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									                            CHARTS




Preliminary: Subject to change as features may be added or enhanced. Controls, as shown, may not
be the final version
                                 CONTENTS



                              Item                        Page
Opening a chart                                           3
Menus                                                     4
Indicator selection                                       5
Price plot styles                                         9
Drawings                                                  9
Configuration                                             11
Zoom                                                      13
Panel sizing                                              14
Times plotted                                             15
Chart Characteristics & Available Indicators & Drawings   16
Indicators – description and parameters                   20
Indicator on indicator                                    45




                                          2
Opening Chart


Open a chart by selecting chart on the toolbar, from the main menu as window/create new / charts or by right
clicking on a symbol and selecting charts from the menu. Note that a chart opened via the right click is only
considered temporary and cannot be assigned to a group, linked or saved between sessions.

AIQ Chart       Chart        main menu                                    rt click




                                                       3
After the chart is opened, you will see a chart toolbar which can be used to change the type of chart, time
periods, open the indicator manager, etc. A new chart will display all data for entire period See the toolbar guide
for a full set of instructions available.



You may also set the symbol, time period and duration using the header panel, the toolbar choices and/or the
linkage dropdown

You can also right mouse click on the new chart to see the available menu choices. The view menu will display
or hide the drawing toolbar, shown on left below, the zoom/move toolbar on the top and the scroll bar at
bottom. The scroll bar will only be present if all the time periods are not visible on the chart.




In the display menu you have a choice of seeing all times during the time period you select in configure/time or
only seeing periods when trades have taken place. We recommend not checking the “show non activity periods”
so that indicators will not become distorted. You can also turn on the cross hairs and data window here or from
the toolbar.




The Manage menu allows you to open the indicator manager, the drawing manager, delete or change the colors
of overlay symbols and set the colors for the various price styles




                                                        4
The indicator menu item opens the indicator manager which allows you to add new or modify existing
indicators. A list of available indicators, the parameters used and a short description is provided at the end of
this document.




When you select an indicator, the right side of the indicator manager will display specific inputs for the
indicator. It will also ask where you want to display the chart. The choices are on the price panel, create a new
panel or display on another existing panel (a panel with an existing indicator). If you are going to display in a
panel with existing data, you have a choice of overlaying the indicator without changing the existing price scale
(the new indicator will show in the panel without values and not alter the price scale) or sharing the scale and all
indicators will be plotted at their scale value

From the applied indicators tab, you see a list of the indicators already on the chart and you can change the
parameters, the plot location, color, and overlay for the selected indicator.


                                                         5
Indicators can also be moved from one panel to another by holding the left mouse button down on an indicator
and dragging it to another panel


 Additional color selections are being added for indicators which plot more than 1 item, so each items can be
displayed in a different color

Indicators can be placed in their own subpanel, displayed in combination with other indicators in one panel with
the y scale showing the value of each indicator (no overlay) or with other indicators where the main indicator
sets the y scale and the other indicators fill the panel with the shape but do not use the actual y scale (overlay)

The following chart shows the Bollinger band width and Bollinger %B both in the same panel without the
overlay and the Bollinger Bandwidth in its own panel. Note how when both are displayed in the same panel the
bandwidth appears as a flat line since the values are small




Here is the same chart with the overlay on for the Bollinger Band Width in the 2nd panel. Note how the shape of
the indicator now displays but without corresponding to the value scale.




                                                         6
In the charts it is also possible to display an indicator on another displayed indicator. This new derived indicator
can be displayed in a new panel or in an existing panel. The following shows how the indicator is added and the
resulting display.




                                                         7
8
The style manager menu is used toselect the colors to be used for the price plot as well as set the parameters
needed for specific price plotting styles.




                                                        9
The style menu allows you to select the type price chart you want displayed




The drawing menu and drawing toolbar show the various drawing tools available. If you select color, you
can choose the color to be used for the drawing before it is drawn.




                                                      10
Some drawing tools have the ability to be edited after they are drawn on the chart. To edit a drawn item, right
click on the chart, select drawing and then manage drawing. Depending upon the drawn item selected,
additional editing windows will open where you can select values to be used and displayed/hidden (Fibonacci
retracement, regression line, etc)




                                                       11
The configure time menu specifies the time you want the chart to start and stop plotting on each trading day.
Note however that unless you have the plot non activity periods checked in the display menu these entire times
will not appear on the chart unless there was a trade during the period. Conversely, if there was a trade outside
                                                        12
of the start and end time period, it will not appear on the chart. The bar interval can be changed either on this
menu or on the chart itself.

The chart configuration color sets the chart background, x and y axis type, grid line, and price plot body colors

The value view settings determine what is shown in the data window and where it should be located when it is
selected. As sample data view is shown below

The y axis configuration allows you to set the scale of the price scale so it can show the current data in the full
panel, fixed high and low values or other alternatives shown in the selection.




