abandon by karla12342

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									                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                                                                      降低 <> 加強 / 提升
List 1 ( abandon ~ ambrosial ) :                                      abate <> augment

                                                                      減弱 <> 增加 , 擴大

abandon                     vt. n. 放任 , 放縱 , 放棄                       Synonyms ANNIHILATE , abolish , eradicate , exterminate ,

to give ( oneself ) over unrestrainedly                               extirpate , DECREASE , diminish

abandon:inhibition::despair:hope::tranquility:agitation

放任:禁止::絕望:希望::心神穩定:激動                                                 aberrant                           adj. 異常的
( 名詞與名詞的反意關係 )                                                        deviating from what is normal ; untrue to type

Synonyms:unconstraint , unrestraint , desert , forsake                aberrant:standard::digressive:topic

CF:abandoner , abandonee ( n. 遺棄者 / 被遺棄者 )                            異常的:標準::離題的:組題 ( 事物特徵及其物件 )
                                                                      Synonyms ABNORMAL 1 , anomalous , atypical , deviant ,

abash                       vt. 使害羞                                   deviative , heteroclite , preternatural , unrepresentative , untypical

to destroy the self-possession or self-confidence of:disconcert

unabashed:embarrassment::unheralded:announcement                      abbreviate                  v. 縮短 , 縮寫
不臉紅的:尷尬的::未事先預告的:公告 ( 反義關係 )                                          to make briefer ; especially:to reduce to a shorter form intended
embolden <> abash / faze                                              to stand for the whole

使大膽 <> 使羞愧 / 使狼狽                                                      abbreviate:sentence::abridgment:essay

Synonyms:EMBARRASS , confound , confuse , discomfit ,                 縮短:句子::刪節:文章 ( 行爲及其物件 )
disconcert , discountenance , faze , rattle                           abbreviate <> extend

                                                                      縮寫 <> 擴增

abate                       v. 減輕 , 減低                                Synonyms SHORTEN , abridge , curtail , cut , cut back , retrench ,

to reduce in degree or intensity:MODERATE:to reduce in value          slash

or amount

abate:tax::alleviate:distress                                         abdicate                    v. 讓位 , 辭職 , 放棄
降低:稅::減輕:壓力 ( 行爲及其物件 )                                                to relinquish ( as sovereign power ) formally

abate:force::fade:loudness                                            recant:belief::abdicate:throne

減輕:力量::減弱:聲音 ( 行爲及其物件 )                                               改變放棄信仰:信仰::讓位:王位
abate:degree::discount:price                                          ( 動賓關係 取消停止關係 )

減輕:程度::減價:價格 ( 行爲及其物件 )                                               abdicate <> constitute

abate:force::attenuate:thickness                                      剝奪 <> 任命

減輕:力量::使. . . 薄:厚度 ( 行爲及其物件 )                                         abdicate <> assume

abate:intensity::fade:loudness                                        放棄 <> 接受

減輕:強度::減弱:聲音 ( 行爲及其物件 )                                               abdicate <> usurp

alleviate:intensity::abate:tax                                        讓位 , 辭職 <> 篡位

減輕:強度::降低:稅 ( 動賓關係 )                                                  Synonyms DISCARD , shed , slough , renounce , resign ; compare

abate:intensity::taper:width                                          RELINQUISH

減輕:強度::逐漸變細:寬
abate <> intensify / promote                                          aberrant               adj. 脫離常規的 , 異常的 ,

                                                                  1                            Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                           Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                     越軌的                                               abiding                     adj. 永久的 , 持久的 , 不變
deviating from the usual or natural type:ATYPICAL                      to remain stable or fixed in a state

aberrant <> normal                                                     miscreant <> law-abiding individual

脫離常軌 <> 正常                                                             有罪的人 <> 遵守法紀的人
Synonyms ABNORMAL , anomalous , atypical , deviant ,                   abiding <> evanescent

unrepresentative , untypical                                           持久的 <> 易消散的
                                                                       abiding <> ephemeral

abet                        v. 教唆 , 協助 ( 犯罪 )                          持久的 <> 短暫的
to assist or support in the achievement of a purpose                   Synonyms bide , linger , CONTINUE , endure , last , perdure ,

abet:assistance::counsel:guidance                                      persist

教唆:幫助::顧問:指導 ( 種屬 )
abet:encouragement::elucidate:clarity                                  abject                      adj. 極可憐的 , 卑鄙的
教唆:鼓勵::闡明:清晰 ( 行爲及其結果 )                                                cast down in spirit

stymie <> abet                                                         abject <> exultant

阻礙 <> 鼓勵                                                               可憐的 <> 得意洋洋的
frustrate <> abet                                                      Synonyms DOWNTRODDEN , underfoot

阻撓 <> 唆使
abet <> thwart / impede                                                abjure                      v. 發誓放棄
教唆 <> 阻止                                                               to renounce upon oath

forestall <> abet                                                      abjure <> espouse

阻止 ( 先下手 ) <> 唆使 , 慫恿                                                  誓絕 <> 支援
Synonyms INCITE , foment , instigate , provoke , stir ( up )           abjure <> embrace

                                                                       放棄 <> 支援

abeyance                    n. 終止 , 擱置                                 Synonyms forswear , palinode , recall , recant , retract

temporary inactivity:SUSPENSION
abeyance <> continuance                                                abnegate                    v. 使無效 , 放棄
中止 <> 繼續                                                               SURRENDER , RELINQUISH

Synonyms abeyancy , doldrums , dormancy , interruption , latency       abnegate <> reaffirm

, quiescence , suspension                                              棄絕 , 否認 <> 重新肯定



abhor                       v. 痛恨                                      abolitionism                n. 廢除主義 , 廢奴主義
to regard with extreme repugnance                                      principles or measures fostering abolition especially of slavery

abhorrence:dislike::adoration:fondness                                 anarchist:government::abolitionist:slavery

厭惡:不喜歡::崇拜:愛 ( 種屬 )                                                    無政府主義者:政府::廢奴主義者:奴隸 (
abhor <> greatly admire                                                特徵人物及其反對物件 )

憎恨 , 厭惡 <> 非常仰慕                                                        abolitionist <> persisted in slavery

Synonyms HATE , abominate , detest , execrate , loathe ,               廢奴主義者 <> 堅持奴隸制的
DESPISE , contemn , disdain ,


                                                                   2                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                          Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
aboveboard                  adj. 光明正大的                          to abolish by authoritative action:ANNUL
in a straightforward manner                                     abrogate <> embrace / institute / uphold

surreptitious <> barefaced / aboveboard                         廢除 <> 支援

暗中的 <> 公然的                                                      Synonyms ANNUL , vacate , ABOLISH , abate , annihilate ,

chicanery <> aboveboard action                                  annul , invalidate , negate , nullify , quash , undo , vitiate

欺詐行爲 <> 光明正大的行爲
Synonyms STRAIGHTFORWARD , forthright , plain dealing ,         abscond                      v. 潛逃
straight                                                        to depart secretly and hide oneself

                                                                abscond:leave::steal:take

abrasion                    n. 表面磨損                             潛逃:離開::偷:取 , 拿 ( 反常和正常關係 )
a wearing , grinding , or rubbing away by friction              abscond:depart::pilfer /
lubricate:abrasion::seal:leakage                                sneak:take::secrete:store::lurk:wait

加潤滑油:磨損::密封:滲漏 ( 減輕或消除關係 )                                      潛逃:離開::偷拿:拿::偷偷藏起來:藏::偷偷等:等
abraded:friction::desiccated:dehydration                        ( 反常正常 )
摩擦的:摩擦力::乾燥的:脫水 (                                               Synonyms ESCAPE , break , bunk , decamp , flee , fly , scape

因果或目的以及産生或導致關係 )

scuff:abrasion::heat:vaporization                               absolve                      v. 赦免
使磨損:磨損::加熱:汽化 ( 行爲及其結果關係 )                                      to set free from an obligation or the consequences of guilt

abrade <> augment                                               exculpatory:absolve::motivational:stir

磨損 <> 增加                                                        辯解的:宣佈免罪::激發性的:煽動 (

                                                                因果或目的以及産生或導致關係 )

abridge               v. 刪減 , 縮短                                hortative:encourage::exculpatory:absolve
to shorten by omission of words without sacrifice of            勸告的:鼓勵::辯明無罪的:宣佈免除 ( 行爲及其特徵 )
sense:CONDENSE                                                  absolve <> inculpate

abbreviate:sentence::abridgment:essay                           使無罪 <> 使負罪

縮寫:句子::刪節:文章 ( 行爲及其物件 )                                         Synonyms EXEMPT , discharge , dispense , EXCULPATE ,

abridge:length::attenuate:thickness                             acquit , exonerate , vindicate

縮短:長度::使…變薄:厚度 ( 行爲及其物件 )
amplify <> abridge                                              abstain              v. 主動戒絕 , 自我抑制
擴大 <> 節略 , 縮短                                                   to refrain deliberately and often with an effort of self-denial from

abridge <> extend in length                                     an action or practice

縮短 <> 伸長                                                        mandatory:comply::forbidden:abstain
protract <> abridge                                             命令的:服從::禁止的:抑止 ( 主動與被動關係 )

延長 <> 刪減                                                        Synonyms constrain , curb , hold back , refrain , REFRAIN ,

Synonyms curtail , diminish , lessen , minify , SHORTEN ,       withhold

abbreviate , retrench , slash

                                                                abstemious                          adj. 有節制的 ,
abrogate                    v. 廢除                                                                   飲食有度的 , 節儉的
                                                                marked by restraint especially in the consumption of food or
                                                            3                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                    Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
alcohol                                                                  disabuse:fallacy::cure:disease

reticent:talk::abstemious:gorge                                          糾正:錯誤::治療:疾病 ( 消除關係 )

緘默:談論::節制:貪婪 ( 行爲及其反面特徵 )                                                loose:confinement::disabuse:misconception

abstemious:indulge::austere:decorate                                     放鬆:限制::解除錯誤印象:誤解 ( 消除關係 )

節制的:縱容::簡樸的:裝飾 ( 行爲及其反面特徵 )                                              Synonyms maltreat , mistreat , misuse , misapply , mishandle ,

Synonyms abstentious , abstinent , continent , self-restraining ,        misimprove , DECRY , depreciate , derogate

sober , temperate

                                                                         abysmal                     adj. 深不可測的 , 無底的
abstinent                   adj. 飲食有度的 , 有節制的 ,                          immeasurably low or wretched

                           禁欲的                                           stygian:dark::abysmal:low
voluntary forbearance especially from indulgence of an appetite or       陰暗的:黑::極深的:低的 ( 程度類比 )
craving or from eating some foods:ABSTENTION                             Synonyms BOTTOMLESS 2 , fathomless`, plumbless ,

Synonyms ABSTEMIOUS , abstentious , continent , self-                    plummetless , soundless , unfathomable

restraining , sober , temperate

                                                                         accede                      v. 同意
abstract                    n. 摘要 , adj. 抽象的                             to express approval or give consent:give in to a request or
having only intrinsic form with little or no attempt at pictorial        demand
representation or narrative content                                      accede <> demur

abstract <> elaborate                                                    同意 <> 反對

簡潔的 <> 複雜的                                                               Synonyms ASSENT , acquiesce , agree , consent , subscribe , yes

Synonyms hypothetical , ideal , theoretical , NEUTRAL ,

detached                                                                 accelerate                  v. 加速 , 促進
                                                                         to move faster:gain speed

abstruse                    adj. 深奧的                                     accelerate:speed::prolong:duration

difficult to comprehend:RECONDITE                                        加速:速度::延長:持續時間 ( 行爲及其正面特徵 )
abstruse <> accessible / patent                                          expedite:process::accelerate:pace

深奧的 <> 可瞭解的 / 明顯的                                                        促進:過程::加速:步調 ( 行爲及其正面特徵 )
Synonyms RECONDITE , acroamatic , deep , esoteric , heavy ,              accelerate <> retard

hermetic , occult , orphic , profound , secret                           促進 ( 加速 ) <> 阻礙
                                                                         Synonyms SPEED , hasten , hurry , quicken , shake up , step up ,

abuse                       v. n 辱駡 , 濫用                                 swiften

to attack in words:REVILE

declamation:grandiloquence::diatribe:abuse                               accessible                  adj. 易接近的 , 可進入的 ,
高聲說話:誇張::抨擊:辱駡 ( 人或事物及其正面特徵 )                                                                        易受影響的 , 可理解的
polemic:disputatious::invective:abusive                                  capable of being understood or appreciated

好爭論的:爭辯的::惡言辱駡的:辱駡的 ( 同義關係 )                                             abstruse <> accessible / patent

diatribe:abuse::burlesque:mockery                                        深奧的 <> 可瞭解的 / 明顯的

譭謗的話:譭謗::滑稽戲:嘲笑 ( 同義關係 )                                                 Synonyms OPEN , open-door , public , unrestricted , employable ,

                                                                         operative , practicable , usable
                                                                     4                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                                                                            極力讚揚 <> 斥責 / 譴責

accessory                  n. 附件                                            accolade <> denigration

a thing of secondary or subordinate importance:ADJUNCT                      極力讚揚 <> 毀譽
accessory <> of primarily importance                                        accolade <> swearword

附屬的 <> 主要的                                                                  極力讚揚 <> 咒駡
Synonyms APPENDAGE , adjunct , appendix , appurtenance ,                    Synonyms HONOR , award , badge , bays , decoration ,

accomplice , coconspirator , conspirator                                    distinction , kudos , laurels

                                                                            accommodate                        v. 使適應 , 提供食宿
accidental                 adj. 意外的 , 偶然的                                   to provide with something desired , needed , or suited ( as a helpful

occurring unexpectedly or by chance                                         service , a loan , or lodgings )

inventiveness:accidental::effect:casual                                     obliterate:remove::accomodate:supply
創意:意外的::有效:偶然的 ( 事物及其反面特徵 )                                                 刪除:刪除::留宿:補給 ( 同義關係 )

safeguard:accident::hedge:loss                                              Synonyms ADAPT , adjust , conform , convenience , favor ,

保鏢:事故::籬笆:丟失 ( 降低減弱關係 )                                                     HARBOR , bestow , domicile , entertain , lodge

intentional:accidental::arrogant:humble

故意的:意外的::傲慢的:謙遜的 ( 反義 )                                                     accomplice                         n. 同謀
Synonyms contingent , fluky , fortuitous , incidental , odd ;               one associated with another especially in wrongdoing

                                                                            Synonyms CONFEDERATE , abettor , accessory , coconspirator ,

acclimate                  vt. 使適應新氣候或新環境                                   conspirator

to adapt to a new temperature , altitude , climate , environment , or

situation                                                                   accost                             vt. 向人搭話 , 勾引
acclimate <> make unfamiliar with                                           to approach and speak to often in a challenging or aggressive way

使適應 <> 使不熟悉                                                                 accost:approach::???:???
Synonyms HARDEN , acclimatize , climatize , season , toughen                搭訕:接近::???:??? ( 種屬 )
                                                                            Synonyms ADDRESS , call ( to ) , greet , hail , salute

accolade                   n. 推崇備至 , 讚揚
an expression of praise                                                     accountability n. 有責任 , 有義務
accolade <> cutting remark                                                  an obligation or willingness to accept responsibility or to account

稱讚 <> 苛評                                                                    for one's actions

accolade <> speak ill / derogate

稱讚 <> 挑毛病 / 減損                                                              accrete                     v. 共生 , 附著 , 增加
accolade <> disapprobation                                                  ACCUMULATE

讚賞 <> 不贊成                                                                   accrete:growth::erode:destruction
accolade <> criticism                                                       增長:長::腐蝕:破壞 ( 動作及其結果關係 )

極力讚揚 <> 批評 , 評論                                                             accrete:grow::inch:advance
accolade <> excoriate                                                       增長:生長::慢慢前進:前進 ( 種屬 )

極力讚揚 <> 嚴厲的責難                                                               Synonyms cohere , cling , adhere

accolade <> reprobate / reproof


                                                                        5                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                           太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
accumulate                   vi. 積聚 , 堆積
to gather or pile up especially little by little:AMASS                acquisition n. 獲得 , 添加物品
dissipate <> accumulate                                               the act of acquiring

散失 <> 積累                                                              divestiture <> acquisition

Synonyms amass , cumulate , garner , hive , lay up , roll up ,        剝奪 <> 獲得
stockpile , store ( up ) , uplay                                      Synonyms ACQUIREMENT , accomplishment , achievement ,

                                                                      attainment , finish

accuse                             v. 責備 , 控告 , 譴責
to charge with a fault or offense:BLAME                               acquit                       vt. 開釋 , 釋放
Synonyms arraign , charge , criminate , impeach , incriminate ,       to discharge completely

inculpate , indict , tax                                              Synonyms EXCULPATE , absolve , clear , disculpate , exonerate ,

                                                                      vindicate

acerbity                           n. 澀 , 酸 , 刻薄
Sourness of taste , character , or tone.                              acrid                        adj. 辛辣的 , 尖刻的
acerbity <> saccharin                                                 sharp and harsh or unpleasantly pungent in taste or

酸 <> 糖精                                                               odor:IRRITATING
Synonyms ACRIMONY , asperity , mordancy                               grating:sound::acrid:odor

                                                                      刺耳的:聲音::刺激之味:味道 (

acme                         n. 頂點 , 極點                               形容詞和其修飾的名詞關係 )
the highest point or stage                                            acrid:gentleness::forthright:guile

acme:surpass::impossible:execute                                      辛辣的:溫和的::直接的:狡猾的 ( 形容詞的反義關係 )

頂點:超越::不可能的:實現 ( 事物特徵及其反面被動特徵                                         stridency:sound::acridity:odor

) 【注:詞性不符】                                                            刺耳:聲音::辛辣:味道 ( 事物的特殊和一般關係 )
Synonyms APEX , apogee , capstone , climax , culmination ,            acrid <> gentle

meridian , peak , pinnacle , summit , zenith                          辣的 , 刻薄的 <> 溫和的
                                                                      Synonyms amaroidal , astringent , austere , bitter , harsh , sharp

acquiesce                    v. 勉強同意 , 默許
to accept , comply , or submit tacitly or passively                   acrimonious                  adj. 尖刻的 , 辛辣的
intransigent:acquiesce::deferential:offend                            caustic , biting , or rancorous especially in feeling , language , or

不妥協的:默許::恭敬的:冒犯 ( 形容詞和名詞的反義關係                                         manner

)                                                                     acrimonious <> harmonious

acquiesce:yield::capitulate: { categorical }                          不和諧的 <> 和諧的

默許:同意::有條件投降:明確的                            【詞性不符 ,                   Synonyms ANGRY , indignant , irate , ireful , mad , wrathful ,

關係不明】                                                                 wrathy , wroth , wrothful , wrothy

acquiesce <> resist

默許 <> 抵制 , 抵抗                                                         adamant                      adj. 固執的
acquiesce <> defy                                                     unshakable or immovable especially in

順從 <> 抗拒                                                              opposition:UNYIELDING
Synonyms ASSENT , accede , agree , consent , subscribe , yes
                                                                  6                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                         Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
adamant:flexibility::refractory:control                                  追隨者 <> 先行者

堅固:柔軟::難以操作的:可控制 (                                                       Synonyms FOLLOWER , cohort , disciple , henchman , partisan ,

名詞與形容詞的反義關係 )                                                            satellite , sectary , sectator , supporter

impossible:execute::adamant:moved

不可能的:可操作的::頑固的:動容的 ( 反義關係 )                                              ad-hoc                       adv. 特別地 , 特別安排地
adamant:yield::cautious:gamble                                           for the particular end or case at hand without consideration of

固執的:屈服::謹慎的:孤注一擲 ( 人物個性及其反面行爲                                            wider application

)
adamant <> vacillatory                                                   adjacent                     adj. 毗連的 , 接近的
堅定 <> 動搖                                                                 a:not distant:NEARBY
Synonyms INFLEXIBLE , inexorable , obdurate , relentless , rigid         b:having a common endpoint or border
, uncompromising , unswayable , unyielding                               c:immediately preceding or following
                                                                         Synonyms NEIGHBORING , contiguous , abutting , adjoining ,

adapt                       vt. 使適應 , 改編                                 approximal , bordering , conterminous

to make fit ( as for a specific or new use or situation ) often by

modification                                                             adjourn               vi. 延期 , 休會 , 換地方
adapt <> remain unchanged                                                to suspend a session indefinitely or to another time or place

適應 <> 保持不變                                                               convoke <> adjourn

adapt <> unchangeable                                                    召集 , 召開會議 v. <> 休會 , 中止

適應 <> 無法改變 【注:詞性不符】                                                      Synonyms DEFER , delay , postpone , shelve , prorogate ,

Synonyms accommodate , adjust , conform , fit , quadrate ,               prorogue , recess

reconcile , square

                                                                         adjudicator                  n. 評判員
addicted                    adj. 癡迷                                      one that act as judge

to devote or surrender ( oneself ) to something habitually or

obsessively                                                              adjunct                      n. 附屬物
disabuse:error::rehabilitate:addiction                                   something joined or added to another thing but not essentially a

打消錯誤念頭:錯誤::使復原:上癮 , 沈溺 ( 動賓關係                                            part of it

減輕或消除關係 )                                                                adjunct <> essential element

inured:tolerance::addicted:dependency                                    附屬部分 <> 基本部分

過分習慣:忍受::上癮的:依賴 ( 程度類比 )                                                 Synonyms APPENDAGE , accessory , appendix , appurtenance



adherent                    n. 信徒 , 追隨者 , 擁護者                            ad-lib                       v. 即興演唱 , 臨時穿插 ,
one that adheres:as                                                                                   信口說出
a:a follower of a leader , party , or profession                         without restraint or limit

b:a believer in or advocate especially of a particular idea or           ad-lib:impromptu::aside:divergent
church                                                                   即興:即興的::發散:發散的 ( 名詞與形容詞的同義關係 )
adherent <> forerunner                                                   Synonyms IMPROVISE , extemporize , improvisate


                                                                     7                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                         太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
admission                  n. 許可 , 入會費 , 承認
the act or process of admitting                                             adroit                     adj. 熟練的
lottery:raffle::ticket:admission                                            having or showing skill , cleverness , or resourcefulness in handling

彩票:用抽籤的方法銷售::票:爲…. 購票 (                                                     situations

行爲動作及其物件 )                                                                  loquacious:succinct::adroit:ungainly
Synonyms access , adit , admittance , entrance , entry , ingress ,          多話的:簡潔的::靈活的:笨拙的 (
way                                                                         形容詞於形容詞的反義關係 )
                                                                            adroit <> ungainly

admonish                   v. 訓誡 , 警告                                       靈活的 <> 笨拙的
to express warning or disapproval to especially in a gentle , earnest       ham-handed <> deft / adroit

, or solicitous manner                                                      笨手笨腳的`<> 敏捷熟練的 / 靈巧的
denounce:admonish::convince:persuade                                        Synonyms DEXTEROUS , clever , deft , handy , SKILLFUL

痛斥:勸告::使確信:勸說 ( 程度類比 強烈:一般 )

peccadillo:sin::admonishment:castigation                                    adulate                    v. 諂媚 , 奉承
小罪:罪::警告:懲罰 ( 程度類比 一般:強烈 )                                                  to flatter or admire excessively or slavishly

admonish:denounce::punish:pillory                                           fulminate:criticize::adulate:flatter::scorn:reject

警告:公開譴責::懲罰:加上枷鎖嘲笑 (                                                        猛烈抨擊:批評::諂媚:奉承::輕蔑嘲笑:怠慢拒絕 (

程度比較:前輕後重 )                                                                 程度類比 )

apprise:information::admonish:warning                                       adulate:fawn::woo ( love ) :adore

通知:資訊::警告:警告 ( 動詞與名詞的同義關係 )                                                 阿諛:奉承::愛:崇拜 ( 同義關係 )

pretense:deceive::admonition:reprove                                        aversion:disinclination::adulation:admiration

僞裝:欺騙::警告:責駡 ( 行爲與目的 )                                                      討厭的人 / 事:沒興致::諂媚 , 奉承:讚賞 ( 褒貶程度類比 )

alibi:exculpatory::warning:admonishery                                      adulate <> scorn

托詞:辯解::警告:訓誡 ( 行爲於目的 )                                                      讚美 <> 咒駡
Synonyms REPROVE , call down , chide , lesson , monish , ||rack             adulation <> disdain

back , rebuke , reprimand , reproach                                        阿諛奉承 <> 輕蔑蔑視
                                                                            adulation <> somber affection

adore                      vt. 崇拜 , 熱愛                                      熱烈的讚揚 <> 低沈的感情
to regard with loving admiration and devotion                               vituperate <> adulatory

terror:apprehension::adoration:affection                                    辱駡 <> 奉承 【詞性不符】

恐怖:疑懼::愛慕:友愛 ( 程度類比 強烈:一般 )

fascination:interest::adoration:fondness::abhorrence:di                     adulterate                 vt. 摻假
slike                                                                       to corrupt , debase , or make impure by the addition of a foreign or

強烈愛好:愛好::崇拜:愛好::痛恨:討厭 ( 程度類比                                                inferior substance or element stickler

強烈:一般 )                                                                     stickler:approximation::purist:adulteration

adulate:fawn::woo ( love ) :adore                                           堅持己見的人:近似::純粹主義者:摻雜 (

阿諛:奉承::愛:崇拜 ( 同義關係 )                                                        人或事物及其反面特徵 )
Synonyms REVERE , reverence , venerate , worship , affection ,              embellish:austere::adulterate:pure
idolize
                                                                        8                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
裝飾:樸素::摻假:純淨 ( 減輕或消除關係 )                                                 aerate:oxygen::hydrate:water

adulterate:purity::enervate:vigor                                        使通氣:氧氣::使成水化合物:水 ( 加入關係 )

摻假:純度::衰弱:活力 ( 消除減弱關係 )                                                  aerate <> remove air from

adulterate:pure::bolster / brace:weak                                    空氣 <> 放出空氣

摻假:純淨::振作精神:虛弱 ( 減輕或消除關係 )
unalloyed <> adulterated                                                 aerial                      adj. 空氣中的 , 空中的
未摻雜的 , 純粹的 <> 摻假的                                                        of , relating to , or occurring in the air or atmosphere

Synonyms debase , doctor , dope ( up ) , load , sophisticate             aerial:air::aquatic:water

                                                                         空氣中的:空氣::水中的:水

adversary                  n. 敵手 , 對手                                    Synonyms AIRY , atmospheric , pneumatic , skyscraping , soaring

one that contends with , opposes , or resists:ENEMY                      , ethereal , vaporous , vapory

supplicant:humility::adversary:resistance

懇求者:謙卑::對手:反抗 ( 人或事物及其正面特徵 )                                             aesthetic                   n. 美學
ally <> adversary                                                        a branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of beauty , art , and

聯盟 <> 敵手 , 對手                                                            taste and with the creation and appreciation of beauty

Synonyms OPPONENT , antagonist , anti , con , match , opposer ,          aesthetics:beauty::epistemology:knowledge
oppugnant                                                                美學:美::知識起源學:知識 ( 學科及其研究物件 )

                                                                         gourmet:food::aesthetic:art

advert                     vi. 注意 , 留意 n. 廣告                             美食家:食物::美學:藝術 ( 研究物件 )
to turn the mind or attention ? used with to

                                                                         affable                     adj. 易於交談的 , 和藹的
advertise                  vt. 做廣告 , 通知                                  characterized by ease and friendliness

to announce publicly especially by a printed notice or a broadcast       affable <> irascible

advertising:commercial::publishing:journal                               和藹的 <> 易怒的

廣告:電視或廣播廣告::出版:期刊 ( 事物及其具體形式 )                                           testy <> affable

Synonyms DECLARE 1 , announce , annunciate , blazon ,                    暴躁的 <> 和藹可親的
broadcast , bruit ( about ) , proclaim , promulgate                      Synonyms GRACIOUS , congenial , cordial , genial , sociable ,

                                                                         sonsy , amiable , genial

advocate                   vt. 主張 , 提倡
to plead in favor of                                                     affected                    adj. 裝模作樣的
exponent:advocate::pollster:canvass                                      assumed artificially or falsely:PRETENDED

擁護者:擁護::民意調查家:調查 ( 人或事物及其正面特徵                                            disaffected:contentment::dubious:commitment / conviction
)                                                                        不滿足的:滿意::懷疑的:承諾 / 信念 ( 反義關係 )
Synonyms EXPONENT , champion , expounder , proponent ,                   officious:meddle::disaffected:rebel
supporter                                                                愛管閒事的:干涉::不滿的 , 不忠的:反叛 ( 正面特徵 )

                                                                         posturer:unaffected::bigot:tolerant

aerate                     v. 充氣 , 讓空氣進入                                 裝腔作勢的人:不矯揉造作的::頑固不化的人:寬容的 (
to supply ( the blood ) with oxygen by respiration                       反面特徵 )
                                                                         disaffected <> content / contented
                                                                     9                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
不滿的 <> 滿意的                                                             conjointment , conjunction , partnership

affected <> natural

假裝的 <> 自然的                                                             affinity                      n. 密切關係 , 吸引力 , 酷似
                                                                       likeness based on relationship or causal connection

affection                     n. 愛 , 情感 , 影響 , 病                       affinity <> aversion

tender attachment:FONDNESS                                             親密關係 <> 厭惡

terror:apprehension::adoration:affection                               repugnance <> affinity

恐怖:疑懼::愛慕:友愛 ( 程度類比 強烈:一般 )                                            令人厭惡 <> 吸引力

embrace:affection::frown:displeasure::shrug:indifferen                 Synonyms alikeness , analogy , comparison , resemblance ,

ce                                                                     semblance , similarity , simile , similitude

擁抱:友愛::皺眉:不高興::聳肩:冷漠 (
具體動作及其表達的感情 )                                                          affliction                    n. 痛苦 , 苦惱 , 苦難
scowl:displeasure::kiss:affection                                      great suffering

皺眉:不愉快::吻:愛情 ( 具體動作及其表達的感情 )                                           Synonyms TRIAL , calvary , cross , crucible , ordeal , tribulation ,

swagger:bravado::caress:affection                                      visitation

大搖大擺:虛張聲勢::愛撫:愛情 (

具體動作及其表達的感情 )                                                          affluent               adj. 富裕的 n. 支流
mercurial:mood::fickle:affection                                       having a generously sufficient and typically increasing supply of

善變的:情緒::易變的:感情 ( 形容詞與其修飾的名詞 )                                          material possessions

obeisant:esteem::embrace:affection                                     affluent <> needy

鞠躬:尊敬::擁抱:愛 ( 行爲及其表達的含義 )                                              富有的 <> 非常貧困的
antipathy <> affection                                                 impecunious <> wealthy / prosperous / affluent

厭惡 <> 喜歡                                                               貧窮的 <> 富有的
adulation <> somber affection                                          Synonyms RICH , moneyed , ||oofy , opulent , wealthy

熱烈的讚揚 <> 低沈的感情
Synonyms INTERESTED , concerned , implicated ,                         agenda                        n. 議程
involvedassumed , feigned , conscious                                  a list or outline of things to be considered or done

                                                                       minute:agenda::log:itinerary

affidavit                     n. 宣誓書                                   會議記錄:議程::航海日誌:行程安排 ( 記錄關係 )
a sworn statement in writing made especially under oath or on          syllabus:course::agenda:meeting::itinerary:trip::pro
affirmation before an authorized magistrateor officer                  gram:concert

affidavit:statement::wedding:ceremony                                  教學大綱:課程::議程:會議::行程表:旅程::節目安

宣誓:陳述::結婚:儀式                                                           排:音樂會 ( 編排或安排關係 )
                                                                       Synonyms PROGRAM , calendar , card , docket , programma ,

affiliation                   n. 入會 , 加入 , 聯盟                          schedule , sked , timetable

to bring or receive into close connection as a member or branch

affiliation <> dissociation                                            aggrandize                    vt. 增加 , 誇大
結盟 <> 分開                                                               to make appear great or greater:praise highly
Synonyms ASSOCIATION , alliance , combination ,                        aggrandize <> disparage
                                                                  10                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                           Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
讚揚 <> 貶低
aggrandize <> relegate                                                   agony                       n. 極大的痛苦
擴大權勢地位 <> 降級                                                             intense pain of mind or body:ANGUISH , TORTURE
Synonyms INCREASE , augment , boost , enlarge , expand ,                 painful:agonizing::important:paramount
extend , heighten , magnify , sublime , uprear                           痛苦的:引起大痛苦的::重要的:最重要的 ( 同義關係 )

                                                                         agonized:distress::obsessed:concern

aggravate                   vt. 加重 , 惡化                                  使痛苦:苦惱::困擾的:憂慮 ( 同義關係 )

to make worse , more serious , or more severe:intensify                  Synonyms DISTRESS , dolor , misery , passion , suffering

unpleasantly
aggravate <> alleviate                                                   airtight            adj. 密閉的 , 不透氣的
惡化 , 加重 <> 減輕 , 緩和 ( 撫慰 )                                                impermeable to air or nearly so
console <> aggravate grief                                               foolproof:fail::airtight:leak

撫慰 , 安慰 <> 加重悲傷                                                          錯不了的 ( 易懂的 ) :失敗::密封的:漏 ( 防止或減弱關係 )
allay <> increase the intensity of / aggravate / intensify

緩和 <> 加重                                                                 alacrity                    n. 敏捷 , 輕快 , 渴望
succor <> aggravate                                                      promptness in response:cheerful readiness

援助 <> 惡化                                                                 alacrity:prompt::acumen:shrewd
Synonyms INTENSIFY , deepen , enhance , heighten , intensate ,           敏捷:快速::敏銳:幹練 ( 行爲及其正面特徵 )
magnify                                                                  alacrity:apathetic::temerity:timid

                                                                         敏捷敏感:缺乏感情的::魯莽蠻勇的:膽怯的 ( 反義關係 )

aggregate                   v. 集合 , 合計 , 集合體                             husbandry:dissipate::alacrity:procrastinate
to collect or gather into a mass or whole                                節約:浪費::敏捷:延遲 ( 反義關係 )
coalesce <> disaggregate                                                 alacrity <> dilatoriness / hesitance

合併 <> 分散                                                                 敏捷 <> 拖延 / 躊躇
disaggregate ( disintegrate ) <> join together                           alacrity <> recalcitrance

分離 <> 加入                                                                 樂意 , 欣然 ( 敏捷 ) <> 倔強 , 不服從
aggregate <> isolated units                                              alacrity <> hesitance and reluctance

聚集 <> 分離的單位                                                              樂意 ( 敏捷 , 欣然 ) <> 猶豫和不情願
aggregate <> disperse                                                    alacrity <> reluctant

聚集 <> 使分散                                                                樂意 ( 敏捷 , 欣然 ) <> 猶豫和不情願
Synonyms agglomerate , agglomeration , aggregation ,                     Synonyms dispatch , expedition , goodwill , promptitude ,

conglomerate , conglomeration                                            readiness



aggrieve                    vt. 使委屈 , 使苦惱 , 侵害                           albino                      n. 白子 , 白化病者 , 白化變種
to give pain or trouble to:DISTRESS                                                                  ( or albinism )
aggrieve <> gratify                                                      an organism exhibiting deficient pigmentation

使委屈 <> 使滿足                                                               albino:pigment::prairie:tree
Synonyms DISTRESS 2 , constrain , grieve , hurt , injure , pain ,        白化症:顔料::大草原:樹 ( 缺乏關係 )
outrage , persecute
                                                                    11                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
alchemy                        n. 煉金術 , 魔力                                renegade:allegiance::apostate:faith
a medieval chemical science and speculative philosophy aiming to          背信棄義者:忠誠 , 效忠::背教者:信念 , 信仰 (
achieve the transmutation of the base metals into gold , the              人或事物及其反面特徵 )
discovery of a universal cure for disease , and the discovery of a        Synonyms FIDELITY , ardor , devotion , faithfulness , fealty ,
means of indefinitely prolonging life                                     loyalty , piety

alchemy:chemistry::false drug:treatment

煉金術:化學::假藥:治療 ( 種屬 , 特徵“假” )                                              allegory                   n. 寓意 , 寓言
                                                                          the expression by means of symbolic fictional figures and actions

alibi                          n. 托辭 , 藉口 , 辯解                            of truths or generalizations abouthuman existence

an excuse usually intended to avert blame or punishment                   allegory:fiction::??

alibi:exculpatory::warning:admonishery                                    寓言:小說::?? ( 種屬 )
托詞:辯解::警告:訓誡 ( 行爲於目的 )                                                    Synonyms figuration , symbolism , symbolization , typification ,

Synonyms EXCUSE , plea , pretext , right                                  apologue , fable , myth , parable



align                          v. 定位 , 排成一行 , 結盟                          alleviate                  v. 緩和 , 減輕
to bring into line or alignment                                           RELIEVE , LESSEN

aligned <> improperly adjusted                                            abate:tax::alleviate:distress

調整 <> 調整不當                                                                降低:稅::減輕:壓力 ( 動賓關係 )
aligned <> irregular / { curved } / askew                                 alleviate:intensity::abate:tax

排一線的 <> 不規則的 / 歪斜的                                                        減輕:強度::降低:稅 ( 動賓關係 )
aligned <> warped                                                         alleviate:strength::dampen:ardor

排一線的 <> 彎曲的                                                               減輕:強度::使沮喪:熱情 ( 動賓關係 )
Synonyms LINE 1 , allineate , line up , range                             alleviate:power::attenuate:force

                                                                          減輕:能力::削弱:力量 ( 動賓關係 )

allay                          vt. 使鎮靜 , 使緩和                              alleviate <> exacerbate

to subdue or reduce in intensity or severity:ALLEVIATE                    減輕 <> 惡化
allay <> increase the intensity of / aggravate / intensify                Synonyms RELIEVE , allay , assuage , ease , lighten , mitigate ,

緩和 <> 加重                                                                  mollify

allay <> excite { compel }

使鎮靜 , 使緩和 <> 使興奮 { 強迫 }【有爭議】                                              alliterate                          v. 押頭韻
Synonyms RELIEVE , alleviate , assuage , lighten , mitigate ,             the repetition of usually initial consonant sounds in two or more

mollify , lull , tranquilize                                              neighboring words or syllables

                                                                          alliterate:remove::blazon:efface

allegiance                     n. 忠誠 , 擁護                                 合頭韻:刪除::畫紋章:拭除 ( 難以關係 )
devotion or loyalty to a person , group , or cause

pundits:authoritativeness::partisans:allegiance                           allowance                           n. 津貼 , 補助 , 寬容 ,
博學者:權威性::擁護者:忠誠性 ( 人或事物及其正面特徵                                                                                 允許
)                                                                         a share or portion allotted or granted


                                                                     12                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
pittance:allowance::rivulet:stream                                  人或事物及其正面特徵 )

少量供應:定量供應::小溪:溪流 ( 小與正常 )                                           altruism <> egocentric

Synonyms RATION , allotment , apportionment , measure , meed        利他主義 <> 利己主義
, part , portion , quantum , quota , share                          Synonyms CHARITABLE , benevolent , eleemosynary , good ,

                                                                    humane , humanitarian , philanthropic

allude                          vi. 暗示 , 間接提到
to make indirect reference ; broadly:REFER                          amalgamate                           v. 合併 , 混合
intimate:communicate::allude:refer                                  to merge into a single body

暗示:通信::暗指:提及 ( 行爲及其特殊方式 )                                           amalgamate <> separate

allude <> mention explicitly                                        混合 <> 分開

暗示 , 暗指 <> 明白的提及                                                    amalgamate <> isolate
Synonyms REFER , advert , bring up , point ( out )                  結合 <> 分隔開
                                                                    Synonyms MIX , admix , compound , fuse , interfuse , intermingle

aloft                           adj. 在空中                            , intermix , meld , merge , mingle

in the air

founder <> stay aloft                                               amass                        v. 積聚 , 收集
沈 <> 保持漂浮                                                           to collect for oneself:ACCUMULATE
grounded <> aloft                                                   Synonyms ACCUMULATE , cumulate , garner , hive , lay up ,

著陸的 <> 空中的                                                          roll up , stockpile , store ( up ) , uplay



aloof                              adj. 冷淡的                         ambiguous                    adj. 含糊的 , 不明確的
removed or distant either physically or emotionally                 doubtful or uncertain especially from obscurity or indistinctness

politic:offend::aloof:associated                                    equivocation:ambiguous::platitude:banal

有能力的:違反::孤高的:聯合的 ( 難以關係 )                                           模棱兩可的話:曖昧不明確的::陳詞濫調:陳腐的 (
gregarious <> aloof                                                 事物及其正面 )

群居的 <> 疏遠的                                                          ambiguous:understand::blatant:ignore
Synonyms        UNSOCIABLE , cool , reserved , solitary ,           不明確的:理解::明顯的:忽視 ( 難以關係 )
standoffish , unapproachable , unbending , uncompanionable          ambiguous:clarity::mendacious:truth

                                                                    模棱兩可:清楚::說謊:事實 ( 反義關係 )

alphabetical                       adj. 字母的 , ABC的                  equivocation:ambiguous::oxymoron:incongruous
arranged in the order of the letters of the alphabet                模棱兩可的話:曖昧的::矛盾修飾法:不調和的 (

dictionary:alphabetical::annals:chronological                       事物及其正面特徵 )

字典:按字母順序的::編年史:按時間順序的 ( 排列關係 )                                      watershed <> ambiguity

                                                                    分水嶺 <> 模糊不清 【分水嶺 象徵“清晰 , 明確”】

altruism                    n. 利他主義 , 不自私                           Synonyms       OBSCURE , amphibological , equivocal , opaque ,

unselfish regard for or devotion to the welfare of others           uncertain , unclear , unexplicit , unintelligible

altruist:selflessness::connoisseur:expertise

利他主義者:無私::鑑賞家:專家意見 (                                                ambivalent                           adj. 有矛盾看法的 ,

                                                               13                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                        Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                                 正反感情並存的
a:continual fluctuation ( as between one thing and its opposite )

b:uncertainty as to which approach to follow
Synonyms EQUIVOCAL



amble                            vi. 漫步 , 溜達
a leisurely walk

amble:walk::chat:talk

溜達:步行::閒聊:談話 ( 非正式和正式關係 )

tint:suffuse::amble:wander

輕微著色:彌漫充滿::緩行溜達:漫遊徘徊 ( 程度關係 )
walk:amble::draw:doodle

步行:溜達::畫:亂畫 ( 正常與非正常 )
Synonyms SAUNTER , bummel , drift , linger , mope , mosey ,

muck , stroll



ambrosial                        adj. 特別美味的
something extremely pleasing to taste or smell

mellifluous:music::ambrosial:food

悅耳的:音樂::天上美味的:食物 ( 形容詞及其修飾物件 )
Synonyms luscious , yummy , aromal , aromatic , balmy , fragrant
                                                                         List 2 ( ameliorate ~ assert ) :
, perfumed

                                                                         ameliorate                vt. 改善 , 改良 , 變好
                                                                         to make better or more tolerable

                                                                         ameliorate:promote::??

                                                                         改善:促進::?? ( 同義 )

                                                                         amelioration:improve::??

                                                                         改善:提高::?? ( 同義 )
                                                                         ameliorate <> aggravate

                                                                         改善 <> 使惡化
                                                                         demoralize <> invigorate { ameliorate }

                                                                         士氣受挫 <> 鼓舞 【此題有爭議】
                                                                         Synonyms IMPROVE , amend , better , help , meliorate



                                                                         amenity                   n. 適意 , 溫和 , 禮儀
                                                                         something that conduces to comfort , convenience , or enjoyment

                                                                         amenity:comfortable::honorarium:grateful

                                                                         適意:舒服的::報酬 , 謝禮:感謝的 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )
                                                                         ameniable <> inimical
                                                                    14                        Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                          Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
溫和 <> 不友善的                                                                   eaglet:bird::fawn:mammal { frog:amphibian }
Synonyms agreeability , agreeableness , amiability , cordiality ,            小鷹:鳥::小羊:哺乳動物 { 青蛙::兩棲動物 } ( 種屬
enjoyableness , geniality , gratefulness , pleasance , pleasantness ,        強調小的特徵 )
sweetness and light

                                                                             amplify                     vt. 擴大 , 詳述 , 使增幅
amiable                    adj. 親切的 , 和藹可親的                                  to make larger or greater ( as in amount , importance , or intensity )

being friendly , sociable , and congenial                                    :INCREASE
inimical <> friendly / amiable / amicable                                    mute <> amplify

有敵意的 <> 友好的 / 親切的 / 友善的                                                      減弱. . . 的聲音 <> 使增幅
Synonyms complaisant , easy , good-humored , good-natured ,                  Synonyms EXPAND , dilate , distend , inflate , swell

good-tempered , lenient , mild , obliging

                                                                             amplitude                   n. 廣大 , 充足 , 振幅
amicable                   adj. 友善的 , 和平的                                    the quality or state of being ample:FULLNESS

characterized by friendly goodwill:PEACEABLE                                 amplitude <> meagerness

inimical <> friendly / amiable / amicable                                    充足 <> 貧乏

有敵意的 <> 友好的 / 親切的 / 友善的                                                      Synonyms BREADTH , comprehensiveness , fullness , scope ,

asperity <> amicable                                                         wideness

嚴酷 <> 和善的
Synonyms HARMONIOUS , amical , congenial , friendly                          anaerobic                   adj. 厭氧的
amiss                      adj. 有毛病的 , 出差錯的                                  anaerobe                    n. 厭氧微生物
in a faulty way:IMPERFECTLY                                                  living , active , occurring , or existing in the absence of free oxygen

Synonyms faultily , incorrectly , wrongly                                    anaerobic <> living in oxygen

                                                                             厭氧性的 <> 生活在氧氣裏的

amorphous                  adj. 無定形的 , 散漫的                                   anaerobic <> { respiration }

having no definite form:SHAPELESS                                            厭氧性的 <> 呼吸 【詞性不符】

amorphous:shape::errant:course

無定形的:形狀::周遊的:路線 ( 缺乏關係 )                                                     analgesic                   n. 鎮痛劑 adj. 止痛的
amorphous:shape::wandering:course                                            insensibility to pain without loss of consciousness

無定形的:形狀::漫遊的:路線 ( 缺乏關係 )                                                     analgesic:pain::anesthetic:sensation
Synonyms FORMLESS , inchoate , shapeless , unformed ,                        止痛劑:疼痛::麻醉劑:感覺 ( 消除關係 )
unshaped                                                                     aseptic:disinfections::anesthetic:numbs

                                                                             防腐劑:消毒::麻醉劑:麻木 ( 藥品及其作用 )

amphibian                  n. 兩棲動物 , 水陸兩用飛機 ,                                pain:analgesic:sensation:anesthetic

                          水陸兩用車                                              疼痛:止痛劑::感覺:麻醉劑 ( 消除關係 )
any of a class ( Amphibia ) of cold-blooded vertebrates ( as frogs ,         pain:analgesic::symptom:palliative
toads , or salamanders ) intermediate in many characters between             疼痛:止痛的::症狀:緩和的 ( 形容詞及其消除關係 )
fishes and reptiles and having gilled aquatic larvae and air-                analgesia:pain::simplify:complexity
breathing adults                                                             痛覺喪失:疼痛::簡單化:複雜性 ( 消除關係 )


                                                                        15                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
【詞性不符】                                                                      panegyric <> anathema

tonic:invigorate::analgesic:deaden                                          讚揚 <> 詛咒

補藥:使健壯::止痛劑:消除 ( 藥品及其作用 )                                                   Synonyms CURSE , commination , imprecation , malediction ,

Synonyms ANODYNE , anesthetic , pain-killer                                 malison



analogy             n. 類似 , 相似 , 類比 , 類推                                    ancestor                      n. 祖先 , 祖宗
a:resemblance in some particulars between things otherwise                  one from whom a person is descended and who is usually more

unlike:SIMILARITY                                                           remote in the line of descent than a grandparent

b:comparison based on such resemblance                                      heirloom:ancestor::bequest:testator
disparate <> analogous                                                      傳家寶:祖宗::遺産:立遺囑之人 ( 人物及其遺留物 )

不同的 <> 類似的                                                                  Synonyms antecedent ( s ) , ascendant , forebear , forefather ,
Synonyms LIKENESS , affinity , alikeness , comparison ,                     primogenitor , progenitor
resemblance , semblance , similarity , simile , similitude

                                                                            anecdote                      n. 有趣的短故事 , 生平軼事
analysis                   n. 分析                                            a usually short narrative of an interesting , amusing , or

separation of a whole into its component parts                              biographical incident

measure:dimension::analyze:nature                                           anecdote:amusement::lecture:instruction:: {

測量:尺寸::分析:自如狀態 ( 行爲及其物件 )                                                   caption:illustration }
synthesis <> analysis                                                       有趣的小故事:娛樂::演講:教導:: { 說明 , 字幕:例證

綜合 <> 分析                                                                    , 插圖 } ( 事物及其功用 )
Synonyms breakdown , breakup , dissection , resolution                      Synonyms narration , narrative , tale , yarn



anarchist                  n. 無政府主義者                                        anemic                        adj. 貧血的 , 患貧血症的
one who rebels against any authority , established order , or ruling        lacking force , vitality , or spirit

power                                                                       anemic <> strong / hale

anarchist:government::abolitionist:slavery                                  貧血的 <> 強壯的 / 健康的

無政府主義者:政府::廢奴主義者:奴隸制度 (                                                     Synonyms PALE 2 , bloodless , pallid , waterish , watery

人物及其反對目標 )

anarchist:rebel::apologist:defend                                           anesthetic                    n. 麻醉劑 , 麻藥
無政府主義者:謀反::辯護者:辯護 ( 人物及其特徵行爲 )                                              lacking awareness or sensitivity

apologist:defend::anarchist:rebel                                           analgesic:pain::anesthetic:sensation

辯護者:辯護::無政府主義者:反叛 ( 人物及其特徵行爲 )                                              止痛劑:疼痛::麻醉劑:感覺 ( 消除關係 )
anarchy <> order                                                            aseptic:disinfections::anesthetic:numbs

無政府狀態 , 混亂 <> 次序 , 規則                                                       防腐劑:消毒::麻醉劑:麻木 ( 藥品及其作用 )
Synonyms REBEL , anarch , insurgent , insurrectionist ,                     pain:analgesic:sensation:anesthetic
malcontent , mutineer , revolter                                            疼痛:止痛劑::感覺:麻醉劑 ( 消除關係 )

                                                                            soporific:alertment::anesthetic:pain

anathema                   n. 詛咒                                            安眠藥:警醒::止痛藥:疼痛 ( 藥物及其消除物件 )
the denunciation of something as accursed                                   sensation <> anesthesia
                                                                       16                            Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                 Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
感覺 <> 麻痹                                                              testy:annoy::tractable:control
Synonyms ANODYNE , analgesic , pain-killer                            易怒的:騷擾::易於管教的:控制 , 管理 (

                                                                      人物個性及其特徵行爲 ( 被動 ))

anew                         adv. 重新 , 再                              hidebound:conservative::peeved:annoyed
in a new or different form                                            死板的:保守的::氣惱的:苦惱的 ( 同義詞 )
Synonyms NEW , afresh , lately , newly , of late , recently           Synonyms abrade , bother , ||bug , chafe , exercise , fret , gall , irk

                                                                      , provoke , ruffle , vex

angle                        n. 角 , 角落 v. 奪取 , 追逐
to turn , move , or direct at an angle                                annul                       v. 宣告無效 , 取消
Synonyms SLANT , aim                                                  to declare or make legally invalid or void

                                                                      annul <> make legal

anhydrous                    adj. 無水的                                 宣告無效 <> 使合法
free from water and especially water of crystallization               Synonyms ABOLISH 1 , abate , abrogate , annihilate , invalidate ,

anhydrous <> wet                                                      negate , nullify , quash , undo , vitiate

無水的 <> 潮濕的

                                                                      anodyne                     n. 止痛藥
animation                    n. 活潑 , 生氣 , 卡通製作                        something that soothes , calms , or comforts

possessing or characterized by life:ALIVE                             Synonyms analgesic , anesthetic , pain-killer

lassitude <> vim / animation

疲倦 , 疲乏 <> 精力 / 生氣                                                    anomalous                   adj. 不規則的 , 反常的
animus                       n. 敵意 , 意圖                               inconsistent with or deviating from what is usual , normal , or

a usually prejudiced and often spiteful or malevolent ill will        expected:IRREGULAR , UNUSUAL
animus <> friendly                                                    anomaly:paradigmatic::blemish:flawless

敵意 <> 友好的 【注:詞性不符】                                                    異常的人:模範的::缺點:無缺點的 ( 事物及其反面特徵 )
Synonyms ENMITY , animosity , antagonism , antipathy ,                anomalous <> typical / conformity to norms

hostility , rancor                                                    反常的 <> 典型的 / 符合規範的
                                                                      Synonyms ABNORMAL 1 , aberrant , atypical , deviant ,

annals                       n. 紀年表 , 年鑑 , 年報                         deviative , heteroclite , preternatural , unrepresentative , untypical

a record of events arranged in yearly sequence

dictionary:alphabetical::annals:chronological                         anonymous                   adj. 匿名的
字典:依字母順序的::年鑑:按年代順序的 (                                                not named or identified

事物及其編排方式 )                                                            anonymous:identify::nonchalant:excite
Synonyms chronicle                                                    佚名的 , 無名的:識別::冷淡的:使興奮 (

                                                                      人物個性及其反面特徵行爲 )

annoy                        vt. 使苦惱 , 騷擾                             Synonyms innominate , nameless , undesignated , unnamed

to disturb or irritate especially by repeated acts

mawkish:sentimental::peeve:annoy                                      antagonize                  vt. 使成敵人 , 敵對 , 反對
感傷的:感傷性的:: ( 使 ) 氣惱:使苦惱 , 騷擾 ( 同義 )                                   to incur or provoke the hostility of


                                                                 17                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                         Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
choler:antagonize::??                                                          anticipatory               adj. 1 預想 , 預期的 2
憤怒:對抗::??                                                                                                 佔先的 , 先發制人的
placate <> antagonize                                                          to give advance thought , discussion , or treatment to

撫慰 <> 引起反抗                                                                     retrospective <> anticipatory

synergic <> antagonistic                                                       回顧的 <> 預期的

協作的 , 合作的 <> 敵對的                                                               Synonyms EXPECTANT 1 , anticipant , anticipative , atiptoe ,

propitiate <> antagonize                                                       expecting

安撫 <> 引起反抗
mollify <> antagonize / { ire }                                                antidote                   n. 解毒劑 , 解藥
平息 , 緩和 <> 引起反抗 / { 忿怒 } 【詞性不符】                                                a remedy to counteract the effects of poison

                                                                               antidote:poisoning::balm:irritation

antennae                   n. 天線 , 觸鬚 , 觸角                                     解毒劑:中毒::藥膏:刺激 ( 藥物及其對應症 )
one of a pair of slender movable segmented sensory organs on the               remedy:disease::antidote:poisoning
head of insects , myriapods , and crustaceans                                  治療法:疾病::解毒劑:中毒 ( 事物及其作用物件 )

antennae:butterfly                                                             Synonyms REMEDY 2 , corrective , counteractant , counteractive

觸鬚:蝴蝶                                                                          , counteragent , countermeasure , counterstep , cure



anterior                   adj. 前面的 , 在前的                                      antipathy                  n. 憎惡 , 反感
coming before in time or development                                           settled aversion or dislike:DISTASTE
anterior <> ensuing                                                            antipathy <> affection

前面的 <> 後來的                                                                     反感 <> 愛
Synonyms PRECEDING , antecedent , foregoing , former , past ,                  Synonyms ENMITY , animosity , animus , antagonism , hostility ,

precedent , previous , prior                                                   rancor



anthology                  n. 詩集 , 文選                                          antique                    adj. 舊式的 , 過時的
a collection of selected literary pieces or passages or works of art or        existing since or belonging to earlier times:ANCIENT
music                                                                          Synonyms ANCIENT , aged , age-old , antediluvian , hoary ,

compendium:summary::anthology:collection                                       Noachian , old , timeworn , venerable

概略:概要::文選:文集 ( 同義 )
Synonyms album , ana , analects , florilegium , garland ,                      antiseptic                 n. 殺菌劑 , 防腐劑
miscellany , omnibus , posy                                                    opposing sepsis , putrefaction , or decay ;

                                                                               oil:lubricate::antiseptic:disinfect

antic                      adj 古怪的 , 笨拙的                                       油:潤滑::殺菌劑:消毒 ( 事物及其功用 )
characterized by clownish extravagance or absurdity

facetious:speech::antic:behavior                                               antonym                    n. 反義字 , 反義語 , 對語
愛開玩笑的:談話::滑稽的:行爲 ( 行爲及其特殊類別 )                                                  a word of opposite meaning

Synonyms PRANK , caper , dido ( es ) , frolic , lark ,

monkeyshine ( s ) , shenanigan , shine ( s ) , tomfoolery , trick              anvil                      n. 鐵砧
                                                                               a heavy usually steel-faced iron block on which metal is shaped
                                                                          18                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                 Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
hammer:anvil::pestle:mortar                                                 假冒的:可信的::?? ( 反義 )

錘:鐵砧::杵:臼 ( 工具及其配合用具 )

                                                                            apologist                   n. 辯護士 (
apathy                       n. 漠然 , 冷淡                                                                 尤指衛護基督教教義的辯護者
lack of feeling or emotion:IMPASSIVENESS                                                                )
ennui:enthusiastic::fervor:apathetic                                        one who speaks or writes in defense of someone or something

倦怠:熱心的::熱情:缺乏感情的 ( 人物個性及其反面特徵                                               saboteur:disrupt::apologist:defend
)                                                                           從事破壞活動者:使分裂::辯護者:辯護 (
Synonyms impassivity , insensibility , phlegm , stoicism , stolidity        人物及其特徵行爲 )
, unresponsiveness                                                          apologist:defend::anarchist:rebel

                                                                            辯護者:辯護::無政府主義者:反叛 ( 人物及其特徵行爲 )

apex                         n. 頂點 , 最高點                                    disciple:follow::apologist:defend
the highest or culminating point                                            信徒:追隨::辯護者:辯護 ( 人物及其特徵行爲 )
Synonyms TOP 1 , crest , crown , fastigium , peak , roof , summit           heretic:unconformity::apologist:defend
, vertex                                                                    異教徒:不順從::辯護者:辯護 ( 人物及其正面特徵 )

                                                                            【注:詞性不符】

aphorism                     n. 格言                                          apologist <> critic / detractor

a terse formulation of a truth or sentiment:ADAGE                           辯護者 <> 批評家 / 誹謗者

brevity:aphorism::distortion:caricature

簡短:格言::曲解:漫畫 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )                                                   apophasis                   n. 『修』故抑其詞 , 以求婉達
euphemism:offensive::aphorism:diffusive                                     Allusion to something by denying that it will be mentioned , as in I

委婉的說法:令人不快的::格言:冗長的 (                                                       will not bring up my opponent's questionable financial dealings

事物及其反面特徵 )                                                                  apophasis:claim::oxymoron:paradox

pithiness:aphorism::exaggeration:caricature                                 故抑其詞 , 以求婉達:表述::矛盾修飾法:自相矛盾的話 (

簡潔:警語::誇張:漫畫 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )                                                   種屬 )
Synonyms MAXIM , apothegm , axiom , brocard , dictum ,                      apophasis:claim:: { caprice:deliberate }
gnome , moral , rule , truism                                               故抑其詞 , 以求婉達:表述:: { 善變:仔細考慮 }



apocalyptic                  adj. 預示災禍的 , 啓示的                               apoplectic                  adj. 中風的 , 易怒的 , 狂怒的
forecasting the ultimate destiny of the world:PROPHETIC                                                 , 大怒的
apocalyptic <> inconsequential                                              greatly agitated

天啓的 <> 不重要的                                                                 apoplectic:angry::emaciated:thin
Synonyms PROPHETIC , Delphian , fatidic , mantic , oracular ,               狂怒的:發怒::消瘦的:瘦 ( 程度類比 )
prophetical , sibylline , vatic , vaticinal                                 apoplectic:calm::callow:mature

                                                                            狂怒的:平靜的::幼稚:成熟 ( 反義 )

apocrypha                    n. 僞經 , 僞書                                     apoplectic <> calm

writings or statements of dubious authenticity                              易怒的 <> 冷靜的

apocryphal:authentic::??


                                                                       19                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
apostasy                    n. 背教 , 變節 , 脫黨                                garment , raiment

renunciation of a religious faith

apostasy:faith::recantation:heresy                                         appeal                             vi. 求助 , 訴請 , 要求
變節:忠實::改變 ( 錯誤 ) 論調:異端 ( 行爲及其反面特徵 )                                        to make an earnest request

apostasy <> fidelity                                                       remonstrator:dissuade::applicant:appeal

變節 <> 忠誠                                                                   提出異議的人:勸阻::申請者:訴請 ( 人物及其特徵動作 )
Synonyms DEFECTION , desertion , falseness , recreancy ,                   Synonyms BEG , beseech , brace , crave , entreat , implore ,

tergiversation                                                             importune , plead , pray , supplicate



apostrophe                  n. 書寫中撇號 ( ’ ) (                               appealing                          adj. 引起興趣的 ,
                            表示省略或所有格 )                                                                        動人的 , 懇求的
a mark ' used to indicate the omission of letters or figures , the         having appeal:PLEASING
possessive case , or the plural of letters or figures                      noisome <> appealing

apostrophes:word::ellipsis:sentence                                        令人不快的 <> 引起興趣的

表示省略的撇號:詞::省略號:句子 ( 符號及其表示意義 )                                             Synonyms ATTRACTIVE , alluring , attracting , bewitching ,

                                                                           captivating , charming , enchanting , fascinating , seductive , siren

apothecary                  n. <古> <英方> 藥劑師 ,
                            藥商 , 藥房                                        appease                            vt. 安撫 , 緩和 , 平息 ,
one who prepares and sells drugs or compounds for medicinal                                                   滿足
purposes                                                                   to bring to a state of peace or quiet:CALM

apothecary:medicine::butcher:meat { librarian:book }                       roil <> appease

藥劑師:藥::屠夫:肉 { 圖書管理員:書籍 } (                                                 使焦急 <> 安撫

人物及其工作物件 ) 【注:強調“製備與出售”】                                                   roil <> clarify

                                                                           攪渾 <> 澄清

appall                              vt. 使膽寒 , 使驚駭                          vex <> pacify / appease / soothe

to overcome with consternation , shock , or dismay                         使煩惱 <> 使平靜 / 安撫 / 安慰
appall <> embolden / nerve                                                 appease <> rile

使膽寒 <> 使大膽 / 鼓起勇氣                                                          平息 <> 攪渾濁 , 惹怒
encourage <> appall                                                        Synonyms PACIFY , assuage , conciliate , mollify , placate ,

激勵 <> 使膽寒                                                                  propitiate , sweeten

Synonyms DISMAY , consternate , daunt , horrify , shake

                                                                           appetite                     n. 食欲 , 欲望 , 愛好
apparel                             vt. 使穿衣 , 裝飾                           an inherent craving

to put clothes on:DRESS                                                    voracity <> lack of appetite

gaudy:apparel::grandiloquent:speak                                         貪食 <> 沒有食欲

俗麗的:裝飾::浮誇的:說話 ( 行爲及其特徵化方式 )                                               Synonyms DESIRE , appetition , craving , itch , lust , passion ,

tonsorial:hair::sartorial:apparel                                          urge

理髮師的:頭髮::裁縫匠的:衣服 ( 職業及其加工物件 )
Synonyms CLOTHE , array , attire , clad , dress , enclothe , garb ,
                                                                      20                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
applause                    n. 鼓掌 , 喝彩 , 贊許                              apprehension:terror::affection:adoration
approval publicly expressed                                              憂懼:恐怖::愛:愛慕 ( 程度類比 )

mirth:laughter::approval:applause                                        Synonyms apprehensiveness , foreboding , misgiving ,

歡樂:笑::贊成:鼓掌 ( 行爲及其所表達的含義 )                                               premonition , prenotion , presage , presentiment

approve:applause::?:?

贊成:鼓掌::?:? ( 行爲及其所表達的含義 )                                                apprentice                         n. 學徒 , 生手
Synonyms acclaim , acclamation , plaudit ( s )                           an inexperienced person:NOVICE
                                                                         Synonyms NOVICE , beginner , colt , freshman , neophyte ,

applicant                   n. 申請者 , 請求者                                 newcomer , novitiate , rookie , tenderfoot , tyro

one who applies

remonstrator:dissuade::applicant:appeal                                  approbation                        n. 認可 , 嘉許
提出異議的人:勸阻::申請者:訴請 ( 人物及其特徵動作 )                                           COMMENDATION , PRAISE

Synonyms CANDIDATE , aspirant , hopeful , seeker                         praise:approbation::demur:objection

                                                                         稱讚:嘉許::提出異議:反對 ( 行爲及其表示的含義 )

appoint                     vt. 任命 , 指定 , 命令                             censure:blameless::approbation:reprehensible
to name officially                                                       指責:無可責難的::嘉許:應該譴責的 (

appoint:official::cast:actor                                             行爲及其物件的反面特徵 )

任命:官員::分配戲劇角色:演員 ( 行爲及其物件 )                                              execration <> approbation

Synonyms DESIGNATE 2 , finger , make , name , nominate , tap             咒駡 <> 嘉許
                                                                         Synonyms approval , benediction , blessing , favor , OK ( or okay

apposite                    adj. 適當的 , 恰切的                               )

highly pertinent or appropriate:APT
apposite <> extraneous                                                   appropriate                 adj. 適當的
合適的 <> 無關的                                                               especially suitable or compatible:FITTING
Synonyms RELEVANT , ad rem , applicable , applicative ,                  meet <> inappropriate / unsuitable

applicatory , apropos , germane , material , pertinent , pointful        合適的 <> 不適當的 / 不適合的
                                                                         apt <> extremely inappropriate

appreciable                      adj. 可感知的 , 可評估的                        恰當的 <> 非常的不適當
capable of being perceived or measured                                   Synonyms FIT , applicable , apt , befitting , felicitous , fitting ,

appreciable <> imperceptible                                             just , meet , proper , suitable

可感知的 <> 不能感知的
ponderable <> inappreciable                                              appropriate                  v. 盜用
有價值的 <> 微不足道的                                                            to take or make use of without authority or right

Synonyms PERCEPTIBLE , detectable , discernible , observable ,           lurk:wait::abscond:depart / { purloin:appropriate }
palpable , sensible , tangible                                           埋伏:等候::潛逃:離開 / { 盜取:盜用 } (

                                                                         普通行爲及其特徵化方式 ( 隱秘地 ))

apprehension                      n. 理解 , 憂懼 , 逮捕                        lurk:concealment::purloin:appropriation

suspicion or fear especially of future evil:FOREBODING                   潛伏:潛藏::偷竊:盜取 ( 種屬 )
                                                                         Synonyms STEAL , annex , filch , lift , pilfer , pinch , purloin ,
                                                                    21                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
snitch , swipe                                                               , just , meet , proper , suitable



approve                                   vt. 贊同 , 核准 ,                      aquatic               adj. 水生的 , 水中的 , 水上的
證實                                                                           growing or living in or frequenting water

to have or express a favorable opinion of                                    aerial:air::aquatic:water

mirth:laughter::approval:applause                                            空氣的:空氣::水生的:水 ( 名詞及其形容詞化 )

歡樂:笑::贊成:鼓掌 ( 行爲及其所表達的含義 )

approve:applause::?:?                                                        aqueduct                     n. 高架渠 , 渡槽
贊成:鼓掌::?:? ( 行爲及其所表達的含義 )                                                    a conduit for water

substantiate <> disapprove                                                   aqueduct:water::pipeline:gas::vessel:blood

證實 <> 證僞                                                                     水渠:水::導氣管:氣體::脈管:血 ( 物質及其傳輸方式
Synonyms accept , approbate , countenance , favor , go ( for ) ,             )
hold ( with )                                                                Synonyms CHANNEL , canal , conduit , course , duct ,

                                                                             watercourse

approximate                   adj. 大約的 , 近似的
nearly correct or exact                                                      aquifer                      n. 含水土層 (
paraphrase:verbatim::approximate:precise                                                                  含水量足以成爲井水或泉水 )
轉釋的:照字面的::近似:精確的 ( 行爲及其反面特徵 )                                                a water-bearing stratum of permeable rock , sand , or gravel

stickler:approximation / imprecision::purist:adulteration                    shale:lode::well:aquifer

一絲不苟的人:近似 / 不精確::純化論者:摻假的東西 (                                                葉岩:礦脈::源泉:含水土層 ( 事物及其發源地 )

特徵人物及其反對物件 )

                                                                             arbor                 n. 樹蔭處 , ( 樹枝等形成的 ) 藤架
apropos                            adj. 適當的 , 恰好的                                                  , 涼亭 , 【植】樹 , 喬木
being both relevant and opportune                                            a shelter of vines or branches or of latticework covered with

apropos <> irrelevant { straight , uniform , symmetrical }                   climbing shrubs or vines

恰好的 <> 不相關的 { 直的 , 統一的 , 對稱的 }                                               arbor:shelter::hedgerow:fence
Synonyms RELEVANT , ad rem , applicable , applicative ,                      樹蔭:掩蔽處::灌木籬牆:圍牆 ( 種屬 )
applicatory , apposite , germane , material , pertinent , pointful

                                                                             arboreal                            adj. 樹木的
apt                         adj. 易於. . .                                     of , relating to , or resembling a tree

unusually fitted or qualified:READY                                          arboreal:trees::sidereal:stars
apt <> extremely inappropriate                                               樹的:樹::星的:星星 ( 形容詞及其名詞 )

恰當的 <> 非常不適當的                                                                finch:bird::arboretum:tree
apt <> unlikely                                                              雀類:鳥::植物園:樹木 ( 個體與群體 )

易於的 <> 不太可能的
aptness <> unsuitability                                                     archaic                             adj. 古老的
恰當的 <> 不適合的                                                                  of , relating to , or characteristic of an earlier or more primitive

Synonyms given , inclined , liable , likely , prone                          time:ANTIQUATED
Synonyms FIT , appropriate , befitting , felicitous , fitting , happy
                                                                        22                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                 Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
evanescent:permanence::archaic:currency                                   酷熱的 <> 極寒的

容易消散的:永久::已廢的:流通 ( 事物特性及其反面特徵                                             Synonyms COLD , chill , chilly , cool , freezing , frosty , gelid ,

)                                                                         glacial , icy , nippy

meteoric:constancy::archaic:currency

曇花一現的:恒久不變::古老的:流通 (                                                      ardor                      n. 熱心 , 熱情
形容詞與名詞的反面特徵 )                                                             extreme vigor or energy:INTENSITY
archaic <> current                                                        assuage:sorrow::dampen:ardor

古老的 <> 最近的                                                                減輕:悲傷::使喪氣:熱情 ( 行爲及其消除物件 )
Synonyms OLD-FASHIONED , antiquated , antique , bygone ,                  alleviate:strength::dampen:ardor
dated , old , old-timey , outdated , out-of-date , pass*                  減輕:強度::使沮喪:熱情 ( 行爲及其消除物件 )
                                                                          torpor <> ardor

archipelago                        n. 群島 , 多島海                            不活潑 <> 熱情
an expanse of water with many scattered islands                           Synonyms PASSION , calenture , enthusiasm , fervor , fire ,

range:mountain::chain:link:: { archipelago:island }                       hurrah , zeal

山脈:山::鏈:環:: { 群島:島嶼 } (

單個事物及其鏈狀排列 )                                                              arduous                   adj. 費勁的 , 辛勤的 , 險峻的
                                                                          hard to accomplish or achieve:DIFFICULT

archetype                          n. 原型                                  arduous <> facile

the original pattern or model of which all things of the same type        費勁的 <> 易做到的
are representations or copies:PROTOTYPE ; also:a perfect                  Synonyms HARD 6 , difficult , effortful , labored , laborious ,

example                                                                   operose , rough , strenuous , toilsome , uphill

harbinger:presage::archetype:exemplify

預兆:預示::原型:例示 ( 事物及其功用 )                                                   argot                      n. 隱語 , 暗語 , 暗號
Synonyms MODEL , beau ideal , ensample , example , exemplar ,             an often more or less secret vocabulary and idiom peculiar to a

ideal , mirror , paradigm , pattern , standard                            particular group

                                                                          argot <> standard language / common verbalism

archive                     n. 檔案文件 , 文件儲存室                               隱語 , 暗語 <> 規則地語言 / 普通地言語
a place in which public records or historical documents are               Synonyms DIALECT , cant , jargon , lingo , patois , patter , slang

preserved                                                                 , vernacular

archive:manuscript::arsenal:weapon

文件儲存室:手稿::軍械庫:兵器 ( 事物及其儲存地 )                                              arid                       adj. 乾燥的 , 不毛的
archive:records::museum:artifacts                                         excessively dry

文件儲存室:記錄::博物館:史前古器物                                                       marsh:sodden::desert:arid
Synonyms LIBRARY , athenaeum                                              沼澤 , 濕地:濕透的::沙漠:乾燥的 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )
                                                                          arid <> damp

arctic                      adj. 北極的 , 極寒的                                乾燥的 <> 潮濕的

bitter cold:FRIGID                                                        Synonyms DRY , bone-dry , droughty , moistureless , sere , thirsty

torrid <> arctic                                                          , unwatered , waterless


                                                                     23                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
armory                     n. 紋章 , 紋章學 , 軍械庫 ,                           【注:overconfidence 原爲 confidence】

                           兵工廠                                           intentional:accidental::arrogant:humble
a place where arms and military equipment are stored                     故意的:意外的::傲慢的:謙遜的 ( 反義 )

pantry:food::armory:weapons                                              Synonyms PRIDE , disdain , disdainfulness , haughtiness , hauteur

食品儲存室:食物::軍械庫:武器 ( 事物及其儲存地 )                                             , loftiness , morgue , superbity , superciliousness

Synonyms arsenal , depot , dump , magazine

                                                                         arroyo                        n. 乾枯的河床 , 峽谷 , 小河
arrest                     vt. 拘捕 , 妨礙 , 吸引 , 阻止 ,                       a brook ; a creek ;a water-carved gully or channel

                           使懶惰                                           grotto:cavern::arroyo:channel
to make inactive                                                         小洞穴:巨洞::小河:海峽 ( 小與大 )
arrest <> vitalize                                                       Synonyms RAVINE , chasm , cleft , clough , clove , gap , gorge ,

使懶惰 <> 使有生氣                                                              gulch
Synonyms check , halt , interrupt , stall , stay

                                                                         arsenal                       n. 兵工廠 , 軍械庫
arresting                  adj. 引人注意的 , 醒目的 ,                            a:an establishment for the manufacture or storage of arms and

                           有趣的                                           military equipment

catching the attention:STRIKING , IMPRESSIVE                             b:a collection of weapons

blatant:arresting::odious:disgusting                                     archive:manuscript::arsenal:weapon

炫耀的:引人注意的:可厭的:令人厭惡的 (                                                    文件儲存室:手稿::軍械庫:兵器 ( 事物及其儲存地 )

事物特徵及其對人的影響 )                                                            Synonyms ARMORY , depot , dump , magazine

arresting <> banal

有趣的 <> 陳腐的                                                               articulate                    vt. 以關節連接 , 接合 ,
Synonyms NOTICEABLE , arrestive , conspicuous , marked ,                                               明白地說
outstanding , pointed , prominent , remarkable , salient , signal        to give clear and effective utterance to:put into words

                                                                         ratiocination:thinking::articulation:talking

arrhythmic                 adj. 無節奏的                                     推理:思考::清晰發音:說話 ( 行爲及其特殊化形式 (
lacking rhythm or regularity                                             清晰的 , 明確的 ))
arrhythmic <> regular                                                    Synonyms VOCAL , eloquent , fluent , smooth-spoken

無節奏的 <> 規則的

                                                                         artifacts                     n. 史前古器物
arrogance                  n. 傲慢 , 自大                                    something created by humans usually for a practical purpose ;

a feeling or an impression of superiority manifested in an               especially:an object remaining from a particular period
overbearing manner or presumptuous claims                                archive:records::museum:artifacts

mean:prodigality::meek:arrogance                                         文件儲存室:記錄::博物館:史前古器物
吝嗇的:慷慨 ; 豐富::謙恭的:自大 (

人物個性及其反面特徵 )                                                             artifice             n. 巧辦法 , 詭計
overconfidence:arrogant::inquiry:interrogatory                           false or insincere behavior

自負的:自大的::質詢:質詢 ( 同義關係 )                                                  artifice <> candor


                                                                    24                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
詭計 <> 坦白                                                                  ascetic:self-denial::bodybusy:intrusive
Synonyms CUNNING 2 , art , artfulness , cageyness , canniness ,           修道者:禁欲 , 克己::保鏢 , 護衛:打擾的
craft , craftiness , foxiness , slyness , wiliness                        sybarite <> ascetic

                                                                          沈于奢侈逸樂者 <> 苦行者

artless               adj. 樸質的 , 率直的 , 拙劣的                                voluptuary <> ascetic

free from guile or craft:sincerely simple                                 耽於酒色的 <> 苦行的

blemish:impeccable::guile:artles                                          indulgent <> ascetic

污點:無瑕疵的::狡猾:率直的 ( 行爲及其反面特徵 )                                              放縱的 <> 苦行的
artless <> cunning / guileful                                             ascetic <> voluptuary

率直的 <> 狡猾的 / 狡猾的                                                          禁欲者 , 苦行者 <> 酒色之徒
artlessness <> urbanity                                                   ascetic <> sumptuous

樸質 <> 都市風格                                                                苦行的 <> 奢侈的
sly <> artless                                                            Synonyms SEVERE 1 , astringent , austere , mortified , stern

狡猾的 <> 率直的
artless <> disingenuous                                                   aseptic                    adj. 無菌的 , 潔淨的
無虛飾的 <> 虛僞的                                                               preventing infection

Synonyms NATURAL 5 , ingenuous , naive , simple , unaffected ,            aseptic:disinfections::anesthetic:numbs
unartful , unartificial , unschooled , unsophisticated , unstudied        防腐劑:消毒::麻醉劑:麻木 ( 藥品及其作用 )



ascendant                    n. 運星 , 運道 , 支配力 , 優勢                        askew                      adj. 歪斜的 v. 歪斜 , 彎曲
governing or controlling influence:DOMINATION                             out of line:AWRY
ascendant <> having no influence                                          aligned <> askew { curve }

佔優勢的 <> 沒有影響力的                                                            一行的 <> 歪斜的 { 彎曲的 } 【注:curve詞性不符 ,
ascendant <> having no power                                              且對應上沒有與“bring into line”形成工整的反義】

佔優勢的 <> 沒有影響力的
Synonyms SUPREMACY , ascendancy , dominance , domination                  aspect                     n. 樣子 , 外表 , 面貌 , (
, dominion , masterdom , preeminence , preponderance , prepotence                                    問題等的 ) 方面
, sovereignty                                                             a position facing a particular direction:EXPOSURE

                                                                          transfigure:aspect::transfer:location { transfix:attention }

ascent                       n. 上升 , 上坡路                                  使變形:樣子::轉移:位置 { 使呆住:注意力 } (

an upward slope or rising grade:ACCLIVITY                                 行爲及其作用物件 )
Synonyms ascension , rise , rising                                        Synonyms APPEARANCE 1 , look , mien , seeming



ascetic                      adj. 禁欲的 n. 苦行者                              asperity                   n. 粗魯 , 艱苦
austere in appearance , manner , or attitude                              roughness of manner or of temper:HARSHNESS

glutton:overindulgence::ascetic:self-denial                               asperity:optimistic::??

