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					                 Santa Clara County Co-Sponsors
                    Central Labor Council of the South Bay AFL-CIO
                                   CLEAN South Bay
                          Joint Venture: Silicon Valley Network
              League of Women Voters Los Gatos-Saratoga-Monte Sereno
                            Mid-Peninsula Housing Coalition
                         Mountain View Chamber of Commerce
                     San Francisquito Creek, Joint Powers Authority
                     San Jose/Silicon Valley Chamber of Commerce
                             San Jose/Silicon Valley NAACP
                  Santa Clara Basin Watershed Management Initiative
                                   Santa Clara County
                         Santa Clara County Cities Association
                Santa Clara, San Benito County Building Trade Council
                            Santa Clara Valley Water District
                        Santa Clara Valley Manufacturing Group
                       South Bay AFL-CIO Central Labor Council
                         VTA Congestion Management Program
                               Working Partnerships, USA
               Special thanks to the Silicon Valley Manufacturing Group,
the Office of Supervisor James T. Beall, and theSanta Clara County Cities Association
                 for providing food and refreshments for today's event.

  SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
  Regional Agencies Smart Growth Strategy

Bay Area Alliance for Sustainable Development
     Regional Livability Footprint Project




   Santa Clara County
      May 4, 2002

SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                BAY AREA TRENDS
Through 2020
• 1 million new jobs
• 1 million more people
• 265,000 daily in-commuters to the region
• 150% increase in aggregate traffic congestion
• Conversion of up to 83,000 acres of open space

1995 to 2001

• 44% decrease in households able to afford the
  median priced home from 1995 to 2001
                 IMPLEMENTATION
                   CONCLUSION
               KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
     REGIONAL POPULATION GROWTH



        Natural Increase
                                          50%
        (“Our own children”)

        Net Migration
        (“Other People”)                  50%
                                 (approximate figures)



                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
    CHOICES ABOUT FUTURE GROWTH


• Expand housing?

• Constrain future job growth?

• Expand infrastructure to handle
  in-commuters?


           Find a smarter way to grow

                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                  PROJECT GOALS


• Regionwide smart growth land use vision
  supported by local governments.


• Regulatory changes and fiscal incentives needed
  to implement vision.


• A set of smart growth land use projections.


                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
        SMART GROWTH PRINCIPLES


     The Three E’s of Smart Growth and
         Sustainable Development:


         Prosperous Economy
         Quality Environment
         Social Equity


SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
        SMART GROWTH PRINCIPLES


• Preserve the region’s undeveloped open
 space and agricultural land.

• Provide sufficient affordable housing.

• Revitalize central cities and older suburbs.

• Reduce single occupant vehicle trips.
• Foster equitable economic development while
  minimizing displacement.
                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
   RELATIONSHIP TO GENERAL PLANS




       • Revised Regulatory Framework
       • Additional Incentives
       • Regional Context




                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                        PROCESS

           Public Workshop Round One
                  September and October 2001



                        Distillation
                       and Analysis


            Public Workshop Round Two
                       April and May 2002



                        Final Steps
                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
     PUBLIC WORKSHOPS - ROUND ONE
            Nine public workshops
        September and October 2001
Participants included:
- elected officials
- planning staff
- developers
- environmental advocates
- social equity representatives




                 IMPLEMENTATION
                   CONCLUSION
               KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
 SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
    PUBLIC WORKSHOPS - ROUND ONE

• Smart growth
  principles

• Land use mapping
  exercise

• Affordable housing


• Regulatory changes
  and incentives

                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
     PUBLIC WORKSHOPS - ROUND ONE




Total: 105 countywide smart growth scenarios
                 IMPLEMENTATION
                   CONCLUSION
               KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
 SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
         POST-WORKSHOP PROCESS

                                      Distillation Maps




                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
         POST-WORKSHOP PROCESS




                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
        DISTILLATION METHODOLOGY

• Identified three draft regionwide themes
  and how they would play out in each
  county.
• Conducted distillation meeting with over
  100 local planners and stakeholders.
• Finalized themes and regionwide maps
  of each alternative.


                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
             DISTILLATION PROCESS
•   Identify themes that emerged from all nine
    Round One workshops.
•   All components appeared in at least one group’s
    scenario.
•   Alternatives as distinct from each other as
    possible.
•   Similar regional jobs and housing levels in each
    alternative.
•   Jobs and housing totals vary by county
    according to theme and workshop products.

