Brazil PPT by yantingting

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									     Brazil

Country and Culture
Facts at a Glance
          Brazil is the 5th
          largest country in
          the world and has
          the 6th largest
          population.
          It covers almost half
          of South America
          and it’s borders
          touch 10 other
          countries. The only
          2 countries in South
          America that does
          not share a border is
          Chili and Ecuador.
                Facts at a Glance
Ø   Republica Federative do Brasil
Ø    Government: Federal Republic
Ø    Population: 182,000,000
Ø    Capitol: Brasilia
Ø    President: Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (2003)
Ø    Portuguese
Ø    Ethnicity: white (includes Portuguese, German,
    Italian, Spanish, Polish) 55%, mixed white and
    African 38%, African 6%, other (includes Japanese,
    Arab, Amerindian) 1%
Ø    Religion: 80% Roman Catholic
Ø    Literacy Rate: 84%
Ø    Per Capita Income: US$7400 annually
Ø    Unemployment: 6.4%
Did you know?


  90% of the population
          live in
  10% of the land mass.
                Early History

Ø Brazil is the only Latin American nation
  that derives its language and culture from
  Portugal.
Ø Pedro Alvares Cabral claimed the
  territory for Portugal in 1500.
Ø The early explorers brought back a wood
  that produced a red dye, “pau- brasil”,
  from which the land received its name.
Ø Portugal began colonization in 1532 and
  made the area a royal colony in 1549.
                      Portugal
Ø During the Napoleonic Wars, King João VI of
  Portugal, fearing the advancing French armies,
  fled the country in 1808 and set up his court in
  Rio de Janeiro
Ø João was drawn home in 1820 by a revolution,
  leaving his son as regent.
Ø When Portugal tried to re-impose colonial rule,
  the prince declared Brazil's independence on
  Sept. 7, 1822.
Ø In 1831, Emperor Pedro I was removed and his
  5 year old son resumed control.
Ø Pedro II was a popular leader and remained in
  control until 1889 when he was overthrown by a
  military coup.
         Return to Civilian Rule
Ø Until 1945, Brazil was led under numerous
  dictatorships.
Ø Presidents were elected between 1945 and 1964
  when a military coup again overthrew the
  government.
Ø Brazil returned to Civilian Rule again in 1985
Ø Brazil’s economy had greatly suffered due to
  corruption and change.
Ø In 1995 Fernando Cardoso was elected. He
  started many positive economic and human
  rights movements.
Ø In Jan. 1999, the Asian economic crisis spread
  to Brazil. Rather than prop up the currency
  through financial markets, Brazil opted to let the
  currency float, which sent the real plummeting-at
  one time as much as 40%.
               Current President
Ø In Jan. 2003, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva became Brazil's
  first working-class president.
Ø Da Silva, a former trade union leader and factory worker
  who is widely known by the name Lula.
Ø Da Silva, who grew up in extreme poverty, has pledged to
  increase social services and improve the lot of the poor.
Ø The president's first major legislative success came in
  July when his plan to reform the country's debt-ridden
  pension system -which operates under an annual $20
  billion-deficit was approved.
Ø Civil servants, however, have staged massive strikes
  opposing the reforms.
Ø October 31, 2010, when Dilma Rousseff was elected the
  first woman to lead Brazil in its history.
              Do you know?

 Do you know
that Brazil has
 had 3 Capitol
    Cities?

Do you know
 why it was
 moved to
  Brasilia?
                   Economy

Ø The largest economy in South America
Ø The 9th largest in the world.
Ø Distribution is very narrow, One half of
  private lands are owned by 1% of the
  people.
Ø More than 1/3 of the population live in
  poverty.
Ø Monetary Unit: Real 1 US Dollar =2.09
  Real
                 Industry

ØForestry
ØBrazil has 1/3 of the world’s timber.
ØMinerals and Ores
ØAgriculture
ØWorld’s largest producer of coffee,
 oranges and bananas.
ØFishing
               Education

ØEducation is socialized.
ØIt consists of 8 years of compulsory
 education and 2 years of secondary.
ØA large percentage of Brazilian
 students attend private schools.
               Health

