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					Unit 1
            Warm Greetings
Section A
Listening and Speaking

Section B
Text Learning

Section C
Skill Development



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UNIT ONE                 Contents
Part 1 Are you Doctor Beamer from Australia


          Yes, I am.
                                                       Excuse me
                                                    1)_____________, are you
                                                    Doctor Beamer from Australia?


    Nice to meet you
 3)_________________,
 Miss Wang.                                             How do you do
                                                     2) _______________, Doctor
                                                     Beamer? I’m Wang Li from
                                                     Xinhai Co., Ltd.



Thank you.
5) This is my business card
   ______________________.
                                                         Likewise
                                                      4) _________.Welcome to
                                                      our company.

                   Thanks.
                   6)__________________.
                      This is mine

UNIT ONE                       < Back      Next >                          Back
Part 2 How do you do, Mr Green?




        How do you do, Mr. Green?




            A. Fine, thank you.              B. Fine. And you?

            C. All right.                    D. No, thanks.




 UNIT ONE                         < Back   Next >                Back
Part 2 How do you do, Mr Green?




        Hello, Jack. Very pleased to meet you.




            A. Of course. Can I help you?
            B. Pleased to meet you, too.
            C. I’m quite fine. What about you?
            D. Why are you here?




 UNIT ONE                       < Back      Next >   Back
Part 2 How do you do, Mr Green?




        Good afternoon, Mr. Thomas. Welcome to our college.




            A. Good afternoon. I’m Thomas.
            B. Oh, may I ask you where you ’re from?
            C. Thank you. You’re also welcome.
            D. Thank you. Nice to meet you.




 UNIT ONE                      < Back         Next >          Back
Part 2 How do you do, Mr Green?




        Long time no see. How is everything?




            A. Turn on the TV.              B. Turn on the radio.

            C. Turn off the radio.          D. Turn off the TV.




 UNIT ONE                        < Back   Next >                    Back
Part 2 How do you do, Mr Green?




        Allow me to introduce my friend Tom?




            A. Let me introduce you to him first.
            B. OK, sure.
            C. I’m sorry. I have something important to do.
            D. Don ’t trouble yourself.



 UNIT ONE                        < Back      Next >           Back
Part 2 How do you do, Mr Green?




        Excuse me, may I know your name?




        A. Never mind.                    B. Certainly.

        C. It doesn’t matter.             D. It ’s all right.




 UNIT ONE                       < Back   Next >                 Back
Part 2 How do you do, Mr Green?




        Morning, sir. May I help you?




        A. Yes, nice to meet you.
        B. Yes, I’m glad to have a walk with you.
        C. Yes, I’d like to change some HK dollars.
        D. Yes, but I’m afraid you can’t.



 UNIT ONE                     < Back        Next >    Back
Part 2 How do you do, Mr Green?




        I hate to say “Goodbye”, but I must be going soon.




        A. Nice to meet you.
        B. Have a good day.
        C. Don ’t bother.
        D. It doesn’t matter. It’s still early.



 UNIT ONE                       < Back        Next >         Back
Part 2 How do you do, Mr Green?




            Jenny, you look more beautiful today. What a nice dress!




            A. Strangers.                     B. Classmates.

            C. Brother and sister.            D. Workmates.




 UNIT ONE                      < Back       Next >                     Back
Part 2 How do you do, Mr Green?




        A lovely day, isn ’t it?




            A. Yes. Today is Sunday.
            B. Yes. It certainly is.
            C. No, it’s about to rain.
            D. Yes. It ’s ten degrees centigrade.




 UNIT ONE                          < Back     Next >   Back
Part 3 Have you eaten yet?



 Number                            Statements                             T or F
            The English equivalent ( 对应词 ) to the Chinese question
    1                                                                       T
            “Have you eaten” is “How are you?”

            When people ask you “Have you eaten?”, you simply
    2                                                                       T
            answer “Yes. Thank you”.

            “Small talk”is considered very important when you attend
    3                                                                       F
            a meeting.

            Chinese sometimes nod and shake hands when they begin
    4                                                                       T
            greetings.

    5       People hug each other in public in order to show affection.     F


 UNIT ONE                     < Back       Next >                         Back
Part 3 Have you eaten yet?


     In Chinese culture, the question “Have you eaten? ”or “Where have
   you been?” is equivalent to “How are you? ”in English speaking countries.
   It is often a superficial inquiry that doesn ’t require a literal, detailed
   answer. Simply answer “Yes”, even if you haven ’t actually eaten or
   simply smile
   and say, “Thank you”.
     “Small talk” is considered especially important at the beginning of a
   meeting. The topics include Chinese scenery, landmarks, weather and your
   travels in other countries.
     The Chinese will sometimes nod when they greet people. Bowing is
   seldom used except in ceremonies. Hand shake is also popular.
     Members of the same sex may hold hands in public in order to show
   affection. But they rarely hug each other as a form of greeting.

 UNIT ONE                                                                        Back
Part 4 Hi, Jenny!

           Column A                            Column B
 A. Conversation One     原 文
                               1. The conversation between new classmates.          B

 B. Conversation Two     原 文
                               2. The conversation between the teacher and
                               the student.                                         C

 C. Conversation Three   原 文
                               3. The conversation between colleagues.              A

 D. Conversation Four    原 文
                               4. The conversation between good friends.            E

 E. Conversation Five    原 文
                               5. The conversation between those who meet
                               for the first time.                                  D


 UNIT ONE                      < Back      Next >                            Back
Part 4 Hi, Jenny!


   A. Conversation One

   M: Hi, Jenny! Nice to see you back in office. How are you?

   W: Fine, thank you. What about you?

   M: I’m fine, too. Jenny, did you have a good holiday?

   W: Yes. I visited my neighbours and we enjoyed ourselves very much.

   M: That ’s great!

   W: Oh, my friend Mary sent her best wishes to you.

   M: Really? It’s very kind of her.


 UNIT ONE                                                                Back
Part 4 Hi, Jenny!


   B. Conversation Two

   M: Hello! My name is Green. Are you a new student here?

   W: Yes, I am. My name is Ann.

   M: Are you from the United States?

   W: No. I’m from Canada.

