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					          Country     Capital    Continent Region Total Area   Population
                                                  in Sq. Mi.

Afghanistan         Kabul          Asia     SW        250000     29,928,987




Algeria             Algiers        Africa   NW       2381740     32,531,853




Angola              Luanda         Africa   Eq       1246700     11,827,315




Armenia             Yerevan        Asia     SW         11500      2,982,904




Azerbaijan          Baku           Asia     SW         33400      7,911,974




Bahrain             Manama         Asia     SW           260        688,345


Bangladesh          Dhaka          Asia     S          55598    144,319,628




Benin               Porto-Novo     Africa   W         112620      7,649,360
Bhutan         Thimphu        Asia     S     18147    2,232,291




Botswana       Gaborone       Africa   S    600370    1,640,115




Brunei         Bandar Seri/   Asia     SE     2230     372,361
               Begawan

Burkina Faso   Ouagadougo     Africa   W    274200   13,491,736
               u


Burundi        Bujumbura      Africa   E     27830    7,795,426




Cambodia       Phnom          Asia     SE   181040   13,636,398
               Phenh




Cameroon       Yaounde        Africa   NC   475440   16,988,132




Cape Verde     Praia          Africa   W      4033     418,224
Central African Rep       Bangui        Africa   NC    622984      4,237,703




Chad                      N'Djamena     Africa   NC   1284000      9,657,069




China                     Peking        Asia     E    3705390   1,306,313,812




Comoros                   Moroni        Africa   SE      2170        671,247




Congo                     Kinshasa      Africa   C     342000     60,764,490




Cote d'Ivoire             Yamoussouk    Africa   W     322460      3,602,269
                          ro




Cyprus                    Nicosia       Asia     SW      3572     17,298,040




Dem. Rep. Congo (Zaire)   Brazzaville   Africa   Eq   2345410        780,133
Djibouti            Djibouti      Africa   Horn     22000     476,703




Egypt               Cairo         Africa   NE     1001450   77,505,756




Equatorial Guinea   Malabo        Africa   Eq       28051     529,034



Eritrea             Asmara        Africa   Horn    121320    4,669,638




Ethiopia            Addis Ababa   Africa   Horn   1127127   73,053,286




Gabon               Libreville    Africa   Eq      267667    1,394,307




Gambia              Banjul        Africa   W        11300    1,595,086



Georgia             Tbilsi        Asia     SW       26900    4,677,401




Ghana               Accra         Africa   W       238540   21,946,247
Guinea          Conakry     Africa   W     245857      9,452,670




Guinea Bissau   Bissau      Africa   W      36120      1,413,446




India           New Dehli   Asia     S    1269340   1,080,264,388




Indonesia       Jakarta     Asia     SE    751276    241,973,879




Iran            Teheran     Asia     SW    636293     26,074,906




Iraq            Baghdad     Asia     SW    167923     68,017,860




Israel          Jerusalem   Asia     SW      8019      6,276,883




Japan           Tokyo       Asia     E     143749    127,417,244
Jordan          Amman       Asia     SW     35267    5,759,732




Kazahkstan      Akmola      Asia     C    1049200   15,185,844




Kenya           Nairobi     Africa   E     582650   33,829,590




Korea (North)   Pyongyang   Asia     E      46541   22,912,177




Korea (South)   Seoul       Asia     E      38028   48,640,671




Kuwait          Kuwait      Asia     SW      6880    2,335,648




Kyrgyzatan      Bishkek     Asia     C      76600    5,146,281




Laos            Vientiane   Asia     SE     91429    6,217,141



Lebanon         Beirut      Asia     SW      4015    3,826,018




Lesotho         Maseru      Africa   S      30355    2,031,348
Liberia      Monrovia       Africa   W     111370    2,900,269




Libya        Tripoli        Africa   NE   1759540    5,765,563




Madagascar   Antananarivo   Africa   SE    587040   18,040,341




Malawi       Lilongwe       Africa   S     118480   12,707,464




Malaysia     Kuala          Asia     SE    128400   23,953,136
             Lumpur


Maldives     Male           Asia     S        115     349,106




Mali         Bamako         Africa   W    1240000   11,415,261




Mauritania   Nouakchott     Africa   W    1030700    3,086,859




Mauritius    Port Louis     Africa   SE      1860    1,230,602




Mongolia     Ulan Bator     Asia     C     604103    2,791,272




Morocco      Rabat          Africa   NW    446550   32,725,847
Mozambique    Maputo      Africa   SE    801590    19,406,703




Namibia       Windhoek    Africa   SW    825418     2,030,692




Nepal         Kathmandu   Asia     S      56827    27,676,547




Niger         Niamey      Africa   W    1267000    12,162,856




Nigeria       Abuja       Africa   W     923768   128,765,768




Oman          Muscat      Asia     SW     82025     3,001,583




Pakistan      Islamabad   Asia     S     310402   162,419,946




Phillipines   Manila      Asia     SE    115830    87,857,473




Qatar         Doha        Asia     SW      4247      863,051
Russia                  Moscow      Asia     N    16995800   143,420,309




Rwanda                  Kigali      Africa   E       26338     8,440,820




Sao Tome and Principe   Sao Tome    Africa   Eq       1001      187,410


Saudi Arabia            Riyahd      Asia     SW     829996    26,417,599

Senegal                 Dakar       Africa   W      196190    11,706,498




Seychelles              Victoria    Africa   E         455       81,188




Sierra Leone            Freetown    Africa   W       71740     5,867,426




Singapore               Singapore   Asia     SE        239     4,425,720
Somalia        Mogadishu   Africa   Horn    637657    8,591,629




South Africa   Pretoria    Africa   S      1219912   44,344,136




Sri Lanka      Colombo     Asia     S        25332   20,064,776




Sudan          Khartoum    Africa   NC     2505810   40,187,486




Swaziland      Mbabane     Africa   S        17363    1,138,227




Syria          Damascus    Asia     SW       71499   18,448,752




Taiwan         Taipei      Asia     E        13892   22,894,384




Tajikistan     Dushanbe    Asia     C        55250    7,163,506




Tanzania       Dar es      Africa   E       945087   36,766,356
               Salaam
Thailand               Bangkok     Asia     SE   198456   64,185,502




Togo                   Lome        Africa   W     56785    5,399,991




Tunisia                Tunis       Africa   NW   163610   10,074,951




Turkey                 Ankara      Asia     SW   301382   69,660,559




Turkmenistan           Ashkabad    Asia     C    188500    4,952,081




Uganda                 Kampala     Africa   E    236040   27,269,482




United Arab Emirates   Abu Dahbi   Asia     SW    32276    2,563,212




Uzbekistan             Tashkent    Asia     C    172700   26,851,195
Vietnam                   Hanoi         Asia     SE   129806   83,535,576




Western Sahara (proposed) undetermine   Africa   NW   266000     273,008
                          d




Yemen                     Sana          Asia     SW   203849   20,727,063




Zambia                    Lusaka        Africa   Eq   752614   11,261,795
Median Age            Climate                      Terrain                 Natural Resources
  (years)

