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Kung Fu Panda in TOEFL ibt Module: C1 Instructor: Fu-ying Lin Kung Fu Panda in TOEFL ibt Aim: 1) to learn how to use proper adjectives to prescribe personalities 2) to learn Chinese proverbs and apply them in writing and speaking 3) Culture study: to know more about Chinese culture and how Confucius influences Chinese society 4) to apply what is learnt from this course to TOEFL ibt exam questions Description of the roles Please discuss this in a group of 3 ~ 5 people. Questions: (10 mins) 1. How many characters are there in this movie? And who are they? 2. What animal does each character represent? Do you know the meanings of these animal symbols in Chinese culture? What are the meanings of these animal symbols in your opinion? Description of the roles Oogway – a turtle Shifu— a mouse Po – a panda Tigress— a tigress Monkey— a monkey Crane– a crane Viper– a snake Crane— a crane Tai Lung – a leopard Animal Symbols in Chinese Culture Oogway 烏龜: longevity, immortality, the Black Tortoise (玄武 - xuán wǔ) is one of the Four Symbols of the Chinese star constellations and one of the four heavenly creatures, it is guarding the North and represents the winter season. Mouse 鼠: smart, clever, the rat is one of the animals of the Chinese Zodiac. Panda 貓熊: symbol of Man Tiger 虎: courage, bravery, and strength; the (white) tiger is one of the four spiritual creatures and it is guarding the West. The tiger is one of the animals of the Chinese Zodiac. Animal Symbols in Chinese Culture Crane 鶴: longevity (four colours: black, blue, white, yellow), next to the phoenix the second most important winged animal (note: spirits can ride on a crane) Monkey 猴: driving away evil spirit (one of the animals of the Chinese Zodiac is depicted on one of the goblets Snake 蛇: woman, supernatural power, cunning; the snake is one of the animals of the Chinese Zodiac Mantis 螳螂: mystery, fighting spirit Leopard豹: cunning, sly, fast Other famous animal symbols in Chinese culture Dragon龍: male vigor, fertility, ultimate abundance, prosperity, good fortune also the symbol for the Emperor, divine mystical creature, symbol of the natural world, adaptability, transformation Phoenix鳳凰: virtue, duty, correct behaviour, humanity, reliability (the Five Human Qualities), strength, resilience, good fortune, opportunity, luck, considered to be the most important of the winged animals Phoenix and Dragon - wife and husband, signifies wedded bliss, also symbol for Empress and Emperor, bird and animal kingdoms = entire natural world, Taoism phoenix, pair of, placed together and facing each other eternity Phoenix and Dragon More about Dragon 龍 The Chinese dragon (Cantonese: loong; Hokkien: dieng, leng) is a mythical creature. Long a potent symbol of auspicious power in Chinese folklore and art, it is the embodiment of the concept of yang 陽 and associated with the weather and water as the bringer of rain. More about Dragon 龍 The dragon is sometimes in the West viewed as a national emblem of China. However, this usage within both the People's Republic of China (P.R.C.) and the Republic of China on Taiwan(R.O.C) is extremely rare, both because the dragon has monarchist connotations which run counter to recent Chinese ideologies and because the dragon has aggressive, warlike connotations which Chinese governments dislike. It is for the latter reason that the giant panda is far more often used within China as a national emblem than the Chinese dragon. More about Dragon 龍 However even though Dragon lost it symbol as China, it is still a respected creature in Chinese cultural daily life. It is a taboo to disfigure a depiction of Dragon, for example when U.S sportswear giant Nike made an advert campaign for their brands, a basketball player is shown slaying a Dragon (amongs beating up an old Kung Fu master) . This advert was banned immediately from the Chinese government after public outcry for disrespect of the Dragon. More about Dragon 龍 Also alot of Chinese proverbs and idioms still use Dragon, one example "Looking forward their child turn to a Dragon". Now let’s listen to a famous song to all Chinese around the world, called ―Descendants of Dragon,‖ sung by Wang Lee-Hom, a Taiwanese born in New York, but now a popular singer and talented musician in China, Hong Kong, Japan, Korea and other countries in South-Eastern Asian countries. Other famous animal symbols in Chinese Culture Quilin麒麟: mystical hooved Chinese chimerical creature, with a physical apperance of various animals like deer, horse, ox, dragon - guardian of home, protection, wisdom, good will (the qilin guards the gates of heaven) Fish魚: abundance, wealth (the fish is one of the "Eight Buddhist symbols of good fortune") Horse 馬: speed and perseverance. The horse is one of the animals of the Chinese Zodiac. Character Study Group discussion: (15 mins) 1. Please find the answers for questions in Character Study handout. 