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									    Telangana and Seemandhra
  New States, SEEMANDHRA
and TELANGANA (consisting of the
10 districts of Hyderabad, Adilabad,
Khammam, Karimnagar, Mahbubnagar,
Medak, Nalgonda, Nizamabad,

Rangareddy, and Warangal)

SEEMANDHRA has the remaining

The Congress party’s decision in favour of the
bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh to create Telangana is a
demand pending for the last five decades.
When a separate Andhra State was carved out of
Madras Presidency in 1953 on a linguistic basis, there
was a demand for a separate Telangana State
comprising the Telugu-speaking areas of Hyderabad
The Congress wanted to settle the statehood issue
once and for all.

The central government will help the Seemandhra
region to build a new capital but is unlikely to change
the status of Hyderabad or make it a Union Territory
as it would create more problem in Telangana region.
The Union Cabinet had decided that Hyderabad will
be joint capital of the two states for 10 years.
During its deliberations, the G o M will elicit response
from ministries of Water Resources, Power, Finance,
Road Transport and a few others on issues
concerning division of assets, sources said.

Why Telangana? allegations
 Now, there is no integration - linguistic or
 Created Identity Crisis for people in
 Lack of respect, acceptance or at least
  tolerance for language and culture of
  Telangana, instead, they hate without reason
 Undue and continuous Diversion of
  Resources –water, funds, employment
 Discrimination against – in education
  facilities, irrigation, employment etc.
It is called a -Democratic wish
   Because 99 per cent people in Telangana
    wanted it. They have a legitimate right to ask
    for Telangana state.
   Parliamentary Democracy accommodates
    demand for autonomy by separate state.
   Integrity is not affected by dividing a Telugu
    speaking state into two .
   Living together depends on mutual consent,
    Telangana is not consenting to live with
    Andhra. There should be a social contract.

--- Separate Andhra demand was
 Even if all Andhras unanimously wish unity
  cannot stand because Telangana does not
  want it.
 There is no unanimity among Andhras on
  United Andhra.
 Rayalaseema too does not want to go
  with Andhra?
 Separate Andhra demand was growing

---People voted for it
 1971 people voted for Telangana by electing 11
  of 13 seats to Parliament
 2004 people of both Telangana and Andhra
  voted out TDP Government which went with
  manifesto of United State, gave a positive
  verdict for Telangana by electing Congress TRS
  with huge margin.
 More than 33% People in Telangana in 2009. it is
  not possible to separate Telangana vote because
  every party including Prajarajyam supported
  Separate Telangana
    ---Parties Stated it
   All opposition parties agreed to it on Dec.7,
    2009 when CM Rosaiah convened a meet.

   Congress Legislature Party did not oppose
    Telangana and had authorized Mrs Sonia
    Gandhi to decide.

   Dec 9 Declaration of Telangana was based on
    these factual support and political backing for
    Telangana, officially in Parliament also.
---Not a small state
 Separation of Telangana from not so
  integrated Andhra Pradesh is just a
  segregation and not destruction of
 It is switching back to pre-1956
  identifiable, pre-existing, viable state,
  which is not new.
 Telangana will not be a small state. This
  demand does not depend upon the
  advocacy for small states.
---Constitutional Demand
 Preamble, DPSP, Articles 37, 41 and 14 together
  impose an obligation on state to accord equal
  protection to citizens. Telangana is treated
  unequal and needs this protection.
 Article 16(3): Parliament alone can prescribe
  residential qualification for jobs under the
  government of „a State‟ or a local or other
  authority within „a State”.
 Exception is an attempt to reconcile the
  conflicting claims of equality based on concept of
  single citizenship and justifiable local demands for
  local jobs.

