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Six Thinking Hats ® A Framework For Parallel Thinking In Teams 1 Today’s Purpose n Review the key points on the participant online overview n Practice using the parallel thinking framework n Answer questions n Review applications 2 Key Reminders n The online overview is a general introduction to prepare you to participate n It is not a training course in leading the use of the framework n Use the Six Hat framework under the direction of your trained Six Thinking Hat facilitator (full 1 day course) 3 Results Around The World n Since 1993 over 200,000 trained n In use by many of the largest & most successful organizations worldwide n Works well in different cultures n Applies across all levels & disciplines 4 The Originator Dr. Edward de Bono n M.D., Ph.D., (philosophy, medicine & psychology), Rhodes scholar n World-renowned consultant to business, governments, schools and industry n Author of 62 books in 35 languages n Originator of Six Thinking Hats, Lateral Thinking and Direct Attention Thinking Tools 5 The Need To Improve Three main problems with our current methods of thinking in teams? n Differing Perceptions n Complexity n Adversarial Approach 6 7 8 Benefits Of The Six Thinking Hat Framework Parallel Adversarial Save Time Improve Exploration Improve Creativity & Innovation Foster Collaborative Thinking Move from Problem Solving to Opportunity Identification 9 “Ninety Percent of all thinking mistakes by adults are mistakes in perception, not mistakes in logic.” Dr. Edward de Bono 10 Basics To Participate n Six different imaginary hats to put on or off. Each hat is a different color and represents a different type or mode of thinking. n We all wear the same hat (do the same type of thinking) at the same time. n When we change hats, we change our thinking. 11 White Hat Information & Data Neutral & Objective FOCUS Checked & Believed Facts Missing Information & Where To Source It 12 Red Hat Feelings & Intuition Emotions Or Hunches FOCUS “At This Point” No Reasons or Justification Keep It Short 13 Yellow Hat Why It May Work Values & Benefits FOCUS (Both Known & Potential) The Good In It Logical Reasons Must Be Given 14 Cautions · Dangers FOCUS Problems · Faults Logical Reasons Must Be Given 15 Green Hat Creative Thinking Possibilities · Alternatives FOCUS New Ideas · New Concepts Overcome Black Hat Problems & Reinforce Yellow Hat Values 16 Blue Hat Managing The Thinking Setting The Focus FOCUS Making Summaries Overviews · Conclusions Action Plans 17 Blue Hat Managing The Thinking Setting The Focus Making Summaries Overviews · Conclusions White Hat Action Plans Black Hat Information & Data Why It May Not Work Neutral & Objective Cautions · Dangers Checked & Believed Facts Problems · Faults Missing Information & Give Logical Reasons Where To Source It FOCUS Yellow Hat Red Hat Why It May Work Feelings & Intuition Values & Benefits Emotions Or Hunches (Both Known & Potential) “At This Point” The Good In It No Reasons or Justification Give Logical Reasons Keep It Short Green Hat Creative Thinking Possibilities · Alternatives New Ideas · New Concepts Overcome Black Hat Issues Reinforce Yellow Hat Values 18 Your Facilitator’s Role n Define the focus of your thinking n Plan the sequence and timing of the thinking n Ask for changes in the thinking, if needed n Handle requests from group for changes in thinking n Form periodic or final summaries of the thinking for consideration by the team x 19 Your Role n Follow the lead of your trained facilitator n Stick to the hat (type of thinking) that is in current use n Try to work within the time limits n Contribute honestly & fully under each hat 20 Sequence Use & Single Use n Sequence Use - The Blue Hat leader designs a sequence for the team to follow, but may make adjustments as needed (without this method, we would be only Red or Black ) n Single Use - The Blue Hat leader may ask for the use of a single hat at a time as needed n (it helps when you know you won’t get argued; All agree to say same thing, help each other.) 21 n n “The important thing is to not stop questioning.” n Albert Einstein 22 Example Exercise Recently a public zoo began experimenting with a new feeding method for many of the carnivorous animals in the facility. Instead of giving them simply meat at feeding times, they released live prey into their large "natural setting" type enclosures. In some cases an overabundance of other small mammals in the zoo provided an on site food source. The regular feeding times were not altered. This experiment has caught the attention of several zoos in North America. Discuss this idea and see if you think it would work here in the United States? 23 Example Exercise Imagine that this proposal has been made 1. Blue - 1/2 min. 5. Green - 1 1/2 min. 2. White - 1 min. 6. Red - 3/4 min. 3.Yellow - 1 1/2 min. 7. Blue - 1 min. 4. Black - 1 1/2 min. It’s a good idea to do another (Yellow + Black) after getting some ideas. 24 A "straw-man proposal" is a simple draft proposal intended to generate discussion of its disadvantages and 25 to provoke the generation of new, better, proposals. As the document is revised, it may be given other edition names There is no such thing as “Objective Discussion”, we all have opinions that we start with and using the data we are trying to build a Case for it. Normally the Problem is: People will finally agree on something that they were not bought in. n 6-Hats is a framework for Thinking/Exploring in teams that … n Reduces argument / Drift n Rapid Perception Sharing n Promotes idea generation (safe time &place) n Reduces time n Better Results 26 27 GENERATING Alternatives Participant Overview 28 “We can analyze the past, but we must design the future.” Dr. Edward de Bono 29 There was a time that efficiency and problem solving were enough, but today, these just provide the Baseline. n PROVOCATIVE OPERATION (PO) n The incoming information organize itself in a sequence of temporary state. They are routine patterns. n When do you set yourself to look for New Alternatives? n To get a New Idea, we need to Start on a New Point. How? Use chance ,,, A Random Word… when brain is trying to connect that random word to the Subject, it goes through a Diff. routes which you didn’t know before. n (use 3 attributes of that word, and force yourself to find ideas, don’t explain how you got that idea.) Lateral PO 30 Alternatives What is an alternative …. For gluing two pieces of wood together? n What is the connection between these options? 