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					UNPAF Annual Review 2008
Background & Methodology

In 2006 the UN Country Team in Thailand (UNCT) and the Royal Thai Government (under the leadership of TICA – Thailand Development Cooperation Agency) developed and signed a five-year partnership framework for the period 2007-2011 (UNPAF). This framework represents the blueprint for UN contributions to national development priorities, in particular to outreach regions with the greatest disparity. As part of the monitoring and evaluation framework of the UNPAF it was agreed to conduct annual reviews at the end of each year of the programming cycle. The annual review process is designed to:  Assess progress towards achieving expected results as defined in the UNPAF results Matrix;  Assess continued relevance of expected results;  Provide input to UNCT and agency annual reporting ; and  Draw conclusions to refine 2009 UNCT and TWGs work plans as well as to adjust UNPAF M&E framework. In 2007, the first review process was conducted in partnership with the Royal Thai Government and CSOs. A number of lessons were learned and recommendations were made to enhance the annual review exercise as well as the effectiveness of the UNPAF implementations. One of the recommendations that emerged from last year‟s exercise called for a refinement of “the reporting methodology in order to effectively reflect collective efforts (vs. individual agencies‟ contributions) and simplification of reporting tools”. In view of the above, the process was significantly streamlined. TWGs were asked to produce a one-pager to report on collective achievements as well as coordination challenges, while individual agencies provided inputs on their contributions towards the achievement of the UNPAF results they had committed to. It was also agreed with TICA not to conduct a formal review meeting with all partners, but to use the Thematic Working Group structure to review the report. The present report compiles the above mentioned information collected from the TWGs and individual agencies, following the structure of the UNPAF results matrix. Overview of results and challenges

The 2007 UNPAF annual review reported the following recommendations for an enhanced UNPAF implementation:  Substantive coordination should be enhanced including exploring further opportunities for joint funding mechanisms;  TWGs to revise M&E framework, setting verifiable indicators and targets;  TWGs‟ chairs to take a strong leadership in driving the process of implementation and monitoring of the UNPAF in their respective thematic area; and  Consider further streamline of existing TWGs and reinforce their capacity to engage with national counterparts. As the annexed matrix and TWGs reports show, progress has been registered towards meeting the above recommendations. In particular it is worth highlighting: → 4 TWGs/sub-TWGs have a formal RTG‟s co-chair and other 3 have an official government partner‟s membership;

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1 TWG (health) thoroughly revised the M&E framework for their respective results setting SMART indicators and baselines Discussion was held on further strategising the focus of each TWG within the UNPAF matrix, as a result a number of TWGs narrowed down their coordination scope to a specific strategic area where coordination was felt to be critical; i.e. Social protection on human trafficking, Health on migrants and southern provinces, Environment and Natural Resources Management on Climate Change related issues. Further opportunities for joint programmes were explored, especially in the area of HIV and AIDS. A joint programme was also formulated, and funds secured for enhancing institutional capacities and local governance in addressing the needs of displaced people and their hosting communities.

In terms of programmatic results, as the attached matrices show, a wealth of activities have been carried out by the different UN and partner agencies in 2009 contributing to the results set in the UNPAF. A total of USD xxx have been disbursed. However a number of challenges are still faced, both in terms of effective coordination, as well as programme implementation. A critical review of the matrices and TWGs‟ reports reveals: → “Coordination fatigue”, with a number of TWGs which met twice or less during the whole calendar year and aspiration for a rotational chairmanship in several of them; → Struggle in moving beyond “sharing of information” and create a „corporate spirit‟ as a group working towards the same, shared goals/development results (thus motivating the revision of the results matrix and enhancement of the M&E framework); → Although progress in advancing government ownership of these coordination mechanisms has been registered, this is still a challenge for most of the TWGs with little or no significant participation and guidance of relevant national entities; → Contributions of individual agencies, although in line with the UNPAF results matrix, appear at times geographically scattered and thinly dispersed as per the nature of activities; → Some important results areas do not register the same level of engagement as the others (e.g. local governance and, to a less extent, Global Partnership for Development) and calls for a meaningful review of their results matrix, which might need to be revised in view of changing priorities.

Conclusions and Recommendations

Progress in all results area has been registered in 2008 as well as enhanced coordination and monitoring mechanisms. However, the above mentioned challenges indicate that further efforts are needed in order to improve the effectiveness of the UNPAF implementation, reduce transaction costs for all, and increase government ownership and guidance. It is recommended that the TWGs structure is critically revised. Not all results areas seem to equally benefit from coordination efforts and „coordination costs‟ might out-weight „coordination gains‟ due to the nature of the relevant programmatic area. Likewise, results set forth three years ago during the formulation of the UNPAF might need to be reconsidered in light of changing national priorities and agencies‟ implementation capacities.

I. TWG on Social Protection
Chair: UNICEF Joint achievements of the TWG contributing to the relevant UNPAF outcome(s)  Arrived consensus on the focus of the TWG on “trafficking”, which to be coordinated on priority basis. The following issues were identified as main strategic focus: 1) Importance of structural vulnerabilities that lead to trafficking and/or severe exploitation (e.g. citizenship, statelessness, birth registration, refugee status, migrant status, unregulated workplace/economic sectors of high vulnerability to the concerned workers) 2) Need of conceptual clarity / clearer definition and understanding of trafficking 3) Importance of trafficking-migration continuum / increasing cases of trafficking as “migration gone terribly wrong” 4) Need of improved data gathering, sharing and utilization 5) Implications and operationalisation of new Thai trafficking law and need for follow-up. 6) Some remaining “norm”-related issues to be addressed/solved (e.g. ratification of 1951 Refugee Convention). 7) Review of the government‟s strategic plan on trafficking should be promoted/ facilitated. 8) Need for “reality check” regarding the actual implementation status of legislation/MOUs/mechanisms related to trafficking 9) Training on related laws particularly at the local level. 10) More conscious and systematic use of human rights instruments and commitments for advocacy and follow-up is needed (e.g. COMMIT Declaration, international human rights instruments and their reporting mechanisms) Comments on coordination mechanisms put in place by the TWG and challenges faced  Wide coverage of discrete issues under the overall theme of the social protection and overlapping areas with other forums pose challenges on coordination within the current structure. Optimal, desirable and feasible coordination modality needs to be explored. Rotation of chairmanship could help enhancing shared ownership.

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Sub-TWG on International Migration
Chair: IOM Co-Chair: UNFPA Government partner’s member: Ministry of Labour Joint achievements of the TWG contributing to the relevant UNPAF outcome(s)  Contributed to a better understanding and developing a common approach of the migration phenomena in Thailand by strengthening mechanism of coordination and information sharing among concerned UN agencies. The Situation Report on International Migration in Thailand updated and will be launched in January 2009. This publication provided evidence-based information to the Royal Thai Government and other stakeholders in the formulation of policies and intervention strategies.

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Comments on coordination mechanisms put in place by the TWG and challenges faced  The TWG has been working in close collaboration with line government ministries, especially the Ministry of Labour and the Ministry of Public Health. A representative from the Ministry of Labour has been appointed as a government focal point to the TWG to provide updates and give presentations on latest migrant policies. Challenges that the TWG faces relate to the overlap of mandate with other TWGs, especially the TWG on Health. There are, therefore, either duplications in discussion points among the TWGs, or lack of coordination among the working groups in terms of information sharing. There should be better co-operation not only among the TWG members but among the working groups in order to better achieve the UNPAF outcomes.