   M: Oh, my friend Bob is from Canada too.

   W: Fine. Is he at this college?

   M: No, he is at the International Education College.

 UNIT ONE                                                    Back
Part 4 Hi, Jenny!

 C. Conversation Three
 M: Morning, Jessica! Have you finished writing your term paper?
 W: Morning, Mr. Wang. Not yet. I have some questions to ask you on the paper.
 M: What questions, please?
 W: First, have American English and British English both changed in the past
    decades?
 M: Certainly, though there are some spelling differences.
 W: Second, where did these differences come from?
 M: Oh, I remember having explained it in my last lecture. You may consult your
    notes.
 W: Thank you, Mr. Wang, I will. Good day!


 UNIT ONE                                                                 Back
Part 4 Hi, Jenny!


   D. Conversation Four

   M: Excuse me, are you Miss Linda from Switszerland?

   W: Yes. Are you...

   M: How do you do, Miss Linda? I’m Zhao Jun from China Import and Export

      Corporation.

   W: How do you do, Mr. Zhao? Glad to meet you.

   M: Me, too. Now, I’d like to take you to the hotel downtown.

   W: OK, that’s fine.

   M: Please come this way, Miss Linda. Our car is waiting for us at Gate 3.


 UNIT ONE                                                                  Back
Part 4 Hi, Jenny!


   E. Conversation Five

   M1: Hi, Ellie! Nice to meet you.

   W: Nice to meet you. Who is that man with you?

   M1: Let me introduce my brother Jim to you. And Jim, she is my friend Ellie.

   W: Wa...! You have a brother! Glad to meet you, Jim.

   M2: Glad to meet you, too.

   W: You two look alike. Are you twins?

   M1: Sometime people think we’re twins, but we are not.

   W: Oh, that’s interesting.


 UNIT ONE                                                                 Back
Part 5 How to greet each other?

                                                                       exchange
  When you meet a friend on the street, it is appropriate to stop and __________ a
few words of greetings. Usually people will say “Hello” or “Hi”, and sometimes they
                                                          similar
exchange greetings like “How are you? ”,“What’s up?” and _______ questions.
         _______
              detailed
Don’t try to give a _________answer because people do not expect a story of your
            actually
life. They are __________ just showing their friendship to you.
  When you meet each other for the first time, an appropriate greeting on most
                     “Nice to meet you”
occasions is to say ________________ . Naturally, you say the sentence with a smile
                               formal
on your face. On certain very _______ occasions, like when you are introduced to a
                                    shake hands
very important person, you usually ____________ with the person and say, “How do
                  meantime                       answers
you do?”. In the _________ , remember that the __________ for that are “Fine,
thank you. ” Or “Everything is OK, thanks. ”

 UNIT ONE                        < Back        Next >                     Back
Part 6 Pair Work or Group Work and Presentation

Role Play
1. Mr. Smith, who is a professor from America, together with some of his colleagues, is
 coming to visit Mr. Lin ’s college. Mr. Lin is asked to meet him at the college gate and
 then he will show the American guests around the campus.
 Student A: Mr. Lin
 Student B: Mr. Smith
2. Tom and Marie are good friends. They haven ’t seen each other for a long time because
 Tom has been away on business. Today he comes back and Marie meets him in the
 office.
 Student A: Marie
 Student B: Tom
3. You’re a newcomer in your college. This is the first day you are in the class. Give greetings
 to your classmates and make a brief self-introduction.


 UNIT ONE                            < Back         Next >                            Back
                        Text A




           Language Points



                    Text-related exercises



               Text B



UNIT ONE                            Contents
Text A

             New Words




UNIT ONE   < Back   Next >   Back
Text A




UNIT ONE   < Back   Next >   Back
Text A




UNIT ONE   < Back   Next >   Back
Text A
                                Useful Expressions


   used to do                                  过 去常常做……
   tend to                                     倾 向于,往往
   to some extent                              在某种程度上
   serve as                                    用作……
   be used to sth./doing sth.                  习惯 于某事/做某事
   rather than                                 而不是……
   have a tendency to do                       有一种做……的倾 向、趋势
   prefer to do                                更喜欢 做……,更愿意做……
   on the other hand                           在另一方面
   insist on                                   坚 决主张 ,强调


UNIT ONE                          < Back    Next >             Back
Text A
                                 Greeting People


   1 Chinese consider it very important to greet a person in a correct way. They follow

 the polite principle of depreciating oneself and respecting others to show respect towards

 the person being addressed.

   2 Chinese used to cup one hand in the other before the chest as a salute. And bowing,

 to convey respect to the higher level, was often used by subordinates, students and

 attendants. But Chinese don’t do that nowadays except in the Spring Festival. At present

 , Chinese youngsters tend to simply nod as a greeting. To some extent, this

 evolution reflects the ever-increasing paces of modern life.



UNIT ONE                           < Back         Next >                           Back
Chinese version



  1. 中国人认为用正确的方式与人打招呼是非常重要的。他们遵循自谦、尊重他

   人的原则向对方表达一种敬意。

  2. 中国人过去通常在胸前双手抱拳行见面礼。下级、学生或侍从用鞠躬来向上

   级表达敬意。但现在,除了在春节,中国人已不再打躬作揖。当今,年轻人

   只以点头作为招呼。这在某种程度上反映了现代生活节奏的日益加快。




UNIT ONE                             Back
Text A



   3 Forms of addressing can serve as an indication of people ’s relationship in the society.

 On formal occasions, or with elders or persons with high status, it is considered highly bad

 andrude to address them by their given names. They should be addressed according to their

 designation. Chinese are used to the use of “title + surname ” to address their superiors or

 elders rather than call them by surnames. They tend not to greet those close to them with

 greetings like “You are looking sad/tired”: this is believed improper. Business cards will

 almost always be exchanged upon meeting a stranger in Chinese business. The card should

 be held in both hands when offered to the other person.