暴食者:放縱::修道者:禁欲 , 克己 (                                                     嚴酷:樂天的::?? ( 人物個性及其反面特徵 )

特徵人物及其正面特徵 )                                                              asperity <> mildness of temper


                                                                     25                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
嚴酷 <> 脾氣溫和                                                                 asset                              n. 資産 , 有用的東西
asperity <> amicable                                                       the entire property of a person , association , corporation , or estate

嚴酷 <> 和善的                                                                  applicable or subject to the payment of debts

                                                                           asset <> liability

aspirant                    n. 有抱負者 , 有野心者                                 資産 <> 債務
One who aspires , as to advancement , honors , or a high position.         Synonyms:capital , resources , wealth

aspirant:quarry::hunter:prey

有抱負者:目標::狩獵者:獵物 ( 人物及其追求物件 )                                               assiduous                          adj. 勤勉的 , 專心的
Synonyms CANDIDATE , applicant , hopeful , seeker                          marked by careful unremitting attention or persistent application

                                                                           assiduous <> remiss

aspiration                  n. 渴望 , 熱望                                     勤勉的 <> 玩忽職守的
a strong desire to achieve something high or great                         assiduous <> remiss / desultory

Synonyms DIFFICULTY , hardness , hardship , rigor , vicissitude            勤勉的 <> 玩忽職守的 / 散漫的

                                                                           Synonyms:busy , industrious , diligent , sedulous

assert                      vt. 主張 , 聲明 , 斷言
to state or declare positively and often forcefully or aggressively        assuage                            vt. 緩和 , 減輕 , 鎮定
calumny:assertion::perjury:testimony                                       to lessen the intensity of ( something that pains or distresses )

誹謗:斷言::僞證:證言 ( 行爲及其特殊化形式 ( 假的 ))                                           :EASE

obsequious:servile::belligerent:assertive                                  assuage:sorrow::dampen:ardor

諂媚的:卑屈的::好戰的:過分自信的 ( 同義 )                                                  撫慰 , 緩和:悲傷::潑涼水:熱情 ( 減少關係 )
brassy <> unassertive                                                      gall <> calm / assuage

厚臉皮的 <> 謙遜的                                                                使生氣 <> 安撫
Synonyms affirm , aver , avouch , avow , constate , declare ,              assuage / subdue <> inflame

depose , predicate , profess , protest                                     緩和 / 抑制 <> 激怒 , 使燃燒
                                                                           assuage <> intensify

                                                                           緩和 <> 加強

                                                                           Synonyms:relieve , alleviate , lighten , assuage , mitigate , allay




                                                                           assume                             vt. 接受 , 承擔 , 假定 ,
                                                                                                             擺架子
List 3 ( assess ~ bonus ) :                                                to take to or upon oneself:UNDERTAKE
                                                                           abdicate <> assume

assess                             v. 估價 , 評價                              放棄 , 退位 <> 承擔
to determine the importance , size , or value of                           assume <> refuse

assess:value::plumb:depth                                                  承擔 <> 拒絕

評價:價值::測水深:深度 ( 動賓關係 )                                                     unassuming <> overbearing

Synonyms:estimate , appraise , evaluate , value , rate                     謙虛的 <> 傲慢的


                                                                      26                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
Synonyms:affect , pretend , simulate , feign , counterfeit , sham        extremely wicked , brutal , or cruel:BARBARIC

                                                                         atrocious:bad::momentous:important

astounding                        adj. 令人驚駭的                             惡劣的 , 糟透的:壞的 , 惡的::重要的:重要的 , 重大的 (
causing astonishment or amazement                                        程度類比 )

indelible:forget::astounding:expect                                      Synonyms:OUTRAGEOUS , monstrous , shocking

難忘的 , 消除不去的:忘記::出乎意料的:預期 ( 反面特徵
)                                                                        attenuate                         v. 變薄 , 變弱
                                                                         to lessen the amount , force , magnitude , or value of:WEAKEN

astute                            adj. 機敏的 , 狡猾的                         attenuate:force::decelerate:speed
having or showing shrewdness and perspicacity                            減弱:力量::減速:速度 ( 行爲及其作用物件 )
fatuous <> astute                                                        attenuate:thickness::enervate:vitality
愚笨的 <> 機敏的                                                               使變稀薄::濃度::使虛弱:活力 ( 行爲及其作用物件 )

Synonyms:shrewd , sagacious , perspicacious                              collapse:volume::attenuate:thickness

                                                                         倒塌 , 崩潰:體積 ( 卷 , 冊;音量 ) ::變薄 ( 變稀 ) :厚度 (

asunder                           adv. 分開 , 化爲碎片                         濃度 ) ( 行爲及其作用物件 )
into parts                                                               debase:value::attenuate:force
2. apart from each other in position                                     降低價值:價值::使消瘦:力量 ( 行爲及其作用物件 )

                                                                         abate:force::attenuate:thickness

asymmetrical                      adj. 不勻稱的 ,                            減輕:力量::使. . . 薄:厚度 ( 行爲及其物件 )

                                  不對稱的 , 不均勻的                            abridge:length::attenuate:thickness
not symmetrical                                                          縮短:長度::使…變薄:厚度 ( 行爲及其物件 )

circular:asymmetrical::protean:rigid                                     attenuate:force / thickness::simplify:complexity

圓形的:不對稱的::變化多端的:僵硬死板的 ( 反面關係 )                                           減弱:力量::簡化:複雜 ( 行爲及其物件 )

                                                                         attenuate:thickness::cool:temperature

asylum                            n. 庇護 , 收容所                            使變薄:厚度::使變冷:溫度 ( 行爲及其物件 )
an inviolable place of refuge and protection giving shelter to           alleviate:power::attenuate:force
criminals and debtors:SANCTUARY                                          減輕:能力::削弱:力量 ( 動賓關係 )

refugee:asylum::??                                                       attenuate <> intensify

難民:收容所::?? ( 人物及其活動場所 )                                                  削弱 <> 加強

Synonyms:REFUGE , harborage , sanctuary , shelter                        Synonyms WEAKEN 1 , blunt , cripple , debilitate , disable ,

                                                                         enfeeble , sap , unbrace , undermine , unstrengthen

atone                             v. 贖罪 , 補償 , 彌補
to supply satisfaction for:EXPIATE                                       attorney                          n. <美> 律師 , (
guilt:expiation / atonement::fatigue:repose ( take a rest )                                                業務或法律事務上的 )
罪行:贖罪::疲勞:休息 ( 消除關係 )                                                                                      代理人
                                                                         A person legally appointed by another to act as his or her agent in

atrocious                         adj. 殘忍的 , 兇惡的 (                       the transaction of business , specifically one qualified and licensed

                                  n. atrocity )                          to act for plaintiffs and defendants in legal proceedings


                                                                    27                            Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
attorney:defendant::??                                                 worship:sacrifice::prediction:augury

律師:被告::??                                                              祭奠:供奉::預言:預言 ( 名詞同義關係 )

                                                                       augury:appearance::??

auction                             n. 拍賣                              預言:表像::??
a sale of property to the highest bidder                               Synonyms:prophet , auspex , forecaster , foreseer , foreteller ,
                                                                       haruspex , Nostradamus , predictor

audacious                           adj. 大膽的 , 愚勇的 ,                   CF:auger ( n. 螺絲鑽 , 鑽孔機 )

                                    無禮的
intrepidly daring:ADVENTUROUS                                          auspicious                       adj. 吉兆的 , 幸運的
2. recklessly bold:RASH                                                affording a favorable auspice:PROPITIOUS

audacious:trepidation::laconic:volubility                              auspicious <> boding ill

大膽的:恐懼::說話簡潔的:口若懸河 ( 反面關係 )                                            吉兆的 <> 不吉祥的

audacious:caution::inedible:food                                       auspicious <> untoward

魯莽的:謹慎:不能食用的:食物 ( 事物及其反面特徵 )                                           吉兆的 <> 不幸的
circumspect <> audacious / reckless / direct encounter                 auspicious <> unfavorable

小心的 <> 魯莽的                                                             吉兆的 <> 不宜的

Synonyms:bold , courageous , adventuresome , daredevil , daring        inauspicious <> propitious

                                                                       不吉利的 <> 吉利的

audible                             adj. 聽得見的                          Synonyms:favorable , benign , bright , dexter , fortunate ,
heard or capable of being heard                                        propitious

audible:stentorian::discernable:obvious                                CF:auspices ( n. 資助 , 贊助 )

可聽見的:聲音洪亮的::可分辨的:明顯的 ( 程度類比 )

audible:stentorian::discernible:manifest                               austere              adj. 樸素的 , ( 人 ) 正經的 , (
可聽見的:聲音洪亮的::可辨別的:明顯的 ( 程度比較 )                                                               經濟 ) 緊縮的
Synonyms:aural , auricular                                             markedly simple or unadorned

                                                                       abstemious:indulge::austere:decorate

augur                               n. 占兆官 , 占卜師 ,                     有節制的:沈迷 , 放縱::簡樸的:修飾 ( 反義特徵 )

                                    相命者                                laconic:speech::austere:design
to foretell especially from omens                                      簡潔的:演講::樸素的 ( 嚴厲的 , 緊縮的 ) :設計 (

intercessor:mediate::augur:prediction                                  直接修飾 )

調解人:調解:預言家:預言 ( 人及其正面特徵 )                                              baroque <> austere

augur:predict::pundit:opine                                            結構複雜的 <> 簡樸的

預言家:預言::博學者:發表意見 ( 人及其正面特徵行爲 )                                         Synonyms:severe , stern , ascetic

pundit:opinion::augur:prediction

博學者:意見::預言家:預言 ( 人及其正面特徵行爲 )                                           authenticity                     n. 確實性 , 真實性
maven:experience::luminary:eminence / augur:prediction                 not false or imitation:REAL , ACTUAL

專家:經驗::權威者:顯赫 / 預言者:預言 (                                               genuine:authenticity::entire:integrity { honest:trust }

人及其正面特徵 )                                                              真實的:真實性::完整:完整 ( 同義關係 )


                                                                  28                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                         Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                     太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
discompose:pacific::fabricate:authentic                                特徵及其無法實現的動作 )

使不安:平靜的::僞造:真實的 ( 反義特徵 )                                               avarice <> generosity / { sobriety }

apocryphal:authentic::??                                               貪婪 <> 慷慨

假冒的:可信的::?? ( 反義 )                                                     Synonyms:CUPIDITY , avariciousness , avidity , greed , rapacity
spuriousness <> authenticity                                           區別:variance ( n. 矛盾 , 不同 )

僞造 , 欺騙 <> 真實
semblance <> authentic article                                         aversion                            n. 嫌惡 , 憎恨 , 反感
僞裝 <> 真實的物品                                                            a feeling of repugnance toward something with a desire to avoid or

Synonyms:genuine , undoubted , undubitable , unquestionable ,          turn from

veritable                                                              aversion:disinclination::adulation:admiration

CF:authorize ( v. 授權 , 批准 )                                            厭惡:不喜歡::奉承:稱讚 ( 褒貶程度類比 )
                                                                       aversion:inclination::??

authority                        n. 權威 , 專家 , 威信                       厭惡:偏好::?? ( 反義 )
power to influence or command thought , opinion , or behavior          affinity <> aversion

authoritative:acceptance::conspicuous:attention                        親密關係 , 吸引力 <> 厭惡

權威的:接受::出衆的:注意力 ( 因果關係 )                                               aversion <> court

authoritativeness:pundits::allegiance:partisans                        厭惡 <> 對女性獻殷勤

權威性:博學者::忠誠:教徒 ( 人及其正面特徵 )                                             penchant <> aversion

contumacious:authority::reactionary:change::hidebound                  喜歡 <> 嫌惡

:innovation::conservative:novelty                                      propensity / proclivity <> aversion

不聽命令的:權威::保守分子:改變::頑固的:創新::                                            傾向 <> 嫌惡

保守的:新穎 ( 缺乏關係 )                                                        proclivity <> aversion

recalcitrant / refractory:authority::reactionary:change                傾向 <> 厭惡

頑抗的 / 執拗的:權威::保守的:改變 ( 反義特徵 )                                          Synonyms:ANTIPATHY , allergy , dyspathy

impostor:identity::usurper:authorization {                             CF:aver ( v. 極力聲明 , 斷言 )                      avert ( v. 避免 , 避開 )

barbarian:property }

冒名頂替者:身份::篡位者:權利 ( 特徵人物及其追求目標                                          avid                                adj. 熱切的 , 貪婪的
)                                                                      characterized by enthusiasm and vigorous pursuit

Synonyms:EXPERT , master , professional , proficient , virtuoso        reverence:respect::avidity:enthusiasm
, wizard                                                               敬禮:尊敬::渴望:熱心 ( 程度類比 )
                                                                       avid <> indifferent

avarice                          n. 貪婪                                 熱切的 <> 冷淡的 , 漠然的

excessive or insatiable desire for wealth or gain:GREEDINESS ,         Synonyms:EAGER , anxious , appetent , ardent , athirst
CUPIDITY

avarice:money::gluttony:food                                           avulse                      vt. (
貪婪:錢::貪吃:食物 ( 動作及其物件 )                                                                             由於意外的事故或通過外科手
stoic:perturb::avaricious:satisfy                                                                  術 ) 把 ( 身體的一部分 ) 撕脫
禁欲的 , 冷靜的:擾亂::貪婪的:滿足 (                                                                             , 抽出
                                                                       to separate , cut , or tear off by avulsion
                                                                  29                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                          Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
avulse <> link                                                             awl:pierce::pestle:hash

撕脫 <> 連接                                                                   尖鑽:刺穿 ( 洞察 ) ::杵:搗成糊狀 ( 事物及其功能 )
avulse <> suture                                                           CF:bawl ( v. 大叫 , 大喊 ) owl ( n. 貓頭鷹 )

撕脫 <> 縫合

                                                                           awning                            n. 雨篷 , 遮陽篷
awash                                    adj. 與水面齊平的 ,                     a rooflike cover extending over or in front of a place ( as over the

                                        被浪沖打的                              deck or in front of a door or window ) as a shelter

covered with water:FLOODED                                                 awning:sun::umbrella:rain
awash <> dry                                                               遮陽蓬:太陽::雨傘:雨 ( 事物及其功能 )

浸水的 <> 乾燥的                                                                 區別:fawning ( adj. 奉承的 )



awe                                      n. 敬畏                             awry                              adj. 扭曲的 , 走樣的
an emotion variously combining dread , veneration , and wonder             in a turned or twisted position or direction:ASKEW
that is inspired by authority or by the sacred or sublime                  awry <> orderly / aligned

redoubtable:regard / awe::despicable:scorn / contempt /                    扭曲的 <> 有序的 , 整潔的 / 排列的
disregard                                                                  Synonyms:cockeyed

令人敬畏的:敬畏::可鄙的:鄙視 ( 因果關係 )                                                  CF:wry ( 歪曲的 , 扭曲的 )
awe <> irreverence

敬畏 <> 不尊敬                                                                  babble                            vt. 嘮叨 , 說話不清 ,
Synonyms:REVERENCE , fear                                                                                    胡說
                                                                           to utter meaningless or unintelligible sounds

awkward                                  adj. 笨拙的                          babble:sense::parrot::originality
lacking dexterity or skill                                                 嘮叨:理性::學舌:創新 ( 缺乏關係 )

craven:admirable::deft:awkward                                             babble / waffle <> express succinctly

怯懦的:令人欽佩的::靈巧的:笨拙的 ( 反義關係 )                                                閒聊 , 胡扯 <> 簡潔地表達

dexterous:awkward::??                                                      Synonyms:gabble , prate , prattle , twaddle , waffle

靈巧的:笨拙的::?? ( 反義 )                                                         區別:dabble ( v. 涉足 , 淺賞 ) gabble ( v. 急促而不清楚地說 )
lithe <> awkward                                                           rabble ( n. 烏合之衆 , 暴民 , 下等人 )

優雅 <> 笨拙
svelte <> paunchy and awkward                                              backdrop                          n. 背景幕 , 背景
苗條的 , 瘦的 <> 大腹便便且笨拙的                                                       a painted cloth hung across the rear of a stage

Synonyms:CLUMSY , lumbering , lumpish , ungainly

CF:hawk ( n. 隼鷹 ) hawker ( n. 沿街叫賣之小販 ) mawkish (                          backhanded                        adj. 反手拍擊的 ,
adj. 自作多情的 , 令人作嘔的 ) pawky ( adj. 精明的 , 活潑的 )                                                                間接的
                                                                           INDIRECT , DEVIOUS ; especially:SARCASTIC

awl                               n. 錐子 , 尖鑽                               backhanded <> forthright

a pointed tool for marking surfaces or piercing small holes ( as in        間接的 <> 直接的
leather or wood )


                                                                      30                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
backset                     n. 倒退 , 逆流 , 渦流                                 baleful              adj. 邪惡的 , 惡意的 , 有害的
SETBACK                                                                     deadly or pernicious in influence

backset <> hike                                                             baneful <> salubrious

倒退 <> 遠足 , 增加                                                               有害的 <> 有益健康的

Synonyms:SETBACK , check , reversal , reverse                               bale <> mirth

                                                                            悲哀 <> 高興

badge                              n.                                       Synonyms:sinister , malefic , maleficent , malign

                                   半自動防空警戒管制組織
                                   , 徽章 , 標記                                balk                 n. 障礙 , 錯誤 , 失敗 vt. 阻止 ,
a device or token especially of membership in a society or group                                 突然停止 , 退縮
chevron:badge::caisson:cart                                                 to check or stop by or as if by an obstacle:BLOCK
V型袖章:徽章::彈藥車:馬車 ( 特殊和一般 , 種屬關係 )                                            balk <> move ahead willingly

Synonyms:INSIGNIA , emblem                                                  突然停止 <> 欣然前行

區別:badger ( n. 獾 v. 一再煩擾 , 一再要求 )                                           Synonyms:FRUSTRATE , baffle , circumvent , foil , thwart



badger                             vt. 糾纏                                   balky                       adj. 停蹄不前的 , 倔強的
to harass or annoy persistently                                             refusing or likely to refuse to proceed , act , or function as directed

badger:bother::belabor:mention                                              or expected

一直煩:煩::囉唆的提示:提示 ( 重複和正常 )                                                   balky <> tractable

Synonyms:BAIT , heckle , hector , hound , ride                              倔強的 <> 溫順的

                                                                            Synonyms:cross-grained , ornery , perverse , restive ,

badinage                           n. 打趣 , 嘲弄                               wrongheaded

playful repartee:BANTER
badinage <> serious conversation                                            ballad                              n. 民謠
打趣 <> 嚴肅的對話                                                                 a narrative composition in rhythmic verse suitable for singing

badinage <> sincere conversation

打趣 <> 真誠的對話                                                                 ballast                             n. 壓艙物 , 沙囊
Synonyms:BANTER , backchat                                                  Heavy material that is placed in the hold of a ship or the gondola of

                                                                            a balloon to enhance stability.

bait                 n. 餌 , 引誘物 v. 使生氣 , 欺負                                 ballast:stability::truss:support
ENTICE , LURE                                                               壓艙物:穩定性::托架:支援作用 ( 物品及其增強物件 )
to attack in speech or writing as by derision or insult ; to gall or

exasperate by repeated wanton attacks                                       ballet                              n. 芭蕾舞
bait <> disarm                                                              a theatrical art form using dancing , music , and scenery to convey

使生氣 <> 贏得…的好感;把…爭取過來                                                        a story , theme , or atmosphere

bait <> mollify                                                             instrumentalist:symphony::dancer:ballet

使生氣 <> 平息                                                                   樂器演奏家:交響樂::舞蹈家:芭蕾舞 (

Synonyms:MOLEST , heckle , persecute , torment                              人及其職業:表演關係 )


                                                                       31                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
balm                            n. 香油 , 藥膏                              banish                              vt. 驅逐 , 消除
a balsamic resin , especially:one from small tropical evergreen         to drive out or remove from a home or place of usual resort or

trees                                                                   continuance , especially compulsory removal from a country not

antidote:poisoning::balm:irritation                                     necessarily one's own

解毒:毒::溫和物質:刺激物 ( 消除關係 )                                                 evict:residence::banish:country
balm <> piquant                                                         逐出 ( 租戶 ) :住宅::驅逐出 ( 國境 ) :國家 ( 動賓關係 )

溫和物質 <> 辛辣物                                                             Synonyms:exile , deport , transport



balmy                           adj. 氣候溫和的 (                            banister                     n. 欄杆的支柱 , 樓梯的扶欄
                                芬芳的 , 止痛的 )                             a handrail with its supporting posts

1. having the qualities of balm:SOOTHING                                staircase:banister::garden:fence
2. MILD                                                                 樓梯:扶欄::花園:圍牆 ( 附屬關係 )
inclement <> balmy                                                      Synonyms:RAILING , balustrade , rail

氣候酷烈的 ( 人無情的 , 嚴酷的 ) <> 氣候溫和的
balmy <> piquant                                                        banquet                      n. 盛宴豐盛 , 豪華的筵席
芬芳的 <> 辛辣的                                                              a sumptuous feast ; especially:an elaborate and often ceremonious

Synonyms:GENTLE , bland , faint , lenient , mild , smooth , soft        meal for numerous people often in honor of a person

                                                                        writer:novel::chef:banquet

bamboozle                       v. 欺騙 , 隱瞞                              作家:小說::廚師:盛宴 ( 職業及其工作物件 )

to deceive by underhanded methods:DUPE , HOODWINK                       recluse:banquet::??

Synonyms:DUPE , befool , fool , gull , hoax , hoodwink , trick          遁世者:盛宴::??



ban                             n. 禁令                                   barb                                n. 尖銳而嚴厲的批評
to prohibit especially by legal means ban:protect                       a biting or pointedly critical remark or comment

CF:bane ( n. 禍根 )                                                       barb:caustic::pan:harsh

                                                                        尖銳批評:尖刻的::嚴厲批評:嚴厲的 ( 事物及其正面特徵

banal                           adj. 陳腐的                                )

lacking originality , freshness , or novelty:TRITE                      CF:barbarous ( adj. 野蠻的 , 殘暴的 )
arresting <> banal

引人注意的 <> 陳腐的                                                            barbarian                           adj. 野蠻的 , 粗魯的
banality <> freshness                                                   lacking refinement , learning , or artistic or literary culture

陳腐 <> 新鮮                                                                barbarize <> civilize

Synonyms:insipid , vapid , flat , jejune                                野蠻化 <> 教化
                                                                        Synonyms barbaric , barbarous , Gothic , Hunnic , Hunnish , rude

baneful                         adj. 有害的 , 致禍的                          , savage , uncivil , uncivilized , uncultivated , wild

productive of destruction or woe:seriously harmful

Synonyms:pernicious , noxious , deleterious                             barbarous                    adj. 野蠻的 , 殘暴的 , 粗野的
                                                                                                     , ( 聲音 ) 刺耳的 , 沙啞的
                                                                        mercilessly harsh or cruel
                                                                   32                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
barbarous <> quiescent                                                 debase:value::attenuate:force

刺耳的 <> 安靜的                                                             貶低:價值::削弱:力量 ( 動賓關係 )
                                                                       base <> virtuous

barefaced                  adj. 公然的 , 無恥的 ,                            卑鄙的 <> 品德高尚

                           無面具的                                        base <> noble

1:OPEN , UNCONCEALED                                                   底層社會 <> 貴族

2:lacking scruples                                                     sublime <> base / common

barefaced / aboveboard <> surreptitious                                崇高的 <> 低級的 / 平凡

公然的 / 光明正大的 <> 暗中的                                                     base <> patrician

Synonyms:SHAMELESS , arrant , brassy , brazen , brazenfaced ,          底層社會 <> 貴族
impudent , overbold , unabashed , unblushing                           Synonyms:low , vile
                                                                       CF:abase ( v. 貶抑 , 使卑下 ) debase ( v. 貶低 , 貶損 )

bargain                    n. 交易 , 買賣 ,
                           物美價廉的東西 v. 討價還價                             baseboard                             n. 護壁板 , 腳板
to negotiate over the terms of a purchase , agreement , or             a molding covering the joint of a wall and the adjoining floor

contract:HAGGLE                                                        veneer:furniture::baseboard:wall

debate:issue::bargain:price                                            木片:家具::護壁板:牆 ( 保護關係 )

爭論:議題::討價還價:價錢 ( 動賓關係 )

                                                                       bathetic                              adj. 平凡的 , 陳腐的 ,
baroque                    n. adj. ( 藝術 , 建築等 )                                                              頓降的
                           高度裝飾的 , 過份雕琢的                               exceptional commonplaceness:TRITENESS
characterized by grotesqueness , extravagance , complexity , or        offbeat <> bathetic

flamboyance                                                            離奇的 <> 平庸的
baroque <> austere                                                     offbeat <> hackneyed

過分修飾的 <> 簡樸的                                                           離奇的 <> 平庸的

Synonyms:ORNATE , flamboyant , florid , luscious , rich                Synonyms:TRITE , commonplace , hack , hackneyed , stale ,
                                                                       stereotyped , stereotypical , tired

barter                     n. 以物易物 , 實物交易                              區別:apathetic ( adj. 冷漠的 , 無動於衷的 )                     pathetic ( adj.
to trade by exchanging one commodity for another                       引起憐憫的 , 令人難過的 )

jog:exercise::barter:trade

慢跑:運動::以物易物:交易 ( 種屬關係 )                                                bedeck                                vt. 裝飾 , 修飾
correspond:letters::barter:commodities                                 to clothe with finery:DECK

通信:信::以物易物:商品 ( 動賓關係 )                                                 bedeck <> strip

Synonyms:TRADE , bargain , exchange , swap , traffic , truck           裝飾 <> 剝去

區別:charter ( n. ( 公司 ) 執照 , 憲章 )                                       Synonyms:ADORN , beautify , deck , decorate , dress ( up ) ,
                                                                       embellish , garnish , ornament , prank , trim

base                 adj. 卑鄙的 , 低級的 n. 底層
being of comparatively low value and having relatively inferior        bedlam                      n. 混亂 , 騷亂 , 瘋人院
properties                                                             a place , scene , or state of uproar and confusion
                                                                  33                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                          Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
tumultuous:bedlam::active:hive                                      imperious:servile::bellicose:peaceable

吵鬧的:吵鬧的地方::活躍的:熱鬧場所 (                                               傲慢的:卑屈的::好戰的:和平的 ( 反義關係 )

事物及其正面特徵 )                                                          bellicose <> appeasing

Synonyms:LUNATIC , dement , loon , loony , madling , maniac         好戰的 <> 和平的
                                                                    bellicose <> incline to peace

belabor                       vt. 冗長的解釋 , 痛打                        好戰的 <> 愛好和平的
to explain or insist on excessively                                 bellicose <> peaceful

badger:bother::belabor:mention                                      好戰的 <> 和平的

一直煩:煩::囉唆的提示:提示 ( 重複和正常 )                                           Synonyms:belligerent , pugnacious , quarrelsome , contentious

Synonyms:BEAT , baste , drub , lambaste , pound , pummel ,
wallop                                                              belligerence               n. 交戰 , 好戰性 , 鬥爭性
                                                                    an aggressive or truculent attitude , atmosphere , or disposition

beleaguer                     vt. 使困擾 , 使煩惱 , 圍攻                    obsequious:servile::belligerent:assertive
TROUBLE , HARASS                                                    諂媚的:卑屈的::好戰的:攻擊性的 ( 同義 )
beleaguer <> delight                                                belligerent <> peaceful

使煩惱 <> 使愉悅                                                          好戰的 <> 愛好和平的

Synonyms:BESIEGE , beset , blockade , invest                        Synonyms:ATTACK , aggression , aggressiveness ,

區別:oleaginous ( adj. 含油的 , 油膩的 )                                    combativeness , fight , pugnacity



belie                                v. 掩飾 , 證明爲假                   bellwether                 n. 繫鈴的公羊 , 前導 , 領導者
to show ( something ) to be false or wrong                                                     , 群衆的首領
belie <> affirm                                                     One that serves as a leader or as a leading indicator of future trends

證明爲假 <> 確認                                                          bellwether:leadership::advisor:consultant
belie <> confirm                                                    領導者:領導階層::顧問:顧問 ( 同義 )

證明爲假 <> 確認

Synonyms:MISREPRESENT , color , distort , falsify , garble ,        bemoan                     vt. 惋惜 , 認爲遺憾 , 哀歎
miscolor , misstate , pervert , twist , warp                        to express deep grief or distress over

CF:belief ( n. 信仰 )                                                 Synonyms:deplore , lament , bewail

                                                                    CF:moan ( v. n. ( 痛苦的 ) 呻吟 , ( 不滿的 ) 抱怨 )

belittle                             vt. 輕視 , 使渺小
to speak slightingly of:DISPARAGE                                   bend                       vi. 彎曲 , 屈服
Synonyms:derogate , detract ( from ) , diminish , discount ,        to make submissive:SUBDUE , COMPROMISE
disparage , , minimize , write off                                  bend:rigid::submerge:buoyant::dissolve:insoluble

                                                                    彎曲:不曲::下沈:浮起::溶解:不溶解 ( 反義關係 )

belletristic                  adj. 文學研究的 , 純文學的                     Synonyms:CURVE , bow , crook , round
A writer of belles-lettres.

                                                                    benediction                n. 祝福
bellicose                            adj. 好戰的 , 好鬥的                 the invocation of a blessing

favoring or inclined to start quarrels or wars                      curse <> benediction
                                                               34                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                        Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
詛咒 , 咒語 <> 祝福                                                           supplicant:beseeching::coquette::flirtatious

Synonyms:BLESSING , benison                                             懇求者:懇求::輕浮的人:輕浮的 ( 人及其正面特徵 )

                                                                        Synonyms:beg , appeal , crave , entreat , implore , importune ,

beneficent                  adj. 仁慈的 , 慈善的 , 善行的                        invoke , plead , pray , supplicate

                            , 有益的                                       besmirch                             v. 誹謗 , 玷污
doing or producing good ; especially:performing acts of kindness        SULLY , SOIL

and charity                                                             besmirch <> honor

beneficent:harm::tenacious:yield                                        誹謗 <> 尊敬【JJ. PP】

有利的:傷害::頑固的:屈服 ( 反義關係 )                                                 Synonyms:taint , besmear , defile , discolor , smear , soil , stain ,

philanthropist:beneficence::comedian:humor                              sully , tar , tarnish

慈善家:仁慈::喜劇演員:幽默 ( 人及其正面特徵 )                                             CF:smirch ( v. 玷污 , n. 污點 )
noxious <> beneficial

有害的 <> 有益的                                                              betray                               vt. 背叛 , 辜負 , 洩漏
toxic <> beneficial                                                     to deliver to an enemy by treachery

有毒的 <> 有益的                                                              Synonyms:reveal , disclose , divulge

                                                                        CF:astray ( adj. 迷路的 , 誤入歧途的 )

benign                adj. ( 病 ) 良性的 , ( 氣候 )
                      良好的 , 仁慈的 , 和藹的                                   bibliophile                          n. 愛書者 , 藏書家
a:showing kindness and gentleness                                       a lover of books especially for qualities of format ; also:a book

b:FAVORABLE , WHOLESOME                                                 collector
benign <> malign                                                        bibliophile:books::gourmet:food {
Synonyms FAVORABLE 5 , auspicious , bright , dexter ,                   calligrapher:handwriting }
fortunate , propitious , white                                          藏書家:書籍::美食家:食物 { 書法家:書法 } (

                                                                        人及其職業特徵 )

bequest                          n. 遺贈物 , 遺産 , 遺贈
something bequeathed:LEGACY                                             bigot                      n. ( 宗教 , 政治等的 ) 盲信者
heirloom:ancestor::bequest:testator                                                                , 頑固者
傳家寶:祖先::遺産:立遺囑的人 ( 人及其作用物件 )                                            a person obstinately or intolerantly devoted to his or her own

Synonyms:LEGACY , devise , inheritance                                  opinions and prejudices

區別:sequester ( v. ( 使 ) 隱退 , 隱居 )                                       bigot:tolerance::turncoat:constancy

                                                                        頑固者:容忍::背叛者:一致性 ( 人及其反面特徵 )

berate                      v. 嚴責                                       bigot::dedication::rage:anger
to scold or condemn vehemently and at length                            盲信者:奉獻::狂怒者:憤怒 ( 人及其正面特徵 )

berate:commend::??                                                      bigoted:advice::conservative:change

嚴責:讚揚::?? ( 反義 )                                                        頑固的:忠告::保守的:變遷 ( 缺乏關係 )

                                                                        posturer:unaffected::bigot:tolerant

beseech                          v. 祈求 , 懇求                             裝模作樣者:不矯飾的::頑固者:忍受的 ( 人及其反面特徵

to request earnestly:IMPLORE                                            )


                                                                   35                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
bigot:tolerant::provincial:cosmopolitan {                               UNCONCERNED

servile:domination }                                                    miser:munificent::zealot:blase

頑固者:忍受的::鄉下人:城市的 { 卑屈的:支配 } (                                           吝嗇鬼:慷慨的::狂熱分子:冷漠的 ( 人及其反面特徵 )

人及其反面特徵 )                                                               Synonyms:SOPHISTICATED , disenchanted , disentranced ,

Synonyms:ENTHUSIAST , bug , fanatic , fiend , freak , maniac ,          disillusioned , mondaine , sophisticate , worldly

nut , zealot

CF:bigotry ( n. 頑固 , 偏狹 )                                               blaspheme                         vt. vi. 辱駡 , 褻瀆
                                                                        1. to speak of or address with irreverence

bit                        n. 鑽頭                                        2. REVILE , ABUSE

the jaws of tongs or pincers                                            blast                             n. 一陣 ( 風 ) , v. 爆破
bit:drill::blade:razor                                                  a violent gust of wind

鑽頭:鑽::刀刃:刮鬍刀 ( 部分與整體關係 )                                                blast:whiff::gush:trickle

                                                                        大風吹:輕吹::湧出:滴流 ( 程度類比 )

blackout                   n. ( 幕間或劇中 ) 燈暗 ,
                           臨時眩暈 , 刪除 , 新聞封鎖 )                           blatant                           adj. 喧嘩的 , 無恥的
a blotting out by censorship:SUPPRESSION                                completely obvious , conspicuous , or obtrusive especially in a

Synonyms:FAINT , coma , swoon , syncope                                 crass or offensive manner:BRAZEN

                                                                        ambiguous:understand::blatant:ignore

bland               adj. 溫和的 , 乏味的 , 冷漠的                                模棱兩可的:瞭解::喧嘩的 , 明顯的:忽略 (

1. not irritating , stimulating , or invigorating:SOOTHING              形容詞及其反面目的動作 )
2. DULL , INSIPID                                                       blatant:arresting::odious:disgusting
tangy <> bland                                                          喧鬧的:引人注意的::討厭的:厭惡的 (

刺激的 <> 溫和的                                                              形容詞及其正面目的動作 )

Synonyms:GENTLE , balmy , faint , lenient , mild , smooth , soft        blatant <> inconspicuous / unimpressive / unobtrusive

                                                                        喧嘩的 , 無恥的 <> 不明顯的 / 無印象的 / 客氣的 , 謙虛的

blandishment                      n. 奉承                                 blatant <> subtle

something that tends to coax or cajole:ALLUREMENT                       喧鬧的 <> 細微的

blandishment:coax::medal:honor                                          Synonyms:VOCIFEROUS , boisterous , obstreperous ,

甜言蜜語哄騙:哄騙::獎牌:榮譽 ( 事物及其表達的含義 )                                          vociferant , SHAMELESS , barefaced , brazen , brazenfaced ,
blandishment <> threat                                                  impudent , overbold , unabashed , unblushing

奉承 <> 威脅

Synonyms:FLATTERY , adulation , blarney , incense , oil , soft          blazon                 vt. 以家徽裝飾 , 宣佈 n. 紋章
soap                                                                    1. to publish widely:PROCLAIM
                                                                        2. armorial bearings

blase                      adj. 1. 對享樂 【人生】                             alliterate:remove::blazon:efface

                           等厭倦的 2. 冷漠的 ,                                押頭韻:刪除::畫紋章:拭除 ( 消除關係 )

                           無動於衷的                                        blazon:adorn::pillar:support
1. apathetic to pleasure or excitement as a result of excessive         紋章:裝飾::柱子:支援 ( 事物及其功能 )
indulgence or enjoyment                                                 blazon <> efface
                                                                   36                            Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                         太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
宣佈 <> 抹掉                                                                      Synonyms:HAPPINESS , beatitude , blessedness



bleach                                  vt. 漂白                                blunder                       v 犯大錯 n. 愚蠢之舉
to remove color or stains from                                                1. to make a stupid , careless , or thoughtless mistake in

Synonyms:WHITEN , blanch , blench , decolor , decolorize ,                    2. a gross error or mistake resulting usually from stupidity ,

white                                                                         ignorance , or carelessness

CF:leach ( v. 分離 , 過濾掉 )                                                      protocol:blunder::bumper:damage

                                                                              外交禮節:愚蠢之舉::保險杆:損壞 ( 消除 / 避免關係 )

blemish                       v. 損害 , 玷污 n. 瑕疵 , 缺點                           Synonyms:ERROR , boner , bungle , lapse , mistake , slip , trip
to spoil by a flaw                                                            CF:plunder ( v. 搶劫 , 掠奪 )

blemish:impeccable::guile:artless
缺點:沒有缺點的::詭計:樸實的 ( 缺乏關係 )                                                     blunt                         adj. 鈍的 , 坦率的 , 麻痹的
anomaly:paradigmatic::blemish:flawless                                                                   vt. 使變鈍
異常:典範的::缺點:無缺點的 ( 反面特徵 )                                                      to make less sharp or definite

pristine:blemish::??                                                          blunt <> whet

質樸的:腐朽::??                                                                    使變鈍 <> 使磨快 , 使興奮

Synonyms:INJURE , damage , harm , hurt , impair , mar ,                       Synonyms:DULL , disedge , obtund , turn
prejudice , spoil , tarnish , vitiate

                                                                              blurb                         n. 大肆宣傳
blender               n. 混合的人 , 混合器 , 攪拌器                                     a short publicity notice

an electric appliance for grinding or mixing                                  blurb:notice::gloss:explanation

                                                                              大肆宣傳:布告::加批註:解釋 ( 種屬 )

blight                  n. 植物枯萎病 v. 使…枯萎                                     blurb:notice::cameo:appearance
1. a disease or injury of plants resulting in withering , cessation of        大肆宣傳:布告::小貝殼:外表 【對應不工整】
growth , and death of parts without rotting                                   Synonyms:PUFF , plug , write-up
2. to affect ( as a plant ) with blight

blighted <> hale                                                              blurt            vt. 未加思索地衝口說出 , 突然說出
枯萎的 <> 強壯的 , 健壯的                                                              to utter abruptly and impulsively ? usually used with out

Synonyms:BLAST                                                                flit:move::blurt:utter

                                                                              迅速飛過:移動::突然說出:出聲 ( 快:正常 )

blimp                n. 軟式小型飛船 , 頑固的保守分子                                      Synonyms EXCLAIM , blat , bolt , cry out , ejaculate

a nonrigid airship                                                            區別:blurb vt. 大作廣告

CF:limp ( v. 跛行 adj. 無力的 , 鬆軟的 )

                                                                              bluster                       vt. 風狂吹 , 咆哮 , 洶湧
bliss                                   n. 狂喜                                 to talk or act with noisy swaggering threats

complete happiness                                                            blustering:speak::swaggering:walk

dislike:loathing::pleasure:bliss                                              吵鬧的:說話::大搖大擺的走:走路 ( 種屬關係 )

討厭:非常厭惡::愉快:幸福 ( 程度類比 )                                                       pontificate:pompous::scoff:derisive::drawl:slow::bl


                                                                         37                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                 Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
uster:loud::prate:aimless                                                     CF:holster ( n. 手槍皮套 )

裝模做樣地說話:華而不實的::嘲笑:嘲笑的::懶洋洋的
說話:緩慢的::咆哮:高聲的::閒聊:無目的的                                                       bombast                          n. 誇大的言辭
Synonyms:ROAR , bawl , bellow , clamor , rout                                 pretentious inflated speech or writing

                                                                              nonsensical:drivel::pompous:bombast

boding                      n. 凶兆 , 前兆 , 預感 adj.                              無意義的:胡說::自大的:誇大的言辭 ( 語言及其正面特徵

                            凶兆的                                               )
an omen , prediction , or presentiment especially of coming                   bombast:pompous::tirade:critical
evil:PORTENT , FOREBODING                                                     誇大其辭的話:誇大的 ( 自負的 )
auspicious <> boding ill                                                      ::長篇攻擊性言論:批評的 ( 語言及其正面特徵 )

吉祥的 <> 凶兆的                                                                    bombast <> down to earth language / understated

Synonyms:OMINOUS , baleful , baneful , fateful , ill-omened ,                 誇大的言辭 <> 實事求是的話語 / 低估的 , 陳述不完全的 ,
inauspicious , unlucky , unpropitious                                         輕描淡寫的
                                                                              Synonyms:fustian , highfalutin , rant , rhapsody , rhetoric ,

boggle                             vi. 猶豫 , 躊躇 , 吃驚 ,                         rodomontade

                                   搪塞
to hesitate because of doubt , fear , or scruples                             bonhomie                         n. 好性情 , 溫和 , 和藹
boggle <> embolden                                                            good-natured easy friendliness

猶豫 <> 使勇敢                                                                     congenial:bonhomie::??

Synonyms:DEMUR , balk , gag , jib , scruple , shy , stickle ,                 性格相似的:性情溫和::??
stumble                                                                       bonhomie:good natured::??

                                                                              和藹:脾氣好的::?? ( 同義 )

boisterous                         adj. 喧鬧的 , 歡鬧的
noisily turbulent:ROWDY                                                       bonus                            n. 獎金 , 紅利
boisterous <> quiet                                                           something in addition to what is expected or strictly due

喧鬧的 <> 安靜的                                                                    bonus:employee:: { decoration:soldier }

Synonyms:VOCIFEROUS , blatant , clamorous                                     獎金:雇員::勳章:戰士 ( 獎勵關係 )

CF:cloistered ( adj. 隱居的 )                                                    CF:onus ( n. 義務 , 責任 )



bolster                            n. 枕墊 v. 支援 , 鼓勵
1. a structural part designed to eliminate friction or provide support

or bearing

2. to support with or as if with a bolster:

bolster:support::tackle:hoist

支撐物:支撐::吊索:升 ( 事物及其功能 )

adulterate:pure::bolster / brace:weak

摻假:純淨::振作精神:虛弱 ( 減輕或消除關係 )

Synonyms:SUPPORT , bear up , brace , buttress , carry , prop ,
shore ( up ) , sustain , upbear , uphold
                                                                         38                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                                                                            die:shaping::drill:boring

                                                                            沖模:整形::鑽子:打洞 ( 工具及其作用 )
                                                                            entrance <> disappoint / disgust / repel / repulse / bore

                                                                            使人入神的 <> 使失望 / 令人厭惡 / 抵制 / 厭惡 / 使煩擾

                                                                            【原爲entrancing 詞性不符】
                                                                            Synonyms      ENNUI , pall , tire , weary , PERFORATE , drill ,

                                                                            prick , punch , puncture



                                                                            bottleneck             n. 瓶頸口 , ( 喻 )
                                                                                                        交通易阻塞的狹口 ,
                                                                                                        妨礙生産流程的一環
List 4 ( boon ~ chaff ) :                                                   NARROW

                                                                            bottleneck:indefinite       【關係不明】

boon                              n. 恩惠
BENEFIT , FAVOR                                                             bough                                     n. 大樹枝
boon <> misfortune                                                          a branch of a tree ; especially:a main branch

恩惠 <> 災禍                                                                    Synonyms LIMB , branch

Synonyms GIFT , benevolence , compliment , favor , largess ,

present , GOOD , advantage , benediction , benefit , blessing ,             box                         vi. 拳擊
godsend                                                                     to fight with the fists:engage in boxing

                                                                            box:fight::debate:argue

boor                              n. 粗野的人 ,                                 拳擊:對抗::爭論:辯論 ( 種屬 )

                                  不懂禮貌的人 , 農民                               Synonyms SLAP , blip , buffet , cuff , smack , spank

a rude or insensitive person

insensitive:boor::mischievous:imp                                           bracing                     adj. 增加氣力的 , 令人振奮的
感覺遲鈍的:粗野的人::淘氣的:頑童 ( 人物及其正面特徵                                                                           , 提神的 , 使心神清爽的
)                                                                           giving strength , vigor , or freshness

Synonyms chuff , churl , clodhopper , clown                                 bracing <> vapid

                                                                            令人振奮的 <> 無趣味的

bootless                          adj. 無用的 , 無益者                            Synonyms       INVIGORATING , animating , exhilarating ,

USELESS , UNPROFITABLE                                                      exhilarative , quickening , stimulating , stimulative , tonic ,

bootless:futility::effulgent:resplendence                                   vitalizing

interesting:intriguing::bootless:futile

有趣的:有趣的::無用的:無用的 ( 同義關係 )                                                   bracket                     n. 支架 , 括弧 , 托架
Synonyms FUTILE , abortive , fruitless , ineffective , ineffectual ,        an overhanging member that projects from a structure ( as a wall )

unavailable , unavailing , unproductive , useless , vain                    and is usually designed to support a vertical load or to strengthen

                                                                            an angle

bore                              vt. 使煩擾 , 鑽孔                              buttress:wall::bracket:shelf
to make a hole by or as if by boring
                                                                       39                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
扶壁:牆壁::支架:架子 ( 事物及其支援物 )                                                   diffident <> brassy

Synonyms        JOIN , associate , combine , conjoin , connect ,           羞怯的 <> 厚臉皮的
couple , link , relate , unite , wed , COMPARE , collate , contrast        furtive <> open / forthright / brassy

                                                                           秘密的 <> 公開的 / 直率的 / 厚臉皮的

brackish                    adj. 有鹽味的 , 可厭的                                brassy <> humble

REPULSIVE                                                                  厚臉皮的 <> 謙遜的

brackish:repulse::??                                                       brassy <> unassertive

可厭的:厭惡::?? ( 形容詞及其動詞的同義關係 )                                                厚臉皮的 <> 謙遜的
                                                                           Synonyms SHAMELESS , arrant , barefaced , blatant , brazen ,

braided                     adj. 編織成的 , 梳成辮子的 ,                            brazenfaced , impudent , overbold , unabashed , unblushing ,

                           編成緶的 , 束                                        BRAZEN , aeneous
made by intertwining three or more strands

grooved:striated::braided:stranded                                         brattish                   adj. ( 指小孩 ) 討厭的 ,
開槽的:有條紋的::編織成的:梳成辮子的 ( 同義 )                                                                           寵壞的 , 不聽話的 , 不禮貌的
                                                                           an ill-mannered annoying child

brake                       n. 刹車 , 阻礙 , 叢林                                tightfisted:parsimonious::brattish:mischievous
to retard or stop by a brake                                               吝嗇的:過度節儉的::淘氣的:惡作劇的 ( 程度類比 )

divert:shunt::retard:brake

轉移:使轉軌::減速:刹車 ( 動作及其目的 )                                                   bravura                 adj. 雄壯華麗的 , 氣勢磅薄的
brake:decelerate::clamp:compression                                        marked by an ostentatious display of skill

刹車:減速::夾子:壓縮 ( 工具及其作用 )                                                    bravura:performance::resplendent:appearance
Synonyms HINDER , bar , block , dam , impede , obstruct ,                  優秀技巧的:表演::華麗的:外表 ( 形容詞修飾名詞 )
overslaugh

                                                                           bray                    v. 大聲而刺耳地發出叫喚或聲音
brash                       adj. 性急的 , 倉促的 , 無禮的                           to emit ( an utterance or a sound ) loudly and harshly

                            , 傲慢的
done in haste without regard for consequences                              brazen                     adj. 黃銅製的 , 厚顔無恥的
frivolous:gravity::brash:discretion                                        marked by contemptuous boldness

無關緊要的:嚴重或重大::輕率的 ; 魯莽的:慎重周到 (                                              impudence:brazen::deadpan:impassive

形容詞與名詞的反面關係 )                                                              厚顔無恥:厚顔無恥的::無表情的臉:冷漠的 (
Synonyms RASH , hasty , hot-headed , ill-advised , incautious ,            名詞及其形容詞 )
inconsiderate , mad-brained , madcap , reckless , thoughtless ,            brazen <> modest

EXUBERANT , ebullient , effervescent , high-spirited , vivacious ,         厚顔無恥的 <> 羞怯的
TACTLESS , impolitic , maladroit , undiplomatic , untactful ,              brazen <> self effacing
PRESUMPTUOUS , forward , overweening , presuming , pushful ,               厚顔無恥的 <> 害羞的
pushing , self-asserting , self-assertive , uppish , uppity                Synonyms INSOLENT , audacious , bold , contumelious ,

                                                                           impertinent , impudent , saucy , SHAMELESS , arrant , barefaced ,

brassy                      adj. 似黃銅的 , 厚臉皮的                               blatant , brassy , brazenfaced , impudent , overbold , unabashed ,

being shamelessly bold                                                     unblushing , GAUDY , blatant , chintzy , flashy , garish , glaring ,
                                                                      40                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                         太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
loud , meretricious , tawdry , tinsel , aeneous , brassy                       keenly alert:LIVELY
                                                                               ponderous <> lively / vibrant / brisk

breach                         v. 毀壞 , 洩密 n. 缺口                                沈悶的 <> 活潑的 / 活躍的 / 活潑的
to make a breach in                                                            Synonyms AGILE , active , lively , nimble , sprightly , spry , yare ,

breach <> solder                                                               zippy

毀壞 <> 補修
solder <> breach                                                               bristle                      n. 硬毛 v. 氣勢洶洶 , 直立 ,
焊合 <> 破裂                                                                       發怒 , 充滿
Synonyms contravention , infraction , infringement , transgression             to take on an aggressive attitude or appearance ( as in response to a

, trespass , violation , GAP , break , discontinuity , hole , opening ,        slight )

fissure , fracture , rent , rift , rupture , schism , split , hiatus ,         bristle <> cower
interim , interruption , interval , lacuna                                     發怒 <> 畏縮

breezeway                                     n. 有屋頂的通路                        bristle:anger::vacillate:unresolution { condone:mercy } {
a roofed often open passage connecting two buildings ( as a house              condemn:warning }
and garage ) or halves of a building                                           發怒:憤怒::憂鬱不定:不堅決 { 赦免:仁慈 } {

breezeway:building::stairway:floor                                             譴責:警告 }

有屋頂的通路:建築物::樓梯:樓層 ( 建築物及其通道 )                                                  Synonyms ANGER , blow up , boil , boil over , burn , flare ( up ) ,

                                                                               fume , rage , seethe

brevity                                       n. 簡短 , 簡潔
shortness or conciseness of expression                                         brittle                adj. 易碎的 , 脆弱的 , 易壞的
brevity:aphorism::distortion:caricature                                        easily broken , cracked , or snapped

簡短:箴言::歪曲:滑稽模仿 ( 事物及其特徵 )                                                      manifest:perceive::brittle:break

exaggeration:caricature::brevity:epigram                                       明白的:理解::易碎的:破碎 ( 事物特徵及其被動特性 )

誇張:諷刺畫::簡短:箴言 ( 事物及其特徵 )                                                       Synonyms       SHORT , crisp , crumbly , crump , crunchy , friable

Synonyms shortness , conciseness

                                                                               broach                            v. 開瓶 , 提出 ( 問題 )
bribe                                 v. & n. 賄賂 , 收買                          to open for the first time

to induce or influence by or as if by bribery                                  broach <> close off

bribe:incorruptible::affect:insensible                                         打開 <> 關閉

賄賂:不腐敗的::感動:無知覺的 ( 行爲及其反面特徵 )                                                  Synonyms BROOCH , clip , pin , bring up , introduce , moot ,

                                                                               ventilate

bridle                                v. 限制 , 阻止
to restrain , check , or control with or as if with a bridle                   bromide                           n. 溴化物 ( 鎮靜藥用 ) ,
bridled <> without restraint                                                                                    平庸的人或物
受限制的 <> 沒有限制的                                                                  a commonplace or hackneyed statement or notion

Synonyms buy , buy off , fix , have , sop , square , tamper ( with )           equivocation:misleading::bromide:hackneyed

                                                                               模棱兩可的話:易引起誤解的::平庸的人或物:不新奇的 (

brisk                    adj. 敏銳的 , 凜冽的 , 活潑的                                  事物及其正面特徵 )
                                                                               bromide <> unhackneyed
                                                                          41                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                  Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
平庸的人或物 <> 新奇的 【注:詞性不符】
Synonyms COMMONPLACE , banality , platitude , rubber stamp                   budge                      vi. 移動 , 微微一動 , 放棄
, shibboleth , tag , truism                                                  to give way:YIELD

                                                                             palter:candor::diehard:budge

browbeat                               vt. ( 用神情、言詞 )                        含糊其詞:直率::頑固分子:移動 ( 人物及其反面特徵動作

                                       威嚇 , 嚴詞厲色地斥責                          )

instigator:incite::bully:browbeat                                            Synonyms LIQUOR , alcohol , aqua vitae , booze , drink ,

煽動者:激勵::欺淩弱小者:威嚇 ( 人物及其正面特徵 )                                                firewater , grog

Synonyms INTIMIDATE , bludgeon , bluster , bulldoze , bully ,

cow , dragoon , hector                                                       buffoon                    n. 丑角 , 缺乏教養之人
                                                                             a ludicrous figure:CLOWN

bruit                         vt. 散播                                         ludicrous:buffoon::dissolute:libertine::humorous:wag

to noise abroad:REPORT                                                       可笑的:丑角::放縱的:放蕩不羈的人::幽默的:愛說笑
bruit <> keep secret                                                         打趣的人 ( 人極其所具有的性格特徵 )
散播 <> 保持秘密                                                                   Synonyms CLOWN , harlequin , zany

Synonyms DECLARE , advertise , announce , annunciate , blaze (

abroad ) , blazon , broadcast , proclaim , promulgate , publish              bully                      n. 欺淩弱小者 , 土霸
                                                                             one habitually cruel to others who are weaker

buck                          n. 雄鹿 , 美元 v. ( 馬 ) 跳躍                         instigator:incite::bully:browbeat

                              , 反對 , 吹牛 , 閒聊                                 煽動者:激勵::欺淩弱小者:威嚇 ( 人物及其正面特徵 )

to refuse assent:BALK                                                        bully:intimidate::stupid:gullibility
buck <> assent to                                                            欺淩弱小者:威嚇::笨人:輕信 ( 人物及其特徵行爲 )

反對 <> 贊成                                                                     sabotage:subvertness::bull:intimidation { dupe:duplicity }
Synonyms MAN , boy , chap , fellow , gent , gentleman , guy , he             陰謀破壞:顛覆::暴力強迫:脅迫 ( 行爲及其目標 )
, FOP , blood , coxcomb , dandy , dude , exquisite , lounge lizard ,         underdog <> bully

macaroni , DOLLAR , bill , SAWHORSE , horse , sawbuck ,                      受害者 <> 欺淩弱小者
trestle , workhorse , RESIST , combat , contest , dispute , duel ,           Synonyms browbeater , bulldozer , harasser , harrier , hector ,
fight , oppose , repel , traverse , withstand , CARRY , bear , convey        intimidator ; compare TOUGH , PIMP , fancy man , pander
, ferry , lug , pack , tote , transport , PASS , hand , reach ,

PULVERIZE , bray , comminute , crush , powder , triturate                    bumper                     n. 緩衝器 , 滿杯 , 豐收
                                                                             a device for absorbing shock or preventing damage

bucolic                       adj. 鄉村的 , 牧羊的                                 protocol:blunder::bumper:damage
relating to or typical of rural life                                         外交禮節:大錯誤::緩衝器:傷害 ( 防止關係 )

hovel:palatial::city:bucolic

小屋:宏偉的::城市:田園生活的 ( 事物及其反面特徵 )                                                bumptious                        adj. 瞎自誇的 ,
bucolic <> urban                                                                                              瞎自大的 , 傲慢的
鄉村的 <> 都市的                                                                   presumptuously , obtusely , and often noisily self-

Synonyms RURAL , agrestic , campestral , countrified , country ,             assertive:OBTRUSIVE
out-country , outland , pastoral , provincial , rustic
                                                                        42                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
dour:geniality::bumptious:humbleness

嚴厲的:親切::傲慢的:謙遜 ( 形容詞與名詞的反面關係 )                                                burgeon                          v. 迅速成長 , 發展
impetuous:vacillation / hesitation::bumptious:humbleness                      to grow and expand rapidly:FLOURISH

衝動的:猶豫::傲慢的:謙遜 ( 形容詞與名詞的反面關係 )                                                burgeon <> wither

bumptious <> humble                                                           萌芽 <> 枯萎

傲慢的 <> 謙遜的                                                                    burgeon <> subdue

                                                                              萌芽 <> 壓制

bung                               n. ( 桶口等的 ) 塞子                             burgeoning <> waning

the stopper especially in the bunghole of a cask                              迅速生長的 <> 慢慢衰減的
Synonyms THROW , cast , fire , fling , heave , hurl , launch ,                Synonyms INCREASE , augment , build , enlarge , expand ,

pitch , sling , toss                                                          heighten , mount , multiply , run up , snowball , BLOSSOM ,

                                                                              bloom , blow , effloresce , flower

bungle                      vt. vi. 拙劣地工作 , 粗製濫造                              burial                      n. 安葬 , 埋葬 , 埋藏
                            , 失敗                                              the act or process of burying

to act or work clumsily and awkwardly                                         inter:burial::obliterate:removal
bungle <> bring off                                                           埋葬:埋藏::使消失:除去 ( 動詞與名詞的同義關係 )

失敗 <> 大成功                                                                     Synonyms GRAVE , sepulcher , sepulture , tomb , entombment ,

Synonyms BOTCH , flub , fluff , goof ( up ) , gum ( up ) , louse              inhumation , interment , sepulture

up , muff , ERROR , blooper , blunder , boner , bull , fluff , lapse ,

mistake , slip , trip                                                         burlesque                   n. 諷刺或滑稽的戲劇
                                                                              mockery usually by caricature

buoy                        vt. 使浮起 , 支撐 ,                                    diatribe:abuse::burlesque:mockery

鼓勵SUPPORT , UPLIFT                                                            謾駡:辱駡::滑稽、荒謬的模仿:嘲弄或無禮的模仿 (
buoyed <> unsupported                                                         動作體現情感 )

支撐的 <> 沒有支援的                                                                  doggerel:verse::burlesque:play
Synonyms SUPPORT , bolster , prop , sustain , uphold                          打油詩:詩::諷刺作品 , 滑稽戲劇:戲劇 ( 種屬關係 )



buoyant                            adj. 易浮的 , 快樂的                             burnish                     v. 擦亮 , 磨光
a:capable of floating                                                         to make shiny or lustrous especially by rubbing

b:CHEERFUL , GAY                                                              numb:insensible::burnish:lustrous

bend:rigid::submerge:buoyant::dissolve:insoluble                              使昏迷:無知覺的::磨光:有光澤的 ( 行爲及其結果 )

彎曲:堅硬的::沒入水中:上浮的::溶解:不溶的 (                                                    Synonyms POLISH , buff , furbish , glance , glaze , gloss , rub ,

不容易實現 )                                                                       shine

hangdog <> buoyant

低賤的 <> 快樂的 【對應不工整】                                                            burrow                      n. ( 兔子等 ) 所掘的地洞 , v.
buoyant <> sink                                                                                           挖洞
有浮力的 <> 下沈 【詞性不符】                                                             to construct by tunneling

Synonyms ELASTIC , airy , bouncy , effervescent , expansive ,                 ditch:canyon::burrow:cavern
resilient , volatile
                                                                         43                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
溝:峽谷::地洞:大洞 ( 程度比較 )                                                         cabal:association::plot:plan
Synonyms LAIR , couch , den , lodge , HOVEL , hole ,                         秘密結社:協會::陰謀:計劃 ( 事物及其特徵方式 ( 秘密的
SNUGGLE , cuddle , nestle , nuzzle                                           ))
                                                                             Synonyms CLIQUE , camarilla , camp , circle , clan , coterie , in-

buttress                    n. 扶牆 , 拱壁                                       group , mafia , mob , ring , PLOT , conspiracy , intrigue ,

a projecting structure of masonry or wood for supporting or giving           machination , practice , scheme

stability to a wall or building

strut:wing::buttress:wall                                                    cacophony                         n. 刺耳的聲音
支柱:機翼::扶壁:牆壁                        ( 事物及其支援物 )                              harsh or discordant sound:DISSONANCE

buttress:wall::bracket:shelf                                                 cacophony:sound::malodor:scent

扶壁:牆壁::支架:架子 ( 事物及其支援物 )                                                     不愉快的音調:語音::惡臭:氣味 ( 直接修飾 )
                                                                             fetid:smell::cacophonous:sound

buttress                    v. 支援                                            惡臭的:氣味::刺耳的:聲音 ( 直接修飾 )

to furnish or shore up with a buttress ; also:SUPPORT ,                      cacophony:voice::gaucherie:skill
STRENGTHEN                                                                   不愉快的音調:語音::笨拙:技巧 ( 直接修飾 )
contravene <> buttress                                                       cacophonous <> dulcet / euphonious

反對 <> 支援                                                                     發音不和諧的 <> 優美 / 悅耳的
Synonyms SUPPORT , bear up , bolster , brace , carry , prop ,                Synonyms adj. DISSONANT , cacophonic , discordant ,

sustain , uphold                                                             disharmonic , disharmonious , inharmonic , inharmonious ,

                                                                             unharmonious , unmusical

bygone                      n. 過去的事 , 往事
gone by:PAST ; especially:OUTMODED                                           cadge                             v. 行乞 , 乞求
Synonyms FORMER , erstwhile , late , old , once , onetime , past ,           BEG , SPONGE

quondam , sometime , whilom , OLD-FASHIONED , antiquated ,                   cadge <> earn

antique , archaic , belated , dated , oldfangled , old-time , out-of-        乞求 <> 賺得
date , EXTINCT , dead , defunct , departed , gone , lost , vanished          Synonyms n. BEGGAR , bummer , moocher , panhandler



byline                      n. ( 列作者名字的 )                                    caisson                           n. 彈藥箱 , 彈藥車 ,
                            報刊文章首行                                                                             潛水箱 ( 水中工程用 )
a line at the beginning of a news story , magazine article , or book         a usually 2-wheeled vehicle for artillery ammunition attachable to a

giving the writer's name                                                     horse-drawn limber

article:byline::movie:credits                                                chevron:badge::caisson:cart

文章:報刊文章首行::電影:字幕 ( 事物及其特殊部分 )                                                V形袖章:徽章::彈藥車:載貨車 ( 種屬 )



cabal                       n. 徒黨 , 秘密結社 , (                                 cajole                            v. ( 以甜言蜜語 ) 哄騙
                            尤指政治上的 ) 陰謀                                      to persuade with flattery or gentle urging especially in the face of

the artifices and intrigues of a group of persons secretly united to         reluctance:COAX
bring about an overturn or usurpation especially in public affairs           blandishment:cajole::obstacle:impede


                                                                        44                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
甜言蜜語:哄騙::障礙:阻止 ( 目的關係 )                                                    冷淡的:冷漠的::欺騙:不誠實 ( 同義 )
Synonyms COAX , blandish , blarney , con , soft-soap , sweet-talk          callous <> sympathetic

, wheedle                                                                  無情冷淡的 <> 有同情心的
                                                                           Synonyms UNFEELING 2 , coldhearted , hardhearted , heartless ,

calamitous                        adj. 多災難的 , 不幸的                          obdurate , stony , stonyhearted , uncompassionate , unemotional ,

being , causing , or accompanied by calamity                               unsympathetic

Synonyms FATAL , cataclysmic , catastrophic , disastrous ,

fateful , ruinous , DEPLORABLE , afflictive , dire , distressing ,         callow                            adj. ( 鳥 ) 未生羽毛的 ,
grievous , heartbreaking , lamentable , regrettable , unfortunate ,                                         ( 人 ) 未成熟的
woeful                                                                     lacking adult sophistication:IMMATURE

                                                                           frank:secretiveness::callow:maturity

calcify                           vi. 變成石灰質 , 鈣化                           坦白的:隱匿:: ( 鳥 ) 未生羽毛的:成熟 ( 反義 )
to make inflexible or unchangeable                                         apoplectic:calm::callow:mature
calcification <> flexibility                                               狂怒的:平靜的::幼稚:成熟 ( 反義 )

鈣化 <> 柔軟                                                                   callow <> behaving with adult sophistication

                                                                           年輕而無經驗的 <> 行爲富於經驗的

calibrate                         vt. 測定口徑 , 校準 ,                          Synonyms YOUNG , green , immature , infant , juvenile ,

                                  查看刻度 , 劃刻度                               unfledged , unripe , youthful , INEXPERIENCED , fresh , green ,

to determine , rectify , or mark the graduations of                        raw , unexperienced , unpracticed , unseasoned , untried , unversed

measure:dimensions::calibrate:diameter::gauge:pressur                      , young

e::plumb:depth

量:尺寸::確定口徑:直徑::測定:壓力::測量深度:                                                callus                        n. 皮膚的硬結 , 胼胝 , (
深度 ( 動詞及其作用物件 )                                                                                          植物傷口的 ) 癒合組織
calibrated <> unstandardized                                               a thickening of or a hard thickened area on skin or bark

校準的 <> 不標準的                                                                gully:erosion::callus:friction

                                                                           小峽谷:沖蝕::皮膚的硬結:摩擦 ( 因果 )

calligrapher                       n. 書法家
one who writes a beautiful                                                 calorie             n. 卡路里
bibliophile:books::gourmet:food {                                          the amount of heat required at a pressure of one atmosphere to raise

calligrapher:handwriting }                                                 the temperature of one gram of water one degree Celsius that is

藏書家:書籍::美食家:食物 { 書法家:書法 } (                                                equal to about 4. 19 joules

人及其職業特徵 )                                                                  power:watt::calorie:heat::decibel:sound::volt:elec
                                                                           tricity

callous                           adj. 無情的 , 冷淡的 ,                         瓦:功率::卡路里:熱量::分貝:聲音::伏:電流 (

                                  硬結的 , 起老繭的                               事物及其衡量單位 )

a:feeling no emotion

b:feeling no sympathy for others                                           calumniate                    v. 誹謗 , 中傷 ( adj.
callous:impassive::dupe:duplicity                                                                        calumnious )
                                                                           to utter maliciously false statements , charges , or imputations
                                                                      45                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
about                                                                      roster:personnel::slate:candidate

corroborate:evidence::calumniate:falsehood                                 花名冊:人員::候選人名單:候選人 ( 個體與集合關係 )

確證:證據::誹謗:謊言 ( 利用關係 )                                                      ballot:candidates::??

calumny:assertion::perjury:testimony                                       投票:候選人::??

