08=Species Lists for central Bluegrass _including Griffith Woods_ by huangyuarong

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									FIELD NAME
Scientific Name

Common Name

GW Presence




Griffith Woods Comment

Regional Comment

Alien

Overall Priority
EXPLANATION
These use fairly broad genus concepts of a traditional nature; see also "Family" field hidden before this one.

These are modified from convention in some cases, in the search for reality, utility and memorability.

Presence at Griffith Woods (745 acres in Harrison Co.), nearby, or in the region: abu = abundant; com = common; fre =
frequent; loc = local or locally; occ = occasional; rar = rare; nea = nearby (similar habitat within a few miles); ext = prob
was widespread on central Bluegrass uplands but now locally extinct in most areas; ext? = perhaps was somewhat mo
widespread; wet = probably was widespread in wetlands/lowlands (including beaver ponds); wet? = perhaps was somew
more widespread in wetlands/lowlands; cbg = all other native species recorded from central Bluegrass including ravine
peripheral hills, and other marginal habitats,
Notes on species found on the 745 acre farm or nearby

Notes on native species known from the central Bluegrass region; based largely on data accumulated for the Atlas of t
Kentucky Flora.
aaa = widespread problematic invasive alien species; aa = locally problematic alien species; a = other alien in region.

Suggested priorities for propagation and replanting in restoration projects, based on general floristic considerations and
historical data (see also C.W. Short's notes in hidden field after this), plus some concern for feasibility and economics
be analyzed further), high = much declined and in need of help, or very useful for initial use in open lands or replacing
aliens); med = medium; med-low = lower priority; remaining native species can either (1) generally take care of themse
or (2) they were probably not widespread in the region before settlement.
Plot Code Name
  Scientific              Common          GW    Griffith Woods Comment                              Regional Comment (for species native to the    Alien
                          Name            Prese                                                     Central Bluegrass); see Atlas
 TREES                                    nce
 Acer nigrum Michx.       black maple     occ      most may be intergrades with A.             local; mostly in older fencerows and woodlots
 f.                                                saccharum; only a few seem pure; 1 at NW    on more fertile soils
 Aesculus glabra          stinking (Ohio) loc      mostly with Prows woods east of US 62,
                                                   corner in the back                          widely scattered in older fencerows and
 Willd.                   buckeye         abu      especially in lower grown up areas          deeper woods; locally common
 Carya cordiformis        bitternut       loc      largely restricted to less disturbed woods but
                                                                                               widespread and locally abundant in more
 (Wangenh.) K. Koch       hickory         com spreadly widely elsewhere with less              mature woods
 Carya laciniosa          shellbark       loc      scattered old trees plus dense thickets in
                                                   disturbance                                 widespread and locally abundant in young
 (Michx. f.) G. Don       hickory         dom old unmowed pastures                             browsed woods and edges; damper sites
 Fraxinus                 blue ash        fre; loc dominant in older woods; much less in       locally abundant in better woods on slopes
 quadrangulata                            dom young growth but seedlings often appear in       and in ancient upland remnants
 Gymnocladus
 Michx.                   coffeetree      occ      widely scattered in thin woods/edges
                                                   shade                                       local in fencerows and browsed woods on
 dioicus (L.) K. Koch                                                                          deep fertile soils
 Quercus macrocarpa       bur oak         com; largely restricted to north half of farm,       widely scattered and locally common in thin or
 Michx.                                   loc     probably on deeper/damper soils              disturbed woods on deep damp fertile soils
 Quercus                  chinquapin      com; ancient woodland, also scattered as small
                                          abu                                                  widespread and locally abundant in better
 muehlenbergii            oak             loc     portion or regrowth                          woods, especially on drier soils
 Quercus shumardii
 Engelm.                  western red     dom restricted to ancient woodland mostly; also widely scattered and locally abundant in
                                          occ;
 Buckl.                   oak             loc     common over fence on Burrier at back         maturing woodland
 Ulmus rubra Muhl.        red elm         rar     only a few small trees/sapling found in back widespread in better woods; rare in young/
                                          com woods
                                                  woods.                                       disturbed woodland
 Acer saccharum           sugar maple     occ;    in older fencerows, back woods               widely scattered in older fencerows and locally
 Marsh.                                   loc                                                  abundant in deeper woods
 Carya ovata (P. Mill.)   shagbark        loc fre a few old trees and mixed with C. laciniosa widespread and locally abundant in young
                                          abu
 K. Koch                  hickory                 in thickets; may intergrade genetically      browsed woods and edges; drier or less fertile
 Diospyros virginiana     persimmon       ext?                                                 widelyespecially near Ky Rv and in ESH;and
                                                                                               sites, scattered in transition to the ESH little/
 L.                                                                                            none on deep fertile soils
                                                                                               rigdes near the Ky Rv
 Fagus grandifolia        beech           ext?                                                 widely scattered and formerly abundant in
 Ehrh.                                                                                         better woods on less fertile soil near Ky Rv
 Fraxinus americana       white ash       com widespread in woods, fencerows; perhaps          widespread in young andCBG
                                                                                               and in ESH; not in most old woods; with hairy
 L.                                               not becoming dominant though; may be         form (biltmoreana) on drier sites
 Fraxinus                 green ash       occ     few wet swales; along Gray's Run--common local on wet soils along rivers, streams,
                                                  much browsed?
 pennsylvanica                                    along larger streams in area                 streamheads and swales; with hairy form on
 Juglans cinerea L.
 Marsh.                   white walnut    ext                                                  formerly widespread in thin woods, especially
                                                                                               poorer soils (?)
                          (butternut)                                                          in hilly sections; now died out
 Juglans nigra L.         black walnut    com; widespread, common, locally dominant in         widespread and frequently dominant in young
                                          loc     young regrowth                               woods
 Liriodendron tulipifera tuliptree        dom two trees only; no seedlings found
                                          rar                                                  local; rare in IBG except on some larger
 L.                                                                                            stream terraces; more in ESH
Morus rubra L.          red mulberry   com    woods, fencrerows, under old open trees        widespread in woods, especially on fertile
                                                                                             soils
Quercus alba L.         white oak      nea?   Jess Burrier says one on his farm              widespread; formerly abundant on less fertile
                                                                                             soils near Ky Rv & in ESH; not in most CBG
Quercus imbricaria      shingle oak    rar    few saplings in young woods near old           scattered or locally frequent in young woods,
Michx.                                        Cincinnati Turnpike, south near pond           often relatively dry or damp; little in most CBG
Quercus rubra L.        northern red   ext                                                   largely restricted to deeper woods near Ky and
                        oak                                                                  in ESH; perhaps not in most CBG
Quercus stellata        post oak       ext?                                                  largely restricted to less fertile soils near Ky
Wangenh.                                                                                     Rv and in ESH; not in most CBG
Quercus velutina        black oak      ext?                                                  restricted to less fertile soils near Ky Rv and
Lam.                                                                                         in ESH; nost in most CBG
Tilia americana L. northern            ext                                                   scattered in (damper) old woods near rivers
                   basswood                                                                  and larger streams; rare elsewhere
Tilia heterophylla mountain            ext                                                   scattered in (drier) old woods near rivers and
Vent.              basswood                                                                  larger streams; rare elsewhere
Ulmus americana L. white elm           com;   woods, especially on lower ground but also     widespread in woods on damp fertile soils
                                       loc    common in some upland thickets/edges
Aesculus flava Ait.     sweet          ext?
                                       abu                                                   local in deeper woods on slopes and bottoms
                        buckeye                                                              along rivers
Carya illinoinensis     pecan          cbg                                                   extends up Ohio Rv perhaps to Cincinnati
(Wangenh.) K. Koch                                                                           area; perhaps spread by humans
Carya tomentosa         mockernut      ext?                                                  widely scattered on less fertile soils; probably
(Lam. ex Poir) Nutt.    hickory                                                              not in most CBG
Catalpa speciosa        large-flowered occ    a few trees in front of farm, probably planted extends up Ohio Rv perhaps to Huntingdon
(Warder) Warder ex      catalpa               or escaped from plantings                      area; perhaps spread by humans
Cladrastis kentukea
Engelm.                 yellowood      cbg                                                   restricted to rocky woods near Ky Rv in
(Dum.-Cours.) Rudd                                                                           Palisades section
Gleditsia triacanthos   honeylocust    fre    most common in old unmowed pastures;           widely scattered and locally abundant in
L.                                            persisting somewhat in woods                   young browsed woods, especially on drier
Juniperus virginiana    redcedar       occ    few scattered trees in woods/fencerows         widespread at low density in most of IBG;
                                                                                             soils
L.                                                                                           abundant in ESH and near Ky Rv
Magnolia acuminata      cucumber       cbg                                                   rare disjunct waifs may occur in Bluegrass;
(L.) L.                 magnolia                                                             was perhaps more frequent
Nyssa sylvatica         blackgum       ext?                                                  widely scattered on less fertile soils near Ky
Marsh.                                                                                       Rv and in ESH (except western section)
Platanus                plane-tree/    occ    largely restricted to lower areas near         widespread and locally abundant along
occidentalis L.         sycamore              streams, at least Grays Run                    streams and streamheads; often adventive in
Populus deltoides       cottonwood     wet                                                   young restricted to floodplains of rivers;
                                                                                             largely upland woods
Bartr. ex Marsh.                                                                             perhaps locally adventive on uplands
Quercus bicolor         swamp white    wet?                                                  local; swampy woods near rivers and larger
Willd.                  oak                                                                  streams; also in rare natural ponded uplands
Quercus lyrata Walt. overcup oak         cbg                                                 rare; swampy woods; only one known site

Quercus montana          chestnut oak    cbg                                                 rare; less fertile soils near Ky Rv and in ESH
Willd.
Robinia                  black locust    com;   young woods, old fencerows                   widespread and abundant in fencerows and
pseudoacacia L.                          loc                                                 young woods
Robinia                  black locust    pre
                                         dom
pseudoacacia L. [2]      (continued)
Salix nigra Marsh.       black willow    occ    a few trees along McMillian Branch; Grays widespread in wetlands of all types; also in
                                                Run; and small pond at N side of Edgewater artificial upland ponds
Sassafras albidum sassafras              ext?   Woods                                      widespread in ESH and near rivers; generally
(Nutt.) Nees                                                                               absent on IBG uplands
Taxodium distichum bald cypress          wet?
(L.) L.C. Rich.
Ulmus alata Michx. winged elm            cbg                                                 rare; restricted to rocky uplands near Ky Rv

Ulmus thomasii           northern rock   cbg                                                 restricted to rocky slopes near Ky Rv; rare
Sarg.                    elm                                                                 along Licking Rv (check)
Acer negundo L.          boxelder        occ    scattered widely especially in lower areas   widespread along stream and damp uplands;
                                                                                             largely adventive on drier uplands
Acer rubrum L. var.      upland red      cbg                                                 rare; restricted to scattered sites on less
rubrum                   maple                                                               fertile soils near rivers
Acer rubrum L. var.      lowland red     cbg                                                 local in swampy woods, especially on less
trilobum Torr. & Gray    maple                                                               fertile soils
Acer saccharinum L.
ex K. Koch               silver maple    rar    planted behind old house; probably not       widespread on banks of larger streams and
                                                native to site                               rivers; often adventive on uplands
Carya glabra (P.         pignut hickory cbg                                                  common on less fertile soils but not in most
Mill.) Sweet                                                                                 CBG
Carya ovalis            sweet pignut     cbg                                                 occasional on less fertile soils; perhaps just
(Wangenh.) Sarg.        hickory                                                              hybrids of glabra and ovata
Celtis laevigata        southern         cbg                                                 rare; scattered on lowlands, mostly near Ky
Willd.                  hackberry                                                            Rv
Celtis occidentalis L.  common           abu    widely abundant; scattered large trees and   widespread on fertile soils
                        hackberry               filling in understories of less disturbed
Celtis tenuifolia Nutt. dwarf            ext?   woods                                        largely restricted to rocky woods near Ky Rv
                        hackberry                                                            and Licking Rv; infrequent elsewhere
Liquidambar             sweetgum         cbg                                                 local in swampy woods on less fertile soils
styraciflua L.                                                                               near lower Ky Rv and lower Licking Rv
Pinus virginiana P. scrub pine           cbg                                                 rare; few trees near Ky Rv; perhaps adventive
Mill.                                                                                        from Knobs
Prunus serotina         black cherry     com;   woods, fencerows, coming up in brushy old    widespread and abundant in fencerows and
Ehrh.                                    loc    fields                                       young woods
                                         abu
Quercus falcata        southern red     cbg                                                      rare; infertile soils near Ky Rv and perhaps
Michx.                 oak                                                                       Licking Rv
Quercus palustris      pin oak          rar    one small tree on upper swampy side of            local in swampy woods near lower Ky Rv and
Muenchh.                                       McMillian Pond                                    lower Licking Rv
Ailanthus altissima    tree-of-heaven   occ;   in east corner woods; being killed with                                                          aa
(P. Mill.) Swingle     (hell!)          loc    cutting & herbiciding
Maclura pomifera       osage orange     occ
                                        abu    several in thickets on W side of US 62; also      widespread in young woods, especially          w
(Raf.) Schneid.                                along US 62.                                      grazed; introduced from southwest; reported
Morus alba L.          white mulberry rar      one in Collection Field fencerow near US 62;      to root from woody cuttings (upside down?--    aaa
                                               one in RR corner field                            Lee Crawfort)
Prunus avium (L.) L. sweet cherry       occ    a few planted/escaped in fencerows; a few                                                        aa
                                               spreading to make thickets


SHRUBS

Arundinaria gigantea   cane             ext    Billy Griffith told his niece Adnee Hamilton
                                                                                          locally common on deep fertile soils but much
(Walt.) Muhl.                                  that the last cane was got rid of in early 20th
                                                                                          reduced; less in ESH
Asimina triloba (L.) pawpaw        occ;        mostly in eastern woods; also patch along
                                               century                                    locally abundant in better woodland remnants,
Dunal                              loc         W stream in S savanna                      but much declined
Carpinus caroliniana hornbeam      rar?
                                   abu         ABerry reports from Gray's Run             locally common in deeper woods near Ky Rv
Walt.                                                                                     and in ESH; formerly widespread (?)
Cornus drummondii    rough-leaved rar      one small plant found at east side of          widely scattered and locally common,
C.A. Mey.            dogwood               southern savanna along trail through briars especially near the Ky Rv and in the ESH;
Crataegus crus-galli cockspur      nea     3 trees along edges of grazed wooded gully locally common in CBG and ESH, especially
L.                   hawthorn              a mile N of Griffith Farm, alose to US 62      eastern sections; remarkably unknown from
Crataegus mollis     downy         loc fre fields margins and persisting in woods for 10- locally common in CBGC. persimilis, etc.
                                                                                          western ESH; see also and ESH, especially
Scheele              hawthorn              20+ years                                      in browsed woods and old pastures on fertile
Euonymus             spindle       com scattered widely but thinly in woods, edges; widespread in open woods and edges on
                                                                                          soils
atropurpurea Jacq.                         larger esp. in fencerows; much browsed by fertile soils
Lindera benzoin (L.) spicebush     ext     deer                                           locally abundant in better remnants of mesic
Blume                                                                                     woods; was perhaps widespread
Prunus americana     common plum rar       edge of woods along the (northern?) eastern- widely scattered and locally abundant in thin
Marsh.                                     ridges fields; check for var. lanata           woods and edges, especially in hilly sections;
Prunus munsoniana    Shawnee plum ext                                                     uncommon orlanatascattered sites near Ky Rv
                                                                                          see also var. rare;
W. Wight & Hedrick                                                                        and in ESH; little in most CBG but sometimes
Ptelea trifoliata L. hoptree       ext                                                    occasional in thickets, especially on rocky
                                                                                          cultivated
                                                                                          soils but also on floodplains
Rhus glabra L.       smooth        ext                                                    widespread and locally abundant in thickets,
                     sumac                                                                especially old fields and broad ROWs
Rosa setigera Michx. climbing rose rar     one tall climbing plant near stream crossing widely scattered along fencerows and
                                           below pond on McMillian Branch                 woodland edges
Rubus occidentalis      wild raspberry occ      fencerows, thin woods/edges; esp N/E sides widespread in thin woods and cool edges on
L.                                              and on low/damp soil                         damp fertile soils
Symphoricarpos          coralberry       com;   woods/edges                                  widespread and locally abundant in thin
orbiculatus Moench                       loc                                                 woods, especially with browsing history
Viburnum prunifolium    smooth           rar
                                         abu    one found along edge of ridge field on       widely scattered and locally abundant in
L.                      blackhaw                eastern side of farm                         woods, especially near rivers and streams;
Zanthoxylum             pricklyash       ext                                                 perhaps less thickets, especially
                                                                                             occasional in in western ESH (?) on rocky
americanum P. Mill.                                                                          soils; locally abundant in eastern ESH
Cercis canadensis L.    redbud           rar    only a few on the rocky roadcut at Broadwell locally common on rocky soils, especially
                                                                                             near Ky Rv and in ESH
Cornus florida L.     flowering     rar?        one found near west side of southern         widely scattered on less fertile soils near Ky
                      dogwood                   savanna; but perhaps planted; check!         Rv and in ESH; not in most CBG
Cornus obliqua Raf. narrow-leaved cbg                                                        locally common along rocky banks and gravel
                      silky dogwood                                                          bars of rivers and larger creeks
Corylus americana eastern           ext?                                                     scattered in ESH, especially to the north; not
Walt.                 hazelnut                                                               in most CBG
Crataegus intricata lobed           ext?                                                     rare; dry/infertile soils in ESH, perhaps
Lange                 hawthorn                                                               elsewhere; includes "biltmoreana" (?)
Hypericum prolificum common         ext?                                                     largely restricted to rocky soils along Ky Rv
L.                    shrubby St.                                                            and in ESH
Malus coronaria (L.) eastern
                      Johnswort     ext?                                                     rare on less fertile soils in ESH (?); see also
P. Mill.              crabapple                                                              M. angustifiolia (& transitions)
Ostrya virginiana (P. hophornbeam ext                                                        locally common in deeper woods near Ky Rv
Mill.) K. Koch                                                                               and in ESH; formerly widespread (?)
Prunus angustifolia Chickasaw       cbg                                                      uncommon or rare; few known sites near Ky
Marsh.                plum                                                                   Rv and perhaps ESH
Rhamnus caroliniana common buck- rar            found only on rocky roadside near US 62;     largely restricted to young rocky woods near
Walt.                 cherry                    one small tree                               Ky Rv; uncommon or rare elsewhere
Rhus aromatica Ait. fragrant        ext?                                                     local in thickets and thin woods on rocky
                      sumac                                                                  soils, especially on hills near rivers
Rhus typhina L.       staghorn      ext?                                                     local to rare in thickets; more common in NBG
                      sumac
Rosa carolina L.      hill rose     ext?                                                     largely restricted to dry woods and edges near
                                                                                             the Ky Rv and in the ESH; not in most CBG
Rubus pensilvanicus     common           com;   old fields                                   widespread and abundant in old fields; see
Poir.                   blackberry       loc                                                 also R. argutus, etc.
Salix caroliniana       river-rock       cbg
                                         dom                                                 restricted to banks of rivers and larger
Michx.                  willow                                                               streams
Salix eriocephala       limestone        ext?                                                local on rocky bars of medium sized stream;
Michx.                  willow                                                               to search for along Gray's Run
Salix interior Rowlee   sandbar willow   cbg                                                 widespread on bars of rivers and larger
                                                                                             streams; expected in open sections of Gray's
                                                                                             Run
Sambucus                 elderberry      occ    woods/edges, especially low fencerows   widespread in low thickets on damp fertile
canadensis L.                                                                           soils
Staphylea trifolia L.    bladdernut      ext?                                           largely restricted to rocky slopes near rivers
                                                                                        and streams; was perhaps local elsewhere
Viburnum rufidulum       rusty           ext?                                           widespread in dry rocky woods near larger
Raf.                     blackhaw                                                       streams and in ESH
Amelanchier arborea      common          cbg                                            infrequent; largely restricted to rocky bluff
(Michx. f.) Fern.        serviceberry                                                   tops near Ky Rv; local elsewhere in ESH (?)
Amorpha fruticosa L.     indigo-bush     cbg                                            local along banks of Ky Rv

Cephalanthus             buttonbush      wet                                            local in open wetlands, especially large natural
occidentalis L.                                                                         ponds and pools of larger streams
Cornus alternifolia L.   alternate-      cbg                                            local on rocky slopes near the Ky Rv in the
f.                       leaved                                                         Palisades section
Cornus amomum P.         broad-leaved
                         dogwood         cbg                                            rare or absent; recorded from Jessamine and
Mill.                    silky dogwood                                                  Madison Cos.
Cornus foemina P.        swamp           cbg
Mill.                    dogwood
Crataegus                pear hawthorn   ext?                                           rare or uncommon (?) in eastern ESH; near
calpodendron (Ehrh.)                                                                    larger streams (?)
Crataegus collina
Medik.                   dotted        cbg
Chapm.                   hawthorn
Crataegus iracunda       dark hawthorn ext?                                             rare or local; less fertile soils in ESH; see also
Beadle                                                                                  C. macrosperma, etc.
Dirca palustris L.       leatherwood     cbg                                            restricted to rocky woods near Ky Rv

Euonymus                 strawberry-     cbg                                            restricted to woods on acid soil near Ky Rv;
americana L.             bush                                                           remarkably absent in most of Bluegrass
Hamamelis                witchhazel      ext?                                           local in dry or rocky woods and edges near Ky
virginiana L.                                                                           Rv and in ESH; probably not in most CBG
Hydrangea                wild            cbg                                            restricted to rocky slopes near rivers and
arborescens L.           hydrangea                                                      streams; not in most CBG
Prunus virginiana L.                     cbg                                            restricted to rocky woods near Ky Rv in
                                                                                        Palisades section; also an old record from
Rhamnus lanceolata lance-leaved          cbg                                            largely restricted to rocky woods near Ky Rv;
                                                                                        North Elkhorn Cr.
Pursh              buck-cherry                                                          local near Licking Rv
Ribes cynosbati L. eastern               cbg                                            largely restricted to rocky slopes near the Ky
                   gooseberry                                                           Rv; perhaps local in ESH
Ribes missouriense western               cbg                                            uncommon or rare; restricted to rocky bluffs
Nutt.              gooseberry                                                           near Ky Rv and Licking Rv
Rosa palustris     swamp rose            cbg                                            rare; wetlands near lower Ky Rv (one site
Marsh.                                                                                  only?)
Rubus allegheniensis wood                cbg                                                    apparently not recorded, but expected in
Porter                 blackberry                                                               deeper woods
Rubus argutus Link southern              cbg                                                    apparently not recorded, but expected;
                       blackberry                                                               perhaps just southern variant of pens.
Viburnum acerifolium mapleleaf           cbg                                                    rare; known only from better woods in the
L.                     arrow-wood                                                               ESH near the lower Ky Rv
Viburnum dentatum southern/hairy         cbg                                                    uncommon or rare; known from few sites
L.                     arrow-wood                                                               along Ky Rv or its tributaries in the Palisades
Viburnum molle                           cbg                                                    infrequent on rocky slopes near the Ky Rv and
                                                                                                section (rocky streambanks?)
Michx.                                                                                          its major tributaries, especially in the
Viburnum               sessile arrow-    cbg                                                    restricted to clifftops near the Ky Rv in the
                                                                                                Palisades section
rafinesquianum J.A. wood                                                                        Palisades section (all is var. affine)
Viburnum recognitum northern/
Schultes                                 cbg                                                    known only in peripheral regions, esp larger
Fern.                  smooth arrow-                                                            valleys; potential in wetland restoration
Alnus serrulata (Ait.) alder
                       wood              cbg                                                    rare; bottoms along Ky Rv
Willd.
Ceanothus              New Jersey        cbg                                                    rare; dry open woods or edges near river bluffs
americanus L.          tea                                                                      (?)
Crataegus coccinea                       ext?                                                   rare (?); records only from eastern ESH
L.
Crataegus              Washington        rar    N fencerow at E back of S savanna; and          probably not native                               a
phaenopyrum (L.f.) hawthorn                     along Toyota Trail
Rhus copallinum L. shining sumac
Medic.                                   cbg                                                    rare on less fertile soils in ESH

