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                                                                                                                                                                              www.qatar-tribune.com




                                                                                       First with the news and what’s behind it
 SUNDAY         OCTOBER 30, 2011                  DHU AL-HIJJA 3, 1432              I Newsline I Nationline I Businessline I Lifeline I Sportsline                                                      VOL. 6 NO. 1882             QR 2


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    Newsline
 75 dead in S Sudan clashes
                                                   rankings                                                                CATHERINE W GICHUKI
                                                                                                                                     DOHA


                                                                                                                     IT was a fitting finale to a spectac-
 SIXTY rebels were killed on                        TRIBUNE NEWS NETWORK            places through improved per-     ular show. A parade by stars on the
 Saturday when government forces                               DOHA                 formance, particularly in the    red carpet, awards presentations
 repelled an attack by them in oil-                                                 area of “Getting Credit”, for-   and a musical performance
 rich South Sudanese Unity state in                QATAR has risen in the annu-     merly its weakest category.      marked the concluding day of the
 which 15 civilians also died, the                 al business environment          Qatar gained 40 places in this   five-day third edition of Doha
 state’s information minister said.                rankings compiled by the         area because of the develop-     Tribeca Film Festival (DTFF) at
 “There was a militia attack at 5 or               World Bank. The benchmark        ment of the national credit      Katara, the Cultural Village on
 6 o’clock in the morning in                       ‘Doing Business’ report          bureau, which is helping         Saturday night.
 Mayom county,” said Gideon                        released last week ranked        banks assess loan requests          Leona Lewis, a renowned singer-
 Gatpan Thoar, adding that another                 Qatar 36th in the world and      more rapidly and accurately.     song writer and the winner of ‘The
 18 were wounded. (PG 12)                          third in the region.             The bureau covered 32 per-       X-Factor’ competition closed the
                                                     In the category that reflects   cent of the adult population     event with a brilliant musical per-
                                                   the ease and cost for compa-     as of June 2011, according to    formance that saw the audience
 13 US troops killed in Kabul                      nies of securing power sup-      the data used in the World       tapping their feet. She mesmerised
                                                   plies, Qatar ranks 18 on         Bank’s assessment.               the visitors with her diverse vocal
 TALIBAN struck a NATO military                    account of electricity subsi-      Qatar’s strongest category     style at the Katara’s open air theater
 convoy in Kabul on Saturday,                      dies.                                                             packed to capacity.
 killing 17 people, including 13                     Qatar also gained two             CONTINUED ON PAGE 12             The concluding day’s proceedings
 US troops, in the deadliest attack                                                                                  started with a bevy of film stars         US actor Robert De Niro and his wife Grace Hightower De Niro (second right) at
 to hit Afghanistan in months.                                                                                       directors, producers and crew            the DTFF, in Doha, on Saturday. (MANEESH BAKSHI)
 NATO said at least 13 Western                                                                                       whose films featured at the festival
 military forces died and US offi-                                                                                    walking down the red carpet oozing       tured screening of the Luc Besson         inventive, even comical schemes to
 cials confirmed they were all                                                                                        glitz and glamour.                       film The Lady. The 127 -minute             save their community from surren-
 American. (PG 10)                                                                                                      Hollywood legend Robert De            biopic tells the true life story of the   der to violence.
                                                                                                                     Niro and his wife Grace Hightower        Myanmar’s democracy icon and                 Audience Awards for Best
                                                                                                                     De Niro stole the limelight with         Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi           Documentary Film and a cash prize
 20 Syrian soldiers killed                                                                                           their surprise appearance at the         and her husband Michael Aris.             of $100,000 went to Morgan
                                                                                                                     closing night gala.                         Earlier, awards were presented to      Spurlock’s documentary Comic-
 TWENTY Syrian soldiers were                                                                                            However, there was a little bit of    the winners at a glittering ceremo-       Con Episode IV: A Fans Hope, a
 killed on Saturday and 53 wound-                                                                                    disappointment for the fans of           ny. Nadine Labaki’s film Where Do          film exploring the dreams of fans
 ed in clashes with presumed army                                                                                    Antonio Banderas, renowned actor,        We Go Now bagged the Audience             making annual pilgrimage to
 deserters, while 10 security agents                                                                                 director, producer and singer when       Awards for Best Narrative Film and        Comic-Con- at San Diego conven-
 and a deserter were killed in an                                                                                    he failed to appear on the red car-      a cash prize of $100,000. The film         tion which began as a fringe comic
 ambush. The violence came as 12                                                                                     pet. However, he appeared at a           shows how women in a Lebanese             book meet-up in 1970 and is the
 civilians died and several were                                                                                     press conference earlier in the day.     village coming from different reli-
 wounded in gunfire. (PG 2 & 12)                                                                                         The last day of the pageant fea-      gions band together and resort to                 CONTINUED ON PAGE 12
                                                                                                                                                                                                              QT SPOTLIGHT ON PAGE 20
02       Sunday, October 30, 2011
         www.qatar-tribune.com                                                        GULF / MIDDLE EAST

Dozens more bodies
found in flattened
                                                                 3 killed in Homs, residents
Qadhafi hometown
            AFP
           SIRTE
                                crossroads of Dubai and
                                September 1 streets, Libyan
                                charity Jabal al-Akhdar
                                                                 report heavy gunfire
VOLUNTEERS are still            told AFP more than 50                      REUTERS
finding dozens of bodies in      bodies of civilians were                     BEIRUT
Moamer Qadhafi’s home-           found under the rubble of a
town of Sirte that fell on      several-storey building flat-     SYRIAN tanks pounded an
October 20, including           tened in a NATO air strike.      old district in the city of Homs
those of Libyan civilians          “There are more than 50       on Saturday and three people
killed in a suspected NATO      civilians under the rubble,      were killed, activists said,
air strike.                     of women, of children. It’s      after one of the bloodiest days
   Twenty-six makeshift         horrible. We can’t get           of the seven-month-old upris-
and unmarked graves cov-        access. It would take bull-      ing against President Bashar
ered by breeze-blocks were      dozers,” said a teary-eyed       al Assad.
discovered at a water treat-    member of the charity,              Activists and residents
ment plant in Number Two        Mohammed Muftah.                 said Syrian forces shot dead
district where pro-Qadhafi          Ayman Ibrahim, another        40 civilians on Friday when
fighters put up a final stand     charity member, said “the        they fired on demonstrators
after several weeks of heavy    building collapsed after a       calling for international pro-
bombardment.                    NATO air strike.”                tection from Assad’s crack-
   With the pungent odour          Local residents backed up     down. The Arab League and
of decomposing bodies fill-      the account of an air strike     United Nations condemned
ing the air, the shallow        that left behind a huge crater   the violence.
graves in the sand were         of the type that could not          UN Secretary-General Ban
scattered amidst the plant’s    have been left by weapons        Ki-moon said Assad must
devastated buildings, an        used by Qadhafi’s fighters or      respond to demands for
AFP correspondent said.         their foes in the National       change with serious reform,
   According to Ibrahim         Transitional Council.            “not repression and violence”,
Suleiman, one of the volun-        Another         volunteer,    and called for an immediate
teers collecting bodies in      Mohammed Yunes al-               halt to military operations,
Sirte over the past week,       Hemali, said they are            his spokesman said.
they were of pro-Qadhafi         tipped off about corpses by         One activist group said
fighters hastily buried by       returning local residents.       fierce fighting broke out in
comrades as new regime          “Often when they return          Homs on Friday night
forces closed in on the city.   home, the families find a         between dozens of army
   Suleiman said he and his     body or a makeshift grave        deserters and forces loyal to
colleagues have buried a        in their property,” he said.     Assad. Seventeen soldiers
total of more than 500 bod-        The 32-year-old Hemali, a     were killed when the defec-
ies across Sirte since          former taxi driver, has been     tors attacked two security         Syrians living in Egypt wave national flags and raise slogans during an anti-government protest in front of the Syrian embassy, in Cairo,
October 23, most of them        carrying out the macabre         posts in the city, it said.        on Saturday. (EPA)
believed to be fighters. It      task of collecting the bodies       The report by the British-
was unclear if other teams      for the past five days.           based Syrian Organisation for      start of protests in March,        of authorities to crush dissent     two by machinegun fire                 Friday’s violence prompted
were doing the same work.          “We drive around, we          Human Rights highlights the        Syrian authorities have            and the growing ranks of            between Assad’s forces and         Arab ministers to issue their
   “We buried more than         search,       ask     people.    emerging element of armed          blamed the violence on gun-        defectors have combined to          defectors.                         strongest call yet on Assad to
500 bodies since last           Sometimes people come to         insurgency alongside mainly        men they say have killed           make Syria’s turmoil one of           Residents said tanks fired        end the killing of civilians.
Sunday, and we keep on          us to tell us they find bodies    peaceful street protests           1,100 soldiers and police.         the most intractable con-           anti-aircraft guns, which the         The Arab League’s commit-
finding more throughout the      on their property. Families      demanding an end to 41 years          Syria has barred most           frontations of this year’s Arab     military is using to hit ground    tee on the Syrian crisis said it
city. Most of them are fight-    who return to Sirte often        of Assad family rule.              international media, making        uprisings.                          targets, as well as machineguns    had sent an “urgent message
ers, I think, but I am not      find a body or a makeshift           The United Nations says         it hard to verify accounts from      The Syrian Observatory            in the old district of Bab Amro.   ... to the Syrian government
really sure,” said Suleiman.    grave on their property,” he     3,000 people, including near-      activists and authorities.         said three civilians were killed    Explosions and gunfire could        expressing its severe discon-
   In the centre, at the        said.                            ly 200 children, have been            But the resilience of the       in Homs on Saturday morn-           also be heard in other neigh-      tent over the continued killing
                                                                 killed in the unrest. Since the    protesters, the determination      ing, one shot by a sniper and       bourhoods, activists said.         of Syrian civilians”.




                                                                                                                    Calm returns to cradle
                                                                                                                    of Arab Spring
                                                                                                                                      AFP
                                                                                                                                 SIDI BOUZID


                                                                                                                    CALM returned on Saturday to
                                                                                                                    the Tunisian town of Sidi Bouzid,
                                                                                                                    the birthplace of the Arab Spring,
                                                                                                                    after an overnight curfew
                                                                                                                    imposed because of violent post-
                                                                                                                    election protests.
                                                                                                                       The unrest appeared to have
                                                                                                                    been sparked by the disqualifica-
                                                                                                                    tion over campaign finance viola-
                                                                                                                    tions of a party led by a former
                                                                                                                    member of the regime ousted in
                                                                                                                    January by Tunisia’s pro-democra-
                                                                                                                    cy revolution.
                                                                                                                       The riots had threatened to tar-
                                                                                                                    nish the country’s first free elec-
                                                                                                                    tions, which won praise from world
                                                                                                                    leaders keenly watching develop-
                                                                                                                    ments in a country setting the pace
                                                                                                                    for democratic uprisings across the
                                                                                                                    Arab world.
                                                                                                                       “There were no incidents during
                                                                                                                    the night,” a police official said.        A burnt bus is taken away from the city center of Sidi Bouzid, in Tunisia, on
                                                                                                                       The town’s weekly market was           Saturday. (AFP)
                                                                                                                    open, and residents were going
                                                                                                                    about normal activities as teams          sustained and we are maintaining          wide uprisings that have since top-
                                                                                                                    worked to clean and repair public         this measure until further notice,”       pled long-standing leaders in Cairo
                                                                                                                    buildings that were vandalised dur-       he said, adding that no injuries          and Tripoli.
                                                                                                                    ing two days of unrest.                   were reported during the protests.           The October 23 election saw a
                                                                                                                       A few tanks remained stationed           Several newspapers accused              massive turnout and confirmed the
                                                                                                                    by the police headquarters and            some players still loyal to ousted        dominance of pre-poll frontrunners
                                                                                                                    town hall, however, and schools           dictator Zine el Abidine Ben Ali of       Ennahda, despite efforts by secular
                                                                                                                    remained closed.                          stoking unrest by tapping into pop-       parties to counter the rise of the
                                                                                                                       Late Friday, Hechmi Haamadi, a         ular discontent in Sidi Bouzid, a         Islamist party.
                                                                                                                    businessman whose Popular                 particularly impoverished town.              Results show that Ennahda took
                                                                                                                    Petition won in Sidi Bouzid,                                                        90 of the 217 seats in the con-
                                                                                                                    appealed to the town’s residents to         A few tanks remained                    stituent assembly, a body which is
                                                                                                                    halt the protests, echoing an appeal        stationed by the police                 seen as the custodian of the revolu-
                                                                                                                    by the head of the Islamist Ennahda         headquarters and town                   tion and will be tasked with forming
                                                                                                                    party which won Sunday’s polls.             hall, however, and                      an interim government and writing
                                                                                                                       Tension had remained high late           schools remained                        a new constitution.
                                                                                                                    Friday despite the curfew, as dis-          closed.                                    Some rioters targeted Ennahda’s
                                                                                                                    gruntled groups were threatening                                                    party offices in Sidi Bouzid.
                                                                                                                    further damage and the army                 It was in Sidi Bouzid that fruit           Analysts have said that
                                                                                                                    boosted patrols in the town, an AFP       seller Mohamed Bouazizi, an unem-         Ennahda, even in a majority
                                                                                                                    correspondent reported.                   ployed university graduate, set him-      alliance, would be unable to “dic-
                                                                                                                       An interior ministry spokesman         self on fire on December 17 last year      tate” any programme to the assem-
                                                                                                                    told AFP Saturday that the curfew,        to protest abuses under Ben Ali’s         bly, and would be obliged to
                                                                                                                    which was in effect from 7:00 pm          23-year-old regime.                       appease coalition partners, a mod-
                                                                                                                    Friday to 5:00 am (0400 GMT) on             He died days later, but Bouazizi’s      erate-minded society, and the
                                                                                                                    Saturday, would be maintained as a        desperate act sparked the popular         international community on
                                                                                                                    precautionary measure.                    revolt that toppled Ben Ali less than     whose investment and tourism the
                                                                                                                       “Calm in Sidi Bouzid has to be         a month later and ignited region-         country relies heavily.
                                                                                        GULF / MIDDLE EAST                                                                                        Sunday, October 30, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                            www.qatar-tribune.com   03
  Iraqi PM
  slams
  Salaheddin
                                 Saudis swear allegiance to
  vote for
  autonomy
             AFP
           BAGHDAD
                                 new crown prince
                                              AFP
                                             RIYADH
  IRAQI Prime Minister
  Nuri al Maliki sharply         SAUDIS begun swearing alle-
  criticised a bid for greater   giance on Saturday to the new
  autonomy by Salaheddin         Crown Prince Nayef bin
  province,          claiming    Abdulaziz, described by the
  Saddam Hussein’s Baath         local press as the “man for the
  party wants to make it a       job”      and     praised    in
  “refuge,” a statement          Washington for his commit-
  from the premier’s office       ment to fight terrorism.
  said on Sunday.                   Nayef — who served as
    It is the prime minis-       interior minister for nearly
  ter’s first response to a       four decades and led a crack-
  Thursday vote by the           down on Al Qaeda in the
  provincial council of          kingdom — was named in a
  Sunni Arab majority            royal decree on Thursday to
  Salaheddin in central          succeed Prince Sultan who
  Iraq for it to become an       died in the US last week fol-
  administratively and eco-      lowing a long illness and was
  nomically autonomous           buried in Riyadh.
  region       similar      to      The new crown prince
  Kurdistan.                     received his subjects in the
    “The Baath party             royal palace in Riyadh,
  wants          Salaheddin      according to state media.
  province to be a secure           The ceremony was open to
  refuge for Baathists, but      all citizens, who poured in to
  this will not happen,” a       greet the new crown prince,
  statement from Maliki’s        in keeping with the tradition
  office quoted him as           in the absolute monarchy.
  saying in an interview            Citizens in other regions in
  with Al-Iraqiya televi-        the vast desert kingdom will be
  sion, which is to be           able to pledge allegiance on
  broadcast later.               Sunday to provincial gover-
                                 nors, all of whom are members
    Article 119 of               of the Al-Saud royal family.      Saudi Interior Minister Prince Nayef bin Abdulaziz al Saud at a military parade in the Saudi holy city of Makkah, on December 3, 2008.   (AFP)

