Docstoc

FOOD STANDARDS – EMERGING SCENARIO

Document Sample
FOOD STANDARDS – EMERGING SCENARIO Powered By Docstoc
					FOOD STANDARDS –
EMERGING SCENARIO
Anil Jauhri
Director
National Accreditation Board for Certification Bodies
Quality Council Of India
    INTERNATIONAL SCENARIO
2


    q   Food a highly regulated sector on grounds of
        health
       Countries imposing stringent food safety
        standards
       Shift in focus from end product requirements and
        testing to preventive systems for management of
        food safety – GMP/GHP/HACCP
       Being introduced through regulations for
        compulsory compliance
       Codex standards accepted reference standards
    VOLUNTARY/PRIVATE
3
    STANDARDS
     The terms 'private standards' and
    'voluntary standards' are frequently used
    interchangeably. Indeed, private standards
    developed collectively by private sector
    actors are frequently referred to as 'private
    voluntary standards’.
    Not all voluntary standards may be private

    sector standards
FORMS OF STANDARDS

            Public               Private

Mandatory Regulations-PFA        Legally-mandated private
          (now FSSA)             standards


Voluntary   Public Voluntary     Private voluntary standards-
            standards- ISO       ISO 22000*, BRC, GLOBAL
            22000*, Restaurant   GAP
            grading, India
            HACCP
    Functions involved in making various
    standard operational
5

      Function          Regulations           Public            Legally –            Private
                                            Voluntary        Mandated private       Voluntary
                                            Standards          Standards            Standards

    Standard –       Legislature and/or   Legislature        Commercial or non    Commercial or
    setting          public regulator     and/or public      -commercial          non-
                                          regulator          private body         commercial
                                                                                  private body

    Adoption         Legislature and/or   Private firms or   Legislature and/or   Private firms or
                     public regulator     organizations      public regulator     organizations

    Implementation   Private firms or     Private firms      Private firms        Private firms
                     organizations

    Conformity       Official             Public/Private     Public/Private       Private auditor
    Assessment       inspectorate         auditor            auditor

    Enforcement      Criminal or          Public/Private     Criminal or          Private
                     Administrative       certification      Administrative       certification
                     courts               body               courts               body
    WHY VOLUNTARY
6
    STANDARDS

     Increased concern about food safety
     Adoption of 'whole-chain' approaches

     Increasing controls over agribusiness

      value chains
     Retailers’ concerns about liability
    DRIVERS OF INCREASED
    CONTROLS
7


       Reforms of food safety regulatory systems in response
        to real and/or perceived risks including a shift to process
        controls.
        Heightened interest among consumers and businesses
        in food production processes and their changes in
        conceptions of food safety and quality.
       The globalisation of food supply and increased role of
        coordination economies in defining competiveness.
       The devolution of the state and consequent
        'privatisation' of market governance - responsibility is on
        owner
       Voluntary standards act as response to above
        mentioned drivers.
    VOLUNTARY STANDARDS AS
8
    TRADE BARRIERS

     Economic costs of compliance—non-
      recurring and recurring costs
     Technical and administrative complexity
    VOLUNTARY STANDARDS
9
    AS TRADE FACILITATORS


    They facilitate trade between two nations
    by assuring food safety through a
    conformity assessment system
     IS CODEX ENCOURAGING
10
     PRIVATE STANDARDS
        Codex – an intergovernmental body focussed on food
         regulations
        Provides standards for adoption by member nations in
         their food regulatory regime
        Codex does not implement or assess conformity with the
         international standards it develops - implementation is
         dependent on adoption by Codex member governments,
         in whole or in part and formally or informally, and/or
         incorporation into the standards of other bodies, including
         private standards setters
        Not all countries in a position to adopt Codex standards
         in regulations – voluntary standards represent an
         excellent way to encourage adoption
     IS CODEX ENCOURAGING
11
     PRIVATE STANDARDS (Contd)
        Especially true of developing countries
        Need for voluntary compliance – reward those who can
         reach Codex standards
        Codex standards not certifiable – guidelines or principles
         – need for rewriting as requirement standards – HACCP
         a classic example – incorporated in BRC, IFS etc -
         national standards bodies, private players
         Implementation of these standards through conformity
         assessment bodies under accreditation system
        Private standards – fill 'void' in international rules
     WTO SCENE
12


        Codex standards are referral point under WTO
        Private standards have been under discussion in
         the SPS Committee since June 2005. The
         discussions have focused on three themes:
     v    Market access:
     v   Development of standards:
     v   WTO law
        Countries have no role in private standards
     VOLUNTARY STANDARDS
13


        ISO 9001/ISO 22000 – IAF system of accredited
         certification
        GlobalGAP – MoU with IAF – member bodies’
         accreditation used – NABCB accrediting for
         GAP
        Global Food Safety Initiative (GFSI) –
         benchmarking schemes – BRC, IFS, FSSC
         22000, SQF etc
        MoU with IAF – accreditation used
     INDIAN SCENARIO
14

     q   Introduction of GMP/GHP based on Codex through
         Schedule 4 Licensing Regulations
          q Across all sectors
          q Provision to recognize certification to other
            standards
     q   Food safety audit by accredited organizations
         already notified/certified professionals on behalf of
         FSSAI
          q FSSAI to provide reference India HACCP
            document for voluntary certification – draft criteria
            developed – awaiting endorsement
          q FSSAI to recognize HACCP certification for
            demonstration of compliance to regulations
     INDIAN SCENARIO (contd)
15


     q   FSSAI has already announced ‘Safe Food Tasty
         Food’ initiative-Food establishment grading and
         certification
     q   FSSAI to provide reference India GAP standard
         – draft developed by QCI – no regulation
         possible
     q   Voluntary certification frameworks to be created
         by QCI
     q   MFPI initiative on industry demand – voluntary
         certification mark for food processing sector –
         QCI assigned to develop scheme – 3-4 months
     CHOOSING CERTIFICATION
     BODIES
16

        Caution
        ABs not members of IAF in the market
        IAF, although voluntary, operates the only recognized
         system of international equivalence
        ABs not internationally equivalent – Dubai, Pakistan
         etc
        Avoid CBs accredited by such ABs
        Insist on AB’s logo on your certificate – makes sure
         not only accredited but for your sector also
        Government increasingly relying on NABCB
         accreditation for assurance on quality & food safety –
         MSME, MFPI subsidy schemes, FSSAI notified
         auditing agencies
     SUM UP
17


      Food industry faced with twin challenges
      Regulations – domestic and importing

       country’s, if exporting
      Voluntary standards – market demand in

       world market – increasingly in Indian
       market
      Multiple audits

      Silverlining – regulators may take

       cognizance of voluntary certifications
CONTACT

          Quality Council of India
 2nd Floor, Institution of Engineers Building
        2, Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg
              New Delhi - 110002
                      INDIA

  Tel : +91-11-23379321/9260/0567/8057
           Fax : +91-11-23379621
 Email : dirnabcb@qcin.org, info@qcin.org
           Website : www.qcin.org
19

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:5
posted:11/12/2013
language:English
pages:19