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The Irish Volunteer
Official Newsletter of the 116th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, Co. B

VoL. X. – No. 1]



Entered according to Act of Congress, in the Year 1863, by Sullivan et-al in the Clerk‘s Office for the Far Western District of Pennsylvania

September 2002 Joe and Holly Sullivan Editors 

Capt. Steve Stowell

Fresno, California Kearney Park Battle Reenactment and Living History
scheduled for September 28-29 in Fresno California. (This is a correction from the October dates that were printed in the last newsletter. Thank you Theresa! ) Our sister group the 116th P.V.I. Company C, is expecting us to join them again this year in what has become the largest reenactment west of the Mississippi river. If you are interested in attending, Beth Miller is the contact person for our group. Please get hold of Beth if you have any questions. Beth is also the focal point for our group if you want to purchase rations for that weekend. For those that would like to let someone else do the driving, Mike Heggen ( is heading up the Green Tortoise bus group again this year. If we can get 20 people to sign up for the bus, the cost will be $150 per person, round trip. Don‘t delay!. All visiting reenactors must fill out a temporary membership form to attend. The form may be found at If you can‘t download the form you may also request a form from the coordinator. Check the shaded box marked "visitor " in PART I and follow the directions. The visiting fee is free if postmarked prior to Sept 20, 2002. otherwise there is a $10.00 walk-on fee that applies. All applications are to be sent to: Norm Roger, 1536 Harbor Blvd. Belmont, CA 94002

Yes, it is election time again. This year we need to fill the following eight positions: Chairman – currently Kevin Burton Secretary Treasurer – currently John Baker Quartermaster – currently Mark Stevens Civilian Advocate – currently Andi Redinger Board member – currently Joe Sullivan Board member - currently Harry Berkeimher Board member - currently Kevin Walzyck Board member - currently Beth Miller Anyone interested should sent a letter of intent to John Baker or Kevin Burton NO LATER THAN September 15, 2002.

Civilian Advocate, Andi Redinger

Official Web Site of 116 PVI




Meeting . Scheduled for Wednesday , September 18 at 7 P.M. Location for the meeting is John Baker‘s Real Estate office at 2339 State Street, Salem Fort Stevens Battle Reenactment and Living History Labor Day Weekend August 31st, September 1st & 2nd 2002 FORT HOSKINS LIVING HISTORY , DEDICATION, AND CAMPOUT September 14. Lets not let the Indians outnumber the Infantry. Be there! Fresno, CA. Reenactment and Living History. Kearney Park, CA. September 2829, 2002


140th Gettysburg July 4-6th 2003
We are trying to find out how much interest there is in the 116th attending the 140th Gettysburg reenactment next year. If you have any interest in attending, or would be interested in helping to coordinate, please get hold of Steve Stowell.


Trivia question

There are many antebellum homes in the South. What does this word mean? Look for the answer at the end of the “Deadline for Submissions” section.


Though I did not attend the Rooster Rock event, I did receive a brief report from a few different people who did. Overall the event went pretty well, I understand that the battlefield was quite narrow and made it difficult to deploy very many forces at any one time, which added a challenge to the battalion commanders to work up a strategy for their deployment. Which I understand worked out quite well and lead to some enjoyable battle scenarios for both the soldiers and the audience. There was no word of any problems with fire danger which some thought there might be. There also did not appear to be any problems in regard to some of the other concerns some people had for this event. I was told however that because the fact the park is right along the highway ,that the noise level from the passing traffic was quite distractive from ambiance of the Civil War encampment. I hope you all plan on attending the Fort Hoskins event on September 14th. This will be great opportunity to form up as the Fourth California and show the spectators a part of Oregon history which many don't realize existed. There will be plenty of opportunity to do rifle demonstrations, loading drill, bayonet drill and marching and formation drill . There also will be plenty of time for demonstrations by soldiers on things like soldiers rations and what they ate, soldiers pastime activity, and for those of you that have done research on Fort Hoskins and the soldiers who were garrisoned there; you may also have an opportunity to speak to the public on things of interest that you have learned. I hope everyone can at least show up and be around for a portion of time during the day of the 14th. I would sure hate to be out numbered by the Indian tribes and strongly encourage all who could possibly make it to this historical event Company Commander 116th PVI Capt. Steven Lee Stowell

