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					             Renaissance Occupations
      Occupation    Product or Service            Description
Baker              Bread                       Baker

Bookbinder         Books                       Bookbinder
                   Built homes, wagons,
Carpenter          furniture, etc.             Carpenter

Dyers              Inks                        Dyers

Engraver           Etching of personal items   Engraver

Jeweler            Jewelry                     Jeweler

                   Secured castles and homes
Locksmith                                      Locksmith

Minstrel           Traveled and played music   Minstrel

                   Wrote books, did research
Scribe                                         Scribe

Shoemaker          Shoes                       Shoemaker

Spy                Informer to the King        Spy
  The Baker was a common occupation but not as easy as some may
    think. In the Renaissance there was a period when bakers began
 cheating the public at such a rate that public outcry reached the ears
 of several kings. As bread was a daily staple of Renaissance life, the
     bakers knew that they could charge a lot of money for minimal
 portions of their products. As such, kings levied laws against bakers
  stating that they were to lower their prices and keep honest. In fact
the common term "A Baker's Dozen" (meaning 13 instead of 12) came
   from this time period. Any baker caught selling less than an even
  dozen was strictly and harshly punished. As a result bakers began
   adding one extra loaf to be certain their count would be correct or
                  even over the amount decreed by law.
Good bakers were often invited and employed by the rich and elite as
   personal cooks and chefs inside the safety of castles. Their duties
    included the preparation of dinners and large feasts. There were
                     exceptional bakers of all classes.

 An occupation that was extremely important but receives very little
 credit is the position of the Renaissance Bookbinder. This skill was
very important as journals, diaries, and manifests were being written
during the time period. News of discoveries, law, science, medicine,
  technology and industry were recorded on paper and were then
   bound together in the format of a book by professional binders.
 As there were no machines for printing, each journal and book was
meticulously and painstakingly handwritten. The Bookbinder had to
  be careful when setting the pages together to not tear, damage or
                destroy any portion of the manuscript.
 Many of these books still survive today in Churches and museums
      and serve as a testament to the excellent work performed.
 Bookbinders usually joined a guild where they learned the trade as
                             an apprentice.

Carpenters were highly skilled and considered to be elite tradesmen.
To become a Carpenter it was usually necessary to join a guild as an
                    apprentice and learn the craft.
Most items used during daily life in the Renaissance were produced
 and manufactured by carpenters. Homes, wagons, tables, furniture,
   tools and utensils were all the creations of these gifted workers.
Knowledge of math, woodworking and the use of tools was required.
 Though many of the implements used were basic in comparison to
 those employed today, it can be argued that some fine examples of
            work were produced during the Middle Ages.
  Kings and nobles often sought out the finest carpenters and kept
  them retained on their staffs as specialists. Furnishing castles and
    estates was not only done for decorative purposes but also to
 demonstrate prestige and status to visitors. Thus a master carpenter
     was always in demand and could stand to earn high wages.

Dyers used their skills to mix different components to form inks, dyes
and colorful stains that could add tint and hue to clothing, furniture,
 fabrics, materials and artwork. Not only did they possess the ability
   to decorate fashionable wear but they also provided scribes and
 artists with the materials necessary for them to complete their work.
  The Dyer had a multi-faceted job. Not only was the making of the
  various dyes difficult and tedious work but often it was dangerous
  too. Different berries and plants used to create the pigments often
  contained a degree of poison that was lethal if handled, inhaled or
accidentally ingested. Though the Dyer put his or her life in jeopardy
by working, the wages earned were quite meager and below average.
   Most women held the positions of Dyers and though some were
  elevated to strictly work for the elite and nobility, most worked in
                     small towns and communities.

    An Engraver was a specialist who was often called upon to etch
messages and designs into swords, shields, armor and metal plaques.
  An artist in his own right, he worked with a variety of custom tools
                          to produce his trade.
       Though the art form has been modified by the advances in
technology of today, the Renaissance Engraver practiced his craft in a
most time consuming and painstaking way. If the results of his work
  were unattractive or undesirable, the customer would often not pay
  or even had legal grounds to sue the Engraver for ruining a piece of
private property. As such the Engraver had to produce quality work.
Despite being a specialty, Engravers were quite common throughout
 the Renaissance. The wages earned were generally modest but being
    conscripted or hired by a noble or monarch for a custom project
                could find him the recipient of high pay.

