Task 31 BIOMASS PRODUCTION FOR ENERGY FROM SUSTAINABLE FORESTRY Progress Report from April 2004 to September 2004
ExCo54, Ottawa, Canada October 4-6, 2004
Prepared by Jim Richardson, Task Leader August 2004
Task 31: BIOMASS PRODUCTION FOR ENERGY FROM SUSTAINABLE FORESTRY PROGRESS REPORT
for the period from April 1, 2004 to August 31, 2004 Objective and Scope:
The objective of Task 31 in the period 2004-06 is to develop an integrative framework for information related to biomass production for energy from sustainable forestry, based on leading-edge science and technology, and to share and promote the use of such an information framework with advanced information technology and a high level of collaboration. The Task encompasses natural forestry systems and single-stem plantation systems which can provide a source of biomass for energy. The scope is worldwide. Efforts are being made to expand activities to include countries with economies in transition. The work includes sharing of research results, stimulation of new research directions in national programs of participating countries, and technology transfer from science to resource managers, planners and industry. The emphasis is on an integrated approach to biological, economic, environmental and social components of forestry systems. Multi-disciplinary partnerships of key stakeholders in forest biomass production research, planning and operations are fostered.
Operating Agent: Task leadership:
J. Peter Hall, Canadian Forest Service
Jim Richardson, Task Leader, Ottawa, Canada Rolf Björheden, Associate Task Leader, Växjö University, Sweden Tat Smith, Associate Task Leader, Texas A&M University, USA Oana Popescu, Task Secretary, Texas A&M University, USA John Raison Jean-François Van Belle Jim Richardson Niels Heding Simen Gjølsjø TBD Bryce Stokes/Dan Neary
Country Participants: Australia
Belgium Canada Denmark Norway Sweden United States
Budget and budget breakdown:
The annual budget for Task 31 for 2004 was approved by ExCo 52 in October 2003 to be contributed in equal shares of $14,400 by the 6 countries which confirmed participation at that time. Since then, Belgium also confirmed its participation, bringing the budget for 2004 to $US100,800. The budget is divided between the Task Leader and the institutions of the two Associate Task Leaders, one of which has taken on the Task secretarial and administrative responsibilities. The budget covers expenses approximately as follows:
Task management Workshop preparation Publications & EIS Policy- and strategy-oriented activity
10% 18% 25% 10%
Communications Travel Materials and supplies
10% 25% 2%
Task Meetings and Future Meetings:
September 12-18, 2004 – Task workshop – Sweden and Norway
The Task 31 work program in 2004-06 includes organization of annual workshops and field study tours, transfer of knowledge and technology to key stakeholders, particularly in the form of an electronic information system as well as refereed publications, technical notes and Industry Days, and collaboration with other IEA Bioenergy Tasks as well as other forestry and bioenergy organizations. The primary means of achieving Task goals and outputs is a series of annual workshops. These involve invited and volunteer scientific and technical experts who present papers and posters, contribute to assessments and discussions, and lead field study tours. Case studies of successful applications of sustainable forest management for increased ecosystem productivity, forest health and efficient utilization of forest resources, including biomass for energy, are examined. Formal workshop proceedings are published in refereed journals and distributed internationally. Communication of the goals, activities and outputs of the Task is a vital element of the promotional aspect of the Task. A strong presence for the Task on the Internet is actively maintained. In the past, this was accomplished through the main IEA Bioenergy website. Task informational materials, including workshop announcements, are still made available through this site. However, in the 2004-06 period, an independent Task website has been established, facilitating greatly enhanced extent and depth of Task information available on the Internet, including a much more complete coverage of publications of the present Task and of related past Tasks and Activities. This is the first step towards the development of an electronic information system (EIS) to which will be added other Task resources such as photos, data and presentations, and links to other web-based information sources. The system will be gradually developed further, and will draw on the considerable volume of valuable scientific and technical information synthesized in the printed medium of the Task 31 book (published in 2002), as well as incorporating practical illustrations and examples from participating countries in interactive form. It will provide an innovative tool for education, training and improved technology transfer to interested stakeholders. The electronic information system will be developed in partnership with established, related Internet-based information sources. The Task website incorporates a technical newsletter function whereby current technical outputs can be made available in a timely fashion to Task participants, collaborators and other stakeholders. Such outputs include abstracts of presentations at Task workshops, country reports from participating countries and other related material. This function is supported by an E-mail notification system. The series of Industry Days initiated under Task 18 is being continued. The concept is designed to take advantage of the presence of international experts who have participated in a Task workshop (or other event), by having them meet with regional persons with an interest in bioenergy to share issues and ideas. Several other current IEA Bioenergy Tasks have objectives and interests that are complementary to those of Task 31. Strong links are maintained with these Tasks through sharing of information and, where possible, joint workshops and other events. Opportunities for collaboration and cooperation with other international researchers, organizations and activities, including IUFRO, are also pursued, particularly those involved in issues of sustainability of forest ecosystems.