UNIT ONE                             < Back         Next >                            Back
Chinese version



  3. 称谓能反映社会中人们之间的关系。在正式场合,对年长者和位高者直呼其

   名是非常不好且粗鲁的。应该根据他们的头衔来称呼他们。中国人习惯用“头

   衔+ 姓氏”来称呼上司和长辈,而不是叫他们的姓。对较亲近的人,他们往往

   不用像“你不高兴?””或“你看起来很憔悴”这样的用语,这被认为不合适。在中

   国商界,见到陌生人通常要交换名片。名片要双手递给对方。




UNIT ONE                             Back
Text A



   4 In English speaking countries, people, different as they are in age and status, have a

 tendency to call the others ’names directly, even first names except when they call the

 doctors, not arousing offence between them, but showing the sense of friendliness. When in

 doubt, people use the formal manner of address, since it is better to make mistakes on the

 side of formality. It is also appropriate to ask how they prefer to be addressed.

   5 Chinese people feel unnatural addressing a westerner by his given name, feeling that it

 indicates to a close relationship. Westerners, on the other hand, may feel that if a Chinese

 insists on using his surname, it shows unwillingness to be friendly and maintains a gap

 between them. So the use of forms like“Miss Johns”or “Mr. Green”may be a Chinese form

 of compromise.


UNIT ONE                              < Back         Next >                           Back
Chinese version



  4. 在讲英语的国家,人们不管年龄和地位,往往直呼其名,除了称呼医生以外,

   (这样)不是想引起不悦,而是要表示一种亲近感。对称谓有疑问时,就按正式

   礼节称呼,因为严守礼节而出点差错总比不礼貌要好一点。

  5. 中国人觉得对西方人直呼其名不太自然,感觉那样关系太亲近。而另一方面,

   西方人觉得如果中国人坚持用姓氏来称呼,则表示中国人不愿意太亲近,想保

   持一定的距离。所以,“怀特小姐”、“格林先生”这些称谓也许是中国人的一种折

   衷方式。




UNIT ONE                            Back
Text A

 Task 1: Think about the following 3 questions and complete the answers.




  1. What do Chinese use to call others?
             “title + surname ” to call others
   They use ____________________________.

  2. What addressing do people in English speaking countries follow?

                                  directly by their names, even their first names no
   They often address each other ____________________________________________

   matter what their ages and status are
  ___________________________________.

  3. What do you think of the main difference between Chinese and the westerners in

  addressing people?

                                              greeting rituals
   The main difference lies in the different _______________.


UNIT ONE                           < Back        Next >                         Back
Text A

 Task 2: Comprehension check.


 1. Why do Chinese often depreciate themselves to the persons they are addressing?


 A. Because they are aware of their weaknesses.
 B. Because they are not superior to the persons being addressed.
 C. Because they follow their modest principle to pay respects to the persons.
 D. Because they are honest and brave to admit their weak points.


 2. If a Chinese addresses his elder by “Wang” or “Wang Lin”, he will be considered_____ .



 A. polite and honest                    B. open-minded

 C. ill-educated and rude                D. sincere and friendly


UNIT ONE                            < Back        Next >                             Back
Text A

 Task 2: Comprehension check.


 3. Using title and given name together most probably indicates ______ .



 A. friendliness                         B. warm-heartedness

 C. Depreciation                         D. respect



 4. Westerners are more likely to introduce each other by ______ .



 A. last name plus title                 B. first name plus title

 C. first name without title             D. family name plus given name


UNIT ONE                            < Back         Next >                  Back
Text A

 Task 2: Comprehension check.


 5. If a Chinese always asks a westerner to use his surname, it will give the westerner a feeling
 that ______.

 A. Chinese doesn’t want to be close to him
 B. Chinese is quite acquainted with him
 C. he can further develop his relation with Chinese
 D. they are fairly good friends




UNIT ONE                             < Back         Next >                            Back
Language Points


 1. Chinese consider it very important to greet a person in a correct way.
  consider it + adj./n. + to do sth. :认为……是……


Examples:



 1) Americans consider it a common form of greeting to hug each other.

 2) It is considered quite necessary to learn a foreign language well.




UNIT ONE                          < Back       Next >                        Back
Language Points
Practice: Translate the following sentences into English.

  1) 大家认为有必要对青年学生进行传统教育。




 It is considered necessary to give the young students a traditional education.




  2) 我认为放弃这个面试的机会太遗憾了。




  I consider it a great pity to give up the chance of the interview.


UNIT ONE                         < Back        Next >                       Back
Language Points


 2. Chinese used to cup one hand in the other before the chest as a salute.
  used to do sth. : would do sth., indicating a constant or frequent practice in the
  past 过去通常做……


Examples:



 1) He used to take a walk after supper, didn’t he?

 2) There used to be a post office here.




UNIT ONE                          < Back      Next >                          Back
Language Points
Practice: Translate the following sentences into English.

  1) 我以前通常很晚才睡觉。




 I used to go to bed very late.




  2) 那里以前有一座石桥。




  There used to be a stone bridge there.


UNIT ONE                          < Back   Next >      Back
Language Points


 3. At present, Chinese youngsters tend to simply nod as a greeting.
  tend to do: be inclined to do; have a tendency to do 倾向于,往往……



Examples:



 1) Prices nowadays are tending to rise.

 2) Unlike Japanese, Chinese tend not to bow to greet each other.




UNIT ONE                         < Back      Next >                    Back
Language Points
Practice: Translate the following sentences into English.

  1) 朋友之间往往只用“嗨”来打招呼。




 Friends tend to say“Hi”as a greeting to each other.




  2) 书信有可能被电子邮件所替代。




  Written letters tend to be replaced by E-mails.


UNIT ONE                        < Back       Next >    Back
Language Points

 4. Chinese are us ed to the use of “title+surname ”to address their elders, rather
  than call them by surnames.
  be /get used to sth./doing sth.: be accustomed to sth./doing sth. 习惯于……


Examples:



 1) I have been used to living in countryside.

 2) Chinese elders are not used to being addressed by their given names.




UNIT ONE                          < Back         Next >                      Back
Language Points
Practice: Translate the following sentences into English.

  1) 他已经非常不习惯没有网络的生活。




 He hasn’t been quite used to the life without network.




  2) 我不习惯在大庭广众之下被人表扬。




  I am not used to being praised in public.


