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					                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                                                                      降低 <> 加強 / 提升
List 1 ( abandon ~ ambrosial ) :                                      abate <> augment

                                                                      減弱 <> 增加 , 擴大

abandon                     vt. n. 放任 , 放縱 , 放棄                       Synonyms ANNIHILATE , abolish , eradicate , exterminate ,

to give ( oneself ) over unrestrainedly                               extirpate , DECREASE , diminish

abandon:inhibition::despair:hope::tranquility:agitation

放任:禁止::絕望:希望::心神穩定:激動                                                 aberrant                           adj. 異常的
( 名詞與名詞的反意關係 )                                                        deviating from what is normal ; untrue to type

Synonyms:unconstraint , unrestraint , desert , forsake                aberrant:standard::digressive:topic

CF:abandoner , abandonee ( n. 遺棄者 / 被遺棄者 )                            異常的:標準::離題的:組題 ( 事物特徵及其物件 )
                                                                      Synonyms ABNORMAL 1 , anomalous , atypical , deviant ,

abash                       vt. 使害羞                                   deviative , heteroclite , preternatural , unrepresentative , untypical

to destroy the self-possession or self-confidence of:disconcert

unabashed:embarrassment::unheralded:announcement                      abbreviate                  v. 縮短 , 縮寫
不臉紅的:尷尬的::未事先預告的:公告 ( 反義關係 )                                          to make briefer ; especially:to reduce to a shorter form intended
embolden <> abash / faze                                              to stand for the whole

使大膽 <> 使羞愧 / 使狼狽                                                      abbreviate:sentence::abridgment:essay

Synonyms:EMBARRASS , confound , confuse , discomfit ,                 縮短:句子::刪節:文章 ( 行爲及其物件 )
disconcert , discountenance , faze , rattle                           abbreviate <> extend

                                                                      縮寫 <> 擴增

abate                       v. 減輕 , 減低                                Synonyms SHORTEN , abridge , curtail , cut , cut back , retrench ,

to reduce in degree or intensity:MODERATE:to reduce in value          slash

or amount

abate:tax::alleviate:distress                                         abdicate                    v. 讓位 , 辭職 , 放棄
降低:稅::減輕:壓力 ( 行爲及其物件 )                                                to relinquish ( as sovereign power ) formally

abate:force::fade:loudness                                            recant:belief::abdicate:throne

減輕:力量::減弱:聲音 ( 行爲及其物件 )                                               改變放棄信仰:信仰::讓位:王位
abate:degree::discount:price                                          ( 動賓關係 取消停止關係 )

減輕:程度::減價:價格 ( 行爲及其物件 )                                               abdicate <> constitute

abate:force::attenuate:thickness                                      剝奪 <> 任命

減輕:力量::使. . . 薄:厚度 ( 行爲及其物件 )                                         abdicate <> assume

abate:intensity::fade:loudness                                        放棄 <> 接受

減輕:強度::減弱:聲音 ( 行爲及其物件 )                                               abdicate <> usurp

alleviate:intensity::abate:tax                                        讓位 , 辭職 <> 篡位

減輕:強度::降低:稅 ( 動賓關係 )                                                  Synonyms DISCARD , shed , slough , renounce , resign ; compare

abate:intensity::taper:width                                          RELINQUISH

減輕:強度::逐漸變細:寬
abate <> intensify / promote                                          aberrant               adj. 脫離常規的 , 異常的 ,

                                                                  1                            Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                           Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                     越軌的                                               abiding                     adj. 永久的 , 持久的 , 不變
deviating from the usual or natural type:ATYPICAL                      to remain stable or fixed in a state

aberrant <> normal                                                     miscreant <> law-abiding individual

脫離常軌 <> 正常                                                             有罪的人 <> 遵守法紀的人
Synonyms ABNORMAL , anomalous , atypical , deviant ,                   abiding <> evanescent

unrepresentative , untypical                                           持久的 <> 易消散的
                                                                       abiding <> ephemeral

abet                        v. 教唆 , 協助 ( 犯罪 )                          持久的 <> 短暫的
to assist or support in the achievement of a purpose                   Synonyms bide , linger , CONTINUE , endure , last , perdure ,

abet:assistance::counsel:guidance                                      persist

教唆:幫助::顧問:指導 ( 種屬 )
abet:encouragement::elucidate:clarity                                  abject                      adj. 極可憐的 , 卑鄙的
教唆:鼓勵::闡明:清晰 ( 行爲及其結果 )                                                cast down in spirit

stymie <> abet                                                         abject <> exultant

阻礙 <> 鼓勵                                                               可憐的 <> 得意洋洋的
frustrate <> abet                                                      Synonyms DOWNTRODDEN , underfoot

阻撓 <> 唆使
abet <> thwart / impede                                                abjure                      v. 發誓放棄
教唆 <> 阻止                                                               to renounce upon oath

forestall <> abet                                                      abjure <> espouse

阻止 ( 先下手 ) <> 唆使 , 慫恿                                                  誓絕 <> 支援
Synonyms INCITE , foment , instigate , provoke , stir ( up )           abjure <> embrace

                                                                       放棄 <> 支援

abeyance                    n. 終止 , 擱置                                 Synonyms forswear , palinode , recall , recant , retract

temporary inactivity:SUSPENSION
abeyance <> continuance                                                abnegate                    v. 使無效 , 放棄
中止 <> 繼續                                                               SURRENDER , RELINQUISH

Synonyms abeyancy , doldrums , dormancy , interruption , latency       abnegate <> reaffirm

, quiescence , suspension                                              棄絕 , 否認 <> 重新肯定



abhor                       v. 痛恨                                      abolitionism                n. 廢除主義 , 廢奴主義
to regard with extreme repugnance                                      principles or measures fostering abolition especially of slavery

abhorrence:dislike::adoration:fondness                                 anarchist:government::abolitionist:slavery

厭惡:不喜歡::崇拜:愛 ( 種屬 )                                                    無政府主義者:政府::廢奴主義者:奴隸 (
abhor <> greatly admire                                                特徵人物及其反對物件 )

憎恨 , 厭惡 <> 非常仰慕                                                        abolitionist <> persisted in slavery

Synonyms HATE , abominate , detest , execrate , loathe ,               廢奴主義者 <> 堅持奴隸制的
DESPISE , contemn , disdain ,


                                                                   2                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                          Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
aboveboard                  adj. 光明正大的                          to abolish by authoritative action:ANNUL
in a straightforward manner                                     abrogate <> embrace / institute / uphold

surreptitious <> barefaced / aboveboard                         廢除 <> 支援

暗中的 <> 公然的                                                      Synonyms ANNUL , vacate , ABOLISH , abate , annihilate ,

chicanery <> aboveboard action                                  annul , invalidate , negate , nullify , quash , undo , vitiate

欺詐行爲 <> 光明正大的行爲
Synonyms STRAIGHTFORWARD , forthright , plain dealing ,         abscond                      v. 潛逃
straight                                                        to depart secretly and hide oneself

                                                                abscond:leave::steal:take

abrasion                    n. 表面磨損                             潛逃:離開::偷:取 , 拿 ( 反常和正常關係 )
a wearing , grinding , or rubbing away by friction              abscond:depart::pilfer /
lubricate:abrasion::seal:leakage                                sneak:take::secrete:store::lurk:wait

加潤滑油:磨損::密封:滲漏 ( 減輕或消除關係 )                                      潛逃:離開::偷拿:拿::偷偷藏起來:藏::偷偷等:等
abraded:friction::desiccated:dehydration                        ( 反常正常 )
摩擦的:摩擦力::乾燥的:脫水 (                                               Synonyms ESCAPE , break , bunk , decamp , flee , fly , scape

因果或目的以及産生或導致關係 )

scuff:abrasion::heat:vaporization                               absolve                      v. 赦免
使磨損:磨損::加熱:汽化 ( 行爲及其結果關係 )                                      to set free from an obligation or the consequences of guilt

abrade <> augment                                               exculpatory:absolve::motivational:stir

磨損 <> 增加                                                        辯解的:宣佈免罪::激發性的:煽動 (

                                                                因果或目的以及産生或導致關係 )

abridge               v. 刪減 , 縮短                                hortative:encourage::exculpatory:absolve
to shorten by omission of words without sacrifice of            勸告的:鼓勵::辯明無罪的:宣佈免除 ( 行爲及其特徵 )
sense:CONDENSE                                                  absolve <> inculpate

abbreviate:sentence::abridgment:essay                           使無罪 <> 使負罪

縮寫:句子::刪節:文章 ( 行爲及其物件 )                                         Synonyms EXEMPT , discharge , dispense , EXCULPATE ,

abridge:length::attenuate:thickness                             acquit , exonerate , vindicate

縮短:長度::使…變薄:厚度 ( 行爲及其物件 )
amplify <> abridge                                              abstain              v. 主動戒絕 , 自我抑制
擴大 <> 節略 , 縮短                                                   to refrain deliberately and often with an effort of self-denial from

abridge <> extend in length                                     an action or practice

縮短 <> 伸長                                                        mandatory:comply::forbidden:abstain
protract <> abridge                                             命令的:服從::禁止的:抑止 ( 主動與被動關係 )

延長 <> 刪減                                                        Synonyms constrain , curb , hold back , refrain , REFRAIN ,

Synonyms curtail , diminish , lessen , minify , SHORTEN ,       withhold

abbreviate , retrench , slash

                                                                abstemious                          adj. 有節制的 ,
abrogate                    v. 廢除                                                                   飲食有度的 , 節儉的
                                                                marked by restraint especially in the consumption of food or
                                                            3                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                    Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
alcohol                                                                  disabuse:fallacy::cure:disease

reticent:talk::abstemious:gorge                                          糾正:錯誤::治療:疾病 ( 消除關係 )

緘默:談論::節制:貪婪 ( 行爲及其反面特徵 )                                                loose:confinement::disabuse:misconception

abstemious:indulge::austere:decorate                                     放鬆:限制::解除錯誤印象:誤解 ( 消除關係 )

節制的:縱容::簡樸的:裝飾 ( 行爲及其反面特徵 )                                              Synonyms maltreat , mistreat , misuse , misapply , mishandle ,

Synonyms abstentious , abstinent , continent , self-restraining ,        misimprove , DECRY , depreciate , derogate

sober , temperate

                                                                         abysmal                     adj. 深不可測的 , 無底的
abstinent                   adj. 飲食有度的 , 有節制的 ,                          immeasurably low or wretched

                           禁欲的                                           stygian:dark::abysmal:low
voluntary forbearance especially from indulgence of an appetite or       陰暗的:黑::極深的:低的 ( 程度類比 )
craving or from eating some foods:ABSTENTION                             Synonyms BOTTOMLESS 2 , fathomless`, plumbless ,

Synonyms ABSTEMIOUS , abstentious , continent , self-                    plummetless , soundless , unfathomable

restraining , sober , temperate

                                                                         accede                      v. 同意
abstract                    n. 摘要 , adj. 抽象的                             to express approval or give consent:give in to a request or
having only intrinsic form with little or no attempt at pictorial        demand
representation or narrative content                                      accede <> demur

abstract <> elaborate                                                    同意 <> 反對

簡潔的 <> 複雜的                                                               Synonyms ASSENT , acquiesce , agree , consent , subscribe , yes

Synonyms hypothetical , ideal , theoretical , NEUTRAL ,

detached                                                                 accelerate                  v. 加速 , 促進
                                                                         to move faster:gain speed

abstruse                    adj. 深奧的                                     accelerate:speed::prolong:duration

difficult to comprehend:RECONDITE                                        加速:速度::延長:持續時間 ( 行爲及其正面特徵 )
abstruse <> accessible / patent                                          expedite:process::accelerate:pace

深奧的 <> 可瞭解的 / 明顯的                                                        促進:過程::加速:步調 ( 行爲及其正面特徵 )
Synonyms RECONDITE , acroamatic , deep , esoteric , heavy ,              accelerate <> retard

hermetic , occult , orphic , profound , secret                           促進 ( 加速 ) <> 阻礙
                                                                         Synonyms SPEED , hasten , hurry , quicken , shake up , step up ,

abuse                       v. n 辱駡 , 濫用                                 swiften

to attack in words:REVILE

declamation:grandiloquence::diatribe:abuse                               accessible                  adj. 易接近的 , 可進入的 ,
高聲說話:誇張::抨擊:辱駡 ( 人或事物及其正面特徵 )                                                                        易受影響的 , 可理解的
polemic:disputatious::invective:abusive                                  capable of being understood or appreciated

好爭論的:爭辯的::惡言辱駡的:辱駡的 ( 同義關係 )                                             abstruse <> accessible / patent

diatribe:abuse::burlesque:mockery                                        深奧的 <> 可瞭解的 / 明顯的

譭謗的話:譭謗::滑稽戲:嘲笑 ( 同義關係 )                                                 Synonyms OPEN , open-door , public , unrestricted , employable ,

                                                                         operative , practicable , usable
                                                                     4                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                                                                            極力讚揚 <> 斥責 / 譴責

accessory                  n. 附件                                            accolade <> denigration

a thing of secondary or subordinate importance:ADJUNCT                      極力讚揚 <> 毀譽
accessory <> of primarily importance                                        accolade <> swearword

附屬的 <> 主要的                                                                  極力讚揚 <> 咒駡
Synonyms APPENDAGE , adjunct , appendix , appurtenance ,                    Synonyms HONOR , award , badge , bays , decoration ,

accomplice , coconspirator , conspirator                                    distinction , kudos , laurels

                                                                            accommodate                        v. 使適應 , 提供食宿
accidental                 adj. 意外的 , 偶然的                                   to provide with something desired , needed , or suited ( as a helpful

occurring unexpectedly or by chance                                         service , a loan , or lodgings )

inventiveness:accidental::effect:casual                                     obliterate:remove::accomodate:supply
創意:意外的::有效:偶然的 ( 事物及其反面特徵 )                                                 刪除:刪除::留宿:補給 ( 同義關係 )

safeguard:accident::hedge:loss                                              Synonyms ADAPT , adjust , conform , convenience , favor ,

保鏢:事故::籬笆:丟失 ( 降低減弱關係 )                                                     HARBOR , bestow , domicile , entertain , lodge

intentional:accidental::arrogant:humble

故意的:意外的::傲慢的:謙遜的 ( 反義 )                                                     accomplice                         n. 同謀
Synonyms contingent , fluky , fortuitous , incidental , odd ;               one associated with another especially in wrongdoing

                                                                            Synonyms CONFEDERATE , abettor , accessory , coconspirator ,

acclimate                  vt. 使適應新氣候或新環境                                   conspirator

to adapt to a new temperature , altitude , climate , environment , or

situation                                                                   accost                             vt. 向人搭話 , 勾引
acclimate <> make unfamiliar with                                           to approach and speak to often in a challenging or aggressive way

使適應 <> 使不熟悉                                                                 accost:approach::???:???
Synonyms HARDEN , acclimatize , climatize , season , toughen                搭訕:接近::???:??? ( 種屬 )
                                                                            Synonyms ADDRESS , call ( to ) , greet , hail , salute

accolade                   n. 推崇備至 , 讚揚
an expression of praise                                                     accountability n. 有責任 , 有義務
accolade <> cutting remark                                                  an obligation or willingness to accept responsibility or to account

稱讚 <> 苛評                                                                    for one's actions

accolade <> speak ill / derogate

稱讚 <> 挑毛病 / 減損                                                              accrete                     v. 共生 , 附著 , 增加
accolade <> disapprobation                                                  ACCUMULATE

讚賞 <> 不贊成                                                                   accrete:growth::erode:destruction
accolade <> criticism                                                       增長:長::腐蝕:破壞 ( 動作及其結果關係 )

極力讚揚 <> 批評 , 評論                                                             accrete:grow::inch:advance
accolade <> excoriate                                                       增長:生長::慢慢前進:前進 ( 種屬 )

極力讚揚 <> 嚴厲的責難                                                               Synonyms cohere , cling , adhere

accolade <> reprobate / reproof


                                                                        5                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                           太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
accumulate                   vi. 積聚 , 堆積
to gather or pile up especially little by little:AMASS                acquisition n. 獲得 , 添加物品
dissipate <> accumulate                                               the act of acquiring

散失 <> 積累                                                              divestiture <> acquisition

Synonyms amass , cumulate , garner , hive , lay up , roll up ,        剝奪 <> 獲得
stockpile , store ( up ) , uplay                                      Synonyms ACQUIREMENT , accomplishment , achievement ,

                                                                      attainment , finish

accuse                             v. 責備 , 控告 , 譴責
to charge with a fault or offense:BLAME                               acquit                       vt. 開釋 , 釋放
Synonyms arraign , charge , criminate , impeach , incriminate ,       to discharge completely

inculpate , indict , tax                                              Synonyms EXCULPATE , absolve , clear , disculpate , exonerate ,

                                                                      vindicate

acerbity                           n. 澀 , 酸 , 刻薄
Sourness of taste , character , or tone.                              acrid                        adj. 辛辣的 , 尖刻的
acerbity <> saccharin                                                 sharp and harsh or unpleasantly pungent in taste or

酸 <> 糖精                                                               odor:IRRITATING
Synonyms ACRIMONY , asperity , mordancy                               grating:sound::acrid:odor

                                                                      刺耳的:聲音::刺激之味:味道 (

acme                         n. 頂點 , 極點                               形容詞和其修飾的名詞關係 )
the highest point or stage                                            acrid:gentleness::forthright:guile

acme:surpass::impossible:execute                                      辛辣的:溫和的::直接的:狡猾的 ( 形容詞的反義關係 )

頂點:超越::不可能的:實現 ( 事物特徵及其反面被動特徵                                         stridency:sound::acridity:odor

) 【注:詞性不符】                                                            刺耳:聲音::辛辣:味道 ( 事物的特殊和一般關係 )
Synonyms APEX , apogee , capstone , climax , culmination ,            acrid <> gentle

meridian , peak , pinnacle , summit , zenith                          辣的 , 刻薄的 <> 溫和的
                                                                      Synonyms amaroidal , astringent , austere , bitter , harsh , sharp

acquiesce                    v. 勉強同意 , 默許
to accept , comply , or submit tacitly or passively                   acrimonious                  adj. 尖刻的 , 辛辣的
intransigent:acquiesce::deferential:offend                            caustic , biting , or rancorous especially in feeling , language , or

不妥協的:默許::恭敬的:冒犯 ( 形容詞和名詞的反義關係                                         manner

)                                                                     acrimonious <> harmonious

acquiesce:yield::capitulate: { categorical }                          不和諧的 <> 和諧的

默許:同意::有條件投降:明確的                            【詞性不符 ,                   Synonyms ANGRY , indignant , irate , ireful , mad , wrathful ,

關係不明】                                                                 wrathy , wroth , wrothful , wrothy

acquiesce <> resist

默許 <> 抵制 , 抵抗                                                         adamant                      adj. 固執的
acquiesce <> defy                                                     unshakable or immovable especially in

順從 <> 抗拒                                                              opposition:UNYIELDING
Synonyms ASSENT , accede , agree , consent , subscribe , yes
                                                                  6                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                         Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
adamant:flexibility::refractory:control                                  追隨者 <> 先行者

堅固:柔軟::難以操作的:可控制 (                                                       Synonyms FOLLOWER , cohort , disciple , henchman , partisan ,

名詞與形容詞的反義關係 )                                                            satellite , sectary , sectator , supporter

impossible:execute::adamant:moved

不可能的:可操作的::頑固的:動容的 ( 反義關係 )                                              ad-hoc                       adv. 特別地 , 特別安排地
adamant:yield::cautious:gamble                                           for the particular end or case at hand without consideration of

固執的:屈服::謹慎的:孤注一擲 ( 人物個性及其反面行爲                                            wider application

)
adamant <> vacillatory                                                   adjacent                     adj. 毗連的 , 接近的
堅定 <> 動搖                                                                 a:not distant:NEARBY
Synonyms INFLEXIBLE , inexorable , obdurate , relentless , rigid         b:having a common endpoint or border
, uncompromising , unswayable , unyielding                               c:immediately preceding or following
                                                                         Synonyms NEIGHBORING , contiguous , abutting , adjoining ,

adapt                       vt. 使適應 , 改編                                 approximal , bordering , conterminous

to make fit ( as for a specific or new use or situation ) often by

modification                                                             adjourn               vi. 延期 , 休會 , 換地方
adapt <> remain unchanged                                                to suspend a session indefinitely or to another time or place

適應 <> 保持不變                                                               convoke <> adjourn

adapt <> unchangeable                                                    召集 , 召開會議 v. <> 休會 , 中止

適應 <> 無法改變 【注:詞性不符】                                                      Synonyms DEFER , delay , postpone , shelve , prorogate ,

Synonyms accommodate , adjust , conform , fit , quadrate ,               prorogue , recess

reconcile , square

                                                                         adjudicator                  n. 評判員
addicted                    adj. 癡迷                                      one that act as judge

to devote or surrender ( oneself ) to something habitually or

obsessively                                                              adjunct                      n. 附屬物
disabuse:error::rehabilitate:addiction                                   something joined or added to another thing but not essentially a

打消錯誤念頭:錯誤::使復原:上癮 , 沈溺 ( 動賓關係                                            part of it

減輕或消除關係 )                                                                adjunct <> essential element

inured:tolerance::addicted:dependency                                    附屬部分 <> 基本部分

過分習慣:忍受::上癮的:依賴 ( 程度類比 )                                                 Synonyms APPENDAGE , accessory , appendix , appurtenance



adherent                    n. 信徒 , 追隨者 , 擁護者                            ad-lib                       v. 即興演唱 , 臨時穿插 ,
one that adheres:as                                                                                   信口說出
a:a follower of a leader , party , or profession                         without restraint or limit

b:a believer in or advocate especially of a particular idea or           ad-lib:impromptu::aside:divergent
church                                                                   即興:即興的::發散:發散的 ( 名詞與形容詞的同義關係 )
adherent <> forerunner                                                   Synonyms IMPROVISE , extemporize , improvisate


                                                                     7                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                         太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
admission                  n. 許可 , 入會費 , 承認
the act or process of admitting                                             adroit                     adj. 熟練的
lottery:raffle::ticket:admission                                            having or showing skill , cleverness , or resourcefulness in handling

彩票:用抽籤的方法銷售::票:爲…. 購票 (                                                     situations

行爲動作及其物件 )                                                                  loquacious:succinct::adroit:ungainly
Synonyms access , adit , admittance , entrance , entry , ingress ,          多話的:簡潔的::靈活的:笨拙的 (
way                                                                         形容詞於形容詞的反義關係 )
                                                                            adroit <> ungainly

admonish                   v. 訓誡 , 警告                                       靈活的 <> 笨拙的
to express warning or disapproval to especially in a gentle , earnest       ham-handed <> deft / adroit

, or solicitous manner                                                      笨手笨腳的`<> 敏捷熟練的 / 靈巧的
denounce:admonish::convince:persuade                                        Synonyms DEXTEROUS , clever , deft , handy , SKILLFUL

痛斥:勸告::使確信:勸說 ( 程度類比 強烈:一般 )

peccadillo:sin::admonishment:castigation                                    adulate                    v. 諂媚 , 奉承
小罪:罪::警告:懲罰 ( 程度類比 一般:強烈 )                                                  to flatter or admire excessively or slavishly

admonish:denounce::punish:pillory                                           fulminate:criticize::adulate:flatter::scorn:reject

警告:公開譴責::懲罰:加上枷鎖嘲笑 (                                                        猛烈抨擊:批評::諂媚:奉承::輕蔑嘲笑:怠慢拒絕 (

程度比較:前輕後重 )                                                                 程度類比 )

apprise:information::admonish:warning                                       adulate:fawn::woo ( love ) :adore

通知:資訊::警告:警告 ( 動詞與名詞的同義關係 )                                                 阿諛:奉承::愛:崇拜 ( 同義關係 )

pretense:deceive::admonition:reprove                                        aversion:disinclination::adulation:admiration

僞裝:欺騙::警告:責駡 ( 行爲與目的 )                                                      討厭的人 / 事:沒興致::諂媚 , 奉承:讚賞 ( 褒貶程度類比 )

alibi:exculpatory::warning:admonishery                                      adulate <> scorn

托詞:辯解::警告:訓誡 ( 行爲於目的 )                                                      讚美 <> 咒駡
Synonyms REPROVE , call down , chide , lesson , monish , ||rack             adulation <> disdain

back , rebuke , reprimand , reproach                                        阿諛奉承 <> 輕蔑蔑視
                                                                            adulation <> somber affection

adore                      vt. 崇拜 , 熱愛                                      熱烈的讚揚 <> 低沈的感情
to regard with loving admiration and devotion                               vituperate <> adulatory

terror:apprehension::adoration:affection                                    辱駡 <> 奉承 【詞性不符】

恐怖:疑懼::愛慕:友愛 ( 程度類比 強烈:一般 )

fascination:interest::adoration:fondness::abhorrence:di                     adulterate                 vt. 摻假
slike                                                                       to corrupt , debase , or make impure by the addition of a foreign or

強烈愛好:愛好::崇拜:愛好::痛恨:討厭 ( 程度類比                                                inferior substance or element stickler

強烈:一般 )                                                                     stickler:approximation::purist:adulteration

adulate:fawn::woo ( love ) :adore                                           堅持己見的人:近似::純粹主義者:摻雜 (

阿諛:奉承::愛:崇拜 ( 同義關係 )                                                        人或事物及其反面特徵 )
Synonyms REVERE , reverence , venerate , worship , affection ,              embellish:austere::adulterate:pure
idolize
                                                                        8                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
裝飾:樸素::摻假:純淨 ( 減輕或消除關係 )                                                 aerate:oxygen::hydrate:water

adulterate:purity::enervate:vigor                                        使通氣:氧氣::使成水化合物:水 ( 加入關係 )

摻假:純度::衰弱:活力 ( 消除減弱關係 )                                                  aerate <> remove air from

adulterate:pure::bolster / brace:weak                                    空氣 <> 放出空氣

摻假:純淨::振作精神:虛弱 ( 減輕或消除關係 )
unalloyed <> adulterated                                                 aerial                      adj. 空氣中的 , 空中的
未摻雜的 , 純粹的 <> 摻假的                                                        of , relating to , or occurring in the air or atmosphere

Synonyms debase , doctor , dope ( up ) , load , sophisticate             aerial:air::aquatic:water

                                                                         空氣中的:空氣::水中的:水

adversary                  n. 敵手 , 對手                                    Synonyms AIRY , atmospheric , pneumatic , skyscraping , soaring

one that contends with , opposes , or resists:ENEMY                      , ethereal , vaporous , vapory

supplicant:humility::adversary:resistance

懇求者:謙卑::對手:反抗 ( 人或事物及其正面特徵 )                                             aesthetic                   n. 美學
ally <> adversary                                                        a branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of beauty , art , and

聯盟 <> 敵手 , 對手                                                            taste and with the creation and appreciation of beauty

Synonyms OPPONENT , antagonist , anti , con , match , opposer ,          aesthetics:beauty::epistemology:knowledge
oppugnant                                                                美學:美::知識起源學:知識 ( 學科及其研究物件 )

                                                                         gourmet:food::aesthetic:art

advert                     vi. 注意 , 留意 n. 廣告                             美食家:食物::美學:藝術 ( 研究物件 )
to turn the mind or attention ? used with to

                                                                         affable                     adj. 易於交談的 , 和藹的
advertise                  vt. 做廣告 , 通知                                  characterized by ease and friendliness

to announce publicly especially by a printed notice or a broadcast       affable <> irascible

advertising:commercial::publishing:journal                               和藹的 <> 易怒的

廣告:電視或廣播廣告::出版:期刊 ( 事物及其具體形式 )                                           testy <> affable

Synonyms DECLARE 1 , announce , annunciate , blazon ,                    暴躁的 <> 和藹可親的
broadcast , bruit ( about ) , proclaim , promulgate                      Synonyms GRACIOUS , congenial , cordial , genial , sociable ,

                                                                         sonsy , amiable , genial

advocate                   vt. 主張 , 提倡
to plead in favor of                                                     affected                    adj. 裝模作樣的
exponent:advocate::pollster:canvass                                      assumed artificially or falsely:PRETENDED

擁護者:擁護::民意調查家:調查 ( 人或事物及其正面特徵                                            disaffected:contentment::dubious:commitment / conviction
)                                                                        不滿足的:滿意::懷疑的:承諾 / 信念 ( 反義關係 )
Synonyms EXPONENT , champion , expounder , proponent ,                   officious:meddle::disaffected:rebel
supporter                                                                愛管閒事的:干涉::不滿的 , 不忠的:反叛 ( 正面特徵 )

                                                                         posturer:unaffected::bigot:tolerant

aerate                     v. 充氣 , 讓空氣進入                                 裝腔作勢的人:不矯揉造作的::頑固不化的人:寬容的 (
to supply ( the blood ) with oxygen by respiration                       反面特徵 )
                                                                         disaffected <> content / contented
                                                                     9                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
不滿的 <> 滿意的                                                             conjointment , conjunction , partnership

affected <> natural

假裝的 <> 自然的                                                             affinity                      n. 密切關係 , 吸引力 , 酷似
                                                                       likeness based on relationship or causal connection

affection                     n. 愛 , 情感 , 影響 , 病                       affinity <> aversion

tender attachment:FONDNESS                                             親密關係 <> 厭惡

terror:apprehension::adoration:affection                               repugnance <> affinity

恐怖:疑懼::愛慕:友愛 ( 程度類比 強烈:一般 )                                            令人厭惡 <> 吸引力

embrace:affection::frown:displeasure::shrug:indifferen                 Synonyms alikeness , analogy , comparison , resemblance ,

ce                                                                     semblance , similarity , simile , similitude

擁抱:友愛::皺眉:不高興::聳肩:冷漠 (
具體動作及其表達的感情 )                                                          affliction                    n. 痛苦 , 苦惱 , 苦難
scowl:displeasure::kiss:affection                                      great suffering

皺眉:不愉快::吻:愛情 ( 具體動作及其表達的感情 )                                           Synonyms TRIAL , calvary , cross , crucible , ordeal , tribulation ,

swagger:bravado::caress:affection                                      visitation

大搖大擺:虛張聲勢::愛撫:愛情 (

具體動作及其表達的感情 )                                                          affluent               adj. 富裕的 n. 支流
mercurial:mood::fickle:affection                                       having a generously sufficient and typically increasing supply of

善變的:情緒::易變的:感情 ( 形容詞與其修飾的名詞 )                                          material possessions

obeisant:esteem::embrace:affection                                     affluent <> needy

鞠躬:尊敬::擁抱:愛 ( 行爲及其表達的含義 )                                              富有的 <> 非常貧困的
antipathy <> affection                                                 impecunious <> wealthy / prosperous / affluent

厭惡 <> 喜歡                                                               貧窮的 <> 富有的
adulation <> somber affection                                          Synonyms RICH , moneyed , ||oofy , opulent , wealthy

熱烈的讚揚 <> 低沈的感情
Synonyms INTERESTED , concerned , implicated ,                         agenda                        n. 議程
involvedassumed , feigned , conscious                                  a list or outline of things to be considered or done

                                                                       minute:agenda::log:itinerary

affidavit                     n. 宣誓書                                   會議記錄:議程::航海日誌:行程安排 ( 記錄關係 )
a sworn statement in writing made especially under oath or on          syllabus:course::agenda:meeting::itinerary:trip::pro
affirmation before an authorized magistrateor officer                  gram:concert

affidavit:statement::wedding:ceremony                                  教學大綱:課程::議程:會議::行程表:旅程::節目安

宣誓:陳述::結婚:儀式                                                           排:音樂會 ( 編排或安排關係 )
                                                                       Synonyms PROGRAM , calendar , card , docket , programma ,

affiliation                   n. 入會 , 加入 , 聯盟                          schedule , sked , timetable

to bring or receive into close connection as a member or branch

affiliation <> dissociation                                            aggrandize                    vt. 增加 , 誇大
結盟 <> 分開                                                               to make appear great or greater:praise highly
Synonyms ASSOCIATION , alliance , combination ,                        aggrandize <> disparage
                                                                  10                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                           Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
讚揚 <> 貶低
aggrandize <> relegate                                                   agony                       n. 極大的痛苦
擴大權勢地位 <> 降級                                                             intense pain of mind or body:ANGUISH , TORTURE
Synonyms INCREASE , augment , boost , enlarge , expand ,                 painful:agonizing::important:paramount
extend , heighten , magnify , sublime , uprear                           痛苦的:引起大痛苦的::重要的:最重要的 ( 同義關係 )

                                                                         agonized:distress::obsessed:concern

aggravate                   vt. 加重 , 惡化                                  使痛苦:苦惱::困擾的:憂慮 ( 同義關係 )

to make worse , more serious , or more severe:intensify                  Synonyms DISTRESS , dolor , misery , passion , suffering

unpleasantly
aggravate <> alleviate                                                   airtight            adj. 密閉的 , 不透氣的
惡化 , 加重 <> 減輕 , 緩和 ( 撫慰 )                                                impermeable to air or nearly so
console <> aggravate grief                                               foolproof:fail::airtight:leak

撫慰 , 安慰 <> 加重悲傷                                                          錯不了的 ( 易懂的 ) :失敗::密封的:漏 ( 防止或減弱關係 )
allay <> increase the intensity of / aggravate / intensify

緩和 <> 加重                                                                 alacrity                    n. 敏捷 , 輕快 , 渴望
succor <> aggravate                                                      promptness in response:cheerful readiness

援助 <> 惡化                                                                 alacrity:prompt::acumen:shrewd
Synonyms INTENSIFY , deepen , enhance , heighten , intensate ,           敏捷:快速::敏銳:幹練 ( 行爲及其正面特徵 )
magnify                                                                  alacrity:apathetic::temerity:timid

                                                                         敏捷敏感:缺乏感情的::魯莽蠻勇的:膽怯的 ( 反義關係 )

aggregate                   v. 集合 , 合計 , 集合體                             husbandry:dissipate::alacrity:procrastinate
to collect or gather into a mass or whole                                節約:浪費::敏捷:延遲 ( 反義關係 )
coalesce <> disaggregate                                                 alacrity <> dilatoriness / hesitance

合併 <> 分散                                                                 敏捷 <> 拖延 / 躊躇
disaggregate ( disintegrate ) <> join together                           alacrity <> recalcitrance

分離 <> 加入                                                                 樂意 , 欣然 ( 敏捷 ) <> 倔強 , 不服從
aggregate <> isolated units                                              alacrity <> hesitance and reluctance

聚集 <> 分離的單位                                                              樂意 ( 敏捷 , 欣然 ) <> 猶豫和不情願
aggregate <> disperse                                                    alacrity <> reluctant

聚集 <> 使分散                                                                樂意 ( 敏捷 , 欣然 ) <> 猶豫和不情願
Synonyms agglomerate , agglomeration , aggregation ,                     Synonyms dispatch , expedition , goodwill , promptitude ,

conglomerate , conglomeration                                            readiness



aggrieve                    vt. 使委屈 , 使苦惱 , 侵害                           albino                      n. 白子 , 白化病者 , 白化變種
to give pain or trouble to:DISTRESS                                                                  ( or albinism )
aggrieve <> gratify                                                      an organism exhibiting deficient pigmentation

使委屈 <> 使滿足                                                               albino:pigment::prairie:tree
Synonyms DISTRESS 2 , constrain , grieve , hurt , injure , pain ,        白化症:顔料::大草原:樹 ( 缺乏關係 )
outrage , persecute
                                                                    11                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
alchemy                        n. 煉金術 , 魔力                                renegade:allegiance::apostate:faith
a medieval chemical science and speculative philosophy aiming to          背信棄義者:忠誠 , 效忠::背教者:信念 , 信仰 (
achieve the transmutation of the base metals into gold , the              人或事物及其反面特徵 )
discovery of a universal cure for disease , and the discovery of a        Synonyms FIDELITY , ardor , devotion , faithfulness , fealty ,
means of indefinitely prolonging life                                     loyalty , piety

alchemy:chemistry::false drug:treatment

煉金術:化學::假藥:治療 ( 種屬 , 特徵“假” )                                              allegory                   n. 寓意 , 寓言
                                                                          the expression by means of symbolic fictional figures and actions

alibi                          n. 托辭 , 藉口 , 辯解                            of truths or generalizations abouthuman existence

an excuse usually intended to avert blame or punishment                   allegory:fiction::??

alibi:exculpatory::warning:admonishery                                    寓言:小說::?? ( 種屬 )
托詞:辯解::警告:訓誡 ( 行爲於目的 )                                                    Synonyms figuration , symbolism , symbolization , typification ,

Synonyms EXCUSE , plea , pretext , right                                  apologue , fable , myth , parable



align                          v. 定位 , 排成一行 , 結盟                          alleviate                  v. 緩和 , 減輕
to bring into line or alignment                                           RELIEVE , LESSEN

aligned <> improperly adjusted                                            abate:tax::alleviate:distress

調整 <> 調整不當                                                                降低:稅::減輕:壓力 ( 動賓關係 )
aligned <> irregular / { curved } / askew                                 alleviate:intensity::abate:tax

排一線的 <> 不規則的 / 歪斜的                                                        減輕:強度::降低:稅 ( 動賓關係 )
aligned <> warped                                                         alleviate:strength::dampen:ardor

排一線的 <> 彎曲的                                                               減輕:強度::使沮喪:熱情 ( 動賓關係 )
Synonyms LINE 1 , allineate , line up , range                             alleviate:power::attenuate:force

                                                                          減輕:能力::削弱:力量 ( 動賓關係 )

allay                          vt. 使鎮靜 , 使緩和                              alleviate <> exacerbate

to subdue or reduce in intensity or severity:ALLEVIATE                    減輕 <> 惡化
allay <> increase the intensity of / aggravate / intensify                Synonyms RELIEVE , allay , assuage , ease , lighten , mitigate ,

緩和 <> 加重                                                                  mollify

allay <> excite { compel }

使鎮靜 , 使緩和 <> 使興奮 { 強迫 }【有爭議】                                              alliterate                          v. 押頭韻
Synonyms RELIEVE , alleviate , assuage , lighten , mitigate ,             the repetition of usually initial consonant sounds in two or more

mollify , lull , tranquilize                                              neighboring words or syllables

                                                                          alliterate:remove::blazon:efface

allegiance                     n. 忠誠 , 擁護                                 合頭韻:刪除::畫紋章:拭除 ( 難以關係 )
devotion or loyalty to a person , group , or cause

pundits:authoritativeness::partisans:allegiance                           allowance                           n. 津貼 , 補助 , 寬容 ,
博學者:權威性::擁護者:忠誠性 ( 人或事物及其正面特徵                                                                                 允許
)                                                                         a share or portion allotted or granted


                                                                     12                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
pittance:allowance::rivulet:stream                                  人或事物及其正面特徵 )

少量供應:定量供應::小溪:溪流 ( 小與正常 )                                           altruism <> egocentric

Synonyms RATION , allotment , apportionment , measure , meed        利他主義 <> 利己主義
, part , portion , quantum , quota , share                          Synonyms CHARITABLE , benevolent , eleemosynary , good ,

                                                                    humane , humanitarian , philanthropic

allude                          vi. 暗示 , 間接提到
to make indirect reference ; broadly:REFER                          amalgamate                           v. 合併 , 混合
intimate:communicate::allude:refer                                  to merge into a single body

暗示:通信::暗指:提及 ( 行爲及其特殊方式 )                                           amalgamate <> separate

allude <> mention explicitly                                        混合 <> 分開

暗示 , 暗指 <> 明白的提及                                                    amalgamate <> isolate
Synonyms REFER , advert , bring up , point ( out )                  結合 <> 分隔開
                                                                    Synonyms MIX , admix , compound , fuse , interfuse , intermingle

aloft                           adj. 在空中                            , intermix , meld , merge , mingle

in the air

founder <> stay aloft                                               amass                        v. 積聚 , 收集
沈 <> 保持漂浮                                                           to collect for oneself:ACCUMULATE
grounded <> aloft                                                   Synonyms ACCUMULATE , cumulate , garner , hive , lay up ,

著陸的 <> 空中的                                                          roll up , stockpile , store ( up ) , uplay



aloof                              adj. 冷淡的                         ambiguous                    adj. 含糊的 , 不明確的
removed or distant either physically or emotionally                 doubtful or uncertain especially from obscurity or indistinctness

politic:offend::aloof:associated                                    equivocation:ambiguous::platitude:banal

有能力的:違反::孤高的:聯合的 ( 難以關係 )                                           模棱兩可的話:曖昧不明確的::陳詞濫調:陳腐的 (
gregarious <> aloof                                                 事物及其正面 )

群居的 <> 疏遠的                                                          ambiguous:understand::blatant:ignore
Synonyms        UNSOCIABLE , cool , reserved , solitary ,           不明確的:理解::明顯的:忽視 ( 難以關係 )
standoffish , unapproachable , unbending , uncompanionable          ambiguous:clarity::mendacious:truth

                                                                    模棱兩可:清楚::說謊:事實 ( 反義關係 )

alphabetical                       adj. 字母的 , ABC的                  equivocation:ambiguous::oxymoron:incongruous
arranged in the order of the letters of the alphabet                模棱兩可的話:曖昧的::矛盾修飾法:不調和的 (

dictionary:alphabetical::annals:chronological                       事物及其正面特徵 )

字典:按字母順序的::編年史:按時間順序的 ( 排列關係 )                                      watershed <> ambiguity

                                                                    分水嶺 <> 模糊不清 【分水嶺 象徵“清晰 , 明確”】

altruism                    n. 利他主義 , 不自私                           Synonyms       OBSCURE , amphibological , equivocal , opaque ,

unselfish regard for or devotion to the welfare of others           uncertain , unclear , unexplicit , unintelligible

altruist:selflessness::connoisseur:expertise

利他主義者:無私::鑑賞家:專家意見 (                                                ambivalent                           adj. 有矛盾看法的 ,

                                                               13                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                        Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                                 正反感情並存的
a:continual fluctuation ( as between one thing and its opposite )

b:uncertainty as to which approach to follow
Synonyms EQUIVOCAL



amble                            vi. 漫步 , 溜達
a leisurely walk

amble:walk::chat:talk

溜達:步行::閒聊:談話 ( 非正式和正式關係 )

tint:suffuse::amble:wander

輕微著色:彌漫充滿::緩行溜達:漫遊徘徊 ( 程度關係 )
walk:amble::draw:doodle

步行:溜達::畫:亂畫 ( 正常與非正常 )
Synonyms SAUNTER , bummel , drift , linger , mope , mosey ,

muck , stroll



ambrosial                        adj. 特別美味的
something extremely pleasing to taste or smell

mellifluous:music::ambrosial:food

悅耳的:音樂::天上美味的:食物 ( 形容詞及其修飾物件 )
Synonyms luscious , yummy , aromal , aromatic , balmy , fragrant
                                                                         List 2 ( ameliorate ~ assert ) :
, perfumed

                                                                         ameliorate                vt. 改善 , 改良 , 變好
                                                                         to make better or more tolerable

                                                                         ameliorate:promote::??

                                                                         改善:促進::?? ( 同義 )

                                                                         amelioration:improve::??

                                                                         改善:提高::?? ( 同義 )
                                                                         ameliorate <> aggravate

                                                                         改善 <> 使惡化
                                                                         demoralize <> invigorate { ameliorate }

                                                                         士氣受挫 <> 鼓舞 【此題有爭議】
                                                                         Synonyms IMPROVE , amend , better , help , meliorate



                                                                         amenity                   n. 適意 , 溫和 , 禮儀
                                                                         something that conduces to comfort , convenience , or enjoyment

                                                                         amenity:comfortable::honorarium:grateful

                                                                         適意:舒服的::報酬 , 謝禮:感謝的 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )
                                                                         ameniable <> inimical
                                                                    14                        Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                          Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
溫和 <> 不友善的                                                                   eaglet:bird::fawn:mammal { frog:amphibian }
Synonyms agreeability , agreeableness , amiability , cordiality ,            小鷹:鳥::小羊:哺乳動物 { 青蛙::兩棲動物 } ( 種屬
enjoyableness , geniality , gratefulness , pleasance , pleasantness ,        強調小的特徵 )
sweetness and light

                                                                             amplify                     vt. 擴大 , 詳述 , 使增幅
amiable                    adj. 親切的 , 和藹可親的                                  to make larger or greater ( as in amount , importance , or intensity )

being friendly , sociable , and congenial                                    :INCREASE
inimical <> friendly / amiable / amicable                                    mute <> amplify

有敵意的 <> 友好的 / 親切的 / 友善的                                                      減弱. . . 的聲音 <> 使增幅
Synonyms complaisant , easy , good-humored , good-natured ,                  Synonyms EXPAND , dilate , distend , inflate , swell

good-tempered , lenient , mild , obliging

                                                                             amplitude                   n. 廣大 , 充足 , 振幅
amicable                   adj. 友善的 , 和平的                                    the quality or state of being ample:FULLNESS

characterized by friendly goodwill:PEACEABLE                                 amplitude <> meagerness

inimical <> friendly / amiable / amicable                                    充足 <> 貧乏

有敵意的 <> 友好的 / 親切的 / 友善的                                                      Synonyms BREADTH , comprehensiveness , fullness , scope ,

asperity <> amicable                                                         wideness

嚴酷 <> 和善的
Synonyms HARMONIOUS , amical , congenial , friendly                          anaerobic                   adj. 厭氧的
amiss                      adj. 有毛病的 , 出差錯的                                  anaerobe                    n. 厭氧微生物
in a faulty way:IMPERFECTLY                                                  living , active , occurring , or existing in the absence of free oxygen

Synonyms faultily , incorrectly , wrongly                                    anaerobic <> living in oxygen

                                                                             厭氧性的 <> 生活在氧氣裏的

amorphous                  adj. 無定形的 , 散漫的                                   anaerobic <> { respiration }

having no definite form:SHAPELESS                                            厭氧性的 <> 呼吸 【詞性不符】

amorphous:shape::errant:course

無定形的:形狀::周遊的:路線 ( 缺乏關係 )                                                     analgesic                   n. 鎮痛劑 adj. 止痛的
amorphous:shape::wandering:course                                            insensibility to pain without loss of consciousness

無定形的:形狀::漫遊的:路線 ( 缺乏關係 )                                                     analgesic:pain::anesthetic:sensation
Synonyms FORMLESS , inchoate , shapeless , unformed ,                        止痛劑:疼痛::麻醉劑:感覺 ( 消除關係 )
unshaped                                                                     aseptic:disinfections::anesthetic:numbs

                                                                             防腐劑:消毒::麻醉劑:麻木 ( 藥品及其作用 )

amphibian                  n. 兩棲動物 , 水陸兩用飛機 ,                                pain:analgesic:sensation:anesthetic

                          水陸兩用車                                              疼痛:止痛劑::感覺:麻醉劑 ( 消除關係 )
any of a class ( Amphibia ) of cold-blooded vertebrates ( as frogs ,         pain:analgesic::symptom:palliative
toads , or salamanders ) intermediate in many characters between             疼痛:止痛的::症狀:緩和的 ( 形容詞及其消除關係 )
fishes and reptiles and having gilled aquatic larvae and air-                analgesia:pain::simplify:complexity
breathing adults                                                             痛覺喪失:疼痛::簡單化:複雜性 ( 消除關係 )


                                                                        15                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
【詞性不符】                                                                      panegyric <> anathema

tonic:invigorate::analgesic:deaden                                          讚揚 <> 詛咒

補藥:使健壯::止痛劑:消除 ( 藥品及其作用 )                                                   Synonyms CURSE , commination , imprecation , malediction ,

Synonyms ANODYNE , anesthetic , pain-killer                                 malison



analogy             n. 類似 , 相似 , 類比 , 類推                                    ancestor                      n. 祖先 , 祖宗
a:resemblance in some particulars between things otherwise                  one from whom a person is descended and who is usually more

unlike:SIMILARITY                                                           remote in the line of descent than a grandparent

b:comparison based on such resemblance                                      heirloom:ancestor::bequest:testator
disparate <> analogous                                                      傳家寶:祖宗::遺産:立遺囑之人 ( 人物及其遺留物 )

不同的 <> 類似的                                                                  Synonyms antecedent ( s ) , ascendant , forebear , forefather ,
Synonyms LIKENESS , affinity , alikeness , comparison ,                     primogenitor , progenitor
resemblance , semblance , similarity , simile , similitude

                                                                            anecdote                      n. 有趣的短故事 , 生平軼事
analysis                   n. 分析                                            a usually short narrative of an interesting , amusing , or

separation of a whole into its component parts                              biographical incident

measure:dimension::analyze:nature                                           anecdote:amusement::lecture:instruction:: {

測量:尺寸::分析:自如狀態 ( 行爲及其物件 )                                                   caption:illustration }
synthesis <> analysis                                                       有趣的小故事:娛樂::演講:教導:: { 說明 , 字幕:例證

綜合 <> 分析                                                                    , 插圖 } ( 事物及其功用 )
Synonyms breakdown , breakup , dissection , resolution                      Synonyms narration , narrative , tale , yarn



anarchist                  n. 無政府主義者                                        anemic                        adj. 貧血的 , 患貧血症的
one who rebels against any authority , established order , or ruling        lacking force , vitality , or spirit

power                                                                       anemic <> strong / hale

anarchist:government::abolitionist:slavery                                  貧血的 <> 強壯的 / 健康的

無政府主義者:政府::廢奴主義者:奴隸制度 (                                                     Synonyms PALE 2 , bloodless , pallid , waterish , watery

人物及其反對目標 )

anarchist:rebel::apologist:defend                                           anesthetic                    n. 麻醉劑 , 麻藥
無政府主義者:謀反::辯護者:辯護 ( 人物及其特徵行爲 )                                              lacking awareness or sensitivity

apologist:defend::anarchist:rebel                                           analgesic:pain::anesthetic:sensation

辯護者:辯護::無政府主義者:反叛 ( 人物及其特徵行爲 )                                              止痛劑:疼痛::麻醉劑:感覺 ( 消除關係 )
anarchy <> order                                                            aseptic:disinfections::anesthetic:numbs

無政府狀態 , 混亂 <> 次序 , 規則                                                       防腐劑:消毒::麻醉劑:麻木 ( 藥品及其作用 )
Synonyms REBEL , anarch , insurgent , insurrectionist ,                     pain:analgesic:sensation:anesthetic
malcontent , mutineer , revolter                                            疼痛:止痛劑::感覺:麻醉劑 ( 消除關係 )

                                                                            soporific:alertment::anesthetic:pain

anathema                   n. 詛咒                                            安眠藥:警醒::止痛藥:疼痛 ( 藥物及其消除物件 )
the denunciation of something as accursed                                   sensation <> anesthesia
                                                                       16                            Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                 Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
感覺 <> 麻痹                                                              testy:annoy::tractable:control
Synonyms ANODYNE , analgesic , pain-killer                            易怒的:騷擾::易於管教的:控制 , 管理 (

                                                                      人物個性及其特徵行爲 ( 被動 ))

anew                         adv. 重新 , 再                              hidebound:conservative::peeved:annoyed
in a new or different form                                            死板的:保守的::氣惱的:苦惱的 ( 同義詞 )
Synonyms NEW , afresh , lately , newly , of late , recently           Synonyms abrade , bother , ||bug , chafe , exercise , fret , gall , irk

                                                                      , provoke , ruffle , vex

angle                        n. 角 , 角落 v. 奪取 , 追逐
to turn , move , or direct at an angle                                annul                       v. 宣告無效 , 取消
Synonyms SLANT , aim                                                  to declare or make legally invalid or void

                                                                      annul <> make legal

anhydrous                    adj. 無水的                                 宣告無效 <> 使合法
free from water and especially water of crystallization               Synonyms ABOLISH 1 , abate , abrogate , annihilate , invalidate ,

anhydrous <> wet                                                      negate , nullify , quash , undo , vitiate

無水的 <> 潮濕的

                                                                      anodyne                     n. 止痛藥
animation                    n. 活潑 , 生氣 , 卡通製作                        something that soothes , calms , or comforts

possessing or characterized by life:ALIVE                             Synonyms analgesic , anesthetic , pain-killer

lassitude <> vim / animation

疲倦 , 疲乏 <> 精力 / 生氣                                                    anomalous                   adj. 不規則的 , 反常的
animus                       n. 敵意 , 意圖                               inconsistent with or deviating from what is usual , normal , or

a usually prejudiced and often spiteful or malevolent ill will        expected:IRREGULAR , UNUSUAL
animus <> friendly                                                    anomaly:paradigmatic::blemish:flawless

敵意 <> 友好的 【注:詞性不符】                                                    異常的人:模範的::缺點:無缺點的 ( 事物及其反面特徵 )
Synonyms ENMITY , animosity , antagonism , antipathy ,                anomalous <> typical / conformity to norms

hostility , rancor                                                    反常的 <> 典型的 / 符合規範的
                                                                      Synonyms ABNORMAL 1 , aberrant , atypical , deviant ,

annals                       n. 紀年表 , 年鑑 , 年報                         deviative , heteroclite , preternatural , unrepresentative , untypical

a record of events arranged in yearly sequence

dictionary:alphabetical::annals:chronological                         anonymous                   adj. 匿名的
字典:依字母順序的::年鑑:按年代順序的 (                                                not named or identified

事物及其編排方式 )                                                            anonymous:identify::nonchalant:excite
Synonyms chronicle                                                    佚名的 , 無名的:識別::冷淡的:使興奮 (

                                                                      人物個性及其反面特徵行爲 )

annoy                        vt. 使苦惱 , 騷擾                             Synonyms innominate , nameless , undesignated , unnamed

to disturb or irritate especially by repeated acts

mawkish:sentimental::peeve:annoy                                      antagonize                  vt. 使成敵人 , 敵對 , 反對
感傷的:感傷性的:: ( 使 ) 氣惱:使苦惱 , 騷擾 ( 同義 )                                   to incur or provoke the hostility of


                                                                 17                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                         Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
choler:antagonize::??                                                          anticipatory               adj. 1 預想 , 預期的 2
憤怒:對抗::??                                                                                                 佔先的 , 先發制人的
placate <> antagonize                                                          to give advance thought , discussion , or treatment to

撫慰 <> 引起反抗                                                                     retrospective <> anticipatory

synergic <> antagonistic                                                       回顧的 <> 預期的

協作的 , 合作的 <> 敵對的                                                               Synonyms EXPECTANT 1 , anticipant , anticipative , atiptoe ,

propitiate <> antagonize                                                       expecting

安撫 <> 引起反抗
mollify <> antagonize / { ire }                                                antidote                   n. 解毒劑 , 解藥
平息 , 緩和 <> 引起反抗 / { 忿怒 } 【詞性不符】                                                a remedy to counteract the effects of poison

                                                                               antidote:poisoning::balm:irritation

antennae                   n. 天線 , 觸鬚 , 觸角                                     解毒劑:中毒::藥膏:刺激 ( 藥物及其對應症 )
one of a pair of slender movable segmented sensory organs on the               remedy:disease::antidote:poisoning
head of insects , myriapods , and crustaceans                                  治療法:疾病::解毒劑:中毒 ( 事物及其作用物件 )

antennae:butterfly                                                             Synonyms REMEDY 2 , corrective , counteractant , counteractive

觸鬚:蝴蝶                                                                          , counteragent , countermeasure , counterstep , cure



anterior                   adj. 前面的 , 在前的                                      antipathy                  n. 憎惡 , 反感
coming before in time or development                                           settled aversion or dislike:DISTASTE
anterior <> ensuing                                                            antipathy <> affection

前面的 <> 後來的                                                                     反感 <> 愛
Synonyms PRECEDING , antecedent , foregoing , former , past ,                  Synonyms ENMITY , animosity , animus , antagonism , hostility ,

precedent , previous , prior                                                   rancor



anthology                  n. 詩集 , 文選                                          antique                    adj. 舊式的 , 過時的
a collection of selected literary pieces or passages or works of art or        existing since or belonging to earlier times:ANCIENT
music                                                                          Synonyms ANCIENT , aged , age-old , antediluvian , hoary ,

compendium:summary::anthology:collection                                       Noachian , old , timeworn , venerable

概略:概要::文選:文集 ( 同義 )
Synonyms album , ana , analects , florilegium , garland ,                      antiseptic                 n. 殺菌劑 , 防腐劑
miscellany , omnibus , posy                                                    opposing sepsis , putrefaction , or decay ;

                                                                               oil:lubricate::antiseptic:disinfect

antic                      adj 古怪的 , 笨拙的                                       油:潤滑::殺菌劑:消毒 ( 事物及其功用 )
characterized by clownish extravagance or absurdity

facetious:speech::antic:behavior                                               antonym                    n. 反義字 , 反義語 , 對語
愛開玩笑的:談話::滑稽的:行爲 ( 行爲及其特殊類別 )                                                  a word of opposite meaning

Synonyms PRANK , caper , dido ( es ) , frolic , lark ,

monkeyshine ( s ) , shenanigan , shine ( s ) , tomfoolery , trick              anvil                      n. 鐵砧
                                                                               a heavy usually steel-faced iron block on which metal is shaped
                                                                          18                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                 Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
hammer:anvil::pestle:mortar                                                 假冒的:可信的::?? ( 反義 )

錘:鐵砧::杵:臼 ( 工具及其配合用具 )

                                                                            apologist                   n. 辯護士 (
apathy                       n. 漠然 , 冷淡                                                                 尤指衛護基督教教義的辯護者
lack of feeling or emotion:IMPASSIVENESS                                                                )
ennui:enthusiastic::fervor:apathetic                                        one who speaks or writes in defense of someone or something

倦怠:熱心的::熱情:缺乏感情的 ( 人物個性及其反面特徵                                               saboteur:disrupt::apologist:defend
)                                                                           從事破壞活動者:使分裂::辯護者:辯護 (
Synonyms impassivity , insensibility , phlegm , stoicism , stolidity        人物及其特徵行爲 )
, unresponsiveness                                                          apologist:defend::anarchist:rebel

                                                                            辯護者:辯護::無政府主義者:反叛 ( 人物及其特徵行爲 )

apex                         n. 頂點 , 最高點                                    disciple:follow::apologist:defend
the highest or culminating point                                            信徒:追隨::辯護者:辯護 ( 人物及其特徵行爲 )
Synonyms TOP 1 , crest , crown , fastigium , peak , roof , summit           heretic:unconformity::apologist:defend
, vertex                                                                    異教徒:不順從::辯護者:辯護 ( 人物及其正面特徵 )

                                                                            【注:詞性不符】

aphorism                     n. 格言                                          apologist <> critic / detractor

a terse formulation of a truth or sentiment:ADAGE                           辯護者 <> 批評家 / 誹謗者

brevity:aphorism::distortion:caricature

簡短:格言::曲解:漫畫 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )                                                   apophasis                   n. 『修』故抑其詞 , 以求婉達
euphemism:offensive::aphorism:diffusive                                     Allusion to something by denying that it will be mentioned , as in I

委婉的說法:令人不快的::格言:冗長的 (                                                       will not bring up my opponent's questionable financial dealings

事物及其反面特徵 )                                                                  apophasis:claim::oxymoron:paradox

pithiness:aphorism::exaggeration:caricature                                 故抑其詞 , 以求婉達:表述::矛盾修飾法:自相矛盾的話 (

簡潔:警語::誇張:漫畫 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )                                                   種屬 )
Synonyms MAXIM , apothegm , axiom , brocard , dictum ,                      apophasis:claim:: { caprice:deliberate }
gnome , moral , rule , truism                                               故抑其詞 , 以求婉達:表述:: { 善變:仔細考慮 }



apocalyptic                  adj. 預示災禍的 , 啓示的                               apoplectic                  adj. 中風的 , 易怒的 , 狂怒的
forecasting the ultimate destiny of the world:PROPHETIC                                                 , 大怒的
apocalyptic <> inconsequential                                              greatly agitated

天啓的 <> 不重要的                                                                 apoplectic:angry::emaciated:thin
Synonyms PROPHETIC , Delphian , fatidic , mantic , oracular ,               狂怒的:發怒::消瘦的:瘦 ( 程度類比 )
prophetical , sibylline , vatic , vaticinal                                 apoplectic:calm::callow:mature

                                                                            狂怒的:平靜的::幼稚:成熟 ( 反義 )

apocrypha                    n. 僞經 , 僞書                                     apoplectic <> calm

writings or statements of dubious authenticity                              易怒的 <> 冷靜的

apocryphal:authentic::??


                                                                       19                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
apostasy                    n. 背教 , 變節 , 脫黨                                garment , raiment

renunciation of a religious faith

apostasy:faith::recantation:heresy                                         appeal                             vi. 求助 , 訴請 , 要求
變節:忠實::改變 ( 錯誤 ) 論調:異端 ( 行爲及其反面特徵 )                                        to make an earnest request

apostasy <> fidelity                                                       remonstrator:dissuade::applicant:appeal

變節 <> 忠誠                                                                   提出異議的人:勸阻::申請者:訴請 ( 人物及其特徵動作 )
Synonyms DEFECTION , desertion , falseness , recreancy ,                   Synonyms BEG , beseech , brace , crave , entreat , implore ,

tergiversation                                                             importune , plead , pray , supplicate



apostrophe                  n. 書寫中撇號 ( ’ ) (                               appealing                          adj. 引起興趣的 ,
                            表示省略或所有格 )                                                                        動人的 , 懇求的
a mark ' used to indicate the omission of letters or figures , the         having appeal:PLEASING
possessive case , or the plural of letters or figures                      noisome <> appealing

apostrophes:word::ellipsis:sentence                                        令人不快的 <> 引起興趣的

表示省略的撇號:詞::省略號:句子 ( 符號及其表示意義 )                                             Synonyms ATTRACTIVE , alluring , attracting , bewitching ,

                                                                           captivating , charming , enchanting , fascinating , seductive , siren

apothecary                  n. <古> <英方> 藥劑師 ,
                            藥商 , 藥房                                        appease                            vt. 安撫 , 緩和 , 平息 ,
one who prepares and sells drugs or compounds for medicinal                                                   滿足
purposes                                                                   to bring to a state of peace or quiet:CALM

apothecary:medicine::butcher:meat { librarian:book }                       roil <> appease

藥劑師:藥::屠夫:肉 { 圖書管理員:書籍 } (                                                 使焦急 <> 安撫

人物及其工作物件 ) 【注:強調“製備與出售”】                                                   roil <> clarify

                                                                           攪渾 <> 澄清

appall                              vt. 使膽寒 , 使驚駭                          vex <> pacify / appease / soothe

to overcome with consternation , shock , or dismay                         使煩惱 <> 使平靜 / 安撫 / 安慰
appall <> embolden / nerve                                                 appease <> rile

使膽寒 <> 使大膽 / 鼓起勇氣                                                          平息 <> 攪渾濁 , 惹怒
encourage <> appall                                                        Synonyms PACIFY , assuage , conciliate , mollify , placate ,

激勵 <> 使膽寒                                                                  propitiate , sweeten

Synonyms DISMAY , consternate , daunt , horrify , shake

                                                                           appetite                     n. 食欲 , 欲望 , 愛好
apparel                             vt. 使穿衣 , 裝飾                           an inherent craving

to put clothes on:DRESS                                                    voracity <> lack of appetite

gaudy:apparel::grandiloquent:speak                                         貪食 <> 沒有食欲

俗麗的:裝飾::浮誇的:說話 ( 行爲及其特徵化方式 )                                               Synonyms DESIRE , appetition , craving , itch , lust , passion ,

tonsorial:hair::sartorial:apparel                                          urge

理髮師的:頭髮::裁縫匠的:衣服 ( 職業及其加工物件 )
Synonyms CLOTHE , array , attire , clad , dress , enclothe , garb ,
                                                                      20                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
applause                    n. 鼓掌 , 喝彩 , 贊許                              apprehension:terror::affection:adoration
approval publicly expressed                                              憂懼:恐怖::愛:愛慕 ( 程度類比 )

mirth:laughter::approval:applause                                        Synonyms apprehensiveness , foreboding , misgiving ,

歡樂:笑::贊成:鼓掌 ( 行爲及其所表達的含義 )                                               premonition , prenotion , presage , presentiment

approve:applause::?:?

贊成:鼓掌::?:? ( 行爲及其所表達的含義 )                                                apprentice                         n. 學徒 , 生手
Synonyms acclaim , acclamation , plaudit ( s )                           an inexperienced person:NOVICE
                                                                         Synonyms NOVICE , beginner , colt , freshman , neophyte ,

applicant                   n. 申請者 , 請求者                                 newcomer , novitiate , rookie , tenderfoot , tyro

one who applies

remonstrator:dissuade::applicant:appeal                                  approbation                        n. 認可 , 嘉許
提出異議的人:勸阻::申請者:訴請 ( 人物及其特徵動作 )                                           COMMENDATION , PRAISE

Synonyms CANDIDATE , aspirant , hopeful , seeker                         praise:approbation::demur:objection

                                                                         稱讚:嘉許::提出異議:反對 ( 行爲及其表示的含義 )

appoint                     vt. 任命 , 指定 , 命令                             censure:blameless::approbation:reprehensible
to name officially                                                       指責:無可責難的::嘉許:應該譴責的 (

appoint:official::cast:actor                                             行爲及其物件的反面特徵 )

任命:官員::分配戲劇角色:演員 ( 行爲及其物件 )                                              execration <> approbation

Synonyms DESIGNATE 2 , finger , make , name , nominate , tap             咒駡 <> 嘉許
                                                                         Synonyms approval , benediction , blessing , favor , OK ( or okay

apposite                    adj. 適當的 , 恰切的                               )

highly pertinent or appropriate:APT
apposite <> extraneous                                                   appropriate                 adj. 適當的
合適的 <> 無關的                                                               especially suitable or compatible:FITTING
Synonyms RELEVANT , ad rem , applicable , applicative ,                  meet <> inappropriate / unsuitable

applicatory , apropos , germane , material , pertinent , pointful        合適的 <> 不適當的 / 不適合的
                                                                         apt <> extremely inappropriate

appreciable                      adj. 可感知的 , 可評估的                        恰當的 <> 非常的不適當
capable of being perceived or measured                                   Synonyms FIT , applicable , apt , befitting , felicitous , fitting ,

appreciable <> imperceptible                                             just , meet , proper , suitable

可感知的 <> 不能感知的
ponderable <> inappreciable                                              appropriate                  v. 盜用
有價值的 <> 微不足道的                                                            to take or make use of without authority or right

Synonyms PERCEPTIBLE , detectable , discernible , observable ,           lurk:wait::abscond:depart / { purloin:appropriate }
palpable , sensible , tangible                                           埋伏:等候::潛逃:離開 / { 盜取:盜用 } (

                                                                         普通行爲及其特徵化方式 ( 隱秘地 ))

apprehension                      n. 理解 , 憂懼 , 逮捕                        lurk:concealment::purloin:appropriation

suspicion or fear especially of future evil:FOREBODING                   潛伏:潛藏::偷竊:盜取 ( 種屬 )
                                                                         Synonyms STEAL , annex , filch , lift , pilfer , pinch , purloin ,
                                                                    21                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
snitch , swipe                                                               , just , meet , proper , suitable



approve                                   vt. 贊同 , 核准 ,                      aquatic               adj. 水生的 , 水中的 , 水上的
證實                                                                           growing or living in or frequenting water

to have or express a favorable opinion of                                    aerial:air::aquatic:water

mirth:laughter::approval:applause                                            空氣的:空氣::水生的:水 ( 名詞及其形容詞化 )

歡樂:笑::贊成:鼓掌 ( 行爲及其所表達的含義 )

approve:applause::?:?                                                        aqueduct                     n. 高架渠 , 渡槽
贊成:鼓掌::?:? ( 行爲及其所表達的含義 )                                                    a conduit for water

substantiate <> disapprove                                                   aqueduct:water::pipeline:gas::vessel:blood

證實 <> 證僞                                                                     水渠:水::導氣管:氣體::脈管:血 ( 物質及其傳輸方式
Synonyms accept , approbate , countenance , favor , go ( for ) ,             )
hold ( with )                                                                Synonyms CHANNEL , canal , conduit , course , duct ,

                                                                             watercourse

approximate                   adj. 大約的 , 近似的
nearly correct or exact                                                      aquifer                      n. 含水土層 (
paraphrase:verbatim::approximate:precise                                                                  含水量足以成爲井水或泉水 )
轉釋的:照字面的::近似:精確的 ( 行爲及其反面特徵 )                                                a water-bearing stratum of permeable rock , sand , or gravel

stickler:approximation / imprecision::purist:adulteration                    shale:lode::well:aquifer

一絲不苟的人:近似 / 不精確::純化論者:摻假的東西 (                                                葉岩:礦脈::源泉:含水土層 ( 事物及其發源地 )

特徵人物及其反對物件 )

                                                                             arbor                 n. 樹蔭處 , ( 樹枝等形成的 ) 藤架
apropos                            adj. 適當的 , 恰好的                                                  , 涼亭 , 【植】樹 , 喬木
being both relevant and opportune                                            a shelter of vines or branches or of latticework covered with

apropos <> irrelevant { straight , uniform , symmetrical }                   climbing shrubs or vines

恰好的 <> 不相關的 { 直的 , 統一的 , 對稱的 }                                               arbor:shelter::hedgerow:fence
Synonyms RELEVANT , ad rem , applicable , applicative ,                      樹蔭:掩蔽處::灌木籬牆:圍牆 ( 種屬 )
applicatory , apposite , germane , material , pertinent , pointful

                                                                             arboreal                            adj. 樹木的
apt                         adj. 易於. . .                                     of , relating to , or resembling a tree

unusually fitted or qualified:READY                                          arboreal:trees::sidereal:stars
apt <> extremely inappropriate                                               樹的:樹::星的:星星 ( 形容詞及其名詞 )

恰當的 <> 非常不適當的                                                                finch:bird::arboretum:tree
apt <> unlikely                                                              雀類:鳥::植物園:樹木 ( 個體與群體 )

易於的 <> 不太可能的
aptness <> unsuitability                                                     archaic                             adj. 古老的
恰當的 <> 不適合的                                                                  of , relating to , or characteristic of an earlier or more primitive

Synonyms given , inclined , liable , likely , prone                          time:ANTIQUATED
Synonyms FIT , appropriate , befitting , felicitous , fitting , happy
                                                                        22                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                 Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
evanescent:permanence::archaic:currency                                   酷熱的 <> 極寒的

容易消散的:永久::已廢的:流通 ( 事物特性及其反面特徵                                             Synonyms COLD , chill , chilly , cool , freezing , frosty , gelid ,

)                                                                         glacial , icy , nippy

meteoric:constancy::archaic:currency

曇花一現的:恒久不變::古老的:流通 (                                                      ardor                      n. 熱心 , 熱情
形容詞與名詞的反面特徵 )                                                             extreme vigor or energy:INTENSITY
archaic <> current                                                        assuage:sorrow::dampen:ardor

古老的 <> 最近的                                                                減輕:悲傷::使喪氣:熱情 ( 行爲及其消除物件 )
Synonyms OLD-FASHIONED , antiquated , antique , bygone ,                  alleviate:strength::dampen:ardor
dated , old , old-timey , outdated , out-of-date , pass*                  減輕:強度::使沮喪:熱情 ( 行爲及其消除物件 )
                                                                          torpor <> ardor

archipelago                        n. 群島 , 多島海                            不活潑 <> 熱情
an expanse of water with many scattered islands                           Synonyms PASSION , calenture , enthusiasm , fervor , fire ,

range:mountain::chain:link:: { archipelago:island }                       hurrah , zeal

山脈:山::鏈:環:: { 群島:島嶼 } (

單個事物及其鏈狀排列 )                                                              arduous                   adj. 費勁的 , 辛勤的 , 險峻的
                                                                          hard to accomplish or achieve:DIFFICULT

archetype                          n. 原型                                  arduous <> facile

the original pattern or model of which all things of the same type        費勁的 <> 易做到的
are representations or copies:PROTOTYPE ; also:a perfect                  Synonyms HARD 6 , difficult , effortful , labored , laborious ,

example                                                                   operose , rough , strenuous , toilsome , uphill

harbinger:presage::archetype:exemplify

預兆:預示::原型:例示 ( 事物及其功用 )                                                   argot                      n. 隱語 , 暗語 , 暗號
Synonyms MODEL , beau ideal , ensample , example , exemplar ,             an often more or less secret vocabulary and idiom peculiar to a

ideal , mirror , paradigm , pattern , standard                            particular group

                                                                          argot <> standard language / common verbalism

archive                     n. 檔案文件 , 文件儲存室                               隱語 , 暗語 <> 規則地語言 / 普通地言語
a place in which public records or historical documents are               Synonyms DIALECT , cant , jargon , lingo , patois , patter , slang

preserved                                                                 , vernacular

archive:manuscript::arsenal:weapon

文件儲存室:手稿::軍械庫:兵器 ( 事物及其儲存地 )                                              arid                       adj. 乾燥的 , 不毛的
archive:records::museum:artifacts                                         excessively dry

文件儲存室:記錄::博物館:史前古器物                                                       marsh:sodden::desert:arid
Synonyms LIBRARY , athenaeum                                              沼澤 , 濕地:濕透的::沙漠:乾燥的 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )
                                                                          arid <> damp

arctic                      adj. 北極的 , 極寒的                                乾燥的 <> 潮濕的

bitter cold:FRIGID                                                        Synonyms DRY , bone-dry , droughty , moistureless , sere , thirsty

torrid <> arctic                                                          , unwatered , waterless


                                                                     23                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
armory                     n. 紋章 , 紋章學 , 軍械庫 ,                           【注:overconfidence 原爲 confidence】

                           兵工廠                                           intentional:accidental::arrogant:humble
a place where arms and military equipment are stored                     故意的:意外的::傲慢的:謙遜的 ( 反義 )

pantry:food::armory:weapons                                              Synonyms PRIDE , disdain , disdainfulness , haughtiness , hauteur

食品儲存室:食物::軍械庫:武器 ( 事物及其儲存地 )                                             , loftiness , morgue , superbity , superciliousness

Synonyms arsenal , depot , dump , magazine

                                                                         arroyo                        n. 乾枯的河床 , 峽谷 , 小河
arrest                     vt. 拘捕 , 妨礙 , 吸引 , 阻止 ,                       a brook ; a creek ;a water-carved gully or channel

                           使懶惰                                           grotto:cavern::arroyo:channel
to make inactive                                                         小洞穴:巨洞::小河:海峽 ( 小與大 )
arrest <> vitalize                                                       Synonyms RAVINE , chasm , cleft , clough , clove , gap , gorge ,

使懶惰 <> 使有生氣                                                              gulch
Synonyms check , halt , interrupt , stall , stay

                                                                         arsenal                       n. 兵工廠 , 軍械庫
arresting                  adj. 引人注意的 , 醒目的 ,                            a:an establishment for the manufacture or storage of arms and

                           有趣的                                           military equipment

catching the attention:STRIKING , IMPRESSIVE                             b:a collection of weapons

blatant:arresting::odious:disgusting                                     archive:manuscript::arsenal:weapon

炫耀的:引人注意的:可厭的:令人厭惡的 (                                                    文件儲存室:手稿::軍械庫:兵器 ( 事物及其儲存地 )

事物特徵及其對人的影響 )                                                            Synonyms ARMORY , depot , dump , magazine

arresting <> banal

有趣的 <> 陳腐的                                                               articulate                    vt. 以關節連接 , 接合 ,
Synonyms NOTICEABLE , arrestive , conspicuous , marked ,                                               明白地說
outstanding , pointed , prominent , remarkable , salient , signal        to give clear and effective utterance to:put into words

                                                                         ratiocination:thinking::articulation:talking

arrhythmic                 adj. 無節奏的                                     推理:思考::清晰發音:說話 ( 行爲及其特殊化形式 (
lacking rhythm or regularity                                             清晰的 , 明確的 ))
arrhythmic <> regular                                                    Synonyms VOCAL , eloquent , fluent , smooth-spoken

無節奏的 <> 規則的

                                                                         artifacts                     n. 史前古器物
arrogance                  n. 傲慢 , 自大                                    something created by humans usually for a practical purpose ;

a feeling or an impression of superiority manifested in an               especially:an object remaining from a particular period
overbearing manner or presumptuous claims                                archive:records::museum:artifacts

mean:prodigality::meek:arrogance                                         文件儲存室:記錄::博物館:史前古器物
吝嗇的:慷慨 ; 豐富::謙恭的:自大 (

人物個性及其反面特徵 )                                                             artifice             n. 巧辦法 , 詭計
overconfidence:arrogant::inquiry:interrogatory                           false or insincere behavior

自負的:自大的::質詢:質詢 ( 同義關係 )                                                  artifice <> candor


                                                                    24                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
詭計 <> 坦白                                                                  ascetic:self-denial::bodybusy:intrusive
Synonyms CUNNING 2 , art , artfulness , cageyness , canniness ,           修道者:禁欲 , 克己::保鏢 , 護衛:打擾的
craft , craftiness , foxiness , slyness , wiliness                        sybarite <> ascetic

                                                                          沈于奢侈逸樂者 <> 苦行者

artless               adj. 樸質的 , 率直的 , 拙劣的                                voluptuary <> ascetic

free from guile or craft:sincerely simple                                 耽於酒色的 <> 苦行的

blemish:impeccable::guile:artles                                          indulgent <> ascetic

污點:無瑕疵的::狡猾:率直的 ( 行爲及其反面特徵 )                                              放縱的 <> 苦行的
artless <> cunning / guileful                                             ascetic <> voluptuary

率直的 <> 狡猾的 / 狡猾的                                                          禁欲者 , 苦行者 <> 酒色之徒
artlessness <> urbanity                                                   ascetic <> sumptuous

樸質 <> 都市風格                                                                苦行的 <> 奢侈的
sly <> artless                                                            Synonyms SEVERE 1 , astringent , austere , mortified , stern

狡猾的 <> 率直的
artless <> disingenuous                                                   aseptic                    adj. 無菌的 , 潔淨的
無虛飾的 <> 虛僞的                                                               preventing infection

Synonyms NATURAL 5 , ingenuous , naive , simple , unaffected ,            aseptic:disinfections::anesthetic:numbs
unartful , unartificial , unschooled , unsophisticated , unstudied        防腐劑:消毒::麻醉劑:麻木 ( 藥品及其作用 )



ascendant                    n. 運星 , 運道 , 支配力 , 優勢                        askew                      adj. 歪斜的 v. 歪斜 , 彎曲
governing or controlling influence:DOMINATION                             out of line:AWRY
ascendant <> having no influence                                          aligned <> askew { curve }

佔優勢的 <> 沒有影響力的                                                            一行的 <> 歪斜的 { 彎曲的 } 【注:curve詞性不符 ,
ascendant <> having no power                                              且對應上沒有與“bring into line”形成工整的反義】

佔優勢的 <> 沒有影響力的
Synonyms SUPREMACY , ascendancy , dominance , domination                  aspect                     n. 樣子 , 外表 , 面貌 , (
, dominion , masterdom , preeminence , preponderance , prepotence                                    問題等的 ) 方面
, sovereignty                                                             a position facing a particular direction:EXPOSURE

                                                                          transfigure:aspect::transfer:location { transfix:attention }

ascent                       n. 上升 , 上坡路                                  使變形:樣子::轉移:位置 { 使呆住:注意力 } (

an upward slope or rising grade:ACCLIVITY                                 行爲及其作用物件 )
Synonyms ascension , rise , rising                                        Synonyms APPEARANCE 1 , look , mien , seeming



ascetic                      adj. 禁欲的 n. 苦行者                              asperity                   n. 粗魯 , 艱苦
austere in appearance , manner , or attitude                              roughness of manner or of temper:HARSHNESS

glutton:overindulgence::ascetic:self-denial                               asperity:optimistic::??

