Culture shock is a complex topic, but I'm a simple man with simple
perspectives. So my experience of foreign culture boils down to three basic
stages: anger, acceptance and appreciation.
When I began my life in China I was often filled with frustration and 1
over the way things were. Things were seen as clearly “ 2 ” and I
rejected the view of there being other ways of doing things. Afterwards I came
to 3 different ways of doing things but still saw my own ways as superior.
My views were still heavily colored by 4 and I often accepted
situations I felt 5 by simply coining the phrase "That's China," 6
China was a backward country that simply didn't do things correctly. Finally,
however , I came to understand and appreciate the new 7 and ways of doing
things, sometimes using them as effectively as the 8 .
For example, fish is never 9 with the head in my country, thus my
feelings went from “Ugh! I can’t eat this! The fish is 10 at me saying,
`You're a 11 man.' Take this off the table,” to “I’ll let my friends
enjoy, but I'll just stick with the other dishes,” and to "Would anyone mind
if I eat the eyeball?"
It is not the same with every westerner, and some take 12 than others
to go through the three stages. It all depends on how 13 you are and how
tightly you 14 to your own culture. It took a little over a year of living
in China before I finally appreciate the new culture. Now, I'm more 15 in
China than in my own country.
1. A. curiosity B. fear C. purpose D.
2. A. wrong B. right C. wise D. smooth
3. A. find B. use C. accept D. refuse
4. A. preferences B. references C. facts D.
5. A. necessary B. important C. nervous D. stupid
6. A. mentioning B. saying C. meaning D.
7. A. character B. personality C. revolution D.
8. A. locals B. foreigners C. researchers D.
9. A. bought B. sold C. served D. separated
用心 爱心 专心 1
10. A. glancing B. laughing C. shouting D.
11. A. kind B. cruel C. brave D. unique
12. A. more B. less C. further D. longer
13. A. adaptable B. considerable C. dependable D.
14. A. get B. hold C. catch D. insist
15. A. anxious B. welcomed C. comfortable D.
第二节： 语法填空 (共10小题, 每小题1.5分, 满分15分)
Until recently daydreaming was viewed as a waste of time. Or it
___16_____(consider) an unhealthy escape from real life and its duties. But now
some people are taking a fresh look at daydreaming. Some think ____17____ may
be a very healthy thing to do. Some researchers are finding that daydreaming
may be important to mental health. Daydreaming, they tell us , is a good means
of _____18___ (relax). But its benefits go 19 this. A number of
psychologists have conducted experiments and have reached some 20
Dr. Joan T. Freyberg has concluded that daydreaming contributes to
intellectual growth. It also improves concentration, attention span, and the
ability 21 (get ) along with others. Industrialist Henry J. Kaiser
believed that much of his success was due to the positive use of daydreaming.
Florence Nightingale dreamed of becoming a nurse. The young Thomas Edison
pictured 22 as an inventor. For these notable achievers, it appears
23 their daydreams came true. Dr. Harry Emerson Fosdick offered this advice:
“hold a picture of yourself… in your mind’s eye, ____24____ you will be
drawn toward it. Picture yourself vividly as a failure and that alone will make
victory _____25_____ (possible).
Barditch High School decided to have an All-School Reunion. Over 450
people came to the event. There were tours of the old school building and a
picnic at Confederate Park. Several former teachers were on hand to tell
stories about the old days. Ms. Mabel Yates, the English teacher for over fifty
years, was wheeled to the Park.
Some eyes rolled and there were a few low groans(嘟囔声)when Ms.Yates was
about to speak. Many started looking at their watches and coming up with
excuses to be anywhere instead of preparing to listen to a lecture from an old
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woman who had few kind words for her students and made them work harder than
all the other teachers combined.
Then Ms. Yates started to speak:
“I can’t tell you how pleased I am to be here. I haven’t seen many of
you since your graduation, but I have followed your careers and enjoyed your
victories as well as crying for your tragedies. I have a large collection of
newspaper photographs of my students. Although I haven’t appeared in person, I
have attended your college graduations, weddings and even the births your
children, in my imagination.”