中傷:斷言::僞證:證詞 ( 種屬 )                                                        Synonyms applicant , aspirant , hopeful , seeker

calumny:representation::perjury:testimony

中傷:陳述::僞證:證詞 ( 種屬 )                                                        candor                               n. 坦白 , 直率
calumniate <> vindicate                                                    unreserved , honest , or sincere expression:FORTHRIGHTNESS

誹謗 <> 維護
calumnious <> flattering                                                   palter:candor::diehard:budge

中傷的 <> 諂媚的                                                                 敷衍 , 支吾:坦白的::頑固分子:改變立場或態度 (
calumny <> approbation                                                     事物及其反面特徵 ) 【palter 詞性不符】

誹謗 <> 嘉許                                                                   artifice <> candor

Synonyms MALIGN , asperse , defame , denigrate , libel ,                   詭計 <> 直率
scandalize , slander , traduce , vilify , villainize

camaraderie n. 同志之愛 , 友情                                                   cane                       n. 拐杖
a spirit of friendly good-fellowship                                       A stick used as an aid in walking or carried as an accessory

camaraderie <> enmity                                                      cane:walk::glasses:see

友情 <> 敵意                                                                   拐杖:行走::眼睛:看 ( 工具及其輔助物件 )
Synonyms comradery , good-fellowship

                                                                           canon                      n. 教會法規 , 聖典 , 準則
cameo                           n. 刻有浮雕的寶石或貝殼                              1. the authentic works of a writer

a small piece of sculpture on a stone or shell cut in relief in one        2. a regulation or dogma decreed by a church council

layer with another contrasting layer serving as background                 religion:devoutness::canon:orthodoxy

peccadillo:offense::cameo:sculpture                                        宗教 , 信仰:虔誠::聖典:正統 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )

輕罪:犯罪::小件雕塑:雕塑 ( 小:正常 )                                                    canon <> apocrypha

blurb:notice::cameo:appearance                                             正典 <> 僞經

大肆宣傳:布告::小貝殼:外表 【對應不工整】                                                    canonical <> nontraditional

                                                                           規範的 , 傳統的 <> 不符合傳統的

camouflage                          n. 僞裝 , 隱瞞 , 幌子                        Synonyms LAW , assize , decree , decretum , edict , ordinance ,

a:concealment by means of disguise                                         precept , regulation , rule , statute , DOCTRINE , dogma , tenet

b:behavior or artifice designed to deceive or hide

malinger:duty::camoflage:detection                                         canopy                                   n. 天篷 , 遮篷
裝病以逃避工作:責任::掩飾:發現 ( 逃避 )                                                   a cover ( as of cloth ) fixed or carried above a person of high rank

                                                                           or a sacred object:BALDACHIN

candidate                           n. 候選人 , 投考者                           canopy:cover::??
one that aspires to or is nominated or qualified for an office ,           天篷:蓋子::?? ( 種屬 )
membership , or award


                                                                      46                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
cantankerous                              adj. 脾氣壞的 ,                                                              善變 , 任性
                                          好爭吵的                               a sudden , impulsive , and seemingly unmotivated notion or action

difficult or irritating to deal with                                         caprice:whimsical::stealth:furtive::discontent:unsatisfi
Synonyms bearish , cankered , cranky , cross-grained , crotchety ,           ed
ornery , vinegarish , vinegary , waspish , waspy                             異想天開:異想天開的::秘密行動:偷偷摸摸的:不滿:不
                                                                             滿足的 ( 正面特徵 )

canvas                                  n. 帆布 , 畫布 , 油畫                      apophasis:claim::caprice:deliberate
a piece of cloth backed or framed as a surface for a painting                故抑其詞:斷言::反覆無常:深思熟慮 ( 反面特徵 )

canvas:painter::marble:sculptor                                              caprice:whimsical::insight:discerning

畫布:油畫家::大理石:雕塑家 ( 人及其工作物件 )                                                  任性:反覆無常的::洞察力:洞悉 ( 同義 )
                                                                             capricious <> steadfast

canvass                                   v. 遊說                              多變的 <> 固定不變的

to seek orders or votes:SOLICIT                                              caprice <> confirmation

exponent:advocate::pollster:canvass                                          善變 <> 確證

擁護者:支援::民意調查者:細查 ( 人及其特徵動作 )                                                 Synonyms bee , conceit , crank , crotchet , fancy , freak , humor ,

Synonyms SCRUTINIZE , check over , check up , con , examine ,                maggot , megrim , notion , vagary , whim , whimsy

inspect , study , survey , vet , DISCUSS , agitate , argue , debate ,

dispute , moot , thrash out , toss ( around ) , SOLICIT , drum               caption                               n. 說明 , 字幕 , 標題
                                                                             the part of a legal document that shows where , when , and by what

canyon                                 n. 峽谷 , 溪穀                            authority it was taken , found , or executed

a deep narrow valley with steep sides and often with a stream                Synonyms legend , underline

flowing through it

ditch:canyon::burrow:cavern                                                  captivate                             vt. 迷住 , 迷惑
小峽谷:大峽谷::小山洞:大山洞 ( 小和大 )                                                     to influence and dominate by some special charm , art , or trait and

                                                                             with an irresistible appeal

capitulate                             v. ( 有條件地 ) 投降                        captivate <> repulse

to cease resisting:ACQUIESCE                                                 迷住 <> 厭惡

acquiesce:yield::capitulate: { categorical }                                 Synonyms ATTRACT , allure , bewitch , charm , draw , enchant ,

默許:同意::有條件投降:明確的 【詞性不符 ,                                                     fascinate , magnetize , take , wile

關係不明】
capitulate <> resist                                                         careworn                      adj. 疲倦的 , 飽經憂患的
投降 <> 抵抗                                                                     showing the effect of grief or anxiety

capitulation <> resistance                                                   careworn <> lighthearted

投降 <> 抵抗                                                                     疲倦的 <> 心情愉快的
Synonyms YIELD2 , bow , buckle ( under ) , cave , defer , knuckle            Synonyms HAGGARD , drawn , pinched , worn

( under ) , submit , succumb

                                                                             caricature                            n. 諷刺畫 , 滑稽模仿
caprice                                n. 異想天開 , 反覆無常 ,                      exaggeration by means of often ludicrous distortion of parts or

                                                                             characteristics
                                                                        47                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
brevity:aphorism::distortion:caricature                                                                       安排 ( 節目 )
簡短:警句格言::歪曲:歪曲的模仿 ( 正面特徵 )                                                the set of actors in a dramatic production ; to assign a certain role to

caricature:presentation::??                                               ( an actor )

諷刺畫:陳述::?? ( 諷刺和正常?? )                                                    appoint:official::cast:actor

exaggeration:caricature::brevity:epigram                                  任命:官員::選派:演員 ( 動賓關係 )

誇張:諷刺畫::簡短:警句格言 ( 正面特徵 )                                                  letter:signature::playbill:cast

pithiness:aphorism::exaggeration:caricature                               信:簽名::節目單:安排 ( 動賓關係 )

簡潔:警句格言::誇張:諷刺畫 ( 正面特徵 )                                                  Synonyms THROW , fire , fling , heave , hurl , launch , pitch ,

Synonyms MOCKERY , burlesque , farce , mock , sham , travesty             sling , toss , DIRECT , address , aim , incline , lay , level , point ,

, burlesque , parody , takeoff , travesty                                 train , turn , DISCARD , abdicate , cashier , jettison , junk , reject ,
                                                                          scrap , shed , slough , VOMIT , barf , disgorge , spew , spit up ,

carouse                      vi.                                          ADD , figure , foot , sum , summate , tot , total , totalize , tote ,

                             鬧飲喧嘩地、暢飲地狂歡作樂                                PLAN , arrange , blueprint , chart , design , devise , project ,

                             n. 喧鬧的宴會 , 過量喝酒                              LOOK , countenance , expression , face , visage , PREDICTION ,

to drink liquor deeply or freely                                          forecast , foretelling , prevision , prognosis , prognostication ,

roisterer:carouse::recluse:withdraw                                       prophecy , weird , COLOR , hue , shade , tinge , tint , tone , HINT ,

喝酒喧嘩者:喧嘩地喝酒::隱士:隱退 ( 人物的特徵動作 )                                            dash , intimation , shade , smack , suggestion , suspicion , touch ,
Synonyms BINGE , bat , bender , booze , drunk , jag , spree , tear        trace , TYPE , character , class , description , kind , nature , sort ,
, REVEL , frolic , hell , riot , roister , spree , wassail                stripe , variety , way , FORM , configuration , conformation , figure

                                                                          , shape

carp                                 vi. 吹毛求疵 , 挑剔
to find fault or complain querulously                                     castigation                    n. 申斥 , 苛責 , 強烈反對
caviler:carping::libertine:licentious                                     to subject to severe punishment , reproof , or criticism

吹毛求疵者:吹毛求疵的::浪蕩的人:放肆的 (                                                   castigation:disapproval::crime:misbehave

人物的正面特徵 )                                                                 強烈反對:反對::犯罪:舉止不當 ( 程度類比 )

complain:carp::drink:guzzle                                               castigation:reproof::denunciation:denial::glorification:

抱怨:吹毛求疵::喝:狂飲 ( 程度對比 )                                                    merit
Synonyms NAG , fuss , henpeck , peck ( at )                               苛責:譴責::駁斥:否定::讚頌:贊許 ( 程度類比 )

                                                                          peccadillo:sin::admonishment:castigation

cartographer                         n. 繪製地圖者                             小過失:罪過::小譴責:苛責 ( 程度類比 )
one that makes maps                                                       castigation:reproof::loathing:dislike

cartographer:map::tailor:clothing::lexicographer:dictio                   苛責:譴責::討厭:不喜歡 ( 程度類比 )
nary                                                                      castigation:reproof::soaking:damp

繪製地圖者:地圖::裁縫:衣服::詞典編纂者:詞典 (                                               苛責:譴責::濕透的:潮濕的
人物及其工作物件 )                                                                Synonyms PUNISHMENT , chastisement , correction , discipline

                                                                          , punition , rod

cast                                n. 演員陣容 , 投擲 , 性質
                                    vt. 選派 ( 演員 ) , 鑄造 ,                  catalyze                                   vt. 催化
                                                                          BRING ABOUT , INSPIRE
                                                                     48                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
catalyze <> retard                                                        catholic                             adj. 天主教的 ,
催化 <> 阻撓                                                                                                       寬宏大量的 , 一般的 ,
Synonyms n. STIMULUS , goad , impetus , impulse , incentive ,                                                  普遍的
incitation , incitement , motivation , spur , stimulant                   COMPREHENSIVE , UNIVERSAL ; especially:broad in
                                                                          sympathies , tastes , or interests

cataract                                  n. 大瀑布 , 奔流 ,                   catholic <> narrow

                                          洪水 , 白內障                        寬宏大量的 <> 狹隘的

WATERFALL ; especially:a large one over a precipice                       Synonyms UNIVERSAL , cosmic , cosmopolitan , ecumenical ,

Synonyms WATERFALL , cascade , chute , fall ( s ) , spout ,               global , planetary , worldwide

FLOOD , cataclysm , deluge , flooding , inundation , Niagara ,

overflow , pour , spate , torrent                                         caustic                              adj. 腐蝕性的 , 刻薄的
                                                                          marked by incisive sarcasm

catastrophe                               n. 大災難 , 大禍                     barb:caustic::pan:harsh
a momentous tragic event ranging from extreme misfortune to utter         尖刻的言論:刻薄的::嚴厲的批評:嚴厲的 ( 正面特徵 )
overthrow or ruin                                                         caustic:eat away::desiccant:dry

catastrophe:mishap::humiliation:embarrassment                             腐蝕的:腐蝕::乾燥劑的:乾燥 ( 作用關係 )

大災難:災禍::羞恥:尷尬 ( 程度類比 )                                                    caustic:smoothing::??

oxymoron:contradictory::mishap:catastrophic                               尖刻的:平緩的::?? ( 反面 )

矛盾修飾法:矛盾的::不幸:災難的 ( 正面特徵 )                                                caustic <> palliating / genial

Synonyms DISASTER , calamity , cataclysm , misadventure ,                 尖刻的 <> 減緩的 / 親切的
tragedy , woe ( s )                                                       caustic <> smooth

                                                                          尖刻的 , 刻薄的 <> 安詳的 , 平滑的

categorical                         adj. 無條件的 , 絕對的                       Synonyms mordacious , mordant , salty , scathing , trenchant ;

ABSOLUTE , UNQUALIFIED                                                    compare SARCASTIC , acerb , acerbic , corrosive

acquiesce:yield::capitulate: { categorical }

默許:同意::有條件投降:明確的 【詞性不符 ,                                                  caveat                      n. 警告 , 防止誤解的說明
關係不明】                                                                     a warning enjoining one from certain acts or practices

categorical <> qualified / conditional                                    overture:introductory::caveat:warning

無條件的 <> 受限制的 / 有條件的                                                       序曲:介紹性的::告誡:警告的 ( 正面特徵 )
Synonyms ULTIMATE , absolute , EXPLICIT , clean-cut , clear-              Synonyms WARNING , admonition , caution , forewarning ,

cut , definite , definitive , express , specific , unambiguous ,          monition

POSITIVE , decided , definite , unequivocal

                                                                          cavern                      n. 巨穴 , 洞窟
cater                               vi. 迎合 , 投合                           CAVE ; especially:one of large or indefinite extent
to supply what is required or desired                                     ditch:canyon::burrow:cavern
Synonyms BABY , cocker , coddle , cosset , cotton , humor ,               小山溝:大峽谷::小山洞:巨穴 ( 小和大對比 )
indulge , mollycoddle , pamper , spoil , INDULGE , gratify , humor        cavern:spelunker::ocean:diver

                                                                          洞穴:洞穴勘探者::海洋:潛水者
                                                                          Synonyms CAVE , grotto , subterranean
                                                                     49                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                         太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                                                                          cement                               n. 水泥 , 膠粘劑
cavil                       v. 挑毛病 , 吹毛求疵                                 to unite or make firm by or as if by cement

to raise trivial and frivolous objection                                  cement <> fracture

cavil:criticize::probe:investigate                                        鞏固物 <> 破裂

吹毛求疵:挑剔::仔細探察:調查 ( 程度類比 )

caviler:carping::libertine:licentious                                     censor                               vt. 檢查 , 審查 , 刪改
吹毛求疵者:吹毛求疵的::浪蕩子:放肆的 ( 人物正面特徵                                             to examine in order to suppress or delete anything considered

)                                                                         objectionable

encomiast:eulogize::quibble:cavil                                         censorship:communication::preservative:decay

讚美者:讚頌::吹毛求疵者:吹毛求疵 ( 人物正面特徵 )                                             審查情報:資訊::防腐劑:腐爛 ( 消除關係 )

nitpick:criticize::cavil:object                                           censorship:information::sanitation:disease
吹毛求疵:批評::吹毛求疵:反對 ( 程度類比 )                                                 過濾情報:情報::公共衛生:疾病 ( 防止關係 )

nitpicker:criticize::preacher:sermon::quibbler:cavil                      vendor:purvey::censor:expurgate

吹毛求疵的人:挑剔::傳教士:傳道::吹毛求疵的人:吹                                               賣主:提供::審查員:刪除 ( 人物的特徵動作 )

毛求疵 ( 正面特徵 )                                                              Synonyms blip , bowdlerize , expurgate , screen

Synonyms QUIBBLE , chicane , hypercriticize

                                                                          censorious                           adj. 受批判的 , 挑剔的
cavort                             vi. 騰躍                                 marked by or given to censure

to walk or move in a spirited manner:PRANCE                               censorious <> eulogistic

dodder:unsteady::cavort:sprightly                                         挑剔的 <> 讚美的

搖擺:不穩定::騰躍:輕快的 ( 正面特徵 )                                                   Synonyms CRITICAL1 , captious , carping , caviling , cavillous ,

Synonyms GAMBOL , caper , frisk , frolic , rollick , romp                 critic , faultfinding , hypercritical , overcritical



cede                               vt. 放棄                                 censure                              n. v. 責難 , 非難
to yield or grant typically by treaty                                     to find fault with and criticize as blameworthy

cede:possess::??                                                          lamentable:pity::reprehensible:censure

放棄:擁有::?? ( 反義 )                                                          可悲的:可憐::應該譴責的:譴責 ( 正面關係 )
Synonyms RELINQUISH , abandon , give up , hand over , leave ,             remonstrance:dissuade::reprehensible:censure
resign , surrender , waive , yield , TRANSFER , alien , alienate ,        抗議:勸阻::斥責 ( 詞性不對 ) :責難 ( 程度類比 )
assign , convey , deed , make over , remise                               censure:blameless::approbation:reprehensible

                                                                          責難:無可指責的::認可:應斥責的 ( 反面 )

celebrity                          n. 名聲 , 名人                             exonerate <> censure

the state of being celebrated                                             免除責備 <> 非難
celebrity <> obscurity                                                    extol <> censure

名人 <> 不爲人所知的人                                                             讚美 <> 責難
Synonyms FAME , notoriety , renown , reputation , repute ,                Synonyms CRITICIZE , blame , condemn , denounce , denunciate

luminary , name , notability , notable , somebody                         , knock , rap , reprehend , reprobate , skin




                                                                     50                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                         太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
census                      n. 戶口普查                                            finish , period , stop , termination

a count of the population

census:population::inventory:stock                                             chaff                         n. 穀殼 , 糠 , 揶揄
戶口普查:人口::存貨清單:存貨 ( 前者爲後者的清單 )                                                  the seed coverings and other debris separated from the seed in

                                                                               threshing grain

centrifuge                  n. 離心分離機                                           winnow:chaff::filter:impurities
a machine using centrifugal force for separating substances of                 去糠:糠::過濾:雜質 ( 消除關係 )
different densities , for removing moisture , or for simulating                Synonyms BANTER , fun , jest , joke , jolly , josh , kid , rag , razz

gravitational effects                                                          , rib

centrifuge:separate::colander:drain

離心分離器:分離::濾鍋:過濾 ( 作用 )



ceramic                     n. 陶瓷製品 adj. 陶器的
a product of ceramic manufacture

shard:ceramic::crumb:cake

碎片:陶瓷製品::碎屑:蛋糕 ( 事物及其破碎狀態 )



ceremony                    n. 典禮 , 儀式 , 禮節
a formal act or series of acts prescribed by ritual , protocol , or

convention

affidavit:statement::wedding:ceremony

書面宣誓:聲明::婚禮:典禮 ( 種屬關係 )
Synonyms FORM , ceremonial , formality , liturgy , rite , ritual ,

RITE , ceremonial , formality , liturgy , observance , ritual , service



certitude                   n. 確實 , 確信
the state of being or feeling certain

certitude <> obscurity

確實 <> 含糊
                                                                               List 5 ( chagrin ~ condign ) :
Synonyms CERTAINTY , assurance , assuredness , confidence ,

conviction , sureness , surety                                                 chagrin                            n. 懊惱
                                                                               disquietude or distress of mind caused by humiliation ,

cessation                   n. 中止 , ( 短暫的 ) 停止                                 disappointment , or failure

a temporary or final ceasing ( as of action ) :STOP                            chagrin:mind::grimace:face
cessation <> commencement                                                      懊惱:情緒::痛苦的表情:臉 ( 行爲及其來源 )

停止 <> 開始                                                                       chagrin <> elated

cessation <> start                                                             懊惱 <> 興高采烈的 【注:詞性不符】

停止 <> 開始                                                                       chagrin <> cheerful

Synonyms END , cease , close , conclusion , desistance , ending ,
                                                                          51                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                  Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
懊惱 <> 高興的                                                                   charade:dissimulate::??

                                                                            裝模作樣:假裝::?? ( 動作及其正面特徵關係 )

chamber                            n. 室 , 房間 , 槍膛 adj.
                                   室內的                                      charlatan                          n. 吹牛者
a natural or artificial enclosed space or cavity                            one making usually showy pretenses to knowledge or

                                                                            ability:FRAUD , FAKER

chameleon                          n. 變色龍 , 善變的人 ,
                                   輕浮的人                                     chary                  adj. 仔細的 , 謹慎的 , 吝嗇的
any of a family ( Chamaeleontidae ) of chiefly arboreal Old World           discreetly cautious:as
lizards with prehensile tail , independently movable eyeballs , and         a:hesitant and vigilant about dangers and risks
unusual ability to change the color of the skin                             b:slow to grant , accept , or expend
salmon:ichthyologist::chameleon:herpetologist                               chary <> rash

鮭魚:魚類學家::變色龍::爬蟲學家 (                                                        謹慎的 <> 魯莽的

學者及其研究物件關係 )                                                                Synonyms CAUTIOUS , calculating , careful , circumspect ,

                                                                            considerate , discreet , gingerly , guarded , safe , wary

champion                           vt. 保衛 , 擁護
to act as militant supporter of:UPHOLD , ADVOCATE                           chasm                              n. 深淵 , 大差別 , 代溝
champion <> disparage                                                       a deep cleft in the surface of a planet ( as the earth ) :GORGE

擁護 <> 蔑視                                                                    cleft:chasm::cut:gash
impugn <> champion                                                          裂縫:深淵::小切口:大傷口 ( 程度關係 )

攻擊 <> 擁護
Synonyms SUPPORT 2 , advocate , back , backstop , side ( with )             check                              n. 支票 , 阻止
, uphold                                                                    to block the progress of

                                                                            jolt:move::check:stop

chaotic                            adj. 混亂的 , 無秩序的                          震動:移動::阻止:停止 ( 動作及其結果關係 )

a:a state of utter confusion                                                propagate <> check

b:a confused mass or mixture7                                               傳播 <> 制止
chaotic <> strictly structured                                              goad <> check

無秩序的 <> 構造嚴謹的                                                               唆使 <> 阻止

                                                                            Synonyms:arrest , buck , foil , thwart , frustrate

charade                            n. 看手勢猜字謎遊戲 ;                            chef                               n. 廚師
                                   裝模作樣                                     a skilled cook who manages the kitchen ( as of a restaurant )

1. a word represented in riddling verse or by picture , tableau , or

dramatic action                                                             cherubic               adj. 天使的 , 無邪的 , 可愛的
2. an empty or deceptive act or pretense                                    innocent-looking usually chubby and rosy

charade:word::mime:story                                                    cherubic <> somber

用手勢表示的字謎:字::啞劇:故事 ( 動作及表達內容關係                                               天使般的 <> 陰鬱的
)


                                                                       52                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
chevron                       n. 山形袖章 , 回文狀雕飾                                 斥責:嘲笑::迎合:縱容 ( 褒貶程度關係 )
a sleeve badge that usually consists of one or more chevron-shaped            Synonyms REPROVE , admonish , call down , lesson , monish ,

stripes that indicates the wearer's rank and service ( as in the armed        ||rack back , rebuke , reprimand , reproach , tick off

forces )

chevron:badge::caisson:cart                                                   chip                               n. 晶片 , 薄片 , 碎片
( 軍中的 ) 袖章:徽章::彈藥車:大車 ( 種屬關係 )                                                a small usually thin and flat piece ( as of wood or stone ) cut ,

                                                                              struck , or flaked off

chiaroscuro                   n. ( 繪畫中的 ) 明暗對照法 ,                             chip:stone::shard:glass

                              用明暗對照法繪的圖畫                                      ( 石頭的 ) 碎片:石頭:: ( 破璃的 ) 碎片:玻璃 (
the interplay or contrast of dissimilar qualities , pictorial                 物品及其碎片關係 )
representation in terms of light and shade without regard to color            【注:chip:a small usually thin and flat piece ; shard:a piece or
chiaroscuro:contrast::filigree:delicacy:: {                                   fragment of a brittle substance】

tapestry:intricacy }

用明暗對照法繪的圖畫:對照::金銀細絲工藝:精美 (                                                    choke                       vt. 窒息 , 阻塞 , 噎 , 抑制
物品及其特徵關係 )                                                                    to check normal breathing of by compressing or obstructing the

【注:已經由機考判分數據確認                                                                trachea or by poisoning or adulterating available        air

準確答案:chiaroscuro:contrast::filigree:delicacy 】                                smother:choke::??

                                                                              窒息:窒息::?? ( 同義關係 )

chic                                adj. 漂亮的 , 時髦的                            Synonyms strangle , throttle ; compare SUFFOCATE

smart elegance and sophistication especially of dress or

manner:STYLE                                                                  choleric                           adj. 易怒的 , 暴躁的
Synonyms FASHION 3 , craze , cry , dernier cri , fad , furore ,               easily moved to often unreasonable or excessive anger:hot-
mode , rage , style , vogue                                                   tempered

                                                                              choler:antagonize::??

chicanery                           n. 欺詐 , 欺騙                                憤怒:對抗::??
deception by artful subterfuge or sophistry:TRICKERY                          choleric <> difficult to provoke

chicanery:clever::tactlessness:truthful                                       易怒的 <> 難被激怒

欺詐:機靈的::不圓滑的:真誠的 ( 褒貶程度關係 )                                                   Synonyms:choleric , crabbed , cranky , irascible , irritable , testy

gullible:chicanery::servile:domination

易受騙的:欺騙::易屈服的:控制 ( 容易關係 )                                                     choreography                       n. 舞蹈 , 舞蹈編排
Synonyms DECEPTION 1 , chicane , dishonesty , double-dealing                  the composition and arrangement of dances especially for ballet

, fourberie , fraud , hanky-panky , highbinding , sharp practice ,            choreography:dance::plot:story
trickery                                                                      舞蹈編排:舞蹈::小說情節:小說 ( 文藝作品及其結構關係
                                                                              )

chide                               vt. vi. 斥責 , 責駡                           choreography:movement::??

to voice disapproval to:reproach in a usually mild and                        舞蹈編排:動作::??
constructive manner:SCOLD

chide:pillory::humor:mollycoddle                                              chronic                            adj. 長期的 , 慢性的 ,

                                                                         53                            Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                   Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                                   慣常的 , 經常的                               circuitous                         adj. 迂回的路的 ,
always present or encountered ; especially:constantly vexing ,                                                迂曲的 , 繞行的
weakening , or troubling                                                   not being forthright or direct in language or action

chronic <> sporadic                                                        immaterial:relevance::circuitous:directness

慣常的 <> 偶然的                                                                 非實質的:適當::迂回的:直接 ( 缺乏關係 )
Synonyms USUAL 1 , accepted , accustomed , customary ,                     Synonyms INDIRECT 1 , circular , collateral , oblique ,

habitual , routine , wonted                                                roundabout



chronicle                     n. 年代記 , 記錄 , 編年史                            circumference                        n. 圓周 , 周圍 , 胸圍
a usually continuous historical account of events arranged in order        the perimeter of a circle

of time without analysis or interpretation                                 border:country::circumference:circle
                                                                           國界:國家::圓周:圓 ( 事物及其邊界關係 )

chronological                         adj. 按年月順序的
of , relating to , or arranged in or according to the order of time        circumlocutory                     adj. 委婉曲折的 ,
dictionary:alphabetical::annals:chronological                                                                 迂回的
字典:按字母順序的::編年史:按年月順序的 (                                                    the use of an unnecessarily large number of words to express an

作品及其編排順序 )                                                                 idea

                                                                           circumlocutory <> direct encounter

chunk                  n. 大塊 , 矮胖的人或物 , 大量                                 迂回的 <> 直接面對

1:a short thick piece or lump ( as of wood or coal )                       circumlocution <> pithy utters / utter concisely / straightforword

2:a large noteworthy quantity                                              utter

chunk <> ???                                                               累贅的話 <> 簡練的話
                                                                           circumlocutory <> straightforward

churlish                      adj. 脾氣暴躁的 , 粗野的                             迂回的 <> 直接的

marked by a lack of civility or graciousness:SURLY
complaisance <> churlishness                                               circumspect                        adj. 慎重的 , 小心的
彬彬有禮的 <> 粗野的                                                               careful to consider all circumstances and possible

Synonyms BOORISH , cloddish , clodhopping , clownish , coarse              consequences:PRUDENT
, loutish , lowbred , uncivilized , uncultured , unpolished                circumspect <> audacious / reckless

                                                                           小心的 <> 大膽的 / 不計後果的

cinder                             n. 煤渣 , 灰燼                              temerity <> circumspection

the slag from a metal furnace:DROSS                                        蠻勇 <> 慎重
                                                                           rash <> circumspective

cipher                             n. 暗號 , 密碼                              魯莽的 <> 謹慎的
a method of transforming a text in order to conceal its meaning            Synonyms CAUTIOUS , calculating , careful , chary , considerate

cipher:cryptic::precis:concise                                             , discreet , gingerly , guarded , safe , wary

密碼:秘密的::大綱:簡要的 ( 事物及其特徵關係 )                                                circumvent                         vt. 繞行 , 陷害 , 包圍 ,
                                                                                                             智取
                                                                           to manage to get around especially by ingenuity or stratagem
                                                                      54                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
circumvent <> confront                                                        響亮的 <> 低聲不可辨的

繞行 <> 面對                                                                      Synonyms FAIR 2 , clear , cloudless , fine , pleasant , rainless ,

circumvention <> direct encounter                                             sunny , sunshiny , unclouded , undarkened

規避 <> 直接面對
Synonyms SKIRT 2 , bypass , circumnavigate , detour                           clarity                           n. 清楚 , 透明
                                                                              the quality or state of being clear:LUCIDITY

cistern                            n. 貯水器 , 水槽 , 水箱                           ambiguous:clarity::mendacious:truth
an artificial reservoir ( as an underground tank ) for storing liquids        不明確的:清楚::虛假的:真實 ( 反面特徵關係 )
and especially water ( as rainwater )                                         consensus:factionalism::clarity:confusion

cistern:liquids::landfill:refuse                                              一致同意:黨派爭執::清楚:混淆 ( 反義關係 )

水箱:液體::垃圾填埋場:廢棄物 ( 物品及其放置場所關係                                                 equivocation:clarity::prevarication:truth
)                                                                             含糊的話:清楚::搪塞的話:真實 ( 反面特徵關係 )

citation               n. 引用 , 引證 , 引用文 , 傳票                                  equivocation:truth::euphemism:offense / obfuscation /
an official summons to appear ( as before a court )                           clarity

summons:citation::??                                                          含糊的話:真實::委婉的話:冒犯 / 困惑 / 清楚 (

召喚:傳喚::?? ( 正常和官方關係 )                                                         反面特徵關係 )

【注:citation:an official summons to appear ( as before a court )               misunderstood:clarify::erroneous:retract

】                                                                             誤會的:澄清::錯誤的:撤消 ( 消除關係 )

                                                                              ramshackle:soundness::garbled:clarity

civility                                  n. 禮貌 , 端莊                          搖搖欲墜的:堅固::混淆的:清楚 ( 反面特徵關係 )
COURTESY , POLITENESS                                                         roil <> clarify / appease

civility <> rudeness                                                          激怒 <> 闡明 / 平息

禮貌 <> 無禮                                                                      obfuscate <> clarify

                                                                              使模糊 <> 澄清

clandestine                        adj. 秘密的                                   equivocation <> clarity

marked by , held in , or conducted with                                       模棱兩可 <> 清楚
secrecy:SURREPTITIOUS                                                         muddy <> clarity

clandestine:secretly::overt:openly                                            渾濁的 <> 清晰 【注:詞性不符】

秘密的:秘密地::公開的:公開地 ( 形容詞副詞同義關係 )                                                Synonyms clearness , limpidity , lucidity , perspicuity , plainness

clandestine <> open

秘密的 <> 公開的                                                                    clasp                             n. 扣子 , 鈎 , 緊握
Synonyms SECRET 1 , covert , furtive , hugger-mugger , hush-                  a device ( as a hook ) for holding objects or parts together

hush , stealthy , surreptitious , undercover , ||underneath , under-          lathe:shape::clasp:fasten
the-table                                                                     車床:成形::扣子:扣緊 ( 物品及其作用關係 )



clarion                            n. 尖音號角 adj.                               cleft                             n. 裂縫
                                   清澈響亮的                                      a usually V-shaped indented formation:a hollow between ridges
loud and clear                                                                or protuberances
clarion <> soft and undistinct
                                                                         55                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                 Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
cleft:chasm::cut:gash                                                      impedance , impediment

裂縫:深淵::小切口:大傷口 ( 程度關係 )                                                    closet                             n. 壁櫥 , 小室 adj.
Synonyms RAVINE , arroyo , chasm , clough , clove , gap , gorge                                               秘密的 , 空論的
, gulch                                                                    a cabinet or recess for especially china , household utensils , or

                                                                           clothing

clement                           adj. 仁慈的 , 溫和的                           pantry:food::closet ( wardrobe ) :clothes

inclined to be merciful:LENIENT                                            食品室:食物::壁櫥 ( 衣櫃 ) :衣物 (
clement <> pitiless                                                        物品及其放置場所關係 )

仁慈的 <> 無情的
Synonyms FORBEARING , charitable , easy , indulgent , lenient ,            clot                               n. 凝塊 , 群
merciful , tolerant                                                        a coagulated mass produced by clotting of blood

                                                                           clot:dissolved::crowd:dispersed

cliché                            adj. 陳腐的                                 凝塊:溶解的::人群:散開的 ( 分散關係 )
a trite phrase or expression

hodgepodge:uniformity::cliche:original                                     cloudburst                         n. 傾盆大雨 , 豪雨
混合物:一致::陳腐的:原創 ( 反面特徵關係 )                                                  a sudden copious rainfall

equivocate::misleading::cliched:hackneyed                                  gust:wind::cloudburst:rainfall

模棱兩可:誤導::陳腐的:常見的 【注:詞性不符】                                                  狂風:風::豪雨:雨 ( 種屬關係 )
Synonyms COMMONPLACE , banality , bromide , platitude ,

prosaicism , prosaism , rubber stamp , shibboleth , tag , truism           clout                              n. 權力 , 勢力
                                                                           PULL , INFLUENCE

cling                             vi. 粘緊 , 附著 , 緊貼 ,                       clout <> impuissance

                                  堅持                                       權力 <> 無 ( 權 ) 力
to hold together                                                           clout <> { impotent }

Synonyms STICK 2 , adhere , cleave , cohere                                權力 <> 無力的 【詞性不符 , 對應不工整】
                                                                           Synonyms PULL 2 , ||drag , in , influence

clique                            n. 朋黨派系 , 小集團
a narrow exclusive circle or group of persons ; especially one held        cloying                            adj. 甜得發膩的
together by common interests , views , or       purposes                   excessively sweet or sentimental

clique:intimates::flock:sheep                                              garrulous:talkative::cloying:sweet

小集團:密友::羊群:羊 ( 個體和團體關係 )                                                   多嘴的:健談的::過甜的:甜的 ( 程度關係 )
Synonyms cabal , camarilla , camp , circle , clan , coterie , in-          loquacious:talkative::cloying:sweet
group , mafia , mob , ring                                                 多嘴的:健談的::過甜的:甜的 ( 程度關係 )
                                                                           Synonyms SATIATE , fill , glut , gorge , jade , pall , sate , ||stall ,

clog                  n. 障礙 , 重物 v. 障礙 , 阻塞                                stodge , surfeit

something that shackles or impedes:ENCUMBRANCE                             clumsy                adj. 笨拙的 , 不雅觀的 , 粗陋的
clog:drainage::stalemate:negotiations                                      lacking dexterity , nimbleness , or grace

阻塞:排泄::僵局:談判 ( 消除關係 )                                                      Synonyms awkward , gawky , lumbering , lumpish , splathering ,

Synonyms ENCUMBRANCE , cumbrance , hindrance ,                             splay , ungainly ;
                                                                      56                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                                                                            餐後甜點:餐食::收場白:戲劇::樂章結尾:奏鳴曲 (

coagulant                           n. 凝結劑                                  事物及其結束部分關係 )
something that produces coagulation                                         coda <> overture

coagulant:thicken::solvent:dissolve                                         樂章結尾 <> 前奏

凝結劑:變濃::溶劑:溶解 ( 物品及其作用關係 )

                                                                            coeval                      adj. 同年齡的 , 同時代的
coalesce                            v. 合併 , 聯合 , 結合                         of the same or equal age , antiquity , or duration

to unite into a whole:FUSE                                                  congruent:dimension::coeval:age
coalesce <> disaggregate                                                    全等的:尺寸::同時代的:時代 ( 單位相同關係 )

合併 <> 分解
polarize <> coalesce                                                        cogent                      adj. 有說服力的
( 使 ) 兩極分化 <> 合併                                                            appealing forcibly to the mind or reason:CONVINCING
Synonyms JOIN 1 , associate , bracket , combine , conjoin ,                 cogent:convince::repugnant:repel
connect , link , relate , unite , wed                                       有說服力的:令人信服的::讓人討厭的:令人厭惡的 (

                                                                            程度關係 )

coarse                              adj. 粗略的                                cogent <> unconvincing

not precise or detailed with respect to adjustment or discrimination        有說服力的 <> 不令人信服的
fastidious <> coarse                                                        Synonyms VALID , convincing , satisfactory , satisfying , solid ,

苛求的 <> 粗略的                                                                  sound , telling

Synonyms crass , crude , gross , incult , inelegant , low , raw ,

rough , rude , uncouth , uncultivated , uncultured , unrefined ,            cognizant                  adj. 已認識 , 既知道 , 曉得
vulgar                                                                      knowledgeable of something especially through personal

                                                                            experience

coax                                vt. 用巧言誘哄                               incognizance:knowledgeable::penury:wealthy
to manipulate with great perseverance and usually with                      不知覺:有知識的::窮困:富裕的 ( 反面特徵關係 )
considerable effort toward a desired state or activity                      cognizant <> oblivious

equivocation:coax::explanation:enlighten                                    認知的 <> 忘卻的

含糊的話:誘哄::解釋:開導 ( 事物及其作用關係 )                                                 Synonyms AWARE , alive , apprehensive , au courant , awake ,

blandishment:coax::medal:honor / prevarication:deceive                      conscious , knowing , sensible , sentient , witting

哄誘的話:誘哄::獎章:給以榮譽 / 搪塞的話:欺騙 (

事物及其作用關係 )                                                                  colander                          n. 濾器 , 漏勺
Synonyms ||barter , blandish , blarney , cajole , con , soft-soap ,         a perforated utensil for washing or draining food

sweet-talk , wheedle                                                        centrifuge:separate::colander:drain

                                                                            離心機:分離::漏勺:排水 ( 物品及其作用關係 )

coda                 n. 終結句 , 樂章結尾部 , 完結部
a concluding musical section that is formally distinct from the main        collapse                          vt. 使倒塌 vi. n. 倒塌
structure                                                                   to fall or shrink together abruptly and completely

dessert:meal::epilogue:play::coda:sonata                                    collapse:implode::divide:sunder


                                                                       57                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
倒塌:向內倒塌::分開:切開 ( 種屬關係 )                                                    commencement                               n. 開始
collapse:volume::attenuate:thickness                                       an act , instance , or time of beginning

減弱:音量::變薄:厚度 ( 消減關係 )                                                      cessation <> commencement

Synonyms GIVE 12 , bend , break , cave , crumple , fold up , go ,          停止 <> 開始
yield                                                                      cease <> inaugurate / commencement

                                                                           停止 <> 開闢 / 開始

collude                           v. 串通 , 共謀                               Synonyms BEGINNING , alpha , birth , dawn , dawning , genesis

CONSPIRE , PLOT                                                            , onset , opening , outset , outstart

collude:cooperate::smuggle:convey

串通:合作::走私:運送 ( 非法和正常關係 )                                                   commencement                            n. ( 大學的 ) 畢業典禮
Synonyms PLOT , cogitate , ||collogue , connive , conspire ,               the ceremonies or the day for conferring degrees or diplomas

contrive , devise , intrigue , machinate , scheme ( out )                  commencement <> matriculation

                                                                           畢業典禮 <> 入學考試

colonnade                         n. 柱廊
a series of columns set at regular intervals and usually supporting        commend                         vt. 委託給 , 推薦 , 嘉獎
the base of a roof structure                                               to mention with approbation:PRAISE

colonnade:pillar::queue:person                                             berate:commend::??

柱廊:柱子::佇列:人員 ( 排列關係 )                                                      嚴責:讚揚::?? ( 反義 )
                                                                           execrable <> commendable / laudable

coma                              n. 昏迷狀態                                  可憎恨的 <> 值得表揚的 / 值得稱讚的
a state of profound unconsciousness caused by disease , injury , or

poison                                                                     commensurate                        adj. 同樣大小的 ,
coma:unconsciousness::delirium:confusion                                                                       相稱的
昏迷:無意識::狂亂:困惑 ( 種屬 )                                                       equal in measure or extent:COEXTENSIVE
Synonyms FAINT , blackout , swoon , syncope                                preponderant <> commensurate

                                                                           佔有優勢的 <> 相當的

combustible                       adj. 易燃的 , 燃燒性的 ,                        tantamount <> incommensurate

                                  易動激情的                                    等價的 <> 不相稱的
capable of combustion                                                      parity <> uncommensurateness

impervious:friable::nonflammable:combustible                               平等 <> 不平衡

不會損害的:脆弱的::不可燃的:易燃燒的 ( 困難關係 )

                                                                           commentary                          n. 注釋 , 評論 , 批評
comely                            n. 清秀 , 美麗 , 合宜                          an explanatory treatise

having a pleasing appearance:not homely or plain
comeliness <> unattractiveness                                             commercial                          n. 廣告節目
美麗的 <> 不吸引人的                                                               an advertisement broadcast on radio or television

Synonyms BEAUTIFUL , attractive , beauteous , ||bonny , fair ,             advertising:commercial::publishing:journal
good-looking , handsome , lovely , pretty , pulchritudinous                廣告的:廣告::出版的:定期出版物 ( 形容詞和名詞關係 )


                                                                      58                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
commitment                        n. 委託 , 實行 ,                            荒謬的 <> 符合常識的

                                  承擔義務 , 贊助
1. an engagement to assume a financial obligation at a future date        commotion                                  n. 騷動 , 動亂
2. the state or an instance of being obligated or emotionally             an agitated disturbance:TO-DO
impelled                                                                  squall:commotion::flash:illumination

crime:misdemeanor::commitment:decision                                    小騷亂:騷動::閃光:照明 ( 程度關係 )

罪行:輕罪::許諾:決定 ( 程度關係 )                                                     compendium                                 n. 簡要 , 概略
dilettante:commitment::nonentity:consequence                              a brief summary of a larger work or of a field of

業餘愛好者:義務::無足輕重者:重要性 ( 反面特徵關係 )                                            knowledge:ABSTRACT

disaffected:contentment::dubious:commitment / conviction                  compendium:summary::anthology:collection

不滿的:滿意::不確定的:義務 / 確信 ( 反面特徵關係 )                                           綱要:摘要::文選:選集 ( 種屬關係 )
ambivalent <> commitment                                                  encyclopedia:compendious::??

不定的 <> 確定的                                                                百科全書:簡明的::?? ( 反面特徵關係 )
noncommittal <> confirm                                                   Synonyms digest , pandect , pr*cis , sketch , survey , syllabus ,

不定的 <> 確定                                                                 sylloge



committed                  adj. 【在…方面】受約束的 ,                              compensate                          vt. vi. 償還 , 補償 ,
                           受束縛的【in】,                                                                         付報酬
                           獻身於【主義、主張的】 ,                                  to offset an error , defect , or undesired effect

                           致力於                                            Synonyms atone ( for ) , balance , counterbalance , counterpoise ,

OBLIGATE , BIND                                                           countervail , make up , offset , outweigh , redeem , set off

profligate:solvent::mercurial:committed

揮霍的:有償付能力的::多變的:受束縛的 ( 反面特徵關係                                             complacency                         n. 滿足 , 安心
)                                                                         COMPLACENCE ; especially:self-satisfaction accompanied by
                                                                          unawareness of actual dangers or deficiencies

commodious                               adj. 寬敞的                         complacency <> anxiety

comfortably or conveniently spacious:ROOMY                                滿足 <> 渴望

taut:commodious::extraordinary:purlieu                                    Synonyms CONCEIT 2 , amour propre , complacence ,

緊張的:寬敞的::非凡的:常有的 ( 反義關係 )                                                 conceitedness , consequence , egoism , egotism , narcissism , pride

commodious <> constricted / cramped                                       , vainglory

寬敞的 <> 壓縮的 / 狹促的
commodious <> constringed                                                 complaisance                               n. 彬彬有禮 , 殷勤 ,
寬敞的 <> 壓縮的                                                                                                           柔順
Synonyms SPACIOUS , ample , capacious , roomy , wide                      disposition to please or comply:AFFABILITY

                                                                          complaisance:intractable::adeptness:maladroit

commonsense                              adj. 具有常識的                       柔順:難處理的::熟練:不靈巧的 ( 反面特徵關係 )
sound and prudent but often unsophisticated judgment                      complaisance <> obstinacy

preposterous <> commonsensical                                            柔順 <> 固執
                                                                          complaisance <> churlishness
                                                                     59                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
彬彬有禮 <> 粗野                                                                    compromise                         n. 妥協 , 折衷 , 折衷案 ,
                                                                                                                 和解
compliant                         adj. 順從的 , 適應的                              to come to agreement by mutual concession

ready or disposed to comply:SUBMISSIVE                                        mediation:compromise::prosecution:conviction

compliant:servile::trusting:gullible                                          調停:折衷::起訴:定罪 ( 動作及其目的關係 )

順從的:奴性的::信賴的:輕信的 ( 程度關係 )                                                     implacable:compromise::honest:swindle

obsequious:fawn::compliant:yield                                              不緩和的:折衷::誠實的:詐騙 ( 反面特徵關係 )

奉承的:奉承::順從的:順從 ( 形容詞和動詞同義關係 )                                                 intransigent <> open to compromise

                                                                              非妥協性的 <> 樂於妥協

compliment                        vt. 稱讚 , 褒揚 , 恭維                            polemical <> compromising

expressing or containing a compliment                                         好爭論的 <> 妥協的
apologize:contrite::compliment:impressed                                      Synonyms ENDANGER , hazard , imperil , jeopard , jeopardize ,

道歉:後悔的::稱讚:留下好印象的 ( 動作表達感情關係 )                                                jeopardy , menace , peril , risk

vituperative <> complimentary

責駡的 <> 稱讚的                                                                    compunction                        n. 良心的責備 , 後悔 ,
Synonyms COMMEND 2 , acclaim , applaud , hail , kudize ,                                                         悔恨
praise , recommend , ||roose                                                  anxiety arising from awareness of guilt

                                                                              compunction <> absence of misgiving / { animosity }

comply                            vi. 順從 , 答應                                 後悔 <> 沒有疑慮
to conform or adapt one's actions to another's wishes , to a rule , or        Synonyms PENITENCE , attrition , contriteness , contrition ,

to necessity                                                                  penance , penitency , remorse , repentance , rue , ruth

mandatory:comply::forbidden:abstain

強制的:答應::禁止的:放棄 ( 主被動關係 )                                                      concatenate                        v. 連結 , 連鎖
Synonyms OBEY , conform , follow , keep , mind , observe                      to link together in a series or chain

                                                                              concatenate <> separate

composed                          adj. 鎮靜的 , 沈著的                              連結 <> 分開

free from agitation:CALM ; especially:SELF-POSSESSED                          Synonyms INTEGRATE 3 , articulate

distraught <> composed

發狂的 <> 鎮靜的                                                                    concede                            v. 承認 ( 爲正確 ) , 讓步
Synonyms COOL 2 , collected , disimpassioned , imperturbable ,                to grant as a right or privilege

nonchalant , unflappable , unruffled                                          concede <> refuse to grant

                                                                              承認 <> 拒絕承認

compress                          vt. 壓縮 , 壓榨                                 Synonyms ACKNOWLEDGE 1 , admit , allow , avow , confess ,

to reduce in size or volume as if by squeezing                                fess ( up ) , grant , let on , own , own up

compression <> increase in volume

壓縮 <> 數量增加                                                                    concentrate                   vt. vi. 集中 , 專心 , 濃縮
distention <> compression                                                     1. to bring or direct toward a common center or objective:FOCUS

膨脹 <> 壓縮                                                                      2. to make less dilute

                                                                              concentrate <> dilute solution
                                                                         60                            Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                   Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
濃縮 <> 稀釋的溶液                                                                   , laconic , short , short and sweet , succinct , summary , terse

deploy <> concentrate

展開 <> 集中                                                                      concord                            n. 和睦 , 公約
                                                                              a state of agreement:HARMONY
                                                                              concord <> dissension

concerted                         adj. 商議好的 , 協定的 ,                           同意 <> 糾紛

                                  預定的                                         dissonance <> concord

mutually contrived or agreed on                                               不一致 <> 一致
concerted <> individually devised                                             schism <> concord

協定的 <> 個人設計的                                                                  分裂 <> 一致



concerto                          n. 協奏曲                                      concur                       vi. 意見相同 , 一致 , 互助
a piece for one or more soloists and orchestra with three contrasting         to act together to a common end or single effect

movements                                                                     concur <> naysay

                                                                              一致 <> 反對

conciliate                        v. 安撫 , 調和                                  Synonyms AGREE 3 , coincide , concert , concur , harmonize

APPEASE:to cause to subside:ALLAY ; especially:to buy off
( an aggressor ) by concessions usually at the sacrifice of principles        condemn                            vt. 判刑 , 責備 , 譴責 ,
sop:conciliatory::subsidy:supportive                                                                           聲討 , 處刑
安撫物:安撫的::補助金:支援性的 ( 下面特徵關係 )                                                  to declare to be reprehensible , wrong , or evil usually after

conciliate <> vex                                                             weighing evidence and without reservation

安撫 <> 使惱怒                                                                     bristle:anger::vacillate:unresolution { condone:mercy } {
vex <> conciliation                                                           condemn:warning }

惱怒 <> 安撫                                                                      發怒:憤怒::憂鬱不定:不堅決 { 赦免:仁慈 } {
contentious <> conciliatory                                                   譴責:警告 }

爭吵的 <> 調和的                                                                    countenance <> condemn

conciliate <> nettle                                                          支援 <> 譴責

安撫 <> 激怒                                                                      exaltation <> condemnation

discontent <> conciliate                                                      提升 <> 指責

不滿的 <> 調和的                                                                    extol <> condemn / impugn / detract

Synonyms PACIFY , appease , assuage , mollify , placate ,                     讚揚 <> 指責 / 攻擊 / 貶低
propitiate , sweeten                                                          Synonyms CRITICIZE , blame , censure , denounce , denunciate ,

                                                                              knock , rap , reprehend , reprobate , skin

concise                    adj. 簡明的 , 簡潔的
marked by brevity of expression or statement:free from all                    condescending                      adj. 謙遜的 ,
elaboration and superfluous detail                                                                               故意屈尊的 ,
synopsis:conciseness::distillate:purity                                                                          叫人領情似的
大綱:簡明::蒸餾物:純淨 ( 正面特徵關係 )                                                      showing or characterized by condescension:PATRONIZING
Synonyms breviloquent , brief , compendiary , compendious , curt
                                                                         61                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                 Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                         太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
condescending:patronize::obsequious:fawn

叫人領情的:以恩人自居::奉承的:奉承 (

形容詞和動詞關係 )

patronize:condescension::deride:mockery

以恩人自居:叫人領情的::嘲笑:嘲弄的 (

動詞和形容詞關係 )


                                                                  List 6 ( condole ~ cryptic ) :
condign                            adj. 相當的 , 適宜的
deserved , appropriate

condign <> undeserved / unmerited                                 condole                     v. 表達同情或悲傷
適宜的 <> 不應得的 / 不配的                                                 to express sympathetic sorrow
Synonyms JUST 3 , appropriate , deserved , due , merited ,        condolence:sympathy / compassion::gibe:derision
requisite , rhadamanthine , right , rightful , suitable           哀悼:同情::嘲笑:嘲笑 ( 行爲及其所表達內容 )



                                                                  condone                            vt. 赦 , 寬恕
                                                                  to pardon or overlook voluntarily ; especially:to treat as if trivial ,
                                                                  harmless , or of no importance

                                                                  bristle:anger::vacillate:unresolution { condone:mercy } {

                                                                  condemn:warning }

                                                                  發怒:憤怒::憂鬱不定:不堅決 { 赦免:仁慈 } {

                                                                  譴責:警告 }
                                                                  condone <> denounce

                                                                  寬恕 <> 公開譴責
                                                                  condone <> exact

                                                                  寬恕 <> 強求

                                                                  Synonyms:excuse pardon forgive

                                                                  CF:condonable ( adj. 寬恕的 , 贖罪的 n. 寬恕 , 贖罪 )

                                                                  condonement ( n. 不究 ; 默許 )

                                                                  區別:condole ( vi. 哀悼 , 致悼詞 , 慰問 , 吊唁 )



                                                                  conducive                          adj. 有助於…的
                                                                  tending to promote or assist

                                                                  conducive:foment::tonic:invigorate

                                                                  引起…的:煽動::使有活力的:有活力 (

                                                                  形容詞與動詞的正面關係 )

                                                                  Synonyms:contributive

                                                                  CF:conduce ( vi. 有助 , 有益 , 有貢獻於 , 導致 ) conducively (

                                                                  adv. 有益地 , 有助地 )


                                                             62                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                     Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
confederacy                       n. 聯盟 , 聯邦                                 confluence                    n. 匯合
a league or compact for mutual support or common                             a coming or flowing together , meeting , or gathering at one point

action:alliance                                                              confluence <> divergence

Synonyms:alliance                                                            匯合 <> 分歧
                                                                             Synonyms CONCOURSE , concursion , gathering , junction ,

                                                                             meeting

confess                    vt. vi. 承認 , 坦白 , 懺悔 ,
                           供認                                                conform                           vt. 使遵守 vi. 一致
to disclose one's faults ; specifically:to unburden one's sins or the        to be similar or identical ; also:to be in agreement or harmony
state of one's conscience to God or to a priest                              incongruent:conform::recalcitrant:obey

recantation:error::confession:crime                                          不協調的:使一致::反抗的:服從 (
公開認錯:錯誤::招供:罪刑 ( 動賓關係 )                                                      形容詞與動詞的反面關係 )

Synonyms:allow , acknowledge admit                                           heterodox:nonconformity::authority:superiority

CF:confessed ( adj. 公認的 ; 明顯的 ; 自己承認的 )                                      異教:不墨守成規::權威:優越 ( 人物及其正面特徵 )

                                                                             heretic:unconformity::apologist:defend

confidant                         n. 心腹朋友 , 知己                               異教徒:不服從::辯護者:辯護 ( 人物及其正面特徵 )
one to whom secrets are entrusted                                            【注:詞性不符】
                                                                             dissent <> conform

confidante                        n. 知己的女友                                   不同意 <> 使順從

CONFIDANT ; especially:one who is a woman                                    Synonyms:adapt , abide , comply , reconcile



confident                    adj. 有信心的 , 有把握的                                confront                          vt. 使面對 , 對抗 , 比較
characterized by assurance ; especially:SELF-RELIANT                                                           , 使對質
confident:timid::open:shy                                                    to face especially in challenge:OPPOSE

有信心的:膽小的::外向的:害羞的 (                                                          craven:confront::honest:deceive

兩個形容詞的反面關係 )                                                                 怯懦的:使面對::誠實的:欺騙 ( 形容詞與動詞的反面關係

confidence:arrogant::inquiry:interrogtory                                    )

自信:傲慢的::調查:訊問的 ( 程度比較 )                                                      circumvent <> confront

Synonyms:self-assurance , certain                                            智取 <> 對抗

CF:confidential ( adj. 秘密的 , 機密的 )                                           Synonyms:face , withstand

區別:confide ( v. 吐露心事 )

                                                                             congeal                           v. 凝結 , 凝          固
confine                    vt. 限制 , 閉居 , 禁閉                                  to make viscid or curdled:COAGULATE
something that restrains                                                     congeal <> melt / disintegrated

loose:confinement::disabuse:misconception                                    凝固 <> 熔化

解放:禁閉::解惑:誤解 ( 動作及其消除結果的關係 )                                                 congeal <> fail to solidify

Synonyms:limit , restrict , astrict                                          凝固 <> 不能凝固

                                                                             Synonyms:solidify , clot


                                                                        63                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
congenial                         adj. 同性質的 , 適意的 ,
                                  趣味相同的                           connoisseur                                n. 鑒賞家 , 行家
OCIABLE , GENIAL                                                  EXPERT ; especially:one who understands the details , technique

congenial:bonhomie                                                , or principles of an art and is competent to act as a critical judge

溫和的:溫和 ( 正面關係 )                                                   connoisseur:art::gourmet:cuisine
dour <> congenial / genial                                        鑒識家:藝術::美食家:烹飪 ( 人及其鑒賞物件 )

嚴厲的 <> 溫和的                                                        Synonyms:expert , authority

Synonyms:Agreeable amiable

區別:congenital ( adj. 天生的 , 先天的 )                                  conquest                           n. 戰勝 , 征服 , 戰利品
                                                                  the act or process of conquering

congruent                         adj. 適合的 , 一致的 ,                inexorable:dissuasion::indomitable:conquest

                                  符合的 , 全等的                       不屈不撓的:勸阻::不屈服的:征服 ( 難以關係 )
superposable so as to be coincident throughout                    Synonyms:subjugation , victory , conquering

congruent:dimension::coeval:age

全等的:尺寸::同時代的:時代 ( 直接修飾 )                                          conscientious                      adj. 有責任心的 ,
incongruent:conform::recalcitrant:obey                                                               負責的 , 本著良心的
不協調的:使一致::反抗的:遵守 (                                                governed by or conforming to the dictates of

形容詞與動詞的反面關係 )                                                     conscience:SCRUPULOUS
variance <> congruity                                             Synonyms:principled , dutiful , upright

不一致 <> 一致
congruence <> disagreeable                                        consensus                          n. 一致 , 交感 , 團結
適合的 <> 令人厭惡的                                                      group solidarity in sentiment and belief

Synonyms:harmonious , corresponding                               consensus:factionalism::clarity:confusion

                                                                  團結:黨派之爭::澄清:混亂 ( 消除關係 )

conjecture                        n. v. 推測 , 臆測                   law:criminality::consensus:factionalism
inference from defective or presumptive evidence                  法律:犯罪::團結:黨派之爭 ( 防止關係 )
conjecture <> restrain from the speculation                       expedition:foot dragging::consensus:factionalism

推測 <> 不准猜測                                                        迅速:緩慢::一致意見:黨派之爭 ( 反義 )
conjecture <> fact                                                schism:consensus::interruption:continuity

( 基於 ) 猜測 <> ( 基於 ) 事實                                            分裂:一致意見::中斷:連續性 ( 反義 )

Synonyms:            inference , theory , guess                   Synonyms:consent , unison , accord , agreement



connive                           vi. 默許 , 縱容 ,                   conservative                       adj. 保守的 n. 保守的人
                                  暗中合作 , 密謀策劃
to cooperate secretly or have a secret understanding              tending or disposed to maintain existing views , conditions , or

connive:cooperate::pry:watch                                      institutions:TRADITIONAL

暗中合作:合作::窺探:注視 ( 特殊行爲及其正常狀態 )                                     bigoted:advice::conservative:change
Synonyms PLOT , cogitate , collogue , collude , conspire ,        固執己見的:忠告::保守的:變化 (
contrive , devise , intrigue , machinate , scheme ( out )
                                                             64                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                     Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
形容詞與動詞的反面關係 )                                                    consignment:invoice

contumacious:authority::reactionary / hidebound /                委託:發貨單
conservative:change / innovation / novelty                       Synonyms:commitment

頑固的:權威::反動的 / 死板的 / 保守的:變化 / 創新 / 創新

( 事物及其發生特徵 )                                                     console                    n. 懸臂 , 肘托 , 控制臺 vt.
hidebound:conservative::peeved:annoyed                                                      安慰 , 藉慰
死板的:保守的::氣惱的:苦惱的 ( 同義詞 )                                         to alleviate the grief , sense of loss , or trouble of:COMFORT
conserve <> exhaust                                              embarrass:shame::console:comfort

保存 <> 耗盡                                                         使困窘:使羞愧::藉慰:安慰 ( 動詞的正面關係 )

Synonyms:reactionary , conserving                                disturb:serenity::console:grief

                                                                 擾亂:平靜::安慰:悲傷 ( 消除關係 )

conservatory                       n. 溫室 , 音樂學院                  Synonyms:solance , comfort

                                   adj. 保存性的 ,
                                   有保存力的                         consolidate                  vt. 鞏固 , 使聯合 , 統一
a school specializing in one of the fine arts                    to join together into one whole:UNITE

conservatory:music::seminary:theology::observatory:a             consolidation <> fragmentation

stronomy                                                         統一 <> 分裂

音樂學院:音樂::神學院:神學::天文臺:天文學 (                                       consolidate <> dissolve

場所及其研究學科 )                                                       使聯合 <> 解散

                                                                 Synonyms:combine , solidify , condense , merge , unite

conserve              n. 蜜餞 , 果醬 vt. 保存 , 保全                     區別:solidarity ( n. 團結 , 團結一致 , 共同一致 )
to keep in a safe or sound state

conserve <> waste / squander / exhaust                           consonance                       n. 一致 , 調和 , 和音
保存 <> 浪費                                                         harmony or agreement among components

Synonyms:preserve , save , maintain                              Synonyms:agreemet , coherence , coincidence , harmony ,

區別:preserve ( vt. 保護 , 保持 , 保存 ) conservatory ( n. 溫室 ,          symphony , unity

音樂學院 )

                                                                 conspicuous                  adj. 顯著的 , 顯而易見的
considerable                       adj. 相當的 , 可觀的 ,              obvious to the eye or mind

                                   重要的                           authoritative:acceptance::conspicuous:attention

worth consideration:SIGNIFICANT                                  權威的:接受::顯眼的:注意 ( 容易關係 )

restive:calmness::piddling:considerable                          conspicuous:see::transparent:understand

不安靜的:平靜::瑣屑的:重要的 ( 反面關係 )                                        明顯的:看::易明瞭的:瞭解 ( 容易關係 )

Synonyms:noteworthy , significant , essential , important        hermitage:secluded::landmark:conspicuous

區別:considerate ( adj. 體貼的 , 體諒的 , 顧慮周到的 )                        隱居處:隱退的::路標:明顯的 ( 建築物及其正面特徵 )

                                                                 conspicuous:sheltered::??

consignment                        n. 委託                         明顯的:遮蔽的 ( 反面關係 )
the act or process of consigning                                 blatant <> inconspicuous


                                                            65                        Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                  Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                         太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
明顯的 <> 不明顯的                                                          領導者:領導階層::顧問:顧問 ( 同義 )
nondescript <> conspicuous                                           Synonyms:            interview , conference

莫可名狀的 <> 顯而易見的
salient <> unconspicuous                                             consummate                          adj. 完美的 , 極致的 ,
顯著的 <> 不顯著的                                                                                              圓滿的
prominent <> inconspicuous                                           Complete in every detail ; of the highest degree ; extremely skilled

卓越的 <> 不現眼的                                                          and accomplished.

Synonyms:outstanding , striking , eminent , distinguished ,          Synonyms accomplished , finished , perfected , ripe , virtuosic

celebrated , noted , notable

區別:suspicious ( adj. 可疑的 , 疑懼的 , 懷疑的 ) perspicacious (               contagious                          adj. 傳染性的 ,
adj. 聰穎的 , 聰明的 , 有洞察力的 )                                                                                 會蔓延的 , 會傳播的
                                                                     communicable by contact:CATCHING

constellation                      n. 星座 , 星群                        sprain:injure::cold:contagion
the configuration of stars.                                          扭傷:傷::感冒:傳染病 ( 種屬關係 )

constellation:star::chord:note { queue:person }                      contagious <> incommunicable

星群:星星::和絃:音符 ( 佇列:人 ) ( 組成關係 )                                       會傳播的 <> 不能傳達的

                                                                     Synonyms:communicable , catching , infectious , transmittable ,

constitute                         vt. 構成 , 組成 , 任命
to appoint to an office , function , or dignity                      contaminate                         vt. 弄汙 , 弄髒 , 毒害 ,
abdicate <> constitute                                                                                   傳染 , 染汙
遜位 <> 任命                                                             to soil , stain , corrupt , or infect by contact or association

Synonyms:establish , develop , create , set up , organize            hedge:loss::quarantine:contamination::safeguard:accid

CF:constituent ( n. 成分 , 選民 )                                        ent

                                                                     兩面下注以免. . . 的風險:損失::檢疫:污染 ( 保護:事故 )

constrained                        adj. 被強迫的 , 拘泥的 ,                 ( 防止關係 )

                                   不舒服的                              Synonyms:taint , pollute , defile
to appoint to an office , function , or dignity

constrain <> release                                                 contemplate                          vt. 注視 , 沈思 , 打算
束縛 <> 釋放                                                             to view or consider with continued attention:meditate on consider
intemperate <> constrained

不節制的 <> 節制的                                                          contempt                             n. 輕視 , 輕蔑
Synonyms:bound , enforced , forced , henpecked , restrained ,        the act of despising:the state of mind of one who
self-contained , strained                                            despises:DISDAIN

                                                                     measly:contemptibly::puny:weakly

consultation                       n. 請教 , 諮詢 , 協定會                  下賤的:下賤地::微弱的:微弱地 (

COUNCIL , CONFERENCE ; specifically:a deliberation                   形容詞和副詞的同義關係 )
between physicians on a case or its treatment                        paragon:admire::pariah:contempt

Bellwether:leadership::advisor:consultant                            模範:欽佩::賤民:輕視 ( 動作及其物件關係 )


                                                                66                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                         Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
redoubtable:regard / awe::despicable:scorn / contempt /                      多管閒事的:探察::好爭吵的:爭吵 (
disregard                                                                    人物個性及其特徵行爲 )

著名的:尊敬 / 敬畏::可鄙的:輕蔑 (                                                        contentious <> conciliatory

形容詞和動詞正面關係 )                                                                 喜爭吵的 <> 安撫的

wince:pain::smile:pleasure::pout:displeasure::sneer                          contention <> general agreement

:contempt                                                                    爭論 <> 一致同意

畏縮:疼痛::微笑:高興::撅嘴:不高興::嘲笑:輕視                                                  Synonyms:argumentative , loquacious , belligerent

( 動作及其表示心理特徵 )
despicable:contempt::reprehensible:censor                                    contingent                          adj. 或許發生的 ,
可鄙的:鄙視::應受斥責的:檢查 ( 人物特徵及其被動行爲                                                                                    附隨的 , 暫時的
)                                                                            likely but not certain to happen:POSSIBLE
【注:censor 似乎應改爲censure 】                                                     Synonyms:possible , probable , accidental , fortuitous

scoff:contempt::thankful:gratitude

嘲笑:輕蔑::感謝:感謝 ( 同義 )                                                          contort                             v. 扭彎 , 曲解
estimable <> contemptible                                                    to twist into or as if into a strained shape or expression

可尊敬的 <> 可輕視的                                                                 contortion:body::grimace:face

Synonyms:scorn , disdain , derision , slight                                 扭彎:身體::面部扭彎:臉部 ( 行爲及其相關部位 )

content             adj. 滿足的 , 滿意的 , 意義的                                     Synonyms DEFORM , distort , misshape , torture , warp , wind

feeling or manifesting satisfaction with one's possessions , status ,        contradictory                       adj. 反駁的 , 反對的 ,
or situation                                                                                                     抗辯的
disaffected:contentment::dubious:commitment / conviction                     involving , causing , or constituting a contradiction

不滿的:滿足::可疑的:負責 / 確信 (                                                        paradox:contradictory::epigram:wise

形容詞與動詞的反面關係 )                                                                自相矛盾的話:矛盾::警句:明智 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )

gripe:discontent::praise:admiration                                          oxymoron:contradictory::mishap:catastrophic

抱怨:不滿::讚美:欽佩 ( 動詞及表示心理特徵 )                                                   矛盾修飾法:矛盾的::不幸:災難的 ( 正面特徵 )
disaffected <> content                                                       Synonyms:opposite , antagonistic , couteractive

不滿 <> 滿足
restiveness <> contentment                                                   contravene                          v. 違反 , 違背 , 反駁 ,
難以駕馭 <> 滿足                                                                                                       反對
Synonyms:satisfied , pleased , contented , complacent                        1. to oppose in argument:CONTRADICT

CF:contention ( n. 爭論 , 爭辯 , 所持的論點 ) contents ( n. 目錄                        2. to go or act contrary to:VIOLATE
)                                                                            contravene <> support

區別:contend ( vi. 奮鬥 , 鬥爭 , 競爭vt. 爲. . . 鬥爭 )                                 反駁 <> 支援
                                                                             contravene <> buttress

contentious                       adj. 好辯的 , 喜爭吵的                            反對 <> 支援
exhibiting an often perverse and wearisome tendency to quarrels              Synonyms:oppose , conflict with , violate
and disputes

meddlesome:pry::contentious:argue                                            constringe                      vt. 使收縮 , 使收斂 , 壓縮
                                                                             to cause to contract ; constrict.
                                                                        67                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
commodious <> constringed

寬敞的 <> 壓縮的                                                             convalesce                          vi. 漸漸康復 , 漸愈
                                                                       to recover health and strength gradually after sickness or weakness

contrite                   adj. 悔悟了的 , 後悔的 ,                           recidivism:relapse::rehabilitation:convalesce

                           痛悔的                                         累犯:故態複萌::復原:漸愈 ( 動詞和名詞的正面關係 )
grieving and penitent for sin or shortcoming                           Synonyms:recover

apologize:contrite::compliment:impressed

道歉:後悔的::稱讚:受感動的 ( 動作及其表示心理特徵 )                                         convenience                       n. 方便 , 便利的事物 ,
penitent:contrition::??                                                                                  無憂慮
悔過的:後悔::??                                                             something ( as an appliance , device , or service ) conducive to

impenitent <> contrite                                                 comfort or ease

不悔悟的 <> 後悔的                                                            opportune:convenience::impermanent:transience

Synonyms:repentant , regretful , humbled , remorseful ashamed          適當的:方便::暫時的:暫時 ( 形容詞名詞的正面關係 )
                                                                       opportune <> inconvenient

contrived                         adj. 做作的 , 不自然的                      適當的 <> 不便的
ARTIFICIAL , LABORED                                                   Synonyms:fitness , suitability

contrived:design::??