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1. Access to Quality Social Services and Protection
National priority or goal:
Addressing disparities of opportunities and outcomes and improving quality of social services and protection, as well as self empowerment of the most vulnerable. UNPAF outcome by the end of the programme cycle: By 2011, increased access to, and utilization of, quality social services and protection, especially for vulnerable groups and in underserved areas, resulting in reduced disparities. Country Programme Outcomes 1.1 Social protection for vulnerable groups improved Country Programme Outputs 1.1.1 Strengthened systems for child protection in all provinces Estimated 2008 Disbursement (USD) 2,050,000.00

2008 Contribution to CP Outputs Child Protection Monitoring System expanded to 36 sub-districts in six provinces from 27 sub-districts in 2007, with more than 76,000 children surveyed and case records compiled. Information used by local administration officials to develop plans for Child Protection at the community level and to allocate budgets and services. Child Protection Monitoring System model from sub-district to provincial level demonstrated in Ranong Province and adopted by the Provincial Government for full expansion province-wide in 2009 using the local government‟s own resources. Strengthened the child protection response services in six tsunamiaffected provinces Increased guidance on child protection issues to decision makers and staff at the operational levels:  Child Protection Manual developed and endorsed by the National Child Protection Committee with plans for its introduction to all provinces nationwide.  Capacity of social workers for case management strengthened through development and introduction of a new social work curriculum and best practice document and training Ministry of Health‟s One Stop Crisis Centers located in provincial hospitals expanded to district level hospitals. Further advocated and funding supported for further legislation for the protection and care of children under the age of criminal responsibility resulted in diversion of between 200 to 300 children away from the criminal justice system annually. Strengthened juvenile justice procedures and heightened awareness and advocacy for improved measures to support children in conflict with the law in the southern border provinces

1.1.2 Increased capacities and programmes in place to address the rights and needs of children caught in violence

Increased attention to the situation and voices of children living in the conflict-affected southern border areas through the launch of the study “Everyday Fears”, a follow-up consultation and wide media coverage. Increased capacity of the Ministry of Social Development and Human Security in providing greater protection and response for children affected by the ongoing conflict

Country Programme Outcomes 1.1 Social protection for vulnerable groups improved Country Programme Outputs 1.1.2 Increased capacities and programmes in place to address the rights and needs of children caught in violence 1.1.3 Institutions and civil society are better able to combat trafficking and provide reintegration services to victims of trafficking Estimated 2008 Disbursement (USD)

2008 Contribution to CP Outputs Further strengthened Child Protection Referral System in the nine refugee camps along the Myanmar border, including expansion of psychosocial support and training, and the roll out of monitoring and report mechanism (MRM) on grave violations against children in situations of armed conflict. Humanitarian relief provided to some 7,500 displaced Lao Hmong living in a temporary shelter in Phetchabun Province. Improved legal protection for non-Thais in Thailand through advocacy and financial support for the Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act Memorandums of Understanding on Common Guideline of Practices for Government Agencies in the Prevention, Suppression and Solution of Human Trafficking completed and signed by the nine Lower Central Provinces (signed on 7 May 2008) and eight Upper Central Provinces (signed 25 July 2008) with training conducted with key partners for implementation. Improved legal system to ensure gender equality and universal birth registration:  Gender inequality in acquisition of Thai nationality and in passing on Thai nationality to children abolished;  Improved the process of granting Thai nationality to those who are eligible and other legal status to those who are not eligible for Thai nationality;  Civil Registration Law amended to allow officially registration of all births in Thailand regardless of the parents‟ legal status. Increased access to the legal assistance center among stateless people in Mae Ai district

1.1.4 Government and civil society with capacity and comprehensive programmes towards achieving the goal of 100% birth registration rates, focusing attention in selected areas with low registration rates

1.1.5 Migrant workers and mobile populations registration policies improved in support of expanding legal protection and access to social services, with special attention to the situation of women 1.1.6 Enhanced capacity of government agencies to carry out social budgeting exercises aimed at improving financial sustainability of social services in support of policy goals broadening coverage and raising benefit levels (health insurance, pensions, access to quality education, healthcare and other social services) 1.1.7 Capacity of government and CSO enhanced to advocate for passage and implementation of the Domestic Violence Law

Contributed to the improvement of migrants' tracking for the next population census.

Contributed to improvement of public expenditures in health sector, particularly in the aspects of sustainability, effectiveness and efficiency.

[Domestic Violence Law passed in 2007 – joint contributions for its effective implementation explored by UNIFEM, UNDP and UNFPA in 2008]

2,050,000.00

Sub-TWG on Education
Chair: UNESCO Joint achievements of the TWG contributing to the relevant UNPAF outcome(s)  Strengthened national capacity on Education for ALL monitoring and evaluation (with assistance of the Regional TWG on EFA) Challenges faced  Effectively engage the government in addressing unequal access and attainment/disparities in education, integration of sexuality education in the national curricula, childhood care and education  Institutionalise a culture of statistics analysis and other issues of data accuracy

Opportunities  Renewed and strong commitment by government counterparts
Country Programme Outcomes 1.2 Increased access to and utilization of quality education, especially for vulnerable groups and people in underserved areas Country Programme Outputs 1.2.1 Increased national capacities to ensure that children can access both high-quality and responsive early childhood education services, allowing them to have the best possible preparation for primary school and, where appropriate, initial literacy in their mother tongue 2008 Contribution to CP Outputs Capacity of the stakeholders (OBEC, school teachers, Mon Association) in mother tongue based early childhood education enhanced, in which curriculum and learning materials (40 titles) in Mon mother tongue for K.1 have been developed. Enhanced capacity of teachers, in Kanchanaburi Province, in multi lingual teaching methods. Knowledge based on early childhood care and education (ECCE) enhanced through the publication and dissemination of a sub-regional ECCE advocacy publication "Transforming ECCE in the Mekong countries and insular Southeast Asia", covering in Thailand. Child-Friendly School (CFS) approach mainstreamed into key elements of the national education system:  the number of schools practicing CFS increased to almost 1,400 schools for over 200,000 children;  89 additional schools carried out community-based School Self Assessments (SSA) and developed school improvement plans;  CFS concept mainstreamed into pre-service teacher training;  200 Islamic teachers in five southern provinces were trained and sensitized on CFS approach; about 5,000 Muslim children benefited from this training  CFS practices advocated with teachers, children and communities through distribution of 43,310 copies of a bi-monthly newsletter “Puern Dek” to 900 schools. (UNICEF) Child rights clubs established and strengthened in 223 schools enhancing students‟ participation in decision making processes and the improvement of their environment. Strengthened capacities of around 500 teachers on child-centered teaching and life skills training, data collection in the form of School Management Information System, tracking system for out-of-school and/or at-risk children, and positive disciplined approach Heightened awareness of the importance of water, environment and sanitation (WES) in schools among decision-makers and model school designs and WES rehabilitation demonstrated.(UNICEF) Psychosocial recovery improved for 11,675 school children affected by the Tsunami and in the southern provinces affected by violence, focusing on promotion of sport, games and plays. (UNICEF) Increased access to education for children who are most disadvantaged: promoted bi-lingual education in the South and in the north; fostered access to formal schooling for migrant children. A referral guideline for children with learning disabilities is developed. The guideline will be published and disseminated in 2009 (UNICEF) Estimated 2008 Disbursement (USD) 2,800,000.00

Early learning policies, standards and capacities of institutions, caregivers and parents finalised and introduced. (UNICEF) Country Programme Outcomes 1.2 Increased access to and utilization of quality education, especially for vulnerable groups and people in underserved areas Country Programme Outputs 1.2.2 Enhanced capacities within national and local government, civil society and communities, and policies for increased access to high-quality, child-friendly basic education (formal and non-formal) 1.2.3 Increased capacities and coordination at provincial, education service area, district, and local government or Tambon Administrative Organizations (TAO) levels to support the decentralization and deconcentration of education systems, enhancing local governance and community participation in education 1.2.4 Improved access to life skills education and lifelong learning opportunities, including adult literacy and vocational education and healthy habits and behaviours of young people 2008 Contribution to CP Outputs Contributed to the revision of national equivalency programmes by the Office of Non Formal Education through conduction of impact study (UNESCO) Enhanced capacity and knowledge of Ministry of Education and school teachers in inclusive education and gender mainstreaming theory and practice through trainings and workshops. (UNESCO) Estimated 2008 Disbursement (USD)

The Tambon Administrative Organisation (TAO) and communities in Namyun District in Ubon Rachathani Province acquired skills in right-based approach community planning and implementation focusing on social and economic development

Thailand Social Monitor, for Thai policy makers, developed to provide an overview of the challenges facing Thai youth, including identification of the factors that make them vulnerable and outlining possible policy directions in moving forward. Life skills components mainstreamed in non-formal education (NFE) and community learning centers (CLCs) programmes and activities  Handbook on life skills in NFE developed and field tested  Capacity of the regional NFE office and CLCs enhanced on life skills concepts and integration of life skills in NFE programmes (UNESCO) 2,800,000.00

Sub-TWG on Health
Chair: WHO Co-Chair: Permanent Secretary of Ministry of Public Health (MOPH) Joint achievements of the TWG contributing to the relevant UNPAF outcome  Reviewed and revised sets of indicators to assure their validity, attainability and measurability  Arrived at general agreement with national counterpart on the focus of the TWG: vulnerable populations, particularly migrants and southern border populations, and issues related to emerging diseases, reproductive health and nutrition. Partners‟ meeting held to review funding needs with regards to migrant health.

