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The TYNE AND WEAR METRO renovation in August 2013

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					    THE TYNE & WEAR METRO
RENOVATION IN AUGUST 2013:
               Alternative options
 of renovation works organization
             and some prospects
      of the Passenger Transport
            network development

         RESEARCH PAPER by Gleb K.Samoilov




           London, 2013
                     THE TYNE & WEAR METRO RENOVATION IN AUGUST 2013:
                           Alternative options of renovation works organization
                   and some prospects of the Passenger Transport network development
                                RESEARCH PAPER by Gleb K.Samoilov




THE SUMMARY

      The Metro is the most important part of the Tyne and Wear Conurbation’s
Passenger transport. But the undeveloped network of lines creates a huge
inconvenience to passengers during scheduled repairs. Closing sections of
Metro lines leads to the necessityof additional special bus routes. This leads to a
sharp increase in street transport traffic and increases harmful emissions into the
atmosphere.
      One of the illustration of these problems is to the Renovation, which was
conducted in August 2013. The organization of renovation works and some
technical problems after repairs made have led to a deterioration of the Metro
operator image.
      There were possible alternative options for renovation works, which could
eliminate part of problems. Again the attention of the actual problem of the Tyne
and Wear Passenger Transport network development was attracted.




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                    THE TYNE & WEAR METRO RENOVATION IN AUGUST 2013:
                          Alternative options of renovation works organization
                  and some prospects of the Passenger Transport network development
                               RESEARCH PAPER by Gleb K.Samoilov




CONTENTS

THE MAIN PART

1. Some aspects of the Metro repair works in August 2013 ..……….……………….                 4

2. Other options of the Metro repair works organization ..……….……………..…….               6

3. Prospects of the Passenger Transport network development …………………….                 12

THE LIST OF REFERENCES …………………………………………………………...                                      22

THE LIST OF FIGURES …………………………………………………………………                                         25

THE LIST OF AUTHOR’S PUBLICATIONS
ON THE TOPIC OF THIS PROBLEM ..………………………………………………..                                   26

BRIEFLY ABOUT THE AUTHOR ……………………………………………………….                                       28




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                       THE TYNE & WEAR METRO RENOVATION IN AUGUST 2013:
                             Alternative options of renovation works organization
                     and some prospects of the Passenger Transport network development
                                  RESEARCH PAPER by Gleb K.Samoilov




                                               The Author expresses his gratitude
                        to participants of the Discussionon by the on-line Forum
                                        SkyscraperCity / Tyne and Wear Metro



THE MAIN PART


1. Some aspects of the Metro repair works in August 2013

       In the Tyne and Wear Metro network railway lines were overhauled. From August
4 to August 30, 2013 is not working part connecting 14 stations: “Haymarket”,
“Jesmond”, “West Jesmond”, “Ilford Road”, “South Gosforth”, “Regent Centre”,
“Wansbeck Road”, “Fawdon”, “Kingston Park”, “Bank Foot”, “Callerton Parkway”,
“Airport” and “Longbenton”, “Four Lane Ends”. Location of closed lines is shown in the
Figure 1 [1, 2]. Passenger flows reallocated to bus routes.
       Before the Start of Repair works and in the Process of carrying out residents had
operational information [3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9]: “This phase will see six kilometres of Metro
track between Jesmond and Gosforth replaced, and work on stations and cables. A
moving production line will see up to 500 contractors and engineers work moving
16,000 tonnes of soil, laying down 12,000 tonnes of ballast, 560 tonnes of new rails and
7,000 new sleepers, working 24 hours a day” [6]; “It ensures the new track can carry
Metro services for another 50 years. It has been the biggest modernisation project on
the Metro system since it was built in the late 1970s. The completion of the project
means that there will not need to be another line closure on such a scale until 2015.
During this time stations were improved, tracks ripped up and cables replaced as part of
the latest phase of the £385mMetro: All Change modernisation programme” [9].
       On the first day after the Renovation had some technical problems [10].
Problems were quickly resolved. In another situation, it could be perceived as a minor
inconvenience for passengers. But now after 27 days of waiting and promises smooth
operation followed a surge of discontent by throughout the Public transport system and
particularly the Metro. This widespread discontent led to the Petition which addressed to
the Government [11]. The number of signatures continues to increase (by the end of
November 2013 the number of signatures exceeded 800 units). Causing enormous
damage to the reputation of companies and institutions which responsible for the
organization of the Passenger Transport in Tyne and Wear conurbation. This greatly
complicated further works. This is especially pronounced in situations when need to
increase the fare arise [12].
       Significant and direct economic damage caused to passengers. The average
value of daily traffic flow in Metro – about 107,000 passengers [13]; on closed section -
approximately 31,000 passenger journeys a day [3]. The mean lengthening of the trip
due to repairs on the Metro network - 1 hour. The average hourly wage in the region or
the value of leisure time about 10 pounds. Free time is the same price as the working
time. Therefore, children and senior citizens are also losing by 10 pounds per hour,
spending the time on way. The approximate economical damage to the Metro users for
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                         THE TYNE & WEAR METRO RENOVATION IN AUGUST 2013:
                               Alternative options of renovation works organization
                       and some prospects of the Passenger Transport network development
                                    RESEARCH PAPER by Gleb K.Samoilov




THE LOCATION OF CLOSED TYNE AND WEAR METRO LINES
(from AUGUST 4 to AUGUST 30, 2013)




Figure 1.
The Location of closed Tyne and Wear Metro lines (from August 4 to August 30, 2013).

Images source: Drawing by Gleb K.Samoilov (August, 2013).




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                       THE TYNE & WEAR METRO RENOVATION IN AUGUST 2013:
                             Alternative options of renovation works organization
                     and some prospects of the Passenger Transport network development
                                  RESEARCH PAPER by Gleb K.Samoilov


27 days of renovation works is 8.5 million pounds. At an average price of travel to 3,0
pounds – the Metro system has received less more than 2.5 million pounds.
        Organization of emergency bus routes require significant expenditures. Lack of
ability to fully use the Depot (due partially or fully closed tracks) greatly complicated the
service of trains.
        In such circumstances, it is advisable to change the tactic of repairs.