                                                         13
Zoom menu on chart




From left on menu

File/save options being developed

Move chart to earliest time
Move chart to earlier time period
Move chart to later time period
Move chart to latest time
Zoom in by reducing number of periods displayed
Zoom out by increasing number of periods displayed
Zoom in using mouse to define period (see below for instructions)
Zoom out to show all data
Show cross hairs
To zoom in using mouse, select the zoom in icon then left mouse click on the first bar to be used in the zoom in
range. Release the mouse and move left or right so the zoom in region is highlighted. (Blue region in following
chart). Right click and chart will redisplay with the zoomed in area only (See 2nd chart below)




                                                       14
Each panel can be sized independently by moving mouse over panel separator until it shows the up and down
arrow, then hold down left mouse button and move the separator up or down to change size

                                                    15
The following shows a plot of a chart from 6:30 am until 8:01 pm with show non activity periods checked. Not
the empty spaces on the chart compared to the chart above. Also note the difference in the indicator display.




                                                      16
                                       Chart Characteristics & Available Indicators & Drawings

periods available

tick                from time opened

intraday            up to 30 days

daily               up to 5 years

weekly/monthly      up to 50 years




price plot                                                   new         AIQ

line                                                         Y           Y

bar                                                          Y           Y

candle                                                       Y           Y

hollow candle                                                Y           Y

candle volume                                                Y

equivolume                                                   Y
equivolume
shadow                                                       Y

point & figure                                               Y           Y

Kagi                                                         Y

Renko                                                        Y

three line break                                             Y




overlay multiple                                             future %
symbols                                                      chng        1 symbol


hide/show non
activity periods                                             Y           show only

times to display                                             flexible    9:30-4:00; 1st-last trade



drawing                                                      new         AIQ

pointer                                                      Y           Y
                                                                         always
line / trendline    parallel lines # points   extend         Y           extend

ellipse                                                      Y

speed lines                                                  Y

gann fan                                                     Y           Y

Fibonacci arcs                                               Y           Y
Fibonacci                                                                always
retracements        select / input            extend         Y           extend
Fibonacci time
zones                                                        Y           Y

tirone levels                                                Y

quadrant lines                                               Y

raff regression     parallel lines                           Y
                    parallel lines # std                                 always
regression line     deviations                extend         Y           extend

error channels                                               Y

rectangle                                                    Y

                                                                    17
buy                                Y          Y

sell                               Y          Y

exit                               Y

text                               Y          Y

Fibonacci fan                      Y          Y

vertical line                      Y

horizontal line                    Y

cross hairs                        Y


                                   on
                        Ne         indicato
Indicators              w    AIQ   r          Parm # 1                    2                 3             4   5   6
Accumulative                                  limit move
Swing Index             Y                     value

AIQ Bands                    Y

Aroon up        down    Y                     period

Aroon Oscillator        Y                     period
Bollinger Bands
(high, low,
median)                 Y    Y     Y          source        period            ma type           std dev
Bollinger band
width                   Y          Y          source        period            ma type           std dev
Bollinger band %
B                       Y          Y          source        period            ma type           std dev
Cash flow
accumulation            Y    Y                none
Chaikin Money
Flow                    Y                     period
                                                            rate of
Chaikin Volatility      Y                     period        change            ma type
Chande
Momentum
Oscillator              Y          Y          source        period
Commodity
Channel Index           Y    Y                period

Cumulative              Y          Y          source
Detrended Price
Oscillator              Y          Y          source        period            ma type

Difference              Y          Y          source        period
Directional
Movement DI+
DI- ADX ADXR            Y    Y                period        adxr period
Ease Of
Movement                Y                     period        ma type

forecast oscillator     Y

force index             Y                     period
Fractal chaos
bands                   Y                     period

High Low Bands          Y                     period

High Minus Low          Y                     none

highest x periods       Y    Y

Historical Volatility   Y    Y     Y          source        period            bar history       std dev

keltner channels        Y                     ema periods   atr periods       multiplier




                                         18
lowest x periods                   Y   Y

MACD                               Y   Y                long cycle   short cycle   signal period
MACD histogram
(difference)                       Y   Y                long cycle   short cycle   signal period

Mass Index                         Y                    period

Median Price                       Y                    none
Momentum
Oscillator                         Y           Y        source       period
Momentum - point
and % difference                   Y   point   Y        source       period        pt or %

Money Flow Index                   Y                    period

Money Flow RSI                         Y
Money Flow
Oscillator                             Y

Moving Average       simple        Y   Y       Y        source       period        type

Moving Average       exponential   Y   Y       Y

Moving Average       time series   Y           Y

Moving Average       triangular    Y           Y

Moving Average       variable      Y           Y

Moving Average       weighted      Y           Y

Moving Average       displaced     Y           Y
Moving Average
Envelope                           Y   Y       Y        source       period        type            pct (shift)
Negative Volume
Index                              Y   Y                source
On Balance
Volume                             Y   Y                source
On Balance
Volume Percent                         Y

Parabolic SAR                      Y   Y                min af       max af
Performance
Index                              Y                    source

