The Future of Human
Upon studying evolution (especially studying
our ancestors and primate relatives) in our
class, a question popped up in my mind…
What will happen to the future of the
(i.e. Will we still survive? Branch off into
different species? Become extinct???)
Ladies and gentleman, today I will offer to
you several hypotheses proposed by
evolutionary theorists on the future of our
An Overview: Six Hypotheses
In the future, the human race may:
1. Become two sub-species
2. Become survivalists, creating many different species that
will be able to cope with doomsday
3. Depend on genetic modification to improve our
intelligence and physique
4. Become less diverse, more homogenous as a whole
5. Assimilate machinery to ourselves and become cyborgs
6. Become an alien species suited to space travel
Hypothesis #1: Humans Split into
l Evolutionary theorist Oliver
Curry expects a genetic
upper class and a dim-
witted underclass to
l Humans will become more
choosier about their sexual
l Upper-class: Slim, intelligent,
l Underclass: Ugly, dim-witted,
Hypothesis #1: Other Changes
l Humans will evolve between 6ft
and 7ft tall
l Life-spans will have extended
to 120 years
l Social skills (e.g. interacting
with others) could be lost.
l Chins would recede, as a result
of having to chew less on From this…to this?
Hypothesis #2: Playing evolution
with genetic modification
l We will be genetically modified to
become a smarter, stronger
l We already have been wrestling
with real-world aspects of future
l Stem-cell research
l Implantation of biocompatible
l We are making ourselves virtually DNA and drugs enhance
extinction-proof by bending intellect and physique.
Earth's flora and fauna to our will.
Hypothesis #3: Survivalistians
Many different species will cope with Doomsday
l Humans will no longer threatened
by predators their own size
l Different populations develop in
isolation over many thousands of
generations, separate species
l Humans will survive in different
ways, both through genetics and
l For example, that virus-resistant
strain of post-humans might
eventually thrive in the wake of a
global bioterror crisis Protective brow and skin
layer contribute to
l Less hardy humans would find
themselves quarantined in the "radiation hardening."
world’s safe havens.
Hypothesis #4: Unihumans
Blending Together as One
l Cultural diversity, is
fading as human
society becomes more
l Already seen now by
decline of linguistic
l People become much
Skin tones blend. Larger eyes
l Races will “blend” are associated with greater
Hypothesis #5: Cyborgs
Man vs. Machine…or Man + Machine?
l Some experts worry that artificial
intelligence may outpace Homo
sapiens’ natural smarts.
l Or perhaps we’ll join with them.
We could become part-robot
l We’re already making
l Prosthetic limbs
l Mechanical hearts
l Artificial retinas. Cyborg: Hardware enhances
l Why couldn’t brain augmentation
the devices look more elegant.
be added to the list?
Hypothesis #6: Turning into an
l If humans survive long enough, people
may have to spread out to new planets.
l SETI Institute has proposed several ways
to get to outer space and survive
l Build a big ark: Build a spaceship big
enough to carry an entire civilization to
the destination star system.
l Go to warp speed: Somehow we
discover a wormhole or find a way to
travel at relativistic speeds.
l Enter the Astrans: Humans are Body hair just gets in
genetically engineered to tolerate ultra the way during
long-term hibernation aboard robotic
ships. interstellar trips.
There are so many different possibilities for the future of our
human race. Although there are different hypotheses that have been
conjured up by experts in leading fields of social and biological
sciences, it can be reasonably presumed that the progression
humankind will not stop. We will certainly continue to evolve naturally
in small ways, but our technology—in genetics, in artificial intelligence,
in aeronautical travel, in medicine—may exert the greatest influence
on how we will evolve.
I have presented to you six of the many hypotheses out there in
regards to the future of human evolution.
l Splitting into two sub-species
l Becoming survivialists
l Genetically modifying our intelligence and physique
l Becoming less diverse, more homogenous
l Assimilating machinery to ourselves
l Becoming an alien species suited to space travel
I hope my presentation enlightened you to different ideas about
the future of our evolution.
l Boyle, Alan. “Human evolution at the crossroads.”
MSNBC. (2005) 16 July 2007
l BBC News. “Human species may split in two.” (2006) 19
l Scientific American. “The Future of Human Evolution.”
(2001) 19 July 2007