         18 arid to semiarid; cold      mostly rugged mountains; natural gas, petroleum,
            winters and hot summers     plains in north and      coal, copper, chromite,
                                        southwest                talc, barites, sulfur, lead,
                                                                 zinc, iron ore, salt,
                                                                 precious and
                                                                 semiprecious stones
         24 arid to semiarid; mild, wet mostly high plateau and  petroleum, natural gas,
            winters with hot, dry       desert; some mountains; iron ore, phosphates,
            summers along coast; drier narrow, discontinuous     uranium, lead, zinc
            with cold winters and hot   coastal plain
            summers on high plateau;
            sirocco is a hot, dust/sand-
            laden wind especially
            common in summer
         18 semiarid in south and along narrow coastal plain rises      petroleum, diamonds, iron
            coast to Luanda; north has abruptly to vast interior        ore, phosphates, copper,
            cool, dry season (May to     plateau                        feldspar, gold, bauxite,
            October) and hot, rainy                                     uranium
            season (November to April)

         30 highland continental, hot    Armenian Highland with         small deposits of gold,
            summers, cold winters        mountains; little forest       copper, molybdenum,
                                         land; fast flowing rivers;     zinc, alumina
                                         good soil in Aras River
                                         valley
         28 dry, semiarid steppe         large, flat Kur-Araz Ovaligi   petroleum, natural gas,
                                         (Kura-Araks Lowland)           iron ore, nonferrous
                                         (much of it below sea          metals, alumina
                                         level) with Great Caucasus
                                         Mountains to the north,
                                         Qarabag Yaylasi
                                         (Karabakh Upland) in
                                         west; Baku lies on
                                         Abseron Yasaqligi
                                         (Apsheron Peninsula) that
                                         juts into Caspian Sea


         29 arid; mild, pleasant winters; mostly low desert plain      oil, associated and
            very hot, humid summers       rising gently to low central nonassociated natural
                                         escarpment                     gas, fish, pearls
         22 tropical; mild winter     mostly flat alluvial plain;       natural gas, arable land,
            (October to March); hot,  hilly in southeast                timber, coal
            humid summer (March to
            June); humid, warm rainy
            monsoon (June to October)

         17 tropical; hot, humid in south; mostly flat to undulating    small offshore oil deposits,
            semiarid in north              plain; some hills and low    limestone, marble, timber
                                         mountains
20 varies; tropical in southern mostly mountainous with          timber, hydropower,
   plains; cool winters and hot some fertile valleys and         gypsum, calcium
   summers in central valleys; savanna                           carbonate
   severe winters and cool
   summers in Himalayas



19 semiarid; warm winters and predominantly flat to              diamonds, copper, nickel,
   hot summers                gently rolling tableland;          salt, soda ash, potash,
                                   Kalahari Desert in            coal, iron ore, silver
                                   southwest


27 tropical; hot, humid, rainy     flat coastal plain rises to   petroleum, natural gas,
                                   mountains in east; hilly      timber
                                   lowland in west
17 tropical; warm, dry winters;    mostly flat to dissected,     manganese, limestone,
   hot, wet summers                undulating plains; hills in   marble; small deposits of
                                   west and southeast            gold, phosphates, pumice,
                                                                 salt
17 equatorial; high plateau with   hilly and mountainous,        nickel, uranium, rare earth
   considerable altitude           dropping to a plateau in      oxides, peat, cobalt,
   variation (772 m to 2,670 m     east, some plains             copper, platinum,
   above sea level); average                                     vanadium, arable land,
   annual temperature varies                                     hydropower, niobium,
   with altitude from 23 to 17
                                                                 tantalum, gold, tin,
   degrees centigrade but is
                                                                 tungsten, kaolin,
   generally moderate as the
   average altitude is about
                                                                 limestone
   1,700 m; average annual
   rainfall is about 150 cm; wet
   seasons from February to
   May and September to
   November, and dry
   seasons from June to
   August and December to
   January
20 tropical; rainy, monsoon        mostly low, flat plains;      oil and gas, timber,
   season (May to November);       mountains in southwest        gemstones, some iron
   dry season (December to         and north                     ore, manganese,
   April); little seasonal                                       phosphates, hydropower
   temperature variation                                         potential
19 varies with terrain, from       diverse, with coastal plain petroleum, bauxite, iron
   tropical along coast to         in southwest, dissected     ore, timber, hydropower
   semiarid and hot in north       plateau in center,
                                   mountains in west, plains
                                   in north




19 temperate; warm, dry            steep, rugged, rocky,         salt, basalt rock,
   summer; precipitation           volcanic                      limestone, kaolin, fish,
   meager and very erratic                                       clay, gypsum
18 tropical; hot, dry winters;    vast, flat to rolling,         diamonds, uranium,
   mild to hot, wet summers       monotonous plateau;            timber, gold, oil,
                                  scattered hills in northeast   hydropower
                                  and southwest
16 tropical in south, desert in   broad, arid plains in          petroleum, uranium,
   north                          center, desert in north,       natron, kaolin, fish (Lake
                                  mountains in northwest,        Chad), gold, limestone,
                                  lowlands in south              sand and gravel, salt
32 extremely diverse; tropical in mostly mountains, high         coal, iron ore, petroleum,
   south to subarctic in north    plateaus, deserts in west;     natural gas, mercury, tin,
                                  plains, deltas, and hills in   tungsten, antimony,
                                  east                           manganese, molybdenum,
                                                                 vanadium, magnetite,
                                                                 aluminum, lead, zinc,
                                                                 uranium, hydropower
                                                                 potential (world's largest)
19 tropical marine; rainy         volcanic islands, interiors    NEGL
   season (November to May) vary from steep mountains
                                  to low hills


16 tropical; rainy season         coastal plain, southern        cobalt, copper, niobium,
   (March to June); dry season basin, central plateau,           tantalum, petroleum,
   (June to October);          northern basin                    industrial and gem
   constantly high                                               diamonds, gold, silver, zinc,
   temperatures and humidity;                                    manganese, tin, uranium,
   particularly enervating                                       coal, hydropower, timber
   climate astride the Equator

21 tropical along coast,          mostly flat to undulating      petroleum, timber, potash,
   semiarid in far north; three   plains; mountains in           lead, zinc, uranium, copper,
   seasons - warm and dry         northwest                      phosphates, gold,
   (November to March), hot                                      magnesium, natural gas,
   and dry (March to May), hot                                   hydropower
   and wet (June to October)
19 temperate; Mediterranean       central plain with         petroleum, natural gas,
   with hot, dry summers and      mountains to north and     diamonds, manganese,
   cool winters                   south; scattered but       iron ore, cobalt, bauxite,
                                  significant plains along   copper, gold, nickel,
                                  southern coast             tantalum, silica sand, clay,
                                                             cocoa beans, coffee, palm
                                                             oil, hydropower
35 tropical; hot and humid in   vast central basin is a low- copper, pyrites, asbestos,
   equatorial river basin;      lying plateau; mountains gypsum, timber, salt,
   cooler and drier in southern in east                      marble, clay earth pigment
   highlands; cooler and
   wetter in eastern highlands;
   north of Equator - wet
   season April to October, dry
   season December to
   February; south of Equator -
   wet season November to
   March, dry season April to
   October
18 desert; torrid, dry            coastal plain and plateau     geothermal areas, gold,
                                  separated by central          clay, granite, limestone,
                                  mountains                     marble, salt, diatomite,
                                                                gypsum, pumice, petroleum