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Comments on coordination mechanisms put in place by the TWG and challenges faced This TWG is in its very early stage. No real coordination mechanisms are in place yet, except for a few meetings. Common/limited availability of the TWGs members (both UN agencies and government counterpart) is considered a challenge. Opportunities include open mindedness of Ministry of Public Health (MoPH) to co-chair the TWG, strong interest by small number of UN agencies, MoPH open to discuss health issues among vulnerable populations, past and ongoing meaningful work by member agencies and the MOPH regarding vulnerable populations, and good potential to enhance synergies among the UN agencies, the MOPH and local authorities towards further concrete outcomes in supporting vulnerable populations.

Country Programme Outcomes 1.3 Increased resources and support to policies and programmes to expand health care services, with special attention on reproductive health, to vulnerable groups and people in underserved areas Estimated 2008 Disbursement (USD)

Country Programme Outputs 1.3.1. Enhanced preparedness, surveillance and response for public health security including for mobile and migrant populations

2008 Contribution to CP Outputs Core capacity related to the recently revised International Health Regulations (IHR) on health security developed:  National IHR core capacity development strategic plan (2008-2012) developed on a multisectoral basis  local workshops to strengthen surveillance and rapid response teams (SRRTs) with a particular focus on border provinces;  official designation of 18 IHR points of entry (air, land and seaports);  mechanisms to ensure better exchange of information among surveillance, lab, and points of entry Health manpower development in areas of epidemiology and vaccine development/production continued in 2008 through the Field Epidemiology Training Programme (FETP), long-term graduate study, consultant support, and short study visits to other relevant countries. IHR (public health emergencies) and INFOSAN (food safety emergencies) networks operationally linked to each other. An early warning system for outbreaks among displaced persons in shelters developed and linked to the early warning system of the MOPH. Provided support to strengthen laboratory capacity to monitor antimicrobial resistance for selected diseases, including HIV, TB, and malaria Addressed artemisine tolerant parasites on the Thai/Cambodia border (a global concern) and to monitor for possible resistance on the Thai/Myanmar border (funds mobilised from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation)

Country Programme Outcomes 1.3 Increased resources and support to policies and programmes to expand health care services, with special attention on reproductive health, to vulnerable groups and people in underserved areas Estimated 2008 Disbursement (USD)

Country Programme Outputs

2008 Contribution to CP Outputs Re-established a tripartite forum (epidemiology, public health laboratory, communicable disease control programmes) to regularly discuss important public health security issues and identify resolutions A cross-border strategy and action plan developed by the MOPH with specific operational outcomes in targeted areas related to HIV, TB, malaria and outbreak-prone diseases A simulation exercise of a public health emergency conducted at a major sea port, and some table top exercises held in border provinces A formal GMS regional agreement and strategy to cooperate in the control of transboundary animal diseases (TAD) developed through greater financial commitment, greater exchange of information, increased transparency in disease reporting and establishment of disease free zones based Enhanced capacity at the district and village level of disease investigation and disease reporting, better diagnostic laboratory facilities and enhanced human resources to perform quality controlled test against transboundary animal diseases (TADs)

1.3.2. Improved access to basic health care services and information, including reproductive health, especially for migrants (and their families) and mobile populations, especially in border areas 1.3.3 Improved access to quality and gender- and cultural- sensitive basic health services and information, including reproductive health, in the southernmost provinces

Progress was made on developing a migrant health information system in 2 provinces that is linked to the health information system of MOPH. A strategic action plan developed with the MOPH to address priority migrant health issues in Thailand. A partners' meeting held to generate needed resources to implement the plan Increased access to primary health care services to vulnerable groups in five southern provinces through strengthening/ establishing Community Heath Volunteers‟ (CHVs) network:  training on basic knowledge on Maternal and child health (MCH), Communicable disease Control (CDC) and Environmental health (EH) related issues for early identification on common health conditions and early referral to the nearest health care providers. Support provided to develop emergency preparedness plan in five southern provinces (n mental health and psychosocial aspects, injuries and trauma, nutrition, environmental health; and reproductive health. Promoted Health Promoting Schools (HPS) and Focusing Resources on Effective School Health (FRESH) in five southern provinces to improve health and well being of school-aged children Enhanced capacity in two community learning centres in raising and supplying fish protein resources to its students and community people Strengthened capacity of food inspectors and food inspection managers in the area of risk based food inspection, food safety, and food inspection to reduce exposure to safety hazards

Country Programme Outcomes 1.3 Increased resources and support to policies and programmes to expand health care services, with special attention on reproductive health, to vulnerable groups and people in underserved areas Estimated 2008 Disbursement (USD)

Country Programme Outputs 1.3.4 Increased capacities, policies and programmes for enhancing nutritional status among children and women, especially related to increased exclusive breastfeeding rates and achieving universal salt iodization

2008 Contribution to CP Outputs

1.3.5 Evidence and information to assess health status and guide policies and strategies, especially for vulnerable populations

Strengthened capacities, policies and programmes related to exclusive breastfeeding and universal salt iodisation (USI):  Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes and Related Products for Infants and Young Children B.E. 2551 endorsed by the Minister of Public Health;  National code monitoring and implementation committee and breastfeeding alliances trained on code monitoring and implementation;  Public health officials at central and local level trained on breastfeeding counselling  Revised national 4-year strategic plan and road map for USI achievement developed and new salt iodisation committee established;  National Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDD) Forum organised to strengthen partnerships with salt producers association and the food condiments industry;  IDD surveillance system and monitoring of quality salt production being set-up in the three regions (north, northeast and the central);  Public health officials from the three regions trained on urinary iodine analysis techniques;  Quality iodised salt production system being piloted in the central region; Two 30-sec PSAs to promote 6-month exclusive breastfeeding and iodised salt consumption developed and disseminated. Piloted a Migrant Health Information System (MHIS) in 2 provinces with potential to expand to 15 provinces. Contributed to the functioning of an early warning system for disease outbreaks in the camps and its linkage to the MOPH system. Assessment on maternal and child health status in selected vulnerable communities completed and shared with all local authorities in the six Tsunami-affected provinces. A household survey on the Influence of Legal Status and Ethnicity on Access to Education, Health Care and other Social Services conducted among highlander population in Chiang Mai, Chaing Rai and Mae Hong Son. Health care services, especially for vulnerable children and mothers, were strengthened through involvement of local authorities in local health services development with involvement and support of the Ministry of Public Health and provincial health offices. 438,000.00

Sub-TWG on Livelihoods
Chair: Government partners’ members: FAO Department of Provincial Administration, Ministry of Interior and Minister of Agriculture and Cooperatives

Joint achievements of the TWG contributing to the relevant UNPAF outcome  Concept note for a joint programming “Integrated Livelihoods Project for Mae Hong Son province” formulated and finalised in collaboration with the Mae Hong Son provincial government. Strong equal partnership with Mae Hong Son host counterpart and effective collaboration among UN agencies.

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Comments on coordination mechanisms put in place by the TWG and challenges faced Coordination between the agencies takes place through formal and informal meetings and other regular correspondence. Notable is the joint programming initiative (mentioned above) which draws the UN agencies together to work collectively and collaboratively. The project functions as a common umbrella framework for not only individual actions within the joint project (usually taken up by one or more agencies), but also other actions which fall outside the joint project pertaining to Mae Hong Son or other livelihood related issues. Nonetheless, enhanced timely coordination and communication is needed to pursue further coherence and harmonization. Also, strengthening coordination and ownership of RTG partners remains a challenge. The implementation of the joint project,which will start in 2009, also represents a potential challenge. Its implementation will require time-consuming consultations, clear sharing of responsibilities among participating agencies, and advocacy work with the government especially on on sensitive issues. Strengthening coordination with and ownership of relevant ministries is still being sought and might take time to achieve.