Phase                                  Y
pivot points &
support/resist                     Y
Positive Volume
Index                              Y   Y                source

Price Oscillator                   Y           Y        source       long cycle    short cycle     ma type
Price ROC (rate of
change)                            Y           Y        source       period
Price Volume
Trend                              Y   Y                source

q stick                            Y
Rainbow
Oscillator                         Y           Y        source       level         ma type
Regression Line –                                                                                  Low std
Constant Distance                  Y           Y        source       periods       Up std dev      dev
Regression
Forecast                           Y           Y        source       periods

Regression Slope                   Y           Y        source       periods
Regression
intercept                          Y           Y        source       periods
Regression R-
Squared                            Y           Y        source       periods
Relative Strength
Index                              Y   Y       Y        source       periods
Relative Strength
Index - AIQ                            Y

Split Volume                           Y
Split Volume -
Moving Average                         Y
Stochastic                                                                         %k Dbl                                  %D ma
Momentum Index                     Y   Y                % k period   %k smooth     Smooth          %D period     ma type   type
Stochastic
Oscillator                         Y   Y                %k period    %k slowing    %D period       ma type

                                                   19
                                       limit move
Swing Index           Y                value
Trading Channel
Index                     Y
Time Series
Forecast              Y

TRIX                  Y       Y        source            period

True Range            Y                none
Average true
range                 Y

Typical Price         Y                none

Ultimate Oscillator   Y                cycle1            cycle2          cycle3
Volume
Accumulation
Percent                   Y
Vertical Horizontal
Filter                Y       Y        source            period
VIDYA moving
average               Y       Y        source            period          R2 scale

Volume                Y   Y            none

Volume Oscillator     Y   Y            source            short term      long term   pts or %

Volume ROC            Y                                  period

Weighted Close        Y                none

Williams %R           Y                periods
Williams
Accumulat Distrib     Y   Y            none

Zig Zag                   Y


Indicator on                                                                         other inputs are same as indicator
indicator             Y                source is indicator to be used as basis.      being used

Color studies             Y




                                  20
Technical Indicator Help



Accumulation Swing Index

Overview:

The Accumulation Swing Index (Wilder) is a cumulative total of the Swing Index.

Interpretation:

The Accumulation Swing Index may be analyzed using technical indicators, line studies, and chart patterns, as an alternative view of
price action.

Parameters        Limit Move Value




AIQ Bands

Overview

The AIQ Bands are designed to encompass 90% of price activity

Interpretation

The AIQ Bands indicate overextended prices. A price above the upper trading band is a possible selling opportunity. A
price below the lower trading band is possibly a buying opportunity

Parameters        None




Aroon Index and Oscillator

Overview:

The Aroon indicator is often used to determine whether a stock is trending or not and how stable the trend is.

Interpretation:

Trends are determined by extreme values (above 80) of both lines (Aroon up and Aroon down), whereas unstable prices are
determined when both lines are low (less than 20).

Parameters        Periods




Bollinger Bands

                                                                   21
Overview:

Bollinger Bands are similar in comparison to moving average envelopes. Bollinger Bands are calculated using standard deviations
instead of shifting bands by a fixed percentage.

Interpretation:

Bollinger Bands (as with most bands) can be imposed over an actual price or another indicator.

When prices rise above the upper band or fall below the lower band, a change in direction may occur when the price penetrates the
band after a small reversal from the opposite direction.

Parameters         Source

                   Periods

                   Moving Average Type

                   Standard Deviations




Bollinger Band Width

Overview:

Bollinger Bands Width measures the distance between the upper and lower Bolling.

Interpretation:

Sharp moves in price tend to occur after the bands tighten. The first increase in volatility after a period of reduced volatility tends to
mark the start of the next move.

Parameters         Source

                   Periods

                   Moving Average Type

                   Standard Deviations




Bollinger Band % B

Overview:

Bollinger Band % B indicates where the value lies in relation to the upper and lower Bollinger Bands.

Interpretation:

A value of 50% indicates the value is at the midpoint, while higher values indicate it is above the midpoint and lesser values below.
Values over 100% or less than 0 indicate the value is outside the normal range. Moving outside the bands signals a continuation of the
move until the prices move inside the bands

                                                                      22
Parameters         Source

                   Periods

                   Moving Average Type

                   Standard Deviations




Cashflow Accumulation

Overview:

This is an accumulation distribution indicator. It is the cumulative summation of price change * volume for each period




Interpretation:

It is the shape of the indicator which is important. Important are the trends and trend breaks, and nonconfirmations (highs and lows do
not agree) and divergences (trends do not agree) with price action.

Parameters:        none




Chaikin Money Flow

Overview:

The Chaikin Money Flow oscillator is a momentum indicator that spots buying and selling by calculating price and volume together. This
indicator is based upon Chaikin Accumulation/Distribution, which is in turn based upon the premise that if a stock closes above its
midpoint [(high+low)/2] for the day then there was accumulation that day, and if it closes below its midpoint, then there was distribution
that day.

