Name: ________________________________ Date: ________________ Per.: ______ #: ____
2nd Semester Civics LCS Common Assessment Study Guide
Benchma Essential Question Answer
C.1.7 1. The division of powers between three branches of
government is called _________________.
C.1.7 2. The ability of one branch to limit power of the others
is called _______________.
C.1.7 3. What is the purpose of checks and balances and
separation of powers in the Constitution?
C.3.10 4. What is the “highest law of land” in the U.S?
C.3.10 5. ___________law refers to the body of law that
governs relationships between individuals and
C.3.10 6. ___________law refers to the body of law
that regulates the conduct of individuals.
C.3.10 7. ___________law is based on the Constitution
and on Supreme Court decisions.
C.3.10 8. __________law governs the behavior of men
and women in all branches of the armed forces.
C.3.7 9. Which amendment abolished slavery in the U.S?
C.3.7 10. Which amendment guaranteed due process,
equal protection under the law and granted rights
of citizenship to African Americans?
C.3.7 11. Which amendment guaranteed the right of
suffrage regardless of previous condition of
C.3.7 12. Which amendment, ratified in 1920, guaranteed
C.3.7 13. Which amendment outlawed the use of poll
taxes as a requirement for voting?
C.3.7 14. In the wake of the Vietnam War, which
amendment was added to lower the voting age of
U.S. citizens to 18?
C.3.12 15. What Landmark Supreme Court case resulted
in the principle of Judicial Review?
C.3.12 16. What Landmark Supreme Court case justified
segregation and the principle of “separate but
C.3.12 17. What Landmark Supreme Court case
overturned the Plessy v. Ferguson decision by
ruling that separate facilities were not equal and
ended segregation in schools?
C.3.12 18. What Landmark Supreme Court case required
states to provide free legal help to those who could
not afford representation in court?
C.3.12 19. What Landmark Supreme Court case ruled that
an individual’s rights begin at the time of their
arrest and required that individuals be notified of
C.3.12 20. What Landmark Supreme Court case ruled that
juveniles accused of crimes receive the same due
process as adults?
C.3.12 21. What Landmark Supreme Court case expanded
interpretation of the First Amendment right to free
speech in schools to also include freedom of
C.3.12 22. What Landmark Supreme Court case limited
freedom of press in school publications?
C.3.12 23. The Supreme Court ruled in ________that
“executive privilege” is only extended when
connected to national security.
C.3.12 24. What Landmark Supreme Court case ruled that
the Supreme Court could overrule a state court’s
decisions on state laws (in regards to Election
C.2.9 25. When evaluating candidates for office, what
are examples of things that might influence your
C.4.1 26. All policies dealing with issues within the
United States are considered
C.4.1 27. _______________is the government’s plan
for interacting with other countries of the world.
C.4.1 28. The policy of _____the income of U.S. citizens
to fund government programs for the good of
society is an example of domestic policy.
C.4.1 29. Providing monetary aid, military assistance or
food to nations in need in order to promote peace
is an example of ______________policy.
C.4.2 30. This organization is an international assembly
of nations to discuss and act on important global
C.4.2 31. This “security alliance” between the United
States and many European countries was originally
formed to establish a united front against Soviet
aggression during the Cold War and now engages
in joint security and peacekeeping operations.
C.4.2 32. This volunteer program provides technical
assistance and cultural understanding between the
United States and other nations.
C.4.2 33. This UN agency promotes worldwide health to
combat the spread of diseases.
C.4.2 34. Which UN agency promotes international
trade among nations?
C.4.2 35. What court is known as the “World Court”?
C.4.3 36. This term describes a way in which the US can
enter into an agreement with other nations to
resolve conflicts or further relationships.
C.4.3 37. The United States has used this mechanism to
punish nations that violate human rights or
otherwise threaten the interests of the United
C.3.4 38. In a federal system, ___________________
powers are shared between the states and the
C.3.4 39. The ability to protect borders is best performed
by which level of government.
C.3.4 40. The service of maintaining public libraries is
best performed by which level of government.
C.3.11 41. Create a graphic organizer that depicts the
levels and functions of the judicial branch at the
C.3.13 42. What are the main sections of the Florida and
U.S. Constitutions called?
C.3.14 43. List the obligations and services provided by
the local level of government.
C.3.14 44. List the obligations and services provided by
the state level of government.
C.3.14 45. List the obligations and services provided by
the federal level of government.
C.3.1 46. In this form of government, all citizens in the
community vote on all decisions.
C.3.1 47. Voting for representatives to carry out the work
of government and make decisions is defined as
what form of government?
C.3.1 48. _________is a system of government that
believes that society should organize and control
the means of production for the welfare of all.
C.3.1 49. __________ is a system of government that
believes that the state would own the land, capital,
labor and make all economic decisions.
C.3.1 50. In this form of government, a king or queen
reigns over a kingdom or empire.
C.3.1 51. A form of government in which a few people
C.3.1 52. A dictatorship is an example of this type of
government in which one person holds all the
C.3.2 53. What type of democratic government that
exists in Great Britain is led by a majority of its
legislature who then chooses its executive?
C.3.2 54. In what type of government is a sovereign state
governed as one single unit in which the central
government is supreme?
C.3.2 55. A ________is a loose association of states.
C.3.2 56. A system of government where powers are
shared and divided between the national and state
C.3.3 & 57. List the specific powers of the Legislative
Branch of government.
C.3.3 & 58. List the specific powers of the Executive
Branch of government.
C.3.3 & 59. List the specific powers of the Judicial
Branch of government.
C.3.3 & 60. What are the basic steps of how a bill becomes
C.3.3 & 61. Only whom has the sole power to declare war?
C.3.3 & 62. A __________ legislature is a lawmaking
body with two houses.
C.3.3 & 63. What are the two houses of US Congress?
C.3.3 & 64. What are the qualifications for members of the
House of Representatives?
C.3.3 & 65. What are the qualifications for members of the
C.3.3 & 66. What are the qualifications for the presidency
as listed by the Constitution of the United States?
C.3.3 & 67. What is the term limit for the President of the
C.3.3 & 68. What are the duties of the Vice President?
C.3.3 & 69. Who is Commander in Chief of the Armed
C.3.3 & 70. What makes up the Executive Office of the
C.2.12 71. If you identified a problem in your community,
what are the steps that you would take to resolve
C.2.13 72. A(n) _____________issue is one that deals
with the community as a whole.
C.2.13 73. What is an example of a current issue?
C.2.13 74. What is an example of a public issue?
C.3.11 75. What are the three levels of federal courts and
what function does each level serve?