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					                  International Conference
    «Missile defense Factor in Establishing New Security
                        Environment»




 VIEWS OF THE MINISTRY OF DEFENSE OF
  THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION ON MISSILE
           DEFENSE ISSUES


Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian
Federation – First Deputy Minister of Defense of the Russian
           Federation, Army General N.E.MAKAROV

                         Moscow, 2012
                                                             1
               Russian Core BMD Guidelines




    Equal and
                        Solid linkage
    indivisible                               Mutual nuclear
                      between strategic
security as crucial                          deterrence is key
                        offensive and
feature of regional                          to global security
                          defensive
    and global                                  and stability
                      weapon systems
     security
                                                                              2
                 FUNDAMENTALS OF ABM TREATY OF 1972




The Treaty had the USSR and the USA committed:
Ø to limit their Missile Defense systems;
Ø not to deploy nation-wide Missile Defense system;
Ø not to deploy Missile Defense to protect selected areas;
Ø not to create sea-based, air-based, space-based and ground-mobile MD
  systems;
Ø not to engage radars’ capabilities to fight strategic ballistic missiles.
                                                                                 3
                                        US SDI PROGRAM
                                                                       BOOST-PHASE
                                           BOOST-BASED
                                                                      SURVERLANCE &
                      SPACE-BASED         SURVERLANCE &               TRAKING SYSTEM
                      INTERCEPTOR        TRACKING SYSTEM   NEUTRAL
                                                           PARTICLE
                                                             BEAM
                  RELAY
                  MIRROR
                                                           FRONTING
                                                            MIRROR




                                                                      SPACE-BASED
  SPACE-BASED                                                            LASER
 SURVERLANCE &
TRACKING SYSTEM
                         GRAUND-     GRAUND-BASED
                          BASED         RADAR
         HIGH ENDO-
                       INTERCEPTOR
        ATMOSPHERIC
          DEFENSE
GRAUND-
 BASED  INTERCEPTOR
 LASER
                       BATTLE
                      MANAGTR




The purpose of SDI program was to create a Missile Defense System protecting
          the USA and its allies from a Soviet nuclear missile strike .
                                ABMD AGREEMENTS OF 1990-s                                                   4
 Joint US-Russian statement on         Joint statement of Presidents of        Provision on Standing
Joint US-Russian statement on         Joint statement of Presidents of        Provision on Standing
    global protection system           the Russian Federation and the         Consultative Commission
   global protection system
                 th                   the Russian Federation and the         Consultative Commission
                                                                                       th
   (Washington, 17 of June 1992)          United States of America          (New-York, 26 of September 1997)
  (Washington, 17th of June 1992)        United States of America          (New-York, 26th of September 1997)
                                      regarding Agreement on Ballistic
                                     regarding Agreement on Ballistic
                                               Missile st Defense
                                                Missile Defense
                                          (Helsinki, 21 of March 1997)
                                         (Helsinki, 21st of March 1997)



       First agreed statement          General understanding to the             Second agreed statement
      First agreed statement          General understanding to the             Second agreed statement
 regarding Agreement between             first agreed statement of 26       regarding Agreement between
regarding Agreement between            first agreed statement of 26        regarding Agreement between
     the USSR and the USA on              September 1997 regarding              the USSR and the USA on
   the USSR and the USA on              September 1997 regarding              the USSR and the USA on
   limitation of ABMD systems,         Agreement between the USSR             limitation of ABMD systems,
 limitation of ABMD systems,          Agreement between the USSR            limitation of ABMD systems,
       dated 26th of May 1972                                                    dated 26th of May 1972.
                                       and the USA on limitation thof
                                        and the USA on limitation
      dated 26th of May 1972
                th                                                of            dated 26th of May 1972.
                                                                                          th
 (New-York, 26 of September 1997)      ABMD systems, dated 26th of
                                                               26 of        (New-York, 26 of September 1997)
(New-York, 26th of September 1997)    ABMD systems, dated                  (New-York, 26th of September 1997)
                                                   May 1972
                                                  May 1972




  General understanding to the          Agreement on confidence-            Memorandum of understanding
 General understanding to the          Agreement on confidence-            Memorandum of understanding
     second agreed statement           building measures regarding          regarding Agreement between
    second agreed statement           building measures regarding          regarding Agreement between
  dated 26thth of September 1997
dated 26 of September 1997             systems for fighting Ballistic           the USSR and the USA on
                                      systems for fighting Ballistic          the USSR and the USA on
 regarding Agreement between          Missiles, which are not strategic       limitation of ABMD systems,
regarding Agreement between          Missiles, which are not strategic      limitation of ABMD systems,
     the USSR and the USA on                  ballistic missiles                 dated 26th of May 1972.
   the USSR and the USA on                   ballistic missiles
                                                    th                          dated 26ththof May 1972.
   limitation of ABMD systems,         (New-York, 25 of September 1997)      (New-York, 26 of September 1997
 limitation of ABMD systems,          (New-York, 25th of September 1997)    (New-York, 26th of September 1997
      dated 26th of May 1972.
     dated 26th of May 1972.
                                                                        5
PLANS OF THE USA FOR DEPLOYMENT OF THIRD POSITIONING AREA
                               Possible trajectories of
                                  Russian ICBMs




