•The Art of preparing and dispensing drugs. •A place where drugs are sold; a drugstore.
• History of Career • Expected Duties and Physical Demands • Training and Education • Personal Qualities • Skill Measurement • Code of Ethics
• Future outlook
• Dates back to medieval times with priests • Origin of the word “pharmacy” come from the Greek • As much as 80,000 years ago people of Paleolithic period were interested in flora.
• It is hard to say when it started exactly
– It existed in a rudimentary form long before the word existed.
• Combining different agents(compounding) was considered an art form by priests and doctors. • First known chemical process was carried out by the artisans of Mesopotamia, Egypt, and China. • Theories often involved magic, but developed mathematical, astronomical, and cosmological ideas.
• The first culture to consider ideas scientifically was the Greeks.
– Made logical speculations rather than relying on myth.
• Pharmacy began to develop as a profession separate from medicine in the 18th century.
– 1821 the first school of pharmacy was established.
• Industrial Revolution
– Rapid change from hand methods to machine methods of production that characterized industrial revolution.
• Large scale drug manufacturing was big in society;many machines and patents
• Declining art of Apothecary:
– Industrial Revolution had an impact of every aspect of pharmacy.
• 1st lead to creation of new drugs.
– Drugs many pharmacists couldn’t produce
• 2nd many drugs could be produced more economically & with better quality. • 3rd the industry assumed responsibilities for the quality of medication instead of individuals.
• The Community Pharmacy
– 19th century didn’t see the end of compounding.
• Its estimated the 80% of prescriptions dispensed in 1920’s were still compounded.
– They used chemicals purchased to make own prescriptions. – Called to provide first aid and medicines for common aliments Ex: Burns, frostbite, poisoning etc.
• Graph for 50 years Between 1920-1971.
Dispensing and compounding of medications
1 2 3
• Now they need to know things like shelf life and effect of exposure to light,
– Judging reliability and reputation of manufacturers.
• Compounding today is on the rise
– People are realizing the benefits – Pharmacists are going back to it just for the love science and interests.
People going int Pharmacy in 1947
People going into pharmacy in 1988
People going into pharmacy in 1973
• The Work
– Prepare and dispense drugs prescribed by doctors. – Advise doctors, patients, and other health care professionals on proper dosage and possible side effects.
• They must know what’s in the drug, how it works, and how it affects people.
• Purchase medical supplies • Answer customer questions • Go with doctors and hospital staff on rounds • Advise patients on medical equipment and over-thecounter medication • HELP PATIENTS GET WELL
• May work in a hospital, clinic, or drug store • Constantly learning and studying about properties & side effects of new drugs. • Communicate with doctors & patients • Most work a standard work week
• Best job opportunities go to people with best grades
– Lower grades will get you a job, however, maybe part time
• Companies want people who graduate at the top of the class. • Fierce competition
• Bachelor’s degree is being phased out – Instead schools offer a doctor of pharmacy (PharmD). • Bachelor’s degrees will not be awarded after 2005
• College Prep
– English – Math – Science – Good written and verbal communication skills
• College requirements
– 2 years of pre-pharmacy courses – 4 years of professional programs leading to PharmD.
• Courses include Biology, Chemistry, Calculus, English, Speech and General Education.
– Community pharmacy, hospital pharmacy, marketing, pediatrics and geriatrcs.
• Have a good memory • Enjoy learning about new medications & treatments • Be trustworthy & detail oriented • Good communication skills • Good problem solving abilities • Enjoy people
Personality Matches Personality Misses
Analytical Detailed Focused
Creative Emotional Disorganized
*I want some one who is kind and caring, who shows an interest in me and my well being.
• Board Exams – NAPLAX – Federal Law Exam – Each States test • 30 hours of CEU’s every 2 years • Renew State License every year
• A pharmacist respects the covenantal relationship between the patient and pharmacist • They promote the good of every patient in a caring, compassionate, and confidential way • The place concern for the well-being of the patient • They respect the autonomy & dignity of each patient. • They act with honesty & integrity in professional relationships
• They maintain professional competence • They respect the values & abilities of colleagues and other health care professionals • They serve individual, community, and societal needs • They seek justice in the distribution of health resources
– Very similar to many peoples morals.
Average Earning $69,440 Average Hourly Rate $33.39
California PharmacistStaff average-$90,000-100,000 per year
Owner - $100,000-???
Good Salaries Wide variety of Careers Options
Long Hours Potential Restlessness
• INCREASING NEED!!!!!
2000-2010 Growth Rate 24.3%
Other Places of Work
• • • • Armed Services Community pharmacy Drug Research & Development Sales & Marketing
• • • • Air force Army Coast Guard Navy *You need a 4 year college degree in pharmacy and a state license to practice pharmacy.
• http://www.iit.edu/departments/csep/Public WWW/codes/coe/American%20Pharmaceu tic… • http://www.lindsaydrug.com/newhist.htm • http://usa.cx.bridges.com/student/DisplayAr ticle.do?dt=Career+Information&dn=Pharm acist
• • • •
http://www.uspharmd.com/rxpharmacist.htm http://www.uspharmd.com/rxpharmacist2.htm http://www.uspharmd.com/rxpharmacist3.htm http://www.pharmacists-recruitmentint.com/PharmacitsRecruitment/Professinal_Requirements.html • Kevin House-interview
• http://www.op.nysed.gov/pharm.htm • http://www.ask.com/-pictures