24 desert; hot, dry summers       vast desert plateau           petroleum, natural gas, iron
   with moderate winters          interrupted by Nile valley    ore, phosphates,
                                  and delta                     manganese, limestone,
                                                                gypsum, talc, asbestos,
                                                                lead, zinc



19 tropical; always hot, humid    coastal plains rise to    petroleum, natural gas,
                                                            timber, gold, bauxite,
                                  interior hills; islands are
                                  volcanic                  diamonds, tantalum, sand
                                                            and gravel, clay
18 hot, dry desert strip along    dominated by extension of gold, potash, zinc, copper,
   Red Sea coast; cooler and      Ethiopian north-south     salt, possibly oil and natural
   wetter in the central          trending highlands,       gas, fish
   highlands (up to 61 cm of  descending on the east to
   rainfall annually); semiarid
                              a coastal desert plain, on
   in western hills and       the northwest to hilly
   lowlands; rainfall heaviestterrain and on the
   during June-September
                              southwest to flat-to-rolling
   except in coastal desert
                              plains
18 tropical monsoon with wide high plateau with central    small reserves of gold,
   topographic-induced        mountain range divided by platinum, copper, potash,
   variation                  Great Rift Valley            natural gas, hydropower



19 tropical; always hot, humid    narrow coastal plain; hilly petroleum, natural gas,
                                  interior; savanna in east   diamond, niobium,
                                  and south                   manganese, uranium, gold,
                                                                timber, iron ore, hydropower

18 tropical; hot, rainy season    flood plain of the Gambia fish, titanium (rutile and
   (June to November); cooler,    River flanked by some low ilmenite), tin, zircon, silica
   dry season (November to        hills                     sand, clay, petroleum
   May)
37 warm and pleasant;             largely mountainous with forests, hydropower,
   Mediterranean-like on Black    Great Caucasus              manganese deposits, iron
   Sea coast                      Mountains in the north and ore, copper, minor coal and
                                  Lesser Caucasus             oil deposits; coastal climate
                                  Mountains in the south;     and soils allow for
                                  Kolkhet'is Dablobi          important tea and citrus
                                  (Kolkhida Lowland) opens growth
                                  to the Black Sea in the
                                  west; Mtkvari River Basin
                                  in the east; good soils in
                                  river valley flood plains,
                                  foothills of Kolkhida
                                  Lowland
20 tropical; warm and             mostly low plains with      gold, timber, industrial
   comparatively dry along        dissected plateau in south- diamonds, bauxite,
   southeast coast; hot and       central area                manganese, fish, rubber,
   humid in southwest; hot                                      hydropower, petroleum,
   and dry in north                                             silver, salt, limestone
18 generally hot and humid;        generally flat coastal plain, bauxite, iron ore, diamonds,
   monsoonal-type rainy      hilly to mountainous               gold, uranium, hydropower,
   season (June to November) interior                           fish, salt
   with southwesterly winds;
   dry season (December to
   May) with northeasterly
   harmattan winds

19 tropical; generally hot and     mostly low coastal plain     fish, timber, phosphates,
   humid; monsoonal-type           rising to savanna in east    bauxite, clay, granite,
   rainy season (June to                                        limestone, unexploited
   November) with                                               deposits of petroleum
   southwesterly winds; dry
   season (December to May)
   with northeasterly
   harmattan winds
   varies from tropical            upland plain (Deccan         coal (fourth-largest reserves
   monsoon in south to             Plateau) in south, flat to   in the world), iron ore,
   temperate in north              rolling plain along the      manganese, mica, bauxite,
                                   Ganges, deserts in west,     titanium ore, chromite,
                                   Himalayas in north           natural gas, diamonds,
                                                                petroleum, limestone,
                                                                arable land
26 tropical; hot, humid; more      mostly coastal lowlands; petroleum, tin, natural gas,
   moderate in highlands           larger islands have interior nickel, timber, bauxite,
                                   mountains                    copper, fertile soils, coal,
                                                                gold, silver
24 mostly arid or semiarid,    rugged, mountainous rim;         petroleum, natural gas,
   subtropical along Caspian   high, central basin with         coal, chromium, copper,
   coast                       deserts, mountains; small,       iron ore, lead, manganese,
                               discontinuous plains along       zinc, sulfur
                               both coasts
19 mostly desert; mild to cool mostly broad plains; reedy       petroleum, natural gas,
   winters with dry, hot,      marshes along Iranian            phosphates, sulfur
   cloudless summers;          border in south with large
   northern mountainous        flooded areas; mountains
   regions along Iranian and   along borders with Iran
   Turkish borders experience and Turkey
   cold winters with
   occasionally heavy snows
   that melt in early spring,
   sometimes causing
   extensive flooding in central
   and southern Iraq

29 temperate; hot and dry in     Negev desert in the south;     timber, potash, copper ore,
   southern and eastern          low coastal plain; central     natural gas, phosphate
   desert areas                  mountains; Jordan Rift         rock, magnesium bromide,
                                 Valley                         clays, sand
43 varies from tropical in south mostly rugged and              negligible mineral
   to cool temperate in north    mountainous                    resources, fish
23 mostly arid desert; rainy     mostly desert plateau in      phosphates, potash, shale
   season in west (November east, highland area in             oil
   to April)                west; Great Rift Valley
                             separates East and West
                             Banks of the Jordan River
29 continental, cold winters extends from the Volga to         major deposits of
   and hot summers, arid and the Altai Mountains and           petroleum, natural gas,
   semiarid                  from the plains in western        coal, iron ore, manganese,
                             Siberia to oases and              chrome ore, nickel, cobalt,
                             desert in Central Asia            copper, molybdenum, lead,
                                                               zinc, bauxite, gold, uranium
18 varies from tropical along    low plains rise to central    limestone, soda ash, salt,
   coast to arid in interior     highlands bisected by         gemstones, fluorspar, zinc,
                                 Great Rift Valley; fertile    diatomite, gypsum, wildlife,
                                 plateau in west               hydropower
32 temperate with rainfall       mostly hills and              coal, lead, tungsten, zinc,
   concentrated in summer        mountains separated by        graphite, magnesite, iron
                                 deep, narrow valleys;         ore, copper, gold, pyrites,
                                 coastal plains wide in        salt, fluorspar, hydropower
                                 west, discontinuous in
                                 east
35 temperate, with rainfall      mostly hills and              coal, tungsten, graphite,
   heavier in summer than        mountains; wide coastal       molybdenum, lead,
   winter                        plains in west and south      hydropower potential



