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					Art Lesson Plan
Three Flags Johns, Jasper

FIFTH GRADE – COLOR, SHAPE, TEXTURE & PATTERN LESSON ART CODE: 5 - 2 BIOGRAPHY OF ARTIST 1930 – Jasper Johns was born in August, Georgia in 1930. Johns new from an early age that he wanted to be an artist. He moved to New York by 1952 to study art. Johns painted his first picture of a flag in 1954. His paintings were different than the current trends of abstract expressionism (like Jackson Pollack). Johns painted objects like targets, American flags, numbers and alphabet letters. He painted these subjects with precision and applied layers of paint so that the paintings became objects in themselves rather than reproductions of recognizable objects. In some of his later paintings, Johns attached real objects such as rulers and compasses to the canvas. By 1985, Johns was acknowledged as one of the most esteemed living artists. Biography adapted from Cascade Ridge’s Art Docent Program. ART ELEMENT(S) Color Shape Texture Pattern ADDITIONAL ART PRINTS

ART DEFINITIONS COLOR - the element of art that is derived from reflected light. Color appears in a spectrum according to wave length from long to short with colors of red, orange, yellow, green, blue and violet. Think of a color wheel as a bent spectrum. Artists use color in artworks to express ideas and evoke a range of feelings or moods (i.e. calm, peaceful, lonely, or excited). 1

Art Lesson Plan
Three Flags Johns, Jasper PATTERN –The repetition of art elements or the combination of elements in an organized manner. Regular patterns contain elements that are repeated with accuracy. Irregular patterns contain elements that are repeated randomly. Radial patterns are those that spread outward from a single point. SHAPE – The element of art that refers to objects that have two-dimensions: length and height. Shapes are made when lines connect and can be geometric, organic, or free form. TEXTURE - The element of art that shows how an object looks and sometimes feels. There are two kinds of texture: visual and tactile. Visual textures you can only see with your eyes while tactile textures you can both see and feel by touching. DISCUSS PRINT Questions for students: What are geometric shapes? (squares, rectangles, circles, triangles, stars). What geometric shapes do you see in Jasper Johns painting, Three Flags? What makes this a pattern? What are the different patterns in this painting? (answers should resemble: alternating stripes of colors, repetition of star shape, smaller to largest flag)

PROJECT Three Flags MATERIALS White drawing paper – 12” x 18” Red, white and blue tempera paint. Sharpie – black thick Templates: o rectangles– #1) small (7 ½” x 10”), #2) medium (9 ½” x 12”), and #3) large (11 ½” x 14”). Have one of each size rectangle template for every 4 students (they can share the template). stripes – #1) small (¾”), #2) medium (1”), and #3) large (1 ¼”). Have one of each size stripe template for each student. stars – three sizes: #1) small (¾ “), #2) medium (1”), and #3) large (1 ¼”). Note: student’s will only trace thirteen of each size star to represent Betsy Ross’ flag for colonization. Have one of each size star template for each student.

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Plastic knives to texture the paint Large and small paint brushes Water bowls Paper towels 2

Art Lesson Plan
Three Flags Johns, Jasper PREPARATION Pre-cut star templates and rectangles from tagboard Prepare each students paper beforehand to reflect the rectangle shapes for three flags (this will save time).

Inform the students they are going to re-create Jasper’s masterpiece, “Three Flags”. This is a great time to play music (patriotic). Have the students sign the back of their drawing paper before beginning. Using rectangular templates, start with the biggest template and trace each one, centered within each larger rectangle. It is recommended the Art Docent have this part done for each student prior to going into the classroom to save time. Outline the rectangles with Sharpie pens. Note the small and medium flags should have a thicker line at the bottom to show depth (see Jasper John’s painting). Draw the stripes using the appropriate size stripe templates. Start on the top rectangle and trace the smallest stripe (#1). Make certain there are only thirteen stripes. Move to the middle rectangle and trace the medium size stripes (#2), starting at the top of the middle rectangle. Make certain there are only thirteen stripes. Trace the largest stripes (#3), starting at the top of the largest rectangle. Make certain there are only thirteen stripes. Draw a line approximately 1/3 of the way in each flag and draw a line straight down to the bottom of the seventh stripe. This will become the blue area of the flag. Instruct students to trace 13 small stars (#1) on the small flag, and then have trace some medium size stars (#2) on the medium flag, and some large stars (3#) on the large flag. Paint the blue area of the flag. Give the tempera paint texture with your plastic knife. Paint the red stripes next. Note: the top and bottom stripe of each flag must be red. Then, alternate red and white on the other stripes. To paint the white, use a small brush and paint the white stripe. Add texture with the knife, but try not to put the white paint in the red stripe. Have the students name their art print (title) on a separate piece of paper. This is especially important if the artwork is going to be displayed. If the artwork is going to be displayed: o Frame it with a complementary colored paper. o Place a label under or on the child’s artwork with their name and title of their piece. o Write a brief description of the art lesson: artist name, title of the masterpiece (Three Flags), brief biography, type of art (i.e. Pop Art) and the elements of art discussed (i.e. 3

Art Lesson Plan
Three Flags Johns, Jasper color, shape, texture, pattern). Place the art lesson information (large enough to read) in the center of the display, with the students’ artwork surrounding it. Glue a brief description of the art lesson on the back of the art project so the parents can see what is taking place in art at the school. Copy the artist’s masterpiece (Three Flags) from or Display it above the description of the art lesson.

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Place a PTSA label on the back of the project. Return unused supplies and materials and check in prints and books. Project adapted from Cascade Ridge’s Art Docent Program. This art lesson plan is intended as an internal project resource for Art Docents in Issaquah schools and is not intended for publication.


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