2. Other options of the Metro repair works organization

       The sequence of these repair works may be different. At the time of the repair
Base storage of materials and equipment was located at the site of the Fawdon station.
For Storage of waste is used railway deadlock at the Jesmond station. This leads to
overlap of the passenger traffic and eliminates the possibility of carrying out operations
in multiple stages with partial preservation of the passenger traffic. If used for storage of
materials and equipment was available in the Depot site, we had the opportunity to
carry out repair works in several stages with partial passenger traffic. Location of
material and equipment Main storage is shown in the Figure 2.
       Next option. The number of overlapping areas may be lower. The First stage -
Airport - Four Lane Ends. Possibility to carry out repairs to single-track version without
stopping traffic. The Second stage - West Jesmond - Haymarket. Closed traffic during
the repair. Organization of the movement through the Depot. The new tunnel on the
section Central Station - Manors. There is a complex area with a narrowed passage in
the deep excavation. This is "West Jesmond"- “Jesmond” - "Haymarket". It is
particularly uncomfortable to work in the front of the tunnel. However, this does not
excuse the overlap line "Airport" - "Four Lane Ends". This plot is rotated to the "South
Gosforth" can be repaired the same as mainline network (Stage 1). Turning radii of 360
m and 450 m are also can be found on mainlines. After the repair, in this section we
completely block the movement from “West Jesmond” to Haymarket (Stage 2). Trains
can go to “Ilford Road”. At this station, machinists go to the opposite end of the train and
keep going. Lateral motion takes less than 10 minutes. We can simplify the scheme by
organizing the movement through the Depot. At the same time, or even before it it’s
better to make a complex tunnel to connect the “Central Station” and “Manors”. The
sequence of repair works (the Two stages option) is shown in the Figure 3.
       To minimize inconvenience to passengers was possible option for repair in other
three stages:
       The First stage. Repairing the section to 5, 2 mi - South Gosforth, Regent Centre,
Wansbeck Road, Fawdon, Kingston Park, Bank Foot, Callerton Parkway, Airport.
Formed the beginning of the branch for the organization of movement through the
Depot. Traffic on the site - Haymarket, Jesmond, West Jesmond, Ilford Road, South
Gosforth, Longbenton, Four Lane Ends - performed as usual.
       The Second stage. Restored normal traffic on the section - Haymarket, Jesmond,
West Jesmond, Ilford Road, South Gosforth, Regent Centre, Wansbeck Road, Fawdon,
Kingston Park, Bank Foot, Callerton Parkway, Airport. Repairing of the section to 1.4 mi
- South Gosforth, Longbenton, Four Lane Ends. The completion of the branch to move
through the Depot – 0,72 mi.
       The Third stage. Traffic organization on sections - Four Lane Ends, Longbenton -
(through the Depot) - Regent Centre, Wansbeck Road, Fawdon, Kingston Park, Bank
Foot, Callerton Parkway, Airport. Repairing of the section to 2,4 mi (0,53 mi tunnel) -
Haymarket, Jesmond, West Jesmond, Ilford Road, South Gosforth.
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                         THE TYNE & WEAR METRO RENOVATION IN AUGUST 2013:
                               Alternative options of renovation works organization
                       and some prospects of the Passenger Transport network development
                                    RESEARCH PAPER by Gleb K.Samoilov




THE LOCATION OF MATERIAL AND EQUIPMENT MAIN STORAGE
FOR THE TYNE AND WEAR METRO REPAIRS
(from August 4 to August 30, 2013)




Figure 2.
The Location of material and equipment Main storage for the Tyne and Wear Metro
Repairs (from August 4 to August 30, 2013).

Images source: Drawing by Gleb K.Samoilov (August, 2013).


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                         THE TYNE & WEAR METRO RENOVATION IN AUGUST 2013:
                               Alternative options of renovation works organization
                       and some prospects of the Passenger Transport network development
                                    RESEARCH PAPER by Gleb K.Samoilov




THE SEQUENCE OF THE TYNE AND WEAR METRO REPAIR WORKS:
THE TWO STAGES OPTION
(from August 4 to August 30, 2013)




Figure 3.
The sequence of the Tyne and Wear Metro repair works: the Two stages option (from
August 4 to August 30, 2013).

Images source: Drawing by Gleb K.Samoilov (August, 2013).


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                         THE TYNE & WEAR METRO RENOVATION IN AUGUST 2013:
                               Alternative options of renovation works organization
                       and some prospects of the Passenger Transport network development
                                    RESEARCH PAPER by Gleb K.Samoilov




THE ALTERNATIVE STAGING OF THE TYNE AND WEAR METRO
REPAIR WORKS: THE THREE STAGES OPTION
(from August 4 to August 30, 2013) – THE FIRST STAGE




Figure 4.
The alternative staging of the Tyne and Wear Metro repair works: the Three stages
option (from August 4 to August 30, 2013) – the First stage.

Images source: Drawing by Gleb K.Samoilov (August, 2013).


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                         THE TYNE & WEAR METRO RENOVATION IN AUGUST 2013:
                               Alternative options of renovation works organization
                       and some prospects of the Passenger Transport network development
                                    RESEARCH PAPER by Gleb K.Samoilov




THE ALTERNATIVE STAGING OF THE TYNE AND WEAR METRO
REPAIR WORKS: THE THREE STAGES OPTION
(from August 4 to August 30, 2013) – THE SECOND STAGE




Figure 5.
The alternative staging of the Tyne and Wear Metro repair works: the Three stages
option (from August 4 to August 30, 2013) – the Second stage.

Images source: Drawing by Gleb K.Samoilov (August, 2013).


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                         THE TYNE & WEAR METRO RENOVATION IN AUGUST 2013:
                               Alternative options of renovation works organization
                       and some prospects of the Passenger Transport network development
                                    RESEARCH PAPER by Gleb K.Samoilov




THE ALTERNATIVE STAGING OF THE TYNE AND WEAR METRO
REPAIR WORKS: THE THREE STAGES OPTION
(from August 4 to August 30, 2013) – THE THIRD STAGE




Figure 6.
The alternative staging of the Tyne and Wear Metro repair works: the Three stages
option (from August 4 to August 30, 2013) – the Third stage.

Images source: Drawing by Gleb K.Samoilov (August, 2013).


