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OHIO legal manual 7

VIEWS: 5 PAGES: 55

									KNOW YOUR RIGHTS

OHIO Guide to
Voter Assistance
and Advocacy:
From                                                                   Legal Manual
                                                                       for Protecting
                                                                       Voter Rights
Registration                                                           2004

to a Ballot
that Counts

    Prepared, with the generous pro bono legal assistance of Latham & Watkins, LLP, by:
  People For the American Way Foundation Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law
                   2000 M St., N.W., Suite 400   1401 New York Avenue, N.W., Suite 400
                       Washington, D.C. 20036    Washington, D.C. 20005
                               (202) 467-4999    (888) 299-5227
                 electionprotection@pfaw.org     election_protection@lawyerscomm.org
               www.electionprotection2004.org    www.lawyerscommittee.org
                        Acknowledgments
    This Legal Manual For Protecting Voter Rights was prepared by the Election
Protection Coalition as part of the national effort to empower and educate voters in
advance of the 2004 election. The Know Your Rights/Election Protection Coalition
would like to thank all of those who have committed time and resources to make this
legal manual possible. Special thanks are due to the law firm of Latham & Watkins, LLP
for its continuing dedication to the research and drafting necessary to accomplish this
ambitious task. At this early stage, we have also received commitments from National
Bar Association affiliates and individual lawyers in Ohio. We are soliciting additional
legal partners for the Ohio Election Protection program.

    This year the Know Your Rights/Election Protection Coalition is working in
partnership with national organizations, as well as many important state and local
organizations. To date, the following national organizations have worked together on
Election Protection-related efforts: People For the American Way Foundation, Lawyers’
Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, the National Coalition on Black Civic
Participation, the Voter Protection Project of America’s Families United, American
Federation of Labor - Congress of Industrial Organizations, the National Association for
the Advancement of Colored People, the Advancement Project, the NAACP Legal
Defense Fund, the Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund, the League
of United Latin American Citizens, Unity ’04, the National Bar Association, the National
Council of La Raza, Labor Council for Latin American Advancement, Artists for a New
South Africa, National Newspaper Publishers Association, National Association of
Latino Elected and Appointed Officials, the American Civil Liberties Union, Working
Assets, Project Vote, Common Cause, USAction, Center for Community Change, League
of Women Voters, True Majority, Electronic Frontier Foundation, California Voter Fund,
Verified Voting Foundation, Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility, the
National Asian Pacific American Legal Consortium, the Gamaliel Foundation, the
National Council of Churches, United Church of Christ, Unitarian Universalists, Union
for Reform Judaism, Jim Wallace of Sojourners Magazine/Call to Renewal, National
Latina/o Law Students Association, VoteWatch, the Native American Rights Fund, the
Leadership Conference on Civil Rights, the American Association of People with
Disabilities, the Asian Legal Defense and Education Fund, Rock the Vote, the National
Congress of American Indians, the UniverSoul Circus, the National Black Law Students
Association, IMPACT 2004, Just Democracy, Demos, the Brennan Center, the American
Constitutional Society, the Public Interest Research Group, and the Southern Regional
Council, among others.



Revised July 14, 2004
                             LEGAL MANUAL FOR OHIO ELECTIONS
                                    TABLE OF CONTENTS



EXECUTIVE SUMMARY……………………………………………………..…………i

1. OHIO VOTERS’ BILL OF RIGHTS ........................................................................... 1

2. REGISTRATION AND VOTING REQUIREMENTS................................................ 3
     A.REGISTRATION ELIGIBILITY ....................................................................................... 3
     B. BASIS OF INELIGIBILITY ............................................................................................. 3
     C. QUALIFICATIONS NEEDED IN ORDER TO VOTE .......................................................... 3
3. DEADLINES FOR REGISTRATION AND ABSENTEE VOTING.......................... 4

4. WHERE TO REGISTER.............................................................................................. 4

5. VOTER REGISTRATION APPLICATIONS.............................................................. 5
     A.TIME LIMIT FOR PROCESSING...................................................................................... 5
     B. TECHNICAL ERROR ON APPLICATIONS ....................................................................... 5
     C. COPYING VOTER REGISTRATION APPLICATIONS ........................................................ 5
6. HOURS POLLS TO BE OPEN.................................................................................... 6

7. POLLING PLACES...................................................................................................... 6
     A.NUMBER OF VOTING BOOTHS .................................................................................... 6
     B. ACCESSIBILITY TO THE PHYSICALLY DISABLED......................................................... 6
     C. DETERMINING POLLING PLACES ................................................................................ 6
8. PROCEDURES AT THE POLLING PLACES ........................................................... 6
     A.VERIFICATION ............................................................................................................ 6
     B. CASTING A VOTE AND VOTING ASSISTANCE.............................................................. 7
     C. PROVISIONAL VOTING ............................................................................................... 8
     D.CERTIFICATION OF VOTING MACHINES...................................................................... 8
     E. RECOUNT PROCEDURES ............................................................................................. 9
9. STATE AND LOCAL ELECTION OFFICIALS ...................................................... 10
     A.SECRETARY OF STATE .............................................................................................. 10
     B. COUNTY BOARD OF ELECTIONS ............................................................................... 10
     C. PRECINCT ELECTION OFFICIALS............................................................................... 11
     D.TRAINING ................................................................................................................. 11
     E. PRIMARY ELECTIONS ............................................................................................... 11
10. ABSENTEE VOTING................................................................................................ 11
     A.WHO MAY VOTE BY ABSENTEE BALLOT? ............................................................... 11
     B. PROCEDURES FOR OBTAINING ABSENTEE BALLOTS ................................................ 12
     C. COUNTING ABSENTEE BALLOTS .............................................................................. 13
     D.MILITARY ABSENTEE VOTERS ................................................................................. 13
11. RECENT LEGISLATIVE ACTION .......................................................................... 14

12. COMMON PROBLEMS AND PROPOSED SOLUTIONS...................................... 15
     A.DELAYED OPENING OF POLLS .................................................................................. 15
     B. VOTER NAME NOT LISTED ON THE PRECINCT LIST .................................................. 15
     C. CONFUSING BALLOTS .............................................................................................. 16
     D.LANGUAGE MINORITY PROVISIONS ......................................................................... 17
     E. VOTER INTIMIDATION; INTERFERENCE WITH VOTERS; UNLAWFUL PRACTICES....... 17
     F. RESTORATION OF VOTER RIGHTS ............................................................................ 18
13. ASSISTANCE TO VOTERS ..................................................................................... 18

14. MOVING DISTRICTS AND COUNTIES ................................................................ 19
     A.MOVES WITHIN THE SAME PRECINCT ...................................................................... 19
     B. MOVES BETWEEN PRECINCTS WITHIN THE SAME COUNTY ..................................... 19
     C. MOVES BETWEEN COUNTIES ................................................................................... 19
15. WITNESSES AND CHALLENGERS ....................................................................... 20

16. CHALLENGES .......................................................................................................... 20
     A.GROUNDS FOR CHALLENGE ..................................................................................... 20
     B. PROCEDURE WHEN CHALLENGED............................................................................ 20
17. CAMPAIGNING AT POLLING PLACE .................................................................. 20

Appendix A Voter Registration and Absentee Ballot Applications
Appendix B Boards of Election
Appendix C 2004 Election Calendar
Appendix D Restoring Your Right to Vote, Ohio
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
The range of problems voters face runs the gamut from simple mistakes in record-
keeping and faulty voting machines to deliberate attempts to mislead and discourage
voters. The Election Protection program provides free and immediate legal assistance to
voters whose rights are threatened, from now through Election Day and beyond.

Starting with elections in 2001, Election Protection volunteers have been on the ground
assisting voters with exercising their rights, and solving problems they encounter from
the registration process to the ballot box. Drawing from this experience, we have
prepared this legal manual of Ohio election laws and new federal requirements to help
legal volunteers address the full range of problems, voters may encounter.

In addition to this legal manual, the Election Protection coalition has produced many
other legal background materials to help voters understand their rights and to help partner
organizations with their voter education activities. These materials include Voters’ Bills
of Rights, information sheets on various issues about voter registration, tip sheets on Get-
Out-The-Vote efforts, fact sheets on the implications of HAVA implementation, and
resources for meeting with election officials. To obtain these materials, please contact
electionprotection@pfaw.org or election_protection@lawyerscomm.org.

Bear in mind, Ohio has not yet adopted legislation to implement the Help America Vote
Act. Consequently, many important election-related issues have not been addressed by
the legislature, including provisional balloting, identification requirements, and grievance
procedures. We are monitoring legislative developments and will provide updates as
they become available.

BEFORE ELECTION DAY
Voter Registration
             •   How to register
                     Many voters are unfamiliar with the process and do not know when,
                     where or how to register to vote. See Sections 3 and 4.
             •   Identification requirements
                     Voters are often unsure what documents they need to register and
                     what to do if they have changed their name, address, or other
                     identifying information since they first registered. See Sections 8A
                     and 14.
             •   Eligibility requirements and voting restoration
                     Voters may not know the age, residency, and other requirements for
                     voting. For this information, see Section 2. Some individuals may
                     have have lost their right to vote because of a felony conviction, but
                     are eligible to have their rights restored. For information on how
                     voters can do this, see Section 12F.


                                           i
         •   Confirming voter registration
                Voters may want to verify that their voter registration form has
                been received and processed properly. For information on voter
                registration confirmation, see Section 5.

Absentee Voting
         Voters may wish to cast an absentee ballot. For information on how to do
         this, see Sections 3 and 10.

Accessibility/Language Assistance
         Disabled and language minority voters may request information on how
         polling places will accommodate their needs and what other options they
         have to exercise their right to vote. For information on accessibility
         requirements, see Section 7B. For information on options for voter
         assistance, see Sections 12D and 13.

On Election Day
Denial of Access
         •   Poll hours
                  Voters may find that the polls are not open on time or they may be
                  told that they have arrived at the polls too late to vote. For
                  information on required polling place hours and voting cutoff times,
                  see Sections 6 and 12A.
         •   Voter’s name not on list of registered voters
                  Voters may arrive at the polls and find that their name does not
                  appear on the voter rolls. For information on why this may have
                  happened, including improper pre-election purges, see Sections 5
                  and 12B. For information on what polling place administrators
                  must do to ensure these individuals’ right to vote, see Section 12B.
         •   Voters without required identification
                  Voters may be told they are not allowed to vote because they do not
                  have the proper identification. For information on identification
                  requirements, see Section 8A. For information on what polling
                  place administrators must do to provide these individuals the
                  opportunity to vote, see Section 8.
         •   Voters who have moved
                  Voters who have moved may experience problems voting. For
                  information on this, see Section 14.
         •   Disabled voters
                  Some disabled voters may have trouble getting the accommodations
                  they need in order to vote. For polling place accessibility
                  requirements and assistance options, see Sections 7B and 13.




                                      ii
         •   Language minority voters
                Some language minority voters may have trouble obtaining a non-
                English-language ballot. For more information on this, see Section
                12D.

Voter Intimidation
         Voters may experience intimidation from poll watchers, challengers, or
         others. For more information on this, see Sections 12E, 15, and 16.

Campaigning at the Polls
         Voters may be confronted with improper persuasion by political campaigns
         at polling sites. For information on the permissibility of political
         campaigning at and near polling places, see Section 17.




                                     iii
1.     OHIO VOTERS’ BILL OF RIGHTS

You have the right to vote—it’s the law, and you have the proof in your hands! You’ll
notice letters and numbers after each of your rights listed below-those codes tell lawyers
and poll-workers where to find the actual Ohio statute that protects your right to vote!
These rights are guaranteed to properly registered and qualified voters. You have the
right to bring this bill of rights with you into the polling area-if you feel your rights have
been violated, please call the Election Protection lawyer hotline toll free: 1-866-OUR-
VOTE.

Ohio Voters’ Bill of Rights

1. On Election Day, each polling place opens at 6:30 a.m. and closes at 7:30 p.m. if you
are in line when the polls close, YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO VOTE. Ohio Code §
3501.32 (A) (2003)

2. YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO VOTE without presenting any identification after the
election officials have verified your signature. If you are unable to sign the register, you
may still vote after you present proper identification to verify your identity. § 3505.18

3. If your name is not on the list of registered voters or you are a first time voter who
registered by mail and you do not have identification and you did not include a copy of
your identification with your application, YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO VOTE BY
PROVISIONAL BALLOT. Help America Vote Act of 2002, 42 USC 15482.

