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             Graduate Handbook
          Visit the Department’s website at

7408 Dwinelle Hall              510/642-1415
University of California, Berkeley
Berkeley, CA 94720-2670
Hours: Mon-Fri 9:00-12:00 and 1:00-4:00

Maxine Fredericksen         510/642-3522
7406 Dwinelle Hall
Hours: Mon-Fri 9:00-12:00 and 1:00-4:00

David Bates               510/642-2172
7315 Dwinelle Hall

Michael Mascuch
Table of Contents

The Program                            4

     Applications                      5

     Admissions process                6

     Financial support                 7

     Areas of study                    8
     Faculty interests and recent
       publications                   13

Guidelines                            23

     Unit and course requirements     23

     Academic residence               24

     Grading and independent study    24

     Foreign language requirements    25

     Progress to PhD                  26
          Timeline                    26
          The first 2 years           26
          The years to completion     27

     Annual review                    30
     Teaching and financial support   30
     Departmental records             32
     Registration requirement         33

The Department of Rhetoric affirms that the
recruitment of women and minorities, in
addition to having brought us highly qualified
colleagues and students, has strengthened our
teaching and research. This diversification has
prompted us to rethink the most fundamental
assumptions and practices of our discipline.
Because intellectual vitality depends upon critical
self-reflection, our selections of new colleagues
and students have served the cause of academic
excellence and rigor. We will continue to work in
every way available to us to broaden the University
of California community and to strengthen
awareness of the positive effects of diversity.


The Department of Rhetoric is a leading center for interdisciplinary
research and teaching in the humanities and social sciences. Linked
by a common interest in the functions of discourse in all its forms,
faculty and students engage the theoretical, historical, and cultural
dimensions of interpretation and criticism, in fields as diverse as
political theory, gender, law, media studies, philosophy, and literature.
The Department is also committed to the study of rhetorical traditions,
from the classical era to contemporary rhetorical theory.

The Department of Rhetoric encourages applications from students
who want to pursue interdisciplinary research in the humanities and
the social sciences. Our diverse faculty work on a wide range of topics
and with various theoretical approaches, yet we have particular
strengths in the following concentrated areas of study: Classical
Rhetoric and Ancient Culture, Continental Philosophy and Critical
Theory, Film and Media Studies, Gender and Sexuality, History and
Theory, Law, Literary and Cultural Studies, Political and Social
Thought, Race and Ethnicity. We are particularly interested in people
who want to work critically within (and between) constituted

Most applicants have taken their undergraduate training in humanistic
disciplines such as Literature, Philosophy, History, Politics, or
Classics, but applications are encouraged from all students, whatever
their undergraduate background, who are seriously interested in
advanced study in one or more areas of rhetoric and public discourse.
The Rhetoric Department has a total of about 50 graduate students
and about 180 undergraduate majors. Students are admitted to the
graduate program in the fall semester only.

The University of California, in compliance with Title VI of the Civil
Rights Act of 1964, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972,
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, and the Age
Discrimination Act of 1975, does not discriminate on the basis of race,
color, national origin, sex, handicap, or age in any of its policies,
procedures, or practices; nor does the University discriminate on the
basis of sexual orientation.

Applications are available online starting September 10 at the
Graduate Division website,

December 7, 2007, is the deadline for submitting a graduate
application for admission in Fall 2008.

By December 7, applicants must electronically complete and submit
the main Graduate Application for Admission and Fellowship
(including Forms A, B, C (domestic fellowship application), D (FLAS
application if applicable), E (International student fellowship
application), and Form F (Statement of Purpose and Personal
History Statement). If you are or have been a graduate student at
Berkeley, contact the department for application instructions. ALL
applicants should complete either Form C or Form E (fellowships),
and those who want to be considered for a Foreign Language and
Area Studies fellowship in the first year should complete Form D.

Also by December 7, applicants should send to the Department one
mailer containing three unopened letters of recommendation, one
set of unopened official transcripts from each university/college
attended, a statement of foreign language proficiency, and a writing
sample. The writing sample may be excerpted from a longer paper
and we suggest that it not exceed 30 pages. Letters may be sent
directly to the department by college letter services and by
recommenders who strongly prefer to do so, but the letters must be
postmarked by December 7, so ask for letters ahead of time. Late
letters are the leading cause of incomplete applications. If you are
still in school when you submit your application, do not wait for your
fall grades before ordering your transcripts for Berkeley. Your fall
grades will not be considered in the review.

The general GRE and the TOEFL should be taken by the first week
of November and scores ordered to be sent to the Rhetoric
Department. The department has been assigned GRE code 4506
(Speech Communication). Fellowship applicants should plan to file
(by March 2008) a Free Application for Federal Student Aid

Materials should be sent directly to the Department of Rhetoric:

       Graduate Admissions
       Department of Rhetoric
       7408 Dwinelle Hall, MC 2670
       University of California
       Berkeley, CA 94720-2670

The Request for a Waiver of the Graduate Admissions
Application Fee is available for download under The form is
available online under Graduate Admissions/Before You
Begin/Application Fee. Eligibility requirements and instructions for
filing the waiver are there.

Admissions Process

Once complete, your file is ready for review by admissions committee
members. The various materials required for application are evaluated
together to produce an overall portrait of the applicant. A superb
writing sample may offset low undergraduate grades or low GRE
scores, for instance, especially with a convincing statement of purpose.

Admissions decisions are made by a departmental committee;
membership changes annually. The admissions committee meets
early in the spring semester after having read the files over winter
break. Decisions for admissions and fellowship nominations are made
in January and February.

