Julius Caesar - Brutus and Antony speeches by rhsenghonors2


									    Brutus and
    Persuasive Speech Comparison

BRUTUS                                                   ANTONY
Be patient till the last.                                Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears;
Romans, countrymen, and lovers! hear me for my           I come to bury Caesar, not to praise him.
cause, and be silent, that you may hear: believe me      The evil that men do lives after them;
for mine honour, and have respect to mine honour, that   The good is oft interred with their bones;
you may believe: censure me in your wisdom, and          So let it be with Caesar. The noble Brutus
awake your senses, that you may the better judge.        Hath told you Caesar was ambitious:
If there be any in this assembly, any dear friend of     If it were so, it was a grievous fault,
Caesar's, to him I say, that Brutus' love to Caesar      And grievously hath Caesar answer'd it.
was no less than his. If then that friend demand         Here, under leave of Brutus and the rest--
why Brutus rose against Caesar, this is my answer:       For Brutus is an honourable man;
--Not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved         So are they all, all honourable men--
Rome more. Had you rather Caesar were living and         Come I to speak in Caesar's funeral.
die all slaves, than that Caesar were dead, to live      He was my friend, faithful and just to me:
all free men? As Caesar loved me, I weep for him;        But Brutus says he was ambitious;
as he was fortunate, I rejoice at it; as he was          And Brutus is an honourable man.
valiant, I honour him: but, as he was ambitious, I       He hath brought many captives home to Rome
slew him. There is tears for his love; joy for his       Whose ransoms did the general coffers fill:
fortune; honour for his valour; and death for his        Did this in Caesar seem ambitious?
ambition. Who is here so base that would be a            When that the poor have cried, Caesar hath wept:
bondman? If any, speak; for him have I offended.         Ambition should be made of sterner stuff:
Who is here so rude that would not be a Roman? If        Yet Brutus says he was ambitious;
any, speak; for him have I offended. Who is here so      And Brutus is an honourable man.
vile that will not love his country? If any, speak;      You all did see that on the Lupercal
for him have I offended. I pause for a reply.            I thrice presented him a kingly crown,
                                                         Which he did thrice refuse: was this ambition?
                                                         Yet Brutus says he was ambitious;
                                                         And, sure, he is an honourable man.
                                                         I speak not to disprove what Brutus spoke,
                                                         But here I am to speak what I do know.
                                                         You all did love him once, not without cause:
                                                         What cause withholds you then, to mourn for him?
                                                         O judgment! thou art fled to brutish beasts,
                                                         And men have lost their reason. Bear with me;
                                                         My heart is in the coffin there with Caesar,
                                                         And I must pause till it come back to me.

    Read both speeches carefully, noticing
    both their similarities and differences
Ethos, Pathos, and Logos
1. How does Brutus establish his personal sincerity (ethos)? How does Antony do the same?

2. Antony’s ethos is more effective. Why?

3. How does Brutus fail in using logic (logos) in his argument? What does Antony do
differently that allows him to succeed?

4. Who incorporates more emotional appeals (pathos) into their argument? How is it
Stylistic Devices
1. What is the difference between how Brutus uses questions in his speech compared to
Antony? Whose questions are more effective in building the persuasive argument?

2. Both speeches include repetition to build their argument. Brutus uses quite a bit of
parallel structure whereas Antony repeats the concept of Brutus being “an honorable man.”
Why is Antony more successful using repetition than Brutus?

3. Brutus’ speech is based upon syllogistic reasoning (refer to your literary terms handouts).
In what way does his syllogistic reasoning fail?

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