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									                      THE ASSASSINATION OF JFK
                                                          A guide to leading conspiracy theories
The Warren Commission, appointed to investigate the Nov. 22, 1963, assassination of President John F. Kennedy in Dallas , concluded he was killed by a lone assassin, Lee
Harvey Oswald, who fired three shots from the Texas School Book Depository. In the 50 years since Kennedy’s death, conspiracy theorists have generated many
alternative plots. Here’s a look at elements of those conspiracy theories, many of which have been debunked.

What some eyewitnesses said
                                                                                                                  Where                                                           Many Texas School Book
A    Lee Bowers saw cars
                                                                                                                  Oswald was
                                                                                                                                                                             H    Depository workers heard
     and two men with
     radio phones behind         Dealey Plaza                                          Texas School
                                                                                    Book Depository
                                                                                                                                                        Dal-Tex Bldg.
                                                                                                                                                                                  shots from knoll
     stockade fence              The motorcade carrying JFK and
                                 Texas Gov. John Connally entered                                                                                                                 James Crawford heard
B    Abraham Zapruder            the plaza at 12:29 p.m.; at 12:30                    Railroad
                                                                                                                                                                              I   shots from knoll
     said shot came over
     right his shoulder
                                 p.m., shots rang out, the entire
                                 series lasting six seconds
                                                                               A      tower
                                                                                                                                                                                  Police Officer Bobby
                                                             Puff of                                                                                                          J   Hargis, behind JFK, said
C    Emmett Hudson
     heard shots above                                       smoke                                                                                                                shot came from knoll;
     and behind him                                          sighted                                                                                                              spattered with blood, he
                                                                                                                                                    I                             led chase up knoll
                                        Stockade                                     G
     S.M. Holland saw                      fence                               B
D    puff of smoke on
                                                                          C                         K

                                                                                                                                 Motorcade route
                                                                                                                                                                                  Paul Landis, Secret
     grassy knoll                                      Grassy knoll             E             J                                                                              K    Service agent, said last
                               D                                                                                                                                                  shot came from knoll

E    Secret Service agent                       Elm St.                       Assassination
     Forrest Sorrels said                                                     site
     shot came from                                                                                                                                                          L    Deputy Constable
                                                                                                                                                                                  Seymour Weitzman
                               F                               Main St.                                                                                                           heard shots from knoll;
     James Tague hit by                                                                                                                                                           found 8- to 12-inch piece
F    piece of curb from                                                                                                                                                           of skull on Elm Street
     stray bullet, heard                                                                                                                                      L
     shots from knoll
                                                                                                                                                                             M    J.C. Price, on roof of
                                                                                                                                                                                  Terminal Annex Building,
G    The Newman family
     dropped to ground;                                                                                                          Houston St.                                      saw man run to railroad
     said shots came                                                                                                                                                              cars after he heard volley
     over their heads
                                                                                                            M                                                                     of shots

The shots: Warren Commission vs. conspiracists
  Warren Commission report: One gunman and three shots                                            One conspiracy theory: Three gunmen and six shots*
    1 Bullet 1 or 2 enters Kennedy’s back; exits throat;                                          Bullet
                                                               Where                               1 enters Kennedy’s throat                                                                  Gunman
       enters Connally’s back, through                                                                                                                             Gunman
                                                               Oswald was                          2 enters Kennedy’s back
       chest, right wrist and into left thigh
                                                                                                   3 enters Connally’s back
    2 Bullets 2 or 3 enters and exits                                                              4 scars curb; wounds bystander
       Kennedy’s head                                                                                James Tague
                                                                                                   5 6 enter Kennedy’s head                                             4
    3 Bullets 1, 2 or 3 misses                                                                                                                               3
       limousine                                                                                                                                        5          2
                                   2                                                                                   1


                                                                                                    *There are many theories

Questioning the medical reports
Parkland                                                        Bethesda Naval                                                                     Bethesda Naval
Hospital                                                        Hospital                                                                           Hospital
(Dallas)                                                        (Maryland)                                                                         (Maryland)
Physicians found a massive                                      Autopsy documented a                                                               Revised version relocated the
“exit” wound at the back of                                     major “exit” wound at the                                                          back wound several inches
the head, with part of the                                      right temple and a back                                                            higher and claimed the bullet
skull missing; tracheotomy                                      wound short in depth (1 in.                                                        exited at JFK’s throat and
was performed over an                                           to 2 in.) with no point of                                                         proceeded through Connally;
“entrance” wound on JFK’s                                       exit; throat wound was not                                                         earlier autopsy notes were
throat; back wound was not                                      examined                                                                           destroyed

Debating the ‘magic bullet’                                                                                                    Other oddities
Commission Exhibit 399, the “magic bullet,” was found on a stretcher at Parkland Hospital; the                                 • Oswald was given a test the night after the
commission said this bullet passed through Kennedy and Connally, causing seven separate wounds;                                shooting that found he had not recently fired a rifle
conspiracists contended the bullet would have had an impossible zigzagging flight path, shown below:
                                                                      Enters neck;                                             • Julia Ann Mercer, caught in traffic on Elm Street, saw a
        Enters                      Enters back;                      throat                                                   man get out of a truck and carry a rifle up the grassy knoll;
        forearm;                    breaks rib;                                                                                later, she identified the driver to the FBI as Jack Ruby
        exits wrist                 exits chest                                                                                • 510 photos were taken by 75 photographers in Dealey
                                                                                                                               Plaza in the hour before, during and after the shooting;
                                                                                                                               Warren Commission examined 26 photos; FBI examined 50
                                                                                                                               • 16 of 20 Dallas sheriff’s deputies in Dealey Plaza believed
  Lodges in                                                                                                                    shots came from the knoll and ran in that direction
                                                                                                                               • Gov. Connally’s clothes were dry-cleaned,
                                                                                                                               destroying evidence
                                                                                         CE-399         Test                   • Oswald’s mother insisted that he was a U.S.
                                                                                                                               intelligence agent
                                                                                      When a bullet of the same
                                                                                      type as CE-399 was fired                 • There was more metal remaining in Connally’s body, who
                                                                                      through a cadaver’s wrist, it            died in 1993, than was missing from Commission Exhibit
                   Connally                            Kennedy                        became deformed, leading                 399, the magic bullet
                                                                                      doubters to wonder how
                                                                                      CE-399 could have remained               • Photos of Kennedy’s brain in the National Archives
                                                                                      in good condition                        were declared to be fake by the Assassination Records
                                                                                                                               Review Board
Source: Mae Brussell Research Center, Tom Davis Books, The Assassination Archives and Research Center, “Best Evidence,” “They’ve Killed the President,” “Six Seconds in Dallas,” “The
Umbrella Man,” “Reasonable Doubt,” “JFK: An Unsolved Murder,” “The Dallas Conspiracy,” “Guns of Dallas,” “The Assassination of President John F. Kennedy: The Application of Computers
to the Photographic Evidence,” “On the Trail of the Assassins,” “Forgive My Grief,” “High Treason”
                                                                                                                                                                            McCLATCHY-TRIBUNE NEWS SERVICE

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