The number of new students the Department can admit is set by the
Graduate Division and varies from year to year but is usually about 10.
Approximately 200 people apply each year. Applicants are
increasingly successful in competition for the University's best

Financial Support

Financial support for graduate students in Rhetoric is available in the
form of fellowships and Graduate Student Instructor teaching positions
on the Berkeley campus. Applicants may apply for Berkeley campus
fellowships that range from $17,000 to $22,000 per year plus tuition
and fees. Half-time teaching appointments in the Department's
undergraduate program are generally available for periods of up to four
years to students making good progress toward their degree.

1) Teaching. The Department offers 1A/B, Reading and Composition.
Approximately 7 sections of this undergraduate requirement are taught
each semester. Most sections have both a graduate student instructor
and a graduate student teaching assistant. GSIs are also responsible
for discussion sections of lower division courses and of larger, required
upper-division lecture courses. Rhetoric graduate students have in the
past supported themselves as GSIs for the maximum 4 years.
Currently the salary for a beginning GSI is $14,572 paid over 10
months and the appointment pays for fees. As of June 1, 2000, GSI
employment is covered by a union contract.

2) Some Research Assistantships are usually available each semester.
These are arranged between interested students and faculty with
research grants.

3) Besides the university fellowships for which the department
nominates entering students, the department administers block grants
that are awarded as tuition and fees and/or stipends in a competition
each spring. Some funding for conference and/or archival work is also
available each semester from the departmentally administered
Wollenberg funds, and, especially as students advance, from other
campus sources.

Areas of study

The Rhetoric Department supports research and teaching in
interdisciplinary approaches to the law from classical antiquity to the
contemporary legal world. Drawing on both the humanities and the

social sciences, faculty are working in areas ranging from ancient law
to the Anglo-American legal system and international law and human
rights. The fields we support include legal history, philosophy of law,
human rights and international humanitarian law, censorship and
speech regulation, law and society, religious law.

David Cohen: ancient Greek law, war crimes trials Marianne
Constable: legal philosophy, Anglo-American
  legal history
Carol Clover, emerita faculty: law and culture
Pheng Cheah: legal philosophy
David Bates: history of constitutional and legal theory;
Daniel Boyarin: Talmud
Barbara Shapiro, emerita faculty: history of legal thought .

Political and Social Thought
The Department supports research and teaching in contemporary
social and political theory, with strengths in the history of political
thought. Faculty are working in a number of different areas that range
chronologically from the classical and late antique world, through the
early modern period, and beyond to twentieth-century European and
American thought.

David Bates: history of political thought, revolution
Judith Butler: social and political theory
Marianne Constable: social and political theory
David Cohen: social theory
Pheng Cheah: social and political theory
Hans Sluga, Affiliated Faculty: political philosophy
Martin Jay, Affiliated faculty: Marxist theory, Frankfurt School
Victoria Kahn, Affiliated faculty: Early Modern political thought
Anthony Long, Affiliated faculty: Ancient political thought

Classical Rhetoric and Ancient Culture
The Rhetoric Department has faculty who specialize in rhetorical
theory and practice of the ancient world. Drawing on the disciplines of
law, philosophy, literature, and history, our faculty and students

pursue topics in Greek, Roman, and Near Eastern cultures, from the
classical period, through the Roman empire, and in late antiquity.

David Cohen: Ancient rhetoric, law, and social history
Daniel Boyarin: late antiquity, Judaism and early Christianity
Ramona Naddaff: Greek literature and philosophy, Plato
Anthony Long, Affiliated faculty: Ancient philosophy, Stoics

 History and Theory
With a number of faculty trained as historians and many others
working with a historical orientation in other disciplines, the Rhetoric
Department can support interdisciplinary work in a wide range of
theoretical and empirical subjects. Faculty are particularly interested
in intellectual and cultural history, social history, literary history, and
the philosophy of history.

David Bates: European Intellectual history, France
David Cohen: social history, Ancient Greece
Marianne Constable: legal history
Michael Mascuch: Early Modern social and cultural history, Britain
Carol Clover: medieval culture
Daniel Melia: folklore and medieval culture
Michael Wintroub: intellectual history
Victoria Kahn, Affiliated faculty: Renaissance Europe Martin Jay,
Affiliated Faculty: European intellectual history

Continental Philosophy and Critical Theory
The Rhetoric Department is particularly strong in contemporary
French and German thought and in the history of the continental
philosophical tradition. The faculty are interested in fields such as
aesthetics, psychoanalysis, ethics, phenomenology, philosophy and
literature, and the history of philosophy, and specialize in major
figures including Kant, Heidegger, Foucault, Lacan, Wittgenstein, and

Judith Butler: continental philosophy, 19th-20th century
Pheng Cheah: history of philosophy, Kant

Anthony J. Cascardi: aesthetics, critical theory
Hans Sluga: 20th century philosophy, Wittgenstein, Heidegger
Kaja Silverman: phenomenology, Lacan
Hubert Dreyfus, Affiliated Faculty: Foucault, Heidegger

Gender and Sexuality
The Rhetoric Department is a leading center for research in both the
theoretical and cultural study of sexuality and gender. Our faculty
work in diverse areas of study that include gender theory, feminist
philosophy, psychoanalysis, political theory, and queer studies, as
well as media studies, pornography, and the history of sexuality
(ancient and modern).

Judith Butler: feminist theory, gender theory
Daniel Boyarin: religion, gender, and sexuality
Shannon Jackson: performance theory
Trinh T. Minh-ha: feminist theory, film
Pheng Cheah: feminist theory
Linda Williams: pornography, feminist theory
Kaja Silverman: psychoanalysis, feminist theory
Carol Clover, emerita faculty: feminist theory, media
Charis Thompson: feminist theory, gender and science

Film and Media Studies
Several faculty members concentrate on the theoretical and cultural
dimensions of images with a particular emphasis on the rhetoric of
contemporary media. The fields we offer in this area include film
theory and criticism, photography, pornography, representations of
race, gender and media, and spectatorship.