    the Iraqi consti-               Thursday’s appointment of
    tution does not              Prince Nayef, 78, as crown        vice prime minister to first        man for difficult missions.”       ing regional peace and securi-       Reputed for being an iron-        dom with a bloody wave of
    mention a                    prince, “was a source of satis-   deputy. Nayef has also head-         US President Barack             ty,” Obama said in a state-       fisted man, Nayef has become          attacks between 2003 and
    requirement                  faction for all Saudis,” Al       ed the ministry of interior for    Obama welcomed the choice         ment on Friday.                   a bastion of the Al Saud             2006.
    that requests                Watan daily said, praising        36 years.                          of Nayef as a successor to the       “The United States looks       dynasty, overseeing a highly-          He cracked down on the
    be made to the               him as having the qualities of      “He is the man for the job,”     throne of the oil-rich king-      forward to continuing our         successful fight against Al-          network, forcing its leaders
    cabinet, nor to              a “man of state.”                 because internal and regional      dom, a major US ally in the       close partnership with Crown      Qaeda, but also dealing swift-       and its members to flee to
    parliament.                     He “well deserved the posi-    dynamics “require an experi-       Middle East.                      Prince Nayef in his new capac-    ly and sternly with all forms        Yemen where they continue
                                 tion given his security and       enced and determined man”            “We in the United States        ity as we strengthen the deep     of opposition.                       to threaten Saudi interests.
    “Federalism is a consti-     political experience,” said Al    in power, said Al Jazeera,         know and respect him for his      and longstanding friendship          Under his leadership, the         He also dismantled charitable
  tutional issue,” Maliki        Riyadh daily of Nayef, who        another Saudi paper, in an         strong commitment to com-         between the United States and     interior ministry faced the          organisations that collected
  said. The “Salaheddin          was promoted from second          editorial under the title “the     bating terrorism and support-     Saudi Arabia.”                    rise of Al Qaeda in the king-        donations for the network.
  provincial council does
  not have the right to
  announce this.”
    Instead, the province
  should have presented a
  request to the cabinet,
  which would then pres-
                                 5 killed in Iraq violence
  ent it to parliament, after                       AFP                      police first lieutenant said. It was
  which the request would                       BAGHDAD                      unclear why the woman was targeted.
  go through other proce-                                                      Meanwhile, a civil servant in the
  dures, he said.                ATTACKS across Iraq killed five peo-         ministry of science and technology was
    However, Article 119 of      ple, including two brothers shot at a       killed by a magnetic “sticky bomb”
  the Iraqi constitution does    family jewellery store, security officials   attached to his car in the Al-Ilam
  not mention a require-         said on Saturday.                           neighbourhood in Baghdad’s south-
  ment that requests be            In the deadliest incident, gunmen         west, an interior ministry official said.
  made to the cabinet, nor       broke into a jewellery store in the town
  to parliament.                 of Al Hafriyah, around 50 kilometres          The gunmen used
    Instead, it states: “One     (30 miles) southeast of the capital, and      silenced weapons, they
  or more governorates           killed two teenage brothers who were          robbed the store and
  shall have the right to        opening it before their father’s arrival.     escaped without anyone
  organise into a region           “The gunmen used silenced weapons,          seeing them.
  based on a request to be       they robbed the store and escaped with-
  voted on in a referendum       out anyone seeing them,” a police offi-        Bomb and gun attacks in Mosul in
  submitted in one of the        cer said, speaking on condition of          north Iraq, Baghdad, and Fallujah, just
  following two methods.”        anonymity. A witness in the town told       west of the capital, also left five people
    These are: “A request        AFP that one of the youths was killed in    wounded, including two soldiers and a
  by one-third of the            the store, while the other died of his      young child, security officials said.
  council members of             wounds on his way to the hospital.            The violence comes with barely two
  each          governorate        In the town of Deli Abbas, northeast      months to go before all US troops must
  intending to form a            of Baghdad in restive Diyala province,      withdraw from the country, under the
  region,” or “a request by      an alcohol store owner was gunned           terms of a bilateral security pact.
  one-tenth of the voters        down in front of his home, an official in      Violence has declined nationwide
  in each of the gover-          the Baquba operations command said.         since its peak in 2006 and 2007, but
  norates intending to             A woman in her 30s was killed by          attacks remain common. A total of 185
  form a region.”                gunmen in a market in the centre of         people were killed in September,
                                 the main northern city of Mosul, a          according to official figures.




Rejection of 1947 partition plan
was a mistake, says Abbas
                 AP                    Abbas told Channel 2 TV in a rare        rejected, while Palestinians say that
             JERUSALEM                 interview to the Israeli media on        talks never actually reached a point
                                       Friday. “But do they (the Israelis)      where a firm offer was on the table.
THE Palestinian President, in a        punish us for this mistake 64 years?       Abbas claimed that he and
remarkable assessment delivered                                                 Olmert were “very close” to reach-
on Israeli TV, has said the Arab         The Palestinian and                    ing a peace agreement in 2008,
world erred in rejecting the United      Arab refusal to accept                 before the Israeli leader left office
Nations’ 1947 plan to partition          a UN plan to partition                 under the cloud of corruption
Palestine into a Palestinian and a       the then-British-con-                  allegations.
Jewish state.                            trolled mandate of                       “It was a very good opportunity,”
  The Palestinian and Arab refusal       Palestine sparked                      he said. “If he stayed two, three
to accept a UN plan to partition the     widespread fighting.                   months, I believe in that time we
then-British-controlled mandate of                                              could have concluded an agree-
Palestine sparked widespread fight-       Abbas also addressed his negotia-      ment.”
ing, then Arab military intervention   tions with former Israeli leader           He confirmed Olmert’s account
after Israel declared independence     Ehud Olmert, now in the spotlight        that the Israeli leader was prepared
the following year. The Arabs lost     because of the publication of the        to withdraw from 93.5 percent of
the war.                               memoirs of former U.S. Secretary of      the West Bank. The Palestinians,
  “It was our mistake. It was an       State, Condoleezza Rice.                 Abbas added, responded by offering
Arab mistake as a whole,”                Rice backs Israel’s account that       to let Israel retain 1.9 percent of the
Palestinian President Mahmoud          Olmert made a peace offer that was       West Bank.
04         Sunday, October 30, 2011
           www.qatar-tribune.com                                                       PHILIPPINES / EAST ASIA

 3 killed in
 shootout at
 shopping
                                 Peaceniks call for end to fighting,
 mall in
 Philippines                     army bombings in Mindanao
             DPA                           AGENCIES                    MSN urged both the gov-
           MANILA                            MANILA                 ernment and the MILF peace
                                                                    panels to “implement the
 THREE people were killed        AN ALLIANCE of peace               prompt and effective use” of
 on Saturday during a rob-       advocacy groups in Manila          existing mechanisms such as
 bery at a shopping mall in      has joined calls for a stop to     the     joint   Coordinating
 the Philippines, police said.   military       bombings       in   Committee on the Cessation
    The heist occurred short-    Zamboanga Sibugay and              of Hostilities, the Ad Hoc
 ly after the popular mall in    asked both the government          Joint Action Group and the
 Damarinas City in Cavite        and the Moro Islamic               International    Monitoring
 province, just south of         Liberation Front (MILF) to         Team to “help defuse the situ-
 Manila, opened for the day.     use mechanisms in the peace        ation and prevent further loss
    Chief Superintendent         talks to defuse the situation.     of lives.”
 Agrimero Cruz, a national          “We fully support the              It urged the two sides’
 police spokesman, said the      President’s stand that we can-     negotiating panels “to pursue
 victims were two security       not create the supreme injus-      with more vigour and deter-
 guards and a teller of a for-   tice of pushing more soldiers,     mination the quest for a
 eign exchange shop on the       rebel mujaheedins and inno-        speedy resolution of the
 mall’s third floor. They had     cent civilians to die in an all-   Mindanao Question so as to
 just arrived at the shop with   out war in our desire to bring     bring peace to the whole
 5 million pesos (116,280        to justice a few erring ele-       nation.”
 dollars) withdrawn from a       ments,”      the     Mindanao         Meanwhile, activist priest
 nearby bank when the gun-       Solidarity Network (MSN)           Fr Robert Reyes and mem-
 men declared the robbery,       said in a statement.               bers of the Mindanao People’s
 triggering a brief shootout.       It added that the best way      Caucus are scheduled to run
    Cruz said one security       for justice to be served for the   for peace in Davao City on
 guard died on the spot,         soldiers killed during an          Sunday morning from the
 while the teller was            ambush by MILF members in          Davao      Medical     School
 declared dead on arrival in     Basilan as well as for all “vic-   Foundation        to       the
 a nearby hospital.              tims of war” was to fast-track     Brokenshire College.
    The other security guard     the political settlement of the       “We want to show that           A wounded soldier being taken to a military hospital, in Zamboanga City, southern Philippines, recently.   (EPA)
 expired while being treated     armed conflict in Mindanao          we’re not for all-out war.
 for his wounds. Police said     and the Bangsamoro issue.          We’re weary of war, and            Run for All-Out Peace in           hope in true and lasting             “Are we planning to head           tary solution because the
 the gunmen, some of whom           “We wish to remind every-       because of this, Muslims are       Davao City is an expression of     peace.”                            for the same disastrous sce-         problems        in       Muslim
 were believed to have been      one that peace does not come       going back again to evacua-        the Mindanaons’ frustration          MSN observed that 30,000         nario that we witnessed dur-         Mindanao are multi-faceted –
 wounded, were able to take      from dropping bombs, that          tion centres. We’re back to        over the vicious cycle of war      people have fled their homes        ing the wars in the past?            poverty, lack of basic services,
 all the money being carried     war solves nothing. Nobody         zero,” Shirley Mercado of          and peace. Muslims and             in Zamboanga Sibugay and           Experience has shown that            economic injustice, deficien-
 by the victims.                 wins in war. We are all vic-       MPC said by phone.                 Christians run and pray to         Basilan after days of military     the Mindanao crisis cannot be        cies in governance, criminali-
                                 tims,” it said.                       Reyes said: “The All-Out        strengthen solidarity and          operations.                        solved through a purely mili-        ty, terrorism,” it said.