About 45% of the forest area in Andhra Pradesh state
is located in Telangana, spread across five districts.
Around 20% of the coal deposits of India are found in
Telangana. The Singareni Collieries Company
excavates coal for industrial purposes and for fuelling
power generating plants. The power generated here
supplies the entire south India. There are limestone
deposits in the area, which are exploited by cement
factories. Telangana has deposits of bauxite and

---Guarantee from C A
   Guarantee from Constituent Assembly:
    "the Constitution Assembly while
    guaranteeing fundamental rights in the
    matter of employment under the State,
    took notice of this vast disparity in the
    development of various States and felt it
    imperative to continue that protection in
    the matter of employment afforded on
    the basis of residence within the State
    and made provision under Article 35 (b)
    of the Constitution for the continuance
    of those laws."

---Judicial justification to sons of soil
 In D.P. Joshi v Madhya Bharath AIR 1955 SC
  334 exemption from capitation fee to native
  students (with 5 yrs of residence) was
 In Jayanthilal v Saurashtra (AIR 1976 Sau 54)
  a rule granting free education in government
  schools only to persons who were residents
  within jurisdiction of the old Limbdi State
  merged in Saurashtra, or who owned
  immovable property in that state was upheld
  as the property could be acquired by outside
  persons also.

---No opportunities for Telangana?
   Hyderabad State was one among the
    several other Princely States of India.
    Earlier, there were no adequate Educational
    facilities afforded to the People of the State,
    in the result, there were very few
    opportunities available to the people of the
    Region to enter public service in competition
    with others from outside the State.
   Another contributing factor in this behalf was the
    use of Urdu, which was not the language of nearly
    ninety per cent of the people, as the Official
    Language in the entire administration of Hyderabad
    state. Similar conditions prevailed in a few other
    States as well. So much so, that these people were
    not in a position to compete with others in the matter
    of employment even in their own State, if no
    protection was afforded to them in this behalf on the
    basis of residence within that State (extracted from
    judgment of Madhava Reddy J of AP High Court)
Telangana is on an elevated plateau. Godavari and
Krishna, flow through the area, but most of the land
is arid. Northern Telangana gets between 900 to
1500mm rainfall per year from the southwest
Various soil types abound here, including chalks, red
sandy soils, dubbas, deep red loamy soils, and very
deep b.c. soils that facilitate planting mangoes,
oranges and flowers.

Telangana is a semi-arid area within Andhra Pradesh
and has a predominantly hot and dry climate.
Summers start in March, and peak in May with
average high temperatures in the 42 °C (108 °F)
range. The monsoon arrives in June and lasts until
September with about 755 mm (29.7-inch) of
precipitation. A dry, mild winter starts in late November
and lasts until early February. With little humidity and
average temperatures in the 22–23 °C (72–73 °F)
range, this is the most comfortable time of the year.

Andhra Assembly Resolutions
   Andhra Assembly Resolution dated 25th
    November 1955 para 3 stated:
    “…they would have due reservation in
    respect of appointments and on par with
    their population and that we have
    absolutely no objection to concede to
    them their due share in other respects
    Another Resolution on February 1, 1956
    essentially said that “we would not touch
    your 1/3 share in employment”.
    Gentleman Agreement
 Due share in employment to Telangana
 No Telugu exam as qualifying exam for T
 Deputy Chief Minister to Telangana
 Telangana Regional Development Council
  TRC on the lines of autonomy council
  with devolution of powers and funds.
 Clearance by TRC for purchase of lands in
  Telangana (each is breached)
    Mulki: Reservation for sons of soil
 Domiciliary qualifications were felt
  needed in princely States where there
  was no all round development.
 Mulki Rules existed in Nizam and 13
  other similar dominions in pre-
  Independence era. Ambedkar suggested a
  uniform law made by Parliament to
  protect the interests of natives.
 Mulki rules were truncated from 15 to 12
       Public Employment Act
 Public Employment (Requirement as to
  Residence) Act, 1957, The Preamble reads: "An
  Act to make in pursuance of clause (3) of Article
  16 of the Constitution special provisions for
  requirement as to residence in regard to certain
  classes of public employment in certain areas and
  to repeal existing laws prescribing any such
 PE Act made a provision for five years for
  residential rules of a similar character for three
  Union Territories and the Telangana Region as
  per Section 2 from 1959.