Ms. Yates paused and started crying a bit. Then she continued:
“It was my belief that if I pushed you as hard as I could, some of you
would succeed to please me and others would succeed to annoy me. Regardless of
our motives, I can see that you have all been successful in you chosen path.”
“There is no greater comfort for an educator than to see the end result
of his or her years of work. You have all been a great source of pleasure and
pride for me and I want you to know I love you all from the bottom of my
There was a silence over the crowd for a few seconds and then someone
started clapping. The clapping turned into cheering, then into a deafening
roar(呼喊). Lawyers, truck drivers, bankers and models were rubbing their eyes
or crying openly with no shame all because of the words from a long forgotten
English teacher from their hometown.
26. What activity was organized for the school reunion?
A. Sightseeing in the park.
B. A picnic on the school playground.
C. Telling stories about past events.
D. Graduates’ reports in the old building.
27. What can be inferred from Paragraph 2?
A. Some graduates were too busy to listen to Ms. Yates’ speech.
B. Many graduates disliked Ms. Yates’ ways of teaching.
C. Some people got tired from the reunion activities.
D. Most people had little interest in the reunion.
28. We can learn from Ms. Yates’ speech that she _____________.
A. kept track of her students’ progress
B. gave her students advice on their careers
C. attended her students’ college graduations
D. went to her students’ wedding ceremonies
29. What was Ms.Yates’ belief in teaching teenagers?
A. Teachers’ knowledge is the key to students’ achievements.
B. Pressure on students from teachers should be reduced.
C. Hard-pushed students are more likely to succeed.
D. Students’ respect is the best reward for teachers.
30. Which of the following can best describe Ms. Yates?
A. Reliable and devoted. B.
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Tough and generous.
C. Proud but patient. D. Strict but caring.
The practice of students endlessly copying letters and sentences from a
blackboard is a thing of the past. With the coming of new technologies like
computers and smartphones, writing by hand has become something of nostalgic
(怀旧的)skill. However, while today’s educators are using more and more
technology in their teaching, many believe basic handwriting skills are still
necessary for students to be successful---both in school and in life.
Virginia Berninger, professor of educational psychology at the University
of Washington, says it’s important to continue teaching handwriting and help
children acquire the skill of writing by hand.
Berninger and her colleagues conducted a study that looked at the ability
of students to complete various writing tasks---both on a computer and by hand.
The study, published in 2009, found that when writing with a pen and paper,
participants wrote longer essays and more complete sentences and had a faster
word production rate.
In a more recent study, Berninger looked at what role spelling plays in a
student’s writing skills and found that how well children spell is tied to how
well they can write. “Spelling makes some of the thinking parts of the brain
active, which helps us access our vocabulary, word meaning and concepts. It is
allowing our written language to connect with ideas.” Berninger said.
Spelling helps students translate ideas into words in their mind first and
then to transcribe(转换) “those words in the mind written symbols on paper or
keyboard and screen,” the study said. Seeing the words in the “mind’s eye”
helps children not only to turn their ideas into words, says Berninger, but
also to spot(发现) spelling mistakes when they write the words down and to
correct then over time.
“In our computer age, some people believe that we don’t have to teach
spelling because we have spell checks,” she said. “But until a child has a
functional spelling ability of about a fifth grade level, they won’t have the
knowledge to choose the correct spelling among the options given by the
31. What makes writing by hand a thing of the past?
A. The absence of blackboard in classrooms.
B. The use of new technologies in teaching.
C. The lack of practice in handwriting.
D. The popular use of smartphones.
32. Berninger’s study published in 2009 ___________.
A. focused on the difference between writing by hand and on a computer.
B. indicated that students prefer to write with a pen and paper.
C. found that good essays are made up of long sentences.
D. discussed the importance of writing speed.
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33. Which of the following best shows the role of spelling?