26 dry desert; intensely hot     flat to slightly undulating   petroleum, fish, shrimp,
   summers; short, cool          desert plain                  natural gas
   winters




23 dry continental to polar in   peaks of Tien Shan and  abundant hydropower;
   high Tien Shan; subtropical   associated valleys and  significant deposits of gold
   in southwest (Fergana         basins encompass entire and rare earth metals;
   Valley); temperate in         nation                  locally exploitable coal, oil,
   northern foothill zone                                and natural gas; other
                                                         deposits of nepheline,
                                                         mercury, bismuth, lead, and
                                                         zinc
19 tropical monsoon; rainy      mostly rugged mountains; timber, hydropower,
   season (May to November); some plains and plateaus gypsum, tin, gold,
   dry season (December to                               gemstones
   April)
27 Mediterranean; mild to cool, narrow coastal plain; El limestone, iron ore, salt,
   wet winters with hot, dry    Beqaa (Bekaa Valley)     water-surplus state in a
   summers; Lebanon             separates Lebanon and    water-deficit region, arable
   mountains experience         Anti-Lebanon Mountains land
   heavy winter snows
20 temperate; cool to cold, dry mostly highland with     water, agricultural and
   winters; hot, wet summers plateaus, hills, and        grazing land, diamonds,
                                mountains                sand, clay, building stone
18 tropical; hot, humid; dry      mostly flat to rolling       iron ore, timber, diamonds,
   winters with hot days and      coastal plains rising to     gold, hydropower
   cool to cold nights; wet,      rolling plateau and low
   cloudy summers with            mountains in northeast
   frequent heavy showers
23 Mediterranean along coast;     mostly barren, flat to       petroleum, natural gas,
   dry, extreme desert interior   undulating plains,           gypsum
                                  plateaus, depressions


17 tropical along coast,          narrow coastal plain, high graphite, chromite, coal,
   temperate inland, arid in      plateau and mountains in bauxite, salt, quartz, tar
   south                          center                     sands, semiprecious
                                                               stones, mica, fish,
                                                               hydropower
16 sub-tropical; rainy season     narrow elongated plateau limestone, arable land,
   (November to May); dry         with rolling plains, rounded hydropower, unexploited
   season (May to November)       hills, some mountains        deposits of uranium, coal,
                                                               and bauxite
24 tropical; annual southwest     coastal plains rising to     tin, petroleum, timber,
   (April to October) and         hills and mountains          copper, iron ore, natural
   northeast (October to                                       gas, bauxite
   February) monsoons
18 tropical; hot, humid; dry,     flat, with white sandy       fish
   northeast monsoon              beaches
   (November to March); rainy,
   southwest monsoon (June
   to August)
16 subtropical to arid; hot and   mostly flat to rolling       gold, phosphates, kaolin,
   dry February to June; rainy,   northern plains covered by   salt, limestone, uranium,
   humid, and mild June to        sand; savanna in south,      gypsum, granite,
   November; cool and dry         rugged hills in northeast    hydropower note: bauxite,
   November to February                                        iron ore, manganese, tin,
                                                               and copper deposits are
                                                               known but not exploited
17 desert; constantly hot, dry,   mostly barren, flat plains   iron ore, gypsum, copper,
   dusty                          of the Sahara; some          phosphate, diamonds, gold,
                                  central hills                oil, fish

31 tropical, modified by          small coastal plain rising   arable land, fish
   southeast trade winds;     to discontinuous
   warm, dry winter (May to   mountains encircling
   November); hot, wet, humid central plateau
   summer (November to May)

24 desert; continental (large     vast semidesert and          oil, coal, copper,
   daily and seasonal             desert plains, grassy        molybdenum, tungsten,
   temperature ranges)            steppe, mountains in west    phosphates, tin, nickel, zinc,
                                  and southwest; Gobi          fluorspar, gold, silver, iron
                                  Desert in south-central

24 Mediterranean, becoming        northern coast and interior phosphates, iron ore,
   more extreme in the interior are mountainous with           manganese, lead, zinc, fish,
                                  large areas of bordering     salt
                                  plateaus, intermontane
                                  valleys, and rich coastal
                                  plains
18 tropical to subtropical         mostly coastal lowlands,       coal, titanium, natural gas,
                                   uplands in center, high        hydropower, tantalum,
                                   plateaus in northwest,         graphite
                                   mountains in west
20 desert; hot, dry; rainfall      mostly high plateau;           diamonds, copper,
   sparse and erratic              Namib Desert along coast;      uranium, gold, lead, tin,
                                   Kalahari Desert in east        lithium, cadmium, zinc, salt,
                                                                  hydropower, fish note:
                                                                  suspected deposits of oil,
                                                                  coal, and iron ore
20 varies from cool summers        Tarai or flat river plain of   quartz, water, timber,
   and severe winters in north the Ganges in south,               hydropower, scenic beauty,
   to subtropical summers      central hill region, rugged        small deposits of lignite,
   and mild winters in south   Himalayas in north                 copper, cobalt, iron ore



16 desert; mostly hot, dry,     predominately desert              uranium, coal, iron ore, tin,
   dusty; tropical in extreme   plains and sand dunes;            phosphates, gold,
   south                        flat to rolling plains in         molybdenum, gypsum, salt,
                                south; hills in north             petroleum
19 varies; equatorial in south, southern lowlands merge           natural gas, petroleum, tin,
   tropical in center, arid in  into central hills and            iron ore, coal, limestone,
   north                        plateaus; mountains in            niobium, lead, zinc, arable
                                southeast, plains in north        land
19 dry desert; hot, humid along central desert plain,             petroleum, copper,
   coast; hot, dry interior;    rugged mountains in north         asbestos, some marble,
   strong southwest summer and south                              limestone, chromium,
   monsoon (May to                                                gypsum, natural gas
   September) in far south
20 mostly hot, dry desert;         flat Indus plain in east;      land, extensive natural gas
   temperate in northwest;         mountains in north and         reserves, limited petroleum,
   arctic in north                 northwest; Balochistan         poor quality coal, iron ore,
                                   plateau in west                copper, salt, limestone



22 tropical marine; northeast      mostly mountains with          timber, petroleum, nickel,
   monsoon (November to            narrow to extensive            cobalt, silver, gold, salt,
   April); southwest monsoon       coastal lowlands               copper
   (May to October)




32 arid; mild, pleasant winters;   mostly flat and barren    petroleum, natural gas, fish
   very hot, humid summers         desert covered with loose
                                   sand and gravel
38 ranges from steppes in the     broad plain with low hills    wide natural resource base
   south through humid            west of Urals; vast           including major deposits of
   continental in much of         coniferous forest and         oil, natural gas, coal, and
   European Russia; subarctic     tundra in Siberia; uplands    many strategic minerals,
   in Siberia to tundra climate   and mountains along           timber note: formidable
   in the polar north; winters    southern border regions       obstacles of climate, terrain,
   vary from cool along Black                                   and distance hinder
   Sea coast to frigid in                                       exploitation of natural
   Siberia; summers vary from                                   resources
   warm in the steppes to cool
   along Arctic coast