4. If you have moved within the same precinct or changed your name, YOU HAVE THE
RIGHT TO VOTE at that same assigned polling place. § 3503.16 (B)(1)

5. If you have moved within the same county or moved from one precinct to another and
changed your name, YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO VOTE at the polling place in the
precinct in which you currently live, at a site designated by the board of elections or by
an absentee ballot. §§ 3503.16 (B)(2), (G)

6. If you have moved to a different county, YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO VOTE at a site
designated by the board of elections or by an absentee ballot if you are unable to appear
in person. §§ 3503.16 (C), (G)

7. YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO VOTE without the five-minute time limit as long as one
other machine is not in use or no one is waiting in line. § 3505.23

8. If you make a mistake and “spoil” your paper ballot, YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO
RECEIVE ANOTHER BALLOT AND VOTE. You cannot receive more than three
ballots. § 3505.23

9. If you cannot read or write, are blind or otherwise disabled, YOU HAVE THE RIGHT
TO REQUEST SPECIAL ASSISTANCE from anyone, except your employer, an agent


                                             1
of your employer, or an officer or agent of your union. § 3505.24

10. If your polling place is inaccessible to you due to a handicap, YOU HAVE THE
RIGHT TO VOTE with assistance from within the vehicle that brought you to the polling
site or at the door of the polling place. § 3501.29(C)

11. If you are in jail YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO VOTE as long as you have not been
convicted of a felony and if you have been released from prison for conviction of a
felony, you have the right to vote after re-registering even while you are on probation or
parole. §§ 2961.01, 3503.21

12. You have the right to vote without being intimidated or forced to vote for someone
you do not wish to vote for. §§ 3599.06 3599.01(A), 3599.05, 3599.06

YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO TAKE THIS BILL OF RIGHTS INTO THE
VOTING BOOTH WITH YOU.




                                           2
2.         REGISTRATION AND VOTING REQUIREMENTS

          A.      Registration Eligibility

          To register to vote in Ohio you must:

                  1.     be a US citizen;

               2.        be at least eighteen (18) years old on or before the date of the next
general election;

                 3.     be a resident of the county and precinct in which you intend to vote
for thirty (30) days; and

                  4.     not be otherwise disqualified to vote [Ohio. Code Ann. § 03.07
(2003)]

        You may vote in a primary election if you will be eighteen (18) years old on or
before the date of the general election and you have registered with the political party in
whose primary election you desire to vote. [§ 3503.011]

        The Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States
Constitution guarantees the rights of student voters to register and cast a ballot on equal
terms as non-student residents in the location where they go to school. Consequently,
election officials may not prohibit students from registering, nor require students to
complete any additional registration materials based on their status as students.

          B.      Basis of Ineligibility

          You are not entitled to vote in Ohio if:

                  1.     you are not a resident of Ohio; or

                  2.     you are not registered to vote; or

                  3.     you are not a citizen of the United States; or [§ 3503.01]

                  4.     you are currently incarcerated for the commission of a felony.
     [§2961.01]

          C.      Qualifications Needed in Order to Vote

        Every citizen of the United States who is at least eighteen (18) years of age, who
has resided in Ohio for thirty (30) days immediately preceding an election, who has been
registered to vote for thirty (30) days, and who has the qualifications of an elector may
vote in all elections in the precinct in which the citizen resides. [§ 3503.01]




                                              3
        Persons awaiting trial may vote even while they are in jail as long as they have
not been convicted. [§ 3509.021] The right to register to vote is automatically restored
upon release from prison. Ohio residents can also vote while they are on probation,
judicial release or if they have been released on a conditional pardon or are under a post-
release control sanction. In order to vote, a person who has been incarcerated for a felony
conviction must re-register. [§ 2961.01] Please see Section 12F and Appendix D for
further details.

3.       DEADLINES FOR REGISTRATION AND ABSENTEE VOTING

     REGISTRATION DEADLINE
                                        DEADLINES FOR RECEIPT OF ABSENTEE
        FOR NOVEMBER 2nd
                                                     BALLOT
       GENERAL ELECTION
     October 4th                      7:30 p.m. on Tuesday, November 2nd

     All mailed Voter Registration    If requesting a ballot by mail, your request must be
     Forms must be postmarked by      received at the board by noon, October 30th.
     October 4.

         You can apply to register to vote at any time. However, you must register at least
thirty (30) days before the election in which you want to vote. The date your voter
registration application is postmarked or hand delivered to your county supervisor of
elections will be your registration date. If you register by mail, your application must be
postmarked at least thirty (30) days prior to the election. The deadline for returning an
absentee ballot is listed above. For additional information about absentee ballot
procedures, see Section 10.

4.       WHERE TO REGISTER

        You may register to vote by visiting the Secretary of State’s office or the county
Board of Elections; when applying for or renewing your driver’s license, a commercial
driver’s license, or state of Ohio identification card; at branch registration offices or
locations established by a Board of Elections; at any public high school or vocational
school; at public libraries; at county treasurer’s offices; or when applying for services at
numerous state and federal government agencies. [§ 3503.10(A)(B), §3503.11 see also
National Voter Registration Act (NVRA) of 1993, 42 U.S.C. § 1973gg et. seq.]
Designated agencies that provide public assistance or disability programs must appoint a
person to serve as coordinator for the voter registration program within the agency and its
departments, divisions, and programs. [§§ 3501.01(X), 3503.10] If the designated
agency provides services primarily to disabled people in their homes under a state-funded
program, they must provide persons the opportunity to register in their homes. [§
3503.10(E)(3)] Voters do not have to designate a party when registering.

           Mail-in applications may be requested by mail, e-mail, fax or phone from the
Secretary of State’s office. You can request a voter registration form on the web at
http://www.sos.state.oh.us/sos/voter/vrequest.jsp. Note: There are special provisions


                                           4
for first-time voters who registered by mail after January 1, 2004. If an elector is
voting in the jurisdiction for the first time and has registered by mail, he or she must
either provide his or her driver’s license number or the last four digits of his or her Social
Security number, provide a copy of acceptable identification with the registration
application, or bring acceptable identification to the polls. Acceptable identification
includes a current and valid photo identification or a utility bill, bank statement,
government check, paycheck, or other government document showing name and address.
[www.sos.state.oh.us/sos/voter/index.html]

5.     VOTER REGISTRATION APPLICATIONS

       A.      Time limit for processing

        Voter registration applications received at the bureau of motor vehicles, any
public high school, public library, county treasurer’s office, or when applying for services
at numerous state and federal government agencies must be forwarded to the appropriate
county Board of Elections within five days after being accepted by the agency. [§§
3503.10(E)(2), 3503.11] The NVRA requires state election officials to notify each
registration applicant regarding whether or not his or her application was accepted or
denied. [42 U.S.C. § 1973 gg-6(a)(2)]

        The Ohio Election Code does not mandate that county boards of elections provide
this acknowledgment notice to the voter registration applicant within a specified amount
of time after the application is received. The notification must be by nonforwardable
mail, and if the mail is returned to the board, the board must investigate and forward the
notice to the correct address; or if it determines that the voter is not eligible to vote for
residency reasons it will cancel the registration and notify the registrant, at the last known
address, of a need to reregister. If the board does not accept the application for
registration, it shall immediately notify the applicant of the reasons for rejecting the
application and request that the applicant provide whatever information or verification is
necessary to complete the application. [§ 3503.19(C)]

       B.      Technical Error on Applications

        When a person who is eligible to register to vote has mistakenly registered in a
precinct which is not his or her place of residence, the Board of Elections may allow the
registrant to correct the registration form. The board may correct all errors when it finds
that the errors were not fraudulent. [§ 3503.30]

       C.      Copying Voter Registration Applications

        There is no legislative prohibition in Ohio that bars individuals or groups from
copying blank or completed voter registration applications before they are submitted.
After they are completed and submitted, voter registration applications may be copied
from the registration lists only in the county Board of Election office when it is open for
business. However, the lists may not be copied between the twenty-first day before an
election and the eleventh day after an election if the copying will, in the opinion of the


                                            5
board, interfere with the necessary work of the board. The board must keep a correct set
of the registration lists of all precincts in the county in convenient form and available for
public inspection. [§ 3503.26]

6.     HOURS POLLS TO BE OPEN

          6:30 a.m. – 7:30 p.m. [§ 3501.32] Voters in line at 7:30 p.m. must be allowed
     to vote.

7.     POLLING PLACES

       A.      Number of Voting Booths

        The Board of Elections of each county must provide for a sufficient number of
voting compartments, shelves, and tables for the voters. Each voting compartment must
have writing implements, voting instructions, proper lighting, and other necessary
conveniences for marking the ballot. The compartments must be screened or curtained so
that ballots can be marked while protected from the observation of others. [§ 3501.29]

       B.      Accessibility to the Physically Disabled

       Each polling place must be accessible to handicapped persons, with appropriate
ramps and wheelchair accessible doors, unless:

              1.       the polling place is exempted by the Secretary of State
[§3501.29(B)]; or

                2.     if the polling place cannot be made accessible, the elector may be
allowed to vote at the door of the polling place, or be driven to another polling place
accompanied by two polling officials of the major political parties. [§ 3501.29(C)] This
provision is also known as “curbside voting.”

       C.      Determining Polling Places

        The county Board of Elections determines the location of polling places. When
the Board of Elections considers it necessary to change, divide, or combine any precinct
or to relocate a polling place, it must notify each of the registrants in the precinct of the
change by mail prior to the next election. [§ 3501.21]

8.     PROCEDURES AT THE POLLING PLACES

       A.      Verification

        When an elector appears at a polling place, he or she should announce his or her
full name and address to the precinct election officials. The elector will then write his or
her name in the polling book and sign it. The election official will compare the signature
to one provided by the Board of Elections. The election officials may use a legible
digitized signature list of voter signatures instead of the original registration forms as the


                                            6
precinct register in the polling places on Election Day if the county Board of Elections
has adopted electronic data processing. [§ 3505.18] If the signatures match, the elector is
allowed to proceed to the voting booth, unless the elector is a first-time voter who
registered by mail. [§ 3505.18] If the person is unable to sign, a precinct official must fill
out the polling book for the voter and certify it with the official’s signature. [§ 3505.18]

        Provisions for first-time voters who registered by mail after January 1, 2004:
If an elector is voting in the jurisdiction for the first time and has registered by mail, he or
she must either provide a copy of acceptable identification with the registration
application or bring acceptable identification to the polls. Acceptable identification
includes current and valid photo identification or a utility bill, bank statement,
government check, paycheck, or other government document showing name and address.
[www.sos.state.oh/sos//hava/]

     The Board of Elections must prepare voting instructions in English to be posted at
each polling place. The instructions must describe how to vote, how to obtain
replacement ballots in case of a mistake, and the relevant penal laws relating to crimes
against the elective franchise. [§ 3505.12]

        B.      Casting a Vote and Voting Assistance

       If all voting booths or voting machines are occupied, and there are voters waiting,
no voter may occupy a voting booth or use a voting machine for more than five minutes.
[§ 3505.23]

                1.      An elector, while casting his or her ballot, may not occupy a booth
or compartment already occupied. No one may speak to an elector who is voting, unless
offering assistance allowed by the election code. [§ 3505.23]

                2.      Any voter who cannot properly mark a ballot because of a
disability may ask the presiding judge of the elections at the precinct for assistance. The
presiding judge may ask for the elector to make a formal declaration of inability; the only
allowable inabilities are blindness, disability or illiteracy. The elector may choose any
person to assist them in the voting booth, except a candidate, the elector’s employer, or
an agent of the elector’s union. [§ 3505.24]

                3.      If voting machines are not being used, the elector will be given
paper ballots to be completed in the voting booth. The elector is not allowed to leave the
polling place until all of the paper ballots given to the elector have been returned to the
precinct election officials. [§ 3505.23]

                4.     After casting his or her vote, the elector must immediately leave
the polling place. [§ 3503.23]

        Note: At 11 a.m. and 4 p.m. election officials will place a mark on the official
registration list posted at the polling place next to the name of those registered voters who
have already voted. [§ 3503.23]


                                             7
       C.      Provisional Voting

       Voters must be permitted to vote by provisional ballot under the following
conditions:
              1.     if his or her name is not on the list of registered voters; or

                2.     if they are a first-time voter who registered by mail and did not
provide their Ohio driver’s license number or the last four digits of his or her social
security number with the registration form. Provisional voting is an option if the voter
does not have a copy of a current and valid photo identification; or a copy of a utility bill,
bank statement, government check, paycheck, or other government document showing
name and address. If they have this identification, they must be permitted to cast a
regular ballot. [Help America Vote Act of 2002, 42 USC §154 82]

       D.      Certification of Voting Machines

        With limited exceptions for experimental use, no voting machine, marking device,
automatic tabulating equipment, or software for the purpose of casting or tabulating votes
or for communications among systems involved in the tabulation, storage, or casting of
votes may be purchased, leased, put in use, or continued to be used unless it, as well as a
manual of procedures governing its use, training materials, service, and other support
arrangements, has been certified by the Secretary of State and unless the Board of
Elections of each county where the equipment will be used has assured that a
demonstration of the use of such equipment has been made available to all interested
electors.

