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‫3102‬
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     ‫ا‬                                             ‫ع‬            ‫ا‬

‫9‬        ‫....................................................................................‬

‫31‬       ‫.............................‬      ‫لا ر‬           ‫ّ‬             ‫اّ‬           ‫ّ ا ول : ا آ‬                       ‫ا‬

‫31‬          ‫..........................................................................‬                                 ‫- ا‬

‫52‬       ‫.......................................................‬                  ‫و‬            ‫لا‬            ‫أ‬

‫62‬       ‫...............................................................‬              ‫و‬         ‫ا‬

‫33‬       ‫‪............................................................... ATCE‬‬                           ‫ا‬

‫93‬       ‫ا رج .........................................................‬                             ‫آ‬

‫04‬       ‫د ....................................................................‬                 ‫ا‬           ‫أو‬

‫34‬       ‫" ..................................................‬            ‫ل"‬                     ‫آ‬           ‫د‬

‫84‬       ‫............................................................‬             ‫ا ورات ا ر‬

                  ‫ّ ل ا ر‬                      ‫ّف ا آ ا ّ‬                   ‫:‬                  ‫ّ اّ‬                ‫ا‬
‫35‬       ‫....................................................‬              ‫را‬                   ‫ا‬

                  ‫وا‬               ‫ت وا ات وا‬                    ‫ت اّ‬             ‫:‬                 ‫ا‬              ‫ا‬
‫96‬        ‫" .................‬         ‫م"‬                       ‫و‬    ‫وا‬        ‫ا‬           ‫ا‬                      ‫وا‬

‫37‬       ‫.................................................................‬                    ‫اءة ر‬
            ‫ّ‬ ‫:1( ه ن‬   ‫ن ا ا ن وا و ن ا ّ م ا‬                                                               ‫ا‬
            ‫5( ه ى‬            ‫د 4(‬    ‫نا‬  ‫3(‬    ‫ا‬                                                            ‫2( أ‬
         ‫9(‬      ‫ر 8( ر ا‬          ‫7( ر ا‬         ‫6(‬                                                        ‫ن‬
         ‫ح‬     ‫ا 21(‬         ‫ا اه 11(‬     ‫01( ا‬     ‫ا‬                                                       ‫ن‬


                                               ‫3‬
                ‫ر 41( ّ اد ا ّات 51(‬                              ‫31( ا‬              ‫ا‬    ‫ا‬
              ‫ا‬         ‫81(‬                ‫حا‬          ‫ي رك 71(‬              ‫61(‬          ‫ا‬
             ‫ا‬        ‫اد 12(‬                       ‫ي 02( ا‬          ‫ا‬          ‫ا‬       ‫91(‬
                ‫42( ا‬                  ‫32( ا ذ‬               ‫ا‬              ‫22(‬           ‫ا‬
             ‫وي 72( رؤوف‬                 ‫ّ ا‬         ‫ي 62(‬        ‫52( ا دي ا‬
      ‫وي 03( ّ ا دي‬                         ‫حا‬          ‫ا ي 92(‬                 ‫رو 82(‬
                   ‫ا ري 33( آ ل‬                     ‫ة 23(‬                 ‫13( ا‬           ‫ا‬
      ‫ّاد 73(‬              ‫ّ ت 63(‬                    ‫53(‬                    ‫43( ّ ا‬
            ‫93( ا زري ا ّاد 04(‬                       ‫ا ّ 83( ا دي ا ّ‬
        ‫ز 34( ّ‬                         ‫24( ا‬               ‫ا ادي 14( ّ‬                   ‫ا‬
      ‫ا 64( آ ل‬                   ‫وب 54( رؤوف‬                      ‫رة 44( ر ا‬
               ‫ة 94( ا‬                   ‫ا‬          ‫84(‬        ‫وي 74( ر ا‬                 ‫ا‬
      ‫ة‬        ‫25(‬            ‫ا‬      ‫ا‬        ‫15(‬          ‫ا ّ‬           ‫ري 05(‬           ‫ا‬
          ‫ا ّه ر 55( ّوز‬                 ‫45( ا‬            ‫ا دق‬              ‫35(‬           ‫ا‬
      ‫ا ّاي 95(‬               ‫رة 85(‬              ‫75( ا ّ‬                       ‫65(‬
                ‫26( ا‬           ‫زآ ي 16( زه ا‬                     ‫06(‬            ‫ا ر‬
         ‫56( آ ل ا ا‬                ‫ا ا‬              ‫46(‬              ‫36( ّ‬               ‫ا‬
      ‫ن‬                 ‫ا ا 86(‬                  ‫76( ّ ا‬                ‫ا‬        ‫66( ر ا‬
        ‫27( ّ‬               ‫ا‬       ‫وي 07( إ ب ا وش 17(‬                       ‫ا‬        ‫96(‬
                   ‫57(‬                         ‫47( ا‬
                                               ‫ِ‬              ‫ل ا ّ‬          ‫37(‬          ‫ا‬
      ‫ّ ـ ا ة‬             ‫ا ّ دي 87(‬          ‫ح 77( ـ‬           ‫د‬          ‫ا ري 67(‬
      ‫ّ ش‬               ‫18(‬                ‫حا‬          ‫ا ـ ي 08(‬                   ‫97( ّ‬
      ‫ا ــ ي‬                  ‫ر 48(‬                    ‫اّ‬      ‫38(‬               ‫د‬     ‫28(‬
             ‫88(‬             ‫78( ر‬           ‫ت 68( ن‬                   ‫ّ ر ء‬           ‫58(‬
‫57‬
       ‫..................‬        ‫09( ّ ر د‬                              ‫98(‬               ‫ا‬
      ‫6991‬                 ‫ا و ا ون‬                         ‫وإ‬        ‫و‬             ‫و‬
‫811‬   ‫ا ّ م ...................................................................‬     ‫ع‬