                                                          Kozelsk



                                                          Tatistchevo




                         TPA defense
                            zone




                                                           Radar ‘s
                                                           range in
                                                            Czech
                                                           Republic
                                                                                                           6
DECLARED PHASES FOR DEPLOYMENT OF US BMD SYSTEM IN EUROPE (NATO BMD)

       Phase I(2011)         PhaseII (2011-2015)        Phase III (2015-2018)     Phase IV (2018-2020)
  - deployment of MD      -deployment of MD base      -deployment of MD base    - outfitting deployed MD
  ships with «Standard-   with «Standard-3»           with «Standard-3» 2А      shooters in Europe with
  3» 1А interceptors in   interceptors 1B in          interceptors in Poland.   «Standard-3» 2B
  Aegean, Adriatic and    Romania.                    Outfitting deployed MD    interceptors.
  Mediterranean seas.                                 shooters with «Standard
                                                      -3» 2А interceptors.




   Protection of South     Protection of South and         Protection of             Protection of
  European States from      South-East European        European states from      European states from
                          States from shorter range
      shorter range                                     intermediate range              ICBMs
                                   missiles
        missiles                                             missiles
                    RUSSIAN “SECTORAL” APPROACH                              7


                                                    BM trajectories do not
                                                     cross NATO BMD
                                                    area of responsibility




    NATO area of
     responsibility                     RUSSIAN AREA OF
(NATO BMD assets only)                   RESPONSIBILITY
                                      (RUSSIAN BMD assets
                                              only)

       Territoies of European
      states (NATO members)
     covered by Russian BMD,
        where deployment of
      NATO BMD challenges
     Russian Strategic Nuclear
          Force capabilities



        NATO-RUSSIA JOINT SYSTEM OF COMBAT CONTROL
            (information exchange and target distribution)
                                                                                                  8
COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF EUROPEAN MISSILE DEFENSE

  European MD      The Russian Federation           NATO approach («cooperative
                                                                                         Concurrence
 system element      proposal («sectoral                    system»)
                                                                                           of views
                         approach»)
                  Joint sector wise area          Two independent areas
  Defense area                                                                               No

                  Responsible for interception    NATO responsible for NATO territory,
 Responsibility   of any BM attacking Europe      Russia – for Russian territory             No
                  in its «sector»
                  Full data sharing on shooter    Limited data sharing on missile
                  performances, missile           threats, joint exercises
  Information                                                                                No
                  threats, target distribution,
                  results assessment
                  All BMs within the area of      Only the BM attacking the area of
  Missile kills   responsibility                  responsibility (including adjacent         No
                                                  area)

  Decision to     National level                  National level
                                                                                            Yes
   engage

                  Not required (possible          Possible ( with NATO and Russian
 «Buffer» zone    outside of Russian BM           areas overlapping to embrace               No
                  trajectories)                   Russian territory)
          RUSSIAN PROPOSALS FOR MUTUALLY ACCEPTIBLE DECISIONS
                                                                                         9

                                      CRITERIA LIST:
Øtechnical performances of BMD components (interceptor’s speed, number of
interceptors, radar range, control system capabilities etc.),
Ødeployment sites,
Øcapabilities for interception of various types of BMs at boost, midcourse and terminal
phases of flight.



 joint familiarization with European BMD deployment plans and its implications for the
                          relevant strategic deterrence capabilities




   development of verification measures to assure security of strategic capabilities




   legally binding agreements defining mutual obligations of the pertinent
   parties to deploy a European BMD system providing equal security to all
                                 participants
                                                                                           10
     RETALIATORY MEASURES OF THE RUSSIAN FEDRATION

Øto increase defense of fixed launching sites,
Øto ensure maximal concealment of Strategic Nuclear Force mobile launchers,
Øto increase readiness of deployed BM platforms,
Øto increase capabilities of ICBMs in penetrating modern Ballistic Missile Defense,
Øto decrease the attacking missile launch fixing time,
Øto increase the numbers of information sources in order to assure target identification
by Russian AD and BMD assets,
Øto employ effective systems in fighting mobile BMD assets,
Øto ensure destruction or disruption of opposing BMD infrastructure assets (interceptors
launchers, command & control posts, outer-space detection means).




All said measures will be implemented only as retaliatory steps provided a
   threat to the Russian Strategic Nuclear Force from the US and NATO
deployed BMD assets appears to be on the rise. Russian response will be
            adequate, economically well-balanced and effective.

				
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posted:10/5/2013
language:English
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