Progress with the Program of Work:
An end-of-Task review of scientific and technical progress during the 2001-03 period was presented at the 8th World Renewable Energy Congress held in Denver, USA August August 29 – September 3, 2004. The review will be published in the proceedings of the Congress. The proceedings of the second annual Task 31 workshop, held jointly with Task 30 in Belo Horizonte, Brazil in 2002, will appear shortly as a special issue of the journal Biomass and Bioenergy. Fourteen invited and volunteer papers which were presented will be included in the special issue. The proceedings of the third annual workshop, held in Flagstaff, Arizona, USA in October 2003, have been peer reviewed by workshop participants and other Task collaborators and are to be submitted for publication as a special issue of Biomass and Bioenergy. PowerPoint presentations made at the workshop will also be made available to workshop participants subsequently on CD. The fourth annual workshop is being held in Garpenberg, Sweden and Gran, Norway from September 12 to 18, 2004. The theme of the workshop is ‘Sustainable Production Systems for Bioenergy: Forest Energy in Practice’. There are 1½ days of scientific and technical presentations and 1½ days of field visits in central Sweden relating to this theme, following which participants travel by coach, with field visits en route, to central Norway where an Industry Day focuses on cost-effective systems for production of forest fuels. A total of 26 presentations is expected. Two separate business sessions provide opportunities for planning and discussion of the electronic information system as well as other Task activities, including future workshops. A post-workshop field study tour in Norway is offered September 19-21, terminating in Bergen. The development of the electronic information system (EIS) has shifted direction with the recognition that the full realization of the Task’s vision for a fully independent EIS could not readily be achieved with the resources available to the Task. The new direction involves two linked initiatives. First, the new Task website (http://forestry.tamu.edu/Links/IEA_Bioenergy_Task_31.htm) has become the primary vehicle for information about the Task itself, including events, reports and publications and Task newsletter content. Basic Task information will continue to be available also on the IEA Bioenergy website. Secondly, the broader EIS objective of providing information about bioenergy from sustainable forestry is being pursued through a partnership with an established, actively-growing hypertext encyclopedia developed by the US Forest Service to which a bioenergy encyclopedia is being added (www.forestencyclopedia.net/Encyclopedia/Encyclopedia_Page.2004-03-10.1236). The Task website is linked to the prototype bioenergy encyclopedia, which has received significant funding to develop a product aimed at landowners in the southern US. The Task will aim to expand that scope with content appropriate for all Task participants. Input to the encyclopedia will follow the protocols and standards previously developed by the Task, and will involve peer-review by an editorial board to ensure the quality of scientific information. Potential authors of scientific/technical content who previously expressed interest in contributing are being recontacted and it is expected that previous practical difficulties in submitting and uploading content will be greatly reduced, with the website becoming an intermediate staging point to full web publication in the bioenergy encyclopedia. Collaborative efforts with other Tasks related to the EIS, including the Task 29 educational website, continue to be pursued. Close ties are maintained with Task 29 'Socio-economic aspects of bioenergy systems', whose leaders have participated in Task 31 Industry Days and workshops. Input and content have been provided to the Task 29 EIS website aimed at education and general public audiences, and collaboration will continue with the new direction of the Task 31 EIS, with appropriate linkages. A similarly close level of collaboration exists with Task 30 'Short Rotation Crops for Bioenergy Systems’. Initial contacts have been made with Task 40 ‘Sustainable International Bioenergy Trade: Securing Supply and Demand’ and a future joint event is likely. The Task has committed to make a presentation at a special IEA Bioenergy session at the XXII Congress of the International Union of Forestry Research Organizations (IUFRO) in Brisbane, Australia in August 2005.
