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					Gardner’s Theory of Multiple
       Intelligences

    LICHTMAN, MCCLARY, SADLER, & SOPER
          The Theorist: Howard Gardner

 Student at Harvard
    University (1961)
   Research Psychologist
   Professor at Harvard
    University
   Co-developer of the
    GoodWork Project
   Author of numerous
    books on brain
    development
        The Multiple Intelligences


 Linguistic
 Musical
 Logical-Mathematical
 Spatial
 Bodily-Kinesthetic
 Intrapersonal
 Interpersonal
 Naturalist (1999)
Characteristics of the Theory

            •Developed the theory in 1983

            •A rejection of the idea that there is a
            “general” intelligence

            •Intelligences are based upon: genetics,
            culture, excellence of instruction and
            motivation of an individual

            •Intelligences based more on ability and
            performance

            •Intelligences may be improved

            •Intelligences evolve over time
      How to test Multiple Intelligences

 Online tests & personal
  surveys
 Paper-Pencil tests
 Performance Tasks
Gardner vs. the IQ Test


              IQ tests are widely used
               and generally accepted
               across disciplines
              They measure “g,” or the
               general intelligence
               factor
              What does one’s “g”
               really say?
                  Constructivism

“Learning is an active process during which students
  create understanding and meaning by using past
  experiences and prior knowledge.” -Brian McClary
                       Methods

 Educational activities
  should reflect personal
  characteristics of students
  (i.e. academic strengths
  and weaknesses, culture,
  interests, etc.)
 Assessments should also be
  diverse, inclusive
 UDL
                 Integrating Technology

 Remember that everyone has MULTIPLE
 intelligences.
    Every lesson cannot include accommodations for all eight
     learning styles.
    Try to include at least one of a student’s “top three” per lesson.
  Integrating Technology: Words and Logic

 Verbal-Linguistic
   Natural Readers

   Dragon Dictation (Phone App)

 Logical-Mathematical
   Virtual Math Manipulatives

   Databases, spreadsheets, strategy/critical thinking software
   Integrating Technology: Sight and Songs

 Visual-Spatial
   Visuwords

   DVDs, CDs, Blu-rays, Computers

 Musical
   Virtual Keyboard

   Contemporary music
Integrating Technology: Together and Alone

 Interpersonal
   Skype

   Blogs, E-mail, chat programs, texting

 Intrapersonal
   Quiz Hub

   Inspiration, Internet Research, Blogs
 Integrating Technology: Movement and Nature

 Kinesthetic
   Online Stopwatch

   Virtual Field Trips, Wii Games

 Naturalistic
   Google Earth

   National Geographic Kids

   Virtual Aquariums, Virtual Field Trips
     Integrating Technology: The Overlap

 Power Play
 Blogs
 Virtual Field Trips
 Word Processors
 Games
 Interactive Technology
                        Critics Say…


 It is hard to “Prove” MI theory
 Are the intelligences really
   independent of one another?
 There is still no real test for the
   intelligences
 The MIDAS test has 2 major
   flaws
1) Not a performance test
2) Assumes intrapersonal
   intelligence
                        Critics Say…

 The theory has helped educators
 It has helped students
   SAT scores appeared to improve
   There was an increase in parental participation
   There also appeared to be greater discipline
           Future of Multiple Intelligences…

 We cannot see the intelligences now…
 However, if we could, we would know more!
     Ability to designate neural circuitry
 Computers represent a complication
     Programmer vs. Program vs. User of Program
 Also there could be more intelligences added
     Existential Intelligence
     Moral Intelligence
     Spiritual Intelligence
                           References

 Johnson, Larry & Lamb, Annette. Technology and Multiple
        Intelligences. Accessed at http://eduscapes.com/tap/topic68.htm
 New Horizons for Learning and America Tomorrow, Inc. How
        Technology Enhances Howard Gardner’s Eight Intelligences.
        Accessed at
        http://www.americatomorrow.com/ati/nhl80402.htm
 Smith, Mark K. (2008). Howard Gardner: Multiple Intelligences and
  Education. In Infed.
  Retrieved from http://www.infed.org/thinkers/gardner.htm
 Worcester, Tammy. Multiple Intelligences & Technology. Accessed at
        http://web.mac.com/tammy.w/MultipleIntelligences/Home.html

				
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