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1) Demographics
-3.4 million inhabitants
-Over 1/2 the population is under forty years of age
-Largest portion of the population is made up of people between the ages of 30 and 35
-More than 2/3 the population is of working age
-Approximately 800,000 people reside in the immediate area surrounding Berlin
-Total of 4.3 million inhabitants
-Recent News – unemployment rate up to 9.8%

-More than 150,000 people expected to move to Berlin by the year 2010 (5% increase)
-Approx. 400,000 foreign people living in Berlin (10% of the pop.)

- Service industries, which by far account for the largest part of the city's economic strength, achieved above-
average growth of 4,1% and 4,0% in 1997 and 1998
-More than 21,000 new businesses were founded in Berlin in the past six years
- In the Berlin area, nearly 100,000 people are employed in the fields of transportation technology, automobile
manufacturing, public transportation, and freight logistics
-Currently, Berlin is home to nearly 8,000 companies active in a media and communications industry with 83,000

-52% of all households own a computer
-1.7 million Berlin residents (50% of total pop.) regularly use Internet
-2.1 million residents (62% of pop.) use mobile communications technologies

-There are 97 clinics and hospitals in Berlin with a total of 30,000 beds
-3,000 researchers currently working in the medical field
-15,800 doctors providing medical care
    - About 82,000 people employed by Berlin health care system

Higher Education
-3 universities, 7 colleges for higher professional training and more than 250 research facilities

2. Politics
-German Government is Federal, Democratic, multi-party Republic
-The representatives are chosen directly by the people
-German Basic Law is the operational constitution
"to achieve in free self-determination the unity and freedom of Germany"
-Germany is part of the European Union

fun fact* in 1998 election 82.2% of the voting population actually voted

European Union
-A cooperative framework linking fifteen European countries. These

Berlin                                                                                                             1
countries cooperate in a number of
fields, known as pillars:
  first pillar: Economic Co-operation
  second pillar: Foreign Policy and Security
  third pillar: Justice and Home Affairs

-Berlin is both a federal state and a city.
-The powers derived from the people are separated into Executive,
Legislative and Judicative
_The state of Berlin sends representatives to the German Federal Council,
-Berlin's voters also elect members of the German parliament,"Bundestag"

fun fact* As January 1 2001; Berlin consists of 12 boroughs. Reduced from

-The constitution of the federal state of Berlin was passed in a
referendum on 22nd October 1995 strengthening of enforceable basic rights
-The right to work
-Reasonable residential accommodation
-Environmental protection*
-Protection of the individual from the abuse of computerized data*
-Right of citizens to participate in direct
democracy in the form of popular initiatives, petitions and referendums
*= recently added

Spatial Orientation

-Berlin is situated on the east-west axis from Paris to Warsaw/Moscow and on the north-south line from
Stockholm to Prague/Vienna/Budapest.

-Berlin is 891 square km, made up of 12 boroughs of about 300,000 each, which since 1995 receive an
allowance to run affairs on their own.

-The ring of the S-Bahn urban railway encloses the most densely developed area of the city, called the
Mitte. The outlying boroughs are characterized by large areas of new development, villa districts, lakes,
rivers and forests.

-Multiple centers, with more jobs in the west, and lower cost housing in the east led to a redistribution of

-Each borough has its own council, which decides how to run day-to-day affairs.

-In 1920 the old city merged with 8 towns, nearly 60 villages, and a number of surrounding farms and
estates to form the current city boundaries
At the heart of Berlin lies the medieval core of the city, located along the western bank of the Spree River.
To the west of the medieval city is a formal grid of streets laid out on either side of Unter den Linden, a
wide central avenue stretching from east to west and flanked with double rows of linden trees. Before the
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postwar division of Berlin, this area, called the Mitte (city center), served as the administrative and
financial center of Berlin and contained the main banks, publishing houses, large stores, the university,
and government buildings.

-Following the administrative reform of 2001, Mitte was enlarged to include the former central boroughs
of Wedding and Tiergarten. Other important central areas include Kreuzberg and Friedrichshain, now
united as the Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg borough, and Prenzlauer Berg, now incorporated as a part of the
Pankow borough.

-West of the city center, in the contemporary borough of Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf, is the
Kurfüstendamm, a boulevard that became the commercial center of West Berlin after the end of World
War II.

-Wedding is an industrial center, while Prenzlauer Berg, which lies just east of the former Berlin Wall,
houses workers as well as a growing community of artists and students

-The city has 74 km (46 mi) of natural rivers and 72 km (45 mi) of canals. It is located on the spree river.

3. Economics
How do they make a living?
              The city is broken up into 23 districts
              Berlin has lots of small and medium size businesses
              Unemployment rate has been rising
              East and West even thou the wall is gone life styles are greatly different
              West is use to living more comfortably while the East is use to living on more
              When the wall came down cause problems for a lot of East Germans because their
                professional became worthless
Major Companies
    Alcatel SEL, Oracle, Gedas, EDS, TeBerkom, PSI, Sydios, Debis, Condat, Discos, Berlindat,
      Acotec, Beta Systems, Lobster, VSS Gmbh
    IBM, Krone, Samsung, JVC video, Siemens
    Colt Telecom, Berlikomm, Motorola, Teles, DeTeWe, Dt. Telekom, AVM, Poptel.

    Has three Universities
    Freie University
    Technical University of Berlin
    Humboldt University
    Also has a lot of colleges which are considered professional schools

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Relationship between the Companies and Berlin
    Restrictions placed on companies about environment regulations are very stiff
    Most of the business are located in the residential sector
    Berlin is a center for environmental research as well as technology
    400 companies are directly involved in environmental protection
    Has the largest and most advanced producers
    Iron, steel, coal, cement, chemicals, machinery, vehicles, machine tools, electronics, food and

Relations with other Cities and Countries
 Exports and Imports a lot from France, Netherlands, Italy, United Kingdom, Belgium, and Luxemburg
 Germany exports more than it imports

4, Myths

Berlin was host of the 1936 Olympic games. American Jesse Owens won four gold medals as Adolf
Hitler looked on.

In June 1948, Stalin cut overland supply lines to West Berlin. For one year, the city was supplied
exclusively by airlift. Round-the-clock shuttles brought food, fuel, and occasionally candy to the city and
its children.

The Berlin Wall, constructed in 1961, ran through the center of the city. It became a symbol for
repression and a divided Europe during the Cold War.

The communist state of East Berlin was controlled by the Soviets. Most women worked, and there was a
monetary reward system for having children, but East Berlin often had trouble with lack of goods and
decent distribution. The Stasi, or secret police, maintained its own telephone system, used primarily to
listen in on the conversations of citizens.

West Berlin was rebuilt with foreign help and shared a general economic upswing with the rest of West
Germany. Most workers had cars, vacations, and leisure time. Cultural life and the arts were rejuvenated
with enormous subsidies, but West Berlin was very cramped due to overpopulation.

When the wall fell in 1989, the federal government and parliament were relocated to Berlin. The city
remodeled from the ground up, and was almost fully integrated by the late 1990’s.

Berlin                                                                                                     4

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