn in a plan aimed at Homeland Security had efforts on the border.
He said Washington's top portraying Venezuela as a documented "over 250 McCaul, a former federal
diplomat in Bogota, U.S. backer of terrorism. incursions by suspected prosecutor who specialized in
Ambassador William Chavez denies supporting military forces" into the United counter-terrorism, called
Brownfield, recently suggested the Revolutionary Armed States over the past decade. border drug violence "an
that a U.S. military base in Forces of Colombia, or FARC, "I was surprised to hear imminent security threat right
Ecuador could be moved to La saying he only seeks a peaceful that the United States has on our doorstep" that deserves
Guajira. end to the neighboring trained Mexican forces and the same effort as the war on
Chavez urged his country's decades-long armed some of those have deserted terrorism in Iraq and
Colombian counterpart, Alvaro conflict. and become the reason for Afghanistan.
Uribe, to "think it over well" The European Union these attacks," Poe said. The 50-member panel, led
before making such a decision joined the United States in The U.S.-trained Mexican by Rep. Howard Berman,
because Venezuela will do listing the FARC - Latin security personnel have D-Calif., largely endorsed the
"whatever it takes" to ensure America's largest rebel force "switched sides and became Bush administration's version
that a U.S. military base is not with roughly 14,000 fighters - assassins and recruiters for the of the proposal, expanding
built on the peninsula in the as a terrorist group in 2002, Mexican drug cartels." assistance beyond Mexico and
Caribbean Sea. outlawing economic support Poe, a former prosecutor Central America to include the
Ecuadorean President for the guerrillas. and criminal court judge, Caribbean nations of Haiti and
Rafael Correa - a close Chavez issued the allegations in an the Dominican Republic.
ally - has repeatedly said that unsuccessful effort to persuade Berman referred Poe's and
he will not renew a 10-year Houston Chronicle the House Foreign Affairs McCaul's proposed changes to
lease on the base in the Pacific May 15, 2008 Committee to revamp the House Judiciary
port of Manta when it expires 34. U.S.-Trained Forces President Bush's Merida Committee, saying their plans
next year. Reportedly Helping Initiative. for greater spending by U.S.
Manta is the United States' Mexican Cartels Bush's blueprint calls for law enforcement along the
only military base in South By Stewart M. Powell, $1.4 billion in training, border fell within that panel's
America. Surveillance flights Houston Chronicle Washington equipment and law jurisdiction.
the U.S. runs from there are Bureau enforcement assistance to
responsible for about 60 WASHINGTON — As Mexico and Central America
percent of drug interdiction in over three years. Wall Street Journal
many as 200 U.S.-trained
the eastern Pacific. Bush also is seeking $500 May 15, 2008
Mexican security personnel
Diplomatic relations million in emergency Pg. 4
have defected to drug cartels to
between Caracas and Bogota carry out killings on both sides assistance for Mexico this year 35. U.S.-India Nuclear
have been rocky for months. of the border and as far north as part of the supplemental war Deal Faces Uncertain
They worsened last week when as Dallas, Rep. Ted Poe, spending measure. Future
Colombia unveiled documents Democrats have included
By Jay Solomon in India and Iran would move invasion or had planned to go,
Washington and Peter ahead on a $7 billion pipeline but they denied having been
Wonacott in New Delhi project with Pakistan. India New York Times part of a network that recruited
A nuclear-cooperation pact also is seeking to buy millions May 15, 2008 insurgents.
between the U.S. and India is of tons of liquefied natural gas 36. Pakistan: Taliban The group’s leader, Farid
unlikely to get completed each year from Iran. Prisoner Exchange Benyettou, 27, was given a
before the Bush administration The U.S.-India deal, By Jane Perlez six-year-sentence. Mr.
leaves office early next year, proposed by Mr. Bush and The Pakistan Army Benyettou, a former janitor and
U.S. officials now believe. Indian Prime Minister released 40 Taliban militants in self-taught preacher, was
The lack of action would Manmohan Singh in 2005, was exchange for 12 members of accused of recruiting fighters
represent a further unraveling conceived as a centerpiece for the army and the paramilitary from Paris mosques and
of President Bush's a strategic partnership between Frontier Corps before the justifying suicide bombings in
foreign-policy agenda, which the two countries. India and the expected completion of a peace private sermons given in his
has been plagued by instability U.S. have had a rocky accord with Islamic extremists family apartment.
in Iraq and Afghanistan. relationship for much of the in the tribal area of South Boubakeur al-Hakim, 24,
State Department officials last half century. But as China's Waziristan, government who had fought in Iraq and was
have said the Indian Parliament influence in Asia has spokesmen said. The Bush accused of running a way
would need to ratify New increased, and India's market administration has tried to station in Syria for French
Delhi's commitment to the has opened, the Clinton and discourage such accords, youths headed for Iraq, was
agreement by June in order for Bush administrations have saying they would allow the sentenced to seven years. So
Congress to have the time to edged closer to the world's militants more freedom to was Said Abdellah, 39, a
pass the nuclear pact into U.S. largest democracy. organize attacks against Moroccan citizen.
law before Mr. Bush leaves Other countries also have American forces in Nacer Eddine Mettai, a
office. But a lack of action in lent support, with the goal of Afghanistan. 39-year old Algerian national,
India in recent months is bringing India into a was ordered jailed for four
leading many in Washington to nuclear-regulatory regimen and years for forging passports.
believe the Bush selling it fuel as well as New York Times Three others — one who
administration has run out of equipment. Business May 15, 2008 fought in Iraq and two who had
time. communities of both India and 37. French Court been planning to — were given
Some U.S. officials the U.S. have thrown their Convicts 7 For Helping lighter sentences.
believe the Indian government weight behind the agreement, To Send Youths To Join The prosecution had asked
already is looking ahead to a largely because of the for sentences of three to eight
new U.S. administration. "It is anticipated boon to trade.
