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LOUISVILLE & NASHVILLE R. CO. V. MOTTLEY

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LOUISVILLE & NASHVILLE R. CO. V. MOTTLEY Powered By Docstoc
					CIV PRO LOUISVILLE & NASHVILLE R. CO. V. MOTTLEY, US Supreme Court, 1908 History: Facts: Mottleys were passengers on Louisville/Nashville’s railroad and were injured allegedly by LN’s negligence and released their claims for damages in consideration of the agreement for transportation during their lives, expressed in the contract; contract was allegedly performed up to 01/01/1907 when LN declined to renew the passes; denial to renew was supposedly based on an Act of Congress which forbids giving of free passes or free transportation; Mottleys sued to obtain their passes and the railroad defended on the ground that the federal statute barred renewal Issue: Whether the Act of Congress makes it unlawful to perform a contract for transportation of people, who, in good faith, before the act, had accepted the contract in satisfaction in lieu of a valid cause of action against the railroad. Whether this Act would be in violation of the 5th Amendment. Holding: Lower court had lacked jurisdiction to hear Mottley’s case Analysis: For a plaintiff to sue in federal court under the statutory test for arising-under jurisdiction, she must assert a claim that arises under federal law; Mottleys sued for breach of contract, a state law cause of action that didn’t require them to prove


				
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