暴食者:放縱::修道者:禁欲 , 克己 (                                                     嚴酷:樂天的::?? ( 人物個性及其反面特徵 )

特徵人物及其正面特徵 )                                                              asperity <> mildness of temper


                                                                     25                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
嚴酷 <> 脾氣溫和                                                                 asset                              n. 資産 , 有用的東西
asperity <> amicable                                                       the entire property of a person , association , corporation , or estate

嚴酷 <> 和善的                                                                  applicable or subject to the payment of debts

                                                                           asset <> liability

aspirant                    n. 有抱負者 , 有野心者                                 資産 <> 債務
One who aspires , as to advancement , honors , or a high position.         Synonyms:capital , resources , wealth

aspirant:quarry::hunter:prey

有抱負者:目標::狩獵者:獵物 ( 人物及其追求物件 )                                               assiduous                          adj. 勤勉的 , 專心的
Synonyms CANDIDATE , applicant , hopeful , seeker                          marked by careful unremitting attention or persistent application

                                                                           assiduous <> remiss

aspiration                  n. 渴望 , 熱望                                     勤勉的 <> 玩忽職守的
a strong desire to achieve something high or great                         assiduous <> remiss / desultory

Synonyms DIFFICULTY , hardness , hardship , rigor , vicissitude            勤勉的 <> 玩忽職守的 / 散漫的

                                                                           Synonyms:busy , industrious , diligent , sedulous

assert                      vt. 主張 , 聲明 , 斷言
to state or declare positively and often forcefully or aggressively        assuage                            vt. 緩和 , 減輕 , 鎮定
calumny:assertion::perjury:testimony                                       to lessen the intensity of ( something that pains or distresses )

誹謗:斷言::僞證:證言 ( 行爲及其特殊化形式 ( 假的 ))                                           :EASE

obsequious:servile::belligerent:assertive                                  assuage:sorrow::dampen:ardor

諂媚的:卑屈的::好戰的:過分自信的 ( 同義 )                                                  撫慰 , 緩和:悲傷::潑涼水:熱情 ( 減少關係 )
brassy <> unassertive                                                      gall <> calm / assuage

厚臉皮的 <> 謙遜的                                                                使生氣 <> 安撫
Synonyms affirm , aver , avouch , avow , constate , declare ,              assuage / subdue <> inflame

depose , predicate , profess , protest                                     緩和 / 抑制 <> 激怒 , 使燃燒
                                                                           assuage <> intensify

                                                                           緩和 <> 加強

                                                                           Synonyms:relieve , alleviate , lighten , assuage , mitigate , allay




                                                                           assume                             vt. 接受 , 承擔 , 假定 ,
                                                                                                             擺架子
List 3 ( assess ~ bonus ) :                                                to take to or upon oneself:UNDERTAKE
                                                                           abdicate <> assume

assess                             v. 估價 , 評價                              放棄 , 退位 <> 承擔
to determine the importance , size , or value of                           assume <> refuse

assess:value::plumb:depth                                                  承擔 <> 拒絕

評價:價值::測水深:深度 ( 動賓關係 )                                                     unassuming <> overbearing

Synonyms:estimate , appraise , evaluate , value , rate                     謙虛的 <> 傲慢的


                                                                      26                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
Synonyms:affect , pretend , simulate , feign , counterfeit , sham        extremely wicked , brutal , or cruel:BARBARIC

                                                                         atrocious:bad::momentous:important

astounding                        adj. 令人驚駭的                             惡劣的 , 糟透的:壞的 , 惡的::重要的:重要的 , 重大的 (
causing astonishment or amazement                                        程度類比 )

indelible:forget::astounding:expect                                      Synonyms:OUTRAGEOUS , monstrous , shocking

難忘的 , 消除不去的:忘記::出乎意料的:預期 ( 反面特徵
)                                                                        attenuate                         v. 變薄 , 變弱
                                                                         to lessen the amount , force , magnitude , or value of:WEAKEN

astute                            adj. 機敏的 , 狡猾的                         attenuate:force::decelerate:speed
having or showing shrewdness and perspicacity                            減弱:力量::減速:速度 ( 行爲及其作用物件 )
fatuous <> astute                                                        attenuate:thickness::enervate:vitality
愚笨的 <> 機敏的                                                               使變稀薄::濃度::使虛弱:活力 ( 行爲及其作用物件 )

Synonyms:shrewd , sagacious , perspicacious                              collapse:volume::attenuate:thickness

                                                                         倒塌 , 崩潰:體積 ( 卷 , 冊;音量 ) ::變薄 ( 變稀 ) :厚度 (

asunder                           adv. 分開 , 化爲碎片                         濃度 ) ( 行爲及其作用物件 )
into parts                                                               debase:value::attenuate:force
2. apart from each other in position                                     降低價值:價值::使消瘦:力量 ( 行爲及其作用物件 )

                                                                         abate:force::attenuate:thickness

asymmetrical                      adj. 不勻稱的 ,                            減輕:力量::使. . . 薄:厚度 ( 行爲及其物件 )

                                  不對稱的 , 不均勻的                            abridge:length::attenuate:thickness
not symmetrical                                                          縮短:長度::使…變薄:厚度 ( 行爲及其物件 )

circular:asymmetrical::protean:rigid                                     attenuate:force / thickness::simplify:complexity

圓形的:不對稱的::變化多端的:僵硬死板的 ( 反面關係 )                                           減弱:力量::簡化:複雜 ( 行爲及其物件 )

                                                                         attenuate:thickness::cool:temperature

asylum                            n. 庇護 , 收容所                            使變薄:厚度::使變冷:溫度 ( 行爲及其物件 )
an inviolable place of refuge and protection giving shelter to           alleviate:power::attenuate:force
criminals and debtors:SANCTUARY                                          減輕:能力::削弱:力量 ( 動賓關係 )

refugee:asylum::??                                                       attenuate <> intensify

難民:收容所::?? ( 人物及其活動場所 )                                                  削弱 <> 加強

Synonyms:REFUGE , harborage , sanctuary , shelter                        Synonyms WEAKEN 1 , blunt , cripple , debilitate , disable ,

                                                                         enfeeble , sap , unbrace , undermine , unstrengthen

atone                             v. 贖罪 , 補償 , 彌補
to supply satisfaction for:EXPIATE                                       attorney                          n. <美> 律師 , (
guilt:expiation / atonement::fatigue:repose ( take a rest )                                                業務或法律事務上的 )
罪行:贖罪::疲勞:休息 ( 消除關係 )                                                                                      代理人
                                                                         A person legally appointed by another to act as his or her agent in

atrocious                         adj. 殘忍的 , 兇惡的 (                       the transaction of business , specifically one qualified and licensed

                                  n. atrocity )                          to act for plaintiffs and defendants in legal proceedings


                                                                    27                            Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
attorney:defendant::??                                                 worship:sacrifice::prediction:augury

律師:被告::??                                                              祭奠:供奉::預言:預言 ( 名詞同義關係 )

                                                                       augury:appearance::??

auction                             n. 拍賣                              預言:表像::??
a sale of property to the highest bidder                               Synonyms:prophet , auspex , forecaster , foreseer , foreteller ,
                                                                       haruspex , Nostradamus , predictor

audacious                           adj. 大膽的 , 愚勇的 ,                   CF:auger ( n. 螺絲鑽 , 鑽孔機 )

                                    無禮的
intrepidly daring:ADVENTUROUS                                          auspicious                       adj. 吉兆的 , 幸運的
2. recklessly bold:RASH                                                affording a favorable auspice:PROPITIOUS

audacious:trepidation::laconic:volubility                              auspicious <> boding ill

大膽的:恐懼::說話簡潔的:口若懸河 ( 反面關係 )                                            吉兆的 <> 不吉祥的

audacious:caution::inedible:food                                       auspicious <> untoward

魯莽的:謹慎:不能食用的:食物 ( 事物及其反面特徵 )                                           吉兆的 <> 不幸的
circumspect <> audacious / reckless / direct encounter                 auspicious <> unfavorable

小心的 <> 魯莽的                                                             吉兆的 <> 不宜的

Synonyms:bold , courageous , adventuresome , daredevil , daring        inauspicious <> propitious

                                                                       不吉利的 <> 吉利的

audible                             adj. 聽得見的                          Synonyms:favorable , benign , bright , dexter , fortunate ,
heard or capable of being heard                                        propitious

audible:stentorian::discernable:obvious                                CF:auspices ( n. 資助 , 贊助 )

可聽見的:聲音洪亮的::可分辨的:明顯的 ( 程度類比 )

audible:stentorian::discernible:manifest                               austere              adj. 樸素的 , ( 人 ) 正經的 , (
可聽見的:聲音洪亮的::可辨別的:明顯的 ( 程度比較 )                                                               經濟 ) 緊縮的
Synonyms:aural , auricular                                             markedly simple or unadorned

                                                                       abstemious:indulge::austere:decorate

augur                               n. 占兆官 , 占卜師 ,                     有節制的:沈迷 , 放縱::簡樸的:修飾 ( 反義特徵 )

                                    相命者                                laconic:speech::austere:design
to foretell especially from omens                                      簡潔的:演講::樸素的 ( 嚴厲的 , 緊縮的 ) :設計 (

intercessor:mediate::augur:prediction                                  直接修飾 )

調解人:調解:預言家:預言 ( 人及其正面特徵 )                                              baroque <> austere

augur:predict::pundit:opine                                            結構複雜的 <> 簡樸的

預言家:預言::博學者:發表意見 ( 人及其正面特徵行爲 )                                         Synonyms:severe , stern , ascetic

pundit:opinion::augur:prediction

博學者:意見::預言家:預言 ( 人及其正面特徵行爲 )                                           authenticity                     n. 確實性 , 真實性
maven:experience::luminary:eminence / augur:prediction                 not false or imitation:REAL , ACTUAL

專家:經驗::權威者:顯赫 / 預言者:預言 (                                               genuine:authenticity::entire:integrity { honest:trust }

人及其正面特徵 )                                                              真實的:真實性::完整:完整 ( 同義關係 )


                                                                  28                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                         Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                     太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
discompose:pacific::fabricate:authentic                                特徵及其無法實現的動作 )

使不安:平靜的::僞造:真實的 ( 反義特徵 )                                               avarice <> generosity / { sobriety }

apocryphal:authentic::??                                               貪婪 <> 慷慨

假冒的:可信的::?? ( 反義 )                                                     Synonyms:CUPIDITY , avariciousness , avidity , greed , rapacity
spuriousness <> authenticity                                           區別:variance ( n. 矛盾 , 不同 )

僞造 , 欺騙 <> 真實
semblance <> authentic article                                         aversion                            n. 嫌惡 , 憎恨 , 反感
僞裝 <> 真實的物品                                                            a feeling of repugnance toward something with a desire to avoid or

Synonyms:genuine , undoubted , undubitable , unquestionable ,          turn from

veritable                                                              aversion:disinclination::adulation:admiration

CF:authorize ( v. 授權 , 批准 )                                            厭惡:不喜歡::奉承:稱讚 ( 褒貶程度類比 )
                                                                       aversion:inclination::??

authority                        n. 權威 , 專家 , 威信                       厭惡:偏好::?? ( 反義 )
power to influence or command thought , opinion , or behavior          affinity <> aversion

authoritative:acceptance::conspicuous:attention                        親密關係 , 吸引力 <> 厭惡

權威的:接受::出衆的:注意力 ( 因果關係 )                                               aversion <> court

authoritativeness:pundits::allegiance:partisans                        厭惡 <> 對女性獻殷勤

權威性:博學者::忠誠:教徒 ( 人及其正面特徵 )                                             penchant <> aversion

contumacious:authority::reactionary:change::hidebound                  喜歡 <> 嫌惡

:innovation::conservative:novelty                                      propensity / proclivity <> aversion

不聽命令的:權威::保守分子:改變::頑固的:創新::                                            傾向 <> 嫌惡

保守的:新穎 ( 缺乏關係 )                                                        proclivity <> aversion

recalcitrant / refractory:authority::reactionary:change                傾向 <> 厭惡

頑抗的 / 執拗的:權威::保守的:改變 ( 反義特徵 )                                          Synonyms:ANTIPATHY , allergy , dyspathy

impostor:identity::usurper:authorization {                             CF:aver ( v. 極力聲明 , 斷言 )                      avert ( v. 避免 , 避開 )

barbarian:property }

冒名頂替者:身份::篡位者:權利 ( 特徵人物及其追求目標                                          avid                                adj. 熱切的 , 貪婪的
)                                                                      characterized by enthusiasm and vigorous pursuit

Synonyms:EXPERT , master , professional , proficient , virtuoso        reverence:respect::avidity:enthusiasm
, wizard                                                               敬禮:尊敬::渴望:熱心 ( 程度類比 )
                                                                       avid <> indifferent

avarice                          n. 貪婪                                 熱切的 <> 冷淡的 , 漠然的

excessive or insatiable desire for wealth or gain:GREEDINESS ,         Synonyms:EAGER , anxious , appetent , ardent , athirst
CUPIDITY

avarice:money::gluttony:food                                           avulse                      vt. (
貪婪:錢::貪吃:食物 ( 動作及其物件 )                                                                             由於意外的事故或通過外科手
stoic:perturb::avaricious:satisfy                                                                  術 ) 把 ( 身體的一部分 ) 撕脫
禁欲的 , 冷靜的:擾亂::貪婪的:滿足 (                                                                             , 抽出
                                                                       to separate , cut , or tear off by avulsion
                                                                  29                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                          Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
avulse <> link                                                             awl:pierce::pestle:hash

撕脫 <> 連接                                                                   尖鑽:刺穿 ( 洞察 ) ::杵:搗成糊狀 ( 事物及其功能 )
avulse <> suture                                                           CF:bawl ( v. 大叫 , 大喊 ) owl ( n. 貓頭鷹 )

撕脫 <> 縫合

                                                                           awning                            n. 雨篷 , 遮陽篷
awash                                    adj. 與水面齊平的 ,                     a rooflike cover extending over or in front of a place ( as over the

                                        被浪沖打的                              deck or in front of a door or window ) as a shelter

covered with water:FLOODED                                                 awning:sun::umbrella:rain
awash <> dry                                                               遮陽蓬:太陽::雨傘:雨 ( 事物及其功能 )

浸水的 <> 乾燥的                                                                 區別:fawning ( adj. 奉承的 )



awe                                      n. 敬畏                             awry                              adj. 扭曲的 , 走樣的
an emotion variously combining dread , veneration , and wonder             in a turned or twisted position or direction:ASKEW
that is inspired by authority or by the sacred or sublime                  awry <> orderly / aligned

redoubtable:regard / awe::despicable:scorn / contempt /                    扭曲的 <> 有序的 , 整潔的 / 排列的
disregard                                                                  Synonyms:cockeyed

令人敬畏的:敬畏::可鄙的:鄙視 ( 因果關係 )                                                  CF:wry ( 歪曲的 , 扭曲的 )
awe <> irreverence

敬畏 <> 不尊敬                                                                  babble                            vt. 嘮叨 , 說話不清 ,
Synonyms:REVERENCE , fear                                                                                    胡說
                                                                           to utter meaningless or unintelligible sounds

awkward                                  adj. 笨拙的                          babble:sense::parrot::originality
lacking dexterity or skill                                                 嘮叨:理性::學舌:創新 ( 缺乏關係 )

craven:admirable::deft:awkward                                             babble / waffle <> express succinctly

怯懦的:令人欽佩的::靈巧的:笨拙的 ( 反義關係 )                                                閒聊 , 胡扯 <> 簡潔地表達

dexterous:awkward::??                                                      Synonyms:gabble , prate , prattle , twaddle , waffle

靈巧的:笨拙的::?? ( 反義 )                                                         區別:dabble ( v. 涉足 , 淺賞 ) gabble ( v. 急促而不清楚地說 )
lithe <> awkward                                                           rabble ( n. 烏合之衆 , 暴民 , 下等人 )

優雅 <> 笨拙
svelte <> paunchy and awkward                                              backdrop                          n. 背景幕 , 背景
苗條的 , 瘦的 <> 大腹便便且笨拙的                                                       a painted cloth hung across the rear of a stage

Synonyms:CLUMSY , lumbering , lumpish , ungainly

CF:hawk ( n. 隼鷹 ) hawker ( n. 沿街叫賣之小販 ) mawkish (                          backhanded                        adj. 反手拍擊的 ,
adj. 自作多情的 , 令人作嘔的 ) pawky ( adj. 精明的 , 活潑的 )                                                                間接的
                                                                           INDIRECT , DEVIOUS ; especially:SARCASTIC

awl                               n. 錐子 , 尖鑽                               backhanded <> forthright

a pointed tool for marking surfaces or piercing small holes ( as in        間接的 <> 直接的
leather or wood )


                                                                      30                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
backset                     n. 倒退 , 逆流 , 渦流                                 baleful              adj. 邪惡的 , 惡意的 , 有害的
SETBACK                                                                     deadly or pernicious in influence

backset <> hike                                                             baneful <> salubrious

倒退 <> 遠足 , 增加                                                               有害的 <> 有益健康的

Synonyms:SETBACK , check , reversal , reverse                               bale <> mirth

                                                                            悲哀 <> 高興

badge                              n.                                       Synonyms:sinister , malefic , maleficent , malign

                                   半自動防空警戒管制組織
                                   , 徽章 , 標記                                balk                 n. 障礙 , 錯誤 , 失敗 vt. 阻止 ,
a device or token especially of membership in a society or group                                 突然停止 , 退縮
chevron:badge::caisson:cart                                                 to check or stop by or as if by an obstacle:BLOCK
V型袖章:徽章::彈藥車:馬車 ( 特殊和一般 , 種屬關係 )                                            balk <> move ahead willingly

Synonyms:INSIGNIA , emblem                                                  突然停止 <> 欣然前行

區別:badger ( n. 獾 v. 一再煩擾 , 一再要求 )                                           Synonyms:FRUSTRATE , baffle , circumvent , foil , thwart



badger                             vt. 糾纏                                   balky                       adj. 停蹄不前的 , 倔強的
to harass or annoy persistently                                             refusing or likely to refuse to proceed , act , or function as directed

badger:bother::belabor:mention                                              or expected

一直煩:煩::囉唆的提示:提示 ( 重複和正常 )                                                   balky <> tractable

Synonyms:BAIT , heckle , hector , hound , ride                              倔強的 <> 溫順的

                                                                            Synonyms:cross-grained , ornery , perverse , restive ,

badinage                           n. 打趣 , 嘲弄                               wrongheaded

playful repartee:BANTER
badinage <> serious conversation                                            ballad                              n. 民謠
打趣 <> 嚴肅的對話                                                                 a narrative composition in rhythmic verse suitable for singing

badinage <> sincere conversation

打趣 <> 真誠的對話                                                                 ballast                             n. 壓艙物 , 沙囊
Synonyms:BANTER , backchat                                                  Heavy material that is placed in the hold of a ship or the gondola of

                                                                            a balloon to enhance stability.

bait                 n. 餌 , 引誘物 v. 使生氣 , 欺負                                 ballast:stability::truss:support
ENTICE , LURE                                                               壓艙物:穩定性::托架:支援作用 ( 物品及其增強物件 )
to attack in speech or writing as by derision or insult ; to gall or

exasperate by repeated wanton attacks                                       ballet                              n. 芭蕾舞
bait <> disarm                                                              a theatrical art form using dancing , music , and scenery to convey

使生氣 <> 贏得…的好感;把…爭取過來                                                        a story , theme , or atmosphere

bait <> mollify                                                             instrumentalist:symphony::dancer:ballet

使生氣 <> 平息                                                                   樂器演奏家:交響樂::舞蹈家:芭蕾舞 (

Synonyms:MOLEST , heckle , persecute , torment                              人及其職業:表演關係 )


                                                                       31                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
balm                            n. 香油 , 藥膏                              banish                              vt. 驅逐 , 消除
a balsamic resin , especially:one from small tropical evergreen         to drive out or remove from a home or place of usual resort or

trees                                                                   continuance , especially compulsory removal from a country not

antidote:poisoning::balm:irritation                                     necessarily one's own

解毒:毒::溫和物質:刺激物 ( 消除關係 )                                                 evict:residence::banish:country
balm <> piquant                                                         逐出 ( 租戶 ) :住宅::驅逐出 ( 國境 ) :國家 ( 動賓關係 )

溫和物質 <> 辛辣物                                                             Synonyms:exile , deport , transport



balmy                           adj. 氣候溫和的 (                            banister                     n. 欄杆的支柱 , 樓梯的扶欄
                                芬芳的 , 止痛的 )                             a handrail with its supporting posts

1. having the qualities of balm:SOOTHING                                staircase:banister::garden:fence
2. MILD                                                                 樓梯:扶欄::花園:圍牆 ( 附屬關係 )
inclement <> balmy                                                      Synonyms:RAILING , balustrade , rail

氣候酷烈的 ( 人無情的 , 嚴酷的 ) <> 氣候溫和的
balmy <> piquant                                                        banquet                      n. 盛宴豐盛 , 豪華的筵席
芬芳的 <> 辛辣的                                                              a sumptuous feast ; especially:an elaborate and often ceremonious

Synonyms:GENTLE , bland , faint , lenient , mild , smooth , soft        meal for numerous people often in honor of a person

                                                                        writer:novel::chef:banquet

bamboozle                       v. 欺騙 , 隱瞞                              作家:小說::廚師:盛宴 ( 職業及其工作物件 )

to deceive by underhanded methods:DUPE , HOODWINK                       recluse:banquet::??

Synonyms:DUPE , befool , fool , gull , hoax , hoodwink , trick          遁世者:盛宴::??



ban                             n. 禁令                                   barb                                n. 尖銳而嚴厲的批評
to prohibit especially by legal means ban:protect                       a biting or pointedly critical remark or comment

CF:bane ( n. 禍根 )                                                       barb:caustic::pan:harsh

                                                                        尖銳批評:尖刻的::嚴厲批評:嚴厲的 ( 事物及其正面特徵

banal                           adj. 陳腐的                                )

lacking originality , freshness , or novelty:TRITE                      CF:barbarous ( adj. 野蠻的 , 殘暴的 )
arresting <> banal

引人注意的 <> 陳腐的                                                            barbarian                           adj. 野蠻的 , 粗魯的
banality <> freshness                                                   lacking refinement , learning , or artistic or literary culture

陳腐 <> 新鮮                                                                barbarize <> civilize

Synonyms:insipid , vapid , flat , jejune                                野蠻化 <> 教化
                                                                        Synonyms barbaric , barbarous , Gothic , Hunnic , Hunnish , rude

baneful                         adj. 有害的 , 致禍的                          , savage , uncivil , uncivilized , uncultivated , wild

productive of destruction or woe:seriously harmful

Synonyms:pernicious , noxious , deleterious                             barbarous                    adj. 野蠻的 , 殘暴的 , 粗野的
                                                                                                     , ( 聲音 ) 刺耳的 , 沙啞的
                                                                        mercilessly harsh or cruel
                                                                   32                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
barbarous <> quiescent                                                 debase:value::attenuate:force

刺耳的 <> 安靜的                                                             貶低:價值::削弱:力量 ( 動賓關係 )
                                                                       base <> virtuous

barefaced                  adj. 公然的 , 無恥的 ,                            卑鄙的 <> 品德高尚

                           無面具的                                        base <> noble

1:OPEN , UNCONCEALED                                                   底層社會 <> 貴族

2:lacking scruples                                                     sublime <> base / common

barefaced / aboveboard <> surreptitious                                崇高的 <> 低級的 / 平凡

公然的 / 光明正大的 <> 暗中的                                                     base <> patrician

Synonyms:SHAMELESS , arrant , brassy , brazen , brazenfaced ,          底層社會 <> 貴族
impudent , overbold , unabashed , unblushing                           Synonyms:low , vile
                                                                       CF:abase ( v. 貶抑 , 使卑下 ) debase ( v. 貶低 , 貶損 )

bargain                    n. 交易 , 買賣 ,
                           物美價廉的東西 v. 討價還價                             baseboard                             n. 護壁板 , 腳板
to negotiate over the terms of a purchase , agreement , or             a molding covering the joint of a wall and the adjoining floor

contract:HAGGLE                                                        veneer:furniture::baseboard:wall

debate:issue::bargain:price                                            木片:家具::護壁板:牆 ( 保護關係 )

爭論:議題::討價還價:價錢 ( 動賓關係 )

                                                                       bathetic                              adj. 平凡的 , 陳腐的 ,
baroque                    n. adj. ( 藝術 , 建築等 )                                                              頓降的
                           高度裝飾的 , 過份雕琢的                               exceptional commonplaceness:TRITENESS
characterized by grotesqueness , extravagance , complexity , or        offbeat <> bathetic

flamboyance                                                            離奇的 <> 平庸的
baroque <> austere                                                     offbeat <> hackneyed

過分修飾的 <> 簡樸的                                                           離奇的 <> 平庸的

Synonyms:ORNATE , flamboyant , florid , luscious , rich                Synonyms:TRITE , commonplace , hack , hackneyed , stale ,
                                                                       stereotyped , stereotypical , tired

barter                     n. 以物易物 , 實物交易                              區別:apathetic ( adj. 冷漠的 , 無動於衷的 )                     pathetic ( adj.
to trade by exchanging one commodity for another                       引起憐憫的 , 令人難過的 )

jog:exercise::barter:trade

慢跑:運動::以物易物:交易 ( 種屬關係 )                                                bedeck                                vt. 裝飾 , 修飾
correspond:letters::barter:commodities                                 to clothe with finery:DECK

通信:信::以物易物:商品 ( 動賓關係 )                                                 bedeck <> strip

Synonyms:TRADE , bargain , exchange , swap , traffic , truck           裝飾 <> 剝去

區別:charter ( n. ( 公司 ) 執照 , 憲章 )                                       Synonyms:ADORN , beautify , deck , decorate , dress ( up ) ,
                                                                       embellish , garnish , ornament , prank , trim

base                 adj. 卑鄙的 , 低級的 n. 底層
being of comparatively low value and having relatively inferior        bedlam                      n. 混亂 , 騷亂 , 瘋人院
properties                                                             a place , scene , or state of uproar and confusion
                                                                  33                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                          Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
tumultuous:bedlam::active:hive                                      imperious:servile::bellicose:peaceable

吵鬧的:吵鬧的地方::活躍的:熱鬧場所 (                                               傲慢的:卑屈的::好戰的:和平的 ( 反義關係 )

事物及其正面特徵 )                                                          bellicose <> appeasing

Synonyms:LUNATIC , dement , loon , loony , madling , maniac         好戰的 <> 和平的
                                                                    bellicose <> incline to peace

belabor                       vt. 冗長的解釋 , 痛打                        好戰的 <> 愛好和平的
to explain or insist on excessively                                 bellicose <> peaceful

badger:bother::belabor:mention                                      好戰的 <> 和平的

一直煩:煩::囉唆的提示:提示 ( 重複和正常 )                                           Synonyms:belligerent , pugnacious , quarrelsome , contentious

Synonyms:BEAT , baste , drub , lambaste , pound , pummel ,
wallop                                                              belligerence               n. 交戰 , 好戰性 , 鬥爭性
                                                                    an aggressive or truculent attitude , atmosphere , or disposition

beleaguer                     vt. 使困擾 , 使煩惱 , 圍攻                    obsequious:servile::belligerent:assertive
TROUBLE , HARASS                                                    諂媚的:卑屈的::好戰的:攻擊性的 ( 同義 )
beleaguer <> delight                                                belligerent <> peaceful

使煩惱 <> 使愉悅                                                          好戰的 <> 愛好和平的

Synonyms:BESIEGE , beset , blockade , invest                        Synonyms:ATTACK , aggression , aggressiveness ,

區別:oleaginous ( adj. 含油的 , 油膩的 )                                    combativeness , fight , pugnacity



belie                                v. 掩飾 , 證明爲假                   bellwether                 n. 繫鈴的公羊 , 前導 , 領導者
to show ( something ) to be false or wrong                                                     , 群衆的首領
belie <> affirm                                                     One that serves as a leader or as a leading indicator of future trends

證明爲假 <> 確認                                                          bellwether:leadership::advisor:consultant
belie <> confirm                                                    領導者:領導階層::顧問:顧問 ( 同義 )

證明爲假 <> 確認

Synonyms:MISREPRESENT , color , distort , falsify , garble ,        bemoan                     vt. 惋惜 , 認爲遺憾 , 哀歎
miscolor , misstate , pervert , twist , warp                        to express deep grief or distress over

CF:belief ( n. 信仰 )                                                 Synonyms:deplore , lament , bewail

                                                                    CF:moan ( v. n. ( 痛苦的 ) 呻吟 , ( 不滿的 ) 抱怨 )

belittle                             vt. 輕視 , 使渺小
to speak slightingly of:DISPARAGE                                   bend                       vi. 彎曲 , 屈服
Synonyms:derogate , detract ( from ) , diminish , discount ,        to make submissive:SUBDUE , COMPROMISE
disparage , , minimize , write off                                  bend:rigid::submerge:buoyant::dissolve:insoluble

                                                                    彎曲:不曲::下沈:浮起::溶解:不溶解 ( 反義關係 )

belletristic                  adj. 文學研究的 , 純文學的                     Synonyms:CURVE , bow , crook , round
A writer of belles-lettres.

                                                                    benediction                n. 祝福
bellicose                            adj. 好戰的 , 好鬥的                 the invocation of a blessing

favoring or inclined to start quarrels or wars                      curse <> benediction
                                                               34                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                        Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
詛咒 , 咒語 <> 祝福                                                           supplicant:beseeching::coquette::flirtatious

Synonyms:BLESSING , benison                                             懇求者:懇求::輕浮的人:輕浮的 ( 人及其正面特徵 )

                                                                        Synonyms:beg , appeal , crave , entreat , implore , importune ,

beneficent                  adj. 仁慈的 , 慈善的 , 善行的                        invoke , plead , pray , supplicate

                            , 有益的                                       besmirch                             v. 誹謗 , 玷污
doing or producing good ; especially:performing acts of kindness        SULLY , SOIL

and charity                                                             besmirch <> honor

beneficent:harm::tenacious:yield                                        誹謗 <> 尊敬【JJ. PP】

有利的:傷害::頑固的:屈服 ( 反義關係 )                                                 Synonyms:taint , besmear , defile , discolor , smear , soil , stain ,

philanthropist:beneficence::comedian:humor                              sully , tar , tarnish

慈善家:仁慈::喜劇演員:幽默 ( 人及其正面特徵 )                                             CF:smirch ( v. 玷污 , n. 污點 )
noxious <> beneficial

有害的 <> 有益的                                                              betray                               vt. 背叛 , 辜負 , 洩漏
toxic <> beneficial                                                     to deliver to an enemy by treachery

有毒的 <> 有益的                                                              Synonyms:reveal , disclose , divulge

                                                                        CF:astray ( adj. 迷路的 , 誤入歧途的 )

benign                adj. ( 病 ) 良性的 , ( 氣候 )
                      良好的 , 仁慈的 , 和藹的                                   bibliophile                          n. 愛書者 , 藏書家
a:showing kindness and gentleness                                       a lover of books especially for qualities of format ; also:a book

b:FAVORABLE , WHOLESOME                                                 collector
benign <> malign                                                        bibliophile:books::gourmet:food {
Synonyms FAVORABLE 5 , auspicious , bright , dexter ,                   calligrapher:handwriting }
fortunate , propitious , white                                          藏書家:書籍::美食家:食物 { 書法家:書法 } (

                                                                        人及其職業特徵 )

bequest                          n. 遺贈物 , 遺産 , 遺贈
something bequeathed:LEGACY                                             bigot                      n. ( 宗教 , 政治等的 ) 盲信者
heirloom:ancestor::bequest:testator                                                                , 頑固者
傳家寶:祖先::遺産:立遺囑的人 ( 人及其作用物件 )                                            a person obstinately or intolerantly devoted to his or her own

Synonyms:LEGACY , devise , inheritance                                  opinions and prejudices

區別:sequester ( v. ( 使 ) 隱退 , 隱居 )                                       bigot:tolerance::turncoat:constancy

                                                                        頑固者:容忍::背叛者:一致性 ( 人及其反面特徵 )

berate                      v. 嚴責                                       bigot::dedication::rage:anger
to scold or condemn vehemently and at length                            盲信者:奉獻::狂怒者:憤怒 ( 人及其正面特徵 )

berate:commend::??                                                      bigoted:advice::conservative:change

嚴責:讚揚::?? ( 反義 )                                                        頑固的:忠告::保守的:變遷 ( 缺乏關係 )

                                                                        posturer:unaffected::bigot:tolerant

beseech                          v. 祈求 , 懇求                             裝模作樣者:不矯飾的::頑固者:忍受的 ( 人及其反面特徵

to request earnestly:IMPLORE                                            )


                                                                   35                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
bigot:tolerant::provincial:cosmopolitan {                               UNCONCERNED

servile:domination }                                                    miser:munificent::zealot:blase

頑固者:忍受的::鄉下人:城市的 { 卑屈的:支配 } (                                           吝嗇鬼:慷慨的::狂熱分子:冷漠的 ( 人及其反面特徵 )

人及其反面特徵 )                                                               Synonyms:SOPHISTICATED , disenchanted , disentranced ,

Synonyms:ENTHUSIAST , bug , fanatic , fiend , freak , maniac ,          disillusioned , mondaine , sophisticate , worldly

nut , zealot

CF:bigotry ( n. 頑固 , 偏狹 )                                               blaspheme                         vt. vi. 辱駡 , 褻瀆
                                                                        1. to speak of or address with irreverence

bit                        n. 鑽頭                                        2. REVILE , ABUSE

the jaws of tongs or pincers                                            blast                             n. 一陣 ( 風 ) , v. 爆破
bit:drill::blade:razor                                                  a violent gust of wind

鑽頭:鑽::刀刃:刮鬍刀 ( 部分與整體關係 )                                                blast:whiff::gush:trickle

                                                                        大風吹:輕吹::湧出:滴流 ( 程度類比 )

blackout                   n. ( 幕間或劇中 ) 燈暗 ,
                           臨時眩暈 , 刪除 , 新聞封鎖 )                           blatant                           adj. 喧嘩的 , 無恥的
a blotting out by censorship:SUPPRESSION                                completely obvious , conspicuous , or obtrusive especially in a

Synonyms:FAINT , coma , swoon , syncope                                 crass or offensive manner:BRAZEN

                                                                        ambiguous:understand::blatant:ignore

bland               adj. 溫和的 , 乏味的 , 冷漠的                                模棱兩可的:瞭解::喧嘩的 , 明顯的:忽略 (

1. not irritating , stimulating , or invigorating:SOOTHING              形容詞及其反面目的動作 )
2. DULL , INSIPID                                                       blatant:arresting::odious:disgusting
tangy <> bland                                                          喧鬧的:引人注意的::討厭的:厭惡的 (

刺激的 <> 溫和的                                                              形容詞及其正面目的動作 )

Synonyms:GENTLE , balmy , faint , lenient , mild , smooth , soft        blatant <> inconspicuous / unimpressive / unobtrusive

                                                                        喧嘩的 , 無恥的 <> 不明顯的 / 無印象的 / 客氣的 , 謙虛的

blandishment                      n. 奉承                                 blatant <> subtle

something that tends to coax or cajole:ALLUREMENT                       喧鬧的 <> 細微的

blandishment:coax::medal:honor                                          Synonyms:VOCIFEROUS , boisterous , obstreperous ,

甜言蜜語哄騙:哄騙::獎牌:榮譽 ( 事物及其表達的含義 )                                          vociferant , SHAMELESS , barefaced , brazen , brazenfaced ,
blandishment <> threat                                                  impudent , overbold , unabashed , unblushing

奉承 <> 威脅

Synonyms:FLATTERY , adulation , blarney , incense , oil , soft          blazon                 vt. 以家徽裝飾 , 宣佈 n. 紋章
soap                                                                    1. to publish widely:PROCLAIM
                                                                        2. armorial bearings

blase                      adj. 1. 對享樂 【人生】                             alliterate:remove::blazon:efface

                           等厭倦的 2. 冷漠的 ,                                押頭韻:刪除::畫紋章:拭除 ( 消除關係 )

                           無動於衷的                                        blazon:adorn::pillar:support
1. apathetic to pleasure or excitement as a result of excessive         紋章:裝飾::柱子:支援 ( 事物及其功能 )
indulgence or enjoyment                                                 blazon <> efface
                                                                   36                            Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                         太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
宣佈 <> 抹掉                                                                      Synonyms:HAPPINESS , beatitude , blessedness



bleach                                  vt. 漂白                                blunder                       v 犯大錯 n. 愚蠢之舉
to remove color or stains from                                                1. to make a stupid , careless , or thoughtless mistake in

Synonyms:WHITEN , blanch , blench , decolor , decolorize ,                    2. a gross error or mistake resulting usually from stupidity ,

white                                                                         ignorance , or carelessness

CF:leach ( v. 分離 , 過濾掉 )                                                      protocol:blunder::bumper:damage

                                                                              外交禮節:愚蠢之舉::保險杆:損壞 ( 消除 / 避免關係 )

blemish                       v. 損害 , 玷污 n. 瑕疵 , 缺點                           Synonyms:ERROR , boner , bungle , lapse , mistake , slip , trip
to spoil by a flaw                                                            CF:plunder ( v. 搶劫 , 掠奪 )

blemish:impeccable::guile:artless
缺點:沒有缺點的::詭計:樸實的 ( 缺乏關係 )                                                     blunt                         adj. 鈍的 , 坦率的 , 麻痹的
anomaly:paradigmatic::blemish:flawless                                                                   vt. 使變鈍
異常:典範的::缺點:無缺點的 ( 反面特徵 )                                                      to make less sharp or definite

pristine:blemish::??                                                          blunt <> whet

質樸的:腐朽::??                                                                    使變鈍 <> 使磨快 , 使興奮

Synonyms:INJURE , damage , harm , hurt , impair , mar ,                       Synonyms:DULL , disedge , obtund , turn
prejudice , spoil , tarnish , vitiate

                                                                              blurb                         n. 大肆宣傳
blender               n. 混合的人 , 混合器 , 攪拌器                                     a short publicity notice

an electric appliance for grinding or mixing                                  blurb:notice::gloss:explanation

                                                                              大肆宣傳:布告::加批註:解釋 ( 種屬 )

blight                  n. 植物枯萎病 v. 使…枯萎                                     blurb:notice::cameo:appearance
1. a disease or injury of plants resulting in withering , cessation of        大肆宣傳:布告::小貝殼:外表 【對應不工整】
growth , and death of parts without rotting                                   Synonyms:PUFF , plug , write-up
2. to affect ( as a plant ) with blight

blighted <> hale                                                              blurt            vt. 未加思索地衝口說出 , 突然說出
枯萎的 <> 強壯的 , 健壯的                                                              to utter abruptly and impulsively ? usually used with out

Synonyms:BLAST                                                                flit:move::blurt:utter

                                                                              迅速飛過:移動::突然說出:出聲 ( 快:正常 )

blimp                n. 軟式小型飛船 , 頑固的保守分子                                      Synonyms EXCLAIM , blat , bolt , cry out , ejaculate

a nonrigid airship                                                            區別:blurb vt. 大作廣告

CF:limp ( v. 跛行 adj. 無力的 , 鬆軟的 )

                                                                              bluster                       vt. 風狂吹 , 咆哮 , 洶湧
bliss                                   n. 狂喜                                 to talk or act with noisy swaggering threats

complete happiness                                                            blustering:speak::swaggering:walk

dislike:loathing::pleasure:bliss                                              吵鬧的:說話::大搖大擺的走:走路 ( 種屬關係 )

討厭:非常厭惡::愉快:幸福 ( 程度類比 )                                                       pontificate:pompous::scoff:derisive::drawl:slow::bl


                                                                         37                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                 Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
uster:loud::prate:aimless                                                     CF:holster ( n. 手槍皮套 )

裝模做樣地說話:華而不實的::嘲笑:嘲笑的::懶洋洋的
說話:緩慢的::咆哮:高聲的::閒聊:無目的的                                                       bombast                          n. 誇大的言辭
Synonyms:ROAR , bawl , bellow , clamor , rout                                 pretentious inflated speech or writing

                                                                              nonsensical:drivel::pompous:bombast

boding                      n. 凶兆 , 前兆 , 預感 adj.                              無意義的:胡說::自大的:誇大的言辭 ( 語言及其正面特徵

                            凶兆的                                               )
an omen , prediction , or presentiment especially of coming                   bombast:pompous::tirade:critical
evil:PORTENT , FOREBODING                                                     誇大其辭的話:誇大的 ( 自負的 )
auspicious <> boding ill                                                      ::長篇攻擊性言論:批評的 ( 語言及其正面特徵 )

吉祥的 <> 凶兆的                                                                    bombast <> down to earth language / understated

Synonyms:OMINOUS , baleful , baneful , fateful , ill-omened ,                 誇大的言辭 <> 實事求是的話語 / 低估的 , 陳述不完全的 ,
inauspicious , unlucky , unpropitious                                         輕描淡寫的
                                                                              Synonyms:fustian , highfalutin , rant , rhapsody , rhetoric ,

boggle                             vi. 猶豫 , 躊躇 , 吃驚 ,                         rodomontade

                                   搪塞
to hesitate because of doubt , fear , or scruples                             bonhomie                         n. 好性情 , 溫和 , 和藹
boggle <> embolden                                                            good-natured easy friendliness

猶豫 <> 使勇敢                                                                     congenial:bonhomie::??

Synonyms:DEMUR , balk , gag , jib , scruple , shy , stickle ,                 性格相似的:性情溫和::??
stumble                                                                       bonhomie:good natured::??

                                                                              和藹:脾氣好的::?? ( 同義 )

boisterous                         adj. 喧鬧的 , 歡鬧的
noisily turbulent:ROWDY                                                       bonus                            n. 獎金 , 紅利
boisterous <> quiet                                                           something in addition to what is expected or strictly due

喧鬧的 <> 安靜的                                                                    bonus:employee:: { decoration:soldier }

Synonyms:VOCIFEROUS , blatant , clamorous                                     獎金:雇員::勳章:戰士 ( 獎勵關係 )

CF:cloistered ( adj. 隱居的 )                                                    CF:onus ( n. 義務 , 責任 )



bolster                            n. 枕墊 v. 支援 , 鼓勵
1. a structural part designed to eliminate friction or provide support

or bearing

2. to support with or as if with a bolster:

bolster:support::tackle:hoist

支撐物:支撐::吊索:升 ( 事物及其功能 )

adulterate:pure::bolster / brace:weak

摻假:純淨::振作精神:虛弱 ( 減輕或消除關係 )

Synonyms:SUPPORT , bear up , brace , buttress , carry , prop ,
shore ( up ) , sustain , upbear , uphold
                                                                         38                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                                                                            die:shaping::drill:boring

                                                                            沖模:整形::鑽子:打洞 ( 工具及其作用 )
                                                                            entrance <> disappoint / disgust / repel / repulse / bore

                                                                            使人入神的 <> 使失望 / 令人厭惡 / 抵制 / 厭惡 / 使煩擾

                                                                            【原爲entrancing 詞性不符】
                                                                            Synonyms      ENNUI , pall , tire , weary , PERFORATE , drill ,

                                                                            prick , punch , puncture



                                                                            bottleneck             n. 瓶頸口 , ( 喻 )
                                                                                                        交通易阻塞的狹口 ,
                                                                                                        妨礙生産流程的一環
List 4 ( boon ~ chaff ) :                                                   NARROW

                                                                            bottleneck:indefinite       【關係不明】

boon                              n. 恩惠
BENEFIT , FAVOR                                                             bough                                     n. 大樹枝
boon <> misfortune                                                          a branch of a tree ; especially:a main branch

恩惠 <> 災禍                                                                    Synonyms LIMB , branch

Synonyms GIFT , benevolence , compliment , favor , largess ,

present , GOOD , advantage , benediction , benefit , blessing ,             box                         vi. 拳擊
godsend                                                                     to fight with the fists:engage in boxing

                                                                            box:fight::debate:argue

boor                              n. 粗野的人 ,                                 拳擊:對抗::爭論:辯論 ( 種屬 )

                                  不懂禮貌的人 , 農民                               Synonyms SLAP , blip , buffet , cuff , smack , spank

a rude or insensitive person

insensitive:boor::mischievous:imp                                           bracing                     adj. 增加氣力的 , 令人振奮的
感覺遲鈍的:粗野的人::淘氣的:頑童 ( 人物及其正面特徵                                                                           , 提神的 , 使心神清爽的
)                                                                           giving strength , vigor , or freshness

Synonyms chuff , churl , clodhopper , clown                                 bracing <> vapid

                                                                            令人振奮的 <> 無趣味的

bootless                          adj. 無用的 , 無益者                            Synonyms       INVIGORATING , animating , exhilarating ,

USELESS , UNPROFITABLE                                                      exhilarative , quickening , stimulating , stimulative , tonic ,

bootless:futility::effulgent:resplendence                                   vitalizing

interesting:intriguing::bootless:futile

有趣的:有趣的::無用的:無用的 ( 同義關係 )                                                   bracket                     n. 支架 , 括弧 , 托架
Synonyms FUTILE , abortive , fruitless , ineffective , ineffectual ,        an overhanging member that projects from a structure ( as a wall )

unavailable , unavailing , unproductive , useless , vain                    and is usually designed to support a vertical load or to strengthen

                                                                            an angle

bore                              vt. 使煩擾 , 鑽孔                              buttress:wall::bracket:shelf
to make a hole by or as if by boring
                                                                       39                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
扶壁:牆壁::支架:架子 ( 事物及其支援物 )                                                   diffident <> brassy

Synonyms        JOIN , associate , combine , conjoin , connect ,           羞怯的 <> 厚臉皮的
couple , link , relate , unite , wed , COMPARE , collate , contrast        furtive <> open / forthright / brassy

                                                                           秘密的 <> 公開的 / 直率的 / 厚臉皮的

brackish                    adj. 有鹽味的 , 可厭的                                brassy <> humble

REPULSIVE                                                                  厚臉皮的 <> 謙遜的

brackish:repulse::??                                                       brassy <> unassertive

可厭的:厭惡::?? ( 形容詞及其動詞的同義關係 )                                                厚臉皮的 <> 謙遜的
                                                                           Synonyms SHAMELESS , arrant , barefaced , blatant , brazen ,

braided                     adj. 編織成的 , 梳成辮子的 ,                            brazenfaced , impudent , overbold , unabashed , unblushing ,

                           編成緶的 , 束                                        BRAZEN , aeneous
made by intertwining three or more strands

grooved:striated::braided:stranded                                         brattish                   adj. ( 指小孩 ) 討厭的 ,
開槽的:有條紋的::編織成的:梳成辮子的 ( 同義 )                                                                           寵壞的 , 不聽話的 , 不禮貌的
                                                                           an ill-mannered annoying child

brake                       n. 刹車 , 阻礙 , 叢林                                tightfisted:parsimonious::brattish:mischievous
to retard or stop by a brake                                               吝嗇的:過度節儉的::淘氣的:惡作劇的 ( 程度類比 )

divert:shunt::retard:brake

轉移:使轉軌::減速:刹車 ( 動作及其目的 )                                                   bravura                 adj. 雄壯華麗的 , 氣勢磅薄的
brake:decelerate::clamp:compression                                        marked by an ostentatious display of skill

刹車:減速::夾子:壓縮 ( 工具及其作用 )                                                    bravura:performance::resplendent:appearance
Synonyms HINDER , bar , block , dam , impede , obstruct ,                  優秀技巧的:表演::華麗的:外表 ( 形容詞修飾名詞 )
overslaugh

                                                                           bray                    v. 大聲而刺耳地發出叫喚或聲音
brash                       adj. 性急的 , 倉促的 , 無禮的                           to emit ( an utterance or a sound ) loudly and harshly

                            , 傲慢的
done in haste without regard for consequences                              brazen                     adj. 黃銅製的 , 厚顔無恥的
frivolous:gravity::brash:discretion                                        marked by contemptuous boldness

無關緊要的:嚴重或重大::輕率的 ; 魯莽的:慎重周到 (                                              impudence:brazen::deadpan:impassive

形容詞與名詞的反面關係 )                                                              厚顔無恥:厚顔無恥的::無表情的臉:冷漠的 (
Synonyms RASH , hasty , hot-headed , ill-advised , incautious ,            名詞及其形容詞 )
inconsiderate , mad-brained , madcap , reckless , thoughtless ,            brazen <> modest

EXUBERANT , ebullient , effervescent , high-spirited , vivacious ,         厚顔無恥的 <> 羞怯的
TACTLESS , impolitic , maladroit , undiplomatic , untactful ,              brazen <> self effacing
PRESUMPTUOUS , forward , overweening , presuming , pushful ,               厚顔無恥的 <> 害羞的
pushing , self-asserting , self-assertive , uppish , uppity                Synonyms INSOLENT , audacious , bold , contumelious ,

                                                                           impertinent , impudent , saucy , SHAMELESS , arrant , barefaced ,

brassy                      adj. 似黃銅的 , 厚臉皮的                               blatant , brassy , brazenfaced , impudent , overbold , unabashed ,

being shamelessly bold                                                     unblushing , GAUDY , blatant , chintzy , flashy , garish , glaring ,
                                                                      40                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                         太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
loud , meretricious , tawdry , tinsel , aeneous , brassy                       keenly alert:LIVELY
                                                                               ponderous <> lively / vibrant / brisk

breach                         v. 毀壞 , 洩密 n. 缺口                                沈悶的 <> 活潑的 / 活躍的 / 活潑的
to make a breach in                                                            Synonyms AGILE , active , lively , nimble , sprightly , spry , yare ,

breach <> solder                                                               zippy

毀壞 <> 補修
solder <> breach                                                               bristle                      n. 硬毛 v. 氣勢洶洶 , 直立 ,
焊合 <> 破裂                                                                       發怒 , 充滿
Synonyms contravention , infraction , infringement , transgression             to take on an aggressive attitude or appearance ( as in response to a

, trespass , violation , GAP , break , discontinuity , hole , opening ,        slight )

fissure , fracture , rent , rift , rupture , schism , split , hiatus ,         bristle <> cower
interim , interruption , interval , lacuna                                     發怒 <> 畏縮

breezeway                                     n. 有屋頂的通路                        bristle:anger::vacillate:unresolution { condone:mercy } {
a roofed often open passage connecting two buildings ( as a house              condemn:warning }
and garage ) or halves of a building                                           發怒:憤怒::憂鬱不定:不堅決 { 赦免:仁慈 } {

breezeway:building::stairway:floor                                             譴責:警告 }

有屋頂的通路:建築物::樓梯:樓層 ( 建築物及其通道 )                                                  Synonyms ANGER , blow up , boil , boil over , burn , flare ( up ) ,

                                                                               fume , rage , seethe

brevity                                       n. 簡短 , 簡潔
shortness or conciseness of expression                                         brittle                adj. 易碎的 , 脆弱的 , 易壞的
brevity:aphorism::distortion:caricature                                        easily broken , cracked , or snapped

簡短:箴言::歪曲:滑稽模仿 ( 事物及其特徵 )                                                      manifest:perceive::brittle:break

exaggeration:caricature::brevity:epigram                                       明白的:理解::易碎的:破碎 ( 事物特徵及其被動特性 )

誇張:諷刺畫::簡短:箴言 ( 事物及其特徵 )                                                       Synonyms       SHORT , crisp , crumbly , crump , crunchy , friable

Synonyms shortness , conciseness

                                                                               broach                            v. 開瓶 , 提出 ( 問題 )
bribe                                 v. & n. 賄賂 , 收買                          to open for the first time

to induce or influence by or as if by bribery                                  broach <> close off

bribe:incorruptible::affect:insensible                                         打開 <> 關閉

賄賂:不腐敗的::感動:無知覺的 ( 行爲及其反面特徵 )                                                  Synonyms BROOCH , clip , pin , bring up , introduce , moot ,

                                                                               ventilate

bridle                                v. 限制 , 阻止
to restrain , check , or control with or as if with a bridle                   bromide                           n. 溴化物 ( 鎮靜藥用 ) ,
bridled <> without restraint                                                                                    平庸的人或物
受限制的 <> 沒有限制的                                                                  a commonplace or hackneyed statement or notion

Synonyms buy , buy off , fix , have , sop , square , tamper ( with )           equivocation:misleading::bromide:hackneyed

                                                                               模棱兩可的話:易引起誤解的::平庸的人或物:不新奇的 (

brisk                    adj. 敏銳的 , 凜冽的 , 活潑的                                  事物及其正面特徵 )
                                                                               bromide <> unhackneyed
                                                                          41                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                  Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
平庸的人或物 <> 新奇的 【注:詞性不符】
Synonyms COMMONPLACE , banality , platitude , rubber stamp                   budge                      vi. 移動 , 微微一動 , 放棄
, shibboleth , tag , truism                                                  to give way:YIELD

                                                                             palter:candor::diehard:budge

browbeat                               vt. ( 用神情、言詞 )                        含糊其詞:直率::頑固分子:移動 ( 人物及其反面特徵動作

                                       威嚇 , 嚴詞厲色地斥責                          )

instigator:incite::bully:browbeat                                            Synonyms LIQUOR , alcohol , aqua vitae , booze , drink ,

煽動者:激勵::欺淩弱小者:威嚇 ( 人物及其正面特徵 )                                                firewater , grog

Synonyms INTIMIDATE , bludgeon , bluster , bulldoze , bully ,

cow , dragoon , hector                                                       buffoon                    n. 丑角 , 缺乏教養之人
                                                                             a ludicrous figure:CLOWN

bruit                         vt. 散播                                         ludicrous:buffoon::dissolute:libertine::humorous:wag

to noise abroad:REPORT                                                       可笑的:丑角::放縱的:放蕩不羈的人::幽默的:愛說笑
bruit <> keep secret                                                         打趣的人 ( 人極其所具有的性格特徵 )
散播 <> 保持秘密                                                                   Synonyms CLOWN , harlequin , zany

Synonyms DECLARE , advertise , announce , annunciate , blaze (

abroad ) , blazon , broadcast , proclaim , promulgate , publish              bully                      n. 欺淩弱小者 , 土霸
                                                                             one habitually cruel to others who are weaker

buck                          n. 雄鹿 , 美元 v. ( 馬 ) 跳躍                         instigator:incite::bully:browbeat

                              , 反對 , 吹牛 , 閒聊                                 煽動者:激勵::欺淩弱小者:威嚇 ( 人物及其正面特徵 )

to refuse assent:BALK                                                        bully:intimidate::stupid:gullibility
buck <> assent to                                                            欺淩弱小者:威嚇::笨人:輕信 ( 人物及其特徵行爲 )

反對 <> 贊成                                                                     sabotage:subvertness::bull:intimidation { dupe:duplicity }
Synonyms MAN , boy , chap , fellow , gent , gentleman , guy , he             陰謀破壞:顛覆::暴力強迫:脅迫 ( 行爲及其目標 )
, FOP , blood , coxcomb , dandy , dude , exquisite , lounge lizard ,         underdog <> bully

macaroni , DOLLAR , bill , SAWHORSE , horse , sawbuck ,                      受害者 <> 欺淩弱小者
trestle , workhorse , RESIST , combat , contest , dispute , duel ,           Synonyms browbeater , bulldozer , harasser , harrier , hector ,
fight , oppose , repel , traverse , withstand , CARRY , bear , convey        intimidator ; compare TOUGH , PIMP , fancy man , pander
, ferry , lug , pack , tote , transport , PASS , hand , reach ,

PULVERIZE , bray , comminute , crush , powder , triturate                    bumper                     n. 緩衝器 , 滿杯 , 豐收
                                                                             a device for absorbing shock or preventing damage

bucolic                       adj. 鄉村的 , 牧羊的                                 protocol:blunder::bumper:damage
relating to or typical of rural life                                         外交禮節:大錯誤::緩衝器:傷害 ( 防止關係 )

hovel:palatial::city:bucolic

小屋:宏偉的::城市:田園生活的 ( 事物及其反面特徵 )                                                bumptious                        adj. 瞎自誇的 ,
bucolic <> urban                                                                                              瞎自大的 , 傲慢的
鄉村的 <> 都市的                                                                   presumptuously , obtusely , and often noisily self-

Synonyms RURAL , agrestic , campestral , countrified , country ,             assertive:OBTRUSIVE
out-country , outland , pastoral , provincial , rustic
                                                                        42                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
dour:geniality::bumptious:humbleness

嚴厲的:親切::傲慢的:謙遜 ( 形容詞與名詞的反面關係 )                                                burgeon                          v. 迅速成長 , 發展
impetuous:vacillation / hesitation::bumptious:humbleness                      to grow and expand rapidly:FLOURISH

衝動的:猶豫::傲慢的:謙遜 ( 形容詞與名詞的反面關係 )                                                burgeon <> wither

bumptious <> humble                                                           萌芽 <> 枯萎

傲慢的 <> 謙遜的                                                                    burgeon <> subdue

                                                                              萌芽 <> 壓制

bung                               n. ( 桶口等的 ) 塞子                             burgeoning <> waning

the stopper especially in the bunghole of a cask                              迅速生長的 <> 慢慢衰減的
Synonyms THROW , cast , fire , fling , heave , hurl , launch ,                Synonyms INCREASE , augment , build , enlarge , expand ,

pitch , sling , toss                                                          heighten , mount , multiply , run up , snowball , BLOSSOM ,

                                                                              bloom , blow , effloresce , flower

bungle                      vt. vi. 拙劣地工作 , 粗製濫造                              burial                      n. 安葬 , 埋葬 , 埋藏
                            , 失敗                                              the act or process of burying

to act or work clumsily and awkwardly                                         inter:burial::obliterate:removal
bungle <> bring off                                                           埋葬:埋藏::使消失:除去 ( 動詞與名詞的同義關係 )

失敗 <> 大成功                                                                     Synonyms GRAVE , sepulcher , sepulture , tomb , entombment ,

Synonyms BOTCH , flub , fluff , goof ( up ) , gum ( up ) , louse              inhumation , interment , sepulture

up , muff , ERROR , blooper , blunder , boner , bull , fluff , lapse ,

mistake , slip , trip                                                         burlesque                   n. 諷刺或滑稽的戲劇
                                                                              mockery usually by caricature

buoy                        vt. 使浮起 , 支撐 ,                                    diatribe:abuse::burlesque:mockery

鼓勵SUPPORT , UPLIFT                                                            謾駡:辱駡::滑稽、荒謬的模仿:嘲弄或無禮的模仿 (
buoyed <> unsupported                                                         動作體現情感 )

支撐的 <> 沒有支援的                                                                  doggerel:verse::burlesque:play
Synonyms SUPPORT , bolster , prop , sustain , uphold                          打油詩:詩::諷刺作品 , 滑稽戲劇:戲劇 ( 種屬關係 )



buoyant                            adj. 易浮的 , 快樂的                             burnish                     v. 擦亮 , 磨光
a:capable of floating                                                         to make shiny or lustrous especially by rubbing

b:CHEERFUL , GAY                                                              numb:insensible::burnish:lustrous

bend:rigid::submerge:buoyant::dissolve:insoluble                              使昏迷:無知覺的::磨光:有光澤的 ( 行爲及其結果 )

彎曲:堅硬的::沒入水中:上浮的::溶解:不溶的 (                                                    Synonyms POLISH , buff , furbish , glance , glaze , gloss , rub ,

不容易實現 )                                                                       shine

hangdog <> buoyant

低賤的 <> 快樂的 【對應不工整】                                                            burrow                      n. ( 兔子等 ) 所掘的地洞 , v.
buoyant <> sink                                                                                           挖洞
有浮力的 <> 下沈 【詞性不符】                                                             to construct by tunneling

Synonyms ELASTIC , airy , bouncy , effervescent , expansive ,                 ditch:canyon::burrow:cavern
resilient , volatile
                                                                         43                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
溝:峽谷::地洞:大洞 ( 程度比較 )                                                         cabal:association::plot:plan
Synonyms LAIR , couch , den , lodge , HOVEL , hole ,                         秘密結社:協會::陰謀:計劃 ( 事物及其特徵方式 ( 秘密的
SNUGGLE , cuddle , nestle , nuzzle                                           ))
                                                                             Synonyms CLIQUE , camarilla , camp , circle , clan , coterie , in-

buttress                    n. 扶牆 , 拱壁                                       group , mafia , mob , ring , PLOT , conspiracy , intrigue ,

a projecting structure of masonry or wood for supporting or giving           machination , practice , scheme

stability to a wall or building

strut:wing::buttress:wall                                                    cacophony                         n. 刺耳的聲音
支柱:機翼::扶壁:牆壁                        ( 事物及其支援物 )                              harsh or discordant sound:DISSONANCE

buttress:wall::bracket:shelf                                                 cacophony:sound::malodor:scent

扶壁:牆壁::支架:架子 ( 事物及其支援物 )                                                     不愉快的音調:語音::惡臭:氣味 ( 直接修飾 )
                                                                             fetid:smell::cacophonous:sound

buttress                    v. 支援                                            惡臭的:氣味::刺耳的:聲音 ( 直接修飾 )

to furnish or shore up with a buttress ; also:SUPPORT ,                      cacophony:voice::gaucherie:skill
STRENGTHEN                                                                   不愉快的音調:語音::笨拙:技巧 ( 直接修飾 )
contravene <> buttress                                                       cacophonous <> dulcet / euphonious

反對 <> 支援                                                                     發音不和諧的 <> 優美 / 悅耳的
Synonyms SUPPORT , bear up , bolster , brace , carry , prop ,                Synonyms adj. DISSONANT , cacophonic , discordant ,

sustain , uphold                                                             disharmonic , disharmonious , inharmonic , inharmonious ,

                                                                             unharmonious , unmusical

bygone                      n. 過去的事 , 往事
gone by:PAST ; especially:OUTMODED                                           cadge                             v. 行乞 , 乞求
Synonyms FORMER , erstwhile , late , old , once , onetime , past ,           BEG , SPONGE

quondam , sometime , whilom , OLD-FASHIONED , antiquated ,                   cadge <> earn

antique , archaic , belated , dated , oldfangled , old-time , out-of-        乞求 <> 賺得
date , EXTINCT , dead , defunct , departed , gone , lost , vanished          Synonyms n. BEGGAR , bummer , moocher , panhandler



byline                      n. ( 列作者名字的 )                                    caisson                           n. 彈藥箱 , 彈藥車 ,
                            報刊文章首行                                                                             潛水箱 ( 水中工程用 )
a line at the beginning of a news story , magazine article , or book         a usually 2-wheeled vehicle for artillery ammunition attachable to a

giving the writer's name                                                     horse-drawn limber

article:byline::movie:credits                                                chevron:badge::caisson:cart

文章:報刊文章首行::電影:字幕 ( 事物及其特殊部分 )                                                V形袖章:徽章::彈藥車:載貨車 ( 種屬 )



cabal                       n. 徒黨 , 秘密結社 , (                                 cajole                            v. ( 以甜言蜜語 ) 哄騙
                            尤指政治上的 ) 陰謀                                      to persuade with flattery or gentle urging especially in the face of

the artifices and intrigues of a group of persons secretly united to         reluctance:COAX
bring about an overturn or usurpation especially in public affairs           blandishment:cajole::obstacle:impede


                                                                        44                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
甜言蜜語:哄騙::障礙:阻止 ( 目的關係 )                                                    冷淡的:冷漠的::欺騙:不誠實 ( 同義 )
Synonyms COAX , blandish , blarney , con , soft-soap , sweet-talk          callous <> sympathetic

, wheedle                                                                  無情冷淡的 <> 有同情心的
                                                                           Synonyms UNFEELING 2 , coldhearted , hardhearted , heartless ,

calamitous                        adj. 多災難的 , 不幸的                          obdurate , stony , stonyhearted , uncompassionate , unemotional ,

being , causing , or accompanied by calamity                               unsympathetic

Synonyms FATAL , cataclysmic , catastrophic , disastrous ,

fateful , ruinous , DEPLORABLE , afflictive , dire , distressing ,         callow                            adj. ( 鳥 ) 未生羽毛的 ,
grievous , heartbreaking , lamentable , regrettable , unfortunate ,                                         ( 人 ) 未成熟的
woeful                                                                     lacking adult sophistication:IMMATURE

                                                                           frank:secretiveness::callow:maturity

calcify                           vi. 變成石灰質 , 鈣化                           坦白的:隱匿:: ( 鳥 ) 未生羽毛的:成熟 ( 反義 )
to make inflexible or unchangeable                                         apoplectic:calm::callow:mature
calcification <> flexibility                                               狂怒的:平靜的::幼稚:成熟 ( 反義 )

鈣化 <> 柔軟                                                                   callow <> behaving with adult sophistication

                                                                           年輕而無經驗的 <> 行爲富於經驗的

calibrate                         vt. 測定口徑 , 校準 ,                          Synonyms YOUNG , green , immature , infant , juvenile ,

                                  查看刻度 , 劃刻度                               unfledged , unripe , youthful , INEXPERIENCED , fresh , green ,

to determine , rectify , or mark the graduations of                        raw , unexperienced , unpracticed , unseasoned , untried , unversed

measure:dimensions::calibrate:diameter::gauge:pressur                      , young

e::plumb:depth

量:尺寸::確定口徑:直徑::測定:壓力::測量深度:                                                callus                        n. 皮膚的硬結 , 胼胝 , (
深度 ( 動詞及其作用物件 )                                                                                          植物傷口的 ) 癒合組織
calibrated <> unstandardized                                               a thickening of or a hard thickened area on skin or bark

校準的 <> 不標準的                                                                gully:erosion::callus:friction

                                                                           小峽谷:沖蝕::皮膚的硬結:摩擦 ( 因果 )

calligrapher                       n. 書法家
one who writes a beautiful                                                 calorie             n. 卡路里
bibliophile:books::gourmet:food {                                          the amount of heat required at a pressure of one atmosphere to raise

calligrapher:handwriting }                                                 the temperature of one gram of water one degree Celsius that is

藏書家:書籍::美食家:食物 { 書法家:書法 } (                                                equal to about 4. 19 joules

人及其職業特徵 )                                                                  power:watt::calorie:heat::decibel:sound::volt:elec
                                                                           tricity

callous                           adj. 無情的 , 冷淡的 ,                         瓦:功率::卡路里:熱量::分貝:聲音::伏:電流 (

                                  硬結的 , 起老繭的                               事物及其衡量單位 )

a:feeling no emotion

b:feeling no sympathy for others                                           calumniate                    v. 誹謗 , 中傷 ( adj.
callous:impassive::dupe:duplicity                                                                        calumnious )
                                                                           to utter maliciously false statements , charges , or imputations
                                                                      45                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
about                                                                      roster:personnel::slate:candidate

corroborate:evidence::calumniate:falsehood                                 花名冊:人員::候選人名單:候選人 ( 個體與集合關係 )

確證:證據::誹謗:謊言 ( 利用關係 )                                                      ballot:candidates::??

calumny:assertion::perjury:testimony                                       投票:候選人::??

中傷:斷言::僞證:證詞 ( 種屬 )                                                        Synonyms applicant , aspirant , hopeful , seeker

calumny:representation::perjury:testimony

中傷:陳述::僞證:證詞 ( 種屬 )                                                        candor                               n. 坦白 , 直率
calumniate <> vindicate                                                    unreserved , honest , or sincere expression:FORTHRIGHTNESS

誹謗 <> 維護
calumnious <> flattering                                                   palter:candor::diehard:budge

中傷的 <> 諂媚的                                                                 敷衍 , 支吾:坦白的::頑固分子:改變立場或態度 (
calumny <> approbation                                                     事物及其反面特徵 ) 【palter 詞性不符】

誹謗 <> 嘉許                                                                   artifice <> candor

Synonyms MALIGN , asperse , defame , denigrate , libel ,                   詭計 <> 直率
scandalize , slander , traduce , vilify , villainize

camaraderie n. 同志之愛 , 友情                                                   cane                       n. 拐杖
a spirit of friendly good-fellowship                                       A stick used as an aid in walking or carried as an accessory

camaraderie <> enmity                                                      cane:walk::glasses:see

友情 <> 敵意                                                                   拐杖:行走::眼睛:看 ( 工具及其輔助物件 )
Synonyms comradery , good-fellowship

                                                                           canon                      n. 教會法規 , 聖典 , 準則
cameo                           n. 刻有浮雕的寶石或貝殼                              1. the authentic works of a writer

a small piece of sculpture on a stone or shell cut in relief in one        2. a regulation or dogma decreed by a church council

layer with another contrasting layer serving as background                 religion:devoutness::canon:orthodoxy

peccadillo:offense::cameo:sculpture                                        宗教 , 信仰:虔誠::聖典:正統 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )

輕罪:犯罪::小件雕塑:雕塑 ( 小:正常 )                                                    canon <> apocrypha

blurb:notice::cameo:appearance                                             正典 <> 僞經

大肆宣傳:布告::小貝殼:外表 【對應不工整】                                                    canonical <> nontraditional

                                                                           規範的 , 傳統的 <> 不符合傳統的

camouflage                          n. 僞裝 , 隱瞞 , 幌子                        Synonyms LAW , assize , decree , decretum , edict , ordinance ,

a:concealment by means of disguise                                         precept , regulation , rule , statute , DOCTRINE , dogma , tenet

b:behavior or artifice designed to deceive or hide

malinger:duty::camoflage:detection                                         canopy                                   n. 天篷 , 遮篷
裝病以逃避工作:責任::掩飾:發現 ( 逃避 )                                                   a cover ( as of cloth ) fixed or carried above a person of high rank

                                                                           or a sacred object:BALDACHIN

candidate                           n. 候選人 , 投考者                           canopy:cover::??
one that aspires to or is nominated or qualified for an office ,           天篷:蓋子::?? ( 種屬 )
membership , or award


                                                                      46                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
cantankerous                              adj. 脾氣壞的 ,                                                              善變 , 任性
                                          好爭吵的                               a sudden , impulsive , and seemingly unmotivated notion or action

difficult or irritating to deal with                                         caprice:whimsical::stealth:furtive::discontent:unsatisfi
Synonyms bearish , cankered , cranky , cross-grained , crotchety ,           ed
ornery , vinegarish , vinegary , waspish , waspy                             異想天開:異想天開的::秘密行動:偷偷摸摸的:不滿:不
                                                                             滿足的 ( 正面特徵 )

canvas                                  n. 帆布 , 畫布 , 油畫                      apophasis:claim::caprice:deliberate
a piece of cloth backed or framed as a surface for a painting                故抑其詞:斷言::反覆無常:深思熟慮 ( 反面特徵 )

canvas:painter::marble:sculptor                                              caprice:whimsical::insight:discerning

畫布:油畫家::大理石:雕塑家 ( 人及其工作物件 )                                                  任性:反覆無常的::洞察力:洞悉 ( 同義 )
                                                                             capricious <> steadfast

canvass                                   v. 遊說                              多變的 <> 固定不變的

to seek orders or votes:SOLICIT                                              caprice <> confirmation

exponent:advocate::pollster:canvass                                          善變 <> 確證

擁護者:支援::民意調查者:細查 ( 人及其特徵動作 )                                                 Synonyms bee , conceit , crank , crotchet , fancy , freak , humor ,

Synonyms SCRUTINIZE , check over , check up , con , examine ,                maggot , megrim , notion , vagary , whim , whimsy

inspect , study , survey , vet , DISCUSS , agitate , argue , debate ,

dispute , moot , thrash out , toss ( around ) , SOLICIT , drum               caption                               n. 說明 , 字幕 , 標題
                                                                             the part of a legal document that shows where , when , and by what

canyon                                 n. 峽谷 , 溪穀                            authority it was taken , found , or executed

a deep narrow valley with steep sides and often with a stream                Synonyms legend , underline

flowing through it

ditch:canyon::burrow:cavern                                                  captivate                             vt. 迷住 , 迷惑
小峽谷:大峽谷::小山洞:大山洞 ( 小和大 )                                                     to influence and dominate by some special charm , art , or trait and

                                                                             with an irresistible appeal

capitulate                             v. ( 有條件地 ) 投降                        captivate <> repulse

to cease resisting:ACQUIESCE                                                 迷住 <> 厭惡

acquiesce:yield::capitulate: { categorical }                                 Synonyms ATTRACT , allure , bewitch , charm , draw , enchant ,

默許:同意::有條件投降:明確的 【詞性不符 ,                                                     fascinate , magnetize , take , wile

關係不明】
capitulate <> resist                                                         careworn                      adj. 疲倦的 , 飽經憂患的
投降 <> 抵抗                                                                     showing the effect of grief or anxiety

capitulation <> resistance                                                   careworn <> lighthearted

投降 <> 抵抗                                                                     疲倦的 <> 心情愉快的
Synonyms YIELD2 , bow , buckle ( under ) , cave , defer , knuckle            Synonyms HAGGARD , drawn , pinched , worn

( under ) , submit , succumb

                                                                             caricature                            n. 諷刺畫 , 滑稽模仿
caprice                                n. 異想天開 , 反覆無常 ,                      exaggeration by means of often ludicrous distortion of parts or

                                                                             characteristics
                                                                        47                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
brevity:aphorism::distortion:caricature                                                                       安排 ( 節目 )
簡短:警句格言::歪曲:歪曲的模仿 ( 正面特徵 )                                                the set of actors in a dramatic production ; to assign a certain role to

caricature:presentation::??                                               ( an actor )

諷刺畫:陳述::?? ( 諷刺和正常?? )                                                    appoint:official::cast:actor

exaggeration:caricature::brevity:epigram                                  任命:官員::選派:演員 ( 動賓關係 )

誇張:諷刺畫::簡短:警句格言 ( 正面特徵 )                                                  letter:signature::playbill:cast

pithiness:aphorism::exaggeration:caricature                               信:簽名::節目單:安排 ( 動賓關係 )

簡潔:警句格言::誇張:諷刺畫 ( 正面特徵 )                                                  Synonyms THROW , fire , fling , heave , hurl , launch , pitch ,

Synonyms MOCKERY , burlesque , farce , mock , sham , travesty             sling , toss , DIRECT , address , aim , incline , lay , level , point ,

, burlesque , parody , takeoff , travesty                                 train , turn , DISCARD , abdicate , cashier , jettison , junk , reject ,
                                                                          scrap , shed , slough , VOMIT , barf , disgorge , spew , spit up ,

carouse                      vi.                                          ADD , figure , foot , sum , summate , tot , total , totalize , tote ,

                             鬧飲喧嘩地、暢飲地狂歡作樂                                PLAN , arrange , blueprint , chart , design , devise , project ,

                             n. 喧鬧的宴會 , 過量喝酒                              LOOK , countenance , expression , face , visage , PREDICTION ,

to drink liquor deeply or freely                                          forecast , foretelling , prevision , prognosis , prognostication ,

roisterer:carouse::recluse:withdraw                                       prophecy , weird , COLOR , hue , shade , tinge , tint , tone , HINT ,

喝酒喧嘩者:喧嘩地喝酒::隱士:隱退 ( 人物的特徵動作 )                                            dash , intimation , shade , smack , suggestion , suspicion , touch ,
Synonyms BINGE , bat , bender , booze , drunk , jag , spree , tear        trace , TYPE , character , class , description , kind , nature , sort ,
, REVEL , frolic , hell , riot , roister , spree , wassail                stripe , variety , way , FORM , configuration , conformation , figure

                                                                          , shape

carp                                 vi. 吹毛求疵 , 挑剔
to find fault or complain querulously                                     castigation                    n. 申斥 , 苛責 , 強烈反對
caviler:carping::libertine:licentious                                     to subject to severe punishment , reproof , or criticism

吹毛求疵者:吹毛求疵的::浪蕩的人:放肆的 (                                                   castigation:disapproval::crime:misbehave

人物的正面特徵 )                                                                 強烈反對:反對::犯罪:舉止不當 ( 程度類比 )

complain:carp::drink:guzzle                                               castigation:reproof::denunciation:denial::glorification:

抱怨:吹毛求疵::喝:狂飲 ( 程度對比 )                                                    merit
Synonyms NAG , fuss , henpeck , peck ( at )                               苛責:譴責::駁斥:否定::讚頌:贊許 ( 程度類比 )

                                                                          peccadillo:sin::admonishment:castigation

cartographer                         n. 繪製地圖者                             小過失:罪過::小譴責:苛責 ( 程度類比 )
one that makes maps                                                       castigation:reproof::loathing:dislike

cartographer:map::tailor:clothing::lexicographer:dictio                   苛責:譴責::討厭:不喜歡 ( 程度類比 )
nary                                                                      castigation:reproof::soaking:damp

繪製地圖者:地圖::裁縫:衣服::詞典編纂者:詞典 (                                               苛責:譴責::濕透的:潮濕的
人物及其工作物件 )                                                                Synonyms PUNISHMENT , chastisement , correction , discipline

                                                                          , punition , rod

cast                                n. 演員陣容 , 投擲 , 性質
                                    vt. 選派 ( 演員 ) , 鑄造 ,                  catalyze                                   vt. 催化
                                                                          BRING ABOUT , INSPIRE
                                                                     48                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
catalyze <> retard                                                        catholic                             adj. 天主教的 ,
催化 <> 阻撓                                                                                                       寬宏大量的 , 一般的 ,
Synonyms n. STIMULUS , goad , impetus , impulse , incentive ,                                                  普遍的
incitation , incitement , motivation , spur , stimulant                   COMPREHENSIVE , UNIVERSAL ; especially:broad in
                                                                          sympathies , tastes , or interests

cataract                                  n. 大瀑布 , 奔流 ,                   catholic <> narrow

                                          洪水 , 白內障                        寬宏大量的 <> 狹隘的

WATERFALL ; especially:a large one over a precipice                       Synonyms UNIVERSAL , cosmic , cosmopolitan , ecumenical ,

Synonyms WATERFALL , cascade , chute , fall ( s ) , spout ,               global , planetary , worldwide

FLOOD , cataclysm , deluge , flooding , inundation , Niagara ,

overflow , pour , spate , torrent                                         caustic                              adj. 腐蝕性的 , 刻薄的
                                                                          marked by incisive sarcasm

catastrophe                               n. 大災難 , 大禍                     barb:caustic::pan:harsh
a momentous tragic event ranging from extreme misfortune to utter         尖刻的言論:刻薄的::嚴厲的批評:嚴厲的 ( 正面特徵 )
overthrow or ruin                                                         caustic:eat away::desiccant:dry

catastrophe:mishap::humiliation:embarrassment                             腐蝕的:腐蝕::乾燥劑的:乾燥 ( 作用關係 )

大災難:災禍::羞恥:尷尬 ( 程度類比 )                                                    caustic:smoothing::??

oxymoron:contradictory::mishap:catastrophic                               尖刻的:平緩的::?? ( 反面 )

矛盾修飾法:矛盾的::不幸:災難的 ( 正面特徵 )                                                caustic <> palliating / genial

Synonyms DISASTER , calamity , cataclysm , misadventure ,                 尖刻的 <> 減緩的 / 親切的
tragedy , woe ( s )                                                       caustic <> smooth

                                                                          尖刻的 , 刻薄的 <> 安詳的 , 平滑的

categorical                         adj. 無條件的 , 絕對的                       Synonyms mordacious , mordant , salty , scathing , trenchant ;

ABSOLUTE , UNQUALIFIED                                                    compare SARCASTIC , acerb , acerbic , corrosive

acquiesce:yield::capitulate: { categorical }

默許:同意::有條件投降:明確的 【詞性不符 ,                                                  caveat                      n. 警告 , 防止誤解的說明
關係不明】                                                                     a warning enjoining one from certain acts or practices

categorical <> qualified / conditional                                    overture:introductory::caveat:warning

無條件的 <> 受限制的 / 有條件的                                                       序曲:介紹性的::告誡:警告的 ( 正面特徵 )
Synonyms ULTIMATE , absolute , EXPLICIT , clean-cut , clear-              Synonyms WARNING , admonition , caution , forewarning ,

cut , definite , definitive , express , specific , unambiguous ,          monition

POSITIVE , decided , definite , unequivocal

                                                                          cavern                      n. 巨穴 , 洞窟
cater                               vi. 迎合 , 投合                           CAVE ; especially:one of large or indefinite extent
to supply what is required or desired                                     ditch:canyon::burrow:cavern
Synonyms BABY , cocker , coddle , cosset , cotton , humor ,               小山溝:大峽谷::小山洞:巨穴 ( 小和大對比 )
indulge , mollycoddle , pamper , spoil , INDULGE , gratify , humor        cavern:spelunker::ocean:diver

                                                                          洞穴:洞穴勘探者::海洋:潛水者
                                                                          Synonyms CAVE , grotto , subterranean
                                                                     49                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                         太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                                                                          cement                               n. 水泥 , 膠粘劑
cavil                       v. 挑毛病 , 吹毛求疵                                 to unite or make firm by or as if by cement

to raise trivial and frivolous objection                                  cement <> fracture

cavil:criticize::probe:investigate                                        鞏固物 <> 破裂

吹毛求疵:挑剔::仔細探察:調查 ( 程度類比 )

caviler:carping::libertine:licentious                                     censor                               vt. 檢查 , 審查 , 刪改
吹毛求疵者:吹毛求疵的::浪蕩子:放肆的 ( 人物正面特徵                                             to examine in order to suppress or delete anything considered

)                                                                         objectionable

encomiast:eulogize::quibble:cavil                                         censorship:communication::preservative:decay

讚美者:讚頌::吹毛求疵者:吹毛求疵 ( 人物正面特徵 )                                             審查情報:資訊::防腐劑:腐爛 ( 消除關係 )

nitpick:criticize::cavil:object                                           censorship:information::sanitation:disease
吹毛求疵:批評::吹毛求疵:反對 ( 程度類比 )                                                 過濾情報:情報::公共衛生:疾病 ( 防止關係 )

nitpicker:criticize::preacher:sermon::quibbler:cavil                      vendor:purvey::censor:expurgate

吹毛求疵的人:挑剔::傳教士:傳道::吹毛求疵的人:吹                                               賣主:提供::審查員:刪除 ( 人物的特徵動作 )

毛求疵 ( 正面特徵 )                                                              Synonyms blip , bowdlerize , expurgate , screen

Synonyms QUIBBLE , chicane , hypercriticize

                                                                          censorious                           adj. 受批判的 , 挑剔的
cavort                             vi. 騰躍                                 marked by or given to censure

to walk or move in a spirited manner:PRANCE                               censorious <> eulogistic

dodder:unsteady::cavort:sprightly                                         挑剔的 <> 讚美的

搖擺:不穩定::騰躍:輕快的 ( 正面特徵 )                                                   Synonyms CRITICAL1 , captious , carping , caviling , cavillous ,

Synonyms GAMBOL , caper , frisk , frolic , rollick , romp                 critic , faultfinding , hypercritical , overcritical



cede                               vt. 放棄                                 censure                              n. v. 責難 , 非難
to yield or grant typically by treaty                                     to find fault with and criticize as blameworthy

cede:possess::??                                                          lamentable:pity::reprehensible:censure

放棄:擁有::?? ( 反義 )                                                          可悲的:可憐::應該譴責的:譴責 ( 正面關係 )
Synonyms RELINQUISH , abandon , give up , hand over , leave ,             remonstrance:dissuade::reprehensible:censure
resign , surrender , waive , yield , TRANSFER , alien , alienate ,        抗議:勸阻::斥責 ( 詞性不對 ) :責難 ( 程度類比 )
assign , convey , deed , make over , remise                               censure:blameless::approbation:reprehensible

                                                                          責難:無可指責的::認可:應斥責的 ( 反面 )

celebrity                          n. 名聲 , 名人                             exonerate <> censure

the state of being celebrated                                             免除責備 <> 非難
celebrity <> obscurity                                                    extol <> censure

名人 <> 不爲人所知的人                                                             讚美 <> 責難
Synonyms FAME , notoriety , renown , reputation , repute ,                Synonyms CRITICIZE , blame , condemn , denounce , denunciate

luminary , name , notability , notable , somebody                         , knock , rap , reprehend , reprobate , skin




                                                                     50                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                         太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
census                      n. 戶口普查                                            finish , period , stop , termination

a count of the population

census:population::inventory:stock                                             chaff                         n. 穀殼 , 糠 , 揶揄
戶口普查:人口::存貨清單:存貨 ( 前者爲後者的清單 )                                                  the seed coverings and other debris separated from the seed in

                                                                               threshing grain

centrifuge                  n. 離心分離機                                           winnow:chaff::filter:impurities
a machine using centrifugal force for separating substances of                 去糠:糠::過濾:雜質 ( 消除關係 )
different densities , for removing moisture , or for simulating                Synonyms BANTER , fun , jest , joke , jolly , josh , kid , rag , razz

gravitational effects                                                          , rib

centrifuge:separate::colander:drain

離心分離器:分離::濾鍋:過濾 ( 作用 )



ceramic                     n. 陶瓷製品 adj. 陶器的
a product of ceramic manufacture

shard:ceramic::crumb:cake

碎片:陶瓷製品::碎屑:蛋糕 ( 事物及其破碎狀態 )



ceremony                    n. 典禮 , 儀式 , 禮節
a formal act or series of acts prescribed by ritual , protocol , or

convention

affidavit:statement::wedding:ceremony

書面宣誓:聲明::婚禮:典禮 ( 種屬關係 )
Synonyms FORM , ceremonial , formality , liturgy , rite , ritual ,

RITE , ceremonial , formality , liturgy , observance , ritual , service



certitude                   n. 確實 , 確信
the state of being or feeling certain

certitude <> obscurity

確實 <> 含糊
                                                                               List 5 ( chagrin ~ condign ) :
Synonyms CERTAINTY , assurance , assuredness , confidence ,

conviction , sureness , surety                                                 chagrin                            n. 懊惱
                                                                               disquietude or distress of mind caused by humiliation ,

cessation                   n. 中止 , ( 短暫的 ) 停止                                 disappointment , or failure

a temporary or final ceasing ( as of action ) :STOP                            chagrin:mind::grimace:face
cessation <> commencement                                                      懊惱:情緒::痛苦的表情:臉 ( 行爲及其來源 )

停止 <> 開始                                                                       chagrin <> elated

cessation <> start                                                             懊惱 <> 興高采烈的 【注:詞性不符】

停止 <> 開始                                                                       chagrin <> cheerful

Synonyms END , cease , close , conclusion , desistance , ending ,
                                                                          51                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                  Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
懊惱 <> 高興的                                                                   charade:dissimulate::??

                                                                            裝模作樣:假裝::?? ( 動作及其正面特徵關係 )

chamber                            n. 室 , 房間 , 槍膛 adj.
                                   室內的                                      charlatan                          n. 吹牛者
a natural or artificial enclosed space or cavity                            one making usually showy pretenses to knowledge or

                                                                            ability:FRAUD , FAKER

chameleon                          n. 變色龍 , 善變的人 ,
                                   輕浮的人                                     chary                  adj. 仔細的 , 謹慎的 , 吝嗇的
any of a family ( Chamaeleontidae ) of chiefly arboreal Old World           discreetly cautious:as
lizards with prehensile tail , independently movable eyeballs , and         a:hesitant and vigilant about dangers and risks
unusual ability to change the color of the skin                             b:slow to grant , accept , or expend
salmon:ichthyologist::chameleon:herpetologist                               chary <> rash

鮭魚:魚類學家::變色龍::爬蟲學家 (                                                        謹慎的 <> 魯莽的

學者及其研究物件關係 )                                                                Synonyms CAUTIOUS , calculating , careful , circumspect ,

                                                                            considerate , discreet , gingerly , guarded , safe , wary

champion                           vt. 保衛 , 擁護
to act as militant supporter of:UPHOLD , ADVOCATE                           chasm                              n. 深淵 , 大差別 , 代溝
champion <> disparage                                                       a deep cleft in the surface of a planet ( as the earth ) :GORGE

擁護 <> 蔑視                                                                    cleft:chasm::cut:gash
impugn <> champion                                                          裂縫:深淵::小切口:大傷口 ( 程度關係 )

攻擊 <> 擁護
Synonyms SUPPORT 2 , advocate , back , backstop , side ( with )             check                              n. 支票 , 阻止
, uphold                                                                    to block the progress of

                                                                            jolt:move::check:stop

chaotic                            adj. 混亂的 , 無秩序的                          震動:移動::阻止:停止 ( 動作及其結果關係 )

a:a state of utter confusion                                                propagate <> check

b:a confused mass or mixture7                                               傳播 <> 制止
chaotic <> strictly structured                                              goad <> check

無秩序的 <> 構造嚴謹的                                                               唆使 <> 阻止

                                                                            Synonyms:arrest , buck , foil , thwart , frustrate

charade                            n. 看手勢猜字謎遊戲 ;                            chef                               n. 廚師
                                   裝模作樣                                     a skilled cook who manages the kitchen ( as of a restaurant )

1. a word represented in riddling verse or by picture , tableau , or

dramatic action                                                             cherubic               adj. 天使的 , 無邪的 , 可愛的
2. an empty or deceptive act or pretense                                    innocent-looking usually chubby and rosy

charade:word::mime:story                                                    cherubic <> somber

用手勢表示的字謎:字::啞劇:故事 ( 動作及表達內容關係                                               天使般的 <> 陰鬱的
)


                                                                       52                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
chevron                       n. 山形袖章 , 回文狀雕飾                                 斥責:嘲笑::迎合:縱容 ( 褒貶程度關係 )
a sleeve badge that usually consists of one or more chevron-shaped            Synonyms REPROVE , admonish , call down , lesson , monish ,

stripes that indicates the wearer's rank and service ( as in the armed        ||rack back , rebuke , reprimand , reproach , tick off

forces )

chevron:badge::caisson:cart                                                   chip                               n. 晶片 , 薄片 , 碎片
( 軍中的 ) 袖章:徽章::彈藥車:大車 ( 種屬關係 )                                                a small usually thin and flat piece ( as of wood or stone ) cut ,

                                                                              struck , or flaked off

chiaroscuro                   n. ( 繪畫中的 ) 明暗對照法 ,                             chip:stone::shard:glass

                              用明暗對照法繪的圖畫                                      ( 石頭的 ) 碎片:石頭:: ( 破璃的 ) 碎片:玻璃 (
the interplay or contrast of dissimilar qualities , pictorial                 物品及其碎片關係 )
representation in terms of light and shade without regard to color            【注:chip:a small usually thin and flat piece ; shard:a piece or
chiaroscuro:contrast::filigree:delicacy:: {                                   fragment of a brittle substance】

tapestry:intricacy }

用明暗對照法繪的圖畫:對照::金銀細絲工藝:精美 (                                                    choke                       vt. 窒息 , 阻塞 , 噎 , 抑制
物品及其特徵關係 )                                                                    to check normal breathing of by compressing or obstructing the

【注:已經由機考判分數據確認                                                                trachea or by poisoning or adulterating available        air

準確答案:chiaroscuro:contrast::filigree:delicacy 】                                smother:choke::??

