Cell Phone Addiction:
How do cell phones affect peoples’ lives, a
Course: Reading and Writing II
Professor: Michael Chen
Presentor: Bena Ho, 95101065
• My topic: about how “cell phone addiction”
affects peoples’ lives
• How is it related to audience?
1. As college students, almost every one of us
possesses a cell phone.
2. Cell phone usage are common among our college
• 3. Have you ever felt that it’s a “must” to check your
cell phone everyday, including text message, phone
calls or voicemails?
• 4. Dose using cell phone distract you from writing
homework such as essays?
I. What cell phone addiction symptoms
do people have?
II. How do people feel when they use
their cell phones?
àIs there psychological and physical
reasons which triggers these
First, what is cell phone addiction?
• 1. Regarded as “Impulse Control Disorder”
• 2. Cell Phone addiction symptoms check List:
Do you have your cell phone with you constantly, even at home
you have it in your pocket or right next to you?
Do you find someone to call as soon as you leave the classroom?
Do you always feel anxious about your cell phone, especially
when you are unable to use it ? (e.x. in class)
Do you take cell phone breaks while doing homework?
Do you experience high levels of anxiety, stress, or insecurity
whenever you are without your cell phone?
Do you sometimes believe your phone is ringing, but when you
answer it or listen longer you find it wasn't ringing at all (known
as 'phantom ringing')?
International Center for Media & the Public Affairs
This chart shows the emotions and reactions of students in 10 countries who went
without media for 24 hours. The numbers represent relative weights for each country.
CELL PHONE ADDICTION
• Cell phone addiction
• Texting addiction
SURVEY founds that…
• According to the survey conducted by the Pew
Research Center's Internet & American Life
“(In the U.S.,)cell phone ownership is especially
prominent among young adults, as 96% of 18-29
year olds now own a mobile phone.” (Aaron
In Stanford’s study of Iphone
• College students:
• TOTAL participants:200
• “75 percent confessed to sleeping with their
iPhone next to them.”
• “15 percent said the iPhone was turning them
into a media addict”
• “30 percent referred to their smartphone as a
doorway into the world."
• 41 percent felt it would be "a tragedy" to lose
How does cell phone addiction
• The Brain-wiring Center
• a brain messenger (controls activities such as
reward, feeling good)
• Feeling of Euphoria!!
“Dopamine is responsible for the euphoria that addicts chase, …the
addict becomes conditioned to compulsively seek, crave and recreate
the sense of elation while off-line or off-drug.”
transmits the feeling of euphoria for N times
(repeat over and over again !)
Brain’s Pleasure Center
How does cell phone addiction
Psychologically: adolescence mind
• According to Jessor (1977):
• 1. gain admission to peer groups, demonstrate
identification with a youth subculture
• 2. confirm personal identity
• 3. express opposition to adult authority and
• 4. take control of their lives
• 5. make a development transition into young
• 6.Pleasure and fun-seeking
• After doing some search, I found that…
• Cell phone over-use v.s CBT(cognitive
• “Cognitive restructuring exercises are also introduced to help the
person recognize why behavioural avoidance, reassurance-seeking
behaviours and ‘safety’ behaviours (e.g., the person
experiencing panic who always carries a cell phone just
in case he or she needs to call for help) are unhelpful long-term
strategies. CBT has been found to be effective for all the
anxiety disorders.” (Center of Addiction and Mental Health)
Working as Slot machine--addictive
• Brain trained to have associative learning:
• Create an relationship between the feeling of
winning to the act of gambling/addiction(cell
• During the intermittent time: your brain springs
up the craving of checking cell phones
• Cell phone addiction is very likely arisen from:
• 1. a kind of cognitive behavioral disorder (anxiety
• 2. associative learning form (create associative
memory, expect, and craving)
• 3. For young adults: to gain admission to peer
groups, express opposition to adult authority, and
make a development transition into young
Have you use your cell phone today?