               G.O. 36
   On 21st January 1969 GO Ms 36 was
    passed assuring relieving of non-Mulkies
    from Mulki posts and filling them with or
    waiting till the qualified Mulki candidates
    come up. All those relieved non-Mulkies
    have to be accommodated in their
    respective regions. This GO Ms 36 was
    challenged in AP High Court as

     Injustice by AP High Court
   AP High Court held GO 36 unconstitutional.
    quashed by 4:1 majority.
   Indira Gandhi Govt responded with 8 point
    formula and then 5 point formula to reserve
    posts for domiciles in Telangana.
   Justice by SC (five JJ) upheld the validity of
    safeguards to Telangana by GoMs 36, totally
    agreeing with dissent of one judge in AP HC
    (Madhav Reddy, only one belonging to
    Telangana) 1973 SC 827

Justice by SC, denied by Andhra
 Justice by SC (five JJ) upheld the validity of
  safeguards to Telangana by GoMs 36,
  totally agreeing with dissent of one judge
  in AP HC, 1973 SC 827
 Not to allow the benefit of this judgment,
  Andhras agitated for separate Andhra,
  which led to removal of safeguards.
 Constitution is amended to dilute the
  safeguards, Art. 371 was altered and
  371D is added
    Regional Committees - Article 371
   Art. 371 has provided for the constitution of the
    Telangana Regional Committee. The Constitution
    (Seventh Amendment) Act, 1956, substituted new
    371 for the old.

   (i) Not withstanding any thing in this Constitution, the
    President may by order made with respect to the
    state of Andhra Pradesh provide for the constitution
    and functions of regional committees of the
    Legislative Assembly of State,
         New 371 for the old.
 …. for the modifications to be made in the
  rules of business of the Government and in
  the rules of procedure of the Legislative
  Assembly of the State and for any special
  responsibility of the Governor in order to
  secure the proper functioning of the
  regional committees. (This clause is
  omitted by 32nd Amendment 1973 w e f
 Before removed, Andhra Rulers breached
  the mandate. Neither constituted Regional
  Committees nor gave powers

           371D, Why?
   Pursuant to Six Point Formula agreed
    upon by various political leaders of the
    State, by Constitution 32nd Amendment
    Act, the Parliament introduced Article
    371D for the State of Andhra Pradesh
    with the object to ensure equitable
    opportunities in the matter of Public
    Employment for persons coming from
    various parts of the State,

Employment Order 1975

   President issued the order known as
    Andhra Pradesh Public Employment
    (Organisation of Local Cadres and
    Regulation of Direct Recruitment), Order
    1975, Para 3 provides for organisation of
    Local Cadres.

    371D: Safeguards for Telangana
     Reduced & Diluted
 Special Provisions with respect to the State of
  Andhra Pradesh, inserted by the Constitution
  (Thirty-second Amendment) Act 1973 wef
  1.7.1974. Gives powers to the President to make
  different provisions for various parts of state for
  people belonging to different parts of state in the
  matter of public employment and in the matter of
 Telangana special provisions are removed and
  residence based reservations are made for
  different regions. Regional Committee for T is
  removed. Safeguards available for Telangana
  gained by 1969 agitation were removed by
  counter agitation by Andhras.
President‟s order GO 674 1975
 Constitution was amended in 1973
  changing 371-D pertaining to public
  employment in AP, authorizing the
  President to make special provisions.
 President issued order with GO Ms No
  674 on 18-10-1975 outlining the
  modalities for the implementation of 6
  point formula.

       Go Ms 675
 AP Public Employment Order made
  Presidential Order not applicable to the
  posts above the rank of LDC in
  Government offices with state-wide
  jurisdiction such as secretariat etc.
 In Andhra and Rayalaseema zones (I to IV)
  the quota for non-locals were filled by
  locals of that region. (violations in

    Violation of Presidential order
 AP Govt invented a new zone “free zone”
  designating as Zone VII where non-locals
  could be appointed. Not in tune with 6
  points formula
 In respect of the posts above LDC the
  „principle of fair share” proportionate to
  the region wise population has to be
  followed. But not followed.