      ‫ت و ق‬                           ‫"وا ا ام‬           ‫ع‬         ‫ا‬       ‫ون‬         ‫ا‬
‫321‬   ‫ت 5002 ...........................................‬               ‫ا‬   ‫ل‬      ‫ن‬       ‫ا‬


                                           ‫4‬
‫421‬     ‫ا ن ............................‬         ‫و ن وا‬            ‫ا‬               ‫نا‬                 ‫ا‬

                ‫ت ا‬          ‫ا‬         ‫ادات وا ه ت‬                                 ‫: ا‬           ‫ّ ا ّا‬           ‫ا‬
‫941‬   ‫...........................................................‬                    ‫وا‬                ‫ا‬

            ‫ء -‬        ‫ا‬         ‫)وآ‬     ‫م ا ّ‬    ‫: ا‬      ‫ّ ا‬                                                    ‫ا‬
         ‫- إذا ا ّ ب - ا ذا‬       ‫12" - ا ذا ا‬       ‫7" و"‬     ‫"‬
‫591‬      ‫"(‬      ‫"‪ "La Presse‬و"ا‬       ‫-‬       ‫- ا ذا ت ا‬      ‫ا‬

‫302‬                                                       ‫ما ص‬
       ‫ّ ..................................................‬                            ‫ّ ا ّ دس : ا‬               ‫ا‬

‫302‬    ‫..........................................................................‬
‫312‬   ‫............................................................................‬
‫512‬    ‫............................................................‬                    ‫ا ذا ت ا‬
‫712‬   ‫ّ .............................................................‬                   ‫ا‬        ‫ا ّ‬
‫022‬    ‫اب .............................................................‬                     ‫ا‬

             ‫رة 41‬                               ‫ا م‬              ‫ا ّ‬                  ‫:ا‬         ‫ّا ّ‬            ‫ا‬
‫522‬   ‫م ....‬   ‫ا‬   ‫با م‬                     ‫وا‬                ‫ا‬                    ‫ا‬            ‫1102 و‬

‫522‬   ‫..............................................................‬                   ‫تا‬             ‫ا‬

‫722‬   ‫...........................................................................‬                     ‫ا‬

‫432‬   ‫( ...................‬           ‫ا‬           ‫)ا‬               ‫ا‬               ‫با م‬               ‫ا‬

‫532‬   ‫.......................................................................‬                        ‫• ا‬
‫932‬   ‫..............................................................‬                    ‫ا‬                 ‫•‬
‫042‬   ‫.........................................................................‬                      ‫• ا‬
‫142‬   ‫............................................................‬                     ‫م وا‬          ‫• ا‬
‫342‬   ‫ز ......................................................................‬                       ‫• ا‬

      ‫ت‬       ‫وا إ ا اف ا‬                     ‫وا ّ ب ا‬                         ‫ا‬       ‫اآ‬
‫542‬   ‫..................................................‬                ‫وا ّ‬                    ‫وا‬            ‫ا‬

‫642‬   ‫.....‬     ‫اء ا ّ‬        ‫اء وا‬       ‫:ا‬              ‫ا‬                                 ‫با‬        ‫أ‬


                                            ‫5‬
‫742‬   ‫.........................‬       ‫نا ّ‬               ‫دة‬           ‫:ا ّتا‬             ‫ّاّ‬   ‫ا‬

‫552‬   ‫..........................................‬        ‫ّ تا ّ‬         ‫ّا‬     ‫:‬          ‫ّاّ‬   ‫ا‬

               ‫نو‬         ‫قا‬                ‫ّ ع‬                ‫ا‬      ‫: ا ا‬              ‫ّا‬    ‫ا‬
‫162‬   ‫...........................................................................‬

      ‫م‬      ‫ا‬       ‫ة" و‬          ‫ات "ا‬                ‫: ق ا ّد‬               ‫ّ ا دي‬          ‫ا‬
‫762‬   ‫دي .............................................................‬        ‫وا‬      ‫ا‬

‫572‬   ‫...........................‬        ‫ا‬   ‫ري ا ّ‬        ‫:اّ ّ ا ّ‬                      ‫ّا‬   ‫ا‬

‫772‬     ‫(‬      ‫ا ّأي ا‬               ‫ا‬       ‫)آ‬     ‫ر‬      ‫م وا‬        ‫:ا‬                ‫ّاّ‬   ‫ا‬

‫582‬    ‫زو " ............................................‬          ‫ا‬         ‫ا ّآ ر "ا‬
‫792‬    ‫و دا ....................................................‬              ‫آ وا ّ‬
‫992‬     ‫................................................................‬          ‫را ا‬
      ‫" و ّ اّ م ّ‬                      ‫"ا ب" ّ آ "ا ّ‬                             ‫ّ‬
‫103‬     ‫ا آ .........................................................................‬
‫203‬    ‫آ آ ...................................................................‬
‫303‬   ‫..................................................................‬       ‫ا ّ‬        ‫أ‬
‫503‬    ‫................................................................‬           ‫ا‬
                ‫آت–‬                ‫ي-‬          ‫ا‬      ‫ا ا م)‬                 ‫ن‬
‫603‬   ‫ي ...( ..........................................‬          ‫ا‬         ‫–ا‬             ‫ا‬
‫903‬   ‫ر ......................................................................‬            ‫أ‬
‫113‬   ‫ا ري ...............................................................‬
‫413‬    ‫..................................................................‬       ‫آ‬
‫613‬   ‫................................................................‬              ‫ّه‬    ‫ا‬
‫813‬    ‫( ................................................‬          ‫)ا ّ‬
‫323‬   ‫...................................................................‬
‫423‬    ‫ا ر ......................................................‬               ‫حا‬
‫623‬   ‫.........................................................................‬
‫723‬     ‫ذ ّ ّ ............................................................‬                ‫ا‬
‫033‬     ‫.................................................................‬          ‫ّ ا‬

