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Thailand Country Report

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Thailand Country Report Powered By Docstoc
					IT Policy
Dr. Thaweesak Koanantakool
Director National Electronics and Computer Technology Center (NECTEC) National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA)
Ministry of Science Technology and Environment

Thailand’s

By

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Contents


National IT Policy : Past to Present




Current Development of IT
E-Government Project

Nov 28, 2001

Government IT @ COMPUTER THAI 2001

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National IT Policy: Past to Present
(NITC, IT 2000, IT 2010)

Nov 28, 2001

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National IT Committee (NITC)
  

Founded in March 1992 Chaired by the Prime Minister Comprised of Ministers, Permanent Secretaries, High-level Officers from both Public and Private Sector NECTEC is NITC Secretariat
http://www.nitc.go.th



Nov 28, 2001

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IT 2000 (three pillars)


The first Thailand National IT Policy: IT 2000 was endorsed by the Cabinet in 1996
SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC POWER IN S/E ASIA SOCIAL EQUITY & PROSPERITY

ENVIRONMENT FRIENDLY SOCIETY

IT - ENABLED THAILAND
NATIONAL INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE
Nov 28, 2001

HUMAN RESOURCE

GOOD GOVERNANCE
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Government IT @ COMPUTER THAI 2001

Pilot Projects initiated by NITC to materialize the goal of each Pillar of IT 2000


SchoolNet: a national school informatization action program
GINet: Development of Government Information Network IT Laws: Development of legal infrastructure to support the application of IT in the country





Nov 28, 2001

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

Ten-Year National IT Policy: IT 2010 IT 2010 (2001-2010) has identified 5 main flagships
e-Government  e-Education  e-Commerce  e-Society  e-Industry)


Nov 28, 2001

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IT For KBE e-Government

e-Commerce

e-Education

Innovation Human Information Infrastructure and Industry
Nov 28, 2001

Government IT @ COMPUTER THAI 2001

e-Industry
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e-Society

IT 2010’s Specific Goals
Three specific goals based on Technological and Social Indicators


Move from “Dynamic Adopters Group” to “Potential Leader Group” by 2010
(classified in “Technological Achievement Index” of UNDP)



Increase proportion of “Knowledge Workers” from 12% (in 2001) to 30% by 2010
Increase the share of “Knowledge-Based Industries” to 50% by 2010
(within the overall economy)
Government IT @ COMPUTER THAI 2001 9 / 30



Nov 28, 2001

Development of IT Master Plan


IT 2010 was approved as IT Policy

Framework by NITC,


This Framework is now submitting to the

Cabinet for approval.


IT Master Plan should be ready by the first quarter of 2002.

Nov 28, 2001

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Current Development of IT

Nov 28, 2001

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New Economy
 

Significant Productivity Gains High Volatility



High Rate of Innovation in Corporate Structure & Business Models
Relations between Components of Civil Society (Government, Business, NonProfit Organizations) Role of Information & Knowledge in Wealth & Employment Creation
Source : G8
Government IT @ COMPUTER THAI 2001 12 / 30





Nov 28, 2001

Indicators for moving to New Economy
Issue:
Telecom monopoly Telephone availability

What used to be:
by CAT and TOT land line 12.5 lines/100 mobile 4.4 lines/100 30% of CAT golden shares in every ISP no explicitly supporting laws hard to find

Will become:
ended since March 2000 more available with large percentage as mobile phone penetration is increasing rapidly CAT is currently selecting a committee to oversee the process to end this golden share electronic transaction will be supported by new acts available nationwide with local call access (now about US$ 0.14/hr) available to 5000 schools by 2002 (all secondary/many primary) a possible scenario drafting of universal access law to narrow the gap
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Internet business under restricted growth E-Commerce Legality Low cost internet access (approx. US$ 0.40/hr) Free internet for schools Free commercial internet Digital Divide
Nov 28, 2001

available for 3,259 schools does not exist so much

Government IT @ COMPUTER THAI 2001

Indicators for moving to New Economy (cont’d)
Issue:
Computer in schools Price of PC

What used to be:
available but unusable at many schools unaffordable by many, but was lowered due to ITA-1 high for both handsets and air time small, scattered, weak

Will become:
will be put in to use with some of the schools connected to SchoolNet 13 local manufacturers and the low price PC project by NECTEC is currently promoting the low price PC lowered due to competition from PCT and new mobile operator (TOT) they are now supported by Software Park project. New opportunities opened by e-commerce, application service provider markets stopped with legal actions taken by the election committee now become a major issue for all organizations citizen will be able to access service and interact with Govt. via internet
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Price of mobile phone Thai software industry

Election Frauds

went unstopped

Corporate Good Governance Government Good Governance
Nov 28, 2001

did not receive much attention
not many ministries have websites to provide information

