Volume XVIII Number 4 Fall 2005
This Daughters of the American Revolution marker was unveiled in Overland Park on June 16, 1907, the third
date set for the dedication due to bad weather. Thomas Riley is shown in this photograph, which was taken at
a later unknown date. JCM Collection.
History Just Ahead: 3
Historic Markers Hycrest
of Johnson County
From modern parkways and near shopping malls, One of the earliest marker programs in the nation
hidden in quiet neighborhoods and along busy started here in the State of Kansas. The Daughters
highways, historic markers can be found inviting of the American Revolution (DAR) was one of the
drivers to stop, pull over, and enjoy a unique first organizations to mark historic places throughout
Peek into the Past
glimpse into the past. These historic markers are the country, starting in our region with the Santa Fe for Kids
found throughout the county, conveying the Trail. In 1880, the railroad arrived in Santa Fe and
messages of individuals, places, and events that the old Santa Fe Trail was no longer commonly used.
have one way or another created a lasting The DAR recognized the historical significance of
impression on Johnson County. In some cases, the Santa Fe Trail, and beginning in the early 20th
these markers have their own history to tell. Take century, marked the trail before commercialization
a moment and enjoy this whirlwind tour of some and highways obliterated what remained.
of the more unique historic markers in our county.
On March 1, 1905, an act of the Kansas Legislature
HISTORY HAPPENED HERE! made $1,000.00 available to mark the Santa Fe Trail
The historic Santa Fe Trail and Oregon-California through Kansas under the joint supervision of the
Trail easily ranks as the most marked historic regent of the Kansas chapter of the DAR and the
places in Johnson County. While the paths of secretary of the Kansas State Historical Society.
these overland trails show little physical evidence of The markers were made from red granite rock from
the hundreds of thousands of travelers who Oklahoma. The program provided a total of 89
traversed this area, monuments and signs placed markers, with additional markers produced by local
by various organizations abundantly mark these communities making a grand total of 96 markers to
historic routes. be placed throughout the state of Kansas. In 1906,
five of these markers were placed in Johnson
continued on page 4
ALBUM Johnson County Museums 2
DONORS TO THE NEW ACQUISITIONS
COLLECTION The Johnson County Museum collects artifacts from all periods of the county’s history, from early settle-
ment through the present day. The following items are among the many recent donations to the permanent
The Johnson County Museum thanks
the many generous people and
organizations whose donations have
been added to the permanent
collection since the last newsletter.
This Westinghouse electric roaster came with its own roll-around metal
cabinet and Pyrex cookware inserts. The roaster, donated by Jim
Patricia Bowden Johnston, dates from the 1950s and was used in Jim’s childhood home in
Dan Fuller Roeland Park. Roasters like this one were popular appliances, often used
as an auxiliary oven at holiday time.
Pam Perrin/Estate of Cheryl A.
Melvin Wisner attended Hickory
Grove School from 1928 to 1935. He
Melvin Wisner donated this letter from his days on the
school basketball team, along with
Johnson County Library assorted grade cards.
St. Mark’s United Methodist Church
“HEY THERE, IT’S
We thank also the donors of items
added to our interpretive collections.
These “working” artifacts are put to This indoor slide for small children
active use in hands-on activities such dates from 1979 and features
as education programs and research.
characters. Until recently, the slide
was used in the daycare facility at
Janet Vaughan St. Mark’s United Methodist
Jack Vetter Church at 65th and Santa Fe.
DAYS OF OUR LIVES
Pat Bowden recently donated daybooks dating from 1910 to 1954 which were kept by A.T. Lowe, her
grandfather. Mr. Lowe, who taught school and also farmed north of Spring Hill, wrote a brief entry every day.
Johnson County Museum His notes often referred to farm chores, weather, and household expenses, with an occasional mention of news
of the day. The daybooks provide an invaluable record of daily life in the county over a period of more than
Friends Board of Trustees four decades.
Phil McAnany, President
Heather Woodson, Vice-President
Caroline Wake, Secretary
Robin Burch, Treasurer
Diane Linver Did you take photographs of the damage to
Mindi Love your property from the devastating ice storm
Jennie Stolper that hit our community in 2002? Or photos
Andy Zalucki of one of the tornados that have hit our area?
The Museum is interested in obtaining
Museum Advisory Council photographs and other materials related to
Calvin Engelmann, Chair severe weather events in Johnson County.
Nancy Wallerstein, Vice-Chair Such items may be added to the permanent
Bill Anthony collection, or borrowed for the upcoming
exhibit, “Wild and Wacky Weather,” which will
Joyce Rabas be on view at the Museum of History from
March 4 to July 16, 2006. If you have
Museum Staff related items to donate or loan, please
Mindi Love, Director SOUTH PARK TORNADO contact Anne Marvin, Curator of Collections,
Dr. Anne Marvin, Curator of Collections at 913-631-6709.
This photograph shows the results of a deadly tornado
Tracy Steitz, Curator of Education
Kathy Daniels, Assistant Curator that descended on South Park on July 16, 1927. The
Russ Czaplewski, Collection Manager twister cut a swath 600 feet wide and half a mile long
Tristan Smith, Office Manager through the community northeast of Shawnee. Four
Stephanie Clayton, Lanesfield School Manager people were killed and 23 injured. This photograph was
Andy Davis, Historical Interpreter purchased for the Museum's collection.