                                                                              窒息:窒息::?? ( 同義關係 )

chic                                adj. 漂亮的 , 時髦的                            Synonyms strangle , throttle ; compare SUFFOCATE

smart elegance and sophistication especially of dress or

manner:STYLE                                                                  choleric                           adj. 易怒的 , 暴躁的
Synonyms FASHION 3 , craze , cry , dernier cri , fad , furore ,               easily moved to often unreasonable or excessive anger:hot-
mode , rage , style , vogue                                                   tempered

                                                                              choler:antagonize::??

chicanery                           n. 欺詐 , 欺騙                                憤怒:對抗::??
deception by artful subterfuge or sophistry:TRICKERY                          choleric <> difficult to provoke

chicanery:clever::tactlessness:truthful                                       易怒的 <> 難被激怒

欺詐:機靈的::不圓滑的:真誠的 ( 褒貶程度關係 )                                                   Synonyms:choleric , crabbed , cranky , irascible , irritable , testy

gullible:chicanery::servile:domination

易受騙的:欺騙::易屈服的:控制 ( 容易關係 )                                                     choreography                       n. 舞蹈 , 舞蹈編排
Synonyms DECEPTION 1 , chicane , dishonesty , double-dealing                  the composition and arrangement of dances especially for ballet

, fourberie , fraud , hanky-panky , highbinding , sharp practice ,            choreography:dance::plot:story
trickery                                                                      舞蹈編排:舞蹈::小說情節:小說 ( 文藝作品及其結構關係
                                                                              )

chide                               vt. vi. 斥責 , 責駡                           choreography:movement::??

to voice disapproval to:reproach in a usually mild and                        舞蹈編排:動作::??
constructive manner:SCOLD

chide:pillory::humor:mollycoddle                                              chronic                            adj. 長期的 , 慢性的 ,

                                                                         53                            Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                   Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                                   慣常的 , 經常的                               circuitous                         adj. 迂回的路的 ,
always present or encountered ; especially:constantly vexing ,                                                迂曲的 , 繞行的
weakening , or troubling                                                   not being forthright or direct in language or action

chronic <> sporadic                                                        immaterial:relevance::circuitous:directness

慣常的 <> 偶然的                                                                 非實質的:適當::迂回的:直接 ( 缺乏關係 )
Synonyms USUAL 1 , accepted , accustomed , customary ,                     Synonyms INDIRECT 1 , circular , collateral , oblique ,

habitual , routine , wonted                                                roundabout



chronicle                     n. 年代記 , 記錄 , 編年史                            circumference                        n. 圓周 , 周圍 , 胸圍
a usually continuous historical account of events arranged in order        the perimeter of a circle

of time without analysis or interpretation                                 border:country::circumference:circle
                                                                           國界:國家::圓周:圓 ( 事物及其邊界關係 )

chronological                         adj. 按年月順序的
of , relating to , or arranged in or according to the order of time        circumlocutory                     adj. 委婉曲折的 ,
dictionary:alphabetical::annals:chronological                                                                 迂回的
字典:按字母順序的::編年史:按年月順序的 (                                                    the use of an unnecessarily large number of words to express an

作品及其編排順序 )                                                                 idea

                                                                           circumlocutory <> direct encounter

chunk                  n. 大塊 , 矮胖的人或物 , 大量                                 迂回的 <> 直接面對

1:a short thick piece or lump ( as of wood or coal )                       circumlocution <> pithy utters / utter concisely / straightforword

2:a large noteworthy quantity                                              utter

chunk <> ???                                                               累贅的話 <> 簡練的話
                                                                           circumlocutory <> straightforward

churlish                      adj. 脾氣暴躁的 , 粗野的                             迂回的 <> 直接的

marked by a lack of civility or graciousness:SURLY
complaisance <> churlishness                                               circumspect                        adj. 慎重的 , 小心的
彬彬有禮的 <> 粗野的                                                               careful to consider all circumstances and possible

Synonyms BOORISH , cloddish , clodhopping , clownish , coarse              consequences:PRUDENT
, loutish , lowbred , uncivilized , uncultured , unpolished                circumspect <> audacious / reckless

                                                                           小心的 <> 大膽的 / 不計後果的

cinder                             n. 煤渣 , 灰燼                              temerity <> circumspection

the slag from a metal furnace:DROSS                                        蠻勇 <> 慎重
                                                                           rash <> circumspective

cipher                             n. 暗號 , 密碼                              魯莽的 <> 謹慎的
a method of transforming a text in order to conceal its meaning            Synonyms CAUTIOUS , calculating , careful , chary , considerate

cipher:cryptic::precis:concise                                             , discreet , gingerly , guarded , safe , wary

密碼:秘密的::大綱:簡要的 ( 事物及其特徵關係 )                                                circumvent                         vt. 繞行 , 陷害 , 包圍 ,
                                                                                                             智取
                                                                           to manage to get around especially by ingenuity or stratagem
                                                                      54                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
circumvent <> confront                                                        響亮的 <> 低聲不可辨的

繞行 <> 面對                                                                      Synonyms FAIR 2 , clear , cloudless , fine , pleasant , rainless ,

circumvention <> direct encounter                                             sunny , sunshiny , unclouded , undarkened

規避 <> 直接面對
Synonyms SKIRT 2 , bypass , circumnavigate , detour                           clarity                           n. 清楚 , 透明
                                                                              the quality or state of being clear:LUCIDITY

cistern                            n. 貯水器 , 水槽 , 水箱                           ambiguous:clarity::mendacious:truth
an artificial reservoir ( as an underground tank ) for storing liquids        不明確的:清楚::虛假的:真實 ( 反面特徵關係 )
and especially water ( as rainwater )                                         consensus:factionalism::clarity:confusion

cistern:liquids::landfill:refuse                                              一致同意:黨派爭執::清楚:混淆 ( 反義關係 )

水箱:液體::垃圾填埋場:廢棄物 ( 物品及其放置場所關係                                                 equivocation:clarity::prevarication:truth
)                                                                             含糊的話:清楚::搪塞的話:真實 ( 反面特徵關係 )

citation               n. 引用 , 引證 , 引用文 , 傳票                                  equivocation:truth::euphemism:offense / obfuscation /
an official summons to appear ( as before a court )                           clarity

summons:citation::??                                                          含糊的話:真實::委婉的話:冒犯 / 困惑 / 清楚 (

召喚:傳喚::?? ( 正常和官方關係 )                                                         反面特徵關係 )

【注:citation:an official summons to appear ( as before a court )               misunderstood:clarify::erroneous:retract

】                                                                             誤會的:澄清::錯誤的:撤消 ( 消除關係 )

                                                                              ramshackle:soundness::garbled:clarity

civility                                  n. 禮貌 , 端莊                          搖搖欲墜的:堅固::混淆的:清楚 ( 反面特徵關係 )
COURTESY , POLITENESS                                                         roil <> clarify / appease

civility <> rudeness                                                          激怒 <> 闡明 / 平息

禮貌 <> 無禮                                                                      obfuscate <> clarify

                                                                              使模糊 <> 澄清

clandestine                        adj. 秘密的                                   equivocation <> clarity

marked by , held in , or conducted with                                       模棱兩可 <> 清楚
secrecy:SURREPTITIOUS                                                         muddy <> clarity

clandestine:secretly::overt:openly                                            渾濁的 <> 清晰 【注:詞性不符】

秘密的:秘密地::公開的:公開地 ( 形容詞副詞同義關係 )                                                Synonyms clearness , limpidity , lucidity , perspicuity , plainness

clandestine <> open

秘密的 <> 公開的                                                                    clasp                             n. 扣子 , 鈎 , 緊握
Synonyms SECRET 1 , covert , furtive , hugger-mugger , hush-                  a device ( as a hook ) for holding objects or parts together

hush , stealthy , surreptitious , undercover , ||underneath , under-          lathe:shape::clasp:fasten
the-table                                                                     車床:成形::扣子:扣緊 ( 物品及其作用關係 )



clarion                            n. 尖音號角 adj.                               cleft                             n. 裂縫
                                   清澈響亮的                                      a usually V-shaped indented formation:a hollow between ridges
loud and clear                                                                or protuberances
clarion <> soft and undistinct
                                                                         55                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                 Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
cleft:chasm::cut:gash                                                      impedance , impediment

裂縫:深淵::小切口:大傷口 ( 程度關係 )                                                    closet                             n. 壁櫥 , 小室 adj.
Synonyms RAVINE , arroyo , chasm , clough , clove , gap , gorge                                               秘密的 , 空論的
, gulch                                                                    a cabinet or recess for especially china , household utensils , or

                                                                           clothing

clement                           adj. 仁慈的 , 溫和的                           pantry:food::closet ( wardrobe ) :clothes

inclined to be merciful:LENIENT                                            食品室:食物::壁櫥 ( 衣櫃 ) :衣物 (
clement <> pitiless                                                        物品及其放置場所關係 )

仁慈的 <> 無情的
Synonyms FORBEARING , charitable , easy , indulgent , lenient ,            clot                               n. 凝塊 , 群
merciful , tolerant                                                        a coagulated mass produced by clotting of blood

                                                                           clot:dissolved::crowd:dispersed

cliché                            adj. 陳腐的                                 凝塊:溶解的::人群:散開的 ( 分散關係 )
a trite phrase or expression

hodgepodge:uniformity::cliche:original                                     cloudburst                         n. 傾盆大雨 , 豪雨
混合物:一致::陳腐的:原創 ( 反面特徵關係 )                                                  a sudden copious rainfall

equivocate::misleading::cliched:hackneyed                                  gust:wind::cloudburst:rainfall

模棱兩可:誤導::陳腐的:常見的 【注:詞性不符】                                                  狂風:風::豪雨:雨 ( 種屬關係 )
Synonyms COMMONPLACE , banality , bromide , platitude ,

prosaicism , prosaism , rubber stamp , shibboleth , tag , truism           clout                              n. 權力 , 勢力
                                                                           PULL , INFLUENCE

cling                             vi. 粘緊 , 附著 , 緊貼 ,                       clout <> impuissance

                                  堅持                                       權力 <> 無 ( 權 ) 力
to hold together                                                           clout <> { impotent }

Synonyms STICK 2 , adhere , cleave , cohere                                權力 <> 無力的 【詞性不符 , 對應不工整】
                                                                           Synonyms PULL 2 , ||drag , in , influence

clique                            n. 朋黨派系 , 小集團
a narrow exclusive circle or group of persons ; especially one held        cloying                            adj. 甜得發膩的
together by common interests , views , or       purposes                   excessively sweet or sentimental

clique:intimates::flock:sheep                                              garrulous:talkative::cloying:sweet

小集團:密友::羊群:羊 ( 個體和團體關係 )                                                   多嘴的:健談的::過甜的:甜的 ( 程度關係 )
Synonyms cabal , camarilla , camp , circle , clan , coterie , in-          loquacious:talkative::cloying:sweet
group , mafia , mob , ring                                                 多嘴的:健談的::過甜的:甜的 ( 程度關係 )
                                                                           Synonyms SATIATE , fill , glut , gorge , jade , pall , sate , ||stall ,

clog                  n. 障礙 , 重物 v. 障礙 , 阻塞                                stodge , surfeit

something that shackles or impedes:ENCUMBRANCE                             clumsy                adj. 笨拙的 , 不雅觀的 , 粗陋的
clog:drainage::stalemate:negotiations                                      lacking dexterity , nimbleness , or grace

阻塞:排泄::僵局:談判 ( 消除關係 )                                                      Synonyms awkward , gawky , lumbering , lumpish , splathering ,

Synonyms ENCUMBRANCE , cumbrance , hindrance ,                             splay , ungainly ;
                                                                      56                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                                                                            餐後甜點:餐食::收場白:戲劇::樂章結尾:奏鳴曲 (

coagulant                           n. 凝結劑                                  事物及其結束部分關係 )
something that produces coagulation                                         coda <> overture

coagulant:thicken::solvent:dissolve                                         樂章結尾 <> 前奏

凝結劑:變濃::溶劑:溶解 ( 物品及其作用關係 )

                                                                            coeval                      adj. 同年齡的 , 同時代的
coalesce                            v. 合併 , 聯合 , 結合                         of the same or equal age , antiquity , or duration

to unite into a whole:FUSE                                                  congruent:dimension::coeval:age
coalesce <> disaggregate                                                    全等的:尺寸::同時代的:時代 ( 單位相同關係 )

合併 <> 分解
polarize <> coalesce                                                        cogent                      adj. 有說服力的
( 使 ) 兩極分化 <> 合併                                                            appealing forcibly to the mind or reason:CONVINCING
Synonyms JOIN 1 , associate , bracket , combine , conjoin ,                 cogent:convince::repugnant:repel
connect , link , relate , unite , wed                                       有說服力的:令人信服的::讓人討厭的:令人厭惡的 (

                                                                            程度關係 )

coarse                              adj. 粗略的                                cogent <> unconvincing

not precise or detailed with respect to adjustment or discrimination        有說服力的 <> 不令人信服的
fastidious <> coarse                                                        Synonyms VALID , convincing , satisfactory , satisfying , solid ,

苛求的 <> 粗略的                                                                  sound , telling

Synonyms crass , crude , gross , incult , inelegant , low , raw ,

rough , rude , uncouth , uncultivated , uncultured , unrefined ,            cognizant                  adj. 已認識 , 既知道 , 曉得
vulgar                                                                      knowledgeable of something especially through personal

                                                                            experience

coax                                vt. 用巧言誘哄                               incognizance:knowledgeable::penury:wealthy
to manipulate with great perseverance and usually with                      不知覺:有知識的::窮困:富裕的 ( 反面特徵關係 )
considerable effort toward a desired state or activity                      cognizant <> oblivious

equivocation:coax::explanation:enlighten                                    認知的 <> 忘卻的

含糊的話:誘哄::解釋:開導 ( 事物及其作用關係 )                                                 Synonyms AWARE , alive , apprehensive , au courant , awake ,

blandishment:coax::medal:honor / prevarication:deceive                      conscious , knowing , sensible , sentient , witting

哄誘的話:誘哄::獎章:給以榮譽 / 搪塞的話:欺騙 (

事物及其作用關係 )                                                                  colander                          n. 濾器 , 漏勺
Synonyms ||barter , blandish , blarney , cajole , con , soft-soap ,         a perforated utensil for washing or draining food

sweet-talk , wheedle                                                        centrifuge:separate::colander:drain

                                                                            離心機:分離::漏勺:排水 ( 物品及其作用關係 )

coda                 n. 終結句 , 樂章結尾部 , 完結部
a concluding musical section that is formally distinct from the main        collapse                          vt. 使倒塌 vi. n. 倒塌
structure                                                                   to fall or shrink together abruptly and completely

dessert:meal::epilogue:play::coda:sonata                                    collapse:implode::divide:sunder


                                                                       57                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
倒塌:向內倒塌::分開:切開 ( 種屬關係 )                                                    commencement                               n. 開始
collapse:volume::attenuate:thickness                                       an act , instance , or time of beginning

減弱:音量::變薄:厚度 ( 消減關係 )                                                      cessation <> commencement

Synonyms GIVE 12 , bend , break , cave , crumple , fold up , go ,          停止 <> 開始
yield                                                                      cease <> inaugurate / commencement

                                                                           停止 <> 開闢 / 開始

collude                           v. 串通 , 共謀                               Synonyms BEGINNING , alpha , birth , dawn , dawning , genesis

CONSPIRE , PLOT                                                            , onset , opening , outset , outstart

collude:cooperate::smuggle:convey

串通:合作::走私:運送 ( 非法和正常關係 )                                                   commencement                            n. ( 大學的 ) 畢業典禮
Synonyms PLOT , cogitate , ||collogue , connive , conspire ,               the ceremonies or the day for conferring degrees or diplomas

contrive , devise , intrigue , machinate , scheme ( out )                  commencement <> matriculation

                                                                           畢業典禮 <> 入學考試

colonnade                         n. 柱廊
a series of columns set at regular intervals and usually supporting        commend                         vt. 委託給 , 推薦 , 嘉獎
the base of a roof structure                                               to mention with approbation:PRAISE

colonnade:pillar::queue:person                                             berate:commend::??

柱廊:柱子::佇列:人員 ( 排列關係 )                                                      嚴責:讚揚::?? ( 反義 )
                                                                           execrable <> commendable / laudable

coma                              n. 昏迷狀態                                  可憎恨的 <> 值得表揚的 / 值得稱讚的
a state of profound unconsciousness caused by disease , injury , or

poison                                                                     commensurate                        adj. 同樣大小的 ,
coma:unconsciousness::delirium:confusion                                                                       相稱的
昏迷:無意識::狂亂:困惑 ( 種屬 )                                                       equal in measure or extent:COEXTENSIVE
Synonyms FAINT , blackout , swoon , syncope                                preponderant <> commensurate

                                                                           佔有優勢的 <> 相當的

combustible                       adj. 易燃的 , 燃燒性的 ,                        tantamount <> incommensurate

                                  易動激情的                                    等價的 <> 不相稱的
capable of combustion                                                      parity <> uncommensurateness

impervious:friable::nonflammable:combustible                               平等 <> 不平衡

不會損害的:脆弱的::不可燃的:易燃燒的 ( 困難關係 )

                                                                           commentary                          n. 注釋 , 評論 , 批評
comely                            n. 清秀 , 美麗 , 合宜                          an explanatory treatise

having a pleasing appearance:not homely or plain
comeliness <> unattractiveness                                             commercial                          n. 廣告節目
美麗的 <> 不吸引人的                                                               an advertisement broadcast on radio or television

Synonyms BEAUTIFUL , attractive , beauteous , ||bonny , fair ,             advertising:commercial::publishing:journal
good-looking , handsome , lovely , pretty , pulchritudinous                廣告的:廣告::出版的:定期出版物 ( 形容詞和名詞關係 )


                                                                      58                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
commitment                        n. 委託 , 實行 ,                            荒謬的 <> 符合常識的

                                  承擔義務 , 贊助
1. an engagement to assume a financial obligation at a future date        commotion                                  n. 騷動 , 動亂
2. the state or an instance of being obligated or emotionally             an agitated disturbance:TO-DO
impelled                                                                  squall:commotion::flash:illumination

crime:misdemeanor::commitment:decision                                    小騷亂:騷動::閃光:照明 ( 程度關係 )

罪行:輕罪::許諾:決定 ( 程度關係 )                                                     compendium                                 n. 簡要 , 概略
dilettante:commitment::nonentity:consequence                              a brief summary of a larger work or of a field of

業餘愛好者:義務::無足輕重者:重要性 ( 反面特徵關係 )                                            knowledge:ABSTRACT

disaffected:contentment::dubious:commitment / conviction                  compendium:summary::anthology:collection

不滿的:滿意::不確定的:義務 / 確信 ( 反面特徵關係 )                                           綱要:摘要::文選:選集 ( 種屬關係 )
ambivalent <> commitment                                                  encyclopedia:compendious::??

不定的 <> 確定的                                                                百科全書:簡明的::?? ( 反面特徵關係 )
noncommittal <> confirm                                                   Synonyms digest , pandect , pr*cis , sketch , survey , syllabus ,

不定的 <> 確定                                                                 sylloge



committed                  adj. 【在…方面】受約束的 ,                              compensate                          vt. vi. 償還 , 補償 ,
                           受束縛的【in】,                                                                         付報酬
                           獻身於【主義、主張的】 ,                                  to offset an error , defect , or undesired effect

                           致力於                                            Synonyms atone ( for ) , balance , counterbalance , counterpoise ,

OBLIGATE , BIND                                                           countervail , make up , offset , outweigh , redeem , set off

profligate:solvent::mercurial:committed

揮霍的:有償付能力的::多變的:受束縛的 ( 反面特徵關係                                             complacency                         n. 滿足 , 安心
)                                                                         COMPLACENCE ; especially:self-satisfaction accompanied by
                                                                          unawareness of actual dangers or deficiencies

commodious                               adj. 寬敞的                         complacency <> anxiety

comfortably or conveniently spacious:ROOMY                                滿足 <> 渴望

taut:commodious::extraordinary:purlieu                                    Synonyms CONCEIT 2 , amour propre , complacence ,

緊張的:寬敞的::非凡的:常有的 ( 反義關係 )                                                 conceitedness , consequence , egoism , egotism , narcissism , pride

commodious <> constricted / cramped                                       , vainglory

寬敞的 <> 壓縮的 / 狹促的
commodious <> constringed                                                 complaisance                               n. 彬彬有禮 , 殷勤 ,
寬敞的 <> 壓縮的                                                                                                           柔順
Synonyms SPACIOUS , ample , capacious , roomy , wide                      disposition to please or comply:AFFABILITY

                                                                          complaisance:intractable::adeptness:maladroit

commonsense                              adj. 具有常識的                       柔順:難處理的::熟練:不靈巧的 ( 反面特徵關係 )
sound and prudent but often unsophisticated judgment                      complaisance <> obstinacy

preposterous <> commonsensical                                            柔順 <> 固執
                                                                          complaisance <> churlishness
                                                                     59                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
彬彬有禮 <> 粗野                                                                    compromise                         n. 妥協 , 折衷 , 折衷案 ,
                                                                                                                 和解
compliant                         adj. 順從的 , 適應的                              to come to agreement by mutual concession

ready or disposed to comply:SUBMISSIVE                                        mediation:compromise::prosecution:conviction

compliant:servile::trusting:gullible                                          調停:折衷::起訴:定罪 ( 動作及其目的關係 )

順從的:奴性的::信賴的:輕信的 ( 程度關係 )                                                     implacable:compromise::honest:swindle

obsequious:fawn::compliant:yield                                              不緩和的:折衷::誠實的:詐騙 ( 反面特徵關係 )

奉承的:奉承::順從的:順從 ( 形容詞和動詞同義關係 )                                                 intransigent <> open to compromise

                                                                              非妥協性的 <> 樂於妥協

compliment                        vt. 稱讚 , 褒揚 , 恭維                            polemical <> compromising

expressing or containing a compliment                                         好爭論的 <> 妥協的
apologize:contrite::compliment:impressed                                      Synonyms ENDANGER , hazard , imperil , jeopard , jeopardize ,

道歉:後悔的::稱讚:留下好印象的 ( 動作表達感情關係 )                                                jeopardy , menace , peril , risk

vituperative <> complimentary

責駡的 <> 稱讚的                                                                    compunction                        n. 良心的責備 , 後悔 ,
Synonyms COMMEND 2 , acclaim , applaud , hail , kudize ,                                                         悔恨
praise , recommend , ||roose                                                  anxiety arising from awareness of guilt

                                                                              compunction <> absence of misgiving / { animosity }

comply                            vi. 順從 , 答應                                 後悔 <> 沒有疑慮
to conform or adapt one's actions to another's wishes , to a rule , or        Synonyms PENITENCE , attrition , contriteness , contrition ,

to necessity                                                                  penance , penitency , remorse , repentance , rue , ruth

mandatory:comply::forbidden:abstain

強制的:答應::禁止的:放棄 ( 主被動關係 )                                                      concatenate                        v. 連結 , 連鎖
Synonyms OBEY , conform , follow , keep , mind , observe                      to link together in a series or chain

                                                                              concatenate <> separate

composed                          adj. 鎮靜的 , 沈著的                              連結 <> 分開

free from agitation:CALM ; especially:SELF-POSSESSED                          Synonyms INTEGRATE 3 , articulate

distraught <> composed

發狂的 <> 鎮靜的                                                                    concede                            v. 承認 ( 爲正確 ) , 讓步
Synonyms COOL 2 , collected , disimpassioned , imperturbable ,                to grant as a right or privilege

nonchalant , unflappable , unruffled                                          concede <> refuse to grant

                                                                              承認 <> 拒絕承認

compress                          vt. 壓縮 , 壓榨                                 Synonyms ACKNOWLEDGE 1 , admit , allow , avow , confess ,

to reduce in size or volume as if by squeezing                                fess ( up ) , grant , let on , own , own up

compression <> increase in volume

壓縮 <> 數量增加                                                                    concentrate                   vt. vi. 集中 , 專心 , 濃縮
distention <> compression                                                     1. to bring or direct toward a common center or objective:FOCUS

膨脹 <> 壓縮                                                                      2. to make less dilute

                                                                              concentrate <> dilute solution
                                                                         60                            Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                   Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
濃縮 <> 稀釋的溶液                                                                   , laconic , short , short and sweet , succinct , summary , terse

deploy <> concentrate

展開 <> 集中                                                                      concord                            n. 和睦 , 公約
                                                                              a state of agreement:HARMONY
                                                                              concord <> dissension

concerted                         adj. 商議好的 , 協定的 ,                           同意 <> 糾紛

                                  預定的                                         dissonance <> concord

mutually contrived or agreed on                                               不一致 <> 一致
concerted <> individually devised                                             schism <> concord

協定的 <> 個人設計的                                                                  分裂 <> 一致



concerto                          n. 協奏曲                                      concur                       vi. 意見相同 , 一致 , 互助
a piece for one or more soloists and orchestra with three contrasting         to act together to a common end or single effect

movements                                                                     concur <> naysay

                                                                              一致 <> 反對

conciliate                        v. 安撫 , 調和                                  Synonyms AGREE 3 , coincide , concert , concur , harmonize

APPEASE:to cause to subside:ALLAY ; especially:to buy off
( an aggressor ) by concessions usually at the sacrifice of principles        condemn                            vt. 判刑 , 責備 , 譴責 ,
sop:conciliatory::subsidy:supportive                                                                           聲討 , 處刑
安撫物:安撫的::補助金:支援性的 ( 下面特徵關係 )                                                  to declare to be reprehensible , wrong , or evil usually after

conciliate <> vex                                                             weighing evidence and without reservation

安撫 <> 使惱怒                                                                     bristle:anger::vacillate:unresolution { condone:mercy } {
vex <> conciliation                                                           condemn:warning }

惱怒 <> 安撫                                                                      發怒:憤怒::憂鬱不定:不堅決 { 赦免:仁慈 } {
contentious <> conciliatory                                                   譴責:警告 }

爭吵的 <> 調和的                                                                    countenance <> condemn

conciliate <> nettle                                                          支援 <> 譴責

安撫 <> 激怒                                                                      exaltation <> condemnation

discontent <> conciliate                                                      提升 <> 指責

不滿的 <> 調和的                                                                    extol <> condemn / impugn / detract

Synonyms PACIFY , appease , assuage , mollify , placate ,                     讚揚 <> 指責 / 攻擊 / 貶低
propitiate , sweeten                                                          Synonyms CRITICIZE , blame , censure , denounce , denunciate ,

                                                                              knock , rap , reprehend , reprobate , skin

concise                    adj. 簡明的 , 簡潔的
marked by brevity of expression or statement:free from all                    condescending                      adj. 謙遜的 ,
elaboration and superfluous detail                                                                               故意屈尊的 ,
synopsis:conciseness::distillate:purity                                                                          叫人領情似的
大綱:簡明::蒸餾物:純淨 ( 正面特徵關係 )                                                      showing or characterized by condescension:PATRONIZING
Synonyms breviloquent , brief , compendiary , compendious , curt
                                                                         61                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                 Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                         太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
condescending:patronize::obsequious:fawn

叫人領情的:以恩人自居::奉承的:奉承 (

形容詞和動詞關係 )

patronize:condescension::deride:mockery

以恩人自居:叫人領情的::嘲笑:嘲弄的 (

動詞和形容詞關係 )


                                                                  List 6 ( condole ~ cryptic ) :
condign                            adj. 相當的 , 適宜的
deserved , appropriate

condign <> undeserved / unmerited                                 condole                     v. 表達同情或悲傷
適宜的 <> 不應得的 / 不配的                                                 to express sympathetic sorrow
Synonyms JUST 3 , appropriate , deserved , due , merited ,        condolence:sympathy / compassion::gibe:derision
requisite , rhadamanthine , right , rightful , suitable           哀悼:同情::嘲笑:嘲笑 ( 行爲及其所表達內容 )



                                                                  condone                            vt. 赦 , 寬恕
                                                                  to pardon or overlook voluntarily ; especially:to treat as if trivial ,
                                                                  harmless , or of no importance

                                                                  bristle:anger::vacillate:unresolution { condone:mercy } {

                                                                  condemn:warning }

                                                                  發怒:憤怒::憂鬱不定:不堅決 { 赦免:仁慈 } {

                                                                  譴責:警告 }
                                                                  condone <> denounce

                                                                  寬恕 <> 公開譴責
                                                                  condone <> exact

                                                                  寬恕 <> 強求

                                                                  Synonyms:excuse pardon forgive

                                                                  CF:condonable ( adj. 寬恕的 , 贖罪的 n. 寬恕 , 贖罪 )

                                                                  condonement ( n. 不究 ; 默許 )

                                                                  區別:condole ( vi. 哀悼 , 致悼詞 , 慰問 , 吊唁 )



                                                                  conducive                          adj. 有助於…的
                                                                  tending to promote or assist

                                                                  conducive:foment::tonic:invigorate

                                                                  引起…的:煽動::使有活力的:有活力 (

                                                                  形容詞與動詞的正面關係 )

                                                                  Synonyms:contributive

                                                                  CF:conduce ( vi. 有助 , 有益 , 有貢獻於 , 導致 ) conducively (

                                                                  adv. 有益地 , 有助地 )


                                                             62                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                     Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
confederacy                       n. 聯盟 , 聯邦                                 confluence                    n. 匯合
a league or compact for mutual support or common                             a coming or flowing together , meeting , or gathering at one point

action:alliance                                                              confluence <> divergence

Synonyms:alliance                                                            匯合 <> 分歧
                                                                             Synonyms CONCOURSE , concursion , gathering , junction ,

                                                                             meeting

confess                    vt. vi. 承認 , 坦白 , 懺悔 ,
                           供認                                                conform                           vt. 使遵守 vi. 一致
to disclose one's faults ; specifically:to unburden one's sins or the        to be similar or identical ; also:to be in agreement or harmony
state of one's conscience to God or to a priest                              incongruent:conform::recalcitrant:obey

recantation:error::confession:crime                                          不協調的:使一致::反抗的:服從 (
公開認錯:錯誤::招供:罪刑 ( 動賓關係 )                                                      形容詞與動詞的反面關係 )

Synonyms:allow , acknowledge admit                                           heterodox:nonconformity::authority:superiority

CF:confessed ( adj. 公認的 ; 明顯的 ; 自己承認的 )                                      異教:不墨守成規::權威:優越 ( 人物及其正面特徵 )

                                                                             heretic:unconformity::apologist:defend

confidant                         n. 心腹朋友 , 知己                               異教徒:不服從::辯護者:辯護 ( 人物及其正面特徵 )
one to whom secrets are entrusted                                            【注:詞性不符】
                                                                             dissent <> conform

confidante                        n. 知己的女友                                   不同意 <> 使順從

CONFIDANT ; especially:one who is a woman                                    Synonyms:adapt , abide , comply , reconcile



confident                    adj. 有信心的 , 有把握的                                confront                          vt. 使面對 , 對抗 , 比較
characterized by assurance ; especially:SELF-RELIANT                                                           , 使對質
confident:timid::open:shy                                                    to face especially in challenge:OPPOSE

有信心的:膽小的::外向的:害羞的 (                                                          craven:confront::honest:deceive

兩個形容詞的反面關係 )                                                                 怯懦的:使面對::誠實的:欺騙 ( 形容詞與動詞的反面關係

confidence:arrogant::inquiry:interrogtory                                    )

自信:傲慢的::調查:訊問的 ( 程度比較 )                                                      circumvent <> confront

Synonyms:self-assurance , certain                                            智取 <> 對抗

CF:confidential ( adj. 秘密的 , 機密的 )                                           Synonyms:face , withstand

區別:confide ( v. 吐露心事 )

                                                                             congeal                           v. 凝結 , 凝          固
confine                    vt. 限制 , 閉居 , 禁閉                                  to make viscid or curdled:COAGULATE
something that restrains                                                     congeal <> melt / disintegrated

loose:confinement::disabuse:misconception                                    凝固 <> 熔化

解放:禁閉::解惑:誤解 ( 動作及其消除結果的關係 )                                                 congeal <> fail to solidify

Synonyms:limit , restrict , astrict                                          凝固 <> 不能凝固

                                                                             Synonyms:solidify , clot


                                                                        63                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
congenial                         adj. 同性質的 , 適意的 ,
                                  趣味相同的                           connoisseur                                n. 鑒賞家 , 行家
OCIABLE , GENIAL                                                  EXPERT ; especially:one who understands the details , technique

congenial:bonhomie                                                , or principles of an art and is competent to act as a critical judge

溫和的:溫和 ( 正面關係 )                                                   connoisseur:art::gourmet:cuisine
dour <> congenial / genial                                        鑒識家:藝術::美食家:烹飪 ( 人及其鑒賞物件 )

嚴厲的 <> 溫和的                                                        Synonyms:expert , authority

Synonyms:Agreeable amiable

區別:congenital ( adj. 天生的 , 先天的 )                                  conquest                           n. 戰勝 , 征服 , 戰利品
                                                                  the act or process of conquering

congruent                         adj. 適合的 , 一致的 ,                inexorable:dissuasion::indomitable:conquest

                                  符合的 , 全等的                       不屈不撓的:勸阻::不屈服的:征服 ( 難以關係 )
superposable so as to be coincident throughout                    Synonyms:subjugation , victory , conquering

congruent:dimension::coeval:age

全等的:尺寸::同時代的:時代 ( 直接修飾 )                                          conscientious                      adj. 有責任心的 ,
incongruent:conform::recalcitrant:obey                                                               負責的 , 本著良心的
不協調的:使一致::反抗的:遵守 (                                                governed by or conforming to the dictates of

形容詞與動詞的反面關係 )                                                     conscience:SCRUPULOUS
variance <> congruity                                             Synonyms:principled , dutiful , upright

不一致 <> 一致
congruence <> disagreeable                                        consensus                          n. 一致 , 交感 , 團結
適合的 <> 令人厭惡的                                                      group solidarity in sentiment and belief

Synonyms:harmonious , corresponding                               consensus:factionalism::clarity:confusion

                                                                  團結:黨派之爭::澄清:混亂 ( 消除關係 )

conjecture                        n. v. 推測 , 臆測                   law:criminality::consensus:factionalism
inference from defective or presumptive evidence                  法律:犯罪::團結:黨派之爭 ( 防止關係 )
conjecture <> restrain from the speculation                       expedition:foot dragging::consensus:factionalism

推測 <> 不准猜測                                                        迅速:緩慢::一致意見:黨派之爭 ( 反義 )
conjecture <> fact                                                schism:consensus::interruption:continuity

( 基於 ) 猜測 <> ( 基於 ) 事實                                            分裂:一致意見::中斷:連續性 ( 反義 )

Synonyms:            inference , theory , guess                   Synonyms:consent , unison , accord , agreement



connive                           vi. 默許 , 縱容 ,                   conservative                       adj. 保守的 n. 保守的人
                                  暗中合作 , 密謀策劃
to cooperate secretly or have a secret understanding              tending or disposed to maintain existing views , conditions , or

connive:cooperate::pry:watch                                      institutions:TRADITIONAL

暗中合作:合作::窺探:注視 ( 特殊行爲及其正常狀態 )                                     bigoted:advice::conservative:change
Synonyms PLOT , cogitate , collogue , collude , conspire ,        固執己見的:忠告::保守的:變化 (
contrive , devise , intrigue , machinate , scheme ( out )
                                                             64                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                     Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
形容詞與動詞的反面關係 )                                                    consignment:invoice

contumacious:authority::reactionary / hidebound /                委託:發貨單
conservative:change / innovation / novelty                       Synonyms:commitment

頑固的:權威::反動的 / 死板的 / 保守的:變化 / 創新 / 創新

( 事物及其發生特徵 )                                                     console                    n. 懸臂 , 肘托 , 控制臺 vt.
hidebound:conservative::peeved:annoyed                                                      安慰 , 藉慰
死板的:保守的::氣惱的:苦惱的 ( 同義詞 )                                         to alleviate the grief , sense of loss , or trouble of:COMFORT
conserve <> exhaust                                              embarrass:shame::console:comfort

保存 <> 耗盡                                                         使困窘:使羞愧::藉慰:安慰 ( 動詞的正面關係 )

Synonyms:reactionary , conserving                                disturb:serenity::console:grief

                                                                 擾亂:平靜::安慰:悲傷 ( 消除關係 )

conservatory                       n. 溫室 , 音樂學院                  Synonyms:solance , comfort

                                   adj. 保存性的 ,
                                   有保存力的                         consolidate                  vt. 鞏固 , 使聯合 , 統一
a school specializing in one of the fine arts                    to join together into one whole:UNITE

conservatory:music::seminary:theology::observatory:a             consolidation <> fragmentation

stronomy                                                         統一 <> 分裂

音樂學院:音樂::神學院:神學::天文臺:天文學 (                                       consolidate <> dissolve

場所及其研究學科 )                                                       使聯合 <> 解散

                                                                 Synonyms:combine , solidify , condense , merge , unite

conserve              n. 蜜餞 , 果醬 vt. 保存 , 保全                     區別:solidarity ( n. 團結 , 團結一致 , 共同一致 )
to keep in a safe or sound state

conserve <> waste / squander / exhaust                           consonance                       n. 一致 , 調和 , 和音
保存 <> 浪費                                                         harmony or agreement among components

Synonyms:preserve , save , maintain                              Synonyms:agreemet , coherence , coincidence , harmony ,

區別:preserve ( vt. 保護 , 保持 , 保存 ) conservatory ( n. 溫室 ,          symphony , unity

音樂學院 )

                                                                 conspicuous                  adj. 顯著的 , 顯而易見的
considerable                       adj. 相當的 , 可觀的 ,              obvious to the eye or mind

                                   重要的                           authoritative:acceptance::conspicuous:attention

worth consideration:SIGNIFICANT                                  權威的:接受::顯眼的:注意 ( 容易關係 )

restive:calmness::piddling:considerable                          conspicuous:see::transparent:understand

不安靜的:平靜::瑣屑的:重要的 ( 反面關係 )                                        明顯的:看::易明瞭的:瞭解 ( 容易關係 )

Synonyms:noteworthy , significant , essential , important        hermitage:secluded::landmark:conspicuous

區別:considerate ( adj. 體貼的 , 體諒的 , 顧慮周到的 )                        隱居處:隱退的::路標:明顯的 ( 建築物及其正面特徵 )

                                                                 conspicuous:sheltered::??

consignment                        n. 委託                         明顯的:遮蔽的 ( 反面關係 )
the act or process of consigning                                 blatant <> inconspicuous


                                                            65                        Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                  Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                         太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
明顯的 <> 不明顯的                                                          領導者:領導階層::顧問:顧問 ( 同義 )
nondescript <> conspicuous                                           Synonyms:            interview , conference

莫可名狀的 <> 顯而易見的
salient <> unconspicuous                                             consummate                          adj. 完美的 , 極致的 ,
顯著的 <> 不顯著的                                                                                              圓滿的
prominent <> inconspicuous                                           Complete in every detail ; of the highest degree ; extremely skilled

卓越的 <> 不現眼的                                                          and accomplished.

Synonyms:outstanding , striking , eminent , distinguished ,          Synonyms accomplished , finished , perfected , ripe , virtuosic

celebrated , noted , notable

區別:suspicious ( adj. 可疑的 , 疑懼的 , 懷疑的 ) perspicacious (               contagious                          adj. 傳染性的 ,
adj. 聰穎的 , 聰明的 , 有洞察力的 )                                                                                 會蔓延的 , 會傳播的
                                                                     communicable by contact:CATCHING

constellation                      n. 星座 , 星群                        sprain:injure::cold:contagion
the configuration of stars.                                          扭傷:傷::感冒:傳染病 ( 種屬關係 )

constellation:star::chord:note { queue:person }                      contagious <> incommunicable

星群:星星::和絃:音符 ( 佇列:人 ) ( 組成關係 )                                       會傳播的 <> 不能傳達的

                                                                     Synonyms:communicable , catching , infectious , transmittable ,

constitute                         vt. 構成 , 組成 , 任命
to appoint to an office , function , or dignity                      contaminate                         vt. 弄汙 , 弄髒 , 毒害 ,
abdicate <> constitute                                                                                   傳染 , 染汙
遜位 <> 任命                                                             to soil , stain , corrupt , or infect by contact or association

Synonyms:establish , develop , create , set up , organize            hedge:loss::quarantine:contamination::safeguard:accid

CF:constituent ( n. 成分 , 選民 )                                        ent

                                                                     兩面下注以免. . . 的風險:損失::檢疫:污染 ( 保護:事故 )

constrained                        adj. 被強迫的 , 拘泥的 ,                 ( 防止關係 )

                                   不舒服的                              Synonyms:taint , pollute , defile
to appoint to an office , function , or dignity

constrain <> release                                                 contemplate                          vt. 注視 , 沈思 , 打算
束縛 <> 釋放                                                             to view or consider with continued attention:meditate on consider
intemperate <> constrained

不節制的 <> 節制的                                                          contempt                             n. 輕視 , 輕蔑
Synonyms:bound , enforced , forced , henpecked , restrained ,        the act of despising:the state of mind of one who
self-contained , strained                                            despises:DISDAIN

                                                                     measly:contemptibly::puny:weakly

consultation                       n. 請教 , 諮詢 , 協定會                  下賤的:下賤地::微弱的:微弱地 (

COUNCIL , CONFERENCE ; specifically:a deliberation                   形容詞和副詞的同義關係 )
between physicians on a case or its treatment                        paragon:admire::pariah:contempt

Bellwether:leadership::advisor:consultant                            模範:欽佩::賤民:輕視 ( 動作及其物件關係 )


                                                                66                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                         Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
redoubtable:regard / awe::despicable:scorn / contempt /                      多管閒事的:探察::好爭吵的:爭吵 (
disregard                                                                    人物個性及其特徵行爲 )

著名的:尊敬 / 敬畏::可鄙的:輕蔑 (                                                        contentious <> conciliatory

形容詞和動詞正面關係 )                                                                 喜爭吵的 <> 安撫的

wince:pain::smile:pleasure::pout:displeasure::sneer                          contention <> general agreement

:contempt                                                                    爭論 <> 一致同意

畏縮:疼痛::微笑:高興::撅嘴:不高興::嘲笑:輕視                                                  Synonyms:argumentative , loquacious , belligerent

( 動作及其表示心理特徵 )
despicable:contempt::reprehensible:censor                                    contingent                          adj. 或許發生的 ,
可鄙的:鄙視::應受斥責的:檢查 ( 人物特徵及其被動行爲                                                                                    附隨的 , 暫時的
)                                                                            likely but not certain to happen:POSSIBLE
【注:censor 似乎應改爲censure 】                                                     Synonyms:possible , probable , accidental , fortuitous

scoff:contempt::thankful:gratitude

嘲笑:輕蔑::感謝:感謝 ( 同義 )                                                          contort                             v. 扭彎 , 曲解
estimable <> contemptible                                                    to twist into or as if into a strained shape or expression

可尊敬的 <> 可輕視的                                                                 contortion:body::grimace:face

Synonyms:scorn , disdain , derision , slight                                 扭彎:身體::面部扭彎:臉部 ( 行爲及其相關部位 )

content             adj. 滿足的 , 滿意的 , 意義的                                     Synonyms DEFORM , distort , misshape , torture , warp , wind

feeling or manifesting satisfaction with one's possessions , status ,        contradictory                       adj. 反駁的 , 反對的 ,
or situation                                                                                                     抗辯的
disaffected:contentment::dubious:commitment / conviction                     involving , causing , or constituting a contradiction

不滿的:滿足::可疑的:負責 / 確信 (                                                        paradox:contradictory::epigram:wise

形容詞與動詞的反面關係 )                                                                自相矛盾的話:矛盾::警句:明智 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )

gripe:discontent::praise:admiration                                          oxymoron:contradictory::mishap:catastrophic

抱怨:不滿::讚美:欽佩 ( 動詞及表示心理特徵 )                                                   矛盾修飾法:矛盾的::不幸:災難的 ( 正面特徵 )
disaffected <> content                                                       Synonyms:opposite , antagonistic , couteractive

不滿 <> 滿足
restiveness <> contentment                                                   contravene                          v. 違反 , 違背 , 反駁 ,
難以駕馭 <> 滿足                                                                                                       反對
Synonyms:satisfied , pleased , contented , complacent                        1. to oppose in argument:CONTRADICT

CF:contention ( n. 爭論 , 爭辯 , 所持的論點 ) contents ( n. 目錄                        2. to go or act contrary to:VIOLATE
)                                                                            contravene <> support

區別:contend ( vi. 奮鬥 , 鬥爭 , 競爭vt. 爲. . . 鬥爭 )                                 反駁 <> 支援
                                                                             contravene <> buttress

contentious                       adj. 好辯的 , 喜爭吵的                            反對 <> 支援
exhibiting an often perverse and wearisome tendency to quarrels              Synonyms:oppose , conflict with , violate
and disputes

meddlesome:pry::contentious:argue                                            constringe                      vt. 使收縮 , 使收斂 , 壓縮
                                                                             to cause to contract ; constrict.
                                                                        67                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
commodious <> constringed

寬敞的 <> 壓縮的                                                             convalesce                          vi. 漸漸康復 , 漸愈
                                                                       to recover health and strength gradually after sickness or weakness

contrite                   adj. 悔悟了的 , 後悔的 ,                           recidivism:relapse::rehabilitation:convalesce

                           痛悔的                                         累犯:故態複萌::復原:漸愈 ( 動詞和名詞的正面關係 )
grieving and penitent for sin or shortcoming                           Synonyms:recover

apologize:contrite::compliment:impressed

道歉:後悔的::稱讚:受感動的 ( 動作及其表示心理特徵 )                                         convenience                       n. 方便 , 便利的事物 ,
penitent:contrition::??                                                                                  無憂慮
悔過的:後悔::??                                                             something ( as an appliance , device , or service ) conducive to

impenitent <> contrite                                                 comfort or ease

不悔悟的 <> 後悔的                                                            opportune:convenience::impermanent:transience

Synonyms:repentant , regretful , humbled , remorseful ashamed          適當的:方便::暫時的:暫時 ( 形容詞名詞的正面關係 )
                                                                       opportune <> inconvenient

contrived                         adj. 做作的 , 不自然的                      適當的 <> 不便的
ARTIFICIAL , LABORED                                                   Synonyms:fitness , suitability

contrived:design::??

做作的:設計 ( 正面關係 )                                                        convention                  n. 大會 , 協定 , 慣例
Synonyms:artificial , labored                                          usage or custom especially in social matters

                                                                       overdose:prescription::indiscretion:convention

contumacious                      adj. 違抗的 , 不服從的                      配藥過量:處方::與社會道德不符的行爲:慣例 ( 過分關係

stubbornly disobedient:REBELLIOUS                                      )

contumacious:authority::reactionary / hidebound /                      eccentric:conventional::doyen:uninitiated

conservative:change / innovation / novelty                             古怪的人:傳統的::老資格:沒有經驗的 (

不服從的:權威::反動的 / 死板的 / 保守的:變化 / 創新 /                                     人物和其反面特徵 )

革新 ( 反面關係 )                                                            offbeat <> conventional

contumacious <> obedient                                               不平常的 <> 傳統的

不服從的 <> 服從的                                                            ossify <> transcend conventions

Synonyms:insubordinate , disobedient , unyielding , intractable        死板 <> 超越常規

區別:contumely ( n. 無禮 , 傲慢 , 侮辱 )                                       Synonyms:meeting , conference



conundrum                         n. ( 答案有雙關意義的 )                      convergent                        adj. 趨集於一點的 ,
                                  謎語 , 難題                                                                會聚性的 , 收斂的
a:a question or problem having only a conjectural answer               tending to move toward one point or to approach each

b:an intricate and difficult problem                                   other:CONVERGING

conundrum:solve::??                                                    convergent <> moving apart

難題:解決::??                                                              趨集於一點的 <> 移動開
Synonyms MYSTERY , Chinese puzzle , closed book , enigma ,             discrepancy <> converge

mystification , puzzle , puzzlement , riddle , why
                                                                  68                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                         Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
分散 <> 聚合 【注:詞性不符】                                                        disaffected:contentment::dubious:commitment / conviction
converge <> spread out                                                   不滿足的:滿足::可疑的:確信
聚合 <> 展開                                                                 cogent <> unconvincing

Synonyms:converging , confluent                                          有說服力的 <> 不令人信服的

                                                                         Synonyms:persuasion , confidence

conversant                          adj. 親近的 , 有交情的 ,                    CF:convict ( vt. 宣告有罪 , 使知罪 )

                                    熟悉的
having frequent or familiar association                                  conviction                        n. 定罪
conversant <> unfamiliarity                                              the act or process of convicting of a crime especially in a court of

熟悉的 <> 不熟悉 【注:詞性不符】                                                      law

Synonyms FAMILIAR , abreast , acquainted , au courant , au fait ,        mediation:compromise::prosecution:conviction
informed , up , versant , versed                                         調解:和解::起訴:定罪 ( 動作及其目的 )

                                                                         Synonyms:verdict

convert                     vt. 使改變信仰 , 兌換 ,
                     倒置 n. 皈依者 , 改宗者                                     convoke                           v. 召集會議
to bring over from one belief , view , or party to another               to call together to a meeting

veer:direction::convert:belief                                           convoke <> adjourn

轉向:方向::使改變信仰:信仰 ( 動賓關係 )                                                 召集會議 <> 休會

hunter:quarry::proselytizer:convert                                      Synonyms:convene , muster

獵人:獵物::使改變信仰:改宗者 ( 動作及其物件 )                                              區別:evoke ( v. 引起 , 喚起 ) provoke ( v. 激怒 , 挑逗 ) revoke (

Synonyms:proselyte                                                       v. 廢除 , 取消 )



convex                      adj. 表面彎曲如球的外側 ,                             convoluted                        adj. 旋繞的 , 費解的
                            凸起的                                          INVOLVED , INTRICATE

curved or rounded like the exterior of a sphere                          convoluted:complexity::ephemeral:transience
convex <> dent                                                           費解的:複雜的事物::短暫的:頃刻 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )

凸起 <> 凹陷                                                                 Synonyms:complex , winding , intricate , complicated



convey                              vt. 傳達 , 運輸 , 轉移                     convulsion                        n. 騷動 , 痙攣
to transfer or deliver to another                                        an abnormal violent and involuntary contraction or series of

collude:cooperate::smuggle:convey                                        contractions of the muscles

串通:合作::走私:運輸 ( 正常與不正常 )                                                  convulsion:contraction::frenzy:emotion

splint:immobilize::duct:convey                                           痙攣:收縮::狂暴:激動 ( 動作程度類比 )

夾板:使固定::管道:運輸 ( 物品及其功能 )                                                 Synonyms:spasm

Synonyms:carry , dispatch

                                                                         coop                              n. 小屋 , 雞籠 , 捕魚籠
conviction                          n. 確信 , 信服 , 深信                      a cage or small enclosure ( as for poultry )

a strong persuasion or belief                                            corral:horses::coop:chickens


                                                                    69                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                           Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
畜欄:馬::雞籠:小雞 ( 動物及其飼養場所 )                                                  coronation:reign::wedding:marriage

                                                                          加冕禮:執政::婚禮:結婚 ( 前者是後者的儀式 )

copious                           adj. 豐富的
present in large quantity:taking place on a large scale                   corporeal                         adj. 肉體的 , 有形的 ,
copious <> sparse                                                                                           物質的
豐富的 <> 稀少的                                                                having , consisting of , or relating to a physical material body:as

Synonyms:abundant , profuse                                               a:not spiritual

                                                                          b:not immaterial or intangible:SUBSTANTIAL

coquette                   n. 風騷的女人 ,                                     corporeal <> intangible / disembodied

                           愛賣弄風情的女子 ,                                     有形的 <> 無形的

                           玩弄男人的女人                                        spiritual <> corporeal
a woman who endeavors without sincere affection to gain the               精神的 <> 物質的
attention and admiration of men                                           incorporeal <> incarnate

supplicant:beseeching::coquette::flirtatious                              無實體的 <> 人體化的

懇求者:懇求的::風騷的女人:輕浮的 ( 人物及其正面特徵                                             Synonyms:physical , bodlily
)

                                                                          corral                            vt. 佔有 , 圍住 n. 畜欄
cord                   n. 繩索 , 束縛 , 木料計量單位                                a pen or enclosure for confining or capturing livestock

a unit of wood cut for fuel equal to a stack 4 x 4 x 8 feet or 128        corral:horses::coop:chickens
cubic feet                                                                畜欄:馬::雞籠:小雞 ( 動物及其飼養場所 )

ream:paper::cord:wood

令:紙::木料計量單位:木材 ( 物品及其計量單位 )                                               corroborate                       vt. 使堅固 , 確證
                                                                          to support with evidence or authority:make more certain

cordon                 n. 哨兵線 , 非常警戒線 , 飾帶                                corroborate:evidence::calumniate:falsehood
a line of persons or objects around a person or place                     確證:證據::誹謗:謊言 ( 利用關係 )

levee:river::cordon:crowd                                                 corroboration <> lessening of certainty

大堤:河::警戒線:群衆 ( 前者爲後者的界限 )                                                 確證 <> 降低可信度



cornucopia                 n. 象徵豐收的羊角 (                                   corrosive                         adj. 腐蝕的 , 腐蝕性的 ,
                           羊角裝飾器內裝滿花、果、穀                                                                    蝕壞的
                           物等以示富饒 )                                       tending or having the power to corrode

an inexhaustible store:ABUNDANCE                                          etch:corrosive::glue:adhesive
cornucopia <> lack / pittance                                             蝕刻:腐蝕的::膠合:有黏性的
豐富 <> 缺乏 / 少量                                                             Synonyms:eroding , caustic



coronation                        n. 加冕 , 加冕禮                             cosmopolitan                      n. 四海爲家的人 ,
the act or occasion of crowning ; also:accession to the highest                                             世界主義者 ,
office                                                                                                      無國家偏見的人
                                                                          having worldwide rather than limited or provincial scope or bearing
                                                                     70                            Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
bigot:tolerant::provincial:cosmopolitan {                                                                  相應物
servile:domination }                                                    one of two corresponding copies of a legal

頑固:寬容的::狹隘的:世界性的 ( 反義 )                                                 instrument:DUPLICATE
insularity <> cosmopolitanism

島國 <> 世界主義                                                              couplet                            n. 對句 , 對聯
insular <> cosmopolitan                                                 two successive lines of verse forming a unit marked usually by

島的 <> 世界性的                                                              rhythmic correspondence , rhyme , or the inclusion of a self-

CF:comopolis ( n. 國際都市 )                                                contained utterance:DISTICH



cosset                           v. 寵愛 , 嬌養                             court                              n. 法院 , 法庭;庭院
to treat as a pet:PAMPER                                                                                   vt. 獻殷勤 , 追求 ,
cosset <> slight                                                                                           招致危險
寵愛 <> 輕蔑                                                                to seek the affections of ; especially:to seek to win a pledge of
cosseted <> unspoiled                                                   marriage from

寵愛的 <> 未寵壞的                                                             aversion <> court

Synonyms:pamper , coddle , cherish                                      厭惡 <> 追求
                                                                        court <> repel intentionally / repulse intentionally / snub

coterie                          n. ( 有共同興趣的 )                          追求 <> 有意識的抵制 / 有意的厭惡 / 怠慢

                                 小團體 , 小圈子                              spurn <> court , crave , embrace

an intimate and often exclusive group of persons with a unifying        摒棄 <> 追求 , 熱望 , 包含
common interest or purpose                                              Synonyms:seek favor , woo

coterie:group::??

小團體:團體 ( 種屬關係或正式非正式 )                                                   courtesy                           n. 禮貌 , 謙恭 , 允許
                                                                        a:courteous behavior

countenance                             n. 面容 , 表情 v.                   b:a courteous act or expression

                                        支援 , 贊成                         coven                   n. ( 尤指十三個 ) 女巫的集會
to extend approval or toleration to:SANCTION                            an assembly or band of usually 13 witches

countenance <> condemn                                                  retainer:retinue::witch:coven

支援 <> 譴責                                                                家臣:隨行人員::女巫:女巫的集會 ( 集合關係 )

Synonyms:look , endorse , approve

                                                                        covetous                           adj. 貪婪的 , 貪心的
counterfeit                             n. 贋品 , 僞造品                     marked by inordinate desire for wealth or possessions or for

made in imitation of something else with intent to                      another's possessions

deceive:FORGED                                                          troubled:distraught::covetous:rapacious

sophism:reasoning::counterfeit:money                                    不平靜的:發狂的::貪心的:強奪貪婪的 ( 形容詞程度類比

詭辯:推理::贋品假錢:錢 ( 名詞假與正常形式 )                                              )

                                                                        Synonyms:greedy , avaricios

counterpart                      n. 副本 , 複本 , 配對物 ,

                                                                   71                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
cow                              v. 恐嚇 , 嚇倒 , 威脅                           craven                              adj. 懦弱的 , 畏縮的
to destroy the resolve or courage of                                       lacking the least bit of courage:contemptibly fainthearted
cowed <> undaunted                                                         craven:admirable::deft:awkward

被嚇倒的 <> 大無畏的                                                               懦弱的:可欽佩的::靈巧的:笨拙的 ( 兩形容詞的反面關係
embolden <> abash / faze / cow                                             )

使大膽 <> 使羞愧 / 使狼狽 / 威脅                                                      craven:hero::parsimonious:spendthrift

                                                                           懦弱的:英雄::小氣的:敗家子 ( 人及其反面特徵 )

cowardice                        n. 懦弱                                     craven:heroic::volatile:constant
lack of courage or resolution                                              懦弱的:英勇的::不穩定的:穩定的 ( 兩形容詞的反面關係
pluck <> cowardice                                                         )

勇氣 <> 懦弱                                                                   heroic:craven::erratic:permanent
                                                                           英勇的:懦弱的::不穩定的:穩定的 ( 兩形容詞的反面關係

cower                            vi. 畏縮 , 退縮 , 哆嗦                          ) craven:confront::honest:deceive
to shrink away or crouch especially for shelter from something that        懦弱的:對抗::誠實的:欺騙 ( 形容詞和動詞的反面關係 )
menaces , domineers , or dismays                                           dastard:craven::??

fear:cower::anger:rant                                                     懦夫:懦夫::?? ( 同義 )

害怕:畏縮::憤怒:咆哮 ( 動作及其表現 )                                                    Synonyms:cowardly , timid
bristle <> cower

發怒 <> 畏縮                                                                   craving                    n. 渴望 , 熱望
Synonyms:cringe , flinch , quail wince                                     an intense , urgent , or abnormal desire or longing

                                                                           terror:fear::craving:desire

craft                            n. 技藝 , 手藝 , 詭計                           恐怖:害怕::渴望:願望 ( 名詞的程度類比 )

skill in planning , making , or executing:DEXTERITY                        exalt:satisfaction::crave:longing

                                                                           得意洋洋:滿意::渴望:渴望 ( 程度類比 )

cramp                            adj. 狹窄的 , 難解的                            spurn <> court , crave , embrace

CONFINE , RESTRAIN                                                         摒棄 <> 追求 , 渴望 , 包含
commodious <> constricted / cramped                                        Synonyms:yearnig , longing

寬敞的 <> 狹窄的 / 狹促的

Synonyms:narrow , restricted

                                                                           credence                            n. 信用 , 祭器台 , 供桌 ,
crass                      adj. 粗糙 , 粗厚的 , 愚鈍的 ,                                                               憑證
                           極度的 , 非常                                        mental acceptance as true or real

having or indicating such grossness of mind as precludes delicacy

and discrimination                                                         creek                               n. 小溪 , 小河 , 小灣
crass <> refined                                                           a natural stream of water normally smaller than and often tributary

粗糙的 <> 精細的                                                                 to a river

Synonyms:coarse , rude , vulgar                                            hill:mountain::creek:river

                                                                           小山:山脈::小溪:河流 ( 物體的大和小 )


                                                                      72                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
creep                         v. n. 緩慢或悄悄地行進                                 croon:sing::murmur:speak
to move slowly , quietly and carefully , esp so as not to attract            低聲歌唱:歌唱::低語:說 ( 正常與不正常關係 )
attention

creep <> swiftly move                                                        crop                              n. 農作物 , 産量 , 平頭
緩慢或悄悄地行進 <> 快速移動                                                             a plant or animal or plant or animal product that can be grown and

Synonyms crawl , slide , snake                                               harvested extensively for profit or subsistence:COLLECTION
                                                                             crop <> pittance

crescendo                         n. ( 音樂 ) 漸強 , 高潮                          收穫 <> 少量 【對應不工整】

a gradual increase ; specifically:a gradual increase in volume of a
musical passage                                                              crouch                            v. 蹲伏、彎腰
crescendo <> decrease in volume                                              to bend or bow servilely:CRINGE
( 音樂 ) 漸強 <> 聲音減弱

                                                                             crown                             vt. 使成王 , 加冕 , 居. .
crest                             n. 雞冠 , 頂飾                                                                   . 之頂
the top of a wave                                                            to place a crown or wreath on the head of ; specifically:to invest

crest:wave::summit / peak:mountain                                           with regal dignity and power

波峰:波::山峰:山 ( 位置關係 )                                                          inaugurate:president::install:official::crown:king

                                                                             就職:總統::就職:官員::加冕:國王 (

crestfallen                         adj. 挫敗的 , 失望的                           職位及其上任說法 )

                                    ,冠毛垂倒 , ( 喻 )
                                    垂頭喪氣的                                    crucial                           adj. 嚴重的 , 極重要的
feeling shame or humiliation:DEJECTED                                        important or essential as resolving acrisis:DECISIVE

Synonyms:discouraged , dejiected chagrined , sad                             relevant:crucial::perceptible:obvious

                                                                             有關聯的:重要的::看的見的:明顯的 ( 形容詞程度類比 )

criteria                          n. 標準                                      crucial <> inconsequential

a standard on which a judgment or decision may be based                      重要的 <> 不重要的

Synonyms:standard , criterion                                                Synonyms:momentous , severe



cronyism                          n. 任人唯親
partiality to cronies especially as evidenced in the appointment of          crude                        adj. 天然的 , 未成熟的 ,
political hangers-on to office without regard to their qualifications                                     粗糙的 , 粗魯的
nepotism:relative::cronyism:friend                                           marked by the primitive , gross , or elemental or by uncultivated

起用親戚:親戚::對好朋友的偏袒:朋友 ?? ( 物件關係 )                                              simplicity or vulgarity

                                                                             delicacy <> crudity

croon                             v. 低聲歌唱 , 低吟                               精致 <> 粗糙

to sing or speak in a gentle murmuring manner ; especially:to                Synonyms:rude , unpolished
sing in a soft intimate manner adapted to amplifying systems

                                                                             crutch                            n. 拐杖 , 支撐 , 幫助
                                                                             a support typically fitting under the armpit for use by the disabled
                                                                        73                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
in walking                                                             exemplary:imitation::culpable:blame

crutch:walk::glasses:see                                               可模仿的:模仿::該受譴責的:譴責 (

拐杖:行走::眼鏡:看 ( 物品及其輔助功能 )                                               事物特性及其被動特徵 )

crutch:support::??                                                     culpable <> innocent

拐杖:支援::?? ( 物品及其作用 )                                                   該受譴責的 <> 無罪的

                                                                       Synonyms:BLAMEWORTHY , blamable , blameful ,

crux                      n. 十字架形 , 關鍵 , 難題                            demeritorious , guilty , reprehensible
an essential point requiring resolution or resolving an outcome

crux <> peripheral element                                             cultivated                        adj. 耕耘的 , 栽植的 ,
關鍵 <> 周邊因素                                                                                               有教養的
                                                                       REFINED , EDUCATED

cryptic                   adj. 秘密的 , 神秘的 ,                             feral <> cultivated

                          含義模糊的                                        野生的 <> 栽植的
having or seeming to have a hidden or ambiguous                        Synonyms:GENTEEL , cultured , polished , refined , urbane ,
meaning:MYSTERIOUS                                                     well-bred

cipher:cryptic::precis:concise

暗號:秘密的::摘要:簡潔的 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )                                            cumbersome                        adj. 討厭的 , 麻煩的 ,
cryptic:perplex::??                                                                                      累贅的
神秘的:使困惑::?? ( 形容詞和動詞正面關係 )                                             unwieldy because of heaviness and bulk

cryptic <> self explain                                                cumbersome <> easy to handle

含義模糊的 <> 能自我解釋的                                                        麻煩的 <> 容易處理的
cryptic <> self explanatory                                            Synonyms:UNWIELDY , cumbrous , ponderous , unhandy

含義模糊的 <> 能自我解釋的                                                        CF:recumbent

Synonyms:enigmatic , mysterious

                                                                       cunning               adj. 狡猾的 , 巧妙的 , 可愛的
                                                                       characterized by wiliness and trickery

                                                                       artless <> cunning / guileful

                                                                       率直 <> 狡猾的 / 狡猾的
                                                                       ingenuous <> cunning
List 7 ( cuisine ~ detract ) :                                         純真的 <> 狡猾的

                                                                       Synonyms:CLEVER , adroit , canny , dexterous , ingenious ,

cuisine                          n. 烹調                                 slim , sly

manner of preparing food:style of cooking ; also:the food
prepared                                                               curative                   adj. 治病的 , 有治病效力的
connoisseur:art::gourmet:cuisine                                       relating to or used in the cure of diseases:tending to cure

鑒賞家:藝術::美食家:烹調 ( 特殊人物及其精通物件 )                                          Synonyms:curing , healing , remedial , remedying , restorative ,
                                                                       sanative , sanatory , vulnerary , wholesome

culpable                         adj. 該受譴責的
meriting condemnation or blame especially as wrong or harmful
                                                                  74                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                          Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
curator                    n. ( 博物館、圖書館等的 )                            cyclone                               n. 旋風 , 氣旋
                           館長 , 主持                                     a storm or system of winds that rotates about a center of low

one that has the care and superintendence of something ;               atmospheric pressure , and often brings heavy rain

especially:one in charge of a museum , zoo , or other place of         snow:precipitation::hurricane:cyclone
exhibit                                                                雪:降雪::颶風:暴風 ( 種屬 )

ranger:forest::curator:museum                                          Synonyms:TORNADO , twister

護林員:森林::館長:博物館 ( 人物職業及其工作物件 )

                                                                       cynical                               adj. 憤世嫉俗的 ,
curriculum                 n. 課程 , 一組相關的專業課程                                                                 諷刺的 , 冷嘲的
A group of related courses , often in a special field of study:        having or showing the attitude or temper of a cynic ;

menu:dish::curriculum:course                                           especially:contemptuously distrustful of human nature and

功能表:盤裝菜::一組課程:課程 ( 事物個體及其全部安排                                          motives

)                                                                      ingenue:sophistication::cynic:trustfulness

                                                                       清純少女:世故::憤世嫉俗者:相信 ( 人物及其反面特徵 )

cursory                    adj. 粗略的 , 草率的                              Synonyms:SARDONIC , ironic , wry

rapidly and often superficially performed or produced:HASTY
cursory <> painstakingly thorough                                      dabble                                vi. 玩水 , 潑濺 , 涉獵
草率的 <> 認真的                                                             to work or involve oneself superficially or intermittently especially

fastidious <> easygoing / cursory / uncritical                         in a secondary activity or interest

苛求的 <> 隨便的 / 草率的 / 不嚴厲的                                                martinet:leniency::dabbler:dedication

Synonyms:SUPERFICIAL , depthless , shallow , sketchy ,                 嚴格的人:寬大::業餘學者:奉獻 ( 人物及其反面特徵 )
uncritical                                                             dabble <> dedicate / devote

                                                                       涉獵 <> 致力 / 投入於

curt                  adj. ( 言詞、行爲 ) 簡略而草率的                            dabbler <> specialist

sparing of words:TERSE                                                 初學者 <> 專家

curt:words::parsimonious:resource                                      Synonyms:AMATEUR , abecedarian , dilettante ,

簡略的:詞語::節省的:資源 ( 人物個性及其物件 )                                            nonprofessional , smatterer , tyro , uninitiate

Synonyms:CONCISE , breviloquent , brief , compendiary ,
compendious , laconic , short , succinct , summary                     daft                        adj. 傻的 , 愚蠢的
                                                                       a:SILLY , FOOLISH

curtail                    vt. 截短 , 縮短 , 削減                            b:MAD , INSANE
to make less by or as if by cutting off or away some part              daft <> judicious

curtail:period::enervate:energy                                        傻的 <> 明智的

縮短:時期::使衰弱:活力 ( 動作及其作用物件 )                                             Synonyms:INSANE , bedlamite , cracked , crazed , crazy ,
protract <> curtail                                                    demented , deranged , mad , unbalanced , unsound

延長 <> 縮短

Synonyms:SHORTEN , abbreviate , abridge , cut , cut back ,             daguerreotype                         n. ( 早期 ) 銀板照相
retrench , slash                                                       an early photograph produced on a silver or a silver-covered copper


                                                                  75                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                           Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
plate ; also:the process of producing such photographs                    陰濕的:潮濕::?? ( 同義 )

                                                                          Synonyms:DAMP , dampish , moist , moisty , wettish

dally                             vi. 戲耍 , 玩弄 , 賦閑
a:to act playfully ; especially:to play amorously                         dapper                        adj. 衣冠楚楚的;乾淨的
b:to deal lightly:TOY                                                     a:neat and trim in appearance

Synonyms:TRIFLE , coquet , flirt , fool , lead on , string along ,        b:excessively spruce and stylish
toy , wanton                                                              dapper:fastidious::??

                                                                          衣冠楚楚的:挑剔的::?? ( 人物個性及其表面特徵 )

damp                  n. & adj. 潮濕 ( 的 ) , v. 打濕                          indulge:adherent::slovenly:dapper
MOISTURE , HUMIDITY , DAMPNESS                                            放縱:信徒::不修邊幅的:衣冠楚楚的 ( 反義 )

tint:suffuse::damp:quench                                                 【注:對應不工整 , 詞性不符】

染色於:充滿::使潮濕:冷浸 ( 程度類比 )                                                   dapper <> frowsy

assuage:sorrow::dampen:ardor                                              乾淨的 <> 肮髒的

減輕:悲傷::使喪氣:熱情 ( 行爲及其消除物件 )                                                unkempt <> dapper

alleviate:strength::dampen:ardor                                          不整潔的 <> 乾淨的

減輕:強度::使沮喪:熱情                                                             slovenly <> dapper

sere <> lush / damp                                                       邋遢的 <> 整齊的

乾枯的 <> 青蔥的 / 潮濕的                                                          Synonyms:bandbox , doggish , doggy , natty , sassy , sparkish ,
dampen <> scorch                                                          spiffy , spruce , sprucy , well-groomed

使潮濕 <> 燒焦

Synonyms:dampish , dank , moist , moisty , wettish                        dappled                     adj. 有斑點的 , 花的
                                                                          marked with small spots or patches contrasting with the

dander                            n. 生氣 , 頭皮屑                             background

DANDRUFF ; specifically:minute scales from hair , feathers , or           striated:groove::mottled / dappled:spot
skin that may be allergenic                                               有條紋的:刻痕::斑駁的 / 有斑點的:小點 ( 形容詞:名詞
                                                                          )

dandy                         n. 花花公子 , 好打扮的人                             Synonyms:VARIEGATED , discolor , motley , multicolor ,
a man who gives exaggerated attention to personal appearance              multicolored , multihued , parti-colored , varicolored , versicolor ,

miser:hoard::dandy:preen::sycophant:fawn::pundit                          versicolored

:opinion

吝嗇鬼:儲藏::花花公子:打扮::馬屁精:奉承::學者                                               daredevil                  n. 鋌而走險的人 , 魯莽的人
:主張 ( 人物及其特徵動作 )                                                          a recklessly bold person

Synonyms:FOP , Beau Brummel , blood , buck , coxcomb , dude               prudence:daredevil::sagacity:simpleton
, exquisite , lounge lizard , macaroni , popinjay                         審慎:魯莽的人::聰敏:笨蛋 ( 人物及其反面特徵 )

                                                                          daredevil:???::malcontent:dissatisfaction

dank                              adj. 陰濕的                                魯莽的人:???::不滿現狀的人:不滿意 (
unpleasantly moist or wet                                                 人物及其正面特徵 )

dank:moisture::??                                                         Synonyms:ADVENTUROUS , adventuresome , audacious ,
                                                                          daring , foolhardy , rash , reckless , temerarious , venturesome ,
                                                                     76                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                          太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
venturous                                                            Synonyms:IDLE , bum , diddle-daddle , laze , lazy , loaf , loiter ,
                                                                     loll , lounge

dart                               vi. 疾走 , 突進                       Synonyms:DELAY , dally , drag , lag , loiter , poke ,
to move suddenly or rapidly fall                                     procrastinate , put off , tarry , trail

descend:plummet::move:dart

下降:猛然落下::移動:疾馳 ( 正常動作與快速 )                                           deactivate                            vt. 解除動員 , 復員 ,
Synonyms:SHAFT , barb                                                                                      使無效 , 使不活動
                                                                     to make inactive or ineffective

dastard                            n. 懦夫 , 膽小的人                      deactivate <> potentiate

a person who acts treacherously or underhandedly                     使無效 <> 賦與力量 , 加強

dastard:craven::??
懦夫:懦夫::?? ( 同義 )                                                     deaden                                vt. 使減弱 , 消除
Synonyms COWARD , chicken , craven , funk , funker , poltroon        to impair in vigor or sensation:BLUNT
, quitter , yellowbelly                                              tonic:invigorate::analgesic:deaden

                                                                     滋補品:使健壯::止痛劑:使減弱 ( 藥物及其作用 )

daunt                              vt. 使膽怯 , 使畏縮                     Synonyms:benumb , blunt , desensitize , dull , mull , numb

to lessen the courage of:COW , SUBDUE

dauntless:trepidation::footloose:attachment                          deadpan                               adj. 無表情的臉
大膽的:顫抖::鬆散的:附著 ( 反義 )                                                marked by an impassive matter-of-fact manner , style , or

dauntless:intimidate::irrepressible:restrain                         expression

大膽的:使害怕::抑制不住的:抑制 (                                                  impudence:brazen::deadpan:impassive

人物特徵及其反面被動行爲 )                                                       厚顔無恥:厚顔無恥的::無表情的臉:冷漠的 (
cowed <> undaunted                                                   名詞及其形容詞 )

膽怯的 <> 無畏的                                                           Synonyms:EXPRESSIONLESS , blank , empty , inexpressive ,
daunt <> embolden / make resolute                                    unexpressive , vacant

使膽怯 <> 使大膽 / 使堅定
daunting <> meek                                                     dearth                         n. 缺乏 , 糧食不足 , 饑荒
使人畏縮的 <> 溫和的                                                         an inadequate supply:LACK
dauntless <> craven / easily discouraged / pusillanimous             plethora <> dearth

大膽的 <> 膽小的 / 容易氣餒的 / 膽怯的                                             過剩 <> 缺乏
dauntless <> trepid                                                  spate <> dearth

大膽的 <> 驚恐的                                                           大量 <> 缺乏

Synonyms:DISMAY , appall , consternate , horrify , shake             Synonyms:ABSENCE , default , defect , lack , miss , privation ,
                                                                     want

dawdle                vi. &vt. 遊手好閒 , 混日子
to move lackadaisically                                              debark                        vt. 使登陸 , 卸載 , 使下船
hie <> dawdle                                                        To unload , as from a ship or an airplane.

匆忙 <> 遊手好閒                                                           debark:ship::unload:truck


                                                                77                            Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                          Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                           太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
卸載:船::卸貨:卡車                                                                debut                              n. 初次登臺 , 初次露面
                                                                           a first appearance

debase                               v. 貶低 , 貶損                            debut:career::embarkment:journey
to lower in status , esteem , quality , or character                       初次登臺:職業生涯::上船 , 上飛機:旅行 ( 過程的開始 )

debase:value::attenuate:force                                              debut <> farewell performance

貶低:價值::減弱:力量 ( 行爲及其作用物件 )                                                  初次登臺 <> 告別演出

enervate:vitality::debase:value                                            Synonyms:come out

使衰弱:活力::貶低:價值 ( 行爲及其作用物件 )

debase:value::simplify:complexity                                          decadence                          n. 衰落 , 頹廢
貶低:價值::簡化:複雜 ( 行爲及其作用物件 )                                                  the process of becoming decadent:the quality or state of being
debased <> ennobled                                                        decadent

貶低的 <> 使高貴的                                                                decadence <> wholesomeness

Synonyms:animalize , bastardize , bestialize , brutalize , canker ,        頹廢 <> 健康
corrupt , debauch , demoralize , deprave , pervert , poison , rot ,        Synonyms:DETERIORATION , declension , declination ,
stain , vitiate , warp ;                                                   decline , degeneracy , degeneration , devolution , downfall ,

                                                                           downgrade

debilitate                           vt. 使衰弱
to impair the strength of:ENFEEBLE                                         decant                 vt. 輕輕倒出 , 移入其他容器
attenuate:thickness::debilitate:strength                                   to pour out , transfer , or unload as if by pouring

拉薄:厚度::使衰弱:力量 ( 行爲及其作用物件 )                                                 subterfuge:deceive::decant:pour
debilitate <> invigorate / fortify                                         托詞:欺騙::輕輕倒出:傾瀉 ( 名詞及其同義動詞 )

使衰弱 <> 鼓舞 / 加強的

Synonyms:WEAKEN , attenuate , blunt , cripple , disable ,                  decibel                     n. 分貝 ( 音量的單位 )
enfeeble , sap , unbrace , undermine , unstrengthen                        a unit for expressing the relative intensity of sounds on a scale from

                                                                           zero for the average least perceptible sound to about 130 for the

debris                               n. 碎片 , 殘骸                            average pain level

the remains of something broken down or destroyed                          decibel:sound::volt:electricity::watt:power::lumen

debris:destroy::ash:burn                                                   :light

殘骸:破壞::灰燼:燒 ( 行爲及其殘餘物 )                                                    分貝:聲音::伏:電流::瓦:功率::流明:亮度 (
Synonyms REFUSE , garbage , junk , litter , offal , riffraff ,             事物及其衡量單位 )
rubbish , spilth , trash , waste

                                                                           decipher                           vt. 破解 , 解釋
debunk                               v. 揭穿真相 , 暴露                          a:to make out the meaning of despite indistinctness or obscurity
to expose the sham or falseness of                                         b:to interpret the meaning of
debunk <> perpetuate to sham                                               legible:decipher::??