Floods may ease as river Vietnam rejects US push for new
defences hold: Thai PM rules on state-owned firms
             AFP                 authorities had sped up the        must closely monitor the situ-                                        Trans-Pacific Partnership           proposal was not necessary.          annual summit of the 21-
          BANGKOK                flow of runoff through canals       ation during high tide. Please                REUTERS                 (TPP), a free-trade zone that         Despite the disagreement,         member            Asia-Pacific
                                 in the east and west of the        be a bit patient and after that                 HANOI                 would stretch across much of       President Barack Obama and           Economic         Cooperation
FLOODS engulfing parts of         capital. “If everyone works        I believe the water level will                                        the Pacific Rim.                    leaders of the eight other           forum. All the TPP countries
the Thai capital should start    hard ... then the floodwater in     start to recede because the        VIETNAM on Friday reject-            “We don’t think there is a       TPP countries are expected           are also members of APEC.
to recede soon, the prime        Bangkok will start to recede       water flow is easing and part       ed a US proposal to establish      need for specific provisions        to announce next month in              Washington wants strong
minister said on Saturday                                           of it is flowing into canals.”      new trade rules for state-         for state-owned enterprises,”      Hawaii they are committed            rules on state-owned enter-
after barriers along Bangkok’s     “If everyone works                  Yingluck, the sister of fugi-   owned companies, which             Vietnam’s trade negotiator,        to finishing the talks and            prises in the TPP partly
swollen main river prevented       hard ... then the                tive former premier Thaksin        Washington says often bene-        Tran Quoc Khanh, told              have the “broad outlines” of         because the pact could
a disastrous overflow.              floodwater in                    Shinawatra, has been in office      fit from unfair subsidies and       reporters.                         a final deal. It could take as        become the foundation for
  The city of 12 million peo-      Bangkok will start               for barely two months and          protections.                         He said Vietnam’s state-         much as another year to con-         future trade talks with China,
ple was on heightened alert        to recede in the                 her administration has faced          The United States floated        owned companies already            clude the ambitious negotia-         a country with more than
because of a seasonal high         first week of                    criticism for giving confusing     its plan in negotiations this      complied with World Trade          tions.                               20,000           state-owned
tide that was expected to          November,” she                   advice about the extent of the     week on the nine-country           Organization rules, so the US         Obama is hosting the              companies.
coincide with the arrival of       said.                            flood threat.
runoff water from the central    in the first week of                   For a third day running
plains, where people have        November,” Yingluck said in        there was minor flooding in
endured weeks of flood mis-
ery.
  Prime Minister Yingluck
                                 a weekly radio and television
                                 address to the nation.
                                   Yingluck      later     told
                                                                    Bangkok’s riverside areas,
                                                                    including by the Grand
                                                                    Palace, but the high tide of 2.5
                                                                                                                                                                             Malaysia’s Bakun
Shinawatra, who has previ-
ously warned the floods could
last for weeks, said the
                                 reporters she expected the sit-
                                 uation “will improve in one or
                                 two days”. She added, “Thais
                                                                    metres (eight feet) above sea
                                                                    level was lower than feared
                                                                    and most of the city was dry.
                                                                                                                                                                             dam goes on stream,
                                                                                                                                                                             criticism persists
                                                                                                                                                                                            AFP                      “It is a chicken-and-egg
                                                                                                                                                                                  BAKUN DAM (MALAYSIA)            game,” Zulkifle told. “I am
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  confident there will be a lot of
                                                                                                                                                                             THE first turbine is spinning,        demand for electricity in
                                                                                                                                                                             electricity is pulsing out, and      Sarawak.”
                                                                                                                                                                             the water level is climbing in          But dam opponents say the
                                                                                                                                                                             the Borneo jungle behind             situation confirms warnings
                                                                                                                                                                             Malaysia’s huge $2.2 billion         about Bakun as an ill-
                                                                                                                                                                             Bakun hydroelectric dam.             planned and unnecessary
                                                                                                                                                                                But questions continue to         boondoggle.
                                                                                                                                                                             swirl around the viability of a         The facility is located on
                                                                                                                                                                             project described by critics as      the Balui River, a mighty
                                                                                                                                                                             a graft-plagued human and            waterway that drains a vast
                                                                                                                                                                             ecological disaster — and as         rainforested area of northern
                                                                                                                                                                             opposition mounts against a          Borneo — home to orang-
                                                                                                                                                                             dozen other planned dams in          utan, spotted leopards, rare
                                                                                                                                                                             Sarawak state.                       plants, and a renowned bio-
                                                                                                                                                                                The first turbine from             diversity.
                                                                                                                                                                             French giant Alstom began               The project was first
                                                                                                                                                                             producing electricity in             approved in 1986 under
                                                                                                                                                                             August and the dam’s reser-          then-premier         Mahathir
                                                                                                                                                                             voir in the Malaysian portion        Mohamad as a cheap electric-
                                                                                                                                                                             of Borneo island has swelled         ity source for more-devel-
                                                                                                                                                                             to the size of Singapore since       oped peninsular Malaysia
                                                                                                                                                                             impoundment began a year             even though the country is a
                                                                                                                                                                             ago.                                 net oil and natural gas
                                                                                                                                                                                After years of warnings           exporter.
                                                                                                                                                                             about the impact on                     But in a 2005 report, anti-
                                                                                                                                                                             Sarawak’s pristine jungles           graft watchdog Transparency
                                                                                                                                                                             and the forced removal of            International termed the
                                                                                                                                                                             thousands of local tribespeo-        dam one of the world’s
                                                                                                                                                                             ple, the dam’s head Zulkifle          “Monuments of Corruption,”
                                                                                                                                                                             Osman sees light at the end          citing years of delays, owner-
                                                                                                                                                                             of the tunnel.                       ship changes, and overall
                                                                                                                                                                                During a tour of the facility,    costs that more than dou-
                                                                                                                                                                             the managing director of             bled.
                                                                                                                                                                             Sarawak Hidro who has over-             “No users have made any
                                                                                                                                                                             seen construction since 2000         legal written commitment for
                                                                                                                                                                             defended the dam despite an          the usage of the energy,” said
                                                                                                                                                                             electricity surplus in the state     Elli Luhat, a former Sarawak
                                                                                                                                                                             and the lack of a market for         forestry official, now an envi-
                                                                                                                                                                             its power.                           ronmental activist.
                                                                                 UNITED KINGDOM / EUROPE                                                                                                  Sunday, October 30, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  www.qatar-tribune.com    05
17 detained
in Serbia                          2 dead in suicide attack on                                                                                                                                                         Queen to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       carry back
after attack                                                                                                                                                                                                           ‘fond’
on US
embassy
                                   Turkish ruling party office                                                                                                                                                         memories
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       of Australia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   AFP
                                                 AFP                                                                                                                                                                              PERTH
              AP                               ANKARA
           BELGRADE                                                                                                                                                                                                    BRITAIN’s            Queen
                                   A FEMALE suicide bomber                                                                                                                                                             Elizabeth II Saturday
SERBIAN police on Saturday         killed two people in Turkey’s                                                                                                                                                       thanked the Australian
detained 17 people suspected       southeastern Kurdish region                                                                                                                                                         crowds who have turned
of belonging to an extremist       and wounded 12 others,                                                                                                                                                              out in their thousands to
Islamic sect following a shoot-    authorities said.                                                                                                                                                                   see her on her 16th tour,
ing incident outside the US           The attack occurred in a                                                                                                                                                         saying she would return
embassy in neighbouring            main street of the mainly-                                                                                                                                                          home with fond memories.
Bosnia.                            Kurdish city of Bingol,                                                                                                                                                                The          85-year-old
   The arrests in the southern,    Governor Mustafa Hakan                                                                                                                                                              monarch has been met
Muslim-dominated region of         Guvencer said. There was no                                                                                                                                                         with rapturous receptions
Sandzak, were made before          immediate         responsibility                                                                                                                                                    in Canberra, Melbourne,
dawn by an anti-terrorist unit.    claim, but Kurdish rebels who                                                                                                                                                       Brisbane and Perth on her
Computers and mobile phones        are fighting for autonomy in                                                                                                                                                         10-day visit which some
belonging to the suspects were     Turkey’s southeast have car-                                                                                                                                                        have speculated could be
impounded.                         ried out suicide bombings in                                                                                                                                                        her last to the distant
   On Friday, a man from           the past.                                                                                                                                                                           realm.
Sandzak fired an automatic             Guvencer said the attack was                                                                                                                                                        Addressing thousands of
weapon outside the US              on one of the city’s busiest                                                                                                                                                        flag-waving wellwishers
Embassy in Bosnia in what          streets and three of the wound-                                                                                                                                                     gathered in sunshine
authorities called a terrorist     ed were in serious condition.                                                                                                                                                       alongside the banks of
attack. A policeman and the        The blast shattered glass and                                                                                                                                                       Perth’s Swan River, the
gunman were wounded. The           shop windows in surrounding                                                                                                                                                         queen said that she and
embassy said none of its           buildings. He said the attacker                                                                                                                                                     Prince Philip had enjoyed
employees was hurt.                was a woman.                                                                                                                                                                        their latest tour immense-
   The shooter was identified          Interior Minister Idris Naim                                                                                                                                                     ly.
as Mevlid Jasarevic from Novi      Sahin said the blast was near                                                                                                                                                          “I can think of no more
Pazar, the administrative capi-    the local branch of the ruling                                                                                                                                                      fitting way to end my visit...
tal of Sandzak.                    party, but the building was not                                                                                                                                                     than in this idyllic Swan
   Serbian officials said he is a   the intended target. The attack                                                                                                                                                     River setting which I have
follower of the Wahhabi sect, a    came on the 88th anniversary                                                                                                                                                        enjoyed on so many occa-
conservative Islamic teaching      of the founding of the Turkish                                                                                                                                                      sions,” she said.
that is rooted in Saudi Arabia     republic.                           Damaged stores after an explosion in Bingol, Turkey, on Saturday.   (EPA)                                                                          “Once again we will
and linked to religious mili-         Television footage showed                                                                                                                                                        return to the United
tants in parts of Afghanistan      people running away from the        launched massive anti-rebel         The last suicide bombing            more attacks.                     stricken Van province would           Kingdom with fond mem-
and Pakistan.                      site of the explosion, while oth-   operations in both southeast-     was in September, when the              Meanwhile, rescue teams in      be called off because hope of         ories of our time here.”
   Police said in a statement      ers urged people to evacuate        ern Turkey and across the bor-    attacker detonated a bomb             eastern Turkey who have           finding anyone else alive had             The queen, who last vis-
that 18 houses were searched.      the streets. Some were seen         der in northern Iraq – where      outside a paramilitary station        worked around the clock for       run out.                              ited Australia in 2006 to
The arrested people are            surrounding a corpse.               the rebels maintain bases –       near a Mediterranean resort           the past week will wind up the       Six more bodies had been           open the Commonwealth
believed to be Jasarevic’s asso-      Turkey’s conflict with the        killing dozens of rebels. Those   town, wounding two others.            search for quake survivors by     recovered, he said, pushing the       Games in Melbourne, is a
ciates, it added.                  rebels of the Kurdistan             operations were spurred by        Ten days earlier, a car bomb in       nightfall, Deputy Prime           toll to 582. In all, 231 survivors    much respected figure
   “The action against the         Workers’ Party, or PKK, has         coordinated rebel attacks on      the capital, Ankara, killed five       Minister      Besir      Atalay   had been rescued from scores          Down Under despite fre-
extremist Islamic Wahhabi          killed tens of thousands of peo-    military and police posts near    people. A Kurdish militant            announced on Saturday.            of collapsed buildings follow-        quent murmurings about
movement started at five in         ple since the insurgents took       the border that killed 24 sol-    group, the Kurdistan Freedom            As the death toll rose yet      ing last Sunday’s 7.2 magni-          the former colony breaking
the morning,” Serbia’s Interior    up arms in 1984.                    diers – the deadliest one-day     Falcons or TAK, claimed               again, a solemn Atalay said       tude tremor. Over 2,600 peo-          ties with Britain and
Minister Ivica Dacic told state       The attack comes 10 days         toll against the military since   responsibility       for    the       operations in Ercis, the worst-   ple had been wounded in the           becoming a republic.
Tanjug news agency.                after      Turkey’s     military    the 1990s.                        car bombing and threatened            hit city in the earthquake        disaster.
06          Sunday, October 30, 2011
            www.qatar-tribune.com                                                                                     OPINION


          HAMAD BIN SUHAIM AL THANI
          CHAIRMAN
                                       ESTABLISHED SEPTEMBER   3, 2006

                                                                          ADEL ALI BIN ALI
                                                                          MANAGING DIRECTOR
                                                                                                                  Berlusconi on Sticky Wicket
          DR HASSAN MOHAMMED AL ANSARI                                   AJIT KUMAR JHA
          EDITOR -IN-CHIEF                                               EDITOR                                    Italian PM has neither loyalty nor clout to put economy back on track
                                  PRINTED AT ALI BIN ALI PRINTING PRESS




                                                                                                                  P
                                                                                                                            RIME        Minister      Silvio                    ELISABETTA POVOLEDO AND NIKI KITSANTONIS | IHT-NYT SYNDICATE
                                                                                                                            Berlusconi of Italy has prom-
                                                                                                                            ised fellow European leaders a
                                      Westside                                                                              quick series of wide-ranging
                                                                                                                            changes to get Italy’s imperiled
                                                                                                                  economy back on track, but it is not


                     The European Deal
                                                                                                                  clear that he commands enough loyalty
                                                                                                                  and political clout to enact them, leav-
                                                                                                                  ing the country and thus the entire euro
                                                                                                                  zone still at risk.
    Forcing cuts in exchange for bailouts will make matter worse                                                     Whereas his Greek colleague, Prime
                                                                                                                  Minister George A Papandreou – whose
                                                                                                                  collapsed economy is far less significant

E   UROPE’S leaders did better than
    expected, but expectations were low to
start. After Wednesday’s all-night summit
                                                        ble for weaker economies to generate
                                                        enough growth to pay down debts.
                                                          Of this week’s commitments, the write-
                                                                                                                  to overall European performance – has
                                                                                                                  clinched backing for draconian meas-
                                                                                                                  ures despite fierce street protests and
meeting, they announced a greatly                       down plan has advanced furthest. Greece’s                 political wrangling, “Berlusconi, who at
strengthened financial rescue plan that                 nongovernmental creditors – banks and                     75 has been the dominant Italian politi-
includes bigger write-downs of Greek debt               private investors – were told to agree to                 cian for almost two decades, has
and new injections of capital into weakened             “voluntary” swaps and reschedulings that                  watched his support slide precipitously
European banks. Still, far too many of the              would yield them roughly 50 cents out of                  in recent months over everything from
crucial details have been left to work out              every dollar now owed to them. Markets                    the economy to his own trial on charges
over the days, weeks and months ahead.                  value this debt at close to 40 cents on the               of tax fraud, corruption, abuse of office
Until those are known, it will not be clear if          dollar, so the Institute of International                 and paying for sex with a minor.
Europe has finally mobilised enough cash                Finance, representing leading global                         Echoing the sweeping tone of his
and political will to stop the unraveling that          banks, has agreed to go along. Greece is                  German counterpart, Chancellor
now also threatens Italy, Spain and even                nowhere near out of the woods and won’t                   Angela Merkel, in her remarks on
France. And Europe is still grappling only              be for years to come. There is a lot that it              Wednesday to the German Parliament,
with the financial symptoms of the crisis,              must do for itself to regenerate growth –                 “Berlusconi warned on Thursday that
not the underlying causes.                              including liberalising labour markets,                    Italy’s credibility was on the line if the
   One of the biggest of                                                   spreading tax burdens                  government failed to maintain its com-
those is that while Europe                                                 more fairly, decreasing                mitments, as outlined in a letter he pre-        Leaders of the other two main trade                           had staved off bankruptcy. “Without
has a unified currency, and                                                the size and increasing                sented on Wednesday to the European           unions said they would strike over the                           their incredible efforts, everything
independent central bank,                                                  the efficiency of the state            Commission.                                   proposed labour changes.                                         would have ended in May last year,”
it has no lender of last resort                                            bureaucracy and selec-                    The reaction at home was sceptical.           Business leaders reacted more posi-                           “Papandreou said, referring to the date
– like the Federal Reserve –                                               tively privatising state-              And even as “Berlusconi was delivering        tively. Giampaolo Galli, the director                            that Greece was offered its first rescue
that can supply unlimited                                                  owned properties. But if               his plans to EU leaders, his government       general of Confindustria, the industrial-                        package by the European Commission,
emergency funds to govern-                                                 Europe keeps insisting                 lost two votes in Parliament – a signal       ist’s association, said on Thursday that                         the European Central Bank and the
ments and banks that need                                                  on fiscal austerity pro-               of the tenuousness of his position.           the plan “reaffirms Italy’s strong com-                          International Monetary Fund, known
them. And there is Europe’s                                                grammes unrelated to                      More serious for his future, Italian       mitment to balance the budget by                                 collectively as the troika. “We would
continued insistence on                                                    these reforms, Greece                  media reported on Thursday that a             2013.”                                                           have defaulted and would be facing
imposing punitive austerity                                                cannot grow and cur-                   number of lawmakers from his Peoples             For some, it came as a surprise that                          tragic circumstances.”
in exchange for bailouts,                                                  rent reform efforts will               of Liberty coalition had signed a letter      Italy had managed to draft a plan of                                Finance       Minister       Evangelos
which will make it impossi-                                                sputter out.                           asking “Berlusconi to step down to            action at all. The government had been                           Venizelos, for his part, called the deal
                                                                                                                  allow for the creation of a government        deadlocked since the summer, when the                            for Greece a “historic decision” and said
                                                                                                                  that could garner enough support to           European Central Bank pledged to start                           it deserved the support of the opposi-
                                                                                                                  push through the proposed changes.            buying Italian bonds on the condition                            tion parties in Greece who have been
                                       Eastside                                                                      The letter “Berlusconi presented to
                                                                                                                  the commission contained a substantial
                                                                                                                                                                that Italy would propose measures to
                                                                                                                                                                stimulate economic growth, which has
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 insisting for weeks that they would vote
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 down a new Brussels pact in
                                                                                                                  checklist of measures to make Italy           been sluggish for years.                                         Parliament.

     Reconciliation in Afghanistan
                                                                                                                  more efficient and competitive, stimu-           They might have dragged on indefi-                               Outside the government, reaction
                                                                                                                  late growth and cut the public debt. But      nitely had German and French leaders                             was less uniformly positive. The
                                                                                                                  the broad scope of the plan, with meas-       not insisted last weekend that                                   Communist Party said the deal signaled
                                                                                                                  ures ranging from scaling back the state      “Berlusconi come to the midweek crisis                           the “slaughter of the workers,” while the
US & Pakistan know that Afghan problem can’t be solved by force                                                   to accelerating privatisations to loosen-
                                                                                                                  ing up labour laws, and its rigidly drawn
                                                                                                                                                                summit meeting with a plan in hand.
                                                                                                                                                                   “All that this letter shows is that the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 right-leaning Popular Orthodox Rally,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 known as Laos, spoke of a “national
                                                                                                                  timetable make its passage in                 government wasn’t able to take impor-                            humiliation.” The left-leaning coalition,

O   PERATIONALISE has become a key
    concept in the US-Pakistan relation-
ship, mentioned by both the US secretary
                                                        however, the mechanisms, parameters
                                                        and goals of the reconciliation process
                                                        seem to be shrouded in confusion. One
                                                                                                                  Parliament an uphill battle.
                                                                                                                     The plan contains “commitments and
                                                                                                                  dates that would be very difficult to
                                                                                                                                                                tant actions on its own,” Camusso told
                                                                                                                                                                Italian television.
                                                                                                                                                                   A visibly tired “Papandreou hailed the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Syriza, accused “Papandreou of fobbing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Greeks off with “tall stories.”
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Although “Papandreou’s governing
of state and the Pakistani foreign minister             example of this is the repeated mention by                respect,” Dario Franceschini, leader of       EU debt deal as marking “a new day for                           Socialist party has a wafer-thin majori-
last week. It was used in reference to a                both sides of the September 29 all-party                  the opposition Democratic Party in the        Europe and for Greece.” It calls for                             ty of three in Greece’s 300-seat
number of plans for regional security, but              conference resolution as an indication of                 lower house of Parliament, said on            banks to write off 50 percent of the face                        Parliament, it is widely expected to gain
the focus seems to have been on                         Pakistan’s willingness to support dia-                    Thursday.                                     value of their Greek debt, a major step                          approval for the pact. Without the back-
Afghanistan’s reconciliation process. This              logue. That is broadly true, but dialogue                    The bold-faced headline on the left-       towards working out an overall deal to                           ing of opposition parties, however, the
was confirmed on Tuesday when State                     with whom? Insofar as it offers specifics,                leaning daily Il Fatto Quotidiano was         safeguard the euro.                                              government’s mandate to enforce the
Department officials said the next step                 the resolution states Pakistan should talk                more blunt: “Dead Letter.”                       “We now have the chance to settle our                         deal is expected to be questioned.
forward in US-Pakistan relations is to                  “with our own people in the tribal areas”                    Susanna Camusso, leader of the             accounts with the past once and for all,                            Asked about the decision for troika
flesh out the operational details of the dia-           and makes no mention of the Haqqani                       CGIL, Italy’s largest trade union, said       to be relieved of our burden and to enter                        officials to be based in Athens perma-
logue. Given the mixed achievements of                  network or the Afghan Taliban, despite                    her organisation would fight the pro-         a period of growth,” Papandreou said in                          nently – unlikely to be unpopular in
the ISAF and Afghan military effort next                the fact that the conference took place in                posed changes, which include changes          Brussels early on Thursday after 10                              Greece – “Papandreou indicated that
door, this is a welcome move, demonstrat-               the context of American accusations about                 to labour law to make it easier for finan-    hours of difficult talks. “It’s a new                            the final word rested with the Greek
ing an acceptance that force alone is not               Pakistani support for the former. Second,                 cially troubled companies to fire people.     beginning for us, but the work must not                          authorities. “It is down to us to fix
going to resolve the power struggle in                  while not specifically mentioning North                      “They go in the opposite direction of      stop.”                                                           Greece,” he said. “We should not expect
Afghanistan — at least not before the                   Waziristan, it states that defending                      what’s needed to help the country                “Papandreou thanked the Greek peo-                            others to do it.”
Americans leave in 2014.                                Pakistan’s sovereignty is a “sacred duty”                 grow,” she said. “Giving young people a       ple for their ``sacrifices” – a raft of tax                         (Niki Kitsantonis reported from
   Despite Clinton’s claims that the US and             and that “national interests … shall guide                future means guaranteeing their rights,       increases and public spending cuts over                          Athens. Gaia Pianigiani con-
Pakistan have agreed on most issues,                    Pakistan`s policy”.                                       not taking them away.”                        the past 18 months – saying that they                            tributed reporting from Rome.)
                                             (The NYT/ Dawn)