做作的:設計 ( 正面關係 )                                                        convention                  n. 大會 , 協定 , 慣例
Synonyms:artificial , labored                                          usage or custom especially in social matters

                                                                       overdose:prescription::indiscretion:convention

contumacious                      adj. 違抗的 , 不服從的                      配藥過量:處方::與社會道德不符的行爲:慣例 ( 過分關係

stubbornly disobedient:REBELLIOUS                                      )

contumacious:authority::reactionary / hidebound /                      eccentric:conventional::doyen:uninitiated

conservative:change / innovation / novelty                             古怪的人:傳統的::老資格:沒有經驗的 (

不服從的:權威::反動的 / 死板的 / 保守的:變化 / 創新 /                                     人物和其反面特徵 )

革新 ( 反面關係 )                                                            offbeat <> conventional

contumacious <> obedient                                               不平常的 <> 傳統的

不服從的 <> 服從的                                                            ossify <> transcend conventions

Synonyms:insubordinate , disobedient , unyielding , intractable        死板 <> 超越常規

區別:contumely ( n. 無禮 , 傲慢 , 侮辱 )                                       Synonyms:meeting , conference



conundrum                         n. ( 答案有雙關意義的 )                      convergent                        adj. 趨集於一點的 ,
                                  謎語 , 難題                                                                會聚性的 , 收斂的
a:a question or problem having only a conjectural answer               tending to move toward one point or to approach each

b:an intricate and difficult problem                                   other:CONVERGING

conundrum:solve::??                                                    convergent <> moving apart

難題:解決::??                                                              趨集於一點的 <> 移動開
Synonyms MYSTERY , Chinese puzzle , closed book , enigma ,             discrepancy <> converge

mystification , puzzle , puzzlement , riddle , why
                                                                  68                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                         Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
分散 <> 聚合 【注:詞性不符】                                                        disaffected:contentment::dubious:commitment / conviction
converge <> spread out                                                   不滿足的:滿足::可疑的:確信
聚合 <> 展開                                                                 cogent <> unconvincing

Synonyms:converging , confluent                                          有說服力的 <> 不令人信服的

                                                                         Synonyms:persuasion , confidence

conversant                          adj. 親近的 , 有交情的 ,                    CF:convict ( vt. 宣告有罪 , 使知罪 )

                                    熟悉的
having frequent or familiar association                                  conviction                        n. 定罪
conversant <> unfamiliarity                                              the act or process of convicting of a crime especially in a court of

熟悉的 <> 不熟悉 【注:詞性不符】                                                      law

Synonyms FAMILIAR , abreast , acquainted , au courant , au fait ,        mediation:compromise::prosecution:conviction
informed , up , versant , versed                                         調解:和解::起訴:定罪 ( 動作及其目的 )

                                                                         Synonyms:verdict

convert                     vt. 使改變信仰 , 兌換 ,
                     倒置 n. 皈依者 , 改宗者                                     convoke                           v. 召集會議
to bring over from one belief , view , or party to another               to call together to a meeting

veer:direction::convert:belief                                           convoke <> adjourn

轉向:方向::使改變信仰:信仰 ( 動賓關係 )                                                 召集會議 <> 休會

hunter:quarry::proselytizer:convert                                      Synonyms:convene , muster

獵人:獵物::使改變信仰:改宗者 ( 動作及其物件 )                                              區別:evoke ( v. 引起 , 喚起 ) provoke ( v. 激怒 , 挑逗 ) revoke (

Synonyms:proselyte                                                       v. 廢除 , 取消 )



convex                      adj. 表面彎曲如球的外側 ,                             convoluted                        adj. 旋繞的 , 費解的
                            凸起的                                          INVOLVED , INTRICATE

curved or rounded like the exterior of a sphere                          convoluted:complexity::ephemeral:transience
convex <> dent                                                           費解的:複雜的事物::短暫的:頃刻 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )

凸起 <> 凹陷                                                                 Synonyms:complex , winding , intricate , complicated



convey                              vt. 傳達 , 運輸 , 轉移                     convulsion                        n. 騷動 , 痙攣
to transfer or deliver to another                                        an abnormal violent and involuntary contraction or series of

collude:cooperate::smuggle:convey                                        contractions of the muscles

串通:合作::走私:運輸 ( 正常與不正常 )                                                  convulsion:contraction::frenzy:emotion

splint:immobilize::duct:convey                                           痙攣:收縮::狂暴:激動 ( 動作程度類比 )

夾板:使固定::管道:運輸 ( 物品及其功能 )                                                 Synonyms:spasm

Synonyms:carry , dispatch

                                                                         coop                              n. 小屋 , 雞籠 , 捕魚籠
conviction                          n. 確信 , 信服 , 深信                      a cage or small enclosure ( as for poultry )

a strong persuasion or belief                                            corral:horses::coop:chickens


                                                                    69                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                           Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
畜欄:馬::雞籠:小雞 ( 動物及其飼養場所 )                                                  coronation:reign::wedding:marriage

                                                                          加冕禮:執政::婚禮:結婚 ( 前者是後者的儀式 )

copious                           adj. 豐富的
present in large quantity:taking place on a large scale                   corporeal                         adj. 肉體的 , 有形的 ,
copious <> sparse                                                                                           物質的
豐富的 <> 稀少的                                                                having , consisting of , or relating to a physical material body:as

Synonyms:abundant , profuse                                               a:not spiritual

                                                                          b:not immaterial or intangible:SUBSTANTIAL

coquette                   n. 風騷的女人 ,                                     corporeal <> intangible / disembodied

                           愛賣弄風情的女子 ,                                     有形的 <> 無形的

                           玩弄男人的女人                                        spiritual <> corporeal
a woman who endeavors without sincere affection to gain the               精神的 <> 物質的
attention and admiration of men                                           incorporeal <> incarnate

supplicant:beseeching::coquette::flirtatious                              無實體的 <> 人體化的

懇求者:懇求的::風騷的女人:輕浮的 ( 人物及其正面特徵                                             Synonyms:physical , bodlily
)

                                                                          corral                            vt. 佔有 , 圍住 n. 畜欄
cord                   n. 繩索 , 束縛 , 木料計量單位                                a pen or enclosure for confining or capturing livestock

a unit of wood cut for fuel equal to a stack 4 x 4 x 8 feet or 128        corral:horses::coop:chickens
cubic feet                                                                畜欄:馬::雞籠:小雞 ( 動物及其飼養場所 )

ream:paper::cord:wood

令:紙::木料計量單位:木材 ( 物品及其計量單位 )                                               corroborate                       vt. 使堅固 , 確證
                                                                          to support with evidence or authority:make more certain

cordon                 n. 哨兵線 , 非常警戒線 , 飾帶                                corroborate:evidence::calumniate:falsehood
a line of persons or objects around a person or place                     確證:證據::誹謗:謊言 ( 利用關係 )

levee:river::cordon:crowd                                                 corroboration <> lessening of certainty

大堤:河::警戒線:群衆 ( 前者爲後者的界限 )                                                 確證 <> 降低可信度



cornucopia                 n. 象徵豐收的羊角 (                                   corrosive                         adj. 腐蝕的 , 腐蝕性的 ,
                           羊角裝飾器內裝滿花、果、穀                                                                    蝕壞的
                           物等以示富饒 )                                       tending or having the power to corrode

an inexhaustible store:ABUNDANCE                                          etch:corrosive::glue:adhesive
cornucopia <> lack / pittance                                             蝕刻:腐蝕的::膠合:有黏性的
豐富 <> 缺乏 / 少量                                                             Synonyms:eroding , caustic



coronation                        n. 加冕 , 加冕禮                             cosmopolitan                      n. 四海爲家的人 ,
the act or occasion of crowning ; also:accession to the highest                                             世界主義者 ,
office                                                                                                      無國家偏見的人
                                                                          having worldwide rather than limited or provincial scope or bearing
                                                                     70                            Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
bigot:tolerant::provincial:cosmopolitan {                                                                  相應物
servile:domination }                                                    one of two corresponding copies of a legal

頑固:寬容的::狹隘的:世界性的 ( 反義 )                                                 instrument:DUPLICATE
insularity <> cosmopolitanism

島國 <> 世界主義                                                              couplet                            n. 對句 , 對聯
insular <> cosmopolitan                                                 two successive lines of verse forming a unit marked usually by

島的 <> 世界性的                                                              rhythmic correspondence , rhyme , or the inclusion of a self-

CF:comopolis ( n. 國際都市 )                                                contained utterance:DISTICH



cosset                           v. 寵愛 , 嬌養                             court                              n. 法院 , 法庭;庭院
to treat as a pet:PAMPER                                                                                   vt. 獻殷勤 , 追求 ,
cosset <> slight                                                                                           招致危險
寵愛 <> 輕蔑                                                                to seek the affections of ; especially:to seek to win a pledge of
cosseted <> unspoiled                                                   marriage from

寵愛的 <> 未寵壞的                                                             aversion <> court

Synonyms:pamper , coddle , cherish                                      厭惡 <> 追求
                                                                        court <> repel intentionally / repulse intentionally / snub

coterie                          n. ( 有共同興趣的 )                          追求 <> 有意識的抵制 / 有意的厭惡 / 怠慢

                                 小團體 , 小圈子                              spurn <> court , crave , embrace

an intimate and often exclusive group of persons with a unifying        摒棄 <> 追求 , 熱望 , 包含
common interest or purpose                                              Synonyms:seek favor , woo

coterie:group::??

小團體:團體 ( 種屬關係或正式非正式 )                                                   courtesy                           n. 禮貌 , 謙恭 , 允許
                                                                        a:courteous behavior

countenance                             n. 面容 , 表情 v.                   b:a courteous act or expression

                                        支援 , 贊成                         coven                   n. ( 尤指十三個 ) 女巫的集會
to extend approval or toleration to:SANCTION                            an assembly or band of usually 13 witches

countenance <> condemn                                                  retainer:retinue::witch:coven

支援 <> 譴責                                                                家臣:隨行人員::女巫:女巫的集會 ( 集合關係 )

Synonyms:look , endorse , approve

                                                                        covetous                           adj. 貪婪的 , 貪心的
counterfeit                             n. 贋品 , 僞造品                     marked by inordinate desire for wealth or possessions or for

made in imitation of something else with intent to                      another's possessions

deceive:FORGED                                                          troubled:distraught::covetous:rapacious

sophism:reasoning::counterfeit:money                                    不平靜的:發狂的::貪心的:強奪貪婪的 ( 形容詞程度類比

詭辯:推理::贋品假錢:錢 ( 名詞假與正常形式 )                                              )

                                                                        Synonyms:greedy , avaricios

counterpart                      n. 副本 , 複本 , 配對物 ,

                                                                   71                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
cow                              v. 恐嚇 , 嚇倒 , 威脅                           craven                              adj. 懦弱的 , 畏縮的
to destroy the resolve or courage of                                       lacking the least bit of courage:contemptibly fainthearted
cowed <> undaunted                                                         craven:admirable::deft:awkward

被嚇倒的 <> 大無畏的                                                               懦弱的:可欽佩的::靈巧的:笨拙的 ( 兩形容詞的反面關係
embolden <> abash / faze / cow                                             )

使大膽 <> 使羞愧 / 使狼狽 / 威脅                                                      craven:hero::parsimonious:spendthrift

                                                                           懦弱的:英雄::小氣的:敗家子 ( 人及其反面特徵 )

cowardice                        n. 懦弱                                     craven:heroic::volatile:constant
lack of courage or resolution                                              懦弱的:英勇的::不穩定的:穩定的 ( 兩形容詞的反面關係
pluck <> cowardice                                                         )

勇氣 <> 懦弱                                                                   heroic:craven::erratic:permanent
                                                                           英勇的:懦弱的::不穩定的:穩定的 ( 兩形容詞的反面關係

cower                            vi. 畏縮 , 退縮 , 哆嗦                          ) craven:confront::honest:deceive
to shrink away or crouch especially for shelter from something that        懦弱的:對抗::誠實的:欺騙 ( 形容詞和動詞的反面關係 )
menaces , domineers , or dismays                                           dastard:craven::??

fear:cower::anger:rant                                                     懦夫:懦夫::?? ( 同義 )

害怕:畏縮::憤怒:咆哮 ( 動作及其表現 )                                                    Synonyms:cowardly , timid
bristle <> cower

發怒 <> 畏縮                                                                   craving                    n. 渴望 , 熱望
Synonyms:cringe , flinch , quail wince                                     an intense , urgent , or abnormal desire or longing

                                                                           terror:fear::craving:desire

craft                            n. 技藝 , 手藝 , 詭計                           恐怖:害怕::渴望:願望 ( 名詞的程度類比 )

skill in planning , making , or executing:DEXTERITY                        exalt:satisfaction::crave:longing

                                                                           得意洋洋:滿意::渴望:渴望 ( 程度類比 )

cramp                            adj. 狹窄的 , 難解的                            spurn <> court , crave , embrace

CONFINE , RESTRAIN                                                         摒棄 <> 追求 , 渴望 , 包含
commodious <> constricted / cramped                                        Synonyms:yearnig , longing

寬敞的 <> 狹窄的 / 狹促的

Synonyms:narrow , restricted

                                                                           credence                            n. 信用 , 祭器台 , 供桌 ,
crass                      adj. 粗糙 , 粗厚的 , 愚鈍的 ,                                                               憑證
                           極度的 , 非常                                        mental acceptance as true or real

having or indicating such grossness of mind as precludes delicacy

and discrimination                                                         creek                               n. 小溪 , 小河 , 小灣
crass <> refined                                                           a natural stream of water normally smaller than and often tributary

粗糙的 <> 精細的                                                                 to a river

Synonyms:coarse , rude , vulgar                                            hill:mountain::creek:river

                                                                           小山:山脈::小溪:河流 ( 物體的大和小 )


                                                                      72                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
creep                         v. n. 緩慢或悄悄地行進                                 croon:sing::murmur:speak
to move slowly , quietly and carefully , esp so as not to attract            低聲歌唱:歌唱::低語:說 ( 正常與不正常關係 )
attention

creep <> swiftly move                                                        crop                              n. 農作物 , 産量 , 平頭
緩慢或悄悄地行進 <> 快速移動                                                             a plant or animal or plant or animal product that can be grown and

Synonyms crawl , slide , snake                                               harvested extensively for profit or subsistence:COLLECTION
                                                                             crop <> pittance

crescendo                         n. ( 音樂 ) 漸強 , 高潮                          收穫 <> 少量 【對應不工整】

a gradual increase ; specifically:a gradual increase in volume of a
musical passage                                                              crouch                            v. 蹲伏、彎腰
crescendo <> decrease in volume                                              to bend or bow servilely:CRINGE
( 音樂 ) 漸強 <> 聲音減弱

                                                                             crown                             vt. 使成王 , 加冕 , 居. .
crest                             n. 雞冠 , 頂飾                                                                   . 之頂
the top of a wave                                                            to place a crown or wreath on the head of ; specifically:to invest

crest:wave::summit / peak:mountain                                           with regal dignity and power

波峰:波::山峰:山 ( 位置關係 )                                                          inaugurate:president::install:official::crown:king

                                                                             就職:總統::就職:官員::加冕:國王 (

crestfallen                         adj. 挫敗的 , 失望的                           職位及其上任說法 )

                                    ,冠毛垂倒 , ( 喻 )
                                    垂頭喪氣的                                    crucial                           adj. 嚴重的 , 極重要的
feeling shame or humiliation:DEJECTED                                        important or essential as resolving acrisis:DECISIVE

Synonyms:discouraged , dejiected chagrined , sad                             relevant:crucial::perceptible:obvious

                                                                             有關聯的:重要的::看的見的:明顯的 ( 形容詞程度類比 )

criteria                          n. 標準                                      crucial <> inconsequential

a standard on which a judgment or decision may be based                      重要的 <> 不重要的

Synonyms:standard , criterion                                                Synonyms:momentous , severe



cronyism                          n. 任人唯親
partiality to cronies especially as evidenced in the appointment of          crude                        adj. 天然的 , 未成熟的 ,
political hangers-on to office without regard to their qualifications                                     粗糙的 , 粗魯的
nepotism:relative::cronyism:friend                                           marked by the primitive , gross , or elemental or by uncultivated

起用親戚:親戚::對好朋友的偏袒:朋友 ?? ( 物件關係 )                                              simplicity or vulgarity

                                                                             delicacy <> crudity

croon                             v. 低聲歌唱 , 低吟                               精致 <> 粗糙

to sing or speak in a gentle murmuring manner ; especially:to                Synonyms:rude , unpolished
sing in a soft intimate manner adapted to amplifying systems

                                                                             crutch                            n. 拐杖 , 支撐 , 幫助
                                                                             a support typically fitting under the armpit for use by the disabled
                                                                        73                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
in walking                                                             exemplary:imitation::culpable:blame

crutch:walk::glasses:see                                               可模仿的:模仿::該受譴責的:譴責 (

拐杖:行走::眼鏡:看 ( 物品及其輔助功能 )                                               事物特性及其被動特徵 )

crutch:support::??                                                     culpable <> innocent

拐杖:支援::?? ( 物品及其作用 )                                                   該受譴責的 <> 無罪的

                                                                       Synonyms:BLAMEWORTHY , blamable , blameful ,

crux                      n. 十字架形 , 關鍵 , 難題                            demeritorious , guilty , reprehensible
an essential point requiring resolution or resolving an outcome

crux <> peripheral element                                             cultivated                        adj. 耕耘的 , 栽植的 ,
關鍵 <> 周邊因素                                                                                               有教養的
                                                                       REFINED , EDUCATED

cryptic                   adj. 秘密的 , 神秘的 ,                             feral <> cultivated

                          含義模糊的                                        野生的 <> 栽植的
having or seeming to have a hidden or ambiguous                        Synonyms:GENTEEL , cultured , polished , refined , urbane ,
meaning:MYSTERIOUS                                                     well-bred

cipher:cryptic::precis:concise

暗號:秘密的::摘要:簡潔的 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )                                            cumbersome                        adj. 討厭的 , 麻煩的 ,
cryptic:perplex::??                                                                                      累贅的
神秘的:使困惑::?? ( 形容詞和動詞正面關係 )                                             unwieldy because of heaviness and bulk

cryptic <> self explain                                                cumbersome <> easy to handle

含義模糊的 <> 能自我解釋的                                                        麻煩的 <> 容易處理的
cryptic <> self explanatory                                            Synonyms:UNWIELDY , cumbrous , ponderous , unhandy

含義模糊的 <> 能自我解釋的                                                        CF:recumbent

Synonyms:enigmatic , mysterious

                                                                       cunning               adj. 狡猾的 , 巧妙的 , 可愛的
                                                                       characterized by wiliness and trickery

                                                                       artless <> cunning / guileful

                                                                       率直 <> 狡猾的 / 狡猾的
                                                                       ingenuous <> cunning
List 7 ( cuisine ~ detract ) :                                         純真的 <> 狡猾的

                                                                       Synonyms:CLEVER , adroit , canny , dexterous , ingenious ,

cuisine                          n. 烹調                                 slim , sly

manner of preparing food:style of cooking ; also:the food
prepared                                                               curative                   adj. 治病的 , 有治病效力的
connoisseur:art::gourmet:cuisine                                       relating to or used in the cure of diseases:tending to cure

鑒賞家:藝術::美食家:烹調 ( 特殊人物及其精通物件 )                                          Synonyms:curing , healing , remedial , remedying , restorative ,
                                                                       sanative , sanatory , vulnerary , wholesome

culpable                         adj. 該受譴責的
meriting condemnation or blame especially as wrong or harmful
                                                                  74                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                          Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
curator                    n. ( 博物館、圖書館等的 )                            cyclone                               n. 旋風 , 氣旋
                           館長 , 主持                                     a storm or system of winds that rotates about a center of low

one that has the care and superintendence of something ;               atmospheric pressure , and often brings heavy rain

especially:one in charge of a museum , zoo , or other place of         snow:precipitation::hurricane:cyclone
exhibit                                                                雪:降雪::颶風:暴風 ( 種屬 )

ranger:forest::curator:museum                                          Synonyms:TORNADO , twister

護林員:森林::館長:博物館 ( 人物職業及其工作物件 )

                                                                       cynical                               adj. 憤世嫉俗的 ,
curriculum                 n. 課程 , 一組相關的專業課程                                                                 諷刺的 , 冷嘲的
A group of related courses , often in a special field of study:        having or showing the attitude or temper of a cynic ;

menu:dish::curriculum:course                                           especially:contemptuously distrustful of human nature and

功能表:盤裝菜::一組課程:課程 ( 事物個體及其全部安排                                          motives

)                                                                      ingenue:sophistication::cynic:trustfulness

                                                                       清純少女:世故::憤世嫉俗者:相信 ( 人物及其反面特徵 )

cursory                    adj. 粗略的 , 草率的                              Synonyms:SARDONIC , ironic , wry

rapidly and often superficially performed or produced:HASTY
cursory <> painstakingly thorough                                      dabble                                vi. 玩水 , 潑濺 , 涉獵
草率的 <> 認真的                                                             to work or involve oneself superficially or intermittently especially

fastidious <> easygoing / cursory / uncritical                         in a secondary activity or interest

苛求的 <> 隨便的 / 草率的 / 不嚴厲的                                                martinet:leniency::dabbler:dedication

Synonyms:SUPERFICIAL , depthless , shallow , sketchy ,                 嚴格的人:寬大::業餘學者:奉獻 ( 人物及其反面特徵 )
uncritical                                                             dabble <> dedicate / devote

                                                                       涉獵 <> 致力 / 投入於

curt                  adj. ( 言詞、行爲 ) 簡略而草率的                            dabbler <> specialist

sparing of words:TERSE                                                 初學者 <> 專家

curt:words::parsimonious:resource                                      Synonyms:AMATEUR , abecedarian , dilettante ,

簡略的:詞語::節省的:資源 ( 人物個性及其物件 )                                            nonprofessional , smatterer , tyro , uninitiate

Synonyms:CONCISE , breviloquent , brief , compendiary ,
compendious , laconic , short , succinct , summary                     daft                        adj. 傻的 , 愚蠢的
                                                                       a:SILLY , FOOLISH

curtail                    vt. 截短 , 縮短 , 削減                            b:MAD , INSANE
to make less by or as if by cutting off or away some part              daft <> judicious

curtail:period::enervate:energy                                        傻的 <> 明智的

縮短:時期::使衰弱:活力 ( 動作及其作用物件 )                                             Synonyms:INSANE , bedlamite , cracked , crazed , crazy ,
protract <> curtail                                                    demented , deranged , mad , unbalanced , unsound

延長 <> 縮短

Synonyms:SHORTEN , abbreviate , abridge , cut , cut back ,             daguerreotype                         n. ( 早期 ) 銀板照相
retrench , slash                                                       an early photograph produced on a silver or a silver-covered copper


                                                                  75                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                           Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
plate ; also:the process of producing such photographs                    陰濕的:潮濕::?? ( 同義 )

                                                                          Synonyms:DAMP , dampish , moist , moisty , wettish

dally                             vi. 戲耍 , 玩弄 , 賦閑
a:to act playfully ; especially:to play amorously                         dapper                        adj. 衣冠楚楚的;乾淨的
b:to deal lightly:TOY                                                     a:neat and trim in appearance

Synonyms:TRIFLE , coquet , flirt , fool , lead on , string along ,        b:excessively spruce and stylish
toy , wanton                                                              dapper:fastidious::??

                                                                          衣冠楚楚的:挑剔的::?? ( 人物個性及其表面特徵 )

damp                  n. & adj. 潮濕 ( 的 ) , v. 打濕                          indulge:adherent::slovenly:dapper
MOISTURE , HUMIDITY , DAMPNESS                                            放縱:信徒::不修邊幅的:衣冠楚楚的 ( 反義 )

tint:suffuse::damp:quench                                                 【注:對應不工整 , 詞性不符】

染色於:充滿::使潮濕:冷浸 ( 程度類比 )                                                   dapper <> frowsy

assuage:sorrow::dampen:ardor                                              乾淨的 <> 肮髒的

減輕:悲傷::使喪氣:熱情 ( 行爲及其消除物件 )                                                unkempt <> dapper

alleviate:strength::dampen:ardor                                          不整潔的 <> 乾淨的

減輕:強度::使沮喪:熱情                                                             slovenly <> dapper

sere <> lush / damp                                                       邋遢的 <> 整齊的

乾枯的 <> 青蔥的 / 潮濕的                                                          Synonyms:bandbox , doggish , doggy , natty , sassy , sparkish ,
dampen <> scorch                                                          spiffy , spruce , sprucy , well-groomed

使潮濕 <> 燒焦

Synonyms:dampish , dank , moist , moisty , wettish                        dappled                     adj. 有斑點的 , 花的
                                                                          marked with small spots or patches contrasting with the

dander                            n. 生氣 , 頭皮屑                             background

DANDRUFF ; specifically:minute scales from hair , feathers , or           striated:groove::mottled / dappled:spot
skin that may be allergenic                                               有條紋的:刻痕::斑駁的 / 有斑點的:小點 ( 形容詞:名詞
                                                                          )

dandy                         n. 花花公子 , 好打扮的人                             Synonyms:VARIEGATED , discolor , motley , multicolor ,
a man who gives exaggerated attention to personal appearance              multicolored , multihued , parti-colored , varicolored , versicolor ,

miser:hoard::dandy:preen::sycophant:fawn::pundit                          versicolored

:opinion

吝嗇鬼:儲藏::花花公子:打扮::馬屁精:奉承::學者                                               daredevil                  n. 鋌而走險的人 , 魯莽的人
:主張 ( 人物及其特徵動作 )                                                          a recklessly bold person

Synonyms:FOP , Beau Brummel , blood , buck , coxcomb , dude               prudence:daredevil::sagacity:simpleton
, exquisite , lounge lizard , macaroni , popinjay                         審慎:魯莽的人::聰敏:笨蛋 ( 人物及其反面特徵 )

                                                                          daredevil:???::malcontent:dissatisfaction

dank                              adj. 陰濕的                                魯莽的人:???::不滿現狀的人:不滿意 (
unpleasantly moist or wet                                                 人物及其正面特徵 )

dank:moisture::??                                                         Synonyms:ADVENTUROUS , adventuresome , audacious ,
                                                                          daring , foolhardy , rash , reckless , temerarious , venturesome ,
                                                                     76                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                          太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
venturous                                                            Synonyms:IDLE , bum , diddle-daddle , laze , lazy , loaf , loiter ,
                                                                     loll , lounge

dart                               vi. 疾走 , 突進                       Synonyms:DELAY , dally , drag , lag , loiter , poke ,
to move suddenly or rapidly fall                                     procrastinate , put off , tarry , trail

descend:plummet::move:dart

下降:猛然落下::移動:疾馳 ( 正常動作與快速 )                                           deactivate                            vt. 解除動員 , 復員 ,
Synonyms:SHAFT , barb                                                                                      使無效 , 使不活動
                                                                     to make inactive or ineffective

dastard                            n. 懦夫 , 膽小的人                      deactivate <> potentiate

a person who acts treacherously or underhandedly                     使無效 <> 賦與力量 , 加強

dastard:craven::??
懦夫:懦夫::?? ( 同義 )                                                     deaden                                vt. 使減弱 , 消除
Synonyms COWARD , chicken , craven , funk , funker , poltroon        to impair in vigor or sensation:BLUNT
, quitter , yellowbelly                                              tonic:invigorate::analgesic:deaden

                                                                     滋補品:使健壯::止痛劑:使減弱 ( 藥物及其作用 )

daunt                              vt. 使膽怯 , 使畏縮                     Synonyms:benumb , blunt , desensitize , dull , mull , numb

to lessen the courage of:COW , SUBDUE

dauntless:trepidation::footloose:attachment                          deadpan                               adj. 無表情的臉
大膽的:顫抖::鬆散的:附著 ( 反義 )                                                marked by an impassive matter-of-fact manner , style , or

dauntless:intimidate::irrepressible:restrain                         expression

大膽的:使害怕::抑制不住的:抑制 (                                                  impudence:brazen::deadpan:impassive

人物特徵及其反面被動行爲 )                                                       厚顔無恥:厚顔無恥的::無表情的臉:冷漠的 (
cowed <> undaunted                                                   名詞及其形容詞 )

膽怯的 <> 無畏的                                                           Synonyms:EXPRESSIONLESS , blank , empty , inexpressive ,
daunt <> embolden / make resolute                                    unexpressive , vacant

使膽怯 <> 使大膽 / 使堅定
daunting <> meek                                                     dearth                         n. 缺乏 , 糧食不足 , 饑荒
使人畏縮的 <> 溫和的                                                         an inadequate supply:LACK
dauntless <> craven / easily discouraged / pusillanimous             plethora <> dearth

大膽的 <> 膽小的 / 容易氣餒的 / 膽怯的                                             過剩 <> 缺乏
dauntless <> trepid                                                  spate <> dearth

大膽的 <> 驚恐的                                                           大量 <> 缺乏

Synonyms:DISMAY , appall , consternate , horrify , shake             Synonyms:ABSENCE , default , defect , lack , miss , privation ,
                                                                     want

dawdle                vi. &vt. 遊手好閒 , 混日子
to move lackadaisically                                              debark                        vt. 使登陸 , 卸載 , 使下船
hie <> dawdle                                                        To unload , as from a ship or an airplane.

匆忙 <> 遊手好閒                                                           debark:ship::unload:truck


                                                                77                            Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                          Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                           太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
卸載:船::卸貨:卡車                                                                debut                              n. 初次登臺 , 初次露面
                                                                           a first appearance

debase                               v. 貶低 , 貶損                            debut:career::embarkment:journey
to lower in status , esteem , quality , or character                       初次登臺:職業生涯::上船 , 上飛機:旅行 ( 過程的開始 )

debase:value::attenuate:force                                              debut <> farewell performance

貶低:價值::減弱:力量 ( 行爲及其作用物件 )                                                  初次登臺 <> 告別演出

enervate:vitality::debase:value                                            Synonyms:come out

使衰弱:活力::貶低:價值 ( 行爲及其作用物件 )

debase:value::simplify:complexity                                          decadence                          n. 衰落 , 頹廢
貶低:價值::簡化:複雜 ( 行爲及其作用物件 )                                                  the process of becoming decadent:the quality or state of being
debased <> ennobled                                                        decadent

貶低的 <> 使高貴的                                                                decadence <> wholesomeness

Synonyms:animalize , bastardize , bestialize , brutalize , canker ,        頹廢 <> 健康
corrupt , debauch , demoralize , deprave , pervert , poison , rot ,        Synonyms:DETERIORATION , declension , declination ,
stain , vitiate , warp ;                                                   decline , degeneracy , degeneration , devolution , downfall ,

                                                                           downgrade

debilitate                           vt. 使衰弱
to impair the strength of:ENFEEBLE                                         decant                 vt. 輕輕倒出 , 移入其他容器
attenuate:thickness::debilitate:strength                                   to pour out , transfer , or unload as if by pouring

拉薄:厚度::使衰弱:力量 ( 行爲及其作用物件 )                                                 subterfuge:deceive::decant:pour
debilitate <> invigorate / fortify                                         托詞:欺騙::輕輕倒出:傾瀉 ( 名詞及其同義動詞 )

使衰弱 <> 鼓舞 / 加強的

Synonyms:WEAKEN , attenuate , blunt , cripple , disable ,                  decibel                     n. 分貝 ( 音量的單位 )
enfeeble , sap , unbrace , undermine , unstrengthen                        a unit for expressing the relative intensity of sounds on a scale from

                                                                           zero for the average least perceptible sound to about 130 for the

debris                               n. 碎片 , 殘骸                            average pain level

the remains of something broken down or destroyed                          decibel:sound::volt:electricity::watt:power::lumen

debris:destroy::ash:burn                                                   :light

殘骸:破壞::灰燼:燒 ( 行爲及其殘餘物 )                                                    分貝:聲音::伏:電流::瓦:功率::流明:亮度 (
Synonyms REFUSE , garbage , junk , litter , offal , riffraff ,             事物及其衡量單位 )
rubbish , spilth , trash , waste

                                                                           decipher                           vt. 破解 , 解釋
debunk                               v. 揭穿真相 , 暴露                          a:to make out the meaning of despite indistinctness or obscurity
to expose the sham or falseness of                                         b:to interpret the meaning of
debunk <> perpetuate to sham                                               legible:decipher::??

揭穿真相 <> 永遠的僞裝                                                              清晰的:解釋::?? ( 行爲及其作用結果 )

Synonyms:EXPOSE , discover , show up , uncloak , undress ,                 Synonyms:DECODE , break , crack , cryptanalyze , decrypt
unmask , unshroud                                                          decode                             vt. 解碼 , 譯解
                                                                           to convert ( as a coded message ) into intelligible form
                                                                      78                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
tacit:infer::encoded:decode                                            Synonyms:FAILURE , delinquency , dereliction , neglect ,

默許的:推斷::加密的:解碼 ( 事物特徵及其必須手段 )                                          oversight

Synonyms:break , crack , cryptanalyze , decipher , decrypt

                                                                       deference                          n. 敬意 , 尊重
decorum                            n. 禮儀                               respect and esteem due a superior or an elder ; also:affected or
propriety and good taste in conduct or appearance                      ingratiating regard for another's wishes

miscalculation:judgment::gaffe:decorum                                 defer:leader::admire:hero

錯誤的判斷:裁判::失態:禮儀 ( 行爲及其反面 )                                             尊重:領導::讚美:英雄 ( 人物及其特徵動作 ( 被動 ))
decorum <> impropriety                                                 deferential:offend::scornful:respect

禮儀 <> 不適當                                                              尊重的:冒犯::輕蔑的:尊敬 ( 動作及其反面特徵 )
indecorous <> proper                                                   acquiesce:yield::capitulate: { categorical }
不合禮節的 <> 適當的                                                           默許:同意::有條件投降:明確的 【詞性不符 , 關係不明】

Synonyms:decency , dignity , etiquette , propriety , seemliness        frugal:penurious::deference:sycophant

                                                                       節儉的:吝嗇的::尊重的:奉承的 ( 反義 )

decrepit                           adj. 衰老的 , 破舊的                      emulation:exemplar::deference:authority
wasted and weakened by or as if by the infirmities of old age          效法:榜樣::尊重:權威 ( 行爲及其物件 )
decrepit <> vigorous                                                   impudent <> deferential / respectful

衰老的 <> 健壯的                                                             無禮的 <> 尊重的 / 尊敬的
decrepit <> sturdy                                                     Synonyms:HONOR , homage , obeisance , reverence

衰老的 <> 健壯的

Synonyms:WEAK , feeble , flimsy , fragile , frail , infirm ,           deification                        n. 祀爲神 , 神格化 ,
insubstantial , unsound , unsubstantial , weakly                                                          奉若神明
                                                                       The act or process of deifying

dedication                         n. 奉獻 , 致力 , 獻辭                     deification <> debasement

a devoting or setting aside for a particular purpose                   神化 <> 貶低

bigot:dedication::rage:anger                                           Synonyms APOTHEOSIS 2 , aggrandizement , dignification ,

頑固的人:致力::暴怒:生氣 ( 人物及其正面特徵 )                                            exaltation , glorification

martinet:leniency::dabbler:dedication

嚴格的人:寬大::業餘學者:奉獻 ( 人物及其反面特徵 )                                          deficiency                         n. 缺乏 , 不足
dabble <> dedicate / devote                                            an amount that is lacking or inadequate:SHORTAGE

涉獵 <> 致力 / 致力                                                          surfeit <> deficiency

Synonyms:DEVOTE , consecrate , hallow                                  過度 <> 缺乏

                                                                       Synonyms:FAILURE , defalcation , deficit , inadequacy ,

default                            n. & v. 拖欠 , 違約 ,                   insufficience , insufficiency , lack , scantiness , shortage , underage

                                   欠缺 , 默認 , 缺省
a failure to pay financial debts                                       defile               v. 弄汙 , 弄髒 n. ( 山間 ) 小道
default:pay::yield:resist                                              a narrow passage or gorge

拖欠:支付::屈服:堅持 ( 反義 )                                                    precipice:steepness::defile:narrowness


                                                                  79                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                           Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
懸崖:陡峭::小道:狹窄 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )                                                 放鬆 <> 煽動

Synonyms:CONTAMINATE , pollute , soil , taint                             Synonyms:DEAD , asleep , cold , deceased , departed ,
                                                                          exanimate , extinct , inanimate , late , lifeless

definitive                            adj. 最後的 , 確定的 ,
                                      權威性的                                defy                           vt. 藐視 , 挑釁 , 使落空
serving to provide a final solution or to end a situation                 to challenge to do something considered impossible:DARE
definitive <> provisional                                                 acquiesce <> defy

確定的 <> 臨時的                                                                勉強同意 <> 堅持已見
Synonyms EXPLICIT , categorical , clean-cut , clear-cut , definite        Synonyms:FACE , beard , brave , challenge , dare , double-dog
, express , specific , unambiguous                                        dare , front , outdare , outface , venture



defoliate                             vt. &vi. ( 使 ) 落葉                   dehydrate                           vt. ( 使 ) 脫水 ( n.
to deprive of leaves especially prematurely                                                                   dehydration )
defoliate:tree::insecticide:insect                                        to remove bound water or hydrogen and oxygen from ( a chemical

( 使 ) 落葉:樹::除蟲:蟲 ( 事物及其消除方法 )                                             compound ) in the proportion in which they form water

Synonyms:contort , distort , misshape , torture , warp , wind             abraded:friction::desiccated:dehydration

                                                                          摩擦的:摩擦::脫水的:脫水 (

defraud                               vt. 欺騙                              因果或目的以及産生或導致關係 )
to deprive of something by deception or fraud                             dehydrate:water::wither:vitality::fade:brightening

Synonyms:CHEAT , beat , bilk , chouse , cozen , do , flimflam ,           脫水:水::枯萎:活力::褪色:明亮 ( 行爲及其消除物件
gyp , swindle , take                                                      )

                                                                          fatigue:rest::dehydration:water

deft                   adj. 靈巧的 , 熟練的 ( adeft )                           疲勞:休息::脫水:水 ( 行爲及其消除物件 )
characterized by facility and skill                                       descent:altitude::dehydrate:moisture

craven:admirable::deft:awkward                                            降落:高度::脫水:潮濕 ( 動作及其物件 )

怯懦的:值得讚美的::靈巧的:笨拙的 ( 反義 )                                                 dehydrate:water::fatigue:repose / rest

maladroit:deft::voluble:verbose                                           脫水:水::疲勞:休息 ( 行爲及其消除物件 )

笨拙的:靈巧的::流利的:累贅的 ( 反義 )                                                   dehydrate:moisture::desertification:vegetation
deft <> maladroit                                                         脫水:潮濕::沙漠化:植被 ( 行爲及其消除物件 )

靈巧的 <> 笨拙的                                                                reconstitute <> dehydrate

ham-handed <> deft / adroit                                               復原 <> 脫水

笨手笨腳的 <> 敏捷熟練的 / 靈巧的                                                      Synonyms:DRY , desiccate , exsiccate , parch , sear

Synonyms:DEXTEROUS , adroit , clever , handy , neat-handed ,
nimble                                                                    deject                              vt. 使沮喪 , 使灰心
                                                                          to make gloomy

defuse                                vt. 放鬆 , 撫慰 , 減輕                    mollify:anger::hearten:dejection
to make less harmful , potent , or tense                                  平息:生氣::激勵:使沮喪 ( 行爲及其消除物件 )
defuse <> foment                                                          dejected <> exultant


                                                                     80                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
沮喪的 <> 歡躍的                                                        明暗配合:對比:: { 掛毯:紛繁
deject <> gladden                                                 }::複雜金銀細絲工藝品:精致 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )

使沮喪 <> 使高興                                                        【注:此題爭議很大 , 已經由機考判分數據確認

Synonyms:DISCOURAGE , chill , demoralize , dishearten ,           準確答案:chiaroscuro:contrast::filigree:delicacy 】
disparage , dispirit                                              delicacy <> crudity

                                                                  精致 <> 粗制

deleterious                       adj. ( 對身心 ) 有害的 ,              husky <> delicate

                                 有毒的                              粗糙的 <> 精致的
harmful often in a subtle or unexpected way                       Synonyms:bonne bouche , dainty , goody , kickshaw , morsel ,
wholesome <> deleterious                                          treat

健康的 <> 有害的
deleterious <> salutary / salubrious                              delinquent                          n. 行爲不良的人 , 流氓
有害的 <> 有益的 / 有益健康的                                                                                    adj. 有過失的
Synonyms:HARMFUL , damaging , detrimental , hurtful ,             offending by neglect or violation of duty or of law

injurious , mischievous , nocent , nocuous , prejudicial ,        Synonyms:NEGLIGENT , behindhand , careless , derelict ,
prejudicious                                                      disregardful , lax , neglectful , regardless , remiss , slack



deliberate                   adj. 深思熟慮的;審慎的                       delirium                            n. 精神錯亂 , 發狂
to think about or discuss issues and decisions carefully          a mental disturbance characterized by confusion , disordered

apophasis:claim::caprice:deliberate                               speech , and hallucinations

故抑其詞 , 以求婉達:直接要求::善變:深思熟慮的 (                                      coma:unconsciousness::delirium:confusion

行爲及其反面特徵 )                                                        昏迷:不省人事::精神錯亂:混亂 ( 種屬 )

headlong:deliberation::??                                         Synonyms:frenzy , furor

輕率的:謹慎::?? ( 名詞與形容詞的反義關係 )
hasty <> characterized by deliberation                            delude                              vt. 迷惑 , 蠱惑
草率的 <> 審慎的                                                        to mislead the mind or judgment of:DECEIVE , TRICK
hasty <> deliberate                                               delusion:?::hallucination:perception { mirage:imagination

草率的 <> 深思熟慮的                                                      }
impetuous <> deliberate                                           錯覺:思考::幻覺:感覺 { 幻想:想象 } (

衝動的 <> 審慎的                                                        行爲及其特殊方式 )

Synonyms:advised , aforethought , considered , designed ,         transparent <> delusive

premeditated , prepense , studied , studious , thought-out        透明的 <> 迷惑的

                                                                  Synonyms:DECEIVE , beguile , betray , bluff , double-cross ,

delicacy                          n. 細軟 , 精致 ,                    humbug , illude , juggle , mislead , take in

                                  精美的食品 , 嬌氣
the quality or state of being dainty:FINENESS                     deluge                              n. 大洪水 , 豪雨
chiaroscuro:contrast:: { tapestry:intricacy }                     adj. an overflowing of the land by water ;

filigree:delicacy                                                 b:a drenching rain


                                                             81                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                     Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
rain:deluge::wind:hurricane                                                 demolition                        n. 破壞 , 毀壞 ,
雨:豪雨::風:颶風 ( 正常:大 )                                                                                           毀壞之遺迹
droplet:deluge::pebble:landslide                                            the act of demolishing ; especially:destruction in war by means of

小水滴:大洪水::小圓石:山崩 ( 組成 )                                                      explosives
deluge <> drizzle                                                           recycle:disposal::rehabilitate:demolition

豪雨 <> 毛毛雨                                                                   再利用:處理::復原:破壞 ( 反義 )

Synonyms:FLOOD , cataclysm , cataract , flooding , inundation ,
niagara , overflow , pour , spate , torrent                                 demoralize                        vt. 使道德頹廢 , 使墮落
                                                                                                              , 挫折銳氣
delve                               vt. & vi. 探究 , 查考                       a:to weaken the morale of:DISCOURAGE , DISPIRIT
to make a careful or detailed search for information                        b:to upset or destroy the normal functioning of
quaff:sip::delve:skim                                                       c:to throw into disorder

痛飲:啜吸::探究:瀏覽 ( 大:小 )                                                        demoralize <> invigorate / cheer { ameliorate }

scrutinize:gloss::delve:skim                                                士氣受挫 <> 鼓舞 【此題有爭議】

細看:曲解::探究:瀏覽 ( 大:小 ) 【gloss 爲誤記】                                            Synonyms:DEBASE , bastardize , bestialize , brutalize , corrupt ,

Synonyms:DIG , excavate , grub , shovel , spade                             debauch , deprave , pervert , vitiate , warp



demagogue                           n. 煽動者 , 群衆煽動者                          demur                             v. 表示異議 , 反對
a leader who makes use of popular prejudices and false claims and           to take exception:OBJECT
promises in order to gain power                                             praise:approbation::demur:objection

demagogue:instruct::??                                                      讚美:嘉許::提出異議:反對 ( 行爲及其所表達的含義 )

煽動者:指示::?? ( 人物及其特徵動作 )                                                     demur <> accept

Synonyms:rabble-rouser                                                      表示異議 <> 接受
                                                                            accede <> demur

demise                              n. 死亡 vt. 讓渡 , 遺贈                       同意 <> 反對

                                    , 轉讓                                    Synonyms:balk , boggle , gag , jib , scruple , shy , stick , stickle ,
DIE , DECEASE                                                               strain , stumble

Synonyms:DEATH , curtains , decease , defunction , dissolution
, passing , quietus , silence , sleep                                       demystify                         vt. 使非神秘化
Synonyms:DIE , cash in , decease , depart , drop , expire , go ,            to eliminate the mystifying features of

pass , pass away , succumb

                                                                            den                               n. 獸穴 , 洞穴
demography                          n. 人口統計學                                the lair of a wild usually predatory animal

the statistical study of human populations especially with reference        Synonyms:LAIR , burrow , couch , lodge
to size and density , distribution , and vital statistics

demography:population::meteorology:weather                                  denigrate                     vt. 使變黑 , 玷污 , 詆毀
人口統計學:人口::氣象學:天氣 ( 學科及其研究物件 )                                               to cast aspersions on:DEFAME
                                                                            denigrate <> honor


                                                                       82                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
詆毀 <> 尊敬                                                                 denunciation                          n. 譴責 , 告發
Synonyms:MALIGN , asperse , calumniate , defame , libel ,                an act of denouncing ; especially:a public condemnation
scandalize , slander , tear down , traduce , vilify                      panegyric <> denunciation

                                                                         讚揚 <> 譴責

denouement                     n. ( 小說的 ) 結尾 , 結局                        Synonyms:CRITICIZE , blame , censure , condemn , denounce ,
the final outcome of the main dramatic complication in a literary        knock , rap , reprehend , reprobate , skin
work

joke:punch line::plot:denouement                                         depart                       vi. 離開 , 出發 , 去世 , 違反 ,
笑話:妙語::情節:結尾 ( 事物及其最重要部分 )                                                                            放棄
                                                                         to go away:LEAVE

denounce                           v. 指責 , 揭發                            abscond:depart::pilfer:take
to pronounce especially publicly to be blameworthy or evil               潛逃:離開::偷:拿 ( 行爲及其特殊方式 ( 秘密的 ))

admonish:denounce::punish:pillory { persuade:convince }                  lurk:wait::abscond:depart

警告:指責::懲罰:上頸手枷 { 說服:使信服 } (                                              埋伏:等待::潛逃:離開 ( 行爲及其特殊方式 ( 秘密的 ))

行爲及其表達含義 )                                                               Synonyms:GO , blow , exit , get away , get off , leave , pull out ,

castigation:reproof::denunciation:denial /                               quit , retire , withdraw

glorification:merit

懲罰:責備::譴責:否認 / 讚頌:優點 ( 行爲及其表達含義                                          depict                                vt. 描述 , 描寫
)                                                                        to represent by or as if by a picture

condone <> denounce                                                      Synonyms:REPRESENT , delineate , describe , image , interpret

寬恕 <> 指責                                                                 , limn , picture , portray , render

Synonyms:CRITICIZE , blame , censure , condemn , denunciate
, knock , rap , reprehend , reprobate , skin                             deplete                               vt. 耗盡 , 使衰竭
                                                                         to lessen markedly in quantity , content , power , or value

dent                        n. 凹 , 凹痕 , ( 齒輪的 ) 齒 ,                      enrich ( vt. 使富有 ) <> deplete ( vt. 耗盡 )

                            弱點                                           Synonyms:bankrupt , drain , draw , draw down , exhaust ,
a depression or hollow made by a blow or by pressure                     impoverish , use up
convex <> dent

凸起 <> 凹陷                                                                 deplore                               vt. 悲悼 , 哀歎 , 悔恨
                                                                         a:to feel or express grief for

denude                      v. 脫去 , 剝蝕 , 剝奪                              b:to regret strongly
to strip of all covering or surface layers                               deplore <> laud

denude <> cover                                                          悲悼 <> 讚美

脫去 <> 遮蔽                                                                 deplore <> accolade / extol

Synonyms:STRIP , disrobe , unclothe , undress                            悲悼 <> 讚美 / 讚美

Synonyms:STRIP , bankrupt , bare , denudate , deprive ,                  Synonyms:bemoan , bewail , grieve , lament , moan , weep
dismantle , disrobe , divest

                                                                         deploy                        v. 【軍】展開 , 調度 , 部署
                                                                         to extend ( a military unit ) especially in width
                                                                    83                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                         太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
deploy <> concentrate                                                    抨擊 <> 讚美

展開 <> 集中                                                                 vaunt <> deprecate

                                                                         自誇 <> 反對

deportation                        n. 驅逐 , 放逐                            deprecate <> endorse

the removal from a country of an alien whose presence is unlawful        反對 <> 贊成
or prejudicial                                                           Synonyms:DISAPPROVE , discommend , discountenance ,

deportation:country::eviction:dwelling                                   disesteem , disfavor , frown , object

驅逐:國家::逐出:住處 ( 行爲及其作用範圍 )

Synonyms:EXILE , banishment , displacement , expulsion ,                 depreciate                           v. 貶低 , 貶值
ostracism , relegation                                                   to lower the price or estimated value of

                                                                         fawn:hauteur::self depreciate:swagger

depose                             vt. 免職 , 廢 , 作證                       奉承:傲慢::自貶:吹噓 ( 行爲及其反面特徵 )
to testify to under oath or by affidavit                                 imperious:fawn::swagger:self depreciate
perjure <> deposition                                                    傲慢的:奉承::吹噓:自貶 ( 行爲及其反面特徵 )

作僞證 <> 作證                                                                imperiousness:fawn::self depreciatory:swagger

Synonyms:dethrone , discrown , disenthrone , displace ,                  傲慢:奉承::自貶:吹噓 ( 行爲及其反面特徵 )
disthrone , uncrown , unmake                                             Synonyms:cheapen , decry , devalorize , devaluate , devalue ,
                                                                         downgrade , lower , mark down , soften , underprize , underrate ,

deposit                            vt. 使淤積                               undervalue , write down , write off
a natural accumulation ( as of iron ore , coal , or gas )

deposit <> process of eroding                                            depress                    vt. 使沮喪 , 壓低 , 降低 ,
淤積 <> 腐蝕過程                                                                                          使蕭條
Synonyms:BANK                                                            to press down

                                                                         depressant:mood::??:??

depravity                          n. 墮落 , 腐敗 , 邪惡                       鎮靜劑:情緒::??:?? ( 藥物及其作用物件 )
a corrupt act or practice                                                protuberant <> depressed

doldrums:energy::depravity:virtue                                        突出的 <> 壓低的

消沈:精力::墮落:品德 ( 人物特徵及其缺乏物件 )                                              Synonyms:LOWER , couch , demit , droop , let down , sink

Synonyms:VICE , corruption , immorality , wickedness

                                                                         deprivation                n. 剝奪 , 剝奪官職 , 免職
deprecate                          vt. 聲明不贊成 , 抨擊 ,                      the state of being deprived:PRIVATION ; especially:removal

                                   反對                                    from an office , dignity , or benefice
BELITTLE , DISPARAGE                                                     deprivation <> surfeit / fecundity

deprecate:value::restrict:diameter                                       剝奪 <> 過量 / 豐饒

反對:價值::限定:直徑 ( 行爲及其作用消除物件 )                                              Synonyms:PRIVATION , deprivement , dispossession ,

depreciation:value::ossification:flexible                                divestiture , loss

貶值:價值::僵化:靈活 ( 行爲及其作用消除物件 )
deprecate <> extol                                                       deracinate                 vt. 根除 , 滅絕 , 使孤立
                                                                         UPROOT
                                                                    84                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
deracinate <> plant                                                    derivative                         adj. 先驅的 , 無創意的
根除 <> 種植                                                               lacking originality:BANAL
                                                                       precursory <> derivative

derelict                    n. 遺棄物 , 被遺棄的人 ,                           先驅的 <> 衍生的

                            玩忽職守者                                      Synonyms:SECONDARY , derivate , derivational , derived

a destitute homeless social misfit:VAGRANT , BUM

stickler:derelict::poseur:unaffected                                   derogatory                         adj. 貶損的
堅持己見的人:被抛棄的::裝模做樣的人:自然的 (                                              expressive of a low opinion:DISPARAGING

人物及其反面特徵 ) 【注:對應不工整】                                                   Synonyms:depreciative , depreciatory , detracting ,
derelict <> pillar of society                                          disadvantageous , disparaging , dyslogistic , pejorative , slighting ,

被遺棄的人 <> 國之棟梁                                                          uncomplimentary

Synonyms:OUTCAST , castaway , Ishmael , Ishmaelite , leper ,
offscouring , pariah , untouchable                                     descent                            v. 降落 n. 降下 , 降落 ,
                                                                                                         世系 , 血統 , 侵襲
deride                            vt. 嘲弄 , 嘲笑                          an inclination downward:SLOPE
to subject to usually bitter or contemptuous ridicule                  descent:altitude::dehydrate:moisture

patronize:condescension::deride:mockery                                降落:高度::脫水:潮濕 ( 動作及其物件 )

屈尊俯就:屈尊俯就::嘲笑:嘲笑 ( 同義 )                                                Synonyms decline , declivity , dip , drop , fall

pontificate:pompous::scoff:derisive::drawl:slow::bl

uster:loud::prate:aimless                                              descendant                         n. 後代 , 後裔
裝模作樣的說話:傲慢的::嘲笑:嘲笑的::慢吞吞的說話                                            one deriving directly from a precursor or prototype

:慢的::怒號:高聲的::空談:無目的的 (                                                 forbears <> descendants

行爲及其正面特徵 )                                                             祖先 <> 後代

smirk:smugness::sneer:derision                                         Synonyms:OFFSPRING , begats , brood , children , issue ,

假笑:裝模做樣::譏笑:嘲笑 ( 行爲及其所表達的含義 )                                          posterity , progeniture , progeny , scions , seed

ridicule:derision::??

嘲笑:嘲笑::?? ( 行爲及其所表達的含義 )                                               desecrate                        vt. 供俗用 , 褻瀆 , 污辱
apologize:regret::gibe:derision                                        to violate the sanctity of:PROFANE

道歉:後悔::嘲笑:嘲笑 ( 行爲及其所表達的含義 )                                            desecrate <> sanctify / revere

condolence:sympathy / compassion::gibe:derision                        污辱 <> 尊敬 / 尊敬

哀悼:同情::嘲笑:嘲笑 ( 行爲及其所表達內容 )                                             hallowed <> desecrate

deride <> praise                                                       視爲神聖 <> 褻瀆

嘲笑 <> 讚美                                                               Synonyms:RAVAGE , depredate , desolate , despoil , devastate ,
veneration <> derision                                                 devour , pillage , sack , spoliate , waste

尊敬 <> 嘲笑

Synonyms:RIDICULE , lout , mock , quiz , rally , razz , scout ,        desert                             vt. 放棄 , 遺棄 , 逃跑
taunt , twit                                                           to withdraw from or leave usually without intent to return

                                                                       Synonyms:ABANDON , chuck , forsake , quit , renounce , throw
                                                                       over
                                                                  85                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                          Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                                                                      despondent                  adj. 失望的 , 意氣消沈的
desiccate                        vt. 使乾 , 乾貯                          feeling or showing extreme discouragement , dejection , or

                                  ( adj. Desiccated )                 depression

to preserve ( a food ) by drying:DEHYDRATE                            elated <> despondent

abraded:friction::desiccated:dehydration                              興高采烈的 <> 意氣消沈的

磨損的:摩擦::乾的:脫水 ( 形容詞及其同義名詞 )                                           sanguine <> despondent

caustic:eat away::desiccant:dry                                       充滿希望的 <> 意氣消沈的

腐蝕性的:侵蝕::使乾燥的:乾燥 ( 事物特徵及其作用 )                                         Synonyms:despairing , desperate , desponding , forlorn , hopeless

desiccate:moisture::detoxify:poison

使乾:潮濕::使解毒:毒藥 ( 行爲及其消除物件 )                                            dessert                     n. 甜點心
cleanser:dirt::desiccant:moisture                                     a usually sweet course or dish ( as of pastry or ice cream ) served at

清潔劑::髒::乾燥劑:潮濕 ( 事物及其消除物件 )                                           the end of a meal

Synonyms:DRY , dehydrate , exsiccate , parch , sear                   dessert:meal::epilogue:play::coda:sonata

                                                                      餐後甜點:一餐::收場白:戲劇::尾聲:奏鳴曲 (

despair                    vi. 絕望                                     事物及其結束 )
to lose all hope or confidence                                        desultory                          adj. 散漫的 , 不連貫的 ,
abandon:inhibition::despair:hope                                                                        斷斷續續的
放縱:壓抑::失望:希望 ( 行爲及其消除物件 )                                             disappointing in progress or performance:SLUGGISH

Synonyms:despond , give up                                            assiduous <> remiss / desultory

                                                                      勤勉的 <> 玩忽職守的 / 散漫的

despicable                 adj. 可鄙的 , 卑劣的
deserving to be despised:so worthless or obnoxious as to rouse        detach                             vt. 分離 , 分遣
moral indignation                                                     to separate especially from a larger mass and usually without

redoubtable:regard / awe::despicable:scorn / contempt /               violence or damage

disregard                                                             tether <> detach

可畏的:尊重 / 敬畏::可鄙的:輕視 / 輕視 / 忽視 (                                       束縛 <> 分離

人物特徵及其行爲 ( 被動 ))                                                      Synonyms:abstract , disassociate , disconnect , disengage ,

venerable:reverence::despicable:scorn                                 dissociate , uncouple , unfix

值得尊敬的:尊敬::可鄙的:輕視 ( 人物特徵及其行爲 (

被動 ))                                                                 detain                             v. 拘留 , 留住 , 阻止
despicable:value::mulish:flexible                                     to hold or keep in or as if in custody

卑劣的:價值::頑固的:靈活的 ( 人物個性及其缺乏物件 )                                        detain <> manumit

despicable:contempt::reprehensible:censure                            拘留 <> 釋放

可鄙的:鄙視::應受斥責的:斥責 ( 人物特徵及其被動行爲                                         Synonyms ARREST 2 , apprehend , ||bust , nab , pick up , pinch ,

)                                                                     pull in , run in

Synonyms:CONTEMPTIBLE , beggarly , cheap , despisable ,
mean , pitiable , scummy , scurvy , shabby , sorry                    deter                           vt. 制止 , 使斷念 , 威懾
                                                                      to turn aside , discourage , or prevent from acting


                                                                 86                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                         Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
intrepid:deter::rapt:distract

無畏的:威懾::全神貫注的:心不在焉 (

人物性格及其反面被動特徵 )
inducement <> deterrent

引誘 <> 制止
deter <> spur

制止 <> 激勵

Synonyms:DISSUADE , disadvise , discourage , divert



detestable                        adj. 嫌惡的 , 可憎的 ,
                                  可厭惡的
arousing or meriting intense dislike:ABOMINABLE

Synonyms:HATEFUL , abhorrent , abominable , hateable ,
horrid , odious


                                                                          List 8 ( detritus ~ dolorous ) :
detract                           vt. & vi. 減去 , 貶低
to diminish the importance , value , or effectiveness of something

extol <> condemn / impugn / detract                                       detritus                     n. 碎石
讚美 <> 譴責 / 指責 / 誹謗                                                        a product of disintegration , destruction , or wearing away

Synonyms:DECRY , belittle , depreciate , derogate , diminish ,            detritus <> valuable product

discount , disparage , dispraise , minimize , write off                   堆積物;廢墟 <> 有用的物品

                                                                          Synonyms:DEBRIS



                                                                          deviation                          n. 背離
                                                                          noticeable or marked departure from accepted norms of behavior

                                                                          Synonyms aberration , deflection , departure , divergence ,

                                                                          diversion , turning



                                                                          devise                             vt. 設計 , 發明 , 圖謀 ,
                                                                                                             遺贈給
                                                                          1. to form in the mind by new combinations or application of and

                                                                          ideas or principles

                                                                          2. to plan to obtain or bring about

                                                                          Synonyms LEGACY 1 , bequest , inheritance



                                                                          devoted                                  adj. 投入的 ,
                                                                          深愛的
                                                                          devote:to give over or direct ( as time , money , or effort ) to a
                                                                          cause , enterprise , or activity
                                                                     87                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
devoted:zealous::careful:fastidious                                      , diabolonian , satanic , serpentine , unhallowed

熱情的:狂熱的::細心的:過分注意的對細節謹慎而細心的
( 形容詞的程度比較 )                                                             diagnose                            vt. vi. 診斷 , 分析原因
fanatic:devoted::prude:proper                                            to recognize ( as a disease ) by signs and symptoms

極端的狂熱者:熱情的::過分正經的:合乎禮教的嚴格遵循                                              to analyze the cause or nature of

規則或傳統的 ( 形容詞的程度比較 )                                                      diagnose:treat::proofread:correct

elegiac:sorrow::devotional:reverence                                     診斷:治療::校對:修正 ( 行爲及其結果 )

挽歌的:悲痛::虔誠的:尊敬 ( 形容詞與名詞的正面關係 )                                           Synonyms IDENTIFY , determinate , diagnosticate , distinguish ,

dabble <> dedicate / devote                                              finger , pinpoint , place , recognize , spot

涉獵草率地或者沒有嚴肅目的地做某件事 <> 投入的
Synonyms LOVING , affectionate , dear , doting , fond , lovesome         diaphanous                          adj. ( 布 ) 精致的 ,
                                                                                                             半透明的
devout                 adj. 虔誠的 , 虔敬的 , 衷心的                              1. characterized by such fineness of texture as to permit seeing

devoted to religion or to religious duties or exercises                  through

religion:devoutness::canon:orthodoxy                                     2. characterized by extreme delicacy of form:ETHEREAL

宗教:虔誠的::宗教法規 ; 教規 , 標準 ; 原則:正統的 (                                        3. INSUBSTANTIAL , VAGUE

事物及其正面特點 )                                                               diaphanous <> opaque

impiety <> devoutness                                                    透明的 <> 不透明的

不虔誠 <> 虔誠                                                                diaphanous <> substantial

Synonyms godly , holy , pietistic , pious , prayerful , religious        模糊的 , 虛幻的 <> 實質的
                                                                         diaphanous <> impermeable of light

dew                               n. 露水                                  透明的 <> 不透光的
moisture condensed upon the surfaces of cool bodies especially at        Synonyms FILMY , flimsy , gauzy , gossamer , sheer , tiffany ,

night                                                                    transparent

dew:condensation::rust:corrosion

露水:冷凝::鏽:腐蝕 ( 形成關係 )                                                     diatribe                    n. ( 口頭或書面猛烈的 ) 抨擊
                                                                                                     , 抨擊性演說
dexterous                         adj. 靈巧的 , 用右手的                        a bitter and abusive speech or writing

mentally adroit and skillful:CLEVER                                      diatribe:abuse::burlesque:mockery

dexterous:awkward::??                                                    謾駡:辱駡 , 譭謗::滑稽、荒謬的模仿:嘲弄或無禮的模仿

靈巧的:笨拙的::?? ( 兩個形容詞的反面關係 )                                               ( 動作體現情感 )
Synonyms adroit , clever , deft , handy , neat-handed , nimble           lullaby:song::diatribe:discourse

                                                                         搖籃曲:歌曲:::謾駡:交談;對話 ( 種屬關係 )

diabolic                           adj. 惡魔 ( 一樣 ) 的 ,                    Synonyms TIRADE , harangue , jeremiad , philippic

                                  魔鬼性格的
of , relating to , or characteristic of the devil:DEVILIS                didactic                    adj. 教誨的 , 說教的
diabolic <> benefict                                                     designed or intended to teach

惡魔 ( 一樣 ) 的 <> 慈善的                                                       didactic:teach::hortatory:urge::exhortative:urge
Synonyms FIENDISH , demoniac , demonian , demonic , devilish
                                                                    88                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
想要教訓的:教育::勸告的 ,

激勵的:激勵::意欲規勸的鼓舞的:激勵的 (                                                      diffuse                     adj. 散開的 , 囉嗦的
形容詞與動詞的正面關係 )                                                               being at once verbose and ill-organized

didactic:teach::fantastic:amaze                                             euphemism:offensive::aphorism:diffuse

想要教訓的:教育::奇異的古怪的:使驚異 (                                                      委婉:冒犯性的::箴言:囉嗦的 ( 名詞與形容詞的反面關係

形容詞與動詞的正面關係 )                                                               )
Synonyms moral , moralizing , preachy , schoolmasterish ,                   Synonyms WORDY , long-winded , palaverous , prolix ,

sermonic , sermonizing , teachy                                             redundant , verbose , windy



die                          v. 金屬模子                                        digit                n. 數位 , 位元數 , 指頭
any of various tools or devices for imparting a desired shape , form        any of the divisions in which the limbs of amphibians and all

, or finish to a material or for impressing an object or material           higher vertebrates terminate , which are typically five in number

reel:winding::die:shaping::drill:boring                                     but may be reduced ( as in the horse ) , and which typically have a

繞線筒;線軸;磁帶盤:纏 ; 纏繞 ; 捲繞::模子:成形 ( 的 )                                         series of phalanges bearing a nail , claw , or hoof at the tip

整型::鑽床:鑽孔 ( 物與其功用 )                                                         fang:tooth::finger:digit

                                                                            尖牙 , 犬牙:牙::手指:人的手指或足趾 ( 種屬關係 )

die-hard                             adj. 頑固的
strongly or fanatically determined or devoted                               dignity                     n. 尊嚴 , 高貴
palter:candor::budge:diehard                                                quality or state of being worthy , honored , or esteemed

敷衍 , 支吾:坦白的::改變立場或態度:頑固的 (                                                  Synonyms DECORUM 1 , decency , etiquette , propriety ,

動詞與形容詞的反面關係 )                                                               seemliness

Synonyms CONSERVATIVE 1 , fogyish , old-line , orthodox ,

reactionary , right , tory , traditionalistic                               digress               v. 離題 , 把 ( 話題 ) 帶開
                                                                            to turn aside especially from the main subject of attention or course

diffident             adj. 無自信的 , 內向的 , 羞怯的                                 of argument

1. hesitant in acting or speaking through lack of self-confidence           digress:excursive::reiterate:redundant
2. RESERVED , UNASSERTIVE                                                   離題:離題的::重申:累贅的沒有必要重複的 (
diffident <> brassy                                                         動詞與形容詞的正面關係 )

羞怯的和膽小的 <> 厚顔無恥的                                                            digressive:topic / subject::stray:group
expansive <> reserved / diffident                                           離題的:主題 , 話題::迷路的:人群 ( 偏離物件關係 )

豪爽的 , 開朗的願交往的 <> 矜持的 / 羞怯的和膽小的                                              digressive:topic::random:pattern
nervy <> diffident                                                          離題的:主題 , 話題::沒有具體形式 , 目的或內容的:形式 (

勇敢 <> 缺乏自信                                                                  缺乏關係 )
diffidence <> braveness                                                     aberrant:standard::digressive:topic

缺乏自信 <> 勇敢                                                                  異常的:標準::離題的:主題 ( 缺乏關係 )
expansive <> reserved / diffident / taciturn / withdrawn                    digress:topic::errant:standard

健談的 <> 內向的 / 冷漠的 / 沈默寡言的 / 性格內向的                                            離題的:主題::周遊不定的:標準 ( 缺乏關係 )
Synonyms SHY 1 , bashful , coy , demure , modest , retiring , self-         Synonyms depart , divagate , diverge , excurse , ramble , stray ,

effacing , timid , unassertive , unassured                                  wander
                                                                       89                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                                                                       effort:PAINSTAKING

dilapidate                    vi. vt. ( 使 ) 荒廢 , ( 使 )                 malign:ill will::diligent:effort

                              毀壞                                       有害的:惡意::勤勉的:努力 ( 正面特徵 )
to bring into a condition of decay or partial ruin                     procrastination <> diligence

dilapidated <> restored                                                推遲拖延 , 尤指出於習慣性的粗心或懶散 <> 努力 , 勤勉

坍壞的 , 破舊了的 <> 恢復存在或使用的                                                 Synonyms ASSIDUOUS , industrious , operose , sedulous

dilapidated <> still in use

坍壞的 <> 還在使用                                                            dilute                         v. 沖淡 , 稀釋 , 削弱減小
Synonyms RUIN 2 , bankrupt , do in , shipwreck , wreck                 to diminish the strength , flavor , or brilliance of by admixture

                                                                       slacken:tautness::dilute:strength / concentration

dilate                        vt. 使膨脹 , 使擴大                            使鬆懈 , 使鬆弛:拉緊::削弱減小 ; 沖淡:強度 / 濃縮 (
to enlarge or expand in bulk or extent:DISTEND , WIDEN                 削弱關係 )
dilate <> contract

使膨脹 <> 收縮
Synonyms EXPAND 3 , amplify , distend , inflate , swell                dimension                          n.
                                                                                                          尺寸存在於空間範圍的一
dilatory                           adj. 拖拉的                                                               種量變
characterized by procrastination:TARDY                                 congruent:dimension::coeval:age

dilatory:procrastinate::malcontent:complain                            全等的:尺寸::同時代的:時代 ( 直接修飾的關係 )

有意拖延的:推遲拖延做某事::不滿的:抱怨 (                                                measure:dimensions::calibrate:diameter::gauge:pressur

形容詞與動詞的正面關係 )                                                          e::plumb:depth
alacrity <> dilatoriness / hesitance                                   量:尺寸::確定口徑:直徑::測定:壓力::測量深度:
敏捷 , 輕快;迅速 <> 遲緩 / 躊躇 , 猶豫                                             深度 ( 動詞及其作用物件 )
precipitate <> retard / dilatory

使提前發生 ; 倉促行進的 , 匆促的 <> 減速 , 阻礙 / 拖拉的                                   diminish                           v. 減少 , 減損 (
Synonyms SLOW 2 , deliberate , laggard , leisurely , unhasty ,                                            權勢、聲譽 )
unhurried                                                                                                 使權勢、聲譽或地位降低
                                                                       diminish <> increase / escalate

dilettante                         n. 半瓶醋 , 業餘愛好者                      減少 <> 增加 / 增大
a person having a superficial interest in an art or a branch of        Synonyms DECREASE , abate , ||bate , close , drain ( away ) ,

knowledge:DABBLER                                                      dwindle , lessen , reduce , taper , taper off

dilettante:commitment::nonentity:consequence

淺薄的涉獵者:致力 , 獻身::無足輕重的人:重要性 (                                           din                                n. 喧鬧聲 , 嘈雜聲
缺乏關係 )                                                                 a loud continued noise ; especially:a welter of discordant sounds
Synonyms AMATEUR 2 , abecedarian , dabbler , nonprofessional           stench:nose::din:ear
, smatterer , tyro , uninitiate                                        惡臭:鼻子::雜亂無章或不諧和的聲音:耳朵 (

                                                                       後是前的接收器官 )

diligent                           adj. 勤勉的 , 用功的                      Synonyms babel , brouhaha , ||chirm , clamor , hubbub ,

characterized by steady , earnest , and energetic                      hullabaloo , jangle , music , pandemonium , racket , racketry ,
                                                                  90                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                          Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
tintamarre , tumult , uproar                                                a song or hymn of grief or lamentation ; especially:one intended
                                                                            to accompany funeral or memorial rites

dingus                             n. ( 俚 ) 新發明品 ,
                                   新玩意兒                                     disabuse                           v. 打消 ( 某人 )
an ornamental attachment or decoration:DOODAD                                                                  的錯誤念頭 , 糾正
Synonyms DOODAD , dofunny , doohickey , gadget , gizmo ,                    to free from error , fallacy , or misconception

||hootenanny , jigger , thingum , thingumajig , thingumbob                  disabuse:fallacy::cure:disease

                                                                            糾正:錯誤::治癒:疾病 ( 動作及其作用物件 )

dingy                              adj. 骯髒的 , 褪色的                           loose:confinement::disabuse:misconception
1. DIRTY , DISCOLORE                                                        松脫;解開:限制::打消 ( 某人 ) 的錯誤念頭:錯誤想法 (
2. SHABBY , SQUALID *                                                       動作及其作用物件 )

dingy:glisten::slippery:adhere                                              Synonyms purge , undeceive , undelude

黑暗的:反光::滑溜的:粘附 (

具有形容詞特徵的物品不易實現的動作 )                                                         disaffected                        adj. ( 政治上 ) 不滿的 ,
Synonyms SHABBY 1 , broken-down , dilapidated , down-at-heel                                                 叛離的
, faded , run-down , seedy , tacky , threadbare , tired                     discontented and resentful especially against authority