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                       THE TYNE & WEAR METRO RENOVATION IN AUGUST 2013:
                             Alternative options of renovation works organization
                     and some prospects of the Passenger Transport network development
                                  RESEARCH PAPER by Gleb K.Samoilov


The alternative staging of works is shown in figures 4, 5, 6.
        It could be the way first to carry out repairs while trains will be running in single-
track mode from the Airport to the fork at the Depot. Then organize a movement through
the Depot. And at that time it is possible to carry out repairs safely in the central part. Of
course it will be necessary to reorganize the timetable to make "windows"(time gaps
when no trains are running), long enough to carry out certain works, in it, but at least
whole line would not be closed for all the time.
        On two-line track it is normal practice in many places in the world to carry out all
repairs in gaps in timetable. Even bridges (in case if each track is running on separate
bridge next to each other) can be changed or repaired piece by piece in those timetable
gaps over quite short period of time. But it requires a lot of work on planning phase of
the project and very good time management of the site (everybody should know what
he is doing at each particular minute and when he has to finish the work). Before
allowing trains on the track all systems need to be commissioned. And it still can be
done piece by piece in short periods of time.
        An important aspect of the problem - it is not using of modern Railway repair
complexes. For example, on magistral railways to change all ballast layer, sllepers and
rails (in case of full mechanisation) you need around 3 hours 15 minutes - 3 hours 30
minutes per kilometer of the track (which includes closing time, switching OHL and
reopening the line). “Track train cuts disruption during rail repairs” – that's similar thing
in UK [14]. And here is harder task - changing the bridge with quite short closure of the
line [15]. Why it's not suitable for the Tyne and Wear Metro? There is a difference only
in density of systems. But still major part of the system is done nearly exactly same way
as mainlines. Nobody challenges the fact that it's harder to work in densily built-up area
than in the middle of the field, but still can be done.
        Must reconnect ways mainline railways and Metro lines in the North Tyneside.
Most appropriate sites at stations “Northumberlan Park” and “Four line Ends”. Delivery
of metro cars using road transport - a very difficult and costly [16, 17, 18]. Similarly,
delivery of materials for repair pathways (new materials – the site at the Fawdon
Station; waste – deadlock at the Jesmond Station).


3. Prospects of the Passenger Transport network development

        The significant problem of the Tyne and Wear Public transport is the growth of
passenger traffic. However, the potential for increasing of Bus routes have been
exhausted [19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 29, 29, 30]. Although there are a number
of proposals: an interesting option is “Bus Rapid Transit BRT for Tyneside - Newcastle
Gateshead (Local Transport Plan)” [31].
        The Metro system has significant development potential. But now Metro daily
ridership of about 107,000 passengers [13]. When the number of economically active
population in Tyne and Wear Conurbations is 1 million people - that's 5% of the total
passenger traffic. The Tyne and Wear Metro system in such passenger traffic is
subsidized. For cost-effective operation of the Tyne and Wear Metro system as an
important part of the passenger transport Tyne and Wear conurbation need to Increase
ridership to 500-700 million passengers per day. This can be achieved only through the
development of the network, construction of new lines and new stations.
        The Status Quo with ground arrangement of lines of high-speed urban transport
is unacceptable for the further development of the Tyne and Wear metropolitan area. At
the initial stage, 30 years ago this was the best way out of this at the end of the 1970s
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                       THE TYNE & WEAR METRO RENOVATION IN AUGUST 2013:
                             Alternative options of renovation works organization
                     and some prospects of the Passenger Transport network development
                                  RESEARCH PAPER by Gleb K.Samoilov


with the situation with public transportation. Now we have to translate all the sites in the
tunnels. Of course this must be done in stages. The city is losing valuable space that is
occupied the Metro railway tracks.The most useful is the formation of the Ring-Radial
network of underground lines (the Concept by G.K.Samoilov, launched in 2011 [32,
33]).
       Optimal variant of Tyne and Wear Metro development at this moment is
realisation of few positions:
    1. The new underground line St. James - Benwell - Denton Bourn - Westerhope –
       Throckley (the development of the Western direction is very difficult:
       “The West End of Newcastle would require new track involving tunnelling and
       bridging in rough terrain; this would be very costly and is perhaps least likely to
       receive funding, though would probably have the highest potential ridership” [13].
       On geodetic marks: Saint James +64; Benwell +120; Westerhope +122;
       Throckley +76. Line with the optimal slope 0,001. Then Throckley depth of the
       station is the same as in Saint James station, and Benwell, Denton Burne and
       Westerhope - 50 m deep. It is the normal line of deep foundations. The entrances
       to the Metro as the Central Station - the underground lobby and escalators);
    2. New combined line South Hylton - Shiney Row - Newbottle - Haughton-le-Spring
       – Hetton-le-Hole;
    3. Organization of thoroughfare past the Depot Longbenton - Regent Centre;
    4. Organization of a branch connection with Central Station and Manors;
    5. Organization a branch connection with Brockley Whins and Tyne Dock;
    6. The long Metro Bridge Tynemouth - Chichester with two stations on it - South
       Shields and Best View (Besides the Second Bridge, or tunnel, is needed for the
       normal operation of the metro network. When repair work on the existing Bridge
       subway stops working in a convenient form for the passengers.
       And if we have the Second Bridge there is the convenient Circular route. The
       Route “THE NORTH TYNESIDE RING” (NTsR): *TYNEMOUTH – WEST
       MONKSEATON – FOUR LANE ENDS – LONGBENTON – SOUTH GOSFORTH
       – HAYMARKET – MONUMENT – CENTRAL STATION – GATESHEAD –
       FELLING – PELAW – TYNE DOCK – CHICHESTER – BEST VIEW –
       TYNEMOUTH*. This Route has 31 stations“[34]. We canlend the New Metro
       Bridge to Chichester. We already have this Tynemouth height topographically
       +34,0 m. Climb up to 40 m - to pass over the riverbed - go down to Chichester
       (+23,0 m) - the distance from the riverbed to the Chichester Station 1.4 miles.
       The slope corresponds to the normative 0.012 - 0.015. On the bridge, it is
       advisable to make the Metro station. It will be the best viewing platform, cafes,
       shops. The tunnel - this is a very good decision. But it will be very long, because
       of the need to comply with regulatory biases tracks. If the tunnel design, it will
       have to start from Tyne Dock and go to Whitley Bay. And long escalators on
       South Shields and Tynemouth. The problem of the bridges over the River Tyne
       constantly discussed [35, 36]).
This optimal Development scenario is shown in the Figure 7.
       However, the first priority is to restore drive through the Depot. - the traffic
organization between stations Regent Centre and Longbenton. This will allow residents
of North Shields get off to the Airport without interchange from one train to another
(South Gosforth). The First stage - the use of the existing railroad track on the north
side of the Depot (Red lane). The Second stage - the reconstruction of dismantled
tracks on the south side of the Depot (Orange lanes). The orange section is where the
main track was before, but was disassembled [37, 38]. What it goes through in present
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                        THE TYNE & WEAR METRO RENOVATION IN AUGUST 2013:
                              Alternative options of renovation works organization
                      and some prospects of the Passenger Transport network development
                                   RESEARCH PAPER by Gleb K.Samoilov