Andrew Dunehoo, Historical Interpreter
ALBUM Johnson County Museums 3
MUSEUM NOTES explore how Greek Americans have formed ANNUAL CAMPAIGN
communities and built lives in the Kansas City area
and across Kansas. Originally produced by the PARTNERS
COUNTY HISTORY BOOK Heartland Orthodox Christian Museum in Topeka,
To celebrate Johnson County’s Sesquicentennial Kansas, the exhibit includes photographs from
across the state and artifacts from the local
Many thanks to the following
anniversary, the Johnson County Museum is corporations and foundations who
publishing Johnson County, Kansas: A Pictorial metropolitan community.
have contributed to the success of
History, 1825-2005 this fall. The hard-bound,
full-color publication will explore how the The exhibit delves into the economic, religious, and the Museum through the Annual
successes and struggles of the people who have social lives of the thousands of Greek immigrants Campaign.
called this area home for the past one hundred and who immigrated to America beginning in the early
eighty years have shaped today’s thriving cities. 1900s and settled in the Kansas City area and across
Over 350 historic photographs and images of Kansas.
artifacts will illustrate the captivating narrative.
From Shawnee Indian reservation to its role in the Today, the Greek community continues to flourish in ($5,000 and above)
debate over slavery and from a thriving the Kansas City area. St. Dionysios Church, V & H Charitable Foundation
agricultural community to an enclave of early established in Kansas City, Kansas, now located in
suburban developments and to its current status as Overland Park on 95th Street and east of Antioch,
the most prominent county in the state of Kansas, has a congregation of 150 families. Kansas City, SPONSORS
Johnson County has been defined by the Missouri's Church of the Annunciation, has moved ($1,000 and above)
progressive spirit of its citizens. This is the first south to a campus near 120th and Wornall in Kansas
City, and is a community of about 300 families. Both American Century Companies
county-wide history book to be published since
1915, so don't miss this chance to reserve your churches host annual Greek Festivals featuring food, Foundation
copy. Look for further information in the mail. dancing, crafts, and cultural traditions, which hold an Commerce Bank Foundation
important place in the greater community. Come Kansas City Power & Light
and explore this newest exhibit to gain an even
GREEK HERITAGE IN THE greater understanding of this unique community. McAnany Construction Company
HEARTLAND Nextel, Inc.
Greek Heritage in the Heartland, on view now Stinson, Morrison & Hecker
through November 6th , is the latest temporary Tension Envelope Foundation
exhibit at the Museum of History. Come and The Cloud Foundation
Wagstaff & Cartmell, L.L.C
HYER GROUND PATRONS
The large frame house located at 505 E. Cedar in time. The children’s playhouse was upgraded to a ($500 and above)
Olathe is significant both for its style and for its guesthouse with the addition of two rooms, heating,
ties to leading businessmen in the city’s history. and plumbing.
Known locally as “the Hyer House,” the structure
Blackwell Sanders Peper & Martin
was placed on the Register of Historic Kansas Benade died in 1928. Four years later his daughter John and Kay Callison
Places in 1984. The two-story frame building on a and son-in-law, Mr. and Mrs. Charles Hyer, Deffenbaugh Disposal Services
cut limestone foundation is an example of the 19th inherited the house and its 14 acres of land and Gill Studios, Inc.
century “stick” style of architecture, characterized christened the property “Hycrest.” In 1914 Amelia, Olathe Medical Center
by a cross-gable roof line, overhanging eaves with the youngest Benade child, had married Charles A.
Shawnee Steel and Welding
exposed rafter ends, and decorative detailing on Hyer, whose father was founder of the Hyer Boot
the outside walls. Company in Olathe. Upon the death of his father in Smith & Loveless
1921, the younger Hyer had Wal-Mart Foundation
Olathe businessman taken over the boot
Jonathan Dow built
the original three-
story structure in Charles and Amelia Hyer ($250 and above)
1881. A Civil War made some alterations to the Eclipse Roofing, Inc.
veteran, Dow house in 1933, including Metcalf Bank
arrived in Olathe in enclosing two porches, S & Co. Design, Inc.
1866 and soon converting one of the first-
established a general floor parlors into a bedroom,
merchandise store and enlarging the other
on the northwest parlor by knocking down the PARTNERS
corner of Cherry wall between it and a ($100 and above)
and Chestnut Streets hallway. After this initial First National Bank of Olathe
in a building later remodeling, no significant George Butler Associates, Inc.
occupied by the Characteristic of stick-style architecture, the first floor of the Hyer changes were made to the Henry E. Wurst Family Foundation
house was originally clad in horizontal clapboard and the second
Hyer Boot story sported wood shingles. That exterior was evident on the house during the Hyers’ Horst, Terrill & Karst Architects
Company. house as late as 1984. Sometime in the early 1990s, however, the long tenure there. Various Kimak's Pest Control
According to local entire exterior was replaced with clapboard siding, as evident in this interior features notable for Lawrence Printing and Design, Inc.
1995 photograph. JCM Collection.
tradition, Dow’s their craftsmanship Meritex, Inc.
house on East Cedar was the first in Olathe and remained unaltered throughout these years. These Overland Park Heritage Foundation
possibly in Kansas to have indoor running water. included a carved walnut staircase in the parlor and Phelps Engineering
The water was pumped from a well house to a a pair of stained glass windows at the stair landing. J.S. Robinson Construction, Inc.
holding tank on the third floor of the house. Parquet floors and decorative wooden wall paneling Shawnee Mission Belle Questers
Besides the well house, outbuildings included a in the entry and the library were also retained. Vutec Corporation
barn/carriage house, a storage shed, and a White Haven Motor Lodge
children’s playhouse. After Charles Hyer’s death in 1976, his widow
remained at Hycrest. Amelia Hyer died in 1988. In
In 1918 W. Henry “Willie” Benade purchased the the early 1990s her heirs remodeled the house,
Dow property. Originally from Pennsylvania, installing air conditioning and replacing aged wiring
Benade entered business as a hide trader in Salina and plumbing. The structure was then sold, passing
in 1870 and later farmed outside Olathe. In 1919 out of Hyer family ownership for the first time in
Benade removed the third story of the house, some sixty years. The house, its outbuildings, and
which included a ballroom space. Additions to the extensive grounds remain an impressive presence in
outbuildings were also apparently made at this the landscape of Olathe.