        Neither the Secretary of State nor the Board of Election machine examiners
appointed to examine and approve voting equipment, nor any public officer who
participates in the authorization, examination, testing, or purchase of equipment, may
have any pecuniary interest in the equipment or any affiliation with the vendor.

         The vendor must notify the Secretary of State, who must then notify the board, of
any enhancement and any significant adjustment to the hardware or software that could
result in a patent or copyright change or that significantly alters the methods of recording
voter intent, system security, voter privacy, retention of the vote, communication of
voting records, and connections between the system and other systems. The vendor must
provide the Secretary of State with an updated operations manual for the equipment, and
the Secretary of State must forward the manual to the board. Upon receiving such
notification and manual, the board may require the vendor to submit the equipment to an
examination and test in order for the equipment to remain certified. The board or the
Secretary of State must periodically examine, test, and inspect certified equipment to
determine continued compliance with the requirements of this chapter and the initial
certification.

        If at any time after the certification of equipment, the board or the Secretary of
State is notified by the Board of Elections of any significant problem with the equipment
or determines that the equipment fails to meet the requirements necessary for approval or


                                            8
continued compliance with the requirements of this chapter, or if the board of voting
machine examiners determines that there are significant enhancements or adjustments to
the hardware or software or if notice of such enhancements or adjustments has not been
given, the Secretary of State must notify the users and vendors of that equipment that
certification of the equipment may be withdrawn.

        The Secretary of State, in consultation with the board, must establish, by rule,
guidelines for the approval, certification, and continued certification of the voting
machines, marking devices, and tabulating equipment. The guidelines must establish
procedures requiring vendors or computer software developers to place in escrow with an
independent escrow agent approved by the Secretary of State a copy of all source code
and related documentation, together with periodic updates as they become known or
available. The Secretary of State must require that the documentation include a system
configuration and that the source code include all relevant program statements in low- or
high-level languages. [§ 3506.05]
        The Secretary of State must provide each Board of Elections with rules,
instructions, directives, and advisories regarding the examination, testing, and use of the
voting machine and tabulating equipment, the assignment of duties to booth officials, the
procedure for casting a vote on the machine, and how the vote must be tallied and
reported to the board, and with other rules, instructions, directives, and advisories the
Secretary of State finds necessary to ensure the adequate care and custody of voting
equipment, and the accurate registering, counting, and canvassing of the votes as required
by this chapter. The Boards of Elections must be charged with the responsibility of
providing for the adequate instruction of voters and election officials in the proper use of
the voting machine and marking devices. The boards’ instructions must include, in
counties where punch card ballots are used, instructions that each voter must examine the
voter’s marked ballot card and remove any chads that remain partially attached to it
before returning it to election officials. [§ 3506.15]

       E.      Recount Procedures
       If the number of votes cast in any county, municipal or district election for the
declared winning nominee, candidate, question, or issue does not exceed the number of
votes cast for the declared defeated nominee, candidate, question, or issue by a margin of
one-half of one per cent or more of the total vote, a recount will be ordered.

       If the number of votes cast in any statewide election for the declared winning
nominee, candidate, question, or issue does not exceed the number of votes cast for the
declared defeated nominee, candidate, question, or issue by a margin of one-fourth of one
percent or more of the total vote, the Secretary of State must order a recount. [§ 515.011]

       Any person for whom votes were cast in a primary election for nomination as a
candidate for election to an office who was not declared nominated, or any person who
was a candidate at a general, special, or primary election who was not declared elected
may file with the Board of Elections of a county a written application for a recount of the




                                           9
votes cast at such primary election in any precinct in such county for all persons for
whom votes were cast in such precinct for such nomination.

        Any group of five or more qualified electors may file with the board of a county a
written application for a recount of the votes cast at an election in any precinct in such
county upon any question or issue, provided that the members of such group must state
that they each voted for the opposite position than the one that was adopted. [§ 3515.01]


9.     STATE AND LOCAL ELECTION OFFICIALS
         The local precinct election officials appointed by the county Boards of Elections
control Election Day operations in large part. The local precinct and county officials are
all ultimately accountable to the Secretary of State.

       A.      Secretary of State

        The Ohio Secretary of State is the chief election officer for the state and is elected
to a four-year term. The Secretary prescribes all election and registration rules, as well as
all forms for registration and voting. The Secretary appoints members of the county
election boards as well as the Ballot Board, which prescribes the language used on the
ballots. [§§ 3501.04 & 3501.05]

       B.      County Board of Elections

       The contact information for each county Board of Elections is listed in Appendix
B.

               1.      The Secretary of State must appoint four (4) electors from each
county to serve for four-year terms. [§ 3501.06]

               2.      The county Board of Elections must:

                       (i) Establish election precincts;

                       (ii) Appoint precinct officials;

                       (iii)Fix and provide places for registration and voting; [3501.11]

                       (iv) Establish and maintain the list of registered electors for the
                       county, to be provided to each precinct; [§§ 3501.11, 3503.23]

                       (v) Investigate irregularities of precinct officials; [§ 3501.11] and

                       (vi) Receive and canvass returns from voting precincts, to be
                       certified and transmitted to the Secretary of State. [§§ 3501.11,
                       3505.33]



                                           10
       C.      Precinct Election Officials

        The Boards of Elections of the several counties appoint four (4) competent
electors who are residents of the county in which the precinct is located as judges.
Precinct officials serve a one-year term. Not more than one-half of the total number of
judges must be members of the same political party. A Board of Elections may appoint
more judges to expedite voting, so long as there are equal numbers appointed from the
two major political parties. [§ 3501.22]

       The Board of Elections must designate one precinct official who is a member of
the dominant political party as presiding judge. The presiding judge holds overall
responsibility for that polling place, receives statements from disabled voters, and
presides over voter eligibility challenge hearings. [§§ 3501.22, 3505.20]

        Precinct officials enforce peace and good order in the polling place and protect
electors from intimidation, molestation, and interference by others. Precinct officials
have authority to order the sheriff to remove or arrest anyone who violates the rules of the
polling place. [§§ 3501.33, 3501.34]

        Precinct officials perform all of the duties provided by law for receiving the
ballots and supplies, opening and closing the polls, and overseeing the casting of ballots
during the time the polls are open, as well as any other duties provided by the election
laws. [§ 3501.22].

       D.      Training

        Each Board of Elections must establish a training program for election officials
prescribed by the Secretary of State. This training must cover the rules, procedures, and
laws pertaining to elections. Each official must complete the training before the first
election in which they are to serve, and the training must be held no more than sixty (60)
days before that election. With the exception of presiding judges, every election official
must complete a training program once every three years. The presiding judges must
complete a training program every other year. [§ 3501.27]

       E.      Primary Elections

       The same procedure and rules apply during primary elections.

10.    ABSENTEE VOTING

       A.      Who May Vote by Absentee Ballot?

         Any qualified elector in Ohio may vote absentee if:

               1.      the elector is sixty-two years of age or older;

              2.    the elector is a full-time firefighter or peace officer and that duty
may prevent them from voting;


                                           11
                3.      the elector is a member of an organized militia on active duty in
the state;

              4.      the elector will be absent from his or her precinct because of a
medical treatment of themselves or a family member;

                5.       the elector is confined to jail under sentence for a misdemeanor, or
is awaiting trial for a felony or misdemeanor charge;

                6.      the elector is prohibited from attending the polling place because
of religious beliefs;

                7.      the elector will be absent from the county in which he or she is a
resident;

                8.      the elector has a physical disability, illness, or infirmity;

              9.     the elector has moved to another county in Ohio, but has not
completed the change of registered address process;

               10.    the elector will be working as an election official on the day of the
election. [§ 3509.02]

        B.      Procedures for Obtaining Absentee Ballots

                1.      A request for an absentee ballot must be made in writing and
received by the Board of Elections no later than three (3) days before each election or not
later than the close of business hours on the day before the day of the election if delivered
in person to the office of the board. [§ 3509.03]

                2.       No specific form is required for requesting an absentee ballot. The
writing must include the name and address of the applicant, their reasons for requesting a
ballot, his or her party affiliation (for primary elections only), and it must be signed. If
the applicant wishes the ballot to be mailed, a mailing address must be provided. [§
3509.03]

           Except as otherwise provided, an elector must make an application for
absentee ballot for each election (whether special, primary, or general). [§ 3509.03]

               3.      If an elector will be outside the United States during an election,
the Board of Elections will accept a single postcard with the required information as an
application. The single application will be treated as an application for each election for
which the elector will be absent, and the Board of Elections will mail to the applicant any
special, primary, or general election ballot as is necessary without further application.
[§ 3509.03]

                4.      An application for an absentee ballot can be received no earlier
than the first day of January in the year in which an election is to be held, or ninety (90)


                                             12
days before the election, whichever is earlier and must be received by the County Board
of Elections by noon on the third day before the election if it is mailed, or by the close of
regular business hours the day before the election if it is delivered in person. [§ 3509.03]

                5.     Completed ballots must be delivered to the county Board of
Elections in person, by mail or by a near relative not later than the close of polls on
Election Day unless the voter is outside of the United States on Election Day. In that
case, the ballot envelope must be signed or postmarked prior to the close of polls and
received by the board no later than ten (10) days after the election. [§ 3509.05]

                6.     Members of the Ohio State Militia on active duty within the state
may fax or mail their written application, or deliver it in person to the director of the
Board of Elections in the county in which the elector is registered. No formal form is
required, but a signature and address are required. If a spouse or family member of the
elector is to make the application, he or she must use a form prescribed by the Secretary
of State. The Board of Elections may fax the absentee ballot to the elector if the elector
provides a fax number. [§ 3509.031]

                7.      Any qualified elector who is unable to travel to the voting booth in
the elector’s precinct on the day of any general, special, or primary election due to
confinement in a hospital as a result of an accident or unforeseeable medical emergency
occurring before the election, may apply to the director of the Board of Elections of the
county where the elector is a qualified elector to vote in the election by absent voter’s
ballot. The application shall be made in writing and delivered to the director no later than
3:00 p.m. on the day of the election, and shall indicate the hospital, the date of admission
to the hospital, and the offices for which the applicant is qualified to vote. [§ 3509.08]

        C.      Counting Absentee Ballots

                1.      If election officials find that the statement accompanying an absent
voter’s ballot or absent voter’s presidential ballot is insufficient, that the signatures do not
correspond with the person’s registration signature, that the applicant is not a qualified
elector in the precinct, that the ballot envelope contains more than one ballot of any one
kind, or any voted ballot that the elector is not entitled to cast, or that Stub A is detached
from the absent voter’s ballot or absent voter’s presidential ballot, the vote must not be
accepted or counted. Every ballot not counted must be endorsed on its back "Not
Counted" with the reasons the ballot was not counted, and must be enclosed and returned
to or retained by the Board of Elections along with the contested ballots. [§ 3509.07]

                2.     The Board of Elections must determine whether each absent
voter’s ballot must be counted in each precinct, at the office of the board, or at some
other location designated by the board. [§ 3509.06]

        D.      Military Absentee Voters

              1.     Any person serving in the armed forces of the United States, or the
spouse or dependent of any person serving in the armed forces of the United States who


                                            13
resides outside this state for the purpose of being with or near such service member, who
will be eighteen years of age or more on the day of a general, primary, or special election
and who is a citizen of the United States, may cast armed service absent voter’s ballots.
[§§ 3511.01]

               2.     If the service member is the voter, he or she may vote only in the
precinct in which he or she resided immediately preceding the commencement of
service. [§ 3511.01]

               3.      If the spouse or dependent of a service member is the voter, he or
she may vote only in the precinct in which he or she resided immediately preceding the
time of leaving the state for the purpose of being with or near the service
member. [§3511.01]

               4.       A spouse or family member of a service member may apply for an
absentee ballot for the service member by providing the following information to the
local county Board of Elections:

      •   the service member’s name and Ohio voting address, and length of residence in
          the state,
      • a statement of service in the U.S. Armed Forces, or that the voter is the spouse or
          dependent of a service member,
      • the election for which the ballot is requested,
      • party affiliation (if primary) or request for an issues only ballot
      • the address where the ballot should be sent,
      • either the service member’s signature, or the signature of the person requesting
          the ballot.
      [§ 3511.02]

11.       RECENT LEGISLATIVE ACTION

       The following briefly summarizes some of the recent legislative action in Ohio
concerning election reform. Not all the bills have been enacted into law. They are only
included as a reference in the event a voter is aware of the legislation and has questions
about his or her rights.