THE OPTIMAL DEVELOPMENT SCENARIO
OF THE TYNE AND WEAR METRO DEVELOPMENT
(from 2013 to 2018 – the option)




Figure 7.
The optimal Development scenario of the Tyne and Wear Metro Development (from
2013 to 2018 – the option).

Images source: Drawing by Gleb K.Samoilov (August, 2013).


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                        THE TYNE & WEAR METRO RENOVATION IN AUGUST 2013:
                              Alternative options of renovation works organization
                      and some prospects of the Passenger Transport network development
                                   RESEARCH PAPER by Gleb K.Samoilov




OPTION OF THE TYNE AND WEAR METRO LINES CONNECTION
THROUGH THE DEPOT –
ACCORDING TO THE EXISTING RAILROAD TRACK OR
RECONSTRUCTION OF DISMANTLED TRACKS




Figure 8.
Option of the Tyne and Wear Metro lines connection through the Depot – According to
the existing railroad track or Reconstruction of dismantled tracks.

Images source: Drawing by Gleb K.Samoilov (September, 2013).




days West to East: grass, part of track, car park, driveway, pile of containers, grass,
driveway, pile of who knows what, grass. So nothing really important, which can not be
moved to another place or removed at all. Option of the Tyne and Wear Metro lines
connection through the Depot – According to the existing railroad track or
Reconstruction of dismantled tracks is shown in the Figure 8.
       The existing Metro network allows to organize of four routes. It is advisable to
organize the fifth route. Of these two routes are used, "Airport - South Hylton" (Green
lane) and "Saint James - South Shields" (Yellow lane), and two routes are not used,
"Airport - South Shields" (Purple lane) and "Saint James - South Hylton" (Blue lane).

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                        THE TYNE & WEAR METRO RENOVATION IN AUGUST 2013:
                              Alternative options of renovation works organization
                      and some prospects of the Passenger Transport network development
                                   RESEARCH PAPER by Gleb K.Samoilov




FIVE ROUTES OF THE TYNE AND WEAR METRO
(two Existing routes; two Unused routes; one New route)




Figure 9.
Five routes of the Tyne and Wear Metro (two Existing routes; two Unused routes; one
New route).

Images source: Drawing by Gleb K.Samoilov (September, 2013).



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                       THE TYNE & WEAR METRO RENOVATION IN AUGUST 2013:
                             Alternative options of renovation works organization
                     and some prospects of the Passenger Transport network development
                                  RESEARCH PAPER by Gleb K.Samoilov


The organization of passenger traffic through the Depot between stations Longbenton
and Regent Centre will get the fifth route (Red lane) "AIRPORT - SAINT JAMES" (30
stations: Airport – Callerton Parkway – Bank Foot – Kingston Park – Fawdon –
Wansbeck Road – Regent Centre – Longbenton – Four Lane Ends – Benton –
Palmersville – Northumberland Park – Shiremoor – West Monkseaton – Monkseaton –
Whitley Bay – Cullercoats – Tynemouth – North Shields – Meadow Well – Percy Main –
Howdon – Hadrian Road – Wallsend – Walkergate – Chillingham Road – Byker –
Manors – Monument – Saint James). This will allow residents of North Shields get off to
the Airport without interchange from one train to another. Using all five routes will create
more convenience for passengers. Five routes of the Tyne and Wear Metro is shown in
the Figure 9.
        The development of the Tyne and Wear Metro network in the South due laying
lines in the vicinity of Washington. Various solutions to this problem are considered for
more than 20 years. The most realistic idea - the project of 1991: Options 5 of the Tyne
& Wear Metro development: “Pelaw – Victoria viaduct. via Leamside line – Sunderland”
[39] - formation of the Loop: Pelaw – Washington – Penshaw – South Hylton –
Sunderland – Seaburn – Pelaw. Or its more recent interpretation [40]. Currently, studies
of the issue intensified: «Metro operator Nexus is looking at carrying out a preliminary
feasibility study into nine possible new corridors for Metro expansion. Expansion,
possibly from Pelaw in Gateshead, to South Hylton in Sunderland, via Washington, is
one of the options under consideration. Nexus expects to begin developing a business
case with a view to starting planning for the 2020s by the spring» [41, 42]. The least
amount of cost possible with the implementation of a variant associated with the use of
the Old Railway, which runs from Pelaw. The length of the ground Metro line will be 11
miles, the number of stations 6: Colliery Row – Shiney Row – Penshaw – Washington –
Usworth Hall – Roman Road – PELAW. In this embodiment, the line may continue to
the Durham. The Option of the Metro line on the Washington is shown in the Figure 10.
        This is a very promising direction in terms of increasing passenger traffic in
Metro. Major sources of traffic flow are Durham, Washington and Blyth [41, 42, 43]. One
of this problem solution is to create the Metro line “BLYTH – JARROW – DURHAM”.
The basis of this is unexploited and neglected areas of Old railways (sections of
“Leamside Line” [44] and “Blyth and Tyne Railway” [45] and the new Metro Bridge.
        Restoring parts of the old railway as a new Metro lines seen in different years
[39, 40, 46, 47, 48]. Originality of the proposed option is the formation of an independent
line, integrated with the existing Tyne and Wear Metro network. Tracing of the Proposed
Metro Line:
        BLYTH - NEWSHAM (recovery of the disused Railway section);
        NEWSHAM NEW HARTLEY - SEATON DELAVAL - SEGHILL - BACKWORTH -
NORTHUMBERLAND PARK (resuming of operation of the Line - connection to the
Existing Metro line);
        BACKWORTH – THE ALLOTMENT - STEPHENSON RAILWAY MUSEUM –
WEST CHIRTON (recovery of the disused Railway section; the Line section
“Stephenson Railway Museum - West Chirton - East Howdon / Jarrow Metro Bridge”,
which is parallel the historic North Tyneside Steam Railway [49]);
        WEST CHIRTON - JARROW (recovery of the disused Railway section - the new
Metro Bridge - resumption of operation as the Line);
        JARROW - HEBBURN (the Existing Metro line);
        HEBBURN - ROMAN ROAD (the Existing Metro line - a new site of the Metro line
- the resumption of operation of the Line);