                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                       ANALYSIS
         Analysis of Alternatives and
          Current Trends Base Case

• Environment
• Transportation
• Housing
• Social Equity
• Development Feasibility

                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                TODAY’S WORKSHOP

 • Review results of first round of workshops.

 • Review base case, three alternatives and analysis.

 • Discuss regional planning principles.

 • Discuss needed regulatory changes and incentives.

 • Recommend preferred alternative.



                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                   TODAY’S GOAL



           Select and refine a single
            preferred alternative for
              Santa Clara County.




                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                      NEXT STEPS

• Single regionwide vision & corresponding
  projections
• BAASD coordinates public education &
  engagement campaign
• Companion incentives and regulatory changes
• ABAG Board considers adoption of smart growth
  alternative projections
• Regional Transportation Plan & Clean Air Plan
• Local implementation

                 IMPLEMENTATION
                   CONCLUSION
               KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
 SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                  The Alternatives




SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
          EXISTING CONDITIONS 2000




                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                THE ALTERNATIVES

    • Base Case
    1. Central Cities
    2. Network of Neighborhoods
    3. Smarter Suburbs




                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                      BASE CASE

 • Relatively dispersed throughout the region.

 • Northern counties will grow the fastest.

 • Southern counties will exhibit the most
 numeric growth.

 • Development at the edges and within core
 cities.


                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                      BASE CASE




                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                      BASE CASE




                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                   ALTERNATIVE 1
                   Central Cities
  •   Most development focused in
      centers of the region.
  •   Locates compact, walkable, mixed-
      income, mixed use development in
      each county’s largest city or cities.
  •   Also locates growth in nodes around
      existing public transit stations.


                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                   ALTERNATIVE 1

Central Cities




                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                                         ALTERNATIVE 1
                                                               Milpitas
                Palo Alto

                       Mountain View
                                    Sunnyvale

      Los Altos Hills Los Altos                 Santa Clara




                                  Cupertino
                                                                          San Jose
                                                    Campbell
                                   Saratoga

                                        Monte Serano
                                                Los Gatos




                                                                                     Morgan Hill




  Central Cities
     Santa Clara County
                                                                                                   Gilroy




                              IMPLEMENTATION
                                CONCLUSION
                            KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                   ALTERNATIVE 1


                                      ALTERNATIVE #1:
                                  HOUSING UNITS BY COUNTY


                                         Sonoma
                                    Solano                  Alameda



                                 Santa
                                 Clara


                                                                Contra
                                                                Costa
                                 San Mateo
                                                      Marin
                                     San Francisco
                                                     Napa



                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                   ALTERNATIVE 2
        Network of Neighborhoods
•    Locates similar type development in same
     locations as Alternative 1, but less dense.


•    Adds development in additional areas:
      – existing transit nodes and major
        corridors.
      – walkable communities.
      – existing communities along expanded
        transit network.
                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                    ALTERNATIVE 2

  Network of
Neighborhoods




                 IMPLEMENTATION
                   CONCLUSION
               KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
 SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                                         ALTERNATIVE 2
                                                               Milpitas
                Palo Alto

                       Mountain View
                                    Sunnyvale

      Los Altos Hills Los Altos                 Santa Clara




                                  Cupertino
                                                                          San Jose
                                                    Campbell
                                   Saratoga

                                        Monte Serano
                                                Los Gatos




                                                                                     Morgan Hill


      Network of
     Neighborhood
           s
        Santa Clara County                                                                         Gilroy




                              IMPLEMENTATION
                                CONCLUSION
                            KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                   ALTERNATIVE 2

                                       ALTERNATIVE #2:
                                   HOUSING UNITS BY COUNTY



                                           Sonoma
                                                        Alameda
                                  Solano




                                 Santa                        Contra
                                 Clara                        Costa


                                                            Marin

                                    San Mateo             Napa

                                                    San Francisco


                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                   ALTERNATIVE 3

                Smarter Suburbs

•   Locates similar type development in same
    areas as Alternatives 1 and 2, but still less
    dense.
•   Locates jobs and housing at periphery to
    create mixed use communities.
•   Additional new smart growth communities.