              1.    HB 336 – Would allow any qualified elector to vote absentee.
[Introduced, House Committee on Government 12/2/03]

                2.     HB 358, SB 167 – Would require voting machines to produce a
voter-verified paper record. [SB 167 was sent to the Senate Committee on State and
Local Government and Veterans Affairs 1/07/04. HB 358 was sent to the House
Committee on State Government 1/06/04.]

             3.      HJR 12, SJR 11 – Would allow for Election Day voter registration.
[SJR 11 was sent to the Senate Committee on State and Local Government and



                                           14
Veterans Affairs 1/07/04. HJR 12 was sent to the House Committee on State
government 1/06/04.]

               4.      HB 262 – The bill would, among other things:

                       • Increase from $85 to $95 per diem the maximum
       compensation that may be paid to each judge of an election.
                       • Generally permit leave with pay for political subdivision
       employees who serve as judges of elections, subject to the terms and conditions
       set forth in an ordinance or resolution passed by the legislative authority of the
       political subdivision, and generally permit leave with pay for a state employee
       who so serves, subject to the terms and conditions set forth by the head of the
       state agency by which the person is employed.
                       • Require any person who is eligible for leave with pay for
       serving as a judge of an election to receive, in addition to the employee’s regular
       compensation, the compensation paid to a judge of an election.
                       • Specify that these leave-with-pay provisions do not apply to
       election officials or public school teachers and do not supersede or negate any
       provision of a collective bargaining agreement.
                       • Eliminate the requirement that a Board of Elections keep one
       or more of its offices open an additional seven hours during each of the three
       weeks before the close of registration before a primary or general election, and
       instead require the office to remain open until 9 p.m. on the last day of
       registration before the election. [Signed by Governor on 5/7/04]

12.    COMMON PROBLEMS AND PROPOSED SOLUTIONS

       A.      Delayed Opening of Polls

        Contact the Election Protection 1-866-OUR-VOTE hotline and the county
election board if the polls are not open between 6:30 a.m. and 7:30 p.m.

       B.      Voter Name Not Listed on the Precinct List

                1.      Process for Voter Registration List Purge: Once a voter is
registered, the name of that voter may not be removed from the registration books except
under the following circumstances: (1) at the written request of the voter, (2) by reason of
the voter’s conviction of a felony or adjudication of incompetency for voting, (3) by
death of the voter, (4) by reason of a change of residence outside of the county of
registration or (5) because of failure to respond to a confirmation notice and (a) failure to
vote at least once during a period of four consecutive years (including two general federal
elections) or (b) failure to update his or her registration and not vote at least once during a
period of four consecutive years (including two general federal elections). [§ 3503.21]

               The boards of elections must send their voter registration lists to the
Secretary of State semiannually. [§ 3503.21(D)] In the first quarter of each odd-
numbered year, the Secretary of State must send the master file of registered voters to the


                                            15
national change of address service provided by the U.S. Postal Service and request that
service to provide the Secretary of State with a list of any voters on the lists sent by the
Secretary of State who have moved within the last thirty-six (36) months. The Secretary
of State must then transmit to each appropriate Board of Elections whatever lists he
receives from that service. The county Board of Elections will send a notice to each
person on the list transmitted by the Secretary of State requesting confirmation of the
person’s change of address, together with a postage prepaid, preaddressed return
envelope containing a form on which the voter may verify or correct the change of
address information. [§§ 3503.27, 3503.21(D)] This process must be completed not later
than ninety (90) days prior to the date of any federal election. A voter’s name may not be
removed from the registration books later than ninety (90) days prior to the date of a
federal election. The Board of Elections must maintain records related to its
maintenance program for at least two (2) years, and make them available for public
inspection and copying. The records must include lists of the name and address of each
person to whom an address confirmation final notice was sent and information as to
whether each person responded to the mailing. [§§ 3503.21(B), 3503.26]

                 2.       Contesting Removal Before Election Day: Any qualified elector
of the county may apply at the office of the Board of Elections to correct the list or
challenge the right to vote of any registered elector not later than eleven (11) days prior to
the election. The applications or challenges, with the reasons for the application or
challenge, must be filed with the Board of Elections. The director must set a time and
date for a hearing, no later than two (2) days prior to any election, upon receiving an
application or challenge. The director must send notice at least three (3) days prior to the
hearing to any elector whose right to vote is challenged and to any person whose name is
alleged to have been omitted from a registration list to inform them of the hearing and
their rights at the hearing. The director must also provide the person who filed the
application or challenge at least three (3) days written notice of the date and time of the
hearing. The board must reach a decision on all applications and challenges immediately
after hearing. If the board decides that the voter is not entitled to have his or her name on
the registration list, the person’s name will be removed from the list and the person’s
registration forms canceled. If the board decides that the name of any such person should
be added, his or her registration forms will be placed in the proper registration files. All
corrections and additions must be made on a copy of the precinct lists and included with
other election supplies on the day before the election. [§ 3503.24]

               3.      Contesting Removal On Election Day: Under the Help America
Vote Act of 2002, voters who argue that they are registered and eligible to vote whose
names are not listed on the precinct register and whose eligibility cannot be determined
must be allowed to vote by provisional ballot. [HAVA, 42 U.S.C. § 15482 (a)]

       C.      Confusing Ballots

        The officer who furnishes the official ballots for any polling place where a voting
machine is to be used may also provide sample ballots. The sample ballots will be
identical to the actual ballots, except that they must be printed on colored paper and be
conspicuously marked “Sample Ballot.” [§ 3505.08]


                                           16
         If the voter makes a mistake or otherwise spoils his ballot, he may obtain another
ballot, except that in no case may a voter receive more than three (3) ballots. [§ 3505.23]

       D.      Language Minority Provisions

        Ohio is not covered by the language minority provisions of the Voting Rights Act
of 1965. However, the county boards of elections may appoint persons who are fluent in
a non-English language to serve as interpreters to assist voters in certain election
precincts. If the board determines that the number of non-English-speaking electors in a
precinct indicate a need for an interpreter and provision of an interpreter is feasible and
practical in terms of the number of electors in that precinct, the board may appoint an
interpreter for the precinct. This interpreter may only provide to voters such assistance in
the non-English language as may be provided by election officials to English-speaking
voters. All requirements relating to the qualifications of election officials apply to
persons appointed under this section. These interpreters must be trained by the Board of
Elections in the same manner as election officials and will be compensated as other
election officials. These translators may also serve as a precinct election officer and
compensated as an election official without undergoing additional training. [§ 3501.221]

       E.      Voter Intimidation; Interference with Voters; Unlawful Practices

               1.       Whoever attempts to affect the vote of an elector by gift,
intimidation, or force, must be guilty of a felony in the fourth degree. [§ 3599.01]

                2.      Whoever attempts to solicit a gift or make any other demand in
return for registering or voting a particular way must be guilty of a felony in the fourth
degree, and must be disenfranchised and prohibited from holding public office for five
years. [§ 3599.02]

                3.      Any person who, by force or fraud takes possession of ballot or
other voting materials, or recklessly destroys property used for the election, must be
guilty of a felony in the fifth degree. [§ 3599.24]

                4.       Any person who, by force or threat, intimidates or interferes with
an election official in the course of his or her duties, or who recklessly destroys or
defaces sample ballots or posted election instructions, must be guilty of a misdemeanor in
the first degree. [§ 3599.24]

               5.      Any person who loiters near a polling place in order to interfere
with the conduct of the election, or who removes election supplies from the polling place,
must be guilty of a minor misdemeanor. [§ 3599.24]

                6.      Any person who knowingly counsels or advises a person to vote,
or counsels or advises an election official to allow someone to vote, knowing that the
person is not eligible to vote, must be guilty of a felony in the fourth degree. [§ 3599.25]




                                           17
               7.     No member of the Board of Elections must willfully neglect to
perform his or her duty, willfully miscount votes, willfully report fraudulent signatures as
genuine, or otherwise knowingly or willfully seek to prevent the enforcement of the
election laws. A person guilty of this offence must be guilty of a fourth degree felony
and must be dismissed from his or her position. [§ 3599.16]

                8.       No elections official serving as a registrar, judge, or clerk of
elections must do any of the following: (1) Fail to appear before the Board of Elections,
or its representative, after notice has been served personally upon the official or left at the
official’s usual place of residence, for examination as to the official’s qualifications; (2)
Fail to appear at the polling place to which the official is assigned at the hour and during
the hours set for the registration or election; (3) Fail to take the oath prescribed by section
3501.31 of the Revised Code, unless excused by such board; (4) Refuse, or sanction the
refusal of another registrar or judge of elections, to administer an oath required by law;
(5) Fail to send notice to the board of the appointment of a judge or clerk to fill a
vacancy; (6) Act as registrar, judge, or clerk without having been appointed and having
received a certificate of appointment, except a judge or clerk appointed to fill a vacancy
caused by absence or removal; or (7) Fail in any other way to perform any duty imposed
by law.

           A person who violates this section is guilty of a misdemeanor in the first
degree. [§ 3599.17]

       F.      Restoration of Voter Rights

        A resident of Ohio who has been convicted of a felony and is incarcerated may
not vote in Ohio elections. The right to vote is automatically restored upon release from
prison. The right to vote is restored while on probation, parole, judicial release,
conditional pardon, or a post-release control sanction; however, a voter must re-register
in order to be put back on the voting rolls. [§ 2961.01]

        A resident of another state who is incarcerated in Ohio may be able to vote in his
or her home state, depending on the laws of that state. If a resident of Ohio is
incarcerated in another state or in federal prison, the rules of Ohio control.

13.    ASSISTANCE TO VOTERS

        Any voter applying to vote in any election who requires assistance to vote by
reason of blindness, disability, or illiteracy may request the assistance of any person of
the voter’s own choice, other than the voter’s employer, an agent of the employer, or an
officer or agent of his or her union, to assist the voter with casting his or her vote. The
voter must make a request for the assistance and state one of the above reasons.
[§3505.24]

        Assistance may also be offered to a physically disabled voter who does not vote
by absentee ballot, arrives at the polling location, and is unable to enter the physical
location where the voting is taking place. [3505.24]


                                            18
14.    MOVING DISTRICTS AND COUNTIES

       A.      Moves Within the Same Precinct

        Any registered voter who moves within a precinct on or prior to the day of a
general, primary, or special election and has not filed a notice of change of residence with
the Board of Elections may vote in that election by going to his or her assigned polling
place, completing and signing a notice of change of residence and casting a regular ballot.
[§ 3503.16(B)(1)]

       B.      Moves Between Precincts Within the Same County

         Any registered voter who moves to another election precinct in the same county
and changes his or her name prior to an election will be permitted to vote by a
provisional ballot in the new election precinct or at a location designated by the Board of
Elections upon attesting in writing that he or she has moved. The Ohio Election Code
also refers to this as an absent voter’s ballot. They must also complete an attestation
which can be done within twenty-eight (28) days of the election at the Board of Elections,
or on Election Day at the new precinct in which the voter is eligible to vote or at a
location designated by the Board of Elections. A voter may also vote an absent voter’s
ballot if they cannot appear at the Board of Elections or other location designated by the
Board due to personal illness, physical disability or infirmity. [§ 3503.16(B)(2),
3503.16(G)]

       C.      Moves Between Counties

        Any registered voter who moves to another election precinct in a different county
should make a written request for a registration transfer at least thirty (30) days before the
election. If the voter moved within twenty-eight (28) days before an election, he or she
may go to the county Board of Elections office in his or her new county during regular
office hours, complete and sign a new voter registration form, and vote a provisional
ballot. If the voter moves on Election Day, he or she may also vote at a site designated
by the Board of Elections in the new county, complete and sign a new voter registration
form, and vote by provisional ballot.
[http://www.sos.state.oh.us/sos/elections/index.html]