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                        THE TYNE & WEAR METRO RENOVATION IN AUGUST 2013:
                              Alternative options of renovation works organization
                      and some prospects of the Passenger Transport network development
                                   RESEARCH PAPER by Gleb K.Samoilov




THE OPTION OF THE TYNE AND WEAR METRO LINE
ON THE WASHINGTON




Figure 10.
The Option of the Tyne and Wear Metro line on the Washington.

Images source: Drawing by Gleb K.Samoilov (September, 2013).




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                        THE TYNE & WEAR METRO RENOVATION IN AUGUST 2013:
                              Alternative options of renovation works organization
                      and some prospects of the Passenger Transport network development
                                   RESEARCH PAPER by Gleb K.Samoilov




THE OPTION OF THE BLYTH – JARROW – DURHAM METRO LINE
(on non-operated, disused and new railway sections)




Figure 11.
The option of the Blyth – Jarrow – Durham Metro line (on non-operated, disused and
new railway sections).

Images source: Drawing by Gleb K.Samoilov (November, 2013).




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                        THE TYNE & WEAR METRO RENOVATION IN AUGUST 2013:
                              Alternative options of renovation works organization
                      and some prospects of the Passenger Transport network development
                                   RESEARCH PAPER by Gleb K.Samoilov




THE OPTION OF THE TYNE RIVER EXPRESS
(THE HOVERCRAFT ROUTE)




Figure 12.
The option of the Tyne River Express (the Hovercraft route).

Images source: Drawing by Gleb K.Samoilov (November, 2013).




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                       THE TYNE & WEAR METRO RENOVATION IN AUGUST 2013:
                             Alternative options of renovation works organization
                     and some prospects of the Passenger Transport network development
                                  RESEARCH PAPER by Gleb K.Samoilov


        PELAW - ROMAN ROAD - USWORTH HALL - WASHINGTON - PENSHAW -
SHINEY ROW - NEW LAMBTON - COLLIERY ROW - LEAMSIDE (connection to the
Metro line - the resumption of operation of the Line);
        WASHINGTON - COX GREEN - SOUTH HYLTON (resuming of operation of the
Line - a new site of the Metro line - recovery of the disused Railway section – the
connection to the Existing Metro line);
        COX GREEN - PENSHAW (recovery of the disused Railway section);
        LEAMSIDE - NEWTON HALL (recovery of the disused Railway section);
        NEWTON HALL - DURHAM (new site of the Metro line, which is parallel to the
Existing Railway line).
        As a result, there are convenient for passengers routes: Durham – Blyth, Durham
– Sunderland, Durham – Airport, Durham – South Shields, Blyth – Airport, Blyth –
Central Station. Main routes on old railways and existing Metro lines: “Blyth – Durham” -
about 30 miles; “Durham – Airport” - about 28 miles; “Blyth – Airport” - about 16 miles.
The option of the Blyth – Jarrow – Durham Metro line is shown in the Figure 11.
        An interesting variant of the future North East England transport network
proposed in the Concept “Newcastle Central, 2043 Route Map / Bernician Railways”
[50]. Original proposal to create the New line in the direction of the Airport Station [51].
        One of the options to improve of the Off-street Public Transport in Tyne and
Wear is the organization of traffic on the River Tyne. Formed at low tide shallows do not
effectively use the normal river vessels, such as the River Thames in London [52]. It is
advisable to use a hovercraft, such as “Portsmouth - Isle of Wight” [53]. The proposed
route of the River Tyne: NEWBURN – (2,0 mi) – BLAYDON – (1,5 mi) – SCOTSWOOD
– (2,0 mi) – DUNSTON – (1,7 mi) – TYNE BRIDGE – (6,0 mi) – JARROW – (4,0 mi) –
NORTH PIER – (0,5 mi) – SOUTH PIER. In conjunction with the shuttle to the nearest
Metro station this route "Tyne River Express" will improve transport links in Western,
Central and Eastern parts of the Metropolitan area. The option of the Tyne River
Express (the Hovercraft route) is shown in the Figure 12.

      Thus, the existing system of passenger transport Tyne and Wear
conurbation needs further development and improvement. System of river
transport (ferry) should be supplemented by river express (hovercraft). As the
Main direction is worthwhile to consider the intensive expansion of the Metro
network. This wills not only significantly increase ridership, but also doing
repairs with minimal disruption to passengers.