A. Spelling improves one’s memory of words.
B. Spelling ability is closely related to writing ability.
C. Spelling benefits the translation from words into ideas.
D. Spelling slows down finding exact words to express ideas.
34. What does “mind’s eye” in paragraph 5 mean?
A. Window. B. Soul C. Picture.
35. What conclusion could be drawn from the passage?
A. Computers can help people with their choice of words.
B. Spell checks can take the place of spelling teaching.
C. Handwriting still has a place in today’s classrooms.
D. Functional spelling ability develops fast in the fifth grade.
With the Tesla Roadster and other plugin (插入式) electric vehicles
hitting the road，demand is growing for accessible refueling points to recharge
them. Carbon Day Automotive，a Chicagobased company，has now demonstrated a
solarpowered recharging point，known as the Solar PlugIn Station，which lets
motorists easily charge their cars using electricity that has been produced
without any environmental damage.
The Solar PlugIn Station has gone on show in Chicago as part of the
city’s bid to host the 2016 Olympic Games. According to Carbon Day
Automotive，the Solar PlugIn Station on show in Chicago is part of the vital
infrastructure(基础设施) required for electric vehicles in Chicago and was the
focus of a recent visit by the International Olympic Committee.
These solarpowered electricity points will be used daily to fuel the
city’s electric vehicles with power from the sun. By producing the electricity
from pollutionfree solar cell，the CO2 emissions are reduced to zero.
“Solar energy and electric vehicles are a partnership that is one more
step to reducing our dependence on foreign oil,” says Richard Lowenthal, CEO
of Coulomb Technologies.Coulomb Technologies recently developed the components
(部件) required for individual recharging stations，marketed as Charge Point
Networked Charging Stations.Carbon Day Automotive is the Midwest distributor
for the Charge Point stations.
The Solar PlugIn Station consists of giant solar panels (电池板) that
shade the tiny Charge Point Networked Charging Station.The solar panel is
connected to an underground battery pack，ready for everyday refueling.
“Without these stations it would be like driving around in a traditional
car without the availability of gas stations，” says Scott Emalfarb，CEO at
Carbon Day.“The day of true plugin electric vehicles will be here sooner than
most people realize and the world needs to be ready to accommodate them.”
36. The Solar PlugIn Station is used as part of the bid to host the Olympics
mainly because ________.
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A. it’s environmentally friendly
B. it makes up for the lack of electricity
C. it’s a new idea and attracts people’s attention
D. it brings convenience to electric vehicle users
37. We can learn from the passage that ________.
A. to recharge the electric vehicles takes a long time
B. the Solar PlugIn Station will come into use in 2016
C. the Solar PlugIn Station has gone on show internationally
D. Chicago is promoting the use of electric vehicles
38. According to the passage，how many of the following statements are TRUE?
a. Tesla Roadster is a kind of plugin electric vehicle.
b. The Solar PlugIn Station uses solar power to charge all of the cars.
c. Chicago is a city，which is rich in oil.
d. The Solar PlugIn Station consists of underground battery packs.
e. Scott Emalfarb is optimistic about the future of plugin electric
A．2. B．3. C．4. D．5.
39. The passage implies that when the Solar PlugIn Station becomes
A. more visitors will come to Chicago
B. the citizens of Chicago will be able to go to work faster
C. more space for electric vehicles will be needed
D. the cost of electric vehicles will be lower than traditional cars
40. What would be the best title for the passage?
A. Chicago Will Soon Be Full of Electric Vehicles
B. Chicago Calls on People to Buy Electric Vehicles
C. Chicago Fights for Its Bid to Host the 2016 Olympics
D. Chicago Shows Its Solarpowered Recharging Stations
If your preschoolers turn up their noses at carrots or celery, a small
reward like a sticker for taking even a taste may help get them to eat
previously disliked foods, a UK study said.
Though it might seem obvious that a reward could encourage young children
to eat their vegetables, the idea is actually controversial, researchers wrote
in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. That’s because some studies
have shown that rewards can backfire and cause children to lose interest in
foods they already liked, said Jane Wardle, a researcher at University College
London who worked on the study. Verbal praise, such as “Brilliant! You’re a
great vegetable taster,” did not work as well.