Vaccinium              deerberry         cbg                                                    rare; restricted to dry woods near Ky Rv
stamineum L.
Elaeagnus umbellata    autumn olive      occ    establishing in old fields at low density;                                                        aa
Thunb.                                          some was planted near US 62
Euonymus alata         burning-bush      occ    a few plants established in N part of eastern                                                     aa
(Thunb.) Sieb.                                  woods; also Edgewater Woods E; Grays
Ligustrum vulgare L.   European          rar?   check id; Edgewater Woods eastside; near
                                                Run Rd.                                                                                           aa
                       privet                   Gray's Run and McMillian Br (Aberry)
Lonicera maackii       Amur              com;   several major infestations along old                                                              aaa
(Rupr.) Herder         honeysuckle       loc    fencerows and young woods; also spreading
Malus baccata (L.)     Siberian          occ
                                         dom    two trees along Toyota Trail; also scattered
                                                widely                                                                                            aa
Borkh.                 crabapple                into Collection Field and elsewhere
Rosa multiflora        multiflora rose   com;   invading fencerows, old fields, thin woods;                                                       aaa
Thunb. ex Murr.                          loc    persisting but fading in shade eventually?
                                         abu
WOODY VINES
Bignonia capreolata   crossvine        ext                                                   widely scattered in woods and thickets,
L.                                                                                           especially near rivers and larger streams
Celastrus scandens    American         ext                                                   widespread in north-central Ky on fertile soils
L.                    bittersweet                                                            but perhaps much declined due to harvest/
Campsis radicans      trumpet          com;   especially along roadsides; locally dominant   widespread and locally abundant in fencerows
                                                                                             scale
(L.) Seem. ex         creeper          loc    in unmowed parts of plant collection field     and old fields
Clematis virginiana
Bureau                virgin's-bower   rar?
                                       dom    one (?) seen in front of s savanna Sep 06 by   widely scattered in open woods, thickets &
L.                                            MB; but note also terniflora on US 62; check   edges
Parthenocissus      Virginia           occ    check--not really abundant anywhere?           widespread and locally abundant in woods and
quinquefolia (L.)   creeper                                                                  fencerows
Smilax hederifolia
Planch.             broad-leaved       ext?                                                  infrequent; restricted to open woods and
Bey.                rough                                                                    edges on relatively damp fertile soils near the
Smilax hispida Raf. bristly
                    greenbrier         occ    shady woods                                    widespread and locally frequent in open woods
                                                                                             Ky Rv in the Palisades section
                    greenbrier                                                               and edges, especially on damp fertile soil near
Vitis vulpina L.    common             com;   woods/edges, especially on younger trees in    widespread and locally abundant in woods,
                                                                                             streams
                    smooth-grape       loc    gaps/fencerows                                 fields and fencerows
Ampelopsis arborea pinnate             cbg
                                       abu                                                   local in riparian woods near Ky Rv
(L.) Koehne         peppervine
Ampelopsis cordata cordate             cbg                                                   scattered in riparian woods near rivers; locally
Michx.              peppervine                                                               adventive elsewhere
Humulus americanus wild hops           cbg                                                   rare; river bottoms
Nutt.
Lonicera dioica L.  pale               cbg                                                   local in rocky woods near the Ky Rv in the
                    honeysuckle                                                              Palisades section
Lonicera reticulata round-leaved       cbg                                                   rare; restricted to rocky bluffs near the lower
Raf.                honeysuckle                                                              Ky Rv
Lonicera            red                cbg                                                   rare or absent (?); records from Henry Co. and
sempervirens L.     honeysuckle                                                              elsewhere (to be checked)
Phoradendron        mistletoe          occ    on walnuts near US 62                          widespread; usually on walnuts
leucarpum (Raf.)
Rhus radicans L.
Reveal & M.C.       poison ivy         com;   woods/edges                                    widespread, especially in fencerows; locally
Johnston                               loc                                                   abundant in woods that have been disturbed
Smilax bona-nox L. rough               ext?
                                       abu                                                   locally common in dry rocky woods and
                    greenbrier                                                               edges, especially near the Ky Rv
Smilax glauca Walt. pale greenbrier    cbg                                                   rare or infrequent; open woods, edges and old
                                                                                             fields on relatively infertile soils in the ESH;
Smilax rotundifolia L. common        ext?                                                    infrequentmost/allor absent; largely restricted
                                                                                             absent in to rare CBG
                       greenbrier                                                            to less fertile soil in open woods and edges
Vitis aestivalis       upland hairy- ext?                                                    near on Ky fertile soils near
                                                                                             local the lessRv (ESH only?) Ky Rv and in
Michx.                 grape                                                                 ESH
Vitis baileyana        mountain      cbg                                                     local on less fertile soils near Ky Rv and
Munson                 smooth-grape                                                          perhaps eastern ESH; may be vulpina-
                                                                                             aestivalis intermediate
Vitis cinerea          lowland hairy-   cbg                                                   rare or absent; perhaps lowlands near Ky Rv
(Engelm.) Millard      grape                                                                  and elsewhere
Vitis riparia Michx.   riverbank        cbg                                                   local in riparian woods near Ky Rv and
                       smooth-grape                                                           perhaps elsewhere
Clematis terniflora    sweet autumn     occ    on several trees around the Broadwell                                                             a
DC.                    virginsbower            junction
Lonicera japonica      Japanese         occ?   not widespread; check local abundance                                                             aaa
Thunb.                 honeysuckle