18 temperate; two rainy           mostly grassy uplands         gold, cassiterite (tin ore),
   seasons (February to April,    and hills; relief is          wolframite (tungsten ore),
   November to January); mild     mountainous with altitude     methane, hydropower,
   in mountains with frost and    declining from west to        arable land
   snow possible                  east

16 tropical; hot, humid; one      volcanic, mountainous         fish, hydropower
   rainy season (October to
   May)
21 harsh, dry desert with great   mostly uninhabited, sandy petroleum, natural gas, iron
   temperature extremes           desert                        ore, gold, copper
18 tropical; hot, humid; rainy    generally low, rolling,       fish, phosphates, iron ore
   season (May to November)       plains rising to foothills in
   has strong southeast           southeast
   winds; dry season
   (December to April)
   dominated by hot, dry,
   harmattan wind
28 tropical marine; humid;        Mahe Group is granitic,       fish, copra, cinnamon trees
   cooler season during           narrow coastal strip,
   southeast monsoon (late        rocky, hilly; others are
   May to September); warmer      coral, flat, elevated reefs
   season during northwest
   monsoon (March to May)

18 tropical; hot, humid;          coastal belt of mangrove      diamonds, titanium ore,
   summer rainy season (May swamps, wooded hill                 bauxite, iron ore, gold,
   to December); winter dry   country, upland plateau,          chromite
   season (December to April) mountains in east

37 tropical; hot, humid, rainy;   lowland; gently undulating fish, deepwater ports
   two distinct monsoon      central plateau contains
   seasons - Northeastern    water catchment area and
   monsoon from December nature preserve
   to March and Southwestern
   monsoon from June to
   September; inter-monsoon
   - frequent afternoon and
   early evening
   thunderstorms
18 principally desert;              mostly flat to undulating     uranium and largely
   December to February -           plateau rising to hills in    unexploited reserves of iron
   northeast monsoon,               north                         ore, tin, gypsum, bauxite,
   moderate temperatures in                                       copper, salt, natural gas,
   north and very hot in south;                                   likely oil reserves
   May to October - southwest
   monsoon, torrid in the north
   and hot in the south,
   irregular rainfall, hot and
   humid periods (tangambili)
   between monsoons
24 mostly semiarid;                 vast interior plateau  gold, chromium, antimony,
   subtropical along east           rimmed by rugged hills coal, iron ore, manganese,
   coast; sunny days, cool                                 nickel, phosphates, tin,
                                    and narrow coastal plain
   nights                                                  uranium, gem diamonds,
                                                           platinum, copper,
                                                           vanadium, salt, natural gas
29 tropical monsoon; northeast mostly low, flat to rolling limestone, graphite, mineral
   monsoon (December to        plain; mountains in south- sands, gems, phosphates,
   March); southwest           central interior            clay, hydropower
   monsoon (June to October)

18 tropical in south; arid desertgenerally flat, featureless petroleum; small reserves
   in north; rainy season varies plain; mountains in far     of iron ore, copper,
   by region (April to           south, northeast and west; chromium ore, zinc,
   November)                     desert dominates the        tungsten, mica, silver, gold,
                                 north                       hydropower
19 varies from tropical to near     mostly mountains and          asbestos, coal, clay,
   temperate                        hills; some moderately        cassiterite, hydropower,
                                    sloping plains                forests, small gold and
                                                                  diamond deposits, quarry
                                                                  stone, and talc
20 mostly desert; hot, dry,         primarily semiarid and        petroleum, phosphates,
   sunny summers (June to           desert plateau; narrow        chrome and manganese
   August) and mild, rainy          coastal plain; mountains      ores, asphalt, iron ore, rock
   winters (December to             in west                       salt, marble, gypsum,
   February) along coast; cold                                    hydropower
   weather with snow or sleet
   periodically in Damascus
34 tropical; marine; rainy          eastern two-thirds mostly small deposits of coal,
   season during southwest          rugged mountains; flat to natural gas, limestone,
   monsoon (June to August);        gently rolling plains in  marble, and asbestos
   cloudiness is persistent         west
   and extensive all year
20 midlatitude continental, hot     Pamir and Alay Mountains      hydropower, some
   summers, mild winters;           dominate landscape;           petroleum, uranium,
   semiarid to polar in Pamir       western Fergana Valley in     mercury, brown coal, lead,
   Mountains                        north, Kofarnihon and         zinc, antimony, tungsten,
                                    Vakhsh Valleys in             silver, gold
                                    southwest
18 varies from tropical along       plains along coast; central   hydropower, tin,
   coast to temperate in            plateau; highlands in         phosphates, iron ore, coal,
   highlands                        north, south                  diamonds, gemstones,
                                                                  gold, natural gas, nickel
31 tropical; rainy, warm, cloudy    central plain; Khorat        tin, rubber, natural gas,
   southwest monsoon (mid- Plateau in the east;                  tungsten, tantalum, timber,
   May to September); dry, cool mountains elsewhere              lead, fish, gypsum, lignite,
   northeast monsoon                                             fluorite, arable land
   (November to mid-March);
   southern isthmus always
   hot and humid

                                gently rolling savanna in
18 tropical; hot, humid in south;                                phosphates, limestone,
   semiarid in north            north; central hills;            marble, arable land
                                southern plateau; low
                                coastal plain with
                                extensive lagoons and
                                marshes
27 temperate in north with      mountains in north; hot,         petroleum, phosphates,
   mild, rainy winters and hot, dry central plain; semiarid      iron ore, lead, zinc, salt
   dry summers; desert in       south merges into the
   south                        Sahara
28 temperate; hot, dry          high central plateau             coal, iron ore, copper,
   summers with mild, wet       (Anatolia); narrow coastal       chromium, antimony,
   winters; harsher in interior plain; several mountain          mercury, gold, barite,
                                ranges                           borate, celestite (strontium),
                                                                 emery, feldspar, limestone,
                                                                 magnesite, marble, perlite,
                                                                 pumice, pyrites (sulfur),
                                                                 clay, arable land,
                                                                 hydropower

