civil war by huangyuarong

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									The Civil War
                  Who am I?
l   I was a famous
    president.
l   I have a beard.
l   I wore a stovepipe
    hat.
l   I am on a penny.
l   Who am I?
               President Lincoln
l   I bet you didn’t know     l   He thought slavery was
    that many people 150          wrong. He didn’t want it
    years ago didn’t like         to spread to the West.
    Lincoln. When he ran      l   The southern states
    for president many            didn’t like this especially
    people especially from        since there were already
    the southern states did       more free states than
    not want him to be            slave states in the Union.
    president.
l   WHY?
          Goodbye South Carolina
l As soon as Lincoln was elected, South
  Carolina voted to secede from the United
  States. It didn’t want to be part of the Union
  anymore.
  Use context clues to help you figure out what the underlined word means.



l Secede means: to withdraw formally from an
  alliance, federation, or organization
       Goodbye Southern States
l   Soon after they seceded from the United States so
    did many other states in the south.
l   They formed a new country and called it the
     Confederate States of America.
l   They even elected a president named
    Jefferson Davis.
                 The First Shots
l     Lincoln didn’t think that the states had a right to
    leave the Union. He felt that it was his job to keep the
    country together. But the Southern states believed that
    they had the right to form a new country. They
    couldn’t agree and were ready to fight to get what they
    wanted. The first shots were fired at
    Fort Sumter in South Carolina on
    April 12, 1861.
What About Missouri?
          What about Missouri?
l   Many Missourians        l   There were also many
    wanted to join the          Missourians that
    Confederacy including       supported the Union.
    the governor,           l   Those who supported
     Claiborne Jackson.         the Union took over
                                 Jefferson City and
                                control of the state.

                            l   Goodbye Governor
                                Jackson!!!
             The Divided State
         didn’t leave the Union, but there
l Missouri
 were many people who supported the
 Confederacy.

l Menfought for both the Union and the
 Confederacy.
        Problems in Missouri
l Neighbors fought each other
l Sometimes family members would fight
  each other.
l Families were torn apart
l Many Missourians were injured or killed
     Missouri Became a Battlefield
l   There were both
      armies in Missouri.
l   The Confederates had
    a strong leader
    named
     Sterling Price.
l   He led the
    Confederate army
    throughout the state.
             Battles in Missouri
l Wilson’s  Creek- occurred near
  Springfield; 1 of every 6 were killed or
  injured. The Confederacy won the battle.
l Battle of Lexington- occurred in Lexington;
  The Confederacy won again, but didn’t
  have enough troops to go on, so they
  retreated to Arkansas.
           Other Missouri Battles
l   The General Price came back with more troops
    and tried to take over the
    St. Louis area. They failed and moved on
    towards Jefferson City, then onto Kansas City.
l   Near Kansas City a large Union Army was
    waiting. The battle of Westport, near KC lasted
    for 3 days. The Union won and General Price
    and his army left Missouri for good.
           Guerrilla Fighting
l Not all of the fighting took place between
  soldiers. Bands, or groups, of men called
  guerrillas also fought.
l These fighters were also known as
  Bushwhackers because they would hide in
  the bushes and the woods then attack and
  run away.
l A famous Guerrilla fighter was Bill
  Anderson, nicknamed
  “Bloody Bill”
     Women and the Civil War
l Many  women during the civil war had to
  work outside the home.
l Some women worked sewing uniforms,
  packing supplies, and washing clothes and
  bandages.
l Many women served as nurses to help
  those injured during battle.
African Americans During the War
l   During the Civil War
    many African
    Americans in the
    south were enslaved.
    Some were forced by
    their owners to fight
    for the Confederacy.
l   Many African
    Americans fought for
    the Union Army.
    The Emancipation Proclamation
l   President Lincoln
    issued the
    Emancipation
    Proclamation in 1863.
    It freed the slaves in
    the Confederate
    States of America.
l   It was very limited as
    it didn’t free the
    slaves in the slave
    states of the USA.
       The 13th Amendment
President Lincoln
proposed the 13th
Amendment that
would end slavery in
the entire United
States. The
amendment was
passed and ratified in
1865.
             The War Ends
l The  Confederate Armies surrendered in
  April 1865.
l Five days later President Lincoln was
  assassinated.
l The war wasn’t declared over until May
  10th when the new president Andrew
  Jackson received word of that Jefferson
  Davis was captured.
            The War Ends
l Thedeath toll during the Civil War was
 over 600,000 people.

l More people died as a result of disease
 than in battle. There were no medicines to
 fight off infection.

								
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