Parameters         Periods




Chaikin Volatility Oscillator

Overview:

The Chaikin Volatility Oscillator is a moving average derivative of the Accumulation/Distribution index.

Interpretation:

The Chaikin Volatility Oscillator adjusts with respect to volatility, independent of long-term price action.

Parameters:        Periods

                   Rate Of Change


                                                                      23
                  Moving Average Type




Chande Momentum Oscillator (CMO)

Overview:

The Chande Momentum Oscillator (Chande) is an advanced momentum oscillator derived from linear regression.

Interpretation:

Increasingly high values of CMO may indicate that prices are trending strongly upwards. Conversely, increasingly low values of CMO
may indicate that prices are trending strongly downwards. CMO is related to MACD and Price Rate of Change (ROC).

Parameters         Source

                  Periods




Commodity Channel Index

Overview:

The CCI was developed by Donald Lambert and is a price momentum indicator. The purpose of this indicator is to identify cyclical turns
and can be applied to stocks as well as commodities.

Interpretation:

This indicator oscillates between an overbought and oversold condition and works best in a sideways market. The CCI trading strategy
is to buy when the index rises above 100% and sell when it falls back below 100%. On the short side, sell short when the CCI falls
below -100% and cover shorts when it rises above -100%

Parameters         Periods




Cumulative

Overview:

Cumulative is the summation of the source data item starting from the first period on the chart

Interpretation:

This indicator can be used to visually analyze trends over time

Parameters        Source

                   Periods (fixed at 1)




                                                                   24
Detrended Price Oscillator

Overview:

The Detrended Price Oscillator is used when long-term trends or outliers must be removed from prices or index indicators.

Interpretation:

This indicator is often used to supplement a standard price chart. Other indicators can be plotted over the Detrended Price Oscillator.

Parameters:       Source

                  Periods

                  Moving Average Type




Difference

Overview:

Difference is used to obtain the difference in the value of the source between the present period and the period periods ago

Parameters:       Source

                  Periods




Directional Movement System (DI+, DI-, ADX, ADXR)

Overview:

The Welles Wilder's Directional Movement System contains five indicators; ADX, DI+, DI-, DX, and ADXR.

The ADX (Average Directional Movement Index) is an indicator of how much the market is trending, either up or down: the higher the
ADX line, the more the market is trending and the more suitable it becomes for a trend-following system. This indicator consists of two
lines: DI+ and DI-, the first one being a measure of uptrend and the second one a measure of downtrend.

Detailed information about this indicator and formulas can be found in Welles Wilder's book, "New Concepts in Technical Trading
Systems".

The standard Directional Movement System draws a 14 period D1+ and a 14 period DI- in the same chart panel. ADX is also
sometimes shown in the same chart panel.

Interpretation:

A buy signal is given when DI+ crosses over DI-, a sell signal is given when DI- crosses over DI+.

Parameters        Periods

                  ADXR Periods


                                                                   25
                   Display ADX ADXR DI+           DI-




Ease of Movement

Overview:

The Ease of Movement oscillator shows a unique relationship between price change and volume.

Interpretation:

The Ease of Movement oscillator rises when prices are trending upwards under low volume, and likewise, the Ease of Movement
oscillator falls when prices are trending downwards under low volume.

Parameters:        Periods

                   Moving Average Type




Force Index

Overview:

The Force Index is an indicator that uses price and volume to assess the power behind a move or identify possible turning points

Interpretation:

A big advance on heavy volume shows a strong commitment from buyers. Likewise, a big decline on heavy volume shows a strong
commitment from sellers. The Force Indicator indicates buying and selling pressure

Parameters:        Periods




Forecast Oscillator

Overview:

The Forecast oscillator plots the difference between the forecast prices and the actual prices, using an x period linear regression line. If

Interpretation:

If the forecast oscillator is above zero, it means that the actual price is stronger than that predicted by the linear regression line

Parameters         Source

                   Periods




Fractal Chaos Bands

                                                                      26
Overview:

The chaotic nature of stock market movements explains why it is sometimes difficult to distinguish hourly charts from monthly charts if
the time scale is not given. The patterns are similar regardless of the time resolution. Like the chambers of the nautilus, each level is
like the one before it, but the size is different. To determine what is happening in the current level of resolution, the fractal chaos band
indicator can be used to examine these patterns.

Parameters:        Periods




High Low Bands

Overview:

High Low Bands consist of triangular moving averages calculated from the underling price, shifted up and down by a fixed percentage,
and include a median value.

Interpretation:

When prices rise above the upper band or fall below the lower band, a change in direction may occur when the price penetrates the
band after a small reversal from the opposite direction.

Parameters         Periods




High Minus Low

Overview:

Returns the high price minus the low price.

Parameters:       none




Highest

Overview:

Returns the highest value of the source in the past periods.

Parameters:       Source

                  Periods




Historical Volatility Index

Overview:

Historical volatility is the log-normal standard deviation. The Historical Volatility Index is based on the book by Don Fishback, "Odds:
                                                                     27
The Key to 90% Winners".