揭穿真相 <> 永遠的僞裝                                                              清晰的:解釋::?? ( 行爲及其作用結果 )

Synonyms:EXPOSE , discover , show up , uncloak , undress ,                 Synonyms:DECODE , break , crack , cryptanalyze , decrypt
unmask , unshroud                                                          decode                             vt. 解碼 , 譯解
                                                                           to convert ( as a coded message ) into intelligible form
                                                                      78                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
tacit:infer::encoded:decode                                            Synonyms:FAILURE , delinquency , dereliction , neglect ,

默許的:推斷::加密的:解碼 ( 事物特徵及其必須手段 )                                          oversight

Synonyms:break , crack , cryptanalyze , decipher , decrypt

                                                                       deference                          n. 敬意 , 尊重
decorum                            n. 禮儀                               respect and esteem due a superior or an elder ; also:affected or
propriety and good taste in conduct or appearance                      ingratiating regard for another's wishes

miscalculation:judgment::gaffe:decorum                                 defer:leader::admire:hero

錯誤的判斷:裁判::失態:禮儀 ( 行爲及其反面 )                                             尊重:領導::讚美:英雄 ( 人物及其特徵動作 ( 被動 ))
decorum <> impropriety                                                 deferential:offend::scornful:respect

禮儀 <> 不適當                                                              尊重的:冒犯::輕蔑的:尊敬 ( 動作及其反面特徵 )
indecorous <> proper                                                   acquiesce:yield::capitulate: { categorical }
不合禮節的 <> 適當的                                                           默許:同意::有條件投降:明確的 【詞性不符 , 關係不明】

Synonyms:decency , dignity , etiquette , propriety , seemliness        frugal:penurious::deference:sycophant

                                                                       節儉的:吝嗇的::尊重的:奉承的 ( 反義 )

decrepit                           adj. 衰老的 , 破舊的                      emulation:exemplar::deference:authority
wasted and weakened by or as if by the infirmities of old age          效法:榜樣::尊重:權威 ( 行爲及其物件 )
decrepit <> vigorous                                                   impudent <> deferential / respectful

衰老的 <> 健壯的                                                             無禮的 <> 尊重的 / 尊敬的
decrepit <> sturdy                                                     Synonyms:HONOR , homage , obeisance , reverence

衰老的 <> 健壯的

Synonyms:WEAK , feeble , flimsy , fragile , frail , infirm ,           deification                        n. 祀爲神 , 神格化 ,
insubstantial , unsound , unsubstantial , weakly                                                          奉若神明
                                                                       The act or process of deifying

dedication                         n. 奉獻 , 致力 , 獻辭                     deification <> debasement

a devoting or setting aside for a particular purpose                   神化 <> 貶低

bigot:dedication::rage:anger                                           Synonyms APOTHEOSIS 2 , aggrandizement , dignification ,

頑固的人:致力::暴怒:生氣 ( 人物及其正面特徵 )                                            exaltation , glorification

martinet:leniency::dabbler:dedication

嚴格的人:寬大::業餘學者:奉獻 ( 人物及其反面特徵 )                                          deficiency                         n. 缺乏 , 不足
dabble <> dedicate / devote                                            an amount that is lacking or inadequate:SHORTAGE

涉獵 <> 致力 / 致力                                                          surfeit <> deficiency

Synonyms:DEVOTE , consecrate , hallow                                  過度 <> 缺乏

                                                                       Synonyms:FAILURE , defalcation , deficit , inadequacy ,

default                            n. & v. 拖欠 , 違約 ,                   insufficience , insufficiency , lack , scantiness , shortage , underage

                                   欠缺 , 默認 , 缺省
a failure to pay financial debts                                       defile               v. 弄汙 , 弄髒 n. ( 山間 ) 小道
default:pay::yield:resist                                              a narrow passage or gorge

拖欠:支付::屈服:堅持 ( 反義 )                                                    precipice:steepness::defile:narrowness


                                                                  79                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                           Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
懸崖:陡峭::小道:狹窄 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )                                                 放鬆 <> 煽動

Synonyms:CONTAMINATE , pollute , soil , taint                             Synonyms:DEAD , asleep , cold , deceased , departed ,
                                                                          exanimate , extinct , inanimate , late , lifeless

definitive                            adj. 最後的 , 確定的 ,
                                      權威性的                                defy                           vt. 藐視 , 挑釁 , 使落空
serving to provide a final solution or to end a situation                 to challenge to do something considered impossible:DARE
definitive <> provisional                                                 acquiesce <> defy

確定的 <> 臨時的                                                                勉強同意 <> 堅持已見
Synonyms EXPLICIT , categorical , clean-cut , clear-cut , definite        Synonyms:FACE , beard , brave , challenge , dare , double-dog
, express , specific , unambiguous                                        dare , front , outdare , outface , venture



defoliate                             vt. &vi. ( 使 ) 落葉                   dehydrate                           vt. ( 使 ) 脫水 ( n.
to deprive of leaves especially prematurely                                                                   dehydration )
defoliate:tree::insecticide:insect                                        to remove bound water or hydrogen and oxygen from ( a chemical

( 使 ) 落葉:樹::除蟲:蟲 ( 事物及其消除方法 )                                             compound ) in the proportion in which they form water

Synonyms:contort , distort , misshape , torture , warp , wind             abraded:friction::desiccated:dehydration

                                                                          摩擦的:摩擦::脫水的:脫水 (

defraud                               vt. 欺騙                              因果或目的以及産生或導致關係 )
to deprive of something by deception or fraud                             dehydrate:water::wither:vitality::fade:brightening

Synonyms:CHEAT , beat , bilk , chouse , cozen , do , flimflam ,           脫水:水::枯萎:活力::褪色:明亮 ( 行爲及其消除物件
gyp , swindle , take                                                      )

                                                                          fatigue:rest::dehydration:water

deft                   adj. 靈巧的 , 熟練的 ( adeft )                           疲勞:休息::脫水:水 ( 行爲及其消除物件 )
characterized by facility and skill                                       descent:altitude::dehydrate:moisture

craven:admirable::deft:awkward                                            降落:高度::脫水:潮濕 ( 動作及其物件 )

怯懦的:值得讚美的::靈巧的:笨拙的 ( 反義 )                                                 dehydrate:water::fatigue:repose / rest

maladroit:deft::voluble:verbose                                           脫水:水::疲勞:休息 ( 行爲及其消除物件 )

笨拙的:靈巧的::流利的:累贅的 ( 反義 )                                                   dehydrate:moisture::desertification:vegetation
deft <> maladroit                                                         脫水:潮濕::沙漠化:植被 ( 行爲及其消除物件 )

靈巧的 <> 笨拙的                                                                reconstitute <> dehydrate

ham-handed <> deft / adroit                                               復原 <> 脫水

笨手笨腳的 <> 敏捷熟練的 / 靈巧的                                                      Synonyms:DRY , desiccate , exsiccate , parch , sear

Synonyms:DEXTEROUS , adroit , clever , handy , neat-handed ,
nimble                                                                    deject                              vt. 使沮喪 , 使灰心
                                                                          to make gloomy

defuse                                vt. 放鬆 , 撫慰 , 減輕                    mollify:anger::hearten:dejection
to make less harmful , potent , or tense                                  平息:生氣::激勵:使沮喪 ( 行爲及其消除物件 )
defuse <> foment                                                          dejected <> exultant


                                                                     80                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
沮喪的 <> 歡躍的                                                        明暗配合:對比:: { 掛毯:紛繁
deject <> gladden                                                 }::複雜金銀細絲工藝品:精致 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )

使沮喪 <> 使高興                                                        【注:此題爭議很大 , 已經由機考判分數據確認

Synonyms:DISCOURAGE , chill , demoralize , dishearten ,           準確答案:chiaroscuro:contrast::filigree:delicacy 】
disparage , dispirit                                              delicacy <> crudity

                                                                  精致 <> 粗制

deleterious                       adj. ( 對身心 ) 有害的 ,              husky <> delicate

                                 有毒的                              粗糙的 <> 精致的
harmful often in a subtle or unexpected way                       Synonyms:bonne bouche , dainty , goody , kickshaw , morsel ,
wholesome <> deleterious                                          treat

健康的 <> 有害的
deleterious <> salutary / salubrious                              delinquent                          n. 行爲不良的人 , 流氓
有害的 <> 有益的 / 有益健康的                                                                                    adj. 有過失的
Synonyms:HARMFUL , damaging , detrimental , hurtful ,             offending by neglect or violation of duty or of law

injurious , mischievous , nocent , nocuous , prejudicial ,        Synonyms:NEGLIGENT , behindhand , careless , derelict ,
prejudicious                                                      disregardful , lax , neglectful , regardless , remiss , slack



deliberate                   adj. 深思熟慮的;審慎的                       delirium                            n. 精神錯亂 , 發狂
to think about or discuss issues and decisions carefully          a mental disturbance characterized by confusion , disordered

apophasis:claim::caprice:deliberate                               speech , and hallucinations

故抑其詞 , 以求婉達:直接要求::善變:深思熟慮的 (                                      coma:unconsciousness::delirium:confusion

行爲及其反面特徵 )                                                        昏迷:不省人事::精神錯亂:混亂 ( 種屬 )

headlong:deliberation::??                                         Synonyms:frenzy , furor

輕率的:謹慎::?? ( 名詞與形容詞的反義關係 )
hasty <> characterized by deliberation                            delude                              vt. 迷惑 , 蠱惑
草率的 <> 審慎的                                                        to mislead the mind or judgment of:DECEIVE , TRICK
hasty <> deliberate                                               delusion:?::hallucination:perception { mirage:imagination

草率的 <> 深思熟慮的                                                      }
impetuous <> deliberate                                           錯覺:思考::幻覺:感覺 { 幻想:想象 } (

衝動的 <> 審慎的                                                        行爲及其特殊方式 )

Synonyms:advised , aforethought , considered , designed ,         transparent <> delusive

premeditated , prepense , studied , studious , thought-out        透明的 <> 迷惑的

                                                                  Synonyms:DECEIVE , beguile , betray , bluff , double-cross ,

delicacy                          n. 細軟 , 精致 ,                    humbug , illude , juggle , mislead , take in

                                  精美的食品 , 嬌氣
the quality or state of being dainty:FINENESS                     deluge                              n. 大洪水 , 豪雨
chiaroscuro:contrast:: { tapestry:intricacy }                     adj. an overflowing of the land by water ;

filigree:delicacy                                                 b:a drenching rain


                                                             81                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                     Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
rain:deluge::wind:hurricane                                                 demolition                        n. 破壞 , 毀壞 ,
雨:豪雨::風:颶風 ( 正常:大 )                                                                                           毀壞之遺迹
droplet:deluge::pebble:landslide                                            the act of demolishing ; especially:destruction in war by means of

小水滴:大洪水::小圓石:山崩 ( 組成 )                                                      explosives
deluge <> drizzle                                                           recycle:disposal::rehabilitate:demolition

豪雨 <> 毛毛雨                                                                   再利用:處理::復原:破壞 ( 反義 )

Synonyms:FLOOD , cataclysm , cataract , flooding , inundation ,
niagara , overflow , pour , spate , torrent                                 demoralize                        vt. 使道德頹廢 , 使墮落
                                                                                                              , 挫折銳氣
delve                               vt. & vi. 探究 , 查考                       a:to weaken the morale of:DISCOURAGE , DISPIRIT
to make a careful or detailed search for information                        b:to upset or destroy the normal functioning of
quaff:sip::delve:skim                                                       c:to throw into disorder

痛飲:啜吸::探究:瀏覽 ( 大:小 )                                                        demoralize <> invigorate / cheer { ameliorate }

scrutinize:gloss::delve:skim                                                士氣受挫 <> 鼓舞 【此題有爭議】

細看:曲解::探究:瀏覽 ( 大:小 ) 【gloss 爲誤記】                                            Synonyms:DEBASE , bastardize , bestialize , brutalize , corrupt ,

Synonyms:DIG , excavate , grub , shovel , spade                             debauch , deprave , pervert , vitiate , warp



demagogue                           n. 煽動者 , 群衆煽動者                          demur                             v. 表示異議 , 反對
a leader who makes use of popular prejudices and false claims and           to take exception:OBJECT
promises in order to gain power                                             praise:approbation::demur:objection

demagogue:instruct::??                                                      讚美:嘉許::提出異議:反對 ( 行爲及其所表達的含義 )

煽動者:指示::?? ( 人物及其特徵動作 )                                                     demur <> accept

Synonyms:rabble-rouser                                                      表示異議 <> 接受
                                                                            accede <> demur

demise                              n. 死亡 vt. 讓渡 , 遺贈                       同意 <> 反對

                                    , 轉讓                                    Synonyms:balk , boggle , gag , jib , scruple , shy , stick , stickle ,
DIE , DECEASE                                                               strain , stumble

Synonyms:DEATH , curtains , decease , defunction , dissolution
, passing , quietus , silence , sleep                                       demystify                         vt. 使非神秘化
Synonyms:DIE , cash in , decease , depart , drop , expire , go ,            to eliminate the mystifying features of

pass , pass away , succumb

                                                                            den                               n. 獸穴 , 洞穴
demography                          n. 人口統計學                                the lair of a wild usually predatory animal

the statistical study of human populations especially with reference        Synonyms:LAIR , burrow , couch , lodge
to size and density , distribution , and vital statistics

demography:population::meteorology:weather                                  denigrate                     vt. 使變黑 , 玷污 , 詆毀
人口統計學:人口::氣象學:天氣 ( 學科及其研究物件 )                                               to cast aspersions on:DEFAME
                                                                            denigrate <> honor


                                                                       82                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
詆毀 <> 尊敬                                                                 denunciation                          n. 譴責 , 告發
Synonyms:MALIGN , asperse , calumniate , defame , libel ,                an act of denouncing ; especially:a public condemnation
scandalize , slander , tear down , traduce , vilify                      panegyric <> denunciation

                                                                         讚揚 <> 譴責

denouement                     n. ( 小說的 ) 結尾 , 結局                        Synonyms:CRITICIZE , blame , censure , condemn , denounce ,
the final outcome of the main dramatic complication in a literary        knock , rap , reprehend , reprobate , skin
work

joke:punch line::plot:denouement                                         depart                       vi. 離開 , 出發 , 去世 , 違反 ,
笑話:妙語::情節:結尾 ( 事物及其最重要部分 )                                                                            放棄
                                                                         to go away:LEAVE

denounce                           v. 指責 , 揭發                            abscond:depart::pilfer:take
to pronounce especially publicly to be blameworthy or evil               潛逃:離開::偷:拿 ( 行爲及其特殊方式 ( 秘密的 ))

admonish:denounce::punish:pillory { persuade:convince }                  lurk:wait::abscond:depart

警告:指責::懲罰:上頸手枷 { 說服:使信服 } (                                              埋伏:等待::潛逃:離開 ( 行爲及其特殊方式 ( 秘密的 ))

行爲及其表達含義 )                                                               Synonyms:GO , blow , exit , get away , get off , leave , pull out ,

castigation:reproof::denunciation:denial /                               quit , retire , withdraw

glorification:merit

懲罰:責備::譴責:否認 / 讚頌:優點 ( 行爲及其表達含義                                          depict                                vt. 描述 , 描寫
)                                                                        to represent by or as if by a picture

condone <> denounce                                                      Synonyms:REPRESENT , delineate , describe , image , interpret

寬恕 <> 指責                                                                 , limn , picture , portray , render

Synonyms:CRITICIZE , blame , censure , condemn , denunciate
, knock , rap , reprehend , reprobate , skin                             deplete                               vt. 耗盡 , 使衰竭
                                                                         to lessen markedly in quantity , content , power , or value

dent                        n. 凹 , 凹痕 , ( 齒輪的 ) 齒 ,                      enrich ( vt. 使富有 ) <> deplete ( vt. 耗盡 )

                            弱點                                           Synonyms:bankrupt , drain , draw , draw down , exhaust ,
a depression or hollow made by a blow or by pressure                     impoverish , use up
convex <> dent

凸起 <> 凹陷                                                                 deplore                               vt. 悲悼 , 哀歎 , 悔恨
                                                                         a:to feel or express grief for

denude                      v. 脫去 , 剝蝕 , 剝奪                              b:to regret strongly
to strip of all covering or surface layers                               deplore <> laud

denude <> cover                                                          悲悼 <> 讚美

脫去 <> 遮蔽                                                                 deplore <> accolade / extol

Synonyms:STRIP , disrobe , unclothe , undress                            悲悼 <> 讚美 / 讚美

Synonyms:STRIP , bankrupt , bare , denudate , deprive ,                  Synonyms:bemoan , bewail , grieve , lament , moan , weep
dismantle , disrobe , divest

                                                                         deploy                        v. 【軍】展開 , 調度 , 部署
                                                                         to extend ( a military unit ) especially in width
                                                                    83                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                         太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
deploy <> concentrate                                                    抨擊 <> 讚美

展開 <> 集中                                                                 vaunt <> deprecate

                                                                         自誇 <> 反對

deportation                        n. 驅逐 , 放逐                            deprecate <> endorse

the removal from a country of an alien whose presence is unlawful        反對 <> 贊成
or prejudicial                                                           Synonyms:DISAPPROVE , discommend , discountenance ,

deportation:country::eviction:dwelling                                   disesteem , disfavor , frown , object

驅逐:國家::逐出:住處 ( 行爲及其作用範圍 )

Synonyms:EXILE , banishment , displacement , expulsion ,                 depreciate                           v. 貶低 , 貶值
ostracism , relegation                                                   to lower the price or estimated value of

                                                                         fawn:hauteur::self depreciate:swagger

depose                             vt. 免職 , 廢 , 作證                       奉承:傲慢::自貶:吹噓 ( 行爲及其反面特徵 )
to testify to under oath or by affidavit                                 imperious:fawn::swagger:self depreciate
perjure <> deposition                                                    傲慢的:奉承::吹噓:自貶 ( 行爲及其反面特徵 )

作僞證 <> 作證                                                                imperiousness:fawn::self depreciatory:swagger

Synonyms:dethrone , discrown , disenthrone , displace ,                  傲慢:奉承::自貶:吹噓 ( 行爲及其反面特徵 )
disthrone , uncrown , unmake                                             Synonyms:cheapen , decry , devalorize , devaluate , devalue ,
                                                                         downgrade , lower , mark down , soften , underprize , underrate ,

deposit                            vt. 使淤積                               undervalue , write down , write off
a natural accumulation ( as of iron ore , coal , or gas )

deposit <> process of eroding                                            depress                    vt. 使沮喪 , 壓低 , 降低 ,
淤積 <> 腐蝕過程                                                                                          使蕭條
Synonyms:BANK                                                            to press down

                                                                         depressant:mood::??:??

depravity                          n. 墮落 , 腐敗 , 邪惡                       鎮靜劑:情緒::??:?? ( 藥物及其作用物件 )
a corrupt act or practice                                                protuberant <> depressed

doldrums:energy::depravity:virtue                                        突出的 <> 壓低的

消沈:精力::墮落:品德 ( 人物特徵及其缺乏物件 )                                              Synonyms:LOWER , couch , demit , droop , let down , sink

Synonyms:VICE , corruption , immorality , wickedness

                                                                         deprivation                n. 剝奪 , 剝奪官職 , 免職
deprecate                          vt. 聲明不贊成 , 抨擊 ,                      the state of being deprived:PRIVATION ; especially:removal

                                   反對                                    from an office , dignity , or benefice
BELITTLE , DISPARAGE                                                     deprivation <> surfeit / fecundity

deprecate:value::restrict:diameter                                       剝奪 <> 過量 / 豐饒

反對:價值::限定:直徑 ( 行爲及其作用消除物件 )                                              Synonyms:PRIVATION , deprivement , dispossession ,

depreciation:value::ossification:flexible                                divestiture , loss

貶值:價值::僵化:靈活 ( 行爲及其作用消除物件 )
deprecate <> extol                                                       deracinate                 vt. 根除 , 滅絕 , 使孤立
                                                                         UPROOT
                                                                    84                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
deracinate <> plant                                                    derivative                         adj. 先驅的 , 無創意的
根除 <> 種植                                                               lacking originality:BANAL
                                                                       precursory <> derivative

derelict                    n. 遺棄物 , 被遺棄的人 ,                           先驅的 <> 衍生的

                            玩忽職守者                                      Synonyms:SECONDARY , derivate , derivational , derived

a destitute homeless social misfit:VAGRANT , BUM

stickler:derelict::poseur:unaffected                                   derogatory                         adj. 貶損的
堅持己見的人:被抛棄的::裝模做樣的人:自然的 (                                              expressive of a low opinion:DISPARAGING

人物及其反面特徵 ) 【注:對應不工整】                                                   Synonyms:depreciative , depreciatory , detracting ,
derelict <> pillar of society                                          disadvantageous , disparaging , dyslogistic , pejorative , slighting ,

被遺棄的人 <> 國之棟梁                                                          uncomplimentary

Synonyms:OUTCAST , castaway , Ishmael , Ishmaelite , leper ,
offscouring , pariah , untouchable                                     descent                            v. 降落 n. 降下 , 降落 ,
                                                                                                         世系 , 血統 , 侵襲
deride                            vt. 嘲弄 , 嘲笑                          an inclination downward:SLOPE
to subject to usually bitter or contemptuous ridicule                  descent:altitude::dehydrate:moisture

patronize:condescension::deride:mockery                                降落:高度::脫水:潮濕 ( 動作及其物件 )

屈尊俯就:屈尊俯就::嘲笑:嘲笑 ( 同義 )                                                Synonyms decline , declivity , dip , drop , fall

pontificate:pompous::scoff:derisive::drawl:slow::bl

uster:loud::prate:aimless                                              descendant                         n. 後代 , 後裔
裝模作樣的說話:傲慢的::嘲笑:嘲笑的::慢吞吞的說話                                            one deriving directly from a precursor or prototype

:慢的::怒號:高聲的::空談:無目的的 (                                                 forbears <> descendants

行爲及其正面特徵 )                                                             祖先 <> 後代

smirk:smugness::sneer:derision                                         Synonyms:OFFSPRING , begats , brood , children , issue ,

假笑:裝模做樣::譏笑:嘲笑 ( 行爲及其所表達的含義 )                                          posterity , progeniture , progeny , scions , seed

ridicule:derision::??

嘲笑:嘲笑::?? ( 行爲及其所表達的含義 )                                               desecrate                        vt. 供俗用 , 褻瀆 , 污辱
apologize:regret::gibe:derision                                        to violate the sanctity of:PROFANE

道歉:後悔::嘲笑:嘲笑 ( 行爲及其所表達的含義 )                                            desecrate <> sanctify / revere

condolence:sympathy / compassion::gibe:derision                        污辱 <> 尊敬 / 尊敬

哀悼:同情::嘲笑:嘲笑 ( 行爲及其所表達內容 )                                             hallowed <> desecrate

deride <> praise                                                       視爲神聖 <> 褻瀆

嘲笑 <> 讚美                                                               Synonyms:RAVAGE , depredate , desolate , despoil , devastate ,
veneration <> derision                                                 devour , pillage , sack , spoliate , waste

尊敬 <> 嘲笑

Synonyms:RIDICULE , lout , mock , quiz , rally , razz , scout ,        desert                             vt. 放棄 , 遺棄 , 逃跑
taunt , twit                                                           to withdraw from or leave usually without intent to return

                                                                       Synonyms:ABANDON , chuck , forsake , quit , renounce , throw
                                                                       over
                                                                  85                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                          Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                                                                      despondent                  adj. 失望的 , 意氣消沈的
desiccate                        vt. 使乾 , 乾貯                          feeling or showing extreme discouragement , dejection , or

                                  ( adj. Desiccated )                 depression

to preserve ( a food ) by drying:DEHYDRATE                            elated <> despondent

abraded:friction::desiccated:dehydration                              興高采烈的 <> 意氣消沈的

磨損的:摩擦::乾的:脫水 ( 形容詞及其同義名詞 )                                           sanguine <> despondent

caustic:eat away::desiccant:dry                                       充滿希望的 <> 意氣消沈的

腐蝕性的:侵蝕::使乾燥的:乾燥 ( 事物特徵及其作用 )                                         Synonyms:despairing , desperate , desponding , forlorn , hopeless

desiccate:moisture::detoxify:poison

使乾:潮濕::使解毒:毒藥 ( 行爲及其消除物件 )                                            dessert                     n. 甜點心
cleanser:dirt::desiccant:moisture                                     a usually sweet course or dish ( as of pastry or ice cream ) served at

清潔劑::髒::乾燥劑:潮濕 ( 事物及其消除物件 )                                           the end of a meal

Synonyms:DRY , dehydrate , exsiccate , parch , sear                   dessert:meal::epilogue:play::coda:sonata

                                                                      餐後甜點:一餐::收場白:戲劇::尾聲:奏鳴曲 (

despair                    vi. 絕望                                     事物及其結束 )
to lose all hope or confidence                                        desultory                          adj. 散漫的 , 不連貫的 ,
abandon:inhibition::despair:hope                                                                        斷斷續續的
放縱:壓抑::失望:希望 ( 行爲及其消除物件 )                                             disappointing in progress or performance:SLUGGISH

Synonyms:despond , give up                                            assiduous <> remiss / desultory

                                                                      勤勉的 <> 玩忽職守的 / 散漫的

despicable                 adj. 可鄙的 , 卑劣的
deserving to be despised:so worthless or obnoxious as to rouse        detach                             vt. 分離 , 分遣
moral indignation                                                     to separate especially from a larger mass and usually without

redoubtable:regard / awe::despicable:scorn / contempt /               violence or damage

disregard                                                             tether <> detach

可畏的:尊重 / 敬畏::可鄙的:輕視 / 輕視 / 忽視 (                                       束縛 <> 分離

人物特徵及其行爲 ( 被動 ))                                                      Synonyms:abstract , disassociate , disconnect , disengage ,

venerable:reverence::despicable:scorn                                 dissociate , uncouple , unfix

值得尊敬的:尊敬::可鄙的:輕視 ( 人物特徵及其行爲 (

被動 ))                                                                 detain                             v. 拘留 , 留住 , 阻止
despicable:value::mulish:flexible                                     to hold or keep in or as if in custody

卑劣的:價值::頑固的:靈活的 ( 人物個性及其缺乏物件 )                                        detain <> manumit

despicable:contempt::reprehensible:censure                            拘留 <> 釋放

可鄙的:鄙視::應受斥責的:斥責 ( 人物特徵及其被動行爲                                         Synonyms ARREST 2 , apprehend , ||bust , nab , pick up , pinch ,

)                                                                     pull in , run in

Synonyms:CONTEMPTIBLE , beggarly , cheap , despisable ,
mean , pitiable , scummy , scurvy , shabby , sorry                    deter                           vt. 制止 , 使斷念 , 威懾
                                                                      to turn aside , discourage , or prevent from acting


                                                                 86                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                         Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
intrepid:deter::rapt:distract

無畏的:威懾::全神貫注的:心不在焉 (

人物性格及其反面被動特徵 )
inducement <> deterrent

引誘 <> 制止
deter <> spur

制止 <> 激勵

Synonyms:DISSUADE , disadvise , discourage , divert



detestable                        adj. 嫌惡的 , 可憎的 ,
                                  可厭惡的
arousing or meriting intense dislike:ABOMINABLE

Synonyms:HATEFUL , abhorrent , abominable , hateable ,
horrid , odious


                                                                          List 8 ( detritus ~ dolorous ) :
detract                           vt. & vi. 減去 , 貶低
to diminish the importance , value , or effectiveness of something

extol <> condemn / impugn / detract                                       detritus                     n. 碎石
讚美 <> 譴責 / 指責 / 誹謗                                                        a product of disintegration , destruction , or wearing away

Synonyms:DECRY , belittle , depreciate , derogate , diminish ,            detritus <> valuable product

discount , disparage , dispraise , minimize , write off                   堆積物;廢墟 <> 有用的物品

                                                                          Synonyms:DEBRIS



                                                                          deviation                          n. 背離
                                                                          noticeable or marked departure from accepted norms of behavior

                                                                          Synonyms aberration , deflection , departure , divergence ,

                                                                          diversion , turning



                                                                          devise                             vt. 設計 , 發明 , 圖謀 ,
                                                                                                             遺贈給
                                                                          1. to form in the mind by new combinations or application of and

                                                                          ideas or principles

                                                                          2. to plan to obtain or bring about

                                                                          Synonyms LEGACY 1 , bequest , inheritance



                                                                          devoted                                  adj. 投入的 ,
                                                                          深愛的
                                                                          devote:to give over or direct ( as time , money , or effort ) to a
                                                                          cause , enterprise , or activity
                                                                     87                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
devoted:zealous::careful:fastidious                                      , diabolonian , satanic , serpentine , unhallowed

熱情的:狂熱的::細心的:過分注意的對細節謹慎而細心的
( 形容詞的程度比較 )                                                             diagnose                            vt. vi. 診斷 , 分析原因
fanatic:devoted::prude:proper                                            to recognize ( as a disease ) by signs and symptoms

極端的狂熱者:熱情的::過分正經的:合乎禮教的嚴格遵循                                              to analyze the cause or nature of

規則或傳統的 ( 形容詞的程度比較 )                                                      diagnose:treat::proofread:correct

elegiac:sorrow::devotional:reverence                                     診斷:治療::校對:修正 ( 行爲及其結果 )

挽歌的:悲痛::虔誠的:尊敬 ( 形容詞與名詞的正面關係 )                                           Synonyms IDENTIFY , determinate , diagnosticate , distinguish ,

dabble <> dedicate / devote                                              finger , pinpoint , place , recognize , spot

涉獵草率地或者沒有嚴肅目的地做某件事 <> 投入的
Synonyms LOVING , affectionate , dear , doting , fond , lovesome         diaphanous                          adj. ( 布 ) 精致的 ,
                                                                                                             半透明的
devout                 adj. 虔誠的 , 虔敬的 , 衷心的                              1. characterized by such fineness of texture as to permit seeing

devoted to religion or to religious duties or exercises                  through

religion:devoutness::canon:orthodoxy                                     2. characterized by extreme delicacy of form:ETHEREAL

宗教:虔誠的::宗教法規 ; 教規 , 標準 ; 原則:正統的 (                                        3. INSUBSTANTIAL , VAGUE

事物及其正面特點 )                                                               diaphanous <> opaque

impiety <> devoutness                                                    透明的 <> 不透明的

不虔誠 <> 虔誠                                                                diaphanous <> substantial

Synonyms godly , holy , pietistic , pious , prayerful , religious        模糊的 , 虛幻的 <> 實質的
                                                                         diaphanous <> impermeable of light

dew                               n. 露水                                  透明的 <> 不透光的
moisture condensed upon the surfaces of cool bodies especially at        Synonyms FILMY , flimsy , gauzy , gossamer , sheer , tiffany ,

night                                                                    transparent

dew:condensation::rust:corrosion

露水:冷凝::鏽:腐蝕 ( 形成關係 )                                                     diatribe                    n. ( 口頭或書面猛烈的 ) 抨擊
                                                                                                     , 抨擊性演說
dexterous                         adj. 靈巧的 , 用右手的                        a bitter and abusive speech or writing

mentally adroit and skillful:CLEVER                                      diatribe:abuse::burlesque:mockery

dexterous:awkward::??                                                    謾駡:辱駡 , 譭謗::滑稽、荒謬的模仿:嘲弄或無禮的模仿

靈巧的:笨拙的::?? ( 兩個形容詞的反面關係 )                                               ( 動作體現情感 )
Synonyms adroit , clever , deft , handy , neat-handed , nimble           lullaby:song::diatribe:discourse

                                                                         搖籃曲:歌曲:::謾駡:交談;對話 ( 種屬關係 )

diabolic                           adj. 惡魔 ( 一樣 ) 的 ,                    Synonyms TIRADE , harangue , jeremiad , philippic

                                  魔鬼性格的
of , relating to , or characteristic of the devil:DEVILIS                didactic                    adj. 教誨的 , 說教的
diabolic <> benefict                                                     designed or intended to teach

惡魔 ( 一樣 ) 的 <> 慈善的                                                       didactic:teach::hortatory:urge::exhortative:urge
Synonyms FIENDISH , demoniac , demonian , demonic , devilish
                                                                    88                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
想要教訓的:教育::勸告的 ,

激勵的:激勵::意欲規勸的鼓舞的:激勵的 (                                                      diffuse                     adj. 散開的 , 囉嗦的
形容詞與動詞的正面關係 )                                                               being at once verbose and ill-organized

didactic:teach::fantastic:amaze                                             euphemism:offensive::aphorism:diffuse

想要教訓的:教育::奇異的古怪的:使驚異 (                                                      委婉:冒犯性的::箴言:囉嗦的 ( 名詞與形容詞的反面關係

形容詞與動詞的正面關係 )                                                               )
Synonyms moral , moralizing , preachy , schoolmasterish ,                   Synonyms WORDY , long-winded , palaverous , prolix ,

sermonic , sermonizing , teachy                                             redundant , verbose , windy



die                          v. 金屬模子                                        digit                n. 數位 , 位元數 , 指頭
any of various tools or devices for imparting a desired shape , form        any of the divisions in which the limbs of amphibians and all

, or finish to a material or for impressing an object or material           higher vertebrates terminate , which are typically five in number

reel:winding::die:shaping::drill:boring                                     but may be reduced ( as in the horse ) , and which typically have a

繞線筒;線軸;磁帶盤:纏 ; 纏繞 ; 捲繞::模子:成形 ( 的 )                                         series of phalanges bearing a nail , claw , or hoof at the tip

整型::鑽床:鑽孔 ( 物與其功用 )                                                         fang:tooth::finger:digit

                                                                            尖牙 , 犬牙:牙::手指:人的手指或足趾 ( 種屬關係 )

die-hard                             adj. 頑固的
strongly or fanatically determined or devoted                               dignity                     n. 尊嚴 , 高貴
palter:candor::budge:diehard                                                quality or state of being worthy , honored , or esteemed

敷衍 , 支吾:坦白的::改變立場或態度:頑固的 (                                                  Synonyms DECORUM 1 , decency , etiquette , propriety ,

動詞與形容詞的反面關係 )                                                               seemliness

Synonyms CONSERVATIVE 1 , fogyish , old-line , orthodox ,

reactionary , right , tory , traditionalistic                               digress               v. 離題 , 把 ( 話題 ) 帶開
                                                                            to turn aside especially from the main subject of attention or course

diffident             adj. 無自信的 , 內向的 , 羞怯的                                 of argument

1. hesitant in acting or speaking through lack of self-confidence           digress:excursive::reiterate:redundant
2. RESERVED , UNASSERTIVE                                                   離題:離題的::重申:累贅的沒有必要重複的 (
diffident <> brassy                                                         動詞與形容詞的正面關係 )

羞怯的和膽小的 <> 厚顔無恥的                                                            digressive:topic / subject::stray:group
expansive <> reserved / diffident                                           離題的:主題 , 話題::迷路的:人群 ( 偏離物件關係 )

豪爽的 , 開朗的願交往的 <> 矜持的 / 羞怯的和膽小的                                              digressive:topic::random:pattern
nervy <> diffident                                                          離題的:主題 , 話題::沒有具體形式 , 目的或內容的:形式 (

勇敢 <> 缺乏自信                                                                  缺乏關係 )
diffidence <> braveness                                                     aberrant:standard::digressive:topic

缺乏自信 <> 勇敢                                                                  異常的:標準::離題的:主題 ( 缺乏關係 )
expansive <> reserved / diffident / taciturn / withdrawn                    digress:topic::errant:standard

健談的 <> 內向的 / 冷漠的 / 沈默寡言的 / 性格內向的                                            離題的:主題::周遊不定的:標準 ( 缺乏關係 )
Synonyms SHY 1 , bashful , coy , demure , modest , retiring , self-         Synonyms depart , divagate , diverge , excurse , ramble , stray ,

effacing , timid , unassertive , unassured                                  wander
                                                                       89                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                                                                       effort:PAINSTAKING

dilapidate                    vi. vt. ( 使 ) 荒廢 , ( 使 )                 malign:ill will::diligent:effort

                              毀壞                                       有害的:惡意::勤勉的:努力 ( 正面特徵 )
to bring into a condition of decay or partial ruin                     procrastination <> diligence

dilapidated <> restored                                                推遲拖延 , 尤指出於習慣性的粗心或懶散 <> 努力 , 勤勉

坍壞的 , 破舊了的 <> 恢復存在或使用的                                                 Synonyms ASSIDUOUS , industrious , operose , sedulous

dilapidated <> still in use

坍壞的 <> 還在使用                                                            dilute                         v. 沖淡 , 稀釋 , 削弱減小
Synonyms RUIN 2 , bankrupt , do in , shipwreck , wreck                 to diminish the strength , flavor , or brilliance of by admixture

                                                                       slacken:tautness::dilute:strength / concentration

dilate                        vt. 使膨脹 , 使擴大                            使鬆懈 , 使鬆弛:拉緊::削弱減小 ; 沖淡:強度 / 濃縮 (
to enlarge or expand in bulk or extent:DISTEND , WIDEN                 削弱關係 )
dilate <> contract

使膨脹 <> 收縮
Synonyms EXPAND 3 , amplify , distend , inflate , swell                dimension                          n.
                                                                                                          尺寸存在於空間範圍的一
dilatory                           adj. 拖拉的                                                               種量變
characterized by procrastination:TARDY                                 congruent:dimension::coeval:age

dilatory:procrastinate::malcontent:complain                            全等的:尺寸::同時代的:時代 ( 直接修飾的關係 )

有意拖延的:推遲拖延做某事::不滿的:抱怨 (                                                measure:dimensions::calibrate:diameter::gauge:pressur

形容詞與動詞的正面關係 )                                                          e::plumb:depth
alacrity <> dilatoriness / hesitance                                   量:尺寸::確定口徑:直徑::測定:壓力::測量深度:
敏捷 , 輕快;迅速 <> 遲緩 / 躊躇 , 猶豫                                             深度 ( 動詞及其作用物件 )
precipitate <> retard / dilatory

使提前發生 ; 倉促行進的 , 匆促的 <> 減速 , 阻礙 / 拖拉的                                   diminish                           v. 減少 , 減損 (
Synonyms SLOW 2 , deliberate , laggard , leisurely , unhasty ,                                            權勢、聲譽 )
unhurried                                                                                                 使權勢、聲譽或地位降低
                                                                       diminish <> increase / escalate

dilettante                         n. 半瓶醋 , 業餘愛好者                      減少 <> 增加 / 增大
a person having a superficial interest in an art or a branch of        Synonyms DECREASE , abate , ||bate , close , drain ( away ) ,

knowledge:DABBLER                                                      dwindle , lessen , reduce , taper , taper off

dilettante:commitment::nonentity:consequence

淺薄的涉獵者:致力 , 獻身::無足輕重的人:重要性 (                                           din                                n. 喧鬧聲 , 嘈雜聲
缺乏關係 )                                                                 a loud continued noise ; especially:a welter of discordant sounds
Synonyms AMATEUR 2 , abecedarian , dabbler , nonprofessional           stench:nose::din:ear
, smatterer , tyro , uninitiate                                        惡臭:鼻子::雜亂無章或不諧和的聲音:耳朵 (

                                                                       後是前的接收器官 )

diligent                           adj. 勤勉的 , 用功的                      Synonyms babel , brouhaha , ||chirm , clamor , hubbub ,

characterized by steady , earnest , and energetic                      hullabaloo , jangle , music , pandemonium , racket , racketry ,
                                                                  90                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                          Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
tintamarre , tumult , uproar                                                a song or hymn of grief or lamentation ; especially:one intended
                                                                            to accompany funeral or memorial rites

dingus                             n. ( 俚 ) 新發明品 ,
                                   新玩意兒                                     disabuse                           v. 打消 ( 某人 )
an ornamental attachment or decoration:DOODAD                                                                  的錯誤念頭 , 糾正
Synonyms DOODAD , dofunny , doohickey , gadget , gizmo ,                    to free from error , fallacy , or misconception

||hootenanny , jigger , thingum , thingumajig , thingumbob                  disabuse:fallacy::cure:disease

                                                                            糾正:錯誤::治癒:疾病 ( 動作及其作用物件 )

dingy                              adj. 骯髒的 , 褪色的                           loose:confinement::disabuse:misconception
1. DIRTY , DISCOLORE                                                        松脫;解開:限制::打消 ( 某人 ) 的錯誤念頭:錯誤想法 (
2. SHABBY , SQUALID *                                                       動作及其作用物件 )

dingy:glisten::slippery:adhere                                              Synonyms purge , undeceive , undelude

黑暗的:反光::滑溜的:粘附 (

具有形容詞特徵的物品不易實現的動作 )                                                         disaffected                        adj. ( 政治上 ) 不滿的 ,
Synonyms SHABBY 1 , broken-down , dilapidated , down-at-heel                                                 叛離的
, faded , run-down , seedy , tacky , threadbare , tired                     discontented and resentful especially against authority

                                                                            REBELLIOUS

diocesan                           adj. 主教管區的                               disaffected:contentment::dubious:commitment / conviction
a bishop having jurisdiction over a diocese                                 不滿的:滿足::未決的 ; 可疑的:約定保證的事情 / 確信 (
diocesan <> ecumenical                                                      形容詞與名詞的反面關係 )

教區的 <> 全世界的                                                                 officious:meddle::disaffected:rebel

                                                                            過於殷勤的:干預 , 干涉::叛離的:造反 , 反抗拒絕服從 (

diplomatic                         adj. 外交的                                 具有形容詞特徵的人極其表現形式 )

xenophobic:diplomatic::??                                                   disaffected <> contented / win over

恐懼 ( 或憎恨 ) 外國人的 , 恐外的:外交的 (                                                 不滿的 , 叛離的 <> 滿足的 / 爭取過來 , 拉過來

兩個形容詞的反面關係 )
Synonyms TACTFUL , delicate , politic , tactical                            disaggregate                       vt. 釋放 , 排出 n. 釋放
                                                                            to separate into component parts

dire                               adj. 可怕的 , 悲慘的 ,                         disaggregate / disintegrate <> join together

                                   陰慘的 , 極端的                                分開 , 分解 / 瓦解 <> 連接 , 結合
DISMAL , OPPRESSIVE

dire <> pleasant                                                            disagreeable                       adj. 不愉快的 , 厭惡的 ,
悲慘的 <> 快樂的                                                                                                     不爲人喜的
Synonyms DEPLORABLE , afflictive , calamitous , distressing ,               causing discomfort:UNPLEASANT , OFFENSIVE
grievous , heart breaking , lamentable , regrettable , unfortunate ,        disagreeable:hateful::harmful:lethal
woeful                                                                      厭惡的:憎恨的::有害的:極其有害的 ( 形容詞程度類比 )

                                                                            oppression:disagreement::??

dirge                              n. 哀歌、淒涼之曲調                             沈悶:不愉快的::?? ( 名詞與形容詞的正面關係 )
                                                                            Synonyms BAD 8 , ||chiselly , displeasing , rotten , sour , unhappy
                                                                       91                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
, unpleasant                                                                敏銳的:有洞察力的::令人銷魂的極其迷人的:有吸引力的
                                                                            ( 形容詞程度類比 )

disarm                               vi. 放下武器 , 緩和                          caprice:whimsical::insight:discerning
to deprive of means , reason , or disposition to be hostile                 任性:反覆無常的::洞察力:洞悉 ( 同義 )
bait <> disarm                                                              myopic <> discerning

激怒 , 挑惹 , 使惱火 <> 消除…的疑慮、敵意或對抗                                               缺乏遠見 , 缺乏辨別力 <> 有判斷力的
Synonyms PARALYZE 1 , cripple , disable , immobilize ,                      Synonyms WISE 1 , gnostic , insighted , insightful , knowing ,

incapacitate , prostrate                                                    knowledgeable , perceptive , sagacious , sage , wisehearted



disarray                             n. 雜亂的狀態 , 混亂                          discharge                              vt. 卸下 , 放出 , 解雇 ,
shipshape:disarray::squalid:cleanliness                                                                       放電 , 履行
井井有條的:雜亂的狀態::肮髒的:乾淨 (                                                       to dismiss from employment

形容詞與名詞的反面關係 )                                                               discharge <> hire

Synonyms CONFUSION 3 , ataxia , ||ballup , chaos , clutter ,                解雇 <> 雇傭
disorder , huddle , muddle , snarl , topsy-turviness                        Synonyms EXEMPT , absolve , dispense , excuse , let off ,

                                                                            privilege ( from ) , relieve , spare

disavow                              vt. 否認 , 否定 , 抵賴
to deny responsibility for:REPUDIATE                                        disciple                               n. 信徒 , 弟子 , 門徒
disavow <> affirm                                                           one who accepts and assists in spreading the doctrines of another

否認 , 不承認 <> 承認                                                              disciple:follow::apologist:defend
Synonyms DISCLAIM , deny , disacknowledge , disallow ,                      信徒:追隨::辯護者:辯護 ( 人物及其特徵行爲 )
disown , repudiate

                                                                            discipline                     v. 使遵守準則 , 使服從權威
discard                              vt. 丟棄 , 抛棄 , 解雇                       a rule or system of rules governing conduct or activity

to get rid of especially as useless or unpleasant                           stickler:exacting::martinet:disciplinal
retain <> discard                                                           毫不屈服地堅持某事的人:苛求的 ,

保持 , 保留 <> 丟棄 , 抛棄                                                          嚴格的::嚴格執行軍紀的軍官:風紀的 ( 人極其性格特徵 )
Synonyms abdicate , cashier , cast , chuck , ||deep-six , ||dice ,          coltish:discipline::loutish:grace
ditch , dump , jettison , junk , lay aside , reject , scrap , shed ,        活潑的:自製 , 自控::粗鄙的:風度 ( 缺乏關係 )
||shoot , shuck ( off ) , slough , throw away , throw out , wash out        obstreperous <> disciplined

                                                                            吵鬧的 , 暴亂的 <> 遵守紀律的

discerning                           adj. 有洞察力的 ,                           Synonyms PUNISHMENT , castigation , chastisement , correction

                                     眼力好的 , 眼光敏銳的                           , punition , rod

showing insight and understanding:DISCRIMINATING

palatable:savory::discernible:manifest                                      disclaim                       vt. vi. 放棄 , 棄權 , 拒絕
可口的:風味極佳的::辨別得出:明顯的 ( 形容詞程度類比                                               to renounce a legal claim to

)                                                                           Synonyms deny , disacknowledge , disallow , disavow , disown ,

perspicacious:discerning::ravishing:attractive                              repudiate


                                                                       92                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
discography                         n. (                                                                     使煩惱
                                    按作曲家、演奏家或演唱                          to destroy the composure of

                                    家分類之 )                               discompose:pacific::fabricate:authentic

                                    音樂唱片分類錄                              使不安:平息的::編造 , 捏造::真實的 (
a descriptive list of phonograph records by category , composer ,        動詞與形容詞的反面關係 )
performer , or date of release                                           discompose:placid::fabricate:ingenuous

list:discography::tool:hoe                                               使不安:平息的::編造 , 捏造::坦白的 (

目錄:音樂唱片分類目錄::工具:鋤頭 ( 種屬關係 )                                              動詞與形容詞的反面關係 )
                                                                         discompose <> pacificate

discombobulate                      v. 擾亂 ,                              使不安 <> 使鎮靜

                                    使困惑陷入混亂的狀態                           Synonyms agitate , bother , discombobulate , dismay , disquiet ,

discombobulated:order::erratic:consistency                               disturb , flurry , fluster , perturb , unhinge , unsettle , untune , upset

困惑陷入混亂的:秩序::無規律的缺乏連續性:連續 (

缺乏關係 )                                                                   disconcert                          vt. 使困惑 , 使倉皇失措
Synonyms DISCOMPOSE 1 , agitate , bother , disquiet , disturb ,                                              , 破壞
flurry , fluster , perturb , unhinge , upset                             1:to throw into confusion

                                                                         2:to disturb the composure of

discomfit                     v. 使窘迫 , 使困惑 , 使驚慌                         disconcert <> placate

to put into a state of perplexity and                                    使倉皇失措 <> 安撫
embarrassment:DISCONCERT                                                 Synonyms EMBARRASS , abash , confound , confuse , discomfit

discomfit:blush::contemptuous:sneer                                      , discountenance , faze , rattle

使窘迫:因害羞 , 激動 ,

窘困等臉紅::鄙視的:譏笑顯示出一種鄙視 ( 動作體現情感                                            discord                             n. 不調和 , 不和
)                                                                        lack of agreement or harmony ( as between persons , things , or

discomfit <> mollify                                                     ideas )

撓亂 <> 平息                                                                 discordant:sound::anachronistic:time

                                                                         聲音不和諧的:聲音::時代錯誤的:時代 ( 直接修飾 )

discommode                          v. 打擾 , 給…添麻煩                        harmony <> discord

to cause inconvenience to:TROUBLE                                        和諧的 <> 聲音不和諧的
discommode <> assist                                                     Synonyms conflict , contention , difference , disaccord ,

使不便 <> 幫助 , 輔助                                                           disharmony , dispeace , dissension , dissent , dissidence ,

discommode <> convenience / pacificate / ease / mollify                  dissonance , disunion , disunity , division , inharmony , mischief ,

使不便 , 打擾 , 給…添麻煩 <> 方便 / 安撫 / 減少困難或麻煩 /                                  strife , unpeace , variance

安撫
discommode <> oblige                                                     discourse                           n. 演講 , 論文
使爲難 <> 施恩惠                                                               a:formal and orderly and usually extended expression of thought
                                                                         on a subject

discompose                          vt. 使不安 , 使煩亂 ,                      b:connected speech or writing


                                                                    93                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
c:a linguistic unit ( as a conversation or a larger than a sentence          overdose:prescription::indiscretion:convention

lullaby:song::diatribe:discourse                                             過量用藥:藥方::輕率之舉:規矩 , 習俗 ( 違反關係 )

搖籃曲:歌曲::謾駡:交談 ; 對話 ( 種屬關係 )                                                  Synonyms PRUDENCE 1 , canniness , caution , discreetness ,

Synonyms SPEECH 1 , speaking , talk , utterance , verbalization              foresight , forethought , precaution , providence



discredit                          v. 敗壞…的名聲 , 誹謗 ,                          discretionary                   adj. 隨意的 , 自由裁量的
                                  使羞辱                                        left to discretion:exercised at one's own discretion

to deprive of good repute:DISGRACE                                           discretionary <> obligatory

exhortation:motivate::invective:discredit                                    自由決定的 <> 強制性的

勸誡性的講話:推動::辱駡:敗壞…的名聲;誹謗 , 使羞辱                                                discretionary <> mandatory

( 名詞極其所産生的影響 )                                                               自由決定的 <> 強制的
Synonyms blow up , disprove , explode , puncture , shoot                     Synonyms OPTIONAL , elective , facultative , nonobligatory



discrepancy                        n. 不同 , 矛盾                                discriminate                        vt. vi. 區別 , 差別待遇
an instance of being discrepant                                              to mark or perceive the distinguishing or peculiar features of

discrepancy <> converge                                                      epicure:discriminating::spectator:watching

矛盾 <> 彙聚的行爲                                                                  講究飲食的人:識別力 , 鑒賞力::目擊者:注意 , 觀察 (
Synonyms DISSIMILARITY , alterity , difference , dissemblance                人極其具有的特點 )
, dissimilitude , distinction , divergence , divergency , otherness ,        liken:similarity::discriminate:difference
unlikeness                                                                   顯示相似的:相似之處::看出區別:不同 ( 動賓關係 )

                                                                             sentinel:watchful::epicure:discriminating

discrete                           adj. 分離的 , 不連續的 ,                         哨兵:警惕的::講究飲食的人:有識別力的 (

                                   離散的                                       人極其具有的特點 )

infinite:exhaust::discrete:overlap                                           equitable <> discriminatory / unfair

無窮無盡的:徹底耗盡::離散的 , 分離的:與…部分相同 (                                               公平的 <> 差別對待的 / 不公平的

形容詞與動詞的反面關係 )                                                                Synonyms KNOW 4 , difference , differentiate , discern ,

Synonyms DISTINCT 1 , different , diverse , separate , several ,             discrepate , distinguish , extricate , separate , sever , severalize

various

                                                                             discursive                          adj. 散漫的 , 無層次的
discretion                         n. 慎重 , 辨別力 , 考慮 ,                        moving from topic to topic without order:RAMBLING

                                   處理權                                       discursive <> keen on title

the quality of being discreet:CIRCUMSPECTION ;                               主題不明的 <> 關注題目的

especially:cautious reserve in speech frivolous                              discursive <> succinct

frivolous:gravity::brash:discretion                                          東拉西扯的 <> 簡明扼要的

無關緊要的:嚴重或重大::輕率的 ; 魯莽的:慎重周到 (                                                discursive <> concentrate

形容詞與名詞的反面關係 )                                                                東拉西扯的 <> 集中

foolish:discretion::impecunious:money

不明智的:決定能力 ; 明智::沒錢的:錢 ( 缺乏關係 )                                               disdain                             v. 輕視 , 鄙視

                                                                        94                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                 Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
a feeling of contempt for what is beneath one:SCORN                         吐出;嘔出 <> 咽下

snub:disdain::double-cross:disloyalty                                       Synonyms ERUPT 1 , belch , eject , eruct , expel , irrupt , spew

冷落怠慢:鄙視、鄙棄::背棄 , 叛變:不忠誠 (

動作體現情感 )                                                                    disgruntle                           vt. 使不高興
adulation <> disdain                                                        to make ill-humored or discontented ? usually used as a participial

諂媚 <> 輕視                                                                    adjective

Synonyms DESPITE 1 , contempt , despisal , despisement ,                    disgruntle <> refresh

disparagement , scorn                                                       使不滿意 , 使不高興 <> 給…以新的活力或精神
                                                                            disgruntled <> contented

discernable                       adj. 可辨別的                                 使不滿意 <> 滿足的

audible:stentorian::discernable:obvious                                     Synonyms DISCONTENTED , discontent , dissatisfied ,

可聽見的:洪亮的::可辨別的:明顯的 ( 程度比較 )                                                 malcontent , malcontented , uncontent , uncontented , ungratified

audible:stentorian::discernible:manifest

可聽見的:洪亮的::可辨別的:明顯的 ( 程度比較 )                                                 disguise                             vi. 隱瞞 , 掩埋 n. 假裝
                                                                            to furnish with a false appearance or an assumed identity

disembody                         v. 使脫離實體 ,                                padding:damage::disguise:recognition

                                  使脫離現實                                     墊料:損害 , 破壞::假扮 , 化妝:認出 ( 防止關係 )
disembodied <> corporeal                                                    Synonyms camouflage , cloak , dissemble , dissimulate , dress up ,

無實體的 <> 物質的                                                                 mask



disengage                vt. 使自由 , 解放 , 解開                                  disgust                              n. 厭惡 , 嫌惡
to release from something that engages or involves                          marked aversion aroused by something highly

disengage <> mesh                                                           distasteful:REPUGNANCE

解開 <> 嚙合 【注:mesh:to cause ( as gears ) to engage】                           blatant:arresting::odious:disgusting
Synonyms DETACH , abstract , disassociate , disconnect ,                    顯眼的 , 炫耀的:醒目的::可憎的 ,
dissociate , uncouple , unfix                                               令人作嘔的:令人作嘔的 , 討厭的 ( 兩個形容詞的正面關係 )

                                                                            odious:disgust::menacing:fear

disentangle                     v. 解決 , 解脫 , 解開澄清                           可憎的 , 令人作嘔的:引起噁心或反感::威脅的 ,

disentangle:snarl::??                                                       險惡的:害怕 ( 形容詞與動詞的正面關係 )

解開澄清:纏結 ( 動詞的反面關係 )                                                         scowl:displeasure::kiss:affection { hurl:disgust
Synonyms EXTRICATE 2 , discumber , disembroil , disencumber                 皺眉:不滿::用嘴唇接觸或撫摸:慈愛 {
, disentangle , unentangle , unscramble , untangle , untie , untwine        感情激烈地說出:厭惡 ( 動作體現情感 )
                                                                            entrancing <> disappoint / disgust / repel / repulse / bored

disgorge                          v. 嘔出 , ( 水 ) 流走                          迷人的 , 使人神魂顛倒的 <> 失望的 ; 受挫的 / 令人作嘔的 /

to discharge by the throat and mouth:VOMIT                                  厭惡的 / 厭惡的 / 無聊的 , 無趣的 , 煩人的
disgorge <> swallow                                                         Synonyms nauseate , reluct , repel , repulse , revolt , sicken

吐出;嘔出 <> 吞下 , 咽下
disgorge / excrete <> ingest                                                dishevel                      vt. 使蓬亂 , 使頭髮淩亂
                                                                            to throw into disorder or disarray
                                                                       95                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                                                                            dismantle                          vt. 拆除. . . 的設備 ,
disinclination                      n. 不起勁 , 不感興趣 ,                                                            分解 , 去除覆蓋物
                                    厭惡                                      to take to pieces ; also:to destroy the integrity or functioning of

a preference for avoiding something:slight aversion                         Synonyms STRIP 2 , bankrupt , bare , denudate , denude , deprive

aversion:disinclination::adulation:admiration                               , disrobe , divest

強烈的厭惡:厭惡::諂媚:讚美 ( 抽象名詞的程度比較 )

aversion:inclination::??                                                    disparage                   v. 貶抑 , 輕蔑
強烈的厭惡:愛好去做::?? ( 反義 )                                                       to depreciate by indirect means ( as invidious comparison ) :speak

disinclination:bent::??                                                     slightingly about

厭惡:愛好 ( 反義 )                                                                scorn:reject::adulate:flatter::disparage:ignore
Synonyms DISLIKE , aversion , bad books , disfavor , disliking ,            輕蔑:拒絕::諂媚:奉承::輕視 , 貶低:忽視 , 不顧 (
displeasure , disrelish , dissatisfaction , distaste , indisposition        動作體現情感 )
                                                                            aggrandize <> disparage

disinfect                     vt. 消毒                                        提高地位和名望 <> 貶低
to free from infection especially by destroying harmful                     champion <> disparage

microorganisms                                                              擁護 <> 貶低

oil:lubricate::antiseptic:disinfect                                         extol <> disparage

石油衍生物:潤滑::抗菌劑:殺菌 ( 物及其功用 )                                                  高度讚揚 <> 貶低

aseptic:disinfection::anesthetic:numbness                                   kudos <> disparage

防腐劑:消毒::麻醉劑:麻木 ( 物及其功用 )                                                    榮譽 <> 蔑視
                                                                            Synonyms DECRY 2 , abuse , belittle , depreciate , derogate ,

                                                                            detract ( from ) , dispraise , downcry , minimize , write off

disinterested                       adj. 無私欲的 , 廉潔的 ,
                                    公平的                                     disparate              adj. 迥然不同的 , 不可並論的
free from selfish motive or interest:UNBIASED                               containing or made up of fundamentally different and often

factional <> disinterested                                                  incongruous elements

派系的 <> 無偏見的                                                                 disparate <> like

iniquity <> disinterestedness                                               不同的 <> 相似的

極不公正 <> 無偏見                                                                 disparate <> analogous

Synonyms INDIFFERENT 2 , aloof , casual , detached , incurious              不同的 <> 類似的
, remote , unconcerned , uncurious , uninterested , withdrawn               Synonyms DIFFERENT 1 , dissimilar , distant , divergent ,

                                                                            diverse , unalike , unequal , unlike , unsimilar , various

disjunctive                         adj. 可分的 , 分離的 ,
                                    分隔的                                     dispassionate                      adj. 冷靜的 ,
marked by breaks or disunity                                                                                   不帶感情的 , 平心靜氣的
nominal:significance::disjunctive:unity                                     not influenced by strong feeling ; especially:not affected by

有名無實的:重要性::分離的:統一 (                                                         personal or emotional involvement

形容詞語名詞的反面關係 )                                                               dispassionate <> responsive


                                                                       96                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
不動感情的 <> 反應迅速的 【對應不工整】                                                    公然反抗 ( 動作體現情感 )
dispassionate <> partial                                                  disregard <> nurture

不動感情的 <> 偏袒的                                                              忽略 , 漠視 <> 培育 , 教育
Synonyms NEUTRAL , abstract , colorless , detached ,                      Synonyms NEGLECT , blink ( at or away ) , discount , fail ,

disinterested , impersonal , poker-faced , unpassioned                    forget , ignore , omit , overlook , overpass , slight



dispatch                           v. 派遣 , 一下做完 , 吃完                      disrupt                             vt. 使分裂 , 使瓦解
                                   n. 迅速                                 to throw into disorder

promptness and efficiency in performance or transmission                  saboteur:disrupt::apologist:defend
dispatch <> leisureliness                                                 蓄意破壞者:打斷 , 妨礙::辯解者:支援或維護 (

派遣 <> 悠然 , 從容                                                             人與其動作特點 )
                                                                          Synonyms DISORDER 1 , disarray , discompose , disorganize ,

disposal                           n. 處理 , 排列 , 支配 ,                      disturb , mess ( up ) , muddle , rummage , unsettle , upset

                                   佈置 , 廢料
systematic destruction ; especially:destruction or transformation         dissect                      vt. vi. 解剖 , 切細
of garbage                                                                to analyze and interpret minutely

recycle:disposal::rehabilitate:demolition                                 specimen:dissect::sentence:parse

重複利用:除掉 ; 清除 ; 銷毀::修復:摧毀破壞 (                                              樣本:詳細分析 , 仔細剖析:句子:語法分析 ( 分析關係 )

動詞與名詞的反面關係 )                                                              Synonyms SEPARATE 1 , break up , dichotomize , disjoin ,

Synonyms discarding , disposition , dumping , jettison , junking ,        disjoint , dissever , divide , part , sever , sunder

relegation , riddance , scrapping , throwing away

                                                                          dissemble                           v. 隱藏、掩飾 ( 感受 ,
disquiet                    n. v. 擔心 , 焦慮                                                                     意圖 )
to take away the peace or tranquillity of:DISTURB , ALARM                 to put on a false appearance:conceal facts , intentions , or feelings
disquiet <> put at ease                                                   under some pretense

使不安 <> 使安心                                                                dissemble:honesty::snub:politeness
Synonyms DISCOMPOSE 1 , agitate , bother , disturb , flurry ,             掩飾 , 假裝:誠實::冷落怠慢:禮貌 ( 缺乏關係 )
fluster , perturb , unhinge , untune , upset                              dissemble:information::masquerade:feeling

                                                                          掩蓋 , 隱藏:資訊事實::僞裝:感情 ( 掩飾關係 )

disregard                          v. 不理會 , 忽略 , 漠視 ,                     ingenuous:dissemble::raffish:preen::polite:snub

                                   不適當的尊重或漫不經心                            率直的 ,

                                   地對待                                    坦白的:假裝::俗豔的:精心打扮::有禮貌的:冷落怠慢
redoubtable:regard / awe::despicable:scorn / contempt /                   ( 形容詞與動詞的反面關係 )
disregard                                                                 Synonyms DISGUISE , camouflage , cloak , dissimulate , dress up

值得尊敬的:尊敬 / 敬畏::可鄙的:鄙斥 / 鄙視 / 漠視 (                                         , mask

形容詞與動詞的正面關係 )

flout:disregard::taunt:challenge                                          disseminate                   vt. 散播 , 傳播 , 宣傳
蔑視 ; 輕蔑:不理會::嘲弄 ; 譏笑 ; 辱駡::公然挑戰 ;                                         to spread abroad as though sowing seed


                                                                     97                            Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
disseminate:information::foment:discontentment                           放蕩 , 浪蕩:自我節制::多産:不肥沃 , 不毛 (

散播 , 傳播:資訊::激勵 , 激起:不滿足 ; 不滿意 (                                          名詞的反義關係 )

動詞及其作用物件 )                                                               accumulation <> dissipation

disseminate <> garner                                                    聚集 , 積累 <> 驅散 , 浪費

散播 <> 收藏 , 儲藏                                                            dissipate <> accumulate

nucleate <> disseminate                                                  驅散 , 浪費 <> 聚集 , 積累

聚集 <> 散佈                                                                 dissipate <> gather

Synonyms SPREAD 1 , circulate , diffuse , disperse , distribute ,        積聚 <> 浪費
propagate , radiate , strew                                              amass <> dissipate

                                                                         積聚 <> 浪費

dissension                     n. 意見不合 , 糾紛 , 傾軋                         Synonyms WASTE 2 , blow , blunder ( away ) , consume , fool (

DISAGREEMENT ; especially:partisan and contentious                       away ) , fritter , frivol away , squander , throw away , trifle ( away )

quarreling
concord <> dissension                                                    dissociate                vt. vi. 分離 , 游離 , 分裂
和約 , 和諧 <> 傾軋                                                            to separate from association or union with another

Synonyms DISCORD , conflict , contention , difference ,                  affiliation <> dissociation

disaccord , dissent , dissidence , disunity , strife , variance          緊密聯合 <> 分離
                                                                         Synonyms DETACH , abstract , disassociate , disconnect ,

dissent                             vi. 持異議 , 不同意                        disengage , uncouple , unfix

to withhold assent

dissenter:orthodox::maverick:group                                       dissolute                     adj. 放蕩的 , 無節制的
不服從國教者:正統的::獨來獨往者:爲群體中一員的 (                                              lacking restraint ; especially:marked by indulgence in things

前不可能具有後者的特點 )                                                            libertine:dissolute::sycophant:obsequious
dissent <> conform                                                       放蕩不羈的人:放蕩的::拍馬者 , 諂媚者:奉承的 , 順從的 (

不同意 <> 使順從                                                               人極其所具有的性格特徵 )
Synonyms DIFFER 2 , disaccord , disagree , discord , divide ,            ludicrous:buffoon::dissolute:libertine::humorous:wag
vary                                                                     可笑的:扮演丑角和開玩笑的人::放縱的 ,

dissertation                        n. 論文                                生活放蕩的:放蕩不羈的人::幽默的 ,
an extended usually written treatment of a subject ;                     風趣的:愛說笑打趣的人 ( 人極其所具有的性格特徵 )
specifically:one submitted for a doctorate                               voluble:speech::licentious:dissoluteness
Synonyms DISCOURSE 2 , disquisition , memoir , monograph ,               健談的 , 流利的:說話 ; 談話::放蕩的:放縱 【speech
monography , thesis , tractate , treatise                                可能爲誤記】
                                                                         Synonyms ABANDONED 2 , licentious , profligate , reprobate ,

dissipate                           vt. 散失 , 驅散 , 浪費 (                   self-abandoned , unprincipled

                                    dissipation )
husbandry:dissipate::alacrity:procrastinate                              dissolve                      vt. vi. 溶解 , 解散
節約:浪費::敏捷 , 輕快 ; 迅速:推遲 ( 反義 )                                            to cause to pass into solution ; to separate into component

dissipation:temperation::fecundity:sterility                             parts:DISINTEGRATE


                                                                    98                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
clot:dissolved::crowd:dispersed                                             unduly or abnormally

凝結:溶解的::擠 , 擠滿:分散的 , 散開的 (                                                  distention <> compression

動詞與形容詞的反面關係 )                                                               膨脹 <> 壓縮

coagulant:thicken::solvent:dissolve

凝結劑:使變得濃些::溶劑:溶解 ( 物及其功用 )                                                  distillation                       n. 蒸餾
bend:rigid::submerge:buoyant::dissolve:insoluble                            the process of purifying a liquid by successive evaporation and

使彎曲:具剛性的不可彎曲的::浸沒 ,                                                         condensation

淹沒:有浮力的::溶解:不溶的 ( 動詞與形容詞的反面關係                                               synopsis:conciseness::distillate:purity
)                                                                           大綱 , 概要:簡明 , 簡潔::蒸餾液;餾出物:純度 (
consolidate <> dissolve                                                     物極其特點 )

使聯合 <> 解散                                                                   distill:purity::leaven:volume
                                                                            蒸餾;精煉:純度::使膨脹:體積 ( 動作極其目的 )

dissonance                 n. 不和諧 ( 的音調 )                                   liquefy:fluid::distill:pure

lack of agreement ; especially:inconsistency between the beliefs            使液化:流動的::蒸餾:純淨的 ( 加工方式及其結果 )
one holds or between one's actions and one's beliefs
dissonance <> concord                                                       distinction                 n. 區別
不和諧 ( 的音調 ) <> 和諧                                                           the quality or state of being distinguishable

Synonyms DISCORD , conflict , contention , difference ,                     nuance:distinction::hint:suggestion
disaccord , disharmony , dissension , dissidence , strife , variance        細微差別:不同點 , 差異之處::概略地給予建議:建議 (

                                                                            程度比較 )

dissuade                          vt. 勸阻                                    nebulous <> distinct

to advise ( a person ) against something                                    模糊不清的 <> 明顯的 , 清楚的

remonstrance:dissuade::reprehension:censure                                 repute <> lack of distinction

抗議:勸阻::斥責:指責 ( 同義 )                                                         聲望 <> 沒有名望

remonstrator:dissuade::applicant:appeal                                     eclipse <> make distinctive

忠告者:勸阻::申請人 , 請求者:懇求 , 請求 (                                                 使黯然失色 <> 使與衆不同

人極其動作特點 )                                                                   Synonyms DISSIMILARITY , alterity , difference , discrepancy ,

inexorable:dissuasion::indomitable:conquest                                 dissemblance , dissimilitude , divergence , divergency , otherness ,

無動於衷的:勸阻::不屈不撓的 , 不可征服的 (                                                   unlikeness

具有前者特徵的人不容易被後者實現 )                                                          distinguished                   adj. 卓著的 , 著名的
protest:dissuade::supplicate:entreaty                                       marked by eminence , distinction , or excellence

對…提出異議反對:勸阻::向…懇求;向…請求:請求 (                                                 eminent <> undistinguished

同義 )                                                                        傑出的 <> 平凡的 , 普通的
dissuade <> abet                                                            Synonyms FAMOUS 2 , celebrated , celebrious , eminent , famed

勸阻 <> 慫恿並幫助                                                                 , great , illustrious , notable , prominent , renowned

Synonyms deter , disadvise , discourage , divert

                                                                            distort                            vt. 扭曲 , 歪曲
distention                        n. 膨脹                                     to twist out of the true meaning or proportion

the act of distending or the state of being distended especially
                                                                       99                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
brevity:aphorism::distortion:caricature                                  操縱:競爭 ( 動詞及其作用物件 )

簡短:箴言::歪曲:滑稽模仿 ( 物及其特徵 )                                                 Synonyms LOCALITY 1 , area , neighborhood , vicinage ,

Synonyms MISREPRESENT , belie , color , falsify , garble ,               vicinity

miscolor , misstate , pervert , twist , warp

                                                                         ditch                n. 溝
distract                 vt. 轉移 , 分心 , 使發狂                               a long narrow excavation dug in the earth

to draw or direct ( as one's attention ) to a different object or in     ditch:canyon::burrow:cavern
different directions at the same time                                    溝:峽谷::地洞:大洞 ( 程度比較 )

intrepid:deter::rapt:distract                                            Synonyms TRENCH , cut

無畏的:威嚇::全心投入的:分心 (
形容詞與動詞的反面關係 )                                                            ditty                       n. 小調 , 小曲
rapt <> distracted                                                       an especially simple and unaffected song

全心投入的 <> 分心的                                                             fable:tale::ditty:song
Synonyms CONFUSE 2 , addle , ball up , befuddle , bewilder ,             寓言一種通常短小的故事:故事::小曲:歌曲 ( 種屬關係 )
||bumfuzzle , fluster , fuddle , mix up , throw off

                                                                         diurnal              adj. 白晝的 , 白天的
distraught              adj. 心神狂亂的 , 極其煩惱的                               of , relating to , or occurring in the daytime

agitated with doubt or mental conflict                                   diurnal <> nocturnal

troubled:distraught::covetous:rapacious                                  白晝的 , 白天的 <> 晚上的 , 夜晚的

困惑的 ; 騷亂的 , 不安的:極其煩惱的::渴望的:貪婪的 (                                         Synonyms DAILY , quotidian

程度比較 )
distraught <> composed                                                   diverge              vi. 分歧 , 岔開
心神狂亂的 <> 鎮靜的 ; 冷靜的                                                       to move or extend in different directions from a common

Synonyms distracted , distrait , distressed , harassed , tormented ,     point:draw apart
troubled , worried                                                       ad-lib:impromptu::aside:divergent

                                                                         即興演講 , 即興發言:即興的::離題話;插入語:偏離的 (

distress                            n. 精神緊張v.                            物極其特點 )

                                    使憂慮;使痛苦                              diverge:apart::traverse:across

abate:tax::alleviate:distress                                            分岔:分開地::橫越:交叉 ( 動詞和副詞的正面關係 )

減少 , 降低:稅::減輕:精神緊張 ( 動詞及其作用物件 )                                          confluence <> divergence

agonized:distress::obsessed:concern                                      匯合 <> 分歧

極度痛苦的:使憂慮;使痛苦::被困擾的:使擔憂引起焦躁                                              Synonyms DIGRESS 2 , depart , divagate , excurse , ramble ,

或不安 ( 形容詞與動詞的正面關係 )                                                      stray , wander

Synonyms aggrieve , constrain , grieve , hurt , injure , pain

                                                                         diver                       n. 潛水員 , 水下工作者
district                    n. 地區                                        cavern:spelunker::ocean:diver

gerrymander:district::rig:contest                                        大型地下洞穴:作爲愛好而探索及研究洞穴的人::海洋:潛
不公正劃分選區:地區 , 行政區:: ( 用欺騙手段 )                                             水員 ( 人與其工作地點 )


                                                                       100                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
divert                        vt. 使轉向 vi. 轉移                          脫下 <> 披上 , 穿上 , 戴上

to turn from one course or use to another:DEFLECT

divert:shunt::retard:brake                                            dogged                      adj. 頑固的 , 頑強的
使轉向:使轉向::減速:刹車 ( 動作及其目的 )                                             marked by stubborn determination

Synonyms TURN 6 , avert , deflect , pivot , sheer , veer , volte-     dogged <> yielded

face , wheel , whip , whirl                                           頑固的 , 頑強的 <> 放棄 , 屈服
                                                                      dogged <> easily discouraged

divestiture                   n. 剝奪 , 脫衣                              頑固的 , 頑強的 <> 容易氣餒的
the act of divesting                                                  Synonyms INFLEXIBLE 2 , adamant , brassbound , inexorable ,

divestiture <> acquisition                                            obdurate , relentless , rigid , single-minded , steadfast , unbending

剝奪 <> 獲得
Synonyms PRIVATION 2 , deprivation , deprivement ,                    doggerel              adj. 歪詩的 n. 打油詩
dispossession , loss                                                  loosely styled and irregular in measure especially for burlesque or

                                                                      comic effect ; also:marked by triviality or inferiority

divulge                       vt. 洩漏 ( 秘密等 ) , 宣佈 ,                   doggerel:verse::burlesque:play

                              公佈                                      打油詩:詩::諷刺作品 , 滑稽戲劇:戲劇 ( 種屬關係 )
to make known ( as a confidence or secret )                           doggerel:poem::sketch:draw
divulge <> keep secret                                                打油詩:詩::草圖:圖 ( 種屬關係 )

泄漏 ( 秘密等 ) <> 保密
Synonyms REVEAL 1 , betray , blab ( out ) , disclose , discover ,     doggo                       adv. ( 俚 ) ( 一動不動地 )
give away , mouth , spill , tell , unclos聥                                                        隱藏著
                                                                      in hiding

doctrine               n. 教義 , 主義;學說                                  doggo:instability::??
a principle or position or the body of principles in a branch of      靜靜躲藏著地 ,
knowledge or system of belief:DOGMA                                   一動也不動地:不穩定或不可靠的性質或狀態::?? (

doctrine:heretical::course:errant                                     前不具有後的狀態 )

教義 , 學說:異端學說的::道路 , 路線:偏離正道的 (

偏離關係 )                                                                dogma                       n. 教條
Synonyms canon , dogma , tenet                                        something held as an established opinion ; especially:a definite
                                                                      authoritative tenet

dodder                        vi. 搖擺 , 蹣跚                             dogma <> heresy

to progress feebly and unsteadily                                     教義 , 教條 <> 異端學說

dodder:unsteady::cavort:sprightly                                     Synonyms DOCTRINE , canon , tenet

搖擺 , 蹣跚:顫動的 ; 不平穩的::跳躍;蹦跳:活潑的 (

動作及其特點 )                                                              doldrums                           n. ( 海洋上的 ) 無風帶 ,
                                                                                                        情緒低沈
doff                          vt. 脫 , 丟棄 , 廢除                         state or period of inactivity , stagnation , or slump

to remove ( an article of wear ) from the body                        doldrums:energy::depravity:virtue
doff <> don
                                                                    101                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                         Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
憂鬱期沒精打采的日子:精力::墮落道德敗壞:美德 , 德行                                           Synonyms:fool , dunce , oaf , chump

( 缺乏關係 )                                                                區別:doll ( n. 洋娃娃 )
Synonyms TEDIUM , boredom , ||dullsville , ennui , yawn                 domicile                               n. 住所 , 住宅
                                                                        a dwelling place:place of residence:HOME

dolorous                           adj. 悲哀的 , 憂愁的                       nomad:domicile::freelancer:employer
causing , marked by , or expressing misery or grief                     遊牧民:住所::自由作家:老闆 ( 缺乏關係 )
dolorous <> jubilant / happy                                            Synonyms HABITATION 2 , abode , commorancy , dwelling ,

悲哀的 , 憂愁的 <> 歡騰的 , 歡欣的 , 喜氣洋洋的 / 高興的                                    home , house , residence , residency

Synonyms DEPLORABLE , afflictive , calamitous , dire ,

distressing , grievous , heartbreaking , lamentable , regrettable ,     domination                              n. 支配 , 控制 , 管轄
woeful                                                                  supremacy or preeminence over another

                                                                        gullible:chicanery::servile:domination

                                                                        易受騙的:欺騙::卑屈的:支配 (

                                                                        容易被後者的動詞怎樣關係 )

                                                                        impervious:damaged::indomitable:subdued

                                                                        不受影響的:被損壞的::不屈服的:屈服的 (

                                                                        兩個形容詞的反面關係 )

                                                                        inexorable:dissuasion::indomitable:conquest

                                                                        不屈不撓的:勸阻::不屈服的:征服 (

                                                                        人物個性及其反面被動特徵 )

                                                                        indomitable:control::exacting:satisfy

                                                                        不屈的:控制::苛求的:使到滿足 ( 人物個性及其反面特徵
                                                                        )

                                                                        Synonyms:supremacy , ascendancy

                                                                        CF:dominion ( n. 領土 , 主權 , 統治 )



                                                                        domineering                            adj. 盛氣淩人的 ,
                                                                                                               跋扈的 , 作威作福的
                                                                        inclined to domineer



                                                                        don                                    vt. 穿上
                                                                        to put on ( an article of clothing )
List 9 ( dolt ~ entry ) :                                               doff <> don

                                                                        脫 <> 穿

dolt                               n. 呆子 , 笨蛋 , 傻瓜                      Synonyms:put on
a stupid person

wag:humorous::dolt:stupid                                               donor                                  n. 捐贈人
小丑:滑稽的::傻瓜:愚蠢的 ( 人和其性格特點的正關係 )                                          one that gives , donates , or presents something


                                                                      102                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                           Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
legacy:predecessor::gift:donor                                       doze                                 vi. 瞌睡 , 假寐
祖先傳下來之物:先輩::禮物:捐贈人 ( 人及其給與的物品                                        to fall into a light sleep

)                                                                    doze:sleep::nudge:prod

Synonyms:bestower , conferror , donator , presenter                  瞌睡:睡覺::輕推:推動 ( 程度類比 )



doodle                            n. v. 亂寫 , 亂畫                     draconian                            adj. 嚴峻的 , 苛刻的
an aimless or casual scribble , design , or sketch                   CRUEL ; also:SEVERE

draw:doodle::travel:ramble                                           palmy:prosperity::draconian:severity

畫:亂畫::旅行:漫步 ( 同種動作之間的關係:正常與散漫                                        繁榮的:繁榮::嚴峻的:嚴格 ( 形容詞和名詞的正面關係 )
)                                                                    draconian <> indulgent / mild

walk:amble::draw:doodle                                              苛刻的 <> 放縱的 / 溫柔的
步行:溜達::畫:亂畫 ( 正常與非正常 )                                               draconian <> genial

Synonyms:fiddle                                                      苛刻的 <> 親切的

區別:Dawdle ( vi. vt. 遊手好閒 , 混日子 )                                     Synonyms:rigid , strict , rigorous



dour             adj. 不愛講話的 , 沈沈的 , 嚴厲的                              drain                        vt. 排出溝外 , 喝光 , 耗盡
STERN , HARSH                                                        to exhaust physically or emotionally

dour:geniality::bumptious:humbleness                                 tonic <> draining { nagging }

嚴厲的:溫和::傲慢的:謙遜 ( 形容詞和名詞的反面關係 )                                       增進健康之物 <> 氣力耗盡
dour <> congenial / genial

嚴厲的 <> 溫和的                                                           drawl                            vt. vi. 懶洋洋地說 ,
Synonyms:grim , severe , rigid , sullen                                                               做作而慢慢地說
                                                                     to utter in a slow lengthened tone

downpour                          n. 暴雨                              inch:move::drawl:speak

a pouring or streaming downward ; especially:a heavy rain            慢慢移動:移動::慢慢地說:說 ( 動作快慢的關係 )

downpour:flooding::wind:erosion                                      pontificate:pompous::scoff:derisive::drawl:slow::bl

暴雨:泛濫::風:侵蝕 ( 名詞及其結果 )                                               uster:loud::prate:aimless

wind:erosion::downpour:flooding                                      裝模作樣的說話:傲慢的::嘲笑:嘲笑的::慢慢地說:慢
風:侵蝕::暴雨:泛濫 ( 名詞及其結果 )                                               ::咆哮:大聲的::閒聊:無目的的 (

                                                                     動詞與形容詞的正面關係 )

doyen                             n. 老資格 , 首席
a:the senior member of a body or group                               dreary                               adj. 沈悶的
b:a person considered to be knowledgeable or uniquely skilled as     having nothing likely to provide cheer , comfort , or

a result of long experience in some field of endeavor                interest:GLOOMY , DISMAL

eccentric:conventional::doyen:uninitiated                            jocund <> dreary

行爲古怪的人:習慣的::老前輩:初學的 (                                                歡樂的 <> 沈悶的

人物及其反面特徵 )                                                           Synonyms:gloomy , depressing

Synonyms:master , virtuoso , expert                                  drench                               v. 濕透;浸透
                                                                     to wet thoroughly ( as by soaking or immersing in liquid )
                                                                   103                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                         Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
drenched:wet::antithetic:different                                  苦差事 <> 美差

濕透:濕::對立相反的:不同的 ( 程度類比 )                                            Synonyms donkeywork , grind , labor , plugging , toil , travail



drivel                              vi. 淌口水 , 說傻話                   dryad                             n. 森林的精靈
to utter in an infantile or imbecilic way                           WOOD NYMPH

nonsensical:drivel::pompous:bombast

無意義的:說傻話::誇大的:誇大的言辭 (                                               dubious                           adj. 可疑的 , 不確定的
形容詞和名詞的正面關係 )                                                       questionable or suspect as to true nature or quality

Synonyms:nonsense , babble , jabber                                 disaffected:contentment::dubious:commitment / conviction

                                                                    不滿的:滿足::可疑的:確信 / 堅信 (

drizzle                             n. v. 下毛毛雨 , 毛毛雨                形容詞和名詞的反面關係 )
a fine misty rain                                                   dubious <> certain

deluge <> drizzle                                                   不確定的 <> 確定的

大洪水 <> 毛毛雨                                                          Synonyms      DOUBTFUL , dubitable , equivocal

Synonyms:sprinkle

                                                                    dulcet                   adj. ( 聲音 ) 悅耳的 , 美妙的
droll                               adj. 古怪的 , 好笑的                 pleasing to the ear

having a humorous , whimsical , or odd quality                      cacophonous <> dulcet / euphonious

grisly:flinch::droll:laugh                                          刺耳的 <> 悅耳的

可怕的:退縮::好笑的:笑 ( 形容詞與動詞的正面關係 )                                       Synonyms MELODIOUS , euphonic , euphonious , mellisonant ,

droll <> grave                                                      melodic , sweet , tuneful

好笑的 <> 嚴肅的
droll <> serious                                                    dull                           adj. 鈍的 , 無趣的 , 呆滯的 ,
好笑的 <> 嚴肅的                                                                                         陰暗的
droll <> somber                                                     lacking brilliance or luster

好笑的 <> 憂鬱的                                                          tarnish:dull::vitrify:smooth

Synonyms:LAUGHABLE , comic , comical , farcical , funny ,           使失去光澤:陰暗的::使…變成玻璃:平滑的 (
gelastic , ludicrous , ridiculous , risible                         動作造成結果的關係 )

區別:drool ( vi. 流口水 )                                                brilliance <> dullness

                                                                    光輝 <> 遲鈍

droplet                             n. 小滴                           perspicuous <> dull

a tiny drop ( as of a liquid )                                      明瞭的 <> 不清楚的

droplet:deluge::pebble:landslide                                    resplendent <> dull

小滴:大洪水::小鵝卵石:山崩 ( 名詞的程度比較 )                                         燦爛的 <> 陰暗的

Synonyms:DROP , drib , driblet , globule , gobbet                   trenchant <> vague / dull

                                                                    清晰的 <> 含糊的 / 遲鈍的

drudgery                            n. 苦差事 , 苦工                     Synonyms RETARDED , backward , dim-witted , feebleminded ,

dull , irksome , and fatiguing work:uninspiring or menial labor     half-witted , imbecile , moronic , simple , simpleminded , slow dim

drudgery <> rewarding work                                          , fade , muddy , pale , tarnish
                                                                  104                        Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                         Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                          太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                                                                      小鷹:鳥類::青蛙:兩棲動物 ( 種屬關係 )

dullard                   n. 笨蛋
a stupid or unimaginative person                                      earnest                        adj. 認真的 , 誠懇的
wit <> dullard                                                        characterized by or proceeding from an intense and serious state of

機智的人 <> 愚人                                                            mind

Synonyms DUNCE , dullhead , dummy , idiot , ignoramus ,               facetious <> earnest

moron , simpleton , stupid                                            愛開玩笑的 <> 認真的
                                                                      Synonyms intentness , serious-mindedness , seriousness

dupe                         n. 傻瓜 , 易受騙的人
one that is easily deceived or cheated:FOOL                           earplug                        n. 耳栓
reverent:idolater::trusting:dupe                                      device of pliable material for insertion into the outer opening of the

尊敬的:崇拜者::信任的:易受騙的人 ( 過分關係 )                                           ear ( as to keep out water or deaden sound )

callous:impassive::dupe:duplicity                                     earplug:noise::shield:impact

冷淡的:冷漠的::欺騙:不誠實 ( 同義 )                                                耳栓:噪音::盾:撞擊 ( 防止關係 )
Synonyms FOOL , butt , chump , fall , guy , gudgeon , gull , mark

, pigeon , sap , sucker                                               earshot                        n. 聽力所及之範圍 ,
                                                                                                     聲音所及的距離
dwelling                     n. 住處                                    the range within which the unaided voice may be heard

a shelter ( as a house ) in which people live                         earshot:hear::ken:see

deportation:country::eviction:dwelling                                聽力範圍:聽::視野範圍:看 ( 前是後的範圍 )

放逐:國家::逐出:住處 ( 被迫離開的地點 )                                              Synonyms:hearing

potable:beverage::habitable:dwelling

可飲用的:飲料::可居住的:住處 (                                                    earsplitting                       adj. 震耳欲聾的
形容詞和名詞的正面關係 )                                                         distressingly loud or shrill

Synonyms HABITATION , abode , commorancy , domicile ,                 earsplitting:voice::??
home , house , residence , residency                                  震耳欲聾的 :聲音::?? ( 直接修飾 , 通感 )

                                                                      Synonyms:blaring , full-mouthed , piercing , roaring , stentorian ,

dyspeptic                    adj. 1. 消化不良的 , 胃弱的 ,                    stentorious , stentorophonic

                          患胃病的            2. 脾氣壞的
INDIGESTION                                                           eavesdrop                          v. 偷聽
genial <> dyspeptic                                                   to listen secretly to the private conversation of others

和藹的 <> 脾氣壞的                                                           hear:eavesdrop::follow:shadow
Synonyms ILL-TEMPERED , bad-tempered , hot-tempered , ill-            聽:偷聽::跟隨:尾隨 ( 正常與秘密 )
humored , ill-natured , rusty , tempersome

                                                                      ebullience                     n. 沸騰 , 熱情 , 熱情洋溢
eaglet                             n. 小鷹                              the quality of lively or enthusiastic expression of thoughts or

a young eagle                                                         feelings:EXUBERANCE

eaglet:bird::frog:amphibian                                           ebullience <> impassiveness


                                                                    105                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                         Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
熱情 <> 無感情                                                                                                adj. 選擇的 , 折衷的
ebullience <> torpor                                                   selecting what appears to be best in various doctrines , methods , or

熱情洋溢 <> 不活潑                                                            styles

ebullient <> torpid                                                    Synonyms:discriminating , select , selective

熱情的 <> 麻痹的                                                             CF:Eclecticism ( n. 折衷派 , 折衷主義 , 折衷說 )
ebullience <> lifelessness                                             區別:ecclesial ( adj. 教會的 ; 教會機構的 )

熱情洋溢 <> 無生氣的

Synonyms:buoyancy , effervescence , exuberance , exuberancy            eclipse                    n. ( 日 , 月 ) 蝕 , 名聲缺落 ,
                                                                                                  失勢 vt. 引起日蝕 ,
eccentric                           adj. 古怪的 , 反常的 ,                                              引起月蝕 , 使黯然失色
                                    不同圓心的 n. 怪人 ,                      a falling into obscurity or decline ; also:the state of being eclipsed

                                    偏心圓                                eclipse:prestige:: ( enervation / ) enfeeble:vigor
deviating from conventional or accepted usage or conduct               使名聲缺落:聲望:: ( 削弱 / ) 使衰弱:精力 (
especially in odd or whimsical ways                                    動作造成結果:使後減少 )

hero:admirable::eccentric:unconventional                               eclipse <> make distinctive

英雄:可欽佩的::怪人:非常規的 (                                                     使黯然失色 <> 使與衆不同

人和其性格特點的正面關係 )                                                         eclipse <> make more prominent / bring to more prominent

eccentric:conventional::doyen:uninitiated                              使黯然失色 <> 使更加卓越

怪人:常規的::老資格:初學的 (                                                      區別:eclipsis ( n. 省略 )

人和其性格特點的反面關係 )

Synonyms:STRANGE , curious , erratic , idiosyncratic , odd ,           ecstasy                    n. 狂喜 , 心醉神迷 , 忘形
oddball , peculiar , queer , singular , weird                          a state of overwhelming emotion ; especially:rapturous delight
                                                                       ecstatic <> perseved

echelon                      n. 【軍】梯隊 ,                                狂喜的 <> 自製的

                             組織系統中的等級                                  Synonyms heaven , rapture , rhapsody , seventh heaven , transport

an arrangement of a body of troops with its units each somewhat to

the left or right of the one in the rear like a series of steps        ecumenical                        adj. 世界範圍的 , 節儉的
echelon:hierarchy::??                                                                                    , 一般性的 , 普遍性的
梯隊:階級組織::??                                                            worldwide or general in extent , influence , or application

Synonyms:LINE , file , queue , rank , row , string , tier              ecumenical:generality::entire:integrity

                                                                       普遍性的:普遍::全部的:完整 ( 形容詞和名詞的正面關係

eclat                        n. 輝煌的成就 , 喝采 , 名聲                        )
brilliant or conspicuous success                                       diocesan <> ecumenical

eclat <> fiasco                                                        小教區的 <> 全基督教會的

大成功 <> 大失敗                                                             Synonyms:UNIVERSAL , catholic , cosmic , cosmopolitan ,

Synonyms:FAME , celebrity , notoriety , renown , rep ,                 global , planetary , worldwide

reputation , repute

eclectic                            n. 折衷主義者                           edifice                           n. 大廈 , 大建築物

                                                                     106                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                          Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
BUILDING ; especially:a large or massive structure                          effluvia                           n. pl. 臭氣 (
tower:edifice::rampart:barrier                                                                                 effluvium的複數形式 )
塔樓:大建築物::壁壘:障礙 ( 種屬關係 )                                                                                        , 沒用的副産品
Synonyms:erection , pile , structure ; compare BUILDING ,                   a by-product especially in the form of waste

HUT                                                                         effluvia <> desired products

                                                                            沒用的副産品 <> 有用的産品

efface                               v. 擦掉 , 抹去                             區別:effloresce ( vi. 開花 , 風化 ) effluent ( adj. 流出的n.
to make ( oneself ) modestly or shyly inconspicuous                         流出物 )

alliterate:remove::blazon:efface

用頭韻體作:刪除::vt. 以家徽裝飾:拭除 ( can’t be關係 )                                       effulgent                          adj. 光輝的 , 燦爛的
【注:合頭韻作的 ( 詩句 ) 不能移動其成分 , 以家徽裝飾 (                                           radiant splendor:BRILLIANCE
紋章 ) 不能擦去 】                                                                 bootless:futility::effulgent:resplendence
blazon <> efface                                                            無用的:無用::光輝的:輝煌 ( 形容詞和名詞的正面關係 )

畫紋章 <> 拭除                                                                   Synonyms:BRIGHT , beaming , brilliant , fulgent , incandescent

Synonyms:ERASE , annul , black ( out ) , blot out , cancel ,                , lambent , lucent , luminous , radiant , refulgent

delete , expunge , obliterate , wipe ( out ) , x ( out )

                                                                            effusive                    adj. 感情橫溢的 , 流出的
effervesce                           vi. 冒泡 , 沸騰 , 興奮                       characterized or formed by a nonexplosive outpouring of lava

to show liveliness or exhilaration                                          gush:effusive::rage:irate

effervescence:feeling::fury:anger                                           湧出:流出的::憤怒:發怒的 ( 形容詞和名詞的正面關係 )

興奮:情緒::狂怒:惱火 ( 程度類比 )                                                       emotion:effusive::liberty:licentious { manner:grandious }
effervesce <> be flat                                                       情感:感情橫溢的::隨意:放肆的 { 禮貌:壯麗地 } (

興奮 <> 平淡                                                                    後者過分地表現了前者 )
effervescent <> still                                                       effusive <> lack of emotion

興奮的 <> 平靜的                                                                  感情橫溢的 <> 無感情的
effervesce <> droop                                                         Synonyms:gushing , gushy , slobbering , slobbery , sloppy

興奮 <> 低垂 , 枯萎

Synonyms:EBULLIENCE , buoyancy , exuberance , exuberancy                    egocentric                     adj. 自我中心的 , 利己的
                                                                            concerned with the individual rather than society

effete                               adj. 衰老的 , 虛弱的 ,                       altruism <> egocentric

                                     精疲力盡的                                  利他主義 <> 利己主義【詞性不符 , 疑爲:egoism利己主義】
having lost character , vitality , or strength                              Synonyms:individualist , individualistic
effete <> hale

衰弱的 <> 強壯的                                                                  elaborate                adj. 精細的 , 詳盡的 , 精心的
Synonyms STERILE , barren , impotent , infecund , infertile ,               marked by complexity , fullness of detail , or ornateness

unfruitful , depleted , done , done in , drained , exhausted , far-gone     fawn:imperiousness::equivocate:directness::elaborate:s
, spent , used up , washed-out , worn-out , decadent , decayed ,            ketchy
degenerate , overripe                                                       奉承:傲慢::說模棱兩可的話:直接::作詳細說明:概略


                                                                          107                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
的 ( 反面關係 ) 【詞性不符 , 疑爲:sketch】                                             of a high grade or quality:SPLENDID
abstract <> elaborate                                                     insolent <> polite { elegant }

摘要的 <> 詳盡的                                                                粗野無禮的 <> 有禮貌的 ( 優雅的 )

Synonyms:complicated , fancy , intricate                                  Synonyms:CHOICE , dainty , delicate , exquisite , rare , select ,
                                                                          superior

elastic                            adj. 有彈性的 ,
                                   能伸縮的 , 可通融的                            elegy                            n. 哀歌 , 挽歌
capable of being easily stretched or expanded and resuming former         a song or poem expressing sorrow or lamentation especially for one

shape:FLEXIBLE                                                            who is dead

ephemeral:endure::inelastic:stretch                                       satire:ridicule::elegy:sorrow

短暫的:持久::無彈性的:伸展 ( 形容詞與動詞的反面關係                                             諷刺文學:嘲弄::哀歌:悲傷 ( 文體及其作用的關係 )
)                                                                         elegiac:sorrow::devotional:reverence

elastic:expand::viable:live                                               挽歌的:悲傷::虔誠的:尊敬 ( 形容詞與名詞的正面關係 )

能伸縮的:伸展::能活的:活 ( 形容詞與動詞的正面關係 )                                            hymn:praise::elegy:sorrow

Synonyms:flexible , resilient , springy , stretch , stretchy , supple     讚歌:讚美::挽歌:悲傷 ( 事物及其表達的含義 )
, whippy                                                                  paean:song::elegy:poem

                                                                          讚美歌:歌::挽詩:詩 ( 種屬 )

elated                       adj. 得意洋洋的 , 振奮的
marked by high spirits:EXULTANT                                           elephantine                 adj. 象的 , 巨大的 , 粗笨的
elated <> despondent                                                      having enormous size or strength:MASSIVE

興高采烈的 <> 喪氣失望的                                                            microscopic <> elephantine

elation <> dejection                                                      極微細的 <> 巨大的

高興 <> 沮喪                                                                  Synonyms:HUGE , behemothic , colossal , enormous ,
elate <> depress { reprobate }                                            gargantuan , gigantic , mammoth , mastodonic , monstrous ,

使高興 <> 使沮喪                                                                prodigious
hangdog <> elated

沮喪的 <> 興高采烈的                                                              elevate                     vt. 舉起 , 提拔 , 鼓舞
Synonyms:excited , exhilarated , turned-on                                to raise in rank or status:EXALT
                                                                          debasement <> elevation

eleemosynary                       adj. 施捨的 , 慈善的 ,                       降低 <> 提高

                                   接受接濟的                                  Synonyms:LIFT , hoist , pick up , raise , rear , take up , uphold ,
of , relating to , or supported by charity                                uplift , upraise , uprear

philanthropist:eleemosynary::??