                                             ‫6‬
‫133‬   ‫ر ...............................................................‬          ‫م‬
‫433‬   ‫ري ا ري ..............................................................‬
‫533‬    ‫رك ................................................................‬
‫633‬   ‫ّ ا ة ..................................................................‬
‫933‬     ‫ا ّ ي .................................................................‬
‫043‬   ‫آ ل ا و ................................................................‬
‫143‬   ‫اوي ............................................................‬      ‫ا‬      ‫را‬
‫243‬    ‫ّ ا ...................................................................‬
‫343‬   ‫...................................................................‬     ‫رق ا‬
‫443‬    ‫...............................................................‬        ‫را‬
‫543‬    ‫...................................................................‬      ‫ا ر‬
‫643‬     ‫..................................................................‬
‫743‬    ‫..................................................................‬      ‫لا‬
‫843‬   ‫ا رو ........................................................‬              ‫ا‬
‫943‬    ‫ر ّ .................................................................‬
‫053‬    ‫ا ري ................................................................‬
‫153‬   ‫د ا ّوادي ................................................................‬
‫253‬   ‫ّ ...................................................‬           ‫ي‬          ‫ّ‬




                                          ‫7‬
                           "   "
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2011


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                   .




               9
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          .


                                                                  :

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                                                                  2004




                                              (               )

                                     10
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                                                                                      •
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                                                      .

                                                              "             "         •




                                                          .

    2004                  "           "          2002                                 •
     2014                                                                                     2009




                                             11
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                                        "    "
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                                             •
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            .
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.




                    12
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                 ‫א‬                  ‫א‬          ‫א‬
    (Agence Tunisienne de Communication Extérieure)



             )
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                               .
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"                                                  "   "
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                                           : ATCE

                          13
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                  2006                                          ATCE


STB   (                  2                                             )
              ... STAR CTN T.Télécom                        BH BNA

                                                    ATCE        (2




                 ATCE
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          (              )                                      (3


      .

                                                            :



                15                    " Réalités"

                10
                                  "L’Economiste Maghrébin"
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                12                          "Le Temps"
                                           (2007       3)



                             14
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(                                                      )
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                                     :(                                                   )
    "                                                                          ATCE            •
« L’épopée illustrée de la                                     500                    "
             .                                                                                Tunisie »

                                                                           2010                •
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3000     "                       "                                                                 "
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                 ."          "                                 "
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Non Delanda Carthago : "                           "       "
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                                          15
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)
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    2002           –                                                     –
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)
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       ATCE                                    (...
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                                         17
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                                                                                    :2

    :                                      18

                                                                                              (1


                                                 ("        ") "       "
"                          " "                   " "                  " :                     )
"                           " "                       " "                    " "                    "
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                                                                                              (4



                                                      18
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                                        .
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           :                )
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                                                         (...
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.

                                                          :
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            ATCE                                          2009       8
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                       19
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.

                                            (10
    Associated Presse UIP Reuters AFP




             .

                                            (11




                       .

                                            (12


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                       ATCE
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                      20
            "               "                     "                   :1
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                "       "                             "       "
                                                                             .Reuters

                    "               "                             : 2
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                                                                                  ATCE
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                                                                  .

                                                                             (14


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"       "
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                                    22
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                                .
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8            "       "                        "ANN"
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        18                                         "
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                                                                  (24




" PRP " – (      ) "Image 7"                                            :   )
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                                                       ATCE       (25
News " "ANN" "NBN" "Anb"

                                    23
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(...                       –                  )                        (               –
    (...                               –               –                                                   )

           (... "                     " "                                  " "                         "           )

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                                2008                   "                                   "
France 24          "                          "                    "                           "
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               (                                  )
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                                                                                       •
                                                                                        .

                                                                                       •
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  )                (                                                          )         (
                       (2009
2005                                                  2001                                   )
               – 2004 1994                                                                   –
       –                            – 2006 2002 1998
                                )                         (...                        2010
                                             ... (2005

                                              .                                        •

  )"       "                                                                           •
               .(2009               "    "

                                                                                       •
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                                             25
       :


ATCE


           50

           100

           200

           320

             150


             290
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             800
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             800

           3000

                   50


                                    :
                    2009




                           26
                     ATCE



               UPI
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                     .
. 39.935                                                                 )
                                         50               (3
                                                                   (   UIP
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           .


. 13.770
                                     .
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. 12.980
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                                                          (1
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. 19.583                                                  (2
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           .2009                   60                     (3


                                   27
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                                                                       (1
. 24.974                         .                       ATCE
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. 41.397             "                                  ) "                              )
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                         )                        280                  (1
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. 48.220
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                 "                                                     (4
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                                                                       (5
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                                          28
                      ATCE

. 9.126    ("              "              )
                .              2009               44           (        )


                                                                   –        )

                    2009              51
. 6.601
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                                                                                )
                                      36
. 3.883
                                              2009
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                                      24                                    )
. 7.119                                       2009
                       .