Government IT @ COMPUTER THAI 2001

Current IT Projects


IT Project of HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn
    

IT for education IT for Disable Persons IT for the Sick Children IT for Cultural Information Dissemination Computer Teaching for In-Mates



IT Laws


Electronics Transaction Bill
 

Electronic Transaction Act Electronic Signature Act




 

Information Infrastructure Bill Data Protection Bill Computer Crime Bill Electronic Funds Transfer law
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Nov 28, 2001

Current IT Projects (cont’d)


Electronic Commerce Initiatives
  

Prepare human resources for the business, industry and SMEs Organize training courses Internet Information Research provides reports on internet status



Internet Policy
  

Internet users and usage characteristics Standard for Thai domain name Inappropriate use and security of Internet



Government CIO/CEO Program
 

Two-week training courses for CIOs Half-day training courses for CEOs

Nov 28, 2001

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Current IT Projects (cont’d)


Government Information Network (GINet)


 

Handle data traffic between Headquarters (government agencies in Bangkok) and their branches in Bangkok and other provinces Directory service to all government agencies Secure electronic mail



SchoolNet Expansion Program

  

Accessible from anywhere without long-distance call charge Free of access charge for members of SchoolNet Reach the target of 5,000 schools by 2002 SchoolNet Content creation and promotion campaign

Nov 28, 2001

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Current IT Projects (cont’d)


Software Park Thailand
   

Facility and technology infrastructure support Professional training and technology transfer Business development/funding co-ordination Marketing and public relations



Telecom Research




R&D project on wireless local loop 3G mobile phones, Computer-telephone integration and call center



Low-cost PC


13 local manufacturers is promoting the low cost PC; 19,900 Baht



Microelectronics


Establishment of Thailand Microelectronic Center
Government IT @ COMPUTER THAI 2001 18 / 30

Nov 28, 2001

Thailand e-Government Project

Nov 28, 2001

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Roadmap to Thailand eGovernment
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003… ThaiSarn SchoolNet GITS (Government IT Services)

Software Park Thailand
e-ASEAN e-Thailand e-Government
Nov 28, 2001

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The e-Thailand Initiative
It is the e-ASEAN Initiative as committed by The Royal Thai Government. e-Thailand functional components: • e-Society • e-Government • International Trade Policy • Liberalization • e-Commerce Facilitation • Information Infrastructure
Nov 28, 2001

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(A Multi-Agency Project)
 

e-Government Project



NECTEC -- Core Implementing/coordinating Agency Bank of Thailand -- Project Sponsor (Governor) and contributor of some project team members. CEOs of key related public agencies -- CoSponsors, and contributor of some project team members.
   

Office of the Civil Service commission Bureau of Budget National Economic and Social Development Board Office of the Prime Minister



Project Duration -- March 2001 - March 2003
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Nov 28, 2001

Project Scope
To coordinate, facilitate and drive for the following achievements/provisions:


 

Master Plan, Action Plan, and Strategic Framework for implementing the eGovernment program Electronic services in public agencies Implementation of key pilot projects

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Project Scope


(cont’d)



Suggestions and Practical Guidelines for reorganization and reengineering of the new services. Standards, Guidelines and Manuals for public agencies in implementing the eGovernment program

Nov 28, 2001

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e-Government Services
Four main tracks of electronic services in the public agencies: Track 1: Online Information Services: (G2G) (G2C) (G2B) Track 2: Simple Transaction Services: (G2C) (G2B) Track 3: Payment Gateway: (B2G) (C2G) (Electronic Funds Transfer) Track 4: e-Procurement: (G2B)
Nov 28, 2001

The main tracks of

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Track 1. Online Information Services: (G2G) (G2C) (G2B)  Online Financial Information
(Implemented by Bank of Thailand)


Pilot Projects

Online Information for Investment and Industrial Linkages (e-Investment & Industry)
(Implemented by Office of the Board of Investment)



National Statistical Information (e-NSO)
(Implemented by National Statistical Office)



e-Parliament
(Implemented by the Secretariat of the House of Representatives)

Nov 28, 2001

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Pilot Projects
(G2C) (G2B)

(cont’d)

Track 2. Simple Transaction Services:



Online Company Registration
(Implemented by Dept. of Commercial Registration)



Electronic-Counter Service
(Implemented by Communications Authority of Thailand)

Nov 28, 2001

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Pilot Projects

(cont’d)

Track 3. Payment Gateway: (B2G) (C2G)
Secure funds transfer methods to Government treasury

• Payment of VAT return, • Income Tax filing,

•Key Agency
• Revenue Department

Nov 28, 2001

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Pilot Projects

(cont’d)

Track 4. e-Procurement: (G2B) • Provision of online information on procurements by public agencies • Government participating in the eCommerce activities (including auctions, reverse auctions, market exchanges) •Key Agency
• Office of the Prime Minister • Office of the Auditor General

Nov 28, 2001

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Thank you for your attention.

Nov 28, 2001

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