       Why Does a Single Survival Story Evoke Empathy?
         Presented with a governing narrative of death & despair, it’s natural to get attracted to a single story of life and hope



      I
           N the midst of overwhelming                         too ghastly.” And what is certain is that,       LIBBY BROOKS| GUARDIAN NEWS SERVICE        asters, a child is mercifully untainted by                   why so many other children died under
           destruction, here was a moment of                   long after the hundreds who died and                                                        the political affiliations of his parents or                 western bombs. They offer the opportu-
           rebirth: the post-partum body a                     the thousands who were injured and left       dren. Consider Rosita Pedro, born in a        the conflict around him. Twelve-year-                        nity to tell a story - perhaps even with a
           ruined apartment block; the mid-                    homeless have been forgotten, Azra will       tree in Mozambique in 2000, as the            old Ali Ismail Abbas became the child                        pleasant outcome - in a context where
           wives rescue workers, clumsy and                    be remembered as the symbol of the            floodwaters lapped below, and the             face of the Iraq war when, in April 2003,                    no straight narrative exists. And it is a
      alien in their fluorescent suits as they                 Turkish earthquake of October 2011.           memorable image of Kiki, the seven-           his home was hit by a US missile that                        story that prompts feelings rather than
      craned tenderly around the naked                            My friend, of course, nails the para-      year-old boy pulled after a week from         killed his parents and left him horrifical-                  thoughts, which can be a relief when the
      infant. The two-week-old girl, named as                  dox. It’s inevitable that, presented with a   the rubble of last year’s Haitian earth-      ly injured with both arms amputated.                         political circumstances are seemingly
      Azra Karaduman, was pulled from the                      governing narrative of death and              quake, smiling broadly with his arms          Within days of his discovery in a                            intractable.
      rubble in the Turkish town of Ercis, 48                  despair, we are attracted to a single         outstretched. Perhaps this touches on         Baghdad hospital by a journalist, four                          This is not to doubt the sincerity of
      hours after the quake that devastated                    story of life and hope. Natural disasters     some deep-set Darwinian imperative to         British newspapers had launched sepa-                        those donors. As Susan Sontag wrote:
      the country’s eastern province.                          can be so mammoth, so unending in             protect the most vulnerable of our line.      rate fundraising appeals and when he                         “Compassion is an unstable emotion. It
         The word miracle may have been                        their scale that a solitary survival can         Less comfortingly, it raises the ques-     was finally flown out to Kuwait, it was                      needs to be translated into action, or it
      devalued, denoting as it does these days                 appear to have more power and mean-           tion of whether white western audi-           reported to have been following a per-                       withers.” Perhaps there is no equitable
      face creams, weight loss or stain                        ing than the whole because it offers, if      ences, and the media that serve them,         sonal intervention by Tony Blair.                            way for an individual to deal with disas-
      removal. And the strictly unsentimental                  not a happy ending, then at least some        find it easier to feel sympathy for a dark-      Like Irma Hadzimuratovic before                           ters - you can’t gift the month’s salary or
      were quick to point out that babies often                temporary closure. It also turns at least     skinned child than a dark-skinned             him, whose airlift from Sarajevo in                          pack a spade every time the news bul-
      fare better in the aftermath of earth-                   one of those unfathomable numbers             adult. Every famine appeal I’ve seen          1993 prompted “Operation Irma”,                              letin reports a tremor. But the alterna-
      quakes, surviving in small pockets of air,               back into a human being. But we are not       would suggest that the answer is in the       bringing other injured children out of                       tive needn’t be complete paralysis,
      while this child had the added advan-                    emotionally capable of remaining in a         affirmative. It certainly is easier to        Bosnia, or nine-year-old Kim Phuc,                           either. We set limits to our empathy for
      tage of being buried with her breastfeed-                permanent state of shock at the relent-       empathise with the universal familial         photographed burnt and naked as she                          sanity’s sake, but sometimes those lim-
      ing mother, who was also pulled from                     less global onslaught. People have lim-       bond than with the realities of living in a   fled a napalm attack on her                                  its are influenced - unconsciously or
      the building alive.                                      its, and are required to exercise them on     country where the vicissitudes of nature      Vietnamese village in 1972, Abbas                            otherwise - by bigger, vested interests,
         But still, however much one might                     a daily basis. It is where those limits are   extend far beyond the wrong sort of           came to symbolise not the complexities                       by the superpowers and the multina-
      suspect the visceral emotional response,                 set, and how they might be manipulated        snow, and defences against them are           of the conflict but a clean, tidy and con-                   tionals that ultimately benefit when our
      watching the footage, Azra’s rescue felt                 by media coverage or political interests,     much less developed. And a child in dis-      tainable response to them. There is a                        attention is diverted here, rather than
      like a miracle. “The baby made me tear                   that is worth interrogating.                  tress is arguably free of the stereotypes     moral clarity that comes with donating                       there. Maybe the least powerless option
      up,” one friend told me, “when none of                      It is notable, for example, that these     that attend her race or culture.              money for the rescue of one child that                       is to ask who and what is selecting
      the other coverage did because it was all                miracle stories typically involve chil-          Similarly, in the case of manmade dis-     does not attend the examination of                           where that empathy is directed.

                                                                                                                                                                                   THE VIEWS EXPRESSED ON THE OPINION AND ANALYSIS PAGES ARE THE AUTHORS’ OWN. QATAR TRIBUNE BEARS NO RESPONSIBILITY.
                                                                                                          ANALYSIS                                                                           Sunday, October 30, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                     www.qatar-tribune.com    07
                                                                                                          The adulation some of Apple’s
      Health is                                                                                           established customers have for
                                                                                                          the brand and its products is not                                               Bloggers’
                                                                                                          only a result of the company’s
      Wealth                                                                                              ground-breaking innovations but
                                                                                                          those products were backed by
                                                                                                                                                                                          Borough
                   HEALTHDAY                                 RICHARD BRANSON| NYT NEWS SERVICE            top-notch customer service.                                                 SIR GORDON CONWAY | THE HUFFINGTONPOST




New Generation Birth                                                                                                                                                                  Can We Feed Seven
Control Pills Raise
Blood Clot Risk                                              CUSTOMER CARE IS                                                                                                         Billion People?
                                                                                                                                                                                      A  ROUND the world, 200 million children’s
                                                                                                                                                                                         growth is stunted. That is one-third of all

T  HE US Food and Drug Administration on
   Thursday said it “remains concerned” that a
newer generation of birth control pills may
raise the odds for serious blood clots more than
older forms of the Pill.
   The announcement concerns oral contracep-
                                                              KEY TO SUCCESS                                                                                                          children in the world under the age of five
                                                                                                                                                                                      years old. In some African countries, the pro-
                                                                                                                                                                                      portion of children stunted is as high as 50
                                                                                                                                                                                      percent. These are shocking statistics. As US
                                                                                                                                                                                      Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton has said,
                                                                                                                                                                                      “These deaths are intolerable because they are
tives containing a newer type of progestin hor-            Retention of clients is more important to any company than chasing new ones                                                preventable.” We have known how to prevent
mone called drospirenone, which includes                                                                                                                                              them for a long time: the answer lies in a com-




                                                         H
Bayer’s Yaz or Yasmin. According to the FDA,                         OW a new company treats         our flight crews are our most impor-        At other companies, executives       bination of breastfeeding and better diets,
the new study found a higher risk of venous                          its customers is often the      tant asset – without them we would       and managers who want to learn          including adequate minerals and vitamins,
thromboembolisms (VTEs) — potentially dan-                           deciding factor in whether      be just another airline. The new $1      how to improve their operations         along with various medical interventions.
gerous clots — in women on the drospirenone-                         it will be successful. Great    million simulator is crucial to our      must step away from their desks         These are immediate problems which we
containing pills vs. those on older forms of oral                    businesses – the ones who       expansion plans.                         and get to know their staff. If your    urgently need to tackle. But we also need to
contraceptives.                                          have gotten it right – are good at             Not every business needs to build     company is too big for regular          worry about how we are going to feed a planet
   The FDA-funded review involved the med-               turning customers into advocates            a training facility; indeed, many do     meetings, spending a few hours          that by 2050 will have an extra two or more
ical histories of more than 800,000 American             for their companies. This means that        not need high-tech solutions. But        handling customer complaints            billion mouths to feed.
women, all of whom were on some type of birth            their marketing efforts are support-        after reconnecting with the team at      yourself or working on the factory         The arithmetic challenge of increasing food
control between 2001 and 2008. The study                 ed by customer word-of-mouth and            Virgin America and seeing how they       floor will help you to understand       production by a third or more is not too diffi-
found that women taking the newer oral con-              positive comments on review sites           go about training their new employ-      what’s really going on and also to      cult, at least technically. The current rates of
traceptives experienced a higher rate of clots           and social media channels – some of         ees, I came away with three key les-     break down the silos that can           increase in yields should do it. However, the
than women on older forms of the contracep-              the most important influences on            sons that can be applied at any com-     emerge in some businesses.              problem is much greater than this. Incomes
tive pill.                                               people’s buying habits today.               pany, whether it is a Virgin opera-         3. Make sure employees               per capita are rising, especially in the emerg-
   The review also found that women on two                  Many of the world’s most success-        tion or the start-up you’re planning     have the tools they need to             ing nations of China, India and Brazil. This
other forms of birth control — the Ortho Evra            ful businesses provide terrific cus-        to launch.                               succeed: The training at Refresh        means diets are changing: more people are
patch from Johnson & Johnson and the                     tomer service. I recently wrote about          1. An investment in your              teaches Virgin America employees        eating meat and consuming milk, cheese and
NuvaRing from Merck — had a higher rate of               the profound impact that Apple co-          employees is an investment in            to learn how to solve problems on       other dairy products. To rear the livestock
clots. For now, the FDA is not advising that             founder Steve Jobs had on our lives         your company : All airlines must         their own – a key to great customer     requires more grain and oil seeds. There is
most women switch to another form of contra-             through the technology his company          ensure that everyone on staff, from      service. This is an unusual             also increasing demand for crops as the feed-
ception. “If your birth control pill contains            developed. But the adulation some           pilots to ground workers, have rigor-    approach; most businesses impose        stock for a growing biofuels sector.
drospirenone, do not stop taking it without              of Apple’s established customers            ous operational, safety, security and    restrictions on their staff in terms       Added to these increasing demands are dif-
first talking to your health care professional,”         have for the brand and its products         even medical training, but at Virgin     of the types of problems employees      ficulties with supply. Rising oil prices mean
the agency said. “Contact your health care pro-          is not only a result of the company’s       America, that’s just the beginning.      can solve and the authority they        greater transport costs and higher prices for
fessional immediately if you develop any symp-           ground-breaking innovations; those          Our staff must also complete a           have to do so. But our experience       fertilisers and pesticides. We do not have sig-
toms of blood clots, including persistent leg            products were backed by top-notch           broader immersion in brand values        shows that the best solution is to      nificantly more land to cultivate so we will
pain, severe chest pain or sudden shortness of           customer service. Apple employees           through a two-day annual “brand          provide people with the skills and      have to do more with what we have by produc-
breath. If you smoke and are over 35 years of            are known to be energetic and               bath,” which the company calls           confidence they need to deal with       ing higher yields on the same land area. Water
age, you should not take combination oral con-           knowledgeable, which ensures that           Refresh. At those retreats, they focus   problems on their own, without          is also getting scarcer. By 2025, three billion
traceptives because they increase the risk that          few people have a bad experience at         on improving customer experience         sticking to a script or following a     people will live in water stressed countries,
you could experience serious cardiovascular              an Apple store, and most return to          across the airline.                      flow-chart.                             having less than 1,700 m3/person/year - the
events, including blood clots.”                          buy the latest device.                         The flight crews are brought             Most often, what’s missing is        threshold for meeting the water requirements
   Thursday’s announcement was not the                      The retention of customers is            together with colleagues from differ-    information. If, in your meetings       for agriculture, industry, domestic purposes,
FDA’s first word on this issue, nor is likely to be      important to any company; after all,        ent departments and trained in con-      with your staff or during your time     energy and the environment. Land and water
the last. The agency issued a similar warning in         it makes more sense to keep the             flict resolution, hospitality and emo-   on the factory floor, you notice that   are becoming increasingly polluted and other-
September, and in a statement released on                good customers you have than to             tional intelligence training. The pro-   employees are groping for answers,      wise degraded.
Thursday said that, “given the conflicting               continually chase new ones. In the          gramme is designed to help employ-       it is time to take action. Remove          On top of all of this, we have to worry about
nature of the findings from six published stud-          travel sector, companies have to take       ees to truly understand the cus-         limits on access to databases; invest   global warming. This is already leading to
ies evaluating this risk, as well as the prelimi-        customer service seriously if they          tomer’s perspective; to resolve issues   in new information technology; do       shorter growing seasons in the developing
nary data from the FDA-funded study,” it plans           hope to succeed, because a wonder-          and not push them up the chain.          whatever it takes to make sure that     countries and reduced yields cause by high
to host a public meeting on the issue on                 ful flight, train journey – or soon, we        As an entrepreneur, how can you       they can take initiative on their       temperatures and lack of rainfall. Climate
December 8. The announcement on Thursday                 hope, a space trip – begins and ends        bring your team together to solve        own. Celebrate successes in inter-      change also means more extremes of weather,
comes a day after the release of a study in BMJ          with great service. While a company         problems and build their trust in        nal communications, to encourage        more frequent and more intense tropical
that also found newer birth control pills were           may be able to find ways to improve         each other? At a small business or       others.                                 cyclones and droughts.
tied to a higher risk for clots. In that study,          the interiors of their planes or trains,    startup, this might be accom-               In tough times, when your com-          We will have to have the capacity to respond
researchers reviewed data on all Danish                  perhaps installing more comfortable         plished with a low-tech solution,        petitors are cutting costs, it might    rapidly when weather disasters strike.
women, aged 15 to 49, who were not pregnant              seats and serving better meals, that        like starting a tradition of eating      be tempting to follow their lead and    Altogether, this requires a doubling of food
between January 2001 and December 2009.                  expensive technology and luxurious          lunch together and talking about         cut back on customer service. But       production by 2050. How do we do it? First,
During that time, more than 4,200 first                  design will count for nothing if cus-       how work is progressing.                 remember that slashing prices is        we need all the technologies we can lay our
episodes of VTEs occurred.                               tomer service is shoddy.                       2. Lead from the front: At            not the only solution. Every cus-       hands on: Traditional technologies - such as
   Women taking birth control pills with a                  I was recently reminded of how           Refresh, David Cush, the CEO of          tomer is valuable; in the long term,    cultivating local varieties, so-called land races;
newer progestin hormone had twice the risk of            important customer service is for all       Virgin America, often holds ques-        a thriving company is built on rela-    Intermediate technologies - for example,
clots compared to those who took the older               businesses, both new and estab-             tion-and-answer sessions with            tionships, not just the bottom line.    using treadle pumps to irrigate land;
form of contraceptive pills. Compared to                 lished, when I visited Virgin               employees to ensure that he person-         ((Richard Branson is the             Conventional technologies - but used more
women who did not use birth control pills, the           America to open their training simu-        ally addresses their concerns. This      founder of the Virgin Group             precisely, such as fertilisers in a cola bottle cap
risk of VTE was three times higher among                 lator in Burlingame, Caliornia, just        is the first step in building bonds      and companies such as Virgin            placed in the planting hole with the seed;
those who used pills with levonorgestrel and             outside San Francisco. At Virgin,           between front-line staff and senior      Atlantic, Virgin America,               Modern platform technologies - such as nan-
six times higher among those who took pills              where our brand is built on the             managers, which helps to create          Virgin Mobile and Virgin                otechnology, biotechnology and information
with drospirenone, desogestrel or gestodene.             promise of providing terrific service,      easy and open communications.            Active.)                                and communication technology, which
                                                                                                                                                                                      Africans are already using in innovative ways.
                                                                                                                                                                                         But there is no magic bullet. Technology,
                                                                                                                                                                                      even if productive and environmentally
                                                                                                                                                                                      friendly, will not be enough on its own.
                                                                                                                                                                                      Farmers need access to seeds, fertilisers and
                                                                                                                                                                                      other inputs. The thousands of agro dealers -

