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					Psychological Therapies
                  Therapy
• It used to be that if
  someone exhibited
  abnormal behavior,
  they were
  ________________
  ______.
• Because of new drugs
  and better therapy,
  the U.S. went to a
  policy of
  _______________.
Somatic Therapies
(psychiatrist or clinical psychologist?)

                     Psychopharmacology
                     • Antipsychotics
                       (thorazine, haldol)
                     • __________
                       (valium,
                       barbiturates, Xanax)
                     • _________
                       (serotonin reuptake
                       inhibitors)
                     • ________ (lithium)
      Psychopharmacology
• The study of the effects of _____
  on mind and behavior.
        Antianxiety Drugs

• Includes drugs like Valium,Xanax
  Librium.
•Like alcohol, they _______
nervous system activity.
•Most widely abused drugs.

 Do they really solve the problem?
            Lithium

chemical that provides an effective
drug therapy for the mood swings of
_______________disorders
      Antidepressant Drugs

• Lift you up out of
  _________.




Most increase the neurotransmitter
____________________.
       Prozac, Paxil, Zoloft
• Work by blocking serotonin reuptake.
Drugs and Hospitalization
        Somatic Therapy
• _______________
  _ (ECT)- for
  depression.
• Psychosurgury
  lobotomy
          Psychotherapy
• An interaction between a
  ______________ and someone
  suffering from psychological
  difficulties.
Psychoanalytic Therapy
    what name???what time of life???


                     • Psychoanalysis
                       (manifest and latent
                       content through….
                       ________________).
                     • Unconscious
                     • Transference
             Transference
• In psychoanalysis, the patient’s _______
  to the analyst of emotions linked with
  other ________.
           Humanistic Therapy
                  past or present??? Schizophrenics?
• ________________ by
  Carl Rogers
• These are
  ____________ and use
  active listening.
• Self-actualization, free-
  will and unconditional
  positive regard.
• __________ by Fritz
  Perls encourage clients to
  get in touch with whole
  self.
Most widely used Humanistic technique is:
 Client (Person) Centered Therapy
• Developed by Carl Rogers
•Therapist should
use genuineness,
acceptance and
empathy to show
______________
_________
towards their
clients.
       Active Listening
• Central to Roger’s __________
  therapy
•________ where the listener
echoes, restates and clarifies.
Behavioral Therapies
here and now/anyone other than schiz

                   Counterconditioning
                   1. _______________
                   2. Aversive Conditioning
                   3. ______________
                   4.Flooding
                   5.Operant Conditioning
                   6. _______________
       Behavior Therapies
• Therapy that applies learning principles
  to the elimination of
  _________________.




•The behaviors are the problems- so
we must ______________.
   Classical Conditioning Techniques

Counterconditioning:
• A behavioral therapy that conditions
  new responses to stimuli that trigger
  unwanted behaviors.


   Two Types:
   Systematic Desensitization
• A type of ______________ that
  associates a pleasant relaxed state
  with ___________ anxiety-
  triggering stimuli.

How would I use
systematic
desensitization to
reduce my fear of old
dentists?
ANXIETY HIERARCHY USED IN SYSTEMATC
          DESENSITIZATION
   Behavior Therapy
 Systematic Desensitization
Flooding
 Aversive Conditioning

What are some ways you can
 ____________ of your
 friends with aversive
 conditioning who bite their
 fingernails?
       Aversive Conditioning
• A type of ____________ that
  associates an unpleasant state with an
  unwanted behavior.




How would putting poop on the fingernails
of a nail biter Affect their behavior?
    Operant Conditioning
___________: an operant conditioning
 procedure that rewards a desired
 behavior.




A patient exchanges a token of some sort,
earned for exhibiting the _________, for
various privileges or treats.
         Cognitive Therapy
• Change the way we
  view the world
  (change our
  schemas)
• Aaron Beck
• Albert Ellis and
  Rational Emotive
  Therapy
Cognitive Therapy
   Cognitive Therapies
• A therapy that teaches people
  new, more adaptive ways of
  __________________; based on
  the assumptions that thoughts
  intervene between events and our
  emotional reactions.
         Cognitive Therapy
• Cognitive
  Therapists try to
  teach people new,
  more ________
  ways of thinking.

                      Is .300 a good or bad
                      batting average?
Cognitive Therapy
Aaron Beck and his view of
       Depression
           • Noticed that
             depressed people were
             similar in the way they
             viewed the world.
           • Used cognitive therapy
             get people to take off
             the “dark sunglasses” in
             which they view their
             surroundings
Cognitive Therapy- Does It Work?
Group Therapy
       Eclectic Approach
• The most popular form of therapy-
  it is basically a smorgasbord where
  the therapist combines techniques
  from different schools of
  psychology.

				
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