Carol Clover, emerita faculty: popular culture
Anton Kaes, affiliated faculty: German cinema, film theory Kaja
Silverman: film theory, photography
Trinh T. Minh-ha: film theory and practice, aesthetics Linda Williams:
melodrama and pornography, genre David Cohen: Japanese cinema

 Literary and Cultural Studies
With faculty working in literary traditions that span the ancient,
medieval, early modern, modern, and contemporary world, the
Rhetoric Department offers graduate students the opportunity to study
literature from a perspective that emphasizes textuality,
interdisciplinary theoretical approaches, and cultural studies. In
particular, we support work in fields such as literature and philosophy,
law and literature, performance studies, post-colonial literatures,
literary history, and social and political dimensions of literature.

Judith Butler: philosophy and literature
Pheng Cheah: post-colonial literature and theory
Anthony J. Cascardi: philosophy and literature, early modern Spanish
Daniel Boyarin: Judaism and Christianity
Shannon Jackson: Performance theory, drama
Ramona Naddaff: Ancient Greek literature and philosophy,
Daniel F. Melia: medieval literature, orality, Celtic
Kaja Silverman: semiotics
Carol Clover, emerita faculty: medieval literature, orality, popular
Michael Wintroub - Renaissance rhetoric, vernacular consciousness
and literature; Charis Thompson – Feminist theory; Victoria Kahn,
Affiliated faculty - Renaissance literature and rhetoric; Seymour
Chatman, Emeritus faculty - Narrative theory.

Race and Ethnicity
Questions of race and ethnicity play an important role in the work of a
number of Rhetoric faculty. Their fields range from ancient religious
identity to post-colonialism and American discourses of race, and
include approaches that draw on other theoretical disciplines.

Faculty: Trinh T. Minh-ha - African studies, post-colonialism; Judith
Butler; Daniel Boyarin - Judaism; Linda Williams - Media and Race;
Shannon Jackson - Whiteness, Race and Performance; Charis
Thompson – Race and science.

See the Rhetoric webpage under individual faculty names for
complete bibliographies.

David Bates
PhD Chicago, History
European intellectual history, 18th-20th c, Enlightenment thought and
culture, Political and revolutionary discourse, Philosophy of history
      Enlightenment Aberrations: Error and Revolution in France
          (Cornell University Press, 2002)
      “Idols and Insight: An Enlightenment Topography of
          Representations 73 (Winter 2001)
      “The Mystery of Truth: Louis Claude de Saint-Martin’s
           Enlightened Mysticism,” Journal of the History of Ideas
          62:3 (October 2000)
      “Rediscovering Collingwood’s Spiritual History (In and Out of
          Context),” History and Theory 35:1 (February 1996)

Daniel Boyarin
PhD Jewish Theological Seminary, Talmud
Talmud, Judaism and Christianity in Late Antiquity, Religion and
systems of sex and gender, rhetoric of interpretation, Politics of
rhetoric/philosophy in antiquity
     Border Lines: The Partition of Judeo-Christianity (University of
         Pennsylvania Press, 2004)
     Sparks of the Logos: Essays in Midrashic Hermeneutics (Brill,
     Dying for God: Martyrdom and the Making of Christianity and
         Judaism, Figurae (Stanford University Press, 1999)
         Unheroic Conduct: The Rise of Heterosexuality and the
         Invention of the Jewish Man (University of California
         Press, 1997)
     Jews and Other Differences: The New Jewish Cultural Studies,
         Jonathan Boyarin, co-editor (University of Minnesota Press,

Judith Butler
PhD Yale, Philosophy
Feminist theory, sexuality studies,19th and 20th century continental
philosophy, Philosophy and literature, Social and political thought
      Giving an Account of Oneself (Fordham University Press,
      The Judith Butler Reader, ed. Sara Salih (Blackwell
         Publishers, 2004)
      Precarious Life: The Power of Mourning and Violence
         (Verso Books, 2004)
      Antigone’s Claim: Kinship Between Life and Death (Columbia
         University Press, 2000)
      Contingency, Hegemony, and Universality, co-authored with
          Slavoj Zizek and Ernesto Laclau (Verso, 2000)

Anthony J. Cascardi
PhD Harvard, Romance Languages and Literatures
Philosophy and literature, Aesthetics, the Novel, Critical Theory,
Renaissance/Early Modern
      The Cambridge Companion to Cervantes (Cambridge
         University Press, 2002)
      Consequences of Enlightenment: Aesthetics as Critique
        (Cambridge University Press, 1999)
      The Subject of Modernity (Cambridge University Press,

Seymour Chatman (Emeritus)
PhD Michigan, English
Narrative structure and style in film and literature, Language of Film,
Relation between film and novel, Semiotics
      Michelangelo Antonioni: The Investigation (Taschen, 2004)
      Coming to Terms: The Rhetoric of Narrative in Fiction and
         Film (Cornell University Press, 1990)
      "Parody and Style," Poetics Today, 22:1 (Spring, 2001)
      "Slant Ironizes Filter" and "Introduction” in Narrative
         Perspective: Cognition and Emotion, edited by Will van
         Peer and Seymour Chatman (State University of New
         York Press, 2001)

Pheng Cheah
PhD Cornell, English Literature
18th-20th c. continental philosophy and critical theory, Postcolonial
theory and anglophone postcolonial literatures, Theory of
globalization, Philosophy and literature, Legal philosophy, Social
and political thought, Feminist theory
     Spectral Nationality: Passages of Freedom from Kant to
         Postcolonial Literatures of Liberation (Columbia University
         Press, 2003)
     Cosmopolitics – Thinking and Feeling Beyond the Nation, ed.
         with Bruce Robbins (University of Minnesota Press, 1998)
     Thinking Through the Body of the Law, ed. with David Fraser
         and Judith Grbich (Allen and Unwin, 1996; New York
         University Press, 1996)
     “Irigaray and The Political Future of Sexual Difference,” ed. with
         Elizabeth Grosz, Diacritics 28:1 (Spring 1998)

