Grammar Diagnostic 1102 SUBJECT/VERB AGREEMENT Answers (Password Protected) Subjects and verbs are the necessary components of an independent clause. The subject and verb in every sentence must agree in number: both must be singular, or both must be plural. The verb must agree with its subject, not with a random noun or pronoun in the sentence. Circle the subject(s) (without modifiers or conjunctions) and enter the correct verb in the blank: ______ 1. Neither his younger brothers nor Mark (was, were) able to get through accounting. Mary along with her sisters (is, are) waiting for the bus to Ybor. One thousand dollars (was, were) enough for the down payment on the apartment. Every dentist, doctor, and surgeon (is, are) at the Moffit Christmas party. (Is, Are) either of the two boys paying for the new glove?
PRONOUNS Pronouns refer back to a noun or take the place of a noun. You need to use the correct pronoun so that your reader clearly understands which noun your pronoun refers to. Pronouns need to agree in number, agree in person, and refer clearly to a specific noun. In each of the following sentences underline the pronoun antecedent and circle the pronoun in question, and write a “C” if the reference is correct or “E” if the sentence contains an error in the reference. Example: ___E__She talked endlessly about her operation, and this was tiresome. 1. _____ If a student parks a motorcycle on the Tampa campus, they have to buy a parking sticker. 2. _____Neither of the captains brought her kickball.
3. _____Although the skateboard ran into the golf-cart, it was not damaged. 4. _____When Dr. Murray reads the class rooster it reads slowly. 5. _____If you do well on this grammar diagnostic, you can put it in your notebook.
ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS Adjective and adverbs are words that modify other words or phrases. Adjectives modify nouns; adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs. Remember that adverbs cannot modify nouns and many of them are easily to recognize because they end in -ly. In the following sentences underline the word or words being modified and circle the correct form of adjective or adverb in the blank. 1. As I proceeded to take the test, I grew more and more (sleepy, sleepily). 2. The second segment of the grammar diagnostic seemed (some, somewhat) 2. lighter than the first. 3. 3. One wonders whether he will remain (fearless, fearlessly) after he is confronted by Mr. Vieregge. 4. You should take your truck to my mechanic because he’s (real, really) reliable. 4. 5. Even though we must drive (cautious, cautiously), we should reach Orlando by 5. dark. SENTENCE FRAGMENTS A sentence fragment is an incomplete sentence because it lacks either a subject or a verb, or both. For each of the following write a C if the group of words form a complete sentence or F if it is a fragment. Although they belonged to the club and had played golf there before.
2. ________ 3. ________
Riding bicycles in the winter when the weather is warm. Driving to the beach for spring break is a great idea. Within each room, a dizzying array of colors and aromas inviting visitors in. She fell.
4. ________ 5. ________
COMMA SPLICES AND FUSED SENTENCES For each of the following writing a C if the group of words properly forms a sentence or a CS if the group of words forms a run-on. If the group of words is a comma splice or a fused sentence, please add the necessary punctuation to correct the run-on. 1. ______ She often watched the football game highlights when they were on the College Sports Network her dorm mate preferred to watch the games live. 2. ______ He enjoys walking through the Hillsborough County Parks, and he often goes backpacking on his vacations. 3. _______ I didn't know which job I wanted after I graduated this April I was too confused to decide. 4. _______ The SunDome parking lot is always full after nine in the morning; however, the lot across the street sometimes remains empty all day. 5. _______ They weren’t activists they were dangerous criminals in disguise.
EFFECTIVE SENTENCES Using Coordination and Subordination Coordination and Subordination are ways of combining words, phrases, and clauses into more complex forms. Combine the following independent clauses to form a more complex sentence. Use coordinating conjunctions, conjunctive adverbs, or punctuation to imply the balance of elements that are of equal value in the sentence. Use subordinating conjunctions or relative pronouns to transform independent clauses (main clauses or ideas) into dependent clauses (subordinate clauses or ideas).
1. They cancelled the football game. It was raining. ________________________________________________________________ 2. Textbooks can be expensive. Gray’s Bookstore carries many used books. I should go there.
______________________________________________________________________ 3. Bob broke his arm. He fell during lacrosse practice. He will not be able to play in the game this weekend.
______________________________________________________________________ Parallel Structure Parallel structure means using the same pattern of words to show that two or more ideas have the same level of importance. For each of the following write C if the sentence uses parallel structure and E if it does not. 1. In English class, Kyle learned to read poems critically and to appreciate good prose. 2. She wanted four things out of her college experience: to learn a skill, to make good friends, join a club and learning about life. 3. There's nothing I like better than finding a good trout stream, setting up camp, and to spend a couple of days fishing. MISPLACED MODIFIERS In the following sentences indicate one of the following: (A) misplaced phrase or clause; (B) ambiguous modifier—also called “squinting modifier”; (C) misplaced word; (D) split infinitive; (E) correct. 1. ______ A piece was played at the concert that was composed of dissonant chords. 2. ______ The girl who had been dancing gracefully entered the room. 3. ______ The baby only cried until he was six months old. 4. ______ He always tries to efficiently and promptly do his work.
5. ______ Because everyone else was inside, only I heard John shouting at the boys.
DICTION Circle the correct term. Ex. She wants to (lay, lie) by the pool while she studies. 1. He (can not, cannot) forget her. 2. The (effect, affect) of what I said seemed to (lie, lay) on greatly on her. 3. (Accept, except) for the two of us, there were few others there. 4. (Its, It’s) raining outside of the library but (its, it’s) not raining by the Marshall Center. 5. Is it (alright, all right) if I go with you?
MECHANICS Circle the correct response: 1. He went (west / West) after he left New York, but he returned a year later to spend the rest of his life in the (east / East). 2. The word (“tree” / tree) has two (“e’s” / e’s). 3. In Homer’s (“The Odyssey” / The Odyssey) Penelope waits many years for (Ulysses’ / Ulysses’s) return. 4. (Mary’s / Mary) and Donald’s house is extremely beautiful and (well made / well-made). 5. Hemingway’s short story (“A Clean Well-Lighted Place” / A Clean Well-Lighted Place) reminds me of the poem (“The Heavy Bear” / The Heavy Bear ).