HERBS

Agastache              giant hyssop     rar?   check occurrence--probably along Grays          local in thin woods and edges on damp fertile
nepetoides (L.)                                Run                                             soil, especially near rivers and larger creeks
Amphicarpaea
Kuntze                 common           ext                                                    widespread in less browsed woods and edges
bracteata (L.) Fern.   hogpeanut                                                               near Ky Rv and in ESH; formerly widespread
Amphicarpaea           hairy            ext?                                                   local in low woods and edges near Ky Rv and
comosa (L.) G. Don     hogpeanut                                                               Licking Rv
Asarum canadense       wildginger       ext                                                    locally common in better remnants of mesic
L.                                                                                             woods; perhaps was widespread
Aster cordifolius L.   common wood- ext                                                        locally common in woods and edges,
                       blue-aster                                                              especially in hilly sections
Aster novae-angliae tall purple-    rar        powerline/roadside near Grays Run               locally common in old fields that have not
L.                     aster                                                                   been recently grazed
Aster prenanthoides streamside      loc        com along Grays Run 10-300 ft above             locally common in thin woods and edges on
Muhl. ex Willd.        blue-aster   com        bridge; fre along road in woods to W end        floodplains, including smaller streams; rare or
Aster shortii Lindl.   lime wood-   ext        field (by Prows); loc along stream below E      absent in western better woodland remnants
                                                                                               locally common in ESH (?)
                       blue-aster              thicket in S savanna                            in hilly sections; perhaps not in most CBG
Blephilia ciliata (L.) blue wood-   occ        scattered in shade/edges on both sides of       widely scattered in thin woods and edges,
Benth.                 mint                    farm                                            especially in hilly areas near rivers and
Camassia scilloides wild hyacinth occ;         largely restricted to few patches in east       rare to locally common in(?)
                                                                                               streams; absent to north better woodland
(Raf.) Cory                         loc        woods; one found near Grays Run                 remnants, especially near larger streams but
Cassia marilandica upland senna occ abu                                                        also in old scattered on uplands
                                               local in old fields, especially the large patch local widely fields and ROWs, in relatively dry
L.                                             in Renaker Run fields                           or damp soils
Chasmanthium           common wood- ext?                                                       locally abundant in thin woods and edges near
latifolium (Michx.)    oats                                                                    the Ky Rv and perhaps other large streams;
Collinsia verna Nutt. blue-eyed-
Yates                               ext                                                        rare in woods on moist fertile
                                                                                               localor absent in most ESH (?)ground,
                       Mary                                                                    especially with history of browsing
Cystopteris protrusa common         loc        in eastern woods and patches in S savanna; widespread in better woodland remnants
(Weatherby) Blasdell fragile fern   abu        also NW corner beyond powerline
Desmanthus                          ext?                                                       local in damp meadows on fertile soils,
illinoensis (Michx.)                                                                           especially near streams; apparently native in
MacM. ex B.L.                                                                                  Scott Co., but also adventive
Robins. & Fern.
Dryopteris                               rar        a small group of plants discovered on old    rare in mesic woods; perhaps on less fertile
carthusiana (Vill.)                                 rotten wood near Rennaker Run                soils; poorly known
Elymus macgregorii
H.P. Fuchs                early wild-rye fre; loc patchily distributed in woods; mostly on       locally abundant in thin woods and edges on
J. Camp. & R.                              dom deeper/damper/richer soils?                       damp fertile soil
Elymus villosus
Brooks                    upland           abu; widespread in woods/edges                        locally abundant in woods, especially on
Muhl. ex Willd.           nodding wild- loc                                                      uplands near larger streams; see also var.
Elymus virginicus L.      smooth
                          rye              fre; loc widely scattered; locally adundant along
                                           dom                                                   widespread and locally abundant in thin
                                                                                                 arkansanas
var. virginicus           common wild- abu          fences/edges, especially in low spots?       woods, edges and old fields
Enemion biternatum        deep-lobed rue ext
                          rye                                                                    locally abundant in better woods near larger
Raf.                      anemone                                                                creeks & rivers; rare along smaller strerams
Erythronium albidum       white trout-lily occ      thickets in S savanna; S side of eastern     rare to locally common in better woodland
Nutt.                                               woods; bur oak gully W of US 62              remnants, especially on seasonally dry soils
Erythronium               yellow trout- rar         patches totalling <100 m2 in bur oak/maple   rare to locally common in better woodland
                                                                                                 near larger streams
americanum Ker-           lily                      woods along stream at NE corner (with        remnants, especially on moist soils near
Eupatorium rugosum
Gawl.                     common           occ;     loc fre oncucullaria)
                                                    Dicentra western side; occ in eastern        widespread and locally abundant in thin woods
                                                                                                 larger streams
Houtt.                    snakeroot        loc fre woods; suprisingly uncommon; was it           and edges on damp fertile soils
Festuca                   wood fescue loc           eradicated earlier due to widespread
                                                    more shady woods; fairlymilk sickness?       widely scattered and locally common in
subverticillata (Pers.)                    com                                                   deeper woods, especially near larger streams;
Helianthus
Alexeev                   large wood       ext?                                                  not yet recorded from open woods and edges,
                                                                                                 locally common in lowmost of Licking Rv area
decapetalus L.            sunflower                                                              especially near rivers and larger streams;
                                                                                                 (?)
Helianthus                western giant ext?                                                     perhaps infrequent (?)
                                                                                                 generallyless in ESHbut locally abundant in old
grosseserratus            sunflower                                                              fields and possible grassland remnants; more
Helianthus tuberosus
Martens                   tuberous         occ      patches along Grays Run and Russell Cave     widespread and locallyremnants in transitions
                                                                                                 in dolomitic grassland abundant in low woods
L.                        sunflower                 Road (by Burrier); also near S TNC fields?   and fencerows, especially along streams; also
                                                                                                 to the Knobs; perhaps partly adventive within
Heliopsis                 oxeye-           occ      several in front Russell Cave field and      widely scattered andold fields
                                                                                                 on some uplands in locally abundant in thin
                                                                                                 the CBG
helianthoides (L.)        sunflower                 behind Amende House to Grays Run; also       woods, fencerows and old fields, especially
Hydrophyllum
Sweet                     blue waterleaf ext        along RC Road to south for few miles         local larger streams but also fertile soils,
                                                                                                 near in low woods on damp on uplands
appendiculatum                                                                                   especially near rivers and larger creeks
Hydrophyllum
Michx.                    lowland        ext?                                                    locally common in deeper woods on toe
canadense L.              waterleaf                                                              slopes near rivers, especially the Ky Rv;
Jeffersonia diphylla      twinleaf       ext                                                     locally abundant in mesic woods near larger
                                                                                                 perhaps unknown along the Licking Rv
(L.) Pers.                                                                                       creeks & rivers; was perhaps on uplands
Laportea canadensis       wood nettle    ext                                                     common in low woods near river and larger
(L.) Weddell                                                                                     streams; perhaps browsed out of uplands
Monarda fistulosa L.    common        ext                                                        locally common in roadsides and old fields,
                        bergamot                                                                 especially in hilly areas near rivers and larger
Monarda serotina sp. lowland          ext?                                                       local in thin woods and edges on lowlands
                                                                                                 streams
nov. (mesic broad- bergamot                                                                      near Ky Rv and perhaps elsewhere
Osmorhiza
leaved form)            smooth cicely rar?       woods? Check occurrence; should be              widely scattered and locally common in thin
longistylis (Torr.) DC.                          expected                                        woods on damp fertile soils; much less in
Panicum                 dotted        com;       less mowed fields, thin woods/thickets;         widespread and locally abundant in open
                                                                                                 ESH
clandestinum L.         broadleaf     loc        increases after 1-2 years without intense       woods and old fields
                        panic-grass   abu        management
Phacelia purshii      blue/Miami     com;    woods                                        widespread and locally abundant in thin woods
Buckl.                mist           loc                                                  and edges on fertile soils
Phlox paniculata L.   summer phlox   occ
                                     abu      along Grays Run in woods; see also          widespread in low woods near rivers and
                                              horticultural material near old house, some streams
Poa sylvestris Gray walnut-wood occ;          mostly restricted to more shady woods
                                              white                                       widely scattered and locally abundant in
                     bluegrass       loc                                                  deeper woods, especially on damp fertile
Podophyllum          mayapple        fre; loc patches scattered in S savanna and
                                     abu                                                  soils; abundant in in ESH
                                                                                          locallyperhaps less better woodland remnants;
peltatum L.                          abu      (especially) back woods                     probably much declined
Polygonatum          greater         ext                                                  rare to locally common in better woodland
commutatum (J.A. & Solomon's                                                              remnants, especially on deep fertile soil near
Prenanthes
J.H. Schultes) A.    giant wood-
                     seal            ext                                                  rare; scattered sites in open woods and most
                                                                                          streams; perhaps browsed/rooted out of
crepidinea Michx.
Dietr.               lettuce                                                              edges, mostly near the Ky Rv (also near the
                                                                                          CBG
Ratibida pinnata     prairie         ext?                                                 locally common in dry open woods, old fields
                                                                                          Ohio Rv in NBG)
(Vent.) Barnh.       coneflower                                                           and roadsides, especially near the lower Ky
Rudbeckia laciniata cutleaf          ext                                                  locally common than in floodplain woods and
                                                                                          Rv (much more in thin the Palisades section)
L.                   coneflower                                                           edges along larger streams; perhaps absent in
                                                                                          and in the NBG; rare or absent in most CBG
Rudbeckia triloba L. lobed           rar?     check--perhaps near Grays Run on            widely scattered ESHlocally abundant in
                                                                                          most of western and
                                                                                          and in western ESH
                     coneflower               roadsides                                   disturbed woods, thickets and old fields,
Sanguinaria          bloodroot       ext                                                  common inin hilly sectionsmostly in hilly
                                                                                          especially mesic woods, (see also var.
canadensis L.                                                                             sections; was probably widespread
                                                                                          beadlei)
Sanicula odorata     walnut-wood nea? check occurrence; widespread in region              widely scattered and locally abundant in
(Raf.) K.M. Pryer & sanicle                                                               woods, especially near rivers and larger
Silphium perfoliatum cupleaf
L.R. Phillippe                       ext                                                  local in thin woods and edges(?) low ground,
                                                                                          creeks; perhaps less in ESH on
L.                   rosinweed                                                            especially near larger streams; perhaps less
Solidago flexicaulis common zig- ext                                                      locally common in deeper woods, especially
                                                                                          in ESH
L.                   zag goldenrod                                                        near larger streams
Solidago gigantea    lowland         rar      one patch found in east-central field       infrequent or locally common in lowland fields
Ait.                 goldenrod                                                            and streambanks; perhaps more on less fertile
Stellaria corei      greater wood- ext                                                    scattered in better woods on fertile soils; was
                                                                                          soils (or browsed out of best lands)
Shinners             chickweed                                                            perhaps widespread in CBG
Teucrium canadense germander         occ      thin woods/edges                            widespread in thin woods, edges and
L.                                                                                        roadsides on moist fertile soils
Trifolium            running buffalo rar      S savanna in thin woods/edges along cattle rare; thin woods on fertile soils; along trails
stoloniferum Muhl.   clover                   paths; found in 1990s by Dan Boone; last    and in browsed areas
Urtica gracilis Ait.
Ex Eat.              tall nettle     ext? seen 2001.                                      rare on bottoms along rivers and larger
                                                                                          streams; perhaps much reduced
Zizia aurea (L.)     lowland         rar      one patch found at NW side of N savanna in local in thin open woods on floodplains and
W.D.J. Koch          alexanders               fencerow                                    lower slopes, especially near larger streams
Allium canadense L. wild onion       ext                                                  infrequent to locally common in woods,
                                                                                          especially near larger streams; perhaps
Andropogon gerardii big bluestem cbg                                                      restricted in most/all westernthe Ky Rv,
                                                                                          unknown to rocky banks of ESH
Vitman                                                                                    especially in the Palisades section
Aquilegia canadensis   columbine       ext                                                   common in rocky woods near larger creeks &
L.                                                                                           rivers; was perhaps local on uplands
Arisaema dracontium    green dragon    ext                                                   widely scattered but infrequent in open woods
(L.) Schott                                                                                  and edges on low ground, especially near
Arisaema triphyllum    jack-in-the-    ext                                                   widespread and locally common in woods,
                                                                                             rivers and streams
(L.) Schott            pulpit                                                                especially in hilly sections
Asclepias incarnata    swamp           rar?   expected along Gray's Run, wetter places       locally common in swampy meadows
L.                     milkweed
Asclepias syriaca L.   common          occ    scattered in fields                             widespread in old fields, roadsides and other
                       milkweed                                                               mowed weedy places
Asclepias tuberosa     orange          rar      drier spots in narrow back field; old         widely scattered in dry old fields and roadside
L.                     milkweed                 roadbanks at Broadwell                        banks (especially ESH); not on deep damp
Asclepias viridis      common          rar      few on old Broadwell road bank, 2005; one in dry pastures, especially in hilly areas near the
                                                                                              soils
Walt.                  green                    front-central cane fields (rhs of main trail) Ky Rv; also southern and western ESH;
Astranthium            western daisy
                       milkweed        ext? 2007                                              apparently absent low meadows and
                                                                                              locally common in in northern Bluegrass
integrifolium (Michx.)                                                                        streambanks, especially near the Ky Rv;
Bidens polylepis
Nutt.                  larger          rar      edge of Russell Cave front field              widely scatteredin eastern ESH
                                                                                              perhaps absent and locally abundant on
Blake                  common bur-                                                            disturbed seasonally wet soils; especially
Blephilia hirsuta      white wood-
                       marigold        ext?                                                   local in deeper woods near Ky Rv and perhaps
                                                                                              medium acid
(Pursh) Benth.         mint                                                                   elsewhere, especially along trails
Bromus pubescens eastern brome- ext                                                           locally common in deeper woods, especially
Muhl. ex Willd.        grass                                                                  on slopes near rivers and larger streams; see
Campanula              tall bellflower occ? woods along Gray's Run? Check with M.             widely scattered in thin woods, especially
                                                                                              also B. nottowayanus & B. latiglumis
americana L.                                    Boyer                                         where not browsed out
Cardamine              cut-leaf        fre      widespread in more grown up woods;            widespread in woods on various soils
concatenata (Michx.) toothwort                  including S savanna
Carex conjuncta
Sw.                    lime fox-sedge loc fre open grassy areas/edges, especially in          locally common in damp pastures and open
Boott                                           damper swales                                 woods on fertile soils
Carex davisii          rich-wood       loc      open woods, edges, into unmowed fields;       locally common in thin woods and edges on
Schwein. & Torr.       graceful-sedge abu       note slightly hairy leaves                    deep fertile soils; much less in ESH
Carex grisea           brownish        loc      woods/edges                                   locally common in thin woods on damp fertile
Wahlenb.               wrinkled-       abu                                                    soils, especially near streams
Carex jamesii          rich-wood
                       sedge           loc      generally in less disturbed woods             widespread and locally common in deeper
Schwein.               tufted-sedge abu                                                       woods, especially near larger streams
Carex molesta          lime scale-     fre; loc id difficult; compare normalis, alata,        locally common in old fields, especially on
Mackenzie ex Bright sedge              abu      ?suberecta, ?brevior; common in drier old     relatively dry soils
Carex normalis         rich-wood       occ? vies with molesta for id as common species infrequent or locally common in open woods
                                                pastures/hayfields
Mackenzie              scale-sedge              in fields; may be in damper/shadier places and old fields on relatively damp fertile soils
Carex oligocarpa       lesser          com; largely restricted to grown up woods with bur locally common in deeper woods, especially
Schkuhr ex Willd.      wrinkled-       loc      oak at N end of Toyota Trail.                 near the Ky Rv and Licking Rv
Carex rosea Schkuhr moist-woods abu
                       sedge           fre      shady woods                                   common in better woodland remnants,
ex Willd.              little-spike-                                                          especially in hilly areas
                       sedge
Carex shortiana          lime-swale-      loc fre open swales, damper fields/edges,      locally common in wet meadows and open
Dewey                    sedge                    compacted trails in thin woods         woods on fertile soils
Carex sparganioides      rich-woods       occ;    slightly damp woods/edges              widely scattered and locally common in
Muhl. ex Willd.          spike-sedge      loc fre                                        woods, especially on damp fertile soils
Cassia fasciculata       greater          ext?                                           locally common in old fields on less fertile
Michx.                   partridge-pea                                                   soil; not in most CBG
Chaerophyllum            smooth wild      com;   widespread in woods                     widespread and locally abundant in thin woods
procumbens (L.)          chervil          loc                                            on damp fertile soils; less in ESH (?); see
Circaea canadensis
Crantz                   enchanter's      occ
                                          abu    shady, damp/moist woods in back         largely restricted to less disturbed woods on
                                                                                         also var. shortii
(L.) Hill                nightshade                                                      damp soils
Claytonia virginica L.   common           fre    grazed woods and some degraded woods in common in woods throughout and local in
                         spring-beauty           open                                    mowed lawns
Clematis viorna L.       common           cbg                                            restricted to rocky open woods & edges near
                         leather-flower                                                  larger streams & rivers
Corydalis flavula        yellow           fre    scattered widely but thinly in woods    widespread in thin disturbed woods
(Raf.) DC.               fumewort
Cypripedium              yellow lady's    cbg                                               rare and probably locally extinct; records from
pubescens Willd.         slipper                                                            Franklin, Mercer and Robertson Cos. (perhaps
Delphinium tricorne      wood larkspur ext                                                  common in better woods of hilly sections
                                                                                            all in ESH)
Michx.                                                                                      (often browsed); was perhaps widespread
Dicentra canadensis      squirrel corn rar     E end of S savanna in/near fencerow/woods locally abundant in low woods near larger
(Goldie) Walp.                                 (M. Hines)                                   creeks & rivers; rare in upland remnants
Dicentra cucullaria      dutchman's    rar     patch covering 100+ m2 along stream near locally abundant in mesic woods near larger
(L.) Bernh.              breeches              NE corner of eastern woods                   creeks & rivers; rare in upland remnants
Echinacea purpurea       broad-leaved ext?                                                  rare; known from one site in the ESH of Henry
(L.) Moench              purple                                                             Co.
Elymus riparius          lowland
                         coneflower    ext?                                                 locally common on streambanks, especially
Wieg.                    nodding wild-                                                      larger ones with less calcareous alluvium
Elymus virginicus L.     hairy common ext?
                         rye                                                                locally abundant on banks of the Ky Rv and
var. intermedius         wild-rye                                                           its major tributaries; expected elsewhere
Epilobium coloratum
(Vasey) Bush             eastern       ext                                                  widespread in low open woods and fields near
Biehler                  willowherb                                                         rivers and streams; perhaps absent on
Erigenia bulbosa         harbinger-of- loc fre scattered widely in N half of eastern woods; locally common in better woodland remnants,
                                                                                            uplands
(Michx.) Nutt.           spring                absent elsewhere                             especially near rivers and larger streams; less
Eupatorium               lime boneset ext?                                                  locally abundant in old fields and roadsides
                                                                                            in ESH (?)
altissimum L.                                                                               on dry soils, especially near the Ky Rv; also
Eupatorium               blue          occ     scattered in S savanna on slightly damp      widespread and locally common in fields on
                                                                                            along some major highways; perhaps less in
coelestinum L.           mistflower            upland flats                                 damp soil
                                                                                            western ESH (?)
Eupatorium                             ext?                                                 locally common open woods and old fields on
incarnatum Walt.                                                                            relatively dry soil; perhaps restricted to areas
Eupatorium               marsh         rar?    damp open/spots along streams; nearby        widespread and locally common in wet
                                                                                            near the Ky Rv
perfoliatum L.           boneset               roadsides                                    meadows and shores
Galearis spectabilis   showy orchid   ext?                                              perhaps locally extinct; known only from
(L.) Raf.                                                                               Fayette Co. and early notes of Short ca. 1830
Galium triflorum        moist wood    rar     one spot near S savanna in low woods      widely scattered in better woods on moist
Michx.                  bedstraw                                                        fertile soils; most common near Ky Rv (?)
Gaura biennis L.        lowland gaura ext                                               local at edges of woods and thickets on fertile
                                                                                        floodplains and terraces
Geranium                wood          rar?    reported by M. Boyer from main ridge in S widely scattered in better woods along Ky Rv
maculatum L.            geranium              savanna; check--not reported by others    and ESH; less on highly fertile soils
Helenium autumnale broad-leaved ext           expected along Grays Run; found nearby    widespread in wet meadows and shorelines,
L.                      sneezeweed                                                      especially near larger streams
Helianthus hirsutus common glade ext?                                                   local in open woods, edges and old fields on
Raf.                    sunflower                                                       relatively dry infertile soil, especially near the
Helianthus              small wood    ext?                                              Ky Rv woods Licking Rv (Blue Licks area)
                                                                                        local inand the on relatively dry infertile soil,
microcephalus Torr. sunflower                                                           especially near the Ky Rv in the Palisades
Helianthus mollis
& Gray                  downy         cbg                                               rare, perhaps adventive; formerly known from
                                                                                        section; perhaps browsed out in some areas
Lam.                    sunflower                                                       Fayette Co. in the ESH (Liberty Rd. "barrens"
Hibiscus                broad-leaved wet                                                ponds, especially large natural ones but also
                                                                                        on Garrard SIltstone)
moscheutos L.           rosemallow                                                      some older artificial ones
Hydrastis               goldenseal    ext?                                              rare in better woods near larger creeks &
canadensis L.                                                                           rivers; perhaps picked out of ESH
Impatiens pallida       yellow        ext                                               locally abundant in low woods near larger
Nutt.                   jewelweed                                                       streams and rivers; perhaps not in most CBG
Iodanthus               purple-rocket loc fre scattered in eastern wood, more common in widespread in woods on damp fertile soil
pinnatifidus (Michx.)                         lower areas near streams/trails
Iris virginica L.
Steud.                  swamp iris    wet?                                              rare; known only from oxbows or old swampy
                                                                                        terraces of the Ky Rv; perhaps adventive
Lesquerella globosa                   ext?                                              endangered; thin rocky or disturbed woods
                                                                                        elsewhere (?)
Desv.                                                                                   and edges; locally on deeper soils
Lilium michiganense western lily      ext?                                              rare; few records from deeper woods near Ky
Farw.                                                                                   Rv; perhaps rooted out by hogs
Liparis liliifolia (L.)               ext?                                              infrequent to rare; known only from woods
L.C. Rich. ex Ker-                                                                      near the Ky Rv in the Palisades section but
Lobelia siphilitica L. great blue
Gawl.                                 occ     along streambanks (at least Grays Run);   widespread and locally common on
                                                                                        expected elsewhere; perhaps browsed out by
                        lobelia               some upland swales in S savanna; in       streambanks and in upland swales, especially
                                                                                        cattle or deer
Lysimachia ciliata L. lowland         ext? pasture on RC road to south                  on disturbed low
                                                                                        occasional insoil woods near Ky Rv and in
                        loosestrife                                                     ESH; perhaps not in most CBG
Maianthemum             false         ext                                               locally common in less disturbed woods,
racemosum (L.) Link solomon's-                                                          especially near larger streams; perhaps
Menispermum             common
                        seal          occ     woods/edges                               widely scattered in openCBG and edges
                                                                                        browsed out in much of woods
canadense L.            moonseed
Mentha canadensis                     wet?                                              rare; marshy meadows and streambanks;
L.                                                                                      more frequent in NBG
Mertensia virginica      bluebells        ext                                                   locally abundant in deeper woods near rivers
(L.) Pers. ex Link                                                                              and larger creeks; perhaps browsed out of
Mimulus alatus Ait.   petioled     occ           along Grays Run                                many scattered along streams and in wet
                                                                                                widelyareas
                      monkeyflower                                                              meadows
Onoclea sensibilis L. swamp fern   wet?                                                         rare; swampy sites on acid/infertile soils near
                                                                                                major rivers (also near Sinking Cr in
Onosmodium                                ext?                                                  Jessamine with
                                                                                                rare, mostlyCo.) old records; rocky pastures
hispidissimum                                                                                   in IBG and near Blue Licks
Osmorhiza claytonii
Mackenzie                hairy cicely     ext                                                   locally common in deeper woods on slopes
(Michx.) C.B. Clarke                                                                            near river and larger streams; not in most
Panax quinquefolius      ginseng          ext?                                                  rare; scattered in deeper woods on less fertile
                                                                                                CBG (?)
L.                                                                                              soil near the Ky Rv; was perhaps more
Penstemon                felty open       ext    check data; Coll Field???                      widely scattered in dry thin woods, old fields
                                                                                                widespread
calycosus Small          beardtongue                                                            and roadsides, especially in hilly sections
Penstemon digitalis      smooth open      rar    one found at back of Collection Field          widely scattered in wet meadows and along
Nutt. ex Sims            penstemon                                                              streams
Perideridia                               ext?                                                  rare; thin rocky woods on bluffs near the Ky
americana (Nutt. ex                                                                             Rv and perhaps larger triburaries
Phacelia bipinnatifida
DC.) Reichenb.           purple/          ext?                                                  locally abundant in rocky woods near the Ky
Michx.                   Frankfort fog                                                          Rv and southern branches of the Licking Rv
Phaseolus                thicket bean     ext?                                                  rare (old records only?); less fertile soils in
polystachios (L.)                                                                               thin woods and edges of western ESH and
Phlox divaricata L.
B.S.P.                   eastern wood ext                                                       near Ky Rv; perhaps woods, out
                                                                                                widespread in deeperbrowsedespecially near
var. divaricata          phlox                                                                  rivers and larger creeks
Polemonium reptans       Jacob's-ladder ext?                                                    common in deeper woods near river and
L.                                                                                              creeks; perhaps not in most CBG
Polygonatum              common           rar    restricted to back woods; check versus         locally common in deep woods near the Ky
biflorum (Walt.) Ell.    Solomon's               commutatum                                     Rv, especially in the Palisades section;
Polymnia                 white wood-
                         seal             cbg                                                   locally abundant on loose rocky slopes in
                                                                                                perhaps not in most CBG or browsed/rooted
canadensis L.            rosinweed                                                              woods near the Ky Rv; perhaps unknown
                                                                                                out (?)
Polymnia uvedalia        yellow wood-     ext                                                   locallythe Lickingin thin woods, edges and old
                                                                                                along abundant Rv
(L.) L.                  rosinweed                                                              fields on low ground, especially near the Ky
Polystichum              Christmas fern   rar    one clump found 2005/03 in back woods          widespread in woods; less on highly
                                                                                                Rv; perhaps unknown along the Licking Rv (?)
acrostichoides                                   near tulip poplar; did we miss this earlier?   calcareous soils
Prunella lanceolata
(Michx.) Schott          lance-leaved     occ    woods, fields, especially low/damp places      widely scattered in thin woods and open areas
W. Bart.                 selfheal                                                               on damp fertile soils
Psoralea orbexilum                        ext?                                                  rare; known only from Blue Licks area;
Torr. & Gray                                                                                    perhaps much browsed out (highly palatable)
Rudbeckia hirta L.       common           occ    drier old hayfields/roadsides                  widespread and locally abundant in dry fields,
var. pulcherrima         blackeyed                                                              roadsides and weedy places
Farw. strepens L.
Ruellia                  lowland
                         Susan            com;   old pastures, roadsides; abundant in           widespread and locally common in thin woods,
                         petunia          loc    patches along Russell Cave Road                edges and old fields on fertile soil
                                          abu
Salvia lyrata L.          lyreleaf sage   rar    few plants by fence near red cedar in front of   widespread and locally common on relatively
                                                 old house, at edge of mowed driveway area        dry infertile soils, especially near the Ky Rv
Scrophularia              figwort         nea?   check occurrence                                 infrequent but widely scattered in open woods
                                                                                                  and in the ESH
marilandica L.                                                                                    and edges, especially near streams
Scutellaria incana   tall wood            ext?                                                    local in thin woods and edges on less fertile
Biehler              skullcap                                                                     soils in the western and southern ESH;
                     mad-dog
Scutellaria lateriflora                   wet                                                     unknown in the Licking and marshy
                                                                                                  local in wet open woodsRv section
L.                   skullcap                                                                     meadows, mostly in the IBG and near the Ky
                     heart-leaved
Scutellaria ovata Hill                    ext?                                                    largely restricted to deeper woods on slopes
                                                                                                  Rv
                     skullcap                                                                     near the Ky Rv ; perhaps local in the ESH
Silphium trifoliatum whorled              ext?                                                    local in thin woods, edges and old fields on
L.                   rosinweed                                                                    relatively dry infertile soils in the northern/
Sorghastrum nutans Indian-grass           cbg                                                     eastern ESH; rare near the Ky Ky
                                                                                                  rare; known only from banks ofRv Rv in the
(L.) Nash                                                                                         Palisades section; often planted and perhaps
Stylophorum          wood poppy           ext?                                                    largely restricted to better woods near streams
                                                                                                  adventive elsewhere
diphyllum (Michx.)                                                                                & rivers; perhaps not on uplands
Thalictrum
Nutt.                lowland              ext?                                                    local in low open woods and edges near larger
pubescens Pursh      meadow-rue                                                                   streams & rivers
Thalictrum           rue-anemone          ext                                                     widespread in woods on relatively infertile
thalictroides (L.)                                                                                soils; less on most fertile soils
Tradescantia
Eames & Boivin       broad-leaved         ext?                                                    locally common in woods on low rocky slopes
subaspera Ker-Gawl. spiderwort                                                                    near the Ky Rv; perhaps unknown elsewhere
Trillium sessile L.  small sessile-       occ;   back woods; small areas in S savanna             but expected better woodland Rv
                                                                                                  widespread inalong the Licking remnants, on
                     trillium             loc                                                     uplands and near streams
Valerianella radiata southern             occ;
                                          com    along outer loop of trail in damper areas.       widespread and locally abundant in low woods
(L.) Dufr.           cornsalad            loc                                                     and meadows, especially on floodplains
Verbena hastata L. marsh vervain          ext?
                                          abu                                                     local in wet meadows on less fertile soils
                                                                                                  along the lower Ky Rv and lower Licking Rv
Verbesina                 eastern         rar?   one in low area of 5 acre bullpen field          locally abundant on less calcareous soils near
occidentalis (L.)         wingstem                                                                the Ky Rv in the Palisades section; perhaps
Verbesina virginica
Walt.                     white           ext?                                                    also along and locally abundant in old
                                                                                                  widespreadthe Licking Rv
L.                        wingstem                                                                pastures near the Ky Rv and in the western
Viola pensylvanica        smooth yellow   ext?                                                    locallyvirtually absent in the eastern ESH on
                                                                                                  ESH; common in better woods, especially
Michx.                    stemmed-                                                                less fertile soils
Viola striata Ait.        creamy
                          violet          occ; woods; check distribution                          widespread in damp thin woods on fertile soils
                          spreading-      loc
Acalypha deamii           lowland
                          violet          ext?
                                          com?                                                    rare (or overlooked); woods on bottomland and
(Weatherby) Ahles         mercury                                                                 perhaps damp uplands
Actaea pachypoda          white           ext?                                                    restricted to better woods near major creeks &
Ell.                      baneberry                                                               rivers
Adiantum pedatum          maidenhair      ext?                                                    widespread in forests on mesic slopes; mostly
L.                        fern                                                                    near larger creeks & rivers
Agrimonia               hairy agrimony occ     S savanna; W woods; coming into unmowed widespread in drier woods and edges
pubescens Wallr.                               openings after mowing stopped
Agrimonia rostellata    smooth         ext                                             widespread in better woods and edges
Wallr.                  agrimony
Alisma subcordatum      water plantain wet                                                widely scattered and locally common in ponds
Raf.
Allium burdickii        narrow wild     ext?                                              scattered patches in deeper woods on slopes
(Hanes) A.G. Jones      leek                                                              near Ky Rv; also in ESH of Anderson Co. and
Allium tricoccum Ait.   broad wild      ext?                                              expected patches in
                                                                                          scattered elsewhere deeper woods on low
                        leek                                                              slopes near Ky Rv; unknown but expected
Andropogon              little bluestem cbg                                               along other only streams
                                                                                          rare; known large from a few sites on rocky
scoparius Michx.                                                                          banks of the Ky Rv (or nearby?) and in the
Anemone                                wet?                                               Blue Licks glade; all in/near was perhaps
                                                                                          only two records from n. Ky;the ESH
canadensis L.                                                                             scattered in low wet meadows
Anemone virginiana      thimbleweed    ext                                                widespread in drier woods and thickets; less
L.                                                                                        on deep, damp soils
Apios americana         potato bean    cbg                                                local or rare in wet meadows and shores near
Medik.                                                                                    Ky Rv (mostly old records?)
Aplectrum hyemale       puttyroot      ext?                                               rare; known only from woods near the Ky Rv
(Muhl. ex Willd.)       orchid                                                            in the Palisades section or upstream in the
Arisaema pusillum
Torr.                                  cbg                                                rare or absent; recorded only from Jessamine
                                                                                          ESH
(Peck) Nash                                                                               Co. (damp acid soils?)
Asclepias quadrifoliafourleaf          ext?                                               widely scattered in moist to dry woods near
Jacq.                milkweed                                                             Ky Rv and in western ESH
Asplenium            common            occ     especially drier/rocky woods near Gray's   widespread in woods on various soils
platyneuron (L.)     ebony                     Run (M. Boyer); also on N side of tavern
Aster oblongifolius
B.S.P.               lime purple-
                     spleenwort        cbg     wall                                       locally common on cliffs near the Ky Rv and
Nutt.                aster                                                                perhaps South Fork of Licking Rv
Aster racemosus Ell. lowland little-   cbg                                                locally common in fields and shores along
                     white-aster                                                          rivers; rare or absent along smaller streams
Aster schreberi Nees smooth bigleaf    cbg                                                rare; known only from Jessamine Co. in rocky
                                                                                          (?)
                     wood aster                                                           woods near the Ky Rv in the Palisades
Aster undulatus L.   sand wood-        ext?                                               rare or local; known only from woods on less
                                                                                          section
                     blue-aster                                                           fertile soil in ESH near Licking Rv; loc abu in
Aster urophyllus     northern wood-    ext?                                               infrequent to rare; open woods and edges on
                                                                                          CLAR glades
Lindl.               blue-aster                                                           dry soil; perhaps scattered in ESH (?)
Astragalus                             cbg                                                rare; streambanks and edges on less fertile
canadensis L.                                                                             soils in Blue Licks area
Brachyelytrum        beech-grass       ext?                                               locally common in deeper woods on less
erectum (Schreb. ex                                                                       fertile soils, especially near the Ky Rv; rare or
BrickelliaBeauv.
Spreng.)             alternate         ext?                                               local in in most CBG and ESH on dry soil,
                                                                                          absent fields and open woods
eupatorioides (L.)   boneset                                                              especially hill areas near rivers; also scattered
Shinners                                                                                  in ESH
Cardamine bulbosa    bulbous             wet?                                               widespread in swampy woods, from river
(Schreb. ex Muhl.)   bittercress                                                            bottoms to streamheads
Cardamine diphylla
B.S.P.               broad-leaved        ext?                                               largely restricted to deeper woods along rivers
(Michx.) Wood        toothwort                                                              and larger streams; less in ESH (?)
Cardamine            limestone           fre    scattered in more grown up woods; and few widespread in woods, especially better
douglassii Britt.    bittercress                in S savanna                                remnants
Carex aggregata      rich meadow         occ?   in woods/edges, may be more frequent
Mackenz.             spike-sedge                (suggests cephaloidea x muhlenbergii)
Carex albursina      greater lax-        ext?                                               locally common in woods on rocky slopes,
Sheldon              sedge                                                                  especially near the Ky Rv and Licking Rv
Carex blanda Dewey   weedy lax-          com    woods/edges                                 widespread and locally abundant in open
                     sedge                                                                  woods and edges on fertile soils
Carex communis       larger tufted       ext?                                               largely restricted to deeper woods on rocky
Bailey               fine-sedge                                                             slopes near rivers and larger creeks
Carex frankii Kunth scaly head-          occ    wet places, swales; scattered in open areas widespread and locally common in wet fields
                     sedge                                                                  and other open places
Carex granularis     tufted lime-        occ    local in damper parts of fields/edges       locally common in sesonally damp old fields,
Muhl. ex Willd.      sedge                                                                  thin woods and rocky glades, especially near
Carex laxiflora Lam. common lax-         ext?                                               largely restricted to deeper woods near rivers
                                                                                            streams
                     sedge                                                                  and larger creeks; perhaps not in most CBG
Carex lupulina Muhl. greater hop-        wet?                                               infrequent but perhaps locally common in
ex Willd.            sedge                                                                  marshy areas near Ky Rv (and check Sinking
Carex vulpinoidea    fine-fox-sedge      occ    wetter ground in open, near ditches,        widespread and locally abundant in wet fields,
                                                                                            Creek system)
Michx.                                          streams.                                    ditches, streambanks and other open areas
Caulophyllum         blue cohosh         ext?                                               largely restricted to better woods near larger
thalictroides (L.)                                                                          creeks and rivers
Cerastium nutans
Michx.               nodding             ext?                                               local in low woods and meadows, especially
Raf.                 mouse-ear                                                              near rivers; was perhaps more widespread
Chenopodium          chickweed           ext?                                               rare or unknown; spread from west; was
buschianum Aellen                                                                           associated with Native American sites
Chenopodium                              ext?                                               uncommon or rare; perhaps spread from west;
missouriense Aellen                                                                         may have associated with Native American
Cimicifuga racemosa common               ext?                                               rare in better woods of ESH near larger creeks
                                                                                            sites
(L.) Nutt.           bugbane                                                                & rivers
Cirsium discolor     old-field thistle   occ    less disturbed fields/edges                 widespread and locally common in old
(Muhl. ex Willd.)                                                                           pastures and open grazed woods; not a
Dasistoma
Spreng.              mullein             ext?                                               largely restricted to rocky woods and edges
                                                                                            common weed in farmland
macrophylla (Nutt.) foxglove                                                                near the Ky Rv, Licking Rv and locally in the
Desmodium
Raf.                 large-bracted       ext?                                               local in thin woods and edges of western ESH
                                                                                            ESH
cuspidatum (Muhl.    tick-trefoil                                                           and near Ky Rv; not in most CBG
Desmodium ex
ex Willd.) DC.       rich wood tick-     ext?                                               largely restricted to woods near Ky Rv and
glutinosum (Muhl. ex trefoil
Loud.                                                                                       local in western ESH; perhaps not in most
Willd.) Wood                                                                                CBG
Desmodium              pale wood tick- ext?                                                local in better woods along Ky Rv and in ESH
pauciflorum (Nutt.)    trefoil
Diarrhena americana
DC.                    beakgrain       ext?                                                locally abundant in woods on rocky slopes,
Beauv.                 grass                                                               especially near the Ky Rv; perhaps rare or
Dioscorea quaternata   wild yam        ext?                                                widespread in deeper woods, especially in
                                                                                           absent in ESH
J.F. Gmel.                                                                                 hilly sections; perhaps rare or absent in most
Dioscorea villosa L.                    ext?                                               infrequent; ESH (?) restricted to low woods
                                                                                           of eastern perhaps
                                                                                           and edges near the Ky Rv, but also expected
Dryopteris marginalis marginal          ext?                                               restricted Licking Rvon mesic slopes; mostly
                                                                                           along the to forests
(L.) Gray              woodfern                                                            near larger creeks & rivers
Elymus hystrix L.      bottlebrush-     ext?                                               widely scattered and locally abundant in
                       grass                                                               woods, especially on relatively dry soil in hilly
Eragrostis             showy love-      rar    2007 in back of "orchard" field; check      infrequentseelocally common in fields on
                                                                                           sections; or also var. bigelovianus
spectabilis (Pursh) grass                      elsewhere; also nearby roadsides?           relatively infertile soil, especially on larger
Eupatorium
Steud.                 common joe-      ext?                                               infrequent or rare; known only from open areas
                                                                                           stream terraces (?)
fistulosum Barratt     pye-weed                                                            on lowlands near the Ky Rv
Eupatorium             wood joe-pye-    ext?                                               largely restricted to deeper woods near rivers
purpureum L.           weed                                                                and larger streams; perhaps absent in most
Euphorbia              wood spurge      occ    scattered in eastern woods--check           dry woods, especially common near Ky Rv
                                                                                           ESH (?)
commutata Engelm.                              distribution                                but widely scattered elsewhere
Euphorbia obtusata                      ext?                                               rare or locally extinct; woods on river bottoms
Pursh                                                                                      with fertile soils (?)
Festuca paradoxa       prairie fescue   cbg                                                perhaps overlooked; a species of interest with
Desv.                                                                                      mostly old western records in KY
Floerkea                                ext?                                               rare; northern species with one old record from
proserpinacoides                                                                           Lexington area; damp disturbed woods
Galium circaezans dry wood
Willd.                                  ext?                                               widely scattered in better woods on dry soils,
Michx.                 bedstraw                                                            especially near the Ky Rv and in ESH
Galium concinnum needle-leaved          ext?                                               moist to dry woods on slopes near Ky Rv and
Torr. & Gray           bedstraw                                                            in ESH; not in most CBG
Galium obtusum         swamp            ext?                                               local in swampy woods near Ky Rv (Sinking
Bigelow                bedstraw                                                            Creek?) and perhaps elsewhere
Geum vernum (Raf.) spring avens         occ;   local along edges/thin woods in S savanna   widely scattered and locally common in open
Torr. & Gray                            loc                                                woods, edges and old pastures
Glyceria striata       common           occ
                                        com    patches in streambeds, especially in thin   widespread and locally abundant along slow
(Lam.) A.S. Hitchc. mannagrass                 shade? Check distribution                   streams and pond margins
Hackelia virginiana beggars-lice        ext                                                widely scattered in thin woods and edges on
(L.) I.M. Johnston                                                                         fertile soils, especially near rivers and larger
Hedeoma                pennyroyal       ext?                                               widely scattered and locally common on
                                                                                           creeks
pulegioides (L.) Pers.                                                                     relatively dry infertile soil in fields
Helianthus             sessile wood     cbg                                                rare or absent; known from Owen Co.
divaricatus L.         sunflower
Helianthus               eastern bluish cbg                                                rare (?); recorded only from Woodford Co.
strumosus L.             sunflower                                                         (check); see also H. trachelifolius
Hepatica acutiloba       acute hepatica ext?                                               restricted to rocky mesic woods near larger
DC.                                                                                        streams & rivers; not uplands?
Heuchera americana   common           ext?                                                 largely restricted to rocky slopes near the Ky
L.                   alumroot                                                              Rv and in western ESH; not in most CBG
Houstonia lanceolata lance-leaved ext                                                      locally frequent in rocky woods and fields near
(Poir.) Britt.       bluets                                                                Ky Rv; some parts of ESH
Hybanthus concolor   green-violet     ext?                                                 largely restricted to woods on slopes near the
(T.F. Forst.) Spreng.                                                                      Ky Rv; perhaps local in ESH
Hydrophyllum         upland           ext                                                  local in deeper woods on upper slopes near
macrophyllum Nutt.   waterleaf                                                             rivers and in ESH
Impatiens capensis   orange           loc      thin woods/edges on streambanks, damp       locally abundant along streams and in damp
Meerb.               jewelweed        abu      uplands (especially in wet years like 2004) disturbed woods
Lactuca biennis      tall blue        occ      several near Grays Run bridge at edge of    widely scattered but infrequent in open woods
(Moench) Fern.       lettuce                   thicket                                     and edges, especially near streams
                     common blue ext?
Lactuca floridana (L.)                                                                     locally common in thin woods and edges,
Gaertn.              lettuce                                                               especially larger streams
Leersia oryzoides    cutleaf rice-    rar; loc patches along Gray's Run especially in open widespread and locally abundant in marshy
(L.) Sw.             grass            abu      marshy streambanks                          banks of slow streams and ponds
Leersia virginica    common rice- com; in woods/edges especially along paths but widespread and locally abundant in woods on
Willd.               grass            loc      widely scattered.                           damp fertile soils; perhaps less in ESH
Lespedeza            lime bush-       ext?
                                      abu                                                  widely scattered and locally abundant in dry
frutescens (L.)      clover                                                                woods near Ky Rv and in ESH; not in most
Lycopus americanus
Hornem. ("violacea") dissected        wet?                                                 local in wet meadows on fertile soils,
                                                                                           CBG
Muhl. ex W. Bart.    water-                                                                especially near the Ky Rv; rare or absent in
Lysimachia hybrida   horehound        ext?                                                 rare; few old records; "moist meadows near
                                                                                           ESH (?)
Michx.                                                                                     Lexington" (Short at GH)
Matelea obliqua      climbing         ext?                                                 largely restricted to rocky slopes near the Ky
(Jacq.) Woods.       milkvine                                                              Rv; perhaps locally elsewhere; J. Lempke
Nymphaea odorata     white water-lily wet?                                                 found in Shady from woods
                                                                                           several records Lane ponds in n. Ky; check
Ait.                                                                                       details
Oxalis grandis Small yellow wood- ext?                                                     scattered in good mesic woods along Ky Rv
                     sorrel                                                                and in ESH; perhaps not in most CBG
Panicum anceps       meadow fall- occ;         old pastures; loc fre in fenced pond field  infrequent or perhaps locally common in old
Michx.               panicgrass       loc fre                                              fields of the ESH, especially on less fertile
Phalaris arundinacea reed canary- wet?                                                     perhaps native (at least partly); infrequent but m?
                                                                                           soil; rare or absent in most CBG
L.                   grass                                                                 locally common in marshy streambanks
Phryma leptostachya lopseed           fre      woods                                       widespread in woods on moist fertile soils
L.
Poa angustifolia L. narrow            loc      narrow leaved form of P. pratense in drier  possibly native; widespread and locally          m?
                     bluegrass        dom? old pastures/hayfields; need investigation as abundant in old pastures
                                               possible native
Poa trivialis L.       lowland        occ;   gullies in woods/edges, eg near NE pond        possibly native in part; locally common in thin m?
                       bluegrass      loc                                                   woods and edges along streams and other low
Polygala latifolia     greater        ext?
                                      abu                                                   locally common in woods along Ky Rv and in
                                                                                            areas
(Torr. & Gray) new     milkwort                                                             ESH; perhaps not in most CBG
Polygonum
comb.                  broad-leaved wet?                                                    rare but widely scattered; older ponds (natural
coccineum Muhl. ex water                                                                    and perhaps artificial)
Polygonum
Willd.                 greater
                       smartweed      occ?   occasional in nursery area; perhaps            restricted to banks of rivers and nearby fields
lapathifolium L.       nodding               adventive?
Prenanthes altissima common wood- ext?
                       smartweed                                                            locally common in deeper woods, especially
L.                     lettuce                                                              near larger streams; perhaps not in most CBG
Prenanthes                            wet?                                                  perhaps locally extinct (?); expected in wet
                                                                                            and ESH (?)
racemosa Michx.                                                                             meadows; an old record from Pendleton Co.
Ranunculus             northern       wet?                                                  wooded wetlands near larger creeks & rivers
caricetorum Greene swamp
Ranunculus hispidus common wood- ext
                       buttercup                                                            common in woods on slopes, especially near
Michx.                 buttercup                                                            larger streams
Ranunculus             stream         wet?                                                  restricted to better streams and swamps in
longirostris Godr.     crowfoot                                                             IBG
Ranunculus             lobed wood-    ext?                                                  widespread in low woods in hilly areas;
recurvatus Poir.       buttercup                                                            perhaps less on uplands
Rorippa palustris (L.) tall yellow-   wet                                                   scattered along streams and in wet meadows
Bess.                  cress
Rubus flagellaris      northern       occ?   local in plant collection field; check re      local in ESH; known only from the eastern
Willd.                 dewberry              enslenii                                       ESH and nearby (?); see also R. depavitus,
Rudbeckia speciosa                    wet?                                                  rare (?); a speciosa-tenax intermediate is
                                                                                            etc.
Wenderoth                                                                                   known from a wet meadow in Franklin Co.
Rumex altissimus       stream dock ext?                                                     wetlands; mostly near Ky Rv but also
Wood                                                                                        scattered in smaller streams and upland
Sagittaria brevirostra western        wet?                                                  rare; infrequent in ponds, perhaps most/all in/
                                                                                            ponds
Mackenzie & Bush arrowhead                                                                  near ESH (Fayette Co. confirmed)
Sagittaria latifolia   common         ext?   check pond N of farm by US 62                  widely scattered and locally common in
Willd.                 arrowhead                                                            ponds, especially with eutrophic conditions (?)
Sanicula trifoliata    tulip-wood     ext?                                                  local in deeper woods near rivers and larger
Bickn.                 sanicle                                                              creeks; perhaps unknown elsewhere
Scirpus atrovirens     pale marsh     rar    few patches at road across McMillian           widespread and locally abundant in marshy
Willd.                 bulrush               Branch; id. tentative; like S. georgianus in   eutrophic places
Scirpus                tall softstem ext     sheaths but some bristles on achenes           widely scattered and locally common along
tabernaemontani        bulrush                                                              slow streams and pond margins, with
Sedum ternatum
K.C. Gmel.             wood           ext                                                   locally common in better woods, especially
                                                                                            generally eutrophic conditions
Michx.                 stonecrop                                                            near Ky Rv and in ESH; perhaps not in most
Senecio aureus L.      golden ragwort ext?                                                  local in thin woods and edges on low ground
                                                                                            CBG
                                                                                            near the Ky Rv and perhaps the Licking Rv
Senecio obovatus       wood ragwort   ext?                                                   locally common in deeper woods, especially
Muhl. ex Willd.                                                                              on rocky slopes near larger streams
Silene stellata (L.)   starry          ext?                                                  widespread in woods on less fertile soils;
Ait. f.                campion                                                               perhaps not in most CBG
Smilax herbacea L.     smooth          ext                                                   widely scattered in thin woods and edges,
                       carrionflower                                                         especially near larger streams; perhaps
Smilax lasioneura      hairy pale      ext?                                                  unknown along the Licking woods may have
                                                                                             local; known only from thin Rv (?); or edges
Hook.                  carrionflower                                                         near the Ky Rv (Jessamine and Fayette
                                                                                             been browsed out
Solidago graminifolia common           ext?                                                  Cos.); also near the common in old fields on
                                                                                             infrequent on locally Ohio Rv; perhaps
(L.) Salisb.           narrow-leaved                                                         less fertile soils in the ESH; not in most CBG
                                                                                             browsed out
Solidago nemoralis gray-haired
                       aster           ext?                                                  locally common in fields and thin woods on
Ait.                   goldenrod                                                             dry soil in the ESH; not in most CBG
Solidago shortii Torr.                 ext?                                                  endangered; restricted to few sites in and
& Gray                                                                                       around Blue Licks
Solidago ulmifolia     lime-wood/      ext?                                                  locally common in deeper woods on slopes
Muhl. ex Willd.        elmleaf                                                               near larger streams, especially the Ky Rv
Sphenopholis           lowland wedge- ext
                       goldenrod                                                             locally frequent in woods on fertile soils,
intermedia (Rydb.)     grass                                                                 especially near larger streams
Sphenopholis
Rydb.                  prairie wedge- cbg                                                    rare (?); dry open areas, perhaps in grassland
obtusata (Michx.)      grass                                                                 remnants but maybe partly adventive; known
Spiranthes gracilis
Scribn.                southern little rar    a few plants in Collection Field during 2007   widely scattered but infrequent in old pastures
                                                                                             only from Jessamine & Mercer Cos., also the
(Bigelow) Beck         ladies'-tresses        (ca. 3-5)                                      and other open areas, especially near the Ky
                                                                                             Blue Licks area (check data)
Spiranthes odorata                     cbg                                                   rare; known only from open swampy woods
                                                                                             Rv in the Palisades section; expected
(Nutt.) Lindl.                                                                               and meadows on eutrophic soil in Woodford
                                                                                             elsewhere but often overlooked and
Spiranthes vernalis early ladies'- rar        a few plants in the Collection Field during    rare; known only from old fields or other open
                                                                                             Co.
                                                                                             undercollected; see also S. lacera
Engelm. & Gray         tresses                2007 (ca. 1-3)                                 areas on relatively damp infertile soil near the
Sporobolus             sheathed        ext?                                                  locally common in roadsides and fields on dry
                                                                                             Ky Rv
compositus (Poir.)     dropseed                                                              soils, especially in hilly sections
Stachys tenuifolia
Merr.                  smooth          ext?                                                  restricted to low woods near rivers and major
Willd.                 woundwort                                                             tributaries; see also S. hispida
Synandra hispidula white wood-         ext?                                                  largely restricted to deeper woods on slopes
(Michx.) Baill.        beauty                                                                and bottoms near the Ky Rv; perhaps local
Thalictrum dioicum early wood-rue ext?                                                       common in woods on mesic slopes near larger
                                                                                             along the Licking Rv
L.                                                                                           streams & rivers; was perhaps on uplands
Thaspium barbinode wood-parsnip ext?                                                         locally common in deep woods, especially
(Michx.) Nutt.                                                                               near the Ky Rv and its larger tributaries;
Thaspium trifoliatum ternate wood- ext?                                                      local in deeper woods near the Ky RvRv (?)
                                                                                             perhaps also along the lower Licking and
(L.) Gray              parsnip                                                               perhaps along the Licking Rv; not in most
Tradescantia           narrow-leaved ext?                                                    locally common in woods on dry slopes near
                                                                                             CBG (?)
virginiana L.          spiderwort                                                            the Ky Rv, the Licking Rv., and perhaps
Trillium flexipes Raf. nodding         ext?                                                  largely restricted to deeper woods on low
                                                                                             elsewhere
                       trillium                                                              slopes near the Ky Rv; also along the lower
                                                                                             Licking Rv (?)
Triphora               threebirds     ext?                                             rare; recorded only from Fayette and Madison
trianthophora (Sw.)    orchid                                                          Co. (?); could have occurred widely in older
Urtica
Rydb.                  southern       rar    one along Toyota Trail in May 2004; also  woods with deep organic humus along fertile
                                                                                       scattered widely but thinly in woods ontrails,
chamaedryoides         nettle                one by NW edge of back big woods in 2005 soils; esp along trails (?) soil
                                                                                       streams or other exposed
Uvularia grandiflora
Pursh                  greater        ext?   (to student plots)                        locally common in deeper woods near rivers
Sm.                    bellwort                                                        and larger streams, especially near the Ky Rv
Valeriana pauciflora   valerian       ext?                                             local in deeper woods near the Ky Rv and its
Michx.                                                                                 major tributaries; perhaps unknown along the
Viola pubescens Ait.  downy yellow ext                                                 local in better woods near larger streams and
                                                                                       Licking Rv (?)
                      stemmed-                                                         rivers; perhaps not in most CBG
Viola sororia Willd. hairy blue-
                      violet       ext                                                 common in better woods on slopes near
                      violet                                                           streams and in ESH; perhaps not in most
Abutilon theophrasti velvetleaf    occ       disturbed ground, especially around barn, CBG                                            a
Medik.                                       recently plowed areas, etc.
Acalypha gracilens slender         cbg
Gray                  mercury
Acalypha ostryifolia broad-leaved loc fre    roadsides; loc com in Ren Run field; few     locally common on disturbed fertile soil
Riddell               mercury                scattered near tavern & nursery; nearby
Acalypha              greater      loc fre   Renaker Run Field
                                             fields                                     widespread on disturbed ground; wide range of
rhomboidea Raf.       mercury                                                           soils
Acalypha virginica L. lesser       ext?                                                 dry disturbed woods and openings, mostly
                      mercury                                                           near river bluffs; much less on deeper soils
Achillea millefolium yarrow        fre       drier fields                               widespread in mowed fields and other open         aa
L.                                                                                      areas; perhaps partly native
Acorus calamus L. sweet flag       nea       along ponded stream a few miles to S along rare or absent; ponds and ditches, esp. in        m?
                                             Ky. 353; check                             relatively non-calcareous areas; may not be
Agalinis tenuifolia    common        cbg                                                rare; infertile soil near the Ky Rv; perhaps only
                                                                                        native
(Vahl) Raf.            mouseglove                                                       in ESH
Agave virginica L.     American aloe cbg                                                infrequent; restricted to outcrops and open
                                                                                        rocky woods above cliffs near the Ky Rv;
Agrimonia parviflora   marsh          wet                                               local,in ESH (atuncommon;Licksmeadows and
                                                                                        local generally least Blue wet area)
Ait.                   agrimony                                                         low thin woods, especially near larger streams
Agrostis elliottiana                  cbg                                               rare;rivers
                                                                                        and dry infertile soil near the Ky Rv; perhaps
J.A. Schultes                                                                           only in ESH (records from Jessamine &
Agrostis gigantea      redtop grass   occ                                               Fayette Cos.)                                     a
Roth
Agrostis hyemalis      late bentgrass cbg                                                 infrequent or rare; infertile soil near the Ky Rv;
(Walt.) B.S.P.                                                                            perhaps only in the ESH
Agrostis perennans     upland         cbg                                                 locally frequent in thin woods and edges on
(Walt.) Tuckerman      bentgrass                                                          relatively infertile soils near the Ky Rv;
Agrostis stolonifera                  ext?                                                possible native in part; scattered in damp
                                                                                          expected in the ESH but apparently unknown m?
L.                                                                                        open areas (study further)
Alliaria petiolata  garlic mustard abu      woods/edges, widespread                                                                          aaa
(Bieb.) Cavara &
Allium cernuum Roth nodding onion cbg
Grande
Allium vineale L.   weed onion       occ                                                                                                     aa