Carol J. Clover
PhD Berkeley, Scandinavian
Film and popular culture, Oral literature, orality and literacy, Medieval
literature (esp. Germanic vernacular), Feminist theory
       Trials, Movies, and the Adversarial Imagination (Princeton
          University Press, forthcoming)
       Pulp Fiction (British Film Institute Classic, forthcoming)
          "Dancin' in the Rain," Critical Inquiry (1995)
       Men, Women, and Chain Saws: Gender in the Modern
          Horror Film (Princeton University Press, 1992)

David Cohen
JD Berkeley, PhD Cambridge, Classics and Ancient History
Social theory, Legal and social history, Legal philosophy, Classical
rhetoric, International law, Human rights
     Indifference and Accountability: The United Nations and
          the Politics of International Justice in East Timor
          (East-West Center, 2006)
     The Legacy of the Serious Crimes Trials in East Timor
           (International Center for Transitional Justice, 2006)
     Law, Violence and Community in Classical Athens
          (Cambridge University Press, 1995)
     Law, Society, and Sexuality: The Enforcement of Morals at

         Classical Athens (Cambridge University Press, 1991)

Marianne Constable
JD, PhD Berkeley, Jurisprudence and Social Policy
Legal rhetoric and philosophy, Theories of interpretation, Social and
political thought, Anglo-American legal traditions, Contemporary law
and society
       Just Silences: The Limits and Possibilities of Modern Law
             (Princeton University Press, 2005)
       “On Not Leaving Law to the Lawyers,” in Law and the Liberal
            Arts, ed. Austin Sarat (Cornell University Press, 2004)
       “The Silence of the Law: Justice in Robert Cover’s ‘Field of
            Pain and Death’,” in Law, Violence and the Possibilities of
            Justice, ed.Austin Sarat (Princeton University Press,
        The Law of the Other: The Mixed Jury and Changing
            Conceptions of Citizenship, Law and Knowledge
            (University of Chicago Press, 1994)

Samara Esmeir
LLM, Tel-Aviv University; PhD, New York University, Law and
Colonialism and Modernity, War, Violence, Development, Memory,
Sociolegal Studies, Social and Political Thought, Middle Eastern
     "Memories of Conquest," in Touching a Painful Past, Lila Abu-
          Lughud and Ahmad Sa'di, eds. (Columbia University
          Press, forthcoming).
     “In the Name of Security: Introduction,” Adalah’s Review,
          vol. 4 (2004)
     “1948: History, Memory, Law,” Social Text 75, vol. 21, no. 2
          (Summer, 2003)

Shannon Jackson
PhD Northwestern, Performance Studies
Performance theory, American studies, Oral performance, Twentieth c.
theatre and performance art
      Social Works: The Infrastructural Politics of Performance
         (in progress)
      Professing Performance: Theater in the Academy from

         Philology to Performativity (Cambridge University Press,
      “Professing Performance: Institutional Genealogies,” The
         Drama Review (Spring 2001)
      Lines of Activity: Performance, Historiography and Hull-House
          Domesticity (University of Michigan Press, 2000)

Michael Mascuch
PhD Cambridge, History
Narrative and culture, Media and society, Early modern and modern
literature, especially British, British social and cultural history 1500-
1800; History and theory of orality and literacy, especially early modern
Europe, history and theory of historiography, autobiography and
narrative discourse, History, criticism and theory of the novel,
especially in English, Social theory, Literary theory, Popular culture,
Material culture
       “John Wesley, Superstar: Periodicy, Celebrity, and the
             Sensibility of Methodist Society in Wesley’s Journal
             (1740-1791),” in Rudolf Deckker, ed. Egodocuments in
             History: Autobiographical Writing, Personal Identity and
             Social Environment in Europe, 1000-1900 (Uitgeverij
              Verloren, 2002).
       “The Mirror of the Other: Self-Reflexivity and Self-Identity in
             Early Modern Religious Biography” in Kaspar von
             Greyerz, Hans Medick and Patrice Veit, eds., Von der
             dargestellten Person zum erinnerten Ich. Europäische
             Selbstzeungisse als historische Quelle, (Bohlau Verlag,
       Origins of the Individualist Self: Autobiography and Self-
             Identity in England, 1591-1791 (Polity Press/Stanford
             University Press, 1996)

Daniel F. Melia
PhD Harvard, Celtic
Oral literature, Celtic languages (Welsh, Irish), Folklore, Medieval
history and literature
       "Orality and Aesthetics in Aristotle's Rhetoric and Poetics,"
            appearing in Unbinding Proteus: New Directions in

           Oral Theory, ed. by Mark Amodio (Medieval and
           Renaissance Texts Society, Arizona State University Press,
     Celtic Language, Celtic Culture, ed. with A. T. E. Matonis
           (Ford & Bailie, 1989)

Ramona Naddaff
PhD Boston University, Philosophy
Ancient Greek philosophy and literature, Contemporary French
thought, History of philosophy, Aesthetics
    Censorship and the Novel: Case Studies in the Politics of
         Reading (The New Press, forthcoming)
    Exiling the Poets: The Production of Censorship in Plato’s
         Republic (University of Chicago Press, 2002)
    A History of French Thought Since 1945, v. 1 (History) and
         v. 2 (Literary Criticism), General Editor (The New Press,
         1996 and 1999)