                                                    21
                     THE TYNE & WEAR METRO RENOVATION IN AUGUST 2013:
                           Alternative options of renovation works organization
                   and some prospects of the Passenger Transport network development
                                RESEARCH PAPER by Gleb K.Samoilov



THE LIST OF REFERENCES

  1. Metro-closure-map. –
      http://i2.chroniclelive.co.uk/incoming/article5585704.ece/ALTERNATES/s510b/M
      etro-closure-map-5585704.jpg
  2. Metro closure: how the plans affect you. – http://www.itv.com/news/tyne-
      tees/story/2013-07-31/the-metro-makeover/
  3. Metro passengers face month of mayhem as £385m revamp begins. By Adrian
      Pearson. - 23 May 2013. – http://www.chroniclelive.co.uk/news/north-east-
      news/metro-passengers-face-month-mayhem-4004801
  4. Cuts get Tyne and Wear Metro modernisation work back on track. By Evening
      Chronicle. - 5 July 2013. – http://www.chroniclelive.co.uk/news/cuts-tyne-wear-
      metro-modernisation-4872592
  5. Metro engineers prepare for 27-day shutdown. By Michael Brown. - 1 Aug 2013.
      – http://www.chroniclelive.co.uk/news/north-east-news/tyne-wear-metro-
      engineers-prepare-5392535
  6. Newcastle Metro: a guide to the August Metro work. By Richard Fletcher. - 5
      Aug 2013. - http://www.chroniclelive.co.uk/news/north-east-news/newcastle-
      metro-guide-august-metro-5119716
  7. Metro refurbishment work is on track, Nexus boss insists. By Adrian Pearson. - 9
      Aug 2013. – http://www.chroniclelive.co.uk/news/north-east-news/tyne--wear-
      metro-refurbishment-5683595
  8. Inside track: See the Metro works progressing at South Gosforth station. By
      Evening Chronicle. - 14 Aug 2013. – http://www.chroniclelive.co.uk/news/north-
      east-news/tyne-wear-metro-works-progressing-5717916
  9. Metro repairs: The end is in sight and we want your views on re-opening. By
      Sarah Scott. - 29 Aug 2013. – http://www.chroniclelive.co.uk/news/north-east-
      news/metro-refurbishment-end-sight-commuters-5801764
  10. Severe Metro disruption on first day after month of closure. By Sarah Jeffery. - 31
      Aug 2013. – http://www.chroniclelive.co.uk/news/north-east-news/severe-
      disruption-tyne--wear-5821361
  11. Save Our Metro: Vote of No Confidence in Nexus, DB Regio and TWITA. To:
      Patrick McLoughlin - Secretary of State for Transport. – Petition’s URL:
      http://you.38degrees.org.uk/petitions/vote-of-no-confidence-in-nexus-and-twita
  12. Metro bosses promise to bring down season passes as they hike up daily
      tickets. By Adrian Pearson. - 23 Nov 2013. -
      http://www.chroniclelive.co.uk/news/metro-bosses-promise-bring-down-6334555
  13. Tyne and Wear Metro. - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tyne_and_Wear_Metro
  14. Track train cuts disruption during rail repairs. - 16 July 2013 / BBC News. – URL:
      http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-23329227
  15. Rail bridge replacement timelapse. – http://www.wimp.com/railtimelapse/
  16. The Metro Railway is 30 years old: BBC, 9 August 2010. -
      http://news.bbc.co.uk/media/images/48666000/jpg/_48666089_metro15.jpg
  17. Refurbished Tyne & Wear Metro Car No. 4041 Arriving at North Shields From
      Wabtec, Doncaster - 7th October 2011 by allan5819 (Allan McKever). –
      http://l.yimg.com/g/images/spaceout.gif
  18. Tyne & Wear Metrocar No. 4057 At North Shields En Route To Wabtec
      Doncaster - 13th March 2012 by allan5819 (Allan McKever). – URL:
      http://l.yimg.com/g/images/spaceout.gif
                                                  22
                  THE TYNE & WEAR METRO RENOVATION IN AUGUST 2013:
                        Alternative options of renovation works organization
                and some prospects of the Passenger Transport network development
                             RESEARCH PAPER by Gleb K.Samoilov


19. List of Bus Routes in Tyne and Wear / by Jesse Russell (Editor), Ronald Cohn
    (Editor). - Book on Demand: 5/12/2012/. - 114 p. - ISBN-13: 9785513333005
20. East Gateshead Bus Map. -
    http://www.nexus.org.uk/sites/nexus.org.uk/files/documents/page/East%20Gates
    head%20Passenger%20Guide%20_web.pdf
21. Newcastle Bus Map. -
    http://www.nexus.org.uk/sites/nexus.org.uk/files/documents/page/Newcastle%20
    Passenger%20guide%20March%202011_web.pdf
22. North Tyneside Bus Map. -
    http://www.nexus.org.uk/sites/nexus.org.uk/files/documents/page/North%20Tyne
    side_11_web.pdf%20-%20Adobe%20Acrobat%20Pro.pdf
23. South Tyneside Bus Map. -
    http://www.nexus.org.uk/sites/nexus.org.uk/files/documents/page/South%20Tyne
    side%2011_for%20web.pdf
24. Sunderland Bus Map. -
    http://www.nexus.org.uk/sites/nexus.org.uk/files/documents/page/Sunderland%2
    0Guide%20web%20map.pdf
25. Washington Bus Map. -
    http://www.nexus.org.uk/sites/nexus.org.uk/files/documents/page/Washington%2
    0Nov%202010_web.pdf
26. Western Gateshead Bus Map. -
    http://www.nexus.org.uk/sites/nexus.org.uk/files/documents/page/western%20Ga
    teshead%20web.pdf
27. North East Bus Network Maps. - http://www.arrivabus.co.uk/networkmaps.aspx
28. Newcastle Bus Network Map. -
    http://www.arrivabus.co.uk/uploadedFiles/Network_Maps/North_East/N%20Newc
    astle%20Tynsd%20Ntwrk%20Map.pdf
29. Northumberland South-East Bus Network Map. -
    http://www.arrivabus.co.uk/uploadedFiles/Network_Maps/North_East/SE%20Nort
    humberland%20Ntwk%20Map.pdf
30. Durham Bus Network Map. -
    http://www.arrivabus.co.uk/uploadedFiles/Network_Maps/North_East/Durham%2
    0Network%20Map.pdf
31. Bus Rapid Transit BRT for Tyneside - Newcastle Gateshead (Local Transport
    Plan) - Tyneride BRT Network Map / by Urbanplaner24. -
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/urbanplanner/9427448943/in/pool-metromaps
32. Samoilov G.K. THE TYNE AND WEAR METRO DEVELOPMENT PROPOSAL –
    2011. – Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 2011. – 55 p.: figures. –
    http://ntl.bts.gov/lib/43000/43600/43655/The_TYNE_and_WEAR_METRO_Devel
    opment_Proposal_-_2011.pdf ;
    http://www.scribd.com/doc/103219808/Gleb-K-Samoilov-The-TYNE-and-WEAR-
    METRO-Development-Proposal-2011 .
33. Samoilov G.K. THE TYNE AND WEAR METRO DEVELOPED NETWORK AS
    THE BASIS OF THE URBAN TRANSPORT INTEGRATED SYSTEM. –
    Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Almaty: EUROPOLIS Project Department, 2012. – 256 p.:
    figures. ISBN 978-601-06-1769-8 –
    http://archive.org/details/TheTyneAndWearMetroDevelopedNetworkAsTheBasis
    OfTheUrbanTransport         ,
    http://ia701200.us.archive.org/21/items/TheTyneAndWearMetroDevelopedNetwo