                                                                            REBELLIOUS

diocesan                           adj. 主教管區的                               disaffected:contentment::dubious:commitment / conviction
a bishop having jurisdiction over a diocese                                 不滿的:滿足::未決的 ; 可疑的:約定保證的事情 / 確信 (
diocesan <> ecumenical                                                      形容詞與名詞的反面關係 )

教區的 <> 全世界的                                                                 officious:meddle::disaffected:rebel

                                                                            過於殷勤的:干預 , 干涉::叛離的:造反 , 反抗拒絕服從 (

diplomatic                         adj. 外交的                                 具有形容詞特徵的人極其表現形式 )

xenophobic:diplomatic::??                                                   disaffected <> contented / win over

恐懼 ( 或憎恨 ) 外國人的 , 恐外的:外交的 (                                                 不滿的 , 叛離的 <> 滿足的 / 爭取過來 , 拉過來

兩個形容詞的反面關係 )
Synonyms TACTFUL , delicate , politic , tactical                            disaggregate                       vt. 釋放 , 排出 n. 釋放
                                                                            to separate into component parts

dire                               adj. 可怕的 , 悲慘的 ,                         disaggregate / disintegrate <> join together

                                   陰慘的 , 極端的                                分開 , 分解 / 瓦解 <> 連接 , 結合
DISMAL , OPPRESSIVE

dire <> pleasant                                                            disagreeable                       adj. 不愉快的 , 厭惡的 ,
悲慘的 <> 快樂的                                                                                                     不爲人喜的
Synonyms DEPLORABLE , afflictive , calamitous , distressing ,               causing discomfort:UNPLEASANT , OFFENSIVE
grievous , heart breaking , lamentable , regrettable , unfortunate ,        disagreeable:hateful::harmful:lethal
woeful                                                                      厭惡的:憎恨的::有害的:極其有害的 ( 形容詞程度類比 )

                                                                            oppression:disagreement::??

dirge                              n. 哀歌、淒涼之曲調                             沈悶:不愉快的::?? ( 名詞與形容詞的正面關係 )
                                                                            Synonyms BAD 8 , ||chiselly , displeasing , rotten , sour , unhappy
                                                                       91                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
, unpleasant                                                                敏銳的:有洞察力的::令人銷魂的極其迷人的:有吸引力的
                                                                            ( 形容詞程度類比 )

disarm                               vi. 放下武器 , 緩和                          caprice:whimsical::insight:discerning
to deprive of means , reason , or disposition to be hostile                 任性:反覆無常的::洞察力:洞悉 ( 同義 )
bait <> disarm                                                              myopic <> discerning

激怒 , 挑惹 , 使惱火 <> 消除…的疑慮、敵意或對抗                                               缺乏遠見 , 缺乏辨別力 <> 有判斷力的
Synonyms PARALYZE 1 , cripple , disable , immobilize ,                      Synonyms WISE 1 , gnostic , insighted , insightful , knowing ,

incapacitate , prostrate                                                    knowledgeable , perceptive , sagacious , sage , wisehearted



disarray                             n. 雜亂的狀態 , 混亂                          discharge                              vt. 卸下 , 放出 , 解雇 ,
shipshape:disarray::squalid:cleanliness                                                                       放電 , 履行
井井有條的:雜亂的狀態::肮髒的:乾淨 (                                                       to dismiss from employment

形容詞與名詞的反面關係 )                                                               discharge <> hire

Synonyms CONFUSION 3 , ataxia , ||ballup , chaos , clutter ,                解雇 <> 雇傭
disorder , huddle , muddle , snarl , topsy-turviness                        Synonyms EXEMPT , absolve , dispense , excuse , let off ,

                                                                            privilege ( from ) , relieve , spare

disavow                              vt. 否認 , 否定 , 抵賴
to deny responsibility for:REPUDIATE                                        disciple                               n. 信徒 , 弟子 , 門徒
disavow <> affirm                                                           one who accepts and assists in spreading the doctrines of another

否認 , 不承認 <> 承認                                                              disciple:follow::apologist:defend
Synonyms DISCLAIM , deny , disacknowledge , disallow ,                      信徒:追隨::辯護者:辯護 ( 人物及其特徵行爲 )
disown , repudiate

                                                                            discipline                     v. 使遵守準則 , 使服從權威
discard                              vt. 丟棄 , 抛棄 , 解雇                       a rule or system of rules governing conduct or activity

to get rid of especially as useless or unpleasant                           stickler:exacting::martinet:disciplinal
retain <> discard                                                           毫不屈服地堅持某事的人:苛求的 ,

保持 , 保留 <> 丟棄 , 抛棄                                                          嚴格的::嚴格執行軍紀的軍官:風紀的 ( 人極其性格特徵 )
Synonyms abdicate , cashier , cast , chuck , ||deep-six , ||dice ,          coltish:discipline::loutish:grace
ditch , dump , jettison , junk , lay aside , reject , scrap , shed ,        活潑的:自製 , 自控::粗鄙的:風度 ( 缺乏關係 )
||shoot , shuck ( off ) , slough , throw away , throw out , wash out        obstreperous <> disciplined

                                                                            吵鬧的 , 暴亂的 <> 遵守紀律的

discerning                           adj. 有洞察力的 ,                           Synonyms PUNISHMENT , castigation , chastisement , correction

                                     眼力好的 , 眼光敏銳的                           , punition , rod

showing insight and understanding:DISCRIMINATING

palatable:savory::discernible:manifest                                      disclaim                       vt. vi. 放棄 , 棄權 , 拒絕
可口的:風味極佳的::辨別得出:明顯的 ( 形容詞程度類比                                               to renounce a legal claim to

)                                                                           Synonyms deny , disacknowledge , disallow , disavow , disown ,

perspicacious:discerning::ravishing:attractive                              repudiate


                                                                       92                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
discography                         n. (                                                                     使煩惱
                                    按作曲家、演奏家或演唱                          to destroy the composure of

                                    家分類之 )                               discompose:pacific::fabricate:authentic

                                    音樂唱片分類錄                              使不安:平息的::編造 , 捏造::真實的 (
a descriptive list of phonograph records by category , composer ,        動詞與形容詞的反面關係 )
performer , or date of release                                           discompose:placid::fabricate:ingenuous

list:discography::tool:hoe                                               使不安:平息的::編造 , 捏造::坦白的 (

目錄:音樂唱片分類目錄::工具:鋤頭 ( 種屬關係 )                                              動詞與形容詞的反面關係 )
                                                                         discompose <> pacificate

discombobulate                      v. 擾亂 ,                              使不安 <> 使鎮靜

                                    使困惑陷入混亂的狀態                           Synonyms agitate , bother , discombobulate , dismay , disquiet ,

discombobulated:order::erratic:consistency                               disturb , flurry , fluster , perturb , unhinge , unsettle , untune , upset

困惑陷入混亂的:秩序::無規律的缺乏連續性:連續 (

缺乏關係 )                                                                   disconcert                          vt. 使困惑 , 使倉皇失措
Synonyms DISCOMPOSE 1 , agitate , bother , disquiet , disturb ,                                              , 破壞
flurry , fluster , perturb , unhinge , upset                             1:to throw into confusion

                                                                         2:to disturb the composure of

discomfit                     v. 使窘迫 , 使困惑 , 使驚慌                         disconcert <> placate

to put into a state of perplexity and                                    使倉皇失措 <> 安撫
embarrassment:DISCONCERT                                                 Synonyms EMBARRASS , abash , confound , confuse , discomfit

discomfit:blush::contemptuous:sneer                                      , discountenance , faze , rattle

使窘迫:因害羞 , 激動 ,

窘困等臉紅::鄙視的:譏笑顯示出一種鄙視 ( 動作體現情感                                            discord                             n. 不調和 , 不和
)                                                                        lack of agreement or harmony ( as between persons , things , or

discomfit <> mollify                                                     ideas )

撓亂 <> 平息                                                                 discordant:sound::anachronistic:time

                                                                         聲音不和諧的:聲音::時代錯誤的:時代 ( 直接修飾 )

discommode                          v. 打擾 , 給…添麻煩                        harmony <> discord

to cause inconvenience to:TROUBLE                                        和諧的 <> 聲音不和諧的
discommode <> assist                                                     Synonyms conflict , contention , difference , disaccord ,

使不便 <> 幫助 , 輔助                                                           disharmony , dispeace , dissension , dissent , dissidence ,

discommode <> convenience / pacificate / ease / mollify                  dissonance , disunion , disunity , division , inharmony , mischief ,

使不便 , 打擾 , 給…添麻煩 <> 方便 / 安撫 / 減少困難或麻煩 /                                  strife , unpeace , variance

安撫
discommode <> oblige                                                     discourse                           n. 演講 , 論文
使爲難 <> 施恩惠                                                               a:formal and orderly and usually extended expression of thought
                                                                         on a subject

discompose                          vt. 使不安 , 使煩亂 ,                      b:connected speech or writing


                                                                    93                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
c:a linguistic unit ( as a conversation or a larger than a sentence          overdose:prescription::indiscretion:convention

lullaby:song::diatribe:discourse                                             過量用藥:藥方::輕率之舉:規矩 , 習俗 ( 違反關係 )

搖籃曲:歌曲::謾駡:交談 ; 對話 ( 種屬關係 )                                                  Synonyms PRUDENCE 1 , canniness , caution , discreetness ,

Synonyms SPEECH 1 , speaking , talk , utterance , verbalization              foresight , forethought , precaution , providence



discredit                          v. 敗壞…的名聲 , 誹謗 ,                          discretionary                   adj. 隨意的 , 自由裁量的
                                  使羞辱                                        left to discretion:exercised at one's own discretion

to deprive of good repute:DISGRACE                                           discretionary <> obligatory

exhortation:motivate::invective:discredit                                    自由決定的 <> 強制性的

勸誡性的講話:推動::辱駡:敗壞…的名聲;誹謗 , 使羞辱                                                discretionary <> mandatory

( 名詞極其所産生的影響 )                                                               自由決定的 <> 強制的
Synonyms blow up , disprove , explode , puncture , shoot                     Synonyms OPTIONAL , elective , facultative , nonobligatory



discrepancy                        n. 不同 , 矛盾                                discriminate                        vt. vi. 區別 , 差別待遇
an instance of being discrepant                                              to mark or perceive the distinguishing or peculiar features of

discrepancy <> converge                                                      epicure:discriminating::spectator:watching

矛盾 <> 彙聚的行爲                                                                  講究飲食的人:識別力 , 鑒賞力::目擊者:注意 , 觀察 (
Synonyms DISSIMILARITY , alterity , difference , dissemblance                人極其具有的特點 )
, dissimilitude , distinction , divergence , divergency , otherness ,        liken:similarity::discriminate:difference
unlikeness                                                                   顯示相似的:相似之處::看出區別:不同 ( 動賓關係 )

                                                                             sentinel:watchful::epicure:discriminating

discrete                           adj. 分離的 , 不連續的 ,                         哨兵:警惕的::講究飲食的人:有識別力的 (

                                   離散的                                       人極其具有的特點 )

infinite:exhaust::discrete:overlap                                           equitable <> discriminatory / unfair

無窮無盡的:徹底耗盡::離散的 , 分離的:與…部分相同 (                                               公平的 <> 差別對待的 / 不公平的

形容詞與動詞的反面關係 )                                                                Synonyms KNOW 4 , difference , differentiate , discern ,

Synonyms DISTINCT 1 , different , diverse , separate , several ,             discrepate , distinguish , extricate , separate , sever , severalize

various

                                                                             discursive                          adj. 散漫的 , 無層次的
discretion                         n. 慎重 , 辨別力 , 考慮 ,                        moving from topic to topic without order:RAMBLING

                                   處理權                                       discursive <> keen on title

the quality of being discreet:CIRCUMSPECTION ;                               主題不明的 <> 關注題目的

especially:cautious reserve in speech frivolous                              discursive <> succinct

frivolous:gravity::brash:discretion                                          東拉西扯的 <> 簡明扼要的

無關緊要的:嚴重或重大::輕率的 ; 魯莽的:慎重周到 (                                                discursive <> concentrate

形容詞與名詞的反面關係 )                                                                東拉西扯的 <> 集中

foolish:discretion::impecunious:money

不明智的:決定能力 ; 明智::沒錢的:錢 ( 缺乏關係 )                                               disdain                             v. 輕視 , 鄙視

                                                                        94                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                 Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
a feeling of contempt for what is beneath one:SCORN                         吐出;嘔出 <> 咽下

snub:disdain::double-cross:disloyalty                                       Synonyms ERUPT 1 , belch , eject , eruct , expel , irrupt , spew

冷落怠慢:鄙視、鄙棄::背棄 , 叛變:不忠誠 (

動作體現情感 )                                                                    disgruntle                           vt. 使不高興
adulation <> disdain                                                        to make ill-humored or discontented ? usually used as a participial

諂媚 <> 輕視                                                                    adjective

Synonyms DESPITE 1 , contempt , despisal , despisement ,                    disgruntle <> refresh

disparagement , scorn                                                       使不滿意 , 使不高興 <> 給…以新的活力或精神
                                                                            disgruntled <> contented

discernable                       adj. 可辨別的                                 使不滿意 <> 滿足的

audible:stentorian::discernable:obvious                                     Synonyms DISCONTENTED , discontent , dissatisfied ,

可聽見的:洪亮的::可辨別的:明顯的 ( 程度比較 )                                                 malcontent , malcontented , uncontent , uncontented , ungratified

audible:stentorian::discernible:manifest

可聽見的:洪亮的::可辨別的:明顯的 ( 程度比較 )                                                 disguise                             vi. 隱瞞 , 掩埋 n. 假裝
                                                                            to furnish with a false appearance or an assumed identity

disembody                         v. 使脫離實體 ,                                padding:damage::disguise:recognition

                                  使脫離現實                                     墊料:損害 , 破壞::假扮 , 化妝:認出 ( 防止關係 )
disembodied <> corporeal                                                    Synonyms camouflage , cloak , dissemble , dissimulate , dress up ,

無實體的 <> 物質的                                                                 mask



disengage                vt. 使自由 , 解放 , 解開                                  disgust                              n. 厭惡 , 嫌惡
to release from something that engages or involves                          marked aversion aroused by something highly

disengage <> mesh                                                           distasteful:REPUGNANCE

解開 <> 嚙合 【注:mesh:to cause ( as gears ) to engage】                           blatant:arresting::odious:disgusting
Synonyms DETACH , abstract , disassociate , disconnect ,                    顯眼的 , 炫耀的:醒目的::可憎的 ,
dissociate , uncouple , unfix                                               令人作嘔的:令人作嘔的 , 討厭的 ( 兩個形容詞的正面關係 )

                                                                            odious:disgust::menacing:fear

disentangle                     v. 解決 , 解脫 , 解開澄清                           可憎的 , 令人作嘔的:引起噁心或反感::威脅的 ,

disentangle:snarl::??                                                       險惡的:害怕 ( 形容詞與動詞的正面關係 )

解開澄清:纏結 ( 動詞的反面關係 )                                                         scowl:displeasure::kiss:affection { hurl:disgust
Synonyms EXTRICATE 2 , discumber , disembroil , disencumber                 皺眉:不滿::用嘴唇接觸或撫摸:慈愛 {
, disentangle , unentangle , unscramble , untangle , untie , untwine        感情激烈地說出:厭惡 ( 動作體現情感 )
                                                                            entrancing <> disappoint / disgust / repel / repulse / bored

disgorge                          v. 嘔出 , ( 水 ) 流走                          迷人的 , 使人神魂顛倒的 <> 失望的 ; 受挫的 / 令人作嘔的 /

to discharge by the throat and mouth:VOMIT                                  厭惡的 / 厭惡的 / 無聊的 , 無趣的 , 煩人的
disgorge <> swallow                                                         Synonyms nauseate , reluct , repel , repulse , revolt , sicken

吐出;嘔出 <> 吞下 , 咽下
disgorge / excrete <> ingest                                                dishevel                      vt. 使蓬亂 , 使頭髮淩亂
                                                                            to throw into disorder or disarray
                                                                       95                           Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                                                                            dismantle                          vt. 拆除. . . 的設備 ,
disinclination                      n. 不起勁 , 不感興趣 ,                                                            分解 , 去除覆蓋物
                                    厭惡                                      to take to pieces ; also:to destroy the integrity or functioning of

a preference for avoiding something:slight aversion                         Synonyms STRIP 2 , bankrupt , bare , denudate , denude , deprive

aversion:disinclination::adulation:admiration                               , disrobe , divest

強烈的厭惡:厭惡::諂媚:讚美 ( 抽象名詞的程度比較 )

aversion:inclination::??                                                    disparage                   v. 貶抑 , 輕蔑
強烈的厭惡:愛好去做::?? ( 反義 )                                                       to depreciate by indirect means ( as invidious comparison ) :speak

disinclination:bent::??                                                     slightingly about

厭惡:愛好 ( 反義 )                                                                scorn:reject::adulate:flatter::disparage:ignore
Synonyms DISLIKE , aversion , bad books , disfavor , disliking ,            輕蔑:拒絕::諂媚:奉承::輕視 , 貶低:忽視 , 不顧 (
displeasure , disrelish , dissatisfaction , distaste , indisposition        動作體現情感 )
                                                                            aggrandize <> disparage

disinfect                     vt. 消毒                                        提高地位和名望 <> 貶低
to free from infection especially by destroying harmful                     champion <> disparage

microorganisms                                                              擁護 <> 貶低

oil:lubricate::antiseptic:disinfect                                         extol <> disparage

石油衍生物:潤滑::抗菌劑:殺菌 ( 物及其功用 )                                                  高度讚揚 <> 貶低

aseptic:disinfection::anesthetic:numbness                                   kudos <> disparage

防腐劑:消毒::麻醉劑:麻木 ( 物及其功用 )                                                    榮譽 <> 蔑視
                                                                            Synonyms DECRY 2 , abuse , belittle , depreciate , derogate ,

                                                                            detract ( from ) , dispraise , downcry , minimize , write off

disinterested                       adj. 無私欲的 , 廉潔的 ,
                                    公平的                                     disparate              adj. 迥然不同的 , 不可並論的
free from selfish motive or interest:UNBIASED                               containing or made up of fundamentally different and often

factional <> disinterested                                                  incongruous elements

派系的 <> 無偏見的                                                                 disparate <> like

iniquity <> disinterestedness                                               不同的 <> 相似的

極不公正 <> 無偏見                                                                 disparate <> analogous

Synonyms INDIFFERENT 2 , aloof , casual , detached , incurious              不同的 <> 類似的
, remote , unconcerned , uncurious , uninterested , withdrawn               Synonyms DIFFERENT 1 , dissimilar , distant , divergent ,

                                                                            diverse , unalike , unequal , unlike , unsimilar , various

disjunctive                         adj. 可分的 , 分離的 ,
                                    分隔的                                     dispassionate                      adj. 冷靜的 ,
marked by breaks or disunity                                                                                   不帶感情的 , 平心靜氣的
nominal:significance::disjunctive:unity                                     not influenced by strong feeling ; especially:not affected by

有名無實的:重要性::分離的:統一 (                                                         personal or emotional involvement

形容詞語名詞的反面關係 )                                                               dispassionate <> responsive


                                                                       96                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
不動感情的 <> 反應迅速的 【對應不工整】                                                    公然反抗 ( 動作體現情感 )
dispassionate <> partial                                                  disregard <> nurture

不動感情的 <> 偏袒的                                                              忽略 , 漠視 <> 培育 , 教育
Synonyms NEUTRAL , abstract , colorless , detached ,                      Synonyms NEGLECT , blink ( at or away ) , discount , fail ,

disinterested , impersonal , poker-faced , unpassioned                    forget , ignore , omit , overlook , overpass , slight



dispatch                           v. 派遣 , 一下做完 , 吃完                      disrupt                             vt. 使分裂 , 使瓦解
                                   n. 迅速                                 to throw into disorder

promptness and efficiency in performance or transmission                  saboteur:disrupt::apologist:defend
dispatch <> leisureliness                                                 蓄意破壞者:打斷 , 妨礙::辯解者:支援或維護 (

派遣 <> 悠然 , 從容                                                             人與其動作特點 )
                                                                          Synonyms DISORDER 1 , disarray , discompose , disorganize ,

disposal                           n. 處理 , 排列 , 支配 ,                      disturb , mess ( up ) , muddle , rummage , unsettle , upset

                                   佈置 , 廢料
systematic destruction ; especially:destruction or transformation         dissect                      vt. vi. 解剖 , 切細
of garbage                                                                to analyze and interpret minutely

recycle:disposal::rehabilitate:demolition                                 specimen:dissect::sentence:parse

重複利用:除掉 ; 清除 ; 銷毀::修復:摧毀破壞 (                                              樣本:詳細分析 , 仔細剖析:句子:語法分析 ( 分析關係 )

動詞與名詞的反面關係 )                                                              Synonyms SEPARATE 1 , break up , dichotomize , disjoin ,

Synonyms discarding , disposition , dumping , jettison , junking ,        disjoint , dissever , divide , part , sever , sunder

relegation , riddance , scrapping , throwing away

                                                                          dissemble                           v. 隱藏、掩飾 ( 感受 ,
disquiet                    n. v. 擔心 , 焦慮                                                                     意圖 )
to take away the peace or tranquillity of:DISTURB , ALARM                 to put on a false appearance:conceal facts , intentions , or feelings
disquiet <> put at ease                                                   under some pretense

使不安 <> 使安心                                                                dissemble:honesty::snub:politeness
Synonyms DISCOMPOSE 1 , agitate , bother , disturb , flurry ,             掩飾 , 假裝:誠實::冷落怠慢:禮貌 ( 缺乏關係 )
fluster , perturb , unhinge , untune , upset                              dissemble:information::masquerade:feeling

                                                                          掩蓋 , 隱藏:資訊事實::僞裝:感情 ( 掩飾關係 )

disregard                          v. 不理會 , 忽略 , 漠視 ,                     ingenuous:dissemble::raffish:preen::polite:snub

                                   不適當的尊重或漫不經心                            率直的 ,

                                   地對待                                    坦白的:假裝::俗豔的:精心打扮::有禮貌的:冷落怠慢
redoubtable:regard / awe::despicable:scorn / contempt /                   ( 形容詞與動詞的反面關係 )
disregard                                                                 Synonyms DISGUISE , camouflage , cloak , dissimulate , dress up

值得尊敬的:尊敬 / 敬畏::可鄙的:鄙斥 / 鄙視 / 漠視 (                                         , mask

形容詞與動詞的正面關係 )

flout:disregard::taunt:challenge                                          disseminate                   vt. 散播 , 傳播 , 宣傳
蔑視 ; 輕蔑:不理會::嘲弄 ; 譏笑 ; 辱駡::公然挑戰 ;                                         to spread abroad as though sowing seed


                                                                     97                            Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
disseminate:information::foment:discontentment                           放蕩 , 浪蕩:自我節制::多産:不肥沃 , 不毛 (

散播 , 傳播:資訊::激勵 , 激起:不滿足 ; 不滿意 (                                          名詞的反義關係 )

動詞及其作用物件 )                                                               accumulation <> dissipation

disseminate <> garner                                                    聚集 , 積累 <> 驅散 , 浪費

散播 <> 收藏 , 儲藏                                                            dissipate <> accumulate

nucleate <> disseminate                                                  驅散 , 浪費 <> 聚集 , 積累

聚集 <> 散佈                                                                 dissipate <> gather

Synonyms SPREAD 1 , circulate , diffuse , disperse , distribute ,        積聚 <> 浪費
propagate , radiate , strew                                              amass <> dissipate

                                                                         積聚 <> 浪費

dissension                     n. 意見不合 , 糾紛 , 傾軋                         Synonyms WASTE 2 , blow , blunder ( away ) , consume , fool (

DISAGREEMENT ; especially:partisan and contentious                       away ) , fritter , frivol away , squander , throw away , trifle ( away )

quarreling
concord <> dissension                                                    dissociate                vt. vi. 分離 , 游離 , 分裂
和約 , 和諧 <> 傾軋                                                            to separate from association or union with another

Synonyms DISCORD , conflict , contention , difference ,                  affiliation <> dissociation

disaccord , dissent , dissidence , disunity , strife , variance          緊密聯合 <> 分離
                                                                         Synonyms DETACH , abstract , disassociate , disconnect ,

dissent                             vi. 持異議 , 不同意                        disengage , uncouple , unfix

to withhold assent

dissenter:orthodox::maverick:group                                       dissolute                     adj. 放蕩的 , 無節制的
不服從國教者:正統的::獨來獨往者:爲群體中一員的 (                                              lacking restraint ; especially:marked by indulgence in things

前不可能具有後者的特點 )                                                            libertine:dissolute::sycophant:obsequious
dissent <> conform                                                       放蕩不羈的人:放蕩的::拍馬者 , 諂媚者:奉承的 , 順從的 (

不同意 <> 使順從                                                               人極其所具有的性格特徵 )
Synonyms DIFFER 2 , disaccord , disagree , discord , divide ,            ludicrous:buffoon::dissolute:libertine::humorous:wag
vary                                                                     可笑的:扮演丑角和開玩笑的人::放縱的 ,

dissertation                        n. 論文                                生活放蕩的:放蕩不羈的人::幽默的 ,
an extended usually written treatment of a subject ;                     風趣的:愛說笑打趣的人 ( 人極其所具有的性格特徵 )
specifically:one submitted for a doctorate                               voluble:speech::licentious:dissoluteness
Synonyms DISCOURSE 2 , disquisition , memoir , monograph ,               健談的 , 流利的:說話 ; 談話::放蕩的:放縱 【speech
monography , thesis , tractate , treatise                                可能爲誤記】
                                                                         Synonyms ABANDONED 2 , licentious , profligate , reprobate ,

dissipate                           vt. 散失 , 驅散 , 浪費 (                   self-abandoned , unprincipled

                                    dissipation )
husbandry:dissipate::alacrity:procrastinate                              dissolve                      vt. vi. 溶解 , 解散
節約:浪費::敏捷 , 輕快 ; 迅速:推遲 ( 反義 )                                            to cause to pass into solution ; to separate into component

dissipation:temperation::fecundity:sterility                             parts:DISINTEGRATE


                                                                    98                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
clot:dissolved::crowd:dispersed                                             unduly or abnormally

凝結:溶解的::擠 , 擠滿:分散的 , 散開的 (                                                  distention <> compression

動詞與形容詞的反面關係 )                                                               膨脹 <> 壓縮

coagulant:thicken::solvent:dissolve

凝結劑:使變得濃些::溶劑:溶解 ( 物及其功用 )                                                  distillation                       n. 蒸餾
bend:rigid::submerge:buoyant::dissolve:insoluble                            the process of purifying a liquid by successive evaporation and

使彎曲:具剛性的不可彎曲的::浸沒 ,                                                         condensation

淹沒:有浮力的::溶解:不溶的 ( 動詞與形容詞的反面關係                                               synopsis:conciseness::distillate:purity
)                                                                           大綱 , 概要:簡明 , 簡潔::蒸餾液;餾出物:純度 (
consolidate <> dissolve                                                     物極其特點 )

使聯合 <> 解散                                                                   distill:purity::leaven:volume
                                                                            蒸餾;精煉:純度::使膨脹:體積 ( 動作極其目的 )

dissonance                 n. 不和諧 ( 的音調 )                                   liquefy:fluid::distill:pure

lack of agreement ; especially:inconsistency between the beliefs            使液化:流動的::蒸餾:純淨的 ( 加工方式及其結果 )
one holds or between one's actions and one's beliefs
dissonance <> concord                                                       distinction                 n. 區別
不和諧 ( 的音調 ) <> 和諧                                                           the quality or state of being distinguishable

Synonyms DISCORD , conflict , contention , difference ,                     nuance:distinction::hint:suggestion
disaccord , disharmony , dissension , dissidence , strife , variance        細微差別:不同點 , 差異之處::概略地給予建議:建議 (

                                                                            程度比較 )

dissuade                          vt. 勸阻                                    nebulous <> distinct

to advise ( a person ) against something                                    模糊不清的 <> 明顯的 , 清楚的

remonstrance:dissuade::reprehension:censure                                 repute <> lack of distinction

抗議:勸阻::斥責:指責 ( 同義 )                                                         聲望 <> 沒有名望

remonstrator:dissuade::applicant:appeal                                     eclipse <> make distinctive

忠告者:勸阻::申請人 , 請求者:懇求 , 請求 (                                                 使黯然失色 <> 使與衆不同

人極其動作特點 )                                                                   Synonyms DISSIMILARITY , alterity , difference , discrepancy ,

inexorable:dissuasion::indomitable:conquest                                 dissemblance , dissimilitude , divergence , divergency , otherness ,

無動於衷的:勸阻::不屈不撓的 , 不可征服的 (                                                   unlikeness

具有前者特徵的人不容易被後者實現 )                                                          distinguished                   adj. 卓著的 , 著名的
protest:dissuade::supplicate:entreaty                                       marked by eminence , distinction , or excellence

對…提出異議反對:勸阻::向…懇求;向…請求:請求 (                                                 eminent <> undistinguished

同義 )                                                                        傑出的 <> 平凡的 , 普通的
dissuade <> abet                                                            Synonyms FAMOUS 2 , celebrated , celebrious , eminent , famed

勸阻 <> 慫恿並幫助                                                                 , great , illustrious , notable , prominent , renowned

Synonyms deter , disadvise , discourage , divert

                                                                            distort                            vt. 扭曲 , 歪曲
distention                        n. 膨脹                                     to twist out of the true meaning or proportion

the act of distending or the state of being distended especially
                                                                       99                          Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
brevity:aphorism::distortion:caricature                                  操縱:競爭 ( 動詞及其作用物件 )

簡短:箴言::歪曲:滑稽模仿 ( 物及其特徵 )                                                 Synonyms LOCALITY 1 , area , neighborhood , vicinage ,

Synonyms MISREPRESENT , belie , color , falsify , garble ,               vicinity

miscolor , misstate , pervert , twist , warp

                                                                         ditch                n. 溝
distract                 vt. 轉移 , 分心 , 使發狂                               a long narrow excavation dug in the earth

to draw or direct ( as one's attention ) to a different object or in     ditch:canyon::burrow:cavern
different directions at the same time                                    溝:峽谷::地洞:大洞 ( 程度比較 )

intrepid:deter::rapt:distract                                            Synonyms TRENCH , cut

無畏的:威嚇::全心投入的:分心 (
形容詞與動詞的反面關係 )                                                            ditty                       n. 小調 , 小曲
rapt <> distracted                                                       an especially simple and unaffected song

全心投入的 <> 分心的                                                             fable:tale::ditty:song
Synonyms CONFUSE 2 , addle , ball up , befuddle , bewilder ,             寓言一種通常短小的故事:故事::小曲:歌曲 ( 種屬關係 )
||bumfuzzle , fluster , fuddle , mix up , throw off

                                                                         diurnal              adj. 白晝的 , 白天的
distraught              adj. 心神狂亂的 , 極其煩惱的                               of , relating to , or occurring in the daytime

agitated with doubt or mental conflict                                   diurnal <> nocturnal

troubled:distraught::covetous:rapacious                                  白晝的 , 白天的 <> 晚上的 , 夜晚的

困惑的 ; 騷亂的 , 不安的:極其煩惱的::渴望的:貪婪的 (                                         Synonyms DAILY , quotidian

程度比較 )
distraught <> composed                                                   diverge              vi. 分歧 , 岔開
心神狂亂的 <> 鎮靜的 ; 冷靜的                                                       to move or extend in different directions from a common

Synonyms distracted , distrait , distressed , harassed , tormented ,     point:draw apart
troubled , worried                                                       ad-lib:impromptu::aside:divergent

                                                                         即興演講 , 即興發言:即興的::離題話;插入語:偏離的 (

distress                            n. 精神緊張v.                            物極其特點 )

                                    使憂慮;使痛苦                              diverge:apart::traverse:across

abate:tax::alleviate:distress                                            分岔:分開地::橫越:交叉 ( 動詞和副詞的正面關係 )

減少 , 降低:稅::減輕:精神緊張 ( 動詞及其作用物件 )                                          confluence <> divergence

agonized:distress::obsessed:concern                                      匯合 <> 分歧

極度痛苦的:使憂慮;使痛苦::被困擾的:使擔憂引起焦躁                                              Synonyms DIGRESS 2 , depart , divagate , excurse , ramble ,

或不安 ( 形容詞與動詞的正面關係 )                                                      stray , wander

Synonyms aggrieve , constrain , grieve , hurt , injure , pain

                                                                         diver                       n. 潛水員 , 水下工作者
district                    n. 地區                                        cavern:spelunker::ocean:diver

gerrymander:district::rig:contest                                        大型地下洞穴:作爲愛好而探索及研究洞穴的人::海洋:潛
不公正劃分選區:地區 , 行政區:: ( 用欺騙手段 )                                             水員 ( 人與其工作地點 )


                                                                       100                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
divert                        vt. 使轉向 vi. 轉移                          脫下 <> 披上 , 穿上 , 戴上

to turn from one course or use to another:DEFLECT

divert:shunt::retard:brake                                            dogged                      adj. 頑固的 , 頑強的
使轉向:使轉向::減速:刹車 ( 動作及其目的 )                                             marked by stubborn determination

Synonyms TURN 6 , avert , deflect , pivot , sheer , veer , volte-     dogged <> yielded

face , wheel , whip , whirl                                           頑固的 , 頑強的 <> 放棄 , 屈服
                                                                      dogged <> easily discouraged

divestiture                   n. 剝奪 , 脫衣                              頑固的 , 頑強的 <> 容易氣餒的
the act of divesting                                                  Synonyms INFLEXIBLE 2 , adamant , brassbound , inexorable ,

divestiture <> acquisition                                            obdurate , relentless , rigid , single-minded , steadfast , unbending

剝奪 <> 獲得
Synonyms PRIVATION 2 , deprivation , deprivement ,                    doggerel              adj. 歪詩的 n. 打油詩
dispossession , loss                                                  loosely styled and irregular in measure especially for burlesque or

                                                                      comic effect ; also:marked by triviality or inferiority

divulge                       vt. 洩漏 ( 秘密等 ) , 宣佈 ,                   doggerel:verse::burlesque:play

                              公佈                                      打油詩:詩::諷刺作品 , 滑稽戲劇:戲劇 ( 種屬關係 )
to make known ( as a confidence or secret )                           doggerel:poem::sketch:draw
divulge <> keep secret                                                打油詩:詩::草圖:圖 ( 種屬關係 )

泄漏 ( 秘密等 ) <> 保密
Synonyms REVEAL 1 , betray , blab ( out ) , disclose , discover ,     doggo                       adv. ( 俚 ) ( 一動不動地 )
give away , mouth , spill , tell , unclos聥                                                        隱藏著
                                                                      in hiding

doctrine               n. 教義 , 主義;學說                                  doggo:instability::??
a principle or position or the body of principles in a branch of      靜靜躲藏著地 ,
knowledge or system of belief:DOGMA                                   一動也不動地:不穩定或不可靠的性質或狀態::?? (

doctrine:heretical::course:errant                                     前不具有後的狀態 )

教義 , 學說:異端學說的::道路 , 路線:偏離正道的 (

偏離關係 )                                                                dogma                       n. 教條
Synonyms canon , dogma , tenet                                        something held as an established opinion ; especially:a definite
                                                                      authoritative tenet

dodder                        vi. 搖擺 , 蹣跚                             dogma <> heresy

to progress feebly and unsteadily                                     教義 , 教條 <> 異端學說

dodder:unsteady::cavort:sprightly                                     Synonyms DOCTRINE , canon , tenet

搖擺 , 蹣跚:顫動的 ; 不平穩的::跳躍;蹦跳:活潑的 (

動作及其特點 )                                                              doldrums                           n. ( 海洋上的 ) 無風帶 ,
                                                                                                        情緒低沈
doff                          vt. 脫 , 丟棄 , 廢除                         state or period of inactivity , stagnation , or slump

to remove ( an article of wear ) from the body                        doldrums:energy::depravity:virtue
doff <> don
                                                                    101                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                         Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
憂鬱期沒精打采的日子:精力::墮落道德敗壞:美德 , 德行                                           Synonyms:fool , dunce , oaf , chump

( 缺乏關係 )                                                                區別:doll ( n. 洋娃娃 )
Synonyms TEDIUM , boredom , ||dullsville , ennui , yawn                 domicile                               n. 住所 , 住宅
                                                                        a dwelling place:place of residence:HOME

dolorous                           adj. 悲哀的 , 憂愁的                       nomad:domicile::freelancer:employer
causing , marked by , or expressing misery or grief                     遊牧民:住所::自由作家:老闆 ( 缺乏關係 )
dolorous <> jubilant / happy                                            Synonyms HABITATION 2 , abode , commorancy , dwelling ,

悲哀的 , 憂愁的 <> 歡騰的 , 歡欣的 , 喜氣洋洋的 / 高興的                                    home , house , residence , residency

Synonyms DEPLORABLE , afflictive , calamitous , dire ,

distressing , grievous , heartbreaking , lamentable , regrettable ,     domination                              n. 支配 , 控制 , 管轄
woeful                                                                  supremacy or preeminence over another

                                                                        gullible:chicanery::servile:domination

                                                                        易受騙的:欺騙::卑屈的:支配 (

                                                                        容易被後者的動詞怎樣關係 )

                                                                        impervious:damaged::indomitable:subdued

                                                                        不受影響的:被損壞的::不屈服的:屈服的 (

                                                                        兩個形容詞的反面關係 )

                                                                        inexorable:dissuasion::indomitable:conquest

                                                                        不屈不撓的:勸阻::不屈服的:征服 (

                                                                        人物個性及其反面被動特徵 )

                                                                        indomitable:control::exacting:satisfy

                                                                        不屈的:控制::苛求的:使到滿足 ( 人物個性及其反面特徵
                                                                        )

                                                                        Synonyms:supremacy , ascendancy

                                                                        CF:dominion ( n. 領土 , 主權 , 統治 )



                                                                        domineering                            adj. 盛氣淩人的 ,
                                                                                                               跋扈的 , 作威作福的
                                                                        inclined to domineer



                                                                        don                                    vt. 穿上
                                                                        to put on ( an article of clothing )
List 9 ( dolt ~ entry ) :                                               doff <> don

                                                                        脫 <> 穿

dolt                               n. 呆子 , 笨蛋 , 傻瓜                      Synonyms:put on
a stupid person

wag:humorous::dolt:stupid                                               donor                                  n. 捐贈人
小丑:滑稽的::傻瓜:愚蠢的 ( 人和其性格特點的正關係 )                                          one that gives , donates , or presents something


                                                                      102                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                           Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
legacy:predecessor::gift:donor                                       doze                                 vi. 瞌睡 , 假寐
祖先傳下來之物:先輩::禮物:捐贈人 ( 人及其給與的物品                                        to fall into a light sleep

)                                                                    doze:sleep::nudge:prod

Synonyms:bestower , conferror , donator , presenter                  瞌睡:睡覺::輕推:推動 ( 程度類比 )



doodle                            n. v. 亂寫 , 亂畫                     draconian                            adj. 嚴峻的 , 苛刻的
an aimless or casual scribble , design , or sketch                   CRUEL ; also:SEVERE

draw:doodle::travel:ramble                                           palmy:prosperity::draconian:severity

畫:亂畫::旅行:漫步 ( 同種動作之間的關係:正常與散漫                                        繁榮的:繁榮::嚴峻的:嚴格 ( 形容詞和名詞的正面關係 )
)                                                                    draconian <> indulgent / mild

walk:amble::draw:doodle                                              苛刻的 <> 放縱的 / 溫柔的
步行:溜達::畫:亂畫 ( 正常與非正常 )                                               draconian <> genial

Synonyms:fiddle                                                      苛刻的 <> 親切的

區別:Dawdle ( vi. vt. 遊手好閒 , 混日子 )                                     Synonyms:rigid , strict , rigorous



dour             adj. 不愛講話的 , 沈沈的 , 嚴厲的                              drain                        vt. 排出溝外 , 喝光 , 耗盡
STERN , HARSH                                                        to exhaust physically or emotionally

dour:geniality::bumptious:humbleness                                 tonic <> draining { nagging }

嚴厲的:溫和::傲慢的:謙遜 ( 形容詞和名詞的反面關係 )                                       增進健康之物 <> 氣力耗盡
dour <> congenial / genial

嚴厲的 <> 溫和的                                                           drawl                            vt. vi. 懶洋洋地說 ,
Synonyms:grim , severe , rigid , sullen                                                               做作而慢慢地說
                                                                     to utter in a slow lengthened tone

downpour                          n. 暴雨                              inch:move::drawl:speak

a pouring or streaming downward ; especially:a heavy rain            慢慢移動:移動::慢慢地說:說 ( 動作快慢的關係 )

downpour:flooding::wind:erosion                                      pontificate:pompous::scoff:derisive::drawl:slow::bl

暴雨:泛濫::風:侵蝕 ( 名詞及其結果 )                                               uster:loud::prate:aimless

wind:erosion::downpour:flooding                                      裝模作樣的說話:傲慢的::嘲笑:嘲笑的::慢慢地說:慢
風:侵蝕::暴雨:泛濫 ( 名詞及其結果 )                                               ::咆哮:大聲的::閒聊:無目的的 (

                                                                     動詞與形容詞的正面關係 )

doyen                             n. 老資格 , 首席
a:the senior member of a body or group                               dreary                               adj. 沈悶的
b:a person considered to be knowledgeable or uniquely skilled as     having nothing likely to provide cheer , comfort , or

a result of long experience in some field of endeavor                interest:GLOOMY , DISMAL

eccentric:conventional::doyen:uninitiated                            jocund <> dreary

行爲古怪的人:習慣的::老前輩:初學的 (                                                歡樂的 <> 沈悶的

人物及其反面特徵 )                                                           Synonyms:gloomy , depressing

Synonyms:master , virtuoso , expert                                  drench                               v. 濕透;浸透
                                                                     to wet thoroughly ( as by soaking or immersing in liquid )
                                                                   103                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                         Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
drenched:wet::antithetic:different                                  苦差事 <> 美差

濕透:濕::對立相反的:不同的 ( 程度類比 )                                            Synonyms donkeywork , grind , labor , plugging , toil , travail



drivel                              vi. 淌口水 , 說傻話                   dryad                             n. 森林的精靈
to utter in an infantile or imbecilic way                           WOOD NYMPH

nonsensical:drivel::pompous:bombast

無意義的:說傻話::誇大的:誇大的言辭 (                                               dubious                           adj. 可疑的 , 不確定的
形容詞和名詞的正面關係 )                                                       questionable or suspect as to true nature or quality

Synonyms:nonsense , babble , jabber                                 disaffected:contentment::dubious:commitment / conviction

                                                                    不滿的:滿足::可疑的:確信 / 堅信 (

drizzle                             n. v. 下毛毛雨 , 毛毛雨                形容詞和名詞的反面關係 )
a fine misty rain                                                   dubious <> certain

deluge <> drizzle                                                   不確定的 <> 確定的

大洪水 <> 毛毛雨                                                          Synonyms      DOUBTFUL , dubitable , equivocal

Synonyms:sprinkle

                                                                    dulcet                   adj. ( 聲音 ) 悅耳的 , 美妙的
droll                               adj. 古怪的 , 好笑的                 pleasing to the ear

having a humorous , whimsical , or odd quality                      cacophonous <> dulcet / euphonious

grisly:flinch::droll:laugh                                          刺耳的 <> 悅耳的

可怕的:退縮::好笑的:笑 ( 形容詞與動詞的正面關係 )                                       Synonyms MELODIOUS , euphonic , euphonious , mellisonant ,

droll <> grave                                                      melodic , sweet , tuneful

好笑的 <> 嚴肅的
droll <> serious                                                    dull                           adj. 鈍的 , 無趣的 , 呆滯的 ,
好笑的 <> 嚴肅的                                                                                         陰暗的
droll <> somber                                                     lacking brilliance or luster

好笑的 <> 憂鬱的                                                          tarnish:dull::vitrify:smooth

Synonyms:LAUGHABLE , comic , comical , farcical , funny ,           使失去光澤:陰暗的::使…變成玻璃:平滑的 (
gelastic , ludicrous , ridiculous , risible                         動作造成結果的關係 )

區別:drool ( vi. 流口水 )                                                brilliance <> dullness

                                                                    光輝 <> 遲鈍

droplet                             n. 小滴                           perspicuous <> dull

a tiny drop ( as of a liquid )                                      明瞭的 <> 不清楚的

droplet:deluge::pebble:landslide                                    resplendent <> dull

小滴:大洪水::小鵝卵石:山崩 ( 名詞的程度比較 )                                         燦爛的 <> 陰暗的

Synonyms:DROP , drib , driblet , globule , gobbet                   trenchant <> vague / dull

                                                                    清晰的 <> 含糊的 / 遲鈍的

drudgery                            n. 苦差事 , 苦工                     Synonyms RETARDED , backward , dim-witted , feebleminded ,

dull , irksome , and fatiguing work:uninspiring or menial labor     half-witted , imbecile , moronic , simple , simpleminded , slow dim

drudgery <> rewarding work                                          , fade , muddy , pale , tarnish
                                                                  104                        Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                         Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                          太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                                                                      小鷹:鳥類::青蛙:兩棲動物 ( 種屬關係 )

dullard                   n. 笨蛋
a stupid or unimaginative person                                      earnest                        adj. 認真的 , 誠懇的
wit <> dullard                                                        characterized by or proceeding from an intense and serious state of

機智的人 <> 愚人                                                            mind

Synonyms DUNCE , dullhead , dummy , idiot , ignoramus ,               facetious <> earnest

moron , simpleton , stupid                                            愛開玩笑的 <> 認真的
                                                                      Synonyms intentness , serious-mindedness , seriousness

dupe                         n. 傻瓜 , 易受騙的人
one that is easily deceived or cheated:FOOL                           earplug                        n. 耳栓
reverent:idolater::trusting:dupe                                      device of pliable material for insertion into the outer opening of the

尊敬的:崇拜者::信任的:易受騙的人 ( 過分關係 )                                           ear ( as to keep out water or deaden sound )

callous:impassive::dupe:duplicity                                     earplug:noise::shield:impact

冷淡的:冷漠的::欺騙:不誠實 ( 同義 )                                                耳栓:噪音::盾:撞擊 ( 防止關係 )
Synonyms FOOL , butt , chump , fall , guy , gudgeon , gull , mark

, pigeon , sap , sucker                                               earshot                        n. 聽力所及之範圍 ,
                                                                                                     聲音所及的距離
dwelling                     n. 住處                                    the range within which the unaided voice may be heard

a shelter ( as a house ) in which people live                         earshot:hear::ken:see

deportation:country::eviction:dwelling                                聽力範圍:聽::視野範圍:看 ( 前是後的範圍 )

放逐:國家::逐出:住處 ( 被迫離開的地點 )                                              Synonyms:hearing

potable:beverage::habitable:dwelling

可飲用的:飲料::可居住的:住處 (                                                    earsplitting                       adj. 震耳欲聾的
形容詞和名詞的正面關係 )                                                         distressingly loud or shrill

Synonyms HABITATION , abode , commorancy , domicile ,                 earsplitting:voice::??
home , house , residence , residency                                  震耳欲聾的 :聲音::?? ( 直接修飾 , 通感 )

                                                                      Synonyms:blaring , full-mouthed , piercing , roaring , stentorian ,

dyspeptic                    adj. 1. 消化不良的 , 胃弱的 ,                    stentorious , stentorophonic

                          患胃病的            2. 脾氣壞的
INDIGESTION                                                           eavesdrop                          v. 偷聽
genial <> dyspeptic                                                   to listen secretly to the private conversation of others

和藹的 <> 脾氣壞的                                                           hear:eavesdrop::follow:shadow
Synonyms ILL-TEMPERED , bad-tempered , hot-tempered , ill-            聽:偷聽::跟隨:尾隨 ( 正常與秘密 )
humored , ill-natured , rusty , tempersome

                                                                      ebullience                     n. 沸騰 , 熱情 , 熱情洋溢
eaglet                             n. 小鷹                              the quality of lively or enthusiastic expression of thoughts or

a young eagle                                                         feelings:EXUBERANCE

eaglet:bird::frog:amphibian                                           ebullience <> impassiveness


                                                                    105                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                         Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
熱情 <> 無感情                                                                                                adj. 選擇的 , 折衷的
ebullience <> torpor                                                   selecting what appears to be best in various doctrines , methods , or

熱情洋溢 <> 不活潑                                                            styles

ebullient <> torpid                                                    Synonyms:discriminating , select , selective

熱情的 <> 麻痹的                                                             CF:Eclecticism ( n. 折衷派 , 折衷主義 , 折衷說 )
ebullience <> lifelessness                                             區別:ecclesial ( adj. 教會的 ; 教會機構的 )

熱情洋溢 <> 無生氣的

Synonyms:buoyancy , effervescence , exuberance , exuberancy            eclipse                    n. ( 日 , 月 ) 蝕 , 名聲缺落 ,
                                                                                                  失勢 vt. 引起日蝕 ,
eccentric                           adj. 古怪的 , 反常的 ,                                              引起月蝕 , 使黯然失色
                                    不同圓心的 n. 怪人 ,                      a falling into obscurity or decline ; also:the state of being eclipsed

                                    偏心圓                                eclipse:prestige:: ( enervation / ) enfeeble:vigor
deviating from conventional or accepted usage or conduct               使名聲缺落:聲望:: ( 削弱 / ) 使衰弱:精力 (
especially in odd or whimsical ways                                    動作造成結果:使後減少 )

hero:admirable::eccentric:unconventional                               eclipse <> make distinctive

英雄:可欽佩的::怪人:非常規的 (                                                     使黯然失色 <> 使與衆不同

人和其性格特點的正面關係 )                                                         eclipse <> make more prominent / bring to more prominent

eccentric:conventional::doyen:uninitiated                              使黯然失色 <> 使更加卓越

怪人:常規的::老資格:初學的 (                                                      區別:eclipsis ( n. 省略 )

人和其性格特點的反面關係 )

Synonyms:STRANGE , curious , erratic , idiosyncratic , odd ,           ecstasy                    n. 狂喜 , 心醉神迷 , 忘形
oddball , peculiar , queer , singular , weird                          a state of overwhelming emotion ; especially:rapturous delight
                                                                       ecstatic <> perseved

echelon                      n. 【軍】梯隊 ,                                狂喜的 <> 自製的

                             組織系統中的等級                                  Synonyms heaven , rapture , rhapsody , seventh heaven , transport

an arrangement of a body of troops with its units each somewhat to

the left or right of the one in the rear like a series of steps        ecumenical                        adj. 世界範圍的 , 節儉的
echelon:hierarchy::??                                                                                    , 一般性的 , 普遍性的
梯隊:階級組織::??                                                            worldwide or general in extent , influence , or application

Synonyms:LINE , file , queue , rank , row , string , tier              ecumenical:generality::entire:integrity

                                                                       普遍性的:普遍::全部的:完整 ( 形容詞和名詞的正面關係

eclat                        n. 輝煌的成就 , 喝采 , 名聲                        )
brilliant or conspicuous success                                       diocesan <> ecumenical

eclat <> fiasco                                                        小教區的 <> 全基督教會的

大成功 <> 大失敗                                                             Synonyms:UNIVERSAL , catholic , cosmic , cosmopolitan ,

Synonyms:FAME , celebrity , notoriety , renown , rep ,                 global , planetary , worldwide

reputation , repute

eclectic                            n. 折衷主義者                           edifice                           n. 大廈 , 大建築物

                                                                     106                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                          Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
BUILDING ; especially:a large or massive structure                          effluvia                           n. pl. 臭氣 (
tower:edifice::rampart:barrier                                                                                 effluvium的複數形式 )
塔樓:大建築物::壁壘:障礙 ( 種屬關係 )                                                                                        , 沒用的副産品
Synonyms:erection , pile , structure ; compare BUILDING ,                   a by-product especially in the form of waste

HUT                                                                         effluvia <> desired products

                                                                            沒用的副産品 <> 有用的産品

efface                               v. 擦掉 , 抹去                             區別:effloresce ( vi. 開花 , 風化 ) effluent ( adj. 流出的n.
to make ( oneself ) modestly or shyly inconspicuous                         流出物 )

alliterate:remove::blazon:efface

用頭韻體作:刪除::vt. 以家徽裝飾:拭除 ( can’t be關係 )                                       effulgent                          adj. 光輝的 , 燦爛的
【注:合頭韻作的 ( 詩句 ) 不能移動其成分 , 以家徽裝飾 (                                           radiant splendor:BRILLIANCE
紋章 ) 不能擦去 】                                                                 bootless:futility::effulgent:resplendence
blazon <> efface                                                            無用的:無用::光輝的:輝煌 ( 形容詞和名詞的正面關係 )

畫紋章 <> 拭除                                                                   Synonyms:BRIGHT , beaming , brilliant , fulgent , incandescent

Synonyms:ERASE , annul , black ( out ) , blot out , cancel ,                , lambent , lucent , luminous , radiant , refulgent

delete , expunge , obliterate , wipe ( out ) , x ( out )

                                                                            effusive                    adj. 感情橫溢的 , 流出的
effervesce                           vi. 冒泡 , 沸騰 , 興奮                       characterized or formed by a nonexplosive outpouring of lava

to show liveliness or exhilaration                                          gush:effusive::rage:irate

effervescence:feeling::fury:anger                                           湧出:流出的::憤怒:發怒的 ( 形容詞和名詞的正面關係 )

興奮:情緒::狂怒:惱火 ( 程度類比 )                                                       emotion:effusive::liberty:licentious { manner:grandious }
effervesce <> be flat                                                       情感:感情橫溢的::隨意:放肆的 { 禮貌:壯麗地 } (

興奮 <> 平淡                                                                    後者過分地表現了前者 )
effervescent <> still                                                       effusive <> lack of emotion

興奮的 <> 平靜的                                                                  感情橫溢的 <> 無感情的
effervesce <> droop                                                         Synonyms:gushing , gushy , slobbering , slobbery , sloppy

興奮 <> 低垂 , 枯萎

Synonyms:EBULLIENCE , buoyancy , exuberance , exuberancy                    egocentric                     adj. 自我中心的 , 利己的
                                                                            concerned with the individual rather than society

effete                               adj. 衰老的 , 虛弱的 ,                       altruism <> egocentric

                                     精疲力盡的                                  利他主義 <> 利己主義【詞性不符 , 疑爲:egoism利己主義】
having lost character , vitality , or strength                              Synonyms:individualist , individualistic
effete <> hale

衰弱的 <> 強壯的                                                                  elaborate                adj. 精細的 , 詳盡的 , 精心的
Synonyms STERILE , barren , impotent , infecund , infertile ,               marked by complexity , fullness of detail , or ornateness

unfruitful , depleted , done , done in , drained , exhausted , far-gone     fawn:imperiousness::equivocate:directness::elaborate:s
, spent , used up , washed-out , worn-out , decadent , decayed ,            ketchy
degenerate , overripe                                                       奉承:傲慢::說模棱兩可的話:直接::作詳細說明:概略


                                                                          107                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
的 ( 反面關係 ) 【詞性不符 , 疑爲:sketch】                                             of a high grade or quality:SPLENDID
abstract <> elaborate                                                     insolent <> polite { elegant }

摘要的 <> 詳盡的                                                                粗野無禮的 <> 有禮貌的 ( 優雅的 )

Synonyms:complicated , fancy , intricate                                  Synonyms:CHOICE , dainty , delicate , exquisite , rare , select ,
                                                                          superior

elastic                            adj. 有彈性的 ,
                                   能伸縮的 , 可通融的                            elegy                            n. 哀歌 , 挽歌
capable of being easily stretched or expanded and resuming former         a song or poem expressing sorrow or lamentation especially for one

shape:FLEXIBLE                                                            who is dead

ephemeral:endure::inelastic:stretch                                       satire:ridicule::elegy:sorrow

短暫的:持久::無彈性的:伸展 ( 形容詞與動詞的反面關係                                             諷刺文學:嘲弄::哀歌:悲傷 ( 文體及其作用的關係 )
)                                                                         elegiac:sorrow::devotional:reverence

elastic:expand::viable:live                                               挽歌的:悲傷::虔誠的:尊敬 ( 形容詞與名詞的正面關係 )

能伸縮的:伸展::能活的:活 ( 形容詞與動詞的正面關係 )                                            hymn:praise::elegy:sorrow

Synonyms:flexible , resilient , springy , stretch , stretchy , supple     讚歌:讚美::挽歌:悲傷 ( 事物及其表達的含義 )
, whippy                                                                  paean:song::elegy:poem

                                                                          讚美歌:歌::挽詩:詩 ( 種屬 )

elated                       adj. 得意洋洋的 , 振奮的
marked by high spirits:EXULTANT                                           elephantine                 adj. 象的 , 巨大的 , 粗笨的
elated <> despondent                                                      having enormous size or strength:MASSIVE

興高采烈的 <> 喪氣失望的                                                            microscopic <> elephantine

elation <> dejection                                                      極微細的 <> 巨大的

高興 <> 沮喪                                                                  Synonyms:HUGE , behemothic , colossal , enormous ,
elate <> depress { reprobate }                                            gargantuan , gigantic , mammoth , mastodonic , monstrous ,

使高興 <> 使沮喪                                                                prodigious
hangdog <> elated

沮喪的 <> 興高采烈的                                                              elevate                     vt. 舉起 , 提拔 , 鼓舞
Synonyms:excited , exhilarated , turned-on                                to raise in rank or status:EXALT
                                                                          debasement <> elevation

eleemosynary                       adj. 施捨的 , 慈善的 ,                       降低 <> 提高

                                   接受接濟的                                  Synonyms:LIFT , hoist , pick up , raise , rear , take up , uphold ,
of , relating to , or supported by charity                                uplift , upraise , uprear

philanthropist:eleemosynary::??

慈善家:慈善的::?? ( 人和其性格特點的正面關係 )                                              elf                         n. 小精靈 , 矮人 , 淘氣鬼 ,
Synonyms:CHARITABLE , altruistic , benevolent , good ,                                                惡作劇的人 , 惡人
humane , humanitarian , philanthropic                                     a small lively creature ; also:a usually lively mischievous or
                                                                          malicious person

elegant                 adj. 優雅的 , 端莊的 , 高雅的                              elf:imperious::??


                                                                        108                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                          太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
惡人:專橫的::??                                                          曲解 <> 闡明
                                                                    obfuscate <> elucidate / illuminate / explain clearly

elicit                       vt. 引出 , 抽出 , 引起                       使模糊 <> 說明 / 闡明 / 解釋清楚
to draw forth or bring out                                          Synonyms:CLARIFY , clear , clear up , explain , illuminate ,
evoke <> fail to elicit                                             illustrate

引起 <> 不能引起                                                          區別:elude ( vt. 逃避 , 規避 , 使困惑 )

Synonyms:EDUCE , evince , evoke , extort , extract , milk           emaciate                            v. 消瘦 , 虛弱
                                                                    to cause to lose flesh so as to become very thin

elitism                          n. 精英論 , 優秀人士統治                    apoplectic:angry::emaciated:thin
leadership or rule by an elite                                      狂怒的:發怒::消瘦的:瘦 ( 程度類比 )

CF:elitist ( n. 優秀人材adj. 優秀人材的 , 傑出人材的 )                            firmness:obstinacy::supple:spineless / thin:emaciated
                                                                    堅定:頑固::柔軟:沒有勇氣::瘦:瘦弱的 ( 程度類比 )

ellipsis                            n. 省略                           【注:詞性不符】
the omission of one or more words that are obviously understood

but that must be supplied to make a construction grammatically      emanate                             vi. 散發 , 發出 , 發源
complete                                                            to come out from a source

apostrophes:word::ellipsis:sentence                                 Synonyms:SPRING , arise , birth , derive ( from ) , flow , issue ,

撇號:字::省略號:句子 ( 語言符號及其所包涵的意義 )                                       originate , proceed , rise , stem

區別:elliptical ( adj. 橢圓的 ) ellipse ( n. 橢圓 )

                                                                    emancipate                          v. 解放 , 解除
elliptical                          adj. 橢圓的 , 省略的 ,                to free from restraint , control , or the power of another ;

                                    朦朧的 , 含糊的                       especially:to free from bondage
of or relating to deliberate obscurity ( as of literary or          emancipate <> shackle

conversational style )                                              釋放 <> 束縛
elliptical <> palpable                                              emancipation <> bondage

含糊的 <> 明顯的                                                          釋放 <> 束縛

區別:ellipsis ( n. 省略 , 省略符號 ) ellipse ( n. 橢圓 )                      Synonyms:FREE , discharge , liberate , loose , loosen , manumit
                                                                    , release , unbind , unchain , unshackle

elongate                            v. 延長 , 伸長
to extend the length of                                             embargo                             n. 禁運令 , 封港令
Synonyms:EXTEND , draw , draw out , lengthen , prolong ,            a legal prohibition on commerce

prolongate , protract , spin ( out ) , stretch                      embargo:commerce::quarantine:contact

                                                                    禁運:貿易::隔離:接觸 ( 阻止關係 )

elucidate                           v. 闡明 , 說明
to give a clarifying explanation                                    embark                              vi. 乘船 , 著手 , 從事 ,
abet:encouragement::elucidate:clarity                                                                   上飛機
教唆:鼓勵::闡明:清晰 ( 行爲及其結果 )                                             to make a start

garble <> elucidate                                                 debut:career::embarkment:journey


                                                                  109                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                       Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
初次登臺:職業生涯::上船 , 上飛機:旅行 ( 過程的開始 )                                   鼓勵 <> 威嚇

dismount:horse::disembark:ship

下馬:馬::登陸:船 ( 行爲及其物件 )                                              embrace                                n. 擁抱
conclude <> embark on                                              close encircling with the arms and pressure to the bosom especially

結束 <> 開始                                                           as a sign of affection:HUG

Synonyms:BOARD                                                     embrace:affection::shrug:indifference

                                                                   擁抱:愛::聳肩:                   無所謂 ( 動作體現情感 )

embarrass                           vt. 使困窘 , 使局促不安                abrogate <> embrace / institute / uphold

                                    , 阻礙                           取消 <> 支撐 / 創立 / 堅持
to place in doubt , perplexity , or difficulties                   eschew <> embrace , greet , welcome

catastrophe:mishap::humiliation:embarrassment                      避開 <> 歡迎
大災難:不幸::恥辱:困窘 ( 名詞的程度比較 )                                          abjure <> embrace / espouse

embarrass:shame::console:comfort                                   發誓放棄 <> 支援 / 贊成

使困窘:羞恥::安慰:舒適 ( 動作及其目的關係 )                                         ostracize <> include / embrace

unabashed:embarrassment::unheralded:announcement                   排斥 <> 包括 / 包含

臉皮厚的:困窘::未事先宣佈的:告知 (                                               spurn <> court , crave , embrace

形容詞和名詞的反面關係 )                                                      摒棄 <> 追求 , 渴望 , 歡迎

blush:embarrassment::nod:agreement / bow:respect /                 Synonyms:clasp , clinch , clip , enfold , hug , press , squeeze

shrug:indifference

臉紅:困窘::點頭:同意 / 鞠躬:尊敬 / 聳肩:不關心                                      encompass                              v. 圍繞 , 包圍
Synonyms:abash , confound , confuse , discomfit , disconcert ,     to form a circle about:ENCLOSE
discountenance , faze , rattle ; compare DISCOMPOSE                encompass <> exclude

                                                                   包含 <> 排除

embed                               vt. 埋 , 使插入                    Synonyms:SURROUND , beset , circle , compass , encircle ,
to enclose closely in or as if in a matrix                         environ , gird , girdle , hem , ring
embed <> extract

插入 <> 拔出                                                           emigrate                               vi. vt. ( 使 ) 移居 , ( 使
Synonyms:ENTRENCH , fix , infix , ingrain , lodge , root                                                  ) 移民
                                                                   to leave one's place of residence or country to live elsewhere

embolden                            v. 給……壯膽 , 鼓勵                  repatriate:emigration::repeal:ratification
to instill with boldness or courage                                遣返:移民::撤消:批准 ( 動賓關係
appall <> embolden / nerve                                         即:移民出去了又被遣返;批准了又被取消 )

使膽寒 <> 使大膽 / 鼓起勇氣                                                  Synonyms:MIGRATE , transmigrate
embolden <> abash / faze / cow

使大膽 <> 使困窘 / 使狼狽 / 威脅                                              eminence                               n. 卓越 , 顯赫 , (
boggle <> embolden                                                                                        此處喻指高處 )
( 由於膽怯而 ) 猶豫 <> 給……壯膽                                              one that is eminent , prominent , or lofty:as
embolden <> daunt                                                  a:an anatomical protuberance ( as on a bone )


                                                                 110                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                      Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
b:a person of high rank or attainments                                   enclosure                              n. 附件 , 圍牆 , 圍繞
c:a natural elevation                                                    something that encloses

master:experience::luminary:eminence                                     stockade:enclosure::pillar:support

能手:經驗::權威:顯赫 ( 人及其必然擁有的特點 )                                              柵欄:圍繞::柱子:支撐 ( 作用關係 )

maven:experience::luminary:eminence                                      Synonyms:COURT , close , courtyard , curtilage , quad ,

行家:經驗::權威:顯赫 ( 人及其必然擁有的特點 )                                              quadrangle , yard
eminent <> undistinguished

有名的 <> 平凡的                                                               encomium                               n. 讚頌 , 頌辭
Synonyms:distinction , illustriousness , kudos , preeminence ,           glowing and warmly enthusiastic praise ;

prestige , prominence , prominency , renown                              encomiast:eulogize::quibble:cavil

                                                                         頌者:頌揚::小反對:挑剔 ( 人和其性格特點的正面關係 )

emphasis               n. 強調 , 加強 , 重要 , 強語氣                             【對應不工整 , 疑爲encomium】
special consideration of or stress or insistence on something            encomium <> harsh criticism

underscore:emphasis::brand:ownership                                     大力讚頌 <> 猛烈批評

底線:強調::烙印:所有權 ( 前者體現後者 )                                                 Synonyms:citation , eulogy , panegyric , salutation , tribute

Synonyms:accent , accentuation , stress

                                                                         encompass                              vt. 1. 圍繞 , 包圍       2.
emulate                           vt. 與…競爭 , 效法                                                             包含 , 含有
strive to equal or excel                                                 to form a circle about:ENCLOSE obsolete:to go completely

emulate:exemplary::obviate:unnecessary                                   around

效法:可仿效的::除去:不必要的 ( 行爲及其物件特徵 )                                            Synonyms:SURROUND , beset , circle , compass , encircle ,

emulation:exemplar::deference:authority                                  environ , gird , girdle , hem , ring

效法:榜樣::尊重:權威 ( 行爲及其物件 )

Synonyms:RIVAL , compete , rivalize                                      encounter                              n. v. 相會 , 相遇 , 遭遇
                                                                         to come upon face-to-face

enact                      vt. 制定法律 , 扮演 , 頒佈                            circumlocutory ( circumlocution ) <> direct encounter

to establish by legal and authoritative act ; specifically:to make (     婉轉說法 <> 直接面對
as a bill ) into law                                                     Synonyms:CONFRONT , affront , face , meet
rescission <> enactment

廢止 <> 頒佈                                                                 encumbrance                            n. 阻礙 , 妨害物 , 累贅
Synonyms:constitute , establish , make                                   something that encumbers:IMPEDIMENT

                                                                         Synonyms:clog , cumbrance , hindrance , impedance ,

enamel                            n. 琺瑯 , 瓷釉                             impediment
a hard calcareous substance that forms a thin layer capping the

teeth                                                                    encyclopedia                           n. 百科全書
enamel:tooth::bark:tree                                                  a work that contains information on all branches of knowledge or

琺瑯質:牙::樹皮:樹 ( 皮與物 )                                                      treats comprehensively a particular branch of knowledge usually in

                                                                         articles arranged alphabetically often by subject


                                                                       111                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
encyclopedia:compendious::??                                       enervate:vitality::debase:value

百科全書:寬敞的??? 【疑爲encyclopedia:comprehensive??】                       使衰弱:活力::貶低:價值 ( 動作造成結果使後減少 )

Synonyms:comprehensive , inclusive                                 curtail:period::enervate:energy

                                                                   縮減:節 ( 周期 ) ::使衰弱:精力 ( 動作造成結果使後減少 )

endorse                             vt. 簽名於 ( 票據 ) 背面              eclipse:prestige::enervation / enfeeble:vigor

                                    vt. 確認 , 贊同                    使名聲缺落:聲望::使衰弱:精力 ( 動作造成結果使後減少

to approve openly especially:to express support or approval of     )

publicly and definitely                                            enervate <> invigorate

rider:bill::endorsement:policy                                     使衰弱 <> 使健壯

法案的附加條款:法案 , 保險單的附加條款:保險單 (                                        enervate <> fortify / strengthen

前是後的附加 )                                                           使衰弱 <> 使堅強 / 變堅固
endorse <> oppose publicly                                         vitality <> enervation

支援贊同 <> 公然反對                                                       生命力 <> 虛弱
impugn <> endorse                                                  Synonyms:UNNERVE , castrate , emasculate , unman , unstring

責難 <> 支援
deprecate <> endorse                                               enfeeble                           vt. 使衰弱
反對 <> 贊成                                                           to make feeble:deprive of strength
Synonyms APPROVE 2 , accredit , certify , OK ( or okay ) ,         eclipse:prestige::enervation / enfeeble:vigor
sanction                                                           使名聲缺落:聲望::使衰弱:精力 ( 動作造成結果使後減少
                                                                   )

enduring                            adj. 持久的 , 忍耐的                 enfeeble <> invigorate

LASTING , DURABLE                                                  使衰弱 <> 使健壯

ephemeral:endure::inelastic:stretch                                tonic <> enfeebling

短暫的:持久::無彈性的:伸展 ( 形容詞與動詞的反面關係                                      使精神振作的 <> 衰弱的
)                                                                  Synonyms:WEAKEN , attenuate , blunt , cripple , debilitate ,

ephemeral:enduring::inanimate:living                               disable , sap , unbrace , undermine , unstrengthen

短暫的:持久的::沒生命的:活的 ( 兩個形容詞的反面關係
)                                                                  enfranchise                        vt. 給予自治權 ,
transitory:endure::immutable:change                                                                   給予選舉權 , 解放
短暫的:持久::不可變的:改變 ( 形容詞與動詞的反面關係                                      to endow with a franchise:as
)                                                                  a:to admit to the privileges of a citizen and especially to the right
transitory <> enduring                                             of suffrage

短暫的 <> 持久的                                                         b:to admit ( a municipality ) to political privileges or rights

Synonyms:CONTINUE , abide , carry through , last , perdure ,       enfranchise:vote::license:practice
persist                                                            給予選舉權:投票::給予許可:實行 ( 行爲及其結果
                                                                   enfranchise <> enfetter

enervate                            vt. 使衰弱                        解放 <> 束縛
to lessen the vitality or strength of                              enfranchise <> resubject


                                                                 112                        Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                        Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
解放 <> 使再臣服                                                        Synonyms:ILLUMINATE , edify , illume , illumine , improve ,

Synonyms:affranchise , franchise                                  irradiate , uplift

CF:disenfranchise ( vt. 奪去 <個人> 公民權 , 選舉權 , 公職權 )

                                                                  enmity                             n. 敵意 , 憎恨
engender                          vt. 産生 , 引起                     positive , active , and typically mutual hatred or ill will

to cause to exist or to develop:PRODUCE                           camaraderie <> enmity

quash <> engender                                                 友情 <> 敵意

鎮壓 <> 引起                                                          Synonyms animosity , animus , antagonism , antipathy , hostility ,

Synonyms:GENERATE , breed , cause , hatch , induce , muster (     rancor

up ) , occasion , produce , provoke , work up

                                                                  ennoble                            vt. 授予爵位 , 使高貴
engross                    vt. 全神貫注於                              to make noble:ELEVATE

to take or engage the whole attention of:occupy completely        debase <> ennoble

attentive:officious::refined:snobbish { absorbed:engrossed        貶低 <> 使高貴
}                                                                 Synonyms:EXALT , aggrandize , dignify , distinguish , erect ,

注意的:多管閒事的::優雅的:俗不可耐的 {                                            glorify , honor , magnify , sublime , uprear

埋頭的:全神貫注的 } ( 形容詞的褒貶程度比較 )

engrossed:absorbed::intimate:close                                ennui                              n. 倦怠 , 厭倦
全神貫注的:入神的::親密的:緊密的 ( 程度類比 )                                       a feeling of weariness and dissatisfaction:BOREDOM