Barbara Shapiro (Emerita)
PhD Harvard, History
Intellectual and cultural history, 1500-1700; Early modern legal and
political discourse; Science and society, 1500-1700; Tudor and Stuart
       "Fact and Proof of Fact in Anglo American Law," in How the
           Law Knows, ed. Austin Sarat (Stanford, 2007)
       A Culture of Fact: England 1550-1720 (Cornell University
            Press, 1999)
       `Beyond Reasonable Doubt' and `Probable Cause': Historical
           Perspectives on the Anglo American Law of Evidence
           (University of California Press, 1991)

Kaja Silverman
PhD Brown, English
Feminist theory, Psychoanalysis, Film theory, Cultural studies
     James Coleman, ed. S. Gaensheimer (Hatje Cantz, 2002).
     World Spectators (Stanford University Press, 2000)
     Speaking About Godard, with Harun Faroki (New York
         University Press, 1998)
     The Threshold of the Visible World (Routledge, 1996)
     Male Subjectivity at the Margins (Routledge, 1992)

Charis Thompson
PhD University of California, San Diego, Sociology (Science Studies)
Feminist theory, science and technology studies, Reproductive and
genetic technologies, Transnational comparative studies of
reproduction, population, biodiversity and environment
     Making Parents: The Ontological Choreography of
          Reproductive Technologies (MIT Press, 2005)
     “Fertile Ground: Feminists Theorize Infertility,” in eds.,
          M. Inhorn and F. van Balen, Interpreting Infertility:
          Childlessness, Gender,and New Reproductive
          Technologies In Global Perspective (University of
          California Press, 2002)
     “When Elephants Stand for Competing Models of Nature,”
          in A. Mol and J. Law eds., Complexity in Science,
          Technology, and Medicine (Duke University Press,

Trinh T. Minh-Ha
PhD Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, French and Francophone Literatures
Postcolonial theory, Film theory and aesthetics (Film (de)aesthetics,
French cinema, Third cinema, Avant-Garde cinema, Documentary,
Ideology and Film), Film and video production, Feminist theory social,
art and literary theory, Continental philosophy, Eastern philosophy,
Music composition and ethnomusicology, Cultural anthropology, Visual
culture, cultural politics, African studies
      "Desert Wash" (Text) and Bodies of the Desert (20-min
           Digital video) in Bodyscapes (Book of
           Photography) by Jean-Paul Bourdier (Earth Aware
           Editions, 2007)
      Jean-Paul Bourdier and Trinh Minh-ha, Habiter un monde
           (on West African architectures) (Editions Alternatives,
      The Digital Film Event (Routledge, 2005)
      Cinema Interval (Routledge, 1999)

Linda Williams
PhD Colorado, Comparative Literature
Film history and genre, Melodrama and pornography, Feminist theory,
Visual Culture
     Screening Sex (Duke, forthcoming)
     Porn Studies (Duke University Press, 2004)
     Playing the Race Card: Melodramas of Black and White from
         Uncle Tom to O. J. Simpson (Princeton University Press,
     Reinventing Film Studies, with Christine Gledhill (Edward
         Arnold, 2000)
     Hard Core: Power, Pleasure and the Frenzy of the Visible
         (University of California Press, 1989, 1999)

Michael Wintroub
PhD University of California, Los Angeles, European History
Ritual, travel, social change, identity formation, alterity, cross-cultural
contact, popular and court culture, state-building, religion,
humanism, vernacular consciousness and literature, material and
visual culture, history and sociology of science, history of
anthropology, intellectual history
      A Savage Mirror: Power, Identity and Knowledge in Early
            Modern France (Stanford University Press, 2006)
      ”L’ordre du rituel et l’ordre des choses: l’entrée royale
            d’Henri II à Rouen (1550),” Annales: Histoire, Sciences
            Sociales 56 (mars-avril, 2001)
      “Taking Stock at the End of the World: Rites of Distinction
            and Practices of Collecting in Early Modern Europe,”
            Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 30
       “Civilizing the Savage and Making a King: the Royal Entry
                Festival of Henri II (Rouen, 1550),” the Sixteenth
                Century Journal 29 (1998)

Affiliated Faculty
These faculty are in departments other than Rhetoric but participate as
members of Rhetoric graduate student committees. See their home
department web pages for more publications.

Hubert L. Dreyfus
PhD Harvard (Department of Philosophy)
Continental philosophy, Cognitive science, Artificial intelligence,
Philosophy of technology
      Thinking and Action: On the Internet, Revised 2nd
         ed.(Routledge, 2002)
      Disclosing New Worlds: Entrepreneurship, Democratic
         Action, and the Cultivation of Solidarity, with Charles
          Spinosa and Fernando Flores (MIT Press, 1997)
      What Computers Still Can't Do, 3rd ed. of What Computers
         Can't Do: A Critique of Artificial Reason (MIT Press, 1992)

Martin Jay
PhD Harvard (Department of History)
European intellectual history, 19th & 20th c., Marxist theory, Visual
discourse and culture
     Refractions of Violence (Routledge, 2003)
     Cultural Semantics: Keywords of our Time (University of
          Massachusetts Press, 1998)
     The Dialectical Imagination: A History of the Frankfurt Schoo
          and the Institute of Social Research, 1923-1950 (Little,
          Brown, 1973; 2nd ed., University of California Press, 1996)
     Force Fields: Between Intellectual History and Cultural
          Critique (Routledge, 1993)

Anton Kaes
PhD Stanford (Department of German and Film Studies)
Film theory, German cinema
      Fritz Lang's M (British Film Institute, 2000)
      "Has the Picture Started Yet?" in Von der Nahe der Bilder,
           ed. Wolfgang Jacobsen (Berlin: Filme Verlag, 1998)
      "Leaving Home: Film, Migration, and the Urban Experience"
          New German Critique 74 (Spring/Summer 1998)
      The Weimar Republic Sourcebook, co-editor (University of