UNIT ONE                        < Back        Next >      Back
Language Points



 4. rather than / rather... than: 在更大程度上;而不是;比较起来倒不如……



Examples:



 1) “Are you all right?” is the most commonly used greeting when British people

    meet each other rather than “How are you?” from our textbook.

 2) I am rather bored than tired.



UNIT ONE                            < Back   Next >                      Back
Language Points
Practice: Translate the following sentences into English.

  1) 我愿意工作而不是闲着。




 I prefer to work rather than remain idle.




  2) 与其说这是谈话,不如说是演讲。




  It may be called a lecture rather than a talk.


UNIT ONE                          < Back       Next >   Back
Language Points

 5. ... different as they are in age and status, have a tendency to call the others’
  names directly...
  Adj./ n. + as + subject + V. = Although + subject + V + adj./ n. 虽然…但是…


Examples:




 1) Young as he is, he knows a lot.

 2) Child as Tom is, he has much knowledge about the Net.




UNIT ONE                           < Back        Next >                          Back
Language Points
Practice: Translate the following sentences into English.

  1)文章虽然很长,但很有趣。




 Long as the article is, it is very interesting.




  2)虽然他只是一名中学生,但他昨天的演讲超过了大学生。



  Middle school student as he was, his speech yesterday was superior to a
  college student’s.


UNIT ONE                           < Back          Next >                   Back
Language Points

 6. If a Chinese insists on using his surname, it shows an unwillingness to be
  friendly.
  insist on sth./doing sth.: to urge with emphasis, declare that a purpose cannot be
  changed 坚持,坚决主张;强调

Examples:



 1) He insisted on the importance of keeping the promise.

 2) After her graduation from college, Mary insisted on being sent to work in that

    poor area.



UNIT ONE                         < Back       Next >                        Back
Language Points
Practice: Translate the following sentences into English.

  1) 老师总是强调学好英语的重要性。




 The teacher always insists on the importance of learning English well.




  2) 我们提出帮助他,他谢绝了。他坚持独立自主(self-reliance) 。




  We offered to help him but he refused. He insisted on self-reliance.


UNIT ONE                        < Back       Next >                       Back
Text-related exercises
Exercise 1: Choose the best answer.


                         C
  1. I am considering _______ to the West after my graduation.



   A. go                                       B. to go

   C. going                                    D. gone


                           B
  2 . This is the basic ________ we are required to follow when we do everything.



   A. grammar                                  B. principle

   C. tendency                                 D. salute

UNIT ONE                        < Back       Next >                       Back
Text-related exercises
Exercise 1: Choose the best answer.


                                       C
  3. He used to call you Lao Wang, _________ he?



   A. did                                     B. used

   C. didn’t                                  D. used not


                                        B
  4. You did quite well in this exam_________ two minor mistakes.



   A. except                                  B. except for

   C. except that                             D. except to

UNIT ONE                       < Back      Next >                   Back
Text-related exercises
Exercise 1: Choose the best answer.


                           C
  5. The Chinese women __________ wear heavy make-up.



   A. don’t tended to                          B. aren ’t tended to

   C. tend not to                              D. not tend to


                                                           D
  6. Teachers should develop better teaching methods to ________ students’ interest
   in learning English.



   A. rise                                     B. raise

   C. arise                                    D. arouse

UNIT ONE                        < Back       Next >                       Back
Text-related exercises
Exercise 1: Choose the best answer.


                       D
  7. Mary insisted __________ to Class 3.



   A. on sending                               B. to be sent

   C. in being sent                            D. on being sent


                     B
  8. We consider ___________ necessary to make full preparations for the terminal
   exam.



   A. which                                    B. it

   C. that                                     D. those

UNIT ONE                        < Back      Next >                       Back
Text-related exercises
Exercise 1: Choose the best answer.


          B
  9. ______________ , he talks like an adult.



   A. A child as he is                            B. Child as he is

   C. The child as he is                          D. As he is child


                                  A
  10. Doctor Smith is always ___________ to us.



   A. polite                                      B. unwilling

   C. comfortable                                 D. improper

UNIT ONE                        < Back          Next >                Back
Text-related exercises
Exercise2: Fill in each blank with the proper form of the word given in
          brackets.

                                             politeness
1. He is a man with kindness, sincerity and __________ (polite).

                                 being addressed
2. You should look at the person _______________ (address) to show your respect

 towards him or her.

                              living
3. I haven ’t been used to __________ (live) in this new city.

                                                       social
4. The government has taken great measures to improve ________ (society)

welfare.   offered

5. When __________ (offer) the seat in the bus, the old lady thanked the young girl

  again and again.
UNIT ONE                         < Back       Next >                       Back
Text-related exercises
Exercise2: Fill in each blank with the proper form of the word given in
          brackets.

                                      rudely
6. When in great anger, the husband __________ (rude) knocked the vase down and

 broke it into pieces.
             reflects
7. The book ________ (reflect) the great achievements made by the Chinese people

 in the past thirty years.
                               tendency
8. Nowadays some people have a _________ (tend) of sending their children abroad

 for further study.

9. They will hold the meetingto exchange (exchange) academic( 学术的) ideas and
                              __________

 teaching experiences.
          improper
10. It is ________ (proper) for you to call the old man directly by his given name.


UNIT ONE                         < Back       Next >                        Back
Text B
                     New Words

 pump         v.                      灌注,加(油);抽液体

 tank         n.                      油箱

 register     n.                      记录器;登记,注册

 pour         vt.                     涌出;源源而来;倾倒

 exhaust      n.                      排气装置;排气管

 rescue       vt.                     援救,挽救

 package      n.                      包裹

 meaningful   a.                      有意义的

 conference   n.                      会议

 battery      n.                      蓄电池,电池
UNIT ONE            < Back   Next >              Back
Text B
                      New Words

 showroom      n.                      展厅

 devoid (of)   a.                      缺乏的,没有的

 pickup        n.                      小吨位运货汽车

 attach        vt.                     缚,系;贴

 jumper        n.                      跳线

 cable         n.                      电缆;缆绳

 sympathy      n.                      同情, 怜悯

 plumber       n.                      水管工,管道工

 invoice       n.                      发票
UNIT ONE             < Back   Next >             Back
Text B
                 Useful Expressions

 cash register       现金出纳机;收银台

 take off            驾车离开

 pull over           (把……)开到路边

 be devoid of        缺乏,没有
                  Proper Names

 Denver              丹佛市

 Missouri            密苏里州

 Oklahoma            俄克拉荷马市

 Friendly Ford       福特汽车修理处
UNIT ONE          < Back    Next >    Back
Text B
                    All It Took Was Two Words