ALBUM Johnson County Museums 4
continued from page 1
A TRIBUTE TO THOSE
THE COMMUNITY CHIMES IN
WHO SERVED The State of Kansas and the state chapter of the
Some of the earliest memorials and DAR were not the only ones interested in marking
monuments in Johnson County significant places and events. Old Settlers
commemorate the many soldiers who associations in Johnson County sponsored two of the
have served in wars. After the Civil 96 trail markers mentioned above. The Johnson
War, Kansas was known as a “soldier County Old Settlers Association located a grey
state,” a place where many veterans granite marker on the courthouse grounds to
settled. Many early communities had a commemorate not only the Santa Fe Trail, but also
chapter of the Grand Army of the the rendezvous point for Kansas soldiers during the
Republic (GAR), an organization for Price Raid of 1864. It was dedicated at the Old
Union Civil War Veterans. Settlers Day celebration in 1907. The Old Settlers
of Gardner, Kansas, provided a similar grey granite The first of the original five DAR markers to be placed in
marker commemorating the trail junction and area Johnson County was Santa Fe Marker No. 2, at Lanesfield
By the 1890s, these chapters of School in Edgerton on October 26, 1906. (The first DAR
aging veterans often sponsored and Civil War conflicts. maker in the State of Kansas was dedicated on October 23
placed monuments, many of them in between Sterling and Lyons.) This photograph was taken
cemeteries, to honor those who had REMEMBERING THE OREGON TRAIL in the 1990s. JCM Collection.
fought and died during the Civil War. One of the unique stories of our county is that the
In Union Cemetery in the former Santa Fe and Oregon Trail shared a route through The site of the former Shawnee Council House, in
community of Monticello, there is a much of Johnson County. The Oregon-California a residential neighborhood in today's city of
granite monument with an urn at the Trail split from the Santa Trail in Gardner. On Shawnee, was marked by a large boulder and
top placed in memory of the many November 11, 1930, a marker dedicated to the accompanying plaque. In addition, the site of the
heroes of 1861-1865. It was Oregon Trail was placed in Gardner by the Olathe former Shawnee Mill is marked along a park trail
dedicated on May 30, 1895. A soldier DAR chapter. This red granite marker was in Mill Creek Park.
monument was placed in the Olathe customized to include an arrow and the words “To
Cemetery by the Franklin Post No. 8 Oregon” to commemorate the wooden sign of THE SIGNS OF HISTORY
of the GAR in 1893 and formally legend at the trail Junction that stated “Road to Metal signs were also a popular and more
dedicated on Memorial Day in 1897. Oregon.” economical method to mark historic places and
It features a white marble sculpture routes. In 1912, the National Old Trails Road
of a soldier standing at rest on a In 1944, the Oregon council of the American Association came into being and stated in its
granite base. Pioneer Trails Association began to place markers bylaws:
along the 2,000 mile route of the Oregon Trail. The
Two of the more unique monuments State of Kansas The object of the Association shall be to assist
are found in the Spring Hill Cemetery. received 40 of the Daughters of the American Revolution in
The first, dedicated on May 30, 1897, the markers, marking Old Trails and to promote the
is topped by a large polished granite which were construction of an Ocean-to-Ocean Highway of
orb inscribed “Rest-Soldier Rest.” dedicated on modern type worthy of its memorial character.
The entry of the cemetery itself also September 15th
bears significance. In 1923, the of that year, and The National Old Trails Road Association
Women’s Relief Corps (WRC), an placed in towns, promoted an ocean-to-ocean highway marking
auxiliary women’s group of the GAR, near schools, project that would retrace the nation’s historic
dedicated a monument there. Made and along trails. In 1913, the Auto Club of Southern
of brick and stone, it is devoted not highways. California placed metal signs to mark the National
only to the veterans of the Civil War, These markers Old Trails Road, loosely following old Santa Fe
but also the Spanish American War of were to be Trail to Santa Fe and then onward to California.
1898 and World War I. made of cedar They were placed along the entire route between
posts, 3.5 inches Kansas City and Los Angeles to attract motorists
One of the more unique monuments square and six from the Midwest to Southern California.
in the county, dedicated to all feet tall. They
veterans, is a sculpture called “Hands were branded In 1948, the American Pioneer Trails Association
of Freedom” located in Veterans Park with the words started their second ambitious project to mark
at the corner of Pflumm and Johnson “Oregon Trail” historic sites in our area. White metal oval signs
Drive in Shawnee. The two multiple- Old Settlers Association of Gardner and were
marker, 2005. JCM Collection. were created to commemorate the Santa Fe Trail.
tiered granite columns hold a bronze placed among a Originally these signs were given to schools along
banded globe at the top. It pile of native the Santa Fe Trail route, but in 1950, an additional
symbolically represents the hands of stones and set in cement. At the time, these 27 were placed on trees and poles to mark the
all veterans holding the world aloft in markers were described as temporary, with the precise route through Kansas City.
freedom. Also at this park is a hopes that they would be replaced after World War
granite monument for the members II with something more permanent. It is unknown
of the 555th Anti-Aircraft Artillery whether any of these markers still exist
Automatic Weapons Battalion who today.
fought in World War II.