                                                       (2011                14
                « anb »
. 10.352
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. 48.434                       .              2009
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                               29
                         ATCE

                              "              "

               "                  ")
                    "              ("
                   " "                                     " "
                                  "                         " "
                                      ... "                  "

           "                      " "                              "
                    ."                       " "                       "
                                                                       (3
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                                                                       (5
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               2009                                                    (6
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                                                     .
               ATCE                         56                         (1
. 14.639                                  .2009
                                                                       (2      (   )
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. 9.790
               Transcription des )


                                        30
                 ATCE

                       (conférences de presse
            .(                                  (   )
                                           (2


                  .(                      3)
. 47.000

. 14.573

. 13.860
. 12.941

. 11.805

. 11.647

 . 10.780
. 10.780
. 9.680
. 9.593
. 9.458
. 9.411
. 9.240
. 9.020
. 8.470
. 8.400
. 8.360
. 8.360
. 8.310

                         31
              ATCE

    . 8.250
    . 8.235
    . 7.920

    . 8.092

    . 7.719
    . 7.590
    . 7.480
    . 7.285
    . 7.119
    . 7.087

    . 7.087

    . 7.040


                                            )
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1992                                                             7
         Nicole Ladouceur
                                      La Tunisie une démocratie
1993            &
                                              naissante
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1995
                                          Tunisia di Ben Ali
                                    Ben Ali, à l’enseigne des grands
2002       Gateana pace                           défis
                                         (                       )


1995                                                   :         3   )
                                                 (
1997
1999                                     Les défis de Ben Ali

2005

1997
1997                                  Tunisie, Le destin recouvré
1998
                                      Un rêve plus loin- Carnets
1998
                                                 tunisiens
        Salvatore Lombardo               Un printemps tunisien
1998
        (Art-Sud            )                (               )
2000                                   La revanche de Carthage
2007                                    Chroniques Tunisiennes
1999                                 Ben Ali et le modèle Tunisien
2002    Valentin Mbougueng               La Tunisie en Afrique


                             43
                                           Instiutions et vie politique en
2006                (           )
                                                        Tunisie
                                          La Tunisie émergente une voie
2009
                                                  pour l’Afrique
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1999
                                                        politique

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                                    44
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         Luc Dupont
                                   La Tunisie, exemple de pays
2000                                          éclairé
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2003        Geyer                      country that works
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                           45
2003                                        .
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2007                                                     réalisations et les réformes du
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                                                46
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                       40                                 80                2008
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                                                      110
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                      123
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           2000
                                                                                        2003
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            144
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      Middle East       Anver Versi
Hommes d’Affaires
Hommes d’Affaires       Stephan Day
 Jewish Telegraph        Paul Harris
  House of Lords       Tom Mac Nally




Fr2                    Gérard Klein
Le Figaro Magazine   Joseph Mace-Scaron
         Fr2         Françoise Laborde
Le Figaro Magazine     Bruno Seznec
      Paris Match    Jean-Marie Bourget
         TV5         Fréderic Mitterand
 Valeurs Actuelles     Gérard Gachet
       Arabies
       Le Figaro      Michel Schiffres
       Le Figaro     Alain Gérard Slama


               145
            LCI                Jean Claude Dassier
       Radio France              Patrice Gelinet
            Fr3                 Christian Malard
    Nouvel Afrique Asie
          Trends                 Julien Hawary
          Arabies
       Radio Orient              Faouzi Chalak
           TV5                   Amobé Mvegué
            Fr2
           TME
  Les Cahiers de l’Orient         Antoine Sfeir
                                   Michel Kik
            RFI                   Zohra Sotty
    La dépêche du Midi         Jean Jacques Rouch
          Art Sud              Salvadore Lambardo
Dernières nouvelles d’Alsace     Gérard Cardone
     France Télévision           Gérard Sabagh
     Agence Act Média


        Télé Matin              William Lemergie
           AFP
         L’Alsace                François Becet
    Le Figaro Magazine          Thierry Déransart
Partenariat Europe-Maghreb       Huges Wagner
  Le Nouvel Observateur            Josette Alia


                  146
        Marianne & L’Observateur
                 Le Point                  Claude Imbert
             Radion Classique              Gérard Bonos
                                           Dominique de
                Le Parisien
                                             Motvalon
                                           Bernard de la
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               PME-KMO                    Alain Deladrière
          Femmes d’Aujourd’hui           Christelle Gilquin
                 Canal Z                   Raphael Piret
             Trends tendances           Jean-François Sacré
      Regards revue Juive de Belgique    Denis Baumerder
          The Washington Times           Andrew Borowiec
USA
                                        Georgie Ann Geyer
                                          Lucien Meysels
                La Razon                   Pedro Canales
          Tramite Parlementario         Luis Suarez Gonzales




                        147
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                                                             ."                                  "



                                                   149
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                                    150
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                                                       2001
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             :                                            19
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Justesse de vues                                               La Presse
                                                       2001
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                       (                           )   2001
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                                                          19
                           (                   )       2001
 Pourquoi Ben                                              7
                                                               La Presse
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                                       151
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                                                                          10
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  :                                                                       10
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                                               152
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                                153
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                          154
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                            155
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                                   (
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                                             156
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                                     157
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                                                                    24
                           (                     )               2001
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La Tunisie entre                VAESSEN                             24
de bonnes mains                                                          La Presse
                               (                 )               2001

                                                                    24
                                                                 2001


                                                                    26
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                                           158
                                                      26
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L’œuvre à parfaire   (       )                             Renouveau
                                                   2001
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Un appel du cœur
                             (   )                 2001    Renouveau