  1 Many years ago, when I was fresh out of school working in Denver, I was
driving to my parents ’home in Missouri for Christmas. I stopped at a gas station
about 50 miles from Oklahoma City, where I was planning to stop and visit a friend.
I pumped the tank full, stood in line at the cash register, and greeted an older couple
who were also paying for gas.
  2 I took off, but had gone only a few miles when black smoke poured from my
exhaust pipe. I pulled over and wondered what I should do.
  3 A car pulled up behind me. It was the couple I had spoken to at the gas
station. They said they would take me to my friend ’s. We chatted on the way into
the city, and when I got out of the car, the husband gave me his business card.



UNIT ONE                          < Back       Next >                         Back
Chinese version



    1. 许多年前,我从学校毕业后刚来到丹佛工作时,一次驾车去密苏里州的父
  母家过圣诞节。在离俄克拉荷马城约五十公里的一处加油站停了下来,计划去看
  望一位朋友。我加满油,在收银台前排着队,并和一对也在交款的老夫妇打了个
  招呼。
    2. 我开车离开,走了不过几英里,汽车的排气管就冒出了黑烟。我把车停在
  路边不知该怎么做。
    3. 一辆车在我身后停了下来。是刚才在加油站打过招呼的那对老夫妇。他们
  说可以把我送到我朋友家。进城途中我们聊了一路。下车时,老先生给了我他的
  名片。




UNIT ONE          < Back   Next >   Back
Text B



  4 I wrote him and his wife a thank-you note for rescuing me. Soon afterward, I
received a Christmas package from them. Their note that came with it said that
helping me had made their holidays meaningful.
  5 Years later, I drove through a foggy morning to a conference in a nearby
town. In late afternoon I returned to my car and found that I’d left the lights on all
day, and the battery was dead. Then I noticed that the Friendly Ford dealership was
right next door. I walked over and found two salesmen relaxing in a showroom
devoid of customers.
  6 “Just how friendly is Friendly Ford?” I asked and explained my trouble.



 UNIT ONE                          < Back       Next >                          Back
Chinese version




    4. 我写信给他们感谢他们帮助了我。不久,我收到了他们寄来的圣诞包裹。

  包裹里有一张纸条,写着:帮助我使他们的假日充满意义。

    5. 几年以后,在一个雾蒙蒙的早晨,我开车去附近城镇参加会议。傍晚,我

  回到车前,却发现车灯亮了一天,蓄电池用完了。此时,我注意到旁边正好是“福

  特汽车经销处”。走过去,发现两个销售员正在展厅里休息,店里没有什么顾客。

    6. 我问道:“可以帮我一个忙吗?”我解释着自己遇到的麻烦。




UNIT ONE          < Back   Next >    Back
Text B


  7 They quickly drove a pickup truck to my car, attached jumper cables, and
started my car.They would accept no payment, so when I got home, I wrote them a
note to say thanks.
  8 I received a letter back from one of the salesmen. No one had ever taken the
time to write him and say thank you, and it meant a lot, he said.
  9 Another few years had passed when a friend’s husband died. Pat had been
awell-respected doctor at a big hospital, and hundreds of cards were sent to the
family. Among them was a sympathy card from a plumber who had once worked
at their house. He wrote that when Pat had paid the bill, he wrote on the invoice,
“Thank you for a good job.”
  10“Thank you”—the two powerful words. They’re easy to say and mean so
much.


UNIT ONE                         < Back       Next >                         Back
Chinese version



    7. 他们很快开着一辆轻便小汽车来到我的车前,接上跳线的电缆,开动我的
  车。他们没有接受任何报酬,所以,我回到家就给他们写了一封感谢信。
    8. 后来我收到了其中一位销售员的回信。他说,从来都没有人会花时间写信
  对他说谢谢,这封信对他意义太深了。
    9. 几年后,朋友的丈夫帕特去世了。帕特曾是一家大医院受人尊敬的大夫,
  因此家里收到了数百张卡片。其中一张极富同情的卡片是曾为他家工作过的水管
  工送的。他在卡片上写道,当帕特为他付工钱时曾在发票上写道:“谢谢你出色的
  工作。”
    10. “谢谢”—多么有力的两个字。很容易说这两个字,但意义深远。




UNIT ONE          < Back   Next >       Back
Text B

 Task 1: Choose t he best answer.


 1. Many years ago, when I was fresh out of school, I was driving to my parents ’home.
  “be fresh out of school ”means ____________________________.

 A. I was a freshman at college
 B. I was a beginner in learning something at school
 C. I just graduated from school
 D. I went out of school after classes


 2. I pumped the tank full . This sentence means ____________________.


 A. I made all the air out of the tank
 B. I forced the water out of the tank by a pump
 C. I pumped the tank until there was no gas in it
 D. I filled the tank full with gas

UNIT ONE                            < Back           Next >                       Back
Text B

 Task 1: Choose t he best answer.


 3. I took off . In this text, “take off” refers to ___________________.


 A. driving one ’s car away
 B. leaving the ground and rising with the airplane
 C. removing one ’s coat
 D. leaving the gas station

 4. I pulled over and wondered what I should do. In this sentence we know the meaning
  of “pull over ”is ___________________________________.

 A. to follow another person’s car
 B. to move the car to one side of the road
 C. to catch up with other cars
 D. to examine the exhausted pipe

UNIT ONE                             < Back         Next >                       Back
Text B

 Task 1: Choose t he best answer.


 5. I found the battery was dead. What is the equivalent to “dead ”?



 A. Not alive.                           B. Used up.

 C. Useless.                             D. Not bright.




UNIT ONE                            < Back         Next >              Back
Text B
 Task 2: Read the text again and decide whether the following statements are True (T) or
     False (F).


