Taiwan by alice1311

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									Taiwan
              The Flag
Blue represents democracy

Red represents nationalism

White represents people’s livelihood

Red with a dark blue rectangle in the upper hoist-
 side corner bearing a white sun with 12 triangular
 rays
Languages
• The languages and dialects spoken in Taiwan have
  their origins in the Austronesian and Han lingual
  systems.  The Austronesian languages are spoken
  by Taiwan's indigenous peoples, while most common
  Han dialects - Minnanese and Hakka - are primarily
  used by those whose ancestors immigrated from
  China's Fujian and Guangdong Provinces, in that
  order, four centuries ago. The Ministry of
  Education (MOE) is currently drafting a language
  equality law aimed a preserving the 14 major
  languages and dialects used in Taiwan. The most
  common used language now in Taiwan is Mandarin.
Foods
•    Night markets offer
    a range of quick,           nTaiwan has excellent
    inexpensive foods           vegetarian food, partly
    and goodies at              because the large
    reasonable prices.          Buddhist population does
    Be cautioned that           not eat meat. Western food
                                is much more expensive and
    the Taiwanese waste         harder to locate than
    few animal body parts       Chinese food, so it is
    in their cooking. If this   better to eat local dishes
    head-to-hoof cooking        than to search for the
    management attitude         known. Rice or noodle
    makes you uneasy,           dishes are usually
                                inexpensive and nutritious.
    you should probably
    stick to vegetarian
    dishes.
Sports
• Most of the sports      • Taiwanese are known to
                            be extremely active
  played in Taiwan are:     people and their different
• Baseball                  lives always join on sports
                            fields every day. Even
• Basketball                those who are tied to the
• Football                  requirement of daily work
                            at office find time to
• Golf                      escape into the open
• Tennis                    fields to stretch with few
                            moves of kung fu.
• Volleyball
 Traditional Clothing
• There are many different types of traditional
  clothing in Taiwan. For example there are
  headdresses, kimonos, tunics, and sashes, and even
  particular kinds of ceremonial wedding dresses.
  Clothing is an important part of the Taiwanese
  culture. Many people offer lots of time to find the
  right outfit for a ritual, ceremony, or traditional
  routine. There are also particular colors to go with
  every season and every social class.  
• There are about three main types of traditional
  Chinese clothing; pien-fu, chiang-piao, and the
  sheri.          
Religion
• Taiwan is a country of
  various religious beliefs.
  There are currently
  thirteen registered religions
  on the island practiced by
  nearly half the residents of
  Taiwan. These religions
  include Buddhism (the most
  popular), Taoism,
  Catholicism, Protestantism,
  Hsuan-yuan Chiao, Islam,
  Li-ism, Tenrikyo, Baha'i,
  T'ienti Teachings, Tien
  Te Chiao, I-Kuan Tao,
  and Mahikarikyo.
Entertainment
• There are varieties of places to   •  Bars are not actually
  go for entertainment, mostly         original to Taiwan,
  during the hours of night. These
  are some choices below:              although they are popular
• Cinemas                              now. The Roxy is
                                       currently the hang-out for
• Nightlife                            students and teachers in
                                       Taipei. It also stays open
• KTVs
                                       until 4am.
                                     • The locals love KTV
• Bottle Clubs                         (Karaoke TV), so if you
                                       want to make friends, learn
• Pubs, Bars, and Wine Houses          to like it or pretend that
                                       you do. For a more
                                       relaxing time, there are
                                       some nice tea
Economy
• Taiwan is the 17th largest economy in the world,
  14th largest exporter and 16th largest importer,
  and the third largest owner of foreign exchange
  funds, with over US $180 billion.
• Currency: Taiwan’s basic unit of currency is the
  New Taiwan dollar (32.334 New Taiwan
  dollars equal U.S. $1; January 1999). The
  bank of issue is the Bank of Taiwan. While
  Taiwan has permitted private banking since the
  1990s, most banks remain government owned or
  controlled.
• The exchange rates of the currency are:
  TWD 1.00 = US$0.03, C$0.04, A$ 0.04, R
  0.02, 0.02 Euro,          NZ$ 0.04.
    Education
• The Taiwanese educational system produces
  pupils with some of the highest test scores in the
  world, especially in mathematics and science. It
  has been criticised for placing excessive
  pressure on students and eschewing creativity in
  favour of rote memorization. Recent educational
  reforms intended to address these criticisms are
  a topic of intense debate in Taiwan.
Although current law mandates only nine years of
  schooling, 95% of students go on to high school,
  trade school or college.
• The literacy rate in 2003 was 96.1%.
Pollution
• Water pollution
  remains a challenging
  issue. Nearly 90% of
  sewage waste in
  Taiwan is dumped
  untreated into
  waterways. Several
  rivers are so heavily
  polluted that it
  would take billions of
  dollars to clean them.
History
• 1945 Sept. 2: Japan            • 1949 :The United States
  formally surrenders on           stops military aid to Taiwan.
  the deck of the U.S.             Both the U.S. and the
                                   United Nations fail to give
  battleship Missouri,             the PRC diplomatic
  ending World War II.             recognition.
  Japan begins the               • 1987 July 15: The end of
  process of returning to          martial law is declared in
  China all the territories it     Taiwan.
  had colonized, including       • 1995 June 7–11Taiwan
  Taiwan (then called              president Lee Ten-hui visits
                                   the United States as an
  Formosa), which it had           alumnus of Cornell
  acquired in 1895 after           University.
  the first Sino-Japanese
  war.
 Geography
Population                      • Climate
• Taiwan's population           • Taiwan straddles the
  density has already             tropical and subtropical
  reached 613 people per          zones and has warm
  square kilometer, setting a
  new record, according to        summers and mild winters.
  the newest statistics from      The climate is moderated
  Taiwan.                         by the warm waters of the
  Currently, there are more       Kuroshio (Japan
  than 22.17 million people       Current). The summer is
  registered in Taiwan,           long, lasting from April
  165,000 more than last          until November (200 days
  year or a 0.75% increase.       or more).
Government
 • The National         • During the warlord
   Assembly was           era, the National
   originally founded
   in 1913 as the first   Assembly was
   government in          revived and
   Chinese history,       disbanded more
   but was split less     than once as
   than a year later as
   President Yuan         different warlords
   Shikai assumed         vied for power and
   cruel power.           authority.

								
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