Accidents in the
The How and Why of Accident Investigation
Agenda for the Afternoon
1.30 – Introduction
1.45 – Investigating Accidents and Incidents –
2.45 – Break for refreshments
3.00 – Selection of Accidents For Investigation by
Enforcement Authorities and the Enforcement
Management Model (EMM)
3.30 – The Insurance Industry Perspective
3.55 – Accident Investigation The View from the
4.10 – Q & A / discussions
4.30 - Close
What is an Accident/Incident?
◦ Accident - an event that results in injury or ill
◦ Near miss - an event that, while not causing harm,
has the potential to cause injury or ill health
◦ Uncontrolled hazard (undesired circumstance) - a
set of conditions or circumstances that have the
potential to cause injury or ill health
The Cost of Accidents to Industry
1.1 million working people were
suffering from a work-related illness Annual Figures
173 workers killed at work 2011/2012
111 000 other injuries to
employees were reported
212 000 over-3-day absence injuries
27 million working days were lost due
to work-related illness and workplace
Workplace injuries and ill health
(excluding cancer) cost society an
estimated £13.4 billion in 2010/11
An OPPORTUNITY not to be missed!
You want to find out......
Who was involved?
Why it happened? – what were the events leading
to the accident?
Has it happened before?
Has it nearly happened before?
How can you stop it happening again?
Why did a failure occur?
What can you learn about your H&S management
system – how can it be improved?
When to Investigate.....?
When you think you need to!
Decisions based on
◦ Severity of consequences (actual or potential)
◦ Likelihood of it happening again
◦ Your duty to your employees
◦ Your legal obligations...to be
Patterns and trends
Management and Development Opportunities
Insurance company informed – N.B. their
notification guidelines should be followed
Know Your System
Know what to do when it happens
Take the guess work out of it
Keep consistent Respond
Clear responsibilities Recommend
Clear lines of reporting
Have an investigation template
ready to use
Clear procedure to follow – step-by-step
Policy for what to report, when, how, to
whom and when to investigate
Who should be involved