THE EARLIEST RESIDENTS
The first memorial to the Vietnam
War in the Kansas City Metropolitan The land that would become Johnson
County was first settled by the Shawnee
area was placed in Antioch Park in
Merriam, Kansas. It was dedicated on tribe and the missionaries who received
permission to live on their land. In
November 11, 1974, and renovated in
Fairway today, the Shawnee Methodist
1998. It commemorates the 57
Johnson County residents missing in Mission buildings still stand, but in addition,
two other missions were also present. The
action or killed during that war.
Olathe DAR chapter recognized the
Baptist and Quaker missions by placing
Other war memorials include a
red granite markers. The marker for the
limestone monument at 119th and
Mission Road to commemorate Quaker Mission, also known as the Friends
Mission was placed in Merriam and
Leawood residents who served during
the Vietnam War. The bronze plaque dedicated on November 11, 1923. A
marker for the Baptist Mission was placed
on top acknowledges the two Baptist Mission Marker Dedication, 1929. The location of this Baptist
at the location of the 1848 Shawnee Mission is actually at the site of the Baptist church located on the mission
residents who were missing in action
Baptist church, which was on the Baptist grounds. As seen in this dedication photograph, the site also became a stop
Mission grounds. It was dedicated on on the Strang Line known as Morrison Heights. JCM Collection.
continued on page 7 Sidebar October 16, 1929.
continued on page 7
ALBUM Johnson County Museums 5
The Johnson County Museum would like to thank the many individuals and organizations who donate their time, energy and
heart to the success of the Museum. From September 2004 to September 2005, 1767 hours were contributed to benefit
the Museum. Volunteers led tours through The 1950s All-Electric House, worked with the Museum's collections, helped
install exhibits, assisted with mailings, conducted education programs at the Lanesfield School, helped with special events,
managed the Museum's clippings files and served on the Museum's boards. We thank you all!!!
Museum volunteers and staff set out on one of Barb Baker receiving recognition at the 2004
their tri-annual field trips. This trip was to Watkins Appreciation Dinner for her contributions to
Woolen Mill and the Jesse James Farm & Museum . the Museum. Since 1999, Barb has volun-
Pictured left to right: Doris and Dick Theobald, Barb teered over 750 hours of her time.
Baker, Tracy Steitz, Betty and Freelyn McGee, Andy
Davis, Andrew Dunehoo, and Stephanie Clayton.
Cal and Anneliese Engelmann assisted at the
Museum's booth at the September 17th
"Birthday in the Park" event to celebrate
Johnson County's Sesquicentennial.
Friends of Johnson County Museums Museum Advisory Council
Board of Trustees Calvin Engelmann - Chair
Phil McAnany, President Nancy Wallerstein - Vice-Chair
Heather Woodson, Vice-President Bill Anthony
Caroline Wake, Secretary Bart Cohen
Robin Burch, Treasurer Ben Mann
John Andrade Joyce Rabas
Johnson County Museum Volunteers
Bette Arens Bill Hisle LaDonna Parker
Barb Baker Josh Johnston Jeff Pendergraft
Bob Brady Julie Johnston Sabrina Putnam
Greg Collins Noah Johnston Brett Rousello
Michele Dean Terry Kegin Virginia Schalling
Elinor Deming Elizabeth Krape Shawnee Police Department
Anneliese Engelmann Annette Lane Sunflower Elementary School 4th Grade
Toni Eyer Lenexa Police Department Dick Theobald
Rebecca Feil Jim Little Carl Vandeputte
Tracy Giammatteo Warriner Freelyn McGee Judy Vandeputte
Denise Hartley Daniel Moler Karen Whitlow
Craig Herrmann Sean Noack Sarah Wood-Clark
ALBUM Johnson County Museums 6
THANKS FOR YOUR FRIENDSHIP!
The Friends of Johnson County Museum was established in 1987 as a not-for-profit organization to support
exhibit development, educational programs and special events for the Johnson County Museum. An eleven-member Board of Trustees
oversees the membership activities. The following individuals joined the membership over the past year.
We are very thankful for your generosity and your friendship!
