Slide 1 - Imaging Science

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					ISF Certification Course Outline

► Communication

Theory, Analog or Digital ► Any systems approach to electronic imaging dictates that TV signals and TV sets speak the same language….

► MSNBC

Headlines... ► History of TV from John Logic Baird‟s 28 line spinning disc in 1923, the 1935 343 line RCA system, the 1936 RMA 441i/30 to the 1941 NTSC 525 line we watch now & HDTV

► How

Many Lines Do We need! ► ISO 12233 Standard for “Type A Aliasing”

► Film

End to End Realities- SMPTE 3/2004 ► If Home Theater is to compete with Film based presentations – what is the reality of International film presentation quality?

► MSNBC

USA “FCC pushes digital TV”

First Consumer Electronics Product Mandated to Succeed in the U.S.A. ► www.DTV.gov

► The

►

► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ► ►

1080i vs 720p – or are there more formats to consider? # hor. Pixels #vert.pixels #refresh rate 1920 1080 23.98p 1920 1080 23.98sf 1920 1080 24p 1920 1080 24sf 1920 1080 25p 1920 1080 29.97p 1920 1080 30p 1920 1080 50i 1920 1080 59.94i 1920 1080 60i 1920 1035 59.94i 1920 1035 60i 1280 720 59.94p 1280 720 60i

► Why

Calibrate? ► Leaving your HDTV at the factory picture settings is like installing a new air conditioner without setting the thermostat. Basic picture adjustments take less than five minutes and could improve your TV's performance dramatically.
► Brent

Butterworth, Editor-in-Chief, Home Entertainment Magazine

► Why

Calibrate II? ► “Calibrating your television will likely have a far greater impact on the picture‟s quality than the brand, features or technology used to create it”
► Mike

Wood, Editor in Chief, Digital TV & Sound

► Why

Calibrate III? ► "Every Runco HDTV is engineered for ISF calibration. Understanding TV calibration is simple at our company - calibrating Runco HDTVs insures happy Runco HDTV owners. Period".
► Sam

Runco, Runco International

► Why

Calibrate IV? ► "We manufacturer Faroudja HD processors, HDTV displays and Meridian DVD players. We consider ISF calibration to be an essential last step in optimizing your system to achieve the same performance as we do in the lab. Over the years myself and all of my sales guys have attended ISF training and always carry calibration DVDs whenever we visit our dealers."
*

Norm Steinke, VP sales Faroudja/Meridian

► Why

Calibrate V? ► "Pioneer Plasma HDTVs are specifically engineered for precise on site ISF calibration - Pioneer was the 1st manufacturer with ISFccc certification calibration will make even the best HDTVs look even better by adjusting your HDTV to the exact lighting in your own home."
► Josh

Kairoff, Pioneer Electronics USA

► Why

is Calibration Important? ► Matching a display to a source ► Matching a system to a room ► Getting the whole picture ► Getting the right picture ► Getting nothing but the picture ► Extending the useful life of a monitor ► Accurately displaying a subjective image….

► What

do we need to calibrate? ► Brightness, Black level ► Contrast, White level ► Color &Tint ► Sharpness ► Gray scale ► Geometry – Centering, Sizing, etc ► Convergence……less and less cases over time ► Gamma

► Gamma

– How every display should respond to our sources

►A

New Microsoft & ISF Way to Calibrate? ► New ISF / Microsoft Lab

► MCE

Display Standards ► Windows XP Media Center Issues

► Critical

****“EEDID” PC “Plug and Play” Solutions and Problems That You Can Not Fix!

► Electronic

Imaging As A Science... ► What are the Most Important Parameters For Good Pictures?

► DIVX

► Consumer

Perception of CE Service?

► Gen

II DVDs – Beta vs VHS Revisited? ► Gen II DVD DRM - AACS

► ISF

EXPERIMENT #2 - ?? ► 5 Segment Training Programs ► Theoretical Goals For Imaging ► Sir Isaac Newton.. ► “Indeed rays, properly expressed, are not colored.”

► What

Colors are the Primary Colors?

► The

International Births of Color Television Systems - Circa 1952 & 1953 ► Where NTSC went wrong – PAL solutions or compromises?

► Calibration

for X-RAYs????? ► Radiology Contrast Issues?

► Confusing

Video Terminology 101

► White

Field Uniformity Lab… ► Human perception versus instrumentation

► Calibrating

Black Level ► WHY - High, Medium & Low APL Pluges? ► LCD Black Level vs LCD Backlight Level Controls

► White

level optimization ► White Level Part 2 - Blooming ► White Level Part 3 “CLIPPING” Use “White” PLUGE Patterns ► White Level Part 4 - Color Shifting ► White Level Part 5 – “Shape Shifting”

► Redundant

Controls….. ► Dynamic Range! Calibration Lab II….