22 subtropical desert             flat-to-rolling sandy desert   petroleum, natural gas,
                                  with dunes rising to           sulfur, salt
                                  mountains in the south;
                                  low mountains along
                                  border with Iran; borders
                                  Caspian Sea in west
15 tropical; generally rainy with mostly plateau with rim of     copper, cobalt, hydropower,
   two dry seasons                mountains                      limestone, salt, arable land
   (December to February,
   June to August); semiarid in
   northeast
28 desert; cooler in eastern    flat, barren coastal plain       petroleum, natural gas
   mountains                    merging into rolling sand
                               dunes of vast desert
                               wasteland; mountains in
                               east
22 mostly midlatitude desert,  mostly flat-to-rolling sandy      natural gas, petroleum,
   long, hot summers, mild     desert with dunes; broad,         coal, gold, uranium, silver,
   winters; semiarid grassland flat intensely irrigated river    copper, lead and zinc,
   in east                     valleys along course of           tungsten, molybdenum
                               Amu Darya, Syr Darya
                               (Sirdaryo), and Zarafshon;
                               Fergana Valley in east
                               surrounded by
                               mountainous Tajikistan
                               and Kyrgyzstan; shrinking
                               Aral Sea in west
26 tropical in south;               low, flat delta in south and   phosphates, coal,
   monsoonal in north with          north; central highlands;      manganese, bauxite,
   hot, rainy season (mid-May       hilly, mountainous in far      chromate, offshore oil and
   to mid-September) and            north and northwest            gas deposits, forests,
   warm, dry season (mid-                                          hydropower
   October to mid-March)
   hot, dry desert; rain is rare;   mostly low, flat desert with phosphates, iron ore
   cold offshore air currents       large areas of rocky or
   produce fog and heavy dew        sandy surfaces rising to
                                    small mountains in south
                                    and northeast


17 mostly desert; hot and           narrow coastal plain           petroleum, fish, rock salt,
   humid along west coast;          backed by flat-topped hills    marble, small deposits of
   temperate in western             and rugged mountains;          coal, gold, lead, nickel, and
   mountains affected by            dissected upland desert        copper, fertile soil in west
   seasonal monsoon;                plains in center slope into
   extraordinarily hot, dry,        the desert interior of the
   harsh desert in east
                                    Arabian Peninsula

16 tropical; modified by            mostly high plateau with copper, cobalt, zinc, lead,
   altitude; rainy season           some hills and mountains coal, emeralds, gold, silver,
   (October to April)                                              uranium, hydropower
Arable Land Permanent   Other         Natural Hazards          Disease Risk
              Crops   Land Uses

       12%        0%       88% damaging earthquakes             high
                                  occur in Hindu Kush
                                  mountains; flooding;
                                  droughts


        3%        0%       97% mountainous areas               intermediate
                                  subject to severe
                                  earthquakes; mudslides
                                  and floods in rainy season




        2%        0%       97% locally heavy rainfall           very high
                                  causes periodic flooding
                                  on the plateau



       18%        2%       80% occasionally severe
                                  earthquakes; droughts



       20%        3%       78% droughts




        3%        6%       92% periodic droughts; dust
                                  storms

       62%        3%       35% droughts, cyclones; much         high
                                  of the country routinely
                                  inundated during the
                                  summer monsoon season


       18%        2%       80% hot, dry, dusty harmattan        very high
                                  wind may affect north from
                                  December to March
3%    0%    96% violent storms from the
                Himalayas are the source
                of the country's name
                which translates as Land
                of the Thunder Dragon;
                frequent landslides during
                the rainy season
1%    0%    99% periodic droughts;           high
                seasonal August winds
                blow from the west,
                carrying sand and dust
                across the country, which
                can obscure visibility
1%    1%    99% typhoons, earthquakes,
                and severe flooding are
                rare
14%   0%    85% recurring droughts           very high




35%   14%   51% flooding, landslides,        very high
                 drought




21%   1%    78% monsoonal rains (June to     very high
                 November); flooding;
                 occasional droughts



13%   3%    85% volcanic activity with
                 periodic releases of
                 poisonous gases from
                 Lake Nyos and Lake
                 Monoun volcanoes




10%   1%    90% prolonged droughts;
                 seasonal harmattan wind
                 produces obscuring dust;
                 volcanically and
                 seismically active
3%    0%    97% hot, dry, dusty harmattan       very high
                  winds affect northern
                  areas; floods are common

3%    0%    97% hot, dry, dusty harmattan       very high
                winds occur in north;
                periodic droughts; locust
                plagues
15%   1%    83% frequent typhoons (about
                five per year along
                southern and eastern
                coasts); damaging floods;
                tsunamis; earthquakes;
                droughts; land subsidence

36%   23%   41% cyclones possible during
                rainy season (December
                to April); Le Kartala on
                Grand Comore is an active
                volcano
3%    1%    97% periodic droughts in south;
                Congo River floods
                (seasonal); in the east, in
                the Great Rift Valley, there
                are active volcanoes



1%    0%    99%   seasonal flooding             very high




10%   14%   76%   coast has heavy surf and
                  no natural harbors; during
                  the rainy season torrential
                  flooding is possible



8%    4%    88%   moderate earthquake
                  activity; droughts
0%    0%    100%earthquakes; droughts;          high
                occasional cyclonic
                disturbances from the
                Indian Ocean bring heavy
                rains and flash floods
3%    0%    97% periodic droughts; frequent
                earthquakes, flash floods,
                landslides; hot, driving
                windstorm called khamsin
                occurs in spring; dust
                storms, sandstorms

5%    4%    92%    violent windstorms, flash    very high
                   floods


5%    0%    95%    frequent droughts; locust    high
                   swarms




11%   1%    89% geologically active Great       very high
                Rift Valley susceptible to
                earthquakes, volcanic
                eruptions; frequent
                droughts
1%    1%    98% NA                              very high




25%   1%    75%    drought (rainfall has        very high
                   dropped by 30% in the last
                   30 years)

11%   4%    85%    earthquakes




16%   10%   74%    dry, dusty, northeastern     very high
                   harmattan winds occur
                   from January to March;
                   droughts
4%    3%   94%   hot, dry, dusty harmattan
                 haze may reduce visibility
                 during dry season




11%   9%   81%   hot, dry, dusty harmattan
                 haze may reduce visibility
                 during dry season




54%   3%   43%   droughts; flash floods, as   high
                 well as widespread and
                 destructive flooding from
                 monsoonal rains; severe
                 thunderstorms;
                 earthquakes
11%   7%   81% occasional floods, severe      high
               droughts, tsunamis,
               earthquakes, volcanoes,
               forest fires
9%    1%   90% periodic droughts, floods;
               dust storms, sandstorms;
               earthquakes


13%   1%   86%   dust storms, sandstorms,
                 floods




16%   4%   79% sandstorms may occur
               during spring and summer;
               droughts; periodic
               earthquakes
12%   1%   87% many dormant and some
               active volcanoes; about
               1,500 seismic
               occurrences (mostly
               tremors) every year;
               tsunamis; typhoons
3%    2%           96%   droughts, periodic
                         earthquakes



8%    0%           92%   earthquakes in the south,
                         mudslides around Almaty




8%    1%           91%   recurring drought; flooding   very high
                         during rainy seasons


21%   2%           77%   late spring droughts often
                         followed by severe
                         flooding; occasional
                         typhoons during the early
                         fall

17%   2%           81%   occasional typhoons bring
                         high winds and floods; low-
                         level seismic activity
                         common in southwest

1%    0%           99%   sudden cloudbursts are
                         common from October to
                         April and bring heavy rain,
                         which can damage roads
                         and houses; sandstorms
                         and dust storms occur
                         throughout the year, but
                         are most common
                         between March and
                         August
7%    0% 92.35%,         NA