Jihadist Fight In Iraq years.
not unusual as one approaches Some U.S. companies hope to By Katrin Bennhold Along with three young
the end of an administration for sell sensitive civilian and PARIS — A Paris court French Muslims who died
foreign nations to look at military technology to India, a sentenced seven men to prison fighting against American
proposed agreements and see a market the pact would have terms of up to seven years on forces in Iraq, the seven men
much larger benefit to opened as restrictions on Wednesday for helping to send were members of what has
concluding it under the certain exports from the U.S. French youths to fight become known as the “19th
incoming" president, said a were eased. alongside insurgents in Iraq, Arrondissement cell,” named
U.S. official working on In one such deal, Boeing ending a four-year after the working-class, heavily
proliferation issues. Co., Lockheed Martin Corp. investigation into a jihadist immigrant Paris neighborhood
The accord would offer and other U.S. equipment recruitment ring. where most of them lived. The
India, the world's sixth-largest suppliers are vying to win bids The men — five French, cell had been under
energy consumer, U.S. nuclear to help build 126 fighter jets one Algerian and one surveillance for at least a year
technology and fuel. In return, for the Indian air force. The Moroccan — were tried on before the seven men were
India would open its civilian deal is valued at an estimated charges including criminal arrested in early 2005.
reactors to international $6 billion to $8 billion. association with intent to Judge Jacqueline
inspectors. Some Indian The nuclear agreement has commit terrorism. Rebeyrotte, who announced the
security analysts have argued encountered resistance in India, Jean-Julien Xavier-Rolai, convictions and sentences,
that India can get better energy mainly from allies of Mr. the prosecutor, had accused the called Mr. Benyettou the
deals elsewhere. Singh's government. Leftist group of sending about a dozen ideologue of a group “whose
And there are signs the politicians have objected to an young Frenchmen to join Abu objective was to send young
Indian government is hedging accord that locks India into a Musab al-Zarqawi, the leader people from the 19th
its bets among a diverse group strategic and economic of Al Qaeda in Mesopotamia Arrondissement of Paris to
of energy suppliers. Last embrace with an unpopular who was killed in an American fight in Iraq.”
month, India hosted President superpower. They have vowed airstrike in 2006, after The case received
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad of to withdraw support from Mr. funneling them through radical widespread media attention in
Iran -- which the U.S. accuses Singh's Congress Party-led religious establishments in France, home to an estimated
of secretly trying to develop coalition if the government Syria and Egypt. five million Muslims, many
nuclear weapons -- to help spur continues to push ahead with At a six-day trial in March, from former colonies in North
a number of new energy the deal. A representative of most of the men testified that Africa. Memories of a series of
projects. At a news conference, Mr. Singh couldn't be reached they had either been to Iraq terrorist attacks by Islamist
President Ahmadinejad said for comment. after the 2003 American-led networks in the mid-1990s are
still fresh, and high rates of official told Inside the of terrorism including the 1988 probably want to buy U.S.
unemployment and crime in Pentagon. bombing of Pan Am flight 103 military equipment, he added.
neighborhoods like the 19th The United States should in Lockerbie, Scotland, and the Qadhafi’s government is
Arrondissement and poor “promote and award” their 1986 bombing of a Berlin also particularly interested in
suburbs ringing big French efforts at reform and nightclub, the official told ITP. assistance on counterterrorism
cities have intensified concerns reintegration into the The country also released issues, he said.
that disenchanted Muslim international community, he Bulgarian nurses held for years Like other countries in the
youths may be vulnerable to said in an interview from his on charges they infected region, including Morocco,
anti-Western rhetoric and Pentagon office. The official hundreds of Libyan children Tunisia and Algeria, Libya is
recruitment by militant Islamist spoke on condition of with the HIV virus, he added. concerned about local terrorist
cells. anonymity. A number of U.S. court groups as well as nationals
When the Paris cell was “Libya’s at a very nascent cases seeking compensation returning home after fighting in
broken up in early 2005, stage in terms of mil-to-mil from Libya for its past support Iraq and Afghanistan, the
investigators worried about cooperation with us,” the for terrorism remain official maintained.
what they called a new terrorist official said. “We’re, I think, unresolved, the report Al Qaeda aims to exert
threat created by the Iraq war. very close to signing a indicates. influence in the northern tip of
Since then, fears of European memorandum of understanding “Libyan officials are the continent as part of its
jihadist fighters returning from with the Libyan military, engaging with the courts and, desire to create an
Iraq to carry out attacks in their which is a prerequisite for us to at [U.S. government] urging, “overarching caliphate,” the
home countries have receded. begin any sort of official are continuing settlement talks official explained, referring to
In sealed court documents mil-to-mil relationship with with the claimants, including an Islamic form of
and in open testimony them.” the families of the victims of government.