Publications (see attached list for full citations): Special issue of Biomass & Bioenergy (2002 workshop proceedings)(in press) End-of-Task review (WREC VIII proceedings)(in press) International workshop, Garpenberg, Sweden and Gran, Norway, September 12-18, 2004
Collaboration with Other Tasks:
Task 29 – joint participation in EIS development, including input of content. Task 40 – planning joint event in 2005 Several Tasks – planning special bioenergy session at IUFRO Congress, Brisbane, August 2005.
Networking Outside of IEA Bioenergy:
Participation by Associate Task Leader and distribution of Task materials at “Healthy Landscapes, Thriving Communities: Bioenergy & Wood Products Conference”, Denver, USA, January 20-22, 2004. Participation by Associate Task Leader and distribution of Task materials at Smallwood 2004 conference, Sacramento, USA, May 18-21, 2004. Presentation by Task Leader and distribution of Task materials at WREC VIII Congress, Denver, USA, August 28 – September 3, 2004.
Technology Transfer/Communication (for details, see text above):
Internet presence on IEA Bioenergy website Task 31 website (http://forestry.tamu.edu/Links/IEA_Bioenergy_Task_31.htm) Electronic Information System (EIS) development linked to hypertext encyclopedia Industry Day in Gran, Norway September 17, 2004 in conjunction with Task workshop Book distribution – copies and flyers
Richardson, J. Björheden, R., Ledin, S., Lowe, A., Nicolas, I., Smith, C.T., Stokes, B. and Verwijst, T. (guest eds.) 2004. “Sustainable bioenergy production systems: environmental, operational and social implications”. Proceedings of the joint IEA Bioenergy Task 30 and Task 31 workshop, Belo Horizonte, Brazil, 28 October – 1 November 2002. Biomass and Bioenergy. IEA Bioenergy T31:2003:01. (In press) • Comerford, N.B. and N.F. Barros. Phosphorus sorption, desorption and resorption in soils of the Brazilian Cerrado. • Domac, J., Richards, K. and S. Risovic. Socio-economic drivers in implementing bioenergy projects. • Fischer, G., S. Prieler, and H. van Velthuizen. Biomass potentials of Miscanthus, willow and poplar: Results and policy implications for eastern Europe, northern and central Asia. • Licht, L.A and J.G. Isebrands. Linking phytoremediated pollutant removal to biomass economic opportunities. • Jirjis, R. Effects of particle size and pile height on storage and fuel quality of comminuted Salix viminalis. • Jørgensen, U., Dalgaard, T. and E. S. Kristensen. Renewable energy in organic farming – the potential role of Short Rotation Coppice. • Koopmans, A. biomass energy demand and supply assessing the resource base. • Laitila, J., A. Asikainen and S. Hotari. Residue recovery and site preparation in a single operation in regeneration areas. • Machado, G.M., B.M. Wagenaar, and R.H. Venderbosch. Bio-oil as fossil fuel substitute in power stations. • Mead, D. Opportunities for improving plantation productivity. How much? How quickly? How realistic? • Mirck, J., J.G. Isebrands, T. Verwijst and S. Ledin. . Development of short rotation willow coppice systems for environmental purposes in Sweden. • Pinatti, D.G., Conte, R.A., Borlini, M.C., Santos, B.C., Lopes, C.R., Marcondes, M.A.,Pereira, M.L.G., Soares, A.G., Romão, E.L., Ferreira, J.C. and Oliveira, I. Aspects of forest biomass production to energy: biomass refinery perspective. • Ranta, T. Logging residues from regeneration fellings for biofuel production – a GIS-based availability analysis in Finland. • Sikanen, L., A. Asikainen and M. Lehikoinen. Transport control of forest fuels by Arbonaut Fleet Manager™, mobile terminals and GPS. • Silveira, S. Promoting bioenergy through the Clean Development Mechanism. • Skärbäck, E. and P. Becht. Energy forests for more than energy. Richardson, J., Björheden, R. and C.T. Smith. 2004. Conventional forestry systems for sustainable production of bioenergy. IN Proceedings of 8th World Renewable Energy Congress, Denver, CO, USA, August 28-September 2, 2004. Elsevier. (In press).