Synonyms:ENGAGE , busy , immerse , occupy , soak                  ennui:enthusiastic::fervor:apathetic

                                                                  倦怠:熱心的::熱情:冷漠的 ( 名詞和形容詞的反面關係 )

enigmatic                         adj. 陰陽怪氣的 ,                    ennui:enthusiastic::somnolence:alert

                                  謎一般的 , 高深莫測的                    倦怠:熱心的::困倦的狀態:警惕的 (

of , relating to , or resembling an enigma:MYSTERIOUS             名詞和形容詞的反面關係 )

enigmatic:simplistic::??                                          ennui <> energy / enthusiasm

高深莫測的:過分單純化的:: ( 兩個形容詞的反面關係 )                                     倦怠 <> 活力 / 熱心
enigmatic <> broadly known { wildly accepted }                    ennui <> keen interest

高深莫測的 <> 廣爲人知的 { 廣爲接受的 }                                          倦怠 <> 強烈的興趣
enigmatic <> readily understood                                   ennui <> exuberance

高深莫測的 <> 淺顯易懂的                                                    倦怠 <> 生氣盎然

Synonyms:CRYPTIC , dark , mystifying                              Synonyms:TEDIUM , boredom , doldrums , yawn



enlighten                         vt. 授予. . . 知識 , 啓發             enslave                      vt. 奴役
                                  , 教導 , 開導                       to reduce to or as if to slavery:SUBJUGATE

a:to furnish knowledge to:INSTRUCT                                manumit <> enslave

b:to give spiritual insight to                                    解放 <> 奴役

equivocation:coax::explanation:enlighten                          Synonyms:enthrall , subjugate

含糊話:哄騙::解釋:啓發 ( 名詞的目的關係 )


                                                                113                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                     Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
ensuing                     adj. 隨後的 , 接著的                    command:entreaty::goad:enticement
to take place afterward or as a result                        命令:懇求::煽動:誘騙 ( 名詞的程度比較 )
anterior <> ensuing                                           entice:tempt::affectionate:love

前面的 <> 後來的                                                    引誘:誘惑::親愛的:愛 ( 同義 ) 【注:詞性不符】

Synonyms:following , succeeding                               formidable <> enticing

                                                              可怕的 <> 誘人的

entangle                      vt. 使糾纏 , 捲入 , 使混亂              Synonyms:LURE , allure , bait , decoy , entrap , inveigle , lead

a:to wrap or twist together:INTERWEAVE                        on , seduce , tempt , toll

b:ENSNARE

exoneration:blame::disentangle:snarl                          entrance                             vt. 使出神 , 使入迷
免除責任:責備::鬆開:糾纏 ( 反義 )                                                                              n. 入口 , 入學 , 就任 ,
disentangle <> snarl                                                                               開始 , 進入
解開糾結 <> 使纏結                                                   to carry away with delight , wonder , or rapture

Synonyms:ensnarl , intertangle , perplex , snarl , tangle     entrancing ( entrance vt. ) <> disappoint , disgust , repel , repulse ;

                                                              bore

enthusiasm                         n. 狂熱 , 熱心                 使人神魂顛倒 <> 使失望 , 令人厭惡 , 使厭惡

a:strong excitement of feeling:ARDOR                          unprepossessing <> entrancing / winsome

b:something inspiring zeal or fervor                          惹人厭的 <> 使人神魂顛倒的 / 引人注目的

ennui:enthusiastic::fervor:apathetic                          Synonyms:entry , ingress , ingression

倦怠:熱心的::熱情:冷漠的 ( 名詞和形容詞的反面關係 )                                CF:Entrant ( n. 新會員 , 大學新生 , 進入者 )

ennui:enthusiastic::somnolence:alert                          entrap                           vt. 騙入 , 誘捕 , 使陷入
倦怠:熱心的::困倦的狀態:警惕的 (                                           to catch in or as if in a trap

名詞和形容詞的反面關係 )                                                 vigilant:entrapped::exacting:satisfied

enthusiasm:mania::suspicion:paranoia                          警醒的:被騙的::苛求的:感到滿意的 (

熱心:狂熱::懷疑:偏執狂 ( 名詞的程度比較 )                                     兩個形容詞的反面關係 )

reverence:respect::avidity:enthusiasm                         Synonyms:catch , benet , catch up , ensnare , entangle , snare ,

崇敬:尊敬::熱望:熱心 ( 名詞的程度比較 )                                      tangle , trap lure , allure , bait , decoy , entice , inveigle , lead on ,

madness:enthusiasm::??                                        seduce , tempt , toll

瘋狂:狂熱::??
ennui <> energy / enthusiasm                                  entreaty                             n. 懇求 , 哀求
倦怠 <> 活力 / 熱心                                                 an act of entreating:PLEA
halfhearted <> enthusiastic                                   command:entreaty::goad:enticement

不熱心的 <> 狂熱的                                                   命令:懇求::煽動:誘騙 ( 名詞的程度比較 )

Synonyms:PASSION , ardor , fervor , fire , hurrah , zeal      protest:dissuade::supplicate:entreat

                                                              抗議:勸阻::低三下四地懇求:懇求 ( 程度比較 )

entice                             vt. 誘騙 , 引誘 , 慫恿           Synonyms:PRAYER , appeal , application , imploration ,
to attract artfully or adroitly or by arousing hope or        imprecation , orison , petition , plea , suit , supplication

desire:TEMPT


                                                            114                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                  Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
entry                              n. 登錄 , 條目 ,               ephemeral                         adj. 朝生暮死的 ,
                                   報關手續 , 入口 , 進入                                              生命短暫的
a descriptive record ( as in a card catalog or an index )     lasting a very short time

journal:entries::run:performance                              convoluted:complexity::ephemeral:transience

期刊 ( 是一系列 ) :記載::一系列表演 ( 是一系列 ) :表演 (                         費解的:複雜::朝生暮死的:短暫 ( adj. 及對應的n. )

個體組成團體的關係 )                                                   ephemeral:endure::inelastic:stretch

Synonyms:ENTRANCE , ingress , ingression                      朝生暮死的:耐久::無彈性的:伸展 ( 難以關係 )

                                                              ephemeral:transience::permanent:perpetually

                                                              朝生暮死的:短暫::永久的:永恒 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )

                                                              repellent:attract::ephemeral:endure

                                                              排斥的:吸引::朝生暮死的:耐久 ( 難以關係 )
                                                              ephemeral:longevity::grandiose:humility

                                                              朝生暮死的:長命::宏偉的:謙卑 ( 事物及其方面特徵 )
                                                              ephemeral <> permanent / perpetual

                                                              朝生暮死的 <> 持久的 / 永久的
                                                              Synonyms TRANSIENT , TRANSITORY , EPHEMERAL ,

                                                              MOMENTARY , FUGITIVE , FLEETING , EVANESCENT



                                                              epic         adj. 史詩 , 英勇的 , 超出正常範圍的
                                                              extending beyond the usual or ordinary especially in size or scope

                                                              epic <> modest
List 10 ( enumerate ~ fathom ) :                              超出正常範圍的 <> 適度的



enumerate                    vt. 列舉 , 計算 , 枚舉 , 數             epicure                           n. 美食家
to specify one after another:LIST                             one with sensitive and discriminating tastes especially in food or

                                                              wine

enunciate                      v. 發音 , ( 清楚地 ) 表達             epicure:discriminating::spectator:watching

a:to make a definite or systematic statement of               美食家:識別::觀衆:看 ( 人物及其特徵行爲 )

b:ANNOUNCE , PROCLAIM                                         sentinel:watchful::epicure:discriminating

waffle:enunciate::embed:disinter                              哨兵:警惕的::美食家:有識別力的 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )

胡扯:清晰闡明::嵌入:掘出 ( 反義 )                                         Synonyms GOURMET , GOURMAND , GASTRONOME

enunciate <> mumble

清晰表達 <> 喃喃而語                                                  epigram                           n. 警句 , 諷刺短詩
Synonyms ARTICULATE 2 , phonate , pronounce , say             a concise poem dealing pointedly and often satirically with a single

                                                              thought or event and often ending with an ingenious turn of thought

envision                           vt. 想象 , 預想                exaggeration:caricature::brevity:epigram
to picture to oneself                                         誇張:諷刺畫::簡短:警句
                                                              paradox:contradictory::epigram:wise


                                                            115                     Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                         太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
自相矛盾的話:矛盾的::警句:英明的                                                      平衡:來回晃動:: ( 事物及其方面特徵 )
                                                                        Synonyms BALANCE 1 , equilibrium , poise , stasis

epilogue                           n. 收場白 , 尾聲
a concluding section that rounds out the design of a literary work;     equity                           adj. 公平的 , 公正的
the final scene of a play that comments on or summarizes the main       justice according to natural law or right ; specifically:freedom

action; the concluding section of a musical composition:CODA            from bias or favoritism

dessert:meal::epilogue:play::coda:sonata                                illiteracy:education::inequity:redistribution

飯後甜點:一頓飯::收場白:一出戲::樂章結尾部::奏                                             文盲:教育::不公平:重新分配 ( 消除關係 )

鳴曲 ( 事物及其後部 )                                                           equitable <> discriminatory / unfair

terminus:stop::epilogue:story                                           公平的 <> 有差別的 / 不公平的

終點:車站::收場白:故事 ( 事物及其後部 )
epilogue:prose::finale:?                                                equivocal                 adj. 意義含糊的 , 不直率的
收場白:散文::決賽:??                                                           a:subject to two or more interpretations and usually used to
preface <> epilogue                                                     mislead or confuse

序文 <> 尾聲                                                                b:uncertain as an indication or sign

                                                                        equivocation:clarity::prevarication:truth

epistemology                       n. 認識論                               模棱兩可的話:明晰::搪塞:事實 ( 逃避關係 )
the study or a theory of the nature and grounds of knowledge            equivocation:coax::explanation:enlighten
especially with reference to its limits and validity                    模棱兩可的話:哄騙::解釋:啓發 ( 目的關係 )

aesthetics:beauty::epistemology:knowledge                               equivocation:misleading::bromide:hackneyed

美學:美::認識論:知識 ( 學科及其研究物件 )                                               模棱兩可的話:誤導::平凡的事物:常見的 (

                                                                        事物及其正面特徵 )

epitomize                          vt. 摘要 , 概括                          equivocation:truth::euphemism:offense /
to serve as the typical or ideal example of                             obfuscation:clarity
Synonyms condense , digest , inventory , nutshell , sum ,               模棱兩可的話:事實::委婉語:冒犯 / 困惑:明晰 (
summarize , summate , sum up , synopsize                                逃避關係 )
Synonyms exemplify , typify                                             equivocate:commitment::procrastinate:action

                                                                        支吾:承諾::拖延:行動 ( 逃避關係 )

equable                  adj. 穩定的 , ( 脾氣 ) 溫和的                          equivocation:ambiguous::platitude:banal
marked by lack of noticeable , unpleasant , or extreme variation or     模棱兩可的話:曖昧的::陳詞濫調:老一套的 (
inequality                                                              事物及其正面特徵 )
equable <> intemperate                                                  fawn:imperiousness::equivocate:directness

溫和的 <> 放縱的                                                              奉承:專橫::支吾:率直 ( 逃避關係 )
Synonyms STEADY , EVEN                                                  grandstand:impress::equivocate:deceive

                                                                        爲博取觀衆喝彩而賣弄 ( 技巧 ) :留下印象::支吾:欺騙 (

equipoise                          n. 平衡 , 均衡                           目的關係 )
a state of equilibrium                                                  equivocation:truth::metaphor:description

equipoise:vacillate::??                                                 模棱兩可的話:事實::隱喻:描述 ( 逃避關係 )


                                                                      116                     Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                          Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
rationalization:plausible::obfuscation:indiscernible {            溪穀:腐蝕:老繭:摩擦 ( 後者産生前者 )

equivocation:definite }                                           wind:erosion::downpour:flooding

推論:似是而非的::困惑:難以識別的 ( 行爲及其特徵 )                                     風:風化::降水:泛濫 ( 導致關係 )

equivocate:misleading::cliched:hackneyed                          deposit <> process of eroding

模棱兩可:誤導::陳腐的:常見的 【注:詞性不符】                                         沈積 <> 腐蝕

equivocation:ambiguous::oxymoron:incongruous                      Synonyms EAT 3 , bite , corrode , eat away , gnaw , scour , wear (

模棱兩可的話:曖昧的::矛盾修飾法:不調和的 (                                          away )

事物及其正面特徵 )
waffle <> speak unequivocally                                     errant                    adj. 周遊的 , 錯誤的 , 不定的
胡扯 <> 說話不搪塞                                                       traveling or given to traveling

equivocation <> clarity                                           amorphous:shape::errant:course
模棱兩可 <> 清楚                                                        無定型的:形狀::不定的:路線 ( 形容詞修飾名詞 )
Synonyms OBSCURE , DARK , VAGUE , ENIGMATIC ,                     doctrine:heretical::course:errant
CRYPTIC , AMBIGUOUS                                               教條:異教的:路線:不定的 ( 形容詞修飾名詞 )

                                                                  digress:topic::errant:standard

erect                             vt. 使豎立 , 使直立 ,                 離題的:主題::周遊不定的:標準 ( 缺乏關係 )

                                  樹立 , 建立
SET UP , ESTABLISH                                                erratic                      adj. 反覆無常的 , 古怪的
suspend <> erect                                                  having no fixed course:WANDERING

垂掛 <> 樹立                                                          heroic:craven::erratic:permanent
slouch <> stand erect                                             英勇的:懦弱的::反覆無常的:持久的 ( 反義 )

懶散 <> 站直                                                          Synonyms CAPRICE , WHIM , VAGARY , CROTCHET



erect                   adj. 直立的 , 豎立的 , 筆直的                      erudite                      adj. 博學的 , 飽學的
characterized by firm or rigid straightness in bodily posture     possessing or displaying erudition:LEARNED
prostrate <> erect                                                erudite:fathom::oblivious:neglect

降服 <> 樹立                                                          博學的:徹底瞭解::健忘的:遺漏 ( 容易關係 )
Synonyms arrect , raised , stand-up , straight-up , upright ,     erudite <> smattering of knowledge / ignorant / unlettered

upstanding                                                        博學的 <> 知識貧乏的 / 無知的 / 爲受過教育的
                                                                  erudition <> illiteracy

erode                             v. ( 受 ) 腐蝕 , ( 受 )             博學 <> 文盲

                                  侵蝕                              Synonyms LEARNED , scholarly , scholastic

to diminish or destroy by degrees

accrete:growth::erode:destruction                                 escalate                           v. ( 戰爭等 ) 升級 , 擴大
附著:增長::腐蝕:瓦解 ( 導致關係 )                                                                                , 上升
downpour:flooding::wind:erosion                                   to increase in extent , volume , number , amount , intensity , or

降水:泛濫::風:風化 ( 導致關係 )                                              scope

gully:erosion::callus:friction                                    escalate <> diminish


                                                                117                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                        Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
擴大 <> 減少                                                           憎惡 <> 尊重
Synonyms ASCEND 1 , climb , escalade , mount , scale , upclimb     Synonyms REGARD , RESPECT , ADMIRE

, upgo

                                                                   estimable                   adj. 可尊敬的 , 可估計的
eschew                             v. 避開 , 戒絕                      worthy of esteem

to avoid habitually especially on moral or practical               estimable <> contemptible

grounds:SHUN                                                       可尊敬的 <> 可鄙的
eschew <> embrace / greet / welcome

避開 <> 擁抱 / 打招呼 / 歡迎                                                estrange                    vt. 使疏遠 , 離間 , 使離開
Synonyms ESCAPE , AVOID , EVADE , ELUDE , SHUN                     to arouse especially mutual enmity or indifference in where there

                                                                   had formerly been love , affection , or friendliness:ALIENATE

esoteric                           adj. 秘傳的 , 神秘的                  estrangement <> rapprochement

designed for or understood by the specially initiated alone        疏遠 <> 親近
esoteric <> common accepted                                        Synonyms ALIENATE , DISAFFECT

深奧的 <> 廣泛接受的
esoteric <> generally known                                        etch                               n. 腐蝕劑
深奧的 <> 廣泛知道的                                                       a chemical agent used in etching

Synonyms RECONDITE , abstruse , acroamatic , deep , heavy ,        etch:corrosive::glue:adhesive
hermetic , occult , orphic , profound , secret                     腐蝕劑:腐蝕性的::粘合劑:帶粘性的 ( 事物及其作用 )



espouse                            vt. 支援 , 贊成 , 嫁娶                ethereal              adj. 輕的 , 像空氣的 , 天上的
to take up and support as a cause:become attached to               a:lacking material substance:IMMATERIAL , INTANGIBLE
abjure <> embrace / espouse                                        b:marked by unusual delicacy or refinement

公開放棄 <> 信奉 / 支援                                                    ethereal <> material / ponderous

repudiate <> espouse / uphold                                      像空氣的 <> 物資的 / 有分量的

批判 <> 支援                                                           ponderous <> ethereal / gossamer / lively

Synonyms ADOPT , EMBRACE                                           沈重的 <> 輕的 / 輕薄的 / 活潑的
                                                                   Synonyms AIRY 3 , aerial , vaporous , vapory

esteem                             n. v. 尊敬 , 尊重                   ethics                             n. 道德規範
to set a high value on:regard highly and prize accordingly         the discipline dealing with what is good and bad and with moral

obeisant:esteem::embrace:affection                                 duty and obligation

鞠躬:尊敬::擁抱:愛                                                        logic:reasoning::ethics:behavior

esteem:idolatrize::favor:bribe                                     邏輯學:推理::道德規範:行爲 ( 事物及其研究物件 )

尊敬:盲目崇拜::贈與:行賄 ( 程度褒貶類比 )

infuriate:rage::commend:esteem { scrounge:possession }             eulogize                           vt. 稱讚 , 頌揚
激怒:大怒::稱讚:尊敬 ( 同義 )                                                to speak or write in high praise of:EXTOL
stigma <> mark of esteem                                           encomiast:eulogize::quibbler:cavil

恥辱 <> 身份的象徵                                                        阿諛者:稱讚::吹毛求疵者:挑剔 ( 人及其主要動作 )
odium <> esteem
                                                                 118                     Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                     Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
panegyric:eulogize::lampoon:satirize                                   to avoid answering directly:turn aside

頌詞:稱讚::諷刺文:諷刺 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )                                             evade:answer::goldbrick:work

eulogy:speak::??                                                       逃避:回答::偷懶:工作 ( 動賓關係 )

頌詞:發言:: ( 種屬 )                                                         Synonyms ESCAPE , AVOID , ELUDE , SHUN , ESCHEW

eulogize <> pan

稱讚 <> 批評                                                               evanescent                     adj. 短暫的 , 瞬息的
eulogy <> stricture                                                    tending to vanish like vapor

頌詞 <> 責難                                                               evanescent:permanence::archaic:currency
Synonyms PRAISE 2 , bless , celebrate , cry up , extol , glorify ,     短暫的:永恒::古老的:目前 ( 事物及其反面特徵 )
hymn , laud , magnify , panegyrize                                     evanescent:disappear::pliant:yield

                                                                       短暫的:消失::順從的:屈服 ( 容易關係 )

euphemism                            n. 婉言 , 委婉的說法                     evanescent:vanish::??
the substitution of an agreeable or inoffensive expression for one     短暫的:消失:??
that may offend or suggest something unpleasant                        abiding <> evanescent

equivocation:truth::euphemism:offense /                                持久的 <> 短暫的

obfuscation:clarity                                                    Synonyms TRANSIENT , TRANSITORY , EPHEMERAL ,

模棱兩可的話:事實::婉言:冒犯 / 困惑:明晰 ( 逃避關係                                        MOMENTARY , FUGITIVE , FLEETING

)

euphemistic:offend::invulnerable:injure                                evasive                 adj. 逃避的 , 回避的 , 托辭的
委婉的:冒犯::無懈可擊的:傷害 ( 難以關係 )                                              tending or intended to evade:EQUIVOCAL

euphemism:offensive::aphorism:diffuse                                  inclemency:evasion::??

婉言:冒犯的::警句:冗長的 ( 事物及其反面特徵 )                                            嚴酷的:回避::??
Synonyms nice Nelly , nice-nellyism                                    Synonyms equivocating , prevaricative , prevaricatory , shifty ,

                                                                       shuffling

euphonious                           adj. 音響好的 , 悅耳的 ,
                                     和諧的                               everlasting                      adj. 永恒的 , 持久的 ,
pleasing to the ear                                                                                     無止境的
cacophonous <> dulcet / euphonious                                     lasting or enduring through all time:ETERNAL

發音不和諧的 <> 悅耳的 / 和諧的                                                    countless / innumerable / myriad / untold:number::everlasting
Synonyms MELODIOUS 1 , dulcet , euphonic , mellisonant ,               / interminable:duration
melodic , sweet , tuneful                                              數不清的:數目::持久的 / 無止境的:爲期 ( 動賓關係 )

euphoria                     n. 安樂感 , 陶醉 , 陶醉感                         Synonyms amaranthine , ceaseless , endless , eternal , immortal ,

a feeling of well-being or elation                                     never-ending , unending , world-without-end

satisfaction:euphoria::??

滿意:安樂感:: ( 同義關係 )                                                      evict                            vt. 逐出 , 趕出 , 驅逐
Synonyms elation , exaltation , intoxication                           to force out:EXPEL

                                                                       deportation:country::eviction:dwelling

evade                        vt. vi. 規避 , 逃避 , 躲避                      放逐:國家::逐出:寓所 ( 趕出 )


                                                                     119                     Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                         Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                          太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
evict:residence::banish:country                               憤怒:長篇激烈的演說::誇大之詞:誇張法 (

逐出:住宅::流放:國家 ( 趕出 )                                           事物機器表達的含義 )
harbor <> evict                                               exaggeration:caricature::brevity:epigram

收容 <> 逐出                                                      誇張:諷刺畫::簡潔:警句 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )
Synonyms EJECT , EXPEL , OUST                                 malicious:ill will::exaggerating:hyperbole

                                                              惡毒的:惡意::誇張的:誇張 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )

evoke                             vt. 喚起 , 引起                 pithiness:aphorism::exaggeration:caricature
to call forth or up                                           簡潔:警句::誇張:諷刺畫 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )

evoke:hot-headed::??                                          Synonyms EMBROIDER , color , embellish , fudge , magnify ,

喚起:魯莽的::??                                                    overcharge , overdraw , overpaint , overstate , pad

evoke <> fail to elicit

引起 <> 得不出                                                     exalt                        v. 提升 , 提高 , 得意洋洋
Synonyms EDUCE , ELICIT , EXTRACT , EXTORT                    to elevate by praise or in estimation:GLORIFY

                                                              exalt:satisfaction::crave:longing

exacerbate                        vt. 惡化 , 增劇 , 激怒 ,          得意洋洋:滿意::渴望:渴望 ( 形容詞與動詞的同義關係 )

                                 使加劇                          exaltation <> condemnation

to make more violent , bitter , or severe                     提升 <> 貶斥
palliate <> exacerbate                                        Synonyms LIFT , RAISE , REAR , ELEVATE , HOIST , HEAVE

減輕 <> 加重                                                      , BOOST

Synonyms acerbate , embitter , envenom

                                                              exasperate                    vt. 使惱怒 , 激怒 , 惡化
exacting                          adj. 苛求的 , 吃力的              a:to excite the anger of:ENRAGE
tryingly or unremittingly severe in making demands            b:to cause irritation or annoyance to

vigilant:entrapped::exacting:satisfied::wary:gulled           mollify <> exasperate

警惕的:落入陷阱::苛求的:感到滿足::機警的:上當 (                                  緩和 <> 激怒

難以關係 )                                                        mitigate <> exacerbate

indomitable:control::exacting:satisfy                         緩和 , 減輕 <> 使加劇

不屈的:控制::苛求的:使到滿足 ( 人物個性及其反面特徵                                 Synonyms IRRITATE , NETTLE , PROVOKE , RILE , PEEVE

)
condone <> exact                                              exceptional                      adj. 例外的 , 異常的 ,
寬恕 <> 強求                                                                                       特別的
Synonyms ONEROUS , burdensome , demanding , exigent ,         deviating from the norm

grievous , oppressive , taxing , tough , trying , weighty     prosaic <> exceptional / imaginary / exciting

                                                              平凡的 <> 特別的 / 想象的 / 令人興奮的

exaggerate                        vt. vi. 誇大 , 誇張             Synonyms extraordinary , phenomenal , rare , remarkable ,

to enlarge or increase especially beyond the                  singular , uncommon , uncustomary , unimaginable , unique ,

normal:OVEREMPHASIZE                                          unordinary , unthinkable , unusual , unwonted

anger:tirade::exaggeration:hyperbole


                                                            120                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                  Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
excerpt                 n. 摘錄 , 節錄 , 引用 ( from )                       勸告的:鼓勵::辯明無罪的:宣佈無罪 ( 行爲及其結果 )

to select ( a passage ) for quoting:EXTRACT                            alibi:exculpatory::warning:admonitory
Synonyms extract                                                       托辭:辯解的::警告:勸告的 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )
                                                                       exculpate <> inculpate

exclamation                        n. 驚呼 , 驚歎詞                         開脫罪責 <> 控告
a sharp or sudden utterance                                            Synonyms ABSOLVE , EXONERATE , ACQUIT , VINDICATE

exclaim:utter::flare:shine

驚呼:出聲::閃光:發光 ( 種屬 )                                                    excursive                        adj. 遊覽的 , 離題的 ,
                                                                                                        散漫的
excoriate                          v. 撕去皮 , 嚴厲批評                       constituting a digression:characterized by digression
to censure scathingly                                                  digress:excursive::reiterate:redundant
excoriate <> extol / praise lavishly                                   離題:離題的::反覆說:多餘的 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )

嚴厲批評 <> 讚揚 / 高度讚揚
accolade <> excoriate                                                  execrate                         v. 憎惡 , 咒駡
極力讚揚 <> 嚴厲的責難                                                          to declare to be evil or detestable:DENOUNCE
Synonyms LAMBASTE 3 , blister , castigate , flay , lash ( into ) ,     execrable <> commendable / laudable

scarify , scathe ,    scorch , scourge , slash                         憎惡的 <> 值得表揚的 / 值得讚美的
                                                                       execration <> approbation

excrete                            vt. 排泄 , 分泌                         咒駡 <> 嘉許
to separate and eliminate or discharge ( waste ) from the blood or     Synonyms anathematize , curse , damn , objurgate

tissues or from the active protoplasm

excrete <> ingest                                                      execute                  vt. 執行 , 實行 , 製成 , 處死
排泄 <> 攝入                                                               to carry out fully:put completely into effect
excrete <> absorb                                                      impossible:execute::adamant:moved

排泄 <> 吸收                                                               不可能的:執行::堅定的:遊說 ( 難以關係 )

                                                                       vagary:predict::impossibility:execute

excruciate                      vt. 施酷刑 , 拷問 , 折磨                      奇特的行爲:預測::不可能的事:執行 ( 難以關係 )

1:to inflict intense pain on:TORTURE                                   Synonyms PERFORM , DISCHARGE / KILL , SLAY ,

2:to subject to intense mental distress                                MURDER , ASSASSINATE , DISPATCH

excruciate <> exult

施酷刑 <> 歡躍 【對應不工整】                                                      exemplary                   adj. 可仿效的 , 可做模範的
                                                                       a:serving as a pattern

exculpate                          vt. 使無罪 , 分辯 , 辯解                   b:deserving imitation:COMMENDABLE

                                   , 開脫                                emulate:exemplary::obviate:unnecessary
to clear from alleged fault or guilt                                   仿效:可仿效的::排除:不需要的 ( 值得做 )

exculpatory:absolve::motivational:stir                                 exemplary:imitation::culpable:blame / redoubtable:regard

辯明無罪的:宣佈無罪::激發動機的:激起 ( adj.:v. )                                       可仿效的:模仿::可怪罪的:怪罪 / 值得敬畏的:尊重 (

hortative:encourage::exculpatory:absolve                               值得做 )
                                                                       Synonyms GOOD 11 , blameless , guiltless , inculpable , innocent
                                                                     121                     Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                         Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
, irreprehensible , pure , righteous , unblamable , virtuous            exhortation:motivate::persiflage:incite

                                                                        勸告:激發::戲弄:刺激 ( 行爲及其結果 )

exempt                                 adj. 免除的 vt. 使免除 ,               exhortation:motivate::obloquy:discredit

                                       豁免 n. 免稅者 ,                      勸告:激發::謾駡:使丟臉 ( 行爲及其結果 )

                                       被免除義務者                           exhortative:urge::didactic:teach { risible:ridicule }
free or released from some liability or requirement to which others     勸告的:催促::說教的::教導 { 滑稽的:奚落 } (
are subject                                                             動作及其正面特徵 )

exempt:liability:pardon:penalty

免除:債務::寬恕:罪過 ( 動賓關係 )                                                   exodus                             vt. 大批離去
Synonyms absolve , discharge , dispense , excuse , let off ,            a mass departure:EMIGRATION
privilege ( from ) , relieve , spare                                    exodus <> influx

                                                                        大批離去 <> 流入

exert                         vt. 發揮 , 運用 , 施以影響                        Synonyms DEPARTURE 1 , egress , egression , exit , exiting ,

to bring to bear especially with sustained effort or lasting effect     offgoing , setting-out , withdrawal

Synonyms exercise , ply , put out , throw , wield

                                                                        exonerate                          v. 免除責任 , 確定無罪
exhaust                                vt. 用盡 , 耗盡 , 抽完 ,               to relieve of a responsibility , obligation , or hardship

                                  使精疲力盡                                 exoneration:blame::disentangle:snarl

to consume entirely:USE UP                                              免除責任:責備::鬆開:糾纏 ( 反義 )

infinite:exhaust::discrete:overlap                                      exonerate <> censure

無窮的:耗盡::不連續的:重疊 ( 難以關係 )                                                免罪 <> 責難

thirsty:imbibe::exhausted:rest                                          exonerate <> inculpate

渴:喝水::疲憊的:休息 ( 感覺及其消除方式 )                                               免罪 <> 控告
Synonyms DEPLETE , bankrupt , drain , draw , draw down ,                incrimination <> exoneration

impoverish , use up                                                     控告 <> 免罪
                                                                        Synonyms EXCULPATE , absolve , acquit , clear , disculpate ,

exhilarate                             vt. 使高興 , 使愉快                    vindicate

a:to make cheerful

b:ENLIVEN , EXCITE                                                      exorbitant                         adj. 過份的 , 過度的
exhilarate <> sadden                                                    exceeding in intensity , quality , amount , or size the customary or

使高興 <> 使悲哀                                                              appropriate limits

Synonyms ELATE , commove , excite , inspire , set up , spirit ( up      exorbitant:moderation::perfidious:loyalty
) , stimulate                                                           過度的:適度::背信棄義的:忠誠 ( 事物及其反面特徵 )
                                                                        Synonyms EXCESSIVE 1 , dizzy , extravagant , extreme ,

exhortation                            n. 勸告 , 規勸                       immoderate , inordinate , towering , unconscionable , undue ,

language intended to incite and encourage                               unmeasurable

exhortation:motivate::invective:discredit

勸告:激發::謾駡:使丟臉 ( 行爲及其結果 )                                                exotic                             adj. 外來的 , 異國的

                                                                      122                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                           Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
introduced from another country:not native to the place where     explicit                          adj. 清楚明確的
found                                                             fully revealed or expressed without vagueness , implication , or

exotic <> indigenous                                              ambiguity:leaving no question as to meaning or intent

外來的 <> 本土的                                                        explicit <> obscure

                                                                  清晰的 <> 模糊的

expansive                          adj. 易膨脹的 ,                    immanent <> explicit

                                   易擴張的 , 健談的                     內在的 <> 外顯的
characterized by high spirits , generosity , or readiness to      inchoate <> explicit

talk:OPEN                                                         不完全的 <> 明確的
expansive <> reserved / diffident / taciturn / withdrawn          Synonyms EXPLICIT , DEFINITE , EXPRESS , SPECIFIC

健談的 <> 內向的 / 冷漠的 / 沈默寡言的 / 性格內向的
expansive <> malicious                                            exponent                          n. 說明者 , 支持者
寬大的 <> 惡毒的                                                        a:one that expounds or interprets
expansive <> limited                                              b:one that champions , practices , or exemplifies

寬裕的 <> 有限的                                                        exponent:advocate::pollster:canvass

                                                                  支持者:支援::民意測驗專家:徹底檢查 ( 人及其特徵動作

expedite                           vt. 加快 , 促進 , 派出               )

                                   adj. 暢通的 , 無阻礙的 ,              Synonyms advocate , champion , expounder , proponent ,

                                   迅速的 , 方便的                      supporter

to accelerate the process or progress of:speed up

expedite:process::accelerate:pace                                 expurgate                         v. 淨化 , 刪去
加快:進程::加速:步伐 ( 動賓關係 )                                             to cleanse of something morally harmful , offensive , or erroneous ;

expedite <> retard                                                especially:to expunge objectionable parts from before publication

加速 <> 減速                                                          or presentation

                                                                  vendor:purvey::censor:expurgate

expedition                         n. 遠征 , 探險隊 , 迅速               賣主:供應::檢察員:淨化 ( 人及其特徵動作 )

efficient promptness:SPEED                                        Synonyms PURIFY 2 , cleanse , lustrate , purge

expedition:foot dragging::consensus:factionalism

迅速:緩慢::一致意見:黨派之爭 ( 反義 )                                           extant                            adj. 現存的 , 傳世的
expedition <> foot dragging                                       currently or actually existing

迅速 <> 腳步拖遝                                                        extant <> extinct / lost

Synonyms HASTE , HURRY , SPEED , EXPEDITION ,                     現存的 <> 滅絕的 / 喪失的
DISPATCH                                                          Synonyms alive , around , existent , existing , living



expiation                          n. 贖罪 , 補償                     extenuate                         vt. 減輕 , 使人原諒
the act of making atonement                                       to lessen or to try to lessen the seriousness or extent of by making

guilt:expiation::fatigue:repose                                   partial excuses:MITIGATE

罪行:贖罪::疲勞:休息 ( 行爲及其作用物件 )                                         moderate:intensity::extenuate:seriousness


                                                                123                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                     Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
緩和:加重::減輕:加重 ( 前者減輕後者 )                                              讚美 <> 譴責 / 打擊 / 貶低
Synonyms THIN 1 , attenuate , wiredraw                               extol <> malign

exterminate                        vt. 撲滅 , 消滅 , 根絕                  讚美 <> 誹謗
to get rid of completely usually by killing off                      Synonyms PRAISE 2 , bless , celebrate , cry up , eulogize , glorify

Synonyms EXTERMINATE , EXTIRPATE , ERADICATE ,                       , hymn , laud , magnify , panegyrize

UPROOT

                                                                     extort                            vt. 勒索 , 敲詐 , 強要
extinct                            adj. 絕種的 , 熄滅了的                   to obtain from a person by force , intimidation , or undue or illegal

no longer existing                                                   power:WRING
extant <> extinct                                                    sycophant:flattery::extortionist:intimidation

現存的 <> 絕種的                                                           諂媚者:諂媚::勒索者:脅迫 ( 人及其特徵動作 )
extinct <> resuscitated                                              extort:obtain

滅絕的 <> 使復蘇的                                                          敲詐:獲得 ( 不正常:正常 )
extinction <> perpetuation                                           Synonyms EDUCE , EVOKE , ELICIT , EXTRACT , EXTORT

滅絕 <> 永存

                                                                     extraneous                        adj. 外來的 , 無關的
extinguish                         vt. 熄滅 , 撲滅 , 消滅                  a:not forming an essential or vital part

to cause to cease burning:QUENCH                                     b:having no relevance
extinguish <> kindle                                                 apposite <> extraneous

熄滅 <> 點燃                                                             恰當的 <> 無關係的
ignite <> extinguish                                                 extraneous <> essential

點燃 <> 熄滅                                                             無關係的 <> 本質的
extinguish <> rekindle                                               Synonyms EXTRINSIC , EXTRANEOUS , FOREIGN , ALIEN

熄滅 <> 重新點燃
Synonyms ANNIHILATE 2 , abate , abolish , blot out , eradicate ,     extravagant                       adj. 奢侈的 無節制的
exterminate , extirpate , root out , uproot , wipe ( out )           a:spending much more than necessary

                                                                     b:PROFUSE , LAVISH

extol                              v. 讚美                             frugality <> extravagancy

to praise highly:GLORIFY                                             節省 <> 揮霍
deprecate <> extol                                                   Synonyms EXCESSIVE , IMMODERATE , INORDINATE ,

抨擊 <> 讚美                                                             EXTRAVAGANT , EXORBITANT , EXTREME

excoriate <> extol / praise lavishly

批判 <> 讚美 / 高度讚揚                                                      extricate                         v. 拯救 , 救出
extol <> censure                                                     to free or remove from an entanglement or difficulty

讚美 <> 責難                                                             Synonyms EXTRICATE , DISENTANGLE , UNTANGLE ,

extol <> disparage                                                   DISENCUMBER , DISEMBARRASS

讚美 <> 貶損
extol <> condemn / impugn / detract                                  extrinsic                         adj. 外在的 , 外表的 ,

                                                                   124                     Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                       Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                                     外來的                                    愉悅的 <> 沮喪的
not forming an essential or inherent part of a thing ; extraneous.          Synonyms cock-a-hoop , cock-a-whoop , exulting , jubilant ,

extrinsic <> inherent                                                       triumphal , triumphant

外在的 <> 內在的
immanent <> extrinsic                                                       fabricate                         vt. 製造 , 裝配 , 僞造
內在的 <> 外在的                                                                  CONSTRUCT , MANUFACTURE ; specifically:to construct
                                                                            from diverse and usually standardized parts

extrovert                            n.                                     discompose:pacific::fabricate:authentic

『心理』性格外向的人                                                                  使不安:平靜的::捏造:可信的 ( 反面特徵 )
a gregarious and unreserved person                                          discompose:placid::fabricate:ingenuous

extrovert:outgoing::perfectionist:exacting                                  使不安:平息的::編造 , 捏造::坦白的 (
性格外向者:喜歡外出的::追求完美者:要求苛刻的 (                                                  動詞與形容詞的反面關係 )

人及其特徵動作 )                                                                   Synonyms MAKE 3 , assemble , build , construct , fashion , form ,

                                                                            frame , manufacture , produce , shape

exuberant                            adj. 繁茂的 , 豐富的 ,
                                     非凡的 , 喜悅充溢的                            facetious                     adj. 輕浮的 , 好開玩笑的
joyously unrestrained and enthusiastic                                      joking or jesting often inappropriately:WAGGISH
ennui <> exuberance                                                         facetious:speech::antic:behavior

倦怠 <> 高興的                                                                   滑稽的:演講::古怪的:行爲 ( 形容詞修飾名詞 )

soaking:wet::exuberant:happy::frigid:cool                                   facetious <> earnest

濕透的:濕::非常高興:高興::嚴寒:冷 ( 程度類比 )                                               滑稽的 <> 嚴肅的
Synonyms PROFUSE , LAVISH , PRODIGAL , LUXURIANT ,                          facetious <> lugubrious

LUSH , EXUBERANT                                                            滑稽的 <> 可憐的 , 悲慘的 , 悲哀的
                                                                            Synonyms WITTY , HUMOROUS , FACETIOUS , JOCULAR ,

exude                                vt. vi. ( 使 ) 流出 , ( 使                 JOCOSE

                                     ) 滲出
to undergo diffusion                                                        facilitate                    vt. 幫助 , 使容易 , 促進
exude <> absorb                                                             to make easier:help bring about

流出 <> 吸收                                                                    facile:profound::??
Synonyms bleed , ooze , percolate , ||screeve , seep , ||sew , ||sicker     易做到的:深刻的::??
, strain , sweat , transude , weep                                          facilitate <> impeding

                                                                            幫助 <> 阻撓

exultant                       adj. 非常高興的 , 歡躍的                             obstruct <> facilitate

filled with or expressing great joy or triumph:JUBILANT                     阻礙 <> 幫助
abject <> exultant                                                          hamper <> facilitate

可憐的 <> 愉悅的                                                                  妨礙 <> 幫助
dejected <> exultant                                                        arduous <> facile

沮喪的 <> 愉悅的                                                                  費勁的 <> 易做到的
exultant <> dejected                                                        facile <> profound
                                                                          125                        Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                 Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
易做到的 <> 造詣深的                                                              disabuse:fallacy::cure:disease

                                                                          打消:錯誤觀念::治癒:疾病 ( 動賓關係 )

faction                      n. 小派系 , 內訌                                  verifiable <> fallacious

a party or group ( as within a government ) that is often contentious     可證實的 <> 錯誤的
or self-seeking:CLIQUE                                                    fallacious <> sound / valid / veritable

consensus:factionalism::clarity:confusion                                 錯誤的 <> 合理的 / 正確的 / 可證實的

一致同意:派系分裂::清晰:混淆 ( 反義 )                                                   fallacy <> valid argument

law:criminality::consensus:factionalism                                   錯誤觀念 <> 正確的論點

法律:犯罪::團結:黨派之爭 ( 防止關係 )                                                   Synonyms erroneousness , error , fallaciousness , falsehood ,

expedition:foot dragging::consensus:factionalism                          falseness , falsity , untruth

迅速:緩慢::一致意見:黨派之爭 ( 反義 )
factional <> disinterested                                                falsehood                          n. 謊言 , 虛假
派系的 <> 無私的                                                                absence of truth or accuracy

                                                                          corroborate:evidence::calumniate:falsehood

fade                         vi. 褪色 , 消失 , 凋謝 , 減弱                            ( 用證據 ) 證實:證據:: ( 用謊言 ) 誹謗:謊言 (
to change gradually in loudness , strength , or visibility                動作及其涉及特徵 )

abate:force::fade:loudness                                                Synonyms FALLACY 1 , erroneousness , error , fallaciousness ,

減輕:力量::減弱:聲音 ( 行爲及其物件 )                                                   falseness , falsity , untruth

abate:intensity::fade:loudness

減輕:強度::減弱:聲音 ( 行爲及其物件 )                                                   falter                             vt. 支吾地說 , 遲疑
abate <> intensify / promote                                              a:to hesitate in purpose or action:WAVER
Synonyms DULL 1 , dim , muddy , pale , tarnish                            b:to lose drive or effectiveness

                                                                          falter:act::stammer:speak

faint                  adj. 微弱的 , 無力的 , 模糊的                               躊躇:動作::結巴:說話 ( 形容詞修飾名詞 )

lacking strength or vigor:performed , offered , or accomplished           Synonyms HESITATE , WAVER , VACILLATE , FALTER

weakly or languidly
stentorian <> faint                                                       fantasy                            n. 幻想 , 白日夢
聲音洪亮的 <> 微弱的                                                              imaginative fiction featuring especially strange settings and

Synonyms GENTLE 1 , balmy , bland , lenient , mild , smooth ,             grotesque characters

soft                                                                      nicety:precision::illusion:fantasy

                                                                          精密:精確::幻覺:幻想 ( 同義 )

fainthearted          adj. 懦弱的 , 無精神的 , 膽小的                               imperial:significant::grotesque:fantasy

lacking courage or resolution:TIMID                                       卓越的:重大的::奇異的:幻想 ( 同義 詞性對得不工整 )
                                                                          Synonyms IMAGINATION , fancy , imaginativeness

fallacy                            n. 錯誤的觀念或信念 ,
                                   謬見 , 謬論                                farce                              n. 鬧劇 , 胡鬧
a:a false or mistaken idea                                                ridiculous or empty show

b:erroneous character:ERRONEOUSNESS                                       farce:performance::limerick:poem


                                                                        126                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                         太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
鬧劇:表演::打油詩:詩 ( 種屬 )                                             fastidious:outshine::recalcitrant:resist
Synonyms MOCKERY 2 , burlesque , caricature , mock , sham ,     挑剔的:勝過::反抗的:抵抗 ( 人物個性及其特徵行爲 )
travesty                                                        fastidious <> coarse

                                                                苛求的 <> 粗糙的

fascinate                          vt. 令人入神 , 使著迷               fastidious <> easygoing / cursory / uncritical

to be irresistibly attractive                                   苛求的 <> 懶散的 / 草率的 / 不嚴厲的

fascination:interest::adoration:fondness                        Synonyms NICE 1 , dainty , finical , finicking , finicky , fussy ,

著迷:感興趣::崇拜:喜愛 ( 程度類比 )                                          particular , pernickety , persnickety , squeamish

Synonyms ATTRACT , ALLURE , CHARM , CAPTIVATE ,

FASCINATE , ENCHANT                                             fathom                            n. 英尋 ( =1. 829米 ) ,
                                                                                                  v. 領會 , 理解
fast                               n. 絕食 , 齋戒                   to penetrate and come to understand

the act to eat sparingly or abstain from some foods             erudite:fathom::oblivious:neglect

fast:eat::respite:labor                                         博學的:領會::健忘的:忽略 ( 容易關係 )

絕食:吃::暫緩:勞動 ( 消除關係 )                                            measurable <> unfathomable

fast:eat::moratorium:act                                        可測量的 <> 無法測量的

齋戒:吃::中場休息:活動 ( 消除關係 )                                          occult <> bare / patent / readily fathomable

                                                                秘密的 <> 無遮蔽的 / 顯著的 / 已看透的

fast                               ad. 很快地 , 緊緊地 ,              measurable <> unfathomed

                                   徹底地                          可測量的 <> 無法測量的
in a firm or fixed manner                                       Synonyms KNOW 1 , appreciate , apprehend , cognize ,

fast <> loosely attach                                          comprehend , grasp , have , understand

緊緊地 <> 寬鬆地連接



fasten                             vt. 拴緊 , 使固定 ,
                                   強加于 , 集中於
to attach especially by pinning , tying , or nailing

lathe:shape::clasp:fasten

車床:成形::扣子:拴緊 ( 工具及其作用 )
fastness <> unsecured palace

要塞 <> 沒有防衛的地方



fastidious                         adj. 難取悅的 , 挑剔的
showing or demanding excessive delicacy or care

devoted:zealous::careful:fastidious

獻身的:熱情的::仔細的:挑剔的 ( 同義?? )

dapper:fastidious::??

謹小慎微的:挑剔的:: ( 前者難以被後者?? )


                                                              127                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                   Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                                                                    fawn:imperiousness::equivocate:directness::elaborate:s
                                                                    ketchy

                                                                    巴結:專橫::說模棱兩可的話:直接::詳細的說明:概略
                                                                    的 ( 動作及反面特徵 )
                                                                    miser:hoard::dandy:preen::sycophant:fawn::pundit

                                                                    :opinion
List 11 ( fatigue ~ gauge ) :                                       守財奴:存儲::花花公子:打扮::諂媚者:諂媚::權威
                                                                    :判定 ( 人物及正面動作 )

fatigue                    n. 疲乏 , 勞累                              obsequious:fawn::compliant:yield
weariness or exhaustion from labor , exertion , or stress           奉承的:奉承::順從的:順從 ( 動作及正面特徵 )

fatigue:rest::dehydration:water                                     parsimonious:spend::peremptory:fawn
疲勞:休息::脫水:注入水 ( 動作及其消除結果 )                                          小氣的:浪費::傲慢的:奉承 ( 動作及反面特徵 )

dehydrate:water::fatigue:repose / rest                              reprobate:misbehave::sycophant:fawn

脫水:補水::疲勞:休息 ( 信給及其消除物件 )                                           惡棍:行爲不端::奉承者:奉承 ( 人及其正面特徵 )

guilt:expiation::fatigue:repose                                     fawn:attentive::garish:colorful

罪行:贖罪::疲勞:休息 ( 動作及其消除結果 )                                           奉承:留心::過分妝飾的:有色彩的 ( 程度類比 )
indefatigable <> soon tired                                         CF:fawner ( 奉承的人 ) , fawningly ( adv )

不知疲倦的 <> 很快疲倦                                                       Synonyms:apple-polish , bootlick , brownnose , cotton , slaver ,

Synonyms:exhaustion , lassitude , tiredness , weariness             toady , honey ( up )



fatuous                    adj. 愚昧的 , 昏庸的 , 發呆的                     faze                   vt. 打擾 , 折磨 , 使狼狽
                           , 愚笨的 , 自滿的                              to disturb the composure of:DISCONCERT , DAUNT

complacently or inanely foolish:SILLY                               embolden <> abash / faze / cow

fatuous <> astute                                                   使大膽 <> 使困窘 / 使狼狽 / 威脅

愚笨的 <> 機敏的                                                          fazed <> undisturbed

Synonyms:simple , asinine , brainless , foolish , sheepheaded ,     混亂的 <> 安靜的
silly , unwitty , weak-headed , weak-minded , witless.              Synonyms:embarrass , abash , confound , dumbfound , mystify ,
                                                                    nonplus , perplex , puzzle ; confuse , muddle ; appall , daunt ,

fawn                n. 未滿周歲的小鹿 v. 巴結 , 奉承                           dismay , horrify ; annoy , bother , irritate , vex
to court favor by a cringing or flattering manner

adulate:fawn::woo:adorn                                             feckless                           adj. 沒精神的 , 軟弱的 ,
諂媚:奉承::追求:裝飾 ( 通過後者來達到前者 )                                                                             無用的 , 不負責的
condescending:patronize::obsequious:fawn                            WEAK , INEFFECTIVE

屈尊的:惠顧::諂媚的:奉承 ( 動作及正面特徵 )                                          feckless <> responsible

imperiousness:fawn::self                                            無用的 <> 責任重大的

depreciatory:swagger::fawn:hauteur                                  CF:fecklessly ( adv ) fecklessness ( noun )

專橫的:巴結::自卑:虛張聲勢嚇人::自卑:傲慢 (                                          Synonyms:fustian , good-for-nothing , meaningless , purposeless

動作及反面特徵 )                                                           , unpurposed , useless , worthless


                                                                  128                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                       Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
fecund                          adj. 多産的 , 豐饒的 ,                        熱心的 <> 克制的

                                肥沃的                                     CF:fervidly ( adv ) fervidness ( noun )

fruitful in offspring or vegetation:PROLIFIC                            Synonyms:impassioned , ardent , blazing , burning , fervent ,
deprivation <> fecundity                                                fiery , glowing , hot-blooded , passionate , perfervid

貧困的 <> 豐饒的

CF:fecundity ( noun )                                                   fervor                        n. 熱誠 , 熱心
Synonyms:fertile , childing , fruitful , productive , proliferant ,     intensity of feeling or expression

prolific , rich , generating                                            ennui:enthusiastic::fervor:apathetic

                                                                        倦怠:狂熱的::熱心:無動於衷的 ( 反面關係 )

feeble                  adj. 微弱的 , 衰弱的 , 無效的                            fervor:zealot::improvidence:spendthrift

a:markedly lacking in strength                                          熱心:狂熱的::浪費:浪費的 ( 正面關係 )
b:indicating weakness                                                   zealotry <> lack of fervor

CF:feebleness ( noun ) feebly ( adv )                                   狂熱 <> 缺乏熱心

Synonyms:weak , decrepit , flimsy , fragile , frail , infirm ,          Synonyms:passion , ardor , calenture , enthusiasm , fire , hurrah ,
insubstantial , unsubstantial , wanky , weakly                          zeal



fender                         n. 擋泥板 , 護舷的墊子等                          fetid                         adj. 有惡臭的
a device in front of locomotives and streetcars to lessen injury to     having a heavy offensive smell

animals or pedestrians in case of collision                             grating:sound::fetid:smell

fender:collision::??                                                    刺耳的:聲音::惡臭的:氣味 ( 直接修飾 )

擋板:碰撞::?? ( 前者防止後者 )                                                    fetid:smell::cacophonous:sound

CF:fendered ( adj ) fenderless ( adj )                                  惡臭的:氣味::刺耳的:聲音 ( 直接修飾 )

                                                                        CF:fetidly ( adv ) fetidness ( noun )

feral                          adj. 野生的 , 兇猛的                           Synonyms:malodorous , fusty , noisome , putrid , rancid , rank ,

not domesticated or cultivated:WILD                                     reeking , smelly , stinking , strong
feral <> cultivated

野生的 <> 栽培的                                                              fetter                        n. 腳鐐 , 束縛
Synonyms:brutish , animal , beastly , bestial , brutal , brute ,        to restrain from motion , action , or progress

ferine , swinish                                                        enfranchise <> enfetter

                                                                        解放 <> 束縛

fertilize              vt. 施肥 , 使豐饒 , 使受精                               liberalistic <> enfetterist

to make fertile                                                         自由主義的 <> 束縛

fertilize:grow::immunize:resist                                         fetter <> free

施肥:生長::免疫:抵抗 ( 動作及其目的 )                                                 束縛 <> 解放

CF:fertilizable ( adj )                                                 Synonyms:shackle , bond ( s ) , chain , gyve ( s ) , iron ( s )



fervid                         adj. 熱的 , 熱心的                            fiasco                        n. 大失敗 , 慘敗
marked by often extreme fervor                                          a complete failure

fervid <> restrained                                                    fiasco <> a notable success
                                                                      129                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
大失敗 <> 顯著的成功                                                               準確答案:chiaroscuro:contrast::filigree:delicacy 】



fictitious               adj. 假的 , 虛構的                                     filly               n. 小雌馬 , 小姑娘
of , relating to , or characteristic of fiction:IMAGINARY                  a young female horse usually of less than four years

fictitious <> factual                                                      filly:horse::pullet:chicken

虛構的 <> 事實的                                                                 小母馬:馬::小母雞:小雞 ( 小對正常 )

CF:fictitiously ( adv ) , fictitiousness ( noun )

Synonyms:chimerical , fanciful , fantastic , fictional , fictive ,         filter              vt. 過濾 n. 濾紙
illusory , imaginary , suppositious , supposititious , unreal ; fake ,     a porous article or mass ( as of paper or sand ) through which a gas

mock , sham , simulated                                                    or liquid is passed to separate out matter in suspension

                                                                           winnow:chaff::filter:impurities

fidelity            n. 忠實 , 誠實 , 忠誠 , 保真度                                  揚穀:穀殼::過濾:雜質 ( 消除關係 )
the quality or state of being faithful

apostasy <> fidelity                                                       finch                      n. 【動】雀類 ( 如燕雀 ,
背叛 <> 忠實                                                                                              金絲雀等 )
Synonyms:allegiance , ardor , devotion , faithfulness , fealty ,           any of numerous songbirds ( especially families Fringillidae ,

loyalty , piety ;                                                          Estrildidae , and Emberizidae ) having a short stout usually conical

                                                                           bill adapted for crushing seeds

figurative                  adj. 比喻的 , 形容多的 ,                              finch:bird::arboretum:tree

                            修飾豐富的                                          雀類:鳥::植物園:樹木 ( 個體與群體 )

a:representing by a figure or resemblance:EMBLEMATIC                       區別:flinch:畏縮 , 退縮

b:of or relating to representation of form or figure in art

CF:figuratively ( adv ) figurativeness ( noun )                            finesse                    n. 技巧 , 計謀 , 手段
                                                                           skillful handling of a situation:adroit maneuvering

filibuster                  n. v. 妨礙議事 , 阻撓                                finesse <> ineptitude

the use of extreme dilatory tactics in an attempt to delay or prevent      技巧 <> 愚笨的言行
action especially in a legislative assembly                                Synonyms:manipulate , beguile , exploit , jockey , maneuver ,

filibuster:delay::hoax:deceive                                             play

阻撓:拖延::愚弄:欺騙 ( 行爲及其結果 )

CF:filibusterer ( noun )                                                   finicky                    adj. 過分注意的 , 過分周到的
                                                                                                      , 過分講究的
filigree                n. 金銀絲做的工藝品                                        extremely or excessively nice , exacting , or meticulous in taste or

ornamental openwork of delicate or intricate design                        standards

chiaroscuro:contrast::tapestry:intricacy:: {                               fluent:glib::meticulous:nitpick / finicky

filigree:delicacy }                                                        流利的:能言善道的::過細的:過分注意的 ( 同義關係 )

明暗的配合:對比:: { 掛毯:複雜                                                         CF:finickiness ( noun )

}::絲做的工藝品:精致 ( 事物及正面特徵 )                                                   Synonyms:nice , dainty , fastidious , finical , finicking , fussy ,

【注:已經由機考判分數據確認                                                             particular , pernickety , persnickety , squeamish


                                                                         130                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                         太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
flaccid                    n. 軟弱 , 沒氣力                                flatter:praise::loquacious:talkative

not firm or stiff ; also:lacking normal or youthful firmness          奉承:讚揚::多嘴的:喜歡說話的 ( 褒貶類比 )
flaccidity <> firmness                                                sabbatical:leave::flattering:infatuation

軟弱 <> 堅固                                                              周期性休息的:休假::諂媚的:迷戀 ( 正面特徵 )

CF:flaccidity ( noun ) flaccidly ( adv )                              scorn:reject::adulate:flatter::disparage:ignore

Synonyms:limp , flabby , flimsy , floppy , sleazy                     輕蔑:丟棄::諂媚:奉承::蔑視:忽視 ( 近義關係 )

                                                                      sycophant:flattery::extortionist:intimidation::toady:flat

flagging                   adj. 下垂的 , 衰弱的 , 委頓的                       ter
LANGUID , WEAK                                                        奉承者:奉承::勒索者:恐嚇::諂媚者:奉承 (
flagging <> thriving                                                  人物及其正面特徵 )

衰弱的 <> 欣欣向榮的                                                          invective <> flatter
flagging <> vibrant                                                   謾駡的 <> 奉承

衰弱的 <> 活躍的                                                            CF:flatterer ( noun ) flattering ( adj )
flag <> wax                                                           Synonyms:become , enhance , suit

衰弱 <> 增加

                                                                      flaw                       n. 瑕疵 v. 生裂縫
flamboyant                        adj. 輝耀的 , 華麗的 ,                    a defect in physical structure or form

                                  火焰似的                                glitch:flaw::peccadillo:error / sin / offense
marked by or given to strikingly elaborate or colorful display or     誤操作:瑕癖::小錯誤:錯誤 / 過失 / 犯罪 ( 種屬關係 )
behavior                                                              impeccable:flaw::ingenuous:guile
flamboyant <> subdued                                                 無暇的:瑕癖::真誠的:狡猾 ( 反面關係 )

輝耀的 <> 柔和的                                                            CF:blemish , defect , vice
flamboyant <> understate

輝耀的 <> 保守估計                                                           flax                   n. 亞麻 , 麻布 , 亞麻織品
CF:flamboyantly ( adv )                                               any of a genus ( Linum of the family Linaceae , the flax family ) of

Synonyms:ornate , baroque , florid , luscious , rich , rococo         herbs ; especially:a slender erect annual ( L. usitatissimum ) with
                                                                      blue flowers commonly cultivated for its bast fiber and seed

flange                 n. 邊緣 , 輪緣 , 凸緣 , 法蘭                           clay:porcelain::flax:linen
a projecting edge of cloth used for decoration on clothing            粘土:瓷器::亞麻:亞麻製品 ( 前者是後者原料 )



flannel                           n. 法蘭絨 , 法蘭絨衣服                      fledge                     vi. 長羽毛
outer garments of flannel ; especially:men's trousers                 to acquire the feathers necessary for flight or independent activity

flannel:cloth::linen:fabric { limerick:poem }                         fledge <> molt

法蘭絨:布::亞麻布:織物::五行民謠:詩歌 ( 種屬關係                                         長羽毛 <> 脫毛
)

                                                                      flexible                   adj. 易曲的 , 靈活的 ,
flatter                           vt. 過分誇讚 , 奉承 ,                                                可通融的 , 能變形的 , 柔軟的
                                  阿諛 , 使高興                            capable of being flexed:PLIANT
to praise excessively especially from motives of self-interest
                                                                    131                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                         Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
adamant:flexibility::refractory:control                                    Synonyms:lightfess , flightiness , frivolity , levity , light-

堅硬的:彈性::不聽話的:控制 ( 前者缺乏後者 )                                                 mindedness , volatility

limber:flexibility::spindly:frailty

柔軟的:適應性::細長的:脆弱 ( 正面特徵 )                                                   flirt       vi. 調情 , 玩弄 , 擺動 , 輕率地對待
static:move::pliable:inflexible                                            to behave amorously without serious intent

靜態的:移動::柔軟的:頑固的 ( 反面特徵 )                                                   flirt:decency::??

inflexible:alternate::??                                                   輕浮的行爲:得體 ( 前者缺乏後者 )

頑固的:改變::??                                                                 supplicant:beseeching::coquette:flirtatious
calcification <> flexibility                                               哀求者:哀求的::風騷的女人:輕浮的 ( 人及其正面特徵 )

不屈的 <> 柔軟的                                                                 CF:flirter ( noun ) flirty ( adj ) flirtation ( noun )
flexible <> mulish                                                         Synonyms:trifle , coquet , dally , fool , lead on , string along , toy
柔軟的 <> 固執的                                                                 , wanton

CF:flexibility ( noun ) flexibly ( adv )

Synonyms:elastic , resilient , springy , stretch , stretchy , supple ,     flit                 n. vi. 掠過 , 遷徙 , 迅速飛過 , ( 鳥
whippy                                                                                          , 蝙蝠等 ) 飛來飛去
                                                                           to move about rapidly and nimbly.

flinch                            v. 畏縮 , 退縮                               flit:move::blurt:utter

to withdraw or shrink from or as if from pain:WINCE ; also:to              迅速飛過:移動::突然說出:出聲
tense the muscles involuntarily in anticipation of discomfort              flit <> plodding

grisly:flinch::droll:laugh                                                 迅速飛過 <> 緩慢移動 【注:詞性不符】

可怕的:畏縮:好笑的:笑 ( 形容詞與動詞的正面關係 )

stoic:flinch::??                                                           flock                n. 群 , 一群人 , 大量 v. 聚結
冷靜的:畏首畏尾::?? ( 形容詞與動詞的反面關係 )                                               a group of birds or mammals assembled or herded together to

Synonyms:recoil , blanch , blench , quail , shrink , squinch , start       gather or move in a flock

, wince                                                                    clique:intimates::flock:sheep

區別:filch ( vt. 偷竊 , 竊取 ) filth ( n. 污穢 , 不潔 , 猥褻 ) finch (                 私黨:熟友::一群羊:綿羊 ( 後者組成前者 )

n. 雀類 )                                                                    flock <> segregate

                                                                           聚集 <> 隔離

flint            n. 打火石 , 燧石 , 極硬的東西                                       Synonyms:multitude , army , cloud , crowd , host , legion , rout ,
a massive hard quartz that produces a spark when struck by steel           scores

pestle:grind::flint stone:sharpen

槌:研磨::硬石頭:尖銳化 ( 前是後的工具 )                                                   flounder              vi. 掙扎 , 折騰 , 掙扎著前進
                                                                           to proceed or act clumsily or ineffectually

flippancy                      n. 無禮 , 言語尖刻                                flounder:process::??
unbecoming levity or pertness especially in respect to grave or            掙扎:進行::?? ( 前者是強烈的後者 )
sacred matters                                                             flounder <> slide

flippancy <> seriousness                                                   掙扎著前進 <> 滑動

輕率 <> 認真                                                                   Synonyms:wallow , blunder , lurch , stumble


                                                                         132                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
flourish                     vi. 繁榮 , 茂盛 , 興旺                                  to pour liquid over or through ; especially:to cleanse or wash out

to grow luxuriantly:THRIVE                                                     with or as if with a rush of liquid
flourish <> waste away                                                         galvanize:stimulate::irrigate:flush

繁榮 <> 變得衰弱                                                                     刺激:刺激::沖洗傷口:沖洗 ( 同義關係 )
flourish <> wither                                                             Synonyms:rich , affluent , moneyed , opulent , wealthy

茂盛 <> 凋謝

CF:flourisher ( noun ) flourishingly ( adv )                                   fluster                      v. 慌亂 , 狼狽 , 混亂 , 激動
Synonyms:succeed , arrive , go , make out , prosper , score ,                  to put into a state of agitated confusion:UPSET
thrive                                                                         flustered <> calm

                                                                               慌亂的 <> 冷靜的

flout                v. n. 嘲弄 , 愚弄 , 輕視                                        CF:flusteredly ( adv )
to treat with contemptuous disregard:SCORN                                     Synonyms:discompose , agitate , bother , discombobulate ,

flout:disregard::taunt:challenge                                               disquiet , disturb , flurry , perturb , unhinge , upset

輕視:忽視::嘲弄:蔑視 ( 因爲前者所以後者challenge:to
confront or defy boldly )                                                      foible                       n. 小缺點 , 小毛病
Synonyms:scoff , fleer , gibe , jeer , jest , quip ( at ) , scout ( at ) ,     a minor flaw or shortcoming in character or

sneer                                                                          behavior:WEAKNESS

                                                                               squabble:dispute::foible:failing

fluctuate                    vi. 變動 , 上下 , 動搖                                  小爭吵:爭吵::小缺點:缺點 ( 小和正常的關係 )
to shift back and forth uncertainly                                            tiff:squabble::foible:failing

pristine:decay::stable:fluctuation                                             小爭吵:小爭吵::缺點:缺點 ( 同義關係 )

純潔的:腐敗::穩定的:動搖 ( 後者不具有前者的特徵 )                                                  Synonyms:fault , failing , frailty , vice

CF:fluctuation ( noun ) fluctuational ( adj )

                                                                               foil                         v. 阻撓 n. 花劍 , 金屬薄片
fluent                       adj. 流利的 , 流暢的                                    a thin piece of material ( as metal ) put under an inferior or paste

a:ready or facile in speech                                                    stone to add color or brilliance

b:effortlessly smooth and rapid:POLISHED                                       foil:metal::veneer:wood

fluent:glib::humorous:wry                                                      金屬薄片:金屬::鑲面板:木材 ( 前者是後者的薄片 )

流利的:能言善道的::幽默地:諷刺性幽默 ( 同義關係 )                                                  Synonyms:frustrate , baffle , balk , beat , bilk , buffalo ,

fluent:glib::meticulous:nitpick / finicky                                      circumvent , dash , disappoint , thwart

流利的:能言善道的::過細的:過分注意的 ( 同義關係 )
fluent <> halting                                                              folly                        n. 愚笨 , 愚蠢 , 傻念頭
流利的 <> 猶豫的                                                                     a foolish act or idea

CF:fluently ( adv )                                                            folly <> sagacious

Synonyms:cursive , effortless , flowing , running , smooth                     愚笨的 <> 聰明的

                                                                               Synonyms:foolishness , absurdity , craziness , dottiness , inanity ,

flush                               adj. 豐足的 , 齊平的 ,                           insanity , insanity , preposterousness , senselessness , silliness ,

                                    泛濫的 , 滿盈的                                  witlessness


                                                                             133                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                   Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                            太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
foment                       vt. 引發 , 煽動                                  footloose               adj. 自由自在的 , 無拘束的
to promote the growth or development of:ROUSE , INCITE                    having no ties:free to move about

conducive:foment::tonic:invigorate                                        dauntless:trepidation::footloose:attachment

有助於……的:煽動::滋補的:使健壯 ( 後者是前者的結果                                             無畏的:恐懼::無拘束的:附著 ( 前者的後者的反面特徵 )
)                                                                         footloose <> attached

disseminate:information::foment:discontentment                            無拘束的 <> 附著的

傳播:資訊::煽動:不滿 ( 後者是前者動作的物件 )
defuse <> foment                                                          forbear                          n. 列祖列宗 vt. vi. 忍耐
緩和 <> 煽動                                                                                                   , 克制 , 容忍
foment <> inhibit                                                         forbears <> descendants

煽動 <> 禁止                                                                  祖先 <> 後代
quell <> foment / instigate / rouse                                       Synonyms:ancestor , antecedent , ascendant , forefather ,

鎮壓 <> 煽動 / 刺激 / 奮起                                                        primogenitor , progenitor
squelch <> foment

鎮壓 <> 煽動                                                                  forbidding                  adj. 令人生畏的
foment <> quash / quell                                                   such as to make approach or passage difficult or impossible

煽動 <> 鎮壓                                                                  CF:forbiddingly ( adv )
impede <> promote / foment                                                ford                             n. 淺灘
阻礙 <> 促進 / 煽動                                                             A shallow place in a body of water , such as a river , where one can

placate <> foment                                                         cross by walking or riding on an animal or in a vehicle

安撫 <> 刺激                                                                  ford:river::pass:mountain { shore:lake }

CF:fomentor ( noun )                                                      淺灘:河流::隘口:山 ( 通過前者穿過後者 ) 【注:pass:A

Synonyms:incite , abet , instigate , provoke , raise , set , set on ,     way , such as a narrow gap between mountains , that affords

stir ( up ) , whip ( up )                                                 passage around , over , or through a barrier. 】



fondness                    n. 慈愛 , 溺愛 , 喜愛 , 嗜好                          forestry                         n. 林産 , 森林地 , 林學
tender affection                                                          the management of growing timber

fascination:interest::adoration:fondness                                  tree:forestry::flower:horticulture

迷戀:興趣::崇拜:喜愛 ( 前者是後者的過分 )                                                 樹:林學::花:園藝學 ( 前者是後者研究物件 )

Synonyms:love , affection , attachment , devotion , appetite ,
inclination , liking , soft spot , taste , weakness                       forgery                      n. 僞造 , 僞造罪 , 僞造物
                                                                          an act of forging ; especially:the crime of falsely and fraudulently

foolhardy                   adj. 魯莽的 , 有勇無謀的                              making or altering a document ( as a check )

foolishly adventurous and bold:RASH                                       plagiarism:ideas::forgery:documents

CF:foolhardily ( adv ) foolhardiness ( noun )                             剽竊:思想::僞造:文件 ( 後者是前者動作的物件 )

Synonyms:adventurous , adventuresome , audacious , daredevil ,
daring , rash , reckless , temerarious , venturesome , venturous          formidable                  adj. 可怕的 , 困難的
                                                                          causing fear , dread , or apprehension

                                                                          formidable <> comforting
                                                                        134                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
可怕的 <> 安慰的                                                                  foster                              vt. 養育 , 撫育 , 抱 (
formidable <> simple                                                                                            希望 ) , 鼓勵 , 培養
困難的 <> 簡單的                                                                  to promote the growth or development of:ENCOURAGE
formidable <> enticing                                                      foster <> retract

可怕的 <> 誘人的                                                                  鼓勵 <> 撤銷
formidable <> reassuring                                                    CF:fosterer ( noun )

困難的 <> 可靠的                                                                  Synonyms:nurse , cherish , cultivate , nourish , nursle , nurture ;

CF:formidablity ( noun ) formidableness ( noun ) formidably (               advance , encourage , forward , further , promote , serve

adv )

Synonyms:fearful , appalling , awful , dreadful , frightful ,               founder                             n. 創立者 , 奠基者
horrible , horrific , shocking , terrible , terrific ; hard , arduous ,     one that founds or establishes

difficult , effortful , labored , laborious , strenuous , toilsome ,        Synonyms:father , architect , author , creator , generator ,
tough , uphill                                                              inventor , maker , originator , patriarch , sire



forthright                           adj. 直接的 , 立即的 ,                       founder                             vt. 弄摔倒 , 弄跛 , 浸水
                                     直率的 , 坦白的                                                                 , 破壞 , 淹沒
free from ambiguity or evasiveness:going straight to the point              to become submerged:SINK

acrid:gentleness::forthright:guile                                          founder <> stay aloft

尖刻的:親切::直率的:欺騙 ( 行爲及其啓反面特徵 )                                                淹沒 <> 在高處
furtive <> open / forthright / brassy                                       Synonyms:sink , go down , go under , submerge , submerse

秘密的:公開的 / 直接的 /

CF:forthrightly ( adv ) forthrightness ( noun )                             foundry                        n. 鑄造 , 鑄造場 , 鑄造類
Synonyms:straightforward , aboveboard , plain dealing , straight ,          the act , process , or art of casting metals

frank , candid , direct , open , openhearted , plain , single ,

undisguised , unvarnished                                                   fracture                            n. 破碎 , 骨折
                                                                            RUPTURE , TEAR

fortify                      vt. 增強                                         cement <> fracture

to make strong:as                                                           結合 <> 破碎

a:to give physical strength , courage , or endurance to                     Synonyms:breach , break , fissure , rent , rift , rupture , schism ,

b:to add mental or moral strength to:ENCOURAGE                              split
debilitated <> fortified

虛弱的 <> 增強的                                                                  fragile                             adj. 易碎的 , 脆的
vitiate <> fortify                                                          a:easily broken or destroyed

使實效 <> 增強                                                                   b:constitutionally delicate:lacking in physical vigor
enervate <> fortify / strengthen                                            fragile:break::porous:penetrate

使衰弱:增強 / 加強                                                                 易碎的:破碎::多孔的:滲透 ( 正面特徵 )

Synonyms:strengthen , energize , invigorate , reinforce                     limber:flexibility::spindly:frailty

                                                                            柔軟的:適應性::細長的:脆弱 ( 正面特徵 )


                                                                          135                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
CF:fragility ( noun )                                                    易碎的:弄碎::有延展性的:改變 ( 正面特徵 )

Synonyms:breakable , frail , frangible , shatterable , shattery ;        impervious:friable::nonflammable:combustible
weak , decrepit , feeble , flimsy , frail , infirm , insubstantial ,     不受影響的:易碎的::不可燃的:易燃的 ( 反義關係 )
unsound , unsubstantial , weakly                                         friable <> not easily crumbled / resistance to be pulverized

                                                                         易碎的 <> 不易碎的 / 抵抗變碎

fraudulent                          adj. 欺詐的 , 不正的 ,                     friable <> difficult to crumble

                                    不誠實的                                 易碎的 <> 不易碎的

characterized by , based on , or done by fraud:DECEITFUL                 Synonyms:short , brittle , crisp , orumbly , crump , crunchy

authenticity:fraudulent::sincerity:hypocritical

真實:欺詐的::真誠:僞善的 ( 反面特徵 )                                                  friction                     n. 摩擦 , 醫療摩擦 , 不和
CF:fraudulently ( adv ) fraudulentness ( noun )                          the rubbing of one body against another

                                                                         abraded:friction::desiccated:dehydration

freelancer                          n. 自由作家 , 自由記者                       摩擦的:摩擦::脫水的:脫水 ( 同義關係 )
a person who pursues a profession without a long-term

commitment to any one employer                                           frieze                       n. (
nomad:domicile::freelancer:employer                                                                   在牆頂與天花板間起裝飾作用
遊牧民:住所::自由作家:老闆 ( 缺乏關係 )                                                                              的 ) 橫條 , 飾帶
                                                                         a heavy durable coarse wool and shoddy fabric with a rough

freewheel                           vi. 輕鬆快活地行動 ,                        surface

                                    憑慣性前進                                frieze:building::illumination:manuscript
to move , live , or play freely or irresponsibly                         飾帶:建築物::裝飾性的圖畫:手稿 ( 前者裝飾後者 )

                                                                         CF:friezelike ( adj )

frenzy                              n. 狂熱
a violent mental or emotional agitation                                  frigid                   adj. 死板的 , 呆板的 , 寒冷的
convulsion:contraction::frenzy:emotion                                   sweltering <> frigid

痙攣:收縮::狂怒:感情 ( 前者是不正常的後者 )                                               炎熱的 <> 寒冷的

energetic:frenetic::firm:obdurate                                        soaking:wet::exuberant:happy::frigid:cool

精力充沛的:狂熱的::堅定的:固執地 ( 褒對貶 )                                               濕透的:濕::非常高興:高興::嚴寒:冷 ( 程度類比 )

                                                                         Synonyms:cold , arctic , chill , chilly , cool , freezing , frosty ,

fresco                              n. 壁畫                                gelid , glacial , icy ; inhibited , passionless , undersexed ,
the art of painting on freshly spread moist lime plaster with water-     unresponsive
based pigments

fresco:wall::parquetry:floor                                             frivolous                           adj. 輕佻的 , 妄動的 ,
壁畫:牆::木地板:地板 ( 前者在後者上面 )                                                                                     瑣碎的
                                                                         intensely cold

friable                             adj. 易碎的                             frivolous:gravity::brash:discretion
easily crumbled or pulverized                                            輕佻的:嚴肅::倉促的:慎重 ( 反面特徵 )

friable:crumble::malleable:alter                                         grandeur <> frivolous


                                                                       136                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
莊嚴 <> 輕佻的                                                             使沮喪 <> 唆使
frivolous <> somber                                                   Synonyms:baffle , balk , beat , bilk , buffalo , circumvent , dash ,

輕佻的 <> 憂鬱的                                                            disappoint , foil , ruin , thwart ;
temperance <> frivolous

節制 <> 輕佻的【詞性不符】                                                       full-bodied                           adj. 味道濃郁的
Synonyms:giddy , bird-witted , dizzy , empty-headed ,                 imparting to the palate the general impression of substantial weight

featherbrained , flighty , harebrained , rattlebrained                and rich texture

                                                                      full-bodied:flavor::resonant:sound

frothy                 adj. 起泡的 , 多泡的 , 空洞的                           味道濃郁的:味道::洪亮的:聲音 ( 修飾關係 )
gaily frivolous or light in content or                                Synonyms:strong , concentrated , lusty , potent , robust
treatment:INSUBSTANTIAL
frothy <> weighty                                                     fulminate                             v. 嚴厲譴責 , 使爆發
空洞的 <> 沈重的                                                            to send forth censures or invectives

                                                                      fulminate:criticize::adulate:flatter

frowsy                      adj. 不整潔的 , 有臭味的 ,                        嚴厲譴責:批評::奉承:誇獎 ( 程度類比 )

                            很悶的 ( frowzy )
having a slovenly or uncared-for appearance                           fungi                                 n. 菌類 , 蘑菇
dapper <> frowsy                                                      any of a major group ( Fungi ) of saprophytic and parasitic spore-

整潔的 <> 不整潔的                                                           producing organisms usually classified as plants that lack

Synonyms:slatternly , blowsy , dowdy , draggletailed , slattern ,     chlorophyll and include molds , rusts , mildews , smuts ,

sordid ; malodorous , funky , fusty , musty , noisome , rank ,        mushrooms , and yeasts

reeking , smelly , stale , stinking                                   fungi:ecologist::motivation:psychologist

frugal                                adj. 節約的 , 節儉的                  菌類:生態學者::動機:心理學家 ( 後者研究前者 )
characterized by or reflecting economy in the use of resources

parsimony:frugal::hubris:pride                                        furnace                               n. 火爐 , 熔爐 , 磨練
過分節儉:節儉的::傲慢:驕傲的 ( 前者是後者的過分 )                                         an enclosed structure in which heat is produced

frugal:penurious::deference:sycophant                                 furnace:heat::generator:electricity

節儉的:貧窮的::順從地:奉承者 ( 後者是前者的原因 )                                         火爐:熱::發電機:電 ( 前者産生後者 )

frugal:impecunious::temperate:sober

節儉的:貧窮的::適度的:冷靜的 ( 後者是前者的原因 )                                         furtive                               adj. 偷偷的 , 秘密的
frugality <> extravagancy                                             a:done by stealth:SURREPTITIOUS

節儉 <> 奢侈                                                              b:expressive of stealth:SLY

Synonyms:sparing , canny , chary , economical , saving , Scotch ,     caprice:whimsical::stealth:furtive::discontent:unsatisfi
stewardly , thrifty , unwasteful , wary                               ed

                                                                      反覆無常:反覆無常的::偷偷:偷偷地::不滿:不滿的 (

frustrate                   v. 挫敗 , 使沮喪                               同義關係 )

a:to balk or defeat in an endeavor                                    furtive <> open / forthright / brassy

b:to induce feelings of discouragement in                             偷偷地 <> 公開 / 直接 /
frustrate <> abet                                                     furtively <> candidly
                                                                    137                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                          Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
偷偷地 <> 坦白的                                                              gadfly                      n. 虻 , 牛虻 , 討厭的人
CF:furtively ( adv ) furtiveness ( noun )                               a person who stimulates or annoys especially by persistent criticism

Synonyms:secret , clandestine , covert , hugger-mugger , hush-          gadfly:goad::humorist:amuse
hush , stealthy , sub-rosa , surreptitious                              牛牤:刺激::有幽默的人:是發笑 (

                                                                        正面動作:gadfly刺激人、牛 )

futility             n. 無用 , 無益 , 無價值
the quality or state of being futile:USELESSNESS                        gaffe                       n. ( 社交上令人不快的 ) 失言
bootless:futility::effulgent:resplendence                                                           , 失態
無用的:無用::光輝燦爛的:燦爛 ( 正面關係 )                                               a social or diplomatic blunder

interesting:intriguing::bootless:futile                                 gaffe:tactless::??