         California Press, 1994)

Victoria Kahn
PhD Yale (Departments of Comparative Literature and English)
Renaissance literature, Rhetoric and poetics, Literary theory, History of
       Wayward Contracts: The Crisis of Political Obligation in
         England,1640-1674 (Princeton, 2004)
       Rhetoric and Law in Early Modern Europe, ed. with Lorna
          Hutson (Yale University Press, 2001)
       Machiavellian Rhetoric: From the Counter-Reformation to
         Milton (Princeton University Press, 1994)
       Machiavelli and the Discourse of Literature, co-edited with
         Albert Ascoli (Cornell University Press, 1993)
       Rhetoric, Prudence, and Skepticism in the Renaissance
         (Cornell University Press, 1985)

Anthony Long
PhD University of London (Department of Classics)
Ancient philosophy, Greek literature
      Cambridge Companion to Early Greek Philosophy
         (Cambridge University Press, 1999)
      Stoic Studies (Cambridge University Press, 1996)
      Images and Ideologies: Self-definition in the Hellenistic
         World, ed. with A. W. Bulloch, E. S. Gruen, A. Stewart
         (University of California Press, 1993)

Hans Sluga
BPhil, Oxford (Department of Philosophy)
Twentieth century European philosophy, analytic and continental,
Wittgenstein, Foucault, Political philosophy
      The Cambridge Companion to Wittgenstein, ed. with David
         Stern (Cambridge University Press, 1996)
      The Philosophy of Frege, ed. with introductions, vol. 1-4
      Heidegger's Crisis: Philosophy and Politics in Nazi Germany
         (Harvard University Press, 1993)


The PhD program in Rhetoric provides a framework in which students
develop the expertise necessary to produce a doctoral dissertation that
meets the high standards of graduate programs at this institution.
Such preparation is an indispensable basis for the kind of original
scholarly research required for an academic career. Through its
graduate research seminars and opportunities for teaching in the
undergraduate curriculum, the Rhetoric doctoral program aims at
training scholars who are prepared to make valuable contributions to
the discipline in scholarship and teaching.

Although students are not admitted to work for only the MA, the MA is
awarded after successfully completing departmental course
requirements, passing the MA exam, and fulfilling the academic
residence requirement. An MA Review during the third semester
allows the student and the department to decide whether the student
will proceed in the PhD program.

Each student must serve as a teaching assistant or instructor for at
least one year and is expected to participate in the introductory
pedagogy seminar (Rhetoric 300).

Unit and Course Requirements
The first 2 years of the graduate program are designed to introduce
students to the rhetorical tradition and the variety of contemporary
approaches to rhetorical theory and practice. The program is
structured around an intensive two-semester sequence of seminars
(200 and 205) in the history and theory of rhetoric which must be taken
during the student's first year; a seminar offered in the department
whose focus is on rhetorical matters before 1800; and two additional
research seminars selected from the department's offerings.

During the first 3 semesters the student must take at least 6 semester
courses of which at least 5 must be graduate courses in Rhetoric (200,
205, the pre-1800 rhetoric seminar and two additional research
seminars). No Graduate Division credit towards the MA degree will be
awarded for courses other than those in the 100 and 200 series.

Academic Residence
To complete the academic residence requirements--not to be confused
with state residence--the MA candidate must enroll for at least two
semesters with a minimum of 4 upper division or graduate units per
semester. Full-time study is defined by the Graduate Division as 8-12
units of upper division or graduate course work. Graduate student
instructors and research assistants must enroll for a minimum of 6
units. Recipients of fellowship support, veterans benefits, or
nonresident tuition fellowship support, if they are not also teaching
assistants or associates, are required to register for a minimum of 8

Doctoral students must complete a minimum of four semesters of
academic residence before taking their Qualifying Exam. Currently the
requirement is four semesters with at least four units of upper division
or graduate work each semester.

Grading and Independent Study
All required courses must be taken for a letter grade. Only courses
graded A, B, C (+/-), Pass, or Satisfactory may be applied to degree
requirements. Courses graded below C- do not yield unit credit toward
a graduate degree, irrespective of the overall grade point average. No
more than one-third of the Master's program may be fulfilled by
courses graded Pass or Satisfactory. Graduate students are required
to maintain a B (or 3.0) grade point average.

Graduate courses in the Rhetoric 300 and 600 series do not count
toward residency or unit requirements. Courses in the 600 series are
graded Satisfactory or Unsatisfactory (S or U). Special Study (Rhetoric
295) may be graded on an S/U basis or letter-graded and may be
repeated for a maximum of 6 units. Directed Research (dissertation
work, Rhetoric 299) is graded S/U.

All graduate students enrolled in independent study courses (295) who
have not yet been advanced to candidacy for the PhD will be required
to submit either a brief description of the research completed for the
course together with a bibliography of the books read or a paper
written for the course. A copy of all the material submitted for each
independent or special study course will be placed in the student's file.

Foreign Language Requirements
Candidates for the PhD are required to demonstrate competence in
two foreign languages. Graduate Division accepts any natural
language with a system of writing if the Department certifies that 1) the
language has scholarly value in the field; 2) the language is integral to
the training of a particular student; and 3) a person qualified to
administer the examination is available. Deadlines for fulfilling
language requirements are strictly enforced. The first language
requirement should be fulfilled by the time of the MA Review, in no
event later than the end of the fourth semester. Failure to do so will be
grounds for immediate dismissal. The second language requirement
must be completed by the end of the semester preceding that in which
the written Qualifying Examination is to be taken for the student to be
admitted to the Qualifying Examination.

One of the two language requirements must be fulfilled by
examination, in accordance with the regulations of the Graduate
Division: translation of a 300-500 word passage with the aid of a
dictionary in no more than 90 minutes. The examinations are regularly
administered in the Department, in November and March.