presented during the trial of the Discussions between the the 1988 bombing of Pam Am “And they recognize it,”
seven members of the Paris United States and Libya have flight 103 in Lockerbie, he said of governments in
cell, for example, prosecutors been ongoing for at least 18 Scotland, and the 1986 North Africa. “They’ve seen
presented no evidence that any months, the official said. He bombing of the La Belle the challenges in Iraq and
of the seven men intended to added the Libyan government, nightclub in Berlin,” the State Afghanistan and they don’t
carry out terrorist attacks which has “no stated concerns Department writes. want the same challenge on
against France. except they wish for more But the report suggests their border. Once again, it’s
The Iraq war continues to progress” in forging an Libya and the United States been a very unifying aspect of
fuel hatred, extremism and agreement, has the final draft. have a common enemy. Last working with these countries.”
terrorism, the officials said. The official predicted it will be November, Egyptian cleric and The United States tracks
But now investigators are more signed in two to three months. al Qaeda leader Ayman instances of terrorism in the
concerned about North Africa A spokeswoman for the al-Zawahiri announced a area, noting the occasional
and Pakistan as regions with a Libyan embassy in Washington merger last November between improvised explosive device or
growing potential to recruit and said Ambassador Ali Aujali his group and the Libyan vehicle bombing that occurs,
radicalize young Muslims. was uncertain about the signing Islamic Fighting Group the official said. But he
The men convicted and date. The embassy made no (LIFG). “In an audiotape, hesitated to describe incidents
sentenced Wednesday have further comments about the al-Zawahiri urged AQ fighters of insurgent violence as a
spent three years in pretrial pending deal. to topple the government of significant spike in North
detention, time that will be Washington is on the Libya, describing Libyan Africa, noting the increased
subtracted from their verge of striking a military leader Muammar Qadhafi as an focus on the region may make
sentences. relationship with Tripoli ‘enemy of Islam’ and the violence more apparent.
because certain longstanding criticizing Qadhafi’s 2003 U.S. foreign military sales
grievances against the North decision to renounce [weapons provide countries with needed
Inside The Pentagon African country have been of mass destruction] and radios, night-vision systems
May 15, 2008 removed from the table, the terrorism,” the State and capabilities for information
Pg. 1 senior Joint Staff official Department writes. management and information
38. Libya, Pentagon On explained. Once the memorandum is operations that help
Verge Of Signing Since the United States signed, the United States may counterterrorism and border
Military Cooperation rescinded Libya’s designation “sit down and start to frame security, he said.
Pact as a state sponsor of terrorism with the Libyan military those Beyond the military, the
The United States is close in June 2006, Libya has types of things they would like official contended, the State
to signing a memorandum of continued to cooperate closely to do with us,” the senior Joint Department and other agencies
understanding with the Libyan with the United States and the Staff official explained. like the FBI may also provide
government that will open the international community on Initially, the United States countries counterterrorism
doors to formal military counterterrorism efforts, expects to boost Libya’s air assistance like “forensic
engagement following years of according to the State force fleet purchased before the evidence exploitation and
strained relations, according to Department’s annual terrorism “relationship went south,” he things like that,” he said.
a senior military official in the report, released April 30. said. The country has some -- Fawzia Sheikh
Joint Staff. Libya renounced its C-130 aircraft and would likely
The Libyans are “certainly pursuit of weapons of mass seek help in training pilots and
destruction and accepted obtaining repair parts, he said. USA Today
ripe for engagement,” the May 15, 2008
responsibility for previous acts In general, Libya would
Pg. 5 Company officials and helicopters appeared to be fine. the Defense Department
39. Chelsea Clinton Defense Department "There's a low probability investigation.
Can't Campaign On investigators, including an that this was not deliberate," Boeing spokesman Joseph
agent of the said Sestak, a member of the L. LaMarca Jr. said that
Base criminal-investigations Armed Services Committee. government investigators were
The Navy denied Chelsea
division, would not detail what "But it can't be ruled out that it on site beginning Tuesday, and
Clinton permission to
they had learned. They also was some accident or some that the damage appeared
campaign for her mother on a
offered no explanation of why nondeliberate occurrence." limited to two helicopters.
former bombing range on the
someone might seek to Sestak said the damage "They did inspections
small Puerto Rican island of
vandalize key military aircraft and irregularities involving the overnight, and so far it looks
Vieques. Hillary Rodham
while the country was at war. two Chinook CH-47F like there are no irregularities
Clinton's campaign wanted to
"Our members are very, helicopters was an "unusual with any of the other aircraft
use the land as a setting to
very concerned and very, very occurrence without any on the line," LaMarca said.
discuss the candidate's plan to
upset," said John DeFrancisco, question. But I've also learned Boeing produces about three
clean up the area and turn over
president of Local 1069 of the ... wait till the assessment is Chinooks a month.
some sections to local
United Auto Workers, which out." The problems were
residents. Navy spokeswoman
represents 1,640 production He said it "may take a detected during routine
Lt. Lara Bollinger said no one
and maintenance employees at couple weeks now to make a inspections. At the behest of
is allowed to campaign on
Boeing. "They are prideful final determination of how it Boeing, agents with the
federal property. Puerto Rico's
men and women that build occurred exactly." Defense Contract Management
those aircraft. Our fighting Production on the Chinook Agency, which oversees Army
primary is June 1.
forces fly in those aircraft. assembly line, the only one in contracts, swiftly made their
"Nobody can say whether the nation, could resume as way to the plant, LaMarca said.