Amaranthus albus L. prostrate        cbg                                                    scattered in old fields and waste places on      w?
                    amaranth                                                                fertile soils; perhaps adventive from west
Amaranthus hybridus common           nea?   known nearby                                    common in old field and waste places on          s
L.                  amaranth                                                                fertile soils; probably adventive from south
Amaranthus          field amaranth   loc    scattered in fields/edges; difficult to id from common in old fields and waste places on         s
retroflexus L.                       com    hybridus?                                       fertile soils; adventive from south
Amaranthus          spiny            occ                                                                                                     s
spinosus L.         amaranth
Amaranthus          eastern sand     cbg                                                   rare or very local; banks of rivers and nearby
tuberculatus (Moq.) amaranth
Ambrosia
Sauer               common      com;        especially along open paths; also old crop    widespread in old fields, especially on
artemisiifolia L.   ragweed     loc         fields                                        disturbed fertile soil+U351
Ambrosia trifida L.             com;
                    giant ragweed
                                abu         especially in old tobacco field               widespread in old fields, especially on
                                loc                                                       disturbed damp fertile soil
Ammannia coccinea greater pond- abu
                                cbg                                                       uncommon or rare; wetlands near the Ky Rv,
Rottb.               purslane                                                             perhaps elsewhere
Amphiachyris                    cbg                                                       infrequent or rare; known only from scattered w
dracunculoides (DC.)                                                                      sites in rocky pastures near the Ky Rv and
Andropogon gyrans sheathed
Nutt.                           cbg                                                       rare or infrequent; known only from dry west
                                                                                          western ESH; perhaps adventive from infertile
Ashe                 broomsedge                                                           old fields in the ESH of Fayette and
Andropogon           common     occ                                                       Jessamine and
                                            drier parts of back fields; check occurrence; widespread Co. locally abundant in old fields,
virginicus L.        broomsedge             not common                                    especially on relatively infertile soils
Antennaria parlinii  smooth     cbg                                                       infrequent; restricted to woods on less fertile
Fern.                pussytoes                                                            soil near the Ky Rv; unknown along the
Antennaria           hairy      ext?                                                      Licking Rv and
                                                                                          widespread(?) locally abundant in dry woods
plantaginifolia (L.) pussytoes                                                            on less fertile soils
Anthemis cotula L. stinking
Richards.                       occ         near barn                                                                                     a
                     chamomile
Apocynum             dogbane    occ;        roadsides; generally absent within farm        widespread in old fields, along roads and other
cannabinum L.                   loc                                                        weedy areas
Arabis hirsuta (L.)             cbg
                                abu                                                        rare; known from few sites on rocky slopes
Scop.                                                                                      near Ky Rv. (var. adpressipilis)
Arabis laevigata     common     ext?                                                       widespread in rocky woods, especially near
(Muhl. ex Willd.)    rockcress                                                             larger streams
Arabis perstellata
Poir.                           cbg                                                        rare; restricted to rocky wooded slopes along
E.L. Braun                                                                                 lower Ky Rv
Arabis shortii (Fern.)               cbg                                                    rare; restricted to wooded slopes and bottoms
Gleason                                                                                     along lower Ky Rv
Arabis virginica (L.) southern field occ     old corn field N of house (2003)               widespread in old fields
Poir.                  cress
Aralia racemosa L. spikenard         cbg                                                    rare; recorded only from Woodford Co. (check)