Country Programme Outcomes 1.4. Improved livelihood for vulnerable groups in underserved areas Estimated 2008 Disbursement 935,414.00

Country Programme Outputs 1.4.1. Systems and skills strengthened for enhanced productivity and income of vulnerable groups in underserved areas, including self-sufficient mechanisms to ensure that vulnerable groups can survive following a disaster

2008 Contribution to CP Outputs Assisted vulnerable groups (migrant workers, ethnic minorities, disabled people, very poor households, orphans and vulnerable children (OVCs), injecting drug users (IDUs), and other marginalised populations) in the tsunami effected area of Thailand to recover their economic means of survival, to access basic services, and to cope with psychological effects related to the tsunami. Capacity in hydroponics cultivation of around 80 farmers in eight villages in Phang Nga province, around 400 fishers in 28 villages in six tsunamiaffected provinces and 12 local government officials in six southern provinces improved through training, technical advice and provision of materials or equipment. Capacity of the Bureau of Empowerment for Persons with Disabilities, Ministry of Social Welfare and Human Security enhanced in facilitating people with disabilities in community development In Ubon Rachathai province, improved community development skills, including increasing income generation of people with disabilities and their participation in education Built capacity of artisans and promoted quality handicraft products in central Thailand Improved capacity of the farmers in the 6 villages in the 3 provinces in the northeast Thailand, in about 2000 households, through training and provision of materials, equipments, and facilities.

Country Programme Outcomes 1.4. Improved livelihood for vulnerable groups in underserved areas Estimated 2008 Disbursement

Country Programme Outputs 1.4.1. Systems and skills strengthened for enhanced productivity and income of vulnerable groups in underserved areas, including self-sufficient mechanisms to ensure that vulnerable groups can survive following a disaster

2008 Contribution to CP Outputs Self-help mechanisms (including revolving fund mechanisms) established and operated in cooperatives serving a total of more than 250 households in rural farming and fisheries communities. (FAO) Capacity of Royal Irrigation Department enhanced through recommendations on improving institutional, management and technical measures for equity in services delivery including to underserved areas through analysis of 6 pilot schemes and preparation of plans. (FAO) Improved Thai fresh and processed fruit and vegetable exporters' (including but not limited to vulnerable populations) access to information about national export requirements and international market access requirements through provision of relevant guidance documents and a web-based information platform (FAO) Hundreds of farmers in North and Northeast Thailand able to market -and fetch higher farm gate prices - farm produce through Royal Project, GAP (Good Agricultural Practices)and Export schemes as acquired skills in the application of integrated pest management (IPM) and conservation of natural biological control in brassica (cabbage) production and protection (FAO).

1.4.2. Enhanced capacities to establish and implement policies and programmes in support of older persons and minorities to secure productive employment

Evidence-based policy advocacy at national and provincial levels including data collection, situational analysis and monitoring of the implementation of the National Framework by responsible government organizations.

935,414.00

TWG on Decentralisation and Provincial/Local Governance
Chair: UNDP Co-chair: UNFPA Joint achievements of the TWG contributing to the relevant UNPAF outcome A joint programme formulated and funs secures. The project aims at enhancing local governance and the capacity of sub-national entities to effectively address the needs and manage most vulnerable populations, namely, displaced persons along Thailand/Myanmar border and their host communities. Comments on coordination mechanisms put in place by the TWG and challenges faced  Coordination mechanisms work effectively in terms of knowledge and information sharing but the implementation of a joint project has been challenging due to the fact that each agency has particular mandate and different priorities.

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Although the spirit of joint effort is present among UN agencies, modality and procedural rules can be another challenge to the attempt of joint project implementation.

2. Decentralization and Provincial/Local Governance
National priority or goal:
To promote participatory democracy and good governance within the framework of the 1997 Constitution of Thailand, including decentralization of duties to local administrative organizations and civil society development UNPAF outcome by the end of the programme cycle: By 2011, sub-national administrations effectively respond to people‟s rights in a participatory and transparent manner, based on quality data and evidence-based planning. Country Programme Outcomes 2.1. Improved responsiveness and quality of social services at the sub-national level Country Programme Outputs 2.1.1. Frameworks and mechanisms for coordination between provincial and local administrations and among local administrative organizations strengthened 2.1.2. Local administrative organizations in up to 26 provinces incorporate social development and community planning, especially for vulnerable groups, including effective disaster risk reduction measures. 2.1.3. Local administrative organizations with enhanced capacity to implement and monitor decentralized social services 2.1.4. Innovative ways of learning and knowledge management for locally elected bodies established in the local Estimated 2008 Disbursement 225,000.00

2008 Contribution to CP Outputs Coordination improved between national, provincial, local levels and users for financing the irrigation sector, through a comprehensive review of budget and planning arrangements. Strengthened partnership between community and local government and between local and provincial governance institutions, through PLEDGE project Community planning and disaster risk reduction initiated and incorporated to development projects for the provincial/local administration in Mae Hong Son

Enhanced capacity of key agencies implementing the decentralisation policy, particularly the Ministry of Interior and local government units with respect to decentralisation evaluation and civil rights promotion

Country Programme Outcomes 2.1. Improved responsiveness and quality of social services at the sub-national level Country Programme Outputs 2.1.5 Civil society, including children and young people, in 15 provinces are systematically engaged in participatory monitoring 2.1.6 People‟s Audit in place in two provinces per region Estimated 2008 Disbursement

2008 Contribution to CP Outputs

People's audit modules disseminated to local governments

Country Programme Outcomes 2.2. Enhanced local democracy and meaningful participation of civil society, including children, youth, women and vulnerable populations in decision-making processes Country Programme Outputs 2.2.1. Strengthened capacity of high school student committees and youth groups to practise good governance mechanisms in school development projects and local governance 2.2.2. Increased awareness and legal knowledge of civil society actors including vulnerable groups on their rights, as well as participation of women as voters and candidates in local electoral processes. 2.2.3. Increased workers‟ representatives, knowledge on legal issues, and voice (esp. in informal economy) in social participation Estimated 2008 Disbursement 69,452.00

2008 Contribution to CP Outputs

Increased awareness and legal knowledge of 25 civil society representatives in Thailand on the international human rights standards and mechanisms to which Thailand is a state party

Modules on civil rights produced and will be disseminated to local government units for increased awareness among local people on their rights

Country Programme Outcomes 2.3. Policies, frameworks and measures in place to promote transparency and accountability at the sub-national level Country Programme Outputs 2.3.1. Thai legal framework, implementation, evaluation and capacity of governmental agencies improved to better comply with the United Nations Convention on Anti-corruption Estimated 2008 Disbursement 320,286.00

2008 Contribution to CP Outputs

Country Programme Outcomes 2.3. Policies, frameworks and measures in place to promote transparency and accountability at the sub-national level Country Programme Outputs 2.3.2. Increased awareness of government officials of their duties to be accountable Estimated 2008 Disbursement

2008 Contribution to CP Outputs Increased awareness of government officials on the rights of persons subjected of detention and imprisonment and the provisions of the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment and the reporting obligations for Thailand Increased awareness of 170 Directors of Prisons from all regions in Thailand on the provisions of the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment and their implementation Increased awareness of five pilot local government units and their networks in Chiang Mai and Lumpang on their accountability as duty bearers

2.3.3. Increased public awareness and enhanced capacity of local administrative organizations on the right to information and participation and outreach mechanisms for information disclosure 2.3.4. Civil society and government with strengthened capacity to monitor public expenditure and resource allocation mechanisms

Increased public awareness on the rights to information through modules on digital content of rights to information and media Local government indicators and networks for transparency established

614,738.00

Sub-TWG on MDG Monitoring and Statistical Strengthening
Chair: UNDP Government counterpart’s member: National Statistical Office (NSO) Joint achievements of the sub-TWG contributing to the relevant UNPAF outcome  Facilitated collaboration between the National Statistical Office (NSO) and the Ministry of Social Development and Human Security (MSDHS) on the preparation of the Gender Statistics Report, through the joint programme on MDG monitoring and strengthening Statistics Capacity of NSO.