This formula will output a 3~-day historical volatility index between 1 and 0:

Stdev(Log(Close I Close Yesterday), 30) * Sqrt(365)

Note that some traders use 252 instead of 365 for the bar history that is used in the square root calculation. The Log value is a natural
log (ie LoglO).

Interpretation:

Similar to the coefficient of determination, the higher the value is, the more volatile the stock is.

Parameters:        Source (usually the close price)

                   Periods

                   BarHistory

                   StandardDeviations




Keltner Channels

Overview:

Keltner Channels are volatility-based envelopes set above and below an exponential moving average.

Interpretation:

Keltner Channels are similar to Bollinger Bands except instead of using volatility they use the average true range.

Parameters:        EMA periods

                   ATR periods

                   Multiplier




Lowest

Overview:

Returns the lowest value of the source in the past periods.

.

Parameters:        Source

                   Periods


                                                                      28
Moving Average Convergence I Divergence (MACD)

Overview:

The MACD is a moving average oscillator that shows potential overbought/oversold phases of market fluctuation. The MACD is a
calculation of two moving averages of the underlying price/indicator. The first component is a line which represents the difference
between two moving averages, each computed for a different time period. The second component, the signal line, is an exponential
average of the first component.

Interpretation:

Buy/Sell interpretations may be derived from crossovers (calculated from the Signal Periods parameter), overbought/oversold levels of
the MACD and divergences between MACD and actual price.

Parameters:       Long Cycle

                  Short Cycle

                  Signal Periods




Moving Average Convergence I Divergence (MACD) Histogram

Overview:

The MACD is a moving average oscillator that shows potential overbought/oversold phases of market fluctuation. The MACD is a
calculation of two moving averages of the underlying price/indicator. The histogram is simply a bar graph of the MACD minus the
MACD Signal line.

Interpretation:

Buy/Sell interpretations may be derived from crossovers (calculated from the Signal Periods parameter), overbought/oversold levels of
the MACD and divergences between MACD and actual price.

Parameters:       Long Cycle

                  Short Cycle

                  Signal Periods




Mass Index

Overview:

The Mass Index identifies price changes by indexing the narrowing and widening change between high and low prices.

Interpretation:

According to the inventor of the Mass Index, reversals may occur when a 25-period Mass Index rises above 27 or falls below 26.5.

                                                                  29
Parameters:       Periods




Median Price

Overview:

A Median Price is simply an average of one period's high and low values.

Interpretation:

A Median Price is often used as an alternative way of viewing price action, and also as a component for calculating other indicators.

Parameters:       None




Momentum (point & percent)

Overview:

Momentum measures the change in the value of the source item either in points or percent over the period.

Interpretation:

Positive and high values of momentum indicate a strong positive trend exists while negative and large negative values indicate a strong
negative trend exists. Changes in the slope indicate the trend may be changing.

Parameters        Source

                  Periods

                  Points or Percent




Momentum Oscillator

Overview:

The momentum indicator calculates change of over a specified length of time as a ratio.

Interpretation:

Increasingly high values of the momentum oscillator may indicate that prices are trending strongly upwards. The momentum oscillator is
closely related to MACD and Price Rate of Change (ROC).

Parameters:       Source

                  Periods




                                                                   30
Money Flow Index

Overview:

The Money Flow Index measures money flow of a security, using volume and price for calculations.

Interpretation:

Market bottoms below 20 and tops above 80. Divergence of price and Money Flow Index are also used.

Parameters        Periods




Money Flow RSI

Overview:

The Money Flow RSI is a short term indicator which attempts to measure the flow of money into or out of a security.

Interpretation:

Money flow RSI is normalized to a scale of 0 to 100. Money flow values above 80 indicate a top. Extreme values over 90 indicate a
situation where overbuying is evident, which is usually followed by a selloff. Values less than 20 indicate a bottom and values less than
10 indicate an oversold situation.

Parameters        Periods




Money Flow Oscillator

Overview:

The Money Flow Oscillator is the difference between the current value of Money Flow and the value periods ago.

Interpretation:

When the Money Flow Oscillator is positive, it means that money flow is increasing over time. When the indicator is negative, it means
that money is flowing out and demand is decreasing.

Parameters        Periods




Moving Averages

Interpretation:

A Moving Average is most often used to average values for a smoother representation of the underlying price or indicator.

Parameters        Source



                                                                   31
                  Periods

                  Type Average




Simple Moving Average

Overview:

The Simple Moving Average is simply an average of values over a specified period of time.




Exponential Moving Average

Overview:

An Exponential Moving Average is similar to a Simple Moving Average. An EMA is calculated by applying a small percentage of the
current value to the previous value. An EMA applies more weight to recent values.




Time Series Moving Average

Overview:

A Time Series Moving Average is similar to a Simple Moving Average/ except that values are derived from linear regression forecast




Triangular Moving Average

Overview:

The Triangular Moving Average is similar to a Simple Moving Average, except that more weight is given to the price in the middle of the
moving average periods.