                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                   ALTERNATIVE 3

    Smarter
    Suburbs




                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                                         ALTERNATIVE 3
                                                               Milpitas
                Palo Alto

                       Mountain View
                                    Sunnyvale

      Los Altos Hills Los Altos                 Santa Clara




                                  Cupertino
                                                                          San Jose
                                                    Campbell
                                   Saratoga

                                        Monte Serano
                                                Los Gatos




                                                                                     Morgan Hill




   Smarter Suburbs
          Santa Clara County
                                                                                                   Gilroy




                              IMPLEMENTATION
                                CONCLUSION
                            KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                   ALTERNATIVE 3




                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                     The Analysis




SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                    Environment


                      Goals:
    • Preserve the region’s undeveloped open
           space and agricultural land
        • Improve the region’s air quality
                • Conserve water
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                    ENVIRONMENT
                                           Greenfield
                                         Development in
                                          the Region:
                                          Acres of greenfield
                                              converted




SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                     ENVIRONMENT
Greenfield Development in Santa Clara County:
         Acres of greenfield converted 2000-2020




 SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                    ENVIRONMENT
                      Air Quality
• Alternatives accommodate much more
housing than current trends
• Air emissions remain mostly unchanged
relative to Base Case
• More concentrated alternatives perform
marginally better
•Smart growth benefits outside of region
                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                    ENVIRONMENT
      Water Consumption in the Region


                        27%           17%           7%




                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                    ENVIRONMENT
Water Consumption in Santa Clara County


                          37%           25%          15%




                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                  Transportation


                         Goal:
              Reduce reliance on the single
                  -occupant vehicle.



SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                 TRANSPORTATION

        • Proximity to Transit

        • Mode Split

        • Auto Ownership

        • Commute Time

        • Commute Length

        • Vehicle Miles Traveled

SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                  TRANSPORTATION

Proximity to Existing Transit in the Region
  Located within ⅓ mile of a rail station or ¼ mile of a
  bus stop served by frequent bus service.

                                       New Development
                      Current
                     Conditions Alt 1        Alt 2     Alt 3

 Housing near            23%         60% 47%            28%
 transit
 Jobs near               36%         68% 59%            31%
 transit
                 IMPLEMENTATION
                    CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
 SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                 TRANSPORTATION

       Proximity to Existing Transit
          in Santa Clara County
                                      New Development
                      Current
                     Conditions Alt 1        Alt 2     Alt 3

Housing near             11%        64%      45%       24%
transit
Jobs near                26%        78%      73%       34%
transit

                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                  TRANSPORTATION

                        Mode Share
The proportion of all trips by public transit
walking and bicycle vs. single occupant vehicle.

                 Base    Alternative   Alternative Alternative
                 Case         1             2           3
    Auto         82%        78%           81%         82%
 (drive alone)

 Transit,        18%        22%           19%         18%
 Walking,
 Bicycle

                   IMPLEMENTATION
                     CONCLUSION
                 KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                 TRANSPORTATION

                  Auto Ownership

Percentage of Zero Vehicle Households:
   • Base Case 2020: 8%
   • Alternative 1: 11%
   • Alternative 2: 10%
   • Alternative 3: 9%


                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                 TRANSPORTATION
         Commute Time & Length
• Current length: 12 miles
• Current time: 27 minutes
• Both remain essentially unchanged in
all three alternatives and the Base Case




                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                 TRANSPORTATION

 Vehicles Miles Traveled in the Region




                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                        Housing


                       Goal:
Plan for a full range of housing to meet the needs
  of all current and future Bay Area residents.


SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
            HOUSING AFFORDABILITY
   Mix of units by housing affordability
   categories:
• Very Low-Income Households (less than 50% AMI)

• Low-Income Households (50 to 80% AMI)

• Moderate-Income Households (80 to 120% AMI)

• Above Moderate-Income Households (120% AMI or
more)

(AMI: Area Median Income)


 SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
     HOUSING AVAILABILITY AND AFFORDABILITY
         INCOME CATEGORIES FOR A FAMILY OF FOUR
                         Median Income - $87,300
                           VERY LOW INCOME
                                 0-$43,650
—   Child Care Worker $16,960                   —   Retail Clerk$21,290
                  — Medical Assistant$23,520


                              LOW INCOME
                             $43,650-$69,840
—   Fire Fighter$44,390                         —   Accountant $46,300
                   — Elementary
                      School Teacher$46,860
                           MODERATE INCOME
                             $69,840-$104,760
                                                    Financial
—Computer   Programmer $70,070                  —
                                                                $76,020
                                                    Manager

                    IMPLEMENTATION
                      CONCLUSION
                  KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
    SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
           HOUSING AFFORDABILITY
        Past Affordable Housing Production
                   (1988 to 1998)


• 250,000 housing units constructed

• Needed affordable units: 58%

• Actual affordable units: 40%




                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
           HOUSING AFFORDABILITY