Philadelphia Inquirer this was on purpose. Whether early as today, Sestak said. Chinook production
May 15, 2008 wires were crimped or cut Boeing is building 458 employees reported to work
Pg. 1 accidentally, we don't know Chinook CH-47Fs and yesterday as scheduled, though
40. Foul Play Suspected yet," DeFrancisco said. MH-47Gs as part of an Army assembly work remained
DeFrancisco said that the contract through 2018. stalled while the investigation
At Boeing Plant damage detected Tuesday by Company officials say they do continued, LaMarca said.
By Maria Panaritis and Linda Boeing quality-assurance staff not believe there is a He said it was too soon to
Loyd, Inquirer Staff Writers coincided with systemwide problem with the know whether the problems
Work remained halted at union-leadership elections that Chinooks. detected with the two Chinook
the Boeing Co. plant in Ridley day, but that he saw no "The Defense Contract F-models were caused by a
Township yesterday as connection because the race Management Agency and the mechanical issue on the
suspicions of foul play was not contentious and there program manager of the Army assembly line or by sabotage.
dominated an unfolding was "no animosity" toward were there, and everyone has "Some people threw that
investigation into how two management. agreed they'll be ready to move word around" Tuesday,
military helicopters were "I believe without a forward tomorrow with full LaMarca said, "but as the old
damaged as they were nearing shadow of a doubt it had production," said Sestak, who saying goes, 'You don't know
completion for an Army nothing to do with our said he was briefed after Army what you don't know.' "
contract. elections down here," said investigators met yesterday The aircraft are part of a
A union official said idled DeFrancisco, who is being morning with Boeing officials contract to upgrade the Army's
assembly-line workers were replaced next month by in Ridley Township. fleet of Chinooks, which are
"very concerned" about reports president-elect Tony Forte. Agents with the Defense ideal for high-altitude combat
that someone might have "The union does not Criminal Investigative Service, zones such as Afghanistan and
intentionally "hacked out" condone or appreciate anything an arm of the Office of Iraq because their propellers
wiring on one helicopter and being alleged like this Inspector General, were provide high lift.
that a washer critical to happening," DeFrancisco said. dispatched to the facility as Some are being built from
propeller operation on another "This affects us all." part of the Army probe of the scratch and others are being
had been found where it did Boeing, based in Chicago, damage reported by Boeing, "remanufactured" using
not belong. employs more than 5,100 Defense Department recycled D-model Chinook
Rep. Joe Sestak, a former people across the Philadelphia spokesman Gary Comerford parts on a new fuselage.
Navy admiral whose district region, making it one of the said. DeFrancisco, the union
includes the plant, said that he biggest manufacturers here. DCIS notified the U.S. president, said his plant
had spoken with Army Work on the Chinook Attorney's Office as a matter of manager had described the
investigators and that odds assembly line at the Rotorcraft course, Comerford said. The damage to him.
were low that the damage to Division came to a standstill company notified the FBI "There's a big grouping of
the two Chinook F-model Tuesday and remained off-line Tuesday, but the bureau was wires that runs all around the
choppers was accidental. yesterday as investigators and only monitoring the situation, aircraft," DeFrancisco said. "It
The helicopters are part of government contracting an FBI spokeswoman said. looks like it wasn't cut clean,
a new fleet that has not yet officials inspected all eight The U.S. Attorney's Office like if you would cut it with a
been deployed in combat. Each aircraft on the line in various in Philadelphia would not say saw. It looks like it was hacked
helicopter costs from $20 stages of production. The whether federal prosecutors at, from what I'm being told,
million to $30 million. company said the other six had been asked to participate in four, five, six, seven times,
with maybe a hand cutter or for phony or overstated properly acquired Defense know that Blackwater was
snippers, or something like insurance payments, the House Base Act insurance. simultaneously moving to open
that." Oversight and Government "This will be very labor a smaller facility with a
On the other helicopter, Reform Committee is to hold a intensive, but it needs to be shooting range in Otay Mesa,
DeFrancisco said, a propeller hearing Thursday with done," Rhee wrote in an e-mail within the city limits and near
washer was found in a witnesses from the Corps of to Col. Michael Pfenning, the the Mexican border.
combiner-box transmission Engineers, the Pentagon and North District commander. For The other project became
area. He said the washer "is the State Department. future contracts, the Corps has known to the public only after
what keeps the propellers in The session will examine adopted a rigorous method for leaders of the coalition
unison when they rotate on top allegations of abuse and waste ensuring that companies received a tip from someone
of the Chinook." in the procurement of actually have the insurance. with inside information.