Variable Moving Average

Overview:

A Variable Moving Average is an exponential moving average that adjusts to volatility.




Weighted Moving Average

Overview:

A Weighted Moving Average places more weight on recent values and less weight on older values.

                                                                  32
Moving Averages - Displaced

Overview

The displaced moving average is created by shifting the moving averages forward or backwards in time by a specific period

Interpretation:

The displaced moving average is used to shift the moving average backwards to contain the trend better or to shift forward in order to
become a leading indicator.




Parameters        Source

                  Periods

                  Type Average

                  Displacement Period (can be positive or negative)




Moving Average Envelope

Overview:

Moving Average Envelopes consist of moving averages calculated from the underling price, shifted up and down by a fixed percentage.

Interpretation:

Moving Average Envelopes (or trading bands) can be imposed over an actual price or another indicator.

When prices rise above the upper band or fall below the lower band, a change in direction may occur when the price penetrates the
band after a small reversal from the opposite direction.

Parameters        Source

                  Periods

                  Type Average

                   Shift

Shift is value specifying the percentage of shift for each moving average from the actual values.




Negative Volume Index

                                                                   33
Overview:

The Negative Volume Index shows focus on periods when volume decreases from the previous period.

Interpretation:

The interpretation of the Negative Volume Index is that well-informed investors are buying when the index falls and uninformed
investors are buying when the index rises.

Parameters        Source




On Balance Volume

Overview:

The On Balance Volume indicator shows a relationship of price and volume as a momentum index.

Interpretation:

On Balance Volume index generally precedes actual price movements. The premise is that well-informed investors are buying when the
index rises and uninformed investors are buying when the index falls.

Parameters        Source




On Balance Volume Percentage

Overview:

The On Balance Volume Percentage indicator shows the OBV as a percentage of total volume.

Interpretation:

On Balance Volume Percentage can be used to see divergences when prices are making new highs or lows and the indicator is not
confirming. Another signal that can be generated is when the OBV % crosses the zero line – crossing from negative to positive is a buy
signal and from positive to negative is a sell signal

Parameters        Periods




Parabolic SAR

Overview:

The Parabolic SAR was developed by Welles Wilder. This indicator is always in the market (whenever a position is closed, an opposing
position is taken). The Parabolic SAR indicator is most often used to set trailing price stops. A stop and reversal (SAR) occurs when the
price penetrates a Parabolic SAR level.

Parameters:       Min AF (accumulation factor)


                                                                   34
                  Max AF (accumulation factor)




Performance Index

Overview:

The Performance indicator calculates price performance as a normalized percentage.

Interpretation:

A Performance indicator shows the price of a security as a normalized value. If the Performance indicator shows plus 50, then the price
of the underlying security has increased 50% since the start of the Performance indicator calculations. Conversely, if the indictor shows
minus 50, then the price of the underlying security has decreased 50% since the start of the Performance indicator calculations.

Parameter          Source




Phase

Overview:

The Phase indicator calculates is used by AIQ as a filter of Expert Rating signals.

Interpretation:

When the direction of Phase agrees with an Expert Rating signal, the signal is considered to be confirmed by the Phase.

Parameter          Source




Pivot Points and Lines

Overview:

Pivot points are used to find intraday support/resistance levels

Interpretation

It is believed that when a price is below a pivot or pivot support/resistance and breaks up through it then it’s a buy signal (or vice versa
for a sell signal).

Parameters:       None




Positive Volume Index

Overview:



                                                                     35
The Positive Volume Index shows focus on periods when volume increases from the previous period.

Interpretation:

The interpretation of the Positive Volume Index is that many investors are buying when the index rises, and selling when the index falls.

Parameters:        Source




Price Oscillator

Overview:

The Price Oscillator shows a spread of two moving averages.

Interpretation:

The Price Oscillator is basically a moving average spread. Buying usually occurs when the oscillator rises, and conversely, selling
usually occurs when the oscillator falls.

Parameters         Source

                  Long Cycle

                  Short Cycle

                  Moving Average Type




Price Rate of Change (ROC)

Overview:

The Price ROC shows the difference between the current price and the price one or more periods in the past.

Interpretation:

A 12-day Price ROC is most often used as an overbought/oversold indicator.

Parameters:       Source

                  Periods




Price and Volume Trend

Overview:

The Price and Volume Trend index is closely related to the On Balance Volume index.


                                                                   36
Interpretation:

The Price and Volume Trend index generally precedes actual price movements. The premise is that well-informed investors are buying
when the index rises and uninformed investors are buying when the index falls.

Parameters:       Source




Q Stick

Overview:

Qstick Indicator was developed by Tushar Chande as a method to quantify candlestick charts.

Interpretation:

Qstick values below zero indicate a majority of black candlesticks (over the time periods specified) and therefore a bearish
bias for the security. Qstick values above zero indicate a majority of white candlesticks (over the time periods specified)
and therefore a bullish bias for the security.