( ) 1. The author is a new hand in his career.
 T

( ) 2. The author received a Christmas package from an old couple because they
 F

       were relatives.
( ) 3. From the text we know that there were few customers in the “Friendly Ford
 T

       dealership”.
( ) 4. It was the first time for one of the salesmen in Friendly Ford dealership to
 F

       receive a letter.
( ) 5. Doctor Pat was well respected because he worked in a big hospital and was a
 F

       famous doctor.


 UNIT ONE                           < Back        Next >                           Back
           Word Formation




                            Grammar




              Writing




UNIT ONE                              Contents
Word Formation



           A suffix meaning “in the stated way ”,
           •“at regular periods of a... ”or
   -ly                                              talkative, imaginative
           •“like a... in manner, nature or
           appearance ”




            •A suffix meaning “full of ”,           eventful, cheerful
            •“having the quality of” or
   -al                                              restful, painful
   -ial     •“a place or space filled with
            people or things”                       roomful, shelf-ful




UNIT ONE                < Back         Next >                    Back
Word Formation



                                                 cleverly, slowly
           •A suffix meaning “liking or
  -ative   tending to”                           hourly, monthly, yearly

                                                 queenly, motherly




                                                 coastal, political
            •Two suffixes meaning “of or
            concerning with the qualities of ”
  -ful
            or “the action of ”                  arrival, refusal




UNIT ONE                 < Back        Next >                 Back
Word Formation



                                                harmless, endless
           •A suffix meaning “without a...”or
  -less    “that never or cannot be”
                                                tireless, countless




UNIT ONE                < Back        Next >                 Back
Word Formation

 Task 1: Study the suffixes above and put the following into English.


    1    high                   高度地                     highly

    2    hope                   无希望的                    hopeless

    3    globe                  全球的                     global

    4    music                  音乐的                     musical

    5    slow                   慢慢地                     slowly

    6    room                   满房间的                    roomful

    7    short                  简短地                     shortly

    8    talk                   健谈的                     talkative

    9    harm                   有害的                     harmful
   10    end                    无尽的                     endless

UNIT ONE                            < Back        Next >                Back
Word Formation

 Task 2: Fill in the blanks with the proper form of the words in Task 1.

                                    harmful
 1. Smoking too much every day is____________ to your health.
                   talkative
 2. Shelly is a _____________ girl, but her sister isn’t.
                                                    endless
 3. The road has been flooded, but the rain seems _____________.
                                        highly
 4. At the meeting, the chairman spoke _______________ of our work.
                                    roomful
 5. What is happening next door? A _________ of people are making so much noise.
                                                                              slowly
 6. In order to make necessary notes, we asked the speaker to speak a little_________ .
                                                                 musical
 7. My father plays the piano very well, but I can ’t play any __________ instrument.
                 hopeless
 8. Our life is ___________, and we ’ll never get out alive.
                                                       global
 9. Modern fast transportation is making our Earth a __________ village.
                             shortly
 10. The accident happened _________ after the noon.

UNIT ONE                              < Back         Next >                         Back
Grammar
Nouns (名词 )

                类别                                        例词
专 有名词 (特定的
个人、地方、机构                                 China, Washington, the Pacific
名称)

              个体名词 (可数,有单 复数)            table, book, pencil


普通名词 (一类 人 集体名词 (可数,有单 复数)               family, staff, committee
、事物或某种物
质 或抽象概念的
名称)        抽象名词 (不可数,无单 复数)              information, work, happiness


              物质 名词 (不可数,无单 复数)          tea, steel, cotton




UNIT ONE              < Back    Next >                              Back
Grammar
名词 复数

         类别                 复数形式                          例词

大部分名词             +s                        tables, holidays, schools

以s, sh, ch, x结尾   + es                      classes, fishes, watches, boxes

                  1) + s                    pianos, photos, radios
以o 结尾
                  2) + es                   tomatoes, potatoes, heroes

以f 或fe 结尾         变f/fe 为v, + es            knives, leaves, lives

                                            families, cities, lives
以辅音字母+y结尾         变y 为i, +es
                                            (roofs, chiefs 除外)
                  1)不规则                     mice, feet, data, men
部分名词
                  2)单复数形式相同                 fish, sheep, aircraft

少数名词              只有复数形式                    clothes, scissors, trousers


UNIT ONE                 < Back    Next >                             Back
Grammar
名词 复数

          类别        复数形式                        举例

                                   Mr. Wang ’s family, his father
               1)多用于有生命的东 西
                                   ’s name today’s assignment
“-s ”属格
               2)表示时间 、量度等         ten kilograms ’weight




                                   the window of the room, the
“名词 + of ”属格   多用于无生命的东 西
                                   handle of the pot




UNIT ONE         < Back   Next >                        Back
Grammar
名词 的作用

 作用                                              例句

主语         The evolution reflects the ever-increasing paces of modern life.

标语         The use of forms like “Miss White” may be a Chinese form of compromise .

宾语         Westerners have a tendency to call the others directly their names.

宾语补 足
           We call him “Professor Wang” rather than “Wang”
语

定语         Chinese don ’t do that except in the Spring Festival.

同位语        We Chinese abide by the polite principle in greeting people.




UNIT ONE                          < Back        Next >                           Back
Grammar

 Task 1: Choose one item from the brackets to complete the following sentences.


1. That family (is, are) a very large one.
2. The police (is, are) investigating that case.
3. The city government (is, are) doing its best to reduce the air pollution.
4. The city government (has, have) argued for one hour and reached no agreement.
5. The audience (was, were) very excited when listening to the Rock.
6. The basketball team (is, are) being reorganized by the sports club.
7. After the match, the basketball team (is, are) taking baths now.
8. The class (is, are) listening to the teacher carefully, with (its, their) textbooks open on the
  desk.
9. This pair of glasses (is, are) very expensive.
10. Five days (is, are) enough for the work.

UNIT ONE                              < Back         Next >                              Back
Grammar

 Task 2: Choose the best answer.


                                                   B
 1. Tom together with his brothers and sisters ________ going to China next fall.



   A. are                                        B. is

   C. were                                       D. will be


                               A
 2. Shanghai is larger than ________ in China.



   A. any other city                             B. any other cities

   C. any cities                                 D. any of cities

UNIT ONE                           < Back   Next >                        Back
Grammar

 Task 2: Choose the best answer.