 La légitimité du                                     25      Le
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  Une volonté
politique générée                                     31      Le
                                           )
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Ben Ali l’appel de                                    12      Le
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Ben Ali, le choix                                      7      Le
  de l’avenir                                      2001    Renouveau

  Le cœur et la                                       27      Le
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L’appel du cœur à                                      4      Le
     l’âme                                         2001    Renouveau

  Ben Ali, une                                         7      Le
vision équilibrée    (ISHMN                    )   2001    Renouveau



                                 159
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                                       25
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/                                      28
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                                       29
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                    160
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                                                                28      Le
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                                                             2001    Renouveau

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d’aujourd’hui a su                                       )           Le Temps
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Dans le sens des                                                27
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     Nation                                                  2001
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                                         161
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                162
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                                                 11 4
Le sens d’un choix                                       Réalités
                                               2001
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                                                 17 11
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                                 163
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                                                        6
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                                                        6
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                                                        6
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                                                        1
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                                    164
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                       (    )        2001    Quotidien
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                                        27
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                                        16
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                                        28
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       ...                              23
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                            165
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    2004



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173
        "       "
                2004



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                                                174
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                                         233
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                                   234
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                             235
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                                      236
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                                                             237
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                                                                                                238
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                                               239
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                                          240
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                                                       243
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                             246
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                                       253
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                                        256
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                                       257
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                                  258
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                                               259
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                                                               262
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                                                           264
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                                 265
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                               266
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                                 267
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                    268
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                                   271
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         273
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                                276
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                                                          277
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                                  278
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                              279
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                                                                          280
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                                        281
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                                    282
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                                                             .
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                                             "       "




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                                                     ATCE


                                .

                                285
    "                                   "




                "                                       "                               – 1989
                    (LTDH)                                                              1994
                                        .1994                     4

        "                                   "                                           1994     5


                                    1994                      5
                                    LTDH
                            "                   "
(                                                       )



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                                "                   "


                                        )


                                                                                   30


                                                                          (         )
            "           "
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                                                        286
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20
                                                               1994
                                              ."               "


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                                 (Retour à l’envoyeur) "


                                                   287
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        "               "
                                                                       .




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                                                                                –
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                                    1994              24       "


"                           "                         « BBC »




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        5                                                              .1994
                                                                       .1994
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                                                  288
    "
                                              .                             "

    "                            "
                                         1994                       24


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                                                               .

                     "                            "                             1994    13
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                    « Réalités »                           "La Presse"
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            "                        "


                                         ."

        "
                .                                                       "

                         "                                 "                     1994



                         1994


                                                                    .


                                                          289
                                                                .

                  "                          "                                1996   19



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"                     " "                   " "                     " "
                                                  "                  "


                                .




                                                                          .

        (1999               5               )                                 1999   5
                                    "                           "
                                                      (               )



                                            1999                7
                                                            .




              "                     "                      CNLT
                                    1999
                                        CNLT
                  "                          "



                                                          290
                                                                   .
                                  (                        )



                          .               "        "
                                                                       1999     23


          "                                       .1999
–"        "                   )                        "
                                                               .(
          "           2000                                               2000
          4                                            "
                                                               .
          "               Reuters                                      2000     22
              4                                        "


              "                   "




     .(           "                   "                    )
                  "                           "


                      )



                                          291
    "
(2000                                     42                           "



                          .
                 "                           "



                                                                       .


                                             "                 "
        .
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                     :"               "                        "            "
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régime qui est l’antithèse des valeurs que nous
partageons tous »
                                  "                                "
                                      2000
                              .
            )
"                         "                       ("                            "
                                  .

                 "Human Rights Watch"                                               2000   25
                28                                     "                        "
                                                   2000                     2
                                                 .2000                 30


                                                       292
                                               ATCE
                                                        .

                                                                        2000   27
      "
                                                            "



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                          "                     "                       2000   18



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                          "                         "                   2000   30
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                                                                        2001   7
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                                               293
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                              :
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        2000                                                                         2001   30
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        12                                                           "


                                                                                 5


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                                       .
         "        "
                 2001             30
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                      ."          "                 "


                                                        294
                                      "                                           "                      2001    8
                                  "


                                                                                        ."
                                  2001                                12              Alain Renon




                                                          (                                      )
                                              .

                              "                                           "                              2006    7
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     "                    "                           "                       "                  "


                  .

                                          "                                       "                      2008    16


."                                                                "

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                                                              "                                  "
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     ."               "                                                                      "

                                                                                                          2010
                                  (                                                          )


                                                                                  295
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         "                                              "
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10           "       "
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                                                 ."         "




                                                  296
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                             "      "


        "                "


                                                        .


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                                                    .
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                                        .



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                   297
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                                                    )
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        .(




                         298
                                   :"                            "



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                "                      "
                                       "               " "           " 2011                14
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                               (                                          )

        6
                                   "               )                                                                2007
                    2007               3                                                                    ("
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                                                                                                                .

                                                                              :

"           "                                                           2009                       31
                                                                                               "                       "
    "                      "                                                           "                               "
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                                                           299
                                                                                  .

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                                                                             .

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                                                                     :"

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    .

:                                                 "        "

                    .                             "              "

                )
                                                                                 .(

    .

                               "         "
                        1998
                    "               "
        "                                                                "                    "
            "   "                                                                         "
                                                                     "                "
                                                                         "                    "
                                                                                 .


                                        300
:                                   "          "                 "       "

    " ATCE                                  2002         31
          "               "                                  "       "                       "
                  2003


      "               "                            ATCE                                              (
          "                   " "       "
                      .