    Principle of Fair share
 According to the statement of TNGOs to
  the Officers Committee in 1983-84,
  around 58 thousand non-locals were
  appointed in posts reserved for local
 NTR Govt. appointed an enquiry
  committee to study violations of 6points,
  with Jaya Bharath Reddy, Kamalnadhan,

          GO Ms 610
 The committee appointed by NTR
  pointed out lapses and departures from
  six point formula and suggested
 The Govt. issued GO Ms No 610 on
  30.12.1985. It ordered repatriation of
  employees from different regions to their
  own, action against bogus registrations in
  employment exchanges.

Amendment to Presidential Order
 also violated
 In 2000 the Presidential Order was
  amended by an order of Ministry of
  Home Affairs.
 These amendment were given effect to
  with retrospective effect from 1.1. 1994,
  legitimizing all lapses in direct recruitment
  and allocation. This is impact of lobbying
  of Andhra to pre-empt any litigation.
 Mr Girglani was appointed to reexamine
  the lapses in implementation of 610 GO
Hyderabad is not Free Zone!
   Andhra Pradesh HC Full Bench (S.B. Sinha,
    C.J., S.R. Nayak and Goda Raghuram, JJ.) in
    G Anantha Reddy v APAT,
    MANU/AP/0734/2001, said: no separate
    cadre has been organized for the City of
    Hyderabad within the meaning of
    paragraph 3(6) of the Presidential Order.
   Nuti Rammohanrao argued same

Full Bench AP HC
   They (Inspectors of police) do not fall within
    the provisions of para 14 of the Presidential

   The transfers from and to the establishments
    and units of Hyderabad City Police therefore
    fall within the parameters of para 5(2)(c) to (d).

• A person once allotted to one zone and attached
  to his post must be said to be belonging to the
  same zone and he has no right to come to any
  other cadre, which is not organized one.
• Conclusion (c) No recruitment to the post of a
  police officer as defined in Section 3(b) of
  Hyderabad City Police Act 1348 Fasli has been
  made and there is thus factually no incumbent of
  the post of police officer under para 14(f) of the
  Presidential Order.

   Clause (10) of Article 371-D: provides
    that the provisions of the Article and of
    any order made by the president
    thereunder shall have effect
    notwithstanding anything in any other
    provision of the Constitution or any
    other law for the time being in force.
    Therefore, the Presidential Order prevails
    over any other law existing or made in

    Presidential order prevails
   Presidential Order prevails over any provision
    of the Constitution or any other law for the
    time being in force. In this Constitutional
    position, while the provisions of the Act 1985
    are plenary within that sphere would
    nevertheless require to be construed in
    harmony with the provisions of the Presidential
    Order. The liability of a member of the police
    force to be transferred to any part of the State
    and the concomitant power of the State
    Government to so effect a transfer is thus
    subject to the limitations enjoined in the
    Presidential Order. (Transfer is challenged)

Grave Injustice by Supreme Court
 SC gives primacy to Hyderabad Police Act
  over and above the Presidential Order,
  which was issued after two agitations of the
 When validity of treating Hyderabad is
  challenged, SC validated because it is treated
  as Free Zone, saying “in capital all eligible
  officers should get opportunity”.
 SC judged this against the constitutional
  provision under 371D.

SC visualize a separate zone
 We, however, visualize that the State as a
  whole may consist of five or six divisions,
  the twin cities including the cantonment
  being constituted into a separate division.
  -GS Singhwi, J
 What is the basis for it?

Contradictory stand of state
 State Government and Commissioner of
  Police presented consistent stand that
  Hyderabad City Police has been treated
  as free zone and the vacancies in City
  Police are notified separately.
 At the end state changed the stand and
  said there was no free zone. “Contrary
  stand taken by the State afterwards
  is inexplicable and is liable to be
  discarded”, said SC.

