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Impact of climate change on disease and pest pictures_ implication

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					Impact of climate change on disease and pest pictures, implication to IPM development. Dr. X. B. Yang, Dept. of Plant Pathology, Iowa State University, IA. In the last few decades, increase in abundance of previously minor infectious diseases has been observed by botanical and medical epidemiologists. For instance, gray leaf spot (Cercospora zea-maydis) has become a major corn disease in the United States. Sudden death syndrome (Fusarium solani f. sp. glycines) emerges from a minor to a widespread problem in the U.S. soybean production regions. Impact of global climate change on the disease pictures in different agroecosystems has been studies with available long-term data. Available quantitative studies from long-term disease data in China have revealed a general trend in which an increase in prevalence of warm temperature diseases and reduction in epidemic frequency of cool temperature diseases. Similar trends were also observed in U.S. soybean production system. Changes of disease pictures under the influences of climate changes are important to long-term disease prediction and integrated management of agroecosystems.


				
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posted:11/13/2009
language:English
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