Geography by ixieshaofang

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									                                                      Children’s Literature & Area Studies
                                    Veranstaltung
                                                      Institut für Anglistik, WS 03/04

                                    Dozent            Dr. Isabel Martin

                                                      Claudia Murzin und
                                    Referenten                                      Datum 12.12.2003
                                                      Christina Schunk


                                            Tanzania

                                                            Tanzania is situated in the southeast of Africa,
                                                            bordering the Indic Ocean, between Kenya and
Zanzibar became independent 19 December                     Mozambique.
1963 (from UK); Tanganyika united with                      The United Republic of Tanzania was formed out
                                                            of a union of two several states namely
Zanzibar 26 April 1964 to form the United
                                                            Tanganyika and Zanzibar.
Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar; renamed
                                                            Tanganyika became independent on 9th
United Republic of Tanzania 29 October 1964.                December, 1961; Zanzibar achieved
                                                            independence on 19th December, 1963 (from
                                                            UK);
                                                            The two sovereign republics formed the United
                                                            Republic of Tanzania on 26th April, 1964.

General information:

Geography:

Location:              Eastern Africa,
                       bordering the Indian Ocean,
                       between Kenya and
                       Mozambique

Geographic             6 00 S, 35 00 E
coordinates:

Area:                  total: 945,087 sq km

Area - comparative:    Two and a half times larger than twice
                       the size of Germany

Land boundaries:       total: 3,861 km
                       border countries: Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Malawi,
                       Mozambique, Rwanda, Uganda, Zambia

Climate:               varies from tropical (hot and humid) along coast to temperate (hot and arid) in
                       highlands

Terrain:               plains along coast; central plateau; highlands in north, south

Elevation extremes:    lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
                       highest point: Kilimanjaro 5,895 m

Natural risks:         flooding on the central plateau during the rainy season; drought




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Geography - note:       Kilimanjaro is highest point in Africa; bordered by three of the largest lakes on the
                        continent: Lake Victoria (the world's second-largest freshwater lake) in the north,
                        Lake Tanganyika (the world's second deepest) in the west, and Lake Nyasa in the
                        southwest

Government:




Country name:           conventional long form: United Republic of Tanzania
                        conventional short form: Tanzania
                        former: United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar

Capital:                Official capital: Dodoma; seat of government: Dar es Salaam

National holiday:       Union Day (Tanganyika and Zanzibar), 26 April (1964)

Executive branch:       chief of state: President Benjamin William MKAPA (since 23 November 1995);
                        Vice President Dr. Ali Mohammed SHEIN (since 5 July 2001); note - the president
                        is both chief of state and head of government
                        Zanzibar elects a president who is head of government for matters internal to
                        Zanzibar; Amani Abeid KARUME was elected to that office on 29 October 2000

Legislative branch:     unicameral National Assembly or Bunge (274 seats - 232 elected by popular vote,
                        37 allocated to women nominated by the president, five to members of the
                        Zanzibar House of Representatives; members serve five-year terms)

Flag description:       Divided diagonally by a yellow-edged black band from the lower left corner to the
                        upper right corner. The upper triangle is green and the lower triangle is blue.

People:
Population:             35,922,454

Age structure:          0-14 years: 44.3%
                        15-64 years: 53.1%
                        65 years and over: 2.6% (2003 est.)

Median age:             17.5 years

Population growth       1.72% (2003 est.)
rate:

Birth rate:             39.5 births/1,000 population (2003 est.)

Death rate:             17.38 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.)

Life expectancy at      total population: 44.56 years
birth:                  male: 43.33 years
                        female: 45.83 years (2003 est.)

Total fertility rate:   5.24 children born/woman (2003 est.)

HIV/AIDS - people       1.5 million (2001 est.)
living with HIV/AIDS:

Religions:              mainland - Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%; Zanzibar - more
                        than 99% Muslim




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Languages:              Kiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguju (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English
                        (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education),
                        Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages
                        note: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in Zanzibar and nearby coastal
                        Tanzania; although Kiswahili is Bantu in structure and origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of
                        sources, including Arabic and English, and it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern
                        Africa; the first language of most people is one of the local languages

Literacy from age 15:   total population: 78.2%
                        male: 85.9%
                        female: 70.7% (2003 est.)

School       system: The structure of the Formal Education and Training System in Tanzania
                     constitutes two years of pre-primary education, seven years of primary education,
                     four years of Junior Secondary (ordinary Level), and two years of Senior
                      n
                     Secondary (Advanced Level) and up to three or more years of Tertiary Education.
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                     Specifically, the education system has three levels, namely: Basic, Secondary and
                      m
                     Tertiary Levels.
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Economy:
Economy - overview:     Tanzania is one of the poorest countries in the world. The economy depends
                        heavily on agriculture, provides 85% of exports, and employs 80% of the work
                        force. Topography and climatic conditions, however, limit cultivated crops to only
                        4% of the land area. Industry traditionally featured the processing of agricultural
                        products and light consumer goods. The World Bank and bilateral donors have
                        provided funds to rehabilitate Tanzania's out-of-date economic infrastructure and
                        to ease poverty. Growth in 1991-2002 featured a pickup in industrial production
                        and a substantial increase in output of minerals, led by gold. Oil and gas
                        exploration and development played an important role in this growth. Recent
                        banking reforms have helped increase private sector growth and investment.

Population below        36% (2002 est.)
poverty line:

Inflation rate          4.8% (2002 est.)
(consumer prices):

Labour force:           13.495 million

Labour force - by       Agriculture 80%, industry and services 20% (2002 est.)
occupation:

Industries:             agricultural processing (sugar, beer, cigarettes, sisal twine), diamond and gold
                        mining, oil refining, shoes, cement, textiles, wood products, fertilizer, salt

Agriculture -           coffee, sisal, tea, cotton, insecticide, cashew nuts, tobacco, cloves, corn, wheat,
products:               cassava, bananas, fruits, vegetables; cattle, sheep, goats

Exports -               gold, coffee, cashew nuts, manufactures, cotton
commodities:

Exports - partners:     India, Germany, Belgium, Japan, Netherlands, UK (2001)

Imports -               consumer goods, machinery and transportation equipment, industrial raw
commodities:            materials, crude oil

Imports - partners:     South Africa, Japan, UK, Kenya, Australia (2001)

Currency:               Tanzanian shilling (TZS); 1 shilling = 100 Cents




 Animals in Tanzania




                      aardvark                            ant                              anteater




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            antelope                           bison                       cheetah




                cricket                              elephant              giraffe




                       grasshopper                          hippopotamus




                        hyena                        lion




                   llama             ostrich                 termite        vulture




                        wart-hog                            zebra


Resources:


Internet:

www.enchantedlearning.com

www.edhelper.com



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www.worldvision.org.nz/default.asp

http://www.spiegel.de/jahrbuch

http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/tz.html




Encarta Enzyklopädie Standard 2003




Some ideas for teaching in school:


Literature:

       Handa’s surprise
        Eileen Browne; Walker Books 1995; ISBN: 0-7445-3634-0

       The enormous crocodile
        Roald Dahl; A Bantam-Skylark Book; ISBN: 0-553-15243-2



Internet:

       In the internet you may find schools to build up an email contact
        In “Primary English” you will find an article about an email contact:
        Primary English, 4/2003, page 4-6, Andreas Marschollek: Persönlichkeitsentwicklung

       In the internet there is software of learning
        ( www.enchantedlearning.com )



What we have done in class:

       A visit on the market in Tanzania  How to buy some bananas in Tanzania

       World Vision: Area Development Programmes (ADP) in Tanzani

       Animal Puzzle




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