The other of the two language requirements must be fulfilled by course
work. The student must demonstrate advanced competence in the
language of his or her choice by completing an upper division course
at UC Berkeley with the grade of B or better. Course sequences of four
semesters (six quarters) in a certified language completed at any UC
campus automatically fulfill the requirement. Courses taken at other
institutions must be approved by Graduate Division.

Progress to PhD

                                                By end of semester:

          Rhetoric 200, 205, and 2 other Rhetoric seminars              2

          MA exam                                                       3

          One language requirement fulfilled; MA Review;
          advance to candidacy for MA; pre-1800 seminar                 3

          Second language requirement fulfilled                         5

          Three fields established, committee members chosen
          (four), book lists negotiated                                 5

          Written and oral qualifying exams, advancement to
              candidacy                                                 6

          Dissertation                                                10

The first two years
Students take the written examination for the MA at the beginning of
the third semester of residence, following completion of the required
two-semester seminar sequence on the history and theory of rhetoric
(200 and 205). All graduate students must take this examination.

The MA Examination is a comprehensive examination administered by
a committee of two or three faculty members appointed by the
Graduate Advisor. The examination is based upon readings (required
and recommended) from Rhetoric 200 and 205 and tests the student's
familiarity with the basic texts and issues in the history and theory of
rhetoric. A student who fails the MA Examination may be allowed to
take it one more time; this re-examination will be conducted by the
same committee that administered the first examination. All entering
graduate students must pass the MA Examination no later than the

end of their fourth semester in order to proceed in the doctoral

Applications for candidacy for the MA must be filed no later than the
end of the fifth week of instruction of the semester in which the MA will
be awarded. The MA candidate is responsible for observing the filing
date, completing the application, and obtaining the signature of the
Graduate Advisor.

The committee appointed to administer the MA Examination also
reviews the student's record as a whole in order to determine whether
he or she should be permitted to proceed to the PhD Program. This
review of the student's record will pay particular attention to the
following criteria:

    Performance in the 5 graduate courses in Rhetoric required
     for the MA. Performance is evaluated not only by grades, but
     also through written evaluations prepared by the instructors in
     these courses.

    Performance in the MA Examination.

    A brief presentation of the general area of study he or she
     wishes to pursue and, if possible, the specific subject area of
     the dissertation.

    Plans for completion of the second foreign language

The years to completion
To qualify for PhD candidacy, each student must meet the following
Graduate Division and departmental requirements:

      1. He or she must pass the MA Examination and receive the
         recommendation of the MA Review Committee to continue
         graduate study in the doctoral program.

2. He or she must complete the second language requirement
   by the fifth semester, before admission to the Qualifying

3. He or she must complete a minimum of one graduate
   seminar each semester until completion of the Qualifying

4. In preparation for the Qualifying Examinations each
   student prepares a reading list in each of the three areas
   in which he or she proposes to be examined. This reading
   list is prepared in consultation with the faculty members
   who will administer the examination. The negotiation of
   the book lists is important in establishing both the scope
   and emphases for each field. The student should be clear
   about the relative importance of the reading list for each
   field; book lists may be organized with primary and
   secondary readings. At least two members of the four-
   person Qualifying Exam committee must be from the
   Rhetoric Department; at least one committee member
   must be from outside the department, and the chair and
   outside member must be members of the Berkeley
   Division of the Academic Senate. The chair of the
   Qualifying Exam committee cannot serve as chair of the
   student's dissertation committee.

5. The student must pass a departmental written Qualifying
   Examination of 4000 to 7000 words which will require him
   or her to demonstrate a mastery of the major texts and
   relevant scholarship in the three areas of specialization.
   The chairman of the examination committee will notify the
   student in writing of the result of the examination and of
   any conditions that may be imposed.

   Failing this written examination is cause for dropping the
   student from the graduate program. The examination
   committee may, however, recommend to the Graduate
   Advisor that a second examination be administered by the
   same committee. The second examination must be
   administered no later than one semester following the first

   attempt; failure on the second attempt will automatically
   result in the student being dropped from the program.

6. Within two months and usually about 2 weeks after
   passing the written Qualifying Examination the candidate
   must pass the oral Qualifying Examination. This
   examination is not limited to the dissertation topic, but
   rather tests the breadth and depth of knowledge in the
   three areas of specialization. The four members of the
   written Qualifying Committee also serve on the Committee
   for the oral examination and normally the dissertation
   committee as well. Officially, the Committee is nominated
   by the Graduate Advisor and appointed by the Graduate
   Dean (accomplished by submitting the Application for
   Qualifying Examination to Graduate Division at least 3
   weeks before the oral Qualifying Examination).

7. When the requirements enumerated above have been
   satisfactorily completed, the student files an Application
   for Candidacy with the Graduate Division. The student
   completes and returns the form with the candidacy fee
   (currently $65) to the Graduate Division as soon as
   possible after completion of the Qualifying Examination in
   order to take full advantage of eligibility for fee-offset
   grants and time-in-candidacy. Advancement to Candidacy
   for the PhD, carries with it reduced fees and the degree of
   C. Phil. (Candidate in Philosophy).

8. Within 3 months of Advancement to Candidacy, the
   student is required to submit a dissertation prospectus for
   approval to the dissertation advisor. The dissertation
   proposal should be approximately fifteen pages, double-
   spaced. It should state the proposed argument of the
   dissertation, survey the current scholarship on the subject,
   situate the argument in the context of this scholarship, and
   provide a brief outline of the chapters of the dissertation.
   The prospectus should also include a bibliography of
   primary and secondary works to be consulted during the
   period of dissertation research.