ØBrazil has a National Health Care
 system.
ØRural areas have extremely poor
 coverage.
ØThere are outstanding private pay
 institutions for those that can afford
 it.
ØYellow Fever and Malaria are found
 in some rural areas.
                       Diet
Ø Staple foods include meat, bread, rice, beans,
  cheese, fruit and eggs.
Ø Breakfast includes strong coffee with milk, fruit and
  bread.
Ø The main meal of the day is at mid-day.
Ø Dinner is light.
Ø “Feijoada” is the national dish. This is made of black
  beans and dried meats.
Ø Most meals are served with rice and “farofa” (manioc
  flour).
Ø In Bahia, “dende” is a heavy oil used in cooking with
  a strong distinctive taste.
Ø “Moqueca” is a Bahian favorite made with meat,
  usually seafood, tomatoes, coconut milk, herbs,
  peppers, and dende.
Ø “Caipurinha” is the national drink. Be careful, it is
  strong!
People
            General Attitudes
Ø   Warm, Fun Loving, and Free Spirited.
Ø   Proud of their Portuguese heritage.
Ø   Dress is casual and bright to very stylish.
Ø   When visiting, you should expect to stay for at least 2
    hours. They will continue to invite you to stay as long
    as you will, however there is a time to go home!
Ø   Not accepting refreshments could seem rude.
Ø   If invited for dinner, one should take chocolate, wine,
    or a small gift.
Ø   After dinner you will probably be offered “cafezinho”
    This is a very strong sweet coffee for sipping.
Ø   Avoid politics in conversation or personal questions
    such as age or salary.
               Lifestyles

Ø Social Relationships are primary in
  communicating and doing business.
Ø Family ties are strong and family
  members depend upon one another.
Ø Families are traditionally large and
  include extended family.
Ø Unmarried children do not usually leave
  home.
Ø It is not uncommon for children to live
  with their parents until age 30.
     Brazilian Time?




True or False: Brazilians are very
prompt and business in concluded
      quickly and efficiently.
              Cultural Clutter
Ø Business hours are usually 8:30 to 5:00 with a 2
  hour lunch. In short, businesses open when
  they are open!
Ø Gifts of black or purple are not wise choices as
  they represent colors of death.
Ø Macho attitudes are prevalent in Brazilian men.
Ø Racial bias against Blacks is not uncommon.
Ø Many septic systems do not operate as in the
  US. Most times you do not flush the paper!
                     Recreation
Ø   Futebol
Ø   Futebol
Ø   Fuetbol
Ø   Beaches
Ø   Dance and Music
Ø   Barbeques (Churrasco)
Ø   Celebrations
Ø   Auto Racing
Ø   TV - Night-time Soap Operas
Ø   Sports such as boxing and other forms of
    fighting are becoming increasingly more popular.
          Greetings and Gestures

Ø When arriving in a group always address
  individuals. This may be as a handshake or by
  kissing cheeks.
Ø In some areas three kisses are the norm.
Ø Men usually shake hands with a pat on the back
  as well.
Ø Greet superiors, elders and authorities with
  Senhor or Senhora followed by the surname.
Ø When departing address all individuals. Often
  this is with a handshake.
Ø When meeting a Brazilian, don’t introduce your
  self as from America, technically, so are they.
  You are from the “Estados Unidos”
         Greetings and Gestures

Ø The use of gestures is very common.
Ø To gesture to come, wave all fingers with the
  palm facing either up or down.
Ø Pulling one eyelid down dignifies disbelief or
  caution.
Ø The “OK” sign is NOT OK.
Ø The “thumbs up” sign is good.
Ø Brazilians tend to be very touchy and stand
  close.
Ø Eye contact is important and passing between a
  conversation is considered rude.
Ø Brazilian men tend to comment, stare or “cat
  call” when women pass by.
                 Remember:

  Just because a
       behavior is
 acceptable in Brazil
     or among your
    friends, it is not
always acceptable to
  those around you.
   Please act in the
     highest social
     standard at all
        times!!!!!!
       Post Presentation Quiz
Ø How many Capitols has Brazil had?
Ø Why was the capitol moved to Brasilia?
  Hint...
Ø T or F: Brazilians are very prompt and
  business in concluded quickly and
  efficiently.
Ø What would I typically eat for breakfast
  if I lived in Brazil?
Ø What is special about the current
  President.
Ø What is your name?

								
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