       Have                                                                                                                                                                           small village stores - that are springing up in
                                                                                                                                                                                      Africa are part of the answer. They, in turn,
                                                                                                                                                                                      will have to rely on the innovative small seed


      your say                                                   US pullout
                                                      REFER to the edit-page article
                                                      “American pullout” published in
                                                                                                             Polls in Tunisia
                                                                                                    APROPOS the edit-page article
                                                                                                    “Tunisia leads the way with clean
                                                                                                                                              “Wow! F1 drivers in India: It
                                                                                                                                              shows the country’s growing
                                                                                                                                                  economic might.”
                                                                                                                                                                                      and fertiliser companies that are being creat-
                                                                                                                                                                                      ed. Micro-credit is also a challenge. African
                                                                                                                                                                                      banks have the funds but we need to find
                                                                                                                                                                                      ways of helping them provide inexpensive
                                                                                                                                                                                      loans to farmers, backed up with forms of
                                                      Qatar Tribune on Friday.                      polls” published in Qatar Tribune                    R AJESH R OSHAN              micro-insurance.
                                                        I thank the President Barack                on Friday.                                                                           At the other end of the chain, farmers need
     Is there an issue you feel                       Obama’s for announcing the with-                 Kudos to Tunisia for holding a
                                                                                                                                                              D OHA
                                                                                                                                                                                      to access markets for their grain and other
     strongly about, or an article                    drawal of troops from Iraq by the
                                                      year-end.
                                                                                                    clean election with an enthusiastic
                                                                                                    turnout and highly encouraging
                                                                                                                                                                                      products. Village cooperatives, various forms
                                                                                                                                                                                      of contract farming and use of mobile phones
     you want to comment on? QT                         The war which was started by                results. The three parties that have                                              to enable farmers to get the best prices can
                                                      Obama’s predecessor George W                  come out on top in the most demo-                                                 all help.
     will carry your voice to the                     Bush in 2003 has caused the death             cratic of north African states have                                                  Farmers are part of the private sector. They
     public and to places where it                    of 0ver 115,000 Iraqis and more
                                                      than 4,400 American troops.
                                                                                                    no links with the country’s upper
                                                                                                    middle class that benefited from
                                                                                                                                                                                      are often entrepreneurial and innovative. But
                                                                                                                                                                                      they are usually very small. 80 percent of
     matters. Write to us at                            The US president deserves credit            the ousted Ben Ali dictatorship.                                                  African farmers are smallholders with less
                                                      for fulfilling his campaign promise              However, the biggest challenge                                                 than two hectares of land. They can only be
                                                      to bring the conflict to a close.             for the country is to draw up a con-                                              innovative if they have access to inputs, either
                                                        Given the number of civilian                stitution which safeguards the                                                    subsidised or at a cheap cost, and if they get a
                                                      shootings involving US troops                 political freedoms that the pro-                                                  fair price for their products in the local or
                      ADDRESS                         since the US-led invasion, Iraqi              democracy protesters demanded.                   “Our military job                regional markets.
            PO Box 23493, Doha, Qatar
                                                      leaders refused to give US troops                The elected leaders will have to             in Libya is now done.”               In the end it comes down to good gover-
                                                      immunity from prosecution in                  appoint a government which can                   NATO S ECRETARY -G ENERAL
                                                                                                                                                                                      nance and committed political leadership. I
                     TELEPHONE                        Iraqi courts. And the Americans               fulfil the aspirations of every sec-                                              am an optimist, partly because there are good
               +974.44422077                          refused to stay without that guar-            tion of the society.                             A NDERS F OGH R ASMUSSEN         examples of success. Notably, Ghana has
                        FAX
                                                      antee.                                           Tourism sector is feeling the heat                                             already       achieved       the      Millennium
                                                        The saddest aspect of the whole             due to unrest and may not quickly                                                 Development Goal of halving poverty and
               +974.44416790                          American adventure was that Iraqi             revive even though the country has                                                nutrition. Former President John Kufuor
                       EMAIL                          civilians from the beginning were             shown itself to be safe for foreign                                               received the World Food Prize earlier this
          letters@qatar-tribune.com                   condemned to suffering and pro-               visitors. It will squeeze the precious                                            month for his leadership in Ghana’s journey to
                                                      tracted agony                                 foreign exchange.                                                                 food security.
                                                                                 SOHEB ALAM                                   RASHID KHAN                                                Maybe the 7th billion people will be born
                                                                                       DOHA                                          DOHA                                             lucky - in Ghana?
08         Sunday, October 30, 2011
           www.qatar-tribune.com                                                                   UNITED STATES

                                                                                                                                                                            Generators seized
                                                                                                                                                                            from NY anti-Wall
                                                                                                                                                                            Street protesters
                                                                                                                                                                                       REUTERS                   political strategist Hank
                                                                                                                                                                                       NEW YORK                  Sheinkopf. “The strategic
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 move is not to have violence.”
                                                                                                                                                                            ANTI-WALL Street protest-              Ken Sherrill, a professor of
                                                                                                                                                                            ers’ plans to camp in a New          political science at Hunter
                                                                                                                                                                            York park throughout the             College in New York, said any
                                                                                                                                                                            city’s harsh winter were dealt       kind of conflict would be bad
                                                                                                                                                                            a blow on Friday when the            for the city’s image and that
                                                                                                                                                                            fire department confiscated            Bloomberg was no doubt
                                                                                                                                                                            generators and fuel because          hoping that the protest would
                                                                                                                                                                            they posed a danger.                 fade as the weather wors-
                                                                                                                                                                               With the first snow forecast       ened.
                                                                                                                                                                            to fall on Saturday, the               “That doesn’t mean that
                                                                                                                                                                            Occupy Wall Street move-             the mayor wants to make life
                                                                                                                                                                            ment against economic                easy for the demonstrators,”
                                                                                                                                                                            inequality lost the generators       he said. “Other than perhaps
                                                                                                                                                                            that had been powering heat,         ratcheting up the inconven-
                                                                                                                                                                            computers and a kitchen in
                                                                                                                                                                            the Lower Manhattan camp               New York Mayor
                                                                                                                                                                            they set up six weeks ago.             Michael Bloomberg
                                                                                                                                                                               “They think that taking the         said the six gener-
                                                                                                                                                                            ‘power’ away will take the             ators and fuel
                                                                                                                                                                            power away, and that’s                 were confiscated
                                                                                                                                                                            absolutely not true at all,”           because they were
                                                                                                                                                                            said Occupy Wall Street                considered a safe-
                                                                                                                                                                            spokesman Michael Booth.               ty hazard and it
                                                                                                                                                                               The     movement         has        was not a bid to
                                                                                                                                                                            sparked so-called occupa-              remove protesters.
President Barack Obama (right) meets with Czech Prime Minister Petr Necas, in Washington, on Thursday.     (AP)                                                             tions in cities across the
                                                                                                                                                                            United States. But recent



White House orders probe
                                                                                                                                                                            evictions in places like             iences, there’s not going to be
                                                                                                                                                                            Oakland, California, where           anything more intense and I
                                                                                                                                                                            police used tear gas and stun        think that would be ill-con-
                                                                                                                                                                            grenades, and Atlanta, have          ceived anyway.”
                                                                                                                                                                            New York protesters on edge.            But Occupy Wall Street
                                                                                                                                                                               However, unlike protesters        spokesman Ed Needham said



into clean energy loans
                                                                                                                                                                            elsewhere, who rallied in city       the removal of the generators
                                                                                                                                                                            parks which typically have a         was “certainly a directed
                                                                                                                                                                            curfew at night, those in New        effort to thwart our situa-
                                                                                                                                                                            York set up camp in a pri-           tion.” He said solar powered
                                                                                                                                                                            vately-owned park open to            generators      were      being
                                                                                                                                                                            the public 24 hours a day and        brought in to replace those
             AFP                  gy because he understands             thorough and candid assess-      month. President Barack         early warning system to iden-      cannot be removed unless             taken.
         WASHINGTON               that the jobs developing and          ment.”                           Obama’s Republican foes         tify concerns with managing        the owner, Brookfield Office              “It makes us feel like this is
                                  manufacturing these tech-               The     White     House        have been hunting for evi-      the program.                       Properties, officially com-           a confrontational relation-
THE White House on Friday         nologies will either be created       announcement came after a        dence that politics at the         Allison will also be author-    plains to the city.                  ship between the city and the
ordered a probe into US gov-      here or in other countries,”          Republican-led Energy and        White House improperly          ized to bring in a team of out-       New York Mayor Michael            park, and that’s not the type
ernment loans to clean energy     Daley said.                                                            shaped         the     Energy   side experts to assist in the      Bloomberg said the six gen-          of relationship we’re trying to
firms, after a solar panel com-       “While we continue to take           An official said               Department’s decision to pro-   review of the portfolio and        erators and fuel were confis-         foster,” Needham said. “We’ll
pany took a half billion dollar   steps to make sure the United           that the probe                 vide Solyndra with a $535-      preparation of the report.         cated because they were con-         do just fine this winter. Our
Energy Department loan            States remains competitive in           conducted by Alli-             million loan guarantee.            One report suggested that       sidered a safety hazard and it       volunteers are as creative and
guarantee and then went           the 21st Century energy econ-           son would last 60                 The White House has          White House officials pressed       was not a bid to remove pro-         resourceful as they are com-
bankrupt.                         omy, we must also ensure                days and would                 denied acting inappropriate-    for a decision on the loan to      testers.                             mitted.”
  The announcement by             that we are strong stewards of          conclude with a                ly. An official said that the    Solyndra so Vice-President            “As long as they don’t take          A possible showdown
White House Chief of Staff        taxpayer dollars.”                      public report.                 probe conducted by Allison      Joe Biden could announce           away anybody else’s rights to        between Occupy Wall Street
William Daley came as               The independent analysis            Commerce subcommittee of         would last 60 days and would    the approval at a ground-          say what they want to say, or        and New York police was
Republicans crank up pres-        will be led by Herb Allison, a        the House of Representatives     conclude with a public report   breaking for the company’s         to not say anything, to go           averted two weeks ago when
sure on the administration        former Treasury Department            scheduled a meeting next         to the administration that      new factory in September           about their business safely ...      Brookfield Office Properties
over the loan made to             official, and will focus on the        week to decide whether to        includes an evaluation of the   2009.                              at the moment it will contin-        postponed a cleanup of the
California-based Solyndra         Department of Energy’s loan           subpoena White House docu-       current Department of              The Washington Post             ue,” Bloomberg told local            area, which protesters feared
and other outlays designed to     portfolio.                            ments on Solyndra.               Energy loan portfolio.          report was based on emails         radio. Some analysts said            was a bid to remove them.
spur green energy jobs.             Daley said Allison was                Energy Secretary Stephen          It will include recommen-    between the Office of               that Bloomberg’s strategy               Protesters say they are
  “The President is commit-       “tough, always tells it like it is,   Chu will also face a grilling    dations on how to improve       Management and Budget and          toward the protesters was            upset that the billions of dol-
ted to investing in clean ener-   and we look forward to his            before the committee next        the system and establish an     White House officials.              simple — contain them and            lars in bank bailouts doled
                                                                                                                                                                            ensure there is no violence          out during the recession
                                                                                                                                                                            like that seen in Oakland,           allowed banks to resume
                                                                                                                                                                            where former US Marine               earning huge profits while

New citizens sworn in at Statue of Liberty gala                                                                                                                             Scott Olsen was badly injured
                                                                                                                                                                            in clashes with police.
                                                                                                                                                                               “Everything is about con-
                                                                                                                                                                            taining it, if it goes on for a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 average Americans have had
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 no relief from high unem-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ployment and job insecurity.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    They also believe the rich-
          REUTERS                 the celebration in the stat-                                           ny, and were forced to watch    cians from the West Point          long time they are prepared.         est 1 percent of Americans do
          NEW YORK                ue’s shadow.                                                           from a boat floating a short     Military Academy per-              Let them live and be well and        not pay their fair share in
                                                                           Hundreds of
                                    It began with a naturalisa-           people took fer-               distance offshore.              formed patriotic songs.            it will come to an end,” said        taxes.
SHE arrived in the United         tion ceremony for 125 immi-             ries across New                  “We have come a long way        The actor Sigourney
States from France 125            grants from more than 40                York Harbor to                 and we celebrate that           Weaver, dressed in a red
years ago, and has wel-           countries, who would leave              Liberty Island on a            today,” Salazar said, “but we   jacket with a blue and white
comed her fellow immi-            the island as US citizens. “If          cold but sunny                 also acknowledge and recog-     scarf, read the “The New
grants ever since.                you look in the visitors’ faces         Friday for the                 nize that we have a long way    Colossus,” the famous son-
  And although far fewer          when they come over here                celebration in the             to go.”                         net by poet Emma Lazarus
people literally sail past her    you know they got the name              statue’s shadow.                 The     “Star    Spangled     that appears on a plaque
on their first arrival to US       right,” David Luchsinger,                                              Banner” was performed, but      inside the statue’s pedestal.
shores, much was made of          the National Park Service’s                                            so was “La Marseillaise”,         Although the interior of
her enduring symbolism at         superintendent of the statue,         freedoms.”                       France’s national anthem,       the statue will shortly close
a ceremony on Friday mark-        said in a speech, referring to           Ken Salazar, the Interior     recognizing that the copper-    for about a year for renova-
ing the 125th anniversary of      the statue’s proper name:             Secretary, said the statue       clad statue was a gift from     tions, new webcams some
the Statue of Liberty’s dedi-     ‘Liberty Enlightening the             was a reminder that “liberty     the people of France to the     300 feet above the ground in
cation.                           World.’ “It’s such a simple           itself is a work in progress.”   people of America and           the statue’s torch were acti-
   Hundreds of people took        and profound statement,” he              He pointed out that unac-     designed by the French          vated on Friday and will give
ferries across New York           said. “It tells us that every         companied women were             sculptor Frederic Auguste       Internet users a virtual
Harbor to Liberty Island on       human being on this planet            banned from attending the        Bartholdi. Broadway stars,      sense of what it is like to
a cold but sunny Friday for       deserves the same rights and          original dedication ceremo-      schoolchildren and musi-        ascend the statue.                 Police officers keep vigil , in New York, on Friday. (AP)