Arctium minus        burrdock         occ    not widespread; disturbed soil/manure/silage                                                    a
Bernh.                                       areas
Arenaria patula      limestone        cbg                                                   restricted to outcrops near Ky Rv and nearby
Michx.               stitchwort                                                             ravines
Aristida dichotoma   common           cbg
Michx.               threeawn-
Aristida oligantha   spreading
                     grass            cbg                                                   infrequent; fields or other open areas on dry
Michx.               threeawn-                                                              infertile soil near the Ky Rv and Licking Rv,
Aristida             perennial
                     grass            cbg                                                   rare or absent; recorded from Fayette Co.
                                                                                            especially in the ESH (?)
purpurascens Poir.   threeawn-                                                              (check)
Aristolochia         birthwort
                     grass            cbg                                                   infreq to rare in woods of ESH and near larger
serpentaria L.                                                                              creeks and rivers
Artemisia annua L.   fine-leaved      occ?   front near barns etc., not widespread                                                           a
                     wormwood
Arthraxon hispidus   asian shore-     rar    one patch found at back entrance to S                                                           aa
(Thunb.) Makino      grass                   savanna in 2006; all was pulled and none
Aruncus dioicus      goat's-beard     cbg    seen in 2007                                   rare in deep woods near Ky Rv (one record
(Walt.) Fern.                                                                               only?)
Asclepias exaltata L. poke            cbg                                                   rare (?); recorded from Henry Co.
                       milkweed
Asclepias                             ext?
purpurascens L.
Asclepias verticillata whorled        ext?                                                  local on dry soil near Ky Rv in Palisades
L.                     milkweed                                                             section; perhaps rarely adventive elsewhere
Asclepias viridiflora slender green   ext?                                                  rare; known only from Blue Licks area
                                                                                            (?)
Raf.                   milkweed
Asplenium resiliens small ebony       cbg                                                   restricted to cliffs along Ky Rv
Kunze                  spleenwort
Asplenium              climbing       cbg                                                   restricted to cliffs along Ky Rv
rhizophyllum L.        spleenwort
Asplenium ruta-        lime-cliff     cbg                                                   restricted to cliffs along Ky Rv
muraria L.             spleenwort
Asplenium              maidenhair     cbg
trichomanes L.         spleenwort
Aster demotus          lime little-   cbg                                                   transitions to Knobs and beyond, esp in dry
(Blake) new comb. white-aster                                                               native grassy areas; perhaps was in ESH (?)
Aster divaricatus L.      white wood      cbg                                                    rare; known only from low woods near the Ky
                          aster                                                                  Rv in the Palisades section
Aster laevis L.           lime blue-aster cbg                                                    peripheral regions in dry native grassy areas;
                                                                                                 wads perhaps in ESH (?)
Aster lanceolatus         swamp little- occ       woods along Grays Run                          locally common in woods and fields on
Willd.                    white-aster                                                            floodplains, especially larger streams
Aster lateriflorus (L.)   purplish little- rar?   needs confirmation                             widespread and locally common in thin woods,
Britt.                    white-aster                                                            edges and fields, especially on less fertile
Aster lowrieanus          smooth wood- cbg                                                       infrequent; restricted most CBG slopes with
                                                                                                 soils; perhaps not in to woods on
Porter                    blue-aster                                                             less fertile soil near rivers
Aster lucidulus                            cbg                                                   locally extinct (?); known only from an old
(Gray) Wieg.                                                                                     collection on banks of Ky Rv
Aster macrophyllus      rough bigleaf cbg                                                        rare; known only from a few sites in rocky
L.                      wood aster                                                               woods near the Ky Rv in the Palisades
Aster ontarionis        soft little-white- fre    partial shade mostly                           widespread and locally abundant in thin
                                                                                                 section
Wieg.                   aster                                                                    woods, edges and old fields, especially on
Aster phlogifolius      wood purple- cbg                                                         rare; known only from rocky woodsnorth (?)
                                                                                                 damp fertile soils; perhaps less to near the
Muhl. ex Willd.         aster                                                                    Ky Rv in the upper Palisades section
Aster pilosus Willd.    old-field little- loc     especially recent crop fields, other disturbed widespread and often abundant in old fields
                        white-aster        abu    ground
Astilbe biternata       dull goat's        cbg                                                   rare in deep woods near Ky Rv (two records
(Vent.) Britt.          beard                                                                    only?)
Athyrium                giant              ext?                                                  restricted to mesic slope forests near larger
pycnocarpon             spleenwort                                                               creeks & rivers
(Spreng.) flava (L.)
AureolariaTidestrom western yellow cbg                                                           rare; rocky woods near the Ky Rv in the
Farw.                   foxglove                                                                 Palisades section (only known from Fayette
Aureolaria virginica downy yellow cbg                                                            Co.?); may on infertile soils subject Ky
                                                                                                 rare; woods have been highlynear the to Rv,
(L.) Pennell            foxglove                                                                 perhaps only in the ESH
                                                                                                 browsing
Baptisia australis (L.) blue wild          cbg                                                   rare; one or few sites on banks of Ky Rv
R. Br. ex Ait. f.       indigo
Barbarea vulgaris       winter-cress occ          scattered in fields                                                                             a
Ait. f.
Bidens aristosa         common bur- ext?                                                        widely scattered and locally abundant on
(Michx.) Britt.         marigold                                                                disturbed wet soils; especially medium acid
Bidens bipinnata L. upland bur-            rar    roof of tavern! (2007)                        widely scattered and locally common on dry
                        marigold                                                                disturbed ground, especially calcareous
Bidens cernua L.        connate bur- wet                                                        widely scattered and locally common on
                        marigold                                                                shorelines and in marshy meadows on
Bidens comosa           petioled bur- cbg                                                       widely scatteredlessshorelines and in marshy
                                                                                                eutrophic soils; on in ESH
(Gray) Wieg.            marigold                                                                meadows (less restricted to eutrophic soils?)
Bidens discoidea        swamp              cbg                                                  rare; swamp in Franklin Co.
(Torr. & Gray) Britt. discoid bur-
                        marigold
Bidens frondosa L.       small discoid   occ    pond margins/streamsides                        widespread in open areas on disturbed soil
                         bur-marigold
Bidens vulgata           large discoid   cbg                                                    rare; recorded from Nicholas Co. (wetlands on
Greene                   bur-marigold                                                           less fertile soil?)
Bignonia capreolata                      ext                                                    widely scattered in woods and thickets,
L.                                                                                              especially near rivers and larger streams
Boehmeria cylindrica     water hemp      wet                                                    common in low wet woods; rare or absent on
(L.) Sw.                                                                                        uplands
Botrychium               lesser-lobed    cbg                                                    rare in ESH
biternatum (Sav.)        grapefern
Botrychium obliquum
Underwood                dissected       occ    few seen in NE back woods; also few in          occasional; scattered in woods on less fertile
Muhl. ex Willd.          grapefern              wooded valley W of Amende House                 soils; more in ESH
Botrychium               rattlesnake     occ?   woods; check for distribution                   widely scattered in woods on various soils
virginianum (L.) Sw.     fern
Bouteloua                                cbg                                                    perhaps locally extinct; old record from Blue
curtipendula (Michx.)                                                                           Licks (check)
Brassica rapa L.
Torr.                    field mustard   occ    Renaker Run Field (recheck for B. napus)                                                         a

Bromus inermis           creeping        occ    few places in fencerows; check occurrence;                                                       aaa
Leyss.                   brome-grass            bad invasive?
Bromus japonicus         Japanese        occ?   probably common in old crop fields; but                                                          aa
Thunb. ex Murr.          cheat-grass            check against B. racemosus
Bromus racemosus         common          occ;   spots along open paths (S savanna), crop                                                         a
L.                       cheat-grass     loc    fields, roadsides
Cacalia atriplicifolia   pale Indian     ext?
                                         com                                                    infrequent and local; thin woods and edges on
L.                       plaintain                                                              less fertile soil in the ESH; along Licking Rv
Cacalia suaveolens       dark Indian     ext?                                                   and lower Ky Rv (?)
L.                       plaintain
Callitriche                              cbg                                                    rare; known only from a wetland in Franklin
heterophylla Pursh                                                                              Co.
Caltha palustris L.                      wet?                                                   only two old records from n. Ky; may have
                                                                                                occurred more widely in wetlands
Capsella bursa-      shepherd's          fre    along paths, other disturbed areas in fields,                                                    a
pastoris (L.) Medik. purse                      near barn
Cardamine hirsuta L. common              occ?   yards/lawns; check occurrence                                                                    aa
                     bittercress
Cardamine parviflora sand                ext?                                                   local in open areas on dry/infertile soils,
L.                   bittercress                                                                especially near Ky Rv
Cardamine            smooth              ext                                                    widespread in open areas on damp fertile
pensylvanica Muhl. bittercress                                                                  soils; less in ESH
Carduus acanthoides lesser
ex Willd.                                com    the common thistle in old pastures                                                               aa
L.                   plumeless
                     thistle
Carduus nutans L.      nodding          fre    widely scattered in open but not abundant                                                           aa
                       plumeless
Carex albicans Willd. exert tufted
                       thistle          cbg                                                   locally common in dry woods, especially near
ex Spreng.             fine-sedge                                                             rivers and larger creeks
Carex albolutescens southern            cbg
Schwein.               rounded scale-
Carex amphibola        common
                       sedge            cbg                                                   locally common in thin woods on relatively
Steud.                 wrinkled-                                                              acid/infertile soils in ESH; perhaps not in most
Carex annectens        dryland fine- occ
                       sedge                   scattered in drier fields; probably all var.   infrequent but locally common in dry fields
                                                                                              CBG
(Bickn.) Bickn.        fox-sedge               annectans but need to check                    (most/all in var. annectans)
Carex atlantica        common           cbg                                                   rare or absent (?); recorded from Jessamine
Bailey                 spongy-sedge                                                           Co. (a species of acid seeps)
Carex brevior                           cbg                                                   infrequent or rare (perhaps overlooked); close
(Dewey) MacKenzie                                                                             to C. molesta and in similar habitats
Carex careyana Torr. large-seeded cbg                                                         known only from rocky slopes near the Ky Rv
ex Dewey               lax-sedge                                                              or major tributaries
Carex caroliniana      smoother         cbg                                                   rare; known only from wet meadows on acid/
Schwein.               hairy-sedge                                                            infertile soils along the lower Ky Rv; see also
Carex cephaloloidea headed fox-         occ?   check id; may be frequent; in more shady       C. bushii
(Dewey) Dewey          sedge                   woods, less disturbed edges (suggests
Carex cephalophora woodland             ext?   sparganioides x muhlenbergii)                  widespread and locally common in woods on
Muhl. ex Willd.        headed spike-                                                          relatively dry acid soil near the Ky Rv and in
Carex cristatella      spreading
                       sedge            cbg                                                   the ESH; to in most meadows on relatively
                                                                                              infrequentnot rare; wetCBG
Britt.                 scale-sedge                                                            acid soils; reported from Jessamine Co. and
Carex crus-corvi       swamp fox-       cbg                                                   rare; known only from swamp in Franklin Co.
                                                                                              perhaps elsewhere
Shuttlw. ex Kunze      sedge
Carex                  hidden lax-      cbg                                                   rare or absent; known only from woods on
cumberlandensis        sedge                                                                  relatively infertile soils along lower Licking Rv
Carex digitalisBryson lesser lax-
Naczi, Kral &   Willd.                  cbg                                                   rare or absent; known only from Pendleton Co.
                                                                                              in ESH
                       sedge
Carex eburnea Boott lime-cliff hair- cbg                                                      restricted to cliffs near Ky Rv in the Palisades
                       sedge                                                                  section
Carex emmonsii         headed tufted cbg                                                      infrequent or rare; may be known only from
Dewey ex Torr.         fine-sedge                                                             relatively dry infertile soils near the Ky Rv (in/
Carex emoryi Dewey basic water- cbg                                                           near ESH of Fayette & Jessamine on gravel
                                                                                              rare in general but locally abundant Co.?)
                       sedge                                                                  bars along larger streams
Carex festucacea       western          wet?                                                  infrequent or rare; known only from wet
Schkuhr ex Willd.      rounded scale-                                                         marshy areas on somewhat acid (?) soils in
Carex glaucodea        bluish wrinkled- cbg
                       sedge                                                                  infrequent or rare; old fields and thin IBG; see
                                                                                              the Sinking Creek system (?) of the woods on
Tuckerman ex Olney sedge                                                                      relatively infertile soils; known only from near
                                                                                              also C. albolutescens and C. longii
Carex gracilescens slender lax-         cbg                                                   lower Ky Rv and lower Licking perhaps only
                                                                                              infrequent (?); in deeper woodsRv
Steud.                 sedge                                                                  on relatively acid soils near the Ky Rv and
                                                                                              Licking Rv
Carex grayi Carey    basic rounded cbg                                                    rare (?); recorded from Fayette Co. (check)
                     hop-sedge
Carex hirsutella     common           cbg                                                 widespread and locally common in fields on
Mackenzie            grassland                                                            relatively dry infertile soils of the ESH;
Carex hirtifolia     hairy richwood ext?
                     hairy-sedge                                                          perhaps rare or absent in near CBG
                                                                                          infrequent; deeper woods most larger streams,
Mackenzie            sedge                                                                especially in northern ESH (?)
Carex hitchcockiana hispid wrinkled- cbg                                                  infrequent; deeper woods on rocky slopes
Dewey                sedge                                                                near Ky Rv and Licking Rv
Carex hyalinolepis   greater rich-    cbg                                                 rare; known only from marshy site in
Steud.               swamp-sedge                                                          Woodford Co. (Lees Br.?)
Carex intumescens acid rounded cbg                                                        rare or absent; known only from wet acid soil
Rudge                hop-sedge                                                            (?) near lower Ky Rv (Owen Co.)
Carex kraliana Naczi                  cbg                                                 infrequent (?) but often overlooked; perhaps
& Bryson                                                                                  restricted to relatively infertile soils in the ESH
Carex laevivaginata bog fox-sedge cbg                                                     infrequent to rare in wet meadows and
(Kükenth.)                                                                                swampy woods on relatively acid/infertile soil;
Carex laxiculmis
Mackenzie            lesser blue lax- cbg                                                 infrequent or rare; low woods on damp infertile
                                                                                          known mostly along the Sinking Creek (?)
Schwein.             sedge                                                                soils, especially in the ESH (?); see also var.
                                                                                          (check records)
Carex leavenworthii broad headed loc fre     especially old fields; check distribution,   locally frequent on damp soil in fields and
                                                                                          copulata
Dewey                spike-sedge             abundance; compare with C. mesochorea        open woods
Carex louisianica    southern hop- cbg
Bailey               sedge
Carex lupuliformis   western          wet?                                                rare; known only from marshy areas near Ky
Sartwell ex Dewey    greater hop-                                                         Rv in Franklin and Woodford Co. (check
Carex lurida         common
                     sedge            cbg                                                 infrequent or rare; known only from marshy
                                                                                          Sinking Creek system)
Wahlenb.             lesser hop-                                                          areas on relatively acid/infertile soil near the
Carex meadii Dewey grassland lime- cbg
                     sedge                                                                Ky Rv (check also Sinking Creek records)
                     sedge
Carex mesochorea western              occ?   check distribution                           widespread and locally common in fields and
Mackenzie            headed spike-                                                        open woods, especially on fertile soil
Carex muehlenbergii dry-woods
                     sedge            ???    open pastures/hayfields; could be var. plana infrequent (?); much confused with C.
Schkuhr ex Willd.    spike-sedge             but some lacks long setaceous bract at       aggregata; perhaps local in woods or old fields
Carex pensylvanica spreading fine- ext?                                                   with relatively acid deeper woods on dry soils
                                             spike base; most/all might be C. aggregata largely restricted toinfertile soil
Lam.                 sedge                                                                above cliffs near rivers and larger creeks
Carex planispicata   planar           cbg                                                 (especially the in Rv?)
                                                                                          locally frequentKy woods (on less fertile
Naczi                wrinkled-                                                            soils?) near Licking Rv and Ky Rv; perhaps
Carex plantaginea    candycane lax- cbg
                     sedge                                                                rare; known only from slopes near the Ky Rv
                                                                                          most/all in ESH
Lam.                 sedge                                                                in Fayette Co.
Carex platyphylla    greater blue     cbg                                                 restricted to rocky woods near the Ky Rv,
Carey                lax-sedge                                                            especially in the Palisades section
Carex purpurifera    purple lax-      cbg                                                 rare; known only from a few sites in rocky
Mackenzie            sedge                                                                woods near the Ky Rv in the Palisades
                                                                                          section
Carex radiata        wet-woods       wet?                                                infrequent or rare; perhaps restricted to
(Wahlenb.) Small     little-spike-                                                       relatively damp acid soils in low woods of the
Carex retroflexa     dry-woods
                     sedge           cbg                                                 rare (?); thin woods and fields on relatively
                                                                                         ESH (especially near the Ky Rv?)
Muhl. ex Willd.      little-spike-                                                       acid soils; known only from Fayette Co. (often
Carex squarrosa L.   fat head-
                     sedge           wet?                                                locally common in swampy woods near the Ky
                                                                                         confused with C. texensis)
                     sedge                                                               Rv and perhaps other large streams
Carex stipata Muhl. common fox-      cbg                                                 infrequent to rare; known only from wet
ex Willd.            sedge                                                               meadows and swampy woods near the Ky Rv;
Carex striatula      exert lax-      cbg                                                 see or absent; perhaps
                                                                                         rare also var. maxima near Ky Rv in ESH
Michx.               sedge                                                               (Fayette & Jessamine Cos.); check
Carex texensis       field spike-    occ?   fields or open woods; check for retroflexa   widely scattered and locally common in fields
(Torr.) Bailey       sedge                  also (expected?)                             and thin woods on fertile soils
Carex tribuloides    swamp thin-     cbg                                                 infrequent to rare; largely restricted to wet
Wahlenb. var.        scale-sedge                                                         meadows and open woods on relatively acid
Carex typhina Michx. long head-
sangamonensis                        cbg                                                 soils near the Ky Rv (?); see also var.
Clokey               sedge                                                               sangamonensis
Carex umbellata      limestone       cbg                                                 infrequent (or rare?); known only from dry
Schkuhr ex Willd.    hidden fine-                                                        open woods and openings near Ky Rv and
Carex vesicaria L.   long head-
                     sedge           ext?                                                Licking Rv (esp lower section?)
                     sedge
Carex willdenowii    dry-wood        cbg                                                 infrequent; known only from woods on
Schkuhr ex Willd.    tufted-sedge                                                        relatively dry infertile soil near the lower Ky Rv
Cassia hebecarpa     lowland senna   wet?                                                rare;lowermeadows near rivers in the ESH)
                                                                                         and wet Licking Rv (most/all
Fern.
Cassia nictitans L. lesser           cbg                                                 local in old fields on dry infertile soils of ESH
                     partridge-pea
Cerastium            sticky mouse-   fre; loc may be the common species in disturbed                                                          a
glomeratum Thuill.   ear chickweed   abu? open areas; but check against vulgare
Cerastium velutinum                  cbg                                                 rare; restricted to rocky bluffs near Ky Rv
Raf.
Cerastium vulgare    common          occ?   check more                                                                                        a
Hartman              mouse-ear
Chaerophyllum        hairy wild
                     chickweed       ext?                                                locally frequent in dry open areas on disturbed
tainturieri Hook.    chervil                                                             soil (especially to the south and west?)
Chelone glabra L.    white           wet?                                                local in swampy woods and edges near the Ky
                     turtlehead                                                          Rv (and Sinking Creek system); rarely on
Chenopodium album common             com    open areas with soil disturbance             uplands                                         a
L.                   goosefoot
Chenopodium          Mexican tea     occ?   open areas especially with heavy recent                                                           a
ambrosioides L.                             grazing?
Chenopodium                          cbg                                                 rare; perhaps just waif from western regions
pratericola Rydb.
Chenopodium            maple-leaved   cbg                                                     restricted to cliffs along Ky Rv
simplex (Torr.) Raf.   goosefoot
Chenopodium            slender        cbg                                                     restricted to rocky woods near Ky Rv
standleyanum Aellen    goosefoot
Chimaphila maculata    striped        cbg                                                     restricted to woods on acid soils near the Ky
(L.) Pursh             wintergreen                                                            Rv
Chrysanthemum          oxeye daisy    occ;   drier fields; especially Native Plant                                                              a
leucanthemum L.                       loc    Collection field after mowing reduced (2005)
Cichorium intybus L.   chicory        abu
                                      abu    especially in recently grown up pastures                                                           aa

Cicuta maculata L.    spotted         cbg                                                     local in wet woods and marshy areas,
                      cowbane                                                                 especially near the Ky Rv (and old terraces)
Cinna arundinacea L. wood             cbg                                                     locally common in floodplain woods along
                      reedgrass                                                               larger streams
Cirsium arvense (L.) creeping         occ;   scattered patches in fields near front of farm                                                     aaa
Scop.                 thistle         loc    (2003); increased to cover 1-2 acres in north-
Cirsium vulgare       bull thistle    occ
                                      com    more disturbed fields
                                             central field (2005)                                                                               a
(Savi) Ten.
Cocculus carolinus red-berried        cbg                                                     restricted to rocky thickets near the Ky Rv
(L.) DC.              moonseed
Collinsonia           horse-balm      cbg                                                     local in deeper woods, especially near the Ky
canadensis L.                                                                                 Rv; perhaps unknown in ESH (?)
Comandra umbellata bastard            cbg                                                     rare; restricted to open woods on bluffs near
(L.) Nutt.            toadflax                                                                Ky Rv and larger streams
Commelina             common          occ    patches around old house in slightly damp                                                          a
communis L.           dayflower              shady conditions near walls
Commelina erecta L. upland            cbg
                      dayflower
Commelina virginica swamp             cbg                                                     rare; damp floodplain woods; known only from
L.                    dayflower                                                               Mercer and Pendleton Cos.
Conium maculatum poison               abu;   common along roadsides and in front fields                                                         aaa
L.                    hemlock         loc    (where grass killed by haybales, too much
Conopholis            squawroot       cbg
                                      dom    grazing?)                                        woods on relatively dry infertile soils near the
americana (L.) Wallr.                                                                         Ky Rv and locally in the ESH (at least Blue
Convolvulus
f.                    angle-leaved    loc    climbs on fences and in damper/eutrophic         widespread in old fields and fencerows;
                                                                                              Licks area)
fraterniflorus        bindweed        abu    spots in fields where unmowed (with              perhaps native
               sepium
Convolvulus& Bush) pink bindweed
(Mackenzie                            cbg    Phytolacca, Xanthium)                            perhaps scattered or local in fields and         a
L.
Mackenzie & Bush                                                                              fencerows
Convolvulus           lesser          cbg                                                     rare or absent; recorded from Owen Co. (?)
spithamaeus L.        bindweed
Corallorrhiza                         ext?                                                    infrequent to rare; deeper woods on slopes
odontorhiza (Willd.)                                                                          near rivers and larger streams, especially near
Poir.                                                                                         the Ky Rv; easily overlooked
Corallorrhiza                          ext?                                                 infrequent to rare; deeper woods on slopes
wisteriana Conrad                                                                           near rivers and larger streams, especially near
Coronilla varia L.    crown-vetch      occ;   several patches in Plant Collection fields;   the Ky Rv; easily overlooked                    aaa
                                       loc    needs urgent attention
Croton capitatus      woolly croton    cbg
                                       abu                                                  restricted to rocky fields near Ky Rv (?);
Michx.                                                                                      perhaps adventive from west
Croton                lime croton      cbg                                                  flat outcrops, mostly on hills near rivers;
monanthogynus                                                                               sometimes on roadcuts, etc.
Cryptotaenia
Michx.                honewort         occ?   by Grays Run, perhaps elsewhere?              widespread and locally common in woods on
canadensis (L.) DC.                                                                         damp fertile soils, especially near streams
Cuphea                blue waxweed ext                                                      widely scattered on dry disturbed fertile soil in
viscosissima Jacq.                                                                          various habitats (ROWs, shorelines, fields)
Cuscuta campestris                     ext?                                                 local in fields of CBG, EBG and adjacent
Yuncker                                                                                     Knobs region
Cuscuta compacta      compact          cbg
Juss. ex Choisy       dodder
Cuscuta cuspidata     cuspidate        cbg                                                  rare or absent; recorded from Owen Co. (?)
Engelm.               dodder
Cuscuta gronovii      common           ext?                                                 local in damp fields, especially in WBG and
Willd. ex J.A.        dodder                                                                adjacent Knobs region
Cuscuta indecora
Schultes              alfalfa dodder   cbg                                                  rare (?); records from Fayette Co. and perhaps
Choisy                                                                                      Madison Co.
Cuscuta pentagona     five-angled      occ?   tentative id; behind barn in 2004.            locally common in fields
Engelm.               dodder
Cuscuta                                wet?                                                 uncommon or rare; scattered records from wet
polygonorum                                                                                 areas near Ky Rv and in ESH (near Blue
Cynanchum laeve
Engelm.               honey-vine       occ?   fencerows, roadsides, edges? Check            widespread and locally abundant in fencerows
                                                                                            Licks)
(Michx.) Pers.                                distribution                                  and old fields on moist fertile soils
Cynoglossum           hound's-         cbg                                                  local in woods on relatively dry infertile soils,
officinale L.         tongue                                                                especially along trails; perhaps restricted to
Cynoglossum           wild comfrey     ext?                                                 vicinity of Ky on
                                                                                            local in woodsRv relatively dry infertile soils,
virginianum L.                                                                              especially along trails; perhaps restricted to
Cyperus bipartitus    slender          cbg                                                  infrequent Kyrare; known only from damp acid
                                                                                            vicinity of or Rv
Torr.                 flatsedge                                                             soils near the Ky Rv
Cyperus               redroot          occ    fields; damp/compacted clayey soil?           infrequent in fields and other open areas on
erythrorhizos Muhl.   flatsedge                                                             relatively damp acid soil; more common in
Cyperus esculentus    chufa            ext                                                  widespread and locally common in fields and s
                                                                                            regions surrounding the CBG
L.                    flatsedge                                                             other open areas; perhaps adventive
Cyperus flavescens    yellow           cbg                                                  widespread and locally common on damp acid
L.                    flatsedge                                                             exposed soil (especially shores?); see also C.
Cyperus odoratus L.   fragrant         ext                                                  widespread and locally common on damp
                                                                                            flavicomus
                      flatsedge                                                             soils (perhaps relatively infertile?)
Cyperus squarrosus bearded                 wet                                                    widely scattered and locally common in
L.                    flatsedge                                                                   puddled areas on various types; uplands and
Cyperus strigosus L. common                fre    disturbed ground; widely scattered in damp      widespread and locally abundant in damp old
                                                                                                  lowlands
                      flatsedge                   open areas but with low density                 fields and other open areas
Cyperus tenuifolius low                    cbg                                                    infrequent or rare; known only from damp acid
(Steud.) Dandy        spikesedge                                                                  soils near the Ky Rv
Cystopteris bulbifera bulblet fern         cbg                                                    restricted to cliffs along larger creeks & rivers
(L.) Bernh.
Cystopteris           cliffty fragile      cbg                                                    restricted to cliffs along larger creeks & rivers
tennesseensis         fern
Dactylis glomerata L. orchardgrass
Shaver                                     loc    improved pastures especially                                                                        aa
                                           abu
Danthonia spicata      common              cbg                                                 infrequent but locally common in woods on dry
(L.) Beauv. ex         poverty-grass                                                           infertile soil near the Ky Rv and Licking Rv;
Datura stramonium
Roemer & J.A.          jimsonweed    occ          near barn especially; buried seed apparently expected in ESH but few records
L.
Schultes                                          frequent; germinates if dug into pots
Daucus carota L.       wild carot          fre    widely scattered, especially on roadsides,                                                     aa
                                                  other dryish open areas; but not abundant
Deschampsia glauca                         cbg    like farms nearby                            rare; known only from rocky banks of the Ky
Hartman                                                                                        Rv in the Palisades section
Descurainia pinnata                        cbg                                                 largely restricted to cliffs along Ky Rv; local
(Walt.) Britt.                                                                                 (adventive?) on disturbed rocky uplands
Desmodium              smooth field        cbg                                                 local in old fields on less fertile soils near Ky
glabellum (Michx.)     tick-trefoil                                                            Rv
Desmodium
DC.                    smooth small-       cbg                                                 local on dry infertile soils in ESH; perhaps
marilandicum (L.)      leaved tick-                                                            only in Blue Licks area
Desmodium
DC.                    common wood
                       trefoil             cbg                                                 restricted to woods on less fertile soils near
nudiflorum (L.) DC.    tick-trefoil                                                            Ky Rv (lower section only?)
Desmodium              narrow-leaved       ext?                                                local in thin woods and old fields on less
paniculatum (L.) DC.   tick-trefoil                                                            fertile soil near Ky Rv and Licking Rv
Desmodium              hairy field tick-   com    older fields especially                      widespread and locally abundant in old fields
perplexum Schub.       trefoil
Desmodium              low round-          cbg                                                    local in thin woods and old fields on less
rotundifolium DC.      leaved tick-                                                               fertile soil near Ky Rv and in ESH
Dianthus armeria L.    Deptford pink
                       trefoil             fre    scattered widely in fields but at low density                                                       a