Dubious role of state in SC
   State argued: Exclusion clause contained in
    paragraph 14(f) could operate only if a separate
    cadre had been carved out for Hyderabad City
    and submitted that in the absence of any
    recruitment having been made for Hyderabad
    City Police, the Full Bench rightly treated the
    Inspectors of Police working in Hyderabad City
    Police establishment as belonging to Zone VI in
    the zonal cadre. (SC observed this as strange
    change of stand by state)

 SC held: ….for the sake of convenience, was
  described as Zone VII or free zone” (in the
  advertisements, 1985, 1991,1994) and because
  appointments were made by commissioner of
 SC judgment is based on advertisements, and
  support of state in its counters, though it was
  changed later.
 Who represented state in SC served the
  interests of Andhra, and court ignored the spirit
  behind safeguards and validated wrongful

Socio-economic backdrop ignored
 The Supreme Court (Kami Reddy v. State
  of A.P. AIR1988SC1626 )observed that
  reasonableness or otherwise of the
  restrictions imposed by the Regulation
  has to be tested with reference to socio-
  economic landscape in the backdrop of
  which the Regulation was made.
 Supreme Court totally ignored it in
  Hyderabad case.


Rajsekhar Reddy‟s sabotage
 Besides blocking the Union‟s promise to
  form Telangana, Chief Minister Rajsekhar
  Reddy deliberately chose non-state
  Advocate to represent State, who did not
  bring relevant issues before SC to give a
  wrong judgment on Hyderabad free zone
 Without proper study of the problem
  Supreme Court gave baseless judgment.
 Strong Andhra lobbyists & strategic CM
  misled SC to do injustice to Telangana

Political vacuum?_Alleged
 1. Clever Andhra leaders, both Congress
  and TDP diverted resources,
 2. Telangana ministers of those parties
  remained mute spectators, they lacked in
 3. Corrupt Bureaucracy who also support
  corrupt Andhra political leaders
 4. Telangana bureaucrats – less in number
  and very few with commitment, some
  saleable, or silent suffering minority in every

…Rivers hijacked(?) from Telangana
 Constitution provided redress to
  Interstate river water disputes
 But, No mechanism for intra-state river
  water allocation, or resolution, left totally
  to executive discretion which favoured
  Andhra at cost of Telangana for decades.
 No solution for deprivation of Telangana
  by diversion of rivers, within AP under the

Why people should suffer?
 Ultimately people are victimized by both
  Andhra and Telangana leaders.
 Why should they suffer because of these
 Why not their identity as distinct state as
  before 1956 is restored?
 It is not going to be a small state, a fairly
  big state, viable and resourceful.

…Hyderabad for who?
 Hyderabad as a capital is not viable for many
  distant districts in AP.
 Concentration of so called development in
  Hyderabad not benefitted Telangana, even in
  generating employment for them.
 Hyderabad alone should not be center of
  development among 23 districts
 There should be decentralization, by creating
  another capital separately

…Telangana insecure in capital
 Real minority in Hyderabad is Telangana
  people. Old city drives Hindus out, new
  city is dominated by Andhras. Andhra
  houses in Hyderabad prohibited Telangana
  tenants, now in this atmosphere.
 Telangana is insecure in Andhra
  dominated Hyderabad.

…Asking for Autonomy
 Demand for self rule and autonomy is
  genuine and democratic.
 Autonomous council is better answer to
  separatist demands, eg. J & K and North-
 Decentralization is federal character, and
  essential for a vast country like India.