In tough times, economy tests limits of US presidents’ power
             AFP                    Unfortunately for Barack            ment rates,” said Richard                                        forced to abandon plans for a      potent economic tool — what          been able to do.”
         WASHINGTON               Obama, the buck is stopping           Carroll, author of “The                                          $447 billion stimulus pack-        Theodore Roosevelt called              But some analysts doubt
                                  at 9.1 percent unemploy-              President as Economist.”           Unfortunately for             age. Instead, he has               “the bully pulpit.”                  that the president can make
PRESIDENT Barack Obama            ment, record national debt               “It also seems that people      Barack Obama,                 announced a host of much             “The economy is partly             much of a difference even
occupies the most powerful        and a measly growth rate of           do a poor job of apportioning      the buck is s                 smaller measures that can be       based in confidence, con-             when the pulpit is used and
political office in the world,     2.5 percent.                          responsibility to other insti-     topping at 9.1 per-           done by executive order,           sumer confidence and confi-            Congress is pliant.
but when it comes to manag-           It is a legacy that no            tutions like the Fed and to        cent                          including the creation of a        dence in the president,” said          “The mainstream view is
ing the economy he — and          incumbent in modern times             the previous administra-           unemployment,                 website for business.              Abshire.                             that it is just a question of
his predecessors — are more       has been able to overcome to          tion.”                             record national                  “I think that presidential          He pointed to Franklin           turning the right knobs and
impotent       than    many       retain the presidency.                   Although the constitution       debt and a measly             leadership here is not where       Roosevelt and his fight               pushing the right levers,”
Americans believe.                  But how much can Obama              gives the president sweeping       growth rate of 2.5            it is on article two of the con-   against the Great Depression         said Russell Roberts, an
  It is a truism of American      or any US president actually          powers in many policy areas,       percent.                      stitution, where he is com-        as one example of that pulpit        economist at George Mason
politics that the president       manage the economy? Not               in practice the White House                                      mander in chief,” said David       being used effectively.              University. “The evidence is
carries the can.                  much, according to some               has few economic tools that                                      Abshire, a former advisor to         “One thing that Roosevelt          extremely mixed at best.”
  Whether it is a war going       presidential historians.              do not depend on another         Federal Reserve.                Ronald Reagan.                     did, he had an extraordinary           “The      president     has
sour or a roaring legislative       “I think people do overesti-        branch of government.              The limits of executive          But according to Abshire,       ability to communicate with          tremendous potential to do
victory years in the making,      mate how much influence                   Congress controls the         power are currently being       who now heads the Center           the people and keep the peo-         damage to the economy. I
as the sign on Harry              the president has over ‘bot-          purse strings of fiscal policy,   seen in Washington.             for the Study of the               ple on his side with his fire-        think it is an open question
Truman’s desk put it: “The        tom line’ indicators like GDP         while monetary policy is           Faced with a hostile          Presidency and Congress,           side chats, in a way that            as to what the president can
buck stops here.”                 growth rates and unemploy-            largely the domain of the        Congress, Obama has been        presidents do have one             recent presidents have not           do to make things better.”
                                                                                                              WORLD                                                                                    Sunday, October 30, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 www.qatar-tribune.com    09
  23 killed
  as vehicle
  overturns
                                  Commonwealth fails to set
  in China
             AFP
           BEIJING


  AT LEAST 23 railway
                                  up human rights watchdog
                                               AFP                                                                                                                                                                  expressed resentment at out-
  workers were killed when               PERTH (AUSTRALIA)                                                                                                                                                          side influence.
  a vehicle transporting                                                                                                                                                                                               Nevertheless, Gillard point-
  them to work overturned         COMMONWEALTH leaders                                                                                                                                                              ed to another recommenda-
  early on Saturday in            on Saturday failed to estab-                                                                                                                                                      tion of the Eminent Persons
  northwest China, state          lish a human rights watchdog                                                                                                                                                      Group — to establish a com-
  media reported.                 for their 54-nation bloc, but                                                                                                                                                     mon charter of values — that
     Five people were             insisted that progress had                                                                                                                                                        was endorsed on Saturday as
  injured in the accident         been made during their sum-                                                                                                                                                       a sign of progress.
  that occurred as the            mit to promote democratic                                                                                                                                                            “The charter will be
  workers were being taken        values.                                                                                                                                                                           finalised in 2012 and it will
  in an as yet unspecified            Australian Prime Minister                                                                                                                                                      bring        together       the
  vehicle to a railway con-       Julia Gillard said unspecified                                                                                                                                                     Commonwealth values, prin-
  struction site in Lintao        nations among the group of                                                                                                                                                        ciples and aspirations in one
  county, Gansu province,         mainly       former    British                                                                                                                                                    clear and powerful state-
  Xinhua news agency said.        colonies had rejected a key                                                                                                                                                       ment,” she said. However the
     It was unclear how           reform proposal to set up a                                                                                                                                                       wording of the charter was
  many workers were rid-          commissioner overseeing                                                                                                                                                           not finalised.
  ing in the vehicle when it      human rights, democracy and                                                                                                                                                          Members of the Eminent
  overturned in a mountain        the rule of law.                                                                                                                                                                  Persons Group had earlier
  tunnel, the report said.           “Australia and a number of                                                                                                                                                     expressed concern that the
     Xinhua initially report-     delegations indicated that                                                                                                                                                        fate of all their 106 recom-
  ed 21 dead in the incident,     they were supportive of this                                                                                                                                                      mendations for reform may
  but two other workers           proposal,” Gillard told                                                                                                                                                           be ignored or sidelined.
  succumbed to their              reporters following a day of                                                                                                                                                           Other recommendations
  injuries after being taken      talks         with      other                                                                                                                                                     made by the group including
  to hospital, the agency         Commonwealth Heads of                                                                                                                                                             ending homophobic laws in
  said later on Saturday.         Government            Meeting                                                                                                                                                     many member nations that
     A preliminary investi-       (CHOGM) leaders.                                                                                                                                                                  are contributing to the spread
  gation determined that             “But there were a number                                                                                                                                                       of HIV-AIDS, and to help
  brake failure was the           of delegations concerned by it                                                                                                                                                    small island states deal with
  cause of the accident, it       and the Commonwealth is an                                                                                                                                                        climate change.
  said. Earlier this month,       organisation that involves         (From Left), Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard, British Prime Minister David Cameron and Pakistani Prime Minister Yusuf Raza Gilani         “If this CHOGM does not
  China’s railways ministry       consensus in its decision-         at a joint news conference during the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting, in Perth, on Saturday. (REUTERS)                               deliver such reforms, it is our
  ordered delays to ongoing       making.”                                                                                                                                                                          duty to sound the caution to
  rail projects following a          The three-day CHOGM             of its failure to address          forces committed war crimes         two years ago to look at the          But while rich countries          you that this CHOGM will be
  deadly high-speed acci-         summit began on Friday             human rights abuses among          in 2009 as it ended a decades-      human rights issue and other       such as Australia, Britain and       remembered not as the tri-
  dent between two bullet         amid warnings that the             member states.                     long civil war against Tamil        problems within the organi-        Canada favoured a stronger           umph it should be, but as a
  trains in July that left at     organisation representing            Sri Lanka had been under         Tiger separatists.                  sation had recommended             focus on human rights and            failure,” said Abdullah
  least 40 people dead and        two billion people was             sharp focus in the lead up to        An Eminent Persons Group          that an independent watch-         other contentious issues,            Ahmad Badawi, the group’s
  nearly 200 injured.             becoming irrelevant because        CHOGM amid accusations its         that CHOGM commissioned             dog be established.                many developing nations              chair.
     According to Xinhua,
  the railway workers killed
  on Saturday were work-
  ing at a site on the
  Lanzhou-Chongqing line,
  but the report did not say      Peru reopens probe into forced                                                                                                                  China passes new
  if the line was a high
                                                                                                                                                                                  anti-terrorism law
  speed railway.
     China has developed its
  vast transport network at
  breakneck speed, build-
                                  sterilisations by Fujimori govt                                                                                                                          REUTERS
                                                                                                                                                                                            BEIJING
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    who support the use of ter-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ror, Li said.
  ing the world’s largest                       AP                   say. “It was a premeditated        state policy.                       meeting. “It was pretty amaz-                                              State media said the law
  high-speed rail system                        LIMA                 development policy because it         Officials in the Fujimori         ing.”                                 CHINA passed a new law            will define “terrorist acts as
  from scratch in less than a                                        was done fundamentally, in         administration have denied             The prosecutor who will            on Saturday to give a clear       those which are intended
  decade.                         PERUVIAN prosecutors have          areas of extreme poverty,          that women were forced to           oversee the case, Victor              legal definition of what           to induce public fear or to
     But the government           reopened an investigation          rural and Andean,” said            undergo sterilisation and said      Cubas, said through a                 constitutes an act of terror      coerce state organs or
  has been accused of over-       into evidence that thousands       Francisco Soberon, executive       they signed consent forms.          spokesman that he was too             as it steps up the fight           international organisa-
  looking safety in its rush      of women were forcibly ster-       director of APRODEH, Peru’s        But activists say the women         busy on Friday to answer              against what the govern-          tions by means of violence,
  to develop, most notably        ilised during the 1990-2000        leading human rights organi-       were deceived or threatened.        questions about the investiga-        ment views as a “real             sabotage, threats or other
  after the July high-speed       government of Alberto                                                    All related investigations       tion.                                 threat from terrorist activi-     tactics”. “These acts cause
  rail crash near the eastern     Fujimori, a practice rights          Rights groups say                were shelved in 2009, but              Cardenas said the Peruvian         ties”.                            or aim to cause severe
  city of Wenzhou and a           groups say was official state         they have proof                  President Ollanta Humala            representative told activists            The law defines how             harm to society by causing
  metro       collision    in     policy and constituted a crime       more than 2,000                  revived the sterilisation cases     on Wednesday that the gov-            security forces should deal       casualties, bringing about
  Shanghai in September           against humanity.                    Peruvian women                   as a campaign issue before          ernment was looking into              with such acts, and gives         major economic losses,
  that injured nearly 300.           Rights groups say they have       were forcibly                    defeating Fujimori’s daughter       assuring it would have the            the government the power          damaging public facilities
     In the weeks following       proof more than 2,000                sterilised under                 Keiko in a June runoff elec-        necessary resources to reopen         to name publicly those it         or disturbing social order,”
  the July crash, the gov-        Peruvian      women       were       Fujimori.                        tion for the presidency.            all the cases.                        suspects of involvement           the official Xinhua news
  ernment announced a             forcibly sterilised under                                                On Wednesday, a senior              “We know that we will have         and freeze their assets, offi-     agency said earlier this
  halt to new train projects.     Fujimori. But they believe the     sation. It was also racist         official from the Peruvian           to keep putting on pressure,”         cials said.                       week. “Instigating, funding
     In February, rail minis-     number is closer to 200,000.       because it chiefly targeted         attorney general’s office            she said.                                 “Our country is facing a      or assisting with other
  ter Liu Zhijun, who had         Most of the victims lived in       indigenous Quechua speak-          informed the InterAmerican             In 1999, a year before             real threat from terrorist        means are also terrorist
  pushed forward the              rural areas, were poor and         ers, Soberon said.                 Commission on Human                 Fujimori fled into exile amid a        activities, and the fight will     acts,” it said.
  building of the high-           barely educated or illiterate.       Alejandra Cardenas of the        Rights in Washington that the       corruption scandal, his govern-       be long-term and complex,            China says that militant
  speed rail system, was             The goal was to reduce          New York-based Center for          chief prosecutor’s office, a         ment reported that 300,000            and it gets more acute day-       groups allied with Al
  sacked and placed under         poverty by lowering the birth      Reproductive Rights said that      separate agency, had decided        women had undergone sterili-          by-day,” legal official Li         Qaeda and Central Asian
  investigation for graft,        rate among the poor, who at        not since Nazi Germany has a       on October 21 to revive the         sation in the previous five years      Weishou told a news brief-        militants operate in its
  state press reports said.       the time accounted for one in      government employed forced         cases. “It was a surprise,”         as part of a birth control pro-       ing.                              restive far western region
                                  two Peruvians, the groups          sterilisation an instrument of     said Cardenas, who was at the       gramme.                                  The lack of one unified         of Xinjiang, seeking to set
                                                                                                                                                                                  law to tackle the problem         up an independent state
                                                                                                                                                                                  had resulted in uneven            called East Turkestan.
                                                                                                                                                                                  enforcement, he said, and            Many experts do not


Kenyan troops not to quit Somalia early                                                                                                                                           lists of suspects and terror
                                                                                                                                                                                  groups would be published
                                                                                                                                                                                  as the government saw fit.
                                                                                                                                                                                     The new law will help
                                                                                                                                                                                  China’s international par-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    consider Al Qaeda or its
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    supposed ally in Xinjiang,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    the “East Turkestan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Islamic Movement”, to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    have anywhere near the
              AP                                                                                                                            cross-border attacks and kid-         ticipation in fighting those       influence China portrays.
           NAIROBI                                                                                                                          nappings blamed on Somali
                                                                                                                                            gunmen. Kenya also hosts
KENYAN troops will stay in                                                                                                                  around 600,000 Somali
southern Somalia until                                                                                                                      refugees who have fled the
Kenyans feel safe again, the                                                                                                                fighting and famine in their
chief of Kenya’s armed forces                                                                                                               homeland.
said on Saturday, raising                                                                                                                      The government is deeply
questions about whether                                                                                                                     worried about the rapidly
Kenya risks becoming bogged                                                                                                                 swelling refugee camps in the
down in an open-ended occu-                                                                                                                 north, which it considers a
pation of its war-ravaged                                                                                                                   severe security problem.
neighbour.                                                                                                                                     So far Kenya has suffered
  That problem eventually                                                                                                                   one fatality due to al-Shabab
forced both UN and                                                                                                                          fire, Karangi said, although
Ethiopian forces to withdraw                                                                                                                five people were killed when
from      Somalia,     though                                                                                                               their helicopter crashed.
General Julius Karangi told                                                                                                                    He said hundreds of al-
reporters that Kenya does not                                                                                                               Shabab were believed to be
have a timeframe for leaving.     General Julius Karangi, Kenyan Chief of the Defense Force, during a military press breifing, in Nairobi,   killed although he had no
  Kenya sent troops into          on Saturday. (AP)                                                                                         way of confirming that direct-
Somalia earlier this month to                                                                                                               ly.
fight Al Qaeda-linked al-          Karangi said.                      occupying Somalia and is           criticised the Kenyan inter-           Karangi says that although
Shabab militants.                   “Key success factors or          working alongside the weak         vention but Kenyan officials         Kenya has bilateral military
  “When the Kenya govern-         indicators will be in the form     UN-backed Somali govern-           said they expected “clarifica-       agreements with countries
ment and the people of this       of a highly degraded al-           ment, which only holds the         tion” from a high-level Somali      like the United States and
country feel that they are safe   Shabab capacity.”                  capital with the help of 9,000     delegation on Monday.               Britain, those allies are not
enough from the al-Shabab           But Karangi says Kenya has       African Union soldiers.               Kenya sent troops into           directly militarily involved in
menace, we shall pull back,”      no interest in permanently           The Somali president has         Somalia following a string of       the incursion into Somalia.
10         Sunday, October 30, 2011
           www.qatar-tribune.com                                                        PAKISTAN / SOUTH ASIA

Afghan refugees                                                                                                                                                                                                       Rogue Afghan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      soldier kills
reluctant to                                                                                                                                                                                                          3 Australian
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      troops
return from                                                                                                                                                                                                                        AFP
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  KABUL




Pakistan: UN                                                                                                                                                                                                          AN Afghan soldier opened
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      fire on foreign forces on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Saturday, killing three
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Australian army trainers in
              AP                         The agency said most of                                                                                                                                                      the volatile south of
            KABUL                     the refugees hail from inse-                                                                                                                                                    Afghanistan, NATO and a
                                      cure regions of Afghanistan                                                                                                                                                     local commander said.
THE number of Afghan                  that have seen “limited                                                                                                                                                            The alliance force said two
refugees returning home               development,” and that                                                                                                                                                          service members were killed
from Pakistan fell by almost          many had cited the still-pre-                                                                                                                                                   and one other later died of
60 percent this year, the             carious security situation                                                                                                                                                      his injuries after “an individ-
United Nations’ refugee               and lack of opportunities to                                                                                                                                                    ual wearing an Afghan
agency said on Saturday,              restart their lives as reasons                                                                                                                                                  National Army uniform
reflecting the reluctance of           for their reluctance to return                                                                                                                                                  apparently       turned     his
many to return to the war-            home.                                                                                                                                                                           weapon on Afghan and coali-
ravaged country where secu-              Millions of Afghans fled to                                                                                                                                                   tion forces.”
rity concerns abound a                Pakistan, Iran and, to a less-                                                                                                                                                     It said the shooter was also
decade after a US-led inva-           er extent, other neighbour-                                                                                                                                                     killed in the incident but gave
sion to oust the Taliban.             ing countries, as the nation                                                                                                                                                    no further details.
   The UNHCR said that                was gripped by decades of                                                                                                                                                          General Abdul Hameed,
60,000       Afghans       have       conflict. Pakistan is home to                                                                                                                                                    commander of 205 Atal corps
returned so far this year             1.7 million Afghan refugees,                                                                                                                                                    in the south said an Afghan
under its voluntary repatria-         and the UNHCR said half of                                                                                                                                                      soldier with three years’
tion effort — 43,000 coming           them were born outside of                                                                                                                                                       experience had carried out
home from Pakistan and                Afghanistan and own no                                                                                                                                                          the shooting in the volatile
17,000 from Iran.                     property in the country.         US troops prepare to remove a blast victim from the site of a suicide attack, in Kabul, on Saturday. (AP)                                      southern        province     of
   While the number return-              While returnees from                                                                                                                                                         Uruzgan.