Digitaria cognata                          cbg                                                    rare; recorded from Fayette Co.
(J.A. Schultes)
Digitaria filiformis (L.)
Pilger                                     cbg                                                    rare; recorded from Henry and Fayette Co.
Koel.
Digitaria ischaemum smooth                 occ    along road to barn; probably elsewhere                                                              a
(Schreb.) Schreb. ex crabgrass
Muhl.
Digitaria sanguinalis hairy            loc fre mowed/other regularly disturbed open areas;                                                  a
(L.) Scop.            crabgrass                grassy roadbeds, etc.
Diodia teres Walt.    upland           cbg                                                 local on dry infertile soils near rivers and in
                      buttonweed                                                           ESH
Diodia virginiana L. lowland           cbg                                                 rare; restricted to damp infertile soils near Ky
                      buttonweed                                                           Rv, perhaps elsewhere
Dioscorea             air-potato yam   rar?    check--near house?                                                                           a
oppositifolia L.
Dipsacus sylvestris teasel             rar     roadsides/nearby fields                                                                       aa
Huds.
Dodecatheon meadia shooting-star       cbg                                                   restricted to rocky soils near Ky Rv and
L.                                                                                           southern ESH
Draba ramosissima cliff draba          cbg                                                   restricted to cliffs near the Ky Rv
Desv.
Draba verna L.        weed draba       com     disturbed soil in open/along gravel road                                                      a
                                               margins
Duchesnea indica         false           com   woods, especially along paths; problematic                                                    aaa
(Andr.) Focke            strawberry            for RBC niche
Echinochloa crus-        barnyard        fre   disturbed soil in open, especially puddled/                                                   a
galli (L.) Beauv.        puddle-grass          damp spots
Echinochloa              bristly puddle- wet                                                 widely scattered and locally common in wet
muricata (Beauv.)        grass                                                               fields and shorelines
Echinocyctis lobata
Fern.                                    cbg                                                 rare or locally extinct; only two old records
(Michx.) Torr. & Gray                                                                        from IBG (floodplains?)
Eclipta prostrata (L.)   false daisy   wet                                                   widespread on wet ground on shores and in
L.                                                                                           fields, especially near larger streams
Eleocharis               flat-stemmed cbg
compressa Sullivant      spike-rush
Eleocharis               flat-seeded    wet?                                                 infrequent or rare; ponds (check quality)
engelmannii Steud.       spike-rush
Eleocharis               reddish spike- cbg                                                  locally common in wet meadows and
erythropoda Steud.       rush                                                                shorelines, especially near larger streams
Eleocharis obtusa        common spike- wet                                                   widespread and locally abundant in eutrophic
(Willd.) J.A. Schultes   rush                                                                pond margins and wet meadows
Eleocharis ovata                        cbg                                                  rare; pond margins with wet acid soil (?);
(Roth) Roemer &                                                                              perhaps known only from Franklin Co.
Eleocharis
J.A. Schultes            square-       cbg                                                   rare or absent; known only from Madison Co.
quadrangulata            stemmed                                                             peripheral to CBG (?)
Eleocharis smallii&
(Michx.) Roemer          spike-rush    wet?                                                  rare; known only from Woodford and Madison
Britt.Schultes
J.A.                                                                                         Co. (perhaps higher quality ponds?)
Eleocharis tenuis        common         cbg                                                  rare; wet acid soil; known only from Franklin
(Willd.) J.A. Schultes   slender spike-                                                      Co.
                         rush
Elephantopus             common          loc fre   old pastures/thin woods; becoming common widespread and locally common in old fields
carolinianus             elephant's-foot           in unmowed S savanna (remember Shady             and open woods, especially after grazing
Eleusine indica (L.)
Raeusch.                 goose-grass occ           near barn; probably elsewhere on trampled
                                                   Lane Woods)                                                                                      a
Gaertn.                                            ground
Elodea canadensis                        cbg                                                        perhaps locally extinct; only an old record
Michx.                                                                                              from the Ky Rv
Elodea nuttallii                         cbg                                                        rare or locally extinct; records only from
(Planch.) St. John                                                                                  Madison Co. or nearby
Elymus repens (L.)       quack-grass     loc       largely restricted to low areas in front fields/                                                 aaa
Gould                                    dom       Silver Lake area; was it planted for forage?
Elymus svensonii                         cbg                                                        rare but locally abundant on cliffs near the Ky
Church                                                                                              Rv
Epifagus virginiana      beechdrops      ext?                                                       infrequent; restricted to better woods with
(L.) W. Bart.                                                                                       Fagus, especially near the Ky Rv and locally
Epilobium ciliatum                       cbg                                                        rare (?); check record from Mercer Co.
                                                                                                    in the ESH
Raf.
Equisetum arvense        branched        ext?                                                      local; wet sandy/gravelly streambanks/
L.                       horsetail                                                                 meadows along major rivers
Equisetum hyemale        straight        cbg                                                       rare; wet sandy/gravelly streambanks/
L.                       horsetail                                                                 meadows along major rivers
Eragrostis capillaris    fine love-grass cbg                                                       rare (?); recorded from Fayette Co. and Henry
(L.) Nees                                                                                          Co.
Eragrostis frankii       sand love-      ext?                                                      widely scattered and locally common on
C.A. Mey. ex Steud.      grass                                                                     shorelines and dry disturbed upland sites
Eragrostis hypnoides     shore love-     cbg                                                       locally common on riverbanks
(Lam.) B.S.P.            grass
Eragrostis               common love-    occ       edge of gravel roads, other heavily disturbed
pectinacea (Michx.)      grass                     places
Erechtites
Nees ex Steud.           fireweed        ext                                                    widely scattered and locally abundant in
hieracifolia (L.) Raf.                                                                          disturbed woods and old fields, especially on
Erigeron annuus (L.)
ex DC.                   common daisy- com; especially in drier old fields--plant collection widespread and locally abundant in old plowed
                                                                                                disturbed soil
Pers.                    fleabane         loc      field etc.                                   fields
Erigeron canadensis      common           fre; loc old fields especially where recently plowed/ widespread and locally abundant in old plowed
                                          abu
L.                       horseweed        abu      cropped                                      fields
Erigeron                 early daisy-     com open woods/edges                                  widespread and locally abundant in thin woods
philadelphicus L.        fleabane                                                               and old fields, especially on damp fertile soils
Erigeron pulchellus      showy daisy- cbg                                                       rare or absent; open woods and edges on less
Michx.                   fleabane                                                               fertile soils; recorded from Nicholas Co.; see
Erigeron strigosus       western daisy- occ? check--expect in drier/poorer fields               widespread and locally abundant in old plowed
                                                                                                also var. brauniae
Muhl. ex Willd.          fleabane                                                               fields, especially on relatively dry infertile
Euonymus fortunei        purplish winter- fre; loc invading undisturbed woods; our MOST         soils                                            aaa
(Turcz.) Hand.-Maz.      creeper          dom serious long-term alien invader
Euonymus obovata          creeping     cbg                                              restricted to rocky woods near rivers and
Nutt.                     strawberry-                                                   larger streams
Eupatorium                lowland
                          bush         ext?                                             locally common on damp acid soils,
serotinum Michx.          boneset                                                       especially near the Ky Rv and in the western
Eupatorium                wood boneset cbg                                              ESH; perhaps less on less fertile soil
                                                                                        restricted to woods in eastern ESH near the
sessilifolium L.                                                                        Ky Rv; perhaps unknown in the ESH (?)
Euphorbia corollata       showy spurge ext?                                             dry infertile soil in open woods and fields near
L.                                                                                      Ky Rv and in ESH
Euphorbia dentata         toothed         rar    Renaker Run Field; scattered                                                              a
Michx.                    spurge
Euphorbia maculata        common milk-    ext                                           common in trampled open areas
L.                        purslane
Euphorbia nutans          greater milk-   rar    Rennacker Run Field                    common in disturbed open areas
Lag.                      purslane
Festuca arundinacea       tall fescue     dom    pastures                                                                                  aaa
Schreb.
Festuca octoflora         annual fescue cbg                                             rare (?); fields and other open areas on dry
Walt.                                                                                   infertile soil in ESH (Fayette Co. and to east)
Festuca rubra L.          red fescue      cbg                                           possibly native in some areas (eg clifftops     m?
                                                                                        near Benson Cr in Franklin Co.)
Fragaria virginiana       wild            rar    few plants found in east end of main   widespread in dry pastures (often trampled &
Duchesne                  strawberry             'savanna' next to exclosure            grazed); little in most CBG
Frasera caroliniensis     colombo         ext?                                          largely restricted to dry woods near the Ky Rv
Walt.                                                                                   and locally in the ESH; not in most CBG
                     downy
Galactia volubilis (L.)                   cbg                                           rare; opening on dry infertile soil near Ky Rv
Britt.               milkpea                                                            (only one record?)
Galium aparine L.    cleaving             com;   especially thin woods/edges            widespread and locally abundant in thin woods m?
                     bedstraw             loc                                           and edges on damp fertile soils
Galium lanceolatum lance-leaved           cbg
                                          abu                                           rare (?); recorded only from Jessamine Co.
Torr.                bedstraw
Galium               piedmont             pre?? check my records                                                                           a
pedemontanum         bedstraw
Galium tinctorium L. marsh
(Bellardi) All.                           cbg                                           rare; wet acid meadows and swampy woods
                     bedstraw                                                           along lower Ky Rv and perhaps elsewhere
Gaultheria           teaberry             cbg                                           rare; ESH
procumbens L.
Gentiana alba Muhl.                       ext?                                          restricted to Blue Licks area and nearby
ex Nutt.
Gentiana             glade gentian        cbg                                           restricted to Blue Licks area
quinquefolia L.
Gentiana saponaria marsh gentian          cbg                                           rare; restricted to open swampy woods and
L.                                                                                      meadows near the Ky Rv
Geranium                  field geranium rar?   check drier fields; widespread in region   widely scattered in fields and waste places,
carolinianum L.                                                                            especially on drier soils
Geum canadense            white avens    com    widely scattered in woods/edges            widespread and generally common in open
Jacq.                                                                                      woods, edges and old fields
Glandularia                              cbg                                               rare; known only from Fayette Co.
canadensis (L.) Nutt.
Glechoma hederacea    gill-over-the- fre        woods/edges; a problem for RBC                                                               aaa
L.                    ground
Gnaphalium            common         ext?                                                  widely scattered and locally common in old
obtusifolium L.       everlasting                                                          fields and thin woods, especially on relatively
Gnaphalium            purple         cbg                                                   dry infertile only
                                                                                           rare; known soil from less fertile soils near
purpureum L.          everlasting                                                          the upper Ky Rv (in ESH?)
Goodyera pubescens    rattlesnake    cbg                                                   rare; known only from woods on less fertile
(Willd.) R. Br. ex Ait.
                      plantain                                                             soils near the Ky Rv (on/near the ESH);
Gratiola neglecta
f.                    common pond- ext?                                                    margins of ephemeral ponds and other wet
                                                                                           expected elsewhere
Torr.                 hyssop                                                               open areas, especially near the Ky Rv
Helianthus annuus L.  annual         rar        near barn in Russell Cave front field      adventive from west, but also grown by native
                      sunflower                                                            Americans in prehistoric times
Heteranthera limosa blue             wet?                                                  rare in ponds
(Sw.) Willd.          mudplantain
Heteranthera                         wet?                                                  infrequent or rare in ponds
reniformis Ruiz &
Heuchera macrorhiza lime-cliff
Pavón                                cbg                                                   restricted to cliffs near the Ky Rv, especially
Small                 alumroot                                                             in the Palisades section
Hexalectris spicata                  cbg                                                   rare; known only from a few sites in thin
(Walt.) Barnh.                                                                             woods or edges near the Ky Rv in the
Hieracium gronovii L. common         cbg                                                   rare; thin woods and fields on dry infertile in
                                                                                           Palisades section and perhaps scattered
                      upright                                                              southern sections of the Franklin Co.
                                                                                           soils; recorded only from ESH
Hordeum pusillum      little barley
                      hawkweed       ext?                                                  widespread and locally abundant in dry          w
Nutt.                                                                                      disturbed open ground; perhaps partly
Houstonia caerulea common            cbg                                                   uncommon or rare on less fertile soils near Ky
                                                                                           adventive
L.                    annual bluets                                                        Rv and Licking Rv
Houstonia             rosette-leaved cbg                                                   restricted to thin rocky woods, glades and
canadensis Willd. ex bluets                                                                fields near the Ky Rv in Palisades section,
Houstonia longifolia
Roemer & J.A.                        cbg                                                   and local to outcrops near the Ky section)
                                                                                           restricted in ESH (at least eastern Rv in
Gaertn.
Schultes                                                                                   Palisades section (may intergrade with H.
Houstonia nigricans limestone        cbg                                                   restricted to cliff tops and nearby ledges near
                                                                                           canadensis)
(Lam.) Fern.          bluets                                                               the Ky Rv; mostly a distinct broad-leaved
Houstonia purpurea broad-leaved cbg                                                        rare (?); less fertile soil in woods of ESH
                                                                                           variety
L.                    bluets
Hydrophyllum                         cbg                                                   rare or dubious; old records from Fayette and
virginianum L.                                                                             Woodford Cos.
Hypericum              cedar-glade     cbg                                                  restricted to outcrops along Ky Rv and near
dolabriforme Vent.     St. John's-                                                          Blue Licks
Hypericum              pin-leaved St. cbg
                       wort                                                                 rare; thin soils (perhaps river terraces)
drummondii (Grev. &    John's-wort
Hypericum mutilum
Hook.) Torr. & Gray    dwarf St.       cbg                                                  restricted to damp acid soils near Ky Rv,
L.                     Johns-wort                                                           perhaps elsewhere
Hypericum              weedy St.       occ    drier old fields, disturbed areas; at least                                                    a
perforatum L.          John's-wort            plant collection field
Hypericum              common St. rar         fields--check occurrence; one seen by old    widely scattered in old fields; perhaps less on
punctatum Lam.         Johnswort              road gully west of tavern (towards old       deep/damp/fertile soils
Hypericum              shoreline St. ext?     workshop)                                    restricted to outcrops along the Ky Rv,
sphaerocarpum          Johnswort                                                           including streambanks
Hypoxis hirsuta (L.)
Michx.                 yellow-eyed- cbg                                                    rare; known only from open woods or old fields
Coville                grass                                                               in the ESH near the Ky Rv and the Licking Rv
Ipomoea hederacea      ivy-leaved      com    fencerows, garden area, other freshly        widespread in fencerows and old fields on       s
Jacq.                  morning-glory          disturbed areas; mostly in front of farm     fertile soils; perhaps native in part
Ipomoea lacunosa L.    lesser morning- com    old fields and fencerows; most/all has pink- widespread in fencerows and old fields on
                       glory                  purple flowers                               fertile soils
Ipomoea pandurata      greater         ext?                                                local in dry open woods and edges, especially
(L.) G.F.W. Mey.       morning-glory                                                       in the ESH
Ipomoea purpurea       garden          rar?   check occurrence; common in region                                                           a
(L.) Roth              morning-glory
Iresine rhizomatosa    woolly staff    cbg                                                  restricted to floodplain woods along Ky Rv
Standl.
Iris cristata Ait.     common dwarf cbg                                                     rare; known only from a few sites on low
                       iris                                                                 cherty/sandy terraces near the Ky Rv in the
Iva annua L.           annual        wet?                                                   locally common on wet disturbed soil,
                                                                                            Palisades section
                       sumpweed                                                             especially bottomland near the Ky Rv
Juncus acuminatus      common        cbg                                                    rare; known only from wet meadow/swamp in
Michx.                 branched-rush                                                        Franklin Co.
Juncus biflorus Ell.   greater bog-  cbg                                                    rare; known only from wet meadow/swamp in
                       rush                                                                 Franklin Co.
Juncus                 common head- cbg                                                     rare; known only from wet meadow/swamp in
brachycarpus           rush                                                                 Franklin Co.
Juncus bufonius L.
Engelm.                              cbg                                                    rare; damp acid soils in open disturbed areas;
                                                                                            perhaps only in ESH (records from Henry and
Juncus dudleyi         greater path- ext?                                                   Jessamine disturbed ground near streams,
                                                                                            local on wetCo.)
Wieg.                  rush                                                                 especially near Ky Rv
Juncus effusus L.      greater marsh- cbg                                                   wet meadows, especially on relatively acid
var. solutus Fern. &   rush                                                                 soils near the Ky Rv
Juncus secundus
Wieg.                  secund path- cbg                                                     rare or absent; records perhaps only from
Beauv. ex Poir.        rush                                                                 peripheral sections of Bluegrass
Juncus tenuis Willd. common path-         fre    along damp/trampled/compacted paths in        widespread and locally common on trails and
                       rush                      shade/open.                                   other compacted or damp ground in thin
Justicia americana water-willow           wet    expected in Gray's Run nearby                 locally abundant in free-flowing streams
                                                                                               woods or fields
(L.) Vahl
Krigia biflora (Walt.) common             cbg                                                  rare; woods on less fertile soils near Ky Rv in
Blake                  orange                                                                  ESH
Lactuca canadensis common wild
                       dandelion          occ?                                                 widespread and locally common in fields and
L.                     lettuce                                                                 other open areas
Lactuca serriola L.    prickly lettuce    pre?? check notes                                                                                      a

Lamium                   dryland henbit pre?? check notes                                                                                        a
amplexicaule L.
Lamium purpureum     common               fre; loc may dominate locally on bare ground over                                                      aaa
L.                   henbit               dom winter, but without plowing may decline?
Lemna minor L.       common               loc fre Gray's Run pools; Workshop Pond; prob        locally abundant in eutrophic ponds; see also
                     duckweed                      elsewhere                                   L. turionifera (to be expected)
Lemna obscura        little               wet?                                                 local in ponds, mostly near the Ky Rv
(Austin) Daubs       duckweed
Leonurus cardiaca L. motherwort           occ    under eaves, near good barn, nearby sheds,                                                      a
                                                 etc.; also by TNC barn (Russell Cave Rd).
Lepidium campestre       old-field        com    old crop fields                                                                                 a
(L.) Ait. f.             pepperweed
Lepidium virginicum      common           com;   in fields especially along paths              widespread in disturbed areas
L.                       pepperweed       loc
Leptochloa brachiata     southern         cbg
                                          abu                                                  rare; known from damp open areas (?) near        s
Steudl.                  feathergrass                                                          the Ky Rv; perhaps adventive
Leptochloa               common           cbg                                                  rare or absent; records from Madison & Clark s
fascicularis Lam.        feathergrass                                                          Cos.
Lespedeza                hairy creeping   cbg                                                  local on dry infertile soil in thin woods and
procumbens Michx.        bush-clover                                                           openings near Ky Rv and in ESH
Lespedeza repens         smooth           cbg                                                  rare; dry infertile soil in thin woods and rocky
(L.) W. Bart.            creeping bush-                                                        glades; perhaps only in Blue Licks area
Lespedeza striata        Japanese
                         clover           occ;   locally frequent along the old path through                                                    aa
(Thunb.) Hook. &         clover           loc    the southern savanna; may have been
Leucospora multifida
Arn.                     shore-hyssop     ext
                                          com    seeded into field+R802                        locally frequent on freshly exposed ground on
(Michx.) Nutt.                                                                                 shores, roadsides and plowed fields
Liatris squarrosa (L.)   small blazing    cbg                                                  rare; known only from Jessamine Co. near the
Michx.                   star                                                                  Ky Rv
Lindernia anagallidea    spreading        cbg                                                  largely restricted to ponded areas near the Ky
(Michx.) Pennell         pond-                                                                 Rv
Lindernia dubia (L.)     pond-
                         pimpernel        wet                                                  widely scattered on shores of ponded areas
Pennell                  pimpernel
Linum virginianum L. wood flax         cbg                                               rare; restricted to rocky woods near Ky Rv

Liparis loeselii (L.)                  wet?                                              rare; known only from a wet quarry floor in
L.C. Rich.                                                                               Clark Co.; perhaps adventive but may have
Lithospermum            orange          cbg                                              rare; outcrops near Ky Rv in Palisades
                                                                                         been browsed out of wetlands
canescens (Michx.)      puccoon                                                          section
Lithospermum
Lehm.                   broad-leaved cbg                                                 local in rocky woods near lower Ky Rv and
latifolium Michx.       puccoon                                                          perhaps Licking Rv
Lobelia cardinalis L.   cardinal-flower cbg                                              local in swampy woods, especially near the
                                                                                         Ky Rv; perhaps unknown in the ESH; Doug
Lobelia inflata L.   common          rar?      in narrow field (1210)                    widely scattered in thin woods and old fields,
                                                                                         Rigsby says spreads w/runners
                     lobelia                                                             especially on disturbed soil
Lobelia spicata Lam. spikate lobelia cbg                                                 rare; known only from the Blue Licks area
                                                                                         (and perhaps Fayette Co.)
Ludwigia alternifolia   tall water-    cbg                                               rare; wet acid meadows near lower Ky Rv
L.                      primrose
Ludwigia decurrens      annual water- ext?                                               local along shorelines of the Ky Rv and
Walt.                   primrose                                                         perhaps elsewhere
Ludwigia palustris      water-purslane wet?                                              widespread in ponds; less in eutrophic ones
(L.) Ell.
Ludwigia peploides      floating water- occ    in Gray's Run near bridge; with Leersia   locally abundant in eutrophic ponds and
(Kunth) Raven           primrose               oryzoides                                 stagnant streams
Luzula echinata         common          cbg                                              infrequent to rare; known only from woods on
(Small) F.J. Herm.      woodrush                                                         less fertile soils near the Ky Rv and perhaps
Lycopodium              common          cbg                                              rare; restricted to acid soils in ESH and old
                                                                                         locally in the ESH
digitatum Dill. ex A.   ground-cedar                                                     river terraces
Lycopus rubellus
Braun                   swamp water- cbg                                                 rare; swampy woods near Ky Rv
Moench                  horehound
Lycopus virginicus L.   common water- wet?                                               local in wet woods, especially near rivers and
                        horehound                                                        larger creeks
Lysimachia              common          cbg                                              restricted to acid soil near Ky Rv, perhaps
lanceolata Walt.        loosestrife                                                      elsewhere (terraces)
Lysimachia              creeping        occ    damp areas in thin woods/openings,                                                         a
nummularia L.           loosestrife            especially ponded/damp flats
Lysimachia              wood            cbg                                              rare; restricted to woodland on acid soil near
quadrifolia L.          loosestrife                                                      rivers
Malvastrum                              ext?                                             rare; rocky fields and open woods near Ky Rv
hispidum (Pursh)                                                                         in Palisades section
Matelea gonocarpos
Hochr.                  angularfruit   cbg                                               restricted to rocky slopes near the Ky Rv in
(Walt.) Shinners        milkvine                                                         the Palisades section
Matricaria discoidea    false          occ;    along open paths especially overgrazed                                                     a
DC.                     chamomile      loc     central fields & near barn
                                       abu
Medicago sativa L.        alfalfa          loc    planted on W side of US 62; are there                                                            a
                                           abu    remnants/waifs on east side?
Meehania cordata      mountain             cbg                                                   known only from Jessamine Gorge
(Nutt.) Britt.        catnip
Melica mutica Walt. common melic- cbg                                                            infrequent in rocky woods near the Ky Rv in
                      grass                                                                      the Palisades section
Melica nitens                     cbg                                                            rare; clifftops near the Ky Rv in the Palisades
(Scribn.) Nutt. ex                                                                               section
Melilotus alba
Piper                 white       occ?            check; at least on rocky US 62 roadside                                                          aa
Medikus               sweetclover
Melilotus officinalis yellow      occ?            check                                                                                            aa
(L.) Lam.             sweetclover
Mentha spicata L.     spearmint   occ?            streams/springs; check id                                                                        a

Mimulus ringens L.        sessile        cbg                                                     rare; wet meadows on acid soils near Ky Rv
                          monkeyflower
Mitchella repens L.       partridgeberry cbg                                                     virtually absent; recorded only from Henry Co.