4%    0%           96%   floods, droughts



17%   14%          69%   dust storms, sandstorms




11%   0%           89%   periodic droughts
4%    2%    94%    dust-laden harmattan           very high
                   winds blow from the
                   Sahara (December to
                   March)
1%    0%    99% hot, dry, dust-laden ghibli       intermediate
                is a southern wind lasting
                one to four days in spring
                and fall; dust storms,
                sandstorms
5%    1%    94% periodic cyclones,                high
                drought, and locust
                infestation


23%   1%    75%    NA                             very high




5%    18%   77%    flooding, landslides, forest   high
                   fires


13%   17%   70%    low level of islands makes
                   them very sensitive to sea
                   level rise


4%    0%    96%    hot, dust-laden harmattan      very high
                   haze common during dry
                   seasons; recurring
                   droughts; occasional Niger
                   River flooding

0%    0%    100%hot, dry, dust/sand-laden         very high
                sirocco wind blows
                primarily in March and
                April; periodic droughts
49%   3%    48% cyclones (November to
                April); almost completely
                surrounded by reefs that
                may pose maritime
                hazards
1%    0%    99%    dust storms, grassland
                   and forest fires, drought,
                   and "zud," which is harsh
                   winter conditions


20%   2%    78%    northern mountains             intermediate
                   geologically unstable and
                   subject to earthquakes;
                   periodic droughts
5%    0%    95% severe droughts;                  very high
                devastating cyclones and
                floods in central and
                southern provinces
1%    0%    99% prolonged periods of              high
                drought




22%   1%    78% severe thunderstorms,
                flooding, landslides,
                drought, and famine
                depending on the timing,
                intensity, and duration of
                the summer monsoons
4%    0%    96% recurring droughts                very high




31%   3%    66%    periodic droughts; flooding    very high




0%    0%    100%   summer winds often raise
                   large sandstorms and dust
                   storms in interior; periodic
                   droughts
28%   1%    71% frequent earthquakes,             high
                occasionally severe
                especially in north and
                west; flooding along the
                Indus after heavy rains
                (July and August)
19%   17%   64% astride typhoon belt,             high
                usually affected by 15 and
                struck by five to six
                cyclonic storms per year;
                landslides; active
                volcanoes; destructive
                earthquakes; tsunamis
2%    0%    98% haze, dust storms,
                sandstorms common
7%    0%    93%   permafrost over much of
                  Siberia is a major
                  impediment to
                  development; volcanic
                  activity in the Kuril Islands;
                  volcanoes and
                  earthquakes on the
                  Kamchatka Peninsula;
                  spring floods and summer/
                  autumn forest fires
                  throughout Siberia and
                  parts of European Russia

41%   12%   47% periodic droughts; the             very high
                volcanic Virunga
                mountains are in the
                northwest along the border
                with Democratic Republic
                of the Congo
6%    49%   45% occasional typhoons;               very high
                active volcanism

2%    0%    98% frequent sand and dust
                storms
13%   0%    87% lowlands seasonally                very high
                flooded; periodic droughts




2%    13%   84%   lies outside the cyclone
                  belt, so severe storms are
                  rare; short droughts
                  possible



7%    1%    92% dry, sand-laden harmattan          very high
                winds blow from the
                Sahara (December to
                February); sandstorms,
                dust storms
2%    0%    98% NA
2%    0%    98%   recurring droughts;          very high
                  frequent dust storms over
                  eastern plains in summer;
                  floods during rainy season




12%   1%    87%   prolonged droughts




14%   16%   70%   occasional cyclones and
                  tornadoes



7%    0%    93%   dust storms and periodic     very high
                  persistent droughts



10%   1%    89%   drought




25%   4%    70%   dust storms, sandstorms




24%   1%    75%   earthquakes and typhoons




7%    1%    92%   earthquakes and floods




5%    1%    94%   flooding on the central      very high
                  plateau during the rainy
                  season; drought
29%   6%    64%   land subsidence in          high
                  Bangkok area resulting
                  from the depletion of the
                  water table; droughts




46%   2%    52%   hot, dry harmattan wind     very high
                  can reduce visibility in
                  north during winter;
                  periodic droughts


18%   14%   68%   NA                          intermediate




31%   3%    66%   very severe earthquakes,
                  especially in northern
                  Turkey, along an arc
                  extending from the Sea of
                  Marmara to Lake Van




4%    0%    96%   NA




26%   11%   63%   NA                          very




1%    2%    97%   frequent sand and dust
                  storms



11%   1%    88%   NA                          high
20%   6%   74%    occasional typhoons (May
                  to January) with extensive
                  flooding, especially in the
                  Mekong River delta


0%    0%   100%hot, dry, dust/sand-laden        intermediate
               sirocco wind can occur
               during winter and spring;
               widespread harmattan
               haze exists 60% of time,
               often severely restricting
               visibility
3%    0%   97% sandstorms and dust
               storms in summer




7%    0%   93%    periodic drought, tropical    very high
                  storms (November to April)
Type of Government Labor Force          Unemployment Highways- Highways- Highways-
                                            Rate     total (km) paved (km) unpaved
                                                                            (km)
Islamic republic           11,800,000           40%      21,000     2,793    18,207




republic                    9,910,000           23%     104,000    71,656    32,344




republic, nominally a       5,410,000           50%      51,429     5,328    46,101
multiparty democracy




republic                    1,400,000           30%       8,431     8,161      270




republic                    5,090,000             1%     28,030    25,890     2,130




constitutional               370,000            15%       3,459     2,653      806
hereditary monarchy

parliamentary              65,490,000             3%    207,486    19,773   187,713
democracy




republic under        NA                NA                6,787     1,357     5,430
multiparty democratic
rule
monarchy                  NA               NA          4,007     24      3,983




parliamentary republic          264,000         24%   10,217   5,619     4,598




constitutional                   158000         3%     2,525   2,525         0
sultanate

parliamentary republic         5,000,000 NA           12,506   2,001    10,505




republic                       2,990,000 NA           14,480   1,028    13,452




multiparty democracy           7,000,000        3%    12,323   1,996    10,327
under a constitutional
monarchy



unitary republic;              6,680,000        30%   34,300   4,288    30,012
multiparty presidential
regime




republic                  NA                    21%    1,350    932 418 km
republic               NA                     8%      23,810           643         23,167




republic               NA                NA           33,400           267         33,133