Best Friends $250 and up Tony & Judy Kostusik* Betty Lu Duncan* Denise & Walter Murphy*
Eliot and Marcia Berkley* J.J. & Doris Kreuzberger* Harold & Catherine Dunlap* Gertrude Myers*
Mr. & Mrs. Barnett Helzberg* Mr. & Mrs. Asher Langworthy* Bee Ellington* Rich & Fran Nelson*
Dave Jackson Gary Mallen* Elaine Entrikin* Bill and Barbara Nicks*
Don Love* Thomas McCabe* Ms. Lois Farris* Marty Nolte*
Philip McAnany* Richard & Cindy McOsker* Frances Felder* William & Barbara Oakley*
Mr. & Mrs. Mark Viets* Robert & Shirley Meneilly* Ginny Fisher* Bill & Katherine O’Connor*
Jappy & Stan Meyer* Orvis & Leta Fitts* Tim & Donna Owens*
Really Good Friends $100-249 Alayne & J.D. Mooney* John and Sue Forbes* Catherine Parris*
Joan Wells* Wayne & Marilyn Morris* Jim & Hildie Fowler Norma Pesch*
Kaj & Else Ahlmann* Paul & Elaine Pegram* Ruth Fox* Doris Pierce*
Emily Berkely* Michael & Jan Perkins* Jack & Anne Francis* Imogene Player*
Irwin & Rita Blitt* Ellen & Jay Portnoy* Wesley & Mabel Fry* John Ramsey, Jr.*
Martha & James Bostick* Leo & Helen Rieke* Virginia Frye Gerry Ray*
Kathy Brogdon* Mr. & Mrs. Warren Robinson* Ron & Edna Gainen Annette Redler*
Barton & Mary Cohen* Charlyne Rothman* Dr. Keith & Lois Gallehugh John Rich*
Ben Craig* Jack & Paula Rowe* Kimberly Gilman Doug & Cheryl Richardson*
Frederick & Constance Jim & Iris Sanford* Paul & Barbara Gorman* Karri & Selden Richardson
DeSieghardt* Neal & Donna Sawyer Mary & Phil Griffin* Mrs. Bernice Richter*
Steven & Barbara Dietz* Michael and Anne Sheehan* Ron & Deanna Grissom Paul & Lorene Rieke*
Gary & Melinda Duggan* Wilson & Barbara Siemens* Marilyn Hail* Gregory & Beth Rieke*
Calvin & Anneliese Engelmann* Jim & Janet Stauffer* Jim & Sharon Hamil* Mary Ellen Rixey*
Marguerite Foster* Michele & Jim Stowers Dr. & Mrs. Fred Hartwig Mr. & Mrs. Gordon Robertson*
Bill & Marjorie Franklin* Leo and Annabelle Sweeney* Helen Hayes* Cynthia Robinson*
Lawrence C. & Jeanne K. Martha & Jeffrey Taylor Neal Hervey* Michael & Laurel Rogovein*
Gates* Timothy Unruh Harold & Marxie Hesler* Dr. James Russell
Mr. & Mrs. James Karnes* James & Janet Wiglesworth* Dan Hilyard Mary Savage*
Martha & Rick Katz* Donna Williams* Cynthia Horn* Janice Russell*
Joyce Keeler Kaia Wilson Betty Hougland* Virginia Schalling*
Ann Kindred* Larry & Joan Winn, Jr.* Mr. & Mrs. Lawrence Hughes* Ed & Bonnie Schmiedeler*
Mindi Love* Virginia Hutton* Jean & Edward Schmitt*
Mr. & Mrs. Richard Love* Donald & Gloria Inbody* Don & Phyllis Schultz*
Henry & Elizabeth Marder* Mary Kay Ingenthron* Alfred & Mary Seamands*
Mr. & Mrs. William Akright*
Bruce & Shirley Musgrave* John Jenia* Agnes Shellhammer*
Robert and Ann Regnier* Myra Jenks* Wallace & Susann Shinkle*
Mr. & Mrs. Russell Atha, Jr.*
Michael Robar Kitty Johnson* Bonita Siemens*
Randell Sedlacek* David & Mary Johnson* Charleen Shipp
Tim McQuaid & Mary Pat Mr. & Mrs. Robert Jones, Jr.* Mrs. Geraldine Silvers*
Shelledy* Elisabeth Kanter* Bob & Aletha Simon*
Peter & Pamela Steitz* Dr. Kathryn Kelm Arthur & Kay Smith*
Stacy & Tyler Benson
Jennifer & Dan Stolper* Sue Kennedy* Peggy Smith*
Suzi and Bruce Blackman*
Jim Wilson* Laura Kinsey* Linotte Smith*
Janice Wilson* Meldon & Carrie Kirk* Dianne Starcke*
Mr. & Mrs. Roger Blessing*
Heather Woodson* Barbara Kleinman* W. Jack Stelmach
Alan & Eleanor Boley*
Andrew Zalucki Rose Klusman* Mary Stewart
Roberta Knabe* Sally Stokes*
Ray & Jo Braun*
Good Friend $50-99 Jay & Linda Knox* Mrs. Sol Stolowy
Charlotte & Richard Brockman*
Barbara Adam* Joyce Kochersperger* Sherie Surbaugh*
Mr. & Mrs. Robert Bromley*
John Andrade George & Elinor Kraft Jean Swanson*
Art & Sondra Brown
Bill Anthony* Bill & Naomi Kramer* John Switzer*
Mr. & Mrs. William Baker* C. Lee & Dorothy Kroh* Tim Talbott*
Jeff & Marla Burvee
Rick & Emily Boeshaar* Ann Thomas & Roger Betty Thompson*
Senator and Mrs. Bond* Lambson* Vaughnie Tinsley*
Charles & Patricia Brady* Ed Landers* Thayer & Dorothy Townsend*
Robin Burch* Ellen Laner* John & Evelyn VanGoethem*
William & Mary Anne Calder* Tom Leathers* Helen Voigts
Dorothy Clopton* Norm Ledgin* June Walker*
Nick & Jane Disidore Mary Linse* Pat Wall
Barbara Elliott* Eleanor Lowe* James & Connie Walsh*
Eugene & Greta Chubb*
Carolyn Englund* Mr. & Mrs. Ray Luhnow, Jr.* James Wheat*
Elizabeth Gessley* Margie Lundy* Karen Whitlow
Charles & Virginia Clark*
Mark & Milly Gingrich* Benjamin Mann Tom & Shelly Williams
James & Mary Cochran*
Rosie Grinstead* Mr. & Mrs. Thomas Manning* Karin Winn *
Kathy Coggins & Paul Delay*
Roy Gunter* Ross & Pat Marshall* Leroy & Mary Wisner*
Harold and Wilma Coleman*
Dick & Gloria Haberkorn* Vicky & Howard Mayer* Vincent Woltkamp
Bob & Sue Hamilton* Betty McAnany* Bill Yonke
Melanie & Gary Hannah* Bob McCoy* Hannes Zacharias*
Austin & Barbara Harmon* Freelyn & Betty McGee* Ann & Matt Zimmerman*
Alice & Mel Hawk* Ralph & Maryellen Meeker*
Kathy & Sean Daniels*
Joe & Cathy Hiersteiner* Jack Miller*
Mr. & Mrs. S. De Gisi*
Judge Gerald & Evelyn Monica Moll*
Hougland* Mark & Mary Mollentine*
Gene & Gigi Denton*
Michael Hyde* Maron Moore*
Paul & Dorcas Doering* *denotes renewing member
ALBUM Johnson County Museums 7
continued from page 4
While mass quantities of these metal signs were From September to November of 1838, over 850
VISIT THESE HISTORIC
more cost effective than traditional markers of the members of the Potawatomi tribe were removed from MARKERS THROUGHOUT
past, they were less durable and much easier to Indiana to the area we know today as Osawatomie,
remove. The metal signs from all of these Kansas. The 660-mile forced march took place over JOHNSON COUNTY:
programs, while once abundant in our area, are two months and resulted in 40 deaths. The tribe
now hard to find. passed through today's Johnson County on Hit the road and discover some of
November 2, and stopped at a campsite called Oak these fascinating locations for
Grove on the northern fork of the Blue River. They yourself!