                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
             JOBS/HOUSING MATCH

       NEW AFFORDABLE HOUSING, 2000-2020:
      CURRENT TRENDS VS. ALTERNATE VISION




                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
           HOUSING AFFORDABILITY
                    Housing Units
                    Envisioned by
                Affordability 2000-2020




                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
       JOBS/HOUSING RELATIONSHIP

Jobs/Housing Match
  Analysis Areas




                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
        JOBS/HOUSING RELATIONSHIP

Santa Clara
 Analysis                                   Central/Southern
                                                Alameda
   Area
            San Mateo
                                             Silicon Valley




                  Southern Santa Clara County




                 IMPLEMENTATION
                   CONCLUSION
               KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
 SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
       JOBS/HOUSING RELATIONSHIP
                       Definitions
Total Balance:
    Sufficient housing within an
    analysis areafor all workers
    working in that area.

New Match:
   Sufficient, new affordable housing
   within an analysis area for all new
   workers working in that area.
                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
    EXISTING JOBS/HOUSING BALANCE



      60% of the
        region's
    households are
      located in
       balanced
    analysis areas



                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
      TOTAL JOBS/HOUSING BALANCE
              Percent of Total Households in
              Analysis Areas with a Balance




                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
      TOTAL JOBS/HOUSING BALANCE




                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
         NEW JOBS/HOUSING MATCH
              Percent of New Households in
               Analysis Areas with a Match




                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
         NEW JOBS/HOUSING MATCH




                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                     Social Equity


                      Goals
     • Implement development patterns that
      benefit all communities in the region.
        • Avoid displacement of existing
       Bay Area residents and businesses.
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                   SOCIAL EQUITY

         Impoverished Community

             The majority of households earn
             less than 80% of the County
                   median income (1990).




SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                         SOCIAL EQUITY
A Range of Communities
Inner-city, poor
job/transit access:
Bayview Hunters Point
Inner-city, good
job/transit access:
Central East Oakland
Suburban, good job
access:
East San Jose
Suburban, poor job
access:
North Richmond
Rural Community:              The Bay Area’s 46 Most
                           Impoverished Neighborhoods
Boyes Hot Springs                  (NCCC 1997)


                    IMPLEMENTATION
                      CONCLUSION
                  KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
 SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                   SOCIAL EQUITY

 Growth in the Five Case Study Communities




SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                       SOCIAL EQUITY

               Outcomes of the Alternatives

                                    Base   ALT 1   ALT 2     ALT 3
                                    Case
Improve Jobs/Housing Match                  P        U
Increase Job Supply                         U
Provide Increased Retail Services           U        P
Relieve Overcrowding                        U        P
Improve Transit Access                      U        P
Minimize Displacement                U                        U


  SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                   SOCIAL EQUITY
     Equitable Smart Growth Strategies

• Provide training to current residents to obtain new
  high-skill jobs locally.
• Match job development to skills of current residents.
• Improve transit access to jobs around the region.
• Provide additional retail facilities.
• Cultivate business opportunities for local residents.
• Alleviate overcrowding.
• Maintain affordability of existing housing.

SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
            Development Feasibility



                      Goal:
        Plan for smart growth that can be
           realistically implemented.


SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
         DEVELOPMENT FEASIBILITY



           • Marketability

           • Physical “Fit”

           • Financial
           Feasibility



SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
              MARKETABILITY
    In 2000, 62% of the Bay Area’s total
   housing stock was single family units




SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                   MARKETABILITY
In 2000, 64% of Santa Clara County’s total
  housing stock was single family units




SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                   MARKETABILITY




SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                   MARKETABILITY

    Shifting demographic patterns create
    demand for a variety of housing
    types:
       • compact housing near workplaces

         • small single-family attached units

         • “granny flats” (second units)

         • senior housing

SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                     PHYSICAL FIT

            Acres of Redevelopment

          • Alternative 1: 33,000 acres

          • Alternative 2: 41,000 acres

          • Alternative 3: 45,000 acres



SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
             FINANCIAL FEASIBILITY

         Financial feasibility will depend on:

   • location
   • timing
   • economic and local market conditions
   • land prices
   • construction costs
   • regulatory environment
   • financial requirements of the development
     and investment communities
   • political conditions

SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
      REVIEWING THE ALTERNATIVES

• All provide a framework for future development

• All can be modified to meet local needs

• Each provides a different general direction




SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
          Incentives and Regulatory
                   Changes




SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
INCENTIVES & REGULATORY CHANGES

                       Fiscal Reform

• Return property tax to local governments.