Communist state         760,800,000           20%   1,765,222       395,410     1,369,812




independent republic           144500         20%        880           673           207




dictatorship                14,510,000 NA            157,000 NA               NA




republic               NA                     13%     12,800          1,242        11,558




republic; multiparty         6,700,000        4%      50,400          4,889        45,511
presidential regime




republic                      425,025 NA              13,943 Republic of Republic of
                                                                Cyprus:       Cyprus:
                                                                7,211 km;     4,382 km;
republic                        282000         50%    2,890     364     2,526




republic                     20,710,000        10%   64,000   49,984   14,016




republic                NA                     30%    2,880



transitional            NA                NA          4,010     874     3,136
government




federal republic        NA                NA         33,297    3,996   29,301




republic; multiparty            650000         21%    8,464     838     7,626
presidential regime



republic under                  400000 NA             2,700     956     1,744
multiparty democratic
rule

republic                      2,100,000        17%   20,229   18,914    1,315




constitutional               10,240,000        20%   46,176    8,496   37,679
democracy
republic                 3,000,000 NA              30,500       5,033      25,467




republic, multiparty       480000 NA                4,400         453       3,947




federal republic       482,200,000          9%   2,525,989   1,448,655   1,077,334




republic               111,500,000         10%    342,700     158,670     184,030




theocratic republic     23,000,000         11%    167,157      94,109      73,048




none                     6,700,000 25% to 30%      45,550      38,399       7,151




parliamentary            2,680,000          9%     16,903      16,903           0
democracy


constitutional                              4%   1,171,647    903,340     268,307
monarchy with a
parliamentary
government
constitutional             1,410,000      30%    7,301    7,301             0
monarchy



republic; authoritarian    7,950,000      8%    82,980   77,918      5,062
presidential rule




republic                  11,400,000      40%   63,942    7,737 56,205 km




Communist state one-       9,600,000 NA         31,200    1,997     29,203
man dictatorship




republic                  22,900,000       4%   86,990   66,721     20,269




nominal constitutional     1,420,000      2%     4,450    3,587        863
monarchy




republic                   2,700,000      18%   18,500   16,854      1,646




Communist state            2,600,000      6%    21,716    9,664     12,052



republic                   2,600,000      18%    7,300    6,198      1,102




parliamentary                838000       45%    5,940    1,087      4,853
constitutional
monarchy
republic                                85%        10,600          657          9,943




military dictatorship    1,590,000      30%        83,200        47,590        35,610




republic                 7,300,000                 49,827         5,780        44,047




multiparty democracy     4,500,000 NA              28,400         5,254        23,146




constitutional          10,490,000      4%         65,877        51,318        14,559
monarchy


republic                    88000             NA            NA            NA




republic                 3,930,000      15%        15,100         1,827        13,273




republic                   786000       20%         7,660          866          6,794




parliamentary              560000       11%         2,000         1,960           40
democracy




mixed parliamentary/     1,488,000      7%         49,256         8,874        40,376
presidential




constitutional          11,020,000      11%        57,694        32,551        25,143
monarchy
republic            9,200,000     21%    30,400     5,685    24,715




republic             840,000      35%    42,237     5,406    36,831




parliamentary      10,000,000     47%    13,223     4,073     9,150
democracy and
constitutional
monarchy


republic              70,000 NA          10,100      798      9,302




federal republic   55,670,000     3%    194,394    60,068   134,326




monarchy              920000      15%    34,965     9,673    25,292




federal republic   45,430,000     7%    257,683   152,033   105,650




republic                  15      12%   202,124    19,202   182,922




monarchy             140,000      3%      1,230     1,107      123
federation                     71,830,000         8%    537,289   362,133   175,156




republic; presidential,         4,600,000 NA             12,000      996     11,004
multiparty system




republic                  NA                NA             320       218       102


monarchy                        6,620,000         13%   152,044    45,461   106,583

republic under                  4,650,000 48% (          14,576     4,271    10,305
multiparty democratic
rule




republic                           30900 NA                373       315        58




constitutional                  1,369,000 NA             11,300      904     10,396
democracy



parliamentary republic          2,180,000         3%      3,130     3,130        0
transitional,              3,700,000 NA           22,100       2,608         19,492
parliamentary federal
government




republic                  16,630,000       25%   275,971      57,568        218,403




republic                   7,260,000       8%     11,650      11,068           582




authoritarian regime      11,000,000       19%    11,900       4,320          7,580




monarchy                     383200        40%     3,107 NA            NA




republic under military    5,120,000       20%    45,697       6,489         39,208
regime




multiparty democratic     10,220,000       4%     37,299      35,621          1,678
regime



republic                   3,187,000       50%    27,767 NA            NA




republic                  19,000,000 N/A          88,200       3,704         84,496
constitutional             36,430,000      1%     57,403    56,542      861
monarchy




republic under              1,740,000 NA           7,520     2,376     5,144
transition to multiparty
democratic rule



republic                    3,550,000      14%    18,997    12,424     6,573




republican                 25,300,000      10%   354,421   147,404   207,017
parliamentary
democracy




republic; authoritarian     2,320,000      60%    24,000    19,488     4,512
presidential rule




republic                   12,410,000 NA          27,000     1,809    25,191




federation                  2,360,000      2%      1,088     1,088        0




republic; authoritarian    14,640,000      1%     81,600    71,237    10,363
presidential rule
Communist state             42,980,000      2%    93,300      23,418      69,882




legal status of territory       12000 N/A          6,200 1, 350            4,850
unresolved




republic                     5,980,000      35%   67,000          7,705   59,295




republic                     4,630,000      50%   91,440      20,117      71,323
Airports          Number of Main
                 Telephone Lines in
                       Use
            47              33,100




           137           2,199,600




           243              96,300




       1,334               562,600




            50             923,800




             4             185,800



            16             740,000




             5              66,500
 2    25,200




85   142,400




 2    90,000



33    65,400




 8    23,900




20    35,400




47   110,900




 7    71,700
 50         9,000




 50        11,800




472   263,000,000




  4        13,200




 32         7,000




 37      328,000




 17      427,400




230        10,000
13      9,500




87   9,600,000




 4      9,600




17     38,100




83    435,000




56     38,400




 1     38,400




30    650,500




12    302,300
               16               26,200




               28               10,600




             333 48.917 million




             667 7.75 million




             305          14,571,100




111; note -                  675,000
unknown number
were damaged
during the March-
April 2003 war




               51 3.006 million




             174 71.149 million
  1               622,600




314           2,081,900




221               328,400




 78 1.1 million




179 22.877 million




  7               486,900




 52               394,800




 44                61,900




  8               678,800




 28                28,600
 53      7,000




139    750,000




116     59,600




 42     85,000




117   4,571,600




  5     28,700




 28     56,600




 24     31,500




  6    348,200




 46    142,300




 63   1,219,200
158     83,700




136    127,400




 46    371,800




 27     22,400




 70    853,100




136    233,900




131   3,982,800




255   3,310,900




  4    184,500
2,586 35.5 million




    9                23,200




    2                 7,000



 201           3,502,600

  20             228,800




  15                 21,700




  10                 24,000




  10           1,896,100
 60            100,000




728 4.844 million




 14            881,400




 75            900,000




 18             46,200




 92          2,099,300




 40 13.355 million




 55            242,100




123            149,100
109    6,617,400




  9      60,600




 30    1,163,800




119   18,916,700




 53     374,000




 29      61,000




 35    1,135,800




226    1,717,100
 24 4.402 million




 11                 2,000




 44            542,200




109             88,400

				
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