ROADSIDE WONDERS reached their final destination on November 4, 1838.
In 1934, the Kansas State Historical Society and The route the tribe traveled is known as the Trail of
the Kansas Highway Commission (now the Death.
Kansas Department of Transportation) partnered Santa Fe/Oregon/California
to mark hundreds of historic sites along the On February 16, 1994, the State of Kansas declared Trail Markers
highways of Kansas. These markers were large the Trail of Death a regional historic trail and a total Gardner, Kansas - Northeast corner of
cast metal brown signs with white lettering. Signs of 74 markers have been placed along its route. North Elm and East Shawnee, on
placed in later years featured a distinctive Every five years, most recently in 2003, descendants school grounds, Gardner
travel the length of the trail to honor their ancestors,
and to bring awareness to younger generations of Lanesfield School - 187th and Dillie
the atrocities from the past. Road, Edgerton
A marker was placed in Johnson County near the
Lenexa - Southwest corner of Noland
former Oak Grove campsite in 1998. The marker
was stolen, but was replaced in 2003. It is located Road and Santa Fe Drive, Lenexa
on private land and unfortunately, not accessible to
the public at the present time. Lone Elm - Southeast corner of 167th
and Lone Elm Road, Olathe
THE MODERN SIGNS OF OUR TIME
Unique to the metropolitan area, brown metal signs Olathe - Johnson County Courthouse
were placed by the Kansas City Area Historic Trails grounds between buildings on
Association (KCAHTA) throughout the county. In Cherry Street and Santa Fe Trail
addition to the Santa Fe and Oregon-California Drive, Olathe
Trails, these signs also document the California Road
(also known as the Westport to Lawrence Road) Overland Park - NE Corner of 80th and
and the Fort Leavenworth Military Road. Over 350 Santa Fe Drive, Overland Park, KS
signs were placed on local roadways at points where
the trails crossed. Sunflower - near Old Highway 56 at
151st and Lakeshore Drive, Olathe
In addition, many groups on the national, state, and
Kansas State Historic Marker #1, 2005. local level continue to mark historic places of the
Located in a roadside park on the southwestern past. On the national level, the National Park
corner of Merriam Drive and Shawnee Mission
Parkway. The style of this current sign (with Service has done extensive work to further mark the Shawnee Indian Places
the sunflower motif at the top) denotes that it route of the Oregon-California Trail and the Santa Shawnee Council House - 10613 W.
is not the original one placed in 1940. JCM Fe Trail as seen by the many metal signs in our area.
Collection. 52nd Terrace, Shawnee
Many local groups continue to locate and mark
significant sites including such projects as a local Shawnee Mill - Mill Creek Park,
sunflower design on the top. Located state-wide, Eagle Scout project marking significant sites in the
Shawnee (one mile south of the
the signs were placed in small parks along the Shawnee Mission area in 1990, an interpretive sign
by the City of Lenexa to commemorate the former Kansas River on Mill Creek)
highways, convenient places for travelers to stop
and safely read the markers. In some cases, the campsite at Flat Rock Creek, and the creation of an
entire community park at the former site of the Lone Shawnee Friends Mission Marker -
committee decided to place these markers miles
away from the place or event the marker Elm campground in Olathe, to name just a few. 61st Street between Antioch and
commemorated or to condense an entire region’s Craig, Merriam
history in one easily accessible place for travelers WHY STOP?
to find. Historic markers continue to capture the memories Shawnee Baptist Mission Marker -
of the people, places, and events that have shaped Southeast corner of 55th and
The first of these signs in our area was dedicated Johnson County’s history. In some cases they Walmer Streets, Mission
on August 31, 1940, at the old intersection of K-10 become the sole link to remembering past events and
and U.S. Highway 50 to commemorate the former a method to convey important events to future
Shawnee Friends Mission. The dedication was generations. Currently, plans are in the works for a
considered a state wide event with Miss Royana number of new historic markers including revamping
Bailey from Salina, Kansas, officially unveiling the the old roadside park at Trail Junction and an entire
marker. (Miss Bailey was the daughter of Roy historic plaza at the site of a former amusement park
Bailey, the Salina Journal editor who was very in Merriam. There are literally hundreds of existing
active in promoting the historic marker project.) historic markers in the region. Unfortunately, this
The marker is listed as Kansas Historic Marker #1 space is too short to mention them all, so take this
continued from page 4 Sidebar
and was the first of approximately 117 dedicated opportunity to venture out and explore the wonderful
across the state. It is located in a small roadside history that has been marked throughout the or killed. It was dedicated in 1988. In
park on the southwestern corner of Merriam Drive community! 1998, Gardner renamed Manor Park to
and Shawnee Mission Parkway. Kansas Historic Memorial Park to honor the residents of
Marker #6, the second one placed in Johnson Gardner who served in the Civil War,
County, is located one and a half miles southwest World War I, World War II, the Korean
of Gardner, Kansas, at 183rd Street and Highway War, the Vietnam War, and the Gulf
56. It commemorates the historic junction of the War. In addition to a brick walkway
Santa Fe and Oregon-California Trails. Currently listing the names of the soldiers
plans are in the works to expand this roadside involved in the various wars, a five-ton
turnout. marker made of gray granite was placed
at the newly named park. At this time,
MARKING THE TRAIL OF DEATH plans are in the works for another war
A marker located on private land near State Line memorial. A Korean War Veterans
Road and 215th Street in the Stilwell area Memorial is scheduled to be built in
commemorates a lesser known event in our area. Future site of the Korean War Memorial, 119th and Overland Park in 2006.