"We don't know how it got insurance for federal contracts, Rhee put a hold on any Unlike the Potrero plan,
there - whether it fell in there, committee Chairman Henry payments to Sakar al-Fahal and which would have required
whether in shipment, in Waxman, D-Calif., said. al-Jubori for ongoing work. approval from the county
movement, we don't know," he All contractors doing work Her office is also calculating Board of Supervisors, the Otay
said. "I'd rather not do a lot of overseas for the Corps of the amounts both companies Mesa project required only the
speculating." Engineers or for any other U.S. claimed in insurance sort of basic permits that can
government agency are reimbursements on completed be issued over the counter.
required to insure their civilian contracts. What has annoyed
Seattle Post-Intelligencer employees, many of whom are Grant Sattler, a Corps of Blackwater opponents is that
May 15, 2008 handling dangerous jobs in Engineers spokesman in Iraq, the permits were not sought
41. Insurance Fraud By hostile areas. The medical and referred questions about Sakar under the name Blackwater.
Contractors In Iraq disability insurance is called al-Fahal and al-Jubori to the Instead, papers were filed for
Suspected Defense Base Act coverage, a Army Criminal Investigation Raven Development Group
2 firms may not have bought reference to the federal law Command. Chris Grey, a and Southwest Law
subsidized policies mandating it. command spokesman, said the Enforcement.
By Richard Lardner, Contractors get the command does not confirm or "They were using these
Associated Press coverage from private deny the existence of phony names to evade scrutiny
WASHINGTON -- insurance companies and they investigations. by activist groups like ours that
Companies working on Iraqi are reimbursed for what they Officials with Sakar are watching their every
reconstruction have been spend. The insurance costs are al-Fahal and al-Jubori could move," said Raymond Lutz,
accused of padding their profits included in the price of the not be reached by telephone or coordinator of Citizens
through an insurance scam, contract and passed on to e-mail for comment. Oversight Projects, which led
leading to a criminal American taxpayers. the opposition to the Potrero
investigation and hurried The two companies under proposal.
investigation have completed Los Angeles Times Blackwater spokeswoman
changes in the way many
or are currently working on May 15, 2008 Anne Tyrrell denied that there
contracts are handled by the
contracts worth close to $30 Pg. B5 was any attempt at
U.S. Army, according to
internal military documents million, according to 42. New Blackwater concealment. Raven, she said,
obtained by The Associated correspondence among Corps Project Draws Fire has long been a Blackwater
Press. of Engineers officials. Opponents say firm used construction subsidiary.
The investigation of two Three recent awards names of other entities to gain "Raven is not an unknown
companies in Tikrit -- Sakar totaling $19.5 million carried permits for proposed Otay entity by any means," Tyrrell
al-Fahal and al-Jubori -- led the an initial payroll of $410,000, Mesa training facility. said from Blackwater's North
Army Corps of Engineers to the documents indicate. The By Tony Perry, Times Staff Carolina headquarters. "Raven
scour its records for evidence insurance costs would have Writer was started to build things" for
of fraud by other contractors been about $30,000. SAN DIEGO -- Blackwater.
hired with billions of U.S. Although those figures Blackwater Worldwide, the The Otay Mesa project,
dollars to help rebuild Iraqi may pale when compared with global security firm whose Tyrrell said, would allow
infrastructure devastated by the the more than $46 billion the conduct in Iraq has drawn Blackwater to continue an
war, the documents reveal. United States has provided for criticism, is again trying to existing contract to train Navy
Whether Sakar al-Fahal relief and reconstruction of open a training facility in the personnel. Blackwater has been
and al-Jubori were paid for Iraq since April 2003, the face of local opposition. using a shooting range in the
insurance they never obtained problem could well be much In March, the firm Kearny Mesa area of San
is a matter now being bigger than just a few Iraqi dropped plans to build a Diego, but its relationship with
examined by the Army companies. 220-acre training camp in rural the shooting range owner is
Criminal Investigation Maj. Charlotte Rhee, a Potrero, about 45 miles east of ending, she said.
Command. The documents contracting chief with the downtown San Diego. A Under the names Raven
don't state the total amounts in Corps of Engineers' North coalition of rural property and Southwest Law
question. District in Iraq, decided last owners, environmentalists and Enforcement, Blackwater
Congress is looking into month to send letters to the antiwar activists opposed its received permits to remodel a
the problem, too. Concerned hundreds of contractors doing effort to build a "combat 61,600-square-foot warehouse
that the U.S. is footing the bill business with the Corps town." in an industrial park west of the
seeking proof that they But the coalition did not Otay Mesa border crossing.
The firm hopes to begin contract worth about $1.8 protest dispute. was to be delivered to the
training this summer, although billion to build eight The Air Force is still White House, new intelligence
opponents hope to block those next-generation global smarting from Boeing's protest surfaced indicating that
plans by arguing that positioning satellites. of $35 billion order for 179 Tehran's nuclear weapons work
Blackwater lacks the necessary The deal could be worth aerial refueling tankers had stopped.
firearm permits. Lutz and more than $4 billion as the awarded to Northrop Grumman Fingar was acutely aware
several dozen other opponents victor will be in a strong Corp. and European of the stakes. Five years
of Blackwater petitioned the position to win two additional Aeronautic Defence and Space earlier, grave errors helped
City Council on Tuesday. contracts for another 24 Co. in late February. start a war in Iraq that most
The issue of permits has satellites for the Pentagon's Boeing has filed a formal Americans now regret. "This
become part of the increasingly new GPS III system, said protest of the contract with was a WMD issue in the
bitter election campaign Loren Thompson, a defense Governmental Accountability country adjacent to Iraq,"
between Mayor Jerry Sanders industry consultant based in Office, which is expected to Fingar said of the Iran
and businessman Steve Virginia. Thompson consults issue a ruling by June 19. intelligence. "We wanted to get
Francis. for Lockheed, among other "Boeing's tanker protest this right."