慈善家:慈善的::?? ( 人和其性格特點的正面關係 )                                              elf                         n. 小精靈 , 矮人 , 淘氣鬼 ,
Synonyms:CHARITABLE , altruistic , benevolent , good ,                                                惡作劇的人 , 惡人
humane , humanitarian , philanthropic                                     a small lively creature ; also:a usually lively mischievous or
                                                                          malicious person

elegant                 adj. 優雅的 , 端莊的 , 高雅的                              elf:imperious::??


                                                                        108                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                          太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
惡人:專橫的::??                                                          曲解 <> 闡明
                                                                    obfuscate <> elucidate / illuminate / explain clearly

elicit                       vt. 引出 , 抽出 , 引起                       使模糊 <> 說明 / 闡明 / 解釋清楚
to draw forth or bring out                                          Synonyms:CLARIFY , clear , clear up , explain , illuminate ,
evoke <> fail to elicit                                             illustrate

引起 <> 不能引起                                                          區別:elude ( vt. 逃避 , 規避 , 使困惑 )

Synonyms:EDUCE , evince , evoke , extort , extract , milk           emaciate                            v. 消瘦 , 虛弱
                                                                    to cause to lose flesh so as to become very thin

elitism                          n. 精英論 , 優秀人士統治                    apoplectic:angry::emaciated:thin
leadership or rule by an elite                                      狂怒的:發怒::消瘦的:瘦 ( 程度類比 )

CF:elitist ( n. 優秀人材adj. 優秀人材的 , 傑出人材的 )                            firmness:obstinacy::supple:spineless / thin:emaciated
                                                                    堅定:頑固::柔軟:沒有勇氣::瘦:瘦弱的 ( 程度類比 )

ellipsis                            n. 省略                           【注:詞性不符】
the omission of one or more words that are obviously understood

but that must be supplied to make a construction grammatically      emanate                             vi. 散發 , 發出 , 發源
complete                                                            to come out from a source

apostrophes:word::ellipsis:sentence                                 Synonyms:SPRING , arise , birth , derive ( from ) , flow , issue ,

撇號:字::省略號:句子 ( 語言符號及其所包涵的意義 )                                       originate , proceed , rise , stem

區別:elliptical ( adj. 橢圓的 ) ellipse ( n. 橢圓 )

                                                                    emancipate                          v. 解放 , 解除
elliptical                          adj. 橢圓的 , 省略的 ,                to free from restraint , control , or the power of another ;

                                    朦朧的 , 含糊的                       especially:to free from bondage
of or relating to deliberate obscurity ( as of literary or          emancipate <> shackle

conversational style )                                              釋放 <> 束縛
elliptical <> palpable                                              emancipation <> bondage

含糊的 <> 明顯的                                                          釋放 <> 束縛

區別:ellipsis ( n. 省略 , 省略符號 ) ellipse ( n. 橢圓 )                      Synonyms:FREE , discharge , liberate , loose , loosen , manumit
                                                                    , release , unbind , unchain , unshackle

elongate                            v. 延長 , 伸長
to extend the length of                                             embargo                             n. 禁運令 , 封港令
Synonyms:EXTEND , draw , draw out , lengthen , prolong ,            a legal prohibition on commerce

prolongate , protract , spin ( out ) , stretch                      embargo:commerce::quarantine:contact

                                                                    禁運:貿易::隔離:接觸 ( 阻止關係 )

elucidate                           v. 闡明 , 說明
to give a clarifying explanation                                    embark                              vi. 乘船 , 著手 , 從事 ,
abet:encouragement::elucidate:clarity                                                                   上飛機
教唆:鼓勵::闡明:清晰 ( 行爲及其結果 )                                             to make a start

garble <> elucidate                                                 debut:career::embarkment:journey


                                                                  109                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                       Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
初次登臺:職業生涯::上船 , 上飛機:旅行 ( 過程的開始 )                                   鼓勵 <> 威嚇

dismount:horse::disembark:ship

下馬:馬::登陸:船 ( 行爲及其物件 )                                              embrace                                n. 擁抱
conclude <> embark on                                              close encircling with the arms and pressure to the bosom especially

結束 <> 開始                                                           as a sign of affection:HUG

Synonyms:BOARD                                                     embrace:affection::shrug:indifference

                                                                   擁抱:愛::聳肩:                   無所謂 ( 動作體現情感 )

embarrass                           vt. 使困窘 , 使局促不安                abrogate <> embrace / institute / uphold

                                    , 阻礙                           取消 <> 支撐 / 創立 / 堅持
to place in doubt , perplexity , or difficulties                   eschew <> embrace , greet , welcome

catastrophe:mishap::humiliation:embarrassment                      避開 <> 歡迎
大災難:不幸::恥辱:困窘 ( 名詞的程度比較 )                                          abjure <> embrace / espouse

embarrass:shame::console:comfort                                   發誓放棄 <> 支援 / 贊成

使困窘:羞恥::安慰:舒適 ( 動作及其目的關係 )                                         ostracize <> include / embrace

unabashed:embarrassment::unheralded:announcement                   排斥 <> 包括 / 包含

臉皮厚的:困窘::未事先宣佈的:告知 (                                               spurn <> court , crave , embrace

形容詞和名詞的反面關係 )                                                      摒棄 <> 追求 , 渴望 , 歡迎

blush:embarrassment::nod:agreement / bow:respect /                 Synonyms:clasp , clinch , clip , enfold , hug , press , squeeze

shrug:indifference

臉紅:困窘::點頭:同意 / 鞠躬:尊敬 / 聳肩:不關心                                      encompass                              v. 圍繞 , 包圍
Synonyms:abash , confound , confuse , discomfit , disconcert ,     to form a circle about:ENCLOSE
discountenance , faze , rattle ; compare DISCOMPOSE                encompass <> exclude

                                                                   包含 <> 排除

embed                               vt. 埋 , 使插入                    Synonyms:SURROUND , beset , circle , compass , encircle ,
to enclose closely in or as if in a matrix                         environ , gird , girdle , hem , ring
embed <> extract

插入 <> 拔出                                                           emigrate                               vi. vt. ( 使 ) 移居 , ( 使
Synonyms:ENTRENCH , fix , infix , ingrain , lodge , root                                                  ) 移民
                                                                   to leave one's place of residence or country to live elsewhere

embolden                            v. 給……壯膽 , 鼓勵                  repatriate:emigration::repeal:ratification
to instill with boldness or courage                                遣返:移民::撤消:批准 ( 動賓關係
appall <> embolden / nerve                                         即:移民出去了又被遣返;批准了又被取消 )

使膽寒 <> 使大膽 / 鼓起勇氣                                                  Synonyms:MIGRATE , transmigrate
embolden <> abash / faze / cow

使大膽 <> 使困窘 / 使狼狽 / 威脅                                              eminence                               n. 卓越 , 顯赫 , (
boggle <> embolden                                                                                        此處喻指高處 )
( 由於膽怯而 ) 猶豫 <> 給……壯膽                                              one that is eminent , prominent , or lofty:as
embolden <> daunt                                                  a:an anatomical protuberance ( as on a bone )


                                                                 110                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                      Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
b:a person of high rank or attainments                                   enclosure                              n. 附件 , 圍牆 , 圍繞
c:a natural elevation                                                    something that encloses

master:experience::luminary:eminence                                     stockade:enclosure::pillar:support

能手:經驗::權威:顯赫 ( 人及其必然擁有的特點 )                                              柵欄:圍繞::柱子:支撐 ( 作用關係 )

maven:experience::luminary:eminence                                      Synonyms:COURT , close , courtyard , curtilage , quad ,

行家:經驗::權威:顯赫 ( 人及其必然擁有的特點 )                                              quadrangle , yard
eminent <> undistinguished

有名的 <> 平凡的                                                               encomium                               n. 讚頌 , 頌辭
Synonyms:distinction , illustriousness , kudos , preeminence ,           glowing and warmly enthusiastic praise ;

prestige , prominence , prominency , renown                              encomiast:eulogize::quibble:cavil

                                                                         頌者:頌揚::小反對:挑剔 ( 人和其性格特點的正面關係 )

emphasis               n. 強調 , 加強 , 重要 , 強語氣                             【對應不工整 , 疑爲encomium】
special consideration of or stress or insistence on something            encomium <> harsh criticism

underscore:emphasis::brand:ownership                                     大力讚頌 <> 猛烈批評

底線:強調::烙印:所有權 ( 前者體現後者 )                                                 Synonyms:citation , eulogy , panegyric , salutation , tribute

Synonyms:accent , accentuation , stress

                                                                         encompass                              vt. 1. 圍繞 , 包圍       2.
emulate                           vt. 與…競爭 , 效法                                                             包含 , 含有
strive to equal or excel                                                 to form a circle about:ENCLOSE obsolete:to go completely

emulate:exemplary::obviate:unnecessary                                   around

效法:可仿效的::除去:不必要的 ( 行爲及其物件特徵 )                                            Synonyms:SURROUND , beset , circle , compass , encircle ,

emulation:exemplar::deference:authority                                  environ , gird , girdle , hem , ring

效法:榜樣::尊重:權威 ( 行爲及其物件 )

Synonyms:RIVAL , compete , rivalize                                      encounter                              n. v. 相會 , 相遇 , 遭遇
                                                                         to come upon face-to-face

enact                      vt. 制定法律 , 扮演 , 頒佈                            circumlocutory ( circumlocution ) <> direct encounter

to establish by legal and authoritative act ; specifically:to make (     婉轉說法 <> 直接面對
as a bill ) into law                                                     Synonyms:CONFRONT , affront , face , meet
rescission <> enactment

廢止 <> 頒佈                                                                 encumbrance                            n. 阻礙 , 妨害物 , 累贅
Synonyms:constitute , establish , make                                   something that encumbers:IMPEDIMENT

                                                                         Synonyms:clog , cumbrance , hindrance , impedance ,

enamel                            n. 琺瑯 , 瓷釉                             impediment
a hard calcareous substance that forms a thin layer capping the

teeth                                                                    encyclopedia                           n. 百科全書
enamel:tooth::bark:tree                                                  a work that contains information on all branches of knowledge or

琺瑯質:牙::樹皮:樹 ( 皮與物 )                                                      treats comprehensively a particular branch of knowledge usually in

                                                                         articles arranged alphabetically often by subject


                                                                       111                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
encyclopedia:compendious::??                                       enervate:vitality::debase:value

百科全書:寬敞的??? 【疑爲encyclopedia:comprehensive??】                       使衰弱:活力::貶低:價值 ( 動作造成結果使後減少 )

Synonyms:comprehensive , inclusive                                 curtail:period::enervate:energy

                                                                   縮減:節 ( 周期 ) ::使衰弱:精力 ( 動作造成結果使後減少 )

endorse                             vt. 簽名於 ( 票據 ) 背面              eclipse:prestige::enervation / enfeeble:vigor

                                    vt. 確認 , 贊同                    使名聲缺落:聲望::使衰弱:精力 ( 動作造成結果使後減少

to approve openly especially:to express support or approval of     )

publicly and definitely                                            enervate <> invigorate

rider:bill::endorsement:policy                                     使衰弱 <> 使健壯

法案的附加條款:法案 , 保險單的附加條款:保險單 (                                        enervate <> fortify / strengthen

前是後的附加 )                                                           使衰弱 <> 使堅強 / 變堅固
endorse <> oppose publicly                                         vitality <> enervation

支援贊同 <> 公然反對                                                       生命力 <> 虛弱
impugn <> endorse                                                  Synonyms:UNNERVE , castrate , emasculate , unman , unstring

責難 <> 支援
deprecate <> endorse                                               enfeeble                           vt. 使衰弱
反對 <> 贊成                                                           to make feeble:deprive of strength
Synonyms APPROVE 2 , accredit , certify , OK ( or okay ) ,         eclipse:prestige::enervation / enfeeble:vigor
sanction                                                           使名聲缺落:聲望::使衰弱:精力 ( 動作造成結果使後減少
                                                                   )

enduring                            adj. 持久的 , 忍耐的                 enfeeble <> invigorate

LASTING , DURABLE                                                  使衰弱 <> 使健壯

ephemeral:endure::inelastic:stretch                                tonic <> enfeebling

短暫的:持久::無彈性的:伸展 ( 形容詞與動詞的反面關係                                      使精神振作的 <> 衰弱的
)                                                                  Synonyms:WEAKEN , attenuate , blunt , cripple , debilitate ,

ephemeral:enduring::inanimate:living                               disable , sap , unbrace , undermine , unstrengthen

短暫的:持久的::沒生命的:活的 ( 兩個形容詞的反面關係
)                                                                  enfranchise                        vt. 給予自治權 ,
transitory:endure::immutable:change                                                                   給予選舉權 , 解放
短暫的:持久::不可變的:改變 ( 形容詞與動詞的反面關係                                      to endow with a franchise:as
)                                                                  a:to admit to the privileges of a citizen and especially to the right
transitory <> enduring                                             of suffrage

短暫的 <> 持久的                                                         b:to admit ( a municipality ) to political privileges or rights

Synonyms:CONTINUE , abide , carry through , last , perdure ,       enfranchise:vote::license:practice
persist                                                            給予選舉權:投票::給予許可:實行 ( 行爲及其結果
                                                                   enfranchise <> enfetter

enervate                            vt. 使衰弱                        解放 <> 束縛
to lessen the vitality or strength of                              enfranchise <> resubject


                                                                 112                        Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                        Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
解放 <> 使再臣服                                                        Synonyms:ILLUMINATE , edify , illume , illumine , improve ,

Synonyms:affranchise , franchise                                  irradiate , uplift

CF:disenfranchise ( vt. 奪去 <個人> 公民權 , 選舉權 , 公職權 )

                                                                  enmity                             n. 敵意 , 憎恨
engender                          vt. 産生 , 引起                     positive , active , and typically mutual hatred or ill will

to cause to exist or to develop:PRODUCE                           camaraderie <> enmity

quash <> engender                                                 友情 <> 敵意

鎮壓 <> 引起                                                          Synonyms animosity , animus , antagonism , antipathy , hostility ,

Synonyms:GENERATE , breed , cause , hatch , induce , muster (     rancor

up ) , occasion , produce , provoke , work up

                                                                  ennoble                            vt. 授予爵位 , 使高貴
engross                    vt. 全神貫注於                              to make noble:ELEVATE

to take or engage the whole attention of:occupy completely        debase <> ennoble

attentive:officious::refined:snobbish { absorbed:engrossed        貶低 <> 使高貴
}                                                                 Synonyms:EXALT , aggrandize , dignify , distinguish , erect ,

注意的:多管閒事的::優雅的:俗不可耐的 {                                            glorify , honor , magnify , sublime , uprear

埋頭的:全神貫注的 } ( 形容詞的褒貶程度比較 )

engrossed:absorbed::intimate:close                                ennui                              n. 倦怠 , 厭倦
全神貫注的:入神的::親密的:緊密的 ( 程度類比 )                                       a feeling of weariness and dissatisfaction:BOREDOM

Synonyms:ENGAGE , busy , immerse , occupy , soak                  ennui:enthusiastic::fervor:apathetic

                                                                  倦怠:熱心的::熱情:冷漠的 ( 名詞和形容詞的反面關係 )

enigmatic                         adj. 陰陽怪氣的 ,                    ennui:enthusiastic::somnolence:alert

                                  謎一般的 , 高深莫測的                    倦怠:熱心的::困倦的狀態:警惕的 (

of , relating to , or resembling an enigma:MYSTERIOUS             名詞和形容詞的反面關係 )

enigmatic:simplistic::??                                          ennui <> energy / enthusiasm

高深莫測的:過分單純化的:: ( 兩個形容詞的反面關係 )                                     倦怠 <> 活力 / 熱心
enigmatic <> broadly known { wildly accepted }                    ennui <> keen interest

高深莫測的 <> 廣爲人知的 { 廣爲接受的 }                                          倦怠 <> 強烈的興趣
enigmatic <> readily understood                                   ennui <> exuberance

高深莫測的 <> 淺顯易懂的                                                    倦怠 <> 生氣盎然

Synonyms:CRYPTIC , dark , mystifying                              Synonyms:TEDIUM , boredom , doldrums , yawn



enlighten                         vt. 授予. . . 知識 , 啓發             enslave                      vt. 奴役
                                  , 教導 , 開導                       to reduce to or as if to slavery:SUBJUGATE

a:to furnish knowledge to:INSTRUCT                                manumit <> enslave

b:to give spiritual insight to                                    解放 <> 奴役

equivocation:coax::explanation:enlighten                          Synonyms:enthrall , subjugate

含糊話:哄騙::解釋:啓發 ( 名詞的目的關係 )


                                                                113                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                     Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
ensuing                     adj. 隨後的 , 接著的                    command:entreaty::goad:enticement
to take place afterward or as a result                        命令:懇求::煽動:誘騙 ( 名詞的程度比較 )
anterior <> ensuing                                           entice:tempt::affectionate:love

前面的 <> 後來的                                                    引誘:誘惑::親愛的:愛 ( 同義 ) 【注:詞性不符】

Synonyms:following , succeeding                               formidable <> enticing

                                                              可怕的 <> 誘人的

entangle                      vt. 使糾纏 , 捲入 , 使混亂              Synonyms:LURE , allure , bait , decoy , entrap , inveigle , lead

a:to wrap or twist together:INTERWEAVE                        on , seduce , tempt , toll

b:ENSNARE

exoneration:blame::disentangle:snarl                          entrance                             vt. 使出神 , 使入迷
免除責任:責備::鬆開:糾纏 ( 反義 )                                                                              n. 入口 , 入學 , 就任 ,
disentangle <> snarl                                                                               開始 , 進入
解開糾結 <> 使纏結                                                   to carry away with delight , wonder , or rapture

Synonyms:ensnarl , intertangle , perplex , snarl , tangle     entrancing ( entrance vt. ) <> disappoint , disgust , repel , repulse ;

                                                              bore

enthusiasm                         n. 狂熱 , 熱心                 使人神魂顛倒 <> 使失望 , 令人厭惡 , 使厭惡

a:strong excitement of feeling:ARDOR                          unprepossessing <> entrancing / winsome

b:something inspiring zeal or fervor                          惹人厭的 <> 使人神魂顛倒的 / 引人注目的

ennui:enthusiastic::fervor:apathetic                          Synonyms:entry , ingress , ingression

倦怠:熱心的::熱情:冷漠的 ( 名詞和形容詞的反面關係 )                                CF:Entrant ( n. 新會員 , 大學新生 , 進入者 )

ennui:enthusiastic::somnolence:alert                          entrap                           vt. 騙入 , 誘捕 , 使陷入
倦怠:熱心的::困倦的狀態:警惕的 (                                           to catch in or as if in a trap

名詞和形容詞的反面關係 )                                                 vigilant:entrapped::exacting:satisfied

enthusiasm:mania::suspicion:paranoia                          警醒的:被騙的::苛求的:感到滿意的 (

熱心:狂熱::懷疑:偏執狂 ( 名詞的程度比較 )                                     兩個形容詞的反面關係 )

reverence:respect::avidity:enthusiasm                         Synonyms:catch , benet , catch up , ensnare , entangle , snare ,

崇敬:尊敬::熱望:熱心 ( 名詞的程度比較 )                                      tangle , trap lure , allure , bait , decoy , entice , inveigle , lead on ,

madness:enthusiasm::??                                        seduce , tempt , toll

瘋狂:狂熱::??
ennui <> energy / enthusiasm                                  entreaty                             n. 懇求 , 哀求
倦怠 <> 活力 / 熱心                                                 an act of entreating:PLEA
halfhearted <> enthusiastic                                   command:entreaty::goad:enticement

不熱心的 <> 狂熱的                                                   命令:懇求::煽動:誘騙 ( 名詞的程度比較 )

Synonyms:PASSION , ardor , fervor , fire , hurrah , zeal      protest:dissuade::supplicate:entreat

                                                              抗議:勸阻::低三下四地懇求:懇求 ( 程度比較 )

entice                             vt. 誘騙 , 引誘 , 慫恿           Synonyms:PRAYER , appeal , application , imploration ,
to attract artfully or adroitly or by arousing hope or        imprecation , orison , petition , plea , suit , supplication

desire:TEMPT


                                                            114                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                  Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
entry                              n. 登錄 , 條目 ,               ephemeral                         adj. 朝生暮死的 ,
                                   報關手續 , 入口 , 進入                                              生命短暫的
a descriptive record ( as in a card catalog or an index )     lasting a very short time

journal:entries::run:performance                              convoluted:complexity::ephemeral:transience

期刊 ( 是一系列 ) :記載::一系列表演 ( 是一系列 ) :表演 (                         費解的:複雜::朝生暮死的:短暫 ( adj. 及對應的n. )

個體組成團體的關係 )                                                   ephemeral:endure::inelastic:stretch

Synonyms:ENTRANCE , ingress , ingression                      朝生暮死的:耐久::無彈性的:伸展 ( 難以關係 )

                                                              ephemeral:transience::permanent:perpetually

                                                              朝生暮死的:短暫::永久的:永恒 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )

                                                              repellent:attract::ephemeral:endure

                                                              排斥的:吸引::朝生暮死的:耐久 ( 難以關係 )
                                                              ephemeral:longevity::grandiose:humility

                                                              朝生暮死的:長命::宏偉的:謙卑 ( 事物及其方面特徵 )
                                                              ephemeral <> permanent / perpetual

                                                              朝生暮死的 <> 持久的 / 永久的
                                                              Synonyms TRANSIENT , TRANSITORY , EPHEMERAL ,

                                                              MOMENTARY , FUGITIVE , FLEETING , EVANESCENT



                                                              epic         adj. 史詩 , 英勇的 , 超出正常範圍的
                                                              extending beyond the usual or ordinary especially in size or scope

                                                              epic <> modest
List 10 ( enumerate ~ fathom ) :                              超出正常範圍的 <> 適度的



enumerate                    vt. 列舉 , 計算 , 枚舉 , 數             epicure                           n. 美食家
to specify one after another:LIST                             one with sensitive and discriminating tastes especially in food or

                                                              wine

enunciate                      v. 發音 , ( 清楚地 ) 表達             epicure:discriminating::spectator:watching

a:to make a definite or systematic statement of               美食家:識別::觀衆:看 ( 人物及其特徵行爲 )

b:ANNOUNCE , PROCLAIM                                         sentinel:watchful::epicure:discriminating

waffle:enunciate::embed:disinter                              哨兵:警惕的::美食家:有識別力的 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )

胡扯:清晰闡明::嵌入:掘出 ( 反義 )                                         Synonyms GOURMET , GOURMAND , GASTRONOME

enunciate <> mumble

清晰表達 <> 喃喃而語                                                  epigram                           n. 警句 , 諷刺短詩
Synonyms ARTICULATE 2 , phonate , pronounce , say             a concise poem dealing pointedly and often satirically with a single

                                                              thought or event and often ending with an ingenious turn of thought

envision                           vt. 想象 , 預想                exaggeration:caricature::brevity:epigram
to picture to oneself                                         誇張:諷刺畫::簡短:警句
                                                              paradox:contradictory::epigram:wise


                                                            115                     Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                         太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
自相矛盾的話:矛盾的::警句:英明的                                                      平衡:來回晃動:: ( 事物及其方面特徵 )
                                                                        Synonyms BALANCE 1 , equilibrium , poise , stasis

epilogue                           n. 收場白 , 尾聲
a concluding section that rounds out the design of a literary work;     equity                           adj. 公平的 , 公正的
the final scene of a play that comments on or summarizes the main       justice according to natural law or right ; specifically:freedom

action; the concluding section of a musical composition:CODA            from bias or favoritism

dessert:meal::epilogue:play::coda:sonata                                illiteracy:education::inequity:redistribution

飯後甜點:一頓飯::收場白:一出戲::樂章結尾部::奏                                             文盲:教育::不公平:重新分配 ( 消除關係 )

鳴曲 ( 事物及其後部 )                                                           equitable <> discriminatory / unfair

terminus:stop::epilogue:story                                           公平的 <> 有差別的 / 不公平的

終點:車站::收場白:故事 ( 事物及其後部 )
epilogue:prose::finale:?                                                equivocal                 adj. 意義含糊的 , 不直率的
收場白:散文::決賽:??                                                           a:subject to two or more interpretations and usually used to
preface <> epilogue                                                     mislead or confuse

序文 <> 尾聲                                                                b:uncertain as an indication or sign

                                                                        equivocation:clarity::prevarication:truth

epistemology                       n. 認識論                               模棱兩可的話:明晰::搪塞:事實 ( 逃避關係 )
the study or a theory of the nature and grounds of knowledge            equivocation:coax::explanation:enlighten
especially with reference to its limits and validity                    模棱兩可的話:哄騙::解釋:啓發 ( 目的關係 )

aesthetics:beauty::epistemology:knowledge                               equivocation:misleading::bromide:hackneyed

美學:美::認識論:知識 ( 學科及其研究物件 )                                               模棱兩可的話:誤導::平凡的事物:常見的 (

                                                                        事物及其正面特徵 )

epitomize                          vt. 摘要 , 概括                          equivocation:truth::euphemism:offense /
to serve as the typical or ideal example of                             obfuscation:clarity
Synonyms condense , digest , inventory , nutshell , sum ,               模棱兩可的話:事實::委婉語:冒犯 / 困惑:明晰 (
summarize , summate , sum up , synopsize                                逃避關係 )
Synonyms exemplify , typify                                             equivocate:commitment::procrastinate:action

                                                                        支吾:承諾::拖延:行動 ( 逃避關係 )

equable                  adj. 穩定的 , ( 脾氣 ) 溫和的                          equivocation:ambiguous::platitude:banal
marked by lack of noticeable , unpleasant , or extreme variation or     模棱兩可的話:曖昧的::陳詞濫調:老一套的 (
inequality                                                              事物及其正面特徵 )
equable <> intemperate                                                  fawn:imperiousness::equivocate:directness

溫和的 <> 放縱的                                                              奉承:專橫::支吾:率直 ( 逃避關係 )
Synonyms STEADY , EVEN                                                  grandstand:impress::equivocate:deceive

                                                                        爲博取觀衆喝彩而賣弄 ( 技巧 ) :留下印象::支吾:欺騙 (

equipoise                          n. 平衡 , 均衡                           目的關係 )
a state of equilibrium                                                  equivocation:truth::metaphor:description

equipoise:vacillate::??                                                 模棱兩可的話:事實::隱喻:描述 ( 逃避關係 )


                                                                      116                     Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                          Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
rationalization:plausible::obfuscation:indiscernible {            溪穀:腐蝕:老繭:摩擦 ( 後者産生前者 )

equivocation:definite }                                           wind:erosion::downpour:flooding

推論:似是而非的::困惑:難以識別的 ( 行爲及其特徵 )                                     風:風化::降水:泛濫 ( 導致關係 )

equivocate:misleading::cliched:hackneyed                          deposit <> process of eroding

模棱兩可:誤導::陳腐的:常見的 【注:詞性不符】                                         沈積 <> 腐蝕

equivocation:ambiguous::oxymoron:incongruous                      Synonyms EAT 3 , bite , corrode , eat away , gnaw , scour , wear (

模棱兩可的話:曖昧的::矛盾修飾法:不調和的 (                                          away )

事物及其正面特徵 )
waffle <> speak unequivocally                                     errant                    adj. 周遊的 , 錯誤的 , 不定的
胡扯 <> 說話不搪塞                                                       traveling or given to traveling

equivocation <> clarity                                           amorphous:shape::errant:course
模棱兩可 <> 清楚                                                        無定型的:形狀::不定的:路線 ( 形容詞修飾名詞 )
Synonyms OBSCURE , DARK , VAGUE , ENIGMATIC ,                     doctrine:heretical::course:errant
CRYPTIC , AMBIGUOUS                                               教條:異教的:路線:不定的 ( 形容詞修飾名詞 )

                                                                  digress:topic::errant:standard

erect                             vt. 使豎立 , 使直立 ,                 離題的:主題::周遊不定的:標準 ( 缺乏關係 )

                                  樹立 , 建立
SET UP , ESTABLISH                                                erratic                      adj. 反覆無常的 , 古怪的
suspend <> erect                                                  having no fixed course:WANDERING

垂掛 <> 樹立                                                          heroic:craven::erratic:permanent
slouch <> stand erect                                             英勇的:懦弱的::反覆無常的:持久的 ( 反義 )

懶散 <> 站直                                                          Synonyms CAPRICE , WHIM , VAGARY , CROTCHET



erect                   adj. 直立的 , 豎立的 , 筆直的                      erudite                      adj. 博學的 , 飽學的
characterized by firm or rigid straightness in bodily posture     possessing or displaying erudition:LEARNED
prostrate <> erect                                                erudite:fathom::oblivious:neglect

降服 <> 樹立                                                          博學的:徹底瞭解::健忘的:遺漏 ( 容易關係 )
Synonyms arrect , raised , stand-up , straight-up , upright ,     erudite <> smattering of knowledge / ignorant / unlettered

upstanding                                                        博學的 <> 知識貧乏的 / 無知的 / 爲受過教育的
                                                                  erudition <> illiteracy

erode                             v. ( 受 ) 腐蝕 , ( 受 )             博學 <> 文盲

                                  侵蝕                              Synonyms LEARNED , scholarly , scholastic

to diminish or destroy by degrees

accrete:growth::erode:destruction                                 escalate                           v. ( 戰爭等 ) 升級 , 擴大
附著:增長::腐蝕:瓦解 ( 導致關係 )                                                                                , 上升
downpour:flooding::wind:erosion                                   to increase in extent , volume , number , amount , intensity , or

降水:泛濫::風:風化 ( 導致關係 )                                              scope

gully:erosion::callus:friction                                    escalate <> diminish


                                                                117                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                        Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
擴大 <> 減少                                                           憎惡 <> 尊重
Synonyms ASCEND 1 , climb , escalade , mount , scale , upclimb     Synonyms REGARD , RESPECT , ADMIRE

, upgo

                                                                   estimable                   adj. 可尊敬的 , 可估計的
eschew                             v. 避開 , 戒絕                      worthy of esteem

to avoid habitually especially on moral or practical               estimable <> contemptible

grounds:SHUN                                                       可尊敬的 <> 可鄙的
eschew <> embrace / greet / welcome

避開 <> 擁抱 / 打招呼 / 歡迎                                                estrange                    vt. 使疏遠 , 離間 , 使離開
Synonyms ESCAPE , AVOID , EVADE , ELUDE , SHUN                     to arouse especially mutual enmity or indifference in where there

                                                                   had formerly been love , affection , or friendliness:ALIENATE

esoteric                           adj. 秘傳的 , 神秘的                  estrangement <> rapprochement

designed for or understood by the specially initiated alone        疏遠 <> 親近
esoteric <> common accepted                                        Synonyms ALIENATE , DISAFFECT

深奧的 <> 廣泛接受的
esoteric <> generally known                                        etch                               n. 腐蝕劑
深奧的 <> 廣泛知道的                                                       a chemical agent used in etching

Synonyms RECONDITE , abstruse , acroamatic , deep , heavy ,        etch:corrosive::glue:adhesive
hermetic , occult , orphic , profound , secret                     腐蝕劑:腐蝕性的::粘合劑:帶粘性的 ( 事物及其作用 )



espouse                            vt. 支援 , 贊成 , 嫁娶                ethereal              adj. 輕的 , 像空氣的 , 天上的
to take up and support as a cause:become attached to               a:lacking material substance:IMMATERIAL , INTANGIBLE
abjure <> embrace / espouse                                        b:marked by unusual delicacy or refinement

公開放棄 <> 信奉 / 支援                                                    ethereal <> material / ponderous

repudiate <> espouse / uphold                                      像空氣的 <> 物資的 / 有分量的

批判 <> 支援                                                           ponderous <> ethereal / gossamer / lively

Synonyms ADOPT , EMBRACE                                           沈重的 <> 輕的 / 輕薄的 / 活潑的
                                                                   Synonyms AIRY 3 , aerial , vaporous , vapory

esteem                             n. v. 尊敬 , 尊重                   ethics                             n. 道德規範
to set a high value on:regard highly and prize accordingly         the discipline dealing with what is good and bad and with moral

obeisant:esteem::embrace:affection                                 duty and obligation

鞠躬:尊敬::擁抱:愛                                                        logic:reasoning::ethics:behavior

esteem:idolatrize::favor:bribe                                     邏輯學:推理::道德規範:行爲 ( 事物及其研究物件 )

尊敬:盲目崇拜::贈與:行賄 ( 程度褒貶類比 )

infuriate:rage::commend:esteem { scrounge:possession }             eulogize                           vt. 稱讚 , 頌揚
激怒:大怒::稱讚:尊敬 ( 同義 )                                                to speak or write in high praise of:EXTOL
stigma <> mark of esteem                                           encomiast:eulogize::quibbler:cavil

恥辱 <> 身份的象徵                                                        阿諛者:稱讚::吹毛求疵者:挑剔 ( 人及其主要動作 )
odium <> esteem
                                                                 118                     Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                     Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
panegyric:eulogize::lampoon:satirize                                   to avoid answering directly:turn aside

頌詞:稱讚::諷刺文:諷刺 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )                                             evade:answer::goldbrick:work

eulogy:speak::??                                                       逃避:回答::偷懶:工作 ( 動賓關係 )

頌詞:發言:: ( 種屬 )                                                         Synonyms ESCAPE , AVOID , ELUDE , SHUN , ESCHEW

eulogize <> pan

稱讚 <> 批評                                                               evanescent                     adj. 短暫的 , 瞬息的
eulogy <> stricture                                                    tending to vanish like vapor

頌詞 <> 責難                                                               evanescent:permanence::archaic:currency
Synonyms PRAISE 2 , bless , celebrate , cry up , extol , glorify ,     短暫的:永恒::古老的:目前 ( 事物及其反面特徵 )
hymn , laud , magnify , panegyrize                                     evanescent:disappear::pliant:yield

                                                                       短暫的:消失::順從的:屈服 ( 容易關係 )

euphemism                            n. 婉言 , 委婉的說法                     evanescent:vanish::??
the substitution of an agreeable or inoffensive expression for one     短暫的:消失:??
that may offend or suggest something unpleasant                        abiding <> evanescent

equivocation:truth::euphemism:offense /                                持久的 <> 短暫的

obfuscation:clarity                                                    Synonyms TRANSIENT , TRANSITORY , EPHEMERAL ,

模棱兩可的話:事實::婉言:冒犯 / 困惑:明晰 ( 逃避關係                                        MOMENTARY , FUGITIVE , FLEETING

)

euphemistic:offend::invulnerable:injure                                evasive                 adj. 逃避的 , 回避的 , 托辭的
委婉的:冒犯::無懈可擊的:傷害 ( 難以關係 )                                              tending or intended to evade:EQUIVOCAL

euphemism:offensive::aphorism:diffuse                                  inclemency:evasion::??

婉言:冒犯的::警句:冗長的 ( 事物及其反面特徵 )                                            嚴酷的:回避::??
Synonyms nice Nelly , nice-nellyism                                    Synonyms equivocating , prevaricative , prevaricatory , shifty ,

                                                                       shuffling

euphonious                           adj. 音響好的 , 悅耳的 ,
                                     和諧的                               everlasting                      adj. 永恒的 , 持久的 ,
pleasing to the ear                                                                                     無止境的
cacophonous <> dulcet / euphonious                                     lasting or enduring through all time:ETERNAL

發音不和諧的 <> 悅耳的 / 和諧的                                                    countless / innumerable / myriad / untold:number::everlasting
Synonyms MELODIOUS 1 , dulcet , euphonic , mellisonant ,               / interminable:duration
melodic , sweet , tuneful                                              數不清的:數目::持久的 / 無止境的:爲期 ( 動賓關係 )

euphoria                     n. 安樂感 , 陶醉 , 陶醉感                         Synonyms amaranthine , ceaseless , endless , eternal , immortal ,

a feeling of well-being or elation                                     never-ending , unending , world-without-end

satisfaction:euphoria::??

滿意:安樂感:: ( 同義關係 )                                                      evict                            vt. 逐出 , 趕出 , 驅逐
Synonyms elation , exaltation , intoxication                           to force out:EXPEL

                                                                       deportation:country::eviction:dwelling

evade                        vt. vi. 規避 , 逃避 , 躲避                      放逐:國家::逐出:寓所 ( 趕出 )


                                                                     119                     Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                         Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                          太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
evict:residence::banish:country                               憤怒:長篇激烈的演說::誇大之詞:誇張法 (

逐出:住宅::流放:國家 ( 趕出 )                                           事物機器表達的含義 )
harbor <> evict                                               exaggeration:caricature::brevity:epigram

收容 <> 逐出                                                      誇張:諷刺畫::簡潔:警句 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )
Synonyms EJECT , EXPEL , OUST                                 malicious:ill will::exaggerating:hyperbole

                                                              惡毒的:惡意::誇張的:誇張 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )

evoke                             vt. 喚起 , 引起                 pithiness:aphorism::exaggeration:caricature
to call forth or up                                           簡潔:警句::誇張:諷刺畫 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )

evoke:hot-headed::??                                          Synonyms EMBROIDER , color , embellish , fudge , magnify ,

喚起:魯莽的::??                                                    overcharge , overdraw , overpaint , overstate , pad

evoke <> fail to elicit

引起 <> 得不出                                                     exalt                        v. 提升 , 提高 , 得意洋洋
Synonyms EDUCE , ELICIT , EXTRACT , EXTORT                    to elevate by praise or in estimation:GLORIFY

                                                              exalt:satisfaction::crave:longing

exacerbate                        vt. 惡化 , 增劇 , 激怒 ,          得意洋洋:滿意::渴望:渴望 ( 形容詞與動詞的同義關係 )

                                 使加劇                          exaltation <> condemnation

to make more violent , bitter , or severe                     提升 <> 貶斥
palliate <> exacerbate                                        Synonyms LIFT , RAISE , REAR , ELEVATE , HOIST , HEAVE

減輕 <> 加重                                                      , BOOST

Synonyms acerbate , embitter , envenom

                                                              exasperate                    vt. 使惱怒 , 激怒 , 惡化
exacting                          adj. 苛求的 , 吃力的              a:to excite the anger of:ENRAGE
tryingly or unremittingly severe in making demands            b:to cause irritation or annoyance to

vigilant:entrapped::exacting:satisfied::wary:gulled           mollify <> exasperate

警惕的:落入陷阱::苛求的:感到滿足::機警的:上當 (                                  緩和 <> 激怒

難以關係 )                                                        mitigate <> exacerbate

indomitable:control::exacting:satisfy                         緩和 , 減輕 <> 使加劇

不屈的:控制::苛求的:使到滿足 ( 人物個性及其反面特徵                                 Synonyms IRRITATE , NETTLE , PROVOKE , RILE , PEEVE

)
condone <> exact                                              exceptional                      adj. 例外的 , 異常的 ,
寬恕 <> 強求                                                                                       特別的
Synonyms ONEROUS , burdensome , demanding , exigent ,         deviating from the norm

grievous , oppressive , taxing , tough , trying , weighty     prosaic <> exceptional / imaginary / exciting

                                                              平凡的 <> 特別的 / 想象的 / 令人興奮的

exaggerate                        vt. vi. 誇大 , 誇張             Synonyms extraordinary , phenomenal , rare , remarkable ,

to enlarge or increase especially beyond the                  singular , uncommon , uncustomary , unimaginable , unique ,

normal:OVEREMPHASIZE                                          unordinary , unthinkable , unusual , unwonted

anger:tirade::exaggeration:hyperbole


                                                            120                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                  Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
excerpt                 n. 摘錄 , 節錄 , 引用 ( from )                       勸告的:鼓勵::辯明無罪的:宣佈無罪 ( 行爲及其結果 )

to select ( a passage ) for quoting:EXTRACT                            alibi:exculpatory::warning:admonitory
Synonyms extract                                                       托辭:辯解的::警告:勸告的 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )
                                                                       exculpate <> inculpate

exclamation                        n. 驚呼 , 驚歎詞                         開脫罪責 <> 控告
a sharp or sudden utterance                                            Synonyms ABSOLVE , EXONERATE , ACQUIT , VINDICATE

exclaim:utter::flare:shine

驚呼:出聲::閃光:發光 ( 種屬 )                                                    excursive                        adj. 遊覽的 , 離題的 ,
                                                                                                        散漫的
excoriate                          v. 撕去皮 , 嚴厲批評                       constituting a digression:characterized by digression
to censure scathingly                                                  digress:excursive::reiterate:redundant
excoriate <> extol / praise lavishly                                   離題:離題的::反覆說:多餘的 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )

嚴厲批評 <> 讚揚 / 高度讚揚
accolade <> excoriate                                                  execrate                         v. 憎惡 , 咒駡
極力讚揚 <> 嚴厲的責難                                                          to declare to be evil or detestable:DENOUNCE
Synonyms LAMBASTE 3 , blister , castigate , flay , lash ( into ) ,     execrable <> commendable / laudable

scarify , scathe ,    scorch , scourge , slash                         憎惡的 <> 值得表揚的 / 值得讚美的
                                                                       execration <> approbation

excrete                            vt. 排泄 , 分泌                         咒駡 <> 嘉許
to separate and eliminate or discharge ( waste ) from the blood or     Synonyms anathematize , curse , damn , objurgate

tissues or from the active protoplasm

excrete <> ingest                                                      execute                  vt. 執行 , 實行 , 製成 , 處死
排泄 <> 攝入                                                               to carry out fully:put completely into effect
excrete <> absorb                                                      impossible:execute::adamant:moved

排泄 <> 吸收                                                               不可能的:執行::堅定的:遊說 ( 難以關係 )

                                                                       vagary:predict::impossibility:execute

excruciate                      vt. 施酷刑 , 拷問 , 折磨                      奇特的行爲:預測::不可能的事:執行 ( 難以關係 )

1:to inflict intense pain on:TORTURE                                   Synonyms PERFORM , DISCHARGE / KILL , SLAY ,

2:to subject to intense mental distress                                MURDER , ASSASSINATE , DISPATCH

excruciate <> exult

施酷刑 <> 歡躍 【對應不工整】                                                      exemplary                   adj. 可仿效的 , 可做模範的
                                                                       a:serving as a pattern

exculpate                          vt. 使無罪 , 分辯 , 辯解                   b:deserving imitation:COMMENDABLE

                                   , 開脫                                emulate:exemplary::obviate:unnecessary
to clear from alleged fault or guilt                                   仿效:可仿效的::排除:不需要的 ( 值得做 )

exculpatory:absolve::motivational:stir                                 exemplary:imitation::culpable:blame / redoubtable:regard

辯明無罪的:宣佈無罪::激發動機的:激起 ( adj.:v. )                                       可仿效的:模仿::可怪罪的:怪罪 / 值得敬畏的:尊重 (

hortative:encourage::exculpatory:absolve                               值得做 )
                                                                       Synonyms GOOD 11 , blameless , guiltless , inculpable , innocent
                                                                     121                     Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                         Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
, irreprehensible , pure , righteous , unblamable , virtuous            exhortation:motivate::persiflage:incite

                                                                        勸告:激發::戲弄:刺激 ( 行爲及其結果 )

exempt                                 adj. 免除的 vt. 使免除 ,               exhortation:motivate::obloquy:discredit

                                       豁免 n. 免稅者 ,                      勸告:激發::謾駡:使丟臉 ( 行爲及其結果 )

                                       被免除義務者                           exhortative:urge::didactic:teach { risible:ridicule }
free or released from some liability or requirement to which others     勸告的:催促::說教的::教導 { 滑稽的:奚落 } (
are subject                                                             動作及其正面特徵 )

exempt:liability:pardon:penalty

免除:債務::寬恕:罪過 ( 動賓關係 )                                                   exodus                             vt. 大批離去
Synonyms absolve , discharge , dispense , excuse , let off ,            a mass departure:EMIGRATION
privilege ( from ) , relieve , spare                                    exodus <> influx

                                                                        大批離去 <> 流入

exert                         vt. 發揮 , 運用 , 施以影響                        Synonyms DEPARTURE 1 , egress , egression , exit , exiting ,

to bring to bear especially with sustained effort or lasting effect     offgoing , setting-out , withdrawal

Synonyms exercise , ply , put out , throw , wield

                                                                        exonerate                          v. 免除責任 , 確定無罪
exhaust                                vt. 用盡 , 耗盡 , 抽完 ,               to relieve of a responsibility , obligation , or hardship

                                  使精疲力盡                                 exoneration:blame::disentangle:snarl

to consume entirely:USE UP                                              免除責任:責備::鬆開:糾纏 ( 反義 )

infinite:exhaust::discrete:overlap                                      exonerate <> censure

無窮的:耗盡::不連續的:重疊 ( 難以關係 )                                                免罪 <> 責難

thirsty:imbibe::exhausted:rest                                          exonerate <> inculpate

渴:喝水::疲憊的:休息 ( 感覺及其消除方式 )                                               免罪 <> 控告
Synonyms DEPLETE , bankrupt , drain , draw , draw down ,                incrimination <> exoneration

impoverish , use up                                                     控告 <> 免罪
                                                                        Synonyms EXCULPATE , absolve , acquit , clear , disculpate ,

exhilarate                             vt. 使高興 , 使愉快                    vindicate

a:to make cheerful

b:ENLIVEN , EXCITE                                                      exorbitant                         adj. 過份的 , 過度的
exhilarate <> sadden                                                    exceeding in intensity , quality , amount , or size the customary or

使高興 <> 使悲哀                                                              appropriate limits

Synonyms ELATE , commove , excite , inspire , set up , spirit ( up      exorbitant:moderation::perfidious:loyalty
) , stimulate                                                           過度的:適度::背信棄義的:忠誠 ( 事物及其反面特徵 )
                                                                        Synonyms EXCESSIVE 1 , dizzy , extravagant , extreme ,

exhortation                            n. 勸告 , 規勸                       immoderate , inordinate , towering , unconscionable , undue ,

language intended to incite and encourage                               unmeasurable

exhortation:motivate::invective:discredit

勸告:激發::謾駡:使丟臉 ( 行爲及其結果 )                                                exotic                             adj. 外來的 , 異國的

                                                                      122                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                           Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
introduced from another country:not native to the place where     explicit                          adj. 清楚明確的
found                                                             fully revealed or expressed without vagueness , implication , or

exotic <> indigenous                                              ambiguity:leaving no question as to meaning or intent

外來的 <> 本土的                                                        explicit <> obscure

                                                                  清晰的 <> 模糊的

expansive                          adj. 易膨脹的 ,                    immanent <> explicit

                                   易擴張的 , 健談的                     內在的 <> 外顯的
characterized by high spirits , generosity , or readiness to      inchoate <> explicit

talk:OPEN                                                         不完全的 <> 明確的
expansive <> reserved / diffident / taciturn / withdrawn          Synonyms EXPLICIT , DEFINITE , EXPRESS , SPECIFIC

健談的 <> 內向的 / 冷漠的 / 沈默寡言的 / 性格內向的
expansive <> malicious                                            exponent                          n. 說明者 , 支持者
寬大的 <> 惡毒的                                                        a:one that expounds or interprets
expansive <> limited                                              b:one that champions , practices , or exemplifies

寬裕的 <> 有限的                                                        exponent:advocate::pollster:canvass

                                                                  支持者:支援::民意測驗專家:徹底檢查 ( 人及其特徵動作

expedite                           vt. 加快 , 促進 , 派出               )

                                   adj. 暢通的 , 無阻礙的 ,              Synonyms advocate , champion , expounder , proponent ,

                                   迅速的 , 方便的                      supporter

to accelerate the process or progress of:speed up

expedite:process::accelerate:pace                                 expurgate                         v. 淨化 , 刪去
加快:進程::加速:步伐 ( 動賓關係 )                                             to cleanse of something morally harmful , offensive , or erroneous ;

expedite <> retard                                                especially:to expunge objectionable parts from before publication

加速 <> 減速                                                          or presentation

                                                                  vendor:purvey::censor:expurgate

expedition                         n. 遠征 , 探險隊 , 迅速               賣主:供應::檢察員:淨化 ( 人及其特徵動作 )

efficient promptness:SPEED                                        Synonyms PURIFY 2 , cleanse , lustrate , purge

expedition:foot dragging::consensus:factionalism

迅速:緩慢::一致意見:黨派之爭 ( 反義 )                                           extant                            adj. 現存的 , 傳世的
expedition <> foot dragging                                       currently or actually existing

迅速 <> 腳步拖遝                                                        extant <> extinct / lost

Synonyms HASTE , HURRY , SPEED , EXPEDITION ,                     現存的 <> 滅絕的 / 喪失的
DISPATCH                                                          Synonyms alive , around , existent , existing , living



expiation                          n. 贖罪 , 補償                     extenuate                         vt. 減輕 , 使人原諒
the act of making atonement                                       to lessen or to try to lessen the seriousness or extent of by making

guilt:expiation::fatigue:repose                                   partial excuses:MITIGATE

罪行:贖罪::疲勞:休息 ( 行爲及其作用物件 )                                         moderate:intensity::extenuate:seriousness


                                                                123                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                     Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
緩和:加重::減輕:加重 ( 前者減輕後者 )                                              讚美 <> 譴責 / 打擊 / 貶低
Synonyms THIN 1 , attenuate , wiredraw                               extol <> malign

exterminate                        vt. 撲滅 , 消滅 , 根絕                  讚美 <> 誹謗
to get rid of completely usually by killing off                      Synonyms PRAISE 2 , bless , celebrate , cry up , eulogize , glorify

Synonyms EXTERMINATE , EXTIRPATE , ERADICATE ,                       , hymn , laud , magnify , panegyrize

UPROOT

                                                                     extort                            vt. 勒索 , 敲詐 , 強要
extinct                            adj. 絕種的 , 熄滅了的                   to obtain from a person by force , intimidation , or undue or illegal

no longer existing                                                   power:WRING
extant <> extinct                                                    sycophant:flattery::extortionist:intimidation

現存的 <> 絕種的                                                           諂媚者:諂媚::勒索者:脅迫 ( 人及其特徵動作 )
extinct <> resuscitated                                              extort:obtain

滅絕的 <> 使復蘇的                                                          敲詐:獲得 ( 不正常:正常 )
extinction <> perpetuation                                           Synonyms EDUCE , EVOKE , ELICIT , EXTRACT , EXTORT

滅絕 <> 永存

                                                                     extraneous                        adj. 外來的 , 無關的
extinguish                         vt. 熄滅 , 撲滅 , 消滅                  a:not forming an essential or vital part

to cause to cease burning:QUENCH                                     b:having no relevance
extinguish <> kindle                                                 apposite <> extraneous

熄滅 <> 點燃                                                             恰當的 <> 無關係的
ignite <> extinguish                                                 extraneous <> essential

點燃 <> 熄滅                                                             無關係的 <> 本質的
extinguish <> rekindle                                               Synonyms EXTRINSIC , EXTRANEOUS , FOREIGN , ALIEN

熄滅 <> 重新點燃
Synonyms ANNIHILATE 2 , abate , abolish , blot out , eradicate ,     extravagant                       adj. 奢侈的 無節制的
exterminate , extirpate , root out , uproot , wipe ( out )           a:spending much more than necessary

                                                                     b:PROFUSE , LAVISH

extol                              v. 讚美                             frugality <> extravagancy

to praise highly:GLORIFY                                             節省 <> 揮霍
deprecate <> extol                                                   Synonyms EXCESSIVE , IMMODERATE , INORDINATE ,

抨擊 <> 讚美                                                             EXTRAVAGANT , EXORBITANT , EXTREME

excoriate <> extol / praise lavishly

批判 <> 讚美 / 高度讚揚                                                      extricate                         v. 拯救 , 救出
extol <> censure                                                     to free or remove from an entanglement or difficulty

讚美 <> 責難                                                             Synonyms EXTRICATE , DISENTANGLE , UNTANGLE ,

extol <> disparage                                                   DISENCUMBER , DISEMBARRASS

讚美 <> 貶損
extol <> condemn / impugn / detract                                  extrinsic                         adj. 外在的 , 外表的 ,

                                                                   124                     Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                       Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                                     外來的                                    愉悅的 <> 沮喪的
not forming an essential or inherent part of a thing ; extraneous.          Synonyms cock-a-hoop , cock-a-whoop , exulting , jubilant ,

extrinsic <> inherent                                                       triumphal , triumphant

外在的 <> 內在的
immanent <> extrinsic                                                       fabricate                         vt. 製造 , 裝配 , 僞造
內在的 <> 外在的                                                                  CONSTRUCT , MANUFACTURE ; specifically:to construct
                                                                            from diverse and usually standardized parts

extrovert                            n.                                     discompose:pacific::fabricate:authentic

『心理』性格外向的人                                                                  使不安:平靜的::捏造:可信的 ( 反面特徵 )
a gregarious and unreserved person                                          discompose:placid::fabricate:ingenuous

extrovert:outgoing::perfectionist:exacting                                  使不安:平息的::編造 , 捏造::坦白的 (
性格外向者:喜歡外出的::追求完美者:要求苛刻的 (                                                  動詞與形容詞的反面關係 )

人及其特徵動作 )                                                                   Synonyms MAKE 3 , assemble , build , construct , fashion , form ,

                                                                            frame , manufacture , produce , shape

exuberant                            adj. 繁茂的 , 豐富的 ,
                                     非凡的 , 喜悅充溢的                            facetious                     adj. 輕浮的 , 好開玩笑的
joyously unrestrained and enthusiastic                                      joking or jesting often inappropriately:WAGGISH
ennui <> exuberance                                                         facetious:speech::antic:behavior

倦怠 <> 高興的                                                                   滑稽的:演講::古怪的:行爲 ( 形容詞修飾名詞 )

soaking:wet::exuberant:happy::frigid:cool                                   facetious <> earnest

濕透的:濕::非常高興:高興::嚴寒:冷 ( 程度類比 )                                               滑稽的 <> 嚴肅的
Synonyms PROFUSE , LAVISH , PRODIGAL , LUXURIANT ,                          facetious <> lugubrious

LUSH , EXUBERANT                                                            滑稽的 <> 可憐的 , 悲慘的 , 悲哀的
                                                                            Synonyms WITTY , HUMOROUS , FACETIOUS , JOCULAR ,

exude                                vt. vi. ( 使 ) 流出 , ( 使                 JOCOSE

                                     ) 滲出
to undergo diffusion                                                        facilitate                    vt. 幫助 , 使容易 , 促進
exude <> absorb                                                             to make easier:help bring about

流出 <> 吸收                                                                    facile:profound::??
Synonyms bleed , ooze , percolate , ||screeve , seep , ||sew , ||sicker     易做到的:深刻的::??
, strain , sweat , transude , weep                                          facilitate <> impeding

                                                                            幫助 <> 阻撓

exultant                       adj. 非常高興的 , 歡躍的                             obstruct <> facilitate

filled with or expressing great joy or triumph:JUBILANT                     阻礙 <> 幫助
abject <> exultant                                                          hamper <> facilitate

可憐的 <> 愉悅的                                                                  妨礙 <> 幫助
dejected <> exultant                                                        arduous <> facile

沮喪的 <> 愉悅的                                                                  費勁的 <> 易做到的
exultant <> dejected                                                        facile <> profound
                                                                          125                        Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                 Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
易做到的 <> 造詣深的                                                              disabuse:fallacy::cure:disease

                                                                          打消:錯誤觀念::治癒:疾病 ( 動賓關係 )

faction                      n. 小派系 , 內訌                                  verifiable <> fallacious

a party or group ( as within a government ) that is often contentious     可證實的 <> 錯誤的
or self-seeking:CLIQUE                                                    fallacious <> sound / valid / veritable

consensus:factionalism::clarity:confusion                                 錯誤的 <> 合理的 / 正確的 / 可證實的

一致同意:派系分裂::清晰:混淆 ( 反義 )                                                   fallacy <> valid argument

law:criminality::consensus:factionalism                                   錯誤觀念 <> 正確的論點

法律:犯罪::團結:黨派之爭 ( 防止關係 )                                                   Synonyms erroneousness , error , fallaciousness , falsehood ,

expedition:foot dragging::consensus:factionalism                          falseness , falsity , untruth

迅速:緩慢::一致意見:黨派之爭 ( 反義 )
factional <> disinterested                                                falsehood                          n. 謊言 , 虛假
派系的 <> 無私的                                                                absence of truth or accuracy

                                                                          corroborate:evidence::calumniate:falsehood

fade                         vi. 褪色 , 消失 , 凋謝 , 減弱                            ( 用證據 ) 證實:證據:: ( 用謊言 ) 誹謗:謊言 (
to change gradually in loudness , strength , or visibility                動作及其涉及特徵 )

abate:force::fade:loudness                                                Synonyms FALLACY 1 , erroneousness , error , fallaciousness ,

減輕:力量::減弱:聲音 ( 行爲及其物件 )                                                   falseness , falsity , untruth

abate:intensity::fade:loudness

減輕:強度::減弱:聲音 ( 行爲及其物件 )                                                   falter                             vt. 支吾地說 , 遲疑
abate <> intensify / promote                                              a:to hesitate in purpose or action:WAVER
Synonyms DULL 1 , dim , muddy , pale , tarnish                            b:to lose drive or effectiveness

                                                                          falter:act::stammer:speak

faint                  adj. 微弱的 , 無力的 , 模糊的                               躊躇:動作::結巴:說話 ( 形容詞修飾名詞 )

lacking strength or vigor:performed , offered , or accomplished           Synonyms HESITATE , WAVER , VACILLATE , FALTER

weakly or languidly
stentorian <> faint                                                       fantasy                            n. 幻想 , 白日夢
聲音洪亮的 <> 微弱的                                                              imaginative fiction featuring especially strange settings and

Synonyms GENTLE 1 , balmy , bland , lenient , mild , smooth ,             grotesque characters

soft                                                                      nicety:precision::illusion:fantasy

                                                                          精密:精確::幻覺:幻想 ( 同義 )

fainthearted          adj. 懦弱的 , 無精神的 , 膽小的                               imperial:significant::grotesque:fantasy

lacking courage or resolution:TIMID                                       卓越的:重大的::奇異的:幻想 ( 同義 詞性對得不工整 )
                                                                          Synonyms IMAGINATION , fancy , imaginativeness

fallacy                            n. 錯誤的觀念或信念 ,
                                   謬見 , 謬論                                farce                              n. 鬧劇 , 胡鬧
a:a false or mistaken idea                                                ridiculous or empty show

b:erroneous character:ERRONEOUSNESS                                       farce:performance::limerick:poem


                                                                        126                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                         太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
鬧劇:表演::打油詩:詩 ( 種屬 )                                             fastidious:outshine::recalcitrant:resist
Synonyms MOCKERY 2 , burlesque , caricature , mock , sham ,     挑剔的:勝過::反抗的:抵抗 ( 人物個性及其特徵行爲 )
travesty                                                        fastidious <> coarse

                                                                苛求的 <> 粗糙的

fascinate                          vt. 令人入神 , 使著迷               fastidious <> easygoing / cursory / uncritical

to be irresistibly attractive                                   苛求的 <> 懶散的 / 草率的 / 不嚴厲的

fascination:interest::adoration:fondness                        Synonyms NICE 1 , dainty , finical , finicking , finicky , fussy ,

著迷:感興趣::崇拜:喜愛 ( 程度類比 )                                          particular , pernickety , persnickety , squeamish

Synonyms ATTRACT , ALLURE , CHARM , CAPTIVATE ,

FASCINATE , ENCHANT                                             fathom                            n. 英尋 ( =1. 829米 ) ,
                                                                                                  v. 領會 , 理解
fast                               n. 絕食 , 齋戒                   to penetrate and come to understand

the act to eat sparingly or abstain from some foods             erudite:fathom::oblivious:neglect

fast:eat::respite:labor                                         博學的:領會::健忘的:忽略 ( 容易關係 )

絕食:吃::暫緩:勞動 ( 消除關係 )                                            measurable <> unfathomable

fast:eat::moratorium:act                                        可測量的 <> 無法測量的

齋戒:吃::中場休息:活動 ( 消除關係 )                                          occult <> bare / patent / readily fathomable

                                                                秘密的 <> 無遮蔽的 / 顯著的 / 已看透的

fast                               ad. 很快地 , 緊緊地 ,              measurable <> unfathomed

                                   徹底地                          可測量的 <> 無法測量的
in a firm or fixed manner                                       Synonyms KNOW 1 , appreciate , apprehend , cognize ,

fast <> loosely attach                                          comprehend , grasp , have , understand

緊緊地 <> 寬鬆地連接



fasten                             vt. 拴緊 , 使固定 ,
                                   強加于 , 集中於
to attach especially by pinning , tying , or nailing

lathe:shape::clasp:fasten

車床:成形::扣子:拴緊 ( 工具及其作用 )
fastness <> unsecured palace

要塞 <> 沒有防衛的地方



fastidious                         adj. 難取悅的 , 挑剔的
showing or demanding excessive delicacy or care

devoted:zealous::careful:fastidious

獻身的:熱情的::仔細的:挑剔的 ( 同義?? )

dapper:fastidious::??

