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Pharmacists

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					Pharmacists
January 2004

Pharmacy
•The Art of preparing and dispensing drugs. •A place where drugs are sold; a drugstore.

• History of Career • Expected Duties and Physical Demands • Training and Education • Personal Qualities • Skill Measurement • Code of Ethics

• Earnings/Benefits

• Future outlook
• Bibliography

• Dates back to medieval times with priests • Origin of the word “pharmacy” come from the Greek • As much as 80,000 years ago people of Paleolithic period were interested in flora.

• It is hard to say when it started exactly
– It existed in a rudimentary form long before the word existed.

• Combining different agents(compounding) was considered an art form by priests and doctors. • First known chemical process was carried out by the artisans of Mesopotamia, Egypt, and China. • Theories often involved magic, but developed mathematical, astronomical, and cosmological ideas.

• The first culture to consider ideas scientifically was the Greeks.
– Made logical speculations rather than relying on myth.

• Pharmacy began to develop as a profession separate from medicine in the 18th century.
– 1821 the first school of pharmacy was established.

• Industrial Revolution
– Rapid change from hand methods to machine methods of production that characterized industrial revolution.

• Large scale drug manufacturing was big in society;many machines and patents

• Declining art of Apothecary:
– Industrial Revolution had an impact of every aspect of pharmacy.
• 1st lead to creation of new drugs.
– Drugs many pharmacists couldn’t produce

• 2nd many drugs could be produced more economically & with better quality. • 3rd the industry assumed responsibilities for the quality of medication instead of individuals.

• The Community Pharmacy
– 19th century didn’t see the end of compounding.
• Its estimated the 80% of prescriptions dispensed in 1920’s were still compounded.

– They used chemicals purchased to make own prescriptions. – Called to provide first aid and medicines for common aliments Ex: Burns, frostbite, poisoning etc.

• Graph for 50 years Between 1920-1971.
Dispensing and compounding of medications

1 2 3

• Now they need to know things like shelf life and effect of exposure to light,
– Judging reliability and reputation of manufacturers.

• Compounding today is on the rise
– People are realizing the benefits – Pharmacists are going back to it just for the love science and interests.

Graphs
People going int Pharmacy in 1947
1 2

People going into pharmacy in 1988

People going into pharmacy in 1973

1 2
1 2

• The Work
– Prepare and dispense drugs prescribed by doctors. – Advise doctors, patients, and other health care professionals on proper dosage and possible side effects.
• They must know what’s in the drug, how it works, and how it affects people.

• Purchase medical supplies • Answer customer questions • Go with doctors and hospital staff on rounds • Advise patients on medical equipment and over-thecounter medication • HELP PATIENTS GET WELL

• May work in a hospital, clinic, or drug store • Constantly learning and studying about properties & side effects of new drugs. • Communicate with doctors & patients • Most work a standard work week

• Best job opportunities go to people with best grades
– Lower grades will get you a job, however, maybe part time

• Companies want people who graduate at the top of the class. • Fierce competition

Education
• Bachelor’s degree is being phased out – Instead schools offer a doctor of pharmacy (PharmD). • Bachelor’s degrees will not be awarded after 2005

EducationClasses
• College Prep
– English – Math – Science – Good written and verbal communication skills

EducationClasses
• College requirements
– 2 years of pre-pharmacy courses – 4 years of professional programs leading to PharmD.
• Courses include Biology, Chemistry, Calculus, English, Speech and General Education.

• Electives
– Community pharmacy, hospital pharmacy, marketing, pediatrics and geriatrcs.

Personal Qualities
• Have a good memory • Enjoy learning about new medications & treatments • Be trustworthy & detail oriented • Good communication skills • Good problem solving abilities • Enjoy people

Personality Qualities
Personality Matches Personality Misses

Analytical Detailed Focused

Creative Emotional Disorganized

*I want some one who is kind and caring, who shows an interest in me and my well being.

Skill Measurement
• Board Exams – NAPLAX – Federal Law Exam – Each States test • 30 hours of CEU’s every 2 years • Renew State License every year

• A pharmacist respects the covenantal relationship between the patient and pharmacist • They promote the good of every patient in a caring, compassionate, and confidential way • The place concern for the well-being of the patient • They respect the autonomy & dignity of each patient. • They act with honesty & integrity in professional relationships

• They maintain professional competence • They respect the values & abilities of colleagues and other health care professionals • They serve individual, community, and societal needs • They seek justice in the distribution of health resources
– Very similar to many peoples morals.

Earnings/Benefits
Average Earning $69,440 Average Hourly Rate $33.39

California PharmacistStaff average-$90,000-100,000 per year

Manager- $100,000-150,000
Owner - $100,000-???

Pros
Good Salaries Wide variety of Careers Options

Cons
Long Hours Potential Restlessness

• INCREASING NEED!!!!!

2000 workforce
217,000

2000-2010 Growth Rate 24.3%

Other Places of Work
• • • • Armed Services Community pharmacy Drug Research & Development Sales & Marketing

Armed Forces
• • • • Air force Army Coast Guard Navy *You need a 4 year college degree in pharmacy and a state license to practice pharmacy.

• http://www.iit.edu/departments/csep/Public WWW/codes/coe/American%20Pharmaceu tic… • http://www.lindsaydrug.com/newhist.htm • http://usa.cx.bridges.com/student/DisplayAr ticle.do?dt=Career+Information&dn=Pharm acist

• • • •

http://www.uspharmd.com/rxpharmacist.htm http://www.uspharmd.com/rxpharmacist2.htm http://www.uspharmd.com/rxpharmacist3.htm http://www.pharmacists-recruitmentint.com/PharmacitsRecruitment/Professinal_Requirements.html • Kevin House-interview

• http://www.op.nysed.gov/pharm.htm • http://www.ask.com/-pictures


				
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