        Jewelers held great positions of status within Renaissance
    communities and towns. As foreign wars took troops into exotic
   lands they often returned with precious stones and minerals. Not
   knowing the value of them, it was up to the Jeweler to determine
                                their worth.
  Diamonds, emeralds, rubies and sapphires were the most common
  stones found during the Renaissance. Gold, silver and bronze were
 also held in high regard. The Jeweler not only held the knowledge of
 assessing values on these items but he was also skilled in setting the
  stones into rings, pendants, medallions, bracelets and amulets. The
   Jeweler also knew how to set the items into sword hilts and other
    placements that exhibited the status and wealth of their holders.
      Jewelers were respected but there were many who knew the
advantages of being less than honest. The untrained eye of the public
did not easily distinguish stones with minimum value such as quartz,
zirconia, and even fool’s gold. Therefore it was common for a Jeweler
to accept a valuable diamond with the promise of setting it into a ring
     or pendant for its owner. Simply, he would polish a quartz or
     zirconias of similar size and dupe the owner by giving him the
   worthless item. The Jeweler could then sell the original and more
            valuable stone and reap a quick and high profit.

Locksmiths were integral parts of Renaissance society. Though most
  homes held little more than an internal wooden slide lock on the
 insides, Locksmiths became important with the developments and
                           security of castles.
 Their talents were in the beginning stages but an intricate lock that
resisted the efforts of picking or tampering was soon highly valued.
Criminals and the residents of dungeons often escaped rather easily
   when not secured with locks or shackles. To maintain security
Locksmiths were trained in guilds and the secrets of their craft were
                          kept highly guarded.
As such, Locksmiths were considered to possess the knowledge and
skills of a specialty organization and as a result earned high wages.

     Minstrels were musicians. Various instruments included the
  mandolin, fife, flute, dulcimer, drums, violin and harpsichord. A
great deal of skill and training was required to become a professional
     musician and those lucky enough to have proficiency on an
instrument often found themselves entertaining kings and nobles for
                               high wages.
Minstrels often would record the deeds of heroic knights and go from
tavern to tavern playing these odes of homage. Not only did it make
     for an interesting song, but it gave the knight publicity and
 established a degree of respect and status for him. Throughout the
 Renaissance, Bards became the popular employees of any knight or
 common man who wanted their deeds enshrined in a public song.
The deeds were embellished of course but it was a wonderful way to
spread the fame of a knight from kingdom to kingdom. The talented
Minstrels and Bards frequently charged high prices for these services.

      To become a Scribe required skills in reading, writing and
  comprehension. Scribes not only wrote volumes of works on the
  Renaissance but were also often asked to research laws and other
                     matters for kings and nobles.
The Scribe was often a historian, poet and philosopher. His acquired
 knowledge was advantageous at the workings of social interaction
    and his skills provided a written overview of the time period.
Scribes usually were of nobility in that the education needed to attain
   the post was not affordable or available to peasant and common
  classes. Most Scribes came from religious abbeys where the skills
         were learned within the vast libraries of the church.
Their wages were usually standard and average, however the Scribe
       was entitled to all the benefits and luxuries of castle life.

Shoemakers (or cobblers) were often common laborers who designed
  and made footwear. Anything from shoes fashioned from burlap,
hide or leather to elaborate and fancy boots made from reptile skins.
   Their work was regarded as necessary but as the materials they
  worked with fetched high prices, not all were able to afford them.
Shoemakers eventually curtailed their businesses to suit the needs of
 most people and designed lesser pieces of footwear from cloth and
  even wood. Though they appealed to the mass populace and even
 though their product was necessary, Shoemakers often earned only
                            average wages.

It was a wise king or monarch that kept informed of what was going
  on in rival and neighboring communities and towns. Therefore it
 became necessary to hire Spies to secretly find out what was afoot.
Contrary to popular belief, most Spies were women. It was generally
accepted that women could move in certain social circles more easily
than men and using their inherent charm, could naturally coax more
        information out of trusted employees of rival houses.
These Spies were often trained with the uses of various skills such as
 reading, writing and often speaking more than one language. They
were also trained assassins and took oaths that obligated them to take
     their own lives rather than risk being caught by an enemy.
 Spies were usually paid high wages and were given the luxuries of
                              castle life.


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