        Special Note for Presidential Election: A former Ohio resident who moves not
more than ninety (90) days prior to the presidential election, who has not registered to
vote in his or her new state, and who, because of her or his move from Ohio, is not
entitled to vote for the offices of president and vice-president or for presidential and vice-
presidential electors in the state of his or her current residence may be entitled to vote in
Ohio, in the precinct in which that citizen's voting residence was located at the time the
citizen moved from Ohio, for presidential and vice-presidential electors, but for no other
offices. [§ 3504.01]




                                           19
15.     WITNESSES AND CHALLENGERS

        Each political party (or group of five candidates) may have one (1) witness to
watch the counting of the ballots. Each political party (or group of five candidates) may
have one (1) challenger to watch the casting of ballots. Each candidate may have one (1)
watcher in each polling room during the election. Challengers are allowed in and about
the polling place, and may watch any deliberations or proceedings of the election
officials. Witnesses are allowed in and about the polling place during the counting of
ballots. [§ 3505.21]

16.     CHALLENGES

        A.      Grounds for Challenge

        Any elector may be challenged by: (a) any challenger; (b) any elector lawfully in
the polling place; or (c) any election official. [§ 3505.20]

        Challenges may be made on the grounds that the elector: (a) is not a citizen; (b)
has not been resident for thirty (30) days prior to the election; (c) is not a resident of the
precinct or county where the elector offers to vote; or (e) is not of legal voting age.
[§3505.20]

        B.      Procedure When Challenged

               1.      Depending on the nature of the challenge, the election judges must
question the elector on their qualification to vote. Each challenge requires specific
questions to be asked. The judges may demand identification or other written proof. The
elector must answer the judge’s questions under oath. [§ 3505.20]

               2.      The presiding judge may ask any other questions of the elector as
are necessary to resolve the challenge. [§ 3503.24]

              3.      The decisions of the judges must be final as to the right of the
person challenged to vote in that election. [§ 3505.20]

                 4.      An elector may be challenged before the date of an election on
their right to register or use an absentee ballot. Such challenges must be made at the
Board of Elections office, and that board must resolve the challenge. [§ 3505.20]

17.     CAMPAIGNING AT POLLING PLACE

        It is unlawful for anyone to loiter or congregate within the area between the
polling place and the small flags of the United States placed along the sidewalks and
thoroughfares leading to the polling places. It is also unlawful for any person to interfere
or attempt to influence any elector in casting their vote. [§ 3501.35]




                                            20
              APPENDIX A

VOTER REGISTRATION AND ABSENTEE BALLOT
             APPLICATIONS
                                                        Voter Registration Form
                                                                   Please read instructions carefully.

To qualify to vote, you must be:                                                               Registering by mail
    (1) a U.S. citizen;                                                                        If you register by mail and do not provide either a current Ohio
    (2) 18 years old on or before the next general election;                                   driver’s license number or the last four digits of your social
    (3) a resident of Ohio for at least 30 days immediately                                    security number, please enclose a copy of one of the following
                                                                                               with your registration application:
        before election day;
                                                                                                         • Current valid photo identification card showing your
    (4) registered to vote at least 30 days                                                                name; or
        before election day.                                                                             • Current utility bill, bank statement, paycheck,
Use this form to register to vote or update a current Ohio                                                 government check or government document showing
registration if you have changed your address or name.                                                     your name and address.
                                                                                               If you register by mail and do not provide one of the above at the
NOTICE: Your registration or change must be received or post-                                  time of submitting your registration application, you must
marked 30 days before an election at which you intend to vote.                                 provide one of the items when you vote for the first time.
You will be notified by your county board of elections of the
location where you vote. If you do not receive a notice prior to                               Your Signature
election day, call your county board of elections.                                             Your registration cannot be processed without your signature. On
                                                                                               line 14, your completed legal signature or mark should not touch
Lines 1 and 2 are required by law. If you do not answer both                                   surrounding lines of type. If signature is a mark, include name
of the questions, your registration will not be processed.                                     and address of the person who witnessed the mark beneath the
                                                                                               signature line.
Registering in person
If you have a current valid Ohio driver’s license, you must
provide that number on line 10. If you do not have an Ohio                                     Please type or print clearly with a black pen.
driver’s license, you must provide the last four digits of
your social security number on line 10.                                             FOLD HERE



    1. Are you a U.S. citizen? q Yes       q No
    2. Will you be 18 years of age on or before the next general election? q Yes                                                         q No
       If you answered NO to either of the questions, do not complete this form.
    3. Last Name                                                              First Name                                              Middle Name or Initial          Jr., II, etc.


    4. House Number and Street (Enter new address if changed)                            Apt. or Lot #     5. City or Post Office                            6. Zip Code


    7. Additional Rural or Mailing Address (if necessary)                                                8. County where you live                                FOR BOARD
                                                                                                                                                                  USE ONLY
                                                                                                                                                               SEC4010 (Rev. 10/03)
    9. Birthdate (MO - DAY - YR)   10. Ohio driver’s license No. OR last 4 digits of Social Security No. (required)   11. Phone No. (voluntary)
                                                                                                                                                                City, Village, Twp.
    12. ADDRESS CHANGE ONLY - PREVIOUS ADDRESS
    Previous House Number and Street                                                                                                                                  Ward
    Previous City or Post Office                                                   County                              State
                                                                                                                                                                     Precinct

    13. CHANGE OF              Former Legal Name                                                      Former Signature
        NAME ONLY                                                                                                                                                  School Dist.

    I declare under penalty of election falsification I am a citizen of the United States, will have lived in this state for 30 days immediately preceding         Cong. Dist.
    the next election, and I will be at least 18 years of age at the time of the general election.

                                                                                                                                                                  Senate Dist.
    14.   Signature of Applicant (
                                                                                                                                                                   House Dist.
    Date_______/_______/_______
          MO     DAY     YR
    WHOEVER COMMITS ELECTION FALSIFICATION IS GUILTY OF A FELONY OF THE FIFTH DEGREE.
                                              FOR BOARD USE ONLY
                                                                     WARD
                                                                     TWP. PCT. SCH.         ADDRESS              DATE CLERK
                                                                     VILL.     DIST.
LAST NAME                     FIRST NAME              MIDDLE NAME


RECORD OF
CHALLENGES

RECORD OF
CANCELLATION

WARD
TWP.    PCT.   SCH.            ADDRESS                  DATE CLERK
VILL.          DIST.




GENERAL
YEAR            03 04 05 06   07 08   09   10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24   25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35
PRIMARY
SPECIAL
SPECIAL
  Form No. 11A Prescribed by Secretary of State (12-97)



                                                            Application for Absent Voter's Ballots
                                                                        PLEASE PRINT OR TYPE
                                                                     (See Instructions at bottom of page)

                                                                                              Send Ballots to:
                                                                                              (if different from home address)

  Applicant's Name __________________________________                                         Name ____________________________________________

  Home Address ____________________________________                                          Care of/P.O. Box___________________________________

  City, Village, or Post Office _________________________                                    Address___________________________________________

  County ____________________ Zip Code _____________                                         City ______________ State ______ Zip Code____________

  I wish to vote in the following election:
  (check one)
             1. Primary Election                                  2.                          ! General Election
                       ! Democratic
                       ! Republican                               3.                          ! Special Election
                       ! Nonpartisan or issues only
                       ! Other Party (specify) __________________                            Date of Election ____________________________

  I will be absent from my polling place for the following reason:
  (check one)

     !"I am sixty-two years of age or more.                                        !"I am a full-time fire fighter, peace officer, or emergency medical
                                                                                   service provider.
     ! I will be absent from the county.                                           !"I am on active duty with the organized militia in Ohio.
     ! I or a family member will be confined in a hospital.                        !"I will be confined in a jail or workhouse under sentence for a
                                                                                   misdemeanor, or awaiting trial on a felony or misdemeanor.
     ! Illness, disability or infirmity prevents me from going to                  !"I am unable to vote on election day for religious reasons.
         my polling place.
      (! Due to my illness, disability, or infirmity, I am                         !"I am confined to a public or private institution within the county.
         unable to mark my ballot and request the assistance of                    Please have two board employees deliver my ballots.
         two election officials.)
     ! I am an election official or employee of the Secretary of                   !"I am a former resident entitled to vote for President and Vice-
         State.                                                                    President or an overseas citizen entitled to vote for federal offices.

                                           I am a qualified elector and request an absentee ballot for the above reason.

                                    X _____________________________________________                                             ______________________
                                      Signature of Applicant                                                                    Date

                      WHOEVER COMMITS ELECTION FALSIFICATION IS GUILTY OF A FELONY OF THE FIFTH DEGREE


                                                                                    INSTRUCTIONS
                                                                                       R.C. 3509
 1.Use of this form is optional. Application must include name, voter residence address, reason for absence from polls, applicant's signature, election for which
    the ballots are requested and, if primary ballots, voter's party affiliation.
 2.An application by mail must be received by your County Board of Elections by noon on the third day before the election. Applications by the voter in person must         be
received by the close of regular board hours the day before the election. Applications for persons who are hospitalized by a medical emergency will be
    accepted until 3 p.m. on election day.
 3. Completed ballots must be delivered to your County Board of Elections in person, by mail or a near relative not later than the close of polls on election day.
Exception: If the voter is outside of the United States on election day, the ballot envelope must be signed or postmarked prior to the close of polls and received by the board
no later than 10 days after the election or 20 days after the presidential primary election.
 4. If you request an absentee ballot, you will not be allowed to vote or turn in your ballot at the polling place on election day.
 5. This document may be reproduced.
                                            APPENDIX B 1

                            COUNTY BOARDS OF ELECTION




1
    This information was compiled from the Ohio Secretary of State web site:
http://serform2.sos.state.oh.us/sos/boe/.
Adams County
Adams County Services Annex
215 North Cross St., Room 103
West Union, OH 45693
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (937) 544-2633 / Fax: (937) 544-5111
E-Mail: adams@sos.state.oh.us

Allen County
204 N. Main St.
Lima, OH 45801
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (419) 223-8530 / Fax: (419) 222-0311
E-Mail: allencoboardofelect@wcoil.com (Director Only)
Website: www.allencountyohio.com

Ashland County
110 Cottage St.
Ashland, OH 44805
Office Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (419) 282-4224 / Fax: (419) 282-4260
E-Mail: khowman@ashlandcounty.org
Website: www.ashlandboe.com

Ashtabula County
8 West Walnut St.
Jefferson, OH 44047
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (440) 576-6915 / Fax: (440) 576-1445
E-Mail: djay@ncp.net
Website: www.electionsonthe.net/oh/ashtabula

Athens County
15 S. Court St., Room 130
Athens, OH 45701
Office Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (740) 592-3201 / Fax: (740) 592-3262
E-Mail: athens@sos.state.oh.us

Auglaize County
209 S. Blackhoof, Room 205
Wapakoneta, OH 45895
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 3:30 p.m. (Monday, Tuesday, Thursday & Friday)
8:30 a.m. - 1:00 p.m. (Wednesday)
Telephone: (419) 739-6720/ Fax: (419) 739-6721
E-Mail: jburklo@auglaizecounty.org
Belmont County
3201 Belmont St., Bank One Bldg., Third Floor
PO Box 127
Bellaire, OH 43906
Office Hours: 9:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (740) 676-1025 / Fax: (740) 676-0459
E-Mail: Bdofelections@cs.com

Brown County
Administration Building
800 Mt. Orab Pk.
Georgetown, OH 45121
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 12:00 p.m. & 1:00 p.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (937) 378-3008 / Fax: (937) 378-6457
E-Mail: brown@sos.state.oh.us
Website: www.electionsonthe.net/oh/brown

Butler County
315 High St., 10th Floor - Government Services Bldg.
Hamilton, OH 45011-6016
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (513) 887-3700 / Fax: (513) 887-5535
E-Mail: moskettir@butlercountyohio.org
Website: butlercountyohio.org

Carroll County
Court House
119 S. Lisbon St., Suite 102
Carrollton, OH 44615-1489
Office Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (330) 627-2610 / Fax: (330) 627-5387
E-Mail: carroll@sos.state.oh.us

Champaign County
1512 South U.S. Hwy 68, Suite L100
Urbana, OH 43078-9288
Office Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (937) 484-1575 / Fax: (937) 484-1578
E-Mail: champaign@sos.state.oh.us

Clark County
25 W. Pleasant St.
PO Box 1766
Springfield, OH 45501-1766
Office Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (937) 328-2491 / Fax: (937) 328-2603
E-Mail: clark@sos.state.oh.us
Website: www.co.clark.oh.us/
Clermont County
76 S. Riverside Dr.
Batavia, OH 45103-2961
Office Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (513) 732-7275 / Fax: (513) 732-7330
E-Mail: clermont@sos.state.oh.us