                                                                                     "           "
              (                               )
                  .                                      "                       "




                                                                             "           "


                                                     1987
                                                                                     .




                                                   301
                        :
    .                                                              "   "
"       "
                                                               "               " "         "
                                                               .
            .       "           "


    )           "           "                              "                       "
                                                      .(


                                                                               "               "
                    .                                                      "           "
                                    "                          "
                                                                                       .
                                        "         "
                                                                                       .




                                            302
                    "        "
                                                                       :
                                                                                              (1
                                 .           "                     "
                                                                                              (2
                                     "                   " "           "
                                                                                  "                "
                                                     "         "


"           "
                                         "               "                                .
                                                               "                      "   "            "



        .           "    "

    .                                                                                         (3
                                 "           "                                                (4


                                                 .
        "       Middle East On-line
                                                                           2008               "


                                                                           .


                                                 303
                   "           "
                                                       1991


                                                1991
                                                                      .1987
16               ATCE
"            "                                                                         2008
         "                     "                                       2008              15
     "                 "


                           (                     ) "              "
.                                                                          "       "
                                                                               "
             "                     "
                  ."                    "

                                                                       :

                                            "                 "




                                       )
                                                       .("                     "




                                       304
                                  "                    "
                  2002            7                    "Télé-Liberté"
                 "L’Audace"
                                                                            "       "



     "             " "                          "
 .
                                                             2003
             "                "
         .Mecca Cola                            "                               "
                                                    ATCE
                                                    "Michel Boyon"
                                                                     (CSA)
                                                2007
                                                             "          "

                                           CSA
                  2007                2         (Med-Fm)                        ""
Med-"                                                               "Radio Soleil"
                                                                            ."Fm
          .ATCE




                                                                            .

                                          305
                        ‫م‬           ‫ا‬           ‫ا‬         ‫ن‬

                    "           "



                                                                  "                     "
                                                              "                     "




                                                                            .

                                                                                            :

:
                                                                      : "                       " (1
    .                                   2001

                                                                      : "                       " (2
(       ) "AOL" (           ) "MOR" (                         ) "                   " (         ) "    "
        "                               "                     .(                ) "              "
                (           )
            "   "


                                                                                4
                                                                      1998


                                            .                     "             "


                                                    306
                       : 2010          14

2003
  "
                                                                                           ."
  "
                                                                          .                 "
                                                   .


                                                                        .2010
                                                       )"                             " (3
                                                   2007                                   (2004
                   9            1992                                      "           "



                                                                              .
                                                        ) "                           " (4
       "                  (1993                                     1992                 "          "
                                                                    2008                        "
               (                                                    )
           "                           "                        "                                   "
                                           "                "

                                ."             "

                                                                                  .

                                     307
        "                   "                                 :




)
            .("                 "
                                    :"                            " (5
                  20                                 1986
                                             .
                                                     1988
                                                                         .
                                             1998


            .(         "             "                "           "          )




                                                 "        "


                                         "       "
    .




                           308
     ("           "                                            )


                                                  "    "
                                                  :

                      "               "                                (1
                                "         "


                                              .

              "           "                                            (2


                                                  .

          "           "                                                (3


                                                                   .

23                                                "        "
                                                                            2006
                                                       ":
          "           "                       "
                              .2006               25

                                                                       (4




                                    309
"   "    "    "           "       )
                                              .("

             ."       "                        (5

                                          :

                  "               "


                                  "   "
    !!                        "       "




                              310
     LTDH
                                                                   (       )
                 1999 – 1994
                                                              MDS

                        .

                                )                                          I
                                            :(

                                                  1996        18
Philippe "
    11                  "               "                " Chansay Wilmotte
                                    .
                            5                      1996
                                                    1996
                   .(                                                  )
                                            1996
                                                          .

                                                 1997         17


             .

                                                           1997
                        .


                                    311
                                         ATCE                                                                      II
                                                                                          :

             .                                                                                             •

."                    "                                                                                    •

                                                                                              :

"                         "          "           "                                                     (1
                                                                   "                                       "
                                  ":                                            "!!                                ":
                                         "               "                                    "!
         "                    "                      "                                "            "
                                             "                                                                 "
                                             .                             "

     "                                           "           "                                         (2
                                                                                                       "
                                     .                                         1997                11

                    "Salvatore Lombardo"                                                               (3
                                                                 ATCE                     Art-Sud
                              1998
                                                         .
                  1997                                                                                 (4
                 "Abe Nathan"
                                                                       "                           "

             ."!!                                    ":

                                                     312
                                                     "    "                          (5



                "                "
        "               "                  "
    .                                                                          "

                                                                :

            "                                                  1996
        .                                                                            "
"                           "                             1999                 5
                             "       (                                                        )
                )                                                          "
"                   "

                                                          .(                   200


                                         1999            29
                2
                                                                      .(                 ) 1999




                                               313
                   (                                                        )

                                                                    :

                   3                                         1997               29
                                                                                                       22
               )


                                                                                           .
                                                 :

                                                 "                  "

                   ATCE                                  "              "


                           ."          "                            LTDH

                                                                                           .
   "                   "
                                                                                "                  "

                                                     "
                                                                                               "
           "                    "                            "                        ."
                                    LTDH             " "                            " "                "
                                                                                      "
.(SNCFT)



                                                                                .



                                           314
                                                       :

                                   "                   "
             .


"        "
    10
                                                           5


                   .

                                                       :

                          "                "


                                       .