      9. The Graduate Division has established a Normative Time to
         Degree requirement: graduate students in Rhetoric are
         expected to pass the Qualifying Examinations by the end of
         their sixth semester of residence (normally three semesters
         after the MA Review). Failure to complete the Qualifying
         Examination by the end of the ninth semester of residence is
         grounds for dismissal. The Normative Time to Degree
         requirements also specify that the dissertation should be
         submitted by the twelfth semester.

The fourth and fifth years should be devoted to writing the

Annual review
Annual reviews take different forms depending on the student's stage
in the program. For students before the MA, the MA review in fall of
the second year functions as the annual review. For students past the
MA who have not yet taken their qualifying exams or advanced to
candidacy for the PhD, the Graduate Advisor and one or two other
faculty members from the Advisory Committee meet with them during
spring semester to discuss the student's progress toward the degree
and to plan the academic program for the next year. After
advancement, students are required to meet each spring with their
dissertation advisor and at least one other dissertation committee
member. The student and the committee report to the Department and
Graduate Division on progress to date and if necessary revise the
timetable for completion of the dissertation.

Teaching and financial support
Students who meet the timetable will be eligible for but not
guaranteed appointment as Graduate Student Instructors for four
years. Most graduate students hold teaching assistantships for a
substantial portion of their graduate careers. Normally, the first
assistantship begins in the first semester of graduate study; graduate
teaching appointments are usually available for up to eight semesters.
(See for Graduate Division
rules and regulations regarding GSIs.)

The Department recognizes that for the graduate student, the
educational and financial benefits of teaching are eventually offset by
its time demands. Students therefore are encouraged to actively seek
out and apply for university and outside sources of financial aid,
especially for the semesters immediately following the qualifying
exam. Graduate Division has excellent resources in its Fellowship
Office, 318 Sproul. Applications take time and advance planning: ask
for help, request letters of recommendation well in advance of
deadlines. (See
for Berkeley and extramural fellowship deadlines.)

University fellowships including dissertation year fellowships are
awarded by Graduate Division during spring semester on the basis of
nominations by the Department. Applications are available from the
Department office.

Departments award continuing student fellowships and non-resident
tuition waivers out of an annual "block grant." Applications are
available in the Department office. The application deadline is at the
beginning of March.

Foreign Language and Area Studies Fellowships (FLAS) enable US
citizens and permanent residents to acquire a high level of
competence in one or more languages. There are academic year
awards and summer awards. Students may pick up FLAS
applications at the Graduate Services Desk (318 Sproul) starting in
October. FLAS applications must be submitted by January 5.

Wollenberg Grants are awarded by a Rhetoric Department committee
twice a year. Application deadlines are October 15 and February 15.
These modest awards (between $50 and $700) help students offset
expenses for a wide range of activities from archival research to
conference attendance and copyright permissions.

The Dean’s Normative Time Fellowship (DNTF) program offers an
incentive to reduce the average amount of time taken to complete a
doctoral degree. Students who take their Qualifying Exams and
advance to candidacy by June 30 of their third year are awarded two
semesters of DNTF, $16,000 in stipend and payment of fees and

nonresident tuition. Students who advance before June 30 of their
fourth year are awarded one semester of DNTF.

Reduced Nonresident Tuition: Nonresident students who advance to
candidacy for the PhD have the annual nonresident tuition fee reduced
by 75 percent for a maximum of 3 years.

Filing Fee: University regulations require students to be registered to
receive a degree. However, the Filing Fee (under $300) may be
substituted for the registration fee if the student was enrolled the
previous term.

Departmental records
The Department of Rhetoric maintains two kinds of records on each
student: academic and employment. Graduate academic files are
maintained in the Rhetoric Graduate Office and are accessible to the
individual student; to the Graduate Advisor; to the Graduate Assistant;
and to members of review committees. The student's file is usually
available to him or her upon oral or written request, except for letters of
recommendation to which the student has waived inspection rights.

Graduate students' employment records are also maintained in the
Rhetoric Graduate Office. These files contain performance evaluations
as well as records on length of employment. These matters are
regarded as confidential and are accessible only to ladder faculty on
the 1A/B Committee, to appointed review committees, and to the
person maintaining the records. Employment files are not available to
the student or to any "outside" parties.

The policies for reviewing, challenging, and expunging academic
records are described in the department's grievance procedures.
Further information on University policy in regard to access to student
records and policy regarding disclosures of information pertaining to
students is available from the College of Letters and Science.
Individuals' addresses and phone numbers are not made available to
the public unless the department has received permission to do so.
Information such as dates of attendance, degrees granted, awards
received, dissertation topics, and employment verification will ordinarily
be released upon oral or written request to appropriate officials unless

the student requests otherwise in writing. Copies of records will be
reproduced in reasonable quantities for students at the actual cost to
the department of such copying on departmental equipment.

Registration requirement
Students must be registered throughout their graduate careers. The
only exceptions are those semesters during which they officially
withdraw from the University or are on Filing Fee status. No student
may fail to register in any semester without having first obtained a
formal release in the form of a withdrawal; failure to file for formal
release constitutes voluntary withdrawal from the University and
precludes readmission.

The requirement of full-time continuous registration for graduate
students is satisfied by attendance in the two semesters of an
academic year. A student is required to be registered or pay the Filing
Fee, whichever is applicable, for the semester in which the degree is
conferred. Most international students have non-immigrant (F-1 or J-1)
visas that require registration for fall and spring semesters of each
academic year unless they have special permission from Services for
International Students and Scholars (SISS). International students
who want to withdraw from the University or go on Filing Fee Status
must discuss their plans with an Advisor at SISS before they withdraw
in order to avoid visa problems with US Immigration.

Consistent with these principles, graduate students must register in
any semester in which they are enrolled in formal courses of
instruction, or making any use of University facilities, including access
to the faculty, except those uses that are accorded the general public.


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