Clinton County
46 S. South St., 1st floor
Wilmington, OH 45177
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (937) 382-3537 / Fax: (937) 383-3538
E-Mail: vote@cinci.rr.com
Website: electionsonthe.net/oh/clinton

Columbiana County
41 N. Park Ave.
Lisbon, OH 44432
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (330) 424-1448 / Fax: (330) 424-6661
E-Mail: columbia@sos.state.oh.us
Website: www.electionohio.com/columbiana

Coshocton County
724 S. Seventh St., Room 100
Coshocton, OH 43812
Office Hours: 9:00 a.m. - 11:30 a.m. & 12:30 p.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (740) 622-1117 / Fax: (740) 623-6524
E-Mail: coshocto@sos.state.oh.us

Crawford County
130 N. Walnut St., Suite A
Bucyrus, OH 44820-2383
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (419) 562-8721 / Fax: (419) 562-2235
E-Mail: crawford@sos.state.oh.us
Website: crawford-co.org

Cuyahoga County
2925 Euclid Ave.
Cleveland, OH 44115-2497
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (216) 443-3200 / Fax: (216) 443-6633
Voter Information Hotline: (216) 443-3298
E-Mail: cuyahoga@sos.state.oh.us
Website: cuyahoga.oh.us/BOE
Darke County
300 Garst Ave.
Greenville, OH 45331
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
(Closes at noon on Thursdays in June, July and August only)
Telephone: (937) 548-1835 / Fax: (937) 548-2820
E-Mail: darkeboe@yahoo.com
Website: www.electionsonthe.net/oh/darke

Defiance County
197-A Island Park Ave.
Defiance, OH 43512
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (419) 782-2906 / Fax: (419) 782-8543
E-Mail: defiance@sos.state.oh.us
Website: www.defiance-county.com/electionboard.html

Delaware County
140 N. Sandusky St.
Delaware, OH 43015
Office Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (740) 833-2080 / Fax: (740) 833-2079
E-Mail: delaware@sos.state.oh.us
Website: www.co.delaware.oh.us/boe

Erie County
2900 Columbus Ave.
Sandusky, OH 44870
Office Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (419) 627-7601 / Fax: (419) 626-0034
E-Mail: erie@sos.state.oh.us

Fairfield County
Liberty Center
951 Liberty Dr., Suite 100
Lancaster, OH 43130
Office Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (740) 687-7000 or (614) 837-0765 / Fax: (740) 681-4727
E-Mail: fairfiel@sos.state.oh.us
Website: www.electionohio.com/fairfield

Fayette County
133 South Main St., Suite 404
Washington Court House, OH 43160
Office Hours: 9:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (740) 335-1190 / Fax: (740) 333-3574
E-Mail: boe@fayette-co-oh.com
Website: www.electionohio.com/fayette
 Franklin County
280 E. Broad St., 1st Floor
Columbus, OH 43215-4572
Office Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (614) 462-3100 / Fax: (614) 462-3489
E-Mail: njhughes@co.franklin.oh.us
Website: www.boe.franklin.oh.us

Fulton County
525 N. Shoop Ave.
Wauseon, OH 43567
Office Hours: 9:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (419) 335-6841 / Fax: (419) 337-2363
E-Mail: fulton@sos.state.oh.us
Website: www.fultoncountyoh.com/boardelect.htm

Gallia County
18 Locust St., 2nd Floor, Courthouse
Gallipolis, OH 45631-1292
Office Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (740) 446-1600 / Fax: (740) 441-2049
E-Mail: gcboe@aceinter.net

Geauga County
Court House Annex
215 Main St. - Suite 1A
Chardon, OH 44024-1238
Office Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (440) 285-2222 ext. 4010 / Fax: (440) 285-0959
E-Mail: voter@mail.core.com
Website: www.co.geauga.oh.us/departments/board-elec.htm

Greene County
651 Dayton-Xenia Rd.
Xenia, OH 45385
Office Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (937) 562-7470 / Fax: (937) 562-7477
E-Mail: cgarman@co.greene.oh.us
Website: www.co.greene.oh.us/elections.htm

Guernsey County
627 Wheeling Ave., Suite 101
Cambridge, OH 43725
Office Hours: 9:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (740) 432-2680 / Fax: (740) 432-6784
E-Mail: guernsey@sos.state.oh.us
Hamilton County
824 Broadway
Cincinnati, OH 45202
Office Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (513) 632-7000 or 632-7015 / Fax: (513) 579-0988
E-Mail: hamilton@sos.state.oh.us
Website: www.hamilton-co.org/boe/

Hancock County
209 West Main Cross St., Suite 103
Findlay, OH 45840
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (419) 422-3245 / Fax: (419) 424-7293
E-Mail: bdelections@co.hancock.oh.us
Website: www.hancockboardofelections.com

Hardin County
One Court House Sq., Suite 170
Kenton, OH 43326
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (419) 674-2211 / Fax: (419) 674-2213
E-Mail: elections@kenton.com

Harrison County
Court House - 100 W. Market St.
Cadiz, OH 43907
Office Hours: 9:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (740) 942-8866 / Fax: (740) 942-8531
E-Mail: harrison@sos.state.oh.us

Henry County
Court House - 660 N. Perry St.
Napoleon, OH 43545
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (419) 592-7956 / Fax: (419) 592-7957
E-Mail: henry@sos.state.oh.us
Website: www.henrycoelections.com/

Highland County
119 Governor Foraker Pl.
Hillsboro, OH 45133
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (937) 393-9961 / Fax: (937) 393-5854
E-Mail: highland@sos.state.oh.us
Hocking County
1 E. Main St.
PO Box 109
Logan, OH 43138
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (740) 380-8683 or 380-0203 / Fax: (740) 380-3712
E-Mail: hocking@sos.state.oh.us

Holmes County
75 East Clinton St., Suite 108
Millersburg, OH 44654
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (330) 674-5921 / Fax: (330) 674-5978
E-Mail: holmes@sos.state.oh.us

Huron County
County Administration Bldg., 180 Milan Ave.
Norwalk, OH 44857
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (419) 668-8238 / Fax: (419) 668-8710
E-Mail: hjwboe@accnorwalk.com

Jackson County
Court House - 226 Main St., Suite 2
Jackson, OH 45640
Office Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (740) 286-2905 / Fax: (740) 288-3631
E-Mail: brdelect@zoomnet.net

Jefferson County
117 N. Third St.
Steubenville, OH 43952-4499
Office Hours: 9:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (740) 283-8522 / Fax: (740) 283-8640/ Supervisor: (740) 283-8528
E-Mail: jcboe@uov.net
Website: www.uov.net/jcboe/

Knox County
117 E. High St., Suite 210
Mt. Vernon, OH 43050
Office Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (740) 393-6716 / Fax: (740) 393-6717
E-Mail: knox@sos.state.oh.us
Lake County
105 Main St., PO Box 490
Painesville, OH 44077-0490
Office Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (440) 350-2700 or 800-899-5253 ext 2700 / Fax: (440) 350-2670
E-Mail: elections@lakecounty.org
Website: www.lakeelections.com

Lawrence County
Veterans Sq. - 111 S. Fourth St.
Ironton, OH 45638
Office Hours: 9:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (740) 532-0444 or 533-4320 / Fax: (740) 533-2730
E:Mail: lawrence@sos.state.oh.us

Licking County
County Administration Bldg. - 20 S. Second St.
Newark, OH 43055
Office Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (740) 349-8683 / Fax: (740) 345-8548
E-Mail: licking@sos.state.oh.us
Website: www.lcounty.com/boe

Logan County
Court House, Room 4 - 101 S. Main St.
Bellefontaine, OH 43311-2075
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (937) 599-7255 / Fax: (937) 599-7270
E-Mail: elections@co.logan.oh.us
Website: www.co.logan.oh.us/elections/

Lorain County
115 Cedar St., Elyria, OH 44035
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (440) 326-5900 or 5901 / Fax: (440) 326-5931
and
2158 Broadway, Lorain, OH 44052
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (440) 244-3186 / Fax: (440) 244-5609
E-Mail: lorain@sos.state.oh.us
Website: www.lorainboe.erienet.net

Lucas County
One Government Center, Suite 300
Toledo, OH 43604-2250
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (419) 213-4001 / Fax: (419) 213-4069 or (419) 213-4092
E-Mail: lucas@sos.state.oh.us
Website: www.co.lucas.oh.us/
Madison County
117 W. High St., Suite 102
London, OH 43140
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (740) 852-9424 / Fax: (740) 852-7131
E-Mail: madisonelections@nextek.net
Website: www.co.madison.oh.us/

Mahoning County
2801 Market St.
Youngstown, OH 44507
Office Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (330) 783-2474 / Fax: (330) 783-2801
E-Mail: sciortino@cboss.com
Website: www.electionohio.com/mahoning

Marion County
222 W. Center St.
Marion, OH 43302
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (740) 223-4090 / Fax: (740) 223-4095
E-Mail: elections@marion.net
Website: www.marionelections.com/

Medina County
144 N. Broadway St.
Medina, OH 44256
Office Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (330) 722-9278 / Fax: (330) 722-9299
E-Mail: medina@sos.state.oh.us

Meigs County
117 E. Memorial Dr.
Pomeroy, OH 45769-0688
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 12 p.m. & 1:00 p.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (740) 992-2697 / Fax: (740) 992-2645
E-Mail: meigsboe@frognet.net

Mercer County
101 N. Main St., Room 107
Celina, OH 45822
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. (Monday)
8:30 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Tuesday thru Friday)
Telephone: (419) 586-2215 / Fax: (419) 586-2748
E-Mail: mercer@sos.state.oh.us
Website: www.mercercountyohio.org
Miami County
Court House, 215 W. Main St.
Troy, OH 45373
Office Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (937) 440-3900 or 6814 / Fax: (937) 440-3901
E-Mail: elections@mail2.wesnet.com
Website: www.co.miami.oh.us/elections/index.htm

Monroe County
101 N. Main St., Court House, Room 15
Woodsfield, OH 43793
Office Hours: 9:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (740) 472-0929 / Fax: (740) 472-2517
E-Mail: monroe@sos.state.oh.us

Montgomery County
451 W. Third St.
PO Box 8705
Dayton, OH 45481-8705
Office Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (937) 225-5656 / Fax: (937) 496-7798
E-Mail: mcboe@mcohio.org
Website: www.mcboe.org/

Morgan County
155 E. Main St., Room 157
McConnelsville, OH 43756
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 12 p.m. & 1:00 p.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (740) 962-3116 / Fax: (740) 962-3099
E-Mail: morgan@sos.state.oh.us

Morrow County
619 West Marion Rd.
Mt. Gilead, OH 43338
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (419) 946-4026 / Fax: (419) 946-9861
E-Mail: morrow@sos.state.oh.us

Muskingum County
205 N. Seventh St.
Zanesville, OH 43701-3709
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (740) 455-7120 / Fax: (740) 455-7178
E-Mail: muskboe@netpluscom.com
Noble County
190 Court House
Caldwell, OH 43724
Office Hours: 9:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday & Friday)
9:00 a.m. - 11:30 a.m. (Thursday)
Telephone: (740) 732-2057 / Fax: (740) 732-6577
E-mail: noble@sos.state.oh.us

Ottawa County
Ottowa County Veteran’s Memorial Building
8444 W. State Route 163, Suite 101
Oak Harbor, OH 43449-8885
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (419) 898-3071 / Fax: (419) 898-3146
E-Mail: election@cwoh.net
Website: www.co.ottawa.oh.us

Paulding County
105 E. Perry St.
Paulding, OH 45879-1412
Office Hours: 8:00 a.m. – 12:00 p.m. & 1:00 p.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (419) 399-8230 / Fax: (419) 399-8250
E-Mail: paulding@sos.state.oh.us

Perry County
121 W. Brown St.
PO Box 187
New Lexington, OH 43764
Office Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (740) 342-2134 / Fax: (740) 342-4787
E-Mail: perry@sos.state.oh.us

Pickaway County
141 West Main St., Suite 800
Circleville, OH 43113
Office Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (740) 474-1100 or 474-8077 / Fax: (740) 477-2991
E:Mail: pickaway@sos.state.oh.us
Website: www.electionsonthe.net/oh/pickaway