Lowell in Overland Park, 2005.
ALBUM Johnson County Museums 8
FUN FACTS PEEK INTO THE PAST...
ABOUT The first historic markers in Johnson County were placed by the organization called the
HISTORICAL Daughters of the American Revoluntion (DAR) in 1906-1907. Each letter on the
Johnson County map represents one of the five original markers. Try to match the
MARKERS IN marker with its description. You'll find the correct answers on page 9.
…the [DAR] marker of the Santa Fe
Trail at Overland, was unveiled last
Sunday (June 16). There were crowds
of visitors who came in on the motor
line from the city, Olathe and
immediate points…The marker was
covered with an American flag and
following “America,” by the Lenexa
band, the entire audience joining in
the hymn, the marker was unveiled by
Miss Mamie Buckley.
Olathe Mirror, June 20, 1907
The [Pioneer Trails] Association
A= Overland Park Marker
provided a [Santa Fe Trail] plaque for
every school along the trail and B = Old Town Lenexa Marker
suggested a dedication program for C = Lone Elm Marker
November 16, 1948. Students were D = Sunflower Marker
to conduct the ceremony and give the E = Lanesfield School Marker
addresses. They were encouraged to
dress in pioneer costumes for the
occasion. The suggested program
included singing “The Star Spangled 1. This marker is near an 1869 schoolhouse in southwestern Johnson
Banner,” an address on the reason for County. ________________________________
the ceremony, unveiling the marker
by the Boy Scouts, an address on the 2. This marker is located at 80th and Santa Fe._____________________
history of the Santa Fe Trail, singing
some pioneer songs, an address on
local incidents connected with the 3. This marker is at Noland Road and Santa Fe Trail Road._______________
Santa Fe Trail, and singing “God Bless
America.” 4. This marker was placed near the site of a overland trail campground.
Wagon Wheels, undated publication
of the Santa Fe Trail Association
5. This marker can still be seen off Highway 56, near the location of Elm Grove
The Armstice Day sun never shone campground.________________________________
more beautifully than it did last
Thursday upon the occasion of the
unveiling of the Oregon Trail Marker
at Gardner. Many years ago there
Note: The current locations of the markers are represented.
was placed on this spot, now the
Some have been moved from their original locations.
grounds of the Gardner School, a rude
board on a post which read, “Road to
Olathe Mirror, November 11, 1930 TO LEARN MORE...
Marker No.2 of the old Santa Fe trail
Visit these websites to find out more about historic markers in Johnson County:
was erected last Friday afternoon at
the old townsite of Lanesfield two and
a half miles northeast of Edgerton…A This website is devoted to visiting and tracking historic sites and markers.
large number of people from the
surrounding neighborhood were http://www.stjohnks.net/santafetrail/maps/sft_kansas.html
Learn about historic sites and markers in Kansas.
present and listened to a splendid
address by Major I.O. Pickering.
Olathe Register, November 1, 1906 Learn about metal signs put along sites on the Santa Fe Trail in the 1940s.
Kansas State Historical Society lists markers erected by the State Historical Society and the Kansas
Department of Transportation.
ALBUM Johnson County Museums 9
Identified only as the “600th home sold in Prairie
Village,” this image dates from the late 1940s.
Home building began in what became Prairie
Village in 1941 just before the United States We thank those who have invested
entered World War II. The war halted in the Museum’s future with
construction, but quickly resumed at the war’s donations to the Endowment Fund.
close. The suburban development incorporated as
a city in 1951. If you can help us identify the
address of this home, please contact the Museum
at 913-631-6709. Thank you! Ben Craig
Paul and Dorcas Doering in honor of
all pioneers of Johnson County
Exxon matching gift on behalf of
Dick and Gloria Haberkorn
Lois Farris in memory of Mrs. Evelyn
FIFTY YEARS AFTER Rosenthal
Ginny Fisher in memory of
Fifty Years After is the title of both a 26-page Brief details for many of the lives of the elderly Paul and Barbara Gorman in memory
booklet and of a 1914 portrait in the Museum’s veterans were recorded in Green’s booklet beyond of Ruth Hervey
archival collection. Both commemorated the Civil the basic information on their military service and
War service of area veterans. The booklet’s
Dave Jackson in memory of
eventual settlement in Johnson County. The soldiers
author, Charles Green, was himself a veteran of held a range of ranks with private being the most
that conflict and was one of the 23 veterans common, although there were several officers Mindi Love and Jeff Pendergraft in
picutred in the among the group. memory of Carolyn R. Love
portrait. Most of the names Marty Nolte in memory of
are not remembered Murray Nolte
Green’s introduction now with some Sprint matching gifts on behalf of:
to his 1911 booklet exceptions for those Charles Hyland
gave some figures familiar with local John M. Jenia
helpful in history. Names Monica Moll
understanding what included Governor
the area veterans the of Kansas John P.
background of many St. John, Isaac O.
of the men. A Pickering, and David
significant portion of Page.
the 140 veterans, 24
by his count, had The men had served
served from Kansas. with units from
Another 45 had fifteen states in
settled in the state addition to Federal
within a decade of the regiments. The
war’s end. Green Johnson County Civil War veterans, gathered for a formal portrait in 1914. group that sat for
stated: “Half of the Front row left to right: S.H. Honnold, Nicholas Reitz, William Pellett, R. the photograph,
Spencer, Joe Matenorio; Second row: A.G. Carpenter, W.H. Zimmerman, J.M.