有趣的:有趣的::無用的:無用的 ( 同義關係 )                                               失態:不機智的 ( 因果關係 )
                                                                        miscalculation:judgment::gaffe:decorum

furor                        n. 激怒 , 狂熱 , ( 詩情的 )                       錯誤的估計:判斷::失態:禮儀 ( 前者是錯誤的後者 )

                             激情                                         Synonyms:blooper , boner , impropriety , indecorum , solecism

a:furious or hectic activity

b:an outburst of public excitement or indignation:UPROAR                gainsay                              v. 否認
furor <> serenity                                                       to declare to be untrue or invalid

激情 <> 平靜                                                                gainsay <> affirm

Synonyms DELIRIUM , frenzy                                              否認 <> 確認

                                                                        CF:gainsayer ( noun )

fury                         n. 狂怒 , 狂暴 , 激烈 ,                          Synonyms:deny , contradict , contravene , cross , disaffirm ,

                             狂怒的人 , 〈希神〉復仇女神                            impugn , negate , negative , traverse
intense , disordered , and often destructive rage

effervescence:feeling::fury:anger                                       gait                        n. 步態 , 步法
興奮:情緒::狂怒:惱火 ( 程度類比 )                                                   a manner of walking or moving on foot

Synonyms ANGER , indignation , ire , mad , rage , wrath                 gait:walk::parlance:speak

                                                                        步法:走::語法:說 ( 前者是後者的規範 )

fusty                              adj. 舊式的 , 黴臭的 ,                     Synonyms:speed , celerity , pace , quickness , rapidity , rapidness

                                   陳腐的 , 古板的                            , swiftness , velocity

saturated with dust and stale odors:MUSTY
fusty <> fresh                                                          galaxy               n. 銀河星系 , 一群顯赫的人物
黴臭的 <> 新鮮的                                                              an assemblage of brilliant or notable persons or things



gab                                n. 饒舌 , 多嘴 , 愛說話                     galling                              adj. 使煩惱的 ,
                                   vi. 空談 , 嘮叨 , 瞎扯                                                          使焦躁的 , 難堪的
to talk in a rapid or thoughtless manner:CHATTER                        markedly irritating:VEXING
Synonyms CHAT 1 , babble , chatter , clack , gabble , jaw , prate ,     gall <> lull

prattle , yak , yakety-yak                                              焦躁 <> 平靜
                                                                        gall <> calm / assuage
                                                                      138                        Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                         太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
焦躁 <> 冷靜 / 鎮定                                                             CF:garbler ( noun )
galling <> placating                                                      Synonyms:msirepresent , belie , color , distort , falsify ,

焦躁的 <> 撫慰的

                                                                          garish                       adj. 炫耀的 , 過分裝飾的
galvanize                          v. 電鍍 , 通電 , 激勵                        clothed in vivid colors

to stimulate or excite as if by an electric shock                         prying:inquisitive::garish:colorful

galvanize:stimulate::irrigate:flush                                       愛打聽的:好奇的::過分妝飾的:華麗的 ( 褒貶程度類比 )

刺激:刺激::沖洗傷口:沖洗 ( 同義關係 )                                                   fawn:attentive::garish:colorful
galvanize <> lull                                                         奉承:留心::過分妝飾的:有色彩的 ( 褒貶程度類比 )

激勵 <> 使平靜                                                                 CF:garishly ( adv ) garishness ( noun )
galvanize <> allay                                                        Synonyms:gaudy , blatant , brazen , chintzy , flashy , glaring ,
激勵 <> 減輕                                                                  loud

CF:galvanization ( noun ) galvanizer ( noun )

Synonyms:provoke , excite , innervate , innerve , motivate ,              garment                        n. 衣服 , 服裝 , 衣著
move , pique , prime , quicken , stimulate                                an article of clothing

                                                                          hem:garment::ruffle:shirt::molding:cabinet

gamble                             vi. vt. 賭博 , 孤注一擲                      折邊:衣服::褶皺:襯衫::木頭的花紋:櫥櫃 (

to stake something on a contingency:take a chance                         前者裝飾後者 )

adamant:yield::cautious:gamble                                            Synonyms:clothe , apparel , array , attire , clad , dress , enclothe ,

固執地:屈服::小心的:冒險 ( 反面特徵 )                                                   garb , raiment

CF:gambler ( noun )

Synonyms:bet , game , lay , play , put ( on ) , set , stake , wager ;     garner                       n. 穀倉 , 積蓄
chance , hazard , risk                                                    a:GRANARY

gangling                     adj. 瘦長得難看的                                  b:a grain bin

loosely and awkwardly built:LANKY                                         Synonyms:reap , gather , harvest , ingather , clean , cull , extract ,

Synonyms:gangly , lanky , rangy , spindling , spindly                     gather , pickup , accumulate , amass , cumulate , hive , lay up , roll

                                                                          up , stockpile , store ( up ) , uplay

garble                      v. 曲解 , 竄改
to so alter or distort as to create a wrong impression or change the      garrulous                    adj. 嘮叨的 , 多話的
meaning                                                                   given to prosy , rambling , or tedious loquacity:pointlessly or

correct:accurate::garble:unintelligible                                   annoyingly talkative

改正:正確::曲解:難以辯明的 ( 目的關係 )                                                  garrulous:talkative::cloying:sweet

ramshackle:soundness::garbled:clarity                                     過分多話的:健談的::過分甜的:甜的 ( 前者是後者的過分

搖晃的:穩固::曲解的:清楚 ( 反面特徵 )                                                   )

correct:accurate::garble:unintelligible                                   CF:garrulously ( adv ) garrulousness ( noun )

糾正:正確的:斷章取義:難理解的 ( 行爲及其結果 )                                               Synonyms:talktive , babblative , chatty , loose-lipped , loose-
garble <> elucidate                                                       tongued , loquacious , multiloquent , talky , tonguey

曲解 <> 清晰說明


                                                                        139                        Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
gash           n. 砍得很深的傷口 , 很深的裂縫                                     Synonyms:standard , benchmark , criterion , measure ,
a deep long cut in flesh                                              touchstone , yardstick

cleft:chasm::cut:gash

裂縫:很深的裂口::傷口:很深的傷口 ( 後者是深的前者 )

Synonyms:cut , incise , pierce , slash , slice , slit



gasification                       n. 氣化
conversion into gas ; especially:conversion of coal into natural
gas
gasification / vaporization <> solidification

汽化 <> 固體化



gauche            adj. 笨拙的 , 粗魯的 , 無禮的
lacking social experience or grace ; also:not tactful:CRUDE

cacophony:voice::gaucherie:skill

不愉快的音調:語音::笨拙:技巧 ( 直接修飾 )
gaucheness <> polish

粗魯的 <> 優雅的



gaudy                       adj. 俗麗的
ostentatiously or tastelessly ornamented

gaudy:apparel::grandiloquent:speak

俗麗的:衣服::誇張的:言語 ( 修飾關係 )

CF:gaudily , gaudiness

Synonyms:blatant , brazen , chintzy , flashy , garish , glaring ,
loud , meretricious , tawdry , tinsel



gauge                              n. 標準尺寸 , 標準規格 ,
                                                                      List 12 ( gear ~ heterodox ) :
                                   量針 , 容量 , 範圍vt.
                                   精確計量 , 估計
a measurement ( as of linear dimension ) according to some            gear                              n. 齒輪 , 工具
standard or system                                                    a toothed wheel

gauge:pressure::scale:weight                                          gear:tooth::screw:thread

計量器:壓力::天平:重量 ( 前者測量後者 )                                              齒輪:齒牙::螺杆:螺線 ( 組成關係 )

measure:dimensions::calibrate:diameter::gauge:pressur                 Synonyms cog , cogwheel , pinion , toothed wheel , spurwheel ,

e::plumb:depth                                                        sprocket , ragwheel , lanternwheel.

測量:尺寸::校準:直徑::精確計量:壓力::探測:深
度 ( 後者是前者動作的物件 )                                                      genealogy                         n. 系譜 , 宗譜 , 家系
                                                                      an account of the descent of a person , family , or group from an
                                                                    140                        Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                           Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
ancestor or from older forms                                          真實的:真實性::完整:完整 ( 同義關係 )
                                                                      spurious <> genuine

generality                        n. 概論 , 概說 , 大要                     假的 <> 真實的
the quality or state of being general                                 Synonyms AUTHENTIC 2 , bona fide , indubitable , real , sure-

ecumenical:generality::entire:integrity                               enough , true , undoubted , unquestionable , veritable , very

普遍性的:概論::完全的:完整 ( 同義關係 )

                                                                      germane                             adj. 密切有關的
genial                 adj. 和藹的 , 親切的 , 友善的                           being at once relevant and appropriate:FITTING
marked by or diffusing sympathy or friendliness                       germane <> irrelevant

resourceful:inventiveness::philanthropic:geniality                    密切有關的 <> 無關的

策略的:發明::博愛的:親切 ( 正面特徵 )
genial <> dyspeptic                                                   gesture                             n. 姿勢 , 手勢 , 姿態
溫和的 <> 鬱悶 , 乖僻                                                        a movement usually of the body or limbs that expresses or

caustic <> palliating / genial                                        emphasizes an idea , sentiment , or attitude

腐蝕的 <> 緩和的                                                            parody:style::mime:gesture
dour <> congenial / genial                                            拙劣的模仿:風格::啞劇:姿態 ( 表現形式 )

嚴厲的 <> 適宜的
mordant <> genial                                                     ghastly                  adj. 可怕的 , 驚人的 , 慘白的
尖酸的 <> 溫和的                                                            intensely unpleasant , disagreeable , or objectionable

genial <> truculent                                                   ghastly:unpleasant::??

溫和的 <> 好戰兇猛的                                                          可怕的:使人厭惡的::??
Synonyms GRACIOUS 1 , affable , congenial , cordial , sociable ,      Synonyms grim , grisly , gruesome , hideous , horrible , horrid ,

||sonsy                                                               horrifying , lurid , macabre , terrible , terrifying



genteel                      adj. 有教養的 , 文雅的                          gibe                                v. 嘲笑
free from vulgarity or rudeness:POLITE                                to deride or tease with taunting words

genteel:vulgarity::intrepid:fear                                      apologize:regret::gibe:derision

有教養的:粗俗::勇敢的:害怕 ( 反面特徵 )                                              道歉:後悔::嘲笑:嘲笑 ( 行爲及其所表達的含義 )

truculent:gentleness::unregenerate:remorse                            condolence:sympathy / compassion::gibe:derision

殘暴的:溫柔的::邪惡的:同情 ( 反面特徵 )                                              哀悼:同情::嘲笑:嘲笑 ( 行爲及其所表達內容 )
genteel <> loutish                                                    Synonyms SCOFF , fleer , flout , gird , jeer , jest , quip ( at ) ,

有教養的 <> 無禮的                                                           scout ( at ) , sneer

Synonyms cultivated , cultured , distingu* , polished , refined ,

urbane , well-bred                                                    giddy                        adj. 眼花的 , 頭暈的 , 輕率
                                                                      lightheartedly silly:FRIVOLOUS

genuine                 adj. 真正的 , 真實的 , 誠懇的                          giddiness <> grave

ACTUAL , TRUE                                                         輕率 <> 嚴肅

genuine:authenticity::entire:integrity { honest:trust }               giddy <> serious


                                                                    141                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                          Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
輕率的 <> 嚴肅的                                                                     使表面光滑 <> 弄皺
Synonyms bird-witted , dizzy , empty-headed , featherbrained ,

flighty , fribble , fribbling , frivolous , harebrained , hoity-toity ,        glib                  adj. 流利圓滑的 , 善辯的
light , light-headed , rattlebrained , scatterbrained , silly , skittish ,     marked by ease and fluency in speaking or writing often to the
volage , yeasty                                                                point of being insincere or deceitful

                                                                               fluent:glib::humorous:wry

ginger                               n. 薑 , 精力 , 淡赤黃色                          流利的:善辯::幽默的:扭曲 ( 正面特徵 )

                                     vt. 使活潑 , 使有生氣                            fluent:glib::meticulous:nitpick / finicky
a thickened pungent aromatic rhizome that is used as a spice and               流利的:善辯::一絲不苟的:挑剔 ( 消除關係 )
sometimes medicinally                                                          glib <> labored

ginger:spice::??                                                               流利圓滑的 <> 不自然的
薑:香料::??                                                                       glib <> taciturn

                                                                               流利圓滑的 <> 沈默寡言的

glacier                              n. 冰河                                     Synonyms silver-tongued , vocative , voluble , well-hung

a large body of ice moving slowly down a slope or valley or

spreading outward on a land surface                                            glimmer                         v. & n. ( 發出 ) 微弱的光
glacial:slow::??                                                               a:to shine faintly or unsteadily

冰河的:緩慢::??                                                                     b:to give off a subdued unsteady reflection

glacier:ice::sea:water                                                         Synonyms FLASH 1 , coruscate , glance , gleam , glint , glisten ,

冰河:冰::海洋:水 ( 組成關係 )                                                            glitter , shimmer , sparkle , twinkle



glamorize                    vt. 使 <人、東西> 有魅力                                  glisten                            v. 閃爍 , 閃耀
                             【顯眼】 , 浪漫地處理                                      to give off a sparkling or lustrous reflection of or as if of a moist or

                             【美化】 <事情>                                         polished surface

to look upon or depict as glamorous:ROMANTICIZE                                dingy:glisten::slippery:adhere

                                                                               黑暗的:閃爍::光滑的:粘著 ( 消除關係 )

glance                  n. 一瞥 , 閃光 , 一滑 , 輝礦類                                  Synonyms FLASH 1 , coruscate , glance , gleam , glimmer , glint ,

a quick or cursory look                                                        glitter , shimmer , sparkle , twinkle

peck:kiss::glance:look

輕吻:吻::一瞥:看 ( 輕和正常 )                                                            glitch                        n. 干擾 , 誤操作 , 小故障
                                                                               a usually minor malfunction

glaze                 n. 釉 , 上光 , 光滑面v. 裝玻璃 ,                                  glitch:flaw::peccadillo:error / sin / offense

                      上釉 , 使表面光滑                                               小故障:錯誤::小錯誤:錯誤 / 罪孽 / 犯罪 ( 小和正常 )
to give a smooth glossy surface to

glaze:porcelain::varnish:wood                                                  gloat           vi. 滿足地看 , 獨自暗笑 , 貪婪地盯
釉:瓷器::光澤面:木頭 ( 表面物質 )                                                          to observe or think about something with triumphant and often

glaze:porcelain::veneer:furniture                                              malicious satisfaction , gratification , or delight

釉:瓷器::飾面:家具 ( 表面妝飾物質 )                                                         primp:vain::gloat:smug
glaze <> rumple
                                                                             142                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                  Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
打扮:虛榮的::滿足的看:自以爲是的 ( 動作及其目的 )

                                                                            glutinous                        adj. 粘的 , 膠狀的
gloomy                  adj. 陰沈的 , 昏暗的 , 憂鬱的                                having the quality of glue:GUMMY

low in spirits:MELANCHOLY                                                   etch:corrosive::glue:adhesive
Synonyms SULLEN , crabbed , ||dorty , dour , glum , morose ,                蝕刻:腐蝕的::膠:粘的 ( 正面特徵 )
saturnine , sulky , surly , ugly                                            glutinous <> non viscous

                                                                            粘的 <> 不粘的

glorify                     vt. 讚美 , 美化 , 讚揚 ,
                            使輝煌                                             glutton                          n. 貪吃者
to make glorious by bestowing honor , praise , or admiration                one given habitually to greedy and voracious eating and drinking

castigation:reproof::denunciation:denial {                                  avarice:money::gluttony:food
glorification:merit }                                                       貪婪的:錢::貪吃的:食物 ( 後者爲前者的物件 )

懲罰:譴責::譴責:否認 ( 同義關係 )                                                       glutton:overindulge::ascetic:self denial

                                                                            貪吃者:放縱::禁欲者:自我克制 ( 正面特徵 )

gloss                              n. 光彩 , 假像 , 注釋
a brief explanation ( as in the margin or between the lines of a text )     goad                             vt. 用刺棒驅趕 , 激勵 ,
of a difficult or obscure word or expression                                                                 煽動 , 唆使
blurb:notice::gloss:explanation                                             something that urges or stimulates into action:SPUR

大肆宣傳:注意::作注釋:解釋 ( 動作及其目的 )                                                  command:entreaty::goad:enticement
Synonyms PRAISE 2 , bless , celebrate , cry up , eulogize , extol ,         命令:懇求::激勵:誘騙 ( 反對關係 )
hymn , laud , magnify , panegyrize                                          gadfly:goad::humorist:amuse

                                                                            牛虻:刺激::幽默者:逗樂 ( 事物及其動作 )

glossary                           n. 字典 , 辭典 , 辭彙表                         goad <> check

a collection of textual glosses or of specialized terms with their          唆使 <> 阻止
meanings

glossary:text::legend:map                                                   gobble                           vt. 狼吞虎咽
術語:正文::地圖上的說明文字:地圖 ( 前者注釋後者 )                                               to swallow or eat greedily

                                                                            quaff:sip::gobble:nibble

glossy                             adj. 平滑的 , 有光澤的                          痛飲:小嘬::狼吞虎咽:細咬 ( 反義 )
having a surface luster or brightness                                       swill:sip::gobble:nibble

varnish:glossy::sand:smooth                                                 痛飲:小嘬::狼吞虎咽:細咬 ( 反義 )

上清漆:光滑的::用砂磨:平滑的 ( 動作及其結果 )                                                 Synonyms GULP , bolt , cram , englut , guzzle , ingurgitate , slop

                                                                            , slosh , wolf

glut                               n. 大量 , 充斥 , 吃飽
an excessive quantity:OVERSUPPLY                                            goggle                           n. 眼睛睜視 , 護目鏡
glut <> dearth                                                              to stare with wide or protuberant eyes

吃飽 <> 饑餓                                                                    goggles:eyes::gloves:hands::earmuff:ear
Synonyms SATIATE , clog , fill , gorge , jade , pall , sate , ||stall ,     風鏡:眼睛::手套:手::禦寒耳罩:耳朵 ( 保護關係 )
stodge , surfeit
                                                                          143                     Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
goldbrick                          vi. 稱病 , 欺詐 , 偷懶                        grandiloquent                       adj. ( 語言等 ) 誇張的 ,
to shirk duty or responsibility                                                                               誇大的
evade:answer::goldbrick:work                                               a lofty , extravagantly colorful , pompous , or bombastic style ,

逃避:回答::稱病逃避工作:工作 ( 前者逃避後者 )                                                manner , or quality especially in language

                                                                           gaudy:apparel::grandiloquent:speak

gorge                              vi. 狼吞虎咽                                華美的:服裝::誇張的:說話 ( 修飾 )

reticent:talk::abstemious:gorge                                            grandiloquent <> secretive

沈默:說話::節制的:狼吞虎咽 ( 反義關係 )                                                   誇張的 <> 秘密的
Synonyms SATIATE , cloy , fill , glut , jade , pall , sate , ||stall ,     Synonyms RHETORICAL , aureate , bombastic , declamatory ,

stodge , surfeit                                                           euphuistic , flowery , magniloquent , overblown , sonorous ,

                                                                           swollen

gossamer                           n. 蛛絲 , 薄紗 adj.
                                   輕而薄的                                    grandiose                           adj. 宏偉的 , 宏大的 ,
something light , delicate , or insubstantial                                                                  堂皇的 , 鋪張的
gossamer <> substance                                                      characterized by affectation of grandeur or splendor or by absurd

輕而薄的 <> 本質                                                                 exaggeration

gossamer <> ponderous                                                      ephemeral:longevity::grandiose:humility

輕而薄的 <> 沈重的                                                                短命的:長壽::宏大的:謙卑的 ( 反義關係 )
gossamer <> substance                                                      grandiose <> trivial

Synonyms FILMY , diaphanous , flimsy , gauzy , sheer , tiffany ,           宏偉的 <> 微不足道的
transparent                                                                Synonyms GRAND 1 , august , imposing , lordly , magnificent ,

                                                                           majestic , noble , princely , royal , stately

gourmet                                    n. 美食家
a connoisseur of food and drink ; broadly:CONNOISSEUR                      grandstand                          v. 嘩衆取寵的表演
bibliophile:books::gourmet:food {                                          to play or act so as to impress onlookers

calligrapher:handwriting }                                                 grandstand:impress::equivocate:deceive

藏書家:書::美食家:食物 { 書法家:書法 } (                                                 嘩衆取寵的表演:給人印象::支支吾吾的說:欺騙 (

人及其對應事物 )                                                                  動作及其結果 )

connoisseur:art::gourmet:cuisine

鑒賞家:藝術作品::美食家:烹調 ( 人及其對應事物 )                                               grant                               vt. 允許 , 承認 , 授與
gourmet:food::aesthetic:art                                                to bestow or transfer formally specifically:to give the possession

美食家:食物::美學:藝術 ( 研究物件 )                                                     or title of by a deed

grandeur                           n. 莊嚴 , 偉大                              concede <> refuse to grant

the quality or state of being grand:MAGNIFICENCE                           承認 <> 拒絕承認

grandeur:mean::??                                                          withhold <> grant

偉大:卑鄙::??                                                                  抑制 <> 允許
grandeur <> frivolous                                                      Synonyms ACKNOWLEDGE 1 , admit , allow , avow , concede ,

莊嚴 <> 輕佻的                                                                  confess , fess ( up ) , let on , own , own up


                                                                         144                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                         太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
gratify                            vt. 使滿足                              green                      adj. 綠色的 , 未成熟的 ,
to be a source of or give pleasure or satisfaction to                                              新鮮的 , 精力旺盛的 ,
gratify:desire::slake:thirsty                                                                      無經驗的 , 青春的
使滿足:欲望::消渴:渴 ( 消除關係 )                                                   a:deficient in training , knowledge , or experience
aggrieve <> gratify                                                     b:deficient in sophistication and savoir faire:NAIVE

侵害 <> 使滿足                                                               c:not fully qualified for or experienced in a particular function
irk <> gratify                                                          inexperience:green::pertinacity:refractory

使苦惱 <> 使滿足                                                              無經驗:無經驗的::頑固:難控制的 (
gratify <> displease                                                    形容詞與名詞的同義關係 )

使滿足 <> 使不快                                                              pelf:impecunious::experience:green
Synonyms PLEASE 2 , arride , delectate , delight , gladden ,            錢財:貧窮的::經驗:無經驗的 ( 人物特徵及其缺乏 )
happify , pleasure                                                      Synonyms INEXPERIENCED , callow , fresh , raw ,

                                                                        unconversant , unpracticed , unseasoned , untried , unversed ,

grating                adj. ( 聲音 ) 刺耳的 , 惱人的                            young

noisily , rasping , harsh

grating:sound::acrid:odor::fetid:smell                                  gregarious                        adj. 群居的 , 愛社交的
刺耳的:聲音::辛辣的:味道::惡臭的:氣味 ( 修飾 )                                           tending to associate with others of one's kind:SOCIAL
Synonyms IRRITATE , aggravate , burn ( up ) , gall , get , nettle ,     poseur:sincerity::recluse:gregariousness
peeve , pique , provoke , rile                                          裝模作樣的人:真誠::遁 世 者:愛社交的人 ( 反面特徵 )

                                                                        gregarious:reserved::??

gratuitous                       adj. 無緣無故的;免費的                         愛社交的:保守的::?? ( 反義 )
not involving a return benefit , compensation , or consideration        gregarious <> aloof

gratuitous <> merited / warranted                                       愛社交的 <> 疏遠的

無理由的 <> 應得的 / 有正當理由的                                                    Synonyms SOCIAL 2 , sociable

Synonyms FREE 5 , chargeless , complimentary , costless , gratis

                                                                        grievous               adj. 嚴重傷害的 , 引起痛苦的
grave                              adj. 莊重的 , 嚴肅的 ,                     causing or characterized by severe pain , suffering , or sorrow

                                  重大的 , 低沈的                             smart:pain::grieve:sorrow
having a serious and dignified quality or demeanor                      刺痛的:痛::悲傷的:悲傷 ( 同義關係 )

frivolous:gravity::brash:discretion                                     solace:grief::pacification:anger

輕率的:嚴肅::性急的:慎重 ( 反義關係 )                                                 安慰:悲傷::安撫:憤怒 ( 消除關係 )
droll <> grave                                                          grievous <> slight

輕率的 <> 嚴肅的                                                              引起痛苦的 <> 輕微的
giddiness <> grave                                                      Synonyms ONEROUS , burdensome , demanding , exacting ,

輕率的 <> 嚴肅的                                                              exigent , oppressive , superincumbent , taxing , tough , weighty

grave <> insignificant

重大的 <> 不重要的                                                             grimace                           n. 面部的歪扭 ,
Synonyms ENGRAVE 1 , etch , incise                                                                        痛苦的表情 , 鬼臉
                                                                        a facial expression usually of disgust or disapproval
                                                                      145                     Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                          Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
contortion:body::grimace:face

扭彎:身體::面部扭彎:臉部 ( 行爲及其相關部位 )                                               grotto                         n. 小洞穴 , 岩穴 , 人工洞室
chagrin:mind::grimace:face                                                A small cave or cavern

懊惱:情緒::痛苦的表情:臉 ( 行爲及其相關部位 )                                               grotto:cavern::arroyo:channel

                                                                          小洞穴:巨洞::小河:海峽 ( 小與大 )

grin                         vi. 咧著嘴笑
to draw back the lips so as to show the teeth especially in               grovel                           vi. 趴 , 匍匐 , 卑躬屈膝
amusement or laughter ; broadly:SMILE                                     to lie or creep with the body prostrate in token of subservience or

pout <> grin                                                              abasement

噘嘴生氣 <> 咧著嘴笑                                                              minion:dependent::groveler:petitioner
Synonyms SMILE , beam                                                     奴才:依賴他人者::卑躬屈膝:請願者 ( 同類人 )
                                                                          imperious:grovel::??

gripe                          v. 腹部絞痛 , 抱怨 , 訴苦                          傲慢的:卑躬屈膝::?? ( 行爲及其反面特徵 )
to complain with grumbling                                                Synonyms FAWN , apple-polish , bootlick , ||brownnose , cower ,

gripe:discontent::praise:admiration                                       cringe , honey ( up ) , kowtow , toady , truckle

抱怨:不滿::表揚:喜愛 ( 正面特徵 )
Synonyms ||beef , ||bellyache , ||bitch , bleat , ||blow off , crab ,     grumble                                  n. 怨言 , 滿腹牢騷
||crib , fuss , kvetch , squawk , yammer , yawp ( or yaup )               to mutter in discontent

                                                                          Synonyms croak , grouch , grouse , ||grunt , murmur , mutter ,

grisly                              adj. 恐怖的 , 可怕的                        scold

inspiring horror or intense fear

grisly:flinch::droll:laugh                                                guarantee                                vt. 保證 , 擔保
恐怖的:畏縮::滑稽的:笑 ( 動作及其原因 )                                                  to engage for the existence , permanence , or nature of:undertake
Synonyms GHASTLY 1 , gruesome , hideous , horrible , horrid ,             to do or secure
horrifying , lurid , macabre , terrible , terrifying                      vouch <> refuse to guarantee

                                                                          擔保 <> 拒絕擔保

groove                              adj. 開槽的                              Synonyms bail , bond , guaranty , security , surety , warranty

a long narrow channel or depression

grooved:striated::braided:strand                                          guffaw                                   vi. vt. 哄笑 , 狂笑
開槽的:有條紋的::編成辮子的:繩索 ( 動作及其結果 )                                             a loud or boisterous burst of laughter

【注:詞性不符】                                                                  Synonyms LAUGH , chortle , chuckle , giggle , hee-haw , snicker

striated:groove::dappled:spot                                             , ||sniggle , tehee , titter

有條紋的:開槽::斑紋的:污點 ( 同義關係 )                                                      guile                          n. 狡猾 , 狡計
                                                                          deceitful cunning:DUPLICITY

grotesque                      adj. 奇怪的 , 可笑的                             acrid:gentleness::forthright:guile
FANCIFUL , BIZARRE                                                        辛辣的:柔和::直接的:狡猾 ( 反義關係 )

imperial:significant::grotesque:fantasy                                   blemish:impeccable::guile:artless

帝王的:重要的::奇怪的:幻想 ( 正面特徵 )                                                  弄髒:無瑕的::狡猾:自然的 ( 反義關係 )
Synonyms FANTASTIC 2 , antic , bizarre
                                                                        146                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
impeccable:flaw::ingenuous:guile                                       gully                                n. 小峽谷 , 排水溝
無瑕的:錯誤::正直的:狡計 ( 反義關係 )                                                a trench which was orig. worn in the earth by running water and

guile:artless::blemish:flawless                                        through which water often runs after rains

狡猾:自然的::弄髒:無瑕的 ( 反義關係 )                                                gully:erosion::callus:friction

gullible:chicanery::servile:domination                                 小峽谷:腐蝕::老繭:磨擦 ( 形成關係 )

易受騙的:欺騙::奴隸的:支配 ( 容易關係 )

guile:naif::??                                                         gum                                  n. 樹膠 , 橡皮 , 上帝 ,
狡猾:孩子的::??                                                                                                  牙床
artless <> cunning / guile                                             any of numerous colloidal polysaccharide substances of plant

自然的 <> 狡猾的                                                             origin that are gelatinous when moist but harden on drying and are

manipulate <> guileless                                                salts of complex organic acids

假造 <> 誠實的                                                              resin:tree::gum:rubber plant
Synonyms DECEIT 1 , cunning , dissemblance , dissimulation ,           樹脂:樹::樹膠:橡膠樹 ( 前者由後者生成 )
duplicity

                                                                       gush                                 n. 湧出 ,
guilt                            n. 罪行 , 內疚                            滔滔不絕的講話
feelings of culpability especially for imagined offenses or from a     a sudden outpouring

sense of inadequacy:SELF-REPROACH                                      blast:whiff::gush:trickle

narcissism:love::guilt:blame                                           一陣風:輕輕地吹::湧出:細流 ( 程度關係 )

自戀:愛::自責:譴責 ( 種屬 )                                                     gush:effusive::rage:irate

guilt:expiation::fatigue:repose                                        湧出:感情橫溢的::大怒:發怒的 ( 程度關係 )

罪行:贖罪::疲勞:休息 ( 行爲及其作用物件 )
Synonyms BLAME , culpability , fault , onus                            gust                                 n. 突然一陣 , 風味
                                                                       a sudden brief rush of wind

gullible                         adj. 易受騙的                             gust:wind::cloudburst:rainfall { flare:light }
easily duped or cheated                                                突然一陣:風::豪雨:降雨 ( 程度關係 )

compliant:servile::trusting:gullible                                   Synonyms OUTBURST 1 , access , burst , eruption , explosion ,

順從的:奴性::信任的:輕信的 ( 褒貶關係 )                                               flare-up , sally

gullible:artless::??

輕信的:天真的::??                                                            guzzle                               vi. vt. 狂飲 , 暴食 ,
gullible:chicanery::servile:domination                                                                      喝酒化掉 ( 錢 )
輕信的:詭計::奴性:支配 ( 容易關係 )                                                 to drink especially liquor greedily , continually , or habitually

vigilant:entrapped::exacting:satisfied::wary:gulled                    complain:carp::drink:guzzle

警惕的:騙入::苛求的:滿意的::警惕的:欺騙 (                                              抱怨:吹毛求疵::喝酒:狂飲 ( 程度關係 )

不容易關係 )                                                                Synonyms DRINK 3 , booze , imbibe , liquor ( up ) , soak , swig ,

bully:intimidate::stupid:gullibility                                   swill , swizzle , tank up , tipple

欺淩弱小者:威嚇::笨人:輕信 ( 人物及其特徵行爲 )
Synonyms EASY 3 , fleeceable , naive , susceptible                     habitable                            adj. 可居住的

                                                                     147                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                           Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
capable of being lived in:suitable for habitation                    衰微的 <> 強壯的

potable:beverage::habitable:dwelling                                 hale <> infirm

可食用的:飲料::可居住的:居住 ( 同義關係 )                                            強壯的 <> 虛弱的
Synonyms LIVABLE 1 , inhabitable , lodgeable , occupiable ,          blighted <> hale

tenantable                                                           毀滅的 <> 健壯的
                                                                     anemic <> strong / hale

hack                              n. 雇傭文人                            貧血的 <> 強壯的 / 健康的
a writer who aims solely for commercial success                      Synonyms HEALTHY 1 , ||bunkum , fit , right , sane , sound ,

mercenary:soldier::hack:writer                                       well , well-conditioned , well-liking , wholesome

雇傭兵:士兵::雇傭文人:作家 ( 爲了錢和正常 )
Synonyms drudge , grub , grubber , hireling , mercenary , slavey     half-baked                       adj. 半生不熟的 ,
                                                                                                      未完成的 , 不完整的
hackneyed                         adj. 平凡的 , 陳腐的                     a:lacking adequate planning or forethought
lacking in freshness or originality                                  b:lacking in judgment , intelligence , or common sense

windy:concise::hackneyed:original                                    half-baked <> well thought of

吹牛的:簡潔的::陳腐的:有創意的 ( 反義關係 )                                           不完整的 <> 詳細計劃的

equivocation:misleading::bromide:hackneyed

模棱兩可:使人誤解::平凡的人:平凡的 ( 正面特徵 )                                         hallow                       vt. 使. . .神聖 , 視爲神聖
equivocate:misleading::cliched:hackneyed                             to make holy or set apart for holy use

模棱兩可:誤導::陳腐的:常見的 【注:詞性不符】                                            hallowed <> desecrate

offbeat <> hackneyed                                                 視爲神聖 <> 褻瀆

離奇的 <> 平庸的                                                           Synonyms BLESS 1 , consecrate , sanctify

bromide <> unhackneyed

平庸的人或物 <> 新奇的 【注:詞性不符】                                               hallucination                    n. 幻覺 , 幻想
Synonyms TRITE , bathetic , clich*d , commonplace , hack , stale     perception of objects with no reality usually arising from disorder

, timeworn , tired , well-worn , worn-out                            of the nervous system or in response to drugs ( as LSD )

                                                                     delusion:?::hallucination:perception { mirage:imagination

halcyon                 adj. 寧靜的 , 平穩的 , 翠鳥的                         }
CALM , PEACEFUL                                                      錯覺:思考::幻覺:感覺 { 幻想:想象 } (
halcyon <> tempestuous                                               行爲及其特殊方式 )

寧靜的 <> 暴亂的                                                           Synonyms DELUSION 1 , ignis fatuus , illusion , mirage ,

halcyon <> stormy                                                    phantasm

寧靜的 <> 風暴的
Synonyms CALM 1 , hushed , placid , quiet , still , stilly ,         halting                    adj. 跛的 , 蹣跚的 , 猶豫的
untroubled                                                           marked by a lack of sureness or effectiveness

hale                              adj. 強壯的 , 健壯的                     fluent <> halting

free from defect , disease , or infirmity:SOUND ; also:retaining     流暢的 <> 蹣跚的
exceptional health and vigor                                         Synonyms AWKWARD 2 , bumbling , clumsy , gauche , inept ,

effete <> hale                                                       lumbering , maladroit , unhandy , unhappy , wooden
                                                                   148                     Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                       Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                                                                         沮喪的 <> 興高采烈的

ham-handed                               adj. 笨手笨腳的                      hangdog <> sprightly

lacking dexterity or grace:HEAVY-HANDED                                  沮喪的 <> 輕快的
ham-handed <> deft / adroit

笨手笨腳的 <> 敏捷熟練的 / 靈巧的                                                     hankering                         n. 渴望
Synonyms AWKWARD 2 , bumbling , clumsy , gauche , halting ,              to have a strong or persistent desire:YEARN
heavy-handed , inept , maladroit , unhandy , wooden                      hankering <> odium

                                                                         渴望 <> 討厭

hamper                       vt. 阻礙 , 使困累 , 妨礙
to restrict the movement of by bonds or obstacles:IMPEDE                 haphazard                         n. adj. adv. 偶然的
seminal <> hampering further development                                 marked by lack of plan , order , or direction

發展的 <> 阻礙發展                                                              methodical <> haphazard

hamper <> facilitate                                                     系統的 <> 偶然的

阻礙 <> 促進                                                                 systematic <> haphazard

Synonyms clog , curb , entrammel , fetter , hobble , hog-tie , leash     系統的 <> 偶然的
, shackle , tie , tie up , trammel                                       Synonyms RANDOM , aimless , designless , desultory , hit-or-

                                                                         miss , indiscriminate , irregular , unaimed , unconsidered ,

hamstring                            vt. 切斷腿筋使成跛腿 ,                      unplanned

                                     使殘廢
to make ineffective or powerless:CRIPPLE                                 harangue                          n. 長篇演說
hamstring:effectiveness::??                                              to address in a ranting way

使殘廢:有效率::?? ( 消除 )                                                       harangue <> speak temperately

                                                                         長篇演說 <> 有節制地說話

handle                               vt. 觸摸 , 運用 , 操作 ,                  Synonyms ORATE , bloviate , declaim , mouth , perorate , rant ,

                                     處理 , 買賣                             rave , soapbox

to act , behave , or feel in a certain way when handled or directed

cumbersome <> easy to handle                                             harass                            v. 煩擾
麻煩的 <> 容易處理的                                                             to annoy persistently

Synonyms NAME 1 , appellation , cognomen , compellation ,                haunt:familiar::harass:irritating
denomination , designation , ||moniker , nomen , style , title           常到:熟悉的::使煩惱:使憤怒的 ( 同義關係 )
                                                                         Synonyms RAID 1 , foray , harry , maraud

hangdog                      adj. 憂愁的 , 悲哀的 , 沮喪的
                             , 灰心的 鬼鬼祟祟的 ,                               harbinger                         n. 先驅 , 預兆
                             卑躬屈膝的 , 低賤的                                 one that presages or foreshadows what is to come

SAD , DEJECTED                                                           harbinger:presage::archetype:exemplify
hangdog <> buoyant                                                       先驅:預言::原型:例證 ( 事物的正面特徵 )

沮喪的 <> 心情愉快的                                                             Synonyms ANNOUNCE 2 , forerun , foreshow , herald ,

hangdog <> elated                                                        preindicate , presage


                                                                       149                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
harbor                  n. 港 , 避難所v. 包庇 , 隱匿                                                                   利用 ( 河流、瀑布等 )
to give shelter or refuge to                                                                                   産生動力
harbor <> evict                                                             UTILIZE

隱匿 <> 趕出                                                                    harness <> failed to utilize

Synonyms chamber , haven , house , roof , shelter , shield                  利用 <> 利用失敗



hard-bitten                          adj. 頑強的 ,                             harp                               n. 豎琴
                                     堅韌不拔的 , 不屈服的                           a plucked stringed instrument consisting of a resonator , an arched

seasoned or steeled by difficult experience:TOUGH                           or angled neck that may be supported by a post , and strings of

hard-bitten <> tender                                                       graded length that are perpendicular to the soundboard

不屈服的 <> 軟弱的                                                                 horn:blow::harp:pluck
                                                                            角:吹::豎琴:撥 ( 樂器及其動作 )

hardheaded                           adj. 冷靜的 ,
                                     腳踏實地的 , 無懈可擊的                          harry                              v. 掠奪 , 騷擾
                                                                            to make a pillaging or destructive raid on:ASSAULT
STUBBORN , WILLFUL                                                          harry <> comfort

Synonyms OBSTINATE , bullheaded , headstrong , intractable ,                騷擾 <> 安慰
mulish , pertinacious , perverse , pigheaded , self-willed , stubborn       harried <> untroubled

                                                                            受騷擾的 <> 沒煩惱的

harebrained                          adj. 輕率的 , 欠考慮的 ,                      Synonyms RAVAGE , depredate , desecrate , desolate , despoil ,

                                     粗心的                                    devastate , havoc , pillage , sack , spoliate

FOOLISH

Synonyms GIDDY 1 , dizzy , empty-headed , featherbrained ,                  harsh                   adj. 粗糙的 , 刺耳的 , 嚴厲的
flighty , frivolous , rattlebrained , scatterbrained , silly , skittish     a:causing a disagreeable or painful sensory

                                                                            reaction:IRRITATING

harmonious                           adj. 和睦的 , 調和的 ,                       b:physically discomforting:PAINFUL

                                     和諧的 , 協調的                              barb:caustic::pan:harsh
marked by accord in sentiment or action                                     諷刺的話:刻薄的::嚴厲的批評:刺耳的 (
acrimonious <> harmonious                                                   事物及其正面特徵 )

嚴厲的 <> 和睦的                                                                  encomium <> harsh criticism

harmony <> discord                                                          讚美 <> 嚴厲的批評

協調 <> 不調和                                                                   mollycoddle <> treat harshly

Synonyms blending , chiming , consonant , harmonic , musical ,              嬌慣 <> 粗暴對待
symphonic , symphonious                                                     paean <> harshly lampoon

                                                                            讚美 <> 粗暴地諷刺
                                                                            Synonyms ROUGH 1 , asperous , craggy , jagged , rugged ,

                                                                            scabrous , scraggy , uneven , unlevel , unsmooth

harness                              vt. 上馬具 , 披上甲胄 ,

                                                                          150                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                                Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
hasten                             vt. 催促 vi. 趕緊                      傲慢 <> 謙虛
to move or act quickly                                                hauteur <> humbleness

hasten <> slow the progress of                                        傲慢 <> 謙遜

催促 <> 延緩過程                                                            Synonyms PRIDE 3 , arrogance , disdain , disdainfulness ,

hasten <> check                                                       haughtiness , loftiness , morgue , superbity , superciliousness

催促 <> 阻礙
hasten <> retard                                                      havoc           n. 大破壞 , 浩劫 , 大混亂 , 大雜亂
催促 <> 阻礙                                                              great confusion and disorder

Synonyms SPEED 3 , accelerate , hurry , quicken , shake up , step     havoc <> serenity

up , swiften                                                          大混亂 <> 寧靜
                                                                      Synonyms RUIN 3 , confusion , destruction , devastation , loss ,

hasty                  adj. 匆匆的 , 輕率的 , 急忙的                           ruination
done or made in a hurry

hasty <> characterized by deliberation                                heart                              vt. 鼓起勇氣 , 激勵
輕率的 <> 深思熟慮地對待                                                        to give heart to:CHEER:HEARTEN
hasty <> well considerous                                             mollify:anger::heart:dejection

輕率的 <> 很好地考慮                                                          平息:憤怒::激勵:沮喪 ( 消除關係 )
hasty <> deliberate                                                   dismay <> hearted

輕率的 <> 深思熟慮的                                                          沮喪 <> 激勵
Synonyms FAST 3 , breakneck , expeditious , expeditive , fleet ,

harefooted , quick , rapid , speedy , swift                           headlong                           adj. 莽撞的 , 輕率的
                                                                      Impetuous ; rash.

haunt                       vt. 常到 , 常去 , ( 思想 )                      Headlong <> deliberate

                            縈擾 , ( 鬼魅等 ) 常出沒於 n.                      輕率的 <> 深思熟慮的

                            常到的地方                                     Synonyms PRECIPITATE 1 , abrupt , hasty , hurried , impetuous ,

to visit often:FREQUENT                                               precipitant , precipitous , rushing , subitaneous , sudden

haunt:familiar::harass:irritating

常到:熟悉的::使煩惱:使憤怒的 ( 同義關係 )                                             heartrending                       adj. 令人心碎的 ,
persecute:injure::haunt:remember                                                                         傷心的 , 悲慘的
迫害:損害::縈繞於:記得 ( 同義關係 )                                                causing intense sorrow or distress

haunt <> shun                                                         heartrending <> ??

常到 <> 避開                                                              Synonyms DEPLORABLE , afflictive , calamitous , dire ,

Synonyms FREQUENT , affect , hang around , hang out , resort          distressing , grievous , heartbreaking , lamentable , regrettable ,

                                                                      unfortunate

hauteur                       n. 傲慢 , 高傲 , 自大
ARROGANCE , HAUGHTINESS                                               hearken                            vi. 傾聽
fawn:hauteur::self depreciate:swagger                                 to give respectful attention

奉承:傲慢::自我貶低:虛張聲勢 ( 反面特徵 )                                             hearken <> ignore

hauteur <> humility
                                                                    151                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                         Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
傾聽 <> 不理睬
Synonyms LISTEN , attend , hark , hear , heed                      herbicide                         n. 除草劑
                                                                   an agent used to destroy or inhibit plant growth

hedge                              n. 修剪過的樹籬 , 限制                  insect:pesticide::plant:herbicide

                                   vt. 用樹籬圍 , 妨礙                   害蟲:殺蟲劑::植物:除草劑 ( 後者殺死前者 )
a means of protection or defense ( as against financial loss )

hedge:loss::quarantine:contamination::safeguard:accid              hereditary                        adj. 世襲的 , 遺傳的
ent                                                                a:genetically transmitted or transmittable from parent to offspring

樹籬:丟失::隔離:感染::保衛:事故 (                                              b:characteristic of or fostered by one's predecessors

前者防止後者發生 )
Synonyms EQUIVOCATE 2 , dodge , evade , pussyfoot , shuffle ,      heresy                            n. 異端邪說
sidestep , tergiversate , tergiverse , weasel                      an opinion or doctrine contrary to church dogma

                                                                   apostasy:faith::recantation:heresy

heinous                      adj. 可憎的 , 十惡不赦的                      變節:忠實::改變信仰:異端邪說 ( 前者放棄後者 )

hatefully or shockingly evil:ABOMINABLE                            dogma <> heresy

heinous <> commendable                                             教條的 <> 異端邪說

可憎的 <> 值得讚美的                                                       Synonyms dissent , dissidence , heterodoxy , misbelief ,

Synonyms OUTRAGEOUS 2 , atrocious , crying , desperate ,           nonconformism , nonconformity , schism , unorthodoxy

monstrous , scandalous , shocking

                                                                   heretical                         adj. 異教的 , 異端的
heirloom                           n. 傳家寶 , 相傳動産                   of , relating to , or characterized by departure from accepted beliefs

something of special value handed on from one generation to        or standards:UNORTHODOX
another                                                            doctrine:heretical::course:errant

heirloom:ancestor::bequest:testator                                教條:異教的::道路:錯誤的 ( 反義關係 )

傳家寶:祖先::遺産:立遺囑之人 ( 人及其動作 )                                         heretic:unconformity::apologist:defend

                                                                   異教徒:不順從::辯護者:辯護 ( 人物及其正面特徵 )

hem                          n. ( 衣服或裙子的 ) 褶邊                      【注:詞性不符】
a border of a cloth article doubled back and stitched down         authority:superiority::heretic:unconformity

hem:garment::ruffle:shirt::molding:cabinet                         權威:優越性::異端:不服從
褶邊:衣服::皺褶:衫::壁帶:櫥櫃 ( 前者爲後者的邊 )                                     Synonyms dissident , heterodox , nonconformist , schismatic ,

                                                                   sectarian , unorthodox

herald                  vt. 預報 , 宣佈 , 傳達 , 歡呼
to give notice of:ANNOUNCE                                         hermit                            n. 隱士 , 隱居者
unabashed:embarrassment::unheralded:announcement                   one that retires from society and lives in solitude especially for

不害羞的:困窘::未預告的:公告 ( 反義關係 )                                          religious reasons:RECLUSE
unherald <> proclaim                                               vegetarian:meat::hermit:society

未預告的 <> 宣佈                                                         素食者:肉::隱士:社會 ( 前者遠離後者 )
Synonyms ANNOUNCE 2 , forerun , foreshow , harbinger ,             hermitage:secluded::landmark:conspicuous
preindicate , presage
                                                                 152                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                      Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
隱居處:隱退的::路標:明顯的 ( 建築物及其正面特徵 )
Synonyms RECLUSE , solitary
                                                                      List 13 ( hidebound ~ inclement ) :
herpetologist                            n. 爬蟲學家
one that a branch of zoology dealing with reptiles and amphibians

salmon:ichthyologist::chameleon:herpetologist                         hidebound                         adj. 營養不良的 ,
鮭魚 :魚類研究者::變色龍:爬蟲學家 ( 後者研究前者 )                                                                          死板的 , 量小的
                                                                      having an inflexible or ultraconservative character

hesitance                                n. 躊躇 , 猶豫                   contumacious:authority::reactionary / hidebound /

the quality or state of being hesitant:as a:INDECISION                conservative:change / innovation / novelty

b:RELUCTANCE                                                          不聽令的 , 頑固的:權威::反動的 / 死板的 / 保守的:改變 /

impetuous:hesitate::irrepressible:servile                             創新 / 新穎 ( 形容詞與名詞的反面關係 ) 或者 (

衝動的:猶豫::無法鎮壓的:順從的 ( 反義 )                                              前者不接受後者 )

parsimonious:profligacy::impetuous:hesitance                          hidebound:conservative::peeved:annoyed

吝嗇的:揮霍的::衝動的:憂鬱的                                                      死板的:保守的::氣惱的:苦惱的 ( 同義詞 )
alacrity <> dilatoriness / hesitance                                  Synonyms ILLIBERAL , bigoted , brassbound , intolerant ,

敏捷 <> 遲緩 / 猶豫                                                         narrow , narrow-minded , small-minded , unenlarged

impetuosity <> hesitance / vacillation

性急 <> 躊躇                                                              hideous             adj. 醜惡的 , 可憎的 , 可怕的
                                                                      offensive to the senses and especially to sight:exceedingly ugly

heterodox                         adj. 非正統的 , 異端的                     pulchritude <> ugliness / hideous

Not in agreement with accepted beliefs , especially in church         美麗的 <> 醜陋的
doctrine or dogma                                                     affinity <> aversion / hideousness

heterodox:nonconformity::authority:superiority                        吸引力 <> 厭惡 / 醜陋

異教:不墨守成規::權威:優越 ( 人物及其正面特徵 )                                          Synonyms UGLY 2 , ill-favored , ill-looking , unbeautiful ,

                                                                      uncomely , unsightly



                                                                      hie                           v. 急忙 , 疾走 , 催促
                                                                      to go quickly:HASTEN
                                                                      hie <> dawdle

                                                                      催促 <> 遊手好閒 , 閑混
                                                                      Synonyms GO 1 , fare , journey , pass , proceed , ||process , push

                                                                      on , repair , travel , wend



                                                                      hierarchy                         n. 階級組織 , 教士政治 ,
                                                                                                        僧侶政治
                                                                      the classification of a group of people according to ability or to

                                                                      economic , social , or professional standing

                                                                      echelon:hierarchy::?:?


                                                                    153                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                         Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                         太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
梯隊:層次::?:? ( ??關係 )                                                      tumultuous:bedlam::active:hive

                                                                         喧囂的:喧囂之地::活躍的:熱鬧之地 ( 正面特徵 )

hike              v. 使高漲 , 拉起 n. 提高 , 增加
to rise up ; especially:to work upward out of place                      hoard                      n. v. 貯藏 , 秘藏
backset <> hike                                                          to keep ( as one's thoughts ) to oneself

倒退;挫折 <> 提高 , 增加                                                         miser:hoard::dandy:preen::sycophant:fawn::pundit

                                                                         :opine

hinge                        n. 鉸鏈 , 關鍵 , 樞紐                             守財奴:秘藏::花花公子:打扮::馬屁精:奉承::博學
1:a jointed or flexible device on which a door , lid , or other          者:發表意見 ( 人物及其行爲 )
swinging part turns                                                      hoard:miser::shirk:malinger

2:a determining factor:TURNING POINT                                     秘藏:守財奴::逃避:裝病的人 ( 人物及其特徵動作 )
                                                                         Synonyms squirrel , stash

hint                    n. 暗示 , 提示
a slight indication of the existence , approach , or nature of           hoary                      adj. 灰白的 , 久遠的
something:CLUE                                                           1:gray or white with or as if with age

nuance:distinction::hint:suggestion                                      2:extremely old:ANCIENT

細微差別:差別::暗示:提議 ( 程度類比 )                                                  hoary:old::?:?

                                                                         久遠的:古老的::?:? ( 程度關係 )

histrionic                   adj. 演員的 , 演劇的 ,                            Synonyms ANCIENT 1 , aged , age-old , antediluvian , antique ,

                             有如演戲的                                       Noachian , old , timeworn , venerable

of or relating to actors , acting , or the theater

histrionic:actor::?:?                                                    hodgepodge                 n. 混煮 , 雜菜 , 混淆
戲劇的:演員::?:? ( 正面特徵 )                                                     a heterogeneous mixture:JUMBLE
Synonyms DRAMATIC 1 , dramaturgic , theatral , theatric ,                hodgepodge:uniformity::cliche:originality
theatrical , thespian                                                    大雜燴:一致::陳詞濫調:新穎 ( 缺乏關係 )

                                                                         items:hodgepodge::people:rabble

hitch                   v. 搭便車 , 套住                                     物品:大雜燴::人們:烏合之衆 ( 個體及其雜亂的集體 )

1:to move by jerks or with a tug                                         Synonyms MISCELLANY 1 , gallimaufry , hash , hotchpotch ,

2 a:to catch or fasten by or as if by a hook or knot                     jumble , medley , m*lange , mishmash , patchwork , potpourri

     b ( 1 ) :to connect ( a vehicle or implement ) with a source of
motive power                                                             homage                     n. 尊崇 , 尊敬 , 效忠
   ( 2 ) :to attach ( a source of motive power ) to a vehicle or         expression of high regard:RESPECT
instrument                                                               counsel:advice::laud:homage

     c:to join in marriage                                               勸告:勸告::稱讚:敬意 ( 同義關係 )

3:hitchhike                                                              homage <> disrespect

                                                                         敬意 <> 失禮

hive                    n. 蜂房 , 鬧區 , 蜜蜂群                                 Synonyms:honor , reverence , deference
a place swarming with activity


                                                                       154                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
homily                             n. 說教 , 訓誡                         tree:forestry::flower:horticulture
a lecture or discourse on or of a moral theme                         樹:森林學::花:園藝學 ( 學科及其研究物件 )

parable:story::homily:lecture

寓言:故事::說教:演講 ( 種屬關係 )                                                 hovel                n. 小屋 , 雜物間 , 家畜小屋
區別:homely ( adj. 家常的;不好看的 )                                           a small , wretched , and often dirty house:HUT

                                                                      palatial:hovel::bucolic:city

homogenize                  v. 使均勻                                    富麗堂皇的:小屋::田園風味的:城市 ( 反面特徵 )
to blend ( diverse elements ) into a uniform mixture

stratify <> homogenize                                                hub                         n. 車軸 , 中心
使分層 <> 使均勻                                                            the central part of a circular object ( as a wheel or propeller )

                                                                      spoke:hub::radius:center

hone                        v. 用磨刀石磨 n. 磨刀石 ,                         輪輻:中心::半徑:中心 ( 前者會聚於後者 )

                            抱怨 , 想念                                   hubris                             n. 傲慢 , 驕傲
to make more acute , intense , or effective:WHET                      exaggerated pride or self-confidencehubristic

hone <> blunt                                                         parsimony:frugal::hubris:pride

磨快 <> 弄鈍                                                              吝嗇:節儉的::狂妄自大:自豪的 ( 褒貶程度類比 )



honorarium                  n. 酬勞金 , 謝禮                               humanitarian                       n. 人道主義者 , 博愛者 ,
a payment for a service ( as making a speech ) on which custom or                                        基督凡人論者
propriety forbids a                                                   a person promoting human welfare and social

amenity:comfortable::honorarium:grateful                              reform:PHILANTHROPIST

舒適的設備:舒適的::謝禮:感謝的 ( 目的關係 )

                                                                      humble                adj. 卑下的 , 謙遜的 , 粗陋的
horn                  n. 角 , 角質 , 喇叭                                  a:ranking low in a hierarchy or scale:INSIGNIFICANT ,

a wind instrument used in a jazz band ; especially:TRUMPET            UNPRETENTIOUS

horn:blow::harp:pluck                                                 b:not costly or luxurious

喇叭:吹::豎琴:彈 ( 動賓關係 )                                                   dour:geniality::bumptious:humbleness

                                                                      嚴厲的:親切::傲慢的:謙遜 ( 形容詞與名詞的反面關係 )

hortative                          adj. 激勵的                           impetuous:vacillation / hesitation::bumptious:humbleness

giving exhortation:ADVISORY                                           衝動的:猶豫::傲慢的:謙遜 ( 形容詞與名詞的反面關係 )

didactic:teach::hortatory:urge                                        supercilious <> humble

說教的:教授::激勵的:力勸 ( 形容詞與動詞的正面關係 )                                        傲慢的 <> 謙遜的

hortative:encourage::exculpatory:absolve                              bumptious <> humble

鼓勵的:鼓勵::辨明無罪的:無罪赦免 (                                                  傲慢的 <> 謙遜的

形容詞與動詞的正面關係 )                                                         hauteur <> humility

                                                                      傲慢 <> 謙卑

horticulture                       n. 園藝學                             panache <> humility

the science and art of growing fruits , vegetables , flowers , or     炫耀 , 擺架子 <> 謙卑
ornamental plants                                                     Synonyms IGNOBLE 1 , base , baseborn , low , lowborn , lowly ,
                                                                    155                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                         Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
mean , plebeian , unennobled , unwashed                                   husbandry                         n. 節儉 , 耕種 , 家政
                                                                          the control or judicious use of resources:CONSERVATION

humor                         v. 迎合 , 牽就 , 順應                             husbandry:dissipate::alacrity:procrastinate

1:to soothe or content by indulgence                                      節儉:浪費::敏捷:拖延 ( 反義關係 )

2:to adapt oneself to                                                     husband <> squander

chide:pillory::humor:mollycoddle                                          節儉地使用 <> 浪費

責駡:使示衆::遷就:溺愛 ( 程度關係 )                                                    husbandry <> prodigality

Synonyms BABY , cater ( to ) , cocker , coddle , cosset , cotton ,        節儉 <> 浪費
indulge , mollycoddle , pamper , spoil                                    husbandry <> waste

                                                                          節儉 <> 浪費

hurdle                            n. 障礙 , 跳欄 ,                            Synonyms ECONOMY , forehandedness , frugality , providence ,

                                  臨時活動籬笆 v.                               prudence , thrift , thriftiness

                                  用籬笆圍 , 越過 , 克服
1:to leap over especially while running ( as in a sporting                husk                  n. ( 果類或穀物的 ) 外殼 (
competition )                                                                                   通常用複數 ) , 皮 , 無價值之物
2:OVERCOME , SURMOUNT                                                     a usually dry or membranous outer covering ( as a pod or hull or

Synonyms CLEAR 8 , leap , negotiate , over , overleap , surmount          one composed of bracts ) of various seeds and fruits ; also:one of
, vault                                                                   the constituent parts

                                                                          corn:husk::??

hurl                v. 用力投擲 , 憤慨地說出 , 丟下                                  穀物:外皮::??
to throw down with violence;to utter with vehemence

scowl:displeasure::kiss:affection { hurl:disgust }                        husky                               adj. 聲音沙啞的
皺眉頭:不快::吻:愛 { 憤慨地說出:厭惡 } (                                                hoarse with or as if with emotion

動作及其表達情感 )                                                                husky <> delicate

Synonyms:throw , cast , toss , fling , pitch , sling                      嘶啞的 <> 細膩的
                                                                          Synonyms HOARSE 1 , croaking , croaky , gruff

hurricane                         n. 颶風
a tropical cyclone with winds of 74 miles ( 118 kilometers ) per          hybrid                              adj. 混合的 , 雜種的 ,
hour or greater that occurs especially in the western Atlantic , that                                         混合語的 n. 雜種
is usually accompanied by rain , thunder , and lightning , and that       something heterogeneous in origin or composition:COMPOSITE
sometimes moves into temperate latitudes                                  hybrid <> of unmixed extraction

fire:inferno::storm:hurricane                                             雜種 <> 純血統

火:大火::暴風:颶風 ( 程度關係 )                                                      Synonyms bastard , cross , crossbred , crossbreed , half blood ,

rain:deluge::wind:hurricane                                               half-breed , mongrel , mule

雨:暴雨::風:狂風 ( 程度關係 )

snow:precipitation::hurricane:cyclone                                     hymn                         n. 讚美詩 , 聖歌 , 讚歌
雪:降水::颶風:旋風 ( 種屬關係 )                                                      a song of praise or joy

                                                                          hymn:praise::elegy:sorrow


                                                                        156                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
讚歌:讚美::挽歌:悲傷 ( 事物及其表達的含義 )                                             ichthyologist                   n. 魚類學者 , 魚類研究者
Synonyms SONG 2 , aria , descant , ditty , lay , lied                  one that study a branch of zoology that deals with fishes

                                                                       salmon:ichthyologist::chameleon:herpetologist

hypnotic                         adj. 催眠的 , 催眠術的 ,                     鮭魚:魚類學家::變色龍:爬蟲學家 ( 學者及其研究物件 )

                                 易於催眠的
tending to produce sleep:SOPORIFIC                                     idiosyncratic                       adj. 特質的 , 異質的 ,
hypnotic <> conscious                                                                                      特殊的
催眠的 <> 有知覺的                                                            1. a:a peculiarity of constitution or temperament:an
hypnotic <> stimulant                                                  individualizingcharacteristic or quality

催眠藥 <> 刺激物                                                                  b:individual hypersensitiveness ( as to a drug or food )
Synonyms SOPORIFIC 1 , narcotic , opiate , sleepy , somnifacient       2:characteristic peculiarity ( as of temperament ) ;
, somniferous , somnific , somnolent , somnorific , soporiferous       broadly:ECCENTRICITY



hyperbole                  n. 誇張法                                      idolater                            n. 偶像崇拜者 , 崇拜者 ,
extravagant exaggeration                                                                                   皈依者
anger:tirade::exaggeration:hyperbole                                   a person that admires intensely and often blindly one that is not

惱火:長篇激烈的演講::誇張:誇張 ( 同義關係 )                                             usually a subject of worship

malicious:ill will::exaggerating:hyperbole                             reverent:idolater::trusting:dupe

惡毒的:惡意::誇張的:誇張 ( 形容詞與名詞的正面關係 )                                         虔誠的:偶像崇拜者::信賴的:易受騙的人 (
Synonyms EXAGGERATION , coloring , embellishment ,                     人物及其正面特徵 )
embroidering , overstatement                                           esteem:idolatrize::favor:bribe

                                                                       尊敬:盲目崇拜::贈與:行賄 ( 程度褒貶類比 )

hypercritical                    a. 苛求的 , 吹毛求疵的
meticulously or excessively critical                                   ignite                         v. 點燃 , 使灼熱 , 使興奮
Synonyms:critical , faultfinding , captious , carping , censorious     to set afire ; also:KINDLE

區別:hypocritical ( adj. 僞善的 )                                           ignite <> extinguish

                                                                       點燃 <> 熄滅

hypocritical                     adj. 僞善的                              Synonyms LIGHT 1 , enkindle , fire , inflame , kindle

characterized by hypocrisy ; also:being a hypocrite

authenticity:fraudulent::sincerity:hypocritical                        ignominy                            n. 羞恥 , 屈辱
真實性:欺詐的::誠摯:僞善的 ( 名詞與形容詞的反面關係                                          1:deep personal humiliation and disgrace
)                                                                      2:disgraceful or dishonorable conduct , quality , or action
hypocritical <> ingenuous / honest                                     ignominious <> lofty

僞善的 <> 真誠的 / 誠實的                                                       可恥的 <> 崇高的
Synonyms canting , pecksniffian , pharisaic , pharisaical ,                ignominy <> glory , honor ; esteem , respect

sanctimonious , self-righteous                                         恥辱 <> 光榮

CF. Hypocrite ( n. 僞君子 )                                               Synonyms DISGRACE , discredit , disesteem , dishonor ,

區別:hypercritical ( adj. 苛求的 , 吹毛求疵的 )                                  disrepute , infamy , obloquy , odium , opprobrium , shame


                                                                     157                        Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                          太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
ignorant                            adj. 無知識的 ,                             雕飾:建築::裝飾圖案:手稿 ( 裝飾關係 )

                                    不知道的 , 幼稚的                              stylus:mark::lamp:illumination

1. a:destitute of knowledge or education ; also:lacking                     鐵筆:刻痕::燈:照明 ( 物品及其用途 )
knowledge or comprehension of the thing specified                           squall:commotion::flash:illumination

  b:resulting from or showing lack of knowledge or intelligence             大叫:擾亂::使閃爍:照明 ( 因果關係 )