• Share tax revenue.

• Split property tax rate for land and
  improvements.



                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
INCENTIVES & REGULATORY CHANGES

                  Financial Incentives
  • Reward school districts that create joint
  school-community facilities.

  • Link new and existing state housing funding
  to development of affordable housing.

  • Create smart growth zones.

  • Target transportation funding to rail and
  bus nodes.
                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
INCENTIVES & REGULATORY CHANGES

                Regulatory Changes

  • Create limited exemptions to CEQA for
    smart growth development projects.
  • Pass construction defect liability
    legislation.
  • Create and enforce a living wage
    standard.



                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
        Regional Growth Philosophy




SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
        SMART GROWTH PRINCIPLES


• Preserve the region’s undeveloped open
 space and agricultural land.

• Provide sufficient affordable housing.

• Revitalize central cities and older suburbs.

• Reduce single occupant vehicle trips.
• Foster equitable economic development while
  minimizing displacement.
                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
         UNDERLYING PHILOSOPHIES


• Concentrate growth in existing urbanized
  areas.
• Preserve greenfield sites.
• Develop around existing and new transit.
• Balance jobs and housing in all areas.
• Create new smart growth communities


SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
             Small Group Exercise




                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
           SMALL GROUP EXERCISE


                          GOAL

                Refine the selected
                  alternative for
                    Santa Clara
                      County.


                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
           SMALL GROUP EXERCISE

• Begin with selected alternative.
• Recommend modifications.
• Prioritize recommendations
• Reconvene for large group decision-
  making.
• Track changes with computerized
  output.
                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
           SMALL GROUP EXERCISE



                  • Planning Areas

                    • Place Types




                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                 PLANNING AREAS




                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                 PLANNING AREAS
Colored: Areas of Change

Gray: Existing Land Use
• Residential Areas
• Mixed-Use Areas
• Town Centers/Downtowns
• Employment Areas/Institutions

Hatched: Transportation-Related
• Rail Stations/Major Transfer Facility Areas
• Corridors

                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
          PLANNING AREA CHANGES

  • Place Types

  • Percent Increase (“Dial-up”)

  • Numerical Change

  • No Change from On-the-Ground
    Conditions

                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
               PLACE TYPES MENU




                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
               PLACE TYPES BOOK




                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                     PLACE TYPES

Varying mixes of residential and employment uses:

 •   Residential

 •   Mixed-Use

 •   Town Center/Downtown

 •   Employment Center/Institution




                 IMPLEMENTATION
                   CONCLUSION
               KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
 SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                      RESIDENTIAL




Cupertino City
Center
Cupertino
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                     RESIDENTIAL




San
Jose
                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                       MIXED-USE




Park Place
South
Mountain View
                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                        MIXED USE




The
Collonade
San Jose
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
          TOWN CENTER / DOWNTOWN




Downtow
n
San
                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
         TOWN CENTER / DOWNTOWN




Downtown
Mountain View

                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
  EMPLOYMENT CENTER / INSTITUTION




Metro
Plaza
San Jose
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
   EMPLOYMENT CENTER / INSTITUTION




Dixon Landing
North II
Milpitas
                  IMPLEMENTATION
                    CONCLUSION
                KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
      PLACE TYPE CHARACTERISTICS

• Varying land uses and densities
  within each Place Type.
• Apply to all of a planning area,
 unless otherwise specified.
• Focus on the next 20 years.




                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
 OTHER PLANNING AREA ASSIGNMENTS


            Percent Increase (“Dial-up”)
• 5% Residential Increase
• 15% Employment Increase
• Both




                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
 OTHER PLANNING AREA ASSIGNMENTS


                   Numerical Change
• Add or subtract specific numbers of jobs or
  housing units
• For marginal changes only




                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
 OTHER PLANNING AREA ASSIGNMENTS


  No Change from On-the-Ground Condition

• Preserve existing development “as-is”
• Preserve open space




                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
                      APPROACH




• Broad brush, regional perspective


       • County-wide interaction



                IMPLEMENTATION
                  CONCLUSION
              KEY ECONOMIC ISSUES
SMART GROWTH STRATEGY / REGIONAL LIVABILITY FOOTPRINT PROJECT
  Regional Agencies Smart Growth Strategy

Bay Area Alliance for Sustainable Development
     Regional Livability Footprint Project




   Santa Clara County
      May 4, 2002

   DESIGN, COMMUNITY & ENVIRONMENT

				
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