                         C
 3. Jack, a friend of ________, often comes to see us.



   A. my brother and my sister                 B. my brother’s and my sister

   C. my brother and my sister’s               D. my brother’s and my sister ’s


             A
 4. There ________ only a cup, a spoon and two glasses on the table.



   A. is                                       B. are

   C. have                                     D. has

UNIT ONE                           < Back    Next >                      Back
Grammar

 Task 2: Choose the best answer.


                 B
 5. The young ________ being well educated in this country.



   A. is                                      B. are

   C. have                                    D. was


                                      A
 6. The means of learning English ________ very effective.



   A. proves                                  B. are proved

   C. were proved                             D. have proved

UNIT ONE                           < Back   Next >             Back
Grammar

 Task 2: Choose the best answer.


 7. Your partner and friend ________ young and energetic.
                                B



   A. look                                     B. looks

   C. is looked                                D. are look in


                            A
 8. He goes to school on ________ every day.



   A. foot                                     B. feet

   C. the foot                                 D. the feet

UNIT ONE                           < Back   Next >              Back
Grammar

 Task 2: Choose the best answer.


 9. Our college has 120 ________ .
                          D



   A. woman teacher                            B. woman teachers

   C. women teacher                            D. women teachers


                   C
 10. The Smiths ________ here for ten years.



   A. has lived                                B. has been living

   C. have been living                         D. have been lived

UNIT ONE                           < Back   Next >                  Back
Grammar
物主代词


                                                                    他(她,它
           我的     你的      他的        她的        它的     我们 的   你们 的
                                                                     )们 的
 形容词
 性(作       my     your    his       her        its    our   your      their
 定语 )

 名词 性
 (作主
 语 、表      mine   yours   his       hers       its   ours   yours     theirs
 语 、宾
 语 等)




UNIT ONE                   < Back          Next >                   Back
Grammar
物主代词


           我自己                   myself

           你自己                   yourself

           他自己                   himself

           她自己                   herself

           它自己                   itself

           我们 自己                 ourselves

           你们 自己                 yourselves

           他(她,它)们 自己            themselves



UNIT ONE                < Back      Next >    Back
Grammar
疑问 代词

  类别       作用                   例句

  who      作主语                  Who will come to help us?


  whom     作宾语                  Whom would you like to go with?


  which    作主语 、宾语 等            Which do you want, A or B?

                                What book are you reading now?
  what     作主语 、宾语 、定语 等
                                What do you want to do?

                                Whose book is this?
  whose    作主语 、定语 、宾语 等
                                Whose do you like best?



UNIT ONE               < Back      Next >                         Back
Grammar
不定代词

           类别                     作用                           例句
                                                 I want to have some hot water.
some (something, somebody) 用于肯定句                 Somebody is waiting for you at
                                                 the gate.
                                                 Do you have any other name
any (anything, anybody)   用于疑问 句和否定句
                                                 besides this?
                                                 There is no fire without some
no                        相当于not any 或not a
                                                 smoke.
                                                 Each student has his or her own
each                      强调 个体(各自情况)
                                                 personality.
                                                 Every student is required to
every                     强调 共性(整体情况)
                                                 follow this regulation.
                                                 The book I am reading now is
                          指代上文中单 数可数名
one                                              more interesting than the one I
                          词
                                                 bought last week.

UNIT ONE                     < Back     Next >                          Back
Grammar
不定代词

          类别          作用                          例句

                                    The weather in Hainan Island is
that           指代上文中不可数名词
                                    hotter than that in Harbin.

both           肯定二者                 Both are well written.
                                    Neither of the two books is
neither        否定二者
                                    worth reading.

all            肯定全部                 All are created equal.

                                    None of the students is/are from
                                    the US.
none           否定全部                 None of the time is spent on it.
                                    All these books are boring. I like
                                    none.


UNIT ONE         < Back    Next >                            Back
Grammar
不定代词

          类别                     作用                          例句

another                    修饰单 数名词             I’ll find another man to help me.

                                               Some birds fly to the south, and
other                      修饰 复数可数名词
                                               other birds stay here.
                                               His words are few, but the
few( 否定概念),a few(肯定                            meaning is deep.
                           修饰 可数名词
概念)                                            There are a few new words in
                                               this text.
                                               He does little all day. He
little (否定概念),a little(肯                       remains idle.
                           修饰 不可数名词
定概念)                                           I have a little money with me
                                               now.



UNIT ONE                     < Back   Next >                          Back
Grammar

 Task 1: Choose the best answer.


                                                  B
 1. I am very angry because they often laugh at ________.



   A. Mary and I                              B. Mary and me

   C. I and Mary                              D. me and Mary


                     A
 2. His words are ________, but the meaning is deep.



   A. few                                     B. a few

   C. little                                  D. a little

UNIT ONE                           < Back   Next >             Back
Grammar

 Task 1: Choose the best answer.

                                                                C
 3. The water on the upper reach of the river is cleaner than ______ on the lower
  reach.


   A. one                                      B. the one

   C. that                                     D. those


       B
 4. ________ has received an invitation to his wedding party.



   A. Everyone of us                           B. Every one of us

   C. Everybody of us                          D. We everyone

UNIT ONE                           < Back   Next >                        Back
Grammar

 Task 1: Choose the best answer.


              B
 5. I, who ________ your best friend, will help you at any time.



   A. is                                       B. am

   C are                                       D. be


                                                      B
 6. Since you have lost your watch, I ’ll give you ________ .



   A. a one                                    B. one

   C. the one                                  D. mine one

UNIT ONE                           < Back   Next >                 Back
Grammar

 Task 1: Choose the best answer.


                                   A
 7. There are tall buildings on ________ of the road.



   A. either side                              B. both side

   C. neither sides                            D. all sides


 8. We are all Chinese. ________ us is able to speak French.
                            C



   A. No one                                   B. None

   C. None of                                  D. Neither of

UNIT ONE                           < Back    Next >            Back
Grammar

 Task 1: Choose the best answer.


                                              C
 9. Some students are good at English, but ________ are not.



   A. another                                 B. other student

   C. Others                                  D. rest student


                                                     D
 10. He has two assistants. One is from China and ________ is from Japan.



