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HERE. - MARO Powered By Docstoc
					               presents
  ACCESS SAFETY

Todd Culver, Assistant Director
     Occupational Safety & Health
  Training Project - in partnership with
        MIOSHA – CET Division
       This material was prepared under a
   Consultation Education and Training (CET)
 Grant awarded by the Michigan Occupational
  Safety and Health Administration (MIOSHA).
 MIOSHA is part of the Michigan Department of
Licensing and Regulatory Affairs (LARA). Points
 of view or opinions stated in this document do
  not necessarily reflect the view or policies of
                      LARA.


                                                    2
    TRAINING OBJECTIVES

• Slips, Trips, & Falls
• Hazards - Causes & Prevention
• Discussion of Specific Safety
  Issues in Your Workplace
• Question & Answer
Slips, Trips and Falls
Slips, Trips and Falls
           Slip Sliding Away…
Slip: Loss of balance caused by too little friction
      between the walking surface and a person’s
      shoe
Causes of Slip and Fall Accidents


                                  Footwear 24%



Flooring 50%
                                       Fraud 10%



                             Hazard Identification 9%

               Training 7%


                             Source: National Floor Safety Institute
Causes of Slip and Fall Accidents



                  • What type of floor?
 Flooring 50%     • What’s on the floor?
                  • How do we maintain
                    the floor?




                        Source: National Floor Safety Institute
What Type of Floor?




       Tile
What Type of Floor?




     Concrete
What Type of Floor?




       Wood
What Type of Floor?




   Rubberized or
   Coated Surface
Flooring Transitions




      Metal/ Aluminum
Causes of Slip and Fall Accidents



                  • What type of floor?
Flooring 50%
                  • What’s on the floor?
                  • How do we maintain
                    the floor?




                        Source: National Floor Safety Institute
           What’s on the Floor




Material


                 Hydraulic Fluid



                                   Solvents
                     Trips
Trip: Hit an object, lose your balance and fall




             NOTE: As little as 3/8” rise in a walkway can
             cause someone to “stub” his/her toe and fall.
         Indoor Trip Hazards


• Common causes:
  – Cluttered areas
  – Rugs, mats, carpeting
  – Exposed cables, cords
          Outdoor Trip Hazards

• Cracks or holes in parking lots
• Loading Docks – surface
  irregularities/wheel chocks
• Watch for parking stops and
  speed bumps in parking lots
                       Falls

Fall: When you lose your balance and drop to
      the floor (caused by slip or a trip)

       • Falls on the same level
          – Slip or trip immediately
            precedes fall to floor or
            walkway
                       Falls

Fall: When you lose your balance and drop to
      the floor (caused by slip or a trip)

      • Falls on the same level
          – Slip or trip immediately
            precedes fall to floor or
            walkway

      • Falls to lower level
          – Falls are from ladders,
            steps or stairs
                To Reduce Slips:

•   Keep floors swept and free from obstacles or debris
•   Clean up spills and put up warning signs
•   Consider installing non-slip tiling/non-slip floor products
•   Utilize drip trays or pans around leaking valves
Safe Shoes - Do’s and Don’ts
 Do’s:
 • Slip-resistant soles and a good tread
 • Tightly tied laces
 Don’ts:
 • No leather or smooth soles
 • No tennis shoes in areas
   prone to be wet
One Part Floor and One Part Shoe




        Source: Maynard, W.S., The Aging Workforce: Implications For Managing Slips,Trips
        and Falls, The Eastern Ergonomics Conference and Exposition, NYC, May 30, 2007.
One Part Human Factor


Just as with vehicle traffic,
when conditions are slippery –
SLOW DOWN, &
USE EXTRA CAUTION
    HAZARDOUS AREAS
•   Parking lots and sidewalks
•   Entrances
•   Areas with materials that can leak/spill
•   Food & beverage service areas
•   Aisles, stairways and ramps
•   Restrooms
      SPECIFICALLY…
• PARKING LOTS: Cracked pavement, lot
  dividers, speed bumps, curbs
• ENTRANCES: People tend to track in water,
  snow, and slush
• FOOD OR BEVERAGE SERVICE AREAS:
  Spills
• AISLES: Materials, equipment, or debris
• STAIRWAYS & RAMPS: Poor lighting, damaged
  stairs, loose handrails, clutter
• RESTROOMS: Water on the floor
            PREVENTION:
    LOOK FOR THE FOLLOWING


• Maintenance of sidewalks and parking lots
• Repair damaged areas quickly; apply absorbent
  materials to oil or grease spills
• Make sure all traffic areas are well-lit
• Paint speed bumps so they’re easier to see
            PREVENTION:
    LOOK FOR THE FOLLOWING


• Use mats at all entrances
• During winter, use a primary and secondary mat to
  make sure shoes get dry - and vacuum regularly
• Make sure entrance mats aren’t curled at the edge
            PREVENTION:
   LOOK FOR THE FOLLOWING
• Be especially vigilant in areas where materials
  can leak or spill
• Use appropriate floor cleaners if grease spills
• Take time to clean up spills immediately
• Post signs warning of slippery conditions
• Tread lightly, be careful
           PREVENTION:
   LOOK FOR THE FOLLOWING
• Keep aisles clear
• Good housekeeping = neat work area minimizes
  trip hazards
• Check that handrails are secure
• Wear shoes with slip-resistant soles
• Be aware of flooring transitions
• Exercise caution on ladders, stairs, and
  platforms
         PREVENTION:
 LOOK FOR THE FOLLOWING


• Watch for trouble: clean up spills and
  remove obstacles immediately
• It doesn’t matter who made the mess; if
  you don’t help to fix it, you become part
  of the problem
          PREVENTION:
 LOOK FOR THE FOLLOWING
• Accidents don’t just happen; they are
  performance errors
          PREVENTION:
 LOOK FOR THE FOLLOWING
• Accidents don’t just happen; they are
  performance errors
• There is always SOMETHING about the
  experience of an accident or injury that
  could have been DIFFERENT
          PREVENTION:
 LOOK FOR THE FOLLOWING
• Accidents don’t just happen; they are
  performance errors
• There is always SOMETHING about the
  experience of an accident or injury that
  could have been DIFFERENT
• It’s our responsibility to identify those
  factors which could contribute to an
  accident, and exercise our influence so that
  it doesn’t happen
               It Happens More -
                and Costs More-
             Than You Might Think

• In 2011, Slips/Falls was one of the leading
  causes of workplace injury, and accounted for
  26% of all claims filed by MARO Workers’ Comp.
  Fund members
• It’s a serious problem, requiring focused attention
  - and it’s not inevitable
• Working together, these accidents can be
  prevented
     Recent Trends within MARO Fund

•   2010, Slips/Falls resulted in 40 claims
•   Net Losses: $198,000
•   Average Cost/Claim: $4,950
•   2011, Slips/Falls resulted in 33 claims
•   Net Losses:$356,000
•   Average Cost/Claim:$10,800

• Our Goal: ZERO
PREVENTION




AWARENESS
THANK YOU

       Questions
          Or
      Comments?




                   39
       CONTACT INFO

            Todd Culver
             Assistant Director
                   MARO

Removing Barriers to Community Access 517-
              484-5588
        tculver@maro.org


                                             40
       CONTACT INFO
 You can also visit the MIOSHA website at
  www.michigan.gov/mioshapublications
   where additional information may be
           available; or contact the
Consultation, Education & Training Division
              at (517) 322-1809




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