The study found t hat when parents gave their small children a sticker each
time they took a “tiny taste” of a disliked vegetable, it gradually changed
their attitudes. The children were also willing to eat more of the vegetables-
用心 爱心 专心 6
either carrots, celery, cucumber, red pepper, cabbage or sugar snap peas-in
laboratory taste tests, the study said.
Researchers randomly assigned（分派）173 families to one of these groups.
In one, parents used stickers to reward their children each time they took a
tiny sample of a disliked vegetable. A second group of parents used verbal
praise. The third group, where parents used no special vegetable-promoting
methods, served as a “control”.
Parents in the reward groups offered their children a taste of the
“target” vegetable every day of 12 days, Soon after, children in the sticker
group were giving higher ratings to the vegetables-and were willing to eat more
in the research lab, going from an average of 5 grams at the start to about 10
grams after the 12-day experience. The turnaround also seemed to last, with
preschoolers in the sticker group still willing to eat more of the once
disliked vegetable three months later.
Why didn’t the verbal praise work? Wardle said the parents’ words may
have seemed “insincere” to their children.
41．The purpose of writing the passage is .
A．to introduce a practical method of making children eat vegetables
B．to show the procedure of an experiment on children’s diet
C．to explain why children hate to eat vegetables
D．to present a proper way of vernal praise to parents
42．The underlined word “backfire” in Paragraph 2 probably means “
A．shoot from behind the back B．make a fire in the backyard
C．produce an unexpected result D．achieve what was planned
43．According to the passage, which of the following statements is true?
A．Most children are born to dislike carrots or celery.
B．It remains a question whether rewarding is a good way to get children to
C．Oral praise wokrs quite well in encouraging children to eat vegetables.
D．Children in the sticker group will never lose interest in eating
44．How did the researchers get their conclusion from the experiment?
A．By comparison. B．By asking questions.
C．By giving examples D．By discussion.
45．What can we learn from the last paragraph?
A．Children like rewards, not verbal praise.
B．Parents should praise their children in a sincere tone.
C．Children are difficult to inspire.
D．Parents should give up verbal praise.
用心 爱心 专心 7
A. Pasta House — new Italian restaurant located in the heart of the
city. Simple but delicious inexpensive meals. Also has a good range of vegetable-
only meals. It’s always crowded so be ready to order take-away or share a table.
Open 11 a.m. to midnight.
B. A Taste of India — famous for its spicy curries and many southern
Indian dishes using chilli. You will usually be able to find a table during the
week but if you’re planning to go on the weekend make sure you book a table in
advance. Open noon to midnight.
C. Paris Match — this is the finest French restaurant in the city.
Wonderful food you can enjoy in luxurious surroundings. The perfect place to
have a romantic meal or impress a business partner, but be prepared for a large
bill. Open noon to 2 a.m. Booking essential.
D. Mountain Diner — not fancy but tasty. Excellent Asian and European
dishes. Countryside location surrounded by forest. It’s at least an hour’s drive
from the city so you might want to stay at the nearby Mountain Hotel overnight.
Open 7 a.m. to 10 p.m.
E. Owl Café — open 24 hours a day the café has a large selection of
set breakfast, lunch and dinner meals for you to choose from, or you can enjoy
one of their many delicious snacks and desserts over a cup of freshly made
F. Greek Bistro — a lively restaurant that serves great-value Greek
food and has live Greek music played by a local band. Customers are encouraged
to take part in the entertainment so be ready for a night of loud fun and
laughter. Open 6 p.m. to 2 a.m.
46. Bill — was late getting up today so hasn’t had time to make
breakfast. He wants to pick up something to eat before he goes to work so he
has enough energy to last through to lunch time.
47. Julie — works in the city and wants to get some lunch. She
doesn’t want anything too special so long as it is tasty and not too
expensive. Julie likes all kinds of food but because she is on a diet she wants
to avoid anything containing meat.