   A. others                                  B. another

   C. the rest                                D. the other

UNIT ONE                           < Back   Next >                      Back
Grammar
 Task 2: Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with appropriate words in the brackets
         (any, all, both, each, either, none, neither, every).

                       any
1. I didn ’t go over ________ of the first three lessons.
2. Which of the two stories would you like?
                either                            neither
 I don’t like ________ of them. That is, I like ________ one.
3. Does ________ of these two roads lead to the railway station?
         either
                              all
4. You are allowed to take ________ of these three dictionaries.
5. The two students are very smart. I like ________ of them.
                                            both
        each                                              All
6. On ________ side of the street there are big trees. ________ of them are about
 50 years old.
     None
7. ________ of us is willing to go there because it is too late and it’s raining hard.
                                     every
8. The teacher is very strict with ________ one of his students.
                                    neither
9. I will not choose this bike as ________ the color nor the quality is satisfactory.
         any
10. Is ________ of you from the United States?

UNIT ONE                            < Back         Next >                           Back
Writing
                  Greeting Cards (贺卡)


 贺 卡的格式:

 1. 赠 与人的姓名通常都出现 在贺 卡的左上角。表现 形式很多。公务 式贺 卡通

  常采用 To...,Dear..., 或者直接用名字称呼。

 2. 赠 卡人的姓名通常写在贺 卡的右下方。可以直接署赠 卡人的姓名,也可用

  赠 卡人和收卡人之间 的关系的形式,如your son。

 3. 祝词 一般置于贺 卡中央,而且要讲 究美观 。




 UNIT ONE            < Back   Next >    Back
Writing

1. 新年贺词
1) Wish you a happy new year!我祝你新年快乐 !
2) Best wishes for the new year! 把新年最好的祝福送给 你!
3) May you come into a good fortune! 恭喜发财 !
4)May all your wishes come true.心想事成。
5) A good start to the New Year! 新春大吉!
6) Best wishes for the holidays and happiness throughout the New Year.
 恭贺 新禧,万事如意。
7) Rich blessings for health and longevity is my special wish for you in the coming year.
 祝你在新的一年里身体健康,多福多寿。
8) May the seasons joy fill you all the year round. 愿节 日的愉快伴你一生。
9) To wish you joy at this holy season. Wishing every happiness will always be with you.
 恭祝新年吉祥,幸福和欢乐 与你同在。
10) A cheery New Year hold lots of happiness for you!
 给 你特别 的祝福,愿信念带给 你无边 的幸福、如意!


 UNIT ONE                           < Back         Next >                           Back
Writing

2. 圣诞贺词
1)Merry Christmas!圣诞 快乐 !
2)May you have the best Christmas ever! 祝你过 一个最快乐 的圣诞 。
3)May the joy of Christmas be with you throughout the year!愿圣诞 的快乐 常年伴你。
3. 母亲节贺词
1)We all love you!Take good care of yourself. 我们爱 你! 多保重。
2)You are the nicest mom in the world. 你是世界上最好的母亲 。
4. 教师节贺词
1)You have been a great teacher and an even better friend.
  你一直都是一位伟 大的老师 ,而且更是一位朋友。
2)I send you everlasting feelings of gratefulness and thankfulness.
 我把永远 的感激和感谢 送给 你。


 UNIT ONE                           < Back         Next >             Back
Writing

   Sample




     Dear Mary,

       Congratulations and best wishes on your 14th birthday.

                                                      Sincerely yours,

                                                                 Jack




 UNIT ONE                   < Back     Next >                    Back
Writing
              Business Cards ( 名片)

   名片用来向他人介绍自己的姓名和身份,通常印有姓名、工作单位、职务、地
 址、电话、传真及电子邮件地址等。名片通常分为两种,即公务名片和私人名片。
 公务名片的格式:
   1. 正上方:供职单位名称
   2. 正中间:姓名及头衔或职称
   3. 正下方:地址及邮编
   4. 右下方:电话、传真及因特网址等
 私人名片的格式:
   1. 正上方或正中间:姓名及头衔或职称
   2. 正中偏下方:供职单位及职称
   3. 左下方:地址及邮编(英文地址通常是按照由小到大的顺序)
   4. 右下方:电话、传真及因特网址等


 UNIT ONE          < Back   Next >   Back
Writing



                         JIANGSU PHOANIX PUBLISHING GROUP



                                  Wang Chunyan
                                  General Manager



      Add: 1 Hunan Rd, Nanjing, China               Tel: 025-836583××
      Postcode: 210009                              Fax: (025) 836583××
      Email: Wangcy@yahoo.com.cn                    Mobile Phone: 138518823××




 UNIT ONE                      < Back      Next >                         Back
Writing

 Task 1: Write a greeting card according to the information given in Chinese.

 圣诞 和元旦即将来临 。以玛丽 的名义给汤 姆写一张贺 卡。



    To Tom,
                                       Best wishes
                                            For
                                   A Merry Christmas
                                            And
                                   A Happy New Year
                                                                Sincerely Yours,
                                                                Mary



 UNIT ONE                          < Back         Next >                        Back
Writing

 Task 2: Write a business card according to the Chinese information.

 圣诞 和元旦即将来临 。以玛丽 的名义给汤 姆写一张贺 卡。


  清江市科技大学出版社英语 教育事业 部经 理王晓 燕

  地址:清江市宏村区维 港路68号

  邮编 :370012

  办 公室电话 :0714-345678××

  宅电 :0714-348976××

  传 真:0714-345677××

  手机:136068796××

  邮 箱地址:wangxy@qjkjdxpress.edu.com

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Writing




                   QINGJIANG SCIENTECH UNIVERSITY PRESS

                                   Wang Xiao-yan

                       Manager of English Education Department

  Add: 68 Weigang Rd, Hongcun District, Qingjiang       Tel: ( O ) 0714-34567888

  P.C.: 370012                                          ( H ) 0714-34897654

  Email: wangxy@qjkjdxpress.edu.com                     Fax: 0714-34567788

                                                        Mobile Phone: 13606879654




 UNIT ONE                                                                     Back

				
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posted:10/15/2013
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