2:UNAWARE , UNINFORMED                                                      therapeutic:hospital::illuminating:school
Synonyms benighted , empty-headed , illiterate , know-nothing ,             治療的:醫院::啓蒙的:學校 ( 機構及其功能 )
rude , uneducated , uninstructed , unlettered , unschooled , untaught       obfuscate <> elucidate / illuminate / explain clearly

, untutored                                                                 使迷亂 <> 闡明 / 闡明 / 解釋清楚



ignore                       v. 不理睬 , 忽略                                    illusory                           adj. 産生幻覺的 ,
to reject ( a bill of indictment ) as ungrounded                                                               幻影的 , 錯覺的
scorn:reject::adulate:flatter::disparage:ignore                             based on or producing illusion:DECEPTIVE

輕蔑:拒絕::諂媚:奉承::蔑視:不理睬 ( 程度類比 )                                               maelstrom:turbulent::mirage:illusory

subtle:ignore::salient:observe                                              大旋渦:狂暴的::海市蜃樓:幻影的 ( 正面特徵 )

微妙的:忽略::易見的:觀察 ( 容易關係 )                                                     nicety:precision::illusion:fantasy
erudite <> smattering of knowledge / ignorant / unlettered                  準確:精確::幻想:幻想 ( 同義關係 )

博學的 <> 一知半解的 / 無知的 / 文盲的                                                    Synonyms FICTITIOUS 1 , chimerical , fanciful , fantastic ,

Synonyms NEGLECT , blink ( at or away ) , discount , disregard ,            fictional , fictive , imaginary , suppositious , supposititious , unreal

fail , forget , omit , overlook , overpass , slight

                                                                            illustrate                         v. 舉例說明 , 作圖解 ,
illiteracy                          n. 文盲                                                                      闡明
the quality or state of being illiterate ; especially:inability to read     to provide with visual features intended to explain or decorate

or write                                                                    illustrate:pictures::particularize:details

illiteracy:education::inequity:redistribution                               作圖解:圖片::詳細說明:詳細資料 ( 前者通過後者實現 )

文盲:教育::不公:重新分配 ( 消除關係 )                                                     Synonyms CLARIFY 2 , clear , clear up , elucidate , explain ,

erudition <> illiteracy                                                     illuminate

博學 <> 文盲

                                                                            imbibe                             v.
illuminati                          n. 先覺者 , 智者                                                                吸收象用喝一樣地吸收或
persons who are or who claim to be unusually enlightened                                                       吸進
interpreter:translate::illuminati:instruct                                  to absorb or take in as if by drinking

翻譯員:翻譯::先覺者:指導 ( 人物及其正面行爲 )                                                 thirsty:imbibe::exhausted:rest

                                                                            渴:喝水::疲憊的:休息 ( 感覺及其消除方式 )

illumination                        n. 照明 , 闡明 , 啓發
one of the decorative features used in the art of illuminating or in        imbroglio                          n. 紛亂 , 糾葛 , 紛擾 ,
decorative lighting                                                                                            一團糟
frieze:building::illumination:manuscript                                    1:a confused mass


                                                                          158                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
2 a:an intricate or complicated situation ( as in a drama or novel )     unembodied , unfleshly , unmaterial , unphysical , unsubstantial

 b:an acutely painful or embarrassing misunderstanding

c:a violently confused or bitterly complicated                           immemorial                     adj. 太古的 , 極古的
altercation:EMBROILMENT                                                  extending or existing since beyond the reach of memory , record ,

Synonyms QUARREL , altercation , bickering , dispute ,                   or tradition

embroilment , falling-out , miff , row , spat , squabble                 immemorial <> recent

imitation              n. 模仿 , 效法 , 冒充 , 贋品                              古老的 <> 近來的
the quality of an object in possessing some of the nature or

attributes of a transcendent idea                                        imminent                           adj. 即將來臨的 , 逼近的
exemplary:imitation::culpable:blame                                      ready to take place ; especially:hanging threateningly over one's

可作模範的:模仿::該責備的:責備 (                                                      head

形容詞與動詞的正面關係 )                                                            Synonyms impending , proximate

Synonyms ARTIFICIAL 2 , dummy , ersatz , false , mock , sham ,

simulated , spurious , substitute                                        immune                                    adj. 免疫的 , 免除的 ,
                                                                                                                   不受影響的
immanent                 adj. 普遍存在的 , 內在的                                not susceptible or responsive ; especially:having a high degree of
remaining or operating within a domain of reality or realm of            resistance to a disease

discourse:INHERENT ; specifically:having existence or effect             fertilize:grow::immunize:resist
only within the mind or consciousness                                    施肥:生長::使免疫:抵抗 ( 因果關係 )
immanent <> explicit                                                     overexposure:jaded::vaccination:immune

內在的 <> 外在的                                                               感光過度:厭倦的::接種疫苗:免疫的 ( 因果關係 )
immanent <> extrinsic                                                    soporific:sleep::vaccinating:immunity

內在的 <> 外在的                                                               催眠的:睡覺::接種的:免疫 ( 因果關係 )

                                                                         vaccination:immune::overexposure:jaded

immaterial                          adj. 非物質的 , 無形的 ,                    接種疫苗:免疫的::感光過度:厭倦的 ( 因果關係 )

                                    精神的 , 不相關的
1:not consisting of matter:INCORPOREAL                                   immure                                    v. 監禁 , 禁閉
2:of no substantial consequence:UNIMPORTANT                              a:to enclose within or as if within walls

immaterial:relevance::peripheral:center                                  b:IMPRISON

不相關的:相關::週邊的:中心的 (                                                       2:to build into a wall ; especially:to entomb in a wall

形容詞與名詞的反面關係 )                                                            immure <> release

immaterial:relevance::circuitous:directness                              禁閉 <> 釋放

無關的:有關::拐彎抹角的:率直 (                                                       Synonyms IMPRISON , bastille , confine , constrain , incarcerate ,

形容詞與名詞的反面關係 )                                                            intern , jail , jug , ||prison , ||quod

relevant <> immaterial

有關的 <> 無關的                                                               immutable                                 adj. 不可變的 , 不變的 ,
Synonyms asomatous , bodiless , disbodied , discarnate ,                                                           不能變的
disembodied , incorporeal , insubstantial , metaphysical ,               not capable of or susceptible to change

nonmaterial , nonphysical , spiritual , unbodied , ||uncorporal ,
                                                                       159                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
immutable:altered::implacable:propitiated                            rectitude:transgress::keen:obtuse {

不變的:改變的::不緩和的:勸解的 ( 反義關係 )                                           impeccable:flaw::indolent:stir }

transitory:endure::immutable:change                                  正直:犯罪::鋒利的:鈍的 ( 反義關係 )

短暫的:耐久::不能變的:改變 ( 形容詞與動詞反面關係 )                                       impeccable <> faulty

immutable <> variable                                                沒缺點的 <> 有缺點的

不可變的 <> 可變的                                                          Synonyms errorless , exquisite , faultless , flawless , immaculate ,

                                                                     irreproachable

imp                        n. 頑童
a mischievous child:URCHIN                                           impecunious                       adj. 不名一文的 ,
insensitive:boor::mischievous imp                                                                      貧困的
感覺遲鈍的:粗野的人:淘氣的:頑童 ( 人物及其正面特徵 )                                       having very little or no money usually habitually:PENNILESS
Synonyms URCHIN , gamin , monkey                                     foolish:discretion::impecunious:money

                                                                     愚蠢的:判斷力::貧窮的:錢 ( 缺乏關係 )

impair                     v. 損害 , 減少 , 削弱                           pelf:impecunious::experience:green
to damage or make worse by or as if by diminishing in some           錢財:貧窮的::經驗:無經驗的 ( 人物特徵及其缺乏 )
material respect                                                     impecunious <> wealthy / prosperous / affluent

Synonyms:injure , harm , hurt , damage , mar                         貧窮的 <> 富裕的 / 繁榮的 / 富裕的
                                                                     impecunious <> lavish / prosperous

impassive                        adj. 無感情的 , 冷淡的 ,                   貧窮的 <> 過分豐富的 / 繁榮的

                                 不動的 , 平靜的                           Synonyms POOR 1 , destitute , dirt poor , impoverished , indigent

unsusceptible to or destitute of emotion                             , necessitous , needy , penurious , poverty-stricken , unprosperous

impassive:perturb::voracious:satisfy

冷漠的:打擾::貪婪的:滿足 ( 難以關係 )                                              impede                            v. 妨礙 , 阻礙
callous:impassive::dupe:duplicity                                    to interfere with or slow the progress of

冷淡的:冷漠的::欺騙:不誠實 ( 同義 )                                               blandishment:cajole::obstacle:impede
impassive <> emotional                                               甜言蜜語:哄騙::障礙:阻止 ( 目的關係 )

冷漠的 <> 情感的                                                           abet <> thwart / impede

impassive <> excitable                                               教唆 , 支援 <> 阻礙 / 阻止

冷漠的 <> 易興奮的                                                          facilitate <> impeding

Synonyms apathetic , dry , matter-of-fact , phlegmatic , stoic ,     促進 <> 阻止
stolid                                                               impede <> promote / foment

CF:impassion ( v. 激起熱情 ) impassioned ( adj. 充滿熱情的 )                  阻礙 <> 促進 / 煽動
                                                                     cultivate <> impede { decline }

impeccable                       a. 無瑕疵的                             促長 <> 阻止 { 衰敗 } 【注:此題爭議較大】

blemish:impeccable::guile:artless                                    nurture <> impede

污點:沒缺點的::狡詐:樸實的 ( 反義關係 )                                             撫育 <> 阻止

impeccable:flaw::ingenuous:guile                                     Synonyms HINDER , bar , block , brake , dam , obstruct ,

沒缺點的:缺點::真誠的:狡詐 ( 反義關係 )                                             overslaugh


                                                                   160                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                        Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
impenetrable                     adj. 不能穿過的 ,                        imperial                           adj. 帝王的 , 至尊的 ,
                                 不可理喻的 , 費解的 ,                                                          壯麗的 , 堂皇的
                                 頑固的                                 of , relating to , befitting , or suggestive of an empire or an

1. a:incapable of being penetrated or pierced                        emperor;of superior or unusual size or excellence

  b:inaccessible to knowledge , reason , or                          imperial:significance::grotesque:fantasy

sympathy:IMPERVIOUS                                                  堂皇的:重大::奇異的:怪念頭 ( 形容詞與名詞的正面關係

2:incapable of being comprehended:INSCRUTABLE                        )

pierce:impenetrable::profane:inviolable                              imperial <> obedient

穿透:難以滲透的::褻瀆:不可褻瀆的 (                                                 最高權力的 <> 服從的

動詞與形容詞的反面關係 )
porous <> impenetrable                                               imperious                     adj. 傲慢的 , 專橫的
多孔滲水的 <> 難以滲透的                                                       marked by arrogant assurance:DOMINEERING
Synonyms IMPASSABLE 1 , impermeable , imperviable ,                  fawn:imperiousness::equivocate:directness
impervious , unpierceable                                            奉承:專橫::支吾:率直 ( 動詞與名詞的反面關係 )

                                                                     imperious:fawn::swagger:self depreciate

impenitent                  adj. 不悔悟的                                專橫的:奉承::自大的:自貶 ( 反義關係 )
not feeling or expressing humble or regretful pain or sorrow for     imperious:servile::bellicose:peaceable
sins or offenses                                                     專橫的:奴性的::好戰的:和平的 ( 反義關係 )
rueful <> impenitent                                                 fawn:imperiousness::equivocate:directness::elaborate:s

悔恨的 <> 不悔悟的                                                          ketch
Synonyms REMORSELESS , regretless , uncontrite , unregretful ,       奉承:專橫::支吾:率直::精心製作:粗略 (
unremorseful , unrepentant , unsorry                                 動詞與名詞的反面關係 )

                                                                     imperiousness:fawn::self depreciatory:swagger

imperative                       adj. 命令式的 , 急需的 ,                   專橫:奉承::自我貶低:大搖大擺 (

                                 勢在必行的 , 強制的                         形容詞與動詞的反面關係 )
expressive of a command , entreaty , or exhortation                  imperious:grovel::??

question:interrogative::order:imperative                             傲慢的:卑躬屈膝::?? ( 行爲及其反面特徵 )

懷疑:表示疑問的::命令:命令的 (                                                   elf:imperious::??

動詞與形容詞的正面關係 )                                                        惡人:專橫的::??
Synonyms MASTERFUL 1 , bossy , domineering , high-handed ,           imperious <> humble

imperial , imperious , magisterial , overbearing , peremptory        專橫的 <> 謙遜的
                                                                     imperious <> servile / obeisant

imperceptible                    adj. 不能感知的 ,                        專橫的 <> 卑曲的 / 服從的

                                 不知不覺的 , 微細的                         Synonyms:masterful , domineering , peremptory , imperative

not perceptible by a sense or by the mind:extremely slight ,
gradual , or subtle                                                  impertinent                        adj. 魯莽的 , 無禮的 ,
appreciable <> imperceptible                                                                            粗魯的 , 不恰當的
可感知的 <> 不能感知的                                                        1:not pertinent:IRRELEVANT


                                                                   161                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                        Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
2. a:not restrained within due or proper bounds especially of         imperviable , unpierceable

propriety or good taste

  b:given to or characterized by insolent rudeness                    impetuous                         adj. 衝動的 , 猛烈的 ,
impertinence <> respect / relevence                                                                     輕率的 , 急躁的
無禮 <> 尊敬 / 尊敬                                                         1:marked by impulsive vehemence or passion
obeisant <> impertinent                                               2:marked by force and violence of movement or action

尊敬 <> 無禮                                                              impetuous:vacillation / hesitation::bumptious:humbleness

Synonyms:officious , meddlesome , intrusive , obtrusive               衝動的:躊躇 / 猶豫::傲慢的:謙遜 (

                                                                      形容詞與名詞的反面關係 )

imperturbable                     adj. 沈著的 ,                          impetuous:hesitate::irrepressible:servile

                                  泰然自若的 , 鎮靜的                         衝動的:猶豫::無法鎮壓的:順從的 ( 反義 )
marked by extreme calm , impassivity , and steadiness:SERENE          parsimonious:profligacy::impetuous:hesitance
restive <> calm / imperturbable                                       吝嗇的:揮霍的::衝動的:憂鬱的
吵鬧的 <> 平靜的 / 冷靜的                                                      impetuosity <> hesitance / vacillation

ticklish <> imperturbable                                             衝動 <> 猶豫 / 躊躇

不穩定的 <> 冷靜的                                                           impetuous <> deliberate

testiness <> imperturbability                                         衝動的 <> 深思熟慮的

暴躁 <> 冷靜                                                              Synonyms PRECIPITATE 1 , abrupt , hasty , headlong , hurried ,

Synonyms:cool , composed , collected , unruffled , nonchalant         precipitant , precipitous , rushing , subitaneous , sudden



impervious                  adj. 不能滲透的 , 不爲所動的                        impiety                      n. 無信仰 , 無信心 , 不虔誠 ,
                            , 不會受到損害的                                                              不孝
1. a:not allowing entrance or passage:IMPENETRABLE                    the quality or state of being impious:IRREVERENCE

  b:not capable of being damaged or harmed                            impiety <> devoutness

2:not capable of being affected or disturbed not capable of being     不虔誠的 <> 虔誠的
damaged or harmed

impervious:damaged::indomitable:subdued                               implacable                   adj. 難寬恕的 , 難和解的 ,
不會受到損害的:傷害的::不屈服的:屈服的 ( 反義關係 )                                                                     執拗的
impervious:friable::nonflammable:combustible                          not placable:not capable of being appeased , significantly

不會受到損害的:易碎的:不燃燒的:易燃的 ( 反義關係 )                                         changed , or mitigated

impervious:penetrate::ineluctable:avoid                               immutable:altered::implacable:propitiated

不能滲透的:滲透::不可避免的:避免 (                                                  不能變的:改變的::難緩和的::緩和的 ( 反義關係 )

形容詞與動詞的反面關係 )                                                         implacable:compromise::honest:swindle

impervious:damaged::indefensible:excused                              難和解的:妥協::誠實的:詐騙 ( 反義關係 )

不會受到損害的:傷害的::無辯護餘地的:申辯的 (                                             Synonyms GRIM 3 , ironfisted , merciless , mortal , relentless ,

反義關係 )                                                                ruthless , unappeasable , unflinching , unrelenting , unyielding

translucent <> impervious of light

透明的 <> 不透光的                                                           implement                         n. 工具 , 器具 v. 實現 ,
Synonyms IMPASSABLE 1 , impenetrable , impermeable ,
                                                                    162                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                         Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                                   使生效 , 執行                               moment:IMPROVISED

CARRY OUT , ACCOMPLISH ; especially:to give practical                     2:composed or uttered without previous
effect to and ensure of actual fulfillment by concrete measures           preparation:EXTEMPORANEOUS
Synonyms instrument , tool , utensil                                      ad-lib:impromptu::aside:divergent

                                                                          即興的:即興的::在旁邊 , 到一邊:分歧的 ( 同義關係 )

implicate                          v. 含意 , 暗示 , 牽連                        Synonyms EXTEMPORANEOUS , autoschediastic , extemporary

1:to involve as a consequence , corollary , or natural                    , extempore , improvised , offhand , spur-of-the-moment ,

inference:IMPLY                                                           unrehearsed , unstudied

2. archaic:to fold or twist together:ENTWINE

3. a:to bring into intimate or incriminating connection                   improvident                       adj. 無遠見的 , 浪費的
    b:to involve in the nature or operation of something                  not provident:not foreseeing and providing for the future
Synonyms INVOLVE 1 , embroil , mire , tangle                              Synonyms thriftless , unthrift , unthrifty

                                                                          improvised                 adj. 即席而作的 , 即興的
implode                            v. 內爆 , 劇減                             to compose , recite , play , or sing extemporaneously

1. a:to burst inward                                                      rite <> improvised act

    b:to undergo violent compression                                      儀式 <> 即興表演

2:to collapse inward as if from external pressure ; also:to               Synonyms EXTEMPORANEOUS , autoschediastic , extemporary

become greatly reduced as if from collapsing                              , extempore , impromptu , offhand , spur-of-the-moment ,

collapse:implode::divide:sunder                                           unrehearsed , unstudied

倒塌:內爆::分開:分離 ( 因果關係 )

                                                                          imprudent                   adj. 輕率的 , 魯莽的
impostor                           n. 冒名頂替者                               not prudent:lacking discretion
one that assumes false identity or title for the purpose of deception     judicious <> imprudent

impostor:identity::usurper:authorization {                                判斷正確的 <> 輕率的

barbarian:property }                                                      區別:impudent ( adj. 放肆無禮的 , 厚顔無恥的 )

冒名頂替者:身份::篡位者:權利 ( 特徵人物及其追求目標
)                                                                         impudent              adj. 放肆無禮的 , 厚顔無恥的
                                                                          marked by contemptuous or cocky boldness or disregard of

impotent                           a. 無力的 , 虛弱的 ,                         others:INSOLENT

                                   無效的 , 陽萎的                              impudence:brazen::deadpan:impassive

not potent:lacking in power , strength , or vigor:HELPLESS                厚顔無恥:厚顔無恥::無表情:冷漠的 ( 同義關係 )
clout <> { impotent }                                                     impudent <> deferential / respectful

權力 <> 無力的 【詞性不符 , 對應不工整】                                                  放肆無禮的 <> 恭敬的 / 恭敬的 , 有禮貌的
Synonyms WEAK , boneless , emasculate , forceless , inadequate ,          impudent <> obeisant

ineffective , ineffectual , invertebrate , slack-spined , spineless       放肆無禮的 <> 恭敬的
                                                                          Synonyms UNWISE , ill-advised , ill-judged , impolitic ,

impromptu                          adj. 即席的 , 即興的                         indiscreet , injudicious

1:made , done , or formed on or as if on the spur of the                  區別:imprudent ( adj. 輕率的 , 魯莽的 )


                                                                        163                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
impugn                      v. 指責 , 對…表示懷疑                             unthinking

to assail by words or arguments:oppose or attack as false or
lacking integrity                                                      inalienable                         adj. 不能讓與的 ,
extol <> condemn / impugn / detract                                                                        不能轉售的 ,
讚美 <> 譴責 / 指責 / 貶低                                                                                         不能剝奪、奪取的 ,
impugn <> champion                                                                                         不可分割的
指責 <> 支援                                                               incapable of being alienated , surrendered , or transferred

impugn <> endorse                                                      inalienable:surrendered::implacable:propitiated

指責 <> 同意                                                               不能剝奪的:放棄的::難平息的:平息的 ( 反義關係 )
impugn <> vindicate

指責 <> 辯護                                                               inane              adj. 空虛的 , 愚蠢的 , 空洞的
impugn <> uphold                                                       1:EMPTY , INSUBSTANTIAL

指責 <> 贊同                                                               2:lacking significance , meaning , or point:SILLY
Synonyms DENY 4 , contradict , contravene , cross , disaffirm ,        obsessed:attracted::rash:adventurous { inane:clumsy }
gainsay , negate , negative , traverse                                 迷住的:吸引的::輕率的::喜歡冒險的 ( 褒貶程度類比 )
                                                                       inane <> expressive , meaningful , pregnant , significant , weighty

impuissance                   n. 無能 , 無力 , 虛弱                          空洞的 <> 有表現力的 , 意味深長的 , 富有意義的 , 有意義的 ,
WEAKNESS , POWERLESSNESS                                               有效的
clout <> impuissance                                                   Synonyms INSIPID 3 , driveling , flat , innocuous , jejune , milk-

權勢 <> 無能                                                               and-water , namby-pamby , sapless , vapid , wishy-washy



impulsive                adj. 易衝動的 , 感情用事的                             inanimate                           adj. 無生命的
1:having the power of or actually driving or impelling                 1:not animate:

2:actuated by or prone to act on impulse                                   a:not endowed with life or spirit

3:acting momentarily                                                       b:lacking consciousness or power of motion

Synonyms:spontaneous , instinctive , automatic , mechanical            2:not animated or lively:DULL

                                                                       ephemeral:enduring::inanimate:living

impute                             adj. 可歸罪的 ,                         短暫的:持久的::無生命的:活的 ( 反義關係 )

                                   使負責的 , 可嫁禍的                         Synonyms DEAD 1 , asleep , cold , deceased , defunct , departed ,

to lay the responsibility or blame for often falsely or unjustly       exanimate , extinct , late , lifeless

imputable:nettle
Synonyms ASCRIBE , accredit , assign , attribute , charge , credit     inaugurate                          v. 舉行就職典禮 , 開創
, lay , refer                                                          to induct into an office with suitable ceremonies

                                                                       inaugurate:president::install:official::crown:king

inadvertent                 adj. 不注意的 , 疏忽的                            舉行就職典禮:總統::使就職:公務員::加冕:國王
1:not focusing the mind on a matter:INATTENTIVE                        inauguration:official::matriculation:student

2:UNINTENTIONAL                                                        就職:公務員::入學:學生
Synonyms CARELESS 1 , feckless , heedless , irreflective ,             cease <> inaugurate / commencement

thoughtless , uncaring , unheeding , unrecking , unreflective ,
                                                                     164                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                           Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
終止 , 終了 <> 舉行就職典禮 , 開創 / 開始                                          Synonyms:origin , source , root

Synonyms:begin , commence , start , initiate , usher in

                                                                     incessant              adj. 不斷的 , 不絕的 , 無盡的
incandescent                    adj. 遇熱發光的 , 白熾的                     continuing or following without interruption:UNCEASING
strikingly bright , radiant , or clear                               Synonyms:continual , continuous , constant , perpetual ,
incandescent <> dull                                                 perennial

白熾的 <> 陰暗的
Synonyms BRIGHT 1 , beaming , brilliant , effulgent , fulgent ,      inch                        v. 慢慢前進 , 慢慢移動
lambent , lucent , luminous , radiant , refulgent                    to move by small degrees:progress slowly

                                                                     inch:move::drawl:speak

incarnate                           vt. 體現 , 使具體化 ,                  慢慢移動:移動::懶洋洋地說:說 ( 緩慢及其正常的關係 )

                                    使成化身 adj. 化身的 ,                  accrete:grow::inch:advance

                                    人體化的 , 肉色的                       增長:生長::慢慢前進:前進 ( 種屬 )

a:invested with bodily and especially human nature and form          accrete:growth::inch:advance

b:made manifest or comprehensible:EMBODIED                           增長:生長::慢慢前進:前進 ( 種屬 )
incorporeal <> incarnate

無實體的 <> 人體化的                                                         inchoate                              a. 剛開始的 , 未發展的
Synonyms EMBODY 1 , exteriorize , externalize , manifest ,           being only partly in existence or operation ;

materialize , objectify , personalize , personify , personize ,      especially:imperfectly formed or formulated:FORMLESS
substantiate                                                         immature:developed::incipient / inchoate:realized

                                                                     未完全發展的:完全發展的::初始的 / 未形成的:形成的 (

incendiary                          adj. 放火的 , 煽動的 ,                 反義關係 )

                                    教唆的                              inchoate <> explicit

of , relating to , or involving a deliberate burning of property     不完全的 <> 明確的
Synonyms INFLAMMATORY                                                Synonyms INCOHERENT 2 , disconnected , discontinuous ,

                                                                     disjointed , disordered , incohesive , muddled , unconnected ,

incense                      v. 用香焚 , 使發怒                            uncontinuous , unorganized

1 archaic:to cause ( a passion or emotion ) to become aroused

2:to arouse the extreme anger or indignation of                      incipient              adj. 起初的 , 發端的 , 初期的
propitiate <> incense                                                beginning to come into being or to become apparent

勸解 <> 激怒                                                             immature:developed::incipient / inchoate:realized
Synonyms ANGER 1 , enrage , infuriate , ire , mad , madden ,         不成熟的:成熟的::開始的:完成的 ( 反義關係 )
steam up , umbrage                                                   incipient:realized::tangible:indefinite

                                                                     開始的:完成的::切實的:不確定的

inception                      n. 開端 , 開始 , 取得學位                     incipient <> full-blown / full realized

an act , process , or instance of beginning:COMMENCEMENT             初期的 <> 成熟的 / 完全實現的

inception:termination::matriculation:graduation                      Synonyms INITIAL 1 , beginning , inceptive , initiative ,

起初:終止::入學:畢業 ( 反義關係 )                                                initiatory , introductory , nascent


                                                                   165                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                        Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
incisive                          adj. 敏銳的 , 機敏的 ,
                                  鋒利的 , 切入的
impressively direct and decisive ( as in manner or presentation )

Synonyms biting , clear-cut , crisp , cutting , ingoing , penetrating

, trenchant



incite                     v. 激發 , 刺激
to move to action:stir up:spur on:urge on

exhortation:motivate::persiflage:incite

勸告:促進::惡意抨擊:輕視 ( 動作及其表現 )

instigator:incite::bully:browbeat
煽動者:煽動::侍強淩弱的人:恫嚇 ( 人物及其行爲 )
incite <> pacify

煽動 <> 撫慰

Synonyms:instigate , abet , foment



inclement               a. ( 天氣 ) 嚴酷的 , 嚴厲的
lacking mildness:as
                                                                          List 14 ( incogitant ~ invigorate ) :
a archaic:severe in temper or action:UNMERCIFUL

b:physically severe:STORMY                                                incogitant                       adj. 『罕』無思想的 ,
inclemency:evade::?:?                                                                                      粗心的 , 不體諒的
險惡 , 嚴酷:逃避::?:? ( 前造成後 , 天離 )                                             THOUGHTLESS , INCONSIDERATE

inclement <> balmy                                                        incogitant:thoughtful::restive:calm

險惡的 , 嚴酷的 <> 溫和的                                                          粗心的:深思的::不安的:安靜的 ( 形容詞的反面關係 )
Synonyms SEVERE 3 , bitter , brutal , hard , harsh , intemperate ,        Synonyms:THOUGHTLESS , INCONSIDERATE
rigorous , rugged

                                                                          incongruent                      adj. 不協調的 ,
                                                                                                           不和諧的 ; 不合適的
                                                                          not superposable so as to be coincident throughout , not congruent

                                                                          incongruent:conform::recalcitrant:obey

                                                                          不協調的:順從::反對的:順從 ( 形容詞與動詞的反面關係
                                                                          )

                                                                          CF:incongruence: ( n. 不協調 , 不合適 )



                                                                          inconsequential                  adj. 不合邏輯的 ,
                                                                                                           不合理的 , 不重要的
                                                                          of no significance:UNIMPORTANT
                                                                          crucial <> inconsequential


                                                                        166                    Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                           Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
重要的 <> 不重要的                                                            exonerate <> inculpate

Synonyms:UNIMPORTANT                                                   免罪 <> 控告

CF:inconsequent ( adj. 不合理的 )                                          absolve <> inculpate

                                                                       赦免 <> 使負罪

incontrovertible                  adj. 無爭論餘地的 ,                        exculpate <> inculpate

                                  無疑的 , 明白的                            使無罪 <> 使負罪

not open to question:INDISPUTABLE                                      Synonyms:INCRIMINATE

incontrovertible:disputed::untenable:defended {

ravenous:satisfied } { intrepid:feared }                               incursion                        n. 侵犯 , 入侵
無疑的:爭議::無法抵抗的:防衛 { 貪得無厭的:滿足 } {                                        a hostile entrance into a territory:RAID
無畏的:恐懼 } ( 動作及其反面特徵 )                                                  incursion <> retreat
controvert <> substantiate                                             入侵 <> 撤退

爭論 <> 證實

Synonyms:INDISPUTABLE                                                  indecorous                    adj. 無體的 , 不合禮節的
                                                                       not decorous:conflicting with accepted standards of good conduct

incorrigible                      adj. 無藥可救的 ,                         or good taste

                                  積習難改的 , 固執的
incapable of being corrected or amended UNALTERABLE ,                  indefatigable                    adj. 不知疲倦的 ,
INVETERATE                                                                                              有耐性的 , 不屈不撓的
tractability <> incorrigibility                                        incapable of being fatigued:UNTIRING

溫順 <> 固執                                                               Synonyms:UNTIRING
tractable <> incorrigible

溫順的 <> 固執的                                                             indelible                adj. 擦拭不掉的 , 不可磨滅的
Synonyms:1. DEPRAVED DELINQUENT 2. UNRULY 3.                           UNFORGETTABLE , MEMORABLE

UNALTERABLE INVETERATE                                                 indelible:forget::astounding:expect

                                                                       不可磨滅的:忘記::吃驚的:預期 ( 形容詞與動詞反面關係

incriminate                   vt. 歸罪 , 使負罪 , 控告                        )
to charge with or show evidence or proof of involvement in a crime     indelibility <> erasability

or fault                                                               不可磨滅 <> 擦掉
incrimination <> exoneration                                           Synonyms:LASTING , UNFORGETTABLE , MEMORABLE

負罪 <> 免罪

CF:self-incriminating ( 自責 )                                           indelicate                       adj. 下流的 , 無教養的 ,
                                                                                                        卑鄙的 , 不雅的
inculcate                    vt. 教授 , 諄諄教誨 , 教育                        not delicate:
to teach and impress by frequent repetitions or admonitions            a. ( 1 ) :lacking in or offending against propriety:IMPROPER

Synonyms:IMPLANT                                                           ( 2 ) :verging on the indecent:COARSE

                                                                       b:marked by a lack of feeling for the sensibilities of

inculpate                    vt. 使負罪 , 控告 , 使連累                        others:TACTLESS
INCRIMINATE
                                                                     167                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                          Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
Synonyms:INDECOROUS                                                       indigent:wealth::redundant:indispensability

                                                                          貧乏的:富裕::多餘的:不可缺少 (

indemnity                         n. 賠償 , 補償 , 保護                         形容詞和名詞的反面關係 )
security against hurt , loss , or damage                                  indigent <> affluent

mollification:soothe::indemnity:secure                                    貧乏的 <> 富裕

減輕:緩和::保護:使安全 ( 動作及其目的 )                                                  Synonyms:IMPOVERISHED , DEFICIENT

CF:indemnify ( v. 賠償 )

                                                                          indigestible                      adj. 不消化的 ,
indict                            vt. 起訴 , 控告 , 指控                                                          難消化的 , 難理解的
to charge with a crime by the finding or presentment of a jury ( as a     not digestible:not easily digested
grand jury ) in due form of law                                           CF:indigested ( adj. FORMLESS 雜亂的 ) , indigestive ( abj.
indict:accused::??                                                        消化不良的 )

起訴:被告::?? ( 因果 )

                                                                          indispensability                         n. 不可缺少
indifferent                       adj. 漠不關心的 ,                            absolutely necessary:ESSENTIAL

                                  無重要性的 , 中立的                             indigent:wealth::redundant:indispensability
marked by a lack of interest , enthusiasm , or concern for                貧乏的:富裕::多餘的:不可缺少 (
something:APATHETIC                                                       形容詞和名詞的反面關係
embrace:affection::shrug:indifference                                     indispensable <> trivial

擁抱:愛::聳肩:漠不關心 ( 動作體現情感 )                                                  不可缺少的 <> 微不足道的
avid <> indifferent                                                       indoctrinate                             v. 灌輸思想
熱心的 <> 漠不關心                                                               to instruct especially in fundamentals or rudiments:TEACH

Synonyms:APATHETIC , NEUTRAL , MODERATE                                   stickler:exacting::pedagogue:indoctrinate

區別:unconcerned ( adj. 不關心的 ) , incurious ( adj. 無興趣 ) ,                   完美主義者:苛求的::教育者:灌輸 ( 人和其行爲 )

aloof ( a ad. 疏遠 ) , detached ( adj. 超然 )

                                                                          indolent                          adj. 懶惰的 , 懶洋洋的 (
indigenous                        adj. 土産的 , 本地的                                                            n. indolence )
having originated in and being produced , growing , living , or           a:averse to activity , effort , or movement:habitually lazy
occurring naturally in a particular region or environment                 b:conducing to or encouraging laziness
exotic <> indigenous                                                      rectitude:transgress::keen:obtuse {

異國的 <> 本地的                                                                impeccable:flaw::indolent:stir }
indigenous <> nonnative                                                   正直:違法::鋒利:鈍的 { 無瑕的:缺點::懶惰:激動 }

本地的 <> 異國的                                                                ( 事物及其反面關係 )

Synonyms:NATIVE                                                           Synonyms:LAZY

區別:indigence ( n. 窮困 )

                                                                          inducement                        n. 引誘物
indigent                          adj. 貧乏的 , 窮困的                          a motive or consideration that leads one to action or to additional or

suffering from indigence:IMPOVERISHED                                     more effective actions

                                                                          inducement <> deterrent
                                                                        168                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                             Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
引誘 <> 制止                                                          serendipitous:effort::ineluctable:chance

Synonyms:MOTIVE                                                   善於挖寶 ( 有發掘天賦的 ) :努力::不能逃避的:偶然 (

CF:induce ( vt. 引誘 , 招致 ) induced ( adj. )                        事物及其反面特點 )



indulgent                         adj. 縱容的 , 任性的 ,                ineptitude                        n. 不適當 , 愚笨 ,
                                  放縱的                                                               愚昧的言行
indulging or characterized by indulgence ; especially:LENIENT     the quality or state of being inept ; especially:INCOMPETENCE

abstemious:indulge::austere:decorate                              finesse <> ineptitude

節制的:放縱的::樸素的:裝飾 ( 形容詞的反面關係 )                                      靈巧 <> 愚笨

glutton:overindulgence::ascetic:self denial                       inept <> judicious

暴食:放縱::禁欲:自我約束 ( 人和其正面特徵 )                                        愚笨的 <> 明智的
indulge:adherent::slovenly:dapper                                 proficient <> inept

放縱:信徒::不修邊幅的:衣冠楚楚的 ( 反義 )                                         精通的 <> 無能的

【注:對應不工整 , 詞性不符】
spartan <> sybaritic / indulgent / voluptuous / luxurious         inert                        adj. 惰性的 , 行動遲鈍的
節儉 <> 放縱的 / 放縱的 / 好酒色的 / 豪華 , 放縱的                                 deficient in active properties ; especially:lacking a usual or
draconian <> indulgent / mild                                     anticipated chemical or biological action

嚴肅 <> 放縱                                                          inertia <> activity

martinet <> indulgent person                                      惰性的 <> 活力

嚴守紀律者 <> 放縱的人                                                     reactant <> inert material

indulgent <> ascetic                                              反應物 <> 惰性物質

放縱 <> 自我約束                                                        inert <> active

                                                                  惰性的 <> 充滿活力

indurate               vt. 使堅固 , 變堅固 , 使硬化                        inert <> dynamic

to make hard                                                      惰性的 <> 充滿活力
indurate <> soften                                                Synonyms:INACTIVE

使堅固 <> 使軟化

Synonyms:1. INURE 2. CONFIRM 3. HARDEN                            inestimable                  adj. 無價的 , 無法估計的
                                                                  too valuable or excellent to be measured or appreciated

inedible               adj. 不適於食用的 , 不能吃的
not fit to be eaten                                               inevitable                   adj. 不可避免的 , 必然的
                                                                  incapable of being avoided or evaded

ineluctable            adj. 難免的 , 不能逃避的                           ineluctable / inevitable:avoid::untenable:defend

not to be avoided , changed , or resisted:INEVITABLE              透不過的:穿透::不能逃避的:逃避 { 無法抵抗的:防衛 }

impervious:penetrate::ineluctable:avoid {                         ( 動作及其反面特徵 )

untenable:defend }

透不過的:穿透::不能逃避的:逃避 { 無法抵抗的:防衛 }                                    inexorable                        adj. 無情的 , 冷酷的 ,
( 動作及其反面特徵 )                                                                                        不屈不撓的

                                                                169                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                      Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
not to be persuaded or moved by entreaty:RELENTLESS               無窮的:用盡::離散的:重疊 ( 事物及反面特點 )

inexorable:dissuasion::indomitable:conquest                       unique:precedent::infinite:end

無法說服的:說服::無法征服的:征服 (                                              獨一無二:前例::無窮的:結束 ( 事物及反面特點 )

形容詞和名詞反面關係 )
inexorable <> relenting                                           infirm                       adj. 弱的 , 虛弱的 , 柔弱的
冷酷的 <> 憐惜的                                                        of poor or deteriorated vitality ; especially:feeble from age not

                                                                  solid or stable:INSECURE

infamy                            n. 聲名狼藉 , 出醜                    hale <> infirm

evil reputation brought about by something grossly criminal ,     強壯的 <> 柔弱的
shocking , or brutal                                              Synonyms:1. IRRESOLUTE , VACILLATING 2. WEAK
infamy <> good repute

Synonyms:DISGRACE                                                 inflame                           v. 使燃燒 , 激怒 ( 某人 )
                                                                  to excite to excessive or uncontrollable action or feeling

infatuate                         vt. 使迷戀 , 使糊塗                   assuage <> inflame

to cause to be foolish:deprive of sound judgment                  緩和 <> 激怒

sabbatical:leave::flattering:infatuation                          subdue <> inflame

節假日的:外出::討人喜歡的:迷戀 ( 因果關係 )                                        減弱 <> 激怒
odium <> infatuation                                              Synonyms IRRITATE , aggravate , burn ( up ) , gall , get , grate ,

憎恨 <> 迷戀                                                          provoke , put out , rile , roil

CF:infatuation ( n. 迷戀 )

                                                                  infelicitous                      adj. 不幸的 , 不吉的 ,
infer                             vt. 推論出 , 推斷                                                      不適當的
GUESS , SURMISE                                                   not appropriate in application or expression

tacit:infer::encoded:decode                                       happy <> infelicitous

沈默:推斷::編碼:解碼                                                      恰當 <> 不適當

Synonyms:INFER , DEDUCE , CONCLUDE , JUDGE ,                      Synonyms awkward , graceless , ill-chosen , inept , unfortunate ,

GATHER                                                            unhappy

區別:DEDUCE ( 推論 Add to infer )

                                                                  influx                       n. 湧入
inferno                    n. 火海 , 地獄般的場所                         a coming in

a place or a state that resembles or suggests hell                exodus <> influx

fire:inferno::storm:hurricane                                     大批外出 <> 湧入

火:火海::暴風:颶風 ( 程度 )

                                                                  infuse                       vt. 灌輸 , 注入 , 沏或泡 (
infinite                   adj. 無窮的                                                            茶、藥等 ) , 浸漬 , 鼓舞
immeasurably or inconceivably great or                            INSPIRE , ANIMATE

extensive:INEXHAUSTIBLE                                           inspire:infuse::obliterate:remove

infinite:exhaust::discrete:overlap                                鼓舞:鼓舞::刪除:除去 ( 同義 )
                                                                  infuse <> drain away / refuse / extract
                                                                170                       Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                      Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
使…充滿 <> 排除 / 拒絕 / 析取                                            純樸的 <> 狡猾

Synonyms:SUFFUSE                                                sly <> ingenuous

                                                                狡猾的 <> 誠實的

infuriate                             vt. 激怒                    Synonyms NATURAL 5 , artless , naive , simple , unaffected ,

To make furious ; enrage                                        unartful , unartificial , unschooled , unsophisticated , unstudied

Infuriate:rage::commend:esteem { scrounge:possession }

激怒:大怒::稱讚:尊敬 ( 同義 )                                             ingrained                          adj. 根深蒂固的
Synonyms ANGER 1 , enrage , incense , ire , mad , madden ,      to work indelibly into the natural texture or mental or moral

steam up , umbrage                                              constitution

                                                                ingrained <> easily to change

ingenious                             adj. 機靈的 , 有獨創性的          根深蒂固 <> 易於改變

                                      , 精製的 , 具有創造才能            Synonyms INHERENT , built-in , congenital , constitutional ,

marked by originality , resourcefulness , and cleverness in     deep-seated , inborn , inbred , indwelling , innate , intrinsic

conception or execution

ingenious <> prosaic { spontaneous }                            ingratiating                       adj. 逢迎的 , 迷人的
有獨創性的 <> 平凡的                                                    capable of winning favor:PLEASING
Synonyms CLEVER 4 , adroit , canny , ||coony , cunning ,        ingratiating:win favor::disingenuous:deceive
dexterous , ||sleighty , slim , sly                             迷人的:得到喜歡::虛僞的:欺騙 ( 因果關係 )
                                                                Synonyms deferential , disarming , ingratiatory , insinuating ,

ingenuous                      adj. 純樸的 , 單純的                   insinuative , saccharine , silken , silky

showing innocent or childlike simplicity and candidness

impeccable:flaw::ingenuous:guile                                inimical                    adj. 爲敵的 , 不友善的
無瑕的:缺點::單純的:欺騙 ( 事物及其反面特徵 )                                     a:having the disposition of an enemy:HOSTILE

ingenuous:dissemble::raffish:preen::polite:snub                 b:reflecting or indicating hostility:UNFRIENDLY

天真的:掩飾::粗俗的:打扮::禮貌:輕視 (                                         inimical <> friendly / amiable / amicable

事物及其反面特徵 )                                                      敵意的 <> 友好的 / 親切的 / 友善的

ingratiating:win favor::disingenuous:deceive                    amenable <> inimical

迷人的:得到喜歡::虛僞的:欺騙 ( 因果關係 )                                       服從的 <> 敵意的

pernicious:injure::disingenuous:mislead                         Synonyms HOSTILE 1 , ill , inimicable , unfriendly

有害的:傷害::虛僞的:欺騙 ( 因果關係 )

ingenue:sophistication::cynic:trustfulness                      inimitable              adj. 無法仿效的 , 不可比擬的
單純的:老練的::悲憤嫉俗的:信任 ( 形容詞的反面關係 )                                  not capable of being imitated:MATCHLESS

discompose:placid::fabricate:ingenuous                          inimitable <> commonplace { nimitable <> ordinary }

使不安:平息的::編造 , 捏造:坦白的 (                                          獨特的 <> 平凡

動詞與形容詞的反面關係 )                                                   Synonyms:MATCHLESS
hypercritical <> ingenuous / honest

吹毛求疵的 <> 坦誠的                                                    iniquity                           n. 邪惡 , 不公正
ingenuous <> cunning                                            gross injustice:WICKEDNESS
                                                                iniquity <> rectitude / disinterestedness
                                                              171                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                   Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                         太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
不公正 <> 公正 / 不偏袒                                                            inoffensive , unoffending , unoffensive

Synonyms EVIL 3 , crime , diablerie , sin , tort , wrong ,

wrongdoing                                                                 innovation                        n. 改革 , 創新
                                                                           the introduction of something new

initial                  adj. 開始的 , 最初的 , 字首的                              contumaciou:authority::reactionary / hidebound /

placed at the beginning:FIRST                                              conservative:change / innovation / novelty

eccentric:conventional::doyen:uninitiated                                  頑固的:權威::反動的 / 死板的 / 保守的:變化 / 創新 / 新奇

外向的:保守的::老資格的:無經驗的 ( 形容詞的反面關係                                              ( 事物及其反面特徵 )
)                                                                          Synonyms CHANGE 2 , mutation , novelty , permutation , sport ,

initial:realized::tangible:indefinite { moribund:dead }                    vicissitude

最初的:實現的::切實的:模糊的 ( 反義 )
initial <> follow                                                          inquiry                           n. 質詢 , 調查
最初的 <> 跟隨                                                                  examination into facts or principles:RESEARCH
initiate <> follow up                                                      confidence:arrogant::inquiry:interrogatory

最初 <> 跟隨                                                                   自信:傲慢::詢問:審詢 ( 程度類比 )
inveterate <> uninitiated { youthful }                                     prying:inquisitive::garish:colorful

熟練的 <> 無經驗的                                                                愛打聽的:好奇的::過分妝飾的:華麗的 ( 褒貶程度類比 )
Synonyms beginning , inceptive , incipient , initiative , initiatory ,     Synonyms delving , inquest , inquisition , investigation , probe ,

introductory , nascent                                                     probing , quest , research



innocent                          n. 天真的人 , 笨蛋                             insatiable                   adj. 不知足的 , 貪求無厭的
free from guilt or sin especially through lack of knowledge of             incapable of being satisfied:QUENCHLESS
evil:BLAMELESS                                                             insatiate:slake::??
culpable <> innocent                                                       不知足的:消除::??
有罪的 <> 單純                                                                  insipid                           adj. 沒有味道的 ,
Synonyms GOOD 11 , blameless , exemplary , guiltless ,                     清淡的 , 難吃的
inculpable , irreproachable , pure , righteous , unblam-able ,             lacking in qualities that interest , stimulate , or challenge:DULL ,
virtuous                                                                   FLAT



innocuous                         adj. ( 行爲 , 言論等 )                        insolent                          adj. 粗野的 , 無禮的
                                  無害的                                      exhibiting boldness or effrontery:IMPUDENT
not likely to give offense or to arouse strong feelings or                 perfunctorily:inspiration::insolently:veneration
hostility:INOFFENSIVE , INSIPID                                            馬虎的:激情::無禮的:尊敬 ( 行爲及其反面特徵 )

placebo:innocuous::salve:unctuous { venom:toxious }                        insolent <> polite / courteous { elegant }

寬心劑:無害的::油膏:油質的 { 毒液:有毒的 } (                                               無禮的 <> 有禮貌的 / 彬彬有禮 { 端莊 }

事物及其正面特徵 )                                                                 Synonyms UNPALATABLE 1 , distasteful , flat , flavorless , ill-

noxious <> wholesome / sanitary / innocuous                                flavored , savorless , tasteless , unappetizing , unsavory

有毒的 <> 有益的 / 衛生的 / 無害的
Synonyms HARMLESS , innocent , innoxious , inobnoxious ,
                                                                         172                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                            太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
insouciant                        adj. 漫不經心的 ,
                                  無憂無慮的                                   institute                          n. 學會 , 學院 vt. 創立 ,
lighthearted unconcern:NONCHALANCE                                                                           開始 , 制定 , 任命
tenacious:yield::insouciant:worry                                         to originate and get established:ORGANIZE

不屈不撓的:屈服::無憂無慮的:擔憂 (                                                      rescind <> institute

人物個性特徵及其反面行爲 )                                                            撤離 <> 創立
Synonyms HAPPY-GO-LUCKY , carefree , free-minded ,                        abrogate <> embrace / institute / uphold

lighthearted , lightsome                                                  廢除 <> 支援 / 建立 / 支援



inspired                     adj. 有創見的 , 有靈感的                             insubordinate                      adj. 不服從的 , 反抗的
outstanding or brilliant in a way or to a degree suggestive of divine     disobedient to authority

inspiration                                                               tractable <> insubordinate / intransigent / incorrigible / obstinate

inspire:infuse::obliterate:remove                                         易於管教 <> 反抗的 / 不妥協 / 頑固的 / 倔強的

鼓舞:鼓舞::刪除:除去                                                              Synonyms contumacious , factious , insurgent , mutinous ,

Synonyms ELATE , commove , excite , exhilarate , set up , spirit (        rebellious , seditious

up ) , stimulate

                                                                          insular                            adj. 島的 , 島民的 ,
instate                           vt. 任命                                                                     保守的 , 孤立的 ,
to set or establish in a rank or office:INSTALL                                                              島特有的
instate <> oust                                                           characteristic of an isolated people ; especially:being , having , or

任命 <> 剝奪                                                                  reflecting a narrow provincial viewpoint
Synonyms INITIATE 3 , inaugurate , induct , install , invest              insular <> cosmopolitan

                                                                          孤立的 <> 世界性的

instigate                         vt. 教唆 , 慫恿 , 煽動                        Synonyms local , ||parish-pump , parochial , provincial , sectarian ,

to goad or urge forward:PROVOKE                                           small-town

quell <> foment / instigate / rouse                                       insulate                           v. 使絕緣 , 使隔離
鎮壓 <> 煽動 / 教唆 / 煽動                                                        to place in a detached situation:ISOLATE ; especially:to
Synonyms INCITE , abet , foment , provoke , raise , set , set on ,        separate from conducting bodies by means of nonconductors so as
stir ( up ) , whip ( up )                                                 to prevent transfer of electricity , heat , or sound
                                                                          insularity <> cosmopolitanism

instigator                        n. 煽動者                                  孤立 <> 世界性政策

to goad or urge forward:PROVOKE                                           insulate <> expose

instigator:incite::bully:browbeat                                         使隔離 <> 暴露

煽動者:刺激::欺淩弱小者:欺淩 ( 人物及其動作 )
Synonyms agitator , fomenter , inciter , mover                            insurgent                          adj. 叛亂的 , 起事的 n.
                                                                                                             叛亂分子
instill                           v. 滴注 , 逐漸灌輸                            a person who revolts against civil authority or an established

to impart gradually                                                       government ; especially:a rebel not recognized as a belligerent
Synonyms IMPLANT , inculcate , infix , inseminate
                                                                        173                        Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
parsimony:miser::rebelliousness:insurgent                                 正確:精確::混淆:難解的 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )

吝嗇:吝嗇鬼::叛亂的:叛亂分子 ( 人物及正面特徵 )                                              Synonyms UNDERSTANDABLE , apprehensible ,

Synonyms ISOLATE , close off , cut off , enisle , island ,                comprehendible , comprehensible , fathomable , graspable ,

segregate , separate , sequester                                          knowable , lucid , luminous



intangible                    adj. 難以明瞭的 , 無形的                            intemperate                       adj. 無節制的 , 放縱的
not tangible:IMPALPABLE                                                   not temperate especially:given to excessive use of intoxicating

impracticable:effected::intangible:known {                                liquors

indestructible:restored }                                                 equable <> intemperate

不可行的:有效的::難以瞭解的:大家都知道的 ( 反義 )                                             平靜的 <> 放縱的
corporeal <> intangible                                                   intemperate <> constrained

有形的 <> 無形的                                                                無節制的 <> 限制
Synonyms IMPERCEPTIBLE , impalpable , imponderable ,                      Synonyms EXCESSIVE 2 , immoderate , inordinate ,

inappreciable , indiscernible , insensible , invisible , unapparent ,     overindulgent , unrestrained , untempered

unappreciable , unobservable

                                                                          intensify                         vi. 強化
integral                           adj. 組成的 , 整的                          to make intense or more intensive:STRENGTHEN

essential to completeness:CONSTITUENT                                     moderate:intensity::extenuate:seriousness
integral <> superfluous                                                   緩和:加強::減輕:嚴肅 ( 動作及其反面特徵 )

完整的 <> 多餘的                                                                abate:intensity::taper:width
Synonyms WHOLE 3 , choate , complete , entire , full , perfect            減輕:強度::逐漸變細:寬
                                                                          alleviate:intensity::abate:tax

integrity                          n. 正直 , 誠實 , 完整                        減輕:強度::降低:稅 ( 動賓關係 )
the quality or state of being complete or                                 abate:intensity::taper:width
undivided:COMPLETENESS                                                    減輕:強度::逐漸變細:寬
ecumenical:generality::entire:integrity                                   abate <> intensify / promote

全面的:概要::全體的:完整 ( 事物及其正面特徵 )                                               減少 <> 增加 / 提升

genuine:authenticity::entire:integrity                                    assuage <> intensify

真實的:真實性::完整:完整 ( 同義關係 )                                                   減緩 <> 加強

taint:integrity::??                                                       attenuate <> intensify

污點:正直::?? ( 反義 )                                                          削弱 <> 加強
Synonyms HONESTY , honestness , honor , honorableness ,

incorruption                                                              inter                             vt. 埋葬 , 葬 , 埋
                                                                          to deposit ( a dead body ) in the earth or in a tomb

intelligible                       adj. 可理解的 ,                            inter:burial::obliterate:removal

                                   易理解的 , 明瞭的                             埋葬:葬禮::擦去:移動 ( 事件及其關聯動作 )
capable of being understood or comprehended

correct:accurate::garble:unintelligible                                   intercede                         vi. 仲裁 , 說情 , 調解 (

                                                                        174                        Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                               Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
                                    n. intercession )             無盡的 / 無數的 / 無數的 / 無法說出的:數量::永恒 /
to intervene between parties with a view to reconciling           無盡的:持續時間 ( 事物的反面特徵 )
differences:MEDIATE                                               innumerable:number::interminable:duration {

intercessor:mediate::augur:prediction { translator:interpret      unsubstantiated:conclusion }
}                                                                 無盡的:數目::無限的:持續時間 ( 形容詞修飾名詞 )

仲裁者:調解::占卜者:預言 { 翻譯:解釋 } (                                        Synonyms break , intermission , interregnum , interval ,

人物及其本征動作 )                                                        parenthesis

Synonyms INTERPOSE 2 , interfere , intermediate , intervene ,

mediate , step in                                                 intermittent                  adj. 斷斷續續的 , 間歇的
                                                                  coming and going at intervals:not continuous

interim                    n. 過渡時期 adj. 暫時的                       intermittent <> constant

an intervening time:INTERVAL                                      間歇的 <> 恒定
interim <> permanent                                              Synonyms alternate , isochronal , isochronous , periodic ,

暫時的 <> 永恒                                                         periodical , recurrent , recurring

Synonyms TEMPORARY , acting , ad interim , pro tem , pro

tempore , supply                                                  interrogate                 vt. 質問 , 訊問 , 審問
                                                                  to question formally and systematically:PROBE

interlock                           adj. 連鎖的                      confidence:arrogant::inquiry:interrogatory
to become locked together or interconnected                       自信:傲慢::調查:質問 ( 程度類比 普通:過度 )
interlocking <> independent                                       question:interrogative::order:imperative

連鎖的 <> 獨立                                                         提問:質問::命令:強制的命令 ( 同上 )

Synonyms:UNITE                                                    Synonyms ASK 1 , catechize , examine , inquire , query , question

                                                                  , quiz

interloper                          n. ( 非法 ) 闖入者
one that interlopes:as                                            intervene                            vi. 插入 , 調停 , 干涉
a:an illegal or unlicensed trader                                 to interfere usually by force or threat of force in another nation's

b:one that intrudes in a place or sphere of activity              internal affairs especially to compel or prevent an action

                                                                  Synonyms INTERPOSE 2 , intercede , interfere , intermediate ,

interlude                           n. 幕間 , 幕間時間 ,                mediate , step in

                                  過場 , 穿插 , 插曲
an intervening or interruptive period , space , or                intimate                             adj. 親密的 , 私人的 ,
event:INTERVAL                                                                                         秘密的 n. 熟友
                                                                  a friend or confidant marked by very close association , contact , or

interminable                        adj. 無盡頭的                     familiarity

having or seeming to have no end ; especially:wearisomely         clique:intimates::flock:sheep
protracted                                                        朋黨集團:密友::一群:羊 ( 整體和個別 )

countless / innumerable / myriad / untold:number::everlasting     obsessed:attracted::intimate:close

/ interminable:duration                                           著迷:吸引::親密:緊密 ( 程度類比 )


                                                                175                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                     Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
engrossed:absorbed::intimate:close                                       易改變的 <> 不妥協的 / 固執的 / 無法修正的 / 固執的

全神貫注的:入神的::親密的:緊密的 ( 程度類比 )                                              pliant <> intransigence / intractable

Synonyms FRIEND , acquaintance , amigo , cater-cousin ,                  柔順的 <> 固執的 / 無法修正的
confidant , familiar , mate                                              Synonyms OBSTINATE , incompliant , intractable , pertinacious ,

                                                                         self-willed , tough , stubborn , willful , unpliable , unyielding

intimate                           vt. 暗示 , 通知 , 告訴
to make known especially publicly or formally:ANNOUNCE                   intrepid                           adj. 無畏的 , 剛毅的
intimate:communicate::allude:refer                                       characterized by resolute fearlessness , fortitude , and endurance

暗示:通信::暗指:提及 ( 行爲及其特殊方式 )                                                genteel:vulgarity::intrepid:fear
Synonyms SUGGEST 1 , connote , hint , imply , insinuate                  優雅的:粗俗::無畏:害怕 ( 動作的反面關係 )

                                                                         intrepid:deter::rapt:distract

intimidate                         vt. 威脅 , 恐嚇 , 脅迫                      無畏:害怕::入神:分心 ( 動作的反面關係 )

to make timid or fearful:FRIGHTEN ; especially:to compel or              timorous <> intrepid

deter by or as if by threats                                             膽怯的 <> 無畏的

sycophant:flattery::extortionist:intimidation                            Synonyms BRAVE 1 , audacious , bold , courageous , dauntless ,

奉承者:奉承::敲詐勒索者:恐嚇 ( 人物及其特徵動作 )                                            fearless , unafraid , undaunted , valiant , valorous

dauntless:intimidate::irrepressible:restrain

大膽的:使害怕::抑制不住的:抑制 (                                                      intricacy                          n. 紛亂 , 複雜 , 錯綜
人物特徵及其反面被動行爲 )                                                           the quality or state of being intricate

bully:intimidate::stupid:gullibility                                     chiaroscuro:contrast::filigree:delicacy:: {

欺淩弱小者:威嚇::笨人:輕信 ( 人物及其特徵行爲 )                                             tapestry:intricacy }

intimidate:trepidation::??                                               用明暗對照法繪的圖畫:對照::織綿:複雜 (

威嚇:顫抖::?? ( 行爲及其結果 )                                                     物品及其特徵關係 )

sabotage:subvertness::bull:intimidation { dupe:duplicity }               【注:tapestry:a heavy handwoven reversible textile used for

陰謀破壞:顛覆::暴力強迫:脅迫 ( 行爲及其目標 )                                              hangings , curtains , and upholstery and characterized by
Synonyms bludgeon , bluster , ||bounce , browbeat , bulldoze ,           complicated pictorial designs. complicated= intricacy
bully , bullyrag , cow , dragoon , hector , ||ruffle , strong-arm ,      filigree:delicacy不對 , chiaroscuro和tapestry都是pictorial work ,
terrorize                                                                二重對應 , filigree是ornamental work。】

                                                                         【注:已經由機考判分數據確認

intransigent                       adj. 不妥協的 , 固執的                       準確答案:chiaroscuro:contrast::filigree:delicacy 】
refusing to compromise or to abandon an extreme position or

attitude:UNCOMPROMISING                                                  intriguing                         adj. 引起極大興趣的
firm:intransigent::concerned:obsessed                                    engaging the interest to a marked degree:FASCINATING

堅定:不妥協::關注:入迷 ( 動作及其特徵 )                                                 interesting:intriguing::bootless:futile

intransigent:acquiesce::deferential:offend                               有趣的:有趣的::無用的:無用的 ( 同義關係 )

不妥協的:默許::恭敬的:冒犯 ( 動作及其反面特徵 )                                             pall <> interest / intrigue

intransigent <> open to compromise                                       厭倦 <> 興趣

固執的 <> 妥協
tractable <> insubordinate / intransigent / incorrigible / obstinate
                                                                       176                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                            Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
intrinsic                          adj. 固有的 , 內在的                       inventory                            n. 詳細目錄 , 存貨清單
belonging to the essential nature or constitution of a thing            an itemized list of current assets:as
Synonyms INHERENT , built-in , congenital , connate ,                       ( 1 ) :a catalog of the property of an individual or estate
constitutional , deep-seated , elemental , essential , indwelling ,         ( 2 ) :a list of goods on hand:STOCK
innate                                                                  census:population::inventory:stock

                                                                        人口普查:人口數::存貨清單:庫存 ( 名詞及其物件 )

inure                              vt. 使習慣                              inventory:merchandise::manifest:cargo
to accustom to accept something undesirable                             存貨清單:存貨::運貨單:貨物 ( 名詞及其物件 )

inured:tolerance::addicted:dependency

使習慣:容忍::迷戀:依賴 ( 程度 )                                                    investigate                          v. 調查
Synonyms ACCUSTOM , familiarize , habituate , use , wont                to make a systematic examination ; especially:to conduct an
                                                                        official inquiry

invective                          n. 痛駡 , 惡意抨擊                         cavil:criticize::probe:investigate
of , relating to , or characterized by insult or abuse                  吹毛求疵的:非難::探索:調查 ( 程度關係 )

exhortation:motivate::invective:discredit                               Synonyms EXPLORE , delve ( into ) , dig ( into ) , go ( into ) ,

勸告:促進::惡意抨擊:輕視 ( 動作及其表現 )                                               inquire ( into ) , look ( into ) , probe , prospect , sift

polemic:disputatious::invective:abusive

論戰的:爭論::謾駡的:謾駡 ( 動作及其特徵 )                                               inveterate                           adj. 根深的 , 成癖的 ,
invective <> flatter                                                                                         積習的
謾駡的 <> 奉承                                                               firmly established by long persistence

Synonyms ABUSIVE , contumelious , opprobrious , scurrile ,              inveterate <> uninitiated { youthful }

scurrilous , truculent , vituperative , vituperatory , vituperous       根深蒂固的 <> 無經驗的 { 年輕的 }
                                                                        inveterate <> one-time { casual }

inveigh                            vi. 痛駡 , 漫駡 , 臭駡                     根深的 , 成癖的 <> 一次 , 偶爾

to protest or complain bitterly or vehemently:RAIL                      【注:此題爭議較大
inveigh <> verbally provide support                                     。這是筆試9910的第一個Verbal的第37題!題目的答案就是cas
漫駡 <> 口頭支援                                                              ual , 選項中無 one-time 。六月機考增加 one-time 選項 ,
Synonyms OBJECT 1 , except , expostulate , kick , protest ,             與casual同時出現 , 並且已經由機考資料確認one-
remonstrate                                                             time爲正確答案】
                                                                        Synonyms bred-in-the-bone , confirmed , deep-dyed , deep-rooted

inveigle                           v. 誘騙 , 誘使                           , deep-seated , dyed-in-the-wool , entrenched , hard-shell ,

to win over by wiles:ENTICE                                             irradicable , settled , sworn

plot:plan::inveigle:interest

密謀:計劃::誘騙:使感興趣 ( 同義詞的褒貶類比 )                                             invidious                 adj. 惹人反感的 , 招人嫉妒的
inveigle <> request directly                                            tending to cause discontent , animosity , or envy

誘騙 <> 直接要求                                                              invidious <> beneficial

Synonyms LURE , allure , bait , decoy , entice , entrap , lead on ,     惹人反感的 <> 有益的
seduce , tempt , toll                                                   Synonyms LIBELOUS , calumnious , defamatory , detracting ,

                                                                        detractive , detractory , maligning , scandalous , slanderous ,
                                                                      177                         Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                              Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                      太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
vilifying                                                           pierce:impenetrable::profane:inviolable

                                                                    刺透:不能穿透的::褻瀆:不可褻瀆的 ( 不容易實現 )

invigorate                       v. 鼓舞 , 激勵                         inviolable <> profane / impure

to give life and energy to:ANIMATE ; also:STIMULATE                 未褻瀆的 , 無污點的 <> 褻瀆 / 不純的

conducive:foment::tonic:invigorate                                  Synonyms SACRED 3 , inviolable , sacrosanct

助長的:煽動::滋補的:使健壯 ( 因果關係 )

tonic:invigorate::analgesic:deaden                                  invoice                    n. 發票 , 裝貨清單
滋補的:使健壯::止痛的:消除 ( 因果關係 )                                            a consignment of merchandise

debilitate <> invigorate { enervate <> invigorate / enfeeble <>     consignment:invoice::??
invigorate }                                                        托運 , 寄售:裝貨清單::?? ( 裝貨清單是托運 ,

使衰弱 <> 使健壯                                                          寄售過程中的記錄 )
demoralize <> invigorate { ameliorate }                             Synonyms BILL 1 , account , reckoning , score , statement , tab

士氣受挫 <> 鼓舞 【此題有爭議】
Synonyms STRENGTHEN 2 , energize , fortify , reinforce              invoke                            vt. 祈求 , 懇求 , 引起 ,
                                                                                                     援引 , 實行
invincible                  adj. 不能征服的 , 無敵的                        to put into effect or operation:IMPLEMENT
Incapable of being overcome or defeated ; unconquerable.            invoke <> suspend

invincible:conquer::negligible:perceive                             實行 <> 暫停

不能征服的:征服::可以忽略的:察覺 (                                                Synonyms BEG , appeal , beseech , crave , entreat , implore ,

事物特徵及其反面被動 )                                                        importune , plead , pray , supplicate

                                                                    區別:revoke ( 撤銷 , 廢除 ) , convoke ( 召集 )



                                                                    invulnerable                      adj. 無法傷害的
                                                                    incapable of being wounded , injured , or harmed

                                                                    euphemism:offend::invulnerable:injure

                                                                    婉轉的話:冒犯::無法傷害的:傷害 ( 反面特徵 )

                                                                    untenable:defense::invulnerable:injury

                                                                    不能防守的:防守::不受傷害的:傷害 ( 反面特徵 )
                                                                    Synonyms INVINCIBLE 1 , impregnable , inconquerable ,

                                                                    indomitable , inexpugnable , unassailable , unbeatable ,

                                                                    unconquerable , undefeatable



                                                                    irascible                         adj. 易發怒的 ( ire )
List 15 ( inviolate ~ linoleum ) :                                  marked by hot temper and easily provoked anger

                                                                    irascible:placate::insensate:conscious

inviolate                        adj. 未褻瀆的 ,                        易怒的:安撫::沒感覺:有意識的 ( 反義 )

                                 未受侵犯的 , 無污點的                       【注:詞性不符】
not violated or profaned ; especially:PURE                          affable <> irascible


                                                                  178                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                       Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                       太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
和藹的 <> 易怒的                                                              irreducible                        adj. 不能複歸的 ,
Synonyms choleric , cranky , cross , hot-tempered , ireful ,                                               不能削減的 , 不可約的
passionate , peppery , quick-tempered , ratty , ||stomachy ,            impossible to transform into or restore to a desired or simpler

temperish , testy , tetchy , touchy ; compare CANTANKEROUS ,            condition
IRRITABLE                                                               factorable <> irreducible

區別:erasable ( 可擦去的 )                                                    可約的 <> 不可約的 ( 數學概念 )



irate                              adj. 發怒的 , 生氣                        irrelevant                         adj. 不恰當的 ,
arising from anger                                                                                         無關係的 , 不相干的
gush:effusive::rage:irate                                               not relevant:INAPPLICABLE

噴湧:流出的::暴怒:憤怒的 ( 形容詞與動詞的正面關係 )                                          immaterial:relevance::peripheral:center
Synonyms ANGRY , choleric , ireful , mad , waxy , wrathful ,            無關緊要的:相關::邊緣的:中心 (
wrathy , wroth , wrothful , wrothy                                      形容詞和名詞的反面關係 )

區別:pirate掠奪 ( 剽竊 )                                                      immaterial:relevance::circuitous:directness

                                                                        無關緊要的:相關::迂回的:直接 (

iridescence                 n. 彩虹色                                      形容詞和名詞的反面關係 )
a lustrous rainbowlike play of color caused by differential             germane <> irrelevant

refraction of light waves ( as from an oil slick , soap bubble , or     有密切關係的 <> 無關係的
fish scales ) that tends to change as the angle of view changes         immaterial <> relevant

iridescent <> monochromatic                                             無關緊要的 <> 相關的

彩色 <> 單色                                                                apropos <> irrelevant { straight , uniform , symmetrical }

                                                                        恰好的 <> 不相關的 { 直的 , 統一的 , 對稱的 }

irk                                v. 使苦惱 , 厭煩                          Synonyms extraneous , foreign , immaterial , impertinent ,

to make weary , irritated , or bored                                    inapplicable , inapposite , irrelative

irk <> make someone pleased

使不愉快 <> 使愉快                                                             irresolute                         adj. 無決斷的 ,
Synonyms ANNOY 1 , abrade , bother , ||bug , exercise , fret , gall                                        優柔寡斷的 , 躊躇不定的
, provoke , ruffle , vex                                                uncertain how to act or proceed:VACILLATING

區別:shirk ( 逃避 )                                                         Synonyms VACILLATING 2 , faltering , halting , hesitant ,

                                                                        shilly-shallying , tentative , uncertain , vacillatory , wiggle-waggle ,

ironclad                    adj. 堅固的 , 裝鐵甲的                             wobbly

so firm or secure as to be unbreakable:as a:BINDING

jammed:full::ironclad:firm

擁擠:滿的::裝甲的:堅固 ( 兩個形容詞的正面關係 )                                            irreverent                         adj. 不敬的 , 不遜的 ,
Synonyms INFLEXIBLE 3 , constant , fixed , immovable ,                                                     無禮的
immutable , inalterable , invariable , unalterable , unchangeable ,     lacking proper respect or seriousness ; also:SATIRIC
unmodifiable                                                            awe <> irreverence

                                                                        敬畏 <> 不尊敬
                                                                        Synonyms IMPIOUS 1 , irreverential , profane , ungodly ,
                                                                      179                      Modified By: Alan Chen , 2001 / 9 / 1
                                                                                                           Meredith Sun , 2001 / 9 / 1
                        太傻單詞 ( 繁體版 )
unhallowed , unholy                                                           jabber <> speak slowly

區別:irrelevant ( 不相關 )                                                         快而不清楚地說 <> 慢慢地說
                                                                              Synonyms GIBBER , babble , chatter , gabble

irritate                     n. 刺激 , 煩惱 , 刺激物                                 區別:rabble ( 烏合之衆 ) , pebble ( 鵝卵石 ) , gobble ( 狼吞虎咽

to provoke impatience , anger , or displeasure in:ANNOY                       ) , dabbler ( 業餘者 ) , scribble ( 塗鴉 ) , rubber ( 橡膠 ) , quibble (

antidote:poisoning::balm:irritation                                           小反對 ) , babble ( 胡言亂語 ) , squabble ( 爭論 ) , nibble (

解毒:毒::溫和物質:刺激物 ( 名詞反面關係 )                                                     小口咬 )
haunt:familiar / similarity::harass:irritating

常去的地方:熟悉::煩擾:煩人的 ( 正面關係 )                                                     jaded                         adj. 疲憊的 , 厭倦的
balm <> irritant                                                              fatigued by overwork:EXHAUSTED

溫和的 <> 刺激的                                                                    overexposure:jaded::vaccination:immune
Synonyms aggravate , burn ( up ) , exasperate , gall , get , grate ,          曝光過度:厭倦::疫苗接種:免疫 ( 動作因果關係 )
huff , inflame , nettle , peeve , pique , provoke , put out , rile , roil     jaded <> keen

區別:irrigate ( 灌溉 )                                                            厭倦的 <> 熱心的
                                                                              Synonyms TIRED 1 , clapped-out , fatigued , wearied , weary ,

issue                        n. 問題 , 發行                                       worn , worn-down , worn-out

a matter that is in dispute between two or more parties

debate:issue::bargain:price                                                   jam                           adj. 擁塞
爭論:議題::討價還