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healthe_book2 complete.qxd 6/2/2008 3:07 PM Page 20 20 CLEANLINESS & HYGIENE Unit 5 We all think we know how to Wash around your thumbs. wash out hands but many of us don't do it properly. Wash between each finger. Simply rinsing the tips of fingertips Wash around and under under cold water does not count. your nails. Always use warm water. Rinse with clean water. It's better to wet your hands Germs spread more easily if before taking soap. This your hands are wet, so dry prevents irritation. them thoroughly. Rub your hands together Use a clean, dry towel, vigorously for about twenty paper towel or air dryer. seconds. Make sure you wash both sides of your hands thoroughly. healthe_book2 complete.qxd 6/2/2008 3:07 PM Page 21 21 Unit 5 GROWING UP Do you think this is true about children who are five years old? Five year olds are pleased They enjoy praise. with themselves. They begin Kindergarten. They like their world. Some do not want to go to Five year olds are happy school. and secure. They prefer to be at home, especially if there are other They are cooperative. children to play with. They are friendly. As children approach the age They prefer to stay at home. of five-and-a-half they start to They rarely try to do things they change. cannot do, so they do not get They become less happy with frustrated. themselves and others. Mother is their favorite. They are no longer calm. They like to be with her and do things for her. Doctor: Does it hurt when you do this? Patient: Yes. Doctor: Well, don't do that again! healthe_book2 complete.qxd 6/2/2008 3:07 PM Page 22 22 ASK THE DOCTOR Unit 5 Why do we have fingernails? What if I hit my nail with a hammer? Your nails protect the tips of your fingers and toes. And your A bruise may appear under fingernails make it easier to the nail. If the nail falls off, scratch an itch. A new one grows in its place. When do nails start to grow? Why do doctors look at nails? You had nails before you were even born. They grow slowly; one Your fingernails provide good tenth of an inch (2.5 millimeters) clues to your health. The each month. It can take six doctor presses your nails to months to replace a nail. check your blood circulation. By looking at your nails, a How should I cut my nails? doctor may find changes that may be associated with Cut fingernails straight across. skin problems, lung disease, Don't bite your nails as this can anemia, and other medical lead to infections. conditions. What about toenails? Toenails grow even more slowly than fingernails so they don't need to be trimmed as often. Do nails have problems? Blood vessels under your nails Ingrowing nails grow down make them pink. Your cuticles, into the skin, causing pain the half moons, are usually and infection. white. healthe_book2 complete.qxd 6/2/2008 3:07 PM Page 23 23 Unit 5 A HEALTHY MIND THE BAT, THE BIRDS AND THE BEASTS Long ago, the birds and the beasts were at war with each other. The bat did not know which side to join. The birds that passed his perch said, "Come with us." But the bat replied, "Sorry, I am a beast." Later on, some beasts who were passing beneath him looked up and said,"Come with us." But the bat replied, "Sorry, I am a bird." Luckily, at the last moment, the birds and the beasts made peace and no battle took place. The bat came to the birds and wished to join their celebration, but all the birds turned against him and he had to fly away. He then went to the beasts, but he had to flee for his life, or else they would have torn him to pieces. Something to talk about He that is neither one thing nor the other has no friends.