Mitella diphylla L.       miterwort        cbg                                                   restricted to rocky slopes near the Ky Rv

Mollugo verticillata L. carpetweed         occ?   bare soil in fields; check occurrence                                                            a

Monotropa uniflora L. Indianpipe           cbg                                                   rare; woods on acid soils near Ky Rv, perhaps
                                                                                                 ESH
Muhlenbergia                               cbg                                                   rare or absent; reported from clifftops in
capillaris (Lam.) Trin.                                                                          Franklin Co. (Benson Cr.)
Muhlenbergia                               cbg                                                   rare; clifftops near the Ky Rv
cuspidata (Torr. ex
Muhlenbergia
Hook.) Rydb.              riverbank        ext?                                                  locally common on banks of larger streams
frondosa (Poir.) Fern.    muhly                                                                  and in floodplain woods
Muhlenbergia              nimblewill       fre; loc thin woods/edges especially along paths or   widespread and locally abundant in open
schreberi J.F. Gmel.                       abu      mowed areas                                  woods and old fields, especially after mowing
Muhlenbergia              lime muhly       ext?                                                  locally common in woods on rocky slopes
sobolifera (Muhl. ex                                                                             near the Ky Rv; expected along the Licking
Muhlenbergia
Willd.) Trin.             wood muhly       cbg                                                   rare; known only from woods near Ky Rv
                                                                                                 Rv
sylvatica Torr. ex                                                                               (perhaps only ESH); perhaps only Jessamine
Muhlenbergia
Gray                      sand muhly       cbg                                                   rare;Fayette only from woods near Ky Rv
                                                                                                 and known Cos.
tenuifolia (Kunth)                                                                               (perhaps only ESH); perhaps only Fayette Co.
Myosotis
Trin.                     wood forget-     occ    woods, especially grazed/along trails; at      local in better woodland remnants on moist
macrosperma               me-not                  least S savanna                                fertile soil, especially near rivers and larger
Engelm. verna Nutt.
Myosotis                  spring forget-   ext?                                                  widely scattered but uncommon to rare; rocky
                                                                                                 creeks
                          me-not                                                                 fields and thin woods near Ky Rv and Blue
                                                                                                 Licks (old record)
Myriophyllum            European        nea    Boyer Pond; check id                                                                      aa
spicatum Komarov        water-milfoil
Najas guadalupensis     southern        wet?                                           infrequent; ponds and slow streams (?),
(Spreng.) Magnus        waternymph                                                     especially in larger river valleys; see also N.
Nothoscordum            crowpoison      cbg                                            infrequent or locally common in open woods
                                                                                       gracillima
bivalve (L.) Britt.                                                                    and glades on dry rocky soil, especially near
Obolaria virginica L.   pennywort       cbg                                            restricted to less Palisades section Ky Rv in
                                                                                       the Ky Rv in the fertile soils near the
                                                                                       the Palisades section
Oenothera biennis L. common             rar?   scattered in open areas                 widespread on damp disturbed soil in open
                      evening-                                                         areas
Oenothera nutans      primrose          cbg                                            rare (?); check 1966 record from Madison Co.
Atkinson & Bartlett                                                                    north of Richmond
Oenothera parviflora                    cbg                                            rare (?); check old record from Fayette Co.
L.
Oenothera pilosella                     cbg                                            rare (?); check records from Franklin Co.,
Raf.                                                                                   Madison Co.
Oenothera triloba                       cbg                                            rare; few sites on flat outcrops near Ky Rv or
Nutt.                                                                                  other larger streams
Oenothera villosa     hairy evening-    cbg                                            rare or absent (?); record from Henry Co. and
Thunb.                primrose                                                         Madison Co.
Ophioglossum          common            rar    one seen in northern back woods         rarely seen; woods on less fertile soils
pycnostichum (Fern.) adderstongue
OpuntiaLöve
A.& D. humifusa       prickly pear      ext?                                           largely restricted to rocky woods near Ky Rv
(Raf.) Raf.                                                                            and in ESH; absent in most CBG
Ornithogalum          star-of-          rar?   woods/edges; check distribution                                                           aa
umbellatum L.         Bethlehem
Orobanche uniflora wood                 cbg                                            rare; woods on infertile soils near the Ky Rv
L.                    broomrape
Oxalis dillenii Jacq. lesser yellow     occ    woods/edges in disturbed soil; check/   widespread and locally abundant in disturbed
                      sorrel                   compare with O. stricta/europaea        woods and openings
Oxalis stricta L.     greater yellow    occ    fields                                                                                    a
                      sorrel
Oxalis violacea L.    violet wood-      ext?                                           widespread in dry woods on less fertile soils;
                      sorrel                                                           perhaps not in most CBG
Pachysandra           box-spurge        cbg                                            rare; restricted to rocky slopes near Ky Rv
procumbens Michx.
Panicum               small hairy       rar    along path at W side of S savanna       widespread and locally common in field and
acuminatum Sw. var. panic-grass                                                        open woods on relatively infertile soil,
Panicum boscii Poir. hairy-noded
fasciculatum (Torr.)                    ext?                                           locally common in woods on relatively infertile
                                                                                       especially in the ESH (?)
Lelong                broadleaf                                                        soil in hilly sections; not in most CBG
Panicum capillare L. greater
                      panic-grass       loc fre on old paved roadbed of KY 353 at      widespread and locally common in old crop
                      witchgrass                Broadwell Corner; depauperate, also    fields or other disturbed ground
                                                suggests philadelphicum
Panicum                 lesser          cbg                                                    infrequent; known only from less fertile soils
commutatum J.A.         broadleaf                                                              near the Ky Rv Palisades (or perhaps all in/
Panicum
Schultes                field fall-
                        panic-grass     occ;   disturbed soil in full sun, especially old crop widespread and locally abundant in old crop
                                                                                               near the ESH)
dichotomiflorum         panicgrass      loc    fields                                          fields and other disturbed areas
Panicum
Michx.                  small wood      cbg
                                        com                                                    rare or absent; recorded from Anderson and
dichotomum L.           panic-grass                                                            Fayette Co.; expected in ESH
Panicum flexile         rock            ext?                                                   widespread and locally common in dry rocky
(Gattinger) Scribn.     witchgrass                                                             ground; sometimes adventive along roadsides
Panicum gattingeri      lesser          ext                                                    widespread and locally common in open
Nash                    witchgrass                                                             areas, especially rocky old fields
Panicum laxiflorum      low yellowish   cbg                                                    rare or absent; and old record from Jessamine
Lam.                    panic-grass                                                            Co.
Panicum                 common          cbg                                                    infrequent; known only from clifftops near the
linearifolium Scribn.   tufted panic-                                                          Ky Rv Palisades and in the Blue Licks glade
Panicum
ex Nash                 small marsh
                        grass           cbg                                                    rare; wet meadows and open woods on acid
microcarpon Muhl.       panic-grass                                                            soil near the Ky Rv; Franklin Co. and perhaps
Panicum Muhl.
ex Ell., non            small barrens   cbg                                                    rare or absent; an old report from Mercer Co.
                                                                                               elsewhere
oligosanthes J.A.       panic-grass
Panicum
Schultes                strict          ext?                                                 infrequent or rare; disturbed open areas;
philadelphicum          witchgrass                                                           recorded from Fayette, Bourbon Co. and
Panicum polyanthes
Bernh. ex Trin.         lowland         cbg                                                  rare or absent; an possible record from
                                                                                             perhaps elsewhere
J.A. Schultes           roundseed                                                            Fayette Co.
Panicum rigidulum       marsh fall-
                        panic-grass     cbg                                                  infrequent or rare; wet meadows and marshy
Bosc ex Nees            panicgrass                                                           areas on relatively acid/infertile soil
Panicum scoparium       velvety         cbg                                                  rare or absent; an old report from Fayette Co.
                                                                                             (especially near the Ky Rv?); see also var.
Lam.                    broadleaf                                                            elongatum
Panicum                 upland
                        panic-grass     cbg                                                  rare or absent; an old report from Anderson
sphaerocarpon Ell.      roundseed                                                            Co.
Panicum virgatum L.     switchgrass
                        panic-grass     cbg                                                  rare; restricted to banks of the Ky Rv in the
                                                                                             Palisades section; often planted and
Parietaria              pellitory       ext?                                                 sometimes in dry on uplands
                                                                                             widespread a waif woods and disturbed area
pensylvanica Muhl.                                                                           on fertile soils
Paronychia
ex Willd.               common          cbg                                                  uncommon; restricted to drier woods near Ky
canadensis (L.)         whitlow-wort                                                         Rv and perhaps ESH
Paronychia fastigiata
Wood                                    cbg                                                  rare; restricted to rocky woods on river bluffs
(Raf.) Fern.
Paspalum floridanum     greater lens-   cbg                                                  possible adventive; recorded from Franklin    s
Michx.                  grass                                                                and Pendleton Cos. on bottomland
Paspalum fluitans       water lens-     cbg                                                  rare; old record from banks of Ky Rv (Fayette
(Ell.) Kunth            grass                                                                Co.)
Paspalum laeve          single lens-    rar    ridge in front-central field north            occasional but not abundant in old fields,
Michx.                  grass                                                                especially on less fertile soil
Paspalum pubiflorum    decumbent       occ    fields, scattered at low density; also           widespread but not abundant in fields on fertile
Rupr. ex Fourn. var.   lens-grass             roadsides                                        soil
Paspalum setaceum
glabrum Vasey ex       lesser lens-    ext                                                     widely scattered in fields but not abundant;
Michx. var.
Scribn.                grass                                                                   only vars. muhlenbergii and ciliatifolium
Passiflora incarnata
muehlenbergii (Nash)   purple          ext?                                                    widely scattered in along roads, railroads,
L. Banks
D.                     passionflower                                                           other waste areas; perhaps adventive from
Passiflora lutea L.    yellow          ext?                                                    largely restricted to better woods near Ky Rv;
                                                                                               south
                       passionflower                                                           local in ESH; perhaps not in most CBG
Pastinaca sativa L.    wild parsnip    occ;   largely restricted to US 62 roadside or within                                                      aa
                                       loc    20 ft
Paxistima canbyi                       cbg
                                       abu                                                     rare; restricted to one bluff near Ky Rv
Gray
Pedicularis            common          cbg                                                     rare; woods on infertile soils near the Ky Rv;
canadensis L.          lousewort                                                               local in ESH (at least Blue Licks area)
Pellaea atropurpurea   purple          cbg                                                     restricted to cliffs along major rivers
(L.) Link              cliffbrake
Pellaea glabella       smooth          cbg                                                     restricted to cliffs along Ky Rv
Mett. ex Kuhn          cliffbrake
Penstemon              common          cbg                                                     rare (?); less fertile soil in ESH (only known
canescens (Britt.)     eastern                                                                 from Owen Co.?)
Penstemon hirsutus
Britt.                 smooth closed
                       beardtongue     cbg                                                     restricted to clifftops near the Ky Rv or its
(L.) Willd.            beardtongue                                                             major tributaries, and locally along the Licking
Penthorum sedoides     ditch           ext?                                                    widely scattered in swampy streamside and
                                                                                               Rv
L.                     stonecrop                                                               similar sites; perhaps little/none on uplands
Phleum pratense L.     timothy         com;   improved pastures                                                                                   aa
                                       loc
Phlox amplifolia       broad-leaved    cbg
                                       abu                                                     local in deeper woods near lower Ky Rv and
Britt.                 phlox                                                                   western ESH
Phlox bifida Beck.                     cbg                                                     restricted to cliffs near Ky Rv in Palisades
                                                                                               section
Phlox glaberrima L.    lowland phlox cbg                                                       rare or absent; wet meadows on less fertile
                                                                                               soils; recorded from Henry Co.
Phlox maculata L.      marsh phlox     cbg                                                     rare or absent; wet acid soils; recorded from
                                                                                               Owen Co.
Phlox triflora Michx. mountain         cbg                                                     rare or absent (?); recorded from Bourbon Co.
                      phlox                                                                    (check).
Phyla lanceolata      fogfruit         wet                                                     shores and wet meadows, especially
(Michx.) Greene                                                                                disturbed or mowed areas
Phyllanthus           leaflower        cbg                                                     rare; local near Ky Rv on infertile soil in thin
caroliniensis Walt.   spurge                                                                   woods (?)
Physalis              clammy           com    older pastures/hayfields especially plant        widespread in open areas, especially old
heterophylla Nees     groundcherry            collection field                                 pastures
Physalis pubescens       hairy annual     cbg                                                         rare (?); recorded only from Anderson Co.; see
L.                       groundcherry                                                                 also P. grisea (Owen Co.?)
Physalis subglabrata     smooth           com        older pastures/hayfields especially plant        widespread in open areas, especially old
Mackenzie & Bush         groundcherry                collection field                                 pastures
Physalis virginiana      strict           cbg                                                         rare or absent; recorded only from Shelby Co.
P. Mill.                 groundcherry                                                                 (?)
Physocarpus                               cbg                                                         restricted to rocky openings near the Ky Rv
opulifolius (L.)                                                                                      (and perhaps local along other streams)
Physostegia
Maxim.                   lowland          cbg                                                         rare; rocky banks of Ky Rv and Licking Rv
virginiana (L.) Benth.   obedient plant
Phytolacca               pokeweed         com;       old field, thin woods; especially along locust   widespread and locally abundant in disturbed
americana L.                              loc        fencerows                                        woods and old fields
Pilea pumila (L.)        clearweed        fre; loc
                                          abu        woods/edges especially in damper sites with      common in woods on damp fertile soils,
Gray                                      abu        bare/shaded ground                               especially disturbed ground
Piptochaetium            porcupine-       cbg                                                         rare; known only from cliffs near the Ky Rv in
avenaceum (L.)           grass                                                                        the Palisades section
Plantago aristata
Parodi                   bristly plantain ext?                                                        locally common on less fertile soils near the
Michx.                                                                                                Ky Rv and in the ESH
Plantago lanceolata     English        fre           fields                                                                                              aa
L.                      plantain
Plantago rugelii        broad-leaf     fre           fields, woods                                    widespread in fields and other mowed areas
Dcne.                   plantain                                                                      on damp fertile soil
Plantago virginica L.   hoary plantain occ;          along cow paths in drier fields (2002/3)         widespread in dry pastures and other
                                       loc                                                            disturbed areas
Platanthera herbiola northern green cbgcom                                                            rare; known only from swampy woods in
(R. Br. ex Ait. f.) new rein-orchid                                                                   Franklin Co. (acid soils in shade)
Platanthera
comb.                                  cbg                                                            rare; known only from swampy woods in
peramoena (Gray)                                                                                      Anderson Co. (acid soils in sun)
Poa annua L.
Gray                    common         fre; loc      paths in fields                                                                                     a
                        annual         abu
Poa autumnalis          tulip-wood
                        bluegrass      cbg                                                            infrequent or rare; known only from less fertile
Muhl. ex Ell.           bluegrass                                                                     soil in woods near Ky Rv in the Palisades
Poa chapmaniana         upland annual ext?                                                            perhaps rare but often overlooked; old fields
                                                                                                      section; expected along the Licking Rv
Scribn.                 bluegrass                                                                     on relatively dry infertile soil; recorded from
Poa cuspidata Nutt. early wood         cbg                                                            restricted to rocky woods near the Ky Rv in
                                                                                                      Scott Co.
                        bluegrass                                                                     the Palisades section
Poa pratensis L.        common         abu;          widespread in fields, thin pastured woods;                                                          aaa
                        bluegrass      loc           see angustifolia for possible native form
Podostemum                             cbg
                                       dom                                                            probably extinct in region; old record from Ky
ceratophyllum                                                                                         Rv; in Licking Rv but upstream
Polygala ambigua
Michx.                  least milkwort cbg                                                            rare; restricted to site(s) near Ky Rv (dry
Nutt.                                                                                                 fields?)
Polygala sanguinea     marsh            cbg                                                 uncommon to rare; largely restricted to open
L.                     milkwort                                                             areas on damp acid soil
Polygonatum            hairy            cbg                                                 locally common in deeper woods on low
pubescens (Willd.)     Solomon's                                                            slopes near the Ky Rv; perhaps unknown
Polygonum arifolium
Pursh                  halberd-leaved
                       seal             cbg                                                 rare; restricted to wetlands near rivers
                                                                                            elsewhere
L.                     tearthumb
Polygonum aviculare    lowly            loc    widespread in trampled open areas                                                             a
L.                     knotweed         com
Polygonum              binding          occ?   open disturbed fields/fencerows; at least                                                     a
convolvulus L.         buckwheat               along nearby roadsides
Polygonum cristatum    upland           occ    eastern wedge of S savanna; and Russell     widely scattered near streams and on damp
Engelm. & Gray         climbing                Cave fencerow; id difficult                 uplands [?= scandens]
Polygonum              spreading
                       buckwheat        rar    large patch by US 62 & Ky 353 intersection;                                                   aa
cuspidatum Sieb. &     garden                  herbicided by J. Cox in 2006
Polygonum erectum
Zucc.                  upright
                       knotweed         occ;   paths in pastures, especially with recent   common on disturbed soil in farmland
L.                     knotweed         loc    grazing/mowing/trampling
Polygonum                               cbg
                                        abu                                                rare; northern species near rivers, wetlands;
hydropiper (L.) Opiz                                                                       perhaps adventive
Polygonum              common water     wet?                                               largely restricted to natural ponds & stagnant
hydropiperoides        smartweed                                                           shores along rivers
Polygonum
Michx.                 Asian pink       com;   fields and thin woods, especially after                                                       aa
longisetum de Bruyn    smartweed        loc    grazing
Polygonum              greater pink     occ
                                        abu    fields; check for more                      widespread in cropland and other weedy
pensylvanicum L.       smartweed                                                           places
Polygonum              European pink    com    fields, especially with recent disturbance                                                    a
persicaria L.          smartweed
Polygonum              common white     com;   fields, thin woods, especially in damper     widespread in disturbed woods and fields
punctatum Ell.         smartweed        loc    areas
Polygonum                               cbg
                                        abu                                                 rare; perhaps only adventive from west (and
ramosissimum                                                                                perhaps cultivated in Woodland era)
Polygonum robustior
Michx.                                  cbg                                                 rare; riverbanks/wetlands (?); perhaps only a
(Small) Bickn.                                                                              waif from coastal regions
Polygonum              arrow-leaved     cbg                                                 rare; restricted to acid/infertile wetlands on
sagittatum L.          tearthumb                                                            river terraces
Polygonum              lowland          ext    need to compare with cristatum; both may     widely scattered along larger streams
scandens L.            climbing                be present or difficult to distinguish
Polygonum              wood
                       buckwheat        fre    widespread in woods/edges but thin density widespread in woods on various soils
virginianum L.         knotweed                in general
Polypodium             resurrection     cbg                                               restricted to cliffs and nearby trees along Ky
polypodioides (L.)     polypody                                                           Rv
Porteranthus
Watt                   Indian physic    cbg                                               local in thin woods on dry infertile soils in
stipulatus (Muhl. ex                                                                      northern sections of ESH
Willd.) Britt.
Portulaca oleracea L. purslane          occ    fields, disturbed areas                 widespread in old fields and waste places on a
                                                                                       fertile soils; may have been native race
Potamogeton              narrow-leaved ext?    check Grays Run                         distributed widely in streams (especially
foliosus Raf.            pondweed                                                      medium-sized?) draining calcareous regions
Potamogeton              broad-leaved cbg                                              rare or infrequent, esp in slow streams or
nodosus Poir.            pondweed                                                      ponds (?); more common in regions
Potamogeton                            cbg                                             perhaps locally extinct; an old record from Ky
                                                                                       surrounding the Bluegrass
tennesseensis Fern.                                                                    Rv but possibly upstream
Potentilla norvegica     rough          ext?                                           possibly native in part; scattered in fields,  m?
L.                       cinquefoil                                                    especially on deep fertile soils
Potentilla recta L.      sulphur        occ    fields, especially old hayfields                                                       a
                         cinquefoil
Potentilla simplex       common         cbg                                            local on less fertile soils in thin woods and
Michx.                   cinquefoil                                                    fields near Ky Rv and in ESH
Proboscidea                             cbg                                            status uncertain (perhaps only adventive from w?
louisianica (P. Mill.)                                                                 the west); fields and waste places on fertile
Pycnanthemum
Thellung                 narrow-leaved cbg                                             rare; meadows on damp acid soils near the
                                                                                       soils
tenuifolium Schrad.      head-mint                                                     lower Ky Rv and lower Licking Rv
Pyrrhopappus             tall dandelion cbg                                            rare; fields on relatively dry acid soils; known
carolinianus (Walt.)                                                                   only from Franklin Co.
Ranunculus
DC.                   smooth little-    fre?   scattered in woods/edges; check         widely abundant in open woods and low
abortivus L.          buttercup                                                        meadows
Ranunculus            rocky wood-       cbg                                            rare; restricted to rocky upland woods near Ky
fascicularis Muhl. ex buttercup                                                        Rv
Ranunculus
Bigelow               hairy little-     occ?   scattered in drier woods/edges; check   widespread in upland woods, especially in hilly
micranthus Nutt.      buttercup                                                        sections
Ranunculus            lobed water-      wet?                                           restricted to wetlands near rivers
sceleratus L.         buttercup
Rorippa sessiliflora  sessile yellow-   cbg                                            rare; known from one wetland site near the Ky
(Nutt.) A.S. Hitchc.  cress                                                            Rv
Rotala ramosior (L.)  lesser pond-      cbg                                            rare; wetlands near Ky Rv, perhaps elsewhere
Koehne                purslane
Rubus enslenii Tratt. slender           cbg                                            rare or local near Ky Rv; perhaps elsewhere
                      dewberry
Rubus trivialis       southern          cbg                                            uncertain occurrence; reported from Blue
Michx.                dewberry                                                         Licks area
Rudbeckia tenax       barrens           cbg                                            rare; limestone ledges near Ky Rv in the
C.L. Boynt. & Beadle coneflower                                                        Palisades section; com in CLAR glades
Rudbeckia truncata cliff                cbg                                            rare; one site on cliffs in Jessamine Co.
Small                 coneflower
Ruellia caroliniensis upland petunia    ext?                                           widely scattered on less fertile soil in thin
(J.F. Gmel.) Steud.                                                                    woods and fields, especially in the ESH
Ruellia humilis Nutt. limestone          cbg                                                 restricted to rocky open areas near the Ky Rv
                      petunia                                                                and Licking Rv; with var. calvescens in the
Rumex acetosella L. sheep sorrel         occ    back Russell Cave field                      Blue Licks area                               a