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Enhanced capacity of NSO in conducting surveys and census through collaboration and networking with government agencies and academia in the field. Linkage and utilisation of civil registration database explored for next population and housing census Enhanced the monitoring of children‟s situation in Thailand by inclusion of the HIV and AIDS as well as MICS questionnaire modules on birth registration, child development, education and water and sanitation in the 2008 National Children and Youth survey. This was the first time nationally representative data on knowledge of HIV andAIDS among boys is made available. Continued support to strengthen government capacity on MDG monitoring through implementation of TPD Info (Thailand‟s adaptation of DevInfo): revision of the main database and making it available on-line, mapping of the MDG indicators from existing NSO survey data collection exercises.

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Comments on coordination mechanisms put in place by the TWG and challenges faced  Even though much progress has been made in terms of national counterpart involvement, realisation of true partnership is still a challenge.

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Rotation of sub-TWG chairmanship should be encouraged in order to enhance a sense of ownership.

Country Programme Outcomes 2.4. Quality (quantitative/qualitative) and disaggregated socio-economic data in place for evidencebased policy making and public dialogue Country Programme Outputs 2.4.1. Enhanced capacity of government agencies to collect accurate, quality and up-todate disaggregated data (national/sub-national, sex, age, vulnerable groups, etc.) 2008 Contribution to CP Outputs Increased use of data for evidence-based policy planning:  Enhanced Ministry of Education's capacity to collect accurate and timely disaggregated data, particularly on unreached and disadvantaged groups, through regular Education for All (EFA) monitoring and evaluation Strengthened capacity of NSO and MSDHS on gender issues and gender data in Thailand, including Gender-related Development Index Plus (GDI+) and information sharing with stakeholders, through the preparation of the GDI+ report Increased availability of national and sub-national data on the situation of children by the inclusion of several of the MICS questionnaire modules (related to household characteristics, birth registration, child development, education, water and sanitation, and HIV/AIDS) in Thailand‟s 2008 National Children and Youth Survey.  The inclusion of the HIV/AIDS module provides for the first time nationally representative data on knowledge and awareness of HIV/AIDS among adolescent males 2.4.2. Enhanced capacity of government agencies and nongovernmental organisations to track, analyse and monitor the situation of all people living in Thailand, using TPDInfo (DevInfo) and other tools, especially for social sectors at provincial and lower administrative levels Estimated 2008 Disbursement 166,000.00

Country Programme Outcomes 2.4. Quality (quantitative/qualitative) and disaggregated socio-economic data in place for evidencebased policy making and public dialogue Country Programme Outputs 2.4.3. Enhanced capacity of the National Statistics Office, and Provincial Statistics Offices and Department of Local Administration to provide support to policy formulation for national, provincial and local decision makers and to provide technical assistance to line ministries and relevant provincial and local agencies in issues related to data quality and availability 2.4.4. Enhanced capacity of line ministries and local administrative organizations in the use of data in policy formulation and programme implementation 2008 Contribution to CP Outputs Enhanced capacity of the NSO on:  Measurement of Income Distribution and Panel Data Analysis, which enabled them to provide high quality data and develop in-depth analysis on the measurement of income distribution and panel data analysis;  Preparation to 2010 national population and housing census (PHC) Support provided to the National Statistics Office on the publication of advocacy materials on older persons, based on the National Older Persons Survey, and revision of the National Reproductive Health Survey Estimated 2008 Disbursement

Enhanced capacity of the Ministry of Education officials on the using of the EFA national assessment results to review/revise existing policies and draft new policies to ensure access to quality education by all unreached groups

166,000.00

TWG on HIV/AIDS
Chair: Co-Chair (RTG): UNFPA Vice-Chair: UNICEF

Ministry of Public Health, Department of Disease Control

Joint achievements of the TWG contributing to the relevant UNPAF outcome

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Support for the preparation and submission of two successful GFATM Grant Applications (an RCC Wave 2 HIV Grant for $96 million, focusing on youth and decentralized programming, and a Round 8 HIV Grant for $106 million focusing on enhanced prevention programming in Thailand for sex workers, IDU, MSM and migrants); Development of new joint programme initiatives, which are in the process of finalization for funding by agencies and UNAIDS Programme Acceleration Fund Resources; Provision of extensive support to both public and civil society partners for a number of focused advocacy initiatives, particularly on: o o o o o Injecting Drug Use (IDU) harm reduction programming advocacy, Support for the 2009 International Harm Reduction Association (IHRA) conference in Bangkok, The promotion of effective service provision for migrant workers in Thailand, Support for the integration of HIV prevention into the Thai sporting industry through the National Olympic Committee, and the development of human rights programming for people living with HIV in Thailand

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Concerted efforts of the UN Cares programmes on major training activities, including those for non-Bangkok-based staff and additional Bangkok-based trainings In support of an Improved National Response, efforts to date have delivered results in three priorities areas of focus: o (i) An enhanced capacity for an effective decentralized response to AIDS through support for a joint programme of provincial and local capacity building in two priority provinces (Lampang and Nakorn Phanom); (ii) Enhanced HIV Prevention programming based on advocacy as well as technical and financial support to the work of the National AIDS Committee‟s Sub-Committee on Prevention Action; and (iii) Promotion of an improved enabling environment for the national and local response to AIDS, primarily focusing on developing and improving the capacities of CSO partners in particular (including TNP+ and TNCA affiliates) to be effective implementing partners, as well as addressing the fundamental challenges of stigma and discrimination against people living with HIV as well as various vulnerable and marginalized populations in Thailand.

o

o

Comments on coordination mechanisms put in place by the TWG and challenges faced

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The work of the Theme Group on AIDS, is supported by a Joint Team on AIDS, which brings together the HIV programme officers of the Theme Group agencies and acts as the operational and implementing arm of the Theme Group. Their work is facilitated by an agreed and formalized “Division of Labor”, most recently updated in October 2008, to reflect the key lead UN partner agencies in a number of programmatic and technical areas of the Theme Group Thailand continues to be faced by a number of constraints in the response to AIDS which clearly have an impact on the work of the UN Country Team and our national and local

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partners. While various efforts are underway to address, as best we can, these challenges, we outline them herewith for consideration. They include: o The continuing political turmoil in Thailand. The past year‟s events have rendered the involvement of higher-level governmental partners and decision-makers problematic if not impossible, particularly with reference to the National AIDS Committee (which is chaired by the PM or, in his name, one of the Deputy PMs). This, in turn, has had a dampening effect on efforts to review, revise or renew national policies on a number of key issues (migration and drug harm reduction programming to name but two). Stigmatizing and Discriminatory attitudes and practices are also a major challenge to effective programming, both attitudes as they relate to vulnerable and marginalized populations (such as sex workers, IDU, MSM or Migrants) as well as attitudes towards people living with HIV infection or affected by AIDS. In all instances these attitudes and practices are a key contributing factor that slows down the scaling-up of programming and services towards Universal Access The decentralized response to AIDS is proving to be a major challenge to effectively scaling up programming and services towards Universal Access, as few provincial, district, sub-district or municipal authorities have clear understandings or capacities related to both their responsibilities as well as the importance of effective AIDS programming at the local level The lack of an effective and functional “Third One” is also a contributing factor to all of the above, as the absence of an integrated and coherent national and local information collection and analysis system continues to undermine the effort to assist national and local authorities to “know their epidemic”, so that they can both understand their challenges a well as respond accordingly

o

o

o

3. Increased Access to Comprehensive HIV Prevention, Treatment, Care and Support Services
National priority or goal:
To reduce the number of new HIV infections and the socio-economic impact of HIV infection and AIDS in Thailand. UNPAF outcome by the end of the programme cycle: By 2011, Thailand ensures increased Access to and utilization of comprehensive HIV prevention, treatment, care and support services.