► 1952-

Introducing Color in NTSC - Creating A Valid Bio/Mechanical Color System ► 1931 and 1976 C I E Models ► Understanding the CIE Chart Part 1 ► Understanding CIE Part 2

► Bringing

the Picture to your TV ► The Video Food Chain ► RGB to RGB ► Component Video as mere Algebra... ► RGB to Component – The new Matrix! ► Mere Algebra….RGB to Component ► More Mere Algebra…..Component to RGB

► What

is in Each of the Signals?

► Digital

Color Compression

► Y/C

Makes great “Y”….But…. ► Composite Video

► New

Connectivity - IEEE 1394 – Pros & Cons

► ► Firewire

► DVI

- The Digital Visual Interface ► DVI DIGITAL – Pros & Cons HDCP ► HDMI – Pros & Cons

► DisplayPort

► What

– When – Why?

► Gamma

Revisited – How every display should respond to our sources, when 50%=18%, 25%=3%

► New

Technologies….. ► Light Valves – Small Modulators

► New

Technologies ► Back-lit ► Electroluminescent ► Plasma „Seasoning”

► LEDs

from N.E.D.O. ► IMLED

► Thinking

In Terms Of Color Space

► Human

Factors vs Measurements….. ► Environments and Perception….

is Most Important For Good Pictures? ► Calibrating Maximizes Dynamic Range ► Color Saturation ► Colorimetry ► Resolution & Bandwidth?
► What

► Scaling

and deinterlacing - Should You Set Progressive Scan DVD Players For 480p or 480i

► Choosing

Screen Sizes?

► Getting

Three Colors On To the Screen… ► The PAL and NTSC Decoder Adjustments ► Inaccurate NTSC and/or PAL Decoders? ► Detecting Inaccurate Decoders ► “Top Gun” Decoder Corrections! ► Calibration Color & Tint Lab….

► Color

Primaries & Color Space ► Do You Know Where Your TVs Primary Colors Should Be? ► Do Not Forget the Secondary Colors! ► Multi-Primary Color (MPC) Chips? ► If PDP/LCoS/CRT/LCD Primaries Might Not Match CIE Targets? ► Color Primary Management

► Shapes

& Sizes ► Teaching Units on Shapes & Sizes ► Filming Techniques-Why use decimals ► Aspect Ratios ► “Anamorphic” Tutorials...

► The

Next Topic - Resolution….. ► Demos of Decades of SMPTE Issues? ► Hunting artifacts via video versus test patterns

► Visual

Acuity? ► Harry Nyquist, 1915
► ISO

12233 “Type A aliasing equations”

With the Term “Resolution”? ► Patterns are Counter Intuitive…

► Problems

► Common

TV Set Native Resolutions ► Native Resolution ► Resolution Terminology ► Where Do We Lose Resolution? ► Native Resolution Conflicts ► Processing Problems & Artifacts

► Film

To Video Transfer Problem #1 ► What do we do in Europe? ► The 2/3 Pulldown Solution…. ► 300 Frames of Film Will Be… ► Past 2/3 Pulldown Problems ► 2/3 Pulldown De-interlaced Errors

► Color

Calibration ► Home Theater Objectives? ► Film Projection Standards - Color & Intensity ► Pre/Calibration Methodology

► What

is “The Color Of Grey” ► Color Temperature vs Brightness ► A History of Expressing Colors Numerically ► Color Temperature & Kelvins ► The Planckian Locus

► The

“Art & Science” of Calibration…

Of Nomenclature ► Hazards Of Digital Service Modes ► User Friendly CIE Based GUIs

► Hazards

► Ideal

Tracking ► Real World Tracking ► DLP Tracking ► LCD Tracking ► RPTV CRT Tracking Problems!

► RPTV

Metering Problems!! ► Screen issues ► Lighting issues ► Light output issues ► Viewing angles ► Colorimeters and RPTV issues

► Gamma

- CRT, LCoS, SXRD, DLP, GLV, Plasma, AMOLED, PDP, LCD

► CALIBRATION

OVERVIEW...

Calibration Lab ► AUTO - CALIBRATION? The future?

► Color

► Two

Piece Projection ► The Impact Of Screens ► Learn Modes In Instrumentation? ► External References, Optical Comparators calibrated reference mini-monitors – ► D65 Monitors ► D65 Light Coming Out Of A Projector?

► ISF

Reference Screens… ► Screen Gain Pro & Cons ► Negative Gain Screens? ► “Acoustic” Screen Technologies ► Analyzers & Front Projection

► Lambertian

Emitters

► Applications

For 5400K ► Human Factors and Ideal viewing environments ► Viewer Fatigue

► ISF

Displaymate Edition ► PC Multimedia ► ISF Windows XP Media Center Edition Calibration Wizard

► ISF

Certification Tests

► Calibration

Services

► FINI


				
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