2. What adjectives or nouns can occur to you when you are describing people? (except the vocabulary in the handout) Please make a list with your group members. And give at least 2 synonym words for each vocabulary Nouns: (at least 5) Adjectives: (at least 5) *. Suggestion: you can focus on describing one character in the movie *. You can consult dictionary for your answers. Character Study: Examples *. Adjectives: 1. caring = sympathetic, affectionate 2. brutal = cruel, savage, callous, unmerciful 3. diligent = persevering, assiduous, industrious, sedulous *. Nouns: 1. enlightenment = insight, instruction, cultivation 2. excellence = superiority, eminence, preeminence, supremacy, distinction, transcendence, greatness 3.patience = tolerance, endurance, indulgence, perseverance, persistence, stamina, fortitude After the group discussion of Character Study Each group writes down one noun with its several synonyms, and one adjective with its synonyms on a paper. Each group sends one member to write them down on the board. More about Character Study What do you think of those masters’ fighting style? Use 2 adjectives to describe each master’s fighting style. Fighting style Po: bonney, playful, awesome Shi fu: powerful, focused, precise Tigress: strong, powerful, aggressive Monkey: acrobatic, unpredictable, quick Viper: flexible, exclusive, fluid Mantis: quick, precise, Crane: natural, graceful, effortless Tai lung: brutal, cunning, relentless Character Study handout (15 mins) The instructor passes down the handout about Character study. Students briefly read this copy of handout and discuss the question with the group members. ( Advice: you may just choose the part of your favorite character to read!! ) Question: Who is your favorite master/character in this movie? Why? and give examples to support your idea. Chinese Proverbs In ancient China, Confucius (551— 479 BCE) was a famous thinker who focused on the importance of values as a way for people to live good lives and to maintain a prosperous society. Many sayings are credited to Confucius. Chinese Proverbs Examples: (5 mins) 1. Virtue is never left to stand alone . 2. What you do not wish done to yourself, do not do unto others. The instructor invites students to discuss what they think these sayings mean. Quotes in Kung Fu Panda Time: 15 mins There are many quotes in Kung Fu Panda. Please discuss this with your partner and list as many as you can. And discuss which one is your favorite quote in this movie. Discussion and Sharing Q: Who is your favorite master/character in this movie? Why? [The instructor invites students to share their opinion.] Time: 5 mins Quotes in Kung Fu Panda 1. One meets its destiny on the road he takes to avoid it. 2. Your mind is like water, my friend, when it is agitated, it becomes difficult to see, but if you allow it to settle, the answer becomes clear. 3. Quit, don‟t quit. Noodles, don‟t noodles. Quotes in Kung Fu Panda 4. Yesterday is a history, tomorrow is mystery, but today is a gift. That is why it is called the present “ the gift.” 5. There are no accidents. 6. Yes, look at this tree, Shifu. I cannot make it blossom and suit me, nor make it bear food before it‟s time. Quotes in Kung Fu Panda But there are things we can control. I can control when the fruit will fall. … and I can control what time to seed… That is not illusion, Master. Yes, but no matter what you do. The seed will grow up to be a peach tree. You may wish for an apple or an orange But you will get a peach. But peach cannot defeat Tai-lung. Maybe it can if you are willing to guide it, to nurture it, to believe in it. Quotes in Kung Fu Panda 7. I‟m sorry things didn‟t work out. It‟s just what it‟s meant to be. Po, forget everything else, your destiny still awaits. We are noodle folk. Broth runs deep through our veins. Quotes in Kung Fu Panda 8. You cannot leave, real warrior never quits. 9. Why didn‟t you quit ? You know I was trying to get rid of you but you stayed Yes ,I stayed . I stayed ,because every time you threw up brick on the head or said I smelled, it hurts. Quotes in Kung Fu Panda But it could never hurt more than I did everyday in my life just being me. I stayed, because I thought .. If anyone could change me, could make me not me, it was you the greatest Kong Fu teacher in the whole of China! Quotes in Kung Fu Panda 10. Enough talk~ let„s fight！ 11. There„s no charge for awesomeness or to attractiveness !! 12. The secret ingredient of my secret ingredient soup is...nothing. 13. To make something special, you just have to believe it‟s special. Related TOEFL ibt question items: 1. 2. 3. Independent writing: The expression “ Never, never give up” means to keep trying and never stop working for your goals. Do you agree or disagree with this statement? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. What is the very important personality a person should have in order to be successful in the world today? Choose one trait and use specific reasons and examples to support your choice. What do you want most in a friend –someone who is intelligent, or someone who has a sense of humor, or someone who is reliable? Which one of these characteristics is most important to you? Use reasons and specific examples to explain your choice. 4. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement. Always telling the truth is the most important consideration in any relationship. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. Now, look at the sample writing. Briefly read them and share with your opinion why some get higher score, and others, not.
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