Parameters:       Periods




Rainbow Oscillator

Overview:

The rainbow oscillator is based upon multiple time frames of a moving average.

Interpretation:

When values stay above 80 or below 20, the trend may reverse suddenly.

Parameters:       Source

                  Levels

                  Moving Average Type




Regression Forecast

Overview:

Linear regression is a common statistical method used to forecast values using least squares fit.

Interpretation:

The regression forecast is the value projected for the current period from the regression


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Parameters:         Source

                   Periods




Regression Slope

Overview:

The regression slope is the slope of the regression line for the current period derived from the regression over the past periods

Interpretation:

The higher the slope, the greater the trend over the past periods. A positive slope indicates an upward trend; a negative slope indicates
a downward trend




Parameters:        Source

                   Periods




Regression Intercept

Overview:

The regression intercept shows the value of the regression line for the first point of the period in the regression. It is plotted at the last
point used in the regression

Parameters:        Source

                   Periods




Regression R-Squared

Overview:

R squared is an indication of the goodness of fit of the data point to the regression line. .

Interpretation:

A R squared of 1.00 indicates that all the data perfectly fits the regression line while lower numbers indicate progressively lower fits of
the data to the line.

Parameters:        Source

                   Periods



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Relative Strength Index (RSI)

Overview:

The RSI (Wilder) is a popular indicator that shows comparative price strength within a single security.

Interpretation:

 The most widely used method for interpreting the RSI is price/RSI divergence, support/resistance levels and RSI chart formations. The
index also signals over bought and oversold conditions. A value over 70 indicates an overbought condition and a value under 30
indicates an oversold condition.

Parameters:       Source

                  Periods




Relative Strength Index (RSI) - AIQ

Overview:

The RSI – AIQ uses an exponentially smoothed average for the calculation

Interpretation:

Same as RSI.

Parameters:       Periods




Split Volume

Overview:

Split Volume separates volume into two components – up volume and down volume. On days when price advances, volume is charted
above the line; on declining days, volume is plotted below.

Interpretation:

A cluster of up days following a price decline is usually bullish and a cluster of days below the center line after an uptrend is often
bearish.

Parameters:       None




Split Volume Moving Average

Overview:


                                                                     39
Split Volume Moving Average is an exponentially smoothed moving average of Split Volume.

Interpretation:

The pattern to look for is a nonconfirmation between price movements and movements of this indicator. When there.is divergence, the
direction of this indicator will often signal the next direction in price action.

Parameters:       Periods




Stochastic Momentum Index

Overview:

The Stochastic Momentum Index, developed by William Blau, first appeared in the January 1993 issue of Stocks & Commodities
magazine. This indicator plots the closeness relative to the midpoint of the recent high/low range.

Interpretation:

The Stochastic Momentum Index has two components: %K and %D. %K is most often displayed as a solid line and %D is often shown
as a dotted line. The most widely used method for interpreting the Stochastic Momentum Index is to buy when either component rises
above 40 or sell when either component falls below 40. Another way to interpret the Stochastic Momentum Index is to buy when %K
rises above %D, and conversely, sell when %K falls below %D.

Parameters        %K Periods

                  %K Smoothing

                  %K Double Smoothing

                  %D Periods

                  Moving Average Type

                  %D Moving Average Type

The most commonly used arguments are 13 for %K periods, 25 for %K smoothing, 2 for %K double smoothing, and 9 for %D periods.




Stochastic Oscillator

Overview:

The Stochastic Oscillator is a popular indicator that shows where a security's price has closed in proportion to its closing price range
over a specified period of time.

Interpretation:

The Stochastic Oscillator has two components: %K and %D. %K is most often displayed as a solid line and %D is often shown as a
dotted line. The most widely used method for interpreting the Stochastic Oscillator is to buy when either component rises above 80 or
sell when either component falls below 20. Another way to interpret the Stochastic Oscillator is to buy when %K rises above %D, and
conversely, sell when %K falls below %D.


                                                                    40
Parameters        %K Periods

                  %K Slowing

                  %D Periods

                  Moving Average Type

The most commonly used arguments are 9 for %K periods/ 3 for %K slowing periods and 3 for %D smoothing.




Swing Index

Overview:

The Swing Index (Wilder) is a popular indicator that shows comparative price strength within a single security by comparing the current
open/ high/ low and close prices with previous prices.

Interpretation:

The Swing Index is a component of the Accumulation Swing Index

Parameters:       Limit Move Value




TRIX

Overview:

TRIX is a momentum oscillator that shows the rate of change of an exponentially averaged closing price.

Interpretation:

The most common interpretation of the TRIX oscillator is to buy when the oscillator rises and sell when the oscillator falls. 3,8 and 14
period moving averages are often used to smooth the TRIX oscillator.

Parameters:       Source

                  Periods




Trading Channel Index

Overview:

The Trading Channel Index identifies changes in price direction. The TCI is a slowed adaptation of the CCI more useful for equity
trading.

