The Civil War Who am I? l I was a famous president. l I have a beard. l I wore a stovepipe hat. l I am on a penny. l Who am I? President Lincoln l I bet you didn’t know l He thought slavery was that many people 150 wrong. He didn’t want it years ago didn’t like to spread to the West. Lincoln. When he ran l The southern states for president many didn’t like this especially people especially from since there were already the southern states did more free states than not want him to be slave states in the Union. president. l WHY? Goodbye South Carolina l As soon as Lincoln was elected, South Carolina voted to secede from the United States. It didn’t want to be part of the Union anymore. Use context clues to help you figure out what the underlined word means. l Secede means: to withdraw formally from an alliance, federation, or organization Goodbye Southern States l Soon after they seceded from the United States so did many other states in the south. l They formed a new country and called it the Confederate States of America. l They even elected a president named Jefferson Davis. The First Shots l Lincoln didn’t think that the states had a right to leave the Union. He felt that it was his job to keep the country together. But the Southern states believed that they had the right to form a new country. They couldn’t agree and were ready to fight to get what they wanted. The first shots were fired at Fort Sumter in South Carolina on April 12, 1861. What About Missouri? What about Missouri? l Many Missourians l There were also many wanted to join the Missourians that Confederacy including supported the Union. the governor, l Those who supported Claiborne Jackson. the Union took over Jefferson City and control of the state. l Goodbye Governor Jackson!!! The Divided State didn’t leave the Union, but there l Missouri were many people who supported the Confederacy. l Menfought for both the Union and the Confederacy. Problems in Missouri l Neighbors fought each other l Sometimes family members would fight each other. l Families were torn apart l Many Missourians were injured or killed Missouri Became a Battlefield l There were both armies in Missouri. l The Confederates had a strong leader named Sterling Price. l He led the Confederate army throughout the state. Battles in Missouri l Wilson’s Creek- occurred near Springfield; 1 of every 6 were killed or injured. The Confederacy won the battle. l Battle of Lexington- occurred in Lexington; The Confederacy won again, but didn’t have enough troops to go on, so they retreated to Arkansas. Other Missouri Battles l The General Price came back with more troops and tried to take over the St. Louis area. They failed and moved on towards Jefferson City, then onto Kansas City. l Near Kansas City a large Union Army was waiting. The battle of Westport, near KC lasted for 3 days. The Union won and General Price and his army left Missouri for good. Guerrilla Fighting l Not all of the fighting took place between soldiers. Bands, or groups, of men called guerrillas also fought. l These fighters were also known as Bushwhackers because they would hide in the bushes and the woods then attack and run away. l A famous Guerrilla fighter was Bill Anderson, nicknamed “Bloody Bill” Women and the Civil War l Many women during the civil war had to work outside the home. l Some women worked sewing uniforms, packing supplies, and washing clothes and bandages. l Many women served as nurses to help those injured during battle. African Americans During the War l During the Civil War many African Americans in the south were enslaved. Some were forced by their owners to fight for the Confederacy. l Many African Americans fought for the Union Army. The Emancipation Proclamation l President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863. It freed the slaves in the Confederate States of America. l It was very limited as it didn’t free the slaves in the slave states of the USA. The 13th Amendment President Lincoln proposed the 13th Amendment that would end slavery in the entire United States. The amendment was passed and ratified in 1865. The War Ends l The Confederate Armies surrendered in April 1865. l Five days later President Lincoln was assassinated. l The war wasn’t declared over until May 10th when the new president Andrew Jackson received word of that Jefferson Davis was captured. The War Ends l Thedeath toll during the Civil War was over 600,000 people. l More people died as a result of disease than in battle. There were no medicines to fight off infection.
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