Surrealism Collage Application: Photoshop 6.0 Skills Learned: Scanning color photos, Paint tools (cloning, smudging, magic wand, fill/stroke, dodge/burn), Selection tools (marquees, pen tool, paths), Layers Assignment: Using the concepts of surrealism, create your own environment of creatures and objects.You can base your collage on a dream you have had or draw upon your own subconscious mind. Collect your images from magazines. Please do not choose images of drugs, alcohol, cigarettes, or naked people. Use your imagination when looking for images and how they may be manipulated in interesting dream-like ways. Open Photoshop and scan in images. (Select Import, Twain 32) Set the following settings: RGB, 100 dpi and scale at 100%. More than one image can be scanned at one time. Exit scanning software and save scans. Create a new canvas (8”x8”) and save. Select a scanned image and copy. Paste into new canvas. Manipulate image (delete unwanted areas, change colors, scale, change contrast or color saturation, etc.) Repeat process until all scanned images are placed in new canvas. Continue manipulating images until collage is completed using tools listed above. Merge layers and print. Mount on tag board (10”x10”) with a one inch border all the way around collage. Remember to SAVE, SAVE, SAVE!!! Note: Good idea to create a new folder that contains all the files for this project. You might want to label it Project 2 or Surrealism. Celeste Bergin SURREALISM The Surrealism visual art movement flourished in Europe between World Wars I and II. Surreal means beyond “realty.” The movement represented reactions to the horrors of WWI, questions on the nature of the physical world (x-rays, Einstein’s theories) and the theories of the new science of psychoanalysis (Freud, Jung). It took place in mainly two countries — France and the United States. During the 1920s and the early 1930s, Paris acted as the major gathering grounds for the Surrealists. During WWII when Germany occupied France, many Surrealist activities took place in the United States. For most of the 1930s Surrealism dominated the art community. It lasted almost two decades. Artists involved in the movement included Andre Brenton, Max Ernst, Salvador Dali, Pablo Picasso, Marc Chagall and Renee Magritte. After Surrealism came to a close in the late 1930s and early 1940s, Abstract art and Pop art would soon hit the American scene. The aim of the surrealists was to seek a unity of the conscious and unconscious states of the mind. Their paintings focused on stimulating the psychological effects of dream-like images. It was their idea that unseen and irrational forces affect the actions of individuals and nations. These unseen forces were an important source of information about the nature of reality. They wanted the public to realize that the mind has its own power to create artistic meaning. They focused on interpreting their art through emotions rather than intellect.They felt that exploring the subconscious was a necessary means to unlocking the minds unhindered perception. Surrealists placed primary importance on subconscious interpretation.