Pike County
230 Waverly Plaza, Suite 1100
Waverly, OH 45690
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (740) 947-2039 or 947-4512 / Fax: (740) 947-5973
E-Mail: pike@sos.state.oh.us
Portage County
449 S. Meridian St., Room 101
Ravenna, OH 44266
Office Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (330) 297-3511 / Fax: (330) 297-3518
E-Mail: portage@sos.state.oh.us
Website: www.electionohio.com/portage

Preble County
Court House
101 E. Main St.
Eaton, OH 45320-1758
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (937) 456-8117 / Fax: (937) 456-2986
E-Mail: pcelect@infinet.com
Website: www.electionsonthe.net/oh/preble

Putnam County
245 E. Main St., Suite 102
Ottawa, OH 45875-1957
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (419) 523-3343 / Fax: (419) 523-3417
E-Mail: putcoboe@bright.net
Website: www.putnam.noacsc.org/county/

Richland County
77 N. Mulberry St. - 1st Floor
Mansfield, OH 44902
Office Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (419) 774-5530 / Fax: (419) 774-5534
E-Mail: boardofelections@mansfieldohio.net
Website: www.electionohio.com/richland

Ross County
475 Western Ave.
PO Box 1663
Chillicothe, OH 45601
Office Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (740) 775-2350 / Fax: (740) 775-2383
E-Mail: rossboe@horizonview.net
Website: www.electionsonthe.net/oh/ross

Sandusky County
2020 Countryside Dr.
Fremont, OH 43420
Office Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (419) 334-6180 / Fax: (419) 334-6184
E-Mail: sandusky@sos.state.oh.us
Scioto County
602 Seventh St., Room 105
Portsmouth, OH 45662
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (740) 353-4178 / Fax: (740) 355-8363
E-Mail: scioto@sos.state.oh.us

Seneca County
71 S. Washington St., Suite A
PO Box 667
Tiffin, OH 44883-0667
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (419) 447-4424 / Fax: (419) 443-7925
E-Mail: seneca@sos.state.oh.us

Shelby County
129 E. Court St., Annex Bldg.
Sidney, OH 45365
Office Hours: 9:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (937) 498-7207 / Fax: (937) 498-7326
E-Mail: scbdelec@bright.net
Website: www.co.shelby.oh.us/Electionboard.asp

Stark County
201 Third St. NE
Canton, OH 44702-1296
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (330) 451-8683 / Fax: (330) 451-7000
E-Mail: boe@co.stark.oh.us
Website: www.boe.co.stark.oh.us

Summit County
470 Grant St.
Akron, OH 44311-1157
Office Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (330) 643-5200 / Fax: (330) 643-5422
E-Mail: summit@sos.state.oh.us
Website: www.electionsonthe.net/oh/summit

Trumbull County
2947 Youngstown Rd., SE
Warren, OH 44484
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (330) 369-4050 / Fax: (330) 369-4160
E-Mail: norma@trvote.com
Website: www.electionohio.com/trumbull/
Tuscarawas County
Court House Sq.
101 E. High St.
New Philadelphia, OH 44663
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (330) 343-8819 / Fax: (330) 343-3125
E-Mail: tuscaraw@sos.state.oh.us
Website: www.boe.co.tuscarawas.oh.us

Union County
Union County Services Center
940 London Ave., Suite 1000
Marysville, OH 43040-1621
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (937) 642-2836 / Fax: (937) 642-2823
E-Mail: union@sos.state.oh.us
Website: www.electionsonthe.net/oh/union/

Van Wert County
120 E. Main St.
Van Wert, OH 45891-1428
Office Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 1:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (419) 238-4192 / Fax: (419) 238-7145
E-Mail: vanwert@sos.state.oh.us
Website: www.vanwertcounty.org/elections

Vinton County
112 N. Market St.
McArthur, OH 45651
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (740) 596-5855 / Fax: (740) 596-1907
E-Mail: vinton@sos.state.oh.us

Warren County
406 Justice Dr., Room 323
Lebanon, OH 45036-2314
Office Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (513) 695-1358 / Fax: (513) 695-2953
E-Mail: johnsr@co.warren.oh.us
Website: www.co.warren.oh.us/bdelec/

Washington County
Court House
205 Putnam St.
Marietta, OH 45750
Office Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (740) 374-6828 / Fax: (740) 374-7698
E-Mail: washingt@sos.state.oh.us
Website: www.electionohio.com/washington
Wayne County
200 Vanover St., Suite 1
Wooster, OH 44691-4849
Office Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (330) 287-5480 / Fax: (330) 287-5686
E-Mail: votewayne@sssnet.com
Website: www.sssnet.com

Williams County
228 S. Main St.
Bryan, OH 43506
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (419) 636-1854 / Fax: (419) 636-2975
E-Mail: williams@sos.state.oh.us/boe

Wood County
1 Court House Sq.
Bowling Green, OH 43402
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (419) 354-9120 / Fax: (419) 354-1730
E-Mail: dhazard@co.wood.oh.us
Website: www.co.wood.oh.us

Wyandot County
109 S. Sandusky Ave., Room 12
Upper Sandusky, OH 43351
Office Hours: 8:30 a.m. - 1:00 p.m. (Monday thru Friday)
Telephone: (419) 294-1226 / Fax: (419) 294-6437
E-Mail: wyandot@sos.state.oh.us
     APPENDIX C

2004 ELECTION CALENDAR
                                             2004 Ohio Election Calendar
                                                              J. Kenneth Blackwell, Secretary of State
                                                                   Primary and Special Elections
2003                                                                                                                                                         R.C. Reference
Nov. 3   Last day for local option petitioners to send street listings to Division of Liquor Control (45 days
         before Dec. 18 deadline for filing local question and issue petitions) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4301.33, 4305.14
Dec. 3 Applications for absentee ballots for March 2004 primary may be accepted . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3509.03, 3511.02
         Constitutional amendments proposed by joint resolution of General Assembly to be filed with
         the Secretary of State by this date (90 days before the election . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .O. Const. XVI,1; 3501.02
         Declaration of intent to change political party affiliation must be filed by 4 p.m. (30 days before
         filing deadline for declaration of candidacy) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3513.191(C)(1)(a)
Dec. 18. Local questions and issues for primary election, including emergency school levies and local
         option questions, must be certified to boards of elections by 4 p.m. (75 days
         before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4301.331, .332, 4305.12, 5705.19, .194
Dec. 27 Boards of elections must certify the validity and sufficiency of local option petitions (66 days before the primary) . . . .3513.05
Dec. 29 Protests against local option petitions must be filed by 4 p.m. (64 days before the election) . . . . . . . . . .4301.33, .331, 4305.14

2004
Jan. 1      Applications for absentee ballots for 2004 may be accepted (first day of the year) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3511.02
Jan. 2      Declarations of candidacy for partisan candidates must be filed by 4 p.m. (60 days before the primary) . . . . . . . . . 3513..05
            Boards of elections must schedule a program for instruction of polling place officials (60 days before the election) . . .3501.27
Jan. 9      Boards of elections must certify the validity and sufficiency of partisan candidates’ petitions
            (53 days before the primary) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3513.05
Jan. 12     Candidates, except presidential primary candidates, may withdraw (51 days before the election) . . . . . . . . . . .3513.30(B)
            Write-in candidates for primary must file declarations of intent by 4 p.m. (50 days before the election) . . . . . . . . . .3513.041
Jan. 13     Protests against partisan candidates’ petitions must be filed by 4 p.m. (49 days before the primary) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3513.05
*Jan. 20    Form of official ballots must be certified by Secretary of State to boards of elections (45 days before the election) . . . .3513.05
            Secretary of State and board of elections of most populous county of a multicounty subdivision must certify names
            of candidates to other boards of elections (60 days before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3513.05
            Protests against write-in candidates must be filed by 4 p.m. (45 days before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3513.041
            Boards of elections shall advertise in newspaper(s) the places, dates, times, qualifications, and methods
            for registration (six weeks before special election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3503.12
*Feb. 2     Deadline for voter registration for primary election (30 days before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3503.19
            Presidential primary candidates may withdraw by 4 p.m. (30 days before the primary election) . . . . . . . . . . . . .3513.30(C)
Feb. 6      Primary Election voter absentee ballots must be ready (25 days before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3509.01, 3511.04
*Feb. 17    Boards of elections shall prepare precinct voter registration lists (15 days before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3503.23
            Last day for state political parties to file with the Secretary of State the adopted rules affecting issuance
            of certificates of elections to candidates for delegate or alternate to their respective national
            conventions (15 days prior to the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3513.151(E)
Feb. 20     Deadline for political parties, groups of five or more candidates, and issue committees to file witness
            and challenger appointments (11 days before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3505.21
            Corrections and challenges to precinct registration lists may be filed (11 days before election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3503.24
Feb. 21     Boards of elections must give public notice of election (10 days before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3501.03
*Feb. 23    Certificate to fill vacancy on ballot caused by death of candidate whose name is on primary ballot in
            more than one county must be filed by 4 p.m. (10 days before election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3513.17, .30
Feb. 25     Certificate to fill vacancy on ballot caused by death of candidate whose name is on ballot in one county
            must be filed by 4 p.m. (five days before election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3513.17, .30
Feb. 28     Applications by mail for absentee ballots for primary election must be received
            by the board of elections by noon (three days before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3509.03, .031, .04, .05, .08, 3511.02, .04
Mar. 1      Nominating petitions of independent candidates other than president and vice president, for offices for
            which a primary election may be held must be filed by 4 p.m. (one day before the election) . . . . . . . . .1901.07, 3513.257, .261
            Amendments to witness and challenger appointments must be filed by 4 p.m. (one day before the election) . . . . . . . . .3505.21
            Absentee ballots may be requested and voted in person at boards of elections until close of regular business hours
            (one day before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3509.03, 3511.10
            Militia on active duty may file applications for absentee ballots by 4 p.m. (day before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3509.031
Mar. 2      Primary Election Day. Polls are open from 6:30 a.m. to 7:30 p.m. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3501.01, .32
            Absentee ballots, other than overseas and armed service voters, must be received by the boards
            of elections by 7:30 p.m. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3509.05, 3511.11
            Voters hospitalized because of medical emergency may apply for absentee ballots until 3 p.m. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3509.08
                                                        Primary and Special Elections - continued

Mar. 22 Out-of-country civilian absentee ballots must be postmarked or signed on or before close of polls on March 2
         and must be received by boards of elections by this date to be counted (20 days after the election) . . . . . . . . .3509.05, 3511.11
         Out-of-country armed service absentee ballots must be signed on or before close of polls on March 2
         and must be received by boards of elections by this date to be counted (20 days after the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3511.11
Mar. 23 Boards of elections may begin official canvass of ballots (21 days after the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3513.22
Mar 27 Boards of elections must begin official canvass of ballots no later than this date (25 days after the election) . . . . . . . . .3513.22
April 16 Secretary of State and board of elections of most populous county of a district located in more
         than one county must transmit petitions of independent candidates to other boards of elections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3513.262
May 1 Primary election ballots may be discarded except for federal office unless ordered held by Secretary
         of State (60 days after election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3505.31
May 14 Boards of elections must certify independent candidates’ petitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3513.262
May 20 Local questions and issues for Aug. 3 special elections must be certified to boards of elections by
         this date (75 days before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3501.01, .02
May 28 Protest against independent candidates’ petitions must be filed by 4 p.m. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3513.262
June 22 Boards of elections shall advertise in newspaper(s) the places, dates, times, qualifications, and methods
         for registration (six weeks before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3503.12

Note: The charter provisions in various municipalities may affect certain dates and/or requirements set forth above. Please contact your county board of elections for
such information.
*In some instances, the statutory deadline falls on a day when the offices of the Secretary of State and boards of elections are closed. In those instances, the deadlines
are extended, pursuant to R.C. 1.14, to the next succeeding day when the offices are open. The preceding dates reflect the extended deadline.


