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Cell Phone AddictionHow do cell phones affect U.S. university

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					Cell Phone Addiction:
How do cell phones affect peoples’ lives, a
psychological study



Course: Reading and Writing II
Professor: Michael Chen
Presentor: Bena Ho, 95101065
Introduction
• My topic: about how “cell phone addiction”
  affects peoples’ lives

• How is it related to audience?
  1. As college students, almost every one of us
  possesses a cell phone.

 2. Cell phone usage are common among our college
 students
• 3. Have you ever felt that it’s a “must” to check your
  cell phone everyday, including text message, phone
  calls or voicemails?

• 4. Dose using cell phone distract you from writing
  homework such as essays?
RESEARCH QUESTION:

I. What cell phone addiction symptoms
do people have?

II. How do people feel when they use
their cell phones?

 àIs there psychological and physical
reasons which triggers these
symptoms?
First, what is cell phone addiction?
• 1. Regarded as “Impulse Control Disorder”
• 2. Cell Phone addiction symptoms check List:
     Do you have your cell phone with you constantly, even at home
     you have it in your pocket or right next to you?

     Do you find someone to call as soon as you leave the classroom?

     Do you always feel anxious about your cell phone, especially
     when you are unable to use it ? (e.x. in class)
     Do you take cell phone breaks while doing homework?

     Do you experience high levels of anxiety, stress, or insecurity
     whenever you are without your cell phone?
     Do you sometimes believe your phone is ringing, but when you
     answer it or listen longer you find it wasn't ringing at all (known
     as 'phantom ringing')?
International Center for Media & the Public Affairs
This chart shows the emotions and reactions of students in 10 countries who went

without media for 24 hours. The numbers represent relative weights for each country.
CELL PHONE ADDICTION
• Cell phone addiction
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=27KNuVY1N
  t0&feature=related

• Texting addiction
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G9umfbZTF
  iI&feature=related
SURVEY founds that…
• According to the survey conducted by the Pew
  Research Center's Internet & American Life
  Project:

“(In the U.S.,)cell phone ownership is especially
  prominent among young adults, as 96% of 18-29
  year olds now own a mobile phone.” (Aaron
  Smith)
In Stanford’s study of Iphone
Addiction:
• College students:
• TOTAL participants:200
• “75 percent confessed to sleeping with their
  iPhone next to them.”
• “15 percent said the iPhone was turning them
  into a media addict”
• “30 percent referred to their smartphone as a
  doorway into the world."
• 41 percent felt it would be "a tragedy" to lose
  their iPhone.”
How does cell phone addiction
happen? Physically:
• The Brain-wiring Center

• a brain messenger (controls activities such as
  reward, feeling good)

• Neurotransmitter

• Dopamine
•                    Feeling of Euphoria!!
“Dopamine is responsible for the euphoria that addicts chase, …the
addict becomes conditioned to compulsively seek, crave and recreate
the sense of elation while off-line or off-drug.”


• Dopamine

             transmits the feeling of euphoria for N times
                               (repeat over and over again !)
 Brain’s Pleasure Center

     Addiction!
How does cell phone addiction
happen?
Psychologically: adolescence mind
• According to Jessor (1977):
• 1. gain admission to peer groups, demonstrate
  identification with a youth subculture
• 2. confirm personal identity
• 3. express opposition to adult authority and
  conventional society
• 4. take control of their lives
• 5. make a development transition into young
  adulthood
• 6.Pleasure and fun-seeking
Why “addict”?
• After doing some search, I found that…
• Cell phone over-use v.s CBT(cognitive
  behavioral therapy):
• “Cognitive restructuring exercises are also introduced to help the
  person recognize why behavioural avoidance, reassurance-seeking
  behaviours and ‘safety’ behaviours (e.g., the person
  experiencing panic who always carries a cell phone just
  in case he or she needs to call for help) are unhelpful long-term
  strategies. CBT has been found to be effective for all the
  anxiety disorders.” (Center of Addiction and Mental Health)
Working as Slot machine--addictive
• Brain trained to have associative learning:
  memory

• Create an relationship between the feeling of
  winning to the act of gambling/addiction(cell
  phone overuse)

• During the intermittent time: your brain springs
  up the craving of checking cell phones
Therefore, conclusion:
• Cell phone addiction is very likely arisen from:
• 1. a kind of cognitive behavioral disorder (anxiety
  of insecurity)
• 2. associative learning form (create associative
  memory, expect, and craving)
• 3. For young adults: to gain admission to peer
  groups, express opposition to adult authority, and
  make a development transition into young
  adulthood
THANK YOU



Have you use your cell phone today?

				
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posted:10/23/2013
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