                                                               :

         (4      ) 2000       20                   "       "       (1
                                                                   (2
                                               "                   ":




                              315
                                                                  :


                                                             "                     "
                    " "                                  "
                                                              .                             "

                                                                  :

"           "                           2008                              ATCE
        "                   "
                                                                               "
                                                                                                )
                           (
    .
                                                "                     "


                               )


                           .(
                :         (ATCE                     )"                     "
                                            "                     "                    (1
                                   .
                                                                                       (2
                     2007              12                    ) .ATCE


                                            316
"
    "                       "                                                         "




                                                      ("          "
               " :                             ATCE
                        .                             "                       "               "

                   :"                18"                  "                       "

             18"
         "                      "          "                          :
                                    "            "            "
        18                                                            "                   "
                                                              "           "
                                ."




                                           317
                                (                )
                        (                "La Croix"                                          )


                                                                           : 2000                        :

4      2000                 3                                               "                        "
               42                                                                                            2000




                                                                                        .

                            :"                         "


("                  "               )        "             "
                                                               .                3

     " "                    " "                                        "
           "   2000                     27                                          "                          " "
                                                                                                                   "


                                                           2000                             28
                                                                                                 .
                                         "                         "
                                                                                                               .




                                                     318
              :"               "



                     2000          2                                84072



                                                    )

                                               .(
                     2000          2                                84073




                                                    )

                                               .(
                     2000          3
                                           .
                     2000          3



                                               .


          2000           7                 "               "    :
          ("Hélène Flautre" "Desir Harlen")
"     "                      ("Robert Menard") "                       "
                                                        ("Daniel Cohn-Bendit")
"Le Figaro" "Le Monde"                 )
          .("France 2"        " Libération" "France Soir" "Le Parisien"

                                       319
                                   :




                                                        "                  "
                                       .
     "           "       "                      :
                                               ."       Le Figaro – Libération
                             ATCE                       – Le Parisien – Le Monde – France-
                                                                               Soir – La Croix
                                       .                                                                   )
                                                                                               (...
Nicolas Beau                                    :
Le Canard enchainé                                                         LTDH
              Le dissident dessonant :                                 "                       "
     "                                                                                             .
"         "                            "                       "                   "   "
    9                Le Figaro                                     .                                   "
                                               .2000


Grenoble                                   ATCE
                                                                               "           "
                             2000              10
                                                                       .



                     "        "
                     .                     "        "




    .("                       ")


                                                    320
           (                     )
                                         .


(Robert Menard ) "                                    "




"                        "


                                             .



                                                                      :                   *

           "                         "                    "                   "
                                                                                              3
                    ."                           "

                                                                  : 2010              :

2010                         6       "                            "
2010           19                                    538                  "       "
       "                                                      "                   "


                                                      321
                      "
                  .




    "   "


.




            322
(                                    )



                              2007


    (       "         "   "    "         )
        .




                323
                    18
                                                                 "            "
    "       "



                                                             .
                                           2009
"                            "         "          2009                   24
                                                     "



                                                         .

                :

                                                                     •

                                       "      "
                                                                 .
        "                "                                           •




                    .




                                                         .

                                 324
             "       "
                                     1990
                 "               "
                                              2004
                         "                                            "


("       "                                                    )


                                         ("               "                       )
                             "                        "           "           "
"                "
                                                                          "           "
                                              "               "
     .                               "            "




                                     325
                 ("L’Audace"                         )


                                           "         "
                                                 :




                        "      "
             "     "    "                  "                 1984
         "
                        "          "                                    "
     "                       "L’Audace"
                                                                    "
                                           ."            "


                                   .

("                                              ")
                                       .




                            326
"POCT"       "PDP"       "           "           )                        75
                     "                                   "                                    (... "            "
"                                                                                                                   "
             "
                                                     "
"        "
                                                                              .

                                             2005
         :

                                                                                                       (1
                                                         )
                                                                     .(

                                                                                                       (2
    "                                        "                   "
                                                                                              "             –
                             "                               "


                                 "           "                       "            "
                         /                                                /               :             )
                                         (                                            /


                                                                                          .


                                                 327
                                                            :

    .(2005          2)


                     "
                                                                        :"
           )
                                                    IFEX    CNLT         LTDH
                              "           "                              (


–                                                           )
                          (...                          –

               :"                 "

                                                                        (1


                                                            .

                                                                   :




    *(+)                              .             "   "
                         ("                     "       )   (2005            29)



                                                .               (2005        3)


                                          328
                                              .              (2005          3)


                    :
                                                             (2005          3)
                              .

                    Attachement à la primauté de
                                                             Le Renouveau
                    la loi et à l’impartialité de la
                                              justice        (2005          3)

                                      .                                + : (*)


                                                                       (2
                                          :       "           "
      " Femmes contre la violence, Women against violence. Qui essaie
de blanchir Mohamed Abbou, l’avocat qui a brutalisé sa consoeur."

                                                                       (3
                                  .

                                                      :

                          "       "                   2007        22
                         !!                                        "             "




                                  329
                   (                              )


             "Marianne"                 "         "
                          "         "
                                "                     "
« Le mort vivant réapparait »
                                            .("           "   )




                                    330
                                                                                       )
                      (                      "    "


                                                            2001


                                                                                                           .
                          "                       "
                                                                                                   )
                                                       )               (
             (... "       "                                                    "           "
                                                                                           .(                  )
                                                                                               :
"                "                    2000             14
                          "Jean François Poirier"
             « Aloès »


                                                            « Aloès »
                                                            ."                     "
               ("                 "              )"                        "
        )"                    "                         2009
    (
                                                                                       ATCE
    "                                                                              "                           "
                                                                   .                                   "

                                                      331
 "                 "                            "
                                                                                 "

                       .                    "            "


                                                                         :
                                                    :                          (1
 "Fondation Hambourgeoise pour les persécutés politiques"                        •


                                                     "Pen Club Deutschland"      •


     "Pen International"                                                        (2

              )                                                                      Graz
                                                    .(
                               "             "
               "                   "                         "
                                                                         "
 Bad Boll
                                                             .2009           24 23




                           "                            "


          :            ) "                           "
14                                     "                             "
                                                                                 .(2010


                                           332
                               :"                         "




        "               "               "                        "            )"         "


                                                                 (
Martina " "Robert Menard"                             )
"Vincent Geisser"           "Daniel Mermet"               "Astred Frohloff"        "Baurle
(... "Helène Flautre" "Nicole Pignon-Peguy" "Antoine Madelin"




                                   .