Sanders has ordered an aerospace companies, but not has convinced the Air Force But Fingar would learn
investigation into whether on the GPS III program. that it must have a very that getting it right did not
Blackwater used deception to The first GPS III satellites compelling case ready when it mean he could avert the
get the permits. Francis said are scheduled for launch in makes a contract award," ongoing conflict between
the episode shows "the 2014, with all 32 satellites in Thompson said. politics and intelligence in the
corrosive effects of too much orbit by 2022. The military The GPS III contract will nation's capital, and his Iran
secrecy and not enough relies on GPS systems to be subject to tight cost report only underscored the
transparency" at City Hall. provide precision timing and controls. limitations of urgent efforts to
Rep. Bob Filner (D-Chula navigation signals for aircraft, In a statement last week, reform the U.S. spy system.
Vista) has asked Sanders to guide bombs and missiles, John Young, undersecretary of In several interviews,
block Blackwater's plans. "We direct troops, map battlefields, defense for acquisition, Fingar offered new insight into
cannot allow a company with conduct minesweeps and technology and logistics, said the last-minute reversal of the
their reputation to do business perform other operations he has directed the Air Force to Iran intelligence estimate, and
in our community. The cost is critical to modern warfare. tie payments to the contractor the controversy that has
too high," Filner said. The new GPS III network, to "specific program continued to reverberate.
Lutz and members of his which will be interoperable accomplishments," not to The report, reflecting the
group say Blackwater wants a with Europe's Galileo GPS adjust the scope of the program new intelligence, kicked the
facility near the border so it system, has a more powerful or change its technical legs out from under the
can try to supply the federal military signal, resistant to specifications and to "consider administration's hard-line Iran
government with border enemy jamming, and a stronger solutions which lower cost or policy and stunned the
guards. commercial signal. Its risk to deliver within or below diplomatic world, touching off
Tyrrell disputed those cross-linked command and budget." a political maelstrom that has
charges. The Otay Mesa control system will allow barely abated after five
warehouse, she said, would be simultaneous upgrades of the months.
used to teach survival entire GPS constellation from a Los Angeles Times For more than three years,
techniques, the kind of training single ground station. May 15, 2008 Fingar had pushed through
that Blackwater, which was Air Force officials Pg. 1 sweeping changes: ramping up
founded in 1997, specialized in declined to comment on the 44. Political Clashes training, adapting tools from
before its name became linked timing of the contract Underline Limits To the Internet and instituting
to Iraq. announcement. Intelligence Reform more rigorous review for major
"This is our core Boeing, which has its Analysts are forced to defend reports. Yet the improvements
competency," she said. "This is defense unit based in St. Louis, their controversial Iran report, in tradecraft failed to protect
not anything new." and Lockheed both already which was intended as a the Iran analysts from criticism
hold satellite contracts for the symbol of change. or to preclude charges that they
military's existing GPS II By Greg Miller, Los Angeles had political motives.
St. Louis Post-Dispatch constellation, but Boeing's part And were it not for the
Times Staff Writer
May 14, 2008 of that program has suffered new intelligence that surfaced
Pg. C2 technical problems, delays and last summer, Fingar
head of analysis for all U.S.
43. Air Force's GPS III cost increases. That track spy agencies, Thomas Fingar acknowledged, a key piece of
Contract Looms record likely will tip this was making final edits last the Iran report would have
Boeing is dueling with next-generation contract in summer on a long-awaited been wrong.
Lockheed Martin on first $1.8 Lockheed's favor, Thompson intelligence report on Iran. And he was forced to
billion for satellite network. said. The draft concluded that defend a report that was
By Joelle Tessler, Associated Thompson added that the Tehran was still pursuing a intended as a symbol of
Press Air Force actually picked the nuclear bomb, a finding that reform.
WASHINGTON -- The winner months ago, but echoed previous assessments "We didn't have the
Air Force is expected this week delayed the announcement in and would have bolstered Bush dismissal of dissenting views.
to award either Boeing Co. or part to ensure it can justify its administration hawks. Then, We didn't have a 'Curveball,' "
Lockheed Martin Corp. a choice and avoid a messy just weeks before the report Fingar said, referring to the
discredited source behind overseeing a few hundred In 2006, the Defense the report's findings faulted the
much of the prewar analysts at the State Intelligence Agency went to way it was put together.
intelligence on Iraq. "The Department to head of nearly Fingar for help in tracking the Fingar's boss, Director of
image that this was somehow 20,000 analysts across more Iraqi insurgency but was turned National Intelligence J.
sloppy work in some respects than a dozen spy agencies. away. Michael McConnell, testified
has a splash effect that hits a Some of Fingar's first "They explained to me, in February that the report had
lot more than just the analysts moves were scripted in the 'We're about standards and caused such confusion that if
who worked on it. It's [as if] legislation that created his job. oversight and tradecraft,' " said he could rewrite it, he would
the whole damn community is The law called for basic Robert Cardillo, head of "do some things differently."
still incompetent." standards, so analysts now analysis at DIA. "I was looking Accusations of bias
As deputy director of wear cards around their necks for command and control." Critics said Fingar's team
national intelligence for reminding them to remain Fingar said the law didn't understated the threat to
analysis, Fingar's job is to "independent of political give him power to shift undermine the president.
make sure that after Iraq, the considerations." resources the way Cardillo "They wanted to forestall
teams of experts searching for But others were wanted. And even if he could, any possible military action by
answers in fragments of improvised. Fingar hired a Fingar said, "there was no the Bush administration against
intelligence never again get it former cryptographer at the bench full of analysts waiting Iran's nuclear program," said
so wrong. National Security Agency, to get in the game." John R. Bolton, the former
A serious manner Michael Wertheimer, to help In speeches, Fingar United Nations ambassador.
