Thailand Environment Institute
THAILAND ENVIRONMENT INSTITUTE (TEI)
SUMMARY AND ACTIVITIES
TEI is pleased to submit this report to the 5th Meeting of the Collaborative Assessment Network (CAN). In the last meeting, the CAN agreed to implement activities towards capacity building on Multilateral Environment Agreements; programs on urban environment issues; harmonization of indicators; and assist with national SoE reporting, action plans and sustainable development strategies. Accordingly, TEI will report on its activities in these categories. II. Capacity Building on Multilateral Environment Agreements
TEI‟s activities toward capacity building on multilateral environment agreements include:
Building Platform and Networks of Experts and Practitioners to Strengthen National Capacity on Multilateral Agreements Concerning Environment and Natural Resources The Environmental Education and Human Resources Development Center (EEHRDC) has established a platform for discussion and exchange of information among key and concerned experts and practitioners on issues related to Thailand‟s policies and strategies towards multilateral agreements, focusing on natural resources and environment (with emphasis on CITES, as well as manage TRF‟s projects in the fields).
Thailand Cities for Climate Protection™ Campaign In collaboration with the International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI), the Thailand CCP™ assists six local governments (Chiang Mai, Nonthaburi, Rayong, Phuket , Paak Preak Nakorn Sri Thammarat and Muangklang of Rayong) to understand their roles in influencing and mitigate climate change. The participating cities are following the five milestones of the CCP™ Campaign: Milestone1: Greenhouse gases inventory and forecast for corporate and community sector (all of the cities completed the GHG inventory and forecast)
Milestone 2: Target setting (e.g. Chiang Mai aims at 15% emission reduction for corporate and 5 % emission reduction for community sector) Milestone 3: Development of action plan (all the cities incorporated climate related measures in their local action plan) Milestone 4: Measures implementation (all the cities have implemented the climate-related action. The measures are, for example, bio-gas project of Rayong, retrofitting traffic signals with LEDs, Green Fleet Campaign of Chiang Mai, waste minimization and non-motorized transportation etc.) Milestone 5: Monitoring
The CDM Manual Book Project This project undertaken by TEI‟s Energy, Industry and Environment (EIP) aims to prepare a "CDM Manual Book" for stakeholders related to CDM in Thailand, for the dissemination of information and education about technical issues concerning CDM.
Programmes on Urban Environment Issues TE is engaged in the following projects related to urban environment issues:
Development of Civil Society Participation for Livable Cities Projects: A Case of Bangkok TEI‟s Grassroots Action Program (GAP) has studied a development mechanism for capacity building of Bangkok‟s communities in environmental management. Six districts distributed over administrative zones were selected as pilot districts. In addition, the project seeks to develop handbooks in Thai on capacity building and provide training to district officers.
Environmental Management Plan for the Community of Koh Kret , Nonthaburi This activity is to raise environmental awareness in community of Koh Kret by supporting the local communities to live in the sustainable way of life along the Chao Praya river, as well as, to provide appropriate environmental management methods to the local people of Koh Kret, especially solid waste management.
The Beauty of Silence Project The goal of this project is to promote a culture of silence and to mitigate noise pollution in Bangkok. The draft action campaign was concluded and the
campaign was launched during the week of May 30th – June 6th 2004. The opening date of the week-long campaign was on May 30th, of which co-hosted by CEF, TBCSD, BMA, DEQP, and PCD with the support from the Music Train, Suan Siam, and Luang Praditpairoe (Sorn Silapabanlaeng) Foundation.
Livable Cities Project The goals of this project is to develop two Thai handbooks on Draft Livable Cities Strategic Handbook and Draft Cities Best Management Practice Handbook through a multi-stakeholder, participatory consultation process. Four cities were selected to participate in a program to implement livable cities as a pilot includes Chiang Mai, Nonthaburi, Rayong and Paak Preak. TEI in cooperation with International City/County Management Association (ICMA) have provided Livable Cities training/workshop for those four cities.
Supporting Decentralisation through the Promotion of Good Urban and Environmental Governance The goal is to further the development of sustainable human settlements throughout Thailand and in particular incorporating pro-poor urban environmental management and participatory urban governance. It involves four interrelated projects which will: develop local government and partner capacities in both participatory urban decision-making processes and urban environmental governance, build capacity of national associations to advocate policy and legislative reforms, and build a „regional learning network of national and regional universities and training support institutions to deliver decentralised capacity-development programmes.
Harmonization of indicators TEI has initiated projects related to indicators for sustainable development and good governance to meet the needs at the national and the local levels.
Study on Indicators for Livable and Sustainable Municipalities and Districts The purpose of this study is to develop indicators for livable municipalities and districts in Bangkok. The indicators were developed to meet sustainable development goals through multi-stakeholder participatory approach. The framework also seeks to develop tools and mechanisms for monitoring the implementation.
Development of Environmental Governance Indicators In cooperation with World Resources Institute in USA, EMLA in Hungary, Participa in Chile and ACODE in Uganda, TEI served as a core
member of The Access Initiative (TAI) which aims at designing environmental governance indicators that can be used internationally. TEI‟s Urbanization and Environment Program (UEP) conducted a Thailand country pilot testing of the developed environmental governance indicators by cooperating with other organizations and experts, such as King Prachadhipok‟s Insitute, Public Information Office, OEPP, Office of the Attorney General, NGO-COD, etc. TEI has submitted proposals to the National Research Council and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for a second TAI national assessment in Thailand.