Rumex crispus L.         curlyleaf dock occ     disturbed areas in fields, especially near                                                      a
                                                streams
Rumex obtusifolius       broadleaf dock com     old pastures, especially in swales                                                              a
L.
Rumex                                    cbg                                                 rare; wetlands near Ky Rv
triangulivalvis
Rumex verticillatus
(Danser) Rech. f.        swamp dock      cbg                                                 rare; wetlands near Ky Rv
L.
Sabatia angularis (L.)   rosepink        cbg                                                 local on dry infertile soils in the ESH near the
Pursh                                                                                        main stem of Licking Rv (with Blue Licks) and
Sagittaria australis     southern        wet?                                                upstream of the and locally common in
                                                                                             widely scattered Palisades section of the Ky
(J.G. Sm.) Small         arrowhead                                                           ponds, especially near the Ky Rv; perhaps
                                                                                             Rv
Sagittaria calycina      spongy          cbg                                                 widely scattered and locally abundant in
                                                                                             unknown along the Licking Rv
Engelm.                  arrowhead                                                           ponds, especially near larger streams and
Sagittaria graminea                      cbg                                                 rare or absent; only an old record from Fayette
                                                                                             wetlands
Michx.                                                                                       Co. (check)
Samolus parviflorus      water-          occ    appears under weeds on shady dug soil of     widespread near streams (and streamheads)
Raf.                     pimpernel              front-central fields at lower levels
Sanicula canadensis      common          fre    woods/edges                                  widespread in woods of various types
L.                       sanicle
Satureja glabella                        ext?                                                local in thin woods and edges on rocky soil
(Michx.) Benth.                                                                              near the lower Ky Rv, especially along trails
Satureja vulgaris (L.)   wild basil      ext?                                                rare (?); thin woods and edges on less fertile
Fritsch                                                                                      soil near the Ky Rv
Saururus cernuus L.      lizard's tail   wet?                                                deeper wetlands; perhaps in river pools

Saxifraga                common          cbg                                                 restricted to rocky slopes near the Ky Rv,
virginiensis Michx.      saxifrage                                                           Licking Rv and larger tributaries
Schizachne                               cbg                                                 rare; clifftops near the Ky Rv in the Palisades
purpurascens (Torr.)                                                                         section
Scirpus cyperinus
Swallen                  tall wooly      cbg                                                 infrequent but perhaps locally common;
(L.) Kunth               bulrush                                                             marshy areas with lower fertility
Scirpus fluviatilis                      cbg                                                 rare or absent; only a record from Madison
Torr.                                                                                        Co. (check)
Scirpus georgianus       dark marsh      cbg                                                 infrequent or rare; marshy areas with lower
Harper                   bulrush                                                             fertility
Scirpus pendulus         prairie bulrush ext?                                                widely scattered and locally common on
Muhl.                                                                                        seasonally damp (but often drying) soils in
                                                                                             fields and other open areas, especially near
                                                                                             the Ky Rv
Scirpus polyphyllus      swamp            cbg                                                    rare or absent; typical of wet acid soil;
Vahl                     bulrush                                                                 tentatively recorded from Henry Co.
Scirpus pungens          triangled        cbg                                                    rare or absent; oligotrophic ponds (?); known
Vahl                     bulrush                                                                 from Pendleton Co.
Scutellaria elliptica    small wood       cbg                                                    restricted to less fertile soils near the Ky Rv
Muhl. ex Spreng.         skullcap
Scutellaria leonardii    smooth little    cbg                                                    rare; rocky open areas; known only from
Epling                   skullcap                                                                Jessamine Co. and Robertson Co. (?)
Scutellaria nervosa      small wood       ext?                                                   infrequently scattered in deeper woods near
Pursh                    skullcap                                                                rivers, perhaps locally in ESH; esp along trails
Scutellaria parvula                       cbg                                                    rare (?); rocky open areas; known only from
Michx.                                                                                           Woodford Co. (?)
Sedum pulchellum         pink stonecrop cbg                                                      largely restricted to flat outcrops near Ky Rv
Michx.                                                                                           and locally Licking Rv; sometimes adventive
Senecio anonymus         common         ext?                                                     infrequent; old fields and open woods on dry
                                                                                                 on artificial exposures elsewhere
Wood                     ragwort                                                                 infertile soil, especially on hills near rivers
Senecio glabellus        butter ragwort ext?                                                     infrequent or rare; old fields on disturbed soil, w
Poir.                                                                                            especially on bottomlands; may be adventive
Senecio pauperculus                       cbg                                                    perhaps locally extinct; an old record from the
                                                                                                 from river valleys
Michx                                                                                            Blue Licks area; check also S. plattensis
Setaria faberi Herrm.    giant foxtail    com;      disturbed areas in fields, especially in                                                       aa
                                          loc       plowed or herbicided areas
Setaria parviflora       perennial        occ;
                                          dom       shoulder of US 62; expected in fields; was   locally common in old fields and roadsides        s
(Poir.) Kerguélen        foxtail          loc fre   this native? (a C4 grass)                    (especially on fertile soils?); possibly
Setaria pumila (Poir.)   yellow foxtail   fre       fields                                       adventive                                         a
Roemer & J.A.
Setaria viridis (L.)
Schultes                 green foxtail    fre       perhaps widespread in disturbed areas; not                                                     a
Beauv.                                              as abundant as faberi
Sicyos angulatus L.      burr cucumber ext                                                       widespread on floodplains, especially along
                                                                                                 larger streams
Sida spinosa L.          prickly mallow occ?        disturbed areas in fields                                                                      a

Silene rotundifolia      roundleaf        cbg                                                    restricted to cliffs near Ky Rv
Nutt.                    catchfly
Silene virginica L.      fire pink        cbg                                                    widespread in dry woods near Ky Rv and in
                                                                                                 western ESH; curiously not in eastern ESH
Silene wherryi Small rock pink            cbg                                                    restricted to rocky woods near Ky Rv

Silphium                 northern         cbg                                                 rare or absent; old record from Pendleton Co.;
terebinthinaceum         prairie-dock                                                         also locally frequent to east in Licking Rv
Sisymbrium
Jacq.                    hedge-           occ;      around & above NE pond where heavy cattle knobs                                          a
officinale (L.) Scop.    mustard          loc       use.
                                          abu
Sisyrinchium             white blue-   cbg                                                      infrequent to rare; perhaps restricted to open
albidum Raf.             eyed grass                                                             rocky woods and glades near the Ky Rv;
Sisyrinchium             common blue- occ?                                                      expected but perhaps frequent in old
                                                  drier old fields--check occurrence; S. Elkins widespread and locallyunknown in the ESH
angustifolium P. Mill.   eyed grass                                                             pastures and other open areas
Sium suave Walt.         water-parsnip cbg                                                      rare or absent; marshy areas; recorded from
                                                                                                Shelby and Bath Cos.
Smilax ecirrata          upright          cbg                                                   locally scattered in deeper woods near Ky Rv
(Engelm. ex Kunth)       carrionflower                                                          and perhaps other large streams; unknown in
Smilax pulverulenta
S. Wats.                 green            cbg                                                   rare or absent; known only from Clark Co
                                                                                                most/all ESH (?)
Michx.                   carrionflower
Solanum carolinense      horse-nettle     com     fields, especially old pastures/hayfields        widespread in pastures
L.
Solanum                  wild             occ;    disturbed soil                                   widespread in fields and other disturbed areas
ptychanthum Dunal        nightshade       loc fre
Solidago altissima L.    old-field        com; old fields                                          widespread and often abundant in old fields
                         goldenrod        loc
Solidago caesia L.       blue-stem        cbg
                                          dom                                                      local in deeper woods on slopes with less
                         goldenrod                                                                 fertile soil near the Ky Rv; expected along the
Solidago canadensis                       ext?                                                     infrequent or locally common, especially near
                                                                                                   Licking Rv (?)
L.                                                                                                 the Ky Rv (?)
Solidago harrisii        limestone        cbg                                                      rare; known in Fayette Co. on cliffs near the
Steele                   broadleaf                                                                 Ky Rv
Solidago rugosa P.       swamp
                         goldenrod        cbg                                                      rare; wet acid soils in thin woods or fields in
Mill.                    goldenrodSolid                                                            ESH (?); known from Jessamine Co.
Solidago rupestris       lime-river
                         ago speciosa     cbg                                                      restricted to rocky banks of the Ky Rv, where
Raf.                     goldenrod
                         Nutt.                                                                     locally common
Solidago sphacelata      limestone/       cbg                                                      locally common but restricted to dry rocky
Raf.                     heartleaf                                                                 slopes and clifftops near the Ky Rv,
Sonchus asper (L.)       spiny
                         goldenrod        rar     disturbed areas in open                          especially in the Palisades section             a
Hill                     sowthistle
Sonchus oleraceus        common           pre?? check notes                                                                                          a
L.                       sowthistle
Sorghum halepense        Johnson-grass    com;    old fields, especially old hayfields/roadsides                                                     aaa
(L.) Pers.                                loc     where ungrazed (cattle can keep it down).
Spermacoce glabra                         cbg
                                          abu                                                      rare (?); only an old record from "sandy
                                                                                                   borders of the Ky. Rv." (Fayette Co.?)
Sphenopholis nitida      upland wedge- cbg                                                         rare (?); known only from woods on less fertile
(Biehler) Scribn.        grass                                                                     soils near the Ky Rv (perhaps only in/near
Spiranthes lucida                      cbg                                                         rare; known only from Fayette Cos.)a wet
                                                                                                   ESH of Jessamine & Clark Co. on
(H.H. Eat.) Ames                                                                                   quarry floor; perhaps adventive but expected
Spiranthes                                cbg                                                      alongknown shores of calcareous streams
                                                                                                   rare; rocky only from the Blue Licks glade
magnicamporum
Sheviak
Spiranthes ovalis        wood ladies'- ext                                                      infrequent to rare; known only from woods
Lindl.                   tresses                                                                (often young/disturbed) and brushy old fields
Spirodela polyrhiza      greater         wet                                                    locally commonin the Palisades section and
                                                                                                near the Ky Rv in eutrophic ponds
(L.) Schleiden           duckweed                                                               upstream; perhaps unknown along the Licking
Sporobolus               lesser annual cbg                                                      locally common on flat oucrops and dry
                                                                                                Rv but expected
neglectus Nash           poverty-grass                                                          roadsides (where adventive)
Sporobolus               annual poverty- loc      on old paved roadbed of KY 353 at             locally common on flat oucrops and dry
vaginiflorus (Torr. ex   grass           com      Broadwell Corner; id definite                 roadsides (where adventive)
Stellaria fontinalis
Gray) Wood                               wet?                                                   rare; rocky seeps along Ky Rv and larger
(Short & Peter) B.L.                                                                            streams; was perhaps in upland springs
Stellaria media (L.)
Robins.                  common            com;   woods/edges/fencerows                                                                            aaa
Vill.                    chickweed         loc
Stellaria pubera         wood-             ext?
                                           abu                                                  widely scattered in better woods on less fertile
Michx.                   chickweed                                                              soils; not in most CBG
Stenanthium                                cbg                                                  rare; wet meadows and open woods on acid
gramineum (Ker-                                                                                 soil near lower Ky Rv and perhaps elsewhere
Strophostyles
Gawl.) Morong            broad-leaved      cbg                                                  rare;record from Fayette Co.?) Rv (shores and
                                                                                                (old known only from near Ky
helvula (L.) Ell.        fuzzybean                                                              nearby?)
Strophostyles            narrow-leaved     cbg                                                  local; known only near rivers (shores and
umbellata (Muhl. ex      fuzzybean                                                              nearby?)
Taenidia integerrima
Willd.) Britt.           yellow            ext?                                                 restricted to rocky woods near the Ky Rv
(L.) Drude               pimpernel
Taraxacum officinale     common            occ?   yards/other regularly mowed/disturbed areas                                                      a
G.H. Weber ex            dandelion
Thaspium chapmanii
Wiggers                  glade-parsnip     cbg                                                  rare (?); rocky woods near Ky Rv (to be
(Coult. & Rose)                                                                                 confirmed)
Thelypteris
Small                    beech-fern        ext?                                                 local; mostly in mesic woods on less fertile
hexagonoptera                                                                                   soils; often with Fagus
Thlaspi alliaceum L.
(Michx.) Weatherby       yellow            loc   increased since ca. 2000; now com along                                                           aa
                         pennycress        abu   roads, some old fieds
Thlaspi arvense L.       greater           pre?? check notes                                                                                       a
                         pennycress
Thlaspi perfoliatum      lesser            pre?? check notes                                                                                       a
L.                       pennycress
Tipularia discolor       cranefly-orchid   cbg                                                  infrequent to rare; known mostly from woods
(Pursh) Nutt.                                                                                   on less fertile soils near the Ky Rv on/near the
Torilis arvensis         hedge-parsley occ        old fields/fencerows                          ESH; expected elsewhere in the ESH               a
(Huds.) Link
Tragia cordata                             ext?                                                 rare; rocky woods near lower Ky Rv
Michx.
Trichostema              lime bluecurls cbg                                                     largely restricted to outcrops near the Ky Rv;
brachiatum L.                                                                                   perhaps local/adventive elsewhere
Tridens flavus (L.)      purpletop-      com;   old pastures/hayfields                     widespread and often abundant in old
A.S. Hitchc.             grass           loc                                               hayfields
Trifolium campestre      yellow clover   fre
                                         abu    drier old fields                                                                              a
Schreb.
Trifolium pratense L.    red clover      com    fields, especially improved pastures/                                                         aa
                                                hayfields
Trifolium reflexum L.                    cbg                                               locally extinct; only a few old records from
                                                                                           less fertile soils; probably not in CBG
Trifolium repens L.      white clover    com    fields, especially after short mowing or                                                      aaa
                                                grazing
Trillium grandiflorum large white        cbg                                               probably absent but one old dubious record
(Michx.) Salisb.        trillium                                                           from Fayette Co. (?)
Trillium nivale Riddell                  cbg                                               rare; known from only two localities on rocky
                                                                                           slopes near the Ky Rv in the Palisades
Triodanis perfoliata     Venus looking- ext?                                               widely scattered in dry open areas, especially
                                                                                           section
(L.) Nieuwl.             glass                                                             on disturbed soil
Triosteum                narrow-leaved cbg                                                 widely scattered in deep woods on dry rocky
angustifolium L.         horse-gentian                                                     ground near rivers and larger streams
Triosteum                broad-leaved ext?                                                 largely restricted to rocky woods near the Ky
aurantiacum Bickn.       horse-gentian                                                     Rv in the Palisades section; perhaps also
Triosteum                               cbg                                                rare (?); records only from near the Ky Rv in
                                                                                           along the Licking Rv
perfoliatum L.                                                                             the Palisades section
Typha angustifolia L.    narrow cattail wet?                                               rare or absent; perhaps local in the ESH but
                                                                                           more common in regions surrounding the CBG
Typha latifolia L.       broad cattail   occ    ponds                                      widespread and locally abundant in ponds and
                                                                                           ditches
Uvularia perfoliata L. lesser bellwort cbg                                                 restricted to woods on relatively infertile soil
                                                                                           near the Ky Rv in the Palisades section and
Valerianella             northern        ext?                                              locally frequent in relatively dry woods Licking
                                                                                           upstream; perhaps unknown along the near
umbilicata (Sullivant)   cornsalad                                                         the (?) Rv and other larger streams (South
                                                                                           Rv Ky
Vallisneria
Wood                                     wet?                                              perhapsLicking Rv?)
                                                                                           Fork of locally extinct; only an old record
americana Michx.                                                                           from the Ky Rv
Veratrum woodii                          cbg                                               rare; deep woods near lower Ky Rv in ESH
J.W. Robbins ex
Verbascum blattaria
Wood                     moth mullein    occ    disturbed areas, roadsides, etc.                                                              a
L.
Verbascum thapsus        common          occ    disturbed areas, roadsides, etc.                                                              a
L.                       mullein
Verbena bracteata                        cbg                                               rare (?); recorded only from Anderson &
Lag. & Rodr.                                                                               Fayette Cos.
Verbena simplex          field vervain   ext?                                              widespread in dry disturbed ground of the IBG
Lehm.                                                                                      and western ESH; remarkably litte known to
                                                                                           the north and east
Verbena stricta Vent.                   cbg                                               rare (?); recorded only from Fayette Co.

Verbena urticifolia L. white vervain    fre    woods/edges--check abundance               widely scattered in thin woods and fields on
                                                                                          damp fertile soils
Verbesina alternifolia   lowland        com;   increases in older pastures/edges, becomes widespread, mostly in low pastures and open
(L.) Britt. ex Kearney   wingstem       loc    abundant without mowing                    woods on damp fertile soils
Vernonia gigantea        common         com;
                                        dom    recent and old pastures, becomes abundant widespread and often abundant in old pastures
(Walt.) Trel.            ironweed       loc    within a year without mowing               and grazed open woods
Veronica agrestis L.     reclining      occ?
                                        dom    check; reported in back pond field                                                      a
                         speedwell
Veronica americana                      cbg                                               known only from the Blue Licks area (old
Schwein. ex Benth.                                                                        collection)
Veronica anagallis- water               wet?                                              springs and seeps near Ky Rv in Palisades        m?
aquatica L.          speedwell                                                            section; perhaps elsewhere
Veronica arvensis L. hairy sessile      occ;   old crop fields, other disturbed areas                                                      a
                     speedwell          loc
Veronica catenata                       wet?
                                        abu                                               rare; one old record from Fayette Co.

Veronica hederifolia ivyleaf            pre?? check notes                                                                                  aa
L.                     speedwell
Veronica peregrina L. smooth            occ;   old crop fields, other disturbed areas     widespread and locally abundant on disturbed
                       sessile          loc                                               ground in old fields and other open areas
Veronica serpyllifolia lesser
                       speedwell        rar?
                                        abu    appeared in damp dug hole in front field                                                    a
L.                     creeping
Veronicastrum          speedwell        ext?                                              rare; restricted to dry thin woods and edges
virginicum L.                                                                             near the Ky Rv in the Palisades section
Vicia caroliniana      white vetch      ext?                                              local on less fertile soils in woods and edges
Walt.                                                                                     of ESH; not in most CBG
Vicia dasycarpa        smooth winter-   nea?   check ; common along roads nearby                                                           a
Tenore                 vetch
Vicia villosa Roth     hairy winter-    occ?   check near US 62; maybe near fencerows                                                      a
                       vetch
Viola affinis Le       northern blue-   cbg                                               perhaps rare; better woods on acid soil (?)
Conte                  violet
Viola bicolor Pursh common field-       ext                                               widely scattered in old fields and other
                       pansy                                                              disturbed areas; less on deep damp soils (?)
Viola canadensis L. tall white          cbg                                               uncommon to rare; restricted to better woods
                       stemmed-                                                           near rivers
Viola egglestonii      violet           cbg                                               rare; restricted a few sites on rocks near Ky
Brainerd                                                                                  Rv
Viola hirsutula        southern blue-   cbg                                               uncommon to rare; restricted to woods on acid
Brainerd               violet                                                             soils near Ky Rv and in ESH
Viola palmata L.     trilobed blue-        ext?                                          locally common in rocky woods near Ky and
                     violet                                                              in western ESH; curiously absent in eastern
Viola papilionacea   common blue-          com;   woods/edges                            widespread and locally abundant in woods on
                                                                                         ESH
Pursh p.p.           violet                loc                                           fertile soils
Viola rostrata Pursh long-spurred          cbg
                                           abu                                           rare; restricted a few sites in deep woods near
                     spreading                                                           the Ky Rv
Viola subsinuata     palmate blue-
                     violet                cbg                                           uncommon to rare; probably restricted to
Greene               violet                                                              rocky woods near Ky Rv
Viola walteri House                        cbg                                           rare; restricted a few bluffs of ravines near the
                                                                                         Ky Rv
Waldsteinia                                cbg                                           restricted to rocky woods near Ky Rv
fragarioides (Michx.)
Wolffia borealis
Tratt.                                     wet?                                          rare in ponds (more in regions surrounding the
(Engelm. ex                                                                              CBG?)
Wolffia brasiliensis
Hegelm.) Landolt ex      dotted            wet?                                          local in ponds, especially near the Ky Rv
Weddell& Wildi
Landolt                  watermeal
Wolffia columbiana                         wet?                                          local in ponds, especially near the Ky Rv (?)
Karst.
Woodsia obtusa           lime-cliff fern   cbg                                           restricted to cliffs along larger creeks & rivers
(Spreng.) Torr.
Xanthium                 smooth            com;   old pastures, especially where grass   widespread in old fields and along shores;
strumarium L. var.       cockleburr        loc    smothered by hay/overgrazed in past?   perhaps native at least on shores of larger
Zannichellia palustris
glabratum (DC.)          hornwort          wet
                                           dom                                           rare to locally common in eutrophic farm
                                                                                         streams
L.
Cronq.                                                                                   ponds
Zizia aptera (Gray)      upland            cbg                                           local in dry rocky woods near the Ky Rv in the
Fern.                    alexanders                                                      Palisades section; perhaps also along the
                                                                                         Licking Rv
Overall
Priority


High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med
Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low
Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Not

Not

Not

Not

Not

Not

Not

Not

Not

Not

Not

Not
Not

Not

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX




High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High
High

High

High

High

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med
Med

Med

Med

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low
Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Not

Not

Not

Not

Not

Not

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX
High

High

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Not

Not

Not

Not

Not

Not

Not
Not

Not

XXX

XXX




High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High
High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High
High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

High

Med

Med
Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med
Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med
Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med
Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med
Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low
Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low
Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low
Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low
Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low
Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low
Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low
Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

Med-Low

								
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