31 Alternatives n Alternatives are not random n There is always a connection n We seldom clearly define these connections or “fixed points” n “Fixed Points” = “Concepts” 32 Alternatives Why Look For Concepts? n Identifying and working with concepts drives the generation of more ideas n Identifying and working with concepts drives breadth in the thinking 33 Alternatives The Concept Triangle Concept Third Idea Second Idea First Idea or Purpose or Alternative Objective 34 Alternatives The Concept Triangle Ways To Punish People For Littering Put Their Picture In Newspaper Make Them Serve Time Picking Up Litter Fine Those Reduce That Litter Downtown Litter 35 36 Alternatives Selecting & Defining Concepts n Be very precise about the concept n Choose the concept carefully n Look for multiple concepts n Begin the concept statement with “Ways to…” or “Methods of…” and use at least 6-7 words 37 Alternatives The Three Key Questions to Ask 1. What is the concept behind the idea being expressed? 2. Are there any other ways (ideas or alternatives) to carry out the concept? 3. Are there any other concepts? 38 Alternatives The Concept Fan Purpose or Objective Concept First Idea or Alternative Second Idea Third Idea 39 Alternatives Key Things To Remember 1. Individual idea generation time is valuable to reduce channeling, maintain fidelity and drive efficiency. 2. Extract concepts from individual ideas. Do not group ideas first. 3. Then, find the Concept behind those ideas; try to make a lots of concepts. Don’t look for Similarities. Say: “Ways to….” 4. Then, generate more ideas for each Concept. 40 Alternatives The Concept Fan to get the persons in two Purpose or Ideas on how on site departments to work more Objective effectively and closely together Concepts Ideas 41 1. What is the 2. Are there any 3. Are there any concept behind the other ways to carry other concepts? idea? out that concept? CONCEPT: Ways To CONCEPT Punish For Littering IDEA: Put IDEA Picture In Newspaper IDEA: Serve IDEA Time Picking Up Litter IDEA: Fine IDEA Those That OBJ: Reduce OBJ Litter Downtown Litter 42 Alternatives Example Exercise 43 Random Random Concept Fan Example Word Word Ask – “Are there any other ways Ask – “Are there any other to Ask – “Are there any other waysThis offer “onion” carry concepts? out this concept?” to carry out this concept?” seems a little OBJECTIVE: fishy if you OBJECTIVE: Generate ideas on Generate ideas on ask me! how to make sticky how to make sticky notes more popular notes more popular Ways to Ways to Ways to have Ways to Ways to use Ways to Ways to use Ways to Ways to Ways to have Ways to Ways to use Ways to Ways to use more easily make it sticky notes provide shapes to better texture to more easily make it sticky notes provide shapes to better texture to transport easier for indicate more indicate organize indicate transport easier for indicate more indicate organize indicate sticky sender to something in a flexibility something or the sticky something or sticky sender to something in a flexibility something or the sticky something or notes after clearly unique and to the user enhance the notes after enhance the notes after clearly unique and to the user enhance the notes after enhance the writing indicate fun way message they are message writing indicate fun way message they are message something written something written Emboss an Emboss an image to image to match the match the fragrance fragrance on the note on the note Create a Print a blank Notes that Create a to Create a small book Print a blank smiley face Notes that to Create a Have small book smiley face look like -do list Have with clear on the note look like uniquely -do list with clear on the note were torn board so uniquely plastic pages so sender were torn board soshaped plastic pages so sender out – rough notes can shaped to store can indicate out – rough can notes notes that to store can indicate Make them be posetd edges notes that notes for an emotion Make them be posetd edges Have an visually notes for travel an emotion where they Have an and re- visually travel where they urgent vs re- Create a and communicat will not urgent vs rolls Create a Create communicat arranged Add scents Create e posting board will not important rolls arranged even Add scents & colors to of Have pre- sticky even stick to important e posting board & colors to of Have pre- without stick to grid pre- stickydivided into help get gridnotes pockets,printed pre-that divided into without printed pockets,printed an notes that urgent vs reading “Are there any help get message message etc. when printed be reading etc. when checkable checkable can an urgent vs can be important across - carried boxes todispensed important across - carried boxes to dispensed grid scratch & indicate in any grid scratch & sniff!!! indicate in any things length – “What is the some ideas. Ask First – Generateconcept behind this idea?” sniff!!! things length 44 45 Alternatives “The best way to get good ideas is to get lots of ideas and throw out the bad ones.” Linus Pauling Nobel Prize Winner in Physics 46 47 48 49 50 51 Why do gorillas have big nostrils? 52
"MH6H-thinking.ppt - MAELabs UCSD"