謹小慎微的:挑剔的:: ( 前者難以被後者?? )


                                                              127                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                   Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                                                                    fawn:imperiousness::equivocate:directness::elaborate:s
                                                                    ketchy

                                                                    巴結:專橫::說模棱兩可的話:直接::詳細的說明:概略
                                                                    的 ( 動作及反面特徵 )
                                                                    miser:hoard::dandy:preen::sycophant:fawn::pundit

                                                                    :opinion
List 11 ( fatigue ~ gauge ) :                                       守財奴:存儲::花花公子:打扮::諂媚者:諂媚::權威
                                                                    :判定 ( 人物及正面動作 )

fatigue                    n. 疲乏 , 勞累                              obsequious:fawn::compliant:yield
weariness or exhaustion from labor , exertion , or stress           奉承的:奉承::順從的:順從 ( 動作及正面特徵 )

fatigue:rest::dehydration:water                                     parsimonious:spend::peremptory:fawn
疲勞:休息::脫水:注入水 ( 動作及其消除結果 )                                          小氣的:浪費::傲慢的:奉承 ( 動作及反面特徵 )

dehydrate:water::fatigue:repose / rest                              reprobate:misbehave::sycophant:fawn

脫水:補水::疲勞:休息 ( 信給及其消除物件 )                                           惡棍:行爲不端::奉承者:奉承 ( 人及其正面特徵 )

guilt:expiation::fatigue:repose                                     fawn:attentive::garish:colorful

罪行:贖罪::疲勞:休息 ( 動作及其消除結果 )                                           奉承:留心::過分妝飾的:有色彩的 ( 程度類比 )
indefatigable <> soon tired                                         CF:fawner ( 奉承的人 ) , fawningly ( adv )

不知疲倦的 <> 很快疲倦                                                       Synonyms:apple-polish , bootlick , brownnose , cotton , slaver ,

Synonyms:exhaustion , lassitude , tiredness , weariness             toady , honey ( up )



fatuous                    adj. 愚昧的 , 昏庸的 , 發呆的                     faze                   vt. 打擾 , 折磨 , 使狼狽
                           , 愚笨的 , 自滿的                              to disturb the composure of:DISCONCERT , DAUNT

complacently or inanely foolish:SILLY                               embolden <> abash / faze / cow

fatuous <> astute                                                   使大膽 <> 使困窘 / 使狼狽 / 威脅

愚笨的 <> 機敏的                                                          fazed <> undisturbed

Synonyms:simple , asinine , brainless , foolish , sheepheaded ,     混亂的 <> 安靜的
silly , unwitty , weak-headed , weak-minded , witless.              Synonyms:embarrass , abash , confound , dumbfound , mystify ,
                                                                    nonplus , perplex , puzzle ; confuse , muddle ; appall , daunt ,

fawn                n. 未滿周歲的小鹿 v. 巴結 , 奉承                           dismay , horrify ; annoy , bother , irritate , vex
to court favor by a cringing or flattering manner

adulate:fawn::woo:adorn                                             feckless                           adj. 沒精神的 , 軟弱的 ,
諂媚:奉承::追求:裝飾 ( 通過後者來達到前者 )                                                                             無用的 , 不負責的
condescending:patronize::obsequious:fawn                            WEAK , INEFFECTIVE

屈尊的:惠顧::諂媚的:奉承 ( 動作及正面特徵 )                                          feckless <> responsible

imperiousness:fawn::self                                            無用的 <> 責任重大的

depreciatory:swagger::fawn:hauteur                                  CF:fecklessly ( adv ) fecklessness ( noun )

專橫的:巴結::自卑:虛張聲勢嚇人::自卑:傲慢 (                                          Synonyms:fustian , good-for-nothing , meaningless , purposeless

動作及反面特徵 )                                                           , unpurposed , useless , worthless


                                                                  128                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                       Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
fecund                          adj. 多産的 , 豐饒的 ,                        熱心的 <> 克制的

                                肥沃的                                     CF:fervidly ( adv ) fervidness ( noun )

fruitful in offspring or vegetation:PROLIFIC                            Synonyms:impassioned , ardent , blazing , burning , fervent ,
deprivation <> fecundity                                                fiery , glowing , hot-blooded , passionate , perfervid

貧困的 <> 豐饒的

CF:fecundity ( noun )                                                   fervor                        n. 熱誠 , 熱心
Synonyms:fertile , childing , fruitful , productive , proliferant ,     intensity of feeling or expression

prolific , rich , generating                                            ennui:enthusiastic::fervor:apathetic

                                                                        倦怠:狂熱的::熱心:無動於衷的 ( 反面關係 )

feeble                  adj. 微弱的 , 衰弱的 , 無效的                            fervor:zealot::improvidence:spendthrift

a:markedly lacking in strength                                          熱心:狂熱的::浪費:浪費的 ( 正面關係 )
b:indicating weakness                                                   zealotry <> lack of fervor

CF:feebleness ( noun ) feebly ( adv )                                   狂熱 <> 缺乏熱心

Synonyms:weak , decrepit , flimsy , fragile , frail , infirm ,          Synonyms:passion , ardor , calenture , enthusiasm , fire , hurrah ,
insubstantial , unsubstantial , wanky , weakly                          zeal



fender                         n. 擋泥板 , 護舷的墊子等                          fetid                         adj. 有惡臭的
a device in front of locomotives and streetcars to lessen injury to     having a heavy offensive smell

animals or pedestrians in case of collision                             grating:sound::fetid:smell

fender:collision::??                                                    刺耳的:聲音::惡臭的:氣味 ( 直接修飾 )

擋板:碰撞::?? ( 前者防止後者 )                                                    fetid:smell::cacophonous:sound

CF:fendered ( adj ) fenderless ( adj )                                  惡臭的:氣味::刺耳的:聲音 ( 直接修飾 )

                                                                        CF:fetidly ( adv ) fetidness ( noun )

feral                          adj. 野生的 , 兇猛的                           Synonyms:malodorous , fusty , noisome , putrid , rancid , rank ,

not domesticated or cultivated:WILD                                     reeking , smelly , stinking , strong
feral <> cultivated

野生的 <> 栽培的                                                              fetter                        n. 腳鐐 , 束縛
Synonyms:brutish , animal , beastly , bestial , brutal , brute ,        to restrain from motion , action , or progress

ferine , swinish                                                        enfranchise <> enfetter

                                                                        解放 <> 束縛

fertilize              vt. 施肥 , 使豐饒 , 使受精                               liberalistic <> enfetterist

to make fertile                                                         自由主義的 <> 束縛

fertilize:grow::immunize:resist                                         fetter <> free

施肥:生長::免疫:抵抗 ( 動作及其目的 )                                                 束縛 <> 解放

CF:fertilizable ( adj )                                                 Synonyms:shackle , bond ( s ) , chain , gyve ( s ) , iron ( s )



fervid                         adj. 熱的 , 熱心的                            fiasco                        n. 大失敗 , 慘敗
marked by often extreme fervor                                          a complete failure

fervid <> restrained                                                    fiasco <> a notable success
                                                                      129                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
大失敗 <> 顯著的成功                                                               準確答案:chiaroscuro:contrast::filigree:delicacy 】



fictitious               adj. 假的 , 虛構的                                     filly               n. 小雌馬 , 小姑娘
of , relating to , or characteristic of fiction:IMAGINARY                  a young female horse usually of less than four years

fictitious <> factual                                                      filly:horse::pullet:chicken

虛構的 <> 事實的                                                                 小母馬:馬::小母雞:小雞 ( 小對正常 )

CF:fictitiously ( adv ) , fictitiousness ( noun )

Synonyms:chimerical , fanciful , fantastic , fictional , fictive ,         filter              vt. 過濾 n. 濾紙
illusory , imaginary , suppositious , supposititious , unreal ; fake ,     a porous article or mass ( as of paper or sand ) through which a gas

mock , sham , simulated                                                    or liquid is passed to separate out matter in suspension

                                                                           winnow:chaff::filter:impurities

fidelity            n. 忠實 , 誠實 , 忠誠 , 保真度                                  揚穀:穀殼::過濾:雜質 ( 消除關係 )
the quality or state of being faithful

apostasy <> fidelity                                                       finch                      n. 【動】雀類 ( 如燕雀 ,
背叛 <> 忠實                                                                                              金絲雀等 )
Synonyms:allegiance , ardor , devotion , faithfulness , fealty ,           any of numerous songbirds ( especially families Fringillidae ,

loyalty , piety ;                                                          Estrildidae , and Emberizidae ) having a short stout usually conical

                                                                           bill adapted for crushing seeds

figurative                  adj. 比喻的 , 形容多的 ,                              finch:bird::arboretum:tree

                            修飾豐富的                                          雀類:鳥::植物園:樹木 ( 個體與群體 )

a:representing by a figure or resemblance:EMBLEMATIC                       區別:flinch:畏縮 , 退縮

b:of or relating to representation of form or figure in art

CF:figuratively ( adv ) figurativeness ( noun )                            finesse                    n. 技巧 , 計謀 , 手段
                                                                           skillful handling of a situation:adroit maneuvering

filibuster                  n. v. 妨礙議事 , 阻撓                                finesse <> ineptitude

the use of extreme dilatory tactics in an attempt to delay or prevent      技巧 <> 愚笨的言行
action especially in a legislative assembly                                Synonyms:manipulate , beguile , exploit , jockey , maneuver ,

filibuster:delay::hoax:deceive                                             play

阻撓:拖延::愚弄:欺騙 ( 行爲及其結果 )

CF:filibusterer ( noun )                                                   finicky                    adj. 過分注意的 , 過分周到的
                                                                                                      , 過分講究的
filigree                n. 金銀絲做的工藝品                                        extremely or excessively nice , exacting , or meticulous in taste or

ornamental openwork of delicate or intricate design                        standards

chiaroscuro:contrast::tapestry:intricacy:: {                               fluent:glib::meticulous:nitpick / finicky

filigree:delicacy }                                                        流利的:能言善道的::過細的:過分注意的 ( 同義關係 )

明暗的配合:對比:: { 掛毯:複雜                                                         CF:finickiness ( noun )

}::絲做的工藝品:精致 ( 事物及正面特徵 )                                                   Synonyms:nice , dainty , fastidious , finical , finicking , fussy ,

【注:已經由機考判分數據確認                                                             particular , pernickety , persnickety , squeamish


                                                                         130                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                         太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
flaccid                    n. 軟弱 , 沒氣力                                flatter:praise::loquacious:talkative

not firm or stiff ; also:lacking normal or youthful firmness          奉承:讚揚::多嘴的:喜歡說話的 ( 褒貶類比 )
flaccidity <> firmness                                                sabbatical:leave::flattering:infatuation

軟弱 <> 堅固                                                              周期性休息的:休假::諂媚的:迷戀 ( 正面特徵 )

CF:flaccidity ( noun ) flaccidly ( adv )                              scorn:reject::adulate:flatter::disparage:ignore

Synonyms:limp , flabby , flimsy , floppy , sleazy                     輕蔑:丟棄::諂媚:奉承::蔑視:忽視 ( 近義關係 )

                                                                      sycophant:flattery::extortionist:intimidation::toady:flat

flagging                   adj. 下垂的 , 衰弱的 , 委頓的                       ter
LANGUID , WEAK                                                        奉承者:奉承::勒索者:恐嚇::諂媚者:奉承 (
flagging <> thriving                                                  人物及其正面特徵 )

衰弱的 <> 欣欣向榮的                                                          invective <> flatter
flagging <> vibrant                                                   謾駡的 <> 奉承

衰弱的 <> 活躍的                                                            CF:flatterer ( noun ) flattering ( adj )
flag <> wax                                                           Synonyms:become , enhance , suit

衰弱 <> 增加

                                                                      flaw                       n. 瑕疵 v. 生裂縫
flamboyant                        adj. 輝耀的 , 華麗的 ,                    a defect in physical structure or form

                                  火焰似的                                glitch:flaw::peccadillo:error / sin / offense
marked by or given to strikingly elaborate or colorful display or     誤操作:瑕癖::小錯誤:錯誤 / 過失 / 犯罪 ( 種屬關係 )
behavior                                                              impeccable:flaw::ingenuous:guile
flamboyant <> subdued                                                 無暇的:瑕癖::真誠的:狡猾 ( 反面關係 )

輝耀的 <> 柔和的                                                            CF:blemish , defect , vice
flamboyant <> understate

輝耀的 <> 保守估計                                                           flax                   n. 亞麻 , 麻布 , 亞麻織品
CF:flamboyantly ( adv )                                               any of a genus ( Linum of the family Linaceae , the flax family ) of

Synonyms:ornate , baroque , florid , luscious , rich , rococo         herbs ; especially:a slender erect annual ( L. usitatissimum ) with
                                                                      blue flowers commonly cultivated for its bast fiber and seed

flange                 n. 邊緣 , 輪緣 , 凸緣 , 法蘭                           clay:porcelain::flax:linen
a projecting edge of cloth used for decoration on clothing            粘土:瓷器::亞麻:亞麻製品 ( 前者是後者原料 )



flannel                           n. 法蘭絨 , 法蘭絨衣服                      fledge                     vi. 長羽毛
outer garments of flannel ; especially:men's trousers                 to acquire the feathers necessary for flight or independent activity

flannel:cloth::linen:fabric { limerick:poem }                         fledge <> molt

法蘭絨:布::亞麻布:織物::五行民謠:詩歌 ( 種屬關係                                         長羽毛 <> 脫毛
)

                                                                      flexible                   adj. 易曲的 , 靈活的 ,
flatter                           vt. 過分誇讚 , 奉承 ,                                                可通融的 , 能變形的 , 柔軟的
                                  阿諛 , 使高興                            capable of being flexed:PLIANT
to praise excessively especially from motives of self-interest
                                                                    131                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                         Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
adamant:flexibility::refractory:control                                    Synonyms:lightfess , flightiness , frivolity , levity , light-

堅硬的:彈性::不聽話的:控制 ( 前者缺乏後者 )                                                 mindedness , volatility

limber:flexibility::spindly:frailty

柔軟的:適應性::細長的:脆弱 ( 正面特徵 )                                                   flirt       vi. 調情 , 玩弄 , 擺動 , 輕率地對待
static:move::pliable:inflexible                                            to behave amorously without serious intent

靜態的:移動::柔軟的:頑固的 ( 反面特徵 )                                                   flirt:decency::??

inflexible:alternate::??                                                   輕浮的行爲:得體 ( 前者缺乏後者 )

頑固的:改變::??                                                                 supplicant:beseeching::coquette:flirtatious
calcification <> flexibility                                               哀求者:哀求的::風騷的女人:輕浮的 ( 人及其正面特徵 )

不屈的 <> 柔軟的                                                                 CF:flirter ( noun ) flirty ( adj ) flirtation ( noun )
flexible <> mulish                                                         Synonyms:trifle , coquet , dally , fool , lead on , string along , toy
柔軟的 <> 固執的                                                                 , wanton

CF:flexibility ( noun ) flexibly ( adv )

Synonyms:elastic , resilient , springy , stretch , stretchy , supple ,     flit                 n. vi. 掠過 , 遷徙 , 迅速飛過 , ( 鳥
whippy                                                                                          , 蝙蝠等 ) 飛來飛去
                                                                           to move about rapidly and nimbly.

flinch                            v. 畏縮 , 退縮                               flit:move::blurt:utter

to withdraw or shrink from or as if from pain:WINCE ; also:to              迅速飛過:移動::突然說出:出聲
tense the muscles involuntarily in anticipation of discomfort              flit <> plodding

grisly:flinch::droll:laugh                                                 迅速飛過 <> 緩慢移動 【注:詞性不符】

可怕的:畏縮:好笑的:笑 ( 形容詞與動詞的正面關係 )

stoic:flinch::??                                                           flock                n. 群 , 一群人 , 大量 v. 聚結
冷靜的:畏首畏尾::?? ( 形容詞與動詞的反面關係 )                                               a group of birds or mammals assembled or herded together to

Synonyms:recoil , blanch , blench , quail , shrink , squinch , start       gather or move in a flock

, wince                                                                    clique:intimates::flock:sheep

區別:filch ( vt. 偷竊 , 竊取 ) filth ( n. 污穢 , 不潔 , 猥褻 ) finch (                 私黨:熟友::一群羊:綿羊 ( 後者組成前者 )

n. 雀類 )                                                                    flock <> segregate

                                                                           聚集 <> 隔離

flint            n. 打火石 , 燧石 , 極硬的東西                                       Synonyms:multitude , army , cloud , crowd , host , legion , rout ,
a massive hard quartz that produces a spark when struck by steel           scores

pestle:grind::flint stone:sharpen

槌:研磨::硬石頭:尖銳化 ( 前是後的工具 )                                                   flounder              vi. 掙扎 , 折騰 , 掙扎著前進
                                                                           to proceed or act clumsily or ineffectually

flippancy                      n. 無禮 , 言語尖刻                                flounder:process::??
unbecoming levity or pertness especially in respect to grave or            掙扎:進行::?? ( 前者是強烈的後者 )
sacred matters                                                             flounder <> slide

flippancy <> seriousness                                                   掙扎著前進 <> 滑動

輕率 <> 認真                                                                   Synonyms:wallow , blunder , lurch , stumble


                                                                         132                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
flourish                     vi. 繁榮 , 茂盛 , 興旺                                  to pour liquid over or through ; especially:to cleanse or wash out

to grow luxuriantly:THRIVE                                                     with or as if with a rush of liquid
flourish <> waste away                                                         galvanize:stimulate::irrigate:flush

繁榮 <> 變得衰弱                                                                     刺激:刺激::沖洗傷口:沖洗 ( 同義關係 )
flourish <> wither                                                             Synonyms:rich , affluent , moneyed , opulent , wealthy

茂盛 <> 凋謝

CF:flourisher ( noun ) flourishingly ( adv )                                   fluster                      v. 慌亂 , 狼狽 , 混亂 , 激動
Synonyms:succeed , arrive , go , make out , prosper , score ,                  to put into a state of agitated confusion:UPSET
thrive                                                                         flustered <> calm

                                                                               慌亂的 <> 冷靜的

flout                v. n. 嘲弄 , 愚弄 , 輕視                                        CF:flusteredly ( adv )
to treat with contemptuous disregard:SCORN                                     Synonyms:discompose , agitate , bother , discombobulate ,

flout:disregard::taunt:challenge                                               disquiet , disturb , flurry , perturb , unhinge , upset

輕視:忽視::嘲弄:蔑視 ( 因爲前者所以後者challenge:to
confront or defy boldly )                                                      foible                       n. 小缺點 , 小毛病
Synonyms:scoff , fleer , gibe , jeer , jest , quip ( at ) , scout ( at ) ,     a minor flaw or shortcoming in character or

sneer                                                                          behavior:WEAKNESS

                                                                               squabble:dispute::foible:failing

fluctuate                    vi. 變動 , 上下 , 動搖                                  小爭吵:爭吵::小缺點:缺點 ( 小和正常的關係 )
to shift back and forth uncertainly                                            tiff:squabble::foible:failing

pristine:decay::stable:fluctuation                                             小爭吵:小爭吵::缺點:缺點 ( 同義關係 )

純潔的:腐敗::穩定的:動搖 ( 後者不具有前者的特徵 )                                                  Synonyms:fault , failing , frailty , vice

CF:fluctuation ( noun ) fluctuational ( adj )

                                                                               foil                         v. 阻撓 n. 花劍 , 金屬薄片
fluent                       adj. 流利的 , 流暢的                                    a thin piece of material ( as metal ) put under an inferior or paste

a:ready or facile in speech                                                    stone to add color or brilliance

b:effortlessly smooth and rapid:POLISHED                                       foil:metal::veneer:wood

fluent:glib::humorous:wry                                                      金屬薄片:金屬::鑲面板:木材 ( 前者是後者的薄片 )

流利的:能言善道的::幽默地:諷刺性幽默 ( 同義關係 )                                                  Synonyms:frustrate , baffle , balk , beat , bilk , buffalo ,

fluent:glib::meticulous:nitpick / finicky                                      circumvent , dash , disappoint , thwart

流利的:能言善道的::過細的:過分注意的 ( 同義關係 )
fluent <> halting                                                              folly                        n. 愚笨 , 愚蠢 , 傻念頭
流利的 <> 猶豫的                                                                     a foolish act or idea

CF:fluently ( adv )                                                            folly <> sagacious

Synonyms:cursive , effortless , flowing , running , smooth                     愚笨的 <> 聰明的

                                                                               Synonyms:foolishness , absurdity , craziness , dottiness , inanity ,

flush                               adj. 豐足的 , 齊平的 ,                           insanity , insanity , preposterousness , senselessness , silliness ,

                                    泛濫的 , 滿盈的                                  witlessness


                                                                             133                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                   Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                            太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
foment                       vt. 引發 , 煽動                                  footloose               adj. 自由自在的 , 無拘束的
to promote the growth or development of:ROUSE , INCITE                    having no ties:free to move about

conducive:foment::tonic:invigorate                                        dauntless:trepidation::footloose:attachment

有助於……的:煽動::滋補的:使健壯 ( 後者是前者的結果                                             無畏的:恐懼::無拘束的:附著 ( 前者的後者的反面特徵 )
)                                                                         footloose <> attached

disseminate:information::foment:discontentment                            無拘束的 <> 附著的

傳播:資訊::煽動:不滿 ( 後者是前者動作的物件 )
defuse <> foment                                                          forbear                          n. 列祖列宗 vt. vi. 忍耐
緩和 <> 煽動                                                                                                   , 克制 , 容忍
foment <> inhibit                                                         forbears <> descendants

煽動 <> 禁止                                                                  祖先 <> 後代
quell <> foment / instigate / rouse                                       Synonyms:ancestor , antecedent , ascendant , forefather ,

鎮壓 <> 煽動 / 刺激 / 奮起                                                        primogenitor , progenitor
squelch <> foment

鎮壓 <> 煽動                                                                  forbidding                  adj. 令人生畏的
foment <> quash / quell                                                   such as to make approach or passage difficult or impossible

煽動 <> 鎮壓                                                                  CF:forbiddingly ( adv )
impede <> promote / foment                                                ford                             n. 淺灘
阻礙 <> 促進 / 煽動                                                             A shallow place in a body of water , such as a river , where one can

placate <> foment                                                         cross by walking or riding on an animal or in a vehicle

安撫 <> 刺激                                                                  ford:river::pass:mountain { shore:lake }

CF:fomentor ( noun )                                                      淺灘:河流::隘口:山 ( 通過前者穿過後者 ) 【注:pass:A

Synonyms:incite , abet , instigate , provoke , raise , set , set on ,     way , such as a narrow gap between mountains , that affords

stir ( up ) , whip ( up )                                                 passage around , over , or through a barrier. 】



fondness                    n. 慈愛 , 溺愛 , 喜愛 , 嗜好                          forestry                         n. 林産 , 森林地 , 林學
tender affection                                                          the management of growing timber

fascination:interest::adoration:fondness                                  tree:forestry::flower:horticulture

迷戀:興趣::崇拜:喜愛 ( 前者是後者的過分 )                                                 樹:林學::花:園藝學 ( 前者是後者研究物件 )

Synonyms:love , affection , attachment , devotion , appetite ,
inclination , liking , soft spot , taste , weakness                       forgery                      n. 僞造 , 僞造罪 , 僞造物
                                                                          an act of forging ; especially:the crime of falsely and fraudulently

foolhardy                   adj. 魯莽的 , 有勇無謀的                              making or altering a document ( as a check )

foolishly adventurous and bold:RASH                                       plagiarism:ideas::forgery:documents

CF:foolhardily ( adv ) foolhardiness ( noun )                             剽竊:思想::僞造:文件 ( 後者是前者動作的物件 )

Synonyms:adventurous , adventuresome , audacious , daredevil ,
daring , rash , reckless , temerarious , venturesome , venturous          formidable                  adj. 可怕的 , 困難的
                                                                          causing fear , dread , or apprehension

                                                                          formidable <> comforting
                                                                        134                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
可怕的 <> 安慰的                                                                  foster                              vt. 養育 , 撫育 , 抱 (
formidable <> simple                                                                                            希望 ) , 鼓勵 , 培養
困難的 <> 簡單的                                                                  to promote the growth or development of:ENCOURAGE
formidable <> enticing                                                      foster <> retract

可怕的 <> 誘人的                                                                  鼓勵 <> 撤銷
formidable <> reassuring                                                    CF:fosterer ( noun )

困難的 <> 可靠的                                                                  Synonyms:nurse , cherish , cultivate , nourish , nursle , nurture ;

CF:formidablity ( noun ) formidableness ( noun ) formidably (               advance , encourage , forward , further , promote , serve

adv )

Synonyms:fearful , appalling , awful , dreadful , frightful ,               founder                             n. 創立者 , 奠基者
horrible , horrific , shocking , terrible , terrific ; hard , arduous ,     one that founds or establishes

difficult , effortful , labored , laborious , strenuous , toilsome ,        Synonyms:father , architect , author , creator , generator ,
tough , uphill                                                              inventor , maker , originator , patriarch , sire



forthright                           adj. 直接的 , 立即的 ,                       founder                             vt. 弄摔倒 , 弄跛 , 浸水
                                     直率的 , 坦白的                                                                 , 破壞 , 淹沒
free from ambiguity or evasiveness:going straight to the point              to become submerged:SINK

acrid:gentleness::forthright:guile                                          founder <> stay aloft

尖刻的:親切::直率的:欺騙 ( 行爲及其啓反面特徵 )                                                淹沒 <> 在高處
furtive <> open / forthright / brassy                                       Synonyms:sink , go down , go under , submerge , submerse

秘密的:公開的 / 直接的 /

CF:forthrightly ( adv ) forthrightness ( noun )                             foundry                        n. 鑄造 , 鑄造場 , 鑄造類
Synonyms:straightforward , aboveboard , plain dealing , straight ,          the act , process , or art of casting metals

frank , candid , direct , open , openhearted , plain , single ,

undisguised , unvarnished                                                   fracture                            n. 破碎 , 骨折
                                                                            RUPTURE , TEAR

fortify                      vt. 增強                                         cement <> fracture

to make strong:as                                                           結合 <> 破碎

a:to give physical strength , courage , or endurance to                     Synonyms:breach , break , fissure , rent , rift , rupture , schism ,

b:to add mental or moral strength to:ENCOURAGE                              split
debilitated <> fortified

虛弱的 <> 增強的                                                                  fragile                             adj. 易碎的 , 脆的
vitiate <> fortify                                                          a:easily broken or destroyed

使實效 <> 增強                                                                   b:constitutionally delicate:lacking in physical vigor
enervate <> fortify / strengthen                                            fragile:break::porous:penetrate

使衰弱:增強 / 加強                                                                 易碎的:破碎::多孔的:滲透 ( 正面特徵 )

Synonyms:strengthen , energize , invigorate , reinforce                     limber:flexibility::spindly:frailty

                                                                            柔軟的:適應性::細長的:脆弱 ( 正面特徵 )


                                                                          135                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
CF:fragility ( noun )                                                    易碎的:弄碎::有延展性的:改變 ( 正面特徵 )

Synonyms:breakable , frail , frangible , shatterable , shattery ;        impervious:friable::nonflammable:combustible
weak , decrepit , feeble , flimsy , frail , infirm , insubstantial ,     不受影響的:易碎的::不可燃的:易燃的 ( 反義關係 )
unsound , unsubstantial , weakly                                         friable <> not easily crumbled / resistance to be pulverized

                                                                         易碎的 <> 不易碎的 / 抵抗變碎

fraudulent                          adj. 欺詐的 , 不正的 ,                     friable <> difficult to crumble

                                    不誠實的                                 易碎的 <> 不易碎的

characterized by , based on , or done by fraud:DECEITFUL                 Synonyms:short , brittle , crisp , orumbly , crump , crunchy

authenticity:fraudulent::sincerity:hypocritical

真實:欺詐的::真誠:僞善的 ( 反面特徵 )                                                  friction                     n. 摩擦 , 醫療摩擦 , 不和
CF:fraudulently ( adv ) fraudulentness ( noun )                          the rubbing of one body against another

                                                                         abraded:friction::desiccated:dehydration

freelancer                          n. 自由作家 , 自由記者                       摩擦的:摩擦::脫水的:脫水 ( 同義關係 )
a person who pursues a profession without a long-term

commitment to any one employer                                           frieze                       n. (
nomad:domicile::freelancer:employer                                                                   在牆頂與天花板間起裝飾作用
遊牧民:住所::自由作家:老闆 ( 缺乏關係 )                                                                              的 ) 橫條 , 飾帶
                                                                         a heavy durable coarse wool and shoddy fabric with a rough

freewheel                           vi. 輕鬆快活地行動 ,                        surface

                                    憑慣性前進                                frieze:building::illumination:manuscript
to move , live , or play freely or irresponsibly                         飾帶:建築物::裝飾性的圖畫:手稿 ( 前者裝飾後者 )

                                                                         CF:friezelike ( adj )

frenzy                              n. 狂熱
a violent mental or emotional agitation                                  frigid                   adj. 死板的 , 呆板的 , 寒冷的
convulsion:contraction::frenzy:emotion                                   sweltering <> frigid

痙攣:收縮::狂怒:感情 ( 前者是不正常的後者 )                                               炎熱的 <> 寒冷的

energetic:frenetic::firm:obdurate                                        soaking:wet::exuberant:happy::frigid:cool

精力充沛的:狂熱的::堅定的:固執地 ( 褒對貶 )                                               濕透的:濕::非常高興:高興::嚴寒:冷 ( 程度類比 )

                                                                         Synonyms:cold , arctic , chill , chilly , cool , freezing , frosty ,

fresco                              n. 壁畫                                gelid , glacial , icy ; inhibited , passionless , undersexed ,
the art of painting on freshly spread moist lime plaster with water-     unresponsive
based pigments

fresco:wall::parquetry:floor                                             frivolous                           adj. 輕佻的 , 妄動的 ,
壁畫:牆::木地板:地板 ( 前者在後者上面 )                                                                                     瑣碎的
                                                                         intensely cold

friable                             adj. 易碎的                             frivolous:gravity::brash:discretion
easily crumbled or pulverized                                            輕佻的:嚴肅::倉促的:慎重 ( 反面特徵 )

friable:crumble::malleable:alter                                         grandeur <> frivolous


                                                                       136                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
莊嚴 <> 輕佻的                                                             使沮喪 <> 唆使
frivolous <> somber                                                   Synonyms:baffle , balk , beat , bilk , buffalo , circumvent , dash ,

輕佻的 <> 憂鬱的                                                            disappoint , foil , ruin , thwart ;
temperance <> frivolous

節制 <> 輕佻的【詞性不符】                                                       full-bodied                           adj. 味道濃郁的
Synonyms:giddy , bird-witted , dizzy , empty-headed ,                 imparting to the palate the general impression of substantial weight

featherbrained , flighty , harebrained , rattlebrained                and rich texture

                                                                      full-bodied:flavor::resonant:sound

frothy                 adj. 起泡的 , 多泡的 , 空洞的                           味道濃郁的:味道::洪亮的:聲音 ( 修飾關係 )
gaily frivolous or light in content or                                Synonyms:strong , concentrated , lusty , potent , robust
treatment:INSUBSTANTIAL
frothy <> weighty                                                     fulminate                             v. 嚴厲譴責 , 使爆發
空洞的 <> 沈重的                                                            to send forth censures or invectives

                                                                      fulminate:criticize::adulate:flatter

frowsy                      adj. 不整潔的 , 有臭味的 ,                        嚴厲譴責:批評::奉承:誇獎 ( 程度類比 )

                            很悶的 ( frowzy )
having a slovenly or uncared-for appearance                           fungi                                 n. 菌類 , 蘑菇
dapper <> frowsy                                                      any of a major group ( Fungi ) of saprophytic and parasitic spore-

整潔的 <> 不整潔的                                                           producing organisms usually classified as plants that lack

Synonyms:slatternly , blowsy , dowdy , draggletailed , slattern ,     chlorophyll and include molds , rusts , mildews , smuts ,

sordid ; malodorous , funky , fusty , musty , noisome , rank ,        mushrooms , and yeasts

reeking , smelly , stale , stinking                                   fungi:ecologist::motivation:psychologist

frugal                                adj. 節約的 , 節儉的                  菌類:生態學者::動機:心理學家 ( 後者研究前者 )
characterized by or reflecting economy in the use of resources

parsimony:frugal::hubris:pride                                        furnace                               n. 火爐 , 熔爐 , 磨練
過分節儉:節儉的::傲慢:驕傲的 ( 前者是後者的過分 )                                         an enclosed structure in which heat is produced

frugal:penurious::deference:sycophant                                 furnace:heat::generator:electricity

節儉的:貧窮的::順從地:奉承者 ( 後者是前者的原因 )                                         火爐:熱::發電機:電 ( 前者産生後者 )

frugal:impecunious::temperate:sober

節儉的:貧窮的::適度的:冷靜的 ( 後者是前者的原因 )                                         furtive                               adj. 偷偷的 , 秘密的
frugality <> extravagancy                                             a:done by stealth:SURREPTITIOUS

節儉 <> 奢侈                                                              b:expressive of stealth:SLY

Synonyms:sparing , canny , chary , economical , saving , Scotch ,     caprice:whimsical::stealth:furtive::discontent:unsatisfi
stewardly , thrifty , unwasteful , wary                               ed

                                                                      反覆無常:反覆無常的::偷偷:偷偷地::不滿:不滿的 (

frustrate                   v. 挫敗 , 使沮喪                               同義關係 )

a:to balk or defeat in an endeavor                                    furtive <> open / forthright / brassy

b:to induce feelings of discouragement in                             偷偷地 <> 公開 / 直接 /
frustrate <> abet                                                     furtively <> candidly
                                                                    137                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                          Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
偷偷地 <> 坦白的                                                              gadfly                      n. 虻 , 牛虻 , 討厭的人
CF:furtively ( adv ) furtiveness ( noun )                               a person who stimulates or annoys especially by persistent criticism

Synonyms:secret , clandestine , covert , hugger-mugger , hush-          gadfly:goad::humorist:amuse
hush , stealthy , sub-rosa , surreptitious                              牛牤:刺激::有幽默的人:是發笑 (

                                                                        正面動作:gadfly刺激人、牛 )

futility             n. 無用 , 無益 , 無價值
the quality or state of being futile:USELESSNESS                        gaffe                       n. ( 社交上令人不快的 ) 失言
bootless:futility::effulgent:resplendence                                                           , 失態
無用的:無用::光輝燦爛的:燦爛 ( 正面關係 )                                               a social or diplomatic blunder

interesting:intriguing::bootless:futile                                 gaffe:tactless::??

有趣的:有趣的::無用的:無用的 ( 同義關係 )                                               失態:不機智的 ( 因果關係 )
                                                                        miscalculation:judgment::gaffe:decorum

furor                        n. 激怒 , 狂熱 , ( 詩情的 )                       錯誤的估計:判斷::失態:禮儀 ( 前者是錯誤的後者 )

                             激情                                         Synonyms:blooper , boner , impropriety , indecorum , solecism

a:furious or hectic activity

b:an outburst of public excitement or indignation:UPROAR                gainsay                              v. 否認
furor <> serenity                                                       to declare to be untrue or invalid

激情 <> 平靜                                                                gainsay <> affirm

Synonyms DELIRIUM , frenzy                                              否認 <> 確認

                                                                        CF:gainsayer ( noun )

fury                         n. 狂怒 , 狂暴 , 激烈 ,                          Synonyms:deny , contradict , contravene , cross , disaffirm ,

                             狂怒的人 , 〈希神〉復仇女神                            impugn , negate , negative , traverse
intense , disordered , and often destructive rage

effervescence:feeling::fury:anger                                       gait                        n. 步態 , 步法
興奮:情緒::狂怒:惱火 ( 程度類比 )                                                   a manner of walking or moving on foot

Synonyms ANGER , indignation , ire , mad , rage , wrath                 gait:walk::parlance:speak

                                                                        步法:走::語法:說 ( 前者是後者的規範 )

fusty                              adj. 舊式的 , 黴臭的 ,                     Synonyms:speed , celerity , pace , quickness , rapidity , rapidness

                                   陳腐的 , 古板的                            , swiftness , velocity

saturated with dust and stale odors:MUSTY
fusty <> fresh                                                          galaxy               n. 銀河星系 , 一群顯赫的人物
黴臭的 <> 新鮮的                                                              an assemblage of brilliant or notable persons or things



gab                                n. 饒舌 , 多嘴 , 愛說話                     galling                              adj. 使煩惱的 ,
                                   vi. 空談 , 嘮叨 , 瞎扯                                                          使焦躁的 , 難堪的
to talk in a rapid or thoughtless manner:CHATTER                        markedly irritating:VEXING
Synonyms CHAT 1 , babble , chatter , clack , gabble , jaw , prate ,     gall <> lull

prattle , yak , yakety-yak                                              焦躁 <> 平靜
                                                                        gall <> calm / assuage
                                                                      138                        Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                         太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
焦躁 <> 冷靜 / 鎮定                                                             CF:garbler ( noun )
galling <> placating                                                      Synonyms:msirepresent , belie , color , distort , falsify ,

焦躁的 <> 撫慰的

                                                                          garish                       adj. 炫耀的 , 過分裝飾的
galvanize                          v. 電鍍 , 通電 , 激勵                        clothed in vivid colors

to stimulate or excite as if by an electric shock                         prying:inquisitive::garish:colorful

galvanize:stimulate::irrigate:flush                                       愛打聽的:好奇的::過分妝飾的:華麗的 ( 褒貶程度類比 )

刺激:刺激::沖洗傷口:沖洗 ( 同義關係 )                                                   fawn:attentive::garish:colorful
galvanize <> lull                                                         奉承:留心::過分妝飾的:有色彩的 ( 褒貶程度類比 )

激勵 <> 使平靜                                                                 CF:garishly ( adv ) garishness ( noun )
galvanize <> allay                                                        Synonyms:gaudy , blatant , brazen , chintzy , flashy , glaring ,
激勵 <> 減輕                                                                  loud

CF:galvanization ( noun ) galvanizer ( noun )

Synonyms:provoke , excite , innervate , innerve , motivate ,              garment                        n. 衣服 , 服裝 , 衣著
move , pique , prime , quicken , stimulate                                an article of clothing

                                                                          hem:garment::ruffle:shirt::molding:cabinet

gamble                             vi. vt. 賭博 , 孤注一擲                      折邊:衣服::褶皺:襯衫::木頭的花紋:櫥櫃 (

to stake something on a contingency:take a chance                         前者裝飾後者 )

adamant:yield::cautious:gamble                                            Synonyms:clothe , apparel , array , attire , clad , dress , enclothe ,

固執地:屈服::小心的:冒險 ( 反面特徵 )                                                   garb , raiment

CF:gambler ( noun )

Synonyms:bet , game , lay , play , put ( on ) , set , stake , wager ;     garner                       n. 穀倉 , 積蓄
chance , hazard , risk                                                    a:GRANARY

gangling                     adj. 瘦長得難看的                                  b:a grain bin

loosely and awkwardly built:LANKY                                         Synonyms:reap , gather , harvest , ingather , clean , cull , extract ,

Synonyms:gangly , lanky , rangy , spindling , spindly                     gather , pickup , accumulate , amass , cumulate , hive , lay up , roll

                                                                          up , stockpile , store ( up ) , uplay

garble                      v. 曲解 , 竄改
to so alter or distort as to create a wrong impression or change the      garrulous                    adj. 嘮叨的 , 多話的
meaning                                                                   given to prosy , rambling , or tedious loquacity:pointlessly or

correct:accurate::garble:unintelligible                                   annoyingly talkative

改正:正確::曲解:難以辯明的 ( 目的關係 )                                                  garrulous:talkative::cloying:sweet

ramshackle:soundness::garbled:clarity                                     過分多話的:健談的::過分甜的:甜的 ( 前者是後者的過分

搖晃的:穩固::曲解的:清楚 ( 反面特徵 )                                                   )

correct:accurate::garble:unintelligible                                   CF:garrulously ( adv ) garrulousness ( noun )

糾正:正確的:斷章取義:難理解的 ( 行爲及其結果 )                                               Synonyms:talktive , babblative , chatty , loose-lipped , loose-
garble <> elucidate                                                       tongued , loquacious , multiloquent , talky , tonguey

曲解 <> 清晰說明


                                                                        139                        Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
gash           n. 砍得很深的傷口 , 很深的裂縫                                     Synonyms:standard , benchmark , criterion , measure ,
a deep long cut in flesh                                              touchstone , yardstick

cleft:chasm::cut:gash

裂縫:很深的裂口::傷口:很深的傷口 ( 後者是深的前者 )

Synonyms:cut , incise , pierce , slash , slice , slit



gasification                       n. 氣化
conversion into gas ; especially:conversion of coal into natural
gas
gasification / vaporization <> solidification

汽化 <> 固體化



gauche            adj. 笨拙的 , 粗魯的 , 無禮的
lacking social experience or grace ; also:not tactful:CRUDE

cacophony:voice::gaucherie:skill

不愉快的音調:語音::笨拙:技巧 ( 直接修飾 )
gaucheness <> polish

粗魯的 <> 優雅的



gaudy                       adj. 俗麗的
ostentatiously or tastelessly ornamented

gaudy:apparel::grandiloquent:speak

俗麗的:衣服::誇張的:言語 ( 修飾關係 )

CF:gaudily , gaudiness

Synonyms:blatant , brazen , chintzy , flashy , garish , glaring ,
loud , meretricious , tawdry , tinsel



gauge                              n. 標準尺寸 , 標準規格 ,
                                                                      List 12 ( gear ~ heterodox ) :
                                   量針 , 容量 , 範圍vt.
                                   精確計量 , 估計
a measurement ( as of linear dimension ) according to some            gear                              n. 齒輪 , 工具
standard or system                                                    a toothed wheel

gauge:pressure::scale:weight                                          gear:tooth::screw:thread

計量器:壓力::天平:重量 ( 前者測量後者 )                                              齒輪:齒牙::螺杆:螺線 ( 組成關係 )

measure:dimensions::calibrate:diameter::gauge:pressur                 Synonyms cog , cogwheel , pinion , toothed wheel , spurwheel ,

e::plumb:depth                                                        sprocket , ragwheel , lanternwheel.

測量:尺寸::校準:直徑::精確計量:壓力::探測:深
度 ( 後者是前者動作的物件 )                                                      genealogy                         n. 系譜 , 宗譜 , 家系
                                                                      an account of the descent of a person , family , or group from an
                                                                    140                        Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                           Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
ancestor or from older forms                                          真實的:真實性::完整:完整 ( 同義關係 )
                                                                      spurious <> genuine

generality                        n. 概論 , 概說 , 大要                     假的 <> 真實的
the quality or state of being general                                 Synonyms AUTHENTIC 2 , bona fide , indubitable , real , sure-

ecumenical:generality::entire:integrity                               enough , true , undoubted , unquestionable , veritable , very

普遍性的:概論::完全的:完整 ( 同義關係 )

                                                                      germane                             adj. 密切有關的
genial                 adj. 和藹的 , 親切的 , 友善的                           being at once relevant and appropriate:FITTING
marked by or diffusing sympathy or friendliness                       germane <> irrelevant

resourceful:inventiveness::philanthropic:geniality                    密切有關的 <> 無關的

策略的:發明::博愛的:親切 ( 正面特徵 )
genial <> dyspeptic                                                   gesture                             n. 姿勢 , 手勢 , 姿態
溫和的 <> 鬱悶 , 乖僻                                                        a movement usually of the body or limbs that expresses or

caustic <> palliating / genial                                        emphasizes an idea , sentiment , or attitude

腐蝕的 <> 緩和的                                                            parody:style::mime:gesture
dour <> congenial / genial                                            拙劣的模仿:風格::啞劇:姿態 ( 表現形式 )

嚴厲的 <> 適宜的
mordant <> genial                                                     ghastly                  adj. 可怕的 , 驚人的 , 慘白的
尖酸的 <> 溫和的                                                            intensely unpleasant , disagreeable , or objectionable

genial <> truculent                                                   ghastly:unpleasant::??

溫和的 <> 好戰兇猛的                                                          可怕的:使人厭惡的::??
Synonyms GRACIOUS 1 , affable , congenial , cordial , sociable ,      Synonyms grim , grisly , gruesome , hideous , horrible , horrid ,

||sonsy                                                               horrifying , lurid , macabre , terrible , terrifying



genteel                      adj. 有教養的 , 文雅的                          gibe                                v. 嘲笑
free from vulgarity or rudeness:POLITE                                to deride or tease with taunting words

genteel:vulgarity::intrepid:fear                                      apologize:regret::gibe:derision

有教養的:粗俗::勇敢的:害怕 ( 反面特徵 )                                              道歉:後悔::嘲笑:嘲笑 ( 行爲及其所表達的含義 )

truculent:gentleness::unregenerate:remorse                            condolence:sympathy / compassion::gibe:derision

殘暴的:溫柔的::邪惡的:同情 ( 反面特徵 )                                              哀悼:同情::嘲笑:嘲笑 ( 行爲及其所表達內容 )
genteel <> loutish                                                    Synonyms SCOFF , fleer , flout , gird , jeer , jest , quip ( at ) ,

有教養的 <> 無禮的                                                           scout ( at ) , sneer

Synonyms cultivated , cultured , distingu* , polished , refined ,

urbane , well-bred                                                    giddy                        adj. 眼花的 , 頭暈的 , 輕率
                                                                      lightheartedly silly:FRIVOLOUS

genuine                 adj. 真正的 , 真實的 , 誠懇的                          giddiness <> grave

ACTUAL , TRUE                                                         輕率 <> 嚴肅

genuine:authenticity::entire:integrity { honest:trust }               giddy <> serious


                                                                    141                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                          Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
輕率的 <> 嚴肅的                                                                     使表面光滑 <> 弄皺
Synonyms bird-witted , dizzy , empty-headed , featherbrained ,

flighty , fribble , fribbling , frivolous , harebrained , hoity-toity ,        glib                  adj. 流利圓滑的 , 善辯的
light , light-headed , rattlebrained , scatterbrained , silly , skittish ,     marked by ease and fluency in speaking or writing often to the
volage , yeasty                                                                point of being insincere or deceitful

                                                                               fluent:glib::humorous:wry

ginger                               n. 薑 , 精力 , 淡赤黃色                          流利的:善辯::幽默的:扭曲 ( 正面特徵 )

                                     vt. 使活潑 , 使有生氣                            fluent:glib::meticulous:nitpick / finicky
a thickened pungent aromatic rhizome that is used as a spice and               流利的:善辯::一絲不苟的:挑剔 ( 消除關係 )
sometimes medicinally                                                          glib <> labored

ginger:spice::??                                                               流利圓滑的 <> 不自然的
薑:香料::??                                                                       glib <> taciturn

                                                                               流利圓滑的 <> 沈默寡言的

glacier                              n. 冰河                                     Synonyms silver-tongued , vocative , voluble , well-hung

a large body of ice moving slowly down a slope or valley or

spreading outward on a land surface                                            glimmer                         v. & n. ( 發出 ) 微弱的光
glacial:slow::??                                                               a:to shine faintly or unsteadily

冰河的:緩慢::??                                                                     b:to give off a subdued unsteady reflection

glacier:ice::sea:water                                                         Synonyms FLASH 1 , coruscate , glance , gleam , glint , glisten ,

冰河:冰::海洋:水 ( 組成關係 )                                                            glitter , shimmer , sparkle , twinkle



glamorize                    vt. 使 <人、東西> 有魅力                                  glisten                            v. 閃爍 , 閃耀
                             【顯眼】 , 浪漫地處理                                      to give off a sparkling or lustrous reflection of or as if of a moist or

                             【美化】 <事情>                                         polished surface

to look upon or depict as glamorous:ROMANTICIZE                                dingy:glisten::slippery:adhere

                                                                               黑暗的:閃爍::光滑的:粘著 ( 消除關係 )

glance                  n. 一瞥 , 閃光 , 一滑 , 輝礦類                                  Synonyms FLASH 1 , coruscate , glance , gleam , glimmer , glint ,

a quick or cursory look                                                        glitter , shimmer , sparkle , twinkle

peck:kiss::glance:look

輕吻:吻::一瞥:看 ( 輕和正常 )                                                            glitch                        n. 干擾 , 誤操作 , 小故障
                                                                               a usually minor malfunction

glaze                 n. 釉 , 上光 , 光滑面v. 裝玻璃 ,                                  glitch:flaw::peccadillo:error / sin / offense

                      上釉 , 使表面光滑                                               小故障:錯誤::小錯誤:錯誤 / 罪孽 / 犯罪 ( 小和正常 )
to give a smooth glossy surface to

glaze:porcelain::varnish:wood                                                  gloat           vi. 滿足地看 , 獨自暗笑 , 貪婪地盯
釉:瓷器::光澤面:木頭 ( 表面物質 )                                                          to observe or think about something with triumphant and often

glaze:porcelain::veneer:furniture                                              malicious satisfaction , gratification , or delight

釉:瓷器::飾面:家具 ( 表面妝飾物質 )                                                         primp:vain::gloat:smug
glaze <> rumple
                                                                             142                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                  Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
打扮:虛榮的::滿足的看:自以爲是的 ( 動作及其目的 )

                                                                            glutinous                        adj. 粘的 , 膠狀的
gloomy                  adj. 陰沈的 , 昏暗的 , 憂鬱的                                having the quality of glue:GUMMY

low in spirits:MELANCHOLY                                                   etch:corrosive::glue:adhesive
Synonyms SULLEN , crabbed , ||dorty , dour , glum , morose ,                蝕刻:腐蝕的::膠:粘的 ( 正面特徵 )
saturnine , sulky , surly , ugly                                            glutinous <> non viscous

                                                                            粘的 <> 不粘的

glorify                     vt. 讚美 , 美化 , 讚揚 ,
                            使輝煌                                             glutton                          n. 貪吃者
to make glorious by bestowing honor , praise , or admiration                one given habitually to greedy and voracious eating and drinking

castigation:reproof::denunciation:denial {                                  avarice:money::gluttony:food
glorification:merit }                                                       貪婪的:錢::貪吃的:食物 ( 後者爲前者的物件 )

懲罰:譴責::譴責:否認 ( 同義關係 )                                                       glutton:overindulge::ascetic:self denial

                                                                            貪吃者:放縱::禁欲者:自我克制 ( 正面特徵 )

gloss                              n. 光彩 , 假像 , 注釋
a brief explanation ( as in the margin or between the lines of a text )     goad                             vt. 用刺棒驅趕 , 激勵 ,
of a difficult or obscure word or expression                                                                 煽動 , 唆使
blurb:notice::gloss:explanation                                             something that urges or stimulates into action:SPUR

大肆宣傳:注意::作注釋:解釋 ( 動作及其目的 )                                                  command:entreaty::goad:enticement
Synonyms PRAISE 2 , bless , celebrate , cry up , eulogize , extol ,         命令:懇求::激勵:誘騙 ( 反對關係 )
hymn , laud , magnify , panegyrize                                          gadfly:goad::humorist:amuse

                                                                            牛虻:刺激::幽默者:逗樂 ( 事物及其動作 )

glossary                           n. 字典 , 辭典 , 辭彙表                         goad <> check

a collection of textual glosses or of specialized terms with their          唆使 <> 阻止
meanings

glossary:text::legend:map                                                   gobble                           vt. 狼吞虎咽
術語:正文::地圖上的說明文字:地圖 ( 前者注釋後者 )                                               to swallow or eat greedily

                                                                            quaff:sip::gobble:nibble

glossy                             adj. 平滑的 , 有光澤的                          痛飲:小嘬::狼吞虎咽:細咬 ( 反義 )
having a surface luster or brightness                                       swill:sip::gobble:nibble

varnish:glossy::sand:smooth                                                 痛飲:小嘬::狼吞虎咽:細咬 ( 反義 )

上清漆:光滑的::用砂磨:平滑的 ( 動作及其結果 )                                                 Synonyms GULP , bolt , cram , englut , guzzle , ingurgitate , slop

                                                                            , slosh , wolf

glut                               n. 大量 , 充斥 , 吃飽
an excessive quantity:OVERSUPPLY                                            goggle                           n. 眼睛睜視 , 護目鏡
glut <> dearth                                                              to stare with wide or protuberant eyes

吃飽 <> 饑餓                                                                    goggles:eyes::gloves:hands::earmuff:ear
Synonyms SATIATE , clog , fill , gorge , jade , pall , sate , ||stall ,     風鏡:眼睛::手套:手::禦寒耳罩:耳朵 ( 保護關係 )
stodge , surfeit
                                                                          143                     Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
goldbrick                          vi. 稱病 , 欺詐 , 偷懶                        grandiloquent                       adj. ( 語言等 ) 誇張的 ,
to shirk duty or responsibility                                                                               誇大的
evade:answer::goldbrick:work                                               a lofty , extravagantly colorful , pompous , or bombastic style ,

逃避:回答::稱病逃避工作:工作 ( 前者逃避後者 )                                                manner , or quality especially in language

                                                                           gaudy:apparel::grandiloquent:speak

gorge                              vi. 狼吞虎咽                                華美的:服裝::誇張的:說話 ( 修飾 )

reticent:talk::abstemious:gorge                                            grandiloquent <> secretive

沈默:說話::節制的:狼吞虎咽 ( 反義關係 )                                                   誇張的 <> 秘密的
Synonyms SATIATE , cloy , fill , glut , jade , pall , sate , ||stall ,     Synonyms RHETORICAL , aureate , bombastic , declamatory ,

stodge , surfeit                                                           euphuistic , flowery , magniloquent , overblown , sonorous ,

                                                                           swollen

gossamer                           n. 蛛絲 , 薄紗 adj.
                                   輕而薄的                                    grandiose                           adj. 宏偉的 , 宏大的 ,
something light , delicate , or insubstantial                                                                  堂皇的 , 鋪張的
gossamer <> substance                                                      characterized by affectation of grandeur or splendor or by absurd

輕而薄的 <> 本質                                                                 exaggeration

gossamer <> ponderous                                                      ephemeral:longevity::grandiose:humility

輕而薄的 <> 沈重的                                                                短命的:長壽::宏大的:謙卑的 ( 反義關係 )
gossamer <> substance                                                      grandiose <> trivial

Synonyms FILMY , diaphanous , flimsy , gauzy , sheer , tiffany ,           宏偉的 <> 微不足道的
transparent                                                                Synonyms GRAND 1 , august , imposing , lordly , magnificent ,

                                                                           majestic , noble , princely , royal , stately

gourmet                                    n. 美食家
a connoisseur of food and drink ; broadly:CONNOISSEUR                      grandstand                          v. 嘩衆取寵的表演
bibliophile:books::gourmet:food {                                          to play or act so as to impress onlookers

calligrapher:handwriting }                                                 grandstand:impress::equivocate:deceive

藏書家:書::美食家:食物 { 書法家:書法 } (                                                 嘩衆取寵的表演:給人印象::支支吾吾的說:欺騙 (

人及其對應事物 )                                                                  動作及其結果 )

connoisseur:art::gourmet:cuisine

鑒賞家:藝術作品::美食家:烹調 ( 人及其對應事物 )                                               grant                               vt. 允許 , 承認 , 授與
gourmet:food::aesthetic:art                                                to bestow or transfer formally specifically:to give the possession

美食家:食物::美學:藝術 ( 研究物件 )                                                     or title of by a deed

grandeur                           n. 莊嚴 , 偉大                              concede <> refuse to grant

the quality or state of being grand:MAGNIFICENCE                           承認 <> 拒絕承認

grandeur:mean::??                                                          withhold <> grant

偉大:卑鄙::??                                                                  抑制 <> 允許
grandeur <> frivolous                                                      Synonyms ACKNOWLEDGE 1 , admit , allow , avow , concede ,

莊嚴 <> 輕佻的                                                                  confess , fess ( up ) , let on , own , own up


                                                                         144                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                         太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
gratify                            vt. 使滿足                              green                      adj. 綠色的 , 未成熟的 ,
to be a source of or give pleasure or satisfaction to                                              新鮮的 , 精力旺盛的 ,
gratify:desire::slake:thirsty                                                                      無經驗的 , 青春的
使滿足:欲望::消渴:渴 ( 消除關係 )                                                   a:deficient in training , knowledge , or experience
aggrieve <> gratify                                                     b:deficient in sophistication and savoir faire:NAIVE

侵害 <> 使滿足                                                               c:not fully qualified for or experienced in a particular function
irk <> gratify                                                          inexperience:green::pertinacity:refractory

使苦惱 <> 使滿足                                                              無經驗:無經驗的::頑固:難控制的 (
gratify <> displease                                                    形容詞與名詞的同義關係 )

使滿足 <> 使不快                                                              pelf:impecunious::experience:green
Synonyms PLEASE 2 , arride , delectate , delight , gladden ,            錢財:貧窮的::經驗:無經驗的 ( 人物特徵及其缺乏 )
happify , pleasure                                                      Synonyms INEXPERIENCED , callow , fresh , raw ,

                                                                        unconversant , unpracticed , unseasoned , untried , unversed ,

grating                adj. ( 聲音 ) 刺耳的 , 惱人的                            young

noisily , rasping , harsh

grating:sound::acrid:odor::fetid:smell                                  gregarious                        adj. 群居的 , 愛社交的
刺耳的:聲音::辛辣的:味道::惡臭的:氣味 ( 修飾 )                                           tending to associate with others of one's kind:SOCIAL
Synonyms IRRITATE , aggravate , burn ( up ) , gall , get , nettle ,     poseur:sincerity::recluse:gregariousness
peeve , pique , provoke , rile                                          裝模作樣的人:真誠::遁 世 者:愛社交的人 ( 反面特徵 )

                                                                        gregarious:reserved::??

gratuitous                       adj. 無緣無故的;免費的                         愛社交的:保守的::?? ( 反義 )
not involving a return benefit , compensation , or consideration        gregarious <> aloof

gratuitous <> merited / warranted                                       愛社交的 <> 疏遠的

無理由的 <> 應得的 / 有正當理由的                                                    Synonyms SOCIAL 2 , sociable

Synonyms FREE 5 , chargeless , complimentary , costless , gratis

                                                                        grievous               adj. 嚴重傷害的 , 引起痛苦的
grave                              adj. 莊重的 , 嚴肅的 ,                     causing or characterized by severe pain , suffering , or sorrow

                                  重大的 , 低沈的                             smart:pain::grieve:sorrow
having a serious and dignified quality or demeanor                      刺痛的:痛::悲傷的:悲傷 ( 同義關係 )

frivolous:gravity::brash:discretion                                     solace:grief::pacification:anger

輕率的:嚴肅::性急的:慎重 ( 反義關係 )                                                 安慰:悲傷::安撫:憤怒 ( 消除關係 )
droll <> grave                                                          grievous <> slight

輕率的 <> 嚴肅的                                                              引起痛苦的 <> 輕微的
giddiness <> grave                                                      Synonyms ONEROUS , burdensome , demanding , exacting ,

輕率的 <> 嚴肅的                                                              exigent , oppressive , superincumbent , taxing , tough , weighty

grave <> insignificant

重大的 <> 不重要的                                                             grimace                           n. 面部的歪扭 ,
Synonyms ENGRAVE 1 , etch , incise                                                                        痛苦的表情 , 鬼臉
                                                                        a facial expression usually of disgust or disapproval
                                                                      145                     Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                          Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
contortion:body::grimace:face

扭彎:身體::面部扭彎:臉部 ( 行爲及其相關部位 )                                               grotto                         n. 小洞穴 , 岩穴 , 人工洞室
chagrin:mind::grimace:face                                                A small cave or cavern

懊惱:情緒::痛苦的表情:臉 ( 行爲及其相關部位 )                                               grotto:cavern::arroyo:channel

                                                                          小洞穴:巨洞::小河:海峽 ( 小與大 )

grin                         vi. 咧著嘴笑
to draw back the lips so as to show the teeth especially in               grovel                           vi. 趴 , 匍匐 , 卑躬屈膝
amusement or laughter ; broadly:SMILE                                     to lie or creep with the body prostrate in token of subservience or

pout <> grin                                                              abasement

噘嘴生氣 <> 咧著嘴笑                                                              minion:dependent::groveler:petitioner
Synonyms SMILE , beam                                                     奴才:依賴他人者::卑躬屈膝:請願者 ( 同類人 )
                                                                          imperious:grovel::??

gripe                          v. 腹部絞痛 , 抱怨 , 訴苦                          傲慢的:卑躬屈膝::?? ( 行爲及其反面特徵 )
to complain with grumbling                                                Synonyms FAWN , apple-polish , bootlick , ||brownnose , cower ,

gripe:discontent::praise:admiration                                       cringe , honey ( up ) , kowtow , toady , truckle

抱怨:不滿::表揚:喜愛 ( 正面特徵 )
Synonyms ||beef , ||bellyache , ||bitch , bleat , ||blow off , crab ,     grumble                                  n. 怨言 , 滿腹牢騷
||crib , fuss , kvetch , squawk , yammer , yawp ( or yaup )               to mutter in discontent

                                                                          Synonyms croak , grouch , grouse , ||grunt , murmur , mutter ,

grisly                              adj. 恐怖的 , 可怕的                        scold

inspiring horror or intense fear

grisly:flinch::droll:laugh                                                guarantee                                vt. 保證 , 擔保
恐怖的:畏縮::滑稽的:笑 ( 動作及其原因 )                                                  to engage for the existence , permanence , or nature of:undertake
Synonyms GHASTLY 1 , gruesome , hideous , horrible , horrid ,             to do or secure
horrifying , lurid , macabre , terrible , terrifying                      vouch <> refuse to guarantee

                                                                          擔保 <> 拒絕擔保

groove                              adj. 開槽的                              Synonyms bail , bond , guaranty , security , surety , warranty

a long narrow channel or depression

grooved:striated::braided:strand                                          guffaw                                   vi. vt. 哄笑 , 狂笑
開槽的:有條紋的::編成辮子的:繩索 ( 動作及其結果 )                                             a loud or boisterous burst of laughter

【注:詞性不符】                                                                  Synonyms LAUGH , chortle , chuckle , giggle , hee-haw , snicker

striated:groove::dappled:spot                                             , ||sniggle , tehee , titter

有條紋的:開槽::斑紋的:污點 ( 同義關係 )                                                      guile                          n. 狡猾 , 狡計
                                                                          deceitful cunning:DUPLICITY

grotesque                      adj. 奇怪的 , 可笑的                             acrid:gentleness::forthright:guile
FANCIFUL , BIZARRE                                                        辛辣的:柔和::直接的:狡猾 ( 反義關係 )

imperial:significant::grotesque:fantasy                                   blemish:impeccable::guile:artless

帝王的:重要的::奇怪的:幻想 ( 正面特徵 )                                                  弄髒:無瑕的::狡猾:自然的 ( 反義關係 )
Synonyms FANTASTIC 2 , antic , bizarre
                                                                        146                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
impeccable:flaw::ingenuous:guile                                       gully                                n. 小峽谷 , 排水溝
無瑕的:錯誤::正直的:狡計 ( 反義關係 )                                                a trench which was orig. worn in the earth by running water and

guile:artless::blemish:flawless                                        through which water often runs after rains

狡猾:自然的::弄髒:無瑕的 ( 反義關係 )                                                gully:erosion::callus:friction

gullible:chicanery::servile:domination                                 小峽谷:腐蝕::老繭:磨擦 ( 形成關係 )

易受騙的:欺騙::奴隸的:支配 ( 容易關係 )

guile:naif::??                                                         gum                                  n. 樹膠 , 橡皮 , 上帝 ,
狡猾:孩子的::??                                                                                                  牙床
artless <> cunning / guile                                             any of numerous colloidal polysaccharide substances of plant

自然的 <> 狡猾的                                                             origin that are gelatinous when moist but harden on drying and are

manipulate <> guileless                                                salts of complex organic acids

假造 <> 誠實的                                                              resin:tree::gum:rubber plant
Synonyms DECEIT 1 , cunning , dissemblance , dissimulation ,           樹脂:樹::樹膠:橡膠樹 ( 前者由後者生成 )
duplicity

                                                                       gush                                 n. 湧出 ,
guilt                            n. 罪行 , 內疚                            滔滔不絕的講話
feelings of culpability especially for imagined offenses or from a     a sudden outpouring

sense of inadequacy:SELF-REPROACH                                      blast:whiff::gush:trickle

narcissism:love::guilt:blame                                           一陣風:輕輕地吹::湧出:細流 ( 程度關係 )

自戀:愛::自責:譴責 ( 種屬 )                                                     gush:effusive::rage:irate

guilt:expiation::fatigue:repose                                        湧出:感情橫溢的::大怒:發怒的 ( 程度關係 )

罪行:贖罪::疲勞:休息 ( 行爲及其作用物件 )
Synonyms BLAME , culpability , fault , onus                            gust                                 n. 突然一陣 , 風味
                                                                       a sudden brief rush of wind

gullible                         adj. 易受騙的                             gust:wind::cloudburst:rainfall { flare:light }
easily duped or cheated                                                突然一陣:風::豪雨:降雨 ( 程度關係 )

compliant:servile::trusting:gullible                                   Synonyms OUTBURST 1 , access , burst , eruption , explosion ,

順從的:奴性::信任的:輕信的 ( 褒貶關係 )                                               flare-up , sally

gullible:artless::??

輕信的:天真的::??                                                            guzzle                               vi. vt. 狂飲 , 暴食 ,
gullible:chicanery::servile:domination                                                                      喝酒化掉 ( 錢 )
輕信的:詭計::奴性:支配 ( 容易關係 )                                                 to drink especially liquor greedily , continually , or habitually

vigilant:entrapped::exacting:satisfied::wary:gulled                    complain:carp::drink:guzzle

警惕的:騙入::苛求的:滿意的::警惕的:欺騙 (                                              抱怨:吹毛求疵::喝酒:狂飲 ( 程度關係 )

不容易關係 )                                                                Synonyms DRINK 3 , booze , imbibe , liquor ( up ) , soak , swig ,

bully:intimidate::stupid:gullibility                                   swill , swizzle , tank up , tipple

欺淩弱小者:威嚇::笨人:輕信 ( 人物及其特徵行爲 )
Synonyms EASY 3 , fleeceable , naive , susceptible                     habitable                            adj. 可居住的

                                                                     147                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                           Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
capable of being lived in:suitable for habitation                    衰微的 <> 強壯的

potable:beverage::habitable:dwelling                                 hale <> infirm

可食用的:飲料::可居住的:居住 ( 同義關係 )                                            強壯的 <> 虛弱的
Synonyms LIVABLE 1 , inhabitable , lodgeable , occupiable ,          blighted <> hale

tenantable                                                           毀滅的 <> 健壯的
                                                                     anemic <> strong / hale

hack                              n. 雇傭文人                            貧血的 <> 強壯的 / 健康的
a writer who aims solely for commercial success                      Synonyms HEALTHY 1 , ||bunkum , fit , right , sane , sound ,

mercenary:soldier::hack:writer                                       well , well-conditioned , well-liking , wholesome

雇傭兵:士兵::雇傭文人:作家 ( 爲了錢和正常 )
Synonyms drudge , grub , grubber , hireling , mercenary , slavey     half-baked                       adj. 半生不熟的 ,
                                                                                                      未完成的 , 不完整的
hackneyed                         adj. 平凡的 , 陳腐的                     a:lacking adequate planning or forethought
lacking in freshness or originality                                  b:lacking in judgment , intelligence , or common sense

windy:concise::hackneyed:original                                    half-baked <> well thought of

吹牛的:簡潔的::陳腐的:有創意的 ( 反義關係 )                                           不完整的 <> 詳細計劃的

equivocation:misleading::bromide:hackneyed

模棱兩可:使人誤解::平凡的人:平凡的 ( 正面特徵 )                                         hallow                       vt. 使. . .神聖 , 視爲神聖
equivocate:misleading::cliched:hackneyed                             to make holy or set apart for holy use

模棱兩可:誤導::陳腐的:常見的 【注:詞性不符】                                            hallowed <> desecrate

offbeat <> hackneyed                                                 視爲神聖 <> 褻瀆

離奇的 <> 平庸的                                                           Synonyms BLESS 1 , consecrate , sanctify

bromide <> unhackneyed

平庸的人或物 <> 新奇的 【注:詞性不符】                                               hallucination                    n. 幻覺 , 幻想
Synonyms TRITE , bathetic , clich*d , commonplace , hack , stale     perception of objects with no reality usually arising from disorder

, timeworn , tired , well-worn , worn-out                            of the nervous system or in response to drugs ( as LSD )

                                                                     delusion:?::hallucination:perception { mirage:imagination

halcyon                 adj. 寧靜的 , 平穩的 , 翠鳥的                         }
CALM , PEACEFUL                                                      錯覺:思考::幻覺:感覺 { 幻想:想象 } (
halcyon <> tempestuous                                               行爲及其特殊方式 )

寧靜的 <> 暴亂的                                                           Synonyms DELUSION 1 , ignis fatuus , illusion , mirage ,

halcyon <> stormy                                                    phantasm

寧靜的 <> 風暴的
Synonyms CALM 1 , hushed , placid , quiet , still , stilly ,         halting                    adj. 跛的 , 蹣跚的 , 猶豫的
untroubled                                                           marked by a lack of sureness or effectiveness

hale                              adj. 強壯的 , 健壯的                     fluent <> halting

free from defect , disease , or infirmity:SOUND ; also:retaining     流暢的 <> 蹣跚的
exceptional health and vigor                                         Synonyms AWKWARD 2 , bumbling , clumsy , gauche , inept ,

effete <> hale                                                       lumbering , maladroit , unhandy , unhappy , wooden
                                                                   148                     Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                       Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                                                                         沮喪的 <> 興高采烈的

ham-handed                               adj. 笨手笨腳的                      hangdog <> sprightly

lacking dexterity or grace:HEAVY-HANDED                                  沮喪的 <> 輕快的
ham-handed <> deft / adroit

笨手笨腳的 <> 敏捷熟練的 / 靈巧的                                                     hankering                         n. 渴望
Synonyms AWKWARD 2 , bumbling , clumsy , gauche , halting ,              to have a strong or persistent desire:YEARN
heavy-handed , inept , maladroit , unhandy , wooden                      hankering <> odium

                                                                         渴望 <> 討厭

hamper                       vt. 阻礙 , 使困累 , 妨礙
to restrict the movement of by bonds or obstacles:IMPEDE                 haphazard                         n. adj. adv. 偶然的
seminal <> hampering further development                                 marked by lack of plan , order , or direction

發展的 <> 阻礙發展                                                              methodical <> haphazard

hamper <> facilitate                                                     系統的 <> 偶然的

阻礙 <> 促進                                                                 systematic <> haphazard

Synonyms clog , curb , entrammel , fetter , hobble , hog-tie , leash     系統的 <> 偶然的
, shackle , tie , tie up , trammel                                       Synonyms RANDOM , aimless , designless , desultory , hit-or-

                                                                         miss , indiscriminate , irregular , unaimed , unconsidered ,

hamstring                            vt. 切斷腿筋使成跛腿 ,                      unplanned

                                     使殘廢
to make ineffective or powerless:CRIPPLE                                 harangue                          n. 長篇演說
hamstring:effectiveness::??                                              to address in a ranting way

使殘廢:有效率::?? ( 消除 )                                                       harangue <> speak temperately

                                                                         長篇演說 <> 有節制地說話

handle                               vt. 觸摸 , 運用 , 操作 ,                  Synonyms ORATE , bloviate , declaim , mouth , perorate , rant ,

                                     處理 , 買賣                             rave , soapbox

to act , behave , or feel in a certain way when handled or directed

cumbersome <> easy to handle                                             harass                            v. 煩擾
麻煩的 <> 容易處理的                                                             to annoy persistently

Synonyms NAME 1 , appellation , cognomen , compellation ,                haunt:familiar::harass:irritating
denomination , designation , ||moniker , nomen , style , title           常到:熟悉的::使煩惱:使憤怒的 ( 同義關係 )
                                                                         Synonyms RAID 1 , foray , harry , maraud

hangdog                      adj. 憂愁的 , 悲哀的 , 沮喪的
                             , 灰心的 鬼鬼祟祟的 ,                               harbinger                         n. 先驅 , 預兆
                             卑躬屈膝的 , 低賤的                                 one that presages or foreshadows what is to come

SAD , DEJECTED                                                           harbinger:presage::archetype:exemplify
hangdog <> buoyant                                                       先驅:預言::原型:例證 ( 事物的正面特徵 )

沮喪的 <> 心情愉快的                                                             Synonyms ANNOUNCE 2 , forerun , foreshow , herald ,

hangdog <> elated                                                        preindicate , presage


                                                                       149                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
harbor                  n. 港 , 避難所v. 包庇 , 隱匿                                                                   利用 ( 河流、瀑布等 )
to give shelter or refuge to                                                                                   産生動力
harbor <> evict                                                             UTILIZE

隱匿 <> 趕出                                                                    harness <> failed to utilize

Synonyms chamber , haven , house , roof , shelter , shield                  利用 <> 利用失敗



hard-bitten                          adj. 頑強的 ,                             harp                               n. 豎琴
                                     堅韌不拔的 , 不屈服的                           a plucked stringed instrument consisting of a resonator , an arched

seasoned or steeled by difficult experience:TOUGH                           or angled neck that may be supported by a post , and strings of

hard-bitten <> tender                                                       graded length that are perpendicular to the soundboard

不屈服的 <> 軟弱的                                                                 horn:blow::harp:pluck
                                                                            角:吹::豎琴:撥 ( 樂器及其動作 )

hardheaded                           adj. 冷靜的 ,
                                     腳踏實地的 , 無懈可擊的                          harry                              v. 掠奪 , 騷擾
                                                                            to make a pillaging or destructive raid on:ASSAULT
STUBBORN , WILLFUL                                                          harry <> comfort

Synonyms OBSTINATE , bullheaded , headstrong , intractable ,                騷擾 <> 安慰
mulish , pertinacious , perverse , pigheaded , self-willed , stubborn       harried <> untroubled

                                                                            受騷擾的 <> 沒煩惱的

harebrained                          adj. 輕率的 , 欠考慮的 ,                      Synonyms RAVAGE , depredate , desecrate , desolate , despoil ,

                                     粗心的                                    devastate , havoc , pillage , sack , spoliate

FOOLISH

Synonyms GIDDY 1 , dizzy , empty-headed , featherbrained ,                  harsh                   adj. 粗糙的 , 刺耳的 , 嚴厲的
flighty , frivolous , rattlebrained , scatterbrained , silly , skittish     a:causing a disagreeable or painful sensory

                                                                            reaction:IRRITATING

harmonious                           adj. 和睦的 , 調和的 ,                       b:physically discomforting:PAINFUL

                                     和諧的 , 協調的                              barb:caustic::pan:harsh
marked by accord in sentiment or action                                     諷刺的話:刻薄的::嚴厲的批評:刺耳的 (
acrimonious <> harmonious                                                   事物及其正面特徵 )

嚴厲的 <> 和睦的                                                                  encomium <> harsh criticism

harmony <> discord                                                          讚美 <> 嚴厲的批評

協調 <> 不調和                                                                   mollycoddle <> treat harshly

Synonyms blending , chiming , consonant , harmonic , musical ,              嬌慣 <> 粗暴對待
symphonic , symphonious                                                     paean <> harshly lampoon

                                                                            讚美 <> 粗暴地諷刺
                                                                            Synonyms ROUGH 1 , asperous , craggy , jagged , rugged ,

                                                                            scabrous , scraggy , uneven , unlevel , unsmooth

harness                              vt. 上馬具 , 披上甲胄 ,

                                                                          150                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
hasten                             vt. 催促 vi. 趕緊                      傲慢 <> 謙虛
to move or act quickly                                                hauteur <> humbleness

hasten <> slow the progress of                                        傲慢 <> 謙遜

催促 <> 延緩過程                                                            Synonyms PRIDE 3 , arrogance , disdain , disdainfulness ,

hasten <> check                                                       haughtiness , loftiness , morgue , superbity , superciliousness

催促 <> 阻礙
hasten <> retard                                                      havoc           n. 大破壞 , 浩劫 , 大混亂 , 大雜亂
催促 <> 阻礙                                                              great confusion and disorder

Synonyms SPEED 3 , accelerate , hurry , quicken , shake up , step     havoc <> serenity

up , swiften                                                          大混亂 <> 寧靜
                                                                      Synonyms RUIN 3 , confusion , destruction , devastation , loss ,

hasty                  adj. 匆匆的 , 輕率的 , 急忙的                           ruination
done or made in a hurry

hasty <> characterized by deliberation                                heart                              vt. 鼓起勇氣 , 激勵
輕率的 <> 深思熟慮地對待                                                        to give heart to:CHEER:HEARTEN
hasty <> well considerous                                             mollify:anger::heart:dejection

輕率的 <> 很好地考慮                                                          平息:憤怒::激勵:沮喪 ( 消除關係 )
hasty <> deliberate                                                   dismay <> hearted

輕率的 <> 深思熟慮的                                                          沮喪 <> 激勵
Synonyms FAST 3 , breakneck , expeditious , expeditive , fleet ,

harefooted , quick , rapid , speedy , swift                           headlong                           adj. 莽撞的 , 輕率的
                                                                      Impetuous ; rash.

haunt                       vt. 常到 , 常去 , ( 思想 )                      Headlong <> deliberate

                            縈擾 , ( 鬼魅等 ) 常出沒於 n.                      輕率的 <> 深思熟慮的

                            常到的地方                                     Synonyms PRECIPITATE 1 , abrupt , hasty , hurried , impetuous ,

to visit often:FREQUENT                                               precipitant , precipitous , rushing , subitaneous , sudden

haunt:familiar::harass:irritating

常到:熟悉的::使煩惱:使憤怒的 ( 同義關係 )                                             heartrending                       adj. 令人心碎的 ,
persecute:injure::haunt:remember                                                                         傷心的 , 悲慘的
迫害:損害::縈繞於:記得 ( 同義關係 )                                                causing intense sorrow or distress

haunt <> shun                                                         heartrending <> ??

常到 <> 避開                                                              Synonyms DEPLORABLE , afflictive , calamitous , dire ,

Synonyms FREQUENT , affect , hang around , hang out , resort          distressing , grievous , heartbreaking , lamentable , regrettable ,

                                                                      unfortunate

hauteur                       n. 傲慢 , 高傲 , 自大
ARROGANCE , HAUGHTINESS                                               hearken                            vi. 傾聽
fawn:hauteur::self depreciate:swagger                                 to give respectful attention

奉承:傲慢::自我貶低:虛張聲勢 ( 反面特徵 )                                             hearken <> ignore

hauteur <> humility
                                                                    151                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                         Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
傾聽 <> 不理睬
Synonyms LISTEN , attend , hark , hear , heed                      herbicide                         n. 除草劑
                                                                   an agent used to destroy or inhibit plant growth

hedge                              n. 修剪過的樹籬 , 限制                  insect:pesticide::plant:herbicide

                                   vt. 用樹籬圍 , 妨礙                   害蟲:殺蟲劑::植物:除草劑 ( 後者殺死前者 )
a means of protection or defense ( as against financial loss )

hedge:loss::quarantine:contamination::safeguard:accid              hereditary                        adj. 世襲的 , 遺傳的
ent                                                                a:genetically transmitted or transmittable from parent to offspring

樹籬:丟失::隔離:感染::保衛:事故 (                                              b:characteristic of or fostered by one's predecessors

前者防止後者發生 )
Synonyms EQUIVOCATE 2 , dodge , evade , pussyfoot , shuffle ,      heresy                            n. 異端邪說
sidestep , tergiversate , tergiverse , weasel                      an opinion or doctrine contrary to church dogma

                                                                   apostasy:faith::recantation:heresy

heinous                      adj. 可憎的 , 十惡不赦的                      變節:忠實::改變信仰:異端邪說 ( 前者放棄後者 )

hatefully or shockingly evil:ABOMINABLE                            dogma <> heresy

heinous <> commendable                                             教條的 <> 異端邪說

可憎的 <> 值得讚美的                                                       Synonyms dissent , dissidence , heterodoxy , misbelief ,

Synonyms OUTRAGEOUS 2 , atrocious , crying , desperate ,           nonconformism , nonconformity , schism , unorthodoxy

monstrous , scandalous , shocking

                                                                   heretical                         adj. 異教的 , 異端的
heirloom                           n. 傳家寶 , 相傳動産                   of , relating to , or characterized by departure from accepted beliefs

something of special value handed on from one generation to        or standards:UNORTHODOX
another                                                            doctrine:heretical::course:errant

heirloom:ancestor::bequest:testator                                教條:異教的::道路:錯誤的 ( 反義關係 )

傳家寶:祖先::遺産:立遺囑之人 ( 人及其動作 )                                         heretic:unconformity::apologist:defend

                                                                   異教徒:不順從::辯護者:辯護 ( 人物及其正面特徵 )

hem                          n. ( 衣服或裙子的 ) 褶邊                      【注:詞性不符】
a border of a cloth article doubled back and stitched down         authority:superiority::heretic:unconformity

hem:garment::ruffle:shirt::molding:cabinet                         權威:優越性::異端:不服從
褶邊:衣服::皺褶:衫::壁帶:櫥櫃 ( 前者爲後者的邊 )                                     Synonyms dissident , heterodox , nonconformist , schismatic ,

                                                                   sectarian , unorthodox

herald                  vt. 預報 , 宣佈 , 傳達 , 歡呼
to give notice of:ANNOUNCE                                         hermit                            n. 隱士 , 隱居者
unabashed:embarrassment::unheralded:announcement                   one that retires from society and lives in solitude especially for

不害羞的:困窘::未預告的:公告 ( 反義關係 )                                          religious reasons:RECLUSE
unherald <> proclaim                                               vegetarian:meat::hermit:society

未預告的 <> 宣佈                                                         素食者:肉::隱士:社會 ( 前者遠離後者 )
Synonyms ANNOUNCE 2 , forerun , foreshow , harbinger ,             hermitage:secluded::landmark:conspicuous
preindicate , presage
                                                                 152                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                      Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
隱居處:隱退的::路標:明顯的 ( 建築物及其正面特徵 )
Synonyms RECLUSE , solitary
                                                                      List 13 ( hidebound ~ inclement ) :
herpetologist                            n. 爬蟲學家
one that a branch of zoology dealing with reptiles and amphibians

salmon:ichthyologist::chameleon:herpetologist                         hidebound                         adj. 營養不良的 ,
鮭魚 :魚類研究者::變色龍:爬蟲學家 ( 後者研究前者 )                                                                          死板的 , 量小的
                                                                      having an inflexible or ultraconservative character

hesitance                                n. 躊躇 , 猶豫                   contumacious:authority::reactionary / hidebound /

the quality or state of being hesitant:as a:INDECISION                conservative:change / innovation / novelty

b:RELUCTANCE                                                          不聽令的 , 頑固的:權威::反動的 / 死板的 / 保守的:改變 /

impetuous:hesitate::irrepressible:servile                             創新 / 新穎 ( 形容詞與名詞的反面關係 ) 或者 (

衝動的:猶豫::無法鎮壓的:順從的 ( 反義 )                                              前者不接受後者 )

parsimonious:profligacy::impetuous:hesitance                          hidebound:conservative::peeved:annoyed

吝嗇的:揮霍的::衝動的:憂鬱的                                                      死板的:保守的::氣惱的:苦惱的 ( 同義詞 )
alacrity <> dilatoriness / hesitance                                  Synonyms ILLIBERAL , bigoted , brassbound , intolerant ,

敏捷 <> 遲緩 / 猶豫                                                         narrow , narrow-minded , small-minded , unenlarged

impetuosity <> hesitance / vacillation

性急 <> 躊躇                                                              hideous             adj. 醜惡的 , 可憎的 , 可怕的
                                                                      offensive to the senses and especially to sight:exceedingly ugly

heterodox                         adj. 非正統的 , 異端的                     pulchritude <> ugliness / hideous

Not in agreement with accepted beliefs , especially in church         美麗的 <> 醜陋的
doctrine or dogma                                                     affinity <> aversion / hideousness

heterodox:nonconformity::authority:superiority                        吸引力 <> 厭惡 / 醜陋

異教:不墨守成規::權威:優越 ( 人物及其正面特徵 )                                          Synonyms UGLY 2 , ill-favored , ill-looking , unbeautiful ,

                                                                      uncomely , unsightly



                                                                      hie                           v. 急忙 , 疾走 , 催促
                                                                      to go quickly:HASTEN
                                                                      hie <> dawdle

                                                                      催促 <> 遊手好閒 , 閑混
                                                                      Synonyms GO 1 , fare , journey , pass , proceed , ||process , push

                                                                      on , repair , travel , wend



                                                                      hierarchy                         n. 階級組織 , 教士政治 ,
                                                                                                        僧侶政治
                                                                      the classification of a group of people according to ability or to

                                                                      economic , social , or professional standing

                                                                      echelon:hierarchy::?:?


                                                                    153                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                         Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                         太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
梯隊:層次::?:? ( ??關係 )                                                      tumultuous:bedlam::active:hive

                                                                         喧囂的:喧囂之地::活躍的:熱鬧之地 ( 正面特徵 )

hike              v. 使高漲 , 拉起 n. 提高 , 增加
to rise up ; especially:to work upward out of place                      hoard                      n. v. 貯藏 , 秘藏
backset <> hike                                                          to keep ( as one's thoughts ) to oneself

倒退;挫折 <> 提高 , 增加                                                         miser:hoard::dandy:preen::sycophant:fawn::pundit

                                                                         :opine

hinge                        n. 鉸鏈 , 關鍵 , 樞紐                             守財奴:秘藏::花花公子:打扮::馬屁精:奉承::博學
1:a jointed or flexible device on which a door , lid , or other          者:發表意見 ( 人物及其行爲 )
swinging part turns                                                      hoard:miser::shirk:malinger

2:a determining factor:TURNING POINT                                     秘藏:守財奴::逃避:裝病的人 ( 人物及其特徵動作 )
                                                                         Synonyms squirrel , stash

hint                    n. 暗示 , 提示
a slight indication of the existence , approach , or nature of           hoary                      adj. 灰白的 , 久遠的
something:CLUE                                                           1:gray or white with or as if with age

nuance:distinction::hint:suggestion                                      2:extremely old:ANCIENT

細微差別:差別::暗示:提議 ( 程度類比 )                                                  hoary:old::?:?