Country Programme Outcomes 3.1. A more inclusive rights-based national response to HIV infection is adequately resourced and effectively implemented Estimated 2008 Disbursement (USD) 1,286,500.00

Country Programme Outputs 3.1.1. Enhanced evidencedbased planning and implementation of effective AIDS epidemic programmes

2008 Contribution to CP Outputs Supported the development of two successful GFATM Grant Applications: an RCC Wave 2 HIV Grant for $96 million, focusing on youth and decentralized programming, and a Round 8 HIV Grant for $106 million focusing on enhanced prevention programming in Thailand for sex workers, IDU, MSM and migrants (UNAIDS and UNICEF) Contributed to the database on children and HIV/AIDS in Thailand through provision of support to a study on HIV vulnerability of migrant child workers in Chiangrai, Udon Thani and Rayong conducted by Chulalongkorn University (UNICEF) Supported the update of evidence-based information on the nature of HIV/AIDS epidemic in Thailand and evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of Thailand‟s HIV/AIDS prevention and care strategies (WB) Geographic Information System analysis of vulnerability factors among ethnic minority populations in Northern Thailand completed (UNESCO) Technical Support provided to National Strategic Planning on HIV among men who have sex with men (MSM) (UNESCO)

Country Programme Outcomes 3.1. A more inclusive rights-based national response to HIV infection is adequately resourced and effectively implemented Estimated 2008 Disbursement (USD)

Country Programme Outputs 3.1.1. Enhanced evidencedbased planning and implementation of effective AIDS epidemic programmes (Cont‟d)

2008 Contribution to CP Outputs A joint review of the ability of school-based responses to the HIV prevention needs of most at risk adolescents in Thailand developed Awareness of STI/HIV situation raised:  Situation review of STI/HIV prevention in sex work settings published in both Thai and English languages and distributed to Health Staff working in STI clinics in 76 provinces as well as other stakeholders including NGOs, civil society organisations, policy makers and donors  Survey of STI conducted among vocational students in Chiangmai using self vaginal swab National monitoring and evaluation system for children and HIV strengthened through: (i) provision of technical support to the Department of Health for completion of 2007 Prevent Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) of HIV and Paediatric HIV Report Card, (ii) development of PMTCT M&E system (Child Plus) with Department of Health (Model Development on Monitoring and Evaluation in HIV/AIDS among Pregnant Women and Families in Thailand). Contributed to capacity development for a decentralized and effective local response to AIDS in Lampang and Nakorn Phanom provinces Continued provision of technical assistance in the areas of MSM and HIV response Strengthened capacity of MOPH officials and local government staff through the comprehensive condom program (CCP): provision of support to national task force, development of manual and training module for management of CCP with pilot training for 30 staff from local government Strengthened capacity of Ministry of Social Development and Human Security staff on child rights and HIV/AIDS Contributed to the development of HIV prevention packages, produced by the Office of Non-formal Education and Informal Education, and the 5 regional NFE centres, in cooperation with the Ministry of Public Health, which was integrated in Community Learning Center (CLC) activities and as a subject of equivalency programme Strengthened capacity of Bureau of AIDS, TB, and STI on programme planning, implementation and monitoring Intensified advocacy for development of rights-based policies by governmental agencies and private sector for care and support of children affected by HIV and AIDS through:  eight exhibitions and performances to promote community awareness about children living with HIV, attended by over 4,000 people;  2,000 copies of “The sea has a secret” advocacy VCD distributed, with the YouTube internet site receiving over 2,000 hits;  The "Blooming" manual on care and support for children living with HIV (in Thai) published with distribution of 3,000 sets (4 manuals);  5,000 copies of other campaign publications distributed;  "A day in a positive life", a video documentary on adolescents and HIV, produced by HIV positive young people, received special acclaim at an HIV/AIDS film festival in Bangkok  Promoted prevention of unplanned pregnancies among women living with HIV. Support to CSO partner capacity building for enhanced implementation of GFATM Grants Continued support provided to stronger National MSM Working Group, including coordination, joint planning and information sharing. CSOs capacities strengthened through comprehensive approaches linking CSOs with Government service providers for HIV/AIDS activities for children and young people in Satun, Krabi, Phang Nga and Phuket Strengthen capacity of GO, NGOs and TNP+ network on art therapy and sex education for children living with HIV Youth Advisory Panel (YAP) established and supported for capacity building to advise programme, projects, and activities relating to young people People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) actively involved and participated in the development of project on reproductive rights for PLWHA On-going support for continuing phase of paediatric care project in Khon Kaen, Northeast Thailand and adolescent HIV activities in Chiang Rai, which benefited over 1,647 children with HIV (654 boys and 958 girls), 1,234 children affected by HIV/AIDS and 1,816 people living with HIV

3.1.2. The capacity of government and civil society organizations to develop and adopt rights-based, gender sensitive policies, is improved

3.1.3. Enhanced capacity of CSOs, especially PLHIV groups and networks, to be equal partners with government in the national response to HIV infection and AIDS

Country Programme Outcomes 3.1. A more inclusive rights-based national response to HIV infection is adequately resourced and effectively implemented Estimated 2008 Disbursement (USD)

Country Programme Outputs 3.1.4. Knowledge management, sharing and networking mechanisms for HIV programming strengthened

2008 Contribution to CP Outputs Enhanced knowledge networking of AIDS professional in Thailand on HIV in young people through electronic forum “Solution Exchange” - 6 queries posted with 1 consultation. The forum was participated by 600 members Increased knowledge and experience exchange through (i) technical support for two south-south cooperation TCDC courses (PMTCT and Prevention and Care among Children and Young People); (ii) organisation of forum for discussion on strategies to work with children living with HIV among governmental and nongovernmental organisations and Thai Network for People Living with HIV (TNP+); (iii) organisation of study visits, exhibition of art work by children affected HIV Teacher information kit completed and disseminated Peer Outreach Reference Manual for MSM produced in Thai language, adopted by the MOPH and by all organizations working with MSM in Thailand Network and partnership on STI/HIV prevention in sex work settings established and strengthened Knowledge of approach and services of STI/HIV for sex workers in non establishment setting in 3 areas synthesized and published. Lessons learned and the struggle of people living with HIV/AIDS advocated through the publication "From People of Number Zero to a Leader in People's Sector" HIV/SRH information and services for young people mapped and collated into the data-base for dissemination

Country Programme Outcomes 3.2. Vulnerable Groups demonstrate the acquisition of knowledge and skills and the access to enhanced prevention services through Improved HIV prevention behaviours and practices Country Programme Outputs 3.2.1. Vulnerable groups have increased access to linguistically and culturally appropriate information on HIV infection and sexuality which correspond to their needs and context 2008 Contribution to CP Outputs Increased recognition in Life Skills as a necessary component of HIV/AIDS and sex education curricula, and its implementation in schools and with vulnerable young people in the community :  Implementation of Life skills for HIV/AIDS and sex education curriculum in 51 secondary schools in 10 provinces in the south and training of youth leaders, young people and teachers  Border communities and tourist destinations in North and South provided with training and other outreach activities/materials on life skills (including materials in Burmese and Mon languages)  Communicaiton strategies developed for young people, street children, sex orker and HIV positive adolescents, hearing impared and young people under detention, in 15 provinces  Radio braodcasts on sex education and HIV and AIDS produced  Learning innovation contests on HIVand AIDS organized MSM Peer Outreach Reference manual produced and distributed across the country Improved the variety of information available for distribution by peer and outreach workers Continued research on the relationship of HIV and trafficking/unsafe migration among ethnic minorities, and provision of research-based prevention materials in minority languages Continued efforts on improving teaching and learning curricula on sexual diversity for nursing and medical schools & development of innovative ways to deliver sex, relationships and HIV education to adolescents via an interactive museum exhibition Increased access to life skill education and HIV prevention for young people in Lampang and Narathiwat through provision of financial and technical support to Provincial Health Offices Increased access to HIV prevention for pregnant women and their partners to stay negative using MPM strategies Estimated 2008 Disbursement 846,300.00

Country Programme Outcomes 3.2. Vulnerable Groups demonstrate the acquisition of knowledge and skills and the access to enhanced prevention services through Improved HIV prevention behaviours and practices Country Programme Outputs 3.2.2. Increased opportunity for vulnerable groups to enhance and demonstrate skills for the prevention of HIV transmission 2008 Contribution to CP Outputs Communication strategies developed among street children in Chiangmai/Chiangrai (Volunteers group), adolescents with HIV in Chiangrai (AIDS ACCESS) and young people in an out of school in 10 southern provinces including schools for the deaf and juvenile detention centre (Prince of Songkhla University) Outreach activities and drop-in centre for street children in Patong tourist area in Phuket, through Phuket Non-Formal Education Office. HIV prevention and support to adolescent sex workers in border situations through outreach and drop-in centres in Sangkhlaburi District, Kanchanaburi, and Chong Mek, Sirinthon District, Ubon Ratchathani, through Pattanarak Foundation Strengthen national capacity to respond to HIV prevention needs of ethnic minority groups in Thailand 3.2.3. Partner capacity enhanced to deliver effective gender sensitive and culturally appropriate quality prevention services for vulnerable groups Strengthened capacity of governmental organisations and civil society partners in Southern Thailand on the production of media for HIV and AIDS communication Continued efforts on improving teaching and learning curricula on sexual diversity for nursing and medical schools and development of innovative ways to deliver sex, relationships and HIV education to adolescents via an interactive museum exhibition Estimated 2008 Disbursement

