Section 4 by xiaocuisanmin

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									    Unit Three:
New Empires and New
      Faiths
   Chapter Eight:
The Rise of Rome
     Section Four:
  The Early Empire
     Guide to Reading
• Main Ideas               • Key Places, People, and
  – By expanding the         Terms
    empire and                – Rhine River
    reorganizing the          – Danube River
    military and              – Puteoli
    government, Augustus      – Ostia
    created a new era of      – Caligula
    prosperity.               – Nero
  – Rome’s system of          – Hadrian
    roads, aqueducts,         – Pax Romana
    ports, and common         – aqueduct
    currency made the         – currency
    empire rich and
    prosperous.
    Did You Know?
•The first fire brigade,
 or fire department,
 was created by
 Augustus.
     The Emperor
       Augustus
•The Pax Romana is
 the long era of peace
 that began with
 Augustus.
     The Emperor
      Augustus
• Augustus built a
  permanent,
  professional army and
  created a special guard
  called the Praetorian
  Guard, who guarded
  him.
    The Emperor
      Augustus
•Augustus restored
 Rome’s splendor
 and fed the hungry
 poor of Rome with
 imported grain.
     The Emperor
      Augustus
• Augustus appointed a
  proconsul, or
  governor, for each
  province, replacing
  politicians appointed
  by the Senate.
      The Emperor
       Augustus
• Augustus reformed the
  tax system by making tax
  collectors permanent
  workers, and he reformed
  the legal system by
  creating a set of laws for
  people who were not
  citizens.
      The Emperor
       Augustus
• The Julio-Claudian emperors
  were the rulers who followed
  Augustus: Tiberius,
  Caligula, Claudius, and
  Nero.
 –Caligula and Nero were cruel
  leaders, and Tiberius and
  Claudius were competent
  rulers.
Discussion Question
• What did Augustus do
  to make the empire
  safer and stronger?
• What lands did
  Augustus conquer
  during his reign?
 Unity and Prosperity
•Vespasian restored
 order to Rome after
 the chaos following
 Nero’s death.
 Unity and Prosperity
•The Jewish temple in
 Jerusalem was
 destroyed by
 Vespasian’s armies
 in the effort to put
 down a Jewish
 Unity and Prosperity
•Mount Vesuvius
 erupted and
 destroyed the city of
 Pompeii in A.D. 79.
 Unity and Prosperity
• The rulers known as the
  good emperors were
  Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian,
  Antoninus Pius, and
  Marcus Aurelius.
 –The Roman Empire
  flourished under their rule.
Unity and Prosperity
• Aqueducts are human-
  made water channels for
  carrying water long
  distances.
 –They were created during
  the prosperous times of
  the good emperors.
 Unity and Prosperity
• The Roman Empire became
  one of the largest empires in
  history during the reign of
  the good emperors.
 –The different people of the
  Roman Empire were united by
  Roman law, Roman rule, and
  their shared identity as
  Romans.
 Unity and Prosperity
• Most people were farmers
  who grew olives, grapes,
  and grain.
• Other people were
  artisans who traded with
  others inside and outside
  the Roman Empire.
 Unity and Prosperity
•Roads and currency
 —a system of money
 —were important to
 the prosperous trade
 that developed.
Unity and Prosperity
• A gap existed between
  rich merchants,
  shopkeepers, and
  skilled workers and
  poor farmers and city
  dwellers.
 Discussion Question
•Who were the “Good
 Emperors,” and what
 did they
 accomplish?
•Why were aqueducts
 important?
     Section 4 Review
• What was the Pax Romana?
• What products came from the farms of
  Italy, Gaul, and Spain?
• Describe the sequence of emperors
  who ruled Rome, from Augustus
  through the “Good Emperors.”
• What was Rome’s creation of a
  common currency important?
     Graphic Organizer
  Add details about the improvements and changes
Augustus made to the Roman Empire during his reign.




               Changes Under Augustus
Journal Assignment
Who do you think
was a more
important leader,
Julius Caesar or
Augustus? Explain.

								
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