                                                                         久遠的:古老的::?:? ( 程度關係 )

histrionic                   adj. 演員的 , 演劇的 ,                            Synonyms ANCIENT 1 , aged , age-old , antediluvian , antique ,

                             有如演戲的                                       Noachian , old , timeworn , venerable

of or relating to actors , acting , or the theater

histrionic:actor::?:?                                                    hodgepodge                 n. 混煮 , 雜菜 , 混淆
戲劇的:演員::?:? ( 正面特徵 )                                                     a heterogeneous mixture:JUMBLE
Synonyms DRAMATIC 1 , dramaturgic , theatral , theatric ,                hodgepodge:uniformity::cliche:originality
theatrical , thespian                                                    大雜燴:一致::陳詞濫調:新穎 ( 缺乏關係 )

                                                                         items:hodgepodge::people:rabble

hitch                   v. 搭便車 , 套住                                     物品:大雜燴::人們:烏合之衆 ( 個體及其雜亂的集體 )

1:to move by jerks or with a tug                                         Synonyms MISCELLANY 1 , gallimaufry , hash , hotchpotch ,

2 a:to catch or fasten by or as if by a hook or knot                     jumble , medley , m*lange , mishmash , patchwork , potpourri

     b ( 1 ) :to connect ( a vehicle or implement ) with a source of
motive power                                                             homage                     n. 尊崇 , 尊敬 , 效忠
   ( 2 ) :to attach ( a source of motive power ) to a vehicle or         expression of high regard:RESPECT
instrument                                                               counsel:advice::laud:homage

     c:to join in marriage                                               勸告:勸告::稱讚:敬意 ( 同義關係 )

3:hitchhike                                                              homage <> disrespect

                                                                         敬意 <> 失禮

hive                    n. 蜂房 , 鬧區 , 蜜蜂群                                 Synonyms:honor , reverence , deference
a place swarming with activity


                                                                       154                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
homily                             n. 說教 , 訓誡                         tree:forestry::flower:horticulture
a lecture or discourse on or of a moral theme                         樹:森林學::花:園藝學 ( 學科及其研究物件 )

parable:story::homily:lecture

寓言:故事::說教:演講 ( 種屬關係 )                                                 hovel                n. 小屋 , 雜物間 , 家畜小屋
區別:homely ( adj. 家常的;不好看的 )                                           a small , wretched , and often dirty house:HUT

                                                                      palatial:hovel::bucolic:city

homogenize                  v. 使均勻                                    富麗堂皇的:小屋::田園風味的:城市 ( 反面特徵 )
to blend ( diverse elements ) into a uniform mixture

stratify <> homogenize                                                hub                         n. 車軸 , 中心
使分層 <> 使均勻                                                            the central part of a circular object ( as a wheel or propeller )

                                                                      spoke:hub::radius:center

hone                        v. 用磨刀石磨 n. 磨刀石 ,                         輪輻:中心::半徑:中心 ( 前者會聚於後者 )

                            抱怨 , 想念                                   hubris                             n. 傲慢 , 驕傲
to make more acute , intense , or effective:WHET                      exaggerated pride or self-confidencehubristic

hone <> blunt                                                         parsimony:frugal::hubris:pride

磨快 <> 弄鈍                                                              吝嗇:節儉的::狂妄自大:自豪的 ( 褒貶程度類比 )



honorarium                  n. 酬勞金 , 謝禮                               humanitarian                       n. 人道主義者 , 博愛者 ,
a payment for a service ( as making a speech ) on which custom or                                        基督凡人論者
propriety forbids a                                                   a person promoting human welfare and social

amenity:comfortable::honorarium:grateful                              reform:PHILANTHROPIST

舒適的設備:舒適的::謝禮:感謝的 ( 目的關係 )

                                                                      humble                adj. 卑下的 , 謙遜的 , 粗陋的
horn                  n. 角 , 角質 , 喇叭                                  a:ranking low in a hierarchy or scale:INSIGNIFICANT ,

a wind instrument used in a jazz band ; especially:TRUMPET            UNPRETENTIOUS

horn:blow::harp:pluck                                                 b:not costly or luxurious

喇叭:吹::豎琴:彈 ( 動賓關係 )                                                   dour:geniality::bumptious:humbleness

                                                                      嚴厲的:親切::傲慢的:謙遜 ( 形容詞與名詞的反面關係 )

hortative                          adj. 激勵的                           impetuous:vacillation / hesitation::bumptious:humbleness

giving exhortation:ADVISORY                                           衝動的:猶豫::傲慢的:謙遜 ( 形容詞與名詞的反面關係 )

didactic:teach::hortatory:urge                                        supercilious <> humble

說教的:教授::激勵的:力勸 ( 形容詞與動詞的正面關係 )                                        傲慢的 <> 謙遜的

hortative:encourage::exculpatory:absolve                              bumptious <> humble

鼓勵的:鼓勵::辨明無罪的:無罪赦免 (                                                  傲慢的 <> 謙遜的

形容詞與動詞的正面關係 )                                                         hauteur <> humility

                                                                      傲慢 <> 謙卑

horticulture                       n. 園藝學                             panache <> humility

the science and art of growing fruits , vegetables , flowers , or     炫耀 , 擺架子 <> 謙卑
ornamental plants                                                     Synonyms IGNOBLE 1 , base , baseborn , low , lowborn , lowly ,
                                                                    155                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                         Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
mean , plebeian , unennobled , unwashed                                   husbandry                         n. 節儉 , 耕種 , 家政
                                                                          the control or judicious use of resources:CONSERVATION

humor                         v. 迎合 , 牽就 , 順應                             husbandry:dissipate::alacrity:procrastinate

1:to soothe or content by indulgence                                      節儉:浪費::敏捷:拖延 ( 反義關係 )

2:to adapt oneself to                                                     husband <> squander

chide:pillory::humor:mollycoddle                                          節儉地使用 <> 浪費

責駡:使示衆::遷就:溺愛 ( 程度關係 )                                                    husbandry <> prodigality

Synonyms BABY , cater ( to ) , cocker , coddle , cosset , cotton ,        節儉 <> 浪費
indulge , mollycoddle , pamper , spoil                                    husbandry <> waste

                                                                          節儉 <> 浪費

hurdle                            n. 障礙 , 跳欄 ,                            Synonyms ECONOMY , forehandedness , frugality , providence ,

                                  臨時活動籬笆 v.                               prudence , thrift , thriftiness

                                  用籬笆圍 , 越過 , 克服
1:to leap over especially while running ( as in a sporting                husk                  n. ( 果類或穀物的 ) 外殼 (
competition )                                                                                   通常用複數 ) , 皮 , 無價值之物
2:OVERCOME , SURMOUNT                                                     a usually dry or membranous outer covering ( as a pod or hull or

Synonyms CLEAR 8 , leap , negotiate , over , overleap , surmount          one composed of bracts ) of various seeds and fruits ; also:one of
, vault                                                                   the constituent parts

                                                                          corn:husk::??

hurl                v. 用力投擲 , 憤慨地說出 , 丟下                                  穀物:外皮::??
to throw down with violence;to utter with vehemence

scowl:displeasure::kiss:affection { hurl:disgust }                        husky                               adj. 聲音沙啞的
皺眉頭:不快::吻:愛 { 憤慨地說出:厭惡 } (                                                hoarse with or as if with emotion

動作及其表達情感 )                                                                husky <> delicate

Synonyms:throw , cast , toss , fling , pitch , sling                      嘶啞的 <> 細膩的
                                                                          Synonyms HOARSE 1 , croaking , croaky , gruff

hurricane                         n. 颶風
a tropical cyclone with winds of 74 miles ( 118 kilometers ) per          hybrid                              adj. 混合的 , 雜種的 ,
hour or greater that occurs especially in the western Atlantic , that                                         混合語的 n. 雜種
is usually accompanied by rain , thunder , and lightning , and that       something heterogeneous in origin or composition:COMPOSITE
sometimes moves into temperate latitudes                                  hybrid <> of unmixed extraction

fire:inferno::storm:hurricane                                             雜種 <> 純血統

火:大火::暴風:颶風 ( 程度關係 )                                                      Synonyms bastard , cross , crossbred , crossbreed , half blood ,

rain:deluge::wind:hurricane                                               half-breed , mongrel , mule

雨:暴雨::風:狂風 ( 程度關係 )

snow:precipitation::hurricane:cyclone                                     hymn                         n. 讚美詩 , 聖歌 , 讚歌
雪:降水::颶風:旋風 ( 種屬關係 )                                                      a song of praise or joy

                                                                          hymn:praise::elegy:sorrow


                                                                        156                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
讚歌:讚美::挽歌:悲傷 ( 事物及其表達的含義 )                                             ichthyologist                   n. 魚類學者 , 魚類研究者
Synonyms SONG 2 , aria , descant , ditty , lay , lied                  one that study a branch of zoology that deals with fishes

                                                                       salmon:ichthyologist::chameleon:herpetologist

hypnotic                         adj. 催眠的 , 催眠術的 ,                     鮭魚:魚類學家::變色龍:爬蟲學家 ( 學者及其研究物件 )

                                 易於催眠的
tending to produce sleep:SOPORIFIC                                     idiosyncratic                       adj. 特質的 , 異質的 ,
hypnotic <> conscious                                                                                      特殊的
催眠的 <> 有知覺的                                                            1. a:a peculiarity of constitution or temperament:an
hypnotic <> stimulant                                                  individualizingcharacteristic or quality

催眠藥 <> 刺激物                                                                  b:individual hypersensitiveness ( as to a drug or food )
Synonyms SOPORIFIC 1 , narcotic , opiate , sleepy , somnifacient       2:characteristic peculiarity ( as of temperament ) ;
, somniferous , somnific , somnolent , somnorific , soporiferous       broadly:ECCENTRICITY



hyperbole                  n. 誇張法                                      idolater                            n. 偶像崇拜者 , 崇拜者 ,
extravagant exaggeration                                                                                   皈依者
anger:tirade::exaggeration:hyperbole                                   a person that admires intensely and often blindly one that is not

惱火:長篇激烈的演講::誇張:誇張 ( 同義關係 )                                             usually a subject of worship

malicious:ill will::exaggerating:hyperbole                             reverent:idolater::trusting:dupe

惡毒的:惡意::誇張的:誇張 ( 形容詞與名詞的正面關係 )                                         虔誠的:偶像崇拜者::信賴的:易受騙的人 (
Synonyms EXAGGERATION , coloring , embellishment ,                     人物及其正面特徵 )
embroidering , overstatement                                           esteem:idolatrize::favor:bribe

                                                                       尊敬:盲目崇拜::贈與:行賄 ( 程度褒貶類比 )

hypercritical                    a. 苛求的 , 吹毛求疵的
meticulously or excessively critical                                   ignite                         v. 點燃 , 使灼熱 , 使興奮
Synonyms:critical , faultfinding , captious , carping , censorious     to set afire ; also:KINDLE

區別:hypocritical ( adj. 僞善的 )                                           ignite <> extinguish

                                                                       點燃 <> 熄滅

hypocritical                     adj. 僞善的                              Synonyms LIGHT 1 , enkindle , fire , inflame , kindle

characterized by hypocrisy ; also:being a hypocrite

authenticity:fraudulent::sincerity:hypocritical                        ignominy                            n. 羞恥 , 屈辱
真實性:欺詐的::誠摯:僞善的 ( 名詞與形容詞的反面關係                                          1:deep personal humiliation and disgrace
)                                                                      2:disgraceful or dishonorable conduct , quality , or action
hypocritical <> ingenuous / honest                                     ignominious <> lofty

僞善的 <> 真誠的 / 誠實的                                                       可恥的 <> 崇高的
Synonyms canting , pecksniffian , pharisaic , pharisaical ,                ignominy <> glory , honor ; esteem , respect

sanctimonious , self-righteous                                         恥辱 <> 光榮

CF. Hypocrite ( n. 僞君子 )                                               Synonyms DISGRACE , discredit , disesteem , dishonor ,

區別:hypercritical ( adj. 苛求的 , 吹毛求疵的 )                                  disrepute , infamy , obloquy , odium , opprobrium , shame


                                                                     157                        Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                          太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
ignorant                            adj. 無知識的 ,                             雕飾:建築::裝飾圖案:手稿 ( 裝飾關係 )

                                    不知道的 , 幼稚的                              stylus:mark::lamp:illumination

1. a:destitute of knowledge or education ; also:lacking                     鐵筆:刻痕::燈:照明 ( 物品及其用途 )
knowledge or comprehension of the thing specified                           squall:commotion::flash:illumination

  b:resulting from or showing lack of knowledge or intelligence             大叫:擾亂::使閃爍:照明 ( 因果關係 )

2:UNAWARE , UNINFORMED                                                      therapeutic:hospital::illuminating:school
Synonyms benighted , empty-headed , illiterate , know-nothing ,             治療的:醫院::啓蒙的:學校 ( 機構及其功能 )
rude , uneducated , uninstructed , unlettered , unschooled , untaught       obfuscate <> elucidate / illuminate / explain clearly

, untutored                                                                 使迷亂 <> 闡明 / 闡明 / 解釋清楚



ignore                       v. 不理睬 , 忽略                                    illusory                           adj. 産生幻覺的 ,
to reject ( a bill of indictment ) as ungrounded                                                               幻影的 , 錯覺的
scorn:reject::adulate:flatter::disparage:ignore                             based on or producing illusion:DECEPTIVE

輕蔑:拒絕::諂媚:奉承::蔑視:不理睬 ( 程度類比 )                                               maelstrom:turbulent::mirage:illusory

subtle:ignore::salient:observe                                              大旋渦:狂暴的::海市蜃樓:幻影的 ( 正面特徵 )

微妙的:忽略::易見的:觀察 ( 容易關係 )                                                     nicety:precision::illusion:fantasy
erudite <> smattering of knowledge / ignorant / unlettered                  準確:精確::幻想:幻想 ( 同義關係 )

博學的 <> 一知半解的 / 無知的 / 文盲的                                                    Synonyms FICTITIOUS 1 , chimerical , fanciful , fantastic ,

Synonyms NEGLECT , blink ( at or away ) , discount , disregard ,            fictional , fictive , imaginary , suppositious , supposititious , unreal

fail , forget , omit , overlook , overpass , slight

                                                                            illustrate                         v. 舉例說明 , 作圖解 ,
illiteracy                          n. 文盲                                                                      闡明
the quality or state of being illiterate ; especially:inability to read     to provide with visual features intended to explain or decorate

or write                                                                    illustrate:pictures::particularize:details

illiteracy:education::inequity:redistribution                               作圖解:圖片::詳細說明:詳細資料 ( 前者通過後者實現 )

文盲:教育::不公:重新分配 ( 消除關係 )                                                     Synonyms CLARIFY 2 , clear , clear up , elucidate , explain ,

erudition <> illiteracy                                                     illuminate

博學 <> 文盲

                                                                            imbibe                             v.
illuminati                          n. 先覺者 , 智者                                                                吸收象用喝一樣地吸收或
persons who are or who claim to be unusually enlightened                                                       吸進
interpreter:translate::illuminati:instruct                                  to absorb or take in as if by drinking

翻譯員:翻譯::先覺者:指導 ( 人物及其正面行爲 )                                                 thirsty:imbibe::exhausted:rest

                                                                            渴:喝水::疲憊的:休息 ( 感覺及其消除方式 )

illumination                        n. 照明 , 闡明 , 啓發
one of the decorative features used in the art of illuminating or in        imbroglio                          n. 紛亂 , 糾葛 , 紛擾 ,
decorative lighting                                                                                            一團糟
frieze:building::illumination:manuscript                                    1:a confused mass


                                                                          158                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
2 a:an intricate or complicated situation ( as in a drama or novel )     unembodied , unfleshly , unmaterial , unphysical , unsubstantial

 b:an acutely painful or embarrassing misunderstanding

c:a violently confused or bitterly complicated                           immemorial                     adj. 太古的 , 極古的
altercation:EMBROILMENT                                                  extending or existing since beyond the reach of memory , record ,

Synonyms QUARREL , altercation , bickering , dispute ,                   or tradition

embroilment , falling-out , miff , row , spat , squabble                 immemorial <> recent

imitation              n. 模仿 , 效法 , 冒充 , 贋品                              古老的 <> 近來的
the quality of an object in possessing some of the nature or

attributes of a transcendent idea                                        imminent                           adj. 即將來臨的 , 逼近的
exemplary:imitation::culpable:blame                                      ready to take place ; especially:hanging threateningly over one's

可作模範的:模仿::該責備的:責備 (                                                      head

形容詞與動詞的正面關係 )                                                            Synonyms impending , proximate

Synonyms ARTIFICIAL 2 , dummy , ersatz , false , mock , sham ,

simulated , spurious , substitute                                        immune                                    adj. 免疫的 , 免除的 ,
                                                                                                                   不受影響的
immanent                 adj. 普遍存在的 , 內在的                                not susceptible or responsive ; especially:having a high degree of
remaining or operating within a domain of reality or realm of            resistance to a disease

discourse:INHERENT ; specifically:having existence or effect             fertilize:grow::immunize:resist
only within the mind or consciousness                                    施肥:生長::使免疫:抵抗 ( 因果關係 )
immanent <> explicit                                                     overexposure:jaded::vaccination:immune

內在的 <> 外在的                                                               感光過度:厭倦的::接種疫苗:免疫的 ( 因果關係 )
immanent <> extrinsic                                                    soporific:sleep::vaccinating:immunity

內在的 <> 外在的                                                               催眠的:睡覺::接種的:免疫 ( 因果關係 )

                                                                         vaccination:immune::overexposure:jaded

immaterial                          adj. 非物質的 , 無形的 ,                    接種疫苗:免疫的::感光過度:厭倦的 ( 因果關係 )

                                    精神的 , 不相關的
1:not consisting of matter:INCORPOREAL                                   immure                                    v. 監禁 , 禁閉
2:of no substantial consequence:UNIMPORTANT                              a:to enclose within or as if within walls

immaterial:relevance::peripheral:center                                  b:IMPRISON

不相關的:相關::週邊的:中心的 (                                                       2:to build into a wall ; especially:to entomb in a wall

形容詞與名詞的反面關係 )                                                            immure <> release

immaterial:relevance::circuitous:directness                              禁閉 <> 釋放

無關的:有關::拐彎抹角的:率直 (                                                       Synonyms IMPRISON , bastille , confine , constrain , incarcerate ,

形容詞與名詞的反面關係 )                                                            intern , jail , jug , ||prison , ||quod

relevant <> immaterial

有關的 <> 無關的                                                               immutable                                 adj. 不可變的 , 不變的 ,
Synonyms asomatous , bodiless , disbodied , discarnate ,                                                           不能變的
disembodied , incorporeal , insubstantial , metaphysical ,               not capable of or susceptible to change

nonmaterial , nonphysical , spiritual , unbodied , ||uncorporal ,
                                                                       159                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
immutable:altered::implacable:propitiated                            rectitude:transgress::keen:obtuse {

不變的:改變的::不緩和的:勸解的 ( 反義關係 )                                           impeccable:flaw::indolent:stir }

transitory:endure::immutable:change                                  正直:犯罪::鋒利的:鈍的 ( 反義關係 )

短暫的:耐久::不能變的:改變 ( 形容詞與動詞反面關係 )                                       impeccable <> faulty

immutable <> variable                                                沒缺點的 <> 有缺點的

不可變的 <> 可變的                                                          Synonyms errorless , exquisite , faultless , flawless , immaculate ,

                                                                     irreproachable

imp                        n. 頑童
a mischievous child:URCHIN                                           impecunious                       adj. 不名一文的 ,
insensitive:boor::mischievous imp                                                                      貧困的
感覺遲鈍的:粗野的人:淘氣的:頑童 ( 人物及其正面特徵 )                                       having very little or no money usually habitually:PENNILESS
Synonyms URCHIN , gamin , monkey                                     foolish:discretion::impecunious:money

                                                                     愚蠢的:判斷力::貧窮的:錢 ( 缺乏關係 )

impair                     v. 損害 , 減少 , 削弱                           pelf:impecunious::experience:green
to damage or make worse by or as if by diminishing in some           錢財:貧窮的::經驗:無經驗的 ( 人物特徵及其缺乏 )
material respect                                                     impecunious <> wealthy / prosperous / affluent

Synonyms:injure , harm , hurt , damage , mar                         貧窮的 <> 富裕的 / 繁榮的 / 富裕的
                                                                     impecunious <> lavish / prosperous

impassive                        adj. 無感情的 , 冷淡的 ,                   貧窮的 <> 過分豐富的 / 繁榮的

                                 不動的 , 平靜的                           Synonyms POOR 1 , destitute , dirt poor , impoverished , indigent

unsusceptible to or destitute of emotion                             , necessitous , needy , penurious , poverty-stricken , unprosperous

impassive:perturb::voracious:satisfy

冷漠的:打擾::貪婪的:滿足 ( 難以關係 )                                              impede                            v. 妨礙 , 阻礙
callous:impassive::dupe:duplicity                                    to interfere with or slow the progress of

冷淡的:冷漠的::欺騙:不誠實 ( 同義 )                                               blandishment:cajole::obstacle:impede
impassive <> emotional                                               甜言蜜語:哄騙::障礙:阻止 ( 目的關係 )

冷漠的 <> 情感的                                                           abet <> thwart / impede

impassive <> excitable                                               教唆 , 支援 <> 阻礙 / 阻止

冷漠的 <> 易興奮的                                                          facilitate <> impeding

Synonyms apathetic , dry , matter-of-fact , phlegmatic , stoic ,     促進 <> 阻止
stolid                                                               impede <> promote / foment

CF:impassion ( v. 激起熱情 ) impassioned ( adj. 充滿熱情的 )                  阻礙 <> 促進 / 煽動
                                                                     cultivate <> impede { decline }

impeccable                       a. 無瑕疵的                             促長 <> 阻止 { 衰敗 } 【注:此題爭議較大】

blemish:impeccable::guile:artless                                    nurture <> impede

污點:沒缺點的::狡詐:樸實的 ( 反義關係 )                                             撫育 <> 阻止

impeccable:flaw::ingenuous:guile                                     Synonyms HINDER , bar , block , brake , dam , obstruct ,

沒缺點的:缺點::真誠的:狡詐 ( 反義關係 )                                             overslaugh


                                                                   160                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                        Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
impenetrable                     adj. 不能穿過的 ,                        imperial                           adj. 帝王的 , 至尊的 ,
                                 不可理喻的 , 費解的 ,                                                          壯麗的 , 堂皇的
                                 頑固的                                 of , relating to , befitting , or suggestive of an empire or an

1. a:incapable of being penetrated or pierced                        emperor;of superior or unusual size or excellence

  b:inaccessible to knowledge , reason , or                          imperial:significance::grotesque:fantasy

sympathy:IMPERVIOUS                                                  堂皇的:重大::奇異的:怪念頭 ( 形容詞與名詞的正面關係

2:incapable of being comprehended:INSCRUTABLE                        )

pierce:impenetrable::profane:inviolable                              imperial <> obedient

穿透:難以滲透的::褻瀆:不可褻瀆的 (                                                 最高權力的 <> 服從的

動詞與形容詞的反面關係 )
porous <> impenetrable                                               imperious                     adj. 傲慢的 , 專橫的
多孔滲水的 <> 難以滲透的                                                       marked by arrogant assurance:DOMINEERING
Synonyms IMPASSABLE 1 , impermeable , imperviable ,                  fawn:imperiousness::equivocate:directness
impervious , unpierceable                                            奉承:專橫::支吾:率直 ( 動詞與名詞的反面關係 )

                                                                     imperious:fawn::swagger:self depreciate

impenitent                  adj. 不悔悟的                                專橫的:奉承::自大的:自貶 ( 反義關係 )
not feeling or expressing humble or regretful pain or sorrow for     imperious:servile::bellicose:peaceable
sins or offenses                                                     專橫的:奴性的::好戰的:和平的 ( 反義關係 )
rueful <> impenitent                                                 fawn:imperiousness::equivocate:directness::elaborate:s

悔恨的 <> 不悔悟的                                                          ketch
Synonyms REMORSELESS , regretless , uncontrite , unregretful ,       奉承:專橫::支吾:率直::精心製作:粗略 (
unremorseful , unrepentant , unsorry                                 動詞與名詞的反面關係 )

                                                                     imperiousness:fawn::self depreciatory:swagger

imperative                       adj. 命令式的 , 急需的 ,                   專橫:奉承::自我貶低:大搖大擺 (

                                 勢在必行的 , 強制的                         形容詞與動詞的反面關係 )
expressive of a command , entreaty , or exhortation                  imperious:grovel::??

question:interrogative::order:imperative                             傲慢的:卑躬屈膝::?? ( 行爲及其反面特徵 )

懷疑:表示疑問的::命令:命令的 (                                                   elf:imperious::??

動詞與形容詞的正面關係 )                                                        惡人:專橫的::??
Synonyms MASTERFUL 1 , bossy , domineering , high-handed ,           imperious <> humble

imperial , imperious , magisterial , overbearing , peremptory        專橫的 <> 謙遜的
                                                                     imperious <> servile / obeisant

imperceptible                    adj. 不能感知的 ,                        專橫的 <> 卑曲的 / 服從的

                                 不知不覺的 , 微細的                         Synonyms:masterful , domineering , peremptory , imperative

not perceptible by a sense or by the mind:extremely slight ,
gradual , or subtle                                                  impertinent                        adj. 魯莽的 , 無禮的 ,
appreciable <> imperceptible                                                                            粗魯的 , 不恰當的
可感知的 <> 不能感知的                                                        1:not pertinent:IRRELEVANT


                                                                   161                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                        Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
2. a:not restrained within due or proper bounds especially of         imperviable , unpierceable

propriety or good taste

  b:given to or characterized by insolent rudeness                    impetuous                         adj. 衝動的 , 猛烈的 ,
impertinence <> respect / relevence                                                                     輕率的 , 急躁的
無禮 <> 尊敬 / 尊敬                                                         1:marked by impulsive vehemence or passion
obeisant <> impertinent                                               2:marked by force and violence of movement or action

尊敬 <> 無禮                                                              impetuous:vacillation / hesitation::bumptious:humbleness

Synonyms:officious , meddlesome , intrusive , obtrusive               衝動的:躊躇 / 猶豫::傲慢的:謙遜 (

                                                                      形容詞與名詞的反面關係 )

imperturbable                     adj. 沈著的 ,                          impetuous:hesitate::irrepressible:servile

                                  泰然自若的 , 鎮靜的                         衝動的:猶豫::無法鎮壓的:順從的 ( 反義 )
marked by extreme calm , impassivity , and steadiness:SERENE          parsimonious:profligacy::impetuous:hesitance
restive <> calm / imperturbable                                       吝嗇的:揮霍的::衝動的:憂鬱的
吵鬧的 <> 平靜的 / 冷靜的                                                      impetuosity <> hesitance / vacillation

ticklish <> imperturbable                                             衝動 <> 猶豫 / 躊躇

不穩定的 <> 冷靜的                                                           impetuous <> deliberate

testiness <> imperturbability                                         衝動的 <> 深思熟慮的

暴躁 <> 冷靜                                                              Synonyms PRECIPITATE 1 , abrupt , hasty , headlong , hurried ,

Synonyms:cool , composed , collected , unruffled , nonchalant         precipitant , precipitous , rushing , subitaneous , sudden



impervious                  adj. 不能滲透的 , 不爲所動的                        impiety                      n. 無信仰 , 無信心 , 不虔誠 ,
                            , 不會受到損害的                                                              不孝
1. a:not allowing entrance or passage:IMPENETRABLE                    the quality or state of being impious:IRREVERENCE

  b:not capable of being damaged or harmed                            impiety <> devoutness

2:not capable of being affected or disturbed not capable of being     不虔誠的 <> 虔誠的
damaged or harmed

impervious:damaged::indomitable:subdued                               implacable                   adj. 難寬恕的 , 難和解的 ,
不會受到損害的:傷害的::不屈服的:屈服的 ( 反義關係 )                                                                     執拗的
impervious:friable::nonflammable:combustible                          not placable:not capable of being appeased , significantly

不會受到損害的:易碎的:不燃燒的:易燃的 ( 反義關係 )                                         changed , or mitigated

impervious:penetrate::ineluctable:avoid                               immutable:altered::implacable:propitiated

不能滲透的:滲透::不可避免的:避免 (                                                  不能變的:改變的::難緩和的::緩和的 ( 反義關係 )

形容詞與動詞的反面關係 )                                                         implacable:compromise::honest:swindle

impervious:damaged::indefensible:excused                              難和解的:妥協::誠實的:詐騙 ( 反義關係 )

不會受到損害的:傷害的::無辯護餘地的:申辯的 (                                             Synonyms GRIM 3 , ironfisted , merciless , mortal , relentless ,

反義關係 )                                                                ruthless , unappeasable , unflinching , unrelenting , unyielding

translucent <> impervious of light

透明的 <> 不透光的                                                           implement                         n. 工具 , 器具 v. 實現 ,
Synonyms IMPASSABLE 1 , impenetrable , impermeable ,
                                                                    162                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                         Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                                   使生效 , 執行                               moment:IMPROVISED

CARRY OUT , ACCOMPLISH ; especially:to give practical                     2:composed or uttered without previous
effect to and ensure of actual fulfillment by concrete measures           preparation:EXTEMPORANEOUS
Synonyms instrument , tool , utensil                                      ad-lib:impromptu::aside:divergent

                                                                          即興的:即興的::在旁邊 , 到一邊:分歧的 ( 同義關係 )

implicate                          v. 含意 , 暗示 , 牽連                        Synonyms EXTEMPORANEOUS , autoschediastic , extemporary

1:to involve as a consequence , corollary , or natural                    , extempore , improvised , offhand , spur-of-the-moment ,

inference:IMPLY                                                           unrehearsed , unstudied

2. archaic:to fold or twist together:ENTWINE

3. a:to bring into intimate or incriminating connection                   improvident                       adj. 無遠見的 , 浪費的
    b:to involve in the nature or operation of something                  not provident:not foreseeing and providing for the future
Synonyms INVOLVE 1 , embroil , mire , tangle                              Synonyms thriftless , unthrift , unthrifty

                                                                          improvised                 adj. 即席而作的 , 即興的
implode                            v. 內爆 , 劇減                             to compose , recite , play , or sing extemporaneously

1. a:to burst inward                                                      rite <> improvised act

    b:to undergo violent compression                                      儀式 <> 即興表演

2:to collapse inward as if from external pressure ; also:to               Synonyms EXTEMPORANEOUS , autoschediastic , extemporary

become greatly reduced as if from collapsing                              , extempore , impromptu , offhand , spur-of-the-moment ,

collapse:implode::divide:sunder                                           unrehearsed , unstudied

倒塌:內爆::分開:分離 ( 因果關係 )

                                                                          imprudent                   adj. 輕率的 , 魯莽的
impostor                           n. 冒名頂替者                               not prudent:lacking discretion
one that assumes false identity or title for the purpose of deception     judicious <> imprudent

impostor:identity::usurper:authorization {                                判斷正確的 <> 輕率的

barbarian:property }                                                      區別:impudent ( adj. 放肆無禮的 , 厚顔無恥的 )

冒名頂替者:身份::篡位者:權利 ( 特徵人物及其追求目標
)                                                                         impudent              adj. 放肆無禮的 , 厚顔無恥的
                                                                          marked by contemptuous or cocky boldness or disregard of

impotent                           a. 無力的 , 虛弱的 ,                         others:INSOLENT

                                   無效的 , 陽萎的                              impudence:brazen::deadpan:impassive

not potent:lacking in power , strength , or vigor:HELPLESS                厚顔無恥:厚顔無恥::無表情:冷漠的 ( 同義關係 )
clout <> { impotent }                                                     impudent <> deferential / respectful

權力 <> 無力的 【詞性不符 , 對應不工整】                                                  放肆無禮的 <> 恭敬的 / 恭敬的 , 有禮貌的
Synonyms WEAK , boneless , emasculate , forceless , inadequate ,          impudent <> obeisant

ineffective , ineffectual , invertebrate , slack-spined , spineless       放肆無禮的 <> 恭敬的
                                                                          Synonyms UNWISE , ill-advised , ill-judged , impolitic ,

impromptu                          adj. 即席的 , 即興的                         indiscreet , injudicious

1:made , done , or formed on or as if on the spur of the                  區別:imprudent ( adj. 輕率的 , 魯莽的 )


                                                                        163                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
impugn                      v. 指責 , 對…表示懷疑                             unthinking

to assail by words or arguments:oppose or attack as false or
lacking integrity                                                      inalienable                         adj. 不能讓與的 ,
extol <> condemn / impugn / detract                                                                        不能轉售的 ,
讚美 <> 譴責 / 指責 / 貶低                                                                                         不能剝奪、奪取的 ,
impugn <> champion                                                                                         不可分割的
指責 <> 支援                                                               incapable of being alienated , surrendered , or transferred

impugn <> endorse                                                      inalienable:surrendered::implacable:propitiated

指責 <> 同意                                                               不能剝奪的:放棄的::難平息的:平息的 ( 反義關係 )
impugn <> vindicate

指責 <> 辯護                                                               inane              adj. 空虛的 , 愚蠢的 , 空洞的
impugn <> uphold                                                       1:EMPTY , INSUBSTANTIAL

指責 <> 贊同                                                               2:lacking significance , meaning , or point:SILLY
Synonyms DENY 4 , contradict , contravene , cross , disaffirm ,        obsessed:attracted::rash:adventurous { inane:clumsy }
gainsay , negate , negative , traverse                                 迷住的:吸引的::輕率的::喜歡冒險的 ( 褒貶程度類比 )
                                                                       inane <> expressive , meaningful , pregnant , significant , weighty

impuissance                   n. 無能 , 無力 , 虛弱                          空洞的 <> 有表現力的 , 意味深長的 , 富有意義的 , 有意義的 ,
WEAKNESS , POWERLESSNESS                                               有效的
clout <> impuissance                                                   Synonyms INSIPID 3 , driveling , flat , innocuous , jejune , milk-

權勢 <> 無能                                                               and-water , namby-pamby , sapless , vapid , wishy-washy



impulsive                adj. 易衝動的 , 感情用事的                             inanimate                           adj. 無生命的
1:having the power of or actually driving or impelling                 1:not animate:

2:actuated by or prone to act on impulse                                   a:not endowed with life or spirit

3:acting momentarily                                                       b:lacking consciousness or power of motion

Synonyms:spontaneous , instinctive , automatic , mechanical            2:not animated or lively:DULL

                                                                       ephemeral:enduring::inanimate:living

impute                             adj. 可歸罪的 ,                         短暫的:持久的::無生命的:活的 ( 反義關係 )

                                   使負責的 , 可嫁禍的                         Synonyms DEAD 1 , asleep , cold , deceased , defunct , departed ,

to lay the responsibility or blame for often falsely or unjustly       exanimate , extinct , late , lifeless

imputable:nettle
Synonyms ASCRIBE , accredit , assign , attribute , charge , credit     inaugurate                          v. 舉行就職典禮 , 開創
, lay , refer                                                          to induct into an office with suitable ceremonies

                                                                       inaugurate:president::install:official::crown:king

inadvertent                 adj. 不注意的 , 疏忽的                            舉行就職典禮:總統::使就職:公務員::加冕:國王
1:not focusing the mind on a matter:INATTENTIVE                        inauguration:official::matriculation:student

2:UNINTENTIONAL                                                        就職:公務員::入學:學生
Synonyms CARELESS 1 , feckless , heedless , irreflective ,             cease <> inaugurate / commencement

thoughtless , uncaring , unheeding , unrecking , unreflective ,
                                                                     164                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                           Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
終止 , 終了 <> 舉行就職典禮 , 開創 / 開始                                          Synonyms:origin , source , root

Synonyms:begin , commence , start , initiate , usher in

                                                                     incessant              adj. 不斷的 , 不絕的 , 無盡的
incandescent                    adj. 遇熱發光的 , 白熾的                     continuing or following without interruption:UNCEASING
strikingly bright , radiant , or clear                               Synonyms:continual , continuous , constant , perpetual ,
incandescent <> dull                                                 perennial

白熾的 <> 陰暗的
Synonyms BRIGHT 1 , beaming , brilliant , effulgent , fulgent ,      inch                        v. 慢慢前進 , 慢慢移動
lambent , lucent , luminous , radiant , refulgent                    to move by small degrees:progress slowly

                                                                     inch:move::drawl:speak

incarnate                           vt. 體現 , 使具體化 ,                  慢慢移動:移動::懶洋洋地說:說 ( 緩慢及其正常的關係 )

                                    使成化身 adj. 化身的 ,                  accrete:grow::inch:advance

                                    人體化的 , 肉色的                       增長:生長::慢慢前進:前進 ( 種屬 )

a:invested with bodily and especially human nature and form          accrete:growth::inch:advance

b:made manifest or comprehensible:EMBODIED                           增長:生長::慢慢前進:前進 ( 種屬 )
incorporeal <> incarnate

無實體的 <> 人體化的                                                         inchoate                              a. 剛開始的 , 未發展的
Synonyms EMBODY 1 , exteriorize , externalize , manifest ,           being only partly in existence or operation ;

materialize , objectify , personalize , personify , personize ,      especially:imperfectly formed or formulated:FORMLESS
substantiate                                                         immature:developed::incipient / inchoate:realized

                                                                     未完全發展的:完全發展的::初始的 / 未形成的:形成的 (

incendiary                          adj. 放火的 , 煽動的 ,                 反義關係 )

                                    教唆的                              inchoate <> explicit

of , relating to , or involving a deliberate burning of property     不完全的 <> 明確的
Synonyms INFLAMMATORY                                                Synonyms INCOHERENT 2 , disconnected , discontinuous ,

                                                                     disjointed , disordered , incohesive , muddled , unconnected ,

incense                      v. 用香焚 , 使發怒                            uncontinuous , unorganized

1 archaic:to cause ( a passion or emotion ) to become aroused

2:to arouse the extreme anger or indignation of                      incipient              adj. 起初的 , 發端的 , 初期的
propitiate <> incense                                                beginning to come into being or to become apparent

勸解 <> 激怒                                                             immature:developed::incipient / inchoate:realized
Synonyms ANGER 1 , enrage , infuriate , ire , mad , madden ,         不成熟的:成熟的::開始的:完成的 ( 反義關係 )
steam up , umbrage                                                   incipient:realized::tangible:indefinite

                                                                     開始的:完成的::切實的:不確定的

inception                      n. 開端 , 開始 , 取得學位                     incipient <> full-blown / full realized

an act , process , or instance of beginning:COMMENCEMENT             初期的 <> 成熟的 / 完全實現的

inception:termination::matriculation:graduation                      Synonyms INITIAL 1 , beginning , inceptive , initiative ,

起初:終止::入學:畢業 ( 反義關係 )                                                initiatory , introductory , nascent


                                                                   165                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                        Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
incisive                          adj. 敏銳的 , 機敏的 ,
                                  鋒利的 , 切入的
impressively direct and decisive ( as in manner or presentation )

Synonyms biting , clear-cut , crisp , cutting , ingoing , penetrating

, trenchant



incite                     v. 激發 , 刺激
to move to action:stir up:spur on:urge on

exhortation:motivate::persiflage:incite

勸告:促進::惡意抨擊:輕視 ( 動作及其表現 )

instigator:incite::bully:browbeat
煽動者:煽動::侍強淩弱的人:恫嚇 ( 人物及其行爲 )
incite <> pacify

煽動 <> 撫慰

Synonyms:instigate , abet , foment



inclement               a. ( 天氣 ) 嚴酷的 , 嚴厲的
lacking mildness:as
                                                                          List 14 ( incogitant ~ invigorate ) :
a archaic:severe in temper or action:UNMERCIFUL

b:physically severe:STORMY                                                incogitant                       adj. 『罕』無思想的 ,
inclemency:evade::?:?                                                                                      粗心的 , 不體諒的
險惡 , 嚴酷:逃避::?:? ( 前造成後 , 天離 )                                             THOUGHTLESS , INCONSIDERATE

inclement <> balmy                                                        incogitant:thoughtful::restive:calm

險惡的 , 嚴酷的 <> 溫和的                                                          粗心的:深思的::不安的:安靜的 ( 形容詞的反面關係 )
Synonyms SEVERE 3 , bitter , brutal , hard , harsh , intemperate ,        Synonyms:THOUGHTLESS , INCONSIDERATE
rigorous , rugged

                                                                          incongruent                      adj. 不協調的 ,
                                                                                                           不和諧的 ; 不合適的
                                                                          not superposable so as to be coincident throughout , not congruent

                                                                          incongruent:conform::recalcitrant:obey

                                                                          不協調的:順從::反對的:順從 ( 形容詞與動詞的反面關係
                                                                          )

                                                                          CF:incongruence: ( n. 不協調 , 不合適 )



                                                                          inconsequential                  adj. 不合邏輯的 ,
                                                                                                           不合理的 , 不重要的
                                                                          of no significance:UNIMPORTANT
                                                                          crucial <> inconsequential


                                                                        166                    Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                           Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
重要的 <> 不重要的                                                            exonerate <> inculpate

Synonyms:UNIMPORTANT                                                   免罪 <> 控告

CF:inconsequent ( adj. 不合理的 )                                          absolve <> inculpate

                                                                       赦免 <> 使負罪

incontrovertible                  adj. 無爭論餘地的 ,                        exculpate <> inculpate

                                  無疑的 , 明白的                            使無罪 <> 使負罪

not open to question:INDISPUTABLE                                      Synonyms:INCRIMINATE

incontrovertible:disputed::untenable:defended {

ravenous:satisfied } { intrepid:feared }                               incursion                        n. 侵犯 , 入侵
無疑的:爭議::無法抵抗的:防衛 { 貪得無厭的:滿足 } {                                        a hostile entrance into a territory:RAID
無畏的:恐懼 } ( 動作及其反面特徵 )                                                  incursion <> retreat
controvert <> substantiate                                             入侵 <> 撤退

爭論 <> 證實

Synonyms:INDISPUTABLE                                                  indecorous                    adj. 無體的 , 不合禮節的
                                                                       not decorous:conflicting with accepted standards of good conduct

incorrigible                      adj. 無藥可救的 ,                         or good taste

                                  積習難改的 , 固執的
incapable of being corrected or amended UNALTERABLE ,                  indefatigable                    adj. 不知疲倦的 ,
INVETERATE                                                                                              有耐性的 , 不屈不撓的
tractability <> incorrigibility                                        incapable of being fatigued:UNTIRING

溫順 <> 固執                                                               Synonyms:UNTIRING
tractable <> incorrigible

溫順的 <> 固執的                                                             indelible                adj. 擦拭不掉的 , 不可磨滅的
Synonyms:1. DEPRAVED DELINQUENT 2. UNRULY 3.                           UNFORGETTABLE , MEMORABLE

UNALTERABLE INVETERATE                                                 indelible:forget::astounding:expect

                                                                       不可磨滅的:忘記::吃驚的:預期 ( 形容詞與動詞反面關係

incriminate                   vt. 歸罪 , 使負罪 , 控告                        )
to charge with or show evidence or proof of involvement in a crime     indelibility <> erasability

or fault                                                               不可磨滅 <> 擦掉
incrimination <> exoneration                                           Synonyms:LASTING , UNFORGETTABLE , MEMORABLE

負罪 <> 免罪

CF:self-incriminating ( 自責 )                                           indelicate                       adj. 下流的 , 無教養的 ,
                                                                                                        卑鄙的 , 不雅的
inculcate                    vt. 教授 , 諄諄教誨 , 教育                        not delicate:
to teach and impress by frequent repetitions or admonitions            a. ( 1 ) :lacking in or offending against propriety:IMPROPER

Synonyms:IMPLANT                                                           ( 2 ) :verging on the indecent:COARSE

                                                                       b:marked by a lack of feeling for the sensibilities of

inculpate                    vt. 使負罪 , 控告 , 使連累                        others:TACTLESS
INCRIMINATE
                                                                     167                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                          Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
Synonyms:INDECOROUS                                                       indigent:wealth::redundant:indispensability

                                                                          貧乏的:富裕::多餘的:不可缺少 (

indemnity                         n. 賠償 , 補償 , 保護                         形容詞和名詞的反面關係 )
security against hurt , loss , or damage                                  indigent <> affluent

mollification:soothe::indemnity:secure                                    貧乏的 <> 富裕

減輕:緩和::保護:使安全 ( 動作及其目的 )                                                  Synonyms:IMPOVERISHED , DEFICIENT

CF:indemnify ( v. 賠償 )

                                                                          indigestible                      adj. 不消化的 ,
indict                            vt. 起訴 , 控告 , 指控                                                          難消化的 , 難理解的
to charge with a crime by the finding or presentment of a jury ( as a     not digestible:not easily digested
grand jury ) in due form of law                                           CF:indigested ( adj. FORMLESS 雜亂的 ) , indigestive ( abj.
indict:accused::??                                                        消化不良的 )

起訴:被告::?? ( 因果 )

                                                                          indispensability                         n. 不可缺少
indifferent                       adj. 漠不關心的 ,                            absolutely necessary:ESSENTIAL

                                  無重要性的 , 中立的                             indigent:wealth::redundant:indispensability
marked by a lack of interest , enthusiasm , or concern for                貧乏的:富裕::多餘的:不可缺少 (
something:APATHETIC                                                       形容詞和名詞的反面關係
embrace:affection::shrug:indifference                                     indispensable <> trivial

擁抱:愛::聳肩:漠不關心 ( 動作體現情感 )                                                  不可缺少的 <> 微不足道的
avid <> indifferent                                                       indoctrinate                             v. 灌輸思想
熱心的 <> 漠不關心                                                               to instruct especially in fundamentals or rudiments:TEACH

Synonyms:APATHETIC , NEUTRAL , MODERATE                                   stickler:exacting::pedagogue:indoctrinate

區別:unconcerned ( adj. 不關心的 ) , incurious ( adj. 無興趣 ) ,                   完美主義者:苛求的::教育者:灌輸 ( 人和其行爲 )

aloof ( a ad. 疏遠 ) , detached ( adj. 超然 )

                                                                          indolent                          adj. 懶惰的 , 懶洋洋的 (
indigenous                        adj. 土産的 , 本地的                                                            n. indolence )
having originated in and being produced , growing , living , or           a:averse to activity , effort , or movement:habitually lazy
occurring naturally in a particular region or environment                 b:conducing to or encouraging laziness
exotic <> indigenous                                                      rectitude:transgress::keen:obtuse {

異國的 <> 本地的                                                                impeccable:flaw::indolent:stir }
indigenous <> nonnative                                                   正直:違法::鋒利:鈍的 { 無瑕的:缺點::懶惰:激動 }

本地的 <> 異國的                                                                ( 事物及其反面關係 )

Synonyms:NATIVE                                                           Synonyms:LAZY

區別:indigence ( n. 窮困 )

                                                                          inducement                        n. 引誘物
indigent                          adj. 貧乏的 , 窮困的                          a motive or consideration that leads one to action or to additional or

suffering from indigence:IMPOVERISHED                                     more effective actions

                                                                          inducement <> deterrent
                                                                        168                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
引誘 <> 制止                                                          serendipitous:effort::ineluctable:chance

Synonyms:MOTIVE                                                   善於挖寶 ( 有發掘天賦的 ) :努力::不能逃避的:偶然 (

CF:induce ( vt. 引誘 , 招致 ) induced ( adj. )                        事物及其反面特點 )



indulgent                         adj. 縱容的 , 任性的 ,                ineptitude                        n. 不適當 , 愚笨 ,
                                  放縱的                                                               愚昧的言行
indulging or characterized by indulgence ; especially:LENIENT     the quality or state of being inept ; especially:INCOMPETENCE

abstemious:indulge::austere:decorate                              finesse <> ineptitude

節制的:放縱的::樸素的:裝飾 ( 形容詞的反面關係 )                                      靈巧 <> 愚笨

glutton:overindulgence::ascetic:self denial                       inept <> judicious

暴食:放縱::禁欲:自我約束 ( 人和其正面特徵 )                                        愚笨的 <> 明智的
indulge:adherent::slovenly:dapper                                 proficient <> inept

放縱:信徒::不修邊幅的:衣冠楚楚的 ( 反義 )                                         精通的 <> 無能的

【注:對應不工整 , 詞性不符】
spartan <> sybaritic / indulgent / voluptuous / luxurious         inert                        adj. 惰性的 , 行動遲鈍的
節儉 <> 放縱的 / 放縱的 / 好酒色的 / 豪華 , 放縱的                                 deficient in active properties ; especially:lacking a usual or
draconian <> indulgent / mild                                     anticipated chemical or biological action

嚴肅 <> 放縱                                                          inertia <> activity

martinet <> indulgent person                                      惰性的 <> 活力

嚴守紀律者 <> 放縱的人                                                     reactant <> inert material

indulgent <> ascetic                                              反應物 <> 惰性物質

放縱 <> 自我約束                                                        inert <> active

                                                                  惰性的 <> 充滿活力

indurate               vt. 使堅固 , 變堅固 , 使硬化                        inert <> dynamic

to make hard                                                      惰性的 <> 充滿活力
indurate <> soften                                                Synonyms:INACTIVE

使堅固 <> 使軟化

Synonyms:1. INURE 2. CONFIRM 3. HARDEN                            inestimable                  adj. 無價的 , 無法估計的
                                                                  too valuable or excellent to be measured or appreciated

inedible               adj. 不適於食用的 , 不能吃的
not fit to be eaten                                               inevitable                   adj. 不可避免的 , 必然的
                                                                  incapable of being avoided or evaded

ineluctable            adj. 難免的 , 不能逃避的                           ineluctable / inevitable:avoid::untenable:defend

not to be avoided , changed , or resisted:INEVITABLE              透不過的:穿透::不能逃避的:逃避 { 無法抵抗的:防衛 }

impervious:penetrate::ineluctable:avoid {                         ( 動作及其反面特徵 )

untenable:defend }

透不過的:穿透::不能逃避的:逃避 { 無法抵抗的:防衛 }                                    inexorable                        adj. 無情的 , 冷酷的 ,
( 動作及其反面特徵 )                                                                                        不屈不撓的

                                                                169                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                      Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
not to be persuaded or moved by entreaty:RELENTLESS               無窮的:用盡::離散的:重疊 ( 事物及反面特點 )

inexorable:dissuasion::indomitable:conquest                       unique:precedent::infinite:end

無法說服的:說服::無法征服的:征服 (                                              獨一無二:前例::無窮的:結束 ( 事物及反面特點 )

形容詞和名詞反面關係 )
inexorable <> relenting                                           infirm                       adj. 弱的 , 虛弱的 , 柔弱的
冷酷的 <> 憐惜的                                                        of poor or deteriorated vitality ; especially:feeble from age not

                                                                  solid or stable:INSECURE

infamy                            n. 聲名狼藉 , 出醜                    hale <> infirm

evil reputation brought about by something grossly criminal ,     強壯的 <> 柔弱的
shocking , or brutal                                              Synonyms:1. IRRESOLUTE , VACILLATING 2. WEAK
infamy <> good repute

Synonyms:DISGRACE                                                 inflame                           v. 使燃燒 , 激怒 ( 某人 )
                                                                  to excite to excessive or uncontrollable action or feeling

infatuate                         vt. 使迷戀 , 使糊塗                   assuage <> inflame

to cause to be foolish:deprive of sound judgment                  緩和 <> 激怒

sabbatical:leave::flattering:infatuation                          subdue <> inflame

節假日的:外出::討人喜歡的:迷戀 ( 因果關係 )                                        減弱 <> 激怒
odium <> infatuation                                              Synonyms IRRITATE , aggravate , burn ( up ) , gall , get , grate ,

憎恨 <> 迷戀                                                          provoke , put out , rile , roil

CF:infatuation ( n. 迷戀 )

                                                                  infelicitous                      adj. 不幸的 , 不吉的 ,
infer                             vt. 推論出 , 推斷                                                      不適當的
GUESS , SURMISE                                                   not appropriate in application or expression

tacit:infer::encoded:decode                                       happy <> infelicitous

沈默:推斷::編碼:解碼                                                      恰當 <> 不適當

Synonyms:INFER , DEDUCE , CONCLUDE , JUDGE ,                      Synonyms awkward , graceless , ill-chosen , inept , unfortunate ,

GATHER                                                            unhappy

區別:DEDUCE ( 推論 Add to infer )

                                                                  influx                       n. 湧入
inferno                    n. 火海 , 地獄般的場所                         a coming in

a place or a state that resembles or suggests hell                exodus <> influx

fire:inferno::storm:hurricane                                     大批外出 <> 湧入

火:火海::暴風:颶風 ( 程度 )

                                                                  infuse                       vt. 灌輸 , 注入 , 沏或泡 (
infinite                   adj. 無窮的                                                            茶、藥等 ) , 浸漬 , 鼓舞
immeasurably or inconceivably great or                            INSPIRE , ANIMATE

extensive:INEXHAUSTIBLE                                           inspire:infuse::obliterate:remove

infinite:exhaust::discrete:overlap                                鼓舞:鼓舞::刪除:除去 ( 同義 )
                                                                  infuse <> drain away / refuse / extract
                                                                170                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                      Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
使…充滿 <> 排除 / 拒絕 / 析取                                            純樸的 <> 狡猾

Synonyms:SUFFUSE                                                sly <> ingenuous

                                                                狡猾的 <> 誠實的

infuriate                             vt. 激怒                    Synonyms NATURAL 5 , artless , naive , simple , unaffected ,

To make furious ; enrage                                        unartful , unartificial , unschooled , unsophisticated , unstudied

Infuriate:rage::commend:esteem { scrounge:possession }

激怒:大怒::稱讚:尊敬 ( 同義 )                                             ingrained                          adj. 根深蒂固的
Synonyms ANGER 1 , enrage , incense , ire , mad , madden ,      to work indelibly into the natural texture or mental or moral

steam up , umbrage                                              constitution

                                                                ingrained <> easily to change

ingenious                             adj. 機靈的 , 有獨創性的          根深蒂固 <> 易於改變

                                      , 精製的 , 具有創造才能            Synonyms INHERENT , built-in , congenital , constitutional ,

marked by originality , resourcefulness , and cleverness in     deep-seated , inborn , inbred , indwelling , innate , intrinsic

conception or execution

ingenious <> prosaic { spontaneous }                            ingratiating                       adj. 逢迎的 , 迷人的
有獨創性的 <> 平凡的                                                    capable of winning favor:PLEASING
Synonyms CLEVER 4 , adroit , canny , ||coony , cunning ,        ingratiating:win favor::disingenuous:deceive
dexterous , ||sleighty , slim , sly                             迷人的:得到喜歡::虛僞的:欺騙 ( 因果關係 )
                                                                Synonyms deferential , disarming , ingratiatory , insinuating ,

ingenuous                      adj. 純樸的 , 單純的                   insinuative , saccharine , silken , silky

showing innocent or childlike simplicity and candidness

impeccable:flaw::ingenuous:guile                                inimical                    adj. 爲敵的 , 不友善的
無瑕的:缺點::單純的:欺騙 ( 事物及其反面特徵 )                                     a:having the disposition of an enemy:HOSTILE

ingenuous:dissemble::raffish:preen::polite:snub                 b:reflecting or indicating hostility:UNFRIENDLY

天真的:掩飾::粗俗的:打扮::禮貌:輕視 (                                         inimical <> friendly / amiable / amicable

事物及其反面特徵 )                                                      敵意的 <> 友好的 / 親切的 / 友善的

ingratiating:win favor::disingenuous:deceive                    amenable <> inimical

迷人的:得到喜歡::虛僞的:欺騙 ( 因果關係 )                                       服從的 <> 敵意的

pernicious:injure::disingenuous:mislead                         Synonyms HOSTILE 1 , ill , inimicable , unfriendly

有害的:傷害::虛僞的:欺騙 ( 因果關係 )

ingenue:sophistication::cynic:trustfulness                      inimitable              adj. 無法仿效的 , 不可比擬的
單純的:老練的::悲憤嫉俗的:信任 ( 形容詞的反面關係 )                                  not capable of being imitated:MATCHLESS

discompose:placid::fabricate:ingenuous                          inimitable <> commonplace { nimitable <> ordinary }

使不安:平息的::編造 , 捏造:坦白的 (                                          獨特的 <> 平凡

動詞與形容詞的反面關係 )                                                   Synonyms:MATCHLESS
hypercritical <> ingenuous / honest

吹毛求疵的 <> 坦誠的                                                    iniquity                           n. 邪惡 , 不公正
ingenuous <> cunning                                            gross injustice:WICKEDNESS
                                                                iniquity <> rectitude / disinterestedness
                                                              171                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                   Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                         太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
不公正 <> 公正 / 不偏袒                                                            inoffensive , unoffending , unoffensive

Synonyms EVIL 3 , crime , diablerie , sin , tort , wrong ,

wrongdoing                                                                 innovation                        n. 改革 , 創新
                                                                           the introduction of something new

initial                  adj. 開始的 , 最初的 , 字首的                              contumaciou:authority::reactionary / hidebound /

placed at the beginning:FIRST                                              conservative:change / innovation / novelty

eccentric:conventional::doyen:uninitiated                                  頑固的:權威::反動的 / 死板的 / 保守的:變化 / 創新 / 新奇

外向的:保守的::老資格的:無經驗的 ( 形容詞的反面關係                                              ( 事物及其反面特徵 )
)                                                                          Synonyms CHANGE 2 , mutation , novelty , permutation , sport ,

initial:realized::tangible:indefinite { moribund:dead }                    vicissitude

最初的:實現的::切實的:模糊的 ( 反義 )
initial <> follow                                                          inquiry                           n. 質詢 , 調查
最初的 <> 跟隨                                                                  examination into facts or principles:RESEARCH
initiate <> follow up                                                      confidence:arrogant::inquiry:interrogatory

最初 <> 跟隨                                                                   自信:傲慢::詢問:審詢 ( 程度類比 )
inveterate <> uninitiated { youthful }                                     prying:inquisitive::garish:colorful

熟練的 <> 無經驗的                                                                愛打聽的:好奇的::過分妝飾的:華麗的 ( 褒貶程度類比 )
Synonyms beginning , inceptive , incipient , initiative , initiatory ,     Synonyms delving , inquest , inquisition , investigation , probe ,

introductory , nascent                                                     probing , quest , research



innocent                          n. 天真的人 , 笨蛋                             insatiable                   adj. 不知足的 , 貪求無厭的
free from guilt or sin especially through lack of knowledge of             incapable of being satisfied:QUENCHLESS
evil:BLAMELESS                                                             insatiate:slake::??
culpable <> innocent                                                       不知足的:消除::??
有罪的 <> 單純                                                                  insipid                           adj. 沒有味道的 ,
Synonyms GOOD 11 , blameless , exemplary , guiltless ,                     清淡的 , 難吃的
inculpable , irreproachable , pure , righteous , unblam-able ,             lacking in qualities that interest , stimulate , or challenge:DULL ,
virtuous                                                                   FLAT



innocuous                         adj. ( 行爲 , 言論等 )                        insolent                          adj. 粗野的 , 無禮的
                                  無害的                                      exhibiting boldness or effrontery:IMPUDENT
not likely to give offense or to arouse strong feelings or                 perfunctorily:inspiration::insolently:veneration
hostility:INOFFENSIVE , INSIPID                                            馬虎的:激情::無禮的:尊敬 ( 行爲及其反面特徵 )

placebo:innocuous::salve:unctuous { venom:toxious }                        insolent <> polite / courteous { elegant }

寬心劑:無害的::油膏:油質的 { 毒液:有毒的 } (                                               無禮的 <> 有禮貌的 / 彬彬有禮 { 端莊 }

事物及其正面特徵 )                                                                 Synonyms UNPALATABLE 1 , distasteful , flat , flavorless , ill-

noxious <> wholesome / sanitary / innocuous                                flavored , savorless , tasteless , unappetizing , unsavory

有毒的 <> 有益的 / 衛生的 / 無害的
Synonyms HARMLESS , innocent , innoxious , inobnoxious ,
                                                                         172                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                            太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
insouciant                        adj. 漫不經心的 ,
                                  無憂無慮的                                   institute                          n. 學會 , 學院 vt. 創立 ,
lighthearted unconcern:NONCHALANCE                                                                           開始 , 制定 , 任命
tenacious:yield::insouciant:worry                                         to originate and get established:ORGANIZE

不屈不撓的:屈服::無憂無慮的:擔憂 (                                                      rescind <> institute

人物個性特徵及其反面行爲 )                                                            撤離 <> 創立
Synonyms HAPPY-GO-LUCKY , carefree , free-minded ,                        abrogate <> embrace / institute / uphold

lighthearted , lightsome                                                  廢除 <> 支援 / 建立 / 支援



inspired                     adj. 有創見的 , 有靈感的                             insubordinate                      adj. 不服從的 , 反抗的
outstanding or brilliant in a way or to a degree suggestive of divine     disobedient to authority

inspiration                                                               tractable <> insubordinate / intransigent / incorrigible / obstinate

inspire:infuse::obliterate:remove                                         易於管教 <> 反抗的 / 不妥協 / 頑固的 / 倔強的

鼓舞:鼓舞::刪除:除去                                                              Synonyms contumacious , factious , insurgent , mutinous ,

Synonyms ELATE , commove , excite , exhilarate , set up , spirit (        rebellious , seditious

up ) , stimulate

                                                                          insular                            adj. 島的 , 島民的 ,
instate                           vt. 任命                                                                     保守的 , 孤立的 ,
to set or establish in a rank or office:INSTALL                                                              島特有的
instate <> oust                                                           characteristic of an isolated people ; especially:being , having , or

任命 <> 剝奪                                                                  reflecting a narrow provincial viewpoint
Synonyms INITIATE 3 , inaugurate , induct , install , invest              insular <> cosmopolitan

                                                                          孤立的 <> 世界性的

instigate                         vt. 教唆 , 慫恿 , 煽動                        Synonyms local , ||parish-pump , parochial , provincial , sectarian ,

to goad or urge forward:PROVOKE                                           small-town

quell <> foment / instigate / rouse                                       insulate                           v. 使絕緣 , 使隔離
鎮壓 <> 煽動 / 教唆 / 煽動                                                        to place in a detached situation:ISOLATE ; especially:to
Synonyms INCITE , abet , foment , provoke , raise , set , set on ,        separate from conducting bodies by means of nonconductors so as
stir ( up ) , whip ( up )                                                 to prevent transfer of electricity , heat , or sound
                                                                          insularity <> cosmopolitanism

instigator                        n. 煽動者                                  孤立 <> 世界性政策

to goad or urge forward:PROVOKE                                           insulate <> expose

instigator:incite::bully:browbeat                                         使隔離 <> 暴露

煽動者:刺激::欺淩弱小者:欺淩 ( 人物及其動作 )
Synonyms agitator , fomenter , inciter , mover                            insurgent                          adj. 叛亂的 , 起事的 n.
                                                                                                             叛亂分子
instill                           v. 滴注 , 逐漸灌輸                            a person who revolts against civil authority or an established

to impart gradually                                                       government ; especially:a rebel not recognized as a belligerent
Synonyms IMPLANT , inculcate , infix , inseminate
                                                                        173                        Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
parsimony:miser::rebelliousness:insurgent                                 正確:精確::混淆:難解的 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )

吝嗇:吝嗇鬼::叛亂的:叛亂分子 ( 人物及正面特徵 )                                              Synonyms UNDERSTANDABLE , apprehensible ,

Synonyms ISOLATE , close off , cut off , enisle , island ,                comprehendible , comprehensible , fathomable , graspable ,

segregate , separate , sequester                                          knowable , lucid , luminous



intangible                    adj. 難以明瞭的 , 無形的                            intemperate                       adj. 無節制的 , 放縱的
not tangible:IMPALPABLE                                                   not temperate especially:given to excessive use of intoxicating

impracticable:effected::intangible:known {                                liquors

indestructible:restored }                                                 equable <> intemperate

不可行的:有效的::難以瞭解的:大家都知道的 ( 反義 )                                             平靜的 <> 放縱的
corporeal <> intangible                                                   intemperate <> constrained

有形的 <> 無形的                                                                無節制的 <> 限制
Synonyms IMPERCEPTIBLE , impalpable , imponderable ,                      Synonyms EXCESSIVE 2 , immoderate , inordinate ,

inappreciable , indiscernible , insensible , invisible , unapparent ,     overindulgent , unrestrained , untempered

unappreciable , unobservable

                                                                          intensify                         vi. 強化
integral                           adj. 組成的 , 整的                          to make intense or more intensive:STRENGTHEN

essential to completeness:CONSTITUENT                                     moderate:intensity::extenuate:seriousness
integral <> superfluous                                                   緩和:加強::減輕:嚴肅 ( 動作及其反面特徵 )

完整的 <> 多餘的                                                                abate:intensity::taper:width
Synonyms WHOLE 3 , choate , complete , entire , full , perfect            減輕:強度::逐漸變細:寬
                                                                          alleviate:intensity::abate:tax

integrity                          n. 正直 , 誠實 , 完整                        減輕:強度::降低:稅 ( 動賓關係 )
the quality or state of being complete or                                 abate:intensity::taper:width
undivided:COMPLETENESS                                                    減輕:強度::逐漸變細:寬
ecumenical:generality::entire:integrity                                   abate <> intensify / promote

全面的:概要::全體的:完整 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )                                               減少 <> 增加 / 提升

genuine:authenticity::entire:integrity                                    assuage <> intensify

真實的:真實性::完整:完整 ( 同義關係 )                                                   減緩 <> 加強

taint:integrity::??                                                       attenuate <> intensify

污點:正直::?? ( 反義 )                                                          削弱 <> 加強
Synonyms HONESTY , honestness , honor , honorableness ,

incorruption                                                              inter                             vt. 埋葬 , 葬 , 埋
                                                                          to deposit ( a dead body ) in the earth or in a tomb

intelligible                       adj. 可理解的 ,                            inter:burial::obliterate:removal

                                   易理解的 , 明瞭的                             埋葬:葬禮::擦去:移動 ( 事件及其關聯動作 )
capable of being understood or comprehended

correct:accurate::garble:unintelligible                                   intercede                         vi. 仲裁 , 說情 , 調解 (

                                                                        174                        Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                                    n. intercession )             無盡的 / 無數的 / 無數的 / 無法說出的:數量::永恒 /
to intervene between parties with a view to reconciling           無盡的:持續時間 ( 事物的反面特徵 )
differences:MEDIATE                                               innumerable:number::interminable:duration {

intercessor:mediate::augur:prediction { translator:interpret      unsubstantiated:conclusion }
}                                                                 無盡的:數目::無限的:持續時間 ( 形容詞修飾名詞 )

仲裁者:調解::占卜者:預言 { 翻譯:解釋 } (                                        Synonyms break , intermission , interregnum , interval ,

人物及其本征動作 )                                                        parenthesis

Synonyms INTERPOSE 2 , interfere , intermediate , intervene ,

mediate , step in                                                 intermittent                  adj. 斷斷續續的 , 間歇的
                                                                  coming and going at intervals:not continuous

interim                    n. 過渡時期 adj. 暫時的                       intermittent <> constant

an intervening time:INTERVAL                                      間歇的 <> 恒定
interim <> permanent                                              Synonyms alternate , isochronal , isochronous , periodic ,

暫時的 <> 永恒                                                         periodical , recurrent , recurring

Synonyms TEMPORARY , acting , ad interim , pro tem , pro

tempore , supply                                                  interrogate                 vt. 質問 , 訊問 , 審問
                                                                  to question formally and systematically:PROBE

interlock                           adj. 連鎖的                      confidence:arrogant::inquiry:interrogatory
to become locked together or interconnected                       自信:傲慢::調查:質問 ( 程度類比 普通:過度 )
interlocking <> independent                                       question:interrogative::order:imperative

連鎖的 <> 獨立                                                         提問:質問::命令:強制的命令 ( 同上 )

Synonyms:UNITE                                                    Synonyms ASK 1 , catechize , examine , inquire , query , question

                                                                  , quiz

interloper                          n. ( 非法 ) 闖入者
one that interlopes:as                                            intervene                            vi. 插入 , 調停 , 干涉
a:an illegal or unlicensed trader                                 to interfere usually by force or threat of force in another nation's

b:one that intrudes in a place or sphere of activity              internal affairs especially to compel or prevent an action

                                                                  Synonyms INTERPOSE 2 , intercede , interfere , intermediate ,

interlude                           n. 幕間 , 幕間時間 ,                mediate , step in

                                  過場 , 穿插 , 插曲
an intervening or interruptive period , space , or                intimate                             adj. 親密的 , 私人的 ,
event:INTERVAL                                                                                         秘密的 n. 熟友
                                                                  a friend or confidant marked by very close association , contact , or

interminable                        adj. 無盡頭的                     familiarity

having or seeming to have no end ; especially:wearisomely         clique:intimates::flock:sheep
protracted                                                        朋黨集團:密友::一群:羊 ( 整體和個別 )

countless / innumerable / myriad / untold:number::everlasting     obsessed:attracted::intimate:close

/ interminable:duration                                           著迷:吸引::親密:緊密 ( 程度類比 )


                                                                175                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                     Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
engrossed:absorbed::intimate:close                                       易改變的 <> 不妥協的 / 固執的 / 無法修正的 / 固執的

全神貫注的:入神的::親密的:緊密的 ( 程度類比 )                                              pliant <> intransigence / intractable

Synonyms FRIEND , acquaintance , amigo , cater-cousin ,                  柔順的 <> 固執的 / 無法修正的
confidant , familiar , mate                                              Synonyms OBSTINATE , incompliant , intractable , pertinacious ,

                                                                         self-willed , tough , stubborn , willful , unpliable , unyielding

intimate                           vt. 暗示 , 通知 , 告訴
to make known especially publicly or formally:ANNOUNCE                   intrepid                           adj. 無畏的 , 剛毅的
intimate:communicate::allude:refer                                       characterized by resolute fearlessness , fortitude , and endurance

暗示:通信::暗指:提及 ( 行爲及其特殊方式 )                                                genteel:vulgarity::intrepid:fear
Synonyms SUGGEST 1 , connote , hint , imply , insinuate                  優雅的:粗俗::無畏:害怕 ( 動作的反面關係 )

                                                                         intrepid:deter::rapt:distract

intimidate                         vt. 威脅 , 恐嚇 , 脅迫                      無畏:害怕::入神:分心 ( 動作的反面關係 )

to make timid or fearful:FRIGHTEN ; especially:to compel or              timorous <> intrepid

deter by or as if by threats                                             膽怯的 <> 無畏的

sycophant:flattery::extortionist:intimidation                            Synonyms BRAVE 1 , audacious , bold , courageous , dauntless ,

奉承者:奉承::敲詐勒索者:恐嚇 ( 人物及其特徵動作 )                                            fearless , unafraid , undaunted , valiant , valorous

dauntless:intimidate::irrepressible:restrain

大膽的:使害怕::抑制不住的:抑制 (                                                      intricacy                          n. 紛亂 , 複雜 , 錯綜
人物特徵及其反面被動行爲 )                                                           the quality or state of being intricate

bully:intimidate::stupid:gullibility                                     chiaroscuro:contrast::filigree:delicacy:: {

欺淩弱小者:威嚇::笨人:輕信 ( 人物及其特徵行爲 )                                             tapestry:intricacy }

intimidate:trepidation::??                                               用明暗對照法繪的圖畫:對照::織綿:複雜 (

威嚇:顫抖::?? ( 行爲及其結果 )                                                     物品及其特徵關係 )

sabotage:subvertness::bull:intimidation { dupe:duplicity }               【注:tapestry:a heavy handwoven reversible textile used for

陰謀破壞:顛覆::暴力強迫:脅迫 ( 行爲及其目標 )                                              hangings , curtains , and upholstery and characterized by
Synonyms bludgeon , bluster , ||bounce , browbeat , bulldoze ,           complicated pictorial designs. complicated= intricacy
bully , bullyrag , cow , dragoon , hector , ||ruffle , strong-arm ,      filigree:delicacy不對 , chiaroscuro和tapestry都是pictorial work ,
terrorize                                                                二重對應 , filigree是ornamental work。】

                                                                         【注:已經由機考判分數據確認

intransigent                       adj. 不妥協的 , 固執的                       準確答案:chiaroscuro:contrast::filigree:delicacy 】
refusing to compromise or to abandon an extreme position or

attitude:UNCOMPROMISING                                                  intriguing                         adj. 引起極大興趣的
firm:intransigent::concerned:obsessed                                    engaging the interest to a marked degree:FASCINATING

堅定:不妥協::關注:入迷 ( 動作及其特徵 )                                                 interesting:intriguing::bootless:futile

intransigent:acquiesce::deferential:offend                               有趣的:有趣的::無用的:無用的 ( 同義關係 )

不妥協的:默許::恭敬的:冒犯 ( 動作及其反面特徵 )                                             pall <> interest / intrigue

intransigent <> open to compromise                                       厭倦 <> 興趣

固執的 <> 妥協
tractable <> insubordinate / intransigent / incorrigible / obstinate
                                                                       176                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
intrinsic                          adj. 固有的 , 內在的                       inventory                            n. 詳細目錄 , 存貨清單
belonging to the essential nature or constitution of a thing            an itemized list of current assets:as
Synonyms INHERENT , built-in , congenital , connate ,                       ( 1 ) :a catalog of the property of an individual or estate
constitutional , deep-seated , elemental , essential , indwelling ,         ( 2 ) :a list of goods on hand:STOCK
innate                                                                  census:population::inventory:stock

                                                                        人口普查:人口數::存貨清單:庫存 ( 名詞及其物件 )

inure                              vt. 使習慣                              inventory:merchandise::manifest:cargo
to accustom to accept something undesirable                             存貨清單:存貨::運貨單:貨物 ( 名詞及其物件 )

inured:tolerance::addicted:dependency

使習慣:容忍::迷戀:依賴 ( 程度 )                                                    investigate                          v. 調查
Synonyms ACCUSTOM , familiarize , habituate , use , wont                to make a systematic examination ; especially:to conduct an
                                                                        official inquiry

invective                          n. 痛駡 , 惡意抨擊                         cavil:criticize::probe:investigate
of , relating to , or characterized by insult or abuse                  吹毛求疵的:非難::探索:調查 ( 程度關係 )

exhortation:motivate::invective:discredit                               Synonyms EXPLORE , delve ( into ) , dig ( into ) , go ( into ) ,

勸告:促進::惡意抨擊:輕視 ( 動作及其表現 )                                               inquire ( into ) , look ( into ) , probe , prospect , sift

polemic:disputatious::invective:abusive

論戰的:爭論::謾駡的:謾駡 ( 動作及其特徵 )                                               inveterate                           adj. 根深的 , 成癖的 ,
invective <> flatter                                                                                         積習的
謾駡的 <> 奉承                                                               firmly established by long persistence

Synonyms ABUSIVE , contumelious , opprobrious , scurrile ,              inveterate <> uninitiated { youthful }

scurrilous , truculent , vituperative , vituperatory , vituperous       根深蒂固的 <> 無經驗的 { 年輕的 }
                                                                        inveterate <> one-time { casual }

inveigh                            vi. 痛駡 , 漫駡 , 臭駡                     根深的 , 成癖的 <> 一次 , 偶爾

to protest or complain bitterly or vehemently:RAIL                      【注:此題爭議較大
inveigh <> verbally provide support                                     。這是筆試9910的第一個Verbal的第37題!題目的答案就是cas
漫駡 <> 口頭支援                                                              ual , 選項中無 one-time 。六月機考增加 one-time 選項 ,
Synonyms OBJECT 1 , except , expostulate , kick , protest ,             與casual同時出現 , 並且已經由機考資料確認one-
remonstrate                                                             time爲正確答案】
                                                                        Synonyms bred-in-the-bone , confirmed , deep-dyed , deep-rooted

inveigle                           v. 誘騙 , 誘使                           , deep-seated , dyed-in-the-wool , entrenched , hard-shell ,

to win over by wiles:ENTICE                                             irradicable , settled , sworn

plot:plan::inveigle:interest

密謀:計劃::誘騙:使感興趣 ( 同義詞的褒貶類比 )                                             invidious                 adj. 惹人反感的 , 招人嫉妒的
inveigle <> request directly                                            tending to cause discontent , animosity , or envy

誘騙 <> 直接要求                                                              invidious <> beneficial

Synonyms LURE , allure , bait , decoy , entice , entrap , lead on ,     惹人反感的 <> 有益的
seduce , tempt , toll                                                   Synonyms LIBELOUS , calumnious , defamatory , detracting ,

                                                                        detractive , detractory , maligning , scandalous , slanderous ,
                                                                      177                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
vilifying                                                           pierce:impenetrable::profane:inviolable

                                                                    刺透:不能穿透的::褻瀆:不可褻瀆的 ( 不容易實現 )

invigorate                       v. 鼓舞 , 激勵                         inviolable <> profane / impure

to give life and energy to:ANIMATE ; also:STIMULATE                 未褻瀆的 , 無污點的 <> 褻瀆 / 不純的

conducive:foment::tonic:invigorate                                  Synonyms SACRED 3 , inviolable , sacrosanct

助長的:煽動::滋補的:使健壯 ( 因果關係 )

tonic:invigorate::analgesic:deaden                                  invoice                    n. 發票 , 裝貨清單
滋補的:使健壯::止痛的:消除 ( 因果關係 )                                            a consignment of merchandise

debilitate <> invigorate { enervate <> invigorate / enfeeble <>     consignment:invoice::??
invigorate }                                                        托運 , 寄售:裝貨清單::?? ( 裝貨清單是托運 ,

使衰弱 <> 使健壯                                                          寄售過程中的記錄 )
demoralize <> invigorate { ameliorate }                             Synonyms BILL 1 , account , reckoning , score , statement , tab

士氣受挫 <> 鼓舞 【此題有爭議】
Synonyms STRENGTHEN 2 , energize , fortify , reinforce              invoke                            vt. 祈求 , 懇求 , 引起 ,
                                                                                                     援引 , 實行
invincible                  adj. 不能征服的 , 無敵的                        to put into effect or operation:IMPLEMENT
Incapable of being overcome or defeated ; unconquerable.            invoke <> suspend

invincible:conquer::negligible:perceive                             實行 <> 暫停

不能征服的:征服::可以忽略的:察覺 (                                                Synonyms BEG , appeal , beseech , crave , entreat , implore ,

事物特徵及其反面被動 )                                                        importune , plead , pray , supplicate

                                                                    區別:revoke ( 撤銷 , 廢除 ) , convoke ( 召集 )



                                                                    invulnerable                      adj. 無法傷害的
                                                                    incapable of being wounded , injured , or harmed

                                                                    euphemism:offend::invulnerable:injure

                                                                    婉轉的話:冒犯::無法傷害的:傷害 ( 反面特徵 )

                                                                    untenable:defense::invulnerable:injury

                                                                    不能防守的:防守::不受傷害的:傷害 ( 反面特徵 )
                                                                    Synonyms INVINCIBLE 1 , impregnable , inconquerable ,

                                                                    indomitable , inexpugnable , unassailable , unbeatable ,

                                                                    unconquerable , undefeatable



                                                                    irascible                         adj. 易發怒的 ( ire )
List 15 ( inviolate ~ linoleum ) :                                  marked by hot temper and easily provoked anger

                                                                    irascible:placate::insensate:conscious

inviolate                        adj. 未褻瀆的 ,                        易怒的:安撫::沒感覺:有意識的 ( 反義 )

                                 未受侵犯的 , 無污點的                       【注:詞性不符】
not violated or profaned ; especially:PURE                          affable <> irascible


                                                                  178                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                       Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
和藹的 <> 易怒的                                                              irreducible                        adj. 不能複歸的 ,
Synonyms choleric , cranky , cross , hot-tempered , ireful ,                                               不能削減的 , 不可約的
passionate , peppery , quick-tempered , ratty , ||stomachy ,            impossible to transform into or restore to a desired or simpler

temperish , testy , tetchy , touchy ; compare CANTANKEROUS ,            condition
IRRITABLE                                                               factorable <> irreducible

區別:erasable ( 可擦去的 )                                                    可約的 <> 不可約的 ( 數學概念 )



irate                              adj. 發怒的 , 生氣                        irrelevant                         adj. 不恰當的 ,
arising from anger                                                                                         無關係的 , 不相干的
gush:effusive::rage:irate                                               not relevant:INAPPLICABLE

噴湧:流出的::暴怒:憤怒的 ( 形容詞與動詞的正面關係 )                                          immaterial:relevance::peripheral:center
Synonyms ANGRY , choleric , ireful , mad , waxy , wrathful ,            無關緊要的:相關::邊緣的:中心 (
wrathy , wroth , wrothful , wrothy                                      形容詞和名詞的反面關係 )

區別:pirate掠奪 ( 剽竊 )                                                      immaterial:relevance::circuitous:directness

                                                                        無關緊要的:相關::迂回的:直接 (

iridescence                 n. 彩虹色                                      形容詞和名詞的反面關係 )
a lustrous rainbowlike play of color caused by differential             germane <> irrelevant

refraction of light waves ( as from an oil slick , soap bubble , or     有密切關係的 <> 無關係的
fish scales ) that tends to change as the angle of view changes         immaterial <> relevant

iridescent <> monochromatic                                             無關緊要的 <> 相關的

彩色 <> 單色                                                                apropos <> irrelevant { straight , uniform , symmetrical }

                                                                        恰好的 <> 不相關的 { 直的 , 統一的 , 對稱的 }

irk                                v. 使苦惱 , 厭煩                          Synonyms extraneous , foreign , immaterial , impertinent ,

to make weary , irritated , or bored                                    inapplicable , inapposite , irrelative

irk <> make someone pleased

使不愉快 <> 使愉快                                                             irresolute                         adj. 無決斷的 ,
Synonyms ANNOY 1 , abrade , bother , ||bug , exercise , fret , gall                                        優柔寡斷的 , 躊躇不定的
, provoke , ruffle , vex                                                uncertain how to act or proceed:VACILLATING

區別:shirk ( 逃避 )                                                         Synonyms VACILLATING 2 , faltering , halting , hesitant ,

                                                                        shilly-shallying , tentative , uncertain , vacillatory , wiggle-waggle ,

ironclad                    adj. 堅固的 , 裝鐵甲的                             wobbly

so firm or secure as to be unbreakable:as a:BINDING

jammed:full::ironclad:firm

擁擠:滿的::裝甲的:堅固 ( 兩個形容詞的正面關係 )                                            irreverent                         adj. 不敬的 , 不遜的 ,
Synonyms INFLEXIBLE 3 , constant , fixed , immovable ,                                                     無禮的
immutable , inalterable , invariable , unalterable , unchangeable ,     lacking proper respect or seriousness ; also:SATIRIC
unmodifiable                                                            awe <> irreverence

                                                                        敬畏 <> 不尊敬
                                                                        Synonyms IMPIOUS 1 , irreverential , profane , ungodly ,
                                                                      179                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                           Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
unhallowed , unholy                                                           jabber <> speak slowly

區別:irrelevant ( 不相關 )                                                         快而不清楚地說 <> 慢慢地說
                                                                              Synonyms GIBBER , babble , chatter , gabble

irritate                     n. 刺激 , 煩惱 , 刺激物                                 區別:rabble ( 烏合之衆 ) , pebble ( 鵝卵石 ) , gobble ( 狼吞虎咽

to provoke impatience , anger , or displeasure in:ANNOY                       ) , dabbler ( 業餘者 ) , scribble ( 塗鴉 ) , rubber ( 橡膠 ) , quibble (

antidote:poisoning::balm:irritation                                           小反對 ) , babble ( 胡言亂語 ) , squabble ( 爭論 ) , nibble (

解毒:毒::溫和物質:刺激物 ( 名詞反面關係 )                                                     小口咬 )
haunt:familiar / similarity::harass:irritating

常去的地方:熟悉::煩擾:煩人的 ( 正面關係 )                                                     jaded                         adj. 疲憊的 , 厭倦的
balm <> irritant                                                              fatigued by overwork:EXHAUSTED

溫和的 <> 刺激的                                                                    overexposure:jaded::vaccination:immune
Synonyms aggravate , burn ( up ) , exasperate , gall , get , grate ,          曝光過度:厭倦::疫苗接種:免疫 ( 動作因果關係 )
huff , inflame , nettle , peeve , pique , provoke , put out , rile , roil     jaded <> keen

區別:irrigate ( 灌溉 )                                                            厭倦的 <> 熱心的
                                                                              Synonyms TIRED 1 , clapped-out , fatigued , wearied , weary ,

issue                        n. 問題 , 發行                                       worn , worn-down , worn-out

a matter that is in dispute between two or more parties

debate:issue::bargain:price                                                   jam                           adj. 擁塞
爭論:議題::討價還價:價錢 ( 動作及物件 )                                                      fatigued by overwork:EXHAUSTED

repartee:retort::debate:issue { advisement:product }                          jammed:full::ironclad:firm

靈巧的反駁:反駁::正式辯論:辯論 ( 種屬關係 )                                                    擁擠:滿的::裝甲的:堅固 ( 兩個形容詞的正面關係 )
                                                                              Synonyms PRESS 1 , bear , crowd , crush , push , ||squab , squash

issue              vt. 使流出 , 放出 , 發給 , 發佈                                     , squeeze , squish , squush

the act of publishing or officially giving out or making available

stanza:line::volume:issue                                                     jape                          n. v. 戲言 , 笑料 , 嘲弄
詩的一節:詩::樂章:交響樂 ( 部分和整體的關係 )                                                   to make mocking fun of

issue <> withdraw                                                             revere <> jape at

發行 <> 撤銷                                                                      尊敬 <> 嘲笑
Synonyms SPRING 1 , arise , birth , derive ( from ) , emanate ,               Synonyms JOKE 1 , crack , drollery , gag , jest , quip , waggery ,

flow , originate , proceed , rise , stem                                      wisecrack , witticism , ||yak

區別:tissue ( 組織 )

                                                                              jar                              vi. 震驚 , 衝突 ,
isthmus                      n. 地峽                                                                             發刺耳聲 , 不一致
a narrow strip of land connecting two larger land areas                       a:to make a harsh or discordant sound

isthmus:land::strait:water                                                    b:to have a harshly disagreeable or disconcerting effect

地峽:陸地::海峽:水 ( 連接關係 )                                                          c:to be out of harmony ; specifically:BICKER
                                                                              melodious <> jarring

jabber                       v. 快而不清楚地說                                       音調優美的 <> 不和諧的
to talk rapidly , indistinctly , or unintelligibly
                                                                            180                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                 Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
區別:jargon ( 行話 )                                                           jejune                       adj. 空洞的 , 不成熟的
                                                                           devoid of significance or interest:DULL

jargon                              n. 行話                                  labyrinthine:simplicity::jejune:interest
The specialized or technical language of a trade , profession , or         迷宮:簡單的::內容空洞的:有趣的 (
similar group.                                                             名詞和形容詞的反面關係 )

vernacular:place::jargon:profession                                        jejune <> thought provoking

方言:地方::行話:行業 ( 特殊事物及其所屬範圍 )                                                內容空洞的 <> 促人思考的
Synonyms DIALECT 2 , argot , cant , lingo , patois , patter ,              Synonyms:INSIPID , VAPID , FLAT , JEJUNE , BANAL ,
slang , vernacular                                                         INANE



jaundice                     n. 黃疸 , 偏見 , 乖僻 vt.                           jerk                         vi. 痙攣 , 急拉 , 急推
                             使患黃疸 , 使懷偏見                                   to give a quick suddenly arrested push , pull , or twist to

a state or attitude characterized by satiety , distaste , or hostility

jaundice <> dispose favorably                                              jest                         n. v. 說笑 , 玩笑
使懷偏見 <> 好意的處理                                                              an utterance ( as a jeer or quip ) intended to be taken as mockery or

jaundiced <> unprejudiced / candid                                         humor

有偏見的 <> 公正的                                                                jest <> solemnity

                                                                           玩笑 <> 嚴肅

jaunty                       adj. 愉快的 , 滿足的                                jest <> solemn utterance

sprightly in manner or appearance:LIVELY                                   玩笑 <> 嚴肅的話
staid <> jaunty                                                            Synonyms FUN , JEST , SPORT , GAME , PLAY

                                                                           區別:jape ( 嘲笑 )

jazz                         n. 爵士樂 , 喧鬧
American music developed especially from ragtime and blues and             jibe                     vi. 嘲笑 , 與. . .一致 , 使轉向
characterized by propulsive syncopated rhythms , polyphonic                to be in accord:AGREE
ensemble playing , varying degrees of improvisation , and often            jibe <> conflict
deliberate distortions of pitch and timbre                                 與. . . 一致 <> 衝突

portrait:painting::jazz:music                                              Synonyms AGREE 4 , accord , conform , correspond , dovetail ,

肖像畫:畫::爵士樂:音樂                                                              fit ( in ) , go , harmonize , square , tally




jealous                             adj. 妒忌的 , 猜疑的 ,                       jingoist                     n. 侵略主義者 , 感情用事的 ,
                                    警惕的 , 嫉妒的                                                           【盲目的】愛國主義者
having to do with or arising from feelings of envy , apprehension ,        extreme chauvinism or nationalism marked especially by a

or bitterness                                                              belligerent foreign policy

attentive:meddlesome::envy:jealous                                         dove <> warmonger / jingoist

注意的:多管閒事的::羡慕:嫉妒的 ( 程度褒貶類比 )                                               鴿派 ( 愛好和平的 ) <> 鷹派 ( 喜歡戰爭的 )

【注:詞性不符】


                                                                         181                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
jitter                            vi. 神經過敏 , 戰戰兢兢                   jovial                      adj. 快活的
to be nervous or act in a nervous way                               markedly good-humored especially as evidenced by jollity and

jittery <> resolute                                                 conviviality

戰戰兢兢 <> 堅定的                                                         jovial <> mournful

                                                                    愉快的 <> 哀傷的

jocund                     adj. 快樂的 , 高興的                           saturnine <> jovial

marked by or suggestive of high spirits and lively mirthfulness     憂鬱的 <> 歡愉的
jocund <> dreary                                                    maudlin <> jovial

歡樂的 <> 沈悶的 , 陰鬱的                                                    傷感的 <> 歡愉的

Synonyms:MERRY , BLITHE , JOCUND , JOVIAL , JOLLY                   jovial <> morose

                                                                    快活的 <> 鬱悶的

jog                        n. 輕推 , 輕撞 , 漫步                          jovial <> drab

a movement , pace , or instance of jogging ( as for exercise )      快活的 <> 單調的

jog:exercise::barter:trade                                          joviality <> moroseness

慢跑:運動::以物易物:交易 ( 從屬關係 )                                             快活 <> 鬱悶

區別:log ( 日誌 )                                                       Synonyms MERRY , blithe , blithesome , festive , gay , gleeful ,

                                                                    jocund , jolly , lighthearted , mirthful

joke                       n. 笑話 , 玩笑 , 笑柄                          區別:trivial ( 瑣碎的 )

something said or done to provoke laughter ; especially:a brief
oral narrative with a climactic humorous twist                      jubilant                    adj. 歡呼的 , 喜洋洋的
joke:punch line::plot:denouement                                    EXULTANT

玩笑:哄堂大笑::情節:結尾 ( ? )                                                dolorous <> jubilant

區別:provoke ( 激怒 ) , convoke ( 召集 ) , invoke ( 祈求 ) ,                悲哀的 <> 歡呼的

revoke ( 廢除 )                                                       Synonyms EXULTANT , cock-a-hoop , cock-a-whoop , exulting ,

                                                                    triumphal , triumphant

jolt                  vi. 顛簸而行 , 震搖
to cause to move with a sudden jerky motion                         judicious                   adj. 頭腦精明的 , 賢明的 ,
jolt:move::check:stop                                                                           判斷正確的
使顛簸:運動::使突然停止:停止 ( 動作程度類比 )                                         having , exercising , or characterized by sound

Synonyms SHOCK 2 , startle                                          judgment:DISCREET

                                                                    miser:stingy::sage:judicious

jot                   vt. 略記 , 摘要記載下來                               吝嗇鬼:小氣::賢人:明智的 ( 人物及其正面特徵 )

to write briefly or hurriedly:set down in the form of a note        daft <> judicious

nip:eat::jot:write                                                  愚蠢的 <> 聰明的

小口吃:吃::略記:記下 ( 前者是後者的小量 )                                           politic <> injudicious { officious }

Synonyms PARTICLE , atom , bit , grain , iota , minim ,             慎重的 <> 欠思考的 { 多管閒事的 }
modicum , speck , tittle , whit                                     judicious <> imprudent

區別:log ( 日誌 )                                                       判斷正確的 <> 輕率的
                                                                    Synonyms WISE 2 , judgmatic , prudent , sage , sane , sapient ,
                                                                  182                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                       Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
sensible                                                              earshot:hear::ken:see

                                                                      聽力範圍:聽::視力範圍:看 ( 感官及其範圍 )

juggernaut                    n. 驚人的毀滅力量                              Synonyms horizon , purview , range , reach

a massive inexorable force , campaign , movement , or object that

crushes whatever is in its path                                       kindle                     vt. 點燃 vi. 著火
juggernaut:unstoppable::??                                            a:to stir up:AROUSE

摧毀一切的強大力量:無法阻止的 ( 名詞的正面關係 )                                           b:to bring into being:START

                                                                      區別:dwindle ( 逐漸減少 ) , swindle ( 騙取 )

jumble                      vi. 攙雜 , 混雜
to mix into a confused or disordered mass                             kink                       n. 紐結 , 蜷縮 , 頸
mixture:jumble::??                                                    a short tight twist or curl caused by a doubling or winding of

混雜:混雜 ( 動詞同義關係 )                                                      something upon itself
Synonyms CONFUSE 5 , foul up , mix up , muddle , ||snafu , snarl      區別:sink ( 沈沒 ) , trinket ( 小裝飾品 ) , hoodwink ( 欺瞞 ) ,
up , tumble                                                           inkling ( 暗示細微的迹象 ) , link ( 連接 )

區別:humble ( 謙遜的 ) , fumble ( 笨手笨腳的做 ) , crumble (

弄碎 ) , mumble ( 含糊說 ) , grumble ( 抱怨 )                                kiss                       vt. 吻 , 輕拂
                                                                      to touch with the lips especially as a mark of affection or greeting

justify                            vt. 替. . .辯護 , 證明                  scowl:displeasure::kiss:affection { hurl:disgust }
to prove or show to be just , right , or reasonable                   皺眉:不高興::吻:喜愛 ( 動作及其表達的感情 )
justify <> argue against

證明 <> 反對                                                              knead                      vt. 揉 , 按摩 , 捏制
Synonyms MAINTAIN 2 , argue , assert , claim , contend , defend       to work and press into a mass with or as if with the hands