Country Programme Outcomes 3.3. Vulnerable Groups have equitable access to and use of effective, gender-sensitive HIV treatment, care and support services Country Programme Outputs 3.3.1. Partner capacity is enhanced to deliver quality services for HIV treatment, care and support for Vulnerable Groups 3.3.2. Local partner and community capacities enhanced to mitigate the social and economic impact for people infected and affected by HIV infection and AIDS in at least five target provinces 2008 Contribution to CP Outputs Enhanced capacity of non-formal education (NFE) teachers, community leaders and NGOs in delivering HIV prevention packages through CLCs Estimated 2008 Disbursement 193,000.00

Proposal for assessing the health-seeking behaviors and access to medical care of MSM in Thailand successfully developed Local planning exercisedeveloped (UNICEF):  Local planning exercises undertaken in over 46 sub-districts in 6 provinces, including 2 sub-districts of Nakhon Phanom (Muang district municipality and Nongyat tambon, Si Songkhram District) and 2 sub-districts of Lampang (Muang district municipality and Wichet Nakhon, Jae Hom District).  District AIDS plan developed in Chumphae District, Khon Kaen province including 12 sub-district plans  Community AIDS plans developed for 3 sub-districts in Thalang District, Phuket, and Takua Thung District Phang Nga Training and quarterly meetings on strategic planning and project activities monitoring conducted for participants from 7 districts in Satun province, South Thailand Study visits organised on community HIV planning and HIV/AIDS care for children, community HIV care (for 81 community leaders from Thalang District Phuket and Takua Thung District Phang Nga to North Thailand) 2,325,800.00

TWG on Environment
Chair: Co-Chair (RTG): FAO, WB Office of Natural Resources and Environment Policy and Planning (ONEP), Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources, and Thailand Greenhouse Management Organization (TGO)

Joint achievements of the TWG contributing to the relevant UNPAF outcome

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The TWG extended invitation for periodical meetings to major players in the environment field in Thailand, including NGOs, CSOs, academia and research institutions. Thai counterpart agencies have been identified: the Office of Natural Resources and Environment Planning and Policy (ONEP) of Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (MoNRE) and the Thailand Greenhouse Gas Public Organization (TGO), and play an active role in updating government related actions through the TWG meetings. Even though there is no joint programme in place to date, a number of suggestions on joint initiatives for advocacy activities have already been proposed, including public showing of „green films‟. An activity matrix to map out agency-specific activities has been developed and updated periodically. This matrix will gradually be handed over to the Thai counterparts ??

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Comments on coordination mechanisms put in place by the TWG and challenges faced

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The TWG on Environment holds periodic meetings, which usually take place quarterly, with the attendance of UN agencies and other multi-lateral agencies as well as Thai counterpart agencies and NGOs, where information on activities by individual agencies in the related field are updated and exchanged. The recent TWG meetings helped clarifying a set of priority actions and gaps based on the Thai government demands. Further coordination of actions is deemed necessary, in consultation with the relevant government agencies (especially ONEP and TGO) and will be progressively detailed and implemented in the future.

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4. Environment and Natural Resources Management
National priority or goal:
Restore a sound environment with more balance between economic development and environmental sustainability UNPAF outcome by the end of the programme cycle: Improved sustainable utilization and management of natural resources and the environment at national and community levels Country Programme Outcomes 4.1 Community organizations and civil society are more effectively engaged in natural resources and environmental management and actively involved in policy and decision making process Country Programme Outputs 4.1.1 Increased public awareness and community access to holistic approaches for disaster risk reduction and sustainable development 2008 Contribution to CP Outputs Photo contest on coastal erosion and climate change and sustainable development conducted to raise public awareness Increased awareness among communities and government officials on disaster risk reduction - drawing competition among school children on home, school and hospital safety done in relation to the international day for disaster reduction, held on 8 August 2008 Networks consolidated and new information prepared for effective integration of Education for Natural Disaster Preparedness (ENDP) into school curricula Estimated 2008 Disbursement 221,000.00

Country Programme Outcomes 4.1 Community organizations and civil society are more effectively engaged in natural resources and environmental management and actively involved in policy and decision making process Country Programme Outputs 4.1.1 Increased public awareness and community access to holistic approaches for disaster risk reduction and sustainable development (cont‟d) 4.1.2 Capacity of community organizations and civil society to engage in effective natural resources and environmental management enhanced 2008 Contribution to CP Outputs Capacity in hydroponics cultivation of around 80 farmers in eight villages in Phang Nga province, around 400 fishers in 28 villages in six tsunami-affected provinces and 12 local government officials in six southern provinces improved through training, technical advice and provision of materials or equipment Community-based integrated coastal ecosystem management in southern Thailand formulated Contributed to community capacity enhancement for activities that addressed environmental issues related to coastal zone management, climate change, biodiversity, international water, land degradation and persistent organic pollutants. Extended UN TWG invitation and periodical meetings to all major players in environment sector in Thailand, including NGOs, CSO, academia and research institutions Environmental Performance Assessment (EPA) introduced at the local level with stakeholder participation 4.1.3 Community and civil society network and consultative mechanism established to facilitate communication with government in participatory planning and environmental governance 4.1.4 Adequate public spending to support community-based natural resources and environmental management Country Programme Outcomes 4.2 Enhanced implementation of major Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs)and strengthened sustainable use of natural resources and management of biodiversity, renewable energy, water, urban and industrial pollution, and disaster risk reduction Strengthened community participation in the planning process of the water resources management through the development of Thailand Environment Monitor 2008 and Integrated Water Resources Management Increased consultation among various stakeholders on planning for disaster risk reduction in Thailand, including consultations on the development of the Strategic National Action Plan (SNAP) for disaster risk reduction Estimated 2008 Disbursement

Country Programme Outputs 4.2.1 Policy and legal framework to support the implementation of major MEAs and sustainable management of biodiversity, renewable energy, water and urban and industrial pollution and disaster risk reduction in place

2008 Contribution to CP Outputs Strengthened national capacity on ozone-depleting substances :  TOT forgovernment officers (DIW and DOA staffs) on phasing out ozone-depleting substances (CFC and methyl bromide)  workshops for local government officers and private sectors (refrigeration servicing workshops, halon users and fumigating servicing companies) all over the country on good practices in handling CFC, halon and alternative of methyl bromide (phosphine). Increased capacities of a key representative of the Ministry of Education to engage in the promotion of sustainable development through education in the framework of the UN Decade of Education for Sustainable Development Capacity of government agencies on policy issues and establishment of national frameworks for bio-diversity conservation, bio-energy and food security being enhanced through normative actions including project formulation Continued pilot Demonstration Project for Rural Water Supply and Income Generation

Estimated 2008 Disbursement 2,880,500.00

Country Programme Outcomes 4.2 Enhanced implementation of major Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs)and strengthened sustainable use of natural resources and management of biodiversity, renewable energy, water, urban and industrial pollution, and disaster risk reduction Country Programme Outputs 4.2.1 Policy and legal framework to support the implementation of major MEAs and sustainable management of biodiversity, renewable energy, water and urban and industrial pollution and disaster risk reduction in place (cont‟d) Estimated 2008 Disbursement

2008 Contribution to CP Outputs Facilitated the development, implementation and enforcement of MEAs to enhance rural capacity and knowledge on wastewater treatment Second National Communication of UNFCCC project implemented by UNFCCC National Focal Point National Capacity Self Assessment of UNFCCC, UNCBD and UNCCD implemented National Clearing House of CBD national focal point strengthened National commitment towards the implementation of a comprehensive action plan on disaster reduction, consulted widely with various stakeholders and proposed to Cabinet - Strategic national Action Plan (SNAP) on disaster risk reduction developed with Ministry of Interior Supported the reduction of global pollution and improved better environmental management through regional Livestock Waste Management programme (GEF)