                                                                             Recounts and Election Contests
An application for a recount must be filed no later than five days after the official results are declared. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3515.02
A petition contesting an election must be filed in the appropriate court within 15 days after the official results are declared,
or within 10 days after the official results of a recount are declared . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3515.09


                                                              Campaign Finance Reports - Primary Election
                                     For full instructions and additional filing requirements, see Ohio Revised Code Section 3517.10

2004
Jan. 20 Secretary of State and boards of elections must send notice to candidates required to file annual
        campaign finance reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3517.11
Jan. 30 Annual campaign finance reports must be filed by certain candidates, political action committees,
        caucus committees (legislative campaign funds) and political parties by 4 p.m. (last business day of January)
        detailing contributions and expenditures through Dec. 31, 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3517.10
Feb. 9 Secretary of State and boards of elections must send notice to candidates to file pre-election campaign
        finance reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3517.11
Feb. 19 Pre-primary election campaign finance reports must be filed by candidates, political action committees,
        caucus committees (legislative campaign funds) and political parties by 4 p.m. (12 days before the election)
        detailing contributions and expenditures through Feb. 11 (20 days before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3517.10
Mar. 30 Secretary of State and boards of elections must send notice to candidates to file post-election campaign
        finance reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3517.11
April 9 Post-primary election campaign finance reports must be filed by candidates, political action committees,
        caucus committees (legislative campaign funds) and political parties by 4 p.m. (38 days after the election)
        detailing contributions and expenditures through April 2 (the seventh day before the report is filed) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3517.10
                                             2004 Ohio Election Calendar
                                                                J. Kenneth Blackwell, Secretary of State
                                                                     General and Special Elections

2004                                                                                                                                                                                   R.C. Reference
*Jul. 6    Deadline for voter registration for Aug. 3 special election (30 days before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3503.19
           Last day for local option petitioners to send street listing to Division of Liquor Control (45 days
           before Aug. 19 deadline for filing petitions) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4301.33, 4305.14
Jul. 24    Boards of elections must give public notice of election (10 days before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3501.03
Jul. 31    Applications by mail for absentee ballots for Aug. 3 special election must be received
           by noon (three days before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3509.03, 3511.02
Aug. 2     Absentee ballots may be voted in person at boards of elections until close of business hours (one day
           before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3509.03, 3511.10
Aug. 3     Special Elections may be held . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3501.01
Aug. 4     Petitions for statewide initiatives to be submitted directly to the voters must be filed
           by this date (90 days before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .O. Const. II, 1a; 3501.02
           Constitutional amendments proposed by joint resolution of General Assembly to be filed
           with Secretary of State by this date (90 days before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .O. Const. XVI, 1; 3501.02
Aug. 18    Political party or independent candidate’s nominating committee must certify name of person to fill vacancy
           caused by withdrawal of candidate by 4 p.m. (76 days before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3513.31
Aug. 19    Nominating petitions of candidates in nonpartisan races must be filed by 4 p.m. (75 days
           before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3513.251, .253, .254, .255, .261
           Nominating petitions of joint independent candidates for president/vice president must be filed
           by 4 p.m. (75 days before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3513.257
           Local questions and issues for general election, including emergency school levies and petitions
           for local option questions, must be certified to the boards of elections by 4 p.m.
           (75 days before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3501.02, 4301.33, .331, 4305.14, 5705.195
           Municipal initiatives and referenda must be certified to boards of elections by 4 p.m.
           (75 days before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .731.28, .29
Aug. 26    Boards of elections must certify the validity and sufficiency of candidates’ petitions in nonpartisan races
           (68 days before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3513.263
Aug. 28    Boards of elections must certify the validity and sufficiency of local option petitions
           (66 days before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4301.33, .331, 4305.14
Aug. 30    Protests against candidates’ petitions in nonpartisan races must be filed by this date (64 days before the election) . . .3513.263
           Protests against local option petitions must be filed by 4 p.m. (64 days before the election) . . . . . . . . . .4301.33, .331, 4305.14
Sep. 3     Board of elections of most populous county of a multicounty subdivision must certify names of all candidates
           for general election ballot to other boards of elections (60 days before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3505.01
           Boards of elections must schedule a program for instruction of polling place officials (within 60 days
           before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3501.27
Sep. 8     Form of official ballots must be certified by Secretary of State to boards of elections (55 days before the election) . . . .3505.01
Sep. 13    Write-in candidates must file declarations of intent by 4 p.m. (50 days before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3513.041
Sep. 17    Boards of elections must file with Secretary of State exemption requests for polling places inaccessible
           to handicapped voters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3501.29
*Sep. 20   Protests against write-in candidates must be filed by 4 p.m. (45 days before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3513.041
Sep. 21    Boards of elections shall advertise in newspaper(s) the places, dates, times, qualifications, and methods
           for registration (six weeks before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3503.12
Sep. 28    General Election absentee ballots must be ready (35 days before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3509.01, 3511.04
*Oct. 4    Deadline for voter registration for general election (30 days before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3503.19
Oct. 18    Boards of elections shall prepare precinct voter registration list (15 days before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3503.23
Oct. 22    Deadline for political parties, groups of five or more candidates, and issue committees to file witness
           and challenger appointments (11 days before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3505.21
           Corrections and challenges to precinct registration lists may be filed (11 days before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3503.24
Oct. 23    Boards of elections must give public notice of election (10 days before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3501.03
*Oct. 25   Certificate to fill vacancy on ballot caused by death of candidate nominated at primary election whose name
           is on ballot in more than one county must be filed by 4 p.m. (10 days before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3513.31
Oct. 28    Certificate to fill vacancy on ballot caused by death of independent or nonpartisan candidate prior to Oct. 23
           (10 days before the election) must be filed by 4 p.m. (five days before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3513.31
           Certificate to fill vacancy on ballot caused by death of candidate nominated at primary election whose name
           is on ballot in one county must be filed by 4 p.m. (five days before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3513.31
Oct. 30    Applications by mail for absentee ballots must be received by boards of elections by noon
           (three days before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3509.03, .031, .08, 3511.02
                                                       General and Special Elections - continued

Nov. 1  Absentee ballots may be voted in person at boards of elections until close of business hours (day before the election) . . . . .3509.03
        Amendments to witness and challenger appointments must be filed by 4 p.m. (day before the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . .3505.21
        Militia on active duty may file applications in person for absentee ballots by 4 p.m. (day before the election) . . . . . . .3509.031
Nov. 2 General Election Day. Polls are open from 6:30 a.m. to 7:30 p.m. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3501.01, .32
        Absentee ballots, of other than out-of-country voters, must be received by the boards of elections
        by 7:30 p.m. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3509.05, 3511.11
        Voters hospitalized because of medical emergency may apply for absentee ballots until 3 p.m. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3509.08
Nov. 12 Out-of-country civilian ballots must be postmarked or signed before close of polls on Nov. 2 and must be
        received by boards of elections by this date to be counted (10 days after the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3509.05
        Out-of-country armed service absentee ballots must be signed on or before close of polls on Nov. 2
        and must be received by boards of elections by this date to be counted (10 days after the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3511.11
Nov. 13 Boards of elections may begin official canvass of ballots (11 days after the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3505.32
Nov. 17 Boards of elections must begin official canvass of ballots no later than this date (15 days after the election) . . . . . . . . .3505.32

2005
*Jan. 1      General election ballots from 2004, except for federal office, may be discarded unless ordered by
             the Secretary of State (60 days after the election) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3505.31

Note: The charter provisions in various municipalities may affect certain dates and/or requirements set forth above. Please contact your county board of elections for
such information.

*In some instances, the statutory deadline falls on a day when the offices of the Secretary of State and board of elections are closed. In those instances, the deadlines
are extended, pursuant to R.C. 1.14, to the next succeeding day when the offices are open. The preceding dates reflect the extended deadline.



                                                                           Recounts and Election Contests
An application for a recount must be filed not later than five days after official results are declared . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3515.02
A petition contesting an election must be filed in the appropriate court within 15 days after the official results are declared,
or within 10 days after the official results of a recount are declared . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3515.09


                                                             Campaign Finance Reports - General Elections
                                    For full instructions and additional filing requirements, see Ohio Revised Code Section 3517.10
2004
Oct. 11 Secretary of State and boards of elections must send notice to candidates to file pre-election
        campaign finance reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3517.11
Oct. 21 Pre-general election campaign finance reports must be filed by candidates, political action committees, caucus committees
        (legislative campaign funds) and political parties by 4 p.m. (12 days before the election) detailing contributions
        and expenditures from the last day reflected in the previous report through Oct. 13 (20 days before the election) . . . . .3517.10
Nov. 30 Secretary of State and boards of elections must send notice to candidates to file post-election
        campaign finance reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3517.11
Dec. 10 Post-general election campaign finance reports must be filed by candidates, political action committees,
        caucus committees (legislative campaign funds) and political parties by 4 p.m. (38 days after the election)
        detailing contributions and expenditures through Dec. 3 (the seventh day before the report is filed) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3517.10
2005
Jan. 21      Secretary of State and boards of elections must send notice to candidates required to file annual
             campaign finance reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3517.11
Jan. 31      Annual campaign finance reports must be filed by certain candidates, political action committees, caucus
             committees (legislative campaign funds) and political parties by 4 p.m. (last business day of January)
             detailing contributions and expenditures through Dec. 31, 2004 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3517.10
           APPENDIX D

RESTORING YOUR RIGHT TO VOTE, OHIO
                                                                               U.S. Department of Justice
If you believe you are eligible to vote and
                                                                               Civil Rights Division
encounter difficulty registering, please contact
the Voter Education Services section of the
Ohio Secretary of State:
Voter Education Services
Ohio Secretary of State
180 East Broad Street                                                          Restoring Your
Columbus, OH 43215
(614) 728-5639 (voice)
(614) 752-4360 (fax)
www.state.oh.us/sos                                                             Right to Vote
If the Ohio Secretary of State is unable to help
you, or to report a problem, contact:

   U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division
   950 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
   Voting Section, Rm. 7254 - NWB
   Washington, D.C. 20530
   (202) 307-2767 (voice)
   (800) 253-3931 (toll-free)
   (202) 307-3961 (fax)
   www.usdoj.gov/crt
                                                                                                OHIO


   This pamphlet is provided for informational
   purposes only, as an aid to further inquiry.
   The laws in many states are revised fre-
   quently, and may have changed since this
   pamphlet was issued. It is your responsibil-
   ity to determine whether you are lawfully
   eligible to vote, and criminal penalties can
   result from voting when ineligible or mak-
   ing false statements on a registration form.
                                                       Issued December, 2000
The right to vote is an important civil right in a    released on a conditional pardon or under a        Where do I go to register?
democracy as well as a civic responsibility, and      post-release control sanction. In order to vote,   Registration is available at many places in Ohio,
yet many persons who have been convicted of a         all you need to do is register.                    including:
crime do not know whether they are eligible to
vote. For both federal and state elections, the       What if my conviction was for a federal               • any county board of elections
right to vote is controlled by the law of the state   crime?                                                • Secretary of State’s office
in which you live. Some states restrict the right                                                           • branch registration offices
                                                      If you are a resident of Ohio, the same rules
to vote for persons who have been convicted of                                                              • any public high school or vocational school
                                                      apply whether you were convicted of a federal
a crime. This pamphlet is intended to help you                                                              • any office of the Ohio Bureau of Motor
                                                      or state crime.
determine whether you are eligible to vote in                                                                 Vehicles
the state in which you live, and if so, what steps                                                          • public libraries
                                                      What if I was convicted in another state?             • county treasurers’ offices
you must take to be permitted to vote.
                                                      These rules apply for Ohio voters even if the
                                                      conviction occurred in another state.              Registration may also be available at other state
What law governs whether my felony
                                                                                                         service agencies. Contact the County Board
conviction limits my right to vote?
                                                      What happens if I move to another state?           of Elections office near you to find out which
The impact of a criminal conviction on the right                                                         service agencies provide voter registration.
to vote varies widely from state to state. Whether    If you move to another state, your right to vote
you can vote after being convicted of a crime is      will be controlled by the laws of that state.
determined by the state in which you live, not
the state in which you were convicted.                What are Ohio’s other voter registration
                                                      requirements?
Can I vote while I’m incarcerated in Ohio?            To vote in Ohio, you must be:
If you are a resident of Ohio, you cannot vote
                                                         • a citizen of the United States
while you are incarcerated as the result of a
                                                         • at least 18 years old (if you are not yet
felony conviction.
                                                           18 but will be on or before the day of
If you are a resident of another state who is              the general election, you may vote in the
temporarily incarcerated in Ohio, you may be               primary election for candidates, but not
able to vote by absentee ballot in your home               for issues)
state. You need to consult the law of your home          • a resident of Ohio for at least 30 days
state regarding both criminal convictions and              before the election
absentee ballots to see if this is a possibility.        • registered to vote at least 30 days before
                                                           the election
I have been released from incarceration.
How do I restore my right to vote?                    When do I need to register to vote?
Your right to vote is automatically restored upon     Registration is available year-round in Ohio,
final release from your sentence. In addition,        but in order to vote in an election, you must
under Ohio law, you may vote while on probation,      be registered at least 30 days before the date
parole, judicial release, or when you have been       of the election.

								
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