            "                 )                  2002
                                                                        "
                                   .(

                               .                               2007

                    )
    "                                                         2003
                                                                                   ("
                                            .




                                                333
             (                    )


                           2001       24


    ."   "                             Aix-en-Provence



                 "          "              2000 1997
    "
                 .                             "

.




                     334
            "         "


                                        )
                            (       "           "
"       "
                      "         "
    "
                                            "
                .("Myope"               )




                335
         (                                                                               )


                         (           )



                                                                                 .




                                             1998
                                 .

     :(                                                                              )


                 (                           )                               (               )

    1995                                             ATCE


                                     "                       "           .


"        " "         " "                         "                   )
"La Presse" "                    "           "                   "
"Le Renouveau" "                     " "Le Temps"
"        "   "       "    "              "           "           "
                         "Réalités"                      "       "
"    "                                       "           "
                             "                   "   "           "



                                                                 336
                 (                  )                              (              )




                                        .




MDS


                             1987           7
                         ) .
                         "
                                                "
         "           "


     .



                                                                              :
                                                                       1996
                                                        .


                                    "       "
                                                        1997
                                                                         "        "
 "           "                                      "          "

                                                    337
"       "   "               "               "   "
                (   )



    .                   "             " "       "




                                338
                                        "    "
"   "                      15


                                    "            " "       "



                                    Evreux
                 .


                                                       2001
                                        "              "


             )
        .(                      "                 "




                     339
                        62
(           )"                                "
                    "        "


                                 "   "


                                         .(   )
                "       "
    ...




          340
                  2003   15
    (         )
        .


.ATCE




        341
"       "                                                 )
    (

                              "           "
                              :

                                                      1


                                  .

            "             "                           2
                                              "           "
                                                      "           "


                                                              .

                .                                     3

    )                                                 4
                                      .           (




                    342
            ATCE                                2008
                  "           "
         Nilesat                        "               "


                            Nilesat


:           Eutelsat (            ) Noorsat

                                                                (1
                                            "               "

                                                                (2

    "         "               Nilesat                           (3
                                                    .

                                                                (4
                                                .

        .ATCE                                                   (5




                      343
        (                                    )


                                   2007
"                              "                     "
":                   "               "
    "
            "             "              "       "
                .(             )"                        "




                         344
                      "   "


        :




.
    "   "         "
                              ."




            345
                 2000       19


                        .        5


    1994
.




           346
                                                                                                      )
                       (               "           "

          29          « ANB »
                                               "       "                                            2009
                  "
                                                                        "                       " "

                                   "                           " "                  "
                  "            "
                                                                                            .
                                                                   "            "
                                                                                        .
"     "
                                                                                                          )

     (... "                "
        "                                  "
                                                               .


              )                                                                                 "         "

                                                           "                            "



18        "                        2009
                                                                            "
                                                                   .(

                                                       347
                               :            1991

            ."         "               (1

        .                              (2
"   "                                  (3
                                   .
                                       (4
                                       .
            1997
                           .




                 348
:             "   "
    .                 (1
.                     (2




        349
                     (                                                        )



                                                                                                   :
                                     2008             30                                   (1
                                                                      "                   ""           "
                                                              :                   "                    "
                .                                         "               "


                                                                          .


                                                                                      .
                         "                18"
                ."               "

"           "
        "                    "

                                      .

                                                "                 "                        (2
    "       2008                 16                                                   "                "
                                                .                                              "




                                                    350
.1993          1991         "La Presse"




                              2004
                                     ,
  )"       "                   "          "
                                              .(« PDP »


       "
                              .                    "




                      351
                                                     2008
(Ecole Louis Pasteur de         "            "
                                                                                              Tunis)
"                       "                                "                            "   "          "
                "
                                                                                          "
            "           "                                            "                    "
        :                            "               "
                                                                                          (1
                        "                                        "


                            :




                                         "                                       ":              1
                                                             "               "
    "       "




                                                                         .
                    "                                                            ":              2
    "       "                                    "               "




                                    352
                                                                                               .
                                                                                                       3


     "           "                                                                         "       "

                                                                    )
                                             (

                                                                                          ."       "
 "                   "                                                                                 4
         "                           "   "                                       "         "
             "

                                         .
"Le Quotidien"                       « Entre         la   médiocrité        et       :                 5
                                                                                 l’excellence »
."                           "
                                                                    .« Le Monde »


     "           "                               "                                       ":            6
                                                                "                    "
                                 )       "
                                                                            "
 "                           "
(2008                    4
                                                                        "            "


                                                          353
                                           .


                "                  "                      (2
                     "         "
    "       "
                                                    .
        "                "                                (3
            "                                           "Le Monde"
                                                           "
                                                   "Louis Pasteur"
.
                    ATCE                                  (4
                                                        "Le Monde"
                     .                 "       "




                         354

				
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