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Taiwan The Flag Blue represents democracy Red represents nationalism White represents people’s livelihood Red with a dark blue rectangle in the upper hoist- side corner bearing a white sun with 12 triangular rays Languages • The languages and dialects spoken in Taiwan have their origins in the Austronesian and Han lingual systems. The Austronesian languages are spoken by Taiwan's indigenous peoples, while most common Han dialects - Minnanese and Hakka - are primarily used by those whose ancestors immigrated from China's Fujian and Guangdong Provinces, in that order, four centuries ago. The Ministry of Education (MOE) is currently drafting a language equality law aimed a preserving the 14 major languages and dialects used in Taiwan. The most common used language now in Taiwan is Mandarin. Foods • Night markets offer a range of quick, nTaiwan has excellent inexpensive foods vegetarian food, partly and goodies at because the large reasonable prices. Buddhist population does Be cautioned that not eat meat. Western food is much more expensive and the Taiwanese waste harder to locate than few animal body parts Chinese food, so it is in their cooking. If this better to eat local dishes head-to-hoof cooking than to search for the management attitude known. Rice or noodle makes you uneasy, dishes are usually inexpensive and nutritious. you should probably stick to vegetarian dishes. Sports • Most of the sports • Taiwanese are known to be extremely active played in Taiwan are: people and their different • Baseball lives always join on sports fields every day. Even • Basketball those who are tied to the • Football requirement of daily work at office find time to • Golf escape into the open • Tennis fields to stretch with few moves of kung fu. • Volleyball Traditional Clothing • There are many different types of traditional clothing in Taiwan. For example there are headdresses, kimonos, tunics, and sashes, and even particular kinds of ceremonial wedding dresses. Clothing is an important part of the Taiwanese culture. Many people offer lots of time to find the right outfit for a ritual, ceremony, or traditional routine. There are also particular colors to go with every season and every social class. • There are about three main types of traditional Chinese clothing; pien-fu, chiang-piao, and the sheri. Religion • Taiwan is a country of various religious beliefs. There are currently thirteen registered religions on the island practiced by nearly half the residents of Taiwan. These religions include Buddhism (the most popular), Taoism, Catholicism, Protestantism, Hsuan-yuan Chiao, Islam, Li-ism, Tenrikyo, Baha'i, T'ienti Teachings, Tien Te Chiao, I-Kuan Tao, and Mahikarikyo. Entertainment • There are varieties of places to • Bars are not actually go for entertainment, mostly original to Taiwan, during the hours of night. These are some choices below: although they are popular • Cinemas now. The Roxy is currently the hang-out for • Nightlife students and teachers in Taipei. It also stays open • KTVs until 4am. • The locals love KTV • Bottle Clubs (Karaoke TV), so if you want to make friends, learn • Pubs, Bars, and Wine Houses to like it or pretend that you do. For a more relaxing time, there are some nice tea Economy • Taiwan is the 17th largest economy in the world, 14th largest exporter and 16th largest importer, and the third largest owner of foreign exchange funds, with over US $180 billion. • Currency: Taiwan’s basic unit of currency is the New Taiwan dollar (32.334 New Taiwan dollars equal U.S. $1; January 1999). The bank of issue is the Bank of Taiwan. While Taiwan has permitted private banking since the 1990s, most banks remain government owned or controlled. • The exchange rates of the currency are: TWD 1.00 = US$0.03, C$0.04, A$ 0.04, R 0.02, 0.02 Euro, NZ$ 0.04. Education • The Taiwanese educational system produces pupils with some of the highest test scores in the world, especially in mathematics and science. It has been criticised for placing excessive pressure on students and eschewing creativity in favour of rote memorization. Recent educational reforms intended to address these criticisms are a topic of intense debate in Taiwan. Although current law mandates only nine years of schooling, 95% of students go on to high school, trade school or college. • The literacy rate in 2003 was 96.1%. Pollution • Water pollution remains a challenging issue. Nearly 90% of sewage waste in Taiwan is dumped untreated into waterways. Several rivers are so heavily polluted that it would take billions of dollars to clean them. History • 1945 Sept. 2: Japan • 1949 :The United States formally surrenders on stops military aid to Taiwan. the deck of the U.S. Both the U.S. and the United Nations fail to give battleship Missouri, the PRC diplomatic ending World War II. recognition. Japan begins the • 1987 July 15: The end of process of returning to martial law is declared in China all the territories it Taiwan. had colonized, including • 1995 June 7–11Taiwan Taiwan (then called president Lee Ten-hui visits the United States as an Formosa), which it had alumnus of Cornell acquired in 1895 after University. the first Sino-Japanese war. Geography Population • Climate • Taiwan's population • Taiwan straddles the density has already tropical and subtropical reached 613 people per zones and has warm square kilometer, setting a new record, according to summers and mild winters. the newest statistics from The climate is moderated Taiwan. by the warm waters of the Currently, there are more Kuroshio (Japan than 22.17 million people Current). The summer is registered in Taiwan, long, lasting from April 165,000 more than last until November (200 days year or a 0.75% increase. or more). Government • The National • During the warlord Assembly was era, the National originally founded in 1913 as the first Assembly was government in revived and Chinese history, disbanded more but was split less than once as than a year later as President Yuan different warlords Shikai assumed vied for power and cruel power. authority.
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