Interpretation:

A simple rule is not to take a position against the direction of the TCI. The TCI is a very short term and responsive indicator and is likely
                                                                     41
to change in a short period of time

Parameter:        Channel Periods

                  Average Periods




True Range

Overview:

True Range measures the extreme price movement from the close of the prior period through the current period.

Interpretation:

The true range is a measure of how much movement is experienced from one period through the next. A high true range would indicate
a good candidate for short term trading.

Parameter:        None




Average True Range

Overview:

Average True Range measures the average of true range over the indicated period:

Interpretation:

The true range is a measure of how much movement is experienced from one period through the next. A high average true range would
indicate a good candidate for short term trading since the range remains high over the measured period.




Parameter:        Periods




Typical Price

Overview:

A Typical Price is simply an average of one period's high, low and close values.

Interpretation:

A Typical Price is often used as an alternative way of viewing price action, and also as a component for calculating other indicators.

Parameter:        None




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Ultimate Oscillator

Overview:

The Ultimate Oscillator compares prices with three oscillators, using three different periods for calculations.

Interpretation:

The most popular interpretation of the Ultimate Oscillator is price/indicator divergence.

Parameters:        Cycle 1

                  Cycle 2

                   Cycle 3




Vertical Horizontal Filter

Overview:

The Vertical Horizontal Filter (VHF) identifies whether a market is in a trending or choppy movement phase.

Interpretation:

The VHF indicator is most commonly used as an indicator of market volatility. It is also frequently used as a component for other
technical indicators.

Parameters:        Source

                  Periods




VIDYA Moving Average

Overview:

VIDYA (Volatility Index Dynamic Average), developed by Chan de, is a moving average derived from linear regression R2.

Interpretation:

A Moving Average is most often used to average values for a smoother representation of the underlying price or indicator. Because
VIDYA is a derivative of linear regression, it quickly adapts to volatility.

Parameters:        Source

                  Periods

                  R2 Scale

R2Scaie is a double value specifying the R-Squared scale to use in the linear regression calculations. Chande recommends a value
between 0.5 and 0.8 (default value is 0.65).
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Volume Accumulation Percentage

Overview:

The Volume Accumulation Percentage is a percentage of total volume resulting from buying, or accumulation, averaged over a specific
time period.

Interpretation:.

The Volume Accumulation Percentage is a measure of buying pressure as opposed to selling pressure. A buy signal is produced when
the VAPct turns positive and a sell signal when it turns negative. .

Parameters:        Short Term Period

                   Long Term Period

                   Points Or Percent (output scale type)




Volume Oscillator

Overview:

The Volume Oscillator shows a spread of two different moving averages of volume over a specified period of time.

Interpretation:

The Volume Oscillator offers a clear view of whether or not volume is increasing or decreasing.

Parameters:        Short Term Period

                   Long Term Period

                   Points Or Percent (output scale type)




Volume Rate of Change (ROC)

Overview:

The Volume Rate of Change indicator shows clearly whether or not volume is trending in one direction or another.

Interpretation:

Sharp Volume ROC increases may signal price breakouts.

Parameters:        Periods




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Weighted Close

Overview:

Weighted Close is an average of each day's open, high, low, and close, where more weight is placed on the close.

Interpretation:

The Weighted Close indicator is a simple method that offers a Simplistic view of market prices.

Parameter:         None




Williams' %R

Overview:

Williams' %R measures overbought/oversold levels.

Interpretation:

The most widely used method for interpreting Williams' %R is to buy when the indicator rises above 80 or sell when the indicator falls
below 20.

Parameters:        Periods




Williams' Accumulation/Distribution

Overview:

The Accumulation/Distribution indicator shows a relationship of price and volume.

Interpretation:

When the indicator is rising, the security is said to be accumulating. Conversely, when the indicator is falling, the security is said to
being distributing. Prices may reverse when the indicator converges with price.

Parameter:         None




Zig Zag

Overview:

Zig Zag reduces price action to a series of straight lines connecting highs and lows in closing prices.

Interpretation:

Zig Zag removes the randow aspect of prices and allows the user to concentrate on the successive major moves and their duration

                                                                      45
within a wave

Parameter:      Percent difference between successive highs and lows.




Indicator on Indicator

The following indicators can use other indicators as a source

Bollinger Bands (high, low, median)                          Moving Average - variable
Bollinger band width                                         Moving Average – weighted
Bollinger band % B                                           Moving Average displaced
Chande Momentum Oscillator                                   Moving Average Envelope
Cumulative                                                   Price Oscillator
Detrended Price Oscillator                                   Price ROC (rate of change)
Difference                                                   Rainbow Oscillator
highest x periods                                            Regression Line
Historical Volatility                                        Regression Forecast
lowest x periods                                             Regression Slope
Momentum Oscillator                                          Regression intercept
Momentum - point and % difference                            Regression R-Squared
Moving Average - simple                                      Relative Strength Index
Moving Average - exponential                                 TRIX
Moving Average – time series                                 Vertical Horizontal Filter
Moving Average - triangular                                  VIDYA moving average




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