4.2.2 Enhanced capacities/knowledge of government officials in relevant environmental policy, laws, and regulations

Enhanced capacity of negotiators from Asian Countries, including Thailand on the latest developments in intergovernmental climate change process to enable effective and efficient participation in the negotiations under the Bali Road Map processes: Preparatory Workshop for the Asian Group Climate Change Negotiators Enhanced cross-institutional capacity among fisheries related agencies on policies for effective decision making on management of fisheries resources for reduced fishing capacities, through national workshops and documentation of key lessons learned GEF National Dialogue for GEF National Focal Point, GEF Project proponents, and GEF Executing agencies GEF project idea identification in biodiversity and climate change focal areas

4.2.3 Effective financing and incentive mechanisms established for sustainable production and consumption and sustainable management of selected issues in the areas of biodiversity, climate change, renewable energy, water, urban and industrial pollution, disaster risk reduction, and tourism

Strengthened national capacity and promoted Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) by engaging both public and private sectors in projects development. (One project under implementation, three projects under preparation for around $40 million for the purchase of the Certified Emission Reductions (CERs)) Enhanced cross-institutional capacity among fisheries related agencies for effective decision-making on management of fisheries resources through national workshops and documentation of key lessons learned Reviewed Solid Waste Management practices and assisted with the Cities Alliance application to make Bangkok climate change resilient Explored and developed a potential energy efficiency project in Khon Kaen University Campus Examined renewable energy guaranty facility, including the set up a risk-sharing facility to foster investment, through debt financing by local commercial banks Continued working with the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA) to finalize Bangkok Assessment Report on Climate Change Introduction and CDM project identification in Thai municipalities under MDG Carbon Facility Programme

Country Programme Outcomes 4.2 Enhanced implementation of major Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs)and strengthened sustainable use of natural resources and management of biodiversity, renewable energy, water, urban and industrial pollution, and disaster risk reduction Country Programme Outputs 4.2.4 Improved availability of data at national and sub-national levels to support evidence-based planning, policy and decision-making Estimated 2008 Disbursement

2008 Contribution to CP Outputs Conducted a study to identify policy and technical options that would enable energy efficiency for transport sector in Thailand Environmental Performance Assessment (EPA) carried out at national and sub-national level Decision supported study and campaigns on carbon emission reduction

Improved monitoring of progress against the Hyogo Framework of Action (HFA) implementation by the Royal Government of Thailand through capacity assistance to Ministry of Interior to conduct the reporting process for the HFA Country Programme Outcomes 4.3 Community learning and advocacy of pro-poor policies on sustainable use and management of natural resources and environment taking place on a continuous basis Estimated 2008 Disbursement 34,900.00

Country Programme Outputs 4.3.1 Enhanced systems for knowledge management to provide evidence-base for community learning and advocacy

2008 Contribution to CP Outputs Contributed to knowledge management through reports on sustainable natural resources management and compilation of environmental programme assessment

4.3.2 Adequate public spending at national level and local government on community learning 3,136,400

TWG on Global Partnership for Development
Chair: Co-Chair (RTG): UNDP, WB Thailand International Development Cooperation Agency (TICA), Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Joint achievements of the TWG contributing to the relevant UNPAF outcome

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Increased awareness of national institutions and government agencies on the overall concept, strategies, and funding modalities of South-South cooperation at global, regional and country levels. Increased information sharing and networks among the Thai private sector partners on their development cooperation activities with other countries.

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Comments on coordination mechanisms put in place by the TWG and challenges faced  This is a unique TWG as it also comprises key bilateral partners and financing organizations, namely AFD, ADB, AusAID, GTZ, and JICA. Their inclusion was appreciated by these development partners as this TWG is the only existing forum where they could exchange information on their respective programmes/activities with Thailand in support of its role as a donor. This helps increase joint partnership among development partners, e.g. UNDP and the AFD on project management training for Thai officials, UNDP and JICA on South-South Cooperation, and UNDP and GTZ on M & E strengthening for Thai officials.

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In 2008, the TWG met twice (April and September). At the last meeting, it was suggested by TICA that a chairmanship of the TWG be rotated among the members. It is hoped that the secretariat of the TWG would also be rotated accordingly.

5. Global Partnership for Development
National priority or goal:
To enhance Thailand‟s development and implementation of the global partnerships for development (MDG 8) UNPAF outcome by the end of the programme cycle: By 2011, Thailand has increased its South-South cooperation engagements and effectively delivers technical and financial support to other countries in Asia and beyond Country Programme Outcomes 5.1. Increased policy dialogue, technical cooperation and sharing of experience between Thailand and selected countries in Africa, Latin America and Asia Estimated 2008 Disbursement 294,500.00

Country Programme Outputs 5.1.1 Modalities developed to enhance South-South cooperation, with emphasis on poverty reduction, community development, natural resources and environmental management, and social sector development

2008 Contribution to CP Outputs New modalities and harmonized efforts to effectively and efficiently support future SSC activities explored and role of national partners expanded:  review of lessons learned on South-South Cooperation (SSC) activities of Thailand by TICA together with line ministries, national institutions and academia.  provincial workshops organised in Khhon Kaen and Chiang Mai  private sector partnership workshop Child-related international training courses (PMTCT, Child Rights Sensitization, HIV/AIDS Prevention and Care for Children and Young People, Child-Friendly School Initiative, and Nutrition for Maternal and Child Health) improved and moving towards self-funding :  Content significantly revised;  Course duration shortened  Course fee applied for the first time

Country Programme Outcomes 5.1. Increased policy dialogue, technical cooperation and sharing of experience between Thailand and selected countries in Africa, Latin America and Asia Estimated 2008 Disbursement

Country Programme Outputs 5.1.1 Modalities developed to enhance South-South cooperation, with emphasis on poverty reduction, community development, natural resources and environmental management, and social sector development (cont‟d)

2008 Contribution to CP Outputs Cooperation and partnership modalities developed towards enhancing cross-border value chains between Thailand - Laos and Cambodia through cooperation in contract farming, marketing, logistics and provision of technical assistance for agriculture (including livestock development) and post-harvesting Thailand benefited from Malaysian and other regional expertise in strengthening biological control systems through introduction, rearing, conservation and sustainable utilisation of exotic parasitoids for major pest problems in highland vegetable production in North and Northeast Thailand; as well as provided technical assistance to other regional countries through experts and hosting of regional workshops. " Community-based Health Care for Older Persons" and " Health Care for Mobile Population" courses conducted in cooperation with TICA and partner academic institutes for 13 members countries Reproductive health and population development resources mapped out and made avaiable for other countries in the region Measuring tool to monitor quality of knowledge and skills delivery reviewed and developed

5.1.2 Results-based programme procedures and manuals developed for delivery of Thai technical cooperation 5.1.3 Enhanced capacities to implement development projects in the region through established mechanism such as GMS and ACMECS 5.1.4 Support to South-South initiatives between Thailand, African, and Latin American countries

Country Programme Outcomes 5.2. More effective aid coordination and delivery Estimated 2008 Disbursement

Country Programme Outputs 5.2.1. Mechanisms established to facilitate enhanced coordination among Thai agencies involved in development cooperation abroad 5.2.2. TICA strategic planning framework developed to guide all new ODA, in line with Paris Declaration principles 5.2.3. Development Assistance Database (DAD) system expanded to cover Thailand‟s ODA to other countries

2008 Contribution to CP Outputs A " task force on ODA data management" established, comprising relevant LMs and agencies. It was endorsed by the national SubCommittee on ODA Information System.

Following the recommendations of an analysis of Thailand ODA policy and management carried out in 2007, TICA adopted a new Thailand Strategic Framework for Development Cooperation 20082011. An ODA database template designed and developed to strengthen Thailand ODA data processing, reporting and tracking system.

Country Programme Outcomes 5.3. Enhanced Thai contribution to the global aid effectiveness agenda Estimated 2008 Disbursement

Country Programme Outputs 5.3.1. Thailand‟s role in aid effectiveness agenda, including DAC working groups enhanced 5.3.2. Analysis, documentation, and dissemination of Thailand‟s experience as donor of the South

2008 Contribution to CP Outputs ODA management and database system‟s experience shared at the High-level Forum on Aid Effectiveness in Accra

The first Thailand ODA Report 2007 prepared and translated into Thai language for distribution to the Cabinet, the Government partners, the Parliament, other development agencies and general public. 294,500.00


				
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