SCHOOL OF THE SOLDIER Q: How do you know when to die? A: We go to Dying School.
Actually, the proper name is School of the Dead, but usually we just call it Dying School. This school is held at most major events, but slots fill up quickly. This is one of the reasons most Civil War reenactors preregister for events up to a year ahead of time. Most never commit the faux pas of registering at the last minute, or just showing up on the first morning of the event. At Dying School, students are taught how to die according to the various projectiles. There are separate courses on Rifle Balls, Solid Shot, Shell, Canister, Grape-shot, and others. Until a reenactor has a Basic Certificate from Dying School he is not allowed to die in a reenactment. If someone without a Certificate dies, and is caught, they are punished by being immediately transferred to a cavalry unit or to Brigade Staff, as no one is ever allowed to die in those units. Once a reenactor has learned to die alone, he then moves on to the final course required for the Basic Certificate from the School of the Dead. This is the ever popular Die In A Bunch Course. Some hardcore reenactors take additional courses at Dying School and receive an Advanced Certificate from Dying School. These courses cover dying from Diarrhea, Sexual Diseases, Heat Stroke, and that famous cause of so many Southern deaths - a High Cholesterol Heart Attack. Graduates of the first two advanced courses have the right to wear stains on the front or back of their trousers. They wear these stains as a badge of honor. The advanced course on High Cholesterol Heart Attacks is becoming more popular as it permits reenactors to die in garrison or in camp anytime they wish to without having to wait for a shot to be fired. There is even an advanced course for officers. This is the I Just Tripped Over My Sword Again So I Might As Well Lie Here And Let People Think I Did It On Purpose Course. [Reprinted with permission] Written by reenactor : Thomas R. Fasulo, US Infantry, Florida Please visit the Battle of Olustee URL at -

Exec. Meeting Thursday Aug. 22, 2002 7pm at Ned Baker Real Estate Office 2339 State St Salem, Or Checkbook balance $2,152.21 Board approved Steve Stowell as Captain through 2003 Capt. Stowell announced the following field promotions: 2nd Lt. John Baker 2nd Sgt. Mark Stevens Corp. John Geffel, Corp. David Baty Lance Corp. Mary Miller Ft Stevens event Saturday night presentation and parade in public campground Bring water to event with you. Water buffaloes are on the fire lines so it will save some walking to water spigots if you bring some water for your own use. Ft Hoskins Sept. 14 dedication 10am-2pm. We are permitted to arrive Friday pm and stay to Sunday. Our company will raise the flag at the parade grounds as part of the formal ceremony. Elections for board of directors positions are coming up. Please let myself or the board chair know if you wish to submit your name for he ballot. Christmas party will be Sat. Dec 7 or 14. Will be set at next meeting. Next meeting Wed. September 18, 2002 7pm at same location as above. Thank-you, John Baker



Grape seeds, ground or crushed Brew as for regular coffee The seeds of grapes are very generally used in Germany as a substitute for coffee, and they make an excellent substitute. When pressed, they yield a quantity of oil, and afterwards, when boiled, furnish a liquid very similar to that of coffee. Its flavor is delicious. From Southern Field & Fireside, Augusta GA, Aug. 8, 1863. Reprinted in The Confederate Housewife by John Hammond Moore.

We are looking for photographs of our 116th group in action, to be used on our web site. If you have any that you would like to share, please get hold of Joe Sullivan at 541-929-6450


Our progress in degeneracy appears to me to be pretty rapid. As a nation we began by declaring that "all men are created equal." We now practically read it "all men are created equal, except negroes." Soon it will read "all men are created equal, except negroes, and foreigners, and Catholics." When it comes to this, I should prefer emigrating to some country where they make no pretense of loving liberty-to Russia, for instance, where despotism can be taken pure, and without the base alloy of hypocracy. Abraham Lincoln, August 24th, 1855


― Unless the errors of the past are promptly retrieved, the future holds no promise.‖--—From a Richmond Paper. Retreeve the errors ov the past? Yure brother's blood is kallin, From East and West, from Nawth aud Saouth, whare yu hey laid ‗em low. Kin yu stop the blood from loyal hearts this verry minnit fallin— Kin yu bring egin tu life the gallant boys we used tu know? Go tu the grave whare Baker lies—whare Lyon is a-sleepin, Go kall up the heroick three whu fell in Baltimore! Give back tu ev‘ry home hereeved the dear wuns in Death‘s keepin, And wash the stain ov traeson from orf Freedom‘s holy shore! Oh! yu needn‘t say yu went tu war without no friendly warnin, We al‘lays told yu, from the fust, jest haow the thing wood be— Thet yu‘d find yure ―cap ov freedum‖ was a fool‘s cap sum fine mornin, And yu a preshus larfin-stock fur awl the wurld tu see! So yu reely hev begun tu think yu was a bit mistaken Tu open fire on Sumter‘s walls, and tawk ov revolushun? Yu‘d ruther not hev bin the fokes aour Nawrthmen tu awaken, An‘ yu wish yu‘d stood up manfully fur the old Konstitushun? Wa‘al, I‘m glad yu Suthern rebbels are a kummin tu yure Senses; I‘m glad tu heer yu tawk abaout ―the errors ov the past‖— It‘s time yu hed begun tu overhawl yure vain pretenses, And put away yure darlin sins : — I hope the change'll last! CHARITY GRIMES.