If Telangana is formed
 Telugu people tolerate each other, and be
  friends, with animosities disappearing
 All resources of ten districts will be used
  within the ten districts
 Both Andhra and Telangana states will be
  rich and there is a wide scope for
  harmony and brotherhood among
  separated brothers
 Water can be objectively divided and
  scientifically used to irrigate both states.
Water for Telangana
 Telangana needs water for drinking and
  irrigation which was denied so far
 Water disputes are common and need to
  be tackled either between AP and other
  states or Andhra, Telangana and other
 When two hostile countries can share
  water of international rivers, it is not
  impossible for two Telugu states to share
  interstate rivers.
 Will help decongestion of Hyderabad and
  decentralization of power
 Help decentralization of urbanization and
  many destinations for migration
 Creating more resource centers and
  development centers in 23 districts.
 Faith in Parliamentary democracy,
  credibility for promise in parliament will
 Problems of extremism and communalism
  can be effectively tackled
 Development is the major answer to
  naxalism, and lack of it is reason.
 Communalism is sponsored by
  treacherous politicians, for instance, to
  unseat a congress CM old city was set to
  flames of riots in 1979 and recently in
  2010 to bring down present CM.
Baseless apprehensions
 To say that Maoists gain strength in
  Telangana is baseless, because it is
  common to big or small, combined or
  separated state.
 To say Islamic fundamentalism in old city
  will increase is meaningless because
  pampering policies are the reasons for it.
  It depends on objective rule of parties
  and not the size of the state.



If Telangana is not formed
   As each and every party, group and
    profession is vertically divided and
    animosities deepened, mutual distrust will
    grow and might lead to several unnatural
   It will caste doubts on democratic and non-
    violent process and strengthen non-
    democratic, violent and extremist forces.
   Suppressing a demand for self rule and
    autonomy will lead to separatist tendencies
    and create atmosphere conducive for
Give Telangana and

Will Strengthen India
   Denial of autonomy is the root cause of
   Federalism believes in distribution of sovereignty
   Experience shows solution for problems in
    North-East, Jammu & Kashmir lie only in granting
    more autonomy and decentralization
   By decentralization and devolution of more
    powers to viable groups, separatism can be
   Giving Telangana strengthens integrity of India.

No alternative
 Agreements, Constitutional safeguards,
  Justice by Supreme Court, Political
  alliances with manifesto commitment to
  Telangana….all failed.
 Even after all the parties (except CPM)
  agreed, Andhras in all parties denied
  Telangana what is genuine, legitimate,
  democratic and constitutional demand.
 Union conceded, Andhras stopped…

“They have been struggling for more than 15 years. As

a matter of fact it a 50-year old demand and
unfortunately a large number of people in coastal
Andhra and Rayalaseema are opposing it,” Reddy
said. “the Union Government should take initiative and
build confidence of coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema
by replying to their concerns and assuring them that
justice will be done to them on the issue of the capital
city, and employment potential will be shared even
with coastal Andhra people".

"There is some opposition. There are some genuine

apprehensions about water distribution, employment
potentiality, about their future in Hyderabad," said
"This is a justified demand of the Telangana people and
we appeal to the coastal Andhra NGOs, teachers,
students and others sections of people to reconcile to
the reality and withdraw their agitation. We wish that
the Telugu people though politically divided into two
states should continue as brothers and solidarity
among them should remain unaffected," said Reddy.

Seemandhra is a term now used to refer to the
combined regions of Rayalaseema and Coastal
Andhra in Andhra Pradesh. The term came into wide
use during the Telangana movement, as a way to
refer to the parts of Andhra Pradesh that would
remain after the separation of Telegana.
Seemandhra corresponds to the area of Andhra
State which existed in between 1953 and 1956, and
was merged with the Telangana region to form
current state of Andhra Pradesh in 1956.

   The ruling congress party announced its intention to
    carve Telangana out of Andhra Pradesh as the 29th
    state of India.
 Hyderabad will be the common capital of Telangana
    and Seemandhra for 10 years.
 At present Hyderabad would not be contiguous with
    Seemandhra. There is a proposal for Seemandhra
    which could resolve the issue of Hyderabad as a
    permanent common capital: that if the Nalgonda district
    goes to Seemandhra, then this would enable Hyderabad to be a
    border city of Telangana and Seemandhra.

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