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                  THE TYNE & WEAR METRO RENOVATION IN AUGUST 2013:
                        Alternative options of renovation works organization
                and some prospects of the Passenger Transport network development
                             RESEARCH PAPER by Gleb K.Samoilov


    rkAsTheBasisOfTheUrbanTransport/SamoilovG-
    TheTyneAndWearMetroDevelopedNetwork.pdf ,
34. Photo of The Tyne and Wear Metro. Developed network routes. The NORTH
    TYNESIDE RING. - http://www.free-
    photos.biz/photographs/transportation/metro/591558_11-11-2011n-tsring-
    001.php
35. Crossings of the River Tyne - Current Bridges, those proposed & planned, those
    that never happened, etc/ -
    http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=1013869
36. PROPOSED NORTH - SOUTH SHIELDS BRIDGES / Bridges On The Tyne. -
    http://www.bridgesonthetyne.co.uk/nsbridge.html
37. Old railway tracks near South Gosforth Station - http://www.disused-
    stations.org.uk/s/south_gosforth/map.gif ; http://www.disused-
    stations.org.uk/s/south_gosforth/index.shtml
38. The site of the Tyne and Wear Metro Depot in 1945 (55°00'39.16"N /
    1°36'31.93"W) / Image by: 12.1945 - Google Earth - "The GeoInformation Group"
    - http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showpost.php?p=107412908&postcount=3486
39. The project of 1991: Options 5 of the Tyne & Wear Metro development: “Pelaw –
    Victoria viaduct via Leamside line – Sunderland” -
    https://www.whatdotheyknow.com/request/27819/response/71314/attach/2/Pela
    w%20Victoria%20Viaduct.pdf
40. Tyne & Wear Metro map - by wp:User:MPF -
    http://train.spottingworld.com/File:TandWMetro.png
41. Metro petition on way to Government. -
    http://www.washingtonstar.co.uk/news/local/metro-petition-on-way-to-
    government-1-5351206
42. Star calling for extension to Metro network. -
    http://www.washingtonstar.co.uk/news/local/star-calling-for-extension-to-metro-
    network-1-5187116
43. PETITION – BRING METRO TO SOUTH EAST NORTHUMBERLAND. -
    http://committees.northumberland.gov.uk/aksnorthumberland/images/att9843.doc
44. Lines through Leamside, 1948 / Disused Stations. – http://www.disused-
    stations.org.uk/f/felling_first/route_map2.gif
45. The Blyth & Tyne Railway / Disused Stations. – http://www.disused-
    stations.org.uk/features/blyth_and_tyne/blyth_tyne_system.gif
46. Blyth & Tyne Railway / John Speller's Web Pages – North Eastern Railway. –
    http://spellerweb.net/rhindex/UKRH/NorthEastern/Blyth.html
47. Ashington – Blyth. – http://www.railfuture.org.uk/Ashington+-+Blyth
48. Metro System Tyne and Wear / by “Rational Plan” (SkyscraperCity / Tyne and
    Wear Metro Registered User. –
    http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showpost.php?p=84407007&postcount=1789
49. North Tyneside Steam Railway. –
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Tyneside_Steam_Railway
50. Newcastle Central, 2043 Route Map / Bernician Railways. -
    http://www.ctallentire.com/image/octobermap.svg
51. New line of the Tyne and Wear Metro. – URL:
    http://www.rmweb.co.uk/community/uploads/monthly_10_2013/post-6758-0-
    68962900-1382128315_thumb.jpg
52. River services / Transport for London. –
    http://www.tfl.gov.uk/gettingaround/21311.aspx
                                               24
                         THE TYNE & WEAR METRO RENOVATION IN AUGUST 2013:
                               Alternative options of renovation works organization
                       and some prospects of the Passenger Transport network development
                                    RESEARCH PAPER by Gleb K.Samoilov


   53. Hovertravel. – http://www.hovertravel.co.uk/about-hovertravel.php


THE LIST OF FIGURES

     Figure 1. The Location of closed Tyne and Wear Metro lines (from August 4 to
August 30, 2013). Images source: Drawing by Gleb K.Samoilov (August, 2013).
     Figure 2. The Location of material and equipment Main storage for the Tyne and
Wear Metro Repairs (from August 4 to August 30, 2013). Images source: Drawing by Gleb
K.Samoilov (August, 2013).
      Figure 3. The sequence of the Tyne and Wear Metro repair works: the Two
stages option (from August 4 to August 30, 2013). Images source: Drawing by Gleb K.Samoilov
(August, 2013).
      Figure 4. The alternative staging of the Tyne and Wear Metro repair works: the
Three stages option (from August 4 to August 30, 2013) – the First stage. Images source:
Drawing by Gleb K.Samoilov (August, 2013).
      Figure 5. The alternative staging of the Tyne and Wear Metro repair works: the
Three stages option (from August 4 to August 30, 2013) – the Second stage. Images
source: Drawing by Gleb K.Samoilov (August, 2013).
      Figure 6. The alternative staging of the Tyne and Wear Metro repair works: the
Three stages option (from August 4 to August 30, 2013) – the Third stage. Images source:
Drawing by Gleb K.Samoilov (August, 2013).
      Figure 7. The optimal Development scenario of the Tyne and Wear Metro
Development (from 2013 to 2018 – the option). Images source: Drawing by Gleb K.Samoilov
(August, 2013).
      Figure 8. Option of the Tyne and Wear Metro lines connection through the Depot
– According to the existing railroad track or Reconstruction of dismantled tracks. Images
source: Drawing by Gleb K.Samoilov (September, 2013).
     Figure 9. Five routes of the Tyne and Wear Metro (two Existing routes; two
Unused routes; one New route). Images source: Drawing by Gleb K.Samoilov (September, 2013).
     Figure 10. The Option of the Tyne and Wear Metro line on the Washington.
Images source: Drawing by Gleb K.Samoilov (September, 2013).
      Figure 11. The option of the Blyth – Jarrow – Durham Metro line (on non-
operated, disused and new railway sections). Images source: Drawing by Gleb K.Samoilov
(November, 2013).
       Figure 12. The option of the Tyne River Express (the Hovercraft route). Images
source: Drawing by Gleb K.Samoilov (November, 2013).