Fingar, 62, has blue eyes, a brainstorm ideas; and a former compares the stigma of Bolton and others said that
deep voice and a serious mien. academic, Richard Immerman, erroneous Iraq assessments to Fingar had surrounded himself
He grew up on Long Island, as an ombudsman and to "having your yearbook picture with State Department
where his family operated a enforce quality control. taken on the worst bad hair day colleagues who were hostile to
market and gas station. He said Fingar's team assembled a ever." the Bush administration and its
he is the only surviving directory of analysts, the first The controversy over the approach to Iran. There is some
member of his youth baseball time that had ever been done. Iran report is likely to linger as evidence to support that view.
team -- the others were killed They launched classified well. Asked whether he Immerman published a paper
by cars, drugs or Vietnam. versions of the Wikipedia and anticipated the fallout from the before joining the government
Fingar served as a German MySpace websites, so analysts Iran estimate, he said: "I don't in which he called the Bush
linguist in the Army, and was a from different agencies could think I thought about it very foreign policy team
professor of political science at collaborate online. much. Maybe I should have." "cognitively impaired."
Stanford University before Nearly half the nation's The first line in the report Fingar said the Iran
being lured away in the analysts have joined the said that analysts judged "with intelligence report emphasized
mid-1980s to serve as a China government since 2001. To high confidence" that Tehran the halt in warhead work
expert at the State Department. speed their development, had halted nuclear weapons because that was the newest
"What I liked in him was Fingar required new hires to work in 2003. The finding was finding. He attributes the
his analytical style," said take a six-week course called based in part on captured attacks to anger among
Richard Clarke, who was one Analysis 101. journals that recorded Iranian hard-liners that the report didn't
of Fingar's first bosses before During a recent class in decisions to stop weapons conform to their preconceived
becoming a counter-terrorism northern Virginia, students work. views.
advisor to Presidents Clinton from a dozen agencies formed But a footnote at the "The unhappiness with the
and Bush. "He was more open, teams to work on a war bottom of the page explained finding -- namely that the evil
honest and user-friendly than scenario. It was their first day that analysts meant only that Iranians might be susceptible
the intentionally obtuse of class, but many seemed to Tehran had halted warhead to diplomacy -- adroitly turned
analysts we sometimes get." have arrived having absorbed design work, not its efforts to into an ad hominem assault,"
Fingar rose to become the lessons of Iraq. enrich uranium, which experts Fingar said. "Why do we have
head of analysis at the State Dissent was encouraged. regard as the most difficult an intelligence community if
Department's Bureau of Attempts to goad students into hurdle to making a bomb. all you want are cheerleaders?"
Intelligence and Research. policy debates were rebuffed. Weeks earlier, President The lasting impact of the
Known as INR, the bureau is As one young analyst went Bush had warned that a report on Iran policy has been
tiny compared to the CIA, and through the mock exercise of nuclear-armed Iran could unclear. Weeks after its
has a reputation for analytic briefing a general who was trigger "World War III" and release, the U.N. approved new
independence if not obstinacy. considering an invasion, she speculation mounted about the sanctions against Tehran, but
INR was almost alone in offered a pointed warning. possibility of a military strike. they fell far short of what the
voicing any skepticism of the "Once you go into a Democratic lawmakers Bush administration wanted.
prewar claims that Iraq had country and take it over," she and liberal columnists cast the Bush and Vice President
stockpiles of banned weapons. said, "it would be best to have document as evidence that Dick Cheney continue to argue
As a result, the bureau had new a plan." fed-up spies were finally that Iran is unbowed in its
clout when the intelligence Agency has limits striking back against their pursuit of the bomb. And
community came in for Senior intelligence political masters, while Iran military officials are stepping
sweeping reform. officials praise Fingar's efforts, hawks accused Fingar of up charges that Iran is helping
Fingar was picked to fix though some complain that subverting the president's destabilize Iraq, accusations
the system's shattered there are some problems he policy. denied by Tehran.
credibility. He went from lacks the authority to solve. Even those who defended But even while brushing
aside the complaints from which was first reported by said. during the drill.
hard-liners, Fingar said the Time magazine. One key lesson was that "It is important to
reactions of those on Capitol NNSA spokesman Bryan the laboratory"s protective emphasize that Livermore's
Hill and elsewhere who Wilkes declined to comment forces need to train more often security problems are not the
welcomed the report's findings on the details of the exercise within the actual area they are fault of the guard force, who
still ring in his ears. but stated in an interview that protecting, he said. have complained about their
"We briefed a lot of the initial results were "Immediate compensatory lack of training and poor
committees and members," "disappointing" and measures were put in place tactics," said POGO senior
Fingar said. "In every session, "highlighted the need for after the inspection, including investigator Peter Stockton. "In
one or more people reached improvement." additional security police fact, two security officers were
across the table and said, "This is precisely the officers and relocation of fired for raising these
'Thank you for your courage. reason why we have these material to more secure storage problems."