Development of Sustainable Development Indicators (Phase II) The TEI‟s Business and Environment Program (BEP) together with Kenan Institute of Asia sought to develop the first set of National Sustainable Development Indicators and Indexes for the National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB). The SD indicators were developed through workshops involving multi-stakeholders. There are 13 indicators of the environmental dimension, 12 indicators of the economic dimension and 12 indicators of the social dimension. TEI is now conducting the project in phase II with better coverage of the dimensions and extending to the regional level.
Sustainable Development Indicators for Chiang Mai Municipality This project undertaken by TEI‟s Urbanization and Environment Program (UEP) seeks to develop a framework for Chiang Mai municipality to achieve livable city and sustainable development goals. This includes developing a set of indicators to assess the performance of the municipality in meeting livable and sustainable city standards.
Assist with National SoE Reporting, Action Plans and Sustainable Development Strategies TEI has also been involved in projects related to action plans and sustainable development strategies. Several TEI‟s projects have been included in OEPP‟s the State of Environment. Examples of this work over the past year include:
Public Participation on Infrastructure Network Master Plan Development: A Case Study on Peripheral Communities of Map Ta Phut Industrial Estate, Rayong Province TEI received a contract to draft an infrastructure network master plan for Industrial Estate Authority of Thailand (IEAT). The project seeks to incorporate public involvement of local communities to the drafting process.
The master plan aims to serve the need and capacity of the local communities and to find ways to increase quality of life of the communities through multisector supporting network.
A Study on Implementation of Agenda 21 and Sustainable Development The project is to develop a framework for Thailand‟s implementation of the WSSD outcomes (Johannesburg Declaration and WSSD Plan of Implementation) as well as for monitoring of the implementation.
Integrated Buffer Zone Development for Sustainable Management of Tropical Forest Resources in Thailand The project involves the creation of a buffer zone adjacent to Kaeng Krachan National Park in Petchaburi and Prachuap Khiri Khan provinces. The objective of the project is the reversal of the destruction of the park resulting from the activities of the local population. It also addresses the issue of sustainable rural development, including income generation. The project adopts a participative approach to achieving these objectives, involving both the local population and government agencies.
Preparation of OEPP's Master Plan for Environmental Management of Urban and Rural Settlements in Thailand The two primary goals of the project are to prepare OEPP‟s master plan for environmental management of urban and rural settlements in Thailand, and to study guidelines and strategies in managing environmental quality of urban and rural settlements.
The Regional Environmental Forum TEI organized the 2nd Regional Environmental Forum for Mainland Southeast Asia (REF II), which took as its theme, “Sustainable Development and Environmental Governance: Implementing Access to Information, Public Participation, and Justice. Concurrent with REF II, TEI sponsored the Thailand launch of “World Resources 2002-2004: Decisions for the Earth Balance, Voice, and Power,” a joint publication of World Resources Institute, the United Nations Environment Programme, and the United Nations Development Programme.
The Development of a Natural Resources and Environment Management Model for Local Authorities Project This project aimed to develop the effective and suitable models, methods, and processes of implementation of natural resources and environmental
management for local authorities according to their responsibilities as stipulated under the Decentralization Act, B.E. 2542 (1999) and Environmental Quality Management Framework, B.E. 2545-2549. The important tools used in this project are „Strategy Map‟ and „Balance Scorecard or BSC‟.
Research on "An Equal Opportunity to Access and Manage Natural Resources, Environment, Energy and Fund for Sustainable Development" The main objective is to review both past and present status of the equal opportunity to access and manage natural resources, environment, energy and fund for sustainable development in Thailand. Therefore, the National Economic and Social Advisory Council could formulate a plan that will be used as a guideline to lead all committees to work together toward sustainable development.
Life Cycle Inventory for Cement Product and Steel Making towards Sustainable Development The project aims to support and enhance LCA research studies in Thailand by building the life cycle inventory of cement product and steel making. Environmental impact of cement product through its entire life cycle from mining, production, and transportation to distributor has also been evaluated. The inventory and environmental impact of cement product has been demonstrated as an environmental product declaration (type 3 eco-label). Their life cycle inventories will be used as a background database for further studies on LCA of other products.
Governance of the Electricity Sector in Asia: Developing Tools for Effective Governance TEI‟s UEP conducted this project to promote better governance in Asia‟s electricity sector reform, which will lead to: 1) development of a common framework for assessing good governance in electricity sector reform, 2) greater capacity of civil society stakeholders to participate in reform design and to monitor outcomes, and 3) improved attention to the social and environmental dimensions of reform.
Strategic Directives: Toward Sustainable Development in the Hua Hin-Cha Am Extended Urban Region
TEI‟s GAP has collaborated with local authorities in formulating a sustainable development plan for the Hua Hin-Cha Am extended urban area. The project seeks to create a development mechanism and a strategic plan for sustainable urban development. The strategic plan includes five issues: 1) expansion of tourism base; 2) natural resources and environmental conservation; 3) improving processed products from agriculture and fishery; 4) town and facility development, and 5) good administrative organization. This includes indicators for project evaluation.
Khao Wong Green Community This project aimed to develop a development framework for peripheral communities of Khao Wong cement factories through multi-stakeholder participatory approach. TEI has organized local forums in order to create community participation in expressing their opinions on problems, local needs, and directions toward community development.