                                                      25
                    THE TYNE & WEAR METRO RENOVATION IN AUGUST 2013:
                          Alternative options of renovation works organization
                  and some prospects of the Passenger Transport network development
                               RESEARCH PAPER by Gleb K.Samoilov



THE LIST OF MAIN AUTHOR’S PUBLICATIONS ON THE TOPIC OF THIS
PROBLEM

  1. Samoilov G.K. Tyne and Wear Metro - The optimal development scenario 2013 -
      2018. – Published Drawing and Comments URL:
      http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tyne_and_Wear_Metro_-
      _The_optimal_development_scenario_2013-2018.jpg
  2. Samoilov G.K. Tyne and Wear Metro: Repair of railways – August, 2013. –
      Published Drawing and Comments URL:
      http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_Tyne_and_Wear_Metro_repair_of_r
      ailways_-_August,_2013.jpg
  3. Samoilov G.K. Tyne and Wear Metro repair of railways (August, 2013) - the
      sequence of repair works (the option). – Published Drawing and Comments URL:
      http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tyne_and_Wear_Metro_renovation_%28
      August,_2013%29_-_the_sequence_of_repair_works_%28the_option%29.jpg
  4. Samoilov G.K. Tyne and Wear Metro repair – Stage 1 of the alternative staging
      of works. – Published Drawing and Comments URL:
      http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tyne_and_Wear_Metro_repair_%E2%80
      %93_Stage_1_of_the_alternative_staging_of_works.jpg
  5. Samoilov G.K. Tyne and Wear Metro repair – Stage 2 of the alternative staging
      of works. – Published Drawing and Comments URL:
      http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tyne_and_Wear_Metro_repair_%E2%80
      %93_Stage_2_of_the_alternative_staging_of_works.jpg
  6. Samoilov G.K. Tyne and Wear Metro repair – Stage 3 of the alternative staging
      of works. – Published Drawing and Comments URL:
      http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tyne_and_Wear_Metro_repair_%E2%80
      %93_Stage_3_of_the_alternative_staging_of_works.jpg
  7. Samoilov G.K. Tyne and Wear Metro repairs of railways – August, 2013 –
      Location of material and equipment Main storage. – Published Drawing and
      Comments URL:
      http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tyne_and_Wear_Metro_repairs_of_railw
      ays_%E2%80%93_August,_2013_%E2%80%93_Location_of_material_and_equ
      ipment_Main_storage.jpg
  8. Samoilov G.K. Tyne and Wear Metro development - Option of the Metro line on
      the Washington. – Published Drawing and Comments URL:
      http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tyne_and_Wear_Metro_development_-
      _Option_of_the_Metro_line_on_the_Washington.jpg
  9. Samoilov G.K. The Tyne and Wear Metro development option - connection of
      Metro lines through the Depot. – Published Drawing and Comments URL:
      http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_Tyne_and_Wear_Metro_developme
      nt_option_-_connection_of_Metro_lines_through_the_Depot.jpg
  10. Samoilov G.K. The Tyne and Wear Metro development – the New Route
      “Airport – Saint James”. – Published Drawing and Comments URL:
      http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_Tyne_and_Wear_Metro_developme
      nt_%E2%80%93_the_New_Route_%E2%80%9CAirport_%E2%80%93_Saint_J
      ames%E2%80%9D.jpg
  11. Samoilov G.K. – Tyne and Wear Metro with the Tyne River Express - the option.
      – Published Drawing and Comments URL:

                                                 26
                 THE TYNE & WEAR METRO RENOVATION IN AUGUST 2013:
                       Alternative options of renovation works organization
               and some prospects of the Passenger Transport network development
                            RESEARCH PAPER by Gleb K.Samoilov


   https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tyne_and_Wear_Metro_with_the_Tyne_
   River_Express_-_the_option.jpg
12. Samoilov G.K. The Tyne and Wear Metro Development - THE BLYTH -
   JARROW - DURHAM LINE (the option). – Published Drawing and Comments
   URL:
   https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_Tyne_and_Wear_Metro_Developm
   ent_-_THE_BLYTH_-_JARROW_-_DURHAM_LINE_(the_option).jpg
13. Samoilov G.K. Some Prospects of the Tyne and Wear Passenger Transport
   Network Development. – Article’s URL: http://goarticles.com/article/Some-
   Prospects-of-the-Tyne-and-Wear-Passenger-Transport-Network-
   Development/8005922/




                                              27
                 THE TYNE & WEAR METRO RENOVATION IN AUGUST 2013:
                       Alternative options of renovation works organization
               and some prospects of the Passenger Transport network development
                            RESEARCH PAPER by Gleb K.Samoilov




                                                             BRIEFLY ABOUT THE AUTHOR




Gleb K.Samoilov, engineer
MSc – Transport Engineering and Operations
BEng (Hons) – Construction of railways
MTPS, MIET, MITE, MCSCE, MJSCE, JMVDI, AMSOE AMIRTE,
AMCIHT, Aff.M.ASCE



e-mail:
samglecon@yahoo.com




                                              28
                 THE TYNE & WEAR METRO RENOVATION IN AUGUST 2013:
                       Alternative options of renovation works organization
               and some prospects of the Passenger Transport network development
                            RESEARCH PAPER by Gleb K.Samoilov




THE TYNE AND WEAR METRO RENOVATION IN AUGUST 2013:
Alternative options of renovation works organization and
some prospects of the Passenger Transport network development /
Recearch Paper by Gleb K.Samoilov. – Newcastle-upon-Tyne / London:
Samoiloff LTD, 2013. – 29 p.: figures.




                                              29

				
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