, vindicate , warrant                                                 knead:malleable::penetrate:permeable

區別:adjust ( 調整 )                                                      揉:可塑的::滲:可滲透的 ( 動詞和形容詞的正面關係 )



juxtapose                   vt. 並置 , 並列                               knit                 vt. vi. 編織 , 密接 , 結合
to place side by side                                                 to form by interlacing yarn or thread in a series of connected loops

                                                                      with needles

kangaroo                    n. 袋鼠                                     ravel <> knit

any of various herbivorous leaping marsupial mammals ( family         解開 <> 編織
Macropodidae ) of Australia , New Guinea , and adjacent islands

with a small head , large ears , long powerful hind legs , a long     knotty                            adj. 有結的 , 多節的 ,
thick tail used as a support and in balancing , and rather small                                        多瘤的 , 棘手的
forelegs not used in progression                                      marked by or full of knots ; especially:so full of difficulties and

kangaroo:marsupial::squirrel:rodent                                   complications as to be likely to defy solution

袋鼠:有袋類動物::松鼠:齧齒類動物 ( 種屬關係 )                                           knotty <> easy

                                                                      棘手的 <> 容易的

ken              n. 視野範圍 , 知識範圍 , 見地                                  knotty <> simple

the range of vision
                                                                    183                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                          Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
棘手的 <> 簡單的
Synonyms COMPLEX 2 , Byzantine , complicated , daedal ,         laconic                     adj. ( 用字 ) 簡潔的
elaborate , gordian , intricate , involved , labyrinthine ,     using or involving the use of a minimum of words:concise to the
sophisticated                                                   point of seeming rude or mysterious

                                                                audacious:trepidation::laconic:volubility

kudos                                n. 名望 , 榮譽 , 聲譽            大膽的 ( 魯莽的 ) :膽怯::簡潔的:冗長 (
fame and renown resulting from an act or                        形容詞與名詞的反義關係 )
achievement:PRESTIGE                                            laconic <> loquacious / voluble

kudos <> disparage                                              簡潔的 <> 多話的

榮譽 <> 蔑視                                                        laconism <> verbosity

Synonyms HONOR 2 , accolade , award , badge , bays ,            簡潔的 <> 囉嗦的
decoration , distinction , laurels                              voluble <> taciturn / laconic / succinct / reticent

                                                                口若懸河的 <> 沈默的 / 簡潔的 / 簡潔的 / 沈默的

labile                         adj. 易變的 , 不穩定的                  Synonyms CONCISE , breviloquent , brief , compendiary ,

readily or continually undergoing chemical , physical , or      compendious , curt , short , short and sweet , succinct , terse

biological change or breakdown:UNSTABLE                         區別:draconian ( 殘酷的 ) , tonic ( 滋補品 ) , chronic (
labile <> stable                                                長期存在的 )

不穩定的 <> 穩定的

區別:liberal ( 慷慨的 ) , libertine ( 放蕩者 )                          lambaste                    vt. 痛打 , 嚴責
                                                                to attack verbally:CENSURE

labored                              adj. <動作、呼吸等>              Synonyms BEAT 1 , baste , drub , hammer , paste , pelt , pound ,

                                     困難的 , 痛苦的 , 緩慢的            pummel , thrash , wallop

lacking ease of expression                                      區別:baste ( 澆油以防烤乾 )
glib <> labored

流利善辨 , 靈牙利齒 <> 費力的說或做                                           lamentable                adj. 令人惋惜的 , 悔恨的
Synonyms HARD 6 , arduous , difficult , effortful , heavy ,     expressing grief:MOURNFUL
laborious , operose , strenuous , toilsome , uphill             lamentable:pity::responsible:censure

                                                                令人惋惜的:可惜::應該責斥的:責斥 ( 行爲及其物件特徵

labyrinth               n. 迷宮 , 難解的事物 , 迷路                      )
something extremely complex or tortuous in structure ,          celebration:lamentful::slight:show respect
arrangement , or character:INTRICACY , PERPLEXITY               慶祝:不高興的::鄙視:尊敬 ( 反面關係 )

labyrinthine:simplicity::jejune:interest                        Synonyms MELANCHOLY 2 , doleful , dolesome , dolorous ,

迷宮:簡單的::內容空洞的:有趣的 (                                             lugubrious , mournful , plaintive , rueful , sorrowful , woeful

名詞和形容詞的反面關係 )

threadbare / timeworn:novelty::labyrinthine:directness          laminate                    v. 切成薄板 ( 片 )
過時的 / 陳舊的:新鮮::迷宮的:直接 (                                          to separate into laminae laminate:divide

形容詞和名詞的反面關係 )                                                   區別:illuminate ( 闡明 )
Synonyms MAZE 1 , jungle , knot , mesh , mizmaze , morass ,

skein , snarl , tangle , web
                                                              184                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                   Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
lampoon                       n. 諷刺文章 v. 諷刺                             languish                            v. 衰弱 , 變得消瘦
a harsh satire usually directed against an individual                   a:to be or become feeble , weak , or enervated

panegyric:eulogize::lampoon:satirize                                    b:to be or live in a state of depression or decreasing vitality

頌詞:讚揚::諷刺文章:諷刺 ( 正面關係 )                                                 languish <> thrive

paean <> harshly lampoon                                                蕭條 , 衰敗 <> 欣欣向榮

頌歌 <> 尖刻的諷刺                                                             Synonyms FAIL 1 , decline , deteriorate , ||dwine , fade , flag ,

區別:buffoon ( 丑角 )                                                       weaken

                                                                        區別:vanquish ( 征服 )

landfill                            n. 垃圾堆
a system of trash and garbage disposal in which the waste is buried     languor                             n. 衰弱無力
between layers of earth to build up low-lying land                      listless indolence or inertia

cistern:liquids::landfill:refuse                                        languor <> thrive

水池:液體::垃圾堆:垃圾 ( 物及場所存儲關係 )                                              衰弱 <> 興旺 【注:詞性不符】
                                                                        Synonyms LETHARGY 1 , coma , dullness , hebetude , lassitude ,

landlord                            n. 房東 , 地主                          sleep , slumber , stupor , torpidity , torpor

the owner of property ( as land , houses , or apartments ) that is

leased or rented to another                                             lank                            adj. 瘦削的 , 稀疏的
                                                                        not well filled out:SLENDER , THIN

landslide                     n. 山崩                                     lank <> stalwart

the usually rapid downward movement of a mass of rock , earth , or      虛弱 <> 強壯
artificial fill on a slope ; also:the mass that moves down              Synonyms LEAN , angular , bony , gaunt , lanky , rawboned ,

droplet:deluge::pebble:landslide                                        scraggy , scrawny , skinny , spare

水滴:大洪水::小石頭:山崩 ( 大小程度關係 )                                               區別:dank ( 潮濕的 ) , rankle ( 恨 ) , frank ( 坦率的 ) , rank (

                                                                        等級 , 身份 )

lane                 n. 小路 , 小巷 , 車道 , 跑道
a narrow passageway between fences or hedges                            lapse                           n. 過失 , 流逝 , 失效
                                                                        a slight error typically due to forgetfulness or inattention

languid                       adj. 沒精打采的 , 怠倦的                          lapse:error::misbehavior:criminality

drooping or flagging from or as if from exhaustion:WEAK                 小過錯:錯誤::小過錯:犯罪 ( 大小程度關係 )
languid <> energetic                                                    misdemeanor:crime::lapse:error

懶散的 <> 有精力的                                                             輕罪:罪行::小錯:錯誤 ( 大小程度關係 )
vivacious <> languid                                                    Synonyms ERROR 2 , blooper , blunder , boner , bull , bungle ,

快活的 <> 沒精打采的                                                            fluff , mistake , slip , trip

vehement <> languid                                                     區別:collapse ( 崩塌 ) , relaspe ( 再犯 ) , eclipse ( 名聲衰敗 )

激烈的 <> 無精打采的 【對應不工整】
Synonyms die-away , enervated , lackadaisical , languishing ,           larder                          n. 食物貯藏室 , 食品櫥
languorous , limp , listless , spiritless                               a place where food is stored:PANTRY

                                                                        larder:food::wardrobe:clothes


                                                                      185                        Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
食物櫃:食物::衣櫃:衣物 ( 物及場所存儲關係 )

larder:provisions::vault:valuables                                       latent                              adj. 潛伏的 , 潛在的
食物櫃:糧草::地窖:財富 ( 物及場所存儲關係 )                                               present and capable of becoming though not now visible , obvious ,

區別:ardor ( 熱情 )                                                          or active

                                                                         latent <> menifest

largesse                    n. 慷慨援助 , 施捨                                 潛在的 <> 明顯的
liberal giving ( as of money ) to or as if to an inferior ;              Synonyms LATENT , DORMANT , QUIESCENT , POTENTIAL

also:something so given
largesse <> parsimony                                                    lathe                        n. 車床 , 陶器 , 鏇床
慷慨贈與 <> 小氣                                                               lathe:shape::clasp:fasten
largesse <> penurious                                                    車床:加工外形::鈎 , 扣:扣住 ( 工具及其功用 )
慷慨贈與 <> 貧窮的 【注:詞性不符】                                                     Synonyms abeyant , dormant , lurking , potential , prepatent ,

Synonyms GIFT 1 , benevolence , boon , ||compliment , favor ,            quiescent

present

                                                                         latitude                            n. 緯度 , 範圍 , ( 用複數
lariat                              n. 套索                                                                    ) 地區 ,
a long light rope ( as of hemp or leather ) used with a running                                              行動或言論的自由
noose to catch livestock or with or without the noose to tether          Freedom from normal restraints , limitations , or regulations.

grazing animals:LASSO                                                    Latitude <> strict limitation

lariat:wrangler::crook:shepherd                                              ( 行動或言論 ) 自由 <> 嚴格的限制

套索:牛仔::牧羊杖:牧羊人 ( 人及其工作工具 )                                               latitude <> tightly restrained

                                                                             ( 行動或言論 ) 自由 <> 嚴格的限制

lash                                v. 鞭打 , 抽打 , 猛烈甩動
                                    , 捆紮 , 綁緊 n. 抽打 ,                    laudatory                           adj. 讚美的 , 讚賞的
                                    鞭撻                                   of , relating to , or expressing praise

to bind with or as if with a line                                        COUNSEL:ADVICE::laud:homage
lash <> unbind                                                           勸告:建議::讚美:敬意 ( 動詞和名詞的正面關係 )

捆住 <> 解開                                                                 execrable <> commendable / laudable

Synonyms RUSH 1 , boil , bolt , charge , chase , dash , fling , race     極壞的 <> 讚揚的
, shoot , tear                                                           pejorative <> laudatory

區別:rash ( 魯莽 ) , quash ( 壓制 ) , flash ( 使閃爍 ) , abash (                  貶低的 <> 讚美的

害羞的 ) , dash ( 猛衝 ) , brash ( 衝動的 ) , gash ( 很深的傷口 ) ,                   Synonyms EULOGISTIC , encomiastic , laudative , panegyrical ,

awash ( 濕的 )                                                             praiseful



lassitude                           n. 無力 , 沒精打采                         lavish                      adj. 浪費的 , 過度的
a condition of weariness or debility:FATIGUE                             a:expended or produced in abundance
lassitude <> vim / animation                                             b:marked by profusion or excess

倦怠 <> 活力 / 精力                                                            excoriate <> extol / praise lavishly

Synonyms FATIGUE , exhaustion , tiredness , weariness
                                                                       186                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
痛斥 , 責駡 <> 讚揚 / 高度讚揚                                                  區別:badger ( 煩擾 )
lavish <> mean

浪費 <> 吝嗇                                                              leer                               vi. 送秋波 , 斜視
lavish <> stint                                                       to cast a sidelong glance

浪費 <> 吝嗇                                                              stare:leer::peruse:smattering
penurious <> lavish                                                   凝視:斜視::精讀:略知 ( 反義 )

吝嗇 <> 浪費
impecunious <> lavish / prosperous                                    leery                              adj. 機敏的 , 送秋波的 ,
貧窮的 <> 過分豐富的 / 繁榮的                                                                                       狡猾的 , 猜疑的 ,
lavish <> economical                                                                                     不相信的 , 警惕的
浪費的 <> 節約的                                                            Suspicious or distrustful ; wary
Synonyms PROFUSE , exuberant , lush , luxuriant , opulent ,           leery <> showing no doubt

prodigal , profusive , riotous                                        猜疑的 <> 毫不懷疑的
Synonyms PROFUSE , LAVISH , PRODIGAL , LUXURIANT ,

LUSH , EXUBERANT                                                      legacy                      n. 遺産 , 遺留之物
                                                                      something transmitted by or received from an ancestor or

leaden                                adj. 鉛制的 , 呆滯的 ,                predecessor or from the past

                                      鉛灰色的 , 沈悶的                      legacy:predecessor::gift:donor

a:oppressively heavy                                                  遺産:前輩::禮品:捐贈者 ( 物品及物主關係 )

b:SLUGGISH

c:lacking spirit or animation                                         legend                 n. 傳說 , 傳奇文學 , 圖例
                                                                      an explanatory list of the symbols on a map or chart

leaven                      vt. 使發酵 , 影響                              glossary:text::legend:map
to raise ( as bread ) with a leaven                                   生詞表:教科書::地圖說明文字:地圖 ( 圖文材料及其附注

distill:purity::leaven:volume                                         )

蒸餾:純度::發酵:體積 ( 動作及其物件 , 蒸餾提高純度 ,                                      legendary <> obscure

發酵增大體積 )                                                              有名的 , 傳說中的 <> 無名的



lectern                     n. 誦經台                                    legible                     adj. 清晰的 , 易讀的
a stand used to support a book in a convenient position for a         capable of being read or deciphered:PLAIN
standing reader ; especially:one from which scripture lessons are     legible:decipher::??
read in a church service                                              易讀的:解釋 , 解碼 ( 容易關係 )

區別:lecture ( 講座 )

                                                                      legion                             n. 古羅馬軍團 , <書>
ledger                                n. 分類帳 , 分戶總帳 ,                                                    衆多 , 大批
                                      底帳 , 橫木                         MANY , NUMEROUS

a book containing accounts to which debits and credits are posted     legion <> lack in number

from books of original entry                                          衆多 <> 數量少
                                                                      Synonyms MANY , multifarious , multitudinal , multitudinous ,
                                                                    187                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                         Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                           太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
numerous , populous , ||several , sundry , various , voluminous         製圖家:地圖::織布者:布::編辭典者:辭典 (

                                                                        人及其工作成品 )

lenient                     adj. 寬大的 , 仁慈的
exerting a soothing or easing influence:relieving pain or stress        liability                    n. 責任 , 債務 , 傾向
martinet:leniency::dabbler:dedication                                   something for which one is liable ; especially:pecuniary

嚴格的人:寬大::業餘學者:奉獻 ( 人物及其反面特徵 )                                           obligation
Synonyms GENTLE 1 , balmy , bland , faint , mild , smooth , soft        exempt:liability::pardon:penalty

                                                                        免除:債務::原諒:過錯 ( 消除關係 )

lethal                      adj. 致命的                                    asset <> liability

gravely damaging or destructive:DEVASTATING                             資産 <> 債務

disagreeable:hateful::harmful:lethal                                    Synonyms DEBT 3 , arrear ( s ) , arrearage , due , indebtedness

不滿的:憎恨的::有害的:致命的 ( 形容詞程度類比 )
Synonyms DEADLY 1 , deathly , fatal , mortal , mortiferous ,            liaison                      n. 聯絡
pestilent , pestilential                                                a:a close bond or connection:INTERRELATIONSHIP

                                                                        b:an illicit sexual relationship:AFFAIR

lethargy                    adj. 嗜眠性                                    Synonyms AMOUR 2 , affair , intrigue

the quality or state of being lazy , sluggish , or indifferent

Synonyms coma , dullness , hebetude , languor , lassitude , sleep ,     liberal                adj. 心胸寬大的 , 慷慨的
slumber , stupor , torpidity , torpidness , torpor                      marked by generosity:OPENHANDED

                                                                        nefarious:wickedness::generous:liberality

levee                        n. 大堤                                      極惡的:邪惡::寬大的:寬大 ( 形容詞同義關係 )
an embankment for preventing flooding                                   parsimonious:liberal::obtuse:keen

levee:river::cordon:crowd                                               吝嗇的:慷慨的::鈍的:鋒利的 ( 反義 )

防波堤:河流::警界線:人群 ( 阻止關係 )                                                 liberal <> parsimonious

rampart:invasion::levee:flood                                           慷慨的 <> 小氣的

堡壘:入侵::防洪堤:洪水 ( 阻止關係 )                                                  liberalist <> enfetterist

Synonyms WHARF , berth , dock , jetty , pier , quay , slip              自由主義者 <> 被束縛的人
                                                                        Synonyms bounteous , bountiful , free , freehanded , generous ,

leverage                           n. 優勢 ,                              handsome , munificent , openhanded , unsparing

                                   力量位置上的優勢 ,
                                   有效的行動                                libertine                   n. 性行爲放縱者 , 浪蕩子
positional advantage ; power to act effectively:                        a person who is unrestrained by convention or morality ;

leverage:advantage::??                                                  specifically:one leading a dissolute life

力量位置上的優勢:優勢::?? ( 種屬 )                                                  caviler:carping::libertine:licentious

                                                                        吹毛求疵者:吹毛求疵的::放蕩者:放蕩的 (

lexicographer                      n. 辭典編纂者                             人及其正面特徵 )
an author or editor of a dictionary                                     libertine:dissolute::sycophant:obsequious

cartographer:map::weaver:cloth::lexicographer:diction                   放蕩者:放蕩的::奉承者:卑屈的 ( 人及其正面特徵 )
ary
                                                                      188                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
ludicrous:buffoon::dissolute:libertine::humorous:wag                     liken                              vt. 把. . . . 比做 , 把. . .
可笑的:小丑::放蕩的:放蕩::幽默的:詼諧 ( 正面關係                                                                               . 比擬 ( to )
)                                                                        COMPARE

emotion:effusive::liberty:licentious { manner:grandious }                liken:similarity::discriminate:difference

感情:感情奔放的::自由:放肆的 ( 名詞及其過分的形容詞                                            比喻:相似::分辨:差異
)?
Synonyms LICENTIOUS 2 , fast , incontinent , lascivious ,                limber            adj. ( 肌肉 ) 鬆軟的 , 柔軟的
lecherous , lewd , libidinous , lustful , salacious , satiric            capable of being shaped:FLEXIBLE

                                                                         limber:flexibility::spindly:frailty

liberty              n. 自由 , 特權 , 隨意 , 冒失                                柔軟的:可鍛性::細長的:脆弱 ( 形容詞和名詞的正面特徵

an action going beyond normal limits:as a:a breach of etiquette          )

or propriety:FAMILIARITY                                                 Synonyms SUPPLE 3 , lissome , lithe , lithesome

emotion:effusive::liberty:licentious { manner:grandious }                區別:timber ( 木材 ) , climber ( 攀登者 )

感情:感情奔放的::自由:放肆的 ( 名詞及其過分的形容詞
)                                                                        limerick                    n. 五行打油詩
Synonyms FREEDOM , LIBERTY , LICENSE                                     a light or humorous verse form of 5 chiefly anapestic verses of

區別:liberate ( 解放 )                                                       which lines 1 , 2 , and 5 are of 3 feet and lines 3 and 4 are of 2 feet

                                                                         with a rhyme scheme of aabba

licentious                    adj. 縱欲的 , 放肆的                             farce:performance::limerick:poem

lacking legal or moral restraints ; especially:disregarding sexual       笑鬧劇:表演::打油詩:詩 ( 種屬關係 )
restraints

caviler:carping::libertine:licentious                                    limousine                   n. 轎車
吹毛求疵者:吹毛求疵的::放蕩者:放蕩的 (                                                   a large luxurious often chauffeur-driven sedan that sometimes has a

人及其正面特徵 )                                                                glass partition separating the driver's seat from the passenger

voluble:speech::licentious:dissoluteness                                 compartment

健談的 , 流利的:說話::放蕩的:放縱 (                                                   mansion:residence::limousine:automobile

名詞及其同義形容詞 ) 【speech疑爲verbosity】                                          公館 , 大廈:居所::豪華小轎車:汽車 ( 種屬關係 )
licentiousness <> moral restrain

縱慾的 <> 堅持道德的                                                             limp              v. 跛行 adj. 無力的 , 鬆軟的
Synonyms ABANDONED 2 , dissolute , profligate , reprobate ,              lacking firm texture , substance , or structure

self-abandoned , unprincipled                                            limp <> firm

                                                                         柔軟的 <> 堅硬的

lien                         n. 扣押權 , 留置權                                Synonyms STUMBLE 6 , muddle , shuffle

a charge upon real or personal property for the satisfaction of some     區別:limber ( 柔軟的 )
debt or duty ordinarily arising by operation of law

lien:claim::subpoena:command                                             limpid                      adj. 清澈的 , 透明的
法律上的聲明:聲明::法律命令:命令 (                                                     marked by transparency:PELLUCID

法律正式名詞和一般名詞 )                                                            limpid <> murky


                                                                       189                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
清澈的 <> 朦朧不清的
limpid <> unclear

清澈的 <> 朦朧不清的
murky <> clear / pellucid / limpid

朦朧不清的 <> 清澈的
Synonyms TRANSPARENT 1 , clear , pellucid , see-through ,

translucent



linen                      n. 亞麻布 , 亞麻製品
cloth made of flax and noted for its strength , coolness , and
                                                                    List 16 ( lint ~ misanthrope ) :
luster

clay:porcelain::flax:linen                                          lint                             n. 繃帶用麻布 , 皮棉
陶土:陶器::麻紗:麻布 ( 原料和成品的關係 )                                           a:a soft fleecy material made from linen usually by scraping

flannel:cloth::linen:fabric                                         b:fuzz consisting especially of fine ravelings and short fibers of

法蘭絨:布::亞麻布:紡織品 ( 種屬關係 )                                             yarn and fabric

區別:liken ( 把. . . . 比做 )                                            lint:bleeding::??

                                                                    繃帶:流血::?? ( 防止? )

linoleum                   n. 油布 , 油毯
a floor covering made by laying on a burlap or canvas backing a     lissome                    adj. 柔軟的 , 敏捷的
mixture of solidified linseed oil with gums , cork dust or wood     NIMBLE

flour or both , and usually pigments                                lissome:lithe::??

varnish:wood::wax:linoleum                                          柔軟的:柔軟的::?? ( 同義 )

上漆:木頭::上蠟:油氈 ( 加工物品 )                                               lissome <> ungainly

                                                                    敏捷的 <> 不象樣的
                                                                    lissome <> solid

                                                                    柔軟的 <> 堅硬的
                                                                    Synonyms SUPPLE 3 , limber , lithe , lithesome



                                                                    list                             n. 傾斜
                                                                    a deviation from the vertical:TILT ; also:the extent of such a
                                                                    deviation
                                                                    list <> upright

                                                                    傾斜 <> 豎式的 【詞性不符】
                                                                    Synonyms SLANT 1 , cant , heel , incline , lean , recline , slope ,

                                                                    tilt , tip



                                                                    listless                         adj. 倦怠的 ,
                                                                                                     無精打采的 , 冷漠的

                                                                  190                     Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                      Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
characterized by lack of interest , energy , or spirit:LANGUID     高的 <> 下降的
Synonyms LANGUID , die-away , enervated , lackadaisical ,          Synonyms GENEROUS 1 , benevolent , big , chivalrous ,

languishing , languorous , limp , spiritless                       considerate , greathearted , magnanimous



lithe                              adj. 柔軟的 , 易彎曲的                 loll                              vi. 懶散地閒蕩 , 垂下頭 ,
characterized by easy flexibility and grace                                                          伸舌
lissome:lithe::??                                                  to act or move in a lax , lazy , or indolent manner:LOUNGE

柔軟的:柔軟的::?? ( 同義 )                                                 loll <> move vigorously

lithe <> awkward                                                   懶散地閒蕩 <> 精神旺盛地移動

柔軟的 <> 笨拙的                                                         Synonyms IDLE , bum , dawdle , diddle , goof ( off ) , laze , lazy ,

Synonyms SUPPLE 3 , limber , lissome , lithesome                   loaf , loiter , lounge



loath                              adj. 不情願的 , 勉強的                 loophole                          n. 槍眼 , 小窗 , 換氣孔
unwilling to do something contrary to one's ways of                a similar opening to admit light and air or to permit observation

thinking:RELUCTANT                                                 airtight:loophole::??

dislike:loathing::pleasure:bliss                                   密閉的:換氣孔::?? ( 缺乏關係 )

嫌惡:非常討厭::快樂:天賜的福 ( 程度類比 )

castigation:reproof::loathing:dislike                              lopsided                          adj. 傾向一方的 ,
苛責:譴責::討厭:不喜歡 ( 程度類比 )                                                                               不平衡的
loath <> eager                                                     lacking in balance , symmetry , or proportion:disproportionately

不情願的 <> 渴望的                                                        heavy on one side
Synonyms DISINCLINED , afraid , averse , backward , hesitant ,     even handed <> lopsided

indisposed , reluctant , uneager , unwilling , unwishful           平衡 <> 不平衡的
                                                                   Synonyms asymmetric , difform , disproportional ,

lode                               n. 礦脈 , 水路 , 水道                 disproportionate , irregular , nonsymmetrical , off-balance ,

an ore deposit                                                     overbalanced , proportionless , unbalanced , unequal , uneven ,

shale:lode::well:aquifer                                           unproportionate , unsymmetrical

葉岩:礦脈::源泉:含水土層 ( 及其發源地事物 )

                                                                   loquacious                        adj. 多嘴的 , 好辯的 ,
lofty                              adj. 高的 , 高超的 ,                                                   吵鬧的 , 潺潺的
                                  傲慢的 , 玄虛的 , 高級的                  given to fluent or excessive talk:GARRULOUS

a:elevated in character and spirit:NOBLE                           flatter:praise::loquacious:talkative

b:elevated in status:SUPERIOR                                      奉承:稱讚::多嘴的:喜歡說話的 ( 程度類比 )
ignominious <> lofty                                               loquacious:succinct::adroit:ungainly

可恥的 <> 高尚的                                                         多嘴的:簡潔的::熟練的:笨拙的 ( 反義 )
lofty <> mean                                                      loquacious:talkative::rash:adventurous

傲慢的 <> 卑賤的                                                         多嘴的:喜歡說話的::魯莽的:大膽的 ( 程度類比 )
lofty <> cast down                                                 loquacious:talkative::cloying:sweet


                                                                 191                        Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                        Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                          太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
多嘴的:喜歡說話的::使人生厭的:甜的 ( 程度類比 )

loquacious:word::profligate:money                                        lubricate                            vt. 使潤滑vi. 加潤滑油
多嘴的:詞::浪費的:金錢 ( 行爲及其物件 )                                                 to make smooth or slippery

laconic <> loquacious                                                    oil:lubricate::antiseptic:disinfect

簡潔的 <> 多嘴的                                                               油:潤滑::殺菌劑:消毒 ( 事物及其功用 )
loquacious <> taciturn                                                   Synonyms BRIBE , buy , buy off , fix , have , sop , square ,

簡潔的 <> 沈默寡言的                                                             tamper ( with )

reticent <> loquacious

沈默的 <> 多嘴的                                                               lucid                   adj. 清澈的 , 透明的 , 透徹的
Synonyms TALKATIVE , babblative , chatty , gabby , garrulous ,           clear to the understanding:INTELLIGIBLE
loose-lipped , loose-tongued , multiloquent , multiloquious , talky      manifest / lucid:perceive::transparent:understand

lottery                              n. 抽彩 , 抓鬮 , 彩票                     明顯的 / 明晰的:認知::顯然的:理解 (
a drawing of lots in which prizes are distributed to the winners         事物特徵及其正面被動 )
among persons buying a chance                                            prominent:notice::lucid:understand

lottery:raffle::ticket:admission                                         卓越的:注意::明晰的:理解 ( 事物特徵及其正面被動 )

彩票:抽彩售貨::票:允許進入 ( 前者是憑證 )                                                obfuscate <> lucid

                                                                         使迷惑 <> 清晰的 【注:詞性不符】

lounge                               v. 懶散地斜靠 n. 休息室                     Synonyms UNDERSTANDABLE , apprehensible ,

to act or move idly or lazily:LOAF                                       comprehendible , comprehensible , fathomable , graspable ,

Synonyms IDLE , bum , dawdle , goldbrick , goof ( off ) , laze ,         intelligible , knowable , luminous

lazy , loaf , loiter , loll

                                                                         ludicrous                           adj. 可笑的 , 滑稽的 ,
loutish                              adj. 粗魯的                                                                荒唐的
resembling or befitting a lout                                           meriting derisive laughter or scorn as absurdly inept , false , or

genteel <> loutish                                                       foolish

有教養的 <> 無禮的                                                              ludicrous:buffoon::dissolute:libertine::humorous:wag
Synonyms BOORISH , churlish , cloddish , clodhopping ,                   可笑的:扮演丑角和開玩笑的人::放縱的 ,
clownish , ill-bred , lowbred , uncivilized , uncultured , unrefined     生活放蕩的:放蕩不的人::幽默的 ,

                                                                         風趣的:愛說笑打趣的人 ( 人及其所具有的性格特徵 )

loyal                                n. 忠貞 , 忠誠 , 忠實                     Synonyms LAUGHABLE , comic , comical , droll , farcical ,

unswerving in allegiance:as faithful in allegiance to one's lawful       funny , gelastic , ridiculous , risible

sovereign or government

exorbitant:moderation::perfidious:loyalty                                lug                                 vt. vi. 拖 , 拉
過分的 , 過度的:溫和的 , 有節制的::不忠的:忠誠 , 忠心 (                                      to carry laboriously

事物及其反面特徵 )                                                               lug:carry::trudge:walk

snub:disdain::double cross:disloyalty                                    拖拉:攜帶::跋涉:走 ( 程度類比 )

冷落:蔑視::欺騙出賣:不忠實 ( 動詞與名詞正面關係 )
Synonyms FAITHFUL 1 , allegiant , ardent , constant , ||dinky-di ,       lugubrious                          adj. 鬱鬱不樂的 ,
liege , resolute , staunch , steadfast , true
                                                                       192                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                         太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                                    悲哀的                                能手:經驗::權威:顯赫 ( 人及其必然擁有的特點 )

MOURNFUL ; especially:exaggeratedly or affectedly mournful             maven:experience::luminary:eminence
facetious <> lugubrious                                                行家:經驗::權威:顯赫 ( 人及其必然擁有的特點 )

滑稽的 <> 可憐的 , 悲慘的 , 悲哀的                                                 Synonyms CELEBRITY 2 , big name , ||celeb , name , notability ,

Synonyms MELANCHOLY 2 , doleful , dolesome , dolorous ,                notable , somebody

lamentable , mournful , plaintive , rueful , sorrowful , woeful

                                                                       lurk                               vi. 潛藏 , 潛伏 , 埋伏
lull                             vt. 使平靜 , 哄騙 , 使安靜                    to lie in wait in a place of concealment especially for an evil

to cause to sleep or rest:SOOTHE                                       purpose

galvanize <> lull                                                      lurk:wait::purloin:appropriate::abscond:depart

刺激 <> 使平靜                                                              潛伏:等::盜竊:挪用::潛逃:離開 ( 偷偷和正常動作 )
startle <> lull                                                        lurk:concealment::purloin:appropriation

使驚愕 <> 使平靜                                                             潛伏:潛藏::偷竊:盜取 ( 種屬 )
lull <> revive                                                         Synonyms SNEAK , creep , gumshoe , pussyfoot , skulk , slide ,

使平靜 <> 使振奮                                                             slink , slip , ||snake , steal

Synonyms CALM , allay , balm , becalm , compose , quiet , settle

, soothe , still , tranquilize                                         lush                               adj. 蒼翠繁茂的 ,
                                                                                                          多青草的 , 豐富的
lullaby                                   n. 搖籃曲                       growing vigorously especially with luxuriant foliage

a soothing refrain ; specifically:a song to quiet children or lull     sere <> lush / damp

them to sleep                                                          凋萎的 , 乾枯的 <> 青翠荿盛的 /

lullaby:song::diatribe:discourse                                       Synonyms PROFUSE , exuberant , lavish , luxuriant , opulent ,

搖籃曲:歌曲::謾駡:交談;對話 ( 種屬關係 )                                              prodigal , profusive , riotous



lumberjack                                n. 伐木工人                      lustrous                           adj. 有光澤的 , 光輝的
LOGGER                                                                 reflecting light evenly and efficiently without glitter or sparkle

                                                                       numb:insensible::burnish:lustrous

lumen                                     n. 流明 , 內腔                   麻木:無知覺的::光澤:有光澤的 ( 正面特徵 )
a unit of luminous flux equal to the light emitted in a unit solid     Synonyms burnished , gleaming , glistening , glossy , polished ,

angle by a uniform point source of one candle intensity                sheeny , shining , shiny

decibel:sound::volt:electricity::watt:power::lumen

:light                                                                 luxurious                        adj. 愛好奢侈的 , 豪華的
分貝:聲音::伏:電流::瓦:功率::流明:亮度 (                                             marked by or given to self-indulgence

事物及其衡量單位 )                                                             spartan <> sybaritic / indulgent / voluptuous / luxurious

                                                                       簡樸的 <> 沈于奢侈逸樂的 / 放縱的 / 奢侈逸樂的 / 奢華的

luminary                                  n. 傑出人物 , 名人                 Synonyms SENSUOUS , epicurean , luscious , lush , sensual ,

a person of prominence or brilliant achievement                        sensualistic , voluptuous

master:experience::luminary:eminence


                                                                     193                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
maelstrom                          n. 大漩渦 , 災禍                              malign                            adj. 有害的 , 惡性的 ,
a powerful often violent whirlpool sucking in objects within a                                                有惡意的 vt. 誹謗 ,
given radius                                                                                                  說壞話
maelstrom:turbulent::mirage:illusory                                        having or showing intense often vicious ill will:MALEVOLENT

大漩渦:混亂的::海市蜃樓:幻影的 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )                                              malign:ill will::diligent:effort
Synonyms EDDY , vortex , whirl , whirlpool                                  有害的:惡意::勤勉的:努力 ( 正面特徵 )
                                                                            extol <> malign

maladroit                          n. 笨拙的                                   頌揚 <> 說壞話

lacking adroitness:INEPT                                                    Synonyms MALICIOUS , despiteful , evil , hateful , malevolent ,

complaisance:intractable::adeptness:maladroit                               malignant , rancorous , spiteful , vicious , wicked

柔順的:倔強的::老練的:笨拙的 ( 反義 )
maladroit:deft::voluble:verbose                                             malinger                          v. 裝病以逃避工作
笨拙的:靈巧的::流利的:累贅的 ( 反義 )                                                     to pretend incapacity ( as illness ) so as to avoid duty or work

deft <> maladroit                                                           parsimonious:skimp::malingering:shirk

靈巧的 <> 笨拙的                                                                  吝嗇的:吝嗇::詐病的:逃避 ( 形容詞與動詞 )
Synonyms AWKWARD 2 , bumbling , clumsy , gauche , halting ,                 hoard:miser::shirk:malinger
ham-handed , heavy-handed , inept , lumbering , unhandy                     秘藏:守財奴::逃避:裝病的人 ( 人物及其特徵動作 )

                                                                            【詞性不符】

malcontent                         adj. 抱不平的 , 不滿的 ,                        malinger:duty::camoflage / disemble:detection

                                   不服的                                      裝病以逃避工作:責任::掩飾:發現
dissatisfied with the existing state of affairs:DISCONTENTED

dilatory:procrastinate::malcontent:complain                                 malleable                         adj. 可塑的 ,
拖拉的:耽擱::不滿的:抱怨 ( 正面關係 )                                                     易改變的capable of being altered or controlled by outside forces
daredevil:???::malcontent:dissatisfaction                                   or influences

魯莽的人:???::不滿現狀的人:不滿意 (                                                      friable:crumble::malleable:alter

人物及其正面特徵 )                                                                  易碎的:弄碎::有延展性的:改變 ( 正面特徵 )
Synonyms GROUCH , ||bellyacher , complainer , crank ,                       knead:malleable::penetrate:permeable
faultfinder , griper , growler , grumbler , kicker , sorehead               揉捏:可延展性的::穿透:能透過的 ( 動作與正面特徵 )

                                                                            malleable:shape::irresolute:opinion

malicious                          adj. 懷惡意的 ,                              可延展性的:形狀::無決斷的:主張 ( 修飾;易變的 )

惡毒的given to , marked by , or arising from malice                            malleable <> hard to shape

malicious:ill will::exaggerating:hyperbole                                  可延展性的 <> 難以變形的

惡毒的:惡意::誇張的:誇張 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )                                                 Synonyms PLASTIC , adaptable , ductile , moldable , pliable ,

expansive <> malicious                                                      pliant , supple

寬大的 <> 惡毒的
Synonyms bitchy , catty , despiteful , evil , hateful , malevolent ,        malodor                           n. 惡臭
malign , malignant , nasty , rancorous , spiteful , spitish , vicious ,     an offensive odor

wicked                                                                      cacophony:sound::malodor:scent


                                                                          194                     Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
不愉快的音調:語音::惡臭:氣味 ( 事物及其特徵方式 )                                             全部劇目列表:演出::運貨單:貨物::議程:會議 (

                                                                          前者安排後者 )

mandatory                           adj. 命令的 , 託管的
containing or constituting a command:OBLIGATORY                           manifest                          adj. 顯然的 , 明白的
mandatory:comply::forbidden:abstain                                       easily understood or recognized by the mind:OBVIOUS

命令的:服從::禁止的:抑止 ( 主動與被動關係 )                                                manifest / lucid:perceive::transparent:understand
discretionary <> mandatory                                                明顯的 / 明晰的:認知::顯然的:理解 ( 容易發生 )

隨意的 <> 命令的                                                                palatable:savory::discernible:manifest
Synonyms compulsatory , compulsory , imperative , imperious ,             美味的:可口的::可分辨的:明顯的
obligatory , required                                                     manifest:perceive::brittle:break

                                                                          明顯的:感覺::易碎的:破碎

mangle                              vt. 亂砍 , 撕裂 , 破壞 ,                    audible:stentorian::discernible:manifest

                                   毀損 , 損壞 , 軋布                           可聽見的:洪亮的::可辨別的:明顯的 ( 程度比較 )
to spoil , injure , or make incoherent especially through ineptitude      latent <> menifest

mangle <> praise extravagantly                                            隱藏的 <> 明顯的

毀損 <> 過分的讚美                                                               Synonyms CLEAR 5 , apparent , distinct , evident , obvious ,

Synonyms BATTER 1 , ||bung up , maul                                      palpable , patent , plain , straightforward , unambiguous



mangy                        adj. ( 獸 ) 疥癬的 , 污穢的                         manipulate                        vt. 操縱 , 利用 , 假造 ,
having many worn or bare spots:SEEDY , SHABBY                                                              應付
mangy <> ??                                                               to control or play upon by artful , unfair , or insidious means

Synonyms SHABBY 1 , decrepit , down-at-heel , moth-eaten ,                especially to one's own advantage

scruffy , seedy , sleazy , squalid , tagrag , tattered                    manipulate <> guileless

                                                                          假造 <> 不狡猾的 【詞性不符】

mania                               n. 狂躁 , 熱衷 , 狂熱                       Synonyms beguile , exploit , finesse , jockey , maneuver , play

excessive or unreasonable enthusiasm

enthusiasm:mania::suspicion:paranoia                                      mansion                           n. 大廈 , 邸
熱情:狂熱::懷疑:偏執狂 ( 程度類比 )                                                    a large imposing residence

                                                                          mansion:residence::limousine:automobile

manifest                n. 載貨單 , 運貨單 , 旅客名單                               公館 , 大廈:居所::豪華小轎車:汽車 ( 種屬關係 )
a list of passengers or an invoice of cargo for a vehicle ( as a ship

or plane )                                                                manumit                           v. 解放 ( 奴隸 )
census:population::inventory:stock                                        to release from slavery

人口普查:人口數::存貨清單:庫存 ( 名詞及其物件 )                                              manumit <> enslave

inventory:merchandise::manifest:cargo                                     解放 <> 奴役

存貨清單:存貨::運貨單:貨物 ( 名詞及其物件 )                                                detain <> manumit

repertoire:performance::manifest:cargo::agenda:meetin                     拘留 <> 釋放
g                                                                         Synonyms FREE , discharge , emancipate , liberate , loose ,

                                                                          loosen , release , unbind , unchain , unshackle
                                                                        195                     Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                           太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                                                                       martinet:leniency::dabbler:dedication

manuscript                        n. 手稿 , 原稿 , 底稿                      嚴格的人:寬大::業餘學者:奉獻 ( 人物及其反面特徵 )
a written or typewritten composition or document as distinguished      martinet <> indulgent person

from a printed copy ; also:a document submitted for publication        規律嚴肅的人 <> 放縱的人

archive:manuscript::arsenal:weapon

文件儲存室:手稿::軍械庫:兵器 ( 事物及其儲存地 )                                           marvel                             n. 奇蹟 v. 驚奇
                                                                       something that causes wonder or astonishment

mar                               v. 弄壞 , 毀壞 , 損害                      marvel <> mean

To impair the soundness , perfection , or integrity of ; spoil         奇迹 <> 中庸
mar <> enhance                                                         pedestrian <> marvelous

損壞 <> 增強                                                               平凡的 <> 非凡的
                                                                       Synonyms WONDER 1 , miracle , phenomenon , portent , prodigy

marsh                             n. 沼澤 , 濕地                           , sensation , stunner

a tract of soft wet land usually characterized by monocotyledons (

as grasses or cattails )                                               masquerade                           n. 化裝舞會v. 僞裝
marsh:sodden::desert:arid                                              to assume the appearance of something one is not

沼澤:濕透的::沙漠:乾燥的 ( 事物與正面屬性 )                                             dissemble:information::masquerade:feeling
marshy <> arid                                                         掩蓋 , 隱藏:資訊事實::僞裝:感情 ( 掩飾關係 )

潮濕的 <> 乾旱的
Synonyms SWAMP , baygall , bog , fen , marshland , mire ,              masticate                                 vt. vi. 咀嚼
morass , quag , quagmire , swampland                                   to grind or crush ( food ) with or as if with the teeth in preparation

                                                                       for swallowing:CHEW

marsupial                         n. adj. 有袋動物 ( 的 )                   Synonyms CHEW 1 , champ , ||chaw , chomp , chumble , chump ,

any of an order ( Marsupialia ) of mammals comprising kangaroos ,      crunch , munch , ruminate , scrunch

wombats , bandicoots , opossums , and related animals that do not
develop a true placenta and that usually have a pouch on the           mathematical                       adj. 數學的 , 精確的
abdomen of the female which covers the teats and serves to carry       a:rigorously exact:PRECISE
the young                                                              b:CERTAIN

kangaroo:marsupial::squirrel:rodent

袋鼠:有袋動物::松鼠:齧齒類動物                                ( 種屬關係 )              matriculate                        vt. 准許入學 , 錄取
                                                                       to enroll as a member of a body and especially of a college or

martinet                    n. 要求嚴格服從紀律的人                              university

a strict disciplinarian                                                inauguration:official::matriculation:student

martinet:discipline::pedant:learning { gourmet:food }                  官員就職:官員::學生入學:學生 ( 人及其正面特徵行爲 )

嚴格的人:紀律::學究:學習 ( 人物和動作特徵 )                                             inception:termination::matriculation:graduation

stickler:exacting::martinet:discipline                                 起初:結束::入學:畢業 ( 時間前後的對應 )

堅持者:嚴格苛求::規律嚴肅的人:灌輸 (                                                  commencement <> matriculation

人:動作行爲特徵 )                                                             畢業典禮 <> 學生入學


                                                                     196                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                           Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
mattress                            n. 床墊 , 空氣墊 , 沈床                           mawkish / maudlin:sentiment::pedantic:scholarship
a fabric case filled with resilient material ( as cotton , hair , feathers     感情脆弱的:多愁善感::書生氣的:學識 ( 人物具有的特徵
, foam rubber , or an arrangement of coiled springs ) used either              )
alone as a bed or on a bedstead                                                mawkish:sentimental::peeve:annoy

tablecloth:table::sheet:mattress                                               讓人厭惡的:多愁善感::使怒:使苦惱 ( 同義 )

桌巾:桌子::床單:床墊 ( 覆蓋關係 )                                                          mawkish <> unsentimental

                                                                               自作多情的 <> 不動情感的

maudlin                             adj. 容易流淚的 ,                               Synonyms SENTIMENTAL , bathetic , lovey-dovey , maudlin ,

                                    感傷的 , 醉後好哭的                                mushy , romantic , slushy , ||soppy , sticky , tear-jerking

weakly and effusively sentimental

mawkish / maudlin:sentiment::pedantic:scholarship                              meager                       adj. 貧乏的 , 不毛的 , 瘦的
感情脆弱的:多愁善感::書生氣的:學識 ( 人物具有的特徵                                                  deficient in quality or quantity

)                                                                              amplitude <> meagerness

maudlin <> jovial                                                              豐富的 <> 貧乏的

感傷的 <> 高興的                                                                     Synonyms exiguous , poor , scant , scanty , scrimp , scrimpy ,

Synonyms SENTIMENTAL , bathetic , lovey-dovey , mawkish ,                      skimp , skimpy , spare , sparse

mushy , romantic , slushy , ||soppy , sticky , tear-jerking



maven                               n. ( 口語 ) 專家 , 行家                          mean                         adj. 低劣的 , 卑賤的 , 卑鄙的
one who is experienced or knowledgeable:EXPERT                                                              , 麻煩的 , 簡陋的 , 吝嗇的 ,
maven:experience::luminary:eminence / augur:prediction                                                      慚愧的 , 中間的
專家:經驗::權威者:顯赫 / 預言者:預言 (                                                       PENURIOUS , STINGY

人及其正面特徵 )                                                                      mean:prodigality::meek:arrogance
Synonyms EXPERT , adept , authority , ||dab , ||dabster , master ,             吝嗇的:揮霍::謙恭的:自大 ( 反面關係 )
past master , professional , proficient , virtuoso                             lavish <> mean

                                                                               浪費的 <> 吝嗇的

maverick                            n. 未烙飼主印記的小牛 ,                             mean <> noble

                                   不服從的人                                       卑賤的 <> 高貴的
an independent individual who does not go along with a group or

party                                                                          measly                              adj. 患麻疹的 , 低賤的
dissenter:orthodox::maverick:group                                             contemptibly small

持異義者:正統::離經叛道者:團體 ( 背離關係 )                                                     measly:contemptibly::puny:weakly
maverick <> follower                                                           低賤的:下賤地::微小的:微弱地 (

不服從的人 <> 從者                                                                    形容詞與名詞的同義關係 )
maverick <> conform to tradition                                               measly <> grand

不服從的人 <> 遵從傳統                                                                  低賤的 <> 極重要的
                                                                               Synonyms PETTY 2 , niggling , paltry , pettifogging , picayune ,

mawkish                  adj. 自作多情的 , 令人作嘔的                                    picayunish , piddling , puny , trifling , trivial

sickly or puerilely sentimental
                                                                             197                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                   Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
meddle                             vi. 干涉 , 干預 , 亂搞                        大師 <> 平庸

to interest oneself in what is not one's concern:interfere without         Synonyms MEDIUM , average , fair , fairish , indifferent ,

right or propriety                                                         intermediate , mean , middling , moderate , so-so

officious:meddle::disaffected:rebel

多管閒事的:干涉::有叛意的:造反 (                                                        meditate                           vi. 沈思 , 反省
人物個性及其特徵動作 )                                                               to engage in contemplation or reflection

meddlesome:pry::contentious:argue                                          Synonyms PONDER 2 , chaw , deliberate , mull ( over ) , muse ,

多管閒事的:探察::好爭吵的:爭吵 (                                                        revolve , roll , ruminate , turn over

人物個性及其特徵行爲 )

attentive:meddlesome::envy:jealous                                         medley               n. 混合 , 混雜 , 各種各樣的集團
注意的:多管閒事的::羡慕:嫉妒的 ( 程度褒貶類比 )                                               a musical composition made up of a series of songs or short pieces

【注:詞性不符】                                                                   montage:images::medley:songs
Synonyms busybody , butt in , fool , horn in , interfere , interlope ,     混成畫 , 拼集的照片:形象;映象::混合:歌曲 (
intermeddle , ||make , mess around , monkey ( with ) , tamper (            事物及其特殊方式 ( 混合的 ))
with )

                                                                           meet                        adj. 合適的          v. 相遇 , 接觸
media                              n. 媒體 , 培養基                             adapted to a particular situation , need , or circumstance:very
a nutrient system for the artificial cultivation of cells or organisms     proper
and especially bacteria                                                    meet <> inappropriate / unsuitable

plantation:tobacco::media:bacteria                                         合適的 <> 不適當的 / 不適合的

耕地:煙草::培養基:細菌 ( 事物及其生長地 )                                                  meet <> unfit { disjointed }

                                                                           合適的 <> 不適合的 【注:disjointed 詞性不符】

mediate                            vt. 居中斡旋
to interpose between parties in order to reconcile them                    meliorism                          n. 世界改良論
intercessor:mediate::augur:prediction                                      The belief that society has an innate tendency toward improvement

調解:調解::預言家:預言 ( 人及其正面特徵 )                                                  and that this tendency may be furthered through conscious human

intercessor:mediate::augur:prediction { translator:interpret               effort.

}                                                                          meliorism:progress::??

仲裁者:調解::占卜者:預言 { 翻譯:解釋 } (                                                 世界改良論:進步::??
人物及其本身動作 )

mediation:compromise::prosecution:conviction                               mellifluous                 adj. ( 音樂等 ) 柔美流暢的
調停:妥協::起訴:定罪 ( 動作及其結果 )                                                    having a smooth rich flow

Synonyms INTERPOSE 2 , intercede , interfere , intermediate ,              mellifluous:music::ambrosial:food
intervene , step in                                                        悅耳的:音樂::天上美味的:食物 ( 形容詞及其修飾物件 )
                                                                           Synonyms golden , honeyed , Hyblaean , liquid , mellifluent ,

mediocre                           adj. 平庸的 , 平凡的                          mellow

of moderate or low quality , value , ability , or

performance:ORDINARY , SO-SO                                               melody                       n. 曲子 , 美的音樂 , 曲調
virtuosity <> mediocrity                                                   a sweet or agreeable succession or arrangement of
                                                                         198                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
sounds:TUNEFULNESS                                                          說實話的 <> 虛假的

melody:song::??                                                             mendacity <> veracity

美的音樂:曲::?? ( 種屬 )                                                           虛假 <> 誠實
melodious <> jarring                                                        mendacity <> honesty

音調優美的 <> 不和諧的                                                               虛假 <> 誠實
                                                                            Synonyms DISHONEST , deceitful , knavish , lying , roguish ,

membrane                            n. 薄膜 , 細胞膜                             shifty , unhonest , untruthful

a thin soft pliable sheet or layer especially of animal or plant origin

pore:membrane::door:room                                                    mercenary                          adj. 唯利是圖的 n.
氣孔:薄膜::門:房間 ( 事物及其入口 )                                                                                         雇傭兵
cell:membrane::seed:hull                                                    one that serves merely for wages ; especially:a soldier hired into
細胞:細胞膜::種子:外殼 ( 事物及其外殼 )                                                    foreign service

                                                                            mercenary:money::vindictive:revenge

menace                              vt. vi. 威嚇 , 脅迫                         唯利是圖的:金錢::有報仇心的:復仇
to make a show of intention to harm                                         mercenary:soldier::hack:writer

odious:disgust::menacing:fear                                               傭兵:軍人::雇用文人:作家
討厭的:令人厭惡::威嚇的:害怕 ( 形容詞與動詞正面類比
)                                                                           mercurial                          adj. 善變的 , 活潑的
odious:repugnance::menacing:fear                 {                          characterized by rapid and unpredictable changeableness of mood

immovable:stability }                                                       mercurial:mood::whimsical:behavior

可厭的:反感::威脅的:害怕 { 固定的:固定 } (                                                 善變的:情緒::易變的:感情 ( 形容詞與其修飾的名詞 )

形容詞與名詞正面關係 )                                                                profligate:solvent::mercurial:committed
Synonyms ENDANGER , compromise , hazard , imperil , jeopard                 揮霍的:要還債的::活潑多變的:受約束的 ( 反面關係 )
, jeopardize , jeopardy , peril , risk                                      Synonyms INCONSTANT 1 , capricious , changeable , fickle ,

                                                                            lubricious , temperamental , ticklish , unstable , variable , volatile

mend                     vt. 修改 , 改進 , 加快 , 修理
to put into good shape or working order again:patch                         merited                            adj. 該得的 , 應得的 ,
up:REPAIR                                                                                                      理所當然的
rend <> unite / mend                                                        deserved , be worthy of or entitled or liable to

分裂 <> 聯合 / 改進                                                               castigation:eproof::denunciation:denial / lorification:merit

                                                                            嚴厲地批評 , 譴責:責備::譴責:否認 , 拒絕 / 讚美 ,

mendacious                           adj 不真的 , 撒謊的                          頌揚:美德 , 優點 ( 程度 , 前者深 )
given to or characterized by deception or falsehood or divergence           condign <> undeserved / unmerited

from absolutetruth                                                          相當的 , 適宜的 <> 不相稱的 / 不當的

ambiguous:clarity::mendacious:truth                                         gratuitous <> merited

曖昧的:清楚::虛假的:事實 ( 事物去÷及其反面特徵 )                                               無理由的 <> 理所當然的
mendacious <> honest                                                        merited <> unsuitable

虛假的 <> 誠實的                                                                  理所當然的 <> 不適合的
veracious <> mendacious
                                                                          199                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
meritorious                       adj. 值得讚賞的                            meteorology                       n. 氣象學 , 氣象狀態
deserving of honor or esteem                                            a science that deals with the atmosphere and its phenomena and

                                                                        especially with weather and weather forecasting

mesh                              vt. 以網捕捉 , 嚙合 ,                       demography:population::meteorology:weather

                                  編織                                    人口統計學:人口::氣象學:天氣 ( 學科及其研究物件 )

a:to cause ( as gears ) to engage

b:to coordinate closely:INTERLOCK                                       meticulous                   adj. 細心的 , 注意細節的
disengage <> mesh                                                       marked by extreme or excessive care in the consideration or

解開 <> 嚙合                                                                treatment of details

Synonyms ENGAGE 1 , intermesh                                           firmness:obdurate::carefulness:meticulous

                                                                        堅固 , 堅定:執迷不悟的::仔細的:很仔細的 , 一絲不苟的 (

mesmerism                         n. 催眠術 , 催眠狀態                         過分的前者導致後者 )
hypnotic induction held to involve animal magnetism ;                   fluent:glib::meticulous:nitpick / finicky
broadly:HYPNOTISM                                                       流利的:口齒伶俐的::很仔細的:吹毛求疵 / 苛求的 (

zeal:dedication:: { mesmeric:interest }                                 程度褒貶類比 )

熱衷:奉獻:: { 催眠術的:興趣 }                                                     meticulous <> carelessness

                                                                        細心的 <> 初心的

messy                             adj. 混亂的 , 骯髒的                        Synonyms CAREFUL 2 , conscientious , conscionable , exact ,

marked by confusion , disorder , or dirt:UNTIDY                         fussy , heedful , painstaking , punctilious , punctual , scrupulous



metaphor                          n. 隱喻 , 暗喻                            metrical               adj. 韻律的 , 有韻律的 , 測量的
a figure of speech in which a word or phrase literally denoting one     of , relating to , or composed in meter

kind of object or idea is used in place of another to suggest a         scan:metrical::parse:grammatical
likeness or analogy between them ( as in drowning in money ) ;          分析韻律:韻律的::解析語法:文法的 ( 行爲及其物件 )

broadly:figurative language
equivocation:truth::metaphor:description                                miff                              n. 小爭執 , 微怒
模棱兩可的話:事實::隱喻:描述 ( 逃避關係 )                                               a trivial quarrel

                                                                        Synonyms OFFENSE 2 , dudgeon , huff , pique , resentment ,

meteoric                   adj. 流星的 , 曇花一現的                             ||snuff , umbrage

resembling a meteor in speed or in sudden and temporary brilliance

fleeting:pass::meteoric:rise                                            migratory                         adj. 遷移的 , 流浪的
飛逝:經過::流星的:上升 ( 種屬 ) 【對應不工整】                                            WANDERING , ROVING

meteoric:constancy::archaic:currency                                    migratory <> sedentary

曇花一現的:恒久不變::古老的:流通 (                                                    遷移的 <> 久坐的

形容詞與名詞的反面特徵 )                                                           Synonyms migrant , migrative , migratorial , mobile ,

meteoric <> plodding                                                    transmigratory

疾速的 <> 沈重緩慢的

                                                                        mill                       n. 壓榨機 , 磨坊 , 製造廠
                                                                        a building provided with machinery for grinding grain into flour
                                                                      200                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                           Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
refinery:petroleum::mill:grain                                         minion                            n. 奴才 , 寵臣
精煉廠:石油::磨坊:穀粒 ( 場所及其加工物件 )                                             a servile dependent , follower , or underling

                                                                       minion:dependent::groveler:petitioner

mime                             vt. vi. 摸擬表演                          奴才:依賴者::卑恭屈節者:請求者
to act a part with mimic gesture and action usually without words

parody:style::mime:gesture                                             mint                              vt. 鑄造 , 鑄幣 , 僞造
拙劣的模仿:樣式::啞劇:手勢 ( 構成關係 )                                               to make ( as coins ) out of metal:COIN

charade:word::mime:story                                               strike:medal::mint:coin

用手勢表示的字謎:字::啞劇:故事 ( 動作及表達內容關係                                          打造:獎牌::鑄造:硬幣                       ( 動作及其加工物件 )
)

                                                                       mint                              n. 薄荷 , 造幣廠 , 鉅額
minaret                          n. 尖塔                                 a vast sum or amount

a tall slender tower of a mosque having one or more balconies from     mint <> modicum

which the summons to prayer is cried by the muezzin                    鉅額 <> 少量

spire:church::minaret:mosque

塔尖:教堂:: ( 回教寺院的 ) 尖塔:清真寺 (                                             minuscule                         adj. 小寫的 , 小的 n.
建築物的頂端和建築物 )                                                                                             草寫小字 , 小寫字
                                                                       very small

minatory                         adj. 威脅的 , 恫嚇的                        small:minuscule::moist:saturated

having a menacing quality:THREATENING                                  小:微小::濕的:飽和的 ( 過分關係 )
minatory <> non threatening                                            minuscule:letter::minnow:fish

威脅的 <> 無威脅性的                                                           小寫字:字母::小魚:魚 ( 種屬 , 特徵:小 )
                                                                       minuscule <> lengthy document

mince                            vi. 碎步走 , 裝腔作勢                        小寫字 <> 冗長的文件
to walk with short steps in a prim affected manner

sip:drink::mince:walk                                                  minutia                    n. 細節 , 細目 , 瑣事
啜飲:喝::碎步走:走 ( 種屬 )                                                     a minute or minor detail

quaff:sip::stride:mince                                                minutia <> essential point / vital feature

大口喝:啜飲::邁大步走:碎步走 ( 動作程度:大小 )                                           瑣事 <> 要點 / 重要特徵
                                                                       minutia <> lengthy account

mingle                           vt. vi. ( 使 ) 混合                      細節 <> 冗長的解釋 【對應不公整】
to bring or mix together or with something else usually without        Synonyms TRIVIA , small beer , small change , small potato ( es )

fundamental loss of identity:INTERMIX                                  , triviality

mingle <> separate

( 使 ) 混合 <> 分離                                                         miracle                    n. 奇蹟 , 奇事
sequester <> permit to mingle                                          an extremely outstanding or unusual event , thing , or

使隔絕 <> 可以混合                                                            accomplishment

                                                                       prodigy:person::miracle:occurrence


                                                                     201                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                          Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
非凡的人:人::奇迹:事件 ( 種屬 )
ordinary <> miraculous

平凡的 <> 奇迹的
Synonyms WONDER 1 , marvel , phenomenon , portent , prodigy

, sensation , stunner



mirage                              n. 幻影 , 海市蜃樓
something illusory and unattainable

maelstrom:turbulent::mirage:illusory

大漩渦:混亂的::海市蜃樓:幻影的 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )



mire                    vt. 使陷於泥濘 , 使陷入困境
to cause to stick fast in or as if in mire

mire <> extricate

使陷入困境 <> 使解脫



mirth                               n. 歡樂 , 歡笑
gladness or gaiety as shown by or accompanied with laughter

mirth:laughter::approval:applause

歡樂:笑::贊成:鼓掌 ( 行爲及其所表達的含義 )




misanthrope                         n. 厭惡人類的人 ,
                                                                List 17 ( misbehave ~ obsess ) :
                                    不願與人來往者
a person who hates or distrusts mankind

misanthrope:humane::ascetic:voluptuary                          misbehave                  vt. vi. ( 使 ) 行爲無禮貌
厭惡人類的人:仁慈的::苦行者:耽於酒色的 (                                                                    , ( 使 ) 行爲不端
人物及其反面特徵 )                                                      castigation:disapproval::misbehave:crime

                                                                申斥 , 強烈反對:不贊成不滿意:: ( 使 ) 行爲不端:罪行 ,

                                                                犯罪 ( 動作造成結果的關係 )

                                                                lapse:error::misbehavior:criminality

                                                                小錯:謬誤;差錯::不正當的行爲:犯罪行爲 ( 小和正常 )

                                                                reprobate:misbehave::sycophant:fawn

                                                                無賴漢;墮落的人:行爲不端;無禮貌::馬屁精:小鹿 ,

                                                                巴結 , 奉承 ( 人和行爲的正面關係 )



                                                                mischievous                adj. 調皮的 , 惡作劇的 ,
                                                                                           有害的

                                                              202                 Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
a:able or tending to cause annoyance , trouble , or minor injury     miser:hoard::dandy:preen::sycophant:fawn::pundit

b:irresponsibly playful                                              :opinion

insensitive:boor::mischievous:imp                                    守財奴:貯藏::好打扮的人:打扮修飾::馬屁精:巴結 ,

不敏感的 , 不靈敏的:舉止粗野的人 ,                                                 奉承::博學之人:見解 ( 人及其正面特徵 )

鄉下人::淘氣的:頑童 ( 人和其性格特點的正關係 )                                          parsimony:miser::rebelliousness:insurgent

tightfisted:parsimonious::brattish:mischievous                       吝嗇 , 過度節省:守財奴::反抗的 , 難控制的:暴動者 ,

吝嗇的 , 小氣的:過度節儉的::淘氣的:淘氣的 ,                                           起義者 ( 人及其正面特徵 )

調皮的惡作劇的 , 有害的                                                        spendthrift <> miser

Synonyms NAUGHTY 1 , bad , ill-behaved , misbehaving , paw           揮金如土的 ( 人 ) <> 守財奴



miscreant                            n. 卑鄙 , 有罪惡的人 ,                 misfortune                        n. 不幸 , 災禍 , 壞運氣
                                     異端                              a distressing or unfortunate incident or event

one who behaves criminally or viciously                              boon <> misfortune

miscreant <> law-abiding individual                                  恩惠 , 幸運的 <> 壞運氣

有罪惡的人 <> 遵守法紀的人                                                      Synonyms adversity , contretemps , ||dole , mischance , mishap ,

miscreant <> saint                                                   tragedy , ||unluck

有罪惡的人 <> 聖人
Synonyms VILLAIN 1 , *bastard , blackguard , heel , knave ,          misgiving                         n. 疑慮 , 擔心
lowlife , rascal , rogue , scoundrel , *son of a bitch               a feeling of doubt or suspicion especially concerning a future event



misdemeanor                          n. 不軌的行爲 ,                      misgiving <> certainty

                                     品行不端 , 過失 ,                     疑慮 <> 必然;肯定

                                     【律】輕罪                           compunction <> absence of misgiving / { animosity }

a crime less serious than a felony                                   後悔 <> 沒有疑慮

crime:misdemeanor::commitment:decision                               Synonyms APPREHENSION 3 , apprehensiveness , foreboding ,

罪 , 罪行 , 犯罪:輕罪::許諾 , 信奉:決定 , 決心 ( 程度類比                               premonition , prenotion , presage , presentiment

)

misdemeanor:crime::lapse:error                                       mishap                      n. 不幸之事 , 惡運 , 災禍
輕罪:罪 , 罪行;犯罪::小錯誤:謬誤 , 差錯 ( 小和正常 )                                   an unfortunate accident

                                                                     catastrophe:mishap::humiliation:embarrassment

miser                                n. 守財奴 , 吝嗇鬼                    大禍:不幸::羞辱 , 恥辱:窘迫 , 尷尬 ( 褒貶程度類比 )

a mean grasping person ; especially:one who is extremely stingy      mishap:accident::peccadillo:offence
with money                                                           不幸:事故::小罪:犯罪 ( 種屬 )

miser:munificent::zealot:blase                                       oxymoron:contradictory::mishap:catastrophic

吝嗇鬼:慷慨的::熱心者:厭倦享樂的 ( 人及其反面特徵 )                                       矛盾修飾法:矛盾的::不幸:災難的 ( 正面特徵 )

miser:parsimonious::spendthrift:prodigal                             Synonyms MISFORTUNE , adversity , contretemps , ||dole ,

吝嗇鬼:吝嗇的::揮金如土的 ( 人 ) :浪費的 , 奢侈的 (                                    mischance , tragedy , ||unluck

人及其正面特徵 )


                                                                   203                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                        Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
misnomer                          n. 用詞不當                               助記法:記憶::拐杖:行走 ( 事物及其物件 )

a:a use of a wrong name

b:a wrong name or designation                                           morbid                             adj. 疾病的 , 致病的 ,
                                                                                                           患部的 , 病理學的 , (
misrepresent                      vt. 不如實的敍述 ,                                                             精神、思想等 ) 不健康 ,
                                  不稱職地代表                                                                   令人毛骨悚然
to give a false or misleading representation of usually with an         abnormally susceptible to or characterized by gloomy or

intent to deceive or be unfair                                          unwholesome feelings

tamper:adjust::misrepresent:communicate                                 morbid <> wholesome

干預:調整 , 校正::不如實地敍述 ( 或說明 ) ::傳達 ,                                       疾病的 <> 適合衛生的
傳染 ( 錯誤和正常 )                                                            Synonyms morose , sick , sickly



mite                              n. 一點兒 , 小東西 , 蟎 ,                    mobility               n. 靈活性 , 變動性 , 情感不定
                                  蛆 , 少量的捐款                             capable of moving or being moved:MOVABLE
any of numerous small acarid arachnids that often infest animals ,      splint:mobility::ballast:instability::purchase:slippery
plants , and stored foods and include important disease vectors         夾板:流動性::壓艙物:不穩定性;不堅決::支點:滑動
mite:creature::speck:amount                                             ( 防止關係 )
極小的東西:生物 , 動物::斑點 , 污點:總數;數值;量 (                                        splint:immobilize::duct:convey

種屬關係 )                                                                  用夾板夾:使固定 , 使不動::管 , 槽 , 溝渠 , 導管:傳送 ,

                                                                        運送 ( 工具的作用 )

mitigate                          v. 減輕 , 使緩和 , 安慰 (
                                  憂傷、悲苦等 ) , 調節 (                       mockery                            n. 嘲弄 , 笑柄 , 歪曲
                                  冷、熱等 )                                a subject of laughter , derision , or sport

to make less severe or painful:ALLEVIATE                                diatribe:abuse::burlesque:mockery

mitigate:severe::qualify:general                                        抨擊 , 譴責:辱駡 , 咒駡::用文字模仿以諷刺::嘲弄 ,

緩和 , 減輕:嚴重的 , 嚴肅的::使具有資格:一般的 , 常規 (                                     笑柄 , 歪曲 ( 程度類比 )

消除關係 )                                                                  patronize:condescension::deride:mockery
mitigate <> exacerbate                                                  庇護 , 惠顧:自以高人一等 , 貶低::嘲笑;愚弄:嘲弄 ,

緩和 , 減輕 <> 使加劇                                                          笑柄 , 歪曲 ( 動作體現情感 )
Synonyms RELIEVE 1 , allay , alleviate , assuage , ease , lighten ,     Synonyms burlesque , caricature , farce , mock , sham , travesty

mollify

                                                                        moderate                     vt. 節制 , 使穩定 , 使緩和
mnemonics                         n. 記憶術                                to lessen the intensity or extremeness of

a technique of improving the memory                                     exorbitant:moderation::perfidious:loyalty

regiment:health::mnemonics:memory                                       過分的 , 過度的:溫和的 , 有節制的::不忠的:忠誠 , 忠心 (

團:一大群:健康 , 衛生::記憶法 , 記憶規則:記憶 (                                          事物及其反面特徵 )

目的關係 )                                                                  moderate:intensify::extenuate:seriousness

mnemonics:remember::staff:walk                                          溫和的;有節制的:使強::使 ( 罪過等 )


                                                                      204                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                           Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                         太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
顯得輕微:嚴重的;嚴肅的 ( 程度類比 )                                                  緩和 <> 使對抗 , 使敵對反對 , 引起對抗 / 忿怒
                                                                       pique <> mollify

modicum                          n. 少量                                 激怒 <> 緩和

a small portion:a limited quantity                                     discomfit <> mollify

modicum <> large amount                                                撓亂 <> 平息

少量 <> 大量                                                               mollify <> exasperate

Synonyms PARTICLE , atom , grain , iota , jot , minim , molecule       緩和 <> 激怒
, ounce , scrap , whit                                                 bait <> mollify

                                                                       使生氣 <> 平息

molar                            n. 臼齒 , 磨牙                            Synonyms PACIFY , appease , assuage , conciliate , placate ,

A tooth with a broad crown used to grind food , located behind the     propitiate , sweeten

premolars.

rib:bone::molar:tooth                                                  mollycoddle                        vt. 溺愛 , 嬌養 n.
肋骨:骨頭::臼齒:牙齒 ( 種屬 )                                                                                       嬌生慣養的人 , 僞善的人


molding                          n. 【常~s】『建築』 (                        a pampered or effeminate man or boy

                                 裝飾牆壁、屋檐或家具等                           chide:pillory::humor:mollycoddle

                                 凸出部等用之 ) 嵌線 ,                         叱責:枷鎖 , 示衆 , 嘲弄::使滿足 , 使遷就:嬌生慣養的人 ,

                                 線腳 , 壁帶                               僞善的人 ( 正面特徵 )
a decorative plane or curved strip used for ornamentation or           mollycoddle <> treat harshly

finishing                                                              嬌養 <> 粗魯的對待

hem:garment::ruffle:shirt::molding:cabinet

( 衣服等的 ) 折邊: ( 一件 )                                                    molt                               n. 換毛 , 脫皮 , 換毛期
衣服::使皺:男襯衫::成型:櫥 , 櫃                                                   the act or process of sheding hair , feathers , shell , horns , or an

                                                                       outer layer periodically ; specifically:ECDYSIS

mollify                   v. 平息 , 緩和 , 使變軟                             fledging <> molt

to soothe in temper or disposition:APPEASE                             長羽毛 <> 換毛

mollification:soothe::indemnity:secure

平息 , 緩和:安慰 , 使鎮定::保證:使安心 ( 行爲及其結果 )                                    momentous                          adj. 極重要的 , 嚴重的
mollify:anger::hearted:dejection                                       IMPORTANT , CONSEQUENTIAL

緩和:發怒::有. . . . . . 心腸的人:頹喪 ( 動賓關係 )                                   atrocious:bad::momentous:important
mollify <> rouse                                                       殘忍的:壞的;有害的::極重要的:重要的 ( 程度類比 )

平息 <> 喚醒 , 喚起                                                          Synonyms IMPORTANT 1 , big , consequential , considerable ,

vex <> mollify                                                         material , meaningful , significant , substantial , weighty

使煩惱 , 使惱火 <> 平息
discommode <> convenience / pacificate / ease / mollify                momentum                           n. 勢頭 , 要素 ,
使不方便 , 打擾 , 給. . . 添麻煩 <> 便利 , 方便 / 安撫 , 緩靖 /                                                             【物】動量 , <喻> 動向
安逸 , 熟練 / 緩和                                                           a property of a moving body that the body has by virtue of its mass

mollify <> antagonize / ire                                            and motion and that is equal to the product of the body's mass and
                                                                     205                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                           Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
velocity                                                               moratorium                         n. 延期償付 ,
oscillate:swing::momentum:scooter                                                                         延期償付期間 , 暫禁
振蕩:秋千::動力:速可達單腳滑行車 ( 事物及其正面特徵                                          a legally authorized period of delay in the performance of a legal

)                                                                      obligation or the payment of a debt

                                                                       reprieve:punishment::moratorium:activity

monochromatic                      adj. 單色的 , 一色的                      暫緩執行政 ( 死形 ) :罰 , 懲罰::延期償付:活動 (
having or consisting of one color or hue                               延期和正常 )
iridescent <> monochromatic                                            fast:eat::moratorium:act

單色的 <> 閃光的 , 多彩的                                                       絕食:吃::延期償付:行動 , 做事 ( 前者是後者的停頓 )

                                                                       moratorium:activity::respite:labor

monopolize                         vt. 獨佔 , 壟斷                         延期償付:活動::暫緩:勞動 ( 延期和正常 )
to get a monopoly of:assume complete possession or control of

                                                                       mordant                            adj. 譏諷的 , 尖酸的 ,
monotone                           adj. 單調的                                                               劇烈的 , 腐蝕性的
having the property either of never increasing or of never             biting and caustic in thought , manner , or style:INCISIVE
decreasing as the values of the independent variable or the            mordant <> genial

subscripts of the terms increase:MONOTONIC                             尖酸的 <> 和藹
vociferous <> reticent / monotone                                      Synonyms CAUSTIC 1 , mordacious , salty , scathing , trenchant

嘈雜的 <> 沈默不語的 / 單調的
Synonyms DULL 9 , banausic , blah , ||dim , dreary , humdrum ,         moribund                           adj. 即將結束的 ,
monotonous , pedestrian , poky , stodgy                                                                   垂死的 , 沒落的
                                                                       being in the state of dying:approaching death

montage                            n. 混成畫 , 拼集的照片 ,                    initial:realized::tangible:indefinite { moribund:dead }

                                   蒙太奇 , 剪輯                            最初的:實現的::切實的:模糊的 ( 反義 )
the production of a rapid succession of images in a motion picture     moribund <> beginning

to illustrate an association of ideas                                  將滅的 <> 開端

montage:images::medley:songs                                           moribund <> nascent

混成畫 , 拼集的照片 , 蒙太奇 ,                                                    將滅的 <> 初生的;發生中的

剪輯:形象;映象::混合:歌曲 ( 種屬 )

zigzag:turns::montage:images                                           morose                adj. 脾氣壞的 , 不高興的
Z字形:旋轉::混成畫 , 拼集的照片 , 蒙太奇 ,                                            having a sullen and gloomy disposition

剪輯:形象;映象 ( 種屬 )                                                        morose <> cheerful

                                                                       脾氣壞的 <> 高興的;爽快的

morass                      n. 沼澤地 , 困境v. 陷入困境                         sanguine <> morose

something that traps , confuses , or impedes                           脾氣壞的 <> 樂天的 , 自信的

morass:irritating::??                                                  jovial <> morose

沼澤地 , 困境:氣人::??                                                        快活的 <> 鬱悶的
                                                                       Synonyms SULLEN , crabbed , ||dorty , dour , gloomy , glum ,

                                                                       saturnine , sulky , surly , ugly
                                                                     206                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                          Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                                                                         motley                            adj. 雜色的 , 斑雜的 ,
mortar                              n. 小臼 , 乳缽                                                             雜多的 , 混雜的
a strong vessel in which material is pounded or rubbed with a pestle     variegated in color

hammer:anvil::pestle:mortar                                              composed of diverse often incongruous elements

鐵錘:鐵砧::杵 , 乳缽槌:小臼 , 乳缽 , 迫擊炮                                             motley <> colorless

                                                                         雜色的 <> 無色的

mosque                              n. 清真寺                               motley <> unique

a building used for public worship by Muslims                            雜色的 <> 唯一的 , 單色

spire:church::minaret:mosque                                             motley <> unvaried

塔尖:教堂:: ( 回教寺院的 ) 尖塔:清真寺 (                                               雜色的 <> 沒變化的
建築物的頂端和建築物 )                                                             Synonyms VARIEGATED , dappled , discolor , multicolor ,

                                                                         multicolored , multihued , parti-colored , varicolored , versicolor ,

mosquito                            n. 蚊子                                versicolored
any of a family ( Culicidae ) of dipteran flies with females that

have a set of slender organs in the proboscis adapted to puncture        mottle                            vt. 使成雜色
the skin of animals and to suck their blood and that are in some         to mark with spots or blotches of different color or shades of color
cases vectors of serious diseases                                        as if stained

mosquito:netting::impurity:filter                                        striated:groove::mottled / dappled:spot

蚊子:網 , 結網;網魚::不純;雜質;不道德:過濾 (                                             有縱線;條紋的:槽::有雜色的 , 斑駁的 /

後者消除前者 )                                                                 斑紋的;花斑的:點;斑點 ( 形容詞修飾名詞 )
                                                                         mottle <> blanch

motile                      adj. 能動的 , 有自動力的                             使成雜色 <> 使變白
exhibiting or capable of movement                                        mottled <> homogenious / solidary

motility <> stasis                                                       形狀、顔色等一致 / 團體、元素的結合

運動 <> 靜止

                                                                         mournful                          adj. 悲慟的 , 悲哀的 ,
motivate                            v. 促使 , 激發                                                             令人惋惜的
to provide with a motive:IMPEL                                           causing sorrow or melancholy:GLOOMY

exculpatory:absolve::motivational:stir                                   jovial <> mournful

辯明無罪的:赦免 ; 解除 ( 責任等 ) ::動蕩的:撥動;激動 (                                      悲慟的 <> 快活的

行爲及其結果 )                                                                 movement                          n. 運動 , 傾向 , 樂章
exhortation:motivate::invective:discredit                                a distinct structural unit or division having its own key , rhythmic

勸告 , 規勸:促動;激勵::痛駡;惡意抨擊:不信任                                               structure , and themes and forming part of an extended musical

fungi:ecologist::motivation:psychologist                                 composition

蕈類:生態學者::行爲的動機:心理學家                                                      stanza:poem::movement:orchestra
Synonyms PROVOKE 4 , excite , galvanize , innervate , innerve ,          節 , 段:詩 , 韻文::樂章:管弦樂隊 ( 組成關係 )
move , pique , quicken , rouse , stimulate

                                                                         muddy                      adj. 多泥的 , 泥濘的 ,

                                                                       207                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                            渾濁的不明快或不純的                               terrene , terrestrial , uncelestial , worldly

lacking in clarity or brightness:CLOUDY , DULL
muddy <> clarity                                                     municipality                        n. 自治區 , 市當局 ,
渾濁的 <> 清晰 【注:詞性不符】                                                                                       全市民
                                                                     a primarily urban political unit having corporate status and usually

muffle                vt. 圍裹 , 抑制 , 發低沈的聲音                           powers of self-government

to wrap or pad with something to dull the sound

plangent <> muffled                                                  munificent                          adj. 慷慨的 , 豐厚的
回音的 , 震顫的 <> 聲音低沉的                                                   characterized by great liberality or generosity

                                                                     miser:munificent::zealot:blase

mulish                      adj. 騾的 , 執拗的 , 雜種的 ,                    守財奴 , 吝嗇鬼:慷慨的:熱心者:厭煩于亨樂 (

                            頑固的                                      人物及其反面特徵 )
unreasonably and inflexibly obstinate

despicable:value::mulish:flexible                                    mural                        adj. 牆壁的n. 壁畫 , 壁飾
可鄙的:價值;重要性::似騾的 ,                                                    a mural work of art ( as a painting )

執拗的:易彎曲的;靈活的 ( 反義 )                                                  petrography:rock::mural:wall
flexible <> mulish                                                   岩相學:岩石;大石頭::牆壁的 , 壁畫:牆 ( 前者研究後者

易彎曲的 , 靈活的 <> 頑固的                                                    )
pliant <> mulish

易受影響的 , 易彎的 <> 頑固的                                                   murky                               adj. 黑暗的 , 朦朧的
Synonyms OBSTINATE , bullheaded , headstrong , perverse ,            characterized by a heavy dimness or obscurity caused by or like

pigheaded , refractory , self-willed , stiff-necked , stubborn ,     that caused by overhanging fog or smoke

wrongheaded                                                          limpid <> murky

                                                                     清澈的 <> 朦朧的

mull                 n. 軟薄布 , 混亂 , ( 加糖、香料等                          murky <> clear

                     ) 將 ( 葡萄酒 ) 製成熱飲 vi.                            朦朧的 <> 晴朗的;清楚的

                     深思熟慮                                            pellucid <> murky

to consider at length:PONDER                                         清澈明晰的 <> 朦朧的



mumble                      vt. vi. 喃喃而語 , 咕噥                        murmur                        n. 低語 , 低聲的怨言
to utter with a low inarticulate voice                               a low indistinct but often continuous sound

enunciate <> mumble                                                  croon:sing::murmur:speak

( 清楚地 ) 表達 <> 咕噥                                                     低聲歌唱 , 低唱:唱 , 唱歌::低聲說:說 , 講;談話 (

                                                                     行爲及其特徵方式 )

mundane                            adj. 塵世的 , 世俗的 ,
                                   宇宙的                               mushroom                            vi. 迅速生長 , 迅速增加 ,
characterized by the practical , transitory , and                                                        采蘑菇 n. 食用菌
ordinary:COMMONPLACE                                                 to spring up suddenly or multiply rapidly

Synonyms EARTHLY 1 , earthy , sublunary , tellurian , telluric ,
                                                                   208                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                         Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
mute                              vt. 減弱. . . 的聲音                 詐術:天真::??

                                  adj. 無聲的 , 緘默的                  worldly <> naive

to muffle , reduce , or eliminate the sound of                    現世的;世俗的 <> 天真的
mute <> amplify

減弱聲音 <> 增強 , 擴大                                                   narcissism                        n. 自我陶醉 , 自戀
                                                                  love of or sexual desire for one's own body

myopic                            adj. 近視的                        narcissist:self absorbed::sycophant:obsequious

a lack of foresight or discernment:a narrow view of something     自人陶醉 , 自戀:自我吸引::馬屁精:順從的;逢迎的 (
myopic <> discerning                                              人及其正面特徵 )

短見的 <> 有辨識能力的                                                     narcissism:love::guilt:blame
myopia <> prescience                                              自戀:愛::自責:責備 ( 種屬 )
短見的 <> 預計

                                                                  nascent                           adj. 新生的 , 誕生中的 ,
myriad                            adj. 無數的 , 一萬的 ,                                                  初期的
                                  種種的                             coming or having recently come into existence

having innumerable aspects or elements                            moribund <> nascent

countless / innumerable / myriad / untold:number::everlasting     將死的 <> 初年的發生的

/ interminable:duration

無數的 / 數不清的 / 一萬的 , 種種的 / 數不盡的:號 ,                                 natty                             adj. 整潔的 , 帥的 ,
號碼::持久的 / 無終止的;冗長的:持續 ( 種屬 )                                                                        清楚的 , 敏捷的
                                                                  trimly neat and tidy:SMART

nadir                             n. 最低點 , 無底                     slovenly <> natty

the lowest point                                                  邋遢的 <> 整潔的
nadir <> summit

最低點 <> 頂點 , 最高點;極度                                                nauseate                          v. 使作嘔 , 使厭惡
nadir <> acme                                                     to feel disgust

最低點 <> 頂點                                                         vertigo:nauseate::??

                                                                  眩暈:噁心::?? ( 動作及其結果 )

nag                        v. 叱責 ,
                           抱怨不斷地責駡、挑剔或強求                          naysayer                          n. 懷疑者 , 否定者
to irritate by constant scolding or urging                        one who denies , refuses , opposes , or is skeptical or cynical about

tonic <> draining { nagging }                                     something

增進健康之物 <> 氣力耗盡                                                    concur <> naysay