                                                                       13 Americans among 17
ing from Iran was double the          Pakistan registered a sharp                                                                                                                                                        He said six other Australian
level for the same period last        decline, the number of                                                                                                                                                          troops and one Afghan officer
year, 59 percent fewer                Afghans returning home                                                                                                                                                          had been wounded.
returned from Pakistan, the           from Iran doubled compared                                                                                                                                                         “At around 8:30 this morn-
agency said. In Pakistan,             to the same period in 2010 —                                                                                                                                                    ing an ANA soldier named



                                                                       killed in Afghan blast
most of the Afghan refugees           a spike apparently linked to                                                                                                                                                    Darwish who had been serv-
live in two trouble-prone             Iran’s ongoing economic                                                                                                                                                         ing as an ANA soldier for the
northwest regions that border         challenges.                                                                                                                                                                     past three years opened fire
Afghanistan — Khyber                     As part of an effort to cut                                                                                                                                                  on a group of Australian mili-
Pakhtunkhwa                 and       costs by a government under                                                                                                                                                     tary officers, killing three of
Baluchistan.                          international sanction over                                                                                                                                                     them and injuring six others
   A NATO push over the past          its nuclear program, Iran’s                    AFP                  aimed at bridging peace.            another      blaze    nearby,          Over the past few months a       as well as one ANA officer,”
couple of years forced the            president ordered that subsi-                 KABUL                   The interior ministry said        footage on private television        series of attacks in the capital   said Hameed.
Taliban to shift operations           dies on food and other basic                                        three bystanders and a              channel Tolo showed.                 have shown the resilience of          “The attacker was also
outside      its    traditional       goods, including fuel, be        A TALIBAN car bomber               policeman were killed, while           NATO’s coalition forces           the Taliban, more than ten         gunned down by ISAF sol-
strongholds in the south.             sharply reduced. Critics had     struck a NATO military con-        NATO’s alliance force said at       were seen carrying the               years after the Islamist           diers.” Fears of infiltration
Afghanistan’s          eastern        assailed the plan, saying it     voy in the Afghan capital on       least 13 Western military           charred bodies of some of            movement was toppled from          within the Afghan army
provinces have become par-            would lead to a spike in         Saturday, killing 17 people,       forces died and US officials         those killed away on stretch-        power by a US-led invasion.        ranks have risen as Western
ticular hotspots in the war-          inflation.                        including 13 US troops, in         confirmed they were all              ers from the wreckage of the           Eight other major inci-          backers fund and train a
ravaged nation where U.S.-               So far, about 4.6 million     the latest in a string of major    American.                           bombed bus.                          dents have hit Kabul since         huge expansion of the fledg-
led NATO forces, for the past         Afghans have returned since      attacks to rock the war-torn         “Initial reports indicate            “It was a huge explosion, I       the beginning of the year,         ling national force ahead of
decade, have been battling            2002, helped by the              nation.                            that      13     International      saw at least 10 bodies of for-       including a complex attack         the withdrawal of all foreign
the insurgents.                       UNHCR and its government           The attacker blew up his         Security Assistance Force           eign forces taken out of their       on a luxury hotel that killed      combat forces scheduled for
   The al-Qaida and Taliban-          counterparts. In total, about    Toyota sedan next to a US-         (ISAF) service members died         capsized bus and evacuated           21 people in June, a deadly        2014. Lieutenant General
linked Haqqani network                5.7 million have returned        run bus travelling through         following an improvised             by two helicopters,” one wit-        suicide bombing on a British       Asif Yasin Malik, who is
operates out of Pakistan,             from Pakistan and Iran, or       the southwest of Kabul at          explosive device attack in          ness told AFP at the scene.          cultural centre and a siege of     supervising military opera-
striking         into      east       roughly 25 percent of the        11:20 am (0650 GMT), rais-         Kabul earlier today,” the              Half a kilometre from the         the US embassy and NATO            tions in the northwestern
Afghanistan and into the              country’s total population,      ing tensions in the city           force said in a statement.          explosion, shattered win-            headquarters that killed at        province        of      Khyber
capital, Kabul.                       the agency said.                 already troubled by a spate          At least one other soldier        dows and scattered pieces of         least 14 in a 19-hour siege.       Pakhtunkhwa, told reporters
                                                                       of recent high-profile insur-       was wounded in the massive          twisted metal showed the               The assassination last           that his troops would not
                                                                       gent attacks.                      explosion, US officials told         scale of the massive blast.          month of the government’s          leave the area until complete
                                                                         The bombing was one of           AFP, warning that the death            The attack was the dead-          chief peace broker, former         security had been ensured.
                                                                       three deadly incidents for         toll could rise.                    liest for the coalition since        president       Burhanuddin           “We will take action
                                                                       foreign forces across the            Thick black smoke could           the death of 30 US troops,           Rabbani, also in Kabul,            against the terrorists in our
                                                                       country and comes as NATO          be seen rising from an fire          including 25 US Special              underscores the vulnerabili-       area and NATO and
                                                                       prepares to hand large areas       still raging at the scene, cor-     Operations Forces, whose             ty of the capital as Western       Afghanistan should also take
                                                                       of Afghanistan to local            doned off by Afghan and             helicopter was shot down in          governments look to with-          action against them (terror-
                                                                       forces, and ahead of two           ISAF soldiers, while fire            mid-August south of Kabul            draw their troops from the         ists) in their area across the
                                                                       international conferences          hoses were putting out              in Wardak province.                  war.                               border,” he said.




                                                                       Pakistani probe panel plans visit to India
                                                                                     PTI                     attacks.                         said. The statement did not            In a related development,        tion in the Lahore High Court
                                                                                 ISLAMABAD                   Malik conveyed the direc-        give any details about the           the Rawalpindi-based anti-         asking that the case against
                                                                                                          tion to High Commissioner to        members of the proposed              terrorism court conducting         him in the anti-terrorism
                                                                       INTERIOR Minister Rehman           India Shahid Malik during a         commission or the date for its       the trial of seven suspects        court be transferred from
                                                                       Malik on Saturday directed         meeting, said an official state-     planned visit. Malik conveyed        charged with involvement in        Rawalpindi to Lahore.
                                                                       Pakistan’s envoy to New            ment. Malik and the envoy           a goodwill massage to his            the Mumbai attacks on              Lakhvi said he had no confi-
                                                                       Delhi to inform the Indian         discussed matters related to        Indian      counterpart     P        Saturday adjourned the case        dence in the anti-terrorism
                                                                       government      about    the       the visit of the judicial com-      Chidambaram. Malik and the           for a week as a higher court is    court’s judge, whom he
                                                                       planned visit of a Pakistani       mission. “The minister also         envoy also discussed the fol-        yet to decide on key accused       claimed was being influenced
                                                                       judicial commission that will      directed        the       High      low-up of the Home                   Zakiur Rehman Lakhvi’s             by the government.
                                                                       interview key persons linked       Commissioner to inform the          Secretary-level       meeting        petition against the judge.           Anti-terrorism court Judge
                                                                       to the probe into the 2008         Indian government on the            between Pakistan and India,            Lakhvi, the operations           Shahid Rafique adjourned the
                                                                       western Indian city Mumbai         planned judicial commission         the statement said without           commander of the Lashkar-          case till November 5 without
Members of an Afghan refugee family, in Peshawar, recently. (AFP)      terrorist                          visit to India,” the statement      giving details.                      e-Taiba, recently filed a peti-     any proceedings on Saturday.




  Suu Kyi may contest upcoming parliament by-election
             REUTERS                   power in March to a civilian     would stand in a by-election       at shedding Myanmar’s pari-
              YANGON                   government and it has intro-     after the party’s re-registra-     ah status and giving it some
                                       duced some reforms and           tion, Nyan Win said: “I think      legitimacy with the interna-
  MYANMAR             democracy        started a dialogue with          she will and I personally          tional community, particular-
  leader Aung San Suu Kyi              Nobel Peace Prize laureate       want her to.”                      ly the Association of South
  might stand for parliament           Suu Kyi.                            Asked by Reuters a month        East Asian Nations (ASEAN),
  in an upcoming by-election             Her National League for        ago if she would stand in a        of which Myanmar is a mem-
  after her party re-registers         Democracy (NLD) party was        by-election if the law was         ber.
  itself to enter politics, a party    officially disbanded for          amended, the 66-year old              Since coming to power this
  spokesman said.                      refusing to take part in last    Suu Kyi said she would have        year, the new government
     Suu Kyi has been blocked          year’s election although it      to get the approval of her         has stopped criticising Suu
  from politics and detained           has continued to function.       party’s central executive          Kyi and issuing veiled
  for long stretches of time             NLD spokesman Nyan             committee. A set of by-elec-       threats and instead sent an
  since returning to her home-         Win said the party was likely    tions is expected late this        envoy, Labour Minister
  land from abroad in 1988.            to get re-registered under an    year.                              Aung Kyi, to meet her on
  But after holding the first           amended party law that              Analysts say the govern-        three occasions. They are
  election in 20 years last            drops clauses the party had      ment’s reforms, including the      due to meet again on
  November, Myanmar’s mili-            objected to.                     recent release of about 200        Sunday, government and
  tary nominally handed                  Asked if Suu Kyi herself       political prisoners, are aimed     party officials said.               Myanmar pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi (left), in Yangon, recently. (AP)
                                                                                                                  INDIA                                                                               Sunday, October 30, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                            www.qatar-tribune.com     11
                                                                                                                                                                                Metallica officials
                                                                                                                                                                                held, charged
                                                                                                                                                                                with cheating
                                                                                                                                                                                            DPA                 Saturday because of tech-
                                                                                                                                                                                          NEW DELHI             nical snags.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Irate fans damaged the
                                                                                                                                                                                FOUR executives of the          stage and some equip-
                                                                                                                                                                                company          organising     ment, broadcaster NDTV
                                                                                                                                                                                Metallica’s maiden show         reported.
                                                                                                                                                                                in India were arrested on
                                                                                                                                                                                Saturday, a day after the
                                                                                                                                                                                event was cancelled.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Metallica said
                                                                                                                                                                                  Metallica was scheduled
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  the reason for
                                                                                                                                                                                to play on Friday in New
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  the postpone-
                                                                                                                                                                                Delhi suburb Gurgaon in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ment on Friday
                                                                                                                                                                                the first of a series of F1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  was concern
                                                                                                                                                                                Rocks concerts being held
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  over the safety
                                                                                                                                                                                along with India's inaugu-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  of fans.
                                                                                                                                                                                ral Formula One Grand
                                                                                                                                                                                Prix. Rajesh Chandwani,           Besides New Delhi and
                                                                                                                                                                                the operational chief of        adjoining areas, fans had
                                                                                                                                                                                event management firm            travelled from southern
                                                                                                                                                                                DNA         Entertainment       states such as Kerala and
                                                                                                                                                                                Network, and three mem-         Andhra Pradesh and
                                                                                                                                                                                bers of his team were           north-eastern states such
Indian Foreign Minister S M Krishna (left) with his Japanese counterpart Koichiro Gemba, in Tokyo, on Saturday. (AP)                                                            arrested, said Maheshwar        as Assam and Manipur,
                                                                                                                                                                                Dayal, the deputy com-          the IANS news agency



India, Japan to resume N-deal
                                                                                                                                                                                missioner of Gurgaon            reported .Some had come
                                                                                                                                                                                police.                         from     China,    Nepal,
                                                                                                                                                                                  They have been accused        Indonesia and Singapore,
                                                                                                                                                                                of cheating. “The organis-      the report said.
                                                                                                                                                                                ers have not come up with         In a statement on their



talks, explore rare earths
                                                                                                                                                                                a satisfactory explanation      website, Metallica said
                                                                                                                                                                                for the cancellation. The       the reason for the post-
                                                                                                                                                                                Gurgaon police have             ponement on Friday was
                                                                                                                                                                                received many complaints        concern over the safety of
                                                                                                                                                                                in this regard,” Dayal said.    fans and the show had to
                                                                                                                                                                                Less than two hours             be cancelled on Saturday
             IANS                  change and the evolving East       said at a joint press confer-         Nuclear negotiations with       diversify rare earth supplies       before the band was             as the required permits
           NEW DELHI               Asia architecture. They also       ence with Gemba in Tokyo.           India have been a sensitive       as Beijing controls more than       scheduled to play, with         could not be secured at
                                   discussed ways to celebrate          “After my discussions             political subject in Japan, the   90 percent of global supply.        more than 25,000 people         such short notice.
JAPAN on Saturday agreed to        the 60th anniversary of the        today, I am optimistic on this      only country that has borne          Expressing sympathy with         gathered at the Leisure           The heavy metal band is
resume civil nuclear negotia-      establishment of Indo-Japan        score,” he said.                    the brunt of nuclear weapons.     Japan following the March 11        Valley      grounds       in    scheduled to play at a
tions with India that were         relations next year.                                                     In another key develop-         earthquake and tsunami,             Gurgaon, the organisers         concert in the southern
stalled after the Fukushima           The discussions, which last-      The discussions,                  ment, the two countries           Krishna said India was “ready       announced they were             city of Bangalore on
disaster and accelerate the        ed over an hour, have set the        which lasted over                 decided to spur their high-       to help in whatever way             postponing the event to         Sunday.
joint development of rare          stage for the visit of Japanese      an hour, have set                 technology cooperation and        required”.
earth material deposits.           Prime Minister Yoshihiko             the stage for the                 collaborate in the develop-          “We also discussed the
   In a development that will      Noda to India in December.           visit of Japanese                 ment of rare earths. Japan        India-Japan-United States
be closely watched by China,          Japan indicated its readi-        PM to India in                    has removed seven Indian          trilateral dialogue. We agreed
External Affairs Minister S M      ness to resume civil nuclear         December.                         entities from its Foreign End     that it will be held very soon.
Krishna, who concluded the         negotiations with India that                                           User List this year, which        It will cover regional and
fifth round of strategic dia-       were stalled after the March         The two countries “will move      included Indian Rare Earths       international issues of con-
logue with his Japanese coun-      11 Fukushima radiation disas-      forward talks on the civilian       Limited. “We now look for-        cern to all three countries,”
terpart Koichiro Gemba in          ter and the ensuing political      nuclear cooperation pact while      ward to greater cooperation       Krishna said. Beijing is
Tokyo, said the India-Japan-       uncertainty in that country.       paying consideration to             between Indian and Japanese       uneasy with the trilateral dia-
United States trilateral dia-         “I also discussed with          nuclear disarmament and non-        firms in the rare earths sec-      logue and sees it as an
logue will be held soon.           Foreign Minister Gemba the         proliferation”, Jiji Press quoted   tor,” Krishna said.               attempt to contain its rise in
   Krishna and Gemba dis-          status of civil nuclear cooper-    Gemba as saying.                      “The two countries will         Asia. Krishna also thanked
cussed a host of issues that       ation between our countries.         “We agreed to resume              move ahead with a joint           Japan for maintaining the           Four officials of a company involved in organising rock band
included jointly combating         As you are aware, we have          negotiations at the working         development,” of rare earth       level      of    its    Official     Metallica’s concert after being arrested, in Gurgaon, on
piracy and terrorism to civil      had three rounds of negotia-       level so that we can surely         deposits in India, said           Development          Assistance     Saturday. (PTI)
nuclear cooperation, climate       tions on this subject,” Krishna    move towards it,” he said.          Gemba. Tokyo is seeking to        (ODA) to India.