140, I think, were Sweet, H.M. Hackett, Emanual Clark; Third row: C.R. Green, Joseph W. Rea, taken just a few
farmers in Johnson William Furry, Ed Ripley, H.L. Burgess, William A. Pratt; Back row: John T. years after the
County within 5 years Little, Elias McCleary, W.S. Speer, Joe W. Briggs, A.L. Hunt, Jesse G. Lear, booklet was written,
William W. McGee. JCM Collection.
after the close of the ranged in age from
war.” Local Grand 65 to 87. Green’s
Army of the Republic posts were a key social comments included statements about a wheelchair-
group for the Union veterans. The G A R post in bound veteran, how one member could talk in a
Olathe had about 80 members at the time the whisper, and another was blind.
booklet was printed.
JOIN US! Your membership brings you the following annual
We invite you to be part of the Museum’s future by • Free admission to The 1950s All-Electric House
joining the Friends of Johnson County Museum. • Quarterly newsletter, ALBUM
The Friends support exhibit development, educa- • 10% off museum store purchases
tional programs and special events. Your member- • 50% discount on programs
ship and other contributions are tax deductible. • Invitations to Members’ Only events
Name _______________________________ $25-49 Friend
Address ______________________________ $50-99 Good Friend
City ____________________ State ________ $100-249 Really Good Friend
Answers to questions on page 8:
Zip___________ Phone ________________ $250 and up Best Friend
I am making an additional contribution of
Enclosed is my check for $______ payable to
$________ in honor/memory of D — Elm Grove 5.
Friends of Johnson County Museum.
________________________________ C — Lone Elm Campground 4.
B — Old Town Lenexa Marker 3.
Please charge $______ to my credit card. My company matches charitable A — Overland Park Marker 2.
Mastercard Visa donations. The matching form is enclosed. E — Lanesfield School 1.
___________________________________ Please send me information about volunteer
Acct. Number Exp. Date opportunities.
Signature Return to 6305 Lackman Road, Shawnee, KS 66217.
ALBUM Johnson County Museums 10
MUSEUM OF HISTORY WHAT'S THE MATTER WITH KANSAS?
6305 Lackman Road
Shawnee, KS 66217
Fax: (913) 631-6359 What’s the Matter with Matter with Kansas with an 1892 Populist song
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Kansas by Thomas Frank. lyric aimed at farmers who were undermining
Henry Holt & Company, Inc., themselves politically, “Oh, Kansas fools! Poor
2005. Kansas fools! The banker makes of you a tool.”
Tues-Sat 10:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.
Frank follows this up by stating that the poorest
Sunday 1:00 - 4:30 p.m. county in America isn’t the Deep South or
ADMISSION IS FREE Appalachia but the Great Plains, an area of
dying farm towns and struggling ranchers.
It’s “No Holds Barred” in this fresh political
examination by Thomas Frank. The book has certainly Throughout the book, Frank openly admits that
garnered the attention of many outside of Kansas and he opposes the Republican party, but he never
THE 1950s ALL-ELECTRIC HOUSE
warrants a read, even if just to get an understanding of openly states that he supports the Democratic
6305 Lackman Road
what your friends and neighbors in other states are party. Frank doesn’t appear so much concerned
Shawnee, KS 66217 talking about.
(913) 631-6709 with who is in charge, but about how the
choices made by people electing national leaders
www.jocomuseum.org A man on the left, Frank examines the rise of Kansas’ end up hurting themselves and widening the gap
Tues - Sun 1:00 p.m. - 4:00 p.m., ultraconservative politics out of its history of agrarian between the haves and the have-nots.
guided tours every half hour populism. What’s the Matter With Kansas states that
ADMISSION: $2 for adults; $1 for the new political activists in Kansas are lower-middle Whether you are a Democrat, Republican, or
children 12 and under and working-class people and they are becoming the Independent, this book will appeal to most with
backbone of social democratic politics throughout the an interest in politics. It may be extremely
state, despite the fact that many of them are the partisan in its slant, but the tone is engaging,
citizens who aren’t faring well economically. Frank, a easy to read, and extremely interesting. If you are
Johnson County native, explains the complicated shift in mystified by the political leanings in Kansas and
the United States, using Kansas as his focus, from want to know why your neighbors vote the way
HISTORIC SITE Democrat to Republican.
18745 S. Dillie Road they do, What’s the Matter with Kansas is the
book for you.
Edgerton, KS 66021 During the latter part of the 19th century and leading
(913) 893-6645 well in to the 20th , Kansans usually could be considered
Fax (913) 882-9730 Populist politically and almost always opposed to those
www.jocomuseum.org politicians serving the wealthy. Frank opens What’s the
Tues - Sun 1:00 - 5:00 p.m.
ADMISSION IS FREE Editor's note: This book is for sale in the Museum of
History's Museum Store. Members get a 10% discount.
6305 Lackman Road
Shawnee, KS 66217 NONPROFIT ORG.
PERMIT NO. 1395
Printed on This newsletter is also available in alternate
recycled paper formats for the visually impaired.