Thank you for your integrity.' I kinds of assessments done to locations," he said. Time magazine, which
began to resent this. Treating test our security," Mr. Wilkes "No material or sensitive first reported the penetration
integrity and professionalism said. "We are constantly testing information at Lawrence drill in its Monday editions,
as if it is an unusual and our security ... to find areas for Livermore National Lab is at stated that the attacking force
courageous act. I frankly was improvement." risk, and the security at the site was able to penetrate Building
dismayed." "The nuclear material at remains strong," he said. 332, which contains about
the site is secure, and we have All plutonium at the 2,000 pounds of plutonium and
the best security in the facility will be removed in four weapons-grade uranium.
Washington Times government," he said. years, he said. The mock terrorists gained
May 15, 2008 The "attackers" were The NNSA said in a access to a payload of
Pg. 1 commandos who are part of statement Friday that a recent simulated fissile material
45. Nuclear Lab Fails security teams that guard other "security assessment" inside the facility.
Terrorist Exercise U.S. nuclear facilities in the identified several areas needing A POGO report on
Drill exposes defense flaws country and were part of a improvement. Lawrence Livermore security
By Bill Gertz, The Washington seven-week review of Lawrence Livermore is problems last year stated that
Times laboratory security at Lawrence part of the nuclear weapons contract security guards are not
Armed security agents Livermore. The simulated complex and conducts research equipped to adequately secure
posing as terrorists broke into a attack took place in late April. on plutonium pits used in the site and have limited
secure area at a nuclear The attacking force also nuclear weapons. capabilities to communicate
weapons laboratory during a began the exercises inside the Laboratory spokeswoman with local police.
recent test, exposing flaws in laboratory's perimeter fences Susan Houghton said some "As a result, coordinating
the protection of stockpiles of and other defenses inside an personnel were reassigned as a an effort to recapture stolen
plutonium and uranium area called the Superblock, result of the security review [special nuclear material] is
coveted by terrorist groups and where nuclear material is and one immediate step will be virtually impossible," the
rogue nations seeking to stored, the administration to increase the training of the report said.
become nuclear powers. officials said. protective force officers. A POGO report from
The "force-on-force" "The attackers were given "We've accelerated training, March stated that the
exercise at Lawrence tremendous insider knowledge, and we're training against more laboratory has been unable to
Livermore National Laboratory personnel, site access, facility real-world threats," she said. meet U.S. government security
in California pitted two teams information and The anti-nuclear group requirements and was given a
of special-operations-trained communications advantages Project on Government waiver from the Energy's
commandos: one that attacked that would be highly Oversight (POGO), which nuclear security administration.
use of simulated explosives, improbable in a real-world monitors security at Energy "This action comes at a
and a team of defenders who scenario," one official said. Department facilities, said in a time when experts warn that
tried to keep them out, said Defenders were limited statement that the penetration the threat of nuclear terrorism
Bush administration officials from firing their weapons drill shows the problems of is growing," the report said.
familiar with the test. inside the area, another security at the facility. Michael Leiter, acting
The test was part of advantage for the simulated "The hydraulic system director of the National
regular drills designed to test terrorists. used to raise the gun from its Counterterrorism Center, told a
nuclear defenses and included A Dillon Aero Gatling hiding place inside the back of Senate hearing last week that al
the attackers' use of all-terrain Gun, capable of firing at high a small truck failed, making it Qaeda in particular is
vehicles and torches to cut rates, also did not work impossible for the gun to be continuing to seek
through metal barriers, the properly for the defenders fired," POGO said, noting that unconventional weapons.
officials said. because of a hydraulic the group has been critical of "Most troubling is the
A spokesman for the problem, but the problem has the deployment of the gun judgment they will continue to
National Nuclear Security been remedied, the officials because of its one-mile range try to acquire and use
Administration (NNSA), the said. that poses a danger to nearby chemical, biological,
Energy Department unit that Four areas during the residences. radiological or nuclear
oversees the laboratory 50 security inspection were found The group also stated that materials in attacks," Mr.
miles from San Francisco, said to be "effective," while four special response teams of Leiter said.
the security problems were had ratings showing the need armed security guards were Other senior U.S.
revealed in the penetration test, for improvement, Mr. Wilkes involved in tactical failures intelligence officials have said
that one threat scenario is for
terrorists to set off a
radiological bomb — a
conventional bomb laced with
nuclear material to enhance its
Stealing or constructing a
nuclear bomb for use in an
attack would be more difficult
but not impossible.
"More than anywhere else
in the nuclear weapons
complex, it is essential to
prevent terrorists from
accessing the nuclear materials
at Livermore," said Danielle
Brian, POGO's executive
director. "Suicidal terrorists
would not need to steal the
materials; they simply could
detonate them into an
improvised nuclear device on
the spot. That is why it is
urgent to remove those
materials from the lab, rather
than settling for the [Energy
timetable of removing the
materials by 2012. We hope
this debacle will finally light a
fire under [the Energy
Department] and accelerate
May 15, 2008
A May 12 A-section
article incorrectly identified
Brig. Gen. Mike Milano as the
top commander of U.S. forces
in Baghdad. He is the deputy
Editor's Note: The article
by Sudarsan Raghavan
appeared in the Current News
Early Bird, May 12, 2008.