  30 drowned
  in Assam
                                   Sonia discusses steps to check                                                                                                             Core panel not to be
                                                                                                                                                                              disbanded: Kejriwal
  bridge
  collapse                         spiralling food prices                                                                                                                                 IANS
                                                                                                                                                                                        GHAZIABAD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Arvind Kejriwal said after a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                five-hour meeting of the core
                                                                                                                                                                                                                committee in this suburban
                                                 PTI                  briefed her about inflation.           “Similarly, prices of milk,     received feedback from state      TEAM Anna on Saturday             town of Delhi.
              AP                              NEW DELHI               Sonia Gandhi is concerned           meat and vegetables have          governments. There are            declared that its core com-         He said Team Anna was
           GUWAHTI                                                    about high food inflation. We        gone up largely because of        some changes. We will start       mittee will not be disbanded      forced to campaign against
                                   CONCERNED over high                discussed how to tackle this        change in the consumption         preparing the final bill next      and threatened that its mem-      the Congress in the Hisar
   A FOOT bridge span-             food                               problem and the areas that          pattern and rise in income,”      week,” he said.                   bers will campaign against        Lok Sabha by-election as
   ning a river in north-          inflation, Indian National          the government should give          he said.                            Indian Finance Minister         the Congress party during         the party did not come for-
   east India collapsed            Congress President and             thrust on,” Thomas told PTI.          Thomas noted that the           Pranab Mukherjee had asked        next year’s assembly polls if a   ward to support the Jan
   on Saturday, and                United Progressive Alliance           Food inflation accelerated        average food inflation, which      the state governments to          strong Lokpal bill was not        Lokpal bill.
   police said 30 people           (UPA) Chairperson Sonia            to a six-month high of 11.43        stood at 7 per cent in 2006-      send their comments on the        passed in the winter session        Referring       to      Prime
   were feared drowned.            Gandhi on Saturday dis-            per cent for week ended             07, rose to 14.5 per cent in      draft bill at the earliest to     of parliament.                    Minister Manmohan Singh’s
     Police and paramil-           cussed with Indian Food            October 15, driven by soaring       2010-11, and is ruling now in     help the government finalise          “There is no question of the   Oct 10 letter to Hazare assur-
   itary forces rescued at         Minister K V Thomas steps          milk and vegetable prices.          the range of 8-11 per cent. On    the bill for introduction in      core committee being dis-         ing the government’s com-
   least 28 villagers from         required to check price rise          “I told her (Sonia Gandhi)       the proposed National Food        the winter session of             banded. The government is         mitment to a strong Lokpal
   the river, senior               besides reviewing progress         that there was no inflation in       Security Act, Thomas said he      Parliament. The proposed          attacking the core committee      bill, Kejriwal said if the letter
   police officer Kyle Aya          on the proposed Food               foodgrains and prices were          told the UPA Chairperson          bill aims to provide legal        which will be strongly replied    had come earlier, there prob-
   said. One later died in         Security legislation.              stable. In the case of edible       that the Food Ministry would      right to subsidised food-         to. We will not allow atten-      ably would not have been the
   a hospital.                       “I apprised her of the pro-      oils, prices have gone up           start finalising the draft bill    grains to nearly 70 per cent      tion to be diverted from Jan      need to campaign against the
     Many of the people            posed Food Bill. I also            slightly because we import.         next week. “We have               of the country’s population.      Lokpal bill,” team member         Congress.
   crossing the bridge
   when it collapsed
   were women and chil-
   dren, Aya told the
   Associated Press.
     The swift current
   was hindering rescue
   operations, the Press
                                   Omar gets cold feet on AFSPA withdrawal in J&K
   Trust of India quoted                                                                                                                             AGENCIES                                                   Budgam , Jammu and
   police as saying.                                                                                                                                  SRINAGAR                  Singh said as part              Samba before the annual
     The bridge crosses                                                                                                                                                         of the overall plan,            darbar (civil secretariat)
   the Kameng River in                                                                                                                      THE Jammu & Kashmir gov-            the RSS first used              moves from Srinagar to
   Arunachal Pradesh                                                                                                                        ernment will decide on              yoga guru Baba                  Jammu on November 12.
   state. The region is                                                                                                                     revoking the Armed Forces           Ramdev, then                    That stirred a controversy
   nearly 370 miles (500                                                                                                                    Special Powers Act law from         Anna Hazare and                 with the Army and state
   kilometers) north of                                                                                                                     some areas of the state after       was now planning                Congress leaders opposing
   Gauhati, the capital of                                                                                                                  there is a consensus of all         to utilise spiritual            the move. Several Congress
   Assam state.                                                                                                                             stakeholders on the issue.          guru Sri Sri.                   leaders said the CM did not
     It was the second                                                                                                                        The state cabinet dis-                                            discuss the issue with them
   bridge collapse in                                                                                                                       cussed the issue on Friday        told the cabinet that he had      before       making         the
   India within a week.                                                                                                                     though it was not the part of     informed Union home min-          announcement at a public
     Last week, 31 peo-                                                                                                                     the agenda after chief minis-     ister P Chimdambram about         function on last Friday.
   ple died when a                                                                                                                          ter Omar Abdullah raised it.      partial withdrawal of AFSPA         The state cabinet though
   wooden bridge col-                                                                                                                       The chief minister instructed     from some areas of J&K ,          approved amendments to
   lapsed       in      the                                                                                                                 that minutes of the discus-       said a minister present at the    the Public Safety Act follow-
   Darjeeling district of                                                                                                                   sion on AFSPA at the cabinet      meeting. The CM had earlier       ing which a person detained
   West Bengal state.                                                                                                                       meeting should not be             said AFSPA would be lifted        under the Act can now be
                                   Policemen disperse Kashmiri government employees during a protest, in Srinagar, on Saturday. (EPA)       recorded, sources said. Omar      partially from Srinagar,          kept in the jail for one year.
12          Sunday, October 30, 2011
            www.qatar-tribune.com                                                                THE LAST WORD

Syria criticises                                                                                              CHEERLEADERS IN F1 PIT
                                                                          Indian dancers ready to perform ahead of the third practice session of Formula One’s Indian Grand Prix at the Buddh
                                                                          International circuit, in Greater Noida, New Delhi, on Saturday. (AFP)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                75 killed in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                South Sudan
Arab League                                                                                                                                                                                                     rebel attack
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             AFP



ahead of talks
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             JUBA


                                                                                                                                                                                                                SEVENTY-FIVE people were
                                                                                                                                                                                                                killed on Saturday when gov-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                ernment forces in the oil-rich
              DPA                   television    reported       on                                                                                                                                             South Sudanese Unity state
             CAIRO                  Saturday. The committee,                                                                                                                                                    repelled an attack by rebel
                                    headed by Qatar, comprises                                                                                                                                                  militia, in which 15 civilians
AN Arab League message              the foreign ministers of                                                                                                                                                    also died, the state’s informa-
expressing concerns over the        Algeria, Egypt, Oman and                                                                                                                                                    tion minister said.
continued killing of civilians      Sudan.                                                                                                                                                                         “There was a militia attack
in Syria was criticised by the        In a crisis meeting in                                                                                                                                                    at 5 or 6 o’clock in the morn-
government on Saturday as           Cairo on October 16, the                                                                                                                                                    ing (0200-0300 GMT) in
being “based on lies.”              Arab League gave the                                                                                                                                                        Mayom county,” said Gideon
  The SANA state news               Syrian government two                                                                                                                                                       Gatpan Thoar, adding that
agency reported that Foreign        weeks to initiate talks with                                                                                                                                                another 18 were wounded.
Minister Walid al Moallem           the opposition.                                                                                                                                                                Thoar said rebels, most of
received a message late               Meanwhile, on Saturday,                                                                                                                                                   them fighting under the ban-
Friday from the head of the         seven people were killed in a                                                                                                                                               ner of the South Sudan
Arab League’s committee on          government crackdown on                                                                                                                                                     Liberation Army (SSLA),
Syria, which the regime says        the two flashpoint provinces                                                                                                                                                 attacked Mayom town and
was “based on lies spread by        of Homs and Hama, accord-                                                                                                                                                   that the majority of the civil-
inciting television channels.”      ing to opposition activists.                                                                                                                                                ian casualties were residents
                                      Three people died in Homs                                                                                                                                                 gunned down while “running
  The Arab League’s                 and five were wounded in an                                                                                                                                                  for shelter.”
  committee of for-                 attack by security forces, the                                                                                                                                                 “We are counting the bod-
  eign ministers is                 Syrian Observatory for                                                                                                                                                      ies now but over 60 militias
  due to meet on
  Sunday in Doha. Its
  members held
  talks on Wednes-
                                    Human Rights said.
                                      Clashes erupted between
                                    government troops and
                                    armed groups -believed to be
                                                                      Qatar up in World Bank rankings                                                                                                           were killed and many more
                                                                                                                                                                                                                wounded,” said Thoar,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                adding that 15 civilians were
                                                                                                                                                                                                                killed in the attack.
  day with Syrian                   army deserters - and explo-       CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1                                                                                  improved their performance,           Among the dead was the
  President Bashar                  sions were heard, the                                                                                                                    notably Morocco. Overall, 13       notorious rebel fighter
  al Assad on ending                London-based group added.                                                                                                                MENA countries advanced in         Colonel Ruadheal Gatwech,
  the unrest.                         SANA reported that 15 sol-      remains “Paying Taxes”. It                                                                             the index and only five fell, an    he said, adding that SPLA
                                    diers and police officers,         ranks second in the world                                                                              encouraging sign that the          government forces also cap-
  At least 40 people were           killed allegedly by “armed        given its simple tax system and                                                                        business environment in the        tured one soldier in Mayom
killed on Friday in anti-gov-       groups,”      were      buried    low rates—there are no per-                                                                            region is improving.               town and three more in the
ernment protests demanding          Saturday. The government          sonal taxes and foreign com-                                                                              Saudi Arabia continues to       east of the county.
the imposition of a no-fly           has repeatedly blamed “ter-       panies pay a flat 10 percent tax                                                                        lead the region in 12th place,        “The situation is under con-
zone in the country to protect      rorist,    armed      groups”     on locally sourced profits.                                                                             as a result of concerted efforts   trol by the SPLA. The rebels
civilians from government           allegedly financed by foreign        The largest LNG exporter                                                                             over recent years to improve       are still being chased away,”
crackdowns, according to            powers for inciting the           also performed well in “Dealing                                                                        its performance on many of         Thoar said seven hours after
opposition activists.               unrest.                           with Construction Permits”, a                                                                          the indicators upon which the      the attack.
  The Arab League’s commit-           In Cairo, dozens of Syrian      critical area, given the ongoing                                                                       index is based.                       Thoar said the last serious
tee of foreign ministers is due     activists       demonstrated      construction boom that is rap-                                                                            On the other hand, Morocco      attack in Unity was early
to meet on Sunday in Doha.          Saturday outside their coun-      idly transforming Qatar’s                                                                              is the most improved country       October, when the rebel
Its members held talks on           try’s embassy, demanding an       industrial base, infrastructure                                                                        in the world, rising 20 places     group was suspected to have
Wednesday with Syrian               end to al Assad’s rule.           and residential sector.                                                                                to 94th, leaping ahead of four     laid an anti-tank mine that
President Bashar al Assad on          The protesters raised pho-        Qatar still ranks just below                                                                         other MENA countries to            killed 20 people in a passen-
ending the unrest.                  tos of who they said were chil-   average in four areas, which       in its ranking. Nonetheless, it   Spain and Luxembourg.             make it the highest ranking        ger bus, and before that
  Al Moallem is to attend the       dren and old people killed by     means that there is plenty of      is already ahead of some            A number of other countries     non-GCC country, aside from        another mine incident in
Doha meeting, Syrian state          government troops.                room for future improvements       European countries such as        in the MENA region have also      Tunisia.                           September.



Doha film
fest ends on                        Early storm buries US
musical note                        East Coast in snow
                                                      AP                       the snowfall totals much lower along
                                                    HEBRON                     the coast and in cities such as Boston,
                                                                               National Weather Service meteorolo-
                                    ,A storm was chugging along up the US      gist Bill Simpson said, with 1 to 3 inch-
                                    East Coast and expected to dump any-       es (2.5 to 7.5 centimeters) of snowfall
                                    where from a dusting of snow to about      forecast.
                                    10 inches (25 centimeters) throughout         October snowfall records could be
                                    the region starting on Saturday, a         broken in parts of southern New
                                    decidedly unseasonal date for a type of    England, especially at higher elevations,
                                    storm more associated with midwinter.      National Weather Service meteorologist
                                      A mix of rain and snow was falling in    Bill Simpson said. The October record
                                    the mid-Atlantic, with more snow far-      for southern New England is 7.5 inches
                                    ther inland. Cherry Grove, West            (19.05 centimeters) in Worcester,
                                    Virginia, on the edge of the               Massachusetts, in 1979.
                                    Monongahela National Forest, got 4            More than 6 inches (15 centimeters)
                                    inches (10 centimeters) of snow            of snow could accumulate in parts of
                                    overnight, according to the National       Maine on Saturday. Parts of southern
                                    Weather Service.                           Vermont could receive more than a foot
                                      Communities inland are expected to       (30 centimeters) of wet snow Saturday
                                    get hit hardest by the storm. The heav-    into Sunday.
                                    iest snow was forecast for the                In Connecticut, Gov. Dannel P.
                                    Massachusetts        Berkshires,    the    Malloy warned residents that they
British singer Leona Lewis at the   Litchfield Hills in northwestern            could lose power due to the anticipated
closing night of Doha Tribeca       Connecticut, southwestern New              wet, heavy snow.
Film Festival, in Doha, on          Hampshire and the southern Green              In Pennsylvania, Philadelphia was
Saturday. (MANEESH BAKSHI)          Mountains.                                 expected to get 1 to 3 inches (2.5 to 7.5
                                      The heavy, wet snow combined with        centimeters), its first measurable
CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1               fully leafed trees could lead to downed    October snow since 1979 â?? with 2 to 4
                                    tree branches and power lines, result-     inches (5 to 10 centimeters) in some sub-
pop cultural event of the year.     ing in numerous power outages, offi-        urbs, meteorologist Mitchell Gaines said.
Commenting on the festival,         cials said.                                Allentown is expected to see 4 to 8 inch-
DFI Executive Director Ama-           Relatively warm water temperatures       es (10 to 20 centimeters), likely to break
nda Palmer said, “We worked         along the Atlantic seaboard could keep     the city’s October record of 2.2 inches
had to make the festival a                                                     (5.6 centimeters) on October 31, 1925.
huge success. I hope the com-                                                     “This is very, very unusual,” said John
munity enjoyed the festival.                                                   LaCorte, a National Weather Service
  We met our expectations. I                                                   meteorologist in State College,
think we are all incredibly                                                    Pennsylvania, where heavy snow was
ambitious. I am really excited                                                 falling on Saturday morning.
to see so many people show                                                        LaCorte said the last major wide-
up at the Family Day event. I                                                  spread snowstorm to hit Pennsylvania
am also happy to have The                                                      this early was in 1972.
Lady screened on the closing                                                      “It’s going to be very dangerous,” he
night because I can see not                                                    added. Rain and snow are expected to fall
everyone out here gets visit an                                                most of the day Saturday in New York
international film festival. We                                                 City, with just snow falling overnight.
are proud because the films                                                     Forecasters predict 2 to 4 inches (5 to 10
featured in the festival here                                                  centimeters) will accumulate.
were the best among the                                                           October snowfall is rare in New York;
best,” she said                                                                there have been just three October days
  Michelle Yeoh, the leading                                                   with measurable snowfall in Central
actress of The Lady said,                                                      Park in the last 135 years when record-
“When I read the script, I was                                                 keeping began, according to the
move. This film is a true story                                                 National Weather Service. The largest
of indefatigable grit and           Snow falls onto flowers in the East         on record was in 1925 when eight-
determination and is really         Village neighbourhood of Manhattan, in     tenths of an inch (2 centimeters) fell in
touching.”                          New York, on Saturday. (AFP)               Central Park.

								
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