Regimental History PENNSYLVANIA 116TH INFANTRY (Three Years)
One Hundred and Sixteenth Infantry.-Cols., Dennis Heenan, St. C. A. Mulholland, David W. Megraw; Lieut.-Cols., St. Clair A. Mulholland, Richard C. Dale, David W. Megraw, Robert J. Alston; Majs., George H. Bardwell, St. Clair A. Mulholland, John Teed, David W. Megraw, Robert J. Alston, Robert J. Taggart. The 116th, recruited in Philadelphia, was there mustered into the U.S. service in July and Aug., 1862, for a three years' term. On Aug. 31, though not complete in numbers, it was ordered to Washington on account of the necessity for troops to reinforce Gen. Banks in the Shenandoah, Valley. It reported to Gen. Couch at Rockville, Md., but was immediately returned to Washington, where it was assigned to the camp of Gen. Sigel at Fairfax Court House. Here it remained until Oct. 6, when it moved to Harper's Ferry and became a part of the Irish brigade, under Gen. Meagher, the 2nd brigade, 1st division, 2nd corps. It went into camp at Charlestown, was engaged at Snicker's gap in November, then moved to Warrenton and Falmouth where winter quarters were built. It shared in the brilliant but unfortunate charge of the Irish brigade at Fredericksburg, losing in killed and wounded, 43 per cent. of the members engaged. Owing to the sad reduction in its effective strength the 116th was consolidated into a battalion of four companies in Jan., 1863, remaining in the camp at Falmouth until the opening of the Chancellorsville movement, in which it was active, and returning afterward to its old camp. Its work at Chancellorsville received special complimentary mention by Gen. Hancock. The battalion lost heavily at Gettysburg, where it was active on July 2 and 3, and joined in the southward movement which followed, being engaged at Auburn, Blackburn ford, and in the Mine Run movement. Winter quarters were established at Stevensburg and during the winter the regimentwas reorganized, three companies from Philadelphia and three from Pittsburg, being added to the reenlisted men of the battalion, which filled the ranks to the required strength. The Irish brigade was closely engaged at the Wilderness, Todd's Tavern, the Po river, Spottsylvania and Cold Harbor, its ranks being again greatly reduced in numbers by the almost daily encounters with the enemy. The 116th arrived in front of Petersburg on June 15, charged the works the next day and joined in the action at Reams' station a few days later. Upon the reorganization of the 2nd corps it was attached to the 4th brigade, 1st division, with which it shared in the engagements at Deep Bottom and the raid on the Weldon railroad in July, the Hatcher's run movement m December, and the skirmish at Dabney's mill in Feb., 1865. At the close of the siege the

regiment participated in the battle at Five Forks, and after Lee's surrender returned to Alexandria, where Cos. A, B, C and D were mustered out on June 3, and the remainder of the regiment at Washington on July 14. Source: The Union Army, vol. 1


69. cal rifled musket, with bayonet , scabbard, and sling $500.00 cartridge box, with sling and brass $50.00 US enlisted frock coat, with shoulder scales $175.00 Enlisted trousers with nco stripe $70.00 Contact : Rich Van Horn 503-864-2506 ** I have two drums that I am selling. The first is of an unknown maker, it has skin heads, a gut snare and a is partially painted but waiting for the specific unit design. I am asking $250 for that one and it comes with drumsticks. The second is a George Carrol drum, wood finish with the red rims, this is the one I have used at events, I am including drumsticks, a soft case, and a cotton carrying sling. I am asking $350 for the Carrol drum. Contact:: Laura Chambers via e-mail,, or phone, (503)667-0571


This is your newsletter and all are encouraged to submit articles to it. All Announcements, Advertisements, Letters to the Editor, and articles must be received by the 19th of July to make the next newsletter. Make submissions to: Editor 24465 Gellatly Way Philomath, Oregon, 97370 Or email:

There are many antebellum homes in the South. What does this word mean? It is Latin, meaning "before the war," and the term used in the United States, means specifically, "before the Civil War."

The Irish Volunteer Joe and Holly Sullivan, Editors 24465 Gellatly Way Philomath, OR, 97370