48. Sally — has friends visiting her from out-of-town and wants to take
them to dinner. She wants to take them somewhere they can enjoy the atmosphere and
have fun. She is a university student so doesn’t have a lot of money and doesn’t
like her food too hot.
49. Albert — is a businessman who will meet an important European
client for a business dinner next week. Want to book a table at a quiet
restaurant that will impress his guest with both its food and its surroundings.
50. Robert — is meeting his friend Ben for lunch today (Tuesday) and
wants to take him to a nice restaurant. Both Robert and Ben enjoy good quality
spicy food. Robert doesn’t like arranging things in advance so he hasn’t
用心 爱心 专心 8
booked a table.
4. The firefighters thought little of their personal safety and rescued the
people who __________ (trap) in the fire.
5. ___________ (suffer) greatly from his dreadful illness, the patient sought
help to end his life.
6. All the people ______________ (出席) at the meeting were her supporters.
7. The doctor insisted that the patient _____________(手术) on at once.
8. Being polite is the first and most important step to develop good __________
(关系) among friends.
9. He has all the ___________（品质）of a successful man and he will make it in
10.After the attack, her eyes were filled with __________ (恐惧) every time he
saw a dog.
Ladies and gentlemen，
Welcome to Guangdong Province……
One day, Zeng’s wife decided to go out for shopping, but her little son
insisted on going with her to the market. Thinking that she would come back
very soon, and that the naughty boy would bring her a lot of trouble, she was
用心 爱心 专心 9
unwilling to do so.
In order to persuade the boy to stay home, she told him, “Oh, come on,
good boy, if you listen to Mom and then Mom will give you a present when I am
“What present are you going to give me, Mom?” asked the son.
“We haven’t eaten meat for a long time, so I will kill our pig and let
you enjoy a big nice dinner.” The mother comforted the boy when it happened
that their pig was wandering in front of the house. Just at that time, her
husband came back and heard what she said. Thinking of the nice meal, the boy
Not very soon, the mother came back, but what she saw shocked her. It was
her husband who had killed the only pig of the poor family.
“Why did you kill it? You know that it is very important for my family.”
she scolded him.
“I did that just for your promise!” Mr. Zeng answered.
1. 以约30个词概括这则中国寓言 “曾子的故事”；
用心 爱心 专心 10
信息匹配： 46-50 EAFCB
单词拼写：1. happiness 2. reliable 3. determined 4. were
5. Having suffered 6. present 7. (should) be operated
8. relationship 9. qualities/personalities/characteristics 10.
Ladies and gentlemen，
Welcome to Guangdong Province. Danxia Mountain, about 280 kilometers away
from Guangzhou, is located in the north of Guangdong Province and it will take
us 6 hours to get there. At noon, after stopping in Shaoguan City for an hour
to have our lunch, we will start for another city Nanxiong and reach it at 5
o’clock in the afternoon. Having spent a night in Nanxiong, we will climb
Danxia Mountain next morning.
Although the trip to Danxia Mountain is a bit long and difficult, the
beautiful scenery and interesting things on the way will catch your eyes and
help get rid of your tiredness. Besides, from time to time, I’ll give you a
brief account of Danxia Mountain.
读写任务： Stick to what you promise
It is described in the story that in order to avoid trouble, Mr Zeng’s
wife pretended to promise her son to give him a big nice dinner by killing the
pig in their family, while Mr Zeng firmly kept his wife’s promise and did so.
I can’t agree more with Mr. Zeng’s deed, from which we learn that Mr.
Zeng is worth depending on and good at educating children. In contrast, Zeng’s
wife made a promise to cheat her son without thinking the result. If she
ignored her promise completely and did nothing, her son would feel
disappointed, which would hurt him deeply. As parents, they should take their
用心 爱心 专心 11
promise seiously, because what they do and say has a great influence on their
children. Just as an old saying goes, “Actions speak louder than words.” So
parents should set a good